[LoAR-txt] 2017-11 LoAR in plaintext

Postmeeting Clerk via LoAR-TXT loar-txt at lists.sca.org
Sun Jan 21 21:16:31 CST 2018


Please find attached the November 2017 LoAR in Da'ud plaintext format.


-- 
Emma de Fetherstan, acting as Postmeeting Clerk
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***** THE FOLLOWING ITEMS HAVE BEEN REGISTERED: *****

**** {AE}THELMEARC acceptances ****

  Elsbeth Anne Roth. Augmentation of arms. Or, a wolf's head cabossed
  between three mullets of six points vert and for augmentation in
  chief on a clarion gules a demi-escarbuncle argent.

  Felice de Thornton. Device change. Argent, a winged domestic cat
  passant guardant sable, on a chief azure three feathers bendwise
  sinister argent.

      The submitter's previous device, "Argent semy of roundels azure
      each charged with a quatrefoil argent, a winged domestic cat
      passant gardant sable, on a chief azure three feathers bendwise
      sinister argent", is released.

      Artist's note: Please depict the cat with a darker shade of
      sable.

  Jasper Longshanks. Device. Or, a crow sable and on a chief indented
  azure three estoiles Or.

      Artist's note: Please depict the crow with a darker shade of
      sable.

  Kameshima Zentarou Umakai. Heraldic title Shark Herald.

  Kumagaya Kentarou Masamoto. Name.

      Nice 16th century Japanese name!

  Robert MacEwin of Thornhill. Badge. (Fieldless) On a linden leaf
  gules an angevine argent.

      An angevine is an early period variant of a sexfoil, found in
      the arms of Tancarville, d.1297 (Brault's _Early Blazon_). As an
      artistic variant, it does not have a DC from a sexfoil.

  Sasson de Sancta Victoria. Name (see PENDS for device).

  S{i'}le inghean Chein. Name and device. Purpure, on a bend sinister
  invected between two horse's heads couped argent, an arrow inverted
  purpure.

      Nice 16th century Gaelic name!

======================================================================

**** AN TIR acceptances ****

  Ailith Gunn. Name.

      This name does not conflict with the registered _Aill{e'}n Gunn_
      under PN3C1, as there are at least two changes in sound and
      appearance: _Ay-lith_ vs. _Ah-len_.

  An Tir, Kingdom of. Order name Order of Scholar of An Tir.

      This order name was pended on the June 2017 Letter of
      Acceptances and Returns for discussion of whether the
      substantive element _Scholar of An Tir_ is too generic to be
      registered. GP2A of SENA states:

           Some items are considered too generic to be
           registered. This means that they may be used by anyone
           and may not be reserved to one person or group by
           registration. One such category is generic identifiers
           such as _Brewer's Guild_ and _Queen's Guard_. These
           names may be used by any branch to identify the owner
           or association of a badge, but no group may register
           them.

      In addition, the December 2002 Cover Letter further defines a
      generic name as one "that would reasonably be used by more than
      one branch for common functions of the branch. All kingdoms can
      have a university.. All baronies can have a baronial guard. All
      groups can have an equestrian guild."

      _Scholar_ is clearly a generic term, even though this order name
      happens to have been constructed based on a surname used as a
      given name. Many Kingdoms already use the term _Scholar_ for
      various official and unofficial ranks within their communities.
      For example, in Meridies, members of the _Order of the Athanor_
      are styled as "free scholars." As another example, because of
      its historical use by the London Masters of Defense, rapier
      students in many Kingdoms use the style "scholar." Just like a
      Queen's Guard, many Kingdoms already have scholars, making the
      term generic.

      The question, then, is whether NPN3C of SENA, which allows the
      addition of an SCA branch name to a non-personal name to clear
      conflict, also allows the addition of an SCA branch name to an
      order name to remove its generic nature. Under the old Rules for
      Submissions, adding the name of the branch to the substantive
      element did not solve the problem of a generic name because
      branch identifiers were transparent for the purposes of
      conflict. [December 2002 Cover Letter].

      However, under NPN3C of SENA, that is no longer the case. On the
      August 2016 Letter of Acceptances and Returns, we ruled that
      "_Worshipful Company of X_ is not generic as long as a branch
      name is also included and have added _of Dragonship Haven_ in
      order to register this guild name. This ruling does not mean
      that generic identifiers in general can be made registerable in
      this manner." [Dragonship Haven, Barony of. Guild name
      Worshipful Company of Artificers of Dragonship Haven, 8/2016
      LoAR, A-East] This precedent was in line with prior rulings,
      such as the registration of the _Company of Artificers of
      Marinus_, which stated: "Submitted as _Company of Artificers_,
      we have with the consent of the submissions herald, added the
      phrase "of Marinus" to make it less generic. [Marinus, Barony
      of, September 1996, p. 3]

      There is no logical reason why the August 2016 ruling, currently
      applicable to a branch's guild names, should not apply equally
      to a branch's order names. It does not make sense for the
      Kingdom of An Tir to be able to register _Worshipful Company of
      Scholars of An Tir_ (as a guild name under the August 2016
      precedent), yet not be able to register _Order of Scholar of An
      Tir_. The term _Scholar_ is equally generic in both contexts,
      regardless of the designator. Moreover, it is nearly impossible
      to explain to heralds who are not name specialists why one is
      permissible and the other is not.

      In period, professional terms like _Scholar_ and _Artificer_
      were used exclusively in guild names, rather than order names.
      However, the Kingdom of An Tir documented _Scholar_ as a late
      period English surname, technically allowing its use in an order
      name. The construction may be inelegant, but that alone should
      not prevent its registration. Therefore, for guild names and an
      order names that have the appearance of professions, the
      addition of the branch name should eliminate the problem of the
      generic substantive element and allow registration.

      The bar on registering generic terms originally had two
      purposes: (1) to prevent a single branch from monopolizing terms
      in general use; and (2) to prevent the additional paperwork and
      workload that would come from every branch seeking to
      registering terms in general use, such as the names of branch
      Champions. The first purpose has been dealt with effectively by
      NPN3C of SENA.

      However, the concerns about paperwork and workload that led to
      the original rule against registration of generic terms remain
      fully valid, particularly with twenty Kingdoms now sending in
      submissions. Accordingly, standard generic identifiers, such as
      _King's Champion_ or _Baronial Guard_, remain unregisterable
      even if the branch name is attached. Local groups may, of
      course, continue to submit badges associated with such generic
      identifiers.

      To sum up, guild names and order names that have the appearance
      of professions, such as Scholar or Artificer, may add a branch
      name to avoid the ban on generic names. Other kinds of generic
      identifiers remain unregisterable.

  Aspasia Bevilacqua. Name and device. Azure, a rabbit salient and an
  owl respectant Or, on a chief dovetailed argent a stick shuttle
  threaded gules.

      The submitter requested authenticity for "Italian/Greek
      1300-1500." Although it is registerable, this name does not meet
      that request. _Aspasia_ is a name adopted from a 16th century
      literary source. While there is a pattern of such names being
      used in late-period Italy, allowing it to be registered, we have
      no evidence of this specific given name having been used by real
      people in that time and place. Thus, we cannot call the name
      authentic.

      Some commenters questioned whether the use of a rabbit salient
      and an owl respectant violates SENA A3D2c, which requires that
      "charges within a charge group should be in either identical
      postures/orientations or an arrangement that includes
      posture/orientation (in cross, combatant, or in pall points
      outward, for example)." In the November 2012 Cover Letter,
      Wreath provided clarification on comparable postures and
      orientations, noting that "In period armory, when there are two
      or three dissimilar charges in the same group, they typically
      have identical postures only in some cases." She then provides
      the example: "BSB Cod.icon.291, f. 38r: Sable, on a bend between
      a dog salient and a dolphin naiant argent three roundels gules.
      Dogs and dolphins do not have comparable postures; the dog here
      is upright while the dolphin is fesswise."

      Likewise, rabbits and owls do not have comparable postures, as
      one is a quadruped and the other is a bird. Owls cannot ramp,
      nor can rabbits be close. Their postures therefore needn't be
      compared for unity.

      Wreath further described unity of orientation: "Period armory
      draws charges to take up the most space possible. With two
      charges, typically we find both charges placed side by side in
      fess, with their long axes vertical. There are therefore three
      posture/orientation cases possible, all of which we see in
      period armory: both charges facing the same direction, charges
      addorsed, or charges respectant/combatant." As the two main
      charges are respectant, they have a unified orientation, and are
      thus registerable.

  Athelina Grey. Device. Azure, a decrescent argent within a bordure
  ermine.

  Beorn Bj{o'}lfsson. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      This name combines an Anglo-Saxon/Old English given name with an
      Old Norse byname, an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C.

      The submitter may be interested to know that a wholly
      Anglo-Saxon/Old English form would be _Beorn Beowulfes sunu_,
      and a wholly Old Norse form would use the given name _Biorn_ or
      _Bjorn_. If the submitter prefers any of these forms, he may
      make a request for reconsideration.

  Cedric Helmbreker. Name.

      This name is clear of the registered _Cedric Helmcleaver_ under
      PN3C1 because the bynames have at least two differences in sound
      and appearance: _Helm-bray-ker_ vs. _Helm-clee-ver_.

  Glymm Mere, Barony of. Order name Orden de Mar{i'}a and badge.
  Azure, a cuirass argent and a bordure rayonny Or.

  Glymm Mere, Barony of. Order name Orden de Rodrigo.

  Glymm Mere, Barony of. Order name Order of the White Well of Glymm
  Mere (see RETURNS for badge).

      A _well_ is a heraldic charge and thus may form the basis for an
      order name.

  Gunnarr Torfason. Device. Per bend sinister vert and sable, a
  natural sea-tortoise bendwise sinister argent.

  Jerrick Elle. Name and device. Checky argent and sable, on a torteau
  a comet argent.

      This name combines a Dutch/Flemish given name with an English
      surname, an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C.

  Loftr J{o'}lgeirsson. Device. Quarterly gules and Or, two serpents
  in annulo, heads to chief and base, sable.

      The submitter has permission to conflict with the device of
      Conrad Breakring, "Argent, an annulet fracted on the dextger
      side sable".

      There is a step from period practice for the use of charges in
      annulo not in their default palewise orientation.

  Matthias von Schwarzenberg. Name and device. Vert, a winged torch
  and on a chief Or a sword sable.

  Matthias von Schwarzenberg. Badge. (Fieldless) A scorpion vert
  maintaining in chief a sword fesswise sable.

  Snorri Styrr Bolli. Name.

      Submitted as "Snorri Styr_rb_olli", the documentation did not
      support _Styrrbolli_ as a constructed compound descriptive
      byname. However, both _Styrr_ (meaning "battle, turmoil, alarm")
      and _Bolli_ (meaning "rounded bowl") are distinct descriptive
      bynames in Old Norse. Double descriptive bynames in Old Norse
      are permitted as long as both bynames can reasonably describe
      the same person. Therefore, we have changed the name to "Snorri
      Styrr_ B_olli".

  Tachibana Tsukime. Name change from holding name Tsukime of Madrone.

  Ulfa Andarsdottir. Name and device. Per fess azure and lozengy
  argent and sable, in chief a serpent nowed and a bordure Or.

      Submitted as "ULFA AN_N_ARSDOTTIR", we do not register names in
      all capital letters. In addition, we were unable to document
      _Annarr_ or _Annar_ as a Scandinavian name that would yield the
      patronymic _Annarsdottir_. However, commenters were able to
      document "Ulfa An_d_arsdottir" as a late period Swedish name. As
      the submitter permits all changes, we have made this change for
      registration.

======================================================================

**** ARTEMISIA acceptances ****

  {A'}ine inghean Mhaghnusa. Device. Azure, a three-tailed fox sejant
  guardant argent marked Or and in base a Celtic cross argent.

      Artist's note: Please draw the fox larger.

  Bronzehelm, Barony of. Order name Order of Saint Hildegarde of
  Bingen and badge. (Fieldless) On an open book azure two pens in
  saltire Or.

  Bronzehelm, Barony of. Order name Order of the Acorn of Bronzehelm
  and badge. (Fieldless) An acorn azure.

      Nice badge!

  Bronzehelm, Barony of. Order name Order of the Anvil of Bronzehelm
  and badge. (Fieldless) An anvil azure.

      Nice badge!

  Bronzehelm, Barony of. Order name Order of the Be of Bronzehelm and
  badge. (Fieldless) A helm affronty Or charged on the sinister cheek
  with a beorc rune sable.

      Submitted as "Order of the _Bronzehelm B_", the order name as
      submitted did not fit any of the attested patterns for such
      names. However, _be_ is a Middle English spelling for _bee_ (the
      insect), an established heraldic charge. "Order of the _Be of
      Bronzehelm_" therefore fits the pattern of using heraldic
      charges to form order names. We have made this change for
      registration.

  Bronzehelm, Barony of. Order name Order of the Rock and badge.
  (Fieldless) A rock Or.

      This order name is clear of the registered _Order of the Broche_
      under PN3C3, the so-called Harry/Mary rule.

      This badge conflicts with the badge of Zenobia of Rebelswood,
      "Gules, a mountain couped Or". There is one DC for the field,
      but none for a rock vs a mountain couped. Fortunately, Zenobia
      has provided permission to conflict to the Barony.

  Elaine le Fevre. Device. Per pale gules and sable, a nude bat-winged
  woman passant sustaining a spoon argent.

  Kamei Sayoko. Name (see RETURNS for device).

  Paid{i'}n F{a'}elad. Device. Or, a pawprint azure between three suns
  vert.

      There is a step from period practice for use of a paw print.

  Titus Silvius Aquila. Name and device. Sable, three suns argent, a
  bordure compony argent and gules.

      Nice Roman name for the first three centuries of the Empire!

  Vincenzo del Aquila. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      Nice 16th century Italian name for Rome!

======================================================================

**** ATENVELDT acceptances ****

  Donndub{a'}n mac E{o'}gain. Device. Argent, a wolf rampant gules
  ermined Or, a bordure pean.

      Artist's note: Please draw the ermine spots on the wolf larger.

  Eugene Haraldson. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      Submitted as "Eugene Harald_ss_on", the name was documented as a
      combination of English and Old Norse. However, SENA allows
      English to be combined with Old Norse only if both name elements
      are dated before 1100, which is not the case here. We do not
      have evidence of _Eugene_ or its Latin form _Eugenius_ in
      English until the 14th century.

      Fortunately, both _Harald_ and _Eugene_ are found as given names
      in Middle English. Under Appendix A, Middle English patronymics
      can be created by adding _-son_ to the father's name.
      Accordingly, we have changed the name to "Eugene Harald_s_on"
      for registration.

  Geraint de Grey. Device. Azure, a chevron cotised Or between two
  mullets argent and a demi-sun issuant from base Or.

  Marcus Octavius Valerius. Name and device. Per pale gules and sable,
  an eagle Or and in chief three billets argent.

      The submitter requested authenticity for "1st-2nd C. Roman."
      This name meets that request.

  Nikolaus Gerhart. Badge. (Fieldless) An armored arm fesswise embowed
  argent sustaining a broken lance bendwise sinister Or.

  Viktoria of York. Device. Argent, on a Latin cross throughout
  purpure a dragonfly argent.

      Artist's note: Please make both charges wider to aid in
      identification.

======================================================================

**** ATLANTIA acceptances ****

  Brigid O Donoghue. Name (see RETURNS for device).

  Esa inghean Donnchaidh. Alternate name Venus of Atlantia.

      _Venus_ is found in the FamilySearch Historical Records as the
      given name of an English woman who married in 1573.

      _Atlantia_ is the registered name of an SCA branch.

  Gothrekr galmann. Device. Quarterly sable and gules, a valknut
  within an annulet Or.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a valknut.

  Hazel of Foxedene. Device. Purpure, on a mountain between in chief
  two natural dolphins haurient respectant argent, a dragon passant
  regardant purpure.

      This item was pended on the June 2017 LoAR to discuss how
      closely designs using the Existing Registration Allowance must
      follow the existing registration. The submitter had invoked the
      allowance based on the previous registration by her father,
      Jonathas Reinisch, "Azure, on a mountain argent a fox's head
      couped gules". While precedent at the time of submission had
      disallowed mountains as primary charges, a subsequent ruling had
      allowed them, so long as they were uncharged.

      Ultimately, the submitted design uses a mountain as a primary
      charge, itself charged with an otherwise unremarkable tertiary
      charge (a dragon passant vs. a fox's head couped). It therefore
      meets the previously registered pattern, and is accepted.

  Jdeke von Kolberg. Device change. Per fess argent and gules, a
  raven's head erased contourny sable and a mullet of eight points
  argent.

      The submitter's previous device, "Purpure, on a compass star
      argent a domestic cat couchant gardant sable", is released.

  Jdeke von Kolberg. Badge. (Fieldless) On a mullet of eight points
  argent a raven's head erased contourny sable.

  Lasairfh{i'}ona of Windmasters' Hill. Holding name and device.
  Gules, a talbot salient argent between flaunches Or.

      Submitted under the name "Lasairfh{i'}ona inghean U{i'}
      Cheallaigh", that name was returned in August 2017.

  Leyli Narekatsi. Name.

      _Leyli_ is the Persian form of the attested medieval Arabic name
      _Layla_.

      The byname _Narekatsi_ is a plausible construction of an
      Armenian locative byname based on _Treasures from the Ark: 1700
      years of Armenian Christian Art_, which includes the example of
      a pre-1517 inscription using the Armenian family name
      _Vikhikatsi_.

      Persians and Armenians had extensive cultural contact in our
      period. In Ursula Palimpsest's analysis of the names of ethnic
      Armenians in the 1455 census of Istanbul ("Turkish Names,
      Christian Faith", to appear in Onoma,
      http://www-personal.umich.edu/~uaw/research/turkishnameschristianfaith.pdf),
      a full 37.2% of the individuals use names of Persian or Turkish
      origin. Persian influence appears in earlier Armenian naming as
      well. _Cultural Interaction in the Middle East as Reflected in
      the Anthroponymy of Armenian 12th-14th Century Colophons_, by
      J.S. Weitenberg, classifies 5% of the men's given names in his
      sample as Arabic-New Persian, and 7% as traditional Iranian; 12%
      of women had Arabic-New Persian names, and 1% traditional
      Iranian. Given its Arabic roots, _Leyli_ likely would be
      classified as Arabic-New Persian in Weitenberg's scheme.

      Based on this evidence, the combination of Persian-Arabic and
      Armenian in the submitted name is registerable. We thank Ursula
      Palimpsest for her invaluable assistance with this analysis.

  Miri Nader. Device. Argent, a flame proper within eight tortoises in
  annulo, sinister limbs to center, vert.

      A reminder: There is no difference in orientation between
      animals in annulo facing clockwise or counter-clockwise.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of charges in
      annulo not in their default orientation.

  Nottinghill Coill, Barony of. Order name Award of Shields Knot and
  badge. Per chevron Or and vert, a Wake knot issuant from the line of
  division vert and an escutcheon Or.

      Submitted as "Award of _the_ Shield_ Knot", the order name as
      submitted did not fit any of the attested patterns for naming
      orders. The Letter of Intent argued that it followed the pattern
      Heraldic Change + Knot based on the prior registration of _Order
      of the Sword Knot_ to the Barony. However, "sword knot" is a
      compound noun describing an actual period artifact (a sort of
      lanyard with both practical and decorative functions), not the
      combination of a sword and a knot.

      The other order names registered to the Barony also do not
      support the pattern of the submitted name. _Order of the Silver
      Knot_ and _Order of the Golden Knot_ follow the pattern of Color
      + Heraldic Charge (Knot), while the _Order of the Gordian Knot_
      uses another compound noun describing a type of knot.

      However, the order name _Award of Shield*s* Knot_ can be
      constructed by using the attested 16th century English surname
      _Shield_ as a given name, and then following the pattern of
      Saint + Object of Veneration, such as in the _Order of Irons
      Bell_ [Carillion, Barony of. Order name Order of Irons Bell,
      11/2014 LoAR, A-East]. With the Barony's permission, we have
      made this change for registration.

  Nottinghill Coill, Barony of. Badge for Populace. (Fieldless) A Wake
  knot between and conjoined to four daggers in cross hilts outwards
  Or.

  Nottinghill Coill, Barony of. Badge for Scribal Guild. (Fieldless)
  In fess two ostrich plumes Or, overall a Wake knot vert.

      Scribal guild is a generic identifier.

  Nottinghill Coill, Barony of. Badge for Award of the Golden Cord.
  Per chevron Or and vert, a Wake knot issuant from the line of
  division vert and a trefoil knot Or.

  Seraphina Delphino. Name change from Seraphina Delfino (see RETURNS
  for badge).

      The submitter's previous name, _Seraphina Delfino_, is released.

      Nice 16th century Italian name from Rome!

  Tessa di Fera. Name.

  Thomas de Lockwood. Name and device. Gules, on a fess between three
  eagles argent three fleurs-de-lys sable.

      Nice 15th century English name!

  Thorgrim V{a'}pnssmi{dh}r. Device. Per chevron sable and lozengy
  gules and Or, in chief a sword and a blacksmith's hammer argent.

======================================================================

**** AVACAL acceptances ****

  Avacal, Kingdom of. Order name Order of the Harp of Avacal.

  Myrgan Wood, Barony of. Badge for Order of Blood of the Wood.
  Argent, an elm tree eradicated proper leaved gules, on a chief vert
  a goutte Or.

======================================================================

**** CAID acceptances ****

  Anlaith an Einigh. Badge. Lozengy gules and argent, a dog rampant
  contourny sable maintaining a sword Or.

  Asling O Grogaine. Name.

      Appearing on the Letter of Intent as "A_i_sling O Grogaine",
      Kingdom issued a timely correction of the name to "_As_ling O
      Grogaine" to match the documentation. In this form, it is
      registerable.

  Edmund of Coventry. Name and device. Argent, on a chevron gules
  between three lions sable three cinquefoils Or.

      Nice 13th-15th century English name!

      Nice device!

  Eir{i'}kr inn h{a'}rgr{a'}i. Name change from holding name Eirikr of
  Caid.

      Submitted as "Eir_i_kr inn h{a'}rgr{a'}_", two corrections to
      the name were necessary. First, to be grammatically correct for
      Old Norse, the byname needs to be "inn h{a'}rgr{a'}_i_". Second,
      as diacritical marks must be used consistently throughout, the
      given name needs to be "Eir_{i'}_kr". We have made these changes
      for registration.

  Fenix Ashdowne. Name and device. Argent, a chevron engrailed purpure
  between two crescents and a crow sable.

  Geral de Riera. Name and device. Gules, on a chief Or a domestic cat
  passant guardant sable.

      Nice late 12th century Catalan name!

  Gustavo of Calafia. Name.

      Submitted as "Gustavo _de_ Calafia", _Calafia_ is documentable
      only as the registered name of an SCA branch. Under the Branch
      Name Allowance, PN1B2f, "[o]nly the exact registered form of the
      branch name may be used, and they are registered in the _lingua
      Anglica_ form, 'of _Branchname_'. Therefore, we have changed the
      byname to "_of_ Calafia" for registration.

  Isabel Paradis. Name and device. Ermine, on a pale sable a lynx
  rampant guardant argent spotted sable.

      Nice 15th-16th century English name!

  J{o'}ra Ragnarsd{o'}ttir. Name and device. Per chevron vert and Or,
  three owls counterchanged.

      Nice 9th-10th century Icelandic name!

  Klaus Axelsson. Badge (see RETURNS for household name). (Fieldless)
  A brown wolf statant erect contourny proper maintaining an axe
  argent.

  Lettice Blythe. Device change. Azure, on a bend sinister vert
  fimbriated three musical notes palewise argent.

      The submitter's previous device, "Per pale azure and sable, a
      sprig bendwise sinister argent", is retained as a badge.

      While these musical notes are registerable, a far more usual
      period form is of a lozenge with the stem coming out of the
      topmost corner.

  Levi ben Daniel. Device change. Per pale argent and azure, on a
  chalice a star of David all counterchanged.

      The submitter's previous device, "Per pale sable and azure, a
      duck rousant affronty argent within an orle of ducks naiant Or",
      is retained as a badge.

  Liana de Grahym. Name.

      Submitted as "L_y_a_nn_a de Grahym", the submitter requested the
      spelling "L_i_ana" if that could be documented. Fortunately, we
      are able to do so.

      _Liana_ is a variant spelling of the attested _Lyanna_. On the
      August 2017 Letter of Acceptances and Returns, we ruled that
      "_Arianna_ is a reasonable variant spelling of the attested
      English female given name _Ariana_ based on multiple examples in
      which _-ana_ and _-anna_ were used interchangeably in
      late-period English." [Arianna Freemont, A-An Tir] Following the
      same logic, _Lyanna_ supports _Lyana_. As _i_ and _y_ were used
      interchangeably in Early Modern English, the requested spelling
      _Liana_ is registerable. Accordingly, we have made this change
      to meet the submitter's request.

  Magnus Bj{o/}rnsson. Name and device. Argent, a bear statant erect
  vert, on a chief azure three hunting horns argent.

  Naevehjem, Barony of. Order name Order of the Moucheture and badge.
  (Fieldless) An ermine spot gules within and conjoined to an annulet
  Or.

      A _moucheture_ is a spot, such as an ermine spot. Thus, this
      order name follows the pattern of naming orders after heraldic
      charges.

  Olexia Vnkola. Name change from Alexandrea of the Silver Moon.

      The submitter's previous name, _Alexandrea of the Silver Moon_,
      is released.

  Reinholdt J{a:}ger Berg. Name and device. Per bend gules and argent,
  an axe bendwise and a bear passant counterchanged.

      Appearing on the Letter of Intent as "Reinholdt J_a_ger Berg",
      Kingdom made a timely correction of the name to "Reinholdt
      J_{a:}_ger Berg", which matches the documentation.

  Urbana Prima. Device. Argent, in saltire four pomegranates gules
  seeded Or slips and leaves conjoined vert.

======================================================================

**** CALONTIR acceptances ****

  Agnes von Heidelberg. Alternate name Chiba Suzu.

      Submitted as "Chiba _no_ Suzu", the use of _no_ is not
      appropriate with the family name _Chiba_, which was used by the
      military class and not by the imperial aristocracy. The use of
      _no_ with family names that are not _uji_ (clan) names must be
      documented individually. Therefore, we are registering this name
      as "Chiba_Suzu".

  Aldred Ketcham. Household name House of Ketcham.

  B{o'}t v{ae}na. Name.

      Nice 9th-10th century Icelandic name!

  Bryni{o'}lfr Brandssmi{dh}r. Device. Gules, a man's head cabossed
  and in base a sword fesswise Or.

  Calontir, Kingdom of. Heraldic title Merlyne Herald.

      The Kingdom of Calontir has permission from the Barony of
      Marinus for the title _Merlyne Herald_ to conflict with the
      Barony's registered _Award of the Marlin_.

  Caoimhin McKee. Badge. (Fieldless) A bat-winged demi-boar gules.

  Charles Vaux. Device. Per chevron Or and gules, a tree eradicated
  proper between two hounds combattant Or.

  Emerick Jones. Name (see RETURNS for device).

  Fl{i'}R Fr{o'}{dh}ason. Name.

      _Fl{i'}R_ is a masculine name found as a header form in Lena
      Peterson's _Nordiskt runnamnslexikon_. By precedent, the header
      forms in this work are registerable transliterations of Old
      Norse runic forms. [December 2010 Cover Letter]

  Gr{a'}inne inghean U{i'} Ghallchobhair. Name.

      Appearing on the Letter of Intent as "Gr{a'}inne _{O'}_
      _Ga_llchobhair", the byname was not correctly constructed for a
      woman. We have changed the name to "Gr{a'}inne _inghean U{i'}_
      G_h_allchobhair", the correct form for a Gaelic woman.

      Nice 16th-early 17th century Gaelic name!

  Katrina Weiss. Name.

      Nice late 15th century German name!

  Mistislav gle{dh}ill. Name.

      This name combines a Russian given name with an Old Norse
      byname, an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C.

  Mj{o,}ll {U'}lfarsd{o'}ttir. Name and device. Gyronny arrondi gules
  and argent, a wolf sejant forepaw raised within a bordure azure.

      This name is clear of the registered _Mj{o,}ll {U'}lfsd{o'}ttir_
      under PN3C2 because _{U'}lfarsd{o'}ttir_ has one more syllable
      than "{U'}lfsd{o'}ttir".

      Per Appendix G, there is a step from period practice for having
      a "gyronny arrondi" field, with the gyrons straddling the
      corners of the shield, covered by a central primary charge.

  Petrus Sagittarius. Name.

      In commentary, ffride wlfsdotter documented both name elements
      in the 13th century, making this a nice Latinized German name
      for that era!

  Ren Jie. Device. Per bend sinister gules and sable, on a bend
  sinister potenty argent three caltrops palewise gules.

  Wilhelm Lich and Roselyn of Aberdeen. Joint badge. Gules, a falcon
  jessed displayed argent and a chief Or golpy.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a non-eagle
      displayed.

  Zachariah MacDonald. Badge. (Fieldless) A vulture contourny sable
  maintaining a spiked mace bendwise sinister argent.

======================================================================

**** DRACHENWALD acceptances ****

  Agata Grene. Name.

      Nice English name for circa 1300!

  Aleydis van Vilvoorden. Badge. (Fieldless) A brown stag's attire
  fesswise reversed embowed proper, each tine tipped with a cinquefoil
  argent.

  Anton der Federl. Name and device. Gules, in pale three feathers
  fesswise reversed and an orle argent.

      Submitted as "Anton _de_ Federl", this construction is not
      grammatically correct. _Federl_ is an occupational surname
      meaning "fletcher" or "feather handler." The appropriate
      construction is either "Anton _der_ Federl" or "Anton_Federl".
      As the submitter prefers the former, we have made this change
      for registration.

  Arianna Weidseckerin. Name.

      This name combines an Italian literary given name with a German
      surname, an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C.

  Dorothea Weberin. Household name Haus zum Herzwald.

      This household name is based on the place name _Herzwald_, found
      in _Ongefehrlicher Bericht, Wannenhero den Ertzvnd Bistumben am
      Weserstrom vnd daselbsten herumb, ihr ansehlich verm{o:}gen
      kommen, vnd nemblich au{sz} jhren eignen Landen_
      (https://books.google.com/books?id=l75cAAAAcAAJ), published in
      1626.

      The Letter of Intent did not document the pattern of German
      household names based on place names. Fortunately, _Die
      Hausnamen und Hauszeichen im mittelalterlichen Freiburg_, by
      Karl Schmidt, gives examples of German household names based on
      place names using the pattern _Haus zum_ + Place, including _zum
      Bondorf_ (1343) and _zum {O:}sterreich_ (1554).

  Gilbert Blakthorn. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      _Gilbert_ is dated to 1444 in the Middle English Dictionary, a
      mere two years after the attested 1442 date for _Blakthorn_ in
      the Letter of Intent, making this a very nice 15th century
      English name!

  Jahanara Suren. Name change from Jahanara of West Dragoningshire and
  device change. Vert, in fess three bezants each charged with a lotus
  flower affronty purpure.

      _Jahanara_ was previously registered to the submitter and thus
      can continue to be used under the Existing Registration
      Allowance without the need for further documentation.

      At the Pelican decision meeting, Ursula Palimpsest found
      evidence of an inscription identifying a medieval Persian woman
      as being from the _Suren_ family.
      (https://www.colorado.edu/classics/clas4091/Text/Shapur.htm) As
      Persian generally does not use gender markings with surnames,
      the name as submitted is registerable.

      The submitter's previous name, "Jahanara of West
      Dragoningshire", is released.

      The submitter's previous device, "Or, in fess three sexfoils
      purpure", is retained as a badge.

  Mallymkun Galpin. Badge. Purpure, in pale a polypus and an estoile
  argent.

  Ossi Orava. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      _Ossi_ is the submitter's legal given name.

  Richart von Brandenburg. Badge. Sable, on a cross Or a cross fleury
  throughout gules.

  Rikissa Apilgaard. Name (see RETURNS for device).

  Styrmir af N{ae}stweth. Device change. Purpure, a fess between two
  chevrons argent.

      This device conflicts with the device of Columb Finn mac
      Diarmata, "Vert, a fess between two chevrons throughout argent",
      with one DC for change to the tincture of the field. However,
      Columb has filed a blanket letter of permission to conflict.

      The submitter's previous device, "Per bend argent and gules, a
      drinking horn and a valknut counterchanged", is retained as a
      badge.

  William of Richwood. Badge. (Fieldless) On a rose sable a goutte
  d'eau..

======================================================================

**** EALDORMERE acceptances ****

  Alienor la fileuse. Badge. (Fieldless) A wooden drop spindle proper,
  threaded Or.

  Ana Yanka. Name change of holding name from Ana of Ramshaven.

      This name was pended on the June 2017 Letter of Acceptances and
      Returns to discuss whether we have sufficient evidence to allow
      the registration of unmarked matronymic bynames in Russian. At
      the time, _Yanka_ had been documented solely as a feminine
      Russian name.

      After reviewing commentary, and given our limited evidence in
      the field of Russian names, we are persuaded by the arguments of
      Sofya Habicht:

           [M]atronymic bynames are a name pattern that does not
           need further documentation in Russian per SENA,
           Appendix A. They are formed using the same grammatical
           rules as patronymic bynames per Wickenden. Since
           unmarked patronymics are registerable in Russian by
           precedent of the September 2007 LoAR Cover Letter, I
           don't think it is appropriate to return this name,
           even [if] we decide to overturn that precedent for
           future submissions (which I don't think we should).
           While we have not found any examples of unmarked
           metronymics, given the extreme rarity of metronymic
           names in particular, there is no grammatical reason to
           disallow unmarked metronymics (while allowing unmarked
           patronymics) since metronymics and patronymics follow
           the same grammatical rules, as do male and female
           names in general.

      Therefore, pending further research, unmarked matronymics are
      registerable in Russian.

      Alternatively, in the case of this particular name, _Yanka_ is a
      variant spelling of the attested _Ianka_, a diminutive of the
      man's name _Ian_ found in _A Dictionary of Russian Names_.
      Therefore, _Ana Yanka_ is also registerable as using an unmarked
      patronymic.

  Dafydd ap Owen ap Cole. Device. Per pale sable and ermine, a weasel
  rampant contourny per pale argent and sable, a bordure rayonny
  counterchanged.

  D{y'}rfinna Hr{o'}aldsd{o'}ttir. Name.

      Nice 9th-10th century Icelandic name!

  Edmund Drewery. Name.

      Based on the documentation presented in commentary by Lillia
      Crampette, this is an excellent English name from 1300 onwards!

  Fl{o'}ki inn fagri. Name.

  Guntram of Northgeatham. Device. Per bend argent and vert, a raven
  rising sustaining an axe bendwise sable, and three bees Or.

  Guntram of Northgeatham. Badge. (Fieldless) A raven rising sable
  sustaining an axe bendwise Or.

  Guntram of Northgeatham. Badge. (Fieldless) In saltire two axes
  sable, overall a bee Or.

  Guoillauc filius Brancu. Name change from Gillian of Ravenglass.

      The submitter's previous name, _Gillian of Ravenglass_, is
      released.

      Nice 9th century Old Welsh name!

  Isabella Bonifant. Name.

      Lillia Crampette found the spelling _Bonifant_ in John Stow's
      _Survey of London_, compiled 1598-1633
      (https://books.google.com/books?id=euDdg91XRoMC). _Isabella_ is
      found in "Late Sixteenth Century English Given Names" by Talan
      Gwynek (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/eng16/eng16.html), making
      this a nice late period English name!

  Mara of Skraeling Althing. Name and device. Or, in fess four
  lozenges gules.

      Submitted as "Mara of S_c_raeling Althing", as of the August
      2017 Errata Letter, the branch name is spelled "S_k_raeling
      Althing, Barony of". When relying on the Branch Name Allowance,
      "[o]nly the exact registered form of the branch name may be
      used." Therefore, we have changed this name to "Mara of
      S_k_raeling Althing" for registration.

      Nice device!

  Marrin von Waldburg. Badge. Gules, on a trillium argent three maple
  leaves gules.

      There is a step from period practice for use of a New World
      trillium flower.

  Marrin von Waldburg and {O'}rlaith inghean u{i'} Sheanach{a'}in.
  Joint badge. (Fieldless) In saltire two besoms inverted purpure.

  Nessa von Waldburg. Device. Argent, on a bear rampant purpure a
  heart argent, a bordure purpure.

  Pippa Soranzo. Name.

  Rachael Catherine McLellan. Augmentation of arms. Gules, three
  escallops argent each charged with a pellet, and for augmentation,
  between the escallops a sun Or.

  Ragnhei{dh}r Hr{o'}aldsd{o'}ttir. Badge. (Fieldless) On a
  forget-me-not azure an eye argent irised gules.

  R{u'}nfastr Spaki. Name.

======================================================================

**** GLEANN ABHANN acceptances ****

  Allet Hartmann. Name and device. Per fess vert and barry wavy azure
  and argent, two swans naiant respectant wings elevated issuant from
  the line of the division argent and in chief a compass star Or.

      There is a step from period practice for use of a compass star.

  Andsvarr Har{dh}ra{dh}i. Name and device. Azure, on a plate between
  three harps argent a raven sable.

  Brynhildr Valsd{o'}ttir. Name and device. Per fess azure and vert, a
  fess argent between three mullets Or and an escallop inverted
  argent.

  Cedric de Lothian. Name and device. Per fess sable and gules, a
  phoenix argent enflamed Or, in chief a Maltese cross argent.

  Dirk Sharpe. Badge. Vert, a bend sinister Or between an ox's head
  cabossed and two rocks in bend sinister argent.

  Emma Bjarnard{o'}ttir. Name.

      This name combines an Old English given name with an Old Norse
      byname, an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C.

  Fri{dh}bjorn Gunnulfsson. Name and device. Vert, in pale two bears
  statant counter-statant argent, a bordure argent semy of hearts
  gules.

  Iosua O Mordha. Name.

      Submitted as "Iosua _O'_Mordha", this name improperly combines
      the Anglicized Irish _O'_ with the Gaelic _Mordha_ in a single
      name phrase, a practice prohibited by PN1B1.

      This name is registerable either as "Iosua _O_ Mordha", an
      English - Gaelic combination (without diacritical marks) or as
      "Iosua O'_Mora_", an English - Anglicized Irish combination. The
      submitter specifically permitted the change to "Iosua _O_
      Mordha", so we have made this change for registration.

  J{o:}rg Praetorius. Name.

  Kitta Fuxdottir. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      Submitted as "Kitta F_o_xdottir", a Scandinavian patronymic must
      be constructed using the genitive (possessive) form of the
      father's name. ffride wlffsdotter advised that _Fox_ is the
      nominative (base) form. We have changed the byname to
      "F_u_xdottir" to use the correct genitive form.

  Kjalv{o,}r Vetrard{o'}ttir. Name and device. Vert, on a chevron
  sable fimbriated between two musical notes and a Lacy knot three
  spools of yarn palewise argent.

      While these musical notes are registerable, a far more usual
      period form is of a lozenge with the stem coming out of the
      topmost corner.

  Maggie Wryght. Name and device. Purpure, a unicorn's head erased
  argent, a bordure argent semy of lozenges azure.

      Both elements are found in the 1590s in the FamilySearch
      Historical Records for Clackmannan, Scotland, making this an
      excellent 16th century Scots name!

  Maggie Wryght. Badge. (Fieldless) A magpie sustaining in its beak a
  peacock feather inverted proper.

  Marguerite Isabele d'Alen{c,}on. Name and device. Argent, a saltire
  azure semy of marguerites proper.

      The submitter requested authenticity for "14th-16th C French."
      This name is authentic for 16th century France.

      Nice cant!

  Nicholas Sutton. Name and device. Per bend sinister embattled gules
  and sable, a gittern and a tankard argent.

      The submitter requested authenticity for the 13th - 15th
      centuries. This request was not summarized on the Letter of
      Intent. However, we had sufficient information from which to
      determine authenticity without needing to pend the name for
      further research. This is an authentic English name from the
      13th century onwards.

  Nicholaus de Fonte. Name and device. Per chevron embattled argent
  and Or, two Thor's hammers and a lion gules.

      The submitter requested authenticity for "12th-13th Century
      French/Norman." This request was not summarized on the Letter of
      Intent. Fortunately, we had sufficient information to determine
      authenticity without needing to pend the name. This name meets
      the submitter's request because it is authentic for 13th century
      Gascony.

      Artist's note: Please draw the lion larger to fill the available
      space.

  Pippin Needle Fang. Device. Azure, a heron within an orle argent.

  Settimio d'Olivio. Alternate name Septimus Octavius.

      This name uses the pattern of _praenomen_ + _nomen_, a naming
      practice found through the end of the Roman Republic.

  Sigveig Sn{ae}bjarnard{o'}ttir. Device change. Per pale azure and
  gules, on a compass star per pale Or and argent, a triskele gules.

      The previous device, "Azure, on a pale indented Or three crosses
      patonce gules", is released.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a compass
      star.

  Steinn Brandsson. Name.

  Theodericus Swertf{u:}rge von Z{u:}rich. Name and device. Per bend
  Or and lozengy azure and argent, a bend embattled and in sinister
  chief a dragon passant coward sable.

      The submitter requested authenticity for "Swiss 13-14th
      centuries." This request was not summarized on the Letter of
      Intent. Fortunately, after the close of commentary, {AE}lfwynn
      Leofl{ae}de dohtor was able to find all of the elements in
      Socin, attested to the 13th century in Basel, Switzerland.
      Therefore, this name meets the submitter's request.

  {TH}orfinna Kolsd{o'}ttir. Name change from Seraphina of Skye.

      The submitter's previous name, _Seraphina of Skye_, is released.

      Nice 9th-10th century Icelandic name!

======================================================================

**** LOCHAC acceptances ****

  Cluain, Canton of. Badge for Populace. (Fieldless) A bull rampant
  guardant sable.

      The submitters have permission to conflict with the badge of
      Cuhelyn Cam vap Morcant, "(Fieldless) A bull rampant guardant
      sable armed and ringed argent". Commenters asked whether the
      comflict fell afoul of SENA A5H, which states that "A submission
      identical to the registered armory will not be registered even
      with permission to conflict." However, even though there is not
      a DC between the badges, there is still a blazonable difference,
      which is all that's necessary to clear that particular rule.

      Artist's note: Please provide internal detailing in a
      contrasting color for greater ease in recognition. Also,
      typically the posture of rampant has the hind leg in the
      foreground positioned in the back, so as not to present the
      charge's backside to the viewer. We encourage the artist to
      follow these same norms in reproducing this badge.

  Dianora Amati. Name and device. Purpure, a wolf rampant and on a
  chief argent a decrescent purpure between two mullets sable.

      The submitter requested authenticity for 15th century Italian.
      This request was not summarized on the Letter of Intent.
      Fortunately, we had sufficient information to determine
      authenticity without needing the pend the name. This name meets
      the submitter's request because both name elements and the name
      pattern are found in the 1427 Catasto of Florence.

  Eleanor Gardener. Name.

      Nice 16th century English name from London!

  Kyneburh {ae}t Ascendune. Name and device. Per fess sable and azure,
  two domestic cats statant guardant Or and a swan naiant argent.

  Melisande De Massard. Name and device. Per saltire azure and Or,
  four fleurs-de-lis bases to center counterchanged.

      _De_ as documented in the Letter of Intent for this name is a
      form of the surname _Dee_, not the locative marker _de_. This
      name combines a French literary given name with two English
      surnames, an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C.

  Ollivier Le Floch. Name and device. Argent, an orle of martlets
  sable.

      Nice 15th century Breton name!

      Nice device!

      The submitter has permission to conflict with the device of
      Crespin de Laon, "Bendy gules and argent, an orle of martlets
      sable".

  Raffe De Massard. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      _De_ as documented in the Letter of Intent for this name is a
      form of the surname _Dee_, not the locative marker _de_.

  Robert Campbell. Name and device. Vair, on a padlock Or three keys
  in fess sable.

      None of the historic Robert Campbells are important enough
      protect from presumption. Notably, none of them have an entry in
      the _Encyclopedia Britannica_.

      Nice Scots name from the 14th century onwards!

======================================================================

**** MERIDIES acceptances ****

  {A'}engus Dubh mac Domhnaill. Name.

  Einarr kn{y'}tir. Device. Per pale sable and gules, a thunderbolt
  between four roundels two and two Or.

  Gwenllian of Forgotten Sea. Name and device. Quarterly argent
  ermined azure and azure, two quatrefoil knots argent.

      _Forgotten Sea_ is the registered name of an SCA branch.

  Konrad Windhorn. Name.

      _Windhorn_ is a plausible constructed German place name, based
      on German examples of place names using the elements _Wind-_ and
      _-horn_. Appendix A permits unmarked locative bynames in German.

  Lucien d'Artois. Badge. (Fieldless) A chatloup passant argent.

      Nice badge!

  Lucien d'Artois. Badge. (Fieldless) A zule per pale Or and sable.

      Nice badge!

  Meridies, Kingdom of. Badge for Order of the Argent Rapier. Argent,
  on a pale bretessed sable a rapier inverted argent.

======================================================================

**** MIDDLE acceptances ****

  Ailith the Kind. Augmentation of arms. Per bend sinister wavy argent
  and vert, a thistle proper and a garb Or and for augmentation on a
  chief purpure a compass star Or.

      There is a step from period practice for use of a compass star.

  Alessandro Vitturi da Canal. Name (see RETURNS for device).

  Alice Hart of Whyte Hall. Name.

  Asgar Wulfstan. Name and device. Per pale sable and gules, a wolf
  rampant and a bordure Or.

  Eava O Corcrane. Name and device. Vert, two lions combatant and in
  base a shamrock, a chief indented argent.

      _Eava_ is a gray-period English feminine given name found in the
      FamilySearch Historical Records.

      Artist's note: Please provide internal detailing on the lions
      for greater ease in identifiability.

  Emma Wulfstan. Name.

  Illiton, Barony of. Badge. (Fieldless) A mermaid proper tailed Or,
  crined vert, maintaining in her right hand a trident bendwise
  sinister sable and in her left and upraised hand a grey granite
  tower proper.

      This set of charges is taken directly from the baronial arms.

  Illiton, Barony of. Badge. Gyronny of twelve azure and argent, a
  lymphad Or.

      This is clear of the badge of the Kingdom of Trimaris, for their
      Order of the Golden Galleon, "Azure, a galleon Or". There's a DC
      for the field, and per the ruling on ship differences in the
      Cover Letter of July 2017, a second DC for ship under sail
      (Trimaris's galleon) vs ship with sails furled (the submitted
      lymphad).

  Illiton, Barony of. Badge. Gyronny of twelve azure and argent, on a
  tower Or a fountain.

  Iofurr Ormarsson. Device. Argent, on a Thor's hammer purpure in pale
  the Elder Futhark runes othala, wunjo, algiz, and ingwaz argent.

  Malachie Rembert. Device. Per pale azure and argent, on a pile
  inverted throughout a Latin cross counterchanged.

  Mary of Desborough. Name.

      _Desborough_ is the lingua Anglica form of an English place name
      found in the SCA's period as _Desburg_ (1216) and _Deseburgh_
      (1363), among other forms.

  Middle, Kingdom of the. Change of designator from Order of the
  Dragon's Tooth to Award of the Dragon's Tooth.

      The previous order name, _Order of the Dragon's Tooth_, is
      released.

  Middle, Kingdom of the. Badge association for Order of the White
  Chamfron. (Fieldless) A chamfron argent.

  Middle, Kingdom of the. Badge association for Order of the
  Evergreen. (Fieldless) A pine tree per pale purpure and Or.

  Middle, Kingdom of the. Badge association for Middle Kingdom
  Scribes. (Fieldless) A quill pen argent transfixing an open scroll
  fesswise Or.

      "Middle Kingdom Scribes" is a generic identifier.

  Middle, Kingdom of the. Badge association for populace. Argent, a
  pale gules surmounted by a dragon passant vert.

  Middle, Kingdom of the. Badge association for Award of the Dragon's
  Flight. Argent, a pale vert scaly argent between four pheons vert.

  Middle, Kingdom of the. Removal of badge association for Award of
  the Dragon's Flight. (Fieldless) A pheon inverted within and
  conjoined to an annulet Or.

  Vincenzo Fabriano. Name and device. Per bend sinister vert and
  sable, a calamarie within an orle of compass stars Or.

      The submitter requests authenticity for 14th century Italy. The
      name may be authentic for the requested place and time, but we
      cannot be sure because we do not presently have evidence of
      these name elements in the 14th century. However, the name is
      authentic for the 15th-16th centuries in Italy.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of compass
      stars.

  Zhen Jun. Name and device. Gyronny arrondi vert and argent, a
  butterfly purpure within an orle of roundels counterchanged.

      After the close of commentary, Song Zidie found _Zhen_ as a
      surname in the 14th century _Romance of the Three Kingdoms_. Due
      to our current lack of reliable evidence for Chinese names, we
      are giving the submitter the benefit of the doubt that this
      literary surname was used by real people.

      The submitter requested authenticity for Chinese
      language/culture. Both the name elements and the pattern are
      Chinese. However, as we have no evidence that _Zhen_ was also
      used by real people at the same time it appeared in literature,
      this name is not what we consider "authentic."

======================================================================

**** NORTHSHIELD acceptances ****

  Arabella Vaughan. Name and device. Purpure, on a pale argent three
  dragonflies purpure.

      Even in dialects that pronounce _Vaughan_ like "vawn," this name
      is clear of the registered _Arabella Thorne_ under PN3C3.

      Nice 16th century English name!

  Caron Lion. Name.

  Christiana de Lacy. Name.

      Nice 14th century English name!

  Jehannette de Provins. Badge. (Fieldless) A phoenix azure rising
  from flames proper maintaining in chief two needles inverted in
  saltire azure threaded sable.

  Refkell melrakki Einarsson. Badge. (Fieldless) A fox's head erased
  contourny quarterly argent and azure.

  Titus Furius Verus. Name and device. Azure, a bear statant contourny
  and in chief two mullets, a base argent.

      Nice 2nd century C.E. Roman name!

======================================================================

**** OUTLANDS acceptances ****

  Aldrich de Rolfe. Name.

      The byname _de Rolfe_ appears at p. 634 of _The Second Part of
      the Institutes of the Laws of England Containing the Exposition
      of Many Ancient and Other Statutes_, Volume 2, by Edward Coke,
      in a discussion of a criminal proceeding during the reign of
      Edward I. As Coke did not modernize the bynames in his work, the
      name as submitted is registerable.

  Curran Leonart. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      A question was raised in commentary whether this name presumes
      on the literary character _Curran Lennart_, a non-human
      character appearing in a series of novels by Ilona Andrews.
      Based on a canvas of many heralds and non-heralds, the character
      of _Curran Lennart_ is not well-known enough to be protected
      from presumption under PN4D.

  Curran Leonart. Badge. (Fieldless) A triquetra azure interlaced with
  an annulet Or.

  Dagr{u'}n Bjarnard{o'}ttir. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      Submitted as "Dagr{u'}n Bj_{o:}_rn_s_d{o'}ttir", the submitter
      preferred the Old Norse form of the patronymic, which is
      "Bj_a_rn_ar_d{o'}ttir". We have made this change for
      registration.

      Nice 9th-10th century Icelandic name!

  Eleonora von Effen. Device. Per bend sinister vert and sable, in
  bend sinister three ermine spots ermine.

  Gaius Marius Valerius. Name.

  Gwen de la Cumbe. Badge. (Fieldless) On a chess rook argent a
  horseshoe inverted gules.

      In the registration of the badge for the Sisterhood of Saint
      Walburga, December 2008 LoAR, it was ruled:

           There were calls to return this for having the cup be
           barely overall. While doing that would be in line with
           past precedent, we feel that it is too strict: other
           minor issues merit an artist note, but any hint of
           this issue and the item must go back. This is not good
           customer service, forcing a year's wait for such a
           minor problem.

           Therefore, we are overturning precedent to this
           extent: we will no longer return items for being
           barely overall if the area of overlap is small, the
           area of the overlap which projects beyond the edge of
           the underlying charge is also small, when the overall
           charge does not obscure significant portions of the
           outline of the underlying charge, and when
           identifiability is preserved.

           Please instruct the submitter to draw the cup entirely
           on the standing seraph

      As the relative identifiability of these two charges is
      maintained, and there is only a very slight overlap onto the
      field, we will likewise accept this badge as blazoned.

      Artist's note: Please draw the horseshoe entirely on the chess
      rook.

  Jazlynne Marie Fairday. Device. Purpure, in cross four estoiles
  argent, a bordure argent ermined azure.

      Artist's note: Argent ermined azure should be primarily and
      unmistakably argent. Please draw fewer, larger ermine spots with
      sufficient space to let the argent show through. In period,
      ordinaries ermine would be drawn with whole ermine spots, with
      none cut off at the edge of the ordinary.

======================================================================

                  - Explicit littera accipiendorum -

======================================================================

***** THE FOLLOWING ITEMS HAVE BEEN RETURNED FOR FURTHER WORK: *****

**** {AE}THELMEARC returns ****

None.

======================================================================

**** AN TIR returns ****

  An Tir, Kingdom of. Badge for Standard augmentation. Checky Or and
  argent, an orb, for the finial a demi-lion maintaining an escutcheon
  sable.

      This badge is returned for violation of SENA A1C, which requires
      "that the emblazon be describable in heraldic terms." The main
      charge cannot be blazoned as an orb because it is missing a
      defining trait of the orb: a cross issuant from the top of the
      sphere. Nor can it be reblazoned as a roundel, because the
      banding included in the internal detailing is substantial enough
      that it cannot be ignored. Because it cannot be reliably
      blazoned, it must be returned.

      This badge is also returned for lack of documentation for
      maintained charges maintaining charges themselves. Because the
      demi-lion is not an integral part of the main charge, as the
      submitted blazon would suggest, it is instead a secondary charge
      maintained by the roundel. The demi-lion itself is also
      maintaining an escutcheon, but we have no period support for
      maintained charges which themselves maintain charges. Absent
      documentation of this arrangement of charges, it must be
      returned.

      Though this is not a reason for return, we also caution against
      the use of this badge as a standard augmentation. Due to their
      nature, augmentations of arms will be smaller than primary forms
      of heraldic display, and small details are easily lost. Given
      the already busy checky background that is An Tir's preferred
      motif, the use of a complex set of charges with increasingly
      smaller sizes will be incredibly difficult for future submitters
      to reproduce in a way that will be recognizable by commenters,
      not to mention reproduce on physical armorial design.

      The use of a field checky Or and argent is permissible under the
      Existing Registration Allowance.

  An Tir, Kingdom of. Badge for Standard augmentation. Checky Or and
  argent, an orb, for the finial a demi-lion maintaining an escutcheon
  within a bordure embattled gules.

      This badge is returned for violation of SENA A1C, which requires
      "that the emblazon be describable in heraldic terms." The main
      charge cannot be blazoned as an orb because it is missing a
      defining trait of the orb: a cross issuant from the top of the
      sphere. Nor can it be reblazoned as a roundel, because the
      banding included in the internal detailing is substantial enough
      that it cannot be ignored. Because it cannot be reliably
      blazoned, it must be returned.

      This badge is also returned for lack of documentation for
      maintained charges maintaining charges themselves. Because the
      demi-lion is not an integral part of the main charge, as the
      submitted blazon would suggest, it is instead a secondary charge
      maintained by the roundel. The demi-lion itself is also
      maintaining an escutcheon, but we have no period support for
      maintained charges which themselves maintain charges. Absent
      documentation of this arrangement of charges, it must be
      returned.

      Though this is not a reason for return, we also caution against
      the use of this badge as a standard augmentation. Due to their
      nature, augmentations of arms will be smaller than primary forms
      of heraldic display, and small details are easily lost. Given
      the already busy checky background that is An Tir's preferred
      motif, the use of a complex set of charges with increasingly
      smaller sizes will be incredibly difficult for future submitters
      to reproduce in a way that will be recognizable by commenters,
      not to mention reproduce on physical armorial design.

      The use of a field checky Or and argent is permissible under the
      Existing Registration Allowance.

  An Tir, Kingdom of. Badge for Standard augmentation. Checky Or and
  argent, an orb, for the finial a demi-lion maintaining an escutcheon
  within a bordure embattled sable.

      This badge is returned for violation of SENA A1C, which requires
      "that the emblazon be describable in heraldic terms." The main
      charge cannot be blazoned as an orb because it is missing a
      defining trait of the orb: a cross issuant from the top of the
      sphere. Nor can it be reblazoned as a roundel, because the
      banding included in the internal detailing is substantial enough
      that it cannot be ignored. Because it cannot be reliably
      blazoned, it must be returned.

      This badge is also returned for lack of documentation for
      maintained charges maintaining charges themselves. Because the
      demi-lion is not an integral part of the main charge, as the
      submitted blazon would suggest, it is instead a secondary charge
      maintained by the roundel. The demi-lion itself is also
      maintaining an escutcheon, but we have no period support for
      maintained charges which themselves maintain charges. Absent
      documentation of this arrangement of charges, it must be
      returned.

      Though this is not a reason for return, we also caution against
      the use of this badge as a standard augmentation. Due to their
      nature, augmentations of arms will be smaller than primary forms
      of heraldic display, and small details are easily lost. Given
      the already busy checky background that is An Tir's preferred
      motif, the use of a complex set of charges with increasingly
      smaller sizes will be incredibly difficult for future submitters
      to reproduce in a way that will be recognizable by commenters,
      not to mention reproduce on physical armorial design.

      The use of a field checky Or and argent is permissible under the
      Existing Registration Allowance.

  Beorn Bj{o'}lfsson. Device. Per saltire sable and gules, a bear's
  head cabossed between in cross four bees Or.

      This device is returned for violation of SENA A2C1, which
      requires that "Elements must be drawn in their period forms and
      in a period armorial style." While we generally give substantial
      leeway for artistic license, this depiction of the bear's head
      is a very modern interpretation, with heavy monochromatic
      shading about the muzzle and lower head that, when displayed
      upon a field that is half sable, makes the charge difficult, if
      not impossible, to recognize.

      Upon resubmission, we encourage the submitter to depict the
      bear's head in a more period fashion, and at the very least
      removing the jagged lightning bolt style of shading seen in
      modern sports team logos in favor of using a simple line drawing
      of the features.

  Glymm Mere, Barony of. Badge for Order of the White Well of Glymm
  Mere. (Fieldless) A hurt goutty d'eau within and conjoined to an
  annulet argent masoned azure.

      This badge is returned for redraw. As submitted, this is either
      a display, on a roundel, of "Azure gouty d'eau, a bordure argent
      masoned azure", or if fieldless, "(Fieldless) On a roundel
      argent masoned [weirdly] azure, a roundel azure gouty d'eau".
      Either way, it may not be registered as a fieldless badge.

      Given the name submitted with this armory, we encourage the
      Barony to look at period depictions of wells when considering
      their resubmission.

======================================================================

**** ARTEMISIA returns ****

  Kamei Sayoko. Device. Gules, a legless tortoise Or with wings
  conjoined in annulo argent.

      This device is returned for lack of documentation of the charge.
      The wings used in this depiction are seen exclusively on
      depictions of cranes in Asian heraldry. The use of Asian animals
      in core style heraldry is already a step from period practice,
      and the use of these animal-specific Asian-style wings on an
      otherwise undocumented tortoise torso and head is grounds for
      return. Absent an individually attested pattern, use of Asian
      crane wings on any charge other than a crane is disallowed in
      Society heraldry.

  Vincenzo del Aquila. Device. Per pale gules and sable, a demi-angel
  maintaining and charged with a demi-sword inverted both issuant to
  sinister from the line of division argent.

      This device is returned for violation of SENA A6F, which
      prohibits armory which has the appearance of marshalling. The
      design is not automatically disqualified under A6F1, and A6F2a
      states that "When a charge or charges terminate at the edge of a
      section, it creates the unmistakable appearance of marshalling."
      The demi-angel issues from the per pale line of division, and
      appears to be a dimidiation of a full angel. It must therefore
      be returned.

      This device is also returned for lack of contrast between the
      angel and the sword, which appears entirely within the
      silhouette of the angel.

======================================================================

**** ATENVELDT returns ****

  Eugene Haraldson. Device. Per pale sable and argent, a sun eclipsed
  between in bend two broad-arrows, that in base inverted,
  counterchanged.

      This device is returned for violation of SENA A3D2c, which
      requires that charges in the same group be in a unified
      orientation. The two broad-arrows in this submission are placed
      in bend, with one upright and the other inverted. These
      orientations must be blazoned individually, rather than being in
      an identical orientation (either upright or inverted) or a
      complementary orientation (points to center/outward). If
      evidence could be found of such a design in period, it could of
      course be registered.

======================================================================

**** ATLANTIA returns ****

  Brigid O Donoghue. Device. Azure, a mermaid Or maintaining a pen and
  an open book argent.

      This device must be returned for violation of SENA A2C2, which
      requires that the orientation of charges be recognizable. The
      maintained book is neither palewise nor bendwise sinister, and
      thus blurs the distinction between the two orientations.

  Seraphina Delphino. Badge. (Fieldless) Four crescents conjoined in
  saltire horns outward purpure.

      The submitter has withdrawn this submission.

======================================================================

**** AVACAL returns ****

None.

======================================================================

**** CAID returns ****

  Klaus Axelsson. Household name Clann Gall{o'}glaigh.

      This household name must be returned because it does not match
      any documented pattern for naming households. The only evidence
      found to date for Gaelic clan names shows that they were created
      from given names or patronymic surnames. [June 2013 Cover
      Letter] As _Gall{o'}glaigh_ is either an adjective or a
      descriptive surname, it cannot be used to form a clan name.

======================================================================

**** CALONTIR returns ****

  Calontir, Kingdom of. Order name Order of the Purple Jess.

      This order name was pended on the June 2017 Letter of
      Acceptances and Returns for a discussion of whether a jess can
      be considered an identifiable and distinct period charge that
      could be used to create an order name. Based on the evidence
      presented in commentary, a jess is not a stand-alone heraldic
      charge because it is not recognizable as such unless it is
      attached to a bird. A jess on its own could easily be a ribbon,
      a scarf, a garter, or a belt. This conclusion is consistent with
      prior precedents, which have long disallowed ribbons as heraldic
      charges.

           A ribbon is not registerable as a stand-alone charge;
           that is, as a primary, secondary, or tertiary charge.
           However, in this case [on a fox's tail] the ribbon is
           equivalent to a hawk's jesses: a blazonable detail or
           ornamentation, rather than a charge in its own right.
           [Bronwen Selwyn, 6/2005 LoAR, R-Ansteorra]

      Accordingly, as a jess is not a stand-alone heraldic charge, it
      cannot be the basis for an order name using the pattern names
      based on heraldic charges.

  Emerick Jones. Device. Per pale gules and argent, in pale a lantern
  and in saltire two rapiers sable.

      This device is returned for using a modern depiction of a
      lantern, a thin frame with transparent panes. In the return of
      the device of Domenico Taddio in February 2016, it was ruled
      "This form of lantern, although used in the past in SCA heraldry
      is a modern one. Barring documentation, it will not be
      registerable after the September 2016 meeting."

      The Administrative Handbook, Section V.B.2.g, describes how to
      handle correction of errors. Regarding emblazons, the section
      states that "If an emblazon image is completely incorrect, it
      may be replaced within seven days of the publication of the
      Letter of Intent with a correction noting the replacement."
      During commentary, revised emblazons were provided which
      attempted to address the reason for return. Unfortunately, not
      only did the new artwork fail to address the issue raised in
      commentary, as the panes were still transparent, showing the
      field behind, but the emblazons were provided nearly a month
      after the letter was initially published. The forms bearing the
      new emblazon were not uploaded until five days before the close
      of commentary. If this new emblazon was to be considered as a
      correction, the timing of said correction would preclude its
      consideration.

      However, the timing of the revised emblazon is moot, because the
      very next sentence of the Administrative Handbook reads "After
      seven days *or if the correction is a redraw of the original
      emblazon*, the associated armorial item should be withdrawn
      using a correction to the original item and then resubmitted on
      a new Letter of Intent." It was made clear in commentary that
      this was a redraw of the original emblazon, created with the
      intent to address issues raised in commentary. It is, therefore,
      not eligible for consideration as a correction to the initial
      submission.

  Michele dei Medici. Badge. Per fess gules and azure, a ladle and a
  rapier both fesswise reversed argent.

      This badge is returned for violating SENA A2C1 which requires
      that "Elements must be drawn in their period forms and in a
      period armorial style." The hilt of this rapier appears to be a
      hand-bell design not unlike a modern saber. The quillons which
      define the rapier as a heraldic charge are absent, and the
      knucklebow flows directly into the cup-style hilt. No evidence
      was presented, and none was found in commentary, demonstrating
      that this guard is period either as a heraldic charge or an
      artifact. Absent such evidence, the design is returned for a
      redraw.

      The ladle is likewise not drawn in a period form. The ladles we
      see in period images had the handle parallel to the lip, not at
      right angles to it. No evidence was provided and none could be
      found for the depiction of a ladle in the submitted
      configuration. However, this configuration of ladle appears in
      the submitter's device, and is thus allowable under the Existing
      Registration Allowance.

======================================================================

**** DRACHENWALD returns ****

  Aleydis van Vilvoorden. Badge. (Fieldless) A stag's attire fesswise
  reversed embowed, each tine tipped with a cinquefoil argent.

      Cinquefoils attached to the tips of the tines of the attire are
      an artistic motif that is seen in crests in German heraldry,
      notably in the Codex Ingeram. The flowers are decorative,
      counting for no difference. As such, this badge conflicts with
      the badge of Angharat Goch verch Gwenhover, "(Fieldless) A
      stag's attire fesswise reversed argent". There is a single DC
      for fieldlessness.

  Gilbert Blakthorn. Device. Argent, a hawthorn branch bendwise
  sinister sable slipped gules.

      This device is returned for conflict with the device of Torunn
      Egilsdotter Ask, "Bendy Or and vert, a sprig of ash bendwise
      sinister sable" and the badge of the Barony of Lochmere,
      "(Fieldless) An oak branch bendwise sinister sable". In each
      case, there is a single DC for changes to the field. The only
      difference between these registrations and the submitted primary
      charge are in artistic details, such as the addition of thorns
      and flowers, which do not count for difference when found on
      branches or trees.

  Magdalen Yrj{a:}n{a:}ntyt{a:}r. Badge. (Fieldless) Issuant to chief
  from a heart argent a flame azure.

      This badge is returned for conflict with the badge of Solondra
      Carryl, "Sable, a heart argent". There is one DC for
      fieldlessness, but we do not typically grant a DC for enflaming.

      To avoid the conflict, upon resubmission the submitter might
      consider making the heart and flame more equal in size with both
      touching the fess line, making the charges co-primary. As of
      this writing, there does not seem to be a conflict with this
      arrangement.

  Ossi Orava. Device. Azure, a squirrel argent breathing fire and in
  base two arrows inverted in saltire Or.

      This device is returned for conflict with Regana van Kortrijk,
      "Azure, a squirrel argent". There is one DC for the addition of
      the secondary charges, but no difference is granted for
      incensing or otherwise issuing flames.

  Rikissa Apilgaard. Device. Vert fretty Or, a bend embowed engrailed
  on the upper edge, each point conjoined to a roundel argent.

      This device is returned for conflict with the device of Medwe
      Janos, "Vert fretty Or, a quatrefoil argent". Fretwork is a
      charge group, not a field treatment; and it is the primary
      charge group, while the bend/coronet is an overall charge. There
      is just one DC, for type of overall charge.

      The submitter is a court baroness, and is entitled to display a
      coronet. This crancelin-style display of a pearled coronet is
      not restricted to a particular rank, so anyone entitled to
      display a coronet may use it.

======================================================================

**** EALDORMERE returns ****

  Ealdormere, Kingdom of. Badge. (Fieldless) A seeblatt gules semy of
  trillums argent.

      This badge is returned administratively. It was submitted as
      "for use by the Ealdormere College of Heralds." Submitters are
      not allowed to register armory for officers that fall under the
      auspices of Society-level officers that have registered badges.
      As the College of Arms has a badge for heralds, "Vert, two
      straight trumpets in saltire, bells to chief Or", badges for
      subsidiary offices may not be registered. The sole exception to
      this rule is for tinctureless seals for principal heralds of
      kingdoms, under SENA A3A2.

      There is a step from period practice for use of a New World
      trillium flower.

======================================================================

**** GLEANN ABHANN returns ****

  Kitta Fuxdottir. Device. Per chevron throughout vert and argent, two
  open books Or and a fox salient gules marked argent.

      Submitted as a charged pile inverted, precedent has held that
      valid alternative blazons must be considered for conflict, and
      has further held that the motif of a charged pile inverted
      between two other charges must be considered as per chevron.

      This device is returned for conflict with the device of
      Siobh{a'}n inghean {E'}amoinn, "Per chevron vert and argent, two
      open books Or and a brown owl proper". Under SENA A5C2d, only
      one collective DC can be gleaned from collective changes to half
      the charges of a charge group when the charge is considered half
      only under that rule. In this case, the type and tincture of the
      bottom charge do not count as separate DCs.

======================================================================

**** LOCHAC returns ****

  Raffe De Massard. Device. Sable, a bee Or and on a chief embattled
  gules three fleurs-de-lis Or.

      This device is returned for contrast issues. The submitter
      attempted to create an individually attested pattern of using a
      low-contrast complex-line chief with high-contrast primary and
      tertiary charges. Unfortunately, no evidence was provided of
      embattled chiefs, nor of charged low-contrast complex-line
      peripheral ordinaries. In fact, only a single example of
      complex-line chiefs (nebuly) was provided by the submitter, and
      no other examples were found in commentary. Absent such
      evidence, the device must be considered by core rules, and is
      returned for color-on-color. If this were a plain-line chief, it
      would be acceptable under the IAP rules.

======================================================================

**** MERIDIES returns ****

None.

======================================================================

**** MIDDLE returns ****

  Alessandro Vitturi da Canal. Device. Azure, an otter rampant argent
  maintaining in its mouth a herring gules, a chief paly of eight Or
  and gules.

      This device is returned for lack of identifiability of the
      maintained charge. The Cover Letter of August 2015 ruled that
      "Held/conjoined charges must have good contrast with their
      background... A held or conjoined charge which is not
      identifiable will render the design unregisterable. A charge may
      be rendered unidentifiable through the usual methods, including
      reduction in size, poor contrast, etc." The herring in this
      emblazon is unidentifiable due to both size and contrast with
      the field.

      In addition, this device is returned for violation of SENA A3F5,
      which requires that "Designs must be able to be described in
      standard heraldic terms to be registerable." The placement of
      this fish, half-on and half-off the head of the otter, is
      unblazonable in standard heraldic terms, and its placement
      cannot be accurately reproduced through standard heraldic terms.

======================================================================

**** NORTHSHIELD returns ****

None.

======================================================================

**** OUTLANDS returns ****

  Bjorn the Bastard. Device. Argent, a bend gules, overall a
  single-winged pithon volant bendwise sinister sable.

      This device is returned for conflict with Thomas Wolfgame von
      Lauer, "Argent, a bend gules enfiled of an annulet sable". There
      is one DC for changing the type of overall charge.

      Commenters noted that the pithon only had one wing, and could
      not thus be volant. Upon resubmission, the artwork should
      reflect our current standards for depicting volant, with wings
      either displayed or addorsed.

  Curran Leonart. Device. Per bend sinister azure and Or, a lion
  contourny and a triquetra counterchanged.

      This device must be returned administratively. The shape of the
      submitted shield is not the same as the one on the approved
      submission form, which is grounds for return.

  Dagr{u'}n Bjarnard{o'}ttir. Device. Per chevron rayonny azure and
  Or, three mullets of seven points one and two argent and a brown
  bear rampant proper maintaining a spear gules.

      This device is returned for violation of SENA A3D2c, which
      requires all charges in a charge group to be in a unified
      arrangement. The positioning of the three mullets must be
      blazoned independently of the bear, and so they are not in a
      unified arrangement.

======================================================================

                 - Explicit littera renuntiationum -

======================================================================

***** THE FOLLOWING ITEMS HAVE BEEN PENDED UNTIL THE April 2018 LAUREL
MEETING (OR AS NOTED): *****

**** {AE}THELMEARC pends ****

  Sasson de Sancta Victoria. Device. Argent, a serpent glissant
  palewise gules vorant of a demi-man, a bordure sable.

      Metron Ariston asks us to consider whether the biscione, the
      serpent glissant palewise vorant of a demi-man, is important
      enough to restrict as a motif to individuals or institutions
      closely linked to the Visconti and Sforza Dukes of Milan. As
      this comment came late in commentary, we are pending this for
      further discussion.

      Certain motifs that are only found in the arms of a single
      family are not registerable. This includes both motifs in royal
      arms/badges and motifs that do not follow our core rules, like
      Mortimer's "Barry Or and azure, on a chief azure two pallets
      between two gyrons Or and overall an escutcheon argent". This is
      pended to allow discussion of whether this motif should be
      considered a charge that creates a presumptuous claim (under
      A6B1) or a motif that is not constructible under the core style
      rule (and cannot depend on non-Visconti examples).

      This was item 7 on the AEthelmearc letter of August 25, 2017.

======================================================================

**** AN TIR pends ****

  Septimus Huscarlessone. Device. Gules, a wolf's head and a raven's
  head erased addorsed argent and in chief seven crosses crosslet
  fitchy Or.

      Commenters asked whether there was evidence of a secondary
      charge group including more than three charges in chief. Six or
      more charges are particularly problematic as we do not normally
      enumerate them, but only describe them as "semy of charges".
      Without such evidence, this group of seven crosses in chief
      cannot be registered. This is pended to allow research on this
      question. Evidence of charge groups consisting of six or more
      charges arranged in a way that only covers part of a solid
      field, like "in orle", would also be welcome.

      This was item 17 on the An Tir letter of August 17, 2017.

======================================================================

**** ARTEMISIA pends ****

  Bronzehelm, Barony of. Order name Order of the Rivet of Bronzehelm.

      Past precedent had disallowed the use of rivets as heraldic
      charges without additional evidence that they were known and
      used in period:

           [S]ince research provided no examples of rivets in
           heraldry, any submitter wishing to register this
           charge after the March 2015 Laurel meeting must
           provide documentation that it is, in fact, a period
           charge or a period artefact [sic] suitable for a
           constructed charge. [Unser Hafen, Barony of, LoAR of
           Aug 2014]

      At the Pelican decision meeting, Ursula Palimpsest provided new
      evidence identified by Master Derian le Breton showing rivets as
      late medieval artifacts.
      (https://finds.org.uk/database/artefacts/record/id/496177 and
      https://finds.org.uk/database/search/results/objecttype/RIVET/broadperiod/MEDIEVAL/thumbnail/1).
      In addition, the Middle English Dictionary shows the word
      _ryvet_ used in 1435 to identify items of the type shown in
      Master Derian's images.

      However, being shown to be a period artifact does not
      automatically qualify a _rivet_ as a heraldic charge that could
      be used in a heraldic title or order name. Precedent requires
      that, "to use an object as a heraldic charge, a standard
      depiction [of the object] must be documented." [Caid, Kingdom
      of. Heraldic title Compendium Herald, 8/2005 LoAR, R-Caid] For
      example, in returning the heraldic title _Compendium Herald_, we
      ruled:

           The submitters argued that a compendium was a period
           object compatible for use as a heraldic charge. To use
           an object as a heraldic charge, a standard depiction
           must be documented. However, a compendium does not
           appear to have a standard form. [The LoAR cites the
           Oxford Museum of Scientific Instruments to show
           multiple forms of the artifact, and concludes] Because
           a compendium is not suitable for use as a heraldic
           charge, the name cannot be justified in a heraldic
           title. [Caid, Kingdom of. Heraldic title Compendium
           Herald, 8/2005 LoAR, R-Caid]

      Bruce Batonvert pointed out that Master Derian's examples show
      multiple forms of fasteners, from hollow cones that could be
      flattened, to bar-bell-like forms with a central cylinder and
      flanges on either end. It is unclear whether all of these
      artifacts were called rivets or whether there was a standard
      form of rivet in period. Therefore, we are pending this name for
      additional research and commentary on period rivets and what
      constitutes a "standard depiction" sufficient to permit their
      use as heraldic charges.

      This was item 5 on the Artemisia letter of August 31, 2017.

======================================================================

                             - Explicit -

======================================================================

Created at 2018-01-21T20:55:47
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                                               Society for Creative Anachronism
                                                                College of Arms

                                                                427 W Ave.
                                                         Spokane, WA 99203
                                                           +1-509-570-4189
                                                   laurel at heraldry.sca.org
                       For the November 2017 meetings, printed January 21, 2018

To all the College of Arms and all others who may read this missive, from
Juliana Laurel, Alys Pelican, and Cormac Wreath, greetings.

**** From Laurel: KWHSS 2019 Bids Requested ****

It's that time again! For those considering bidding on the 2019 Known World
Heraldic and Scribal Symposium, the deadline to have your bid entered into
OSCAR is April 1, 2018. This will give the College of Arms time for
consideration so that we can announce the bid's award at the 2018 KWHSS in the
Barony Marche of the Debatable Lands, on June 8-10, at the Road Show.

Please remember that bids posted to OSCAR are publicly readable. Because of
this, any personal information, such as legal names, addresses, phone numbers,
and email, should not be included in these bids without signed written
permission. Such information as is necessary for the entire College of Arms to
see should be posted as a comment after the bid is finalized; such information
as is necessary for the Sovereigns only to see should be included as a
Sovereign Note.

Please send a copy of the full unredacted bid to Laurel at
laurel at heraldry.sca.org.

As a reminder, there is a KWHSS domain and web hosting space available on the
SCA's servers. Please do not register a new domain.

Please see http://heraldry.sca.org/kwhss/ or contact Laurel if you have any
questions.

**** From Pelican: Combining Persian and Armenian ****

This month we had a submission that raised the question of whether Persian name
elements and Armenian name elements can be combined.

Persians and Armenians had extensive cultural contact in our period. In Ursula
Palimpsest's analysis of the names of ethnic Armenians in the 1455 census of
Istanbul ("Turkish Names, Christian Faith", to appear in _Onoma_,
http://www-personal.umich.edu/~uaw/research/turkishnameschristianfaith.pdf), a
full 37.2% of the individuals use names of Persian or Turkish origin. Persian
influence appears in earlier Armenian naming as well. _Cultural Interaction in
the Middle East as Reflected in the Anthroponymy of Armenian 12th-14th Century
Colophons_, by.J.S. Weitenberg, classifies 5% of the men's given names in his
sample as Arabic-New Persian, and 7% as traditional Iranian; 12% of women had
Arabic-New Persian names, and 1% traditional Iranian.

Based on this evidence, Persian and Armenian names may be combined, as long as
the name elements are dated within 300 years of each other.

**** From Wreath: Modern Stylized Logos in SCA Armory ****

This month we had a submission that had a bear's head cabossed, with deeper
shadows depicted in solid black and medium shadows done in "tribal" style
lightning bolts. The amount of shading on a field that was partially sable led
to major issues of identifiability. This was the main reason given for return.

However, the root cause of the shading was the use of a modern depiction of the
bear's head, which raises a larger issue for submissions. SENA A2C1 requires
that "Elements must be drawn in their period forms and in a period armorial
style... Depictions that are excessively modern may be returned. This includes,
but is not limited to: depictions from comic books and video games, the use of
post-1600 art techniques like Impressionism or pointillism, and fantasy art
from book covers." While we generally give substantial leeway for artistic
license, the particular stylizations of light and shadow used in late 20th and
early 21st century art, especially the kinds of animal heads used in sports
logos, move beyond distracting to grounds for return.

A return for modern depictions of animal heads is not without precedent. In the
November 2012 return of the device of Reynaud Marius, it was ruled:

     This is not to say that this design is not registerable for its
     similarity to the Blackhawk comic book emblem, but that this
     depiction itself is too modern. The eagle's head is highly stylized,
     and the couping of the neck, drawn to follow the line of the annulet,
     is more convex than is seen in period armory. Drawn in period style,
     this would likely be registerable.

We appreciate the struggles submitters and consulting heralds face when
attempting to compile artwork for submission, so we are not at this time
issuing a blanket ban on modern depictions of animals and animal heads.
However, we caution that submitted artwork should not have excessive shading,
especially depicted in solid black, and that care should be taken to find the
best available artwork for the task at hand.

**** From Wreath: On Corrections to Emblazons ****

The Administrative Handbook, Section V.B.2.g, describes how to handle
correction of errors. Regarding emblazons, the section states that "If an
emblazon image is completely incorrect, it may be replaced within seven days of
the publication of the Letter of Intent with a correction noting the
replacement." This month, we had a submission that had commentary note an issue
with depiction. Revised emblazons were provided by the submissions herald, with
the submitter's consent, which attempted to address the reason for return.
Unfortunately, not only did the new artwork fail to address the issue raised in
commentary, but the emblazons were provided nearly a month after the letter was
initially published. The forms bearing the new emblazon were not uploaded until
five days before the close of commentary. If this new emblazon was to be
considered as a correction, the timing of said correction would preclude its
consideration.

However, the timing of the revised emblazon is moot, because the very next
sentence of the Administrative Handbook reads "After seven days *or if the
correction is a redraw of the original emblazon*, the associated armorial item
should be withdrawn using a correction to the original item and then
resubmitted on a new Letter of Intent." It was made clear in commentary that
this was a redraw of the original emblazon, created with the intent to address
issues raised in commentary. It is, therefore, not eligible for consideration
as a correction to the initial submission.

Nonetheless, commentary seemed to miss this clause entirely, and some
commenters felt that limiting corrections to seven days was a disservice to the
submitter. So we will reiterate it here: The emblazon approved at the kingdom
level prior to the issuance of the external Letter of Intent is the emblazon
that will be considered during Laurel-level commentary. Corrections to
emblazons should only be issued to address technical mistakes i.e. the
submissions herald accidentally uploaded the wrong artwork, or no artwork at
all. Under no circumstances should the corrections process be used to submit
redraws, nor to address issues raised in commentary.

We will also remind commenters that until a final decision is made, commentary
is merely the opinions expressed by individual commenters, and does not carry
the force of law or precedent. Because of this, Laurel-level commentary is
considered confidential, and should not be shared with submitters. Requests to
withdraw a submission and submit with new artwork should be prompted by the
submitter's own desires, not informed by comments from heralds after the
submission is published on an external Letter of Intent.

**** Society Pages ****

Please send information about happenings to major heralds and major happenings
to all heralds to Laurel, so that it can be published here.

On December 2, 2017, Lyonet de Covenham, currently Schwarzdrachen Principal
Herald of the Kingdom of Drachenwald, was elevated to the Order of the Laurel.

In sad news, on January 12, 2018, Duke Kenric {ae}t Essexe, former Brigantia
Principal Herald of the East Kingdom, was lost in a boating accident. He leaves
behind his wife Duchess Avelina Keyes, herself a former Brigantia Principal
Herald, a daughter, and a great many friends.

**** Send What to Whom ****

Letters of Intent, Comment, Response, Correction, et cetera are to be posted to
the OSCAR online system. No paper copies need be sent. All submission forms
plus documentation, including petitions, must be posted to the OSCAR online
system. While black-and-white emblazons must be included in the Letter of
Intent, only colored armory forms need to be posted in the forms area.

Cheques or money orders for submissions, payable to "SCA Inc.-College of Arms"
are to be sent to Stephanie Ray-Solum, Blue Bug Bookkeeping, 2144 Westlake Ave.
North Suite F, Seattle, WA 98109.

Send roster changes and corrections to Laurel. College of Arms members may also
request a copy of the current roster from Laurel.

For a paper copy of a LoAR, please contact Laurel, at the address above. The
cost for one LoAR is $3. Please make all checks or money orders payable to "SCA
Inc.-College of Arms". The electronic copy of the LoAR is available free of
charge. To subscribe to the mailings of the electronic copy, please see the
bottom of http://heraldry.sca.org/heraldry/lists.html#lists for more
instructions.

For all administrative matters, please contact Laurel.

**** Scheduling ****

Items listed below in square brackets have not been scheduled yet. For
information about future scheduling, please review the status table located on
the Web at http://oscar.sca.org/index.php?action=137.

The November Laurel decisions were made at the Pelican meeting held on Sunday,
November 12, 2017 and the Wreath meeting held on Sunday, November 12, 2017.
These meetings considered the following letters of intent: Gleann Abhann (03
Aug, 2017), Gleann Abhann (07 Aug, 2017), Avacal (16 Aug, 2017), An Tir (17
Aug, 2017), Middle (22 Aug, 2017), Ealdormere (24 Aug, 2017), {AE}thelmearc (25
Aug, 2017), Laurel LoPaD (25 Aug, 2017), Lochac (25 Aug, 2017), Artemisia (27
Aug, 2017), Atenveldt (30 Aug, 2017), Atlantia (30 Aug, 2017), Calontir (30
Aug, 2017), Northshield (30 Aug, 2017), Artemisia (31 Aug, 2017), Caid (31 Aug,
2017), Drachenwald (31 Aug, 2017), Meridies (31 Aug, 2017), Middle (31 Aug,
2017), and Outlands (31 Aug, 2017). * All commentary, responses, and rebuttals
should have been entered into OSCAR by Tuesday, October 31, 2017.*

The December Laurel decisions were made at the Pelican meeting held on Sunday,
December 3, 2017 and the Wreath meeting held on Sunday, December 10, 2017.
These meetings considered the following letters of intent: Ansteorra (05 Sep,
2017), Gleann Abhann (09 Sep, 2017), An Tir (10 Sep, 2017), Caid (20 Sep,
2017), {AE}thelmearc (22 Sep, 2017), Middle (22 Sep, 2017), Lochac (24 Sep,
2017), Middle (24 Sep, 2017), Ansteorra (25 Sep, 2017), Atenveldt (25 Sep,
2017), Ealdormere (25 Sep, 2017), East (25 Sep, 2017), Avacal (26 Sep, 2017),
West (26 Sep, 2017), Outlands (27 Sep, 2017), Ealdormere (28 Sep, 2017),
Artemisia (29 Sep, 2017), Atlantia (29 Sep, 2017), Trimaris (29 Sep, 2017),
Atenveldt (30 Sep, 2017), Caid (30 Sep, 2017), Calontir (30 Sep, 2017),
Drachenwald (30 Sep, 2017), Meridies (30 Sep, 2017), and Northshield (30 Sep,
2017). * All commentary, responses, and rebuttals should have been entered into
OSCAR by Thursday, November 30, 2017.*

The January Laurel decisions were made at the Pelican meeting held on Sunday,
January 7, 2018 and the Wreath meeting held on Sunday, January 14, 2018. These
meetings considered the following letters of intent: Laurel LoPaD (05 Oct,
2017), An Tir (18 Oct, 2017), {AE}thelmearc (19 Oct, 2017), Ansteorra (19 Oct,
2017), Lochac (24 Oct, 2017), Ealdormere (25 Oct, 2017), Avacal (27 Oct, 2017),
Artemisia (30 Oct, 2017), Atlantia (30 Oct, 2017), Caid (30 Oct, 2017),
Drachenwald (30 Oct, 2017), Outlands (30 Oct, 2017), Atenveldt (31 Oct, 2017),
Calontir (31 Oct, 2017), East (31 Oct, 2017), Laurel LoPaD (31 Oct, 2017),
Meridies (31 Oct, 2017), Middle (31 Oct, 2017), and Northshield (31 Oct, 2017).
* All commentary, responses, and rebuttals should have been entered into OSCAR
by Sunday, December 31, 2017.*

_Not all letters of intent may be considered when they are originally scheduled
on this cover letter. The date of posting of the LoI, date of receipt of the
Laurel packet, or other factors may delay consideration of certain letters of
intent. Additionally, some letters of intent received may not have been
scheduled because the administrative requirements (receipt of the forms packet,
receipt of the necessary fees, et cetera) have not yet been met._

REMINDER: Until all administrative requirements are met, the letter may not be
scheduled.

Pray know that I remain,

In service,

Juliana de Luna
Laurel Queen of Arms

===============================================================================

Created at 2018-01-21T20:55:46
-------------- next part --------------
****** Errata ******

***** August 1979 *****

**** Atenveldt ****

  Darthula Catriona Suibhan Stilbhard MacMhurich an-ta Rannocha, ann
  Sionnach-Liadh. Name change from Ketra of Nordmanii and device
  change. Gules, a Scots claidheamh mor inverted proper debruised by a
  rose argent barbed and seeded proper.

      When her name was changed, the LoAR misspelled her byname as
      _Nordmani_. The LoAR also failed to note that this was a device
      change, not a new device. Her previous device, "Tierced in pale
      purpure, sable and gules, a mill-rind Or", was actually released
      at the time of registration of the new device (it was even
      removed from the Armorial), but the notation of the release is
      missing from the LoAR.

***** August 1980 *****

**** Atenveldt ****

  William of the Highwoods. Name change from Ksudra Yutha.

      When his name was changed, the byname was misspelled as _High
      Woods_. All of the forms in his file have the byname as one
      word, not two.

***** October 1981 *****

**** Atenveldt ****

  Leofua of Thornridge. Name correction from Leofva of Thornridge.

      When a surname was added administratively, the LoAR misspelled
      the given name as _Leofva_.

***** July 1983 *****

**** Caid ****

  Kristin Alfhildr of Trondheim. Name correction from
  Kristin-Alfhildir of Trondheim.

      When her name was corrected on the LoAR, her previous name was
      listed without the hyphen.

***** May 1984 *****

**** Middle ****

  Liusaidh MacLeoid. Name change from Li{'u}saidh an Carad.

      When his name was changed, the LoAR omitted the accent mark on
      his previous name.

***** August 1986 *****

**** West ****

  Kereina Talvi Tytar. Name change from Kareah Talvi Tyt{a:}r.

      When her name change was registered, the LoAR inadvertently
      dropped the diaresis in her byname.

***** March 1987 *****

**** Atlantia ****

  Lerben of Cambion. Name change from Leannan of Cambion.

      When her name change was registered, the LoAR misspelled her
      previous name as _Leannon_.

***** May 1987 *****

**** West ****

  Nerissa Meraud de la Fontaine. Name change from Kafyre bint Assad.

      When her name was changed, the LoAR misspelled _bint_ as _bind_.

***** August 1987 *****

**** Middle ****

  Knute Hvitabj{o:}rn. Name change from Knute Hvitbjorn.

      When his name change was registered, the LoAR misspelled his
      previous byname as _Hvitbj{o:}rn_.

***** March 1989 *****

**** West ****

  Caiomhin o Fiodhabhra. Name change from Kevin O'Fiodhabhra.

      When his name change was registered, the LoAR misspelled his
      byname as _O'Fiodhabra_.

***** March 1991 *****

**** Meridies ****

  Leonora Isabella Niccolini. Name correction from Lenora Isabella
  Nicollini.

      When her device was registered, her name was erroneously given
      as "Lenora Isabella Nicollini". An errata in October 1991
      corrected the spelling of the given name, registered in
      September 1989, from _Lenora_ to _Leonora_, but the byname was
      left misspelled.

***** April 1991 *****

**** Outlands ****

  Liobsynde Belhringere of {AE}lfhaefen. Name correction from
  Liobsynde Behlringere of {AE}lhaefen.

      When the name, originally registered in December 1989, was
      corrected to change _Behlringere_ to _Belhringere_, the LoAR
      misspelled the locative in the process from the correct
      _{AE}lfhaefen_ to the incorrect _{AE}lhaefen_.

***** August 1993 *****

**** Outlands ****

  Rowen Brithwallt. Name change from Kitare no-Kami Satoko Hinoki no
  Kiyowara.

      When her name was changed, the LoAR misspelled her previous name
      as "Kitare_-_no-_k_ami Satoko Hinoki no Kiyowara".

***** February 1994 *****

**** Caid ****

  Tessie of Skye. Name change from Krist{i'}n Amelia av K{o/}benhavn.

      When her name was changed, the LoAR misspelled her previous name
      as "Krist_e_n Amelia av K_o_benhavn".

***** August 1995 *****

**** West ****

  Lodewicus von F{u:}rstenwalde. Name change from Lodevicus von
  Furstenwalde.

      When his name was changed, the LoAR added an umlaut to his
      previous name.

***** July 1997 *****

**** Atenveldt ****

  John Rodrick of Clan Neil. Name change from John Roderick.

      When his name change was registered, the LoAR misspelled his
      previous byname as _Rodrick_.

***** October 1997 *****

**** Atlantia ****

  Judith of Massan. Name change from Judith de Masseham.

      When her name was changed, the LoAR misspelled her byname as
      _Massaham_.

***** May 1998 *****

**** An Tir ****

  {U'}na inghen u{a'} Gairbh{a'}ne. Name change from Killian Nc Iain
  VcFarland.

      When her name change was registered, the LoAR did not properly
      capitalize _Nc_ in the byname.

***** December 2012 *****

**** Trimaris ****

  Gy{dh}a Kappgn{o'}gr. Device change. Sable, a winged halberd blade
  to sinister and an orle Or.

      When her device was registered in December 2012, it was listed
      as a new device instead of a device change. The submitter has
      since indicated that her previous device, "Per bend sinister
      argent and gules, two dragonflies counterchanged", should be
      released.

======================================================================

Created at 2018-01-21T20:55:46


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