[LoAR-txt] 2017-07 LoAR in plaintext format

Postmeeting Clerk via LoAR-TXT loar-txt at lists.sca.org
Sat Sep 23 11:24:29 CDT 2017


Please find attached the files for the July 2017 LoAR in Da'ud plaintext
format.


-- 
Emma de Fetherstan, acting as Postmeeting Clerk
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***** THE FOLLOWING ITEMS HAVE BEEN REGISTERED: *****

**** {AE}THELMEARC acceptances ****

  Alana MacLeland. Device. Gules chap{e'} ploy{e'}, a domestic cat
  sejant regardant argent and a chief embattled gules.

  Alesonne Motherwell. Name and device. Per pale purpure and sable, a
  triquetra interlaced with an annulet, in chief two estoiles Or.

  Benedict Sutton. Name.

      Nice late 16th century English name!

  Cadwallon de Sancto Germano. Name and device. Vair en pointe vert
  and Or, on a chief Or a bear passant sable muzzled argent.

      Submitted as "Cadwallon _ Sanct_us_ German_us_", no evidence
      could be found for unmarked locative bynames in Latin. We have
      changed the name to "Cadwallon _de_ Sanct_o_ German_o_" to
      follow the attested pattern and to use correct Latin grammar.

      The given name _Cadwallon_ was not documented as a period
      spelling in the Letter of Intent. The sources cited used
      modernized name spellings. Fortunately, _Cadwallon_ is found in
      a period Welsh manuscript (NLW MS. Peniarth 18 - page 41v),
      created circa 1350, allowing this spelling to be registered.

  Dagr Skytja Rau{dh}sson. Name.

      Nice 9th-10th century Icelandic name!

  Fede di Fiore. Badge. (Fieldless) In pale a rabbit's head cabossed
  argent breathing flames proper.

      This badge may conflict with the badge of E{o'}gan Mac Ailpein,
      "(Fieldless) A hare's head cabossed argent", with one DC for
      fieldlessness. As a rule, enflaming a charge does not grant
      difference, and it's possible that breathing flames would have
      the same restriction. However, the submitter has permission to
      conflict from E{o'}gan, removing the need to rule one way or
      another.

  Hr{o'}lfr Tyrfingsson. Name.

      Nice 9th-10th century Icelandic name!

  Keistutus Prus Andrzejewski. Device. Gules, a serpent glissant
  palewise argent maintaining in its mouth a sun Or eclipsed sable,
  all between an increscent and a decrescent Or.

  Lugaid {O'} Cellaigh. Name and device. Paly sable and argent, on a
  pale vert a spear argent.

      Submitted as "Lugaid {O'} Cellai_c_h", the submitted spelling
      does not use the correct genitive (possessive) form of the clan
      name. We have changed the name to "Lugaid {O'} Cellai_g_h",
      which uses the correct genitive form.

  Ruaidri mac Faolain Ui Chonaill. Name.

      Submitted as "Ruaidri mac Faol_{a'}_in Ui C_h_onaill", markings
      must be used consistently throughout Gaelic names. As the
      submitter does not use the markings in _Ruadri_ or _Ui_, we have
      removed the marking from "Faol_a_in" for registration.

      Although standardized Gaelic grammar requires a name beginning
      with _C_ to be lenited following _U{i'}_, evidence from the
      Gaelic annals shows that, in practice, _Conaill_ usually was not
      lenited when it followed _{O'}_ or _U{i'}_. Therefore, either
      "Ui _Ch_onaill" or "Ui _Co_naill" is registerable. We have left
      this name in the submitted form. However, if the submitter
      prefers "Ui Conaill", he may make a request for reconsideration.

      See the Cover Letter for further discussion of the application
      of lenition in Gaelic names.

  Sigrid Schreiber. Name and device. Per pale gules and azure, a dance
  Or.

      This name combines a Swedish given name and a German surname, an
      acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C.

      This device does not conflict with the device of Konstanza von
      Brunnenburg, "Per fess gules and azure, a dance flory Or", nor
      with the device of Bridget Casey, "Per pale and per fess
      indented purpure and vert, a fess dancetty, the points ending in
      shamrocks Or". In each case, there is a DC for change to the
      field, and another for the addition of fleurs/shamrocks to the
      points of the dances.

  Steinv{o,}r hestr. Name and device. Per fess purpure and vert, a
  horse's head issuant from the line of division and in fess two
  triangles conjoined Or.

      Submitted as "Steinv_{o:}_r hestr", an _o_ with an umlaut is a
      modern way of writing the o-ogonek (_{o,}_). By precedent, we
      register the o-ogonek in Old Norse names, not the modern
      character. [Sigr{u'}n J{o,}fursd{o'}ttir, 2/2014 LoAR,
      A-Atenveldt]. Therefore, we have changed the name to
      "Steinv_{o,}_r hestr" for registration.

  Steven Phelps. Name change from Rodrigo el Rojo and device change.
  Gules, a lion Or charged on the shoulder with a maunche azure,
  maintaining a rose argent, a bordure counter-compony argent and
  azure.

      Nice late 16th century English name!

      The submitter's previous name, _Rodrigo el Rojo_, is retained as
      an alternate name.

      The submitter's previous device, "Gules, on a pall argent
      between three castles triple-towered Or, a cross of Santiago
      gules", is retained as a badge.

  Takeda Heitarou Kinsuke. Name change from Donndub{a'}n mac Ult{a'}in
  (see RETURNS for device).

      The submitter requested authenticity for Japanese. Although all
      of the name elements are in Japanese, they are not from the same
      time period. Therefore, the name is registerable but it is not
      authentic.

      The submitter's previous name, _Donndub{a'}n mac Ult{a'}in_, is
      retained as an alternate name.

======================================================================

**** AN TIR acceptances ****

  Aislynn Haldana Cadell. Exchange of device and badge. Or, a pegasus
  segreant vert.

      Her previous badge, "Or, a pegasus segreant vert", is now her
      device, and her previous device, "Gyronny of ten from dexter
      chief argent and gules, a pegasus rampant sable, winged, crined
      and unguled Or", is retained as a badge.

  An Tir, Kingdom of. Acceptance of transfer of badge from Oddr
  {TH}i{a'}lfason. (Fieldless) A trumpet inverted Or.

  Antonio Romeo Maria di Francesco da San Gimignano. Name and device.
  Per pale argent and counter-ermine, a bordure gules.

      Nice device!

  Arnora Grimsdottir. Name and device. Quarterly per fess indented
  fleury at the points argent and gules, a bordure azure semy of
  escallops Or.

      This name does not conflict with the registered _Arn{o'}ra
      Gormsd{o'}ttir_ under PN3C2, which states that a syllable is
      substantially different in sound and appearance if "the vowel
      and the consonant (or group of consonants) on one side of the
      vowel is different between the two names." Here, both the vowel
      and the consonants in the first syllable of the patronym are
      different: _i_ vs. _o_, _Gr-_ vs. _G_, _-m_ vs. _-rm_.

  Aryana Silknfyre. Acceptance of transfer of badge from Oddr
  {TH}i{a'}lfason. (Fieldless) A comet fesswise Or.

  {A'}str{i'}{dh}r Burluf{o'}tr. Name and device. Per chevron inverted
  sable and azure, a chevron inverted argent between a compass star Or
  and a griffin maintaining an arrow bendwise sinister inverted
  argent.

      There is a step from period practice for use of a compass star.

  Birna hin Rau{dh}a. Name.

  Bowen Doyle. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      In commentary, Lillia Crampette found evidence of _Doyle_ dated
      within 3 years of the given name. Nice mid-16th century English
      name!

  Brangwayn Steward. Name and device. Per bend argent and azure, a
  spoon and a cleaver both bendwise counterchanged.

      This name does not conflict with the registered "Brangwain nic
      Stiubhard". By precedent, the removal of a particle such as
      _nic_ (a term used to mark a patronymic byname) counts as the
      removal of a syllable under PN3C2 of SENA. [Catherine de Mailly,
      7/2016 LoAR, A-West]

  Bryn Mor Raven. Name (see RETURNS for device).

  Brynhildr Smi{dh}sd{o'}ttir. Name and device. Checky argent and
  sable, a badger-hound rampant contourny vert.

  Chloe of Thera. Device. Per bend sinister purpure and azure, a bend
  sinister between a sheaf of arrows and a lotus flower in profile
  argent.

  Chloe of Thera. Badge. (Fieldless) A sheaf of arrows inverted sable,
  overall a bull's head cabossed argent.

      The submitter requested that this badge be associated with the
      "Cretan Archers of Dragon's Laire." However, this name is
      neither registered nor generic, so we decline to make this
      association in our records.

  Cranehaven, College of. Badge for Populace. Per pale sable and
  gules, a crane argent.

  Dominix Carrillo. Name and device. Per fess sable and vert, a fess
  embattled between a roundel and a tower argent.

  Edwina de Herst. Name and device. Azure, a pantheon rampant argent
  mullety purpure, a gore Or.

      There is a step from period practice for using a gore with
      another charge on the field.

  Eleanor Odlowe. Badge. (Fieldless) On a bag Or, a talbot's head
  erased sable.

      Nice badge!

  Fernan Gaspar Santini. Name and device. Per pall argent, sable and
  azure, a raven sable and two harps reversed Or.

      This name combines two Spanish given names with an Italian
      byname, an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C.

      Artist's note: Please draw the frame of the harps thicker and
      bolder.

  Gaius Clarke. Name.

      Nice late 16th century English name!

  Giovanna de Sollario. Name.

      Submitted as "Giovanna _D_e Sollario", with the submitter's
      permission we have changed the name to "Giovanna _d_e Sollario"
      to use standard Italian capitalization.

  Giuliana da Castiglione. Device. Per pale argent and purpure, a
  panther rampant guardant spotted counterchanged incensed gules, a
  bordure counterchanged.

  Glymm Mere, Barony of. Badge for Order of the Golden Boar of Glymm
  Mere. Azure goutty d'eau, a boar rampant maintaining a spear within
  a bordure rayonny Or.

  Glymm Mere, Barony of. Badge for Order of the Golden Dragon of Glymm
  Mere. Azure goutty d'eau, a dragon maintaining a sword within a
  bordure rayonny Or.

  Glymm Mere, Barony of. Badge for Order of the Golden Wolf of Glymm
  Mere. Azure goutty d'eau, a wolf rampant maintaining an axe within a
  bordure rayonny Or.

  Glymm Mere, Barony of. Badge for Orden de Juana. Azure, a morion
  argent within a bordure rayonny Or.

  Hrefna Vi{dh}arsdottir. Name.

      By precedent, "Vi{dh}arr" is a registerable name element because
      Lind provides evidence of its use by human beings as well as by
      the Norse deity. [V{i'}{dh}arr V{a'}pnabrj{o'}tr, 12/2016 LoAR,
      A-Ealdormere]

  Ivan Shield Bane. Name and device. Argent masoned azure, on a pellet
  a shakefork argent, on a chief embattled sable a sword argent.

  Katerina Tamar Seligkint. Device. Argent, a squirrel sable and on a
  point pointed azure an acorn inverted Or.

  Marco di Bologna. Name.

      Nice 14th century Venetian name!

  Marcus of Thornwold. Name and device. Per chevron throughout vert
  and Or masoned sable, in chief an elephant rampant to sinister and
  an owl argent.

      _Thornwold_ is the registered name of an SCA branch.

      The submitter requested authenticity for 14th century German. As
      this name relies on an SCA branch name rather than an attested
      or constructed German place name, it is not authentic.

      Artist's note: Please draw the masoning thicker.

  Martyn Baxter. Device change. Or, a winged squirrel segreant to
  sinister gules within a bordure embattled azure.

      The submitter's previous device, "Or, a hawk striking to
      sinister within a bordure embattled azure", is retained as a
      badge.

  Mikkel i H{o/}ie. Name.

      Appearing on the Letter of Intent as "Mikkel _ H{o/}'ie",
      _H{o/}ie_ is an interpolated spelling of a place name, not an
      adjective. There is no evidence for unmarked locative bynames in
      Norwegian. Therefore, we have added the Norwegian preposition
      _i_, meaning "of," changing the name to "Mikkel _i_ H_{o/}_ie"
      for registration.

  Octamasades Skuthikos. Device. Gules, a lion's head erased within an
  annulet of chain Or.

      The submitter is a knight and entitled to a circular chain.

      Nice device!

  Oddr {TH}i{a'}lfason. Transfer of badge to Aryana Silknfyre.
  (Fieldless) A comet fesswise Or.

  Oddr {TH}i{a'}lfason. Transfer of badge to Kingdom of An Tir.
  (Fieldless) A trumpet inverted Or.

  Oden MacCash. Name.

  Remy de Paigni. Name and device. Per pale azure and sable, a wolf
  passant and in chief three mullets of six points argent.

      Nice 15th century French name!

  Richenda du Jardin. Heraldic title Sphinx Herald.

  Richenda du Jardin. Badge. (Fieldless) A Greek sphinx statant
  guardant argent.

      Nice badge!

  Roheis de Camberone. Name.

      This name combines an English given name with a French byname,
      an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C.

  Ronan Ciotach mac Aodha. Name and device. Argent, a pawprint between
  three annulets sable.

      Submitted as "Ronan mac Aodha _Ciotach_", the adjective
      _Ciotach_ (meaning "left-handed") was intended to apply to
      _Ronan_, not to his father. With the submitter's permission, we
      have changed the name to "Ronan _Ciotach_ mac Aodha" to reflect
      that intended meaning.

      There is a step from period practice for use of a pawprint.

  Rose Scarlett Graham. Name change from Rose Scarlett Slade.

      Nice 16th century English name!

      The submitter's previous name, _Rose Scarlett Slade_, is
      released.

  Sancho Grassi della Torretta. Name.

      This name combines a Spanish given name with two Italian
      bynames, an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C.

  Scarlet d'Alen{c,}on. Name.

      This name combines an English given name with a French byname,
      an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C.

  Selene of Three Mountains. Name (see RETURNS for badge).

      _Three Mountains_ is the registered name of an SCA branch.

  Ship Wreck. Name and device. Sable, a calamarie and on a chief
  invected argent a hulk fracted sable.

      By longstanding precedent, "[t]he fact that this is a 'joke
      name' is not, in and of itself, a problem. The College has
      registered a number of names, perfectly period in formation,
      that embodied humor: _Drew Steele_, _Miles Long_, and _John of
      Somme Whyre_ spring to mind as examples." (Porsche Audi, August,
      1992, pg. 28) When considering the registration of joke names,
      the key question is whether the joke is necessarily a modern
      one: "Joke names have long been registered, when the reference
      was not modern." [Mould de Cheder, 2/2011 LoAR, A-Trimaris] A
      shipwreck is not a wholly modern concept. Middle English
      documents discuss "Wrekkes of the See" and the law governing
      their recovery. Thus, as this joke is not an obtrusively modern
      one, this name is registerable.

  Sib{a'}n ingen Cian{a'}in. Name and device. Argent, a pair of
  barnacles vert within an orle wavy azure.

      Submitted as "Sib{a'}n ingen Cian_{a'}n_", with the submitter's
      permission we have changed the name to "Sib{a'}n ingen
      Cian{a'}_i_n" to use the correct genitive (possessive) form of
      the father's name, as Gaelic grammar requires.

      Standard Gaelic grammar requires _C_ to lenite after _ingen_.
      However, Br{i'}an dorcha ua Conaill found more than 100
      instances in the Irish Gaelic Annals where _C_ was not lenited
      after _ingen_. Therefore, we are leaving _Cian{a'}in_ as
      submitted, without lenition.

      See the Cover Letter for further discussion of Gaelic lenition.

  Siggeirr Fjallgeirsson. Name and device. Sable, a demi-sun issuant
  from dexter Or and a wolf's head issuant from sinister argent.

  Thora Njalsdottir of Southmarch. Name and device. Per pale indented
  gules and sable, two escarbuncles argent.

      _Southmarch_ is the registered name of an SCA branch.

  Three Mountains, Barony of. Badge for Sergeantry. (Fieldless) On a
  chevron couped azure, three triangles palewise argent.

  Ulfhe{dh}inn Vi{dh}arsson. Name.

      By precedent, "Vi{dh}arr" is a registerable name element because
      Lind provides evidence of its use by human beings as well as by
      the Norse deity. [V{i'}{dh}arr V{a'}pnabrj{o'}tr, 12/2016 LoAR,
      A-Ealdormere]

  UlfR blo{dh}fotr Falgeirsson. Device. Argent, a beaver couchant
  reguardant dexter foreleg raised proper and on a bordure vert an
  orle of chain Or.

      The submitter is a knight and entitled to an orle of chain.

  Ullrich Licht von Braunschweig. Name and device. Or, on a bend sable
  three suns in their splendor palewise Or.

      Submitted as "Ullrich Licht _V_on Braunschweig", we have changed
      the name to "Ullrich Licht _v_on Braunschweig" to use standard
      German capitalization.

  Vi{dh}arr Alfarsson. Name and device. Argent, a raven's head erased
  sable, on a chief gules two wolves statant argent.

      By precedent, "Vi{dh}arr" is a registerable name element because
      Lind provides evidence of its use by human beings as well as by
      the Norse deity. [V{i'}{dh}arr V{a'}pnabrj{o'}tr, 12/2016 LoAR,
      A-Ealdormere]

  William Werner. Name and device. Argent, on a chief gules three
  triangles inverted Or.

      Nice 16th century English name!

      Nice device!

  Wymarcha haketanah. Device. Argent goutty de larmes, a swan rousant
  contourny gules, a chief wavy azure.

  Yeintil eshes Levi. Device. Per pale indented vert and Or, a
  squirrel contourny and a crequier counterchanged.

  Zanobia de Corvis. Name and device. Argent, a magpie rising sable
  marked argent, maintaining under its foot a nautilus shell gules, an
  orle sable.

  Zito Georgii Turko. Name and device. Or, a peacock azure between in
  fess two lightning bolts palewise gules.

      There is a step from period practice for use of lightning bolts
      as stand-alone charges.

======================================================================

**** ARTEMISIA acceptances ****

  Agnella Iacopi. Name and device. Per chevron throughout argent and
  azure, two sewing needles sable and a talbot statant ermine.

      Artist's note: Please draw fewer, larger ermine spots on the
      talbot.

  Allegrezza la panetera. Name and device. Per bend sinister argent
  and vert, in pale a horse courant sable and a three-legged pot Or.

      The submitter may want to know that articles such as _la_ are
      only very rarely used in Italian with occupational bynames such
      as _panetera_ (baker or pantler). Because there are some
      instances of such articles, this construction is registerable.
      However, if the submitter would prefer the more common formation
      without the article, _Allegrezza panetera_, she may make a
      request for reconsideration.

  Artemisia, Kingdom of. Badge for Queen's Rapier Guard. (Fieldless)
  On a sinister glove aversant Or a rose sable.

      The submitter requested that the badge be associated with the
      "the Queen's Duellists." The name "Queen's Duellists" is not a
      registered Order or household name, and as the Kingdom of Caid
      has registered "The Order of the Duellist," the term is not
      considered generic. Golden Pillar clarified that the "Queen's
      Duellists" are the rapier guard, so we will apply that
      designation: "For the Queen's rapier guard."

  Artemisia, Kingdom of. Badge for Captain of the Queen's Rapier
  Guard. (Fieldless) On a sinister glove aversant sable a rose Or.

      The submitter requested that the badge be associated with the
      "Captain of the Queen's Duellists." The name "Queen's Duellists"
      is not a registered Order or household name, and as the Kingdom
      of Caid has registered "The Order of the Duellist," the term is
      not considered generic. Golden Pillar clarified that the
      "Queen's Duellists" are the rapier guard, so we will apply that
      designation: "For the captain of the Queen's rapier guard."

  Bi{o,}rn smi{dh}r. Name and device. Or, in fess a hammer inverted
  between two bears salient respectant sable.

      Submitted as "Bi{o,}rn smi_dh_r", the documentation for the
      byname shows it as "smi_{dh}_r". We have changed the name to
      match the documentation. If the submitter prefers the alternate
      transliteration "smi_th_r", he may make a request for
      reconsideration.

  Cristobal Alvarez. Device. Paly sable and argent, three pumpkins Or
  slipped vert.

      This device does not conflict with Kathryn Perry, "Azure, three
      pears Or". There is a DC between a pumpkin and a pear.

      There is a step from period practice for use of New World
      pumpkins.

  Deryck of Annesley. Device. Quarterly Or and azure ermined Or, in
  bend two boar's heads erased sable.

  Ermen die Groot. Name and device. Per bend engrailed Or and azure, a
  pantheon rampant sable mulletty and a sea-horse contourny argent.

  Ilea Fraser. Name.

      _Ilea_ is the submitter's legal given name.

  Joel De Grace. Name and device. Per pale embattled argent and
  purpure, a sinister hand and a lance fracted counterchanged.

  Marguerite fileresse de saie. Device change. Per bend sinister Or
  and argent, a bend sinister azure between a magpie proper and three
  flax blossoms azure seeded Or.

      The submitter's previous device, "Azure, a fess wavy and in
      chief a rapier surmounted by two needles in saltire argent", is
      retained as a badge.

  Otto Har{dh}beinn. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      Submitted as "Otto Har{dh}bein_", we have corrected the byname
      to "Har{dh}bein_n_" to match the documentation for that word as
      a descriptive byname.

      The submitter requested authenticity for "11 Century
      Scandanavian" [sic]. This name may be authentic for that time
      period, but we do not know for sure, as the dating for the
      Scandinavian form of the given name _Otto_ is unclear.

  Refr Bjarnarson. Name change from Lochlainn Lost.

      The submitter's previous name, _Lochlainn Lost_, is retained as
      an alternate name.

  Stonegate, Shire of. Branch name.

      Nice 15th century English place name!

  Turi MacCarthy. Name and device. Per bend vert and purpure, an acorn
  bendwise argent.

======================================================================

**** ATENVELDT acceptances ****

  Dennis of Tir Ysgithr. Holding name and device (see RETURNS for
  name). Sable, on a pile azure fimbriated a scimitar inverted, a
  bordure argent.

      Submitted under the name "Valeas Proietto di Venezia".

  Fi{o'}rleif eldr {o,}rn. Device. Argent, a phoenix gules, a bordure
  sable semy of pheons argent.

  Galen Peter Gilmore. Device. Per bend purpure and argent, a wyvern
  argent and three domestic cats herissony contourny guardant sable.

  Godfrey Jordain. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      The submitter requested authenticity for an unspecified time,
      place or language. This name as documented is authentic for 16th
      century England.

  Hannah Milligan. Device. Per bend vert and purpure, on a bend Or a
  rose sable, overall two natural dolphins in annulo argent.

      Having charges in annulo not in their usual upright orientation
      is a step from period practice.

  Jaku'an Kakujo. Device change (see RETURNS for name change). Azure,
  on a hexagon within a hexagon voided argent a hemp leaf vert.

      This depiction of a hemp leaf is registered to the submitter.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of hexagons.

      The submitter's previous device, "Per pale sable and vert,
      within a torii a lion dormant argent", is released.

  Johnathan Crusadene Whitewolf the Younger. Alternate name Eber Hauer
  and badge. Per bend Or and argent, a bend raguly gules between a
  double-headed eagle sable and an elephant's tusk gules.

      The submitter requested authenticity for an unspecified time,
      place or language. This name appears to be authentic for Prussia
      (Germany) circa 1600.

  Leofrun of Tir Ysgithr. Name and badge. Gules, a chimera statant
  within a bordure Or.

      _Tir Ysgithr_ is the registered name of an SCA branch.

  Leolin Blackwell. Name and device. Sable, a chevron gules ermined
  and fimbriated between two natural leopards combattant Or spotted
  sable and a demi-sun issuant from base Or.

      Artist's note: Please draw the ermine spots larger and the
      fimbriation thicker.

  Lilias Mar. Name.

      Nice 16th century Scottish name!

  Muiredach mac Robartaig. Name and device. Chevronelly inverted azure
  and Or, on a chief-pale sable between two doves respectant gules, a
  double-headed axe Or.

      Nice Gaelic name for the 8th-12th centuries!

  Olive of Granholme. Holding name and device (see RETURNS for name).
  Quarterly purpure and sable, on a cross rayonnant Or between in
  chief two owls respectant argent, an increscent moon azure.

      Submitted under the name "Olive Long Anne Prosper".

  Orabilis Douw. Name and device. Per pale dovetailed argent and
  purpure, a wolf rampant contourny sable and a winged unicorn
  segreant argent, on a chief rayonny vert three thistles argent,
  blossomed purpure.

  Orabilis Douw. Badge. Argent, a wolf's head erased contourny sable
  and a unicorn's head erased purpure armed gules, a point pointed
  counter-ermine.

  Sibyl Brethnagh. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      Submitted as "Sibyl Bre_a_thna_c_h", the submitter preferred the
      13th century Anglicized form of the byname, mentioned in
      commentary by Coblaith Muimnech. Therefore, we have changed the
      name to "Sibyl Br_et_hna_g_h" to match the submitter's
      preference.

  {TH}{o'}rbjorn Siggeirsson. Name.

      Submitted as "{TH}{o'}rbj_{o/}_rn Siggeir_s_on", two minor
      changes were required for registration of this name. First,
      although there are many transliterations of the given name, none
      of them include _{o/}_. With the submitter's permission, we have
      changed the given name to "{TH}{o'}rbj_o_rn" to use one of the
      standard transliterations.

      Second, the byname does not use the correct genitive
      (possessive) form of the father's name. We have corrected by the
      byname to "Siggeir_ss_son" for registration.

  Vincent Blackwell. Name and device. Sable, on a pale gules
  fimbriated between in chief two wolves rampant addorsed a sword
  inverted argent.

      Nice 16th century English name!

======================================================================

**** ATLANTIA acceptances ****

  Adelaide of Roxbury Mill. Name.

      _Roxbury Mill_ is the registered name of an SCA branch.

  Ariel Benne Douw. Badge. (Fieldless) A fleur-de-lys purpure enfiling
  in base a coronet Or pearled gules.

      The submitter is a court baroness and is entitled to a coronet.

  Arria Marina. Device change. Azure, a sea-coney sustaining a
  trident, a bordure argent.

      The submitter's previous device, "Gules, a linden tree
      eradicated and on a chief wavy argent three dragonflies bendwise
      sable", is retained as a badge

  Colette Vitalis. Device. Azure semy-de-lys, a chevron argent
  surmounted by a dragon Or.

      Artist's note: When a chevron is surmounted by a charge that
      obscures the point, the chevron should be drawn steeper to aid
      in recognizability.

  Eadgyth the Archer. Name.

      The byname _the Archer_ is the lingua Anglica form of the Middle
      English byname _le Archer_.

  Emmett Daine. Device. Sable, a wolf rampant reguardant within a
  bordure dovetailed argent.

      The submitter has permission to conflict with the badge of the
      Kingdom of Caid, "Azure, a greyhound rampant regardant collared
      within a bordure embattled argent".

      Artist's note: Draw the bordure with fewer, bolder dovetails.

  Feliks Lesnikowski. Name.

      The submitter requested authenticity for "1500's Poland." This
      name is registerable, but it does not meet the submitter's
      request because we could not find evidence of the byname prior
      to the early 17th century.

  Lysbette de Bruges. Name and device. Quarterly argent and azure, in
  bend two bows bendwise sinister vert.

  Mathias von Rothenburg. Name.

      Nice late 14th century German name!

  Ottin Ott. Name and device. Argent, an alicorn purpure.

      With both elements dated to 1495, this is an excellent late 15th
      century German name!

  Ottin Ott. Badge. (Fieldless) An alicorn purpure.

  Pooka Mighte. Badge. (Fieldless) On a pegasus salient argent, a
  rapier bendwise inverted sable.

      Artist's note: Please make sure to depict the wings separated
      from the haunches, for greater ease of identifiability.

  Prima da Brescia. Name.

  Rebecca von Zweckel. Badge. (Fieldless) A beaver rampant contourny
  per fess sable and azure maintaining a goblet and a sickle bendwise
  inverted argent.

  Renee Deley. Device. Per pale argent and azure, three estoiles
  counterchanged gules and Or.

  Rosalind Jehanne. Badge. (Fieldless) A rose per pale gules and Or.

      Nice badge!

  Sanada Aya. Device. Per bend sinister azure semy of arrows bendwise
  sinister argent and argent, an increscent azure and a bordure
  counterchanged.

      Artist's note: Draw the device with fewer, larger arrows.

  Soloman Ariel ben Abel. Name change from Abel Breme and device
  change. Azure, a lion sustaining a pole-axe and in chief three
  church bells Or.

      The submitter's previous name, _Abel Breme_, is retained as an
      alternate name.

      The submitter's previous device, "Azure, two spears in saltire
      and in chief three bells two and one Or", is retained as a
      badge.

  Tuki inn Orvi. Name.

  Typhaine de Loheac. Name change from Emma of Elandonan.

      Submitted as "Typhaine d_u_ Loh_{e'}a_c", the submitted spelling
      does not accurately reflect the documentation. We have changed
      the name to "Typhaine d_e_ Loh_e_ac" to match the attested
      spelling.

      The submitter's previous name, _Emma of Elandonan_, is retained
      as an alternate name.

  Xavier da Corlione. Badge for Casa de li Corlioni. Gules, on a heart
  Or two lion's heads erased respectant sable.

======================================================================

**** CAID acceptances ****

  Ballo Aldea. Name and device. Azure, on a chevron between two wheels
  and a bat-winged boar courant Or, a rock azure.

      Questions were raised in commentary whether records from the
      FamilySearch Historical Records showing events in Mexico or
      other Spanish New World colonies are acceptable as
      documentation. As long as the records are from one of the
      acceptable batches (listed in the January 2014 Cover Letter) and
      relate events before 1650, records from Spanish New World
      colonies are acceptable documentation for Spanish or native
      names. In this name, _Ballo_ was documented from a C Batch for a
      christening in Mexico in 1624. This record is acceptable
      documentation for this Spanish given name.

  D'vorah bint D{a-}'{u-}d. Badge. (Fieldless) A frying pan gules.

      Nice badge!

  Furia Tertia. Device. Gules, on a tree blasted within an annulet Or
  a sword inverted sable.

  Genevieve Marcheant. Name and device. Quarterly argent and azure,
  two domino masks counterchanged and a lute Or.

      Nice late 13th century French name!

  Gr{i'}ma k{o,}ttr. Device. Purpure, a natural leopard sejant
  affronty argent spotted sable between three thimbles Or.

  Gunnar von Lichtenburg. Device. Per pale azure and Or, in pale a
  demi-eagle face to sinister and a Catherine wheel counterchanged.

  Gyldenholt, Barony of. Order name Order of the Gemme d'Or and badge
  association. Azure, a hexagonal gemstone Or.

  Konrad Faust Tyndell. Badge. (Fieldless) A rapier inverted
  surmounted by a lotus flower affronty sable.

      Artist's note: Please draw both charges larger, and a more
      substantial rapier for easier identification.

  Konrad Faust Tyndell. Badge. (Fieldless) A rapier inverted
  surmounted by a lotus flower in profile sable.

      Artist's note: Please draw both charges larger, and the rapier
      more substantial for easier identification.

  Sigbi{o,}rn Sigmundarson. Badge. (Fieldless) A bear's paw erased
  apaumy inverted argent.

  Subudei Sukekedei. Name change from holding name Subudei of
  Nordwache.

      The submitter's original name was returned on the January 2017
      Letter of Acceptances and Return, which offered two options for
      a properly constructed Mongol name using the tribal name
      _Sukeken_. The submitter accepted one of our two suggestions and
      we are happy to register this name.

======================================================================

**** CALONTIR acceptances ****

  Anna die Schatzin. Device. Argent, a ladybug proper and on a chief
  gules five lozenges argent.

  Anna die Schatzin and Johan Berger. Joint badge. Quarterly azure and
  gules, on a pale cotised argent, a ladybug proper and a fleur-de-lys
  azure.

  Branwen ferch Rhael. Badge. Azure, in pale a coronet embattled and a
  cross couped, an orle argent.

      The submitter is a countess and entitled to an embattled
      coronet.

  Brigida von M{u:}nchen. Badge. (Fieldless) A monk's hood azure.

  Brynj{o'}lfr F{a'}lkason. Name.

  Caoilte MacConnan of Clan O'hIongardail. Device. Per saltire argent
  and sable, a cross triparted fleury counterchanged.

  Eyfr{i'}{dh}r Geirsd{o'}ttir. Name.

  Hoe-Yan Gejige. Name.

      _Hoe-Yan_ is the submitter's legal middle name.

  Johan der Hund. Badge. (Fieldless) On a cross formy sable a pawprint
  argent.

      There is a step from period practice for use of a pawprint.

  Juliana Macnayre. Badge. (Fieldless) A hedgehog rampant Or, its
  quills impaling three grapes, maintaining an axe purpure.

  Justinian of Tanet. Device. Or, a lobster gules sustaining in chief
  an arrow fesswise sable.

  Katheryne Winterbourne. Blanket permission to conflict with badge.
  Ermine, in cross four fleurs-de-lys purpure.

      Katheryne grants permission to conflict for all armory which is
      not identical to her badge.

  Rhoda Clifton. Name.

  Tullius Syagrius. Name and device. Argent, a bend invected vert
  between two wyverns azure.

      Submitted as _Syagrius Tullius_, we have changed the order of
      the elements to _Tullius Syagrius_ in order to follow period
      construction patterns found by Ursula Palimpsest in _The
      Prosopography of the Later Roman Empire: A.D. 395-527_.

      The submitter requested authenticity for "7-10th Century
      Byzantine." Although the name is registerable as changed, it is
      not authentic for that time period because the elements could
      not be found during that time. However, Tullius Syagrius is a
      plausible culturally Roman name for the 5th century.

      Artist's note: Please draw the wyverns larger.

  Umm Ya'kub Rayya al-Zahra' bint Fath al-Badawiyya. Badge.
  (Fieldless) A sun Or eclipsed by a fountain.

======================================================================

**** DRACHENWALD acceptances ****

  Agnes Odygd. Device. Vert, an eating fork and a flesh hook in
  saltire within a bordure argent.

  Bernhart Gottfrid Bisterfeld. Name (see RETURNS for device). Per
  fess gules and argent, a double-horned anvil argent and a bear
  statant sable atop a base vert.

  Christine de Byzance. Name and device. Gules, a phoenix, in chief
  two gouttes, a base embattled Or.

      Although it was documented in the Letter of Intent as a Scots
      name, _Christine_ is also a French name dated to 1521, 1522,
      1546, 1581 in "Late Period French Feminine Names" by Aryanhwy
      merch Catmael.
      (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/french/latefrench.html).
      Thus, the name is entirely 16th century French.

      This name does not conflict with the historical _Christine de
      Pizan_ (also known as _Christine de Pisan_) under PN3C1 of SENA
      because two syllables are changed in sound and appearance: _B-_
      vs. _P-_ and _-an_ vs. _-ance_.

  Drachenwald, Kingdom of. Badge for Company of Archers. Or, a dragon
  passant coward sable, in base two arrows inverted in saltire gules,
  a bordure quarterly gules and sable.

      _Company of Archers_ is a generic identifier.

  Gabriel Gabrielinpoika. Name.

  Gorm Glupe. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      This name combines a Swedish given name and a German byname, an
      acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C.

  Leonet de Covenham. Blanket permission to conflict with name.

      Leonet grants blanket permission for any future submitter to
      register a name that is not identical to "Leonet de Covenham".

  Leonet de Covenham. Blanket permission to conflict with device. Paly
  gules and argent, two bendlets counterchanged.

      Leonet grants blanket permission for any future submitter to
      register armory that is not identical to her device.

  Leonet de Covenham. Heraldic will.

      Upon her death, Leonet wishes her registered items to be
      disposed as follows: (1) transfer to Angelica of Guildford; (2)
      if Angelica is unable or unwilling to accept the transfer,
      transfer to Ursula of Guildford; and (3) if neither Angelica nor
      Ursula are able or willing to accept the transfer, release all
      registered items.

  M{ae}rith aff Weselax. Badge. Azure, a bookbinder's plough Or.

      This is the defining instance of a bookbinder's plough. The
      bookbinder's plough is a tool used to trim the edges of the
      pages of a book once it's bound. It can be seen in the
      illustration 'Der Buchbinder' in Jost Amman's _St{a:}ndebuch
      (Book of Trades)_, 1568. For Society purposes, it is shown as
      seen from above by default.

  Richard of Salesberie. Device. Argent, three boars rampant sable.

======================================================================

**** EALDORMERE acceptances ****

  {AE}thelbert of Whitstone Isle. Device. Or, a sparrowhawk striking
  gules and in canton an awl point to base sable handled of wood
  proper.

  Dougall Roderick McLeod. Badge. Gules, three fish fretted in
  triangle Or.

      Nice badge!

  Eithne ingen U{i'} Ragnaill. Device. Per bend vert and sable, a
  ferret sejant erect and three crescents argent.

  Emer inghean U{i'} Aed{a'}in. Badge. Gules, two goats combatant Or.

      Nice badge!

  F{a'}el{a'}n Ruadh ua Aodha. Badge. (Fieldless) On a hurst vert a
  foi per pale argent and Or.

  Fearghus Mackenna of Bryniau Tywynnog and Anne Cooke. Joint badge.
  (Fieldless) A comet per pale sable and Or.

      Nice badge!

  Iacobus le Tynekere. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      Nice 13th century English name!

======================================================================

**** EAST acceptances ****

  Aurelia Colleoni a'Buccafurno. Name.

  Bryniarr {I'}s{o'}lfsson. Device. Per pale Or and vert, two wolf's
  heads erased respectant counterchanged.

  Caecilia Brigans. Name and device. Azure, on a fess between two
  greyhounds courant argent, a greyhound courant azure.

      Artist's note: Please draw all charges larger to fill the
      available space.

  Duncan MacMillan. Name and device. Per pale argent and sable, an owl
  and a bordure embattled counterchanged.

      The Letter of Intent documented _MacMillan_ solely as the header
      form in Black's _Surnames of Scotland_. Heralds and submitters
      are reminded that header forms in Black and similar books are
      not registerable unless they are dated or shown to be consistent
      with period spellings. Fortunately, Alisoun Metron Ariston
      documented the submitted spelling in the FamilySearch Historical
      Records dated to the early 17th century.

  Giana di Nichol{'o} da Firenze. Device change. Argent, a bend
  sinister vert, overall a wyvern erect sable.

      This device is clear of the device of Charles the Traveler,
      "Argent, a bend sinister vert, overall a drakkar sable its sail
      paly gules and argent". There's now one DC for tincture of half
      of the overall charge, as well as one DC for its type. See the
      Cover Letter for a detailed breakdown of the new precedent on
      ships and their sails.

      The submitter's previous device, "Vert, on a pile indented
      argent an owl's head cabossed sable", is released.

      This was pended on the February 2017 LoAR.

  Hrothgar of An Dubhaigeainn. Name.

      _An Dubhaigeainn_ is the registered name of an SCA branch. By
      precedent, the standard form of the byname using this branch
      name is _of An Dubhaigeainn_, even if this is not grammatically
      correct. [Violet Hughes. Alternate name Purple of An
      Dubhaigeainn, 9/2015 LoAR, A-East]

  Hugoline the Delicate. Name and device. Per chevron azure and sable,
  a chevron engrailed on the lower edge, a chief invected argent.

      The byname _the Delicate_ is a reasonable marked lingua Anglica
      form of the attested Middle English surnames _Fine_ (1196) and
      _Prymme_ (1286), both found in Reaney & Wilson.

  Leda Zipyos. Name change from Aleyd Czypsser.

      Submitted as "Leda Zip_ys_", the patronymic byname needed to be
      put into genitive form. With the submitter's permission, we have
      changed the name to "Leda Zipy_o_s" as suggested by Ursula
      Palimpsest.

      The submitter's previous name, _Aleyd Czypsser_, is retained as
      an alternate name. Although the form and the Letter of Intent
      were unclear, the submitter subsequently clarified that she
      wished to change her name to the submitted name (Leda) and
      preserve her previous name (Aleyd) as an alternate.

  Matthias von W{u:}rzburg. Badge. (Fieldless) On a seeblatt azure a
  bear rampant argent.

  Michael Ballason. Name.

      _Michael_ was documented on the Letter of Intent as the
      submitter's legal given name. However, the submitter does not
      need to rely on the Legal Name Allowance because ffride Joye
      Sans Fin found _Michael_ as a Latinized Swedish name dated to
      1518.

  Ranka Sveinsdottir. Name.

  Tassin Tresseaul. Name and device. Azure, in pale three suns between
  flaunches Or.

      Submitted as "Tassin Tr_{e'}s{e'}o_l", the spelling of the
      byname is entirely modern. With the submitter's permission, we
      have changed the spelling of the byname to the documented
      "Tr_esseau_l", dated to 1364 and 1415, found by Juliana Siren in
      Latin rolls from the Convent of Saint Fran{c,}ois
      (https://books.google.com/books?id=x9QwAQAAIAAJ&pg=PA108).

      Nice early 15th century French name!

      Artist's note: Please draw the flaunches issuant from the
      corners of the shield.

  {U'}lfei{dh}r Artud{o'}ttir. Device. Per bend purpure and sable, two
  wolves combatant and in base a raven volant wings addorsed argent.

  {U'}lfr J{a'}rnhauss. Name.

      This name was pended on the February 2017 Letter of Acceptances
      and Returns for commentary on a change from _{U'}lflundr
      J{a'}rnhauss_ to _{U'}lfr J{a'}rnhauss_, requested by the
      submitter after the Pelican decision meeting. We are pleased to
      register the name as changed.

======================================================================

**** LOCHAC acceptances ****

  Adeliz Fergusson. Device change. Azure, a polypus Or annuletty
  azure.

      The submitter's previous device, "Azure, a quadrant and on a
      point pointed Or five mullets of seven points in cross azure",
      is released.

      Artist's note: Please draw fewer, larger annulets.

  Adora, Shire of. Badge for Populace. Per pale gules and Or, two
  dragons combatant counterchanged.

  Anastasia Melitina. Name and device. Per chevron azure and argent,
  two fleurs-de-lys and a rose counterchanged.

      Artist's note: Please draw all charges larger to fill the
      available space.

  Duncan Prymrois. Name change from holding name Tyr of Mordenvale
  (see RETURNS for device).

      Nice 16th century Scots name!

  Elisabeth Chienast. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      Originally submitted as "Elisabeth _K_ienast", the submitter
      requested authenticity for 12th-13th century German. However, as
      the spelling _Kienast_ could only be found in the early 17th
      century, the name as submitted did not meet that request.

      The 13th century form of the name is "Elisabeth _Ch_ienast". We
      have made this change to meet the submitter's authenticity
      request. However, if the submitter desires the spelling
      _Kienast_, she may make a request for reconsideration.

  Emmeline of Ansteorra. Name.

      _Ansteorra_ is the registered name of an SCA branch.

  Gregory Tortouse de Sloleye. Device. Per chevron azure and gules,
  two tortoises and a hare salient to sinister Or.

      Reptiles in a tergiant posture are not comparable to other
      quadrupeds that cannot be in a tergiant posture. Therefore, this
      does not run afoul of Unity of Posture.

  Karl Faustus von Aachen. Household name House of Wombwell and badge.
  Per pale vert and sable, on a pale argent a mullet gules.

      The submitter indicated on the Letter of Intent that the sound
      "Womble" was most important. In commentary, ffride Joye Sans Fin
      documented the place name _Wombell_ to 1610. This spelling may
      be pronounced more like the submitter's desired spelling. If the
      submitter prefers _Wombell_, he may make a request for
      reconsideration.

  Kolgr{i'}ma Hrafnsd{o'}ttir. Name.

      Nice 9th-10th century Icelandic name!

  Liam Alban of Oxley. Name (see PENDS for device).

  Mery of Ellersly. Device. Vert, in pale two boots, an orle argent.

  Mery of Ellersly. Badge. (Fieldless) A boot argent.

      Nice badge!

  Southron Gaard, Barony of. Badge change for Order of the Tour d'Or.
  Gules, a tower Or and in chief three Canterbury crosses argent, a
  bordure Or.

      The Barony's previous badge, "Gules, a tower Or, in chief three
      mullets argent, a bordure Or", is released

  Thomas Boardmakere. Name and device. Per bend argent and sable,
  three lightning bolts bendwise sinister sable and three arrows
  bendwise sinister inverted argent.

      The attested spelling of the surname cited in the Letter of
      Intent was _Bordmakere_, not "Bo_a_rdmakere" as submitted.
      However, according to the OED, the spelling _board_ for the noun
      begins appearing in the fifteenth century. Therefore, the
      submitted spelling is plausible and can be registered.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of lightning
      bolts as stand-alone charges.

  Wintherus Alban. Heraldic will.

      Upon his death, Wintherus' device and badge will be transferred
      to Liam Alban of Oxley.

======================================================================

**** MERIDIES acceptances ****

  Andreas von Wolfsburg. Device. Azure, a demi-wolf and on a base
  argent a grenade proper.

  Charmaine de Chanson. Badge. (Fieldless) On a coronet Or pearled
  argent, a domestic cat dormant guardant sable marked argent.

      The submitter is a baroness and entitled to a coronet.

      This was submitted as a joint badge (with Virgil da Monte);
      during commentary is was requested that the co-owner be removed
      from the submission.

  Cilia Olasdottir. Name and device. Quarterly azure and vert, a
  sea-horse naiant and a bordure argent.

      This name combines a German given name with a Swedish byname, an
      acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C.

      The submitter may want to know that her requested given name
      _Celia_ is documented as a late period English or Italian given
      name. Unfortunately, neither language is compatible with
      Swedish.

  Cristoff de Winter. Name and device. Per chevron sable and argent,
  in base a seeblatt gules and on a chief argent two mullets of six
  points gules.

  Cristyan Gwen. Name and device. Quarterly purpure and sable, four
  seebl{a:}tter conjoined in cross points outward within a four lobed
  quadrate cornice argent.

  Diana Wynn. Name and device. Vert, an oak wreath fructed argent.

      An oak wreath has a DC from other properly depicted wreaths.

  Eilionora inghean Enri. Name and device. Vert, three arrows inverted
  argent.

      Submitted as "Ei_ll_ionora inghean Enri", no evidence could be
      found for the submitted spelling of the given name. We have
      changed the given name to the attested "Ei_l_ionora" for
      registration.

      Nice late 15th century Gaelic name!

  Eva Sanchez. Badge. Purpure, on a cup argent a fish uriant vert, an
  orle argent.

  Fionnghuala inghean Ghiolla Fhaol{a'}in. Name and device. Sable, a
  fret and in base a thistle argent.

      Submitted as "Fionnghuala inghean Gh_il_la Fhaol{a'}in", we have
      changed the name to "Fionnghuala inghean Ghi_o_lla Fhaol{a'}in"
      to use entirely post-1200 Gaelic orthography throughout the
      byname, as required by PN1B1 of SENA.

  Fynlo MacCane. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      Submitted as "Fynlo Mac_Cane", we have changed the byname to
      "Ma_cC_ane" to follow period spelling practices.

      The submitted requested authenticity for "Manx culture from Isle
      of Man." This name meets that request.

      The submitter requested the spelling _Mac Cain_ if it could be
      documented. We were unable to document that spelling in Manx.
      However, the submitter should know that, in commentary, Juliana
      Siren dated _MacCaine_ and _MacCain_ in Scots, which is
      compatible with Manx. If he prefers either of these spellings,
      the submitter may make a request for reconsideration.

  John le Mailur. Name (see PENDS for device).

      Nice 13th century English name!

  Katharina Rabensburgerin. Device. Per fess argent and azure, a raven
  sable and a castle Or.

  Marion of Iron Mountain. Holding name and device (see RETURNS for
  name). Per bend argent and sable, a bend gules between an ounce
  sable spotted and a swan close argent.

      Submitted under the name "Marion le Blake".

  Merewen FitzAlan. Device. Argent, a harp sable and on a chief
  embattled azure three fleurs-de-lys argent.

  Natas'ia Sveneva. Name and device. Or, a phoenix gules and in chief
  three pheons sable, a bordure rayonny gules.

      Submitted as "Nata_si_a Sven_o_va", the name required two minor
      changes to be registerable. First, the given name is found in
      the documentation as "Natas_'_ia". The apostrophe cannot be
      omitted from this transliteration. Second, Russian grammar
      requires the byname to be spelled "Sven_e_va". With these two
      changes, we have registered the name as "Natas_'_ia Sven_e_va".

  Sibella Denton. Badge. Per pale argent and sable, in saltire two
  threaded needles inverted purpure, overall a skull per pale sable
  and argent.

  Wulfswith Ceolwynn. Name.

      Originally submitted as "Wulfsw_ith_ Ceolwyn_", the name was
      changed at Kingdom to "Wulfsw_y{th}e_ Ceolwyn_nes_". The reasons
      for this change were not clearly explained in the Letter of
      Intent.

      In fact, "Wulfswy{th}e Ceolwynnes" is not correctly constructed.
      "Wulfswy{th}_e_" is not the nominative (base) form of the given
      name. The correct nominative form is "Wulfswy{th}_",
      "Wulfswy_{dh}_" or "Wulfsw_ith_". The last of these is a
      standardized header form from PASE, which is registerable.

      _Ceolwynn_ is a female name and questions were raised in
      commentary about whether matronymic bynames were used in Old
      English. At the Pelican decision meeting, Juliana Siren
      documented matronymic bynames in Old English, including
      _Wynfl{ae}de sunu_ (c. 1015) and _Leuerunessone_ (1066), both
      found in the Introduction to Reaney & Wilson. As Appendix A
      allows unmarked patronymic bynames in Old English, we will give
      the submitter the benefit of the doubt that unmarked matronymic
      bynames are plausible in that language as well.

      Therefore, we have changed the name to "Wulfsw_ith_ Ceolwynn_"
      for registration, as this is closest to the originally submitted
      name.

======================================================================

**** MIDDLE acceptances ****

  Adella Silberpfeil. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      The spelling _Adella_ was not documented in the Letter of
      Intent. Fortunately, Konrad Dragon found this spelling in the
      FamilySearch Historical Records for W{u:}rttemberg, Germany,
      dated to 1600.

      Questions were raised in commentary about the construction of
      the byname _Silberpfeil_. Evidence indicated that this element
      could be constructed as an inn sign byname. At the Pelican
      decision meeting, {AE}lfwynn Leofl{ae}de dohtor found evidence
      of unmarked inn sign bynames in German, allowing this name to be
      registered as submitted, without a preposition.

  Edmund of Hertford. Badge (see RETURNS for household name). Lozengy
  sable and argent, a lion's face purpure jessant of a cross bottony
  Or.

      There is a step from period practice for use of a lion's head
      jessant of a charge that isn't a fleur-de-lys.

  Edmund of Hertford. Device change. Lozengy sable and argent, a lion
  rampant guardant purpure ducally crowned and maintaining a cross
  bottony Or.

      The submitter is a duke and entitled to a coronet of strawberry
      leaves.

      The submitter's previous device, "Lozengy sable and argent, a
      lion rampant guardant purpure maintaining a cross bottony,
      within an orle of chain Or", is released.

  Ellisif Au{dh}inard{o'}ttir. Name.

  Emer Atzinger. Name.

      The February 2015 Cover Letter permits the 16th century English
      given name _Emer_ to be borrowed into German and combined with a
      German surname.

      The submitter may be interested to know that _Emmer_ appears as
      a late period German given name in Seibicke s.n. Emmer. If the
      submitter desires this spelling, and thus a wholly German name,
      he may make a request for reconsideration.

  Ragna Au{dh}inarkona. Name and device. Pean, an owl argent and a
  bordure Or.

  Reinhardt mit dem Bart. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      _Reinhardt_ was documented in the Letter of Intent only as a
      German surname. However, there is no evidence supporting the use
      of German surnames as given names.

      Fortunately, attendees at the Pelican decision meeting found
      _Reinhardt_ as a given name in the FamilySearch Historical
      Records for W{u:}rttemberg, Germany, dated to 1565. This
      documentation places the given name well within 500 years of the
      German byname _mit dem Bart_, allowing the name to be
      registered.

      The submitter may be interested to know that the spelling
      _Reinhart mit dem Bart_ is authentic for the 13th century. If he
      wishes this form, he may make a request for reconsideration.

======================================================================

**** NORTHSHIELD acceptances ****

  Armond le Charpentier. Name change from Armand le Charpentier and
  device change. Argent, a tree blasted and eradicated gules and in
  chief two pairs of hammers in saltire sable, a bordure vert.

      This name combines an English given name with a French byname,
      an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C.

      The submitter's previous name, _Armand le Charpentier_ is
      released.

      The submitter's previous device, "Argent, a tree blasted and
      eradicated gules, in chief two pairs of hammers in saltire azure
      hafted proper, a bordure vert", is released.

  Guttorm Arnessen. Device. Gules, in saltire two axes and in chief
  three buckets argent.

  Handsome Talboys. Name.

  R{o,}gnvaldr {TH}orvaldsson. Name.

======================================================================

**** OUTLANDS acceptances ****

  Iohn of Mar. Name and device. Per bend argent and gules, a griffin
  and a chief sable.

      The submitter requested authenticity for "late 13th c.
      Scottish." This name meets that request.

      Various men named John were earls of Mar. However, none of these
      men are important enough to protect from presumption.

      Artist's note: Please draw the griffin with internal detailing.

  Isabeau de Bernac. Device. Per bend sinister vert and purpure four
  horseshoes inverted in cross within an orle of feathers argent.

      There is a step from period practice for charges in orle not in
      their default position.

  Karen of the Golden Oak. Name.

      _Karen_ is the submitter's legal given name.

      Submitted as "Karen of_Golden Oak", we found no evidence for
      _Golden Oak_ as a place name. However, "_the_ Golden Oak" is a
      plausible English inn-sign name based on attested patterns found
      in "English Sign Names," by Mari ingen Briain meic Donnchada
      (http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/inn/) and elsewhere. Therefore,
      we have changed the name to "Karen of _the_ Golden Oak" for
      registration.

  Raven Midnight. Name.

  Syla Marston. Name.

  Torin of Norwood. Household name Norwolfes Hus.

======================================================================

**** TRIMARIS acceptances ****

  Dragons Chase, Shire of. Branch name change from Vaca del Mar, Shire
  of (see RETURNS for device).

      Submitted as "Dragon_'_s Chase, Shire of", no documentation was
      provided for this name. Fortunately, commenters provided
      substantial documentation for _Dragons Chase_ as a plausible
      constructed English place name. We have removed the apostrophe
      for registration to match the attested examples of places named
      after their owners.

      The Shire's previous name, _Vaca del Mar, Shire of_, is
      released.

  Lionsbridge, Canton of. Branch name and device. Argent, on a fess
  enarched between two lions couchant counter-couchant azure a laurel
  wreath Or.

======================================================================

**** WEST acceptances ****

  Absalon Wyscard. Name.

      Submitted as "Absalon_e_ Wyscard", the given name is not in the
      nominative (base) form. We have changed the name to the correct
      nominative form, _Absalon__ in order to register this name.

      Nice 13th century Scottish name!

  Adrian Thorne. Name and device. Sable, a triskelion of spirals
  within and conjoined to a serpent in annulo vorant of its tail, a
  bordure argent.

      Nice 16th century English name!

      Artist's note: Please draw the head of the serpent larger.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a triskelion
      of spirals.

  Anys Wynter of Oertha. Name.

      _Oertha_ is the registered name of an SCA branch.

  Beatrice de Moreby. Name.

  Deva Dragonova. Name and device. Azure, a drinking horn argent and
  in chief three bezants.

      The submitter should be aware that this name may not be Russian
      in origin. The author of _A Dictionary of Period Russian Names_
      included many names that are not Russian, but are instead Czech,
      Serbian, German, and Polish in origin. It is unclear whether any
      of these names were actually used in Russia. Digging into the
      sources underlying _A Dictionary of Period Russian Names_, the
      elements in this name appear to be Czech and Serbian, rather
      than Russian.

      Because we have exceptionally few sources for Russian names, we
      will continue to give submitters who do not request authenticity
      the benefit of the doubt that names found in all editions of _A
      Dictionary of Russian Names_ are registerable Russian names. As
      this submitter did not request authenticity, we are registering
      her name as submitted. However, she should be aware that
      _Dragonova_ in particular is implausible for Russian because it
      uses a presumably Czech name to create a Russian-style
      patronymic byname.

      See the Cover Letter for further information concerning Russian
      names

  Esmeralda of the Lakes. Device. Per saltire sable and purpure, a
  reremouse Or, a chief potenty purpure and Or.

  Gianetta Mare da Venezia. Name and device. Per chevron vert and
  azure, two sexfoils and an anchor argent.

  Gisla {OE}{dh}ikollr. Name and device. Argent, in pale a domestic
  cat sejant vert and an anvil sable.

  Gisla {OE}{dh}ikollr. Badge. (Fieldless) Atop an anvil sable, a
  domestic cat dormant vert.

      Artist's note: Please draw the cat with the tail brought into
      line with the top of the anvil, so as not to overlap it.

  Halla in mj{o'}va. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      Nice 9th-10th century Icelandic name!

  Rolf or{dh}lokarr. Name and device. Argent, a sun in his splendor
  and in chief two crosses crosslet gules.

  Senan Wray of Lymricke. Name and device. Per saltire wavy argent and
  sable, two swans naiant contourny sable.

      This name combines a late period Gaelic saint's name with
      English elements, an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C.

  Sophie Brandeis. Badge. Azure, in pale a sea-mew volant wings
  addorsed argent maintaining in its beak a fish, and a castle Or.

  {U'}lfarr vei{dh}ima{dh}r Eysteinsson. Exchange of primary and
  alternate name.

      "{U'}lfarr vei{dh}ima{dh}r Eysteinsson" is now the submitter's
      primary name. His previous name, "Angelo Sidoti" is now his
      alternate name.

  Won Cheol. Name.

      Although at one time Korean names were not registerable, in
      February 2015, we ruled that "late period Korean names are
      registerable under the standards of SENA." [Jeong Cheongju Han,
      2/2015 LoAR, A-Trimaris] The submitter documented the elements
      of this name in late period Korean.

      Submitted as _Won Cheol of the Wonju Won Clan_, it is unclear
      whether the phrase _of the Wonju Won Clan_ is a true
      transliteration of the Korean or something closer to a lingua
      Anglica rendering. With the submitter's permission we have
      dropped "of the Wonju Won Clan" for registration.

      Finally, heralds and submitters are reminded that, as stated the
      Administrative Handbook, "translations must be provided for any
      sources not in English." This is not a technicality.
      Untranslated documents are not helpful to Pelican or her staff.
      While we give some leeway for untranslated documents in standard
      European languages, for which people who read or speak the
      language are easily available, we were unable to make any use of
      the untranslated Korean documents provided here. Luckily for the
      submitter, sufficient information was available to allow us to
      register the name without those documents.

  Yang Hyojeon. Name.

      Although at one time Korean names were not registerable, in
      February 2015, we ruled that "late period Korean names are
      registerable under the standards of SENA." [Jeong Cheongju Han,
      2/2015 LoAR, A-Trimaris] The submitter documented the elements
      of this name in late period Korean.

      Heralds and submitters are reminded that, as stated the
      Administrative Handbook, "translations must be provided for any
      sources not in English." This is not a technicality.
      Untranslated documents are not helpful to Pelican or her staff.
      While we give some leeway for untranslated documents in standard
      European languages, for which people who read or speak the
      language are easily available, we were unable to make any use of
      the untranslated Korean documents provided here. Luckily for the
      submitter, sufficient information was available to allow us to
      register the name without those documents.

======================================================================

                  - Explicit littera accipiendorum -

======================================================================

***** THE FOLLOWING ITEMS HAVE BEEN RETURNED FOR FURTHER WORK: *****

**** {AE}THELMEARC returns ****

  Takeda Heitarou Kinsuke. Device change. Per chevron sable and Or, a
  pair of wings Or and a sun azure.

      This device must be returned for redraw. Submitted as "Sable, on
      a pile inverted between in chief two wings elevated and addorsed
      Or, a sun azure" per precedent this cannot be a pile inverted:

           There was some discussion in the commentary about
           whether this should be blazoned as a per chevron
           field, or whether it would be more accurately blazoned
           as Argent, on a pile inverted throughout azure between
           two sheaves of arrows sable, a stag at gaze argent.
           Most of the discussion centered on the width of the
           per chevron angle. We note that earlier period
           heraldry tended to draw the per chevron field more
           narrowly than later in period: the angle of the point
           more acute, and extending further to chief. (It could
           be considered to trisect, not bisect, the field.)
           Thus, for example, the arms of von Ortenburg, c. 1413
           (Conzilium zu Constenz, folio clxiiii), showed a per
           chevron field very similar to the one in this
           submission. Moreover, the presence of three charges
           two and one on either side of the division strongly
           reinforces the impression of a per chevron field - and
           would do so, regardless of the angle of the point. A
           lone pile inverted was rare enough in heraldry, and
           when it appeared, tended to be uncharged; in other
           words, the lower portion of the shield would be
           uncharged. A chap{e'} field division would never have
           the upper portions of the field charged. When the
           upper and lower portions are charged, then, this must
           (absent of other clues such as cotising) be a per
           chevron field. (Rorik smi{dh}r, 10/2007)

      As this submission has charges both above and below the line of
      division, it must be per chevron and not a charged pile inverted
      between two other charges. And as the line of division is too
      low to meet the parameters outlined in the May 2011 Cover Letter
      for chevrons and per chevron lines of division, it must be
      returned.

      In addition, the sun has both greater and lesser points, with
      the rays remaining the same size. Absent documentation, this
      "compass sun" is not registerable.

======================================================================

**** AN TIR returns ****

  Bowen Doyle. Device. Per pall inverted gules, sable and argent, two
  stag's attires argent and a boar's tusk sable.

      This device must be returned for lack of documentation of the
      boar's tusk. The only registration of a boar's tusk is the badge
      for the Barony of Coeur d'Ennui's Order of the Boar's Tusk,
      registered March 1992: "(Fieldless) A boar's tusk argent
      surmounted by a boar's head couped close gules". SENA A2A states
      that "Elements which have been registered without comment in the
      last decade or are listed in one of the Appendices as acceptable
      elements do not usually need to be documented in a new
      submission. Items which have not been registered in over a
      decade, have only been registered a few times, or have recent
      registrations only via the Grandfather Clause may need to be
      documented." Absent such documentation, the badge must be
      returned.

      In all, there are less than a dozen registrations of tusks as
      stand-alone charges, most assumed (or explicitly stated) to be
      elephant tusks, most dating to the early 1990s, and only one
      dated after 1995. The last registration of any tusk was the
      badge of the Shire of Ivory Keep in February 2009, "Argent, two
      tusks in saltire azure and a bordure denticulada sable".

      The boar's tusk as depicted differs in shape noticeably from the
      elephant's tusks registered by the Shire of Ivory Keep; it's
      thicker and blunter, with a deeper curve, which differentiate it
      as a boar's tusk.

      The documentation provided in the Ivory Keep submission read:
      "According to the PicDic, tusks are registerable, though no
      difference is given vs. drinking horns." However, the 2nd
      Edition Pictorial Dictionary of Heraldry s.n. "tooth," states
      "The fang has been recently disallowed for Society heraldry, due
      to its lack of ready identifiability. A similar charge, the
      'tusk,' is still permitted; an elephant's tooth, couped and with
      point to chief by default." In commentary on Ivory Keep's badge,
      concerns were raised on identifiability of the charge; on the
      current submission, commentary questioned the recognizability
      and registerability of a boar's tusk at all. Given the lack of
      identifying features between a tusk and a drinking horn, and
      absent documentation otherwise, we will cease further
      registration of tusks of any kind effective as of the January
      2018 decision meeting. This submitter will be allowed to
      register an elephant's tusk if submitted in a timely manner.

      Even if the charge were registerable, this device must also be
      returned for violation of SENA A3D2c, Unity of Orientation. Both
      the antlers and tusk are long charges, and so can have
      comparable orientations. While the antlers are palewise, the
      tusk is in an orientation halfway between palewise and bendwise.
      This orientation is reinforced by the bendwise couping and
      substantial curve of the tusk.

  Bryn Mor Raven. Device. Argent, a raven striking to sinister sable
  within a bordure engrailed gules.

      This device must be returned for conflict with Brian Beedon,
      "Argent, a raven rising to sinister sable maintaining a kitchen
      knife fesswise reversed gules". There is one DC for changing the
      type of secondary charge from a knife to a bordure engrailed.

  Ieuan Gower. Badge. (Fieldless) Three feathers crossed at the tips
  enfiling a coronet Or.

      This badge must be returned for contrast and recognizability
      issues. The feathers and coronet are the same tincture, making
      it difficult to recognize either type of charge.

      The submitter is a duke and entitled to a coronet.

  Iona Myst Reginasdaughter. Device. Vert, a natural ibex couchant
  regardant argent.

      This device is returned for violation of SENA A1C, which
      requires heraldic elements to be reproducible from blazon. The
      ibex is not depicted in an identifiable heraldic posture. While
      the closest posture is couchant, and this was the posture
      submitted by the submitter, in reality only half of the legs are
      in a position expected from the blazon. One foreleg is raised
      similar to passant, and one hind leg is extended as if it were
      courant. As this emblazon cannot be reliably reproduced, it must
      be returned.

      This device is not in conflict with Muirenn ingen u{i'}
      Muirchertaig, "Vert, a doe couchant between three oak trees
      eradicated argent". There is one DC for the removal of primary
      charges, and another DC for the difference between a doe and a
      natural ibex.

  Irene MacKenny. Device. Argent, a dragon displayed purpure,
  maintaining with its raised dexter foreleg an open book sable, a
  bordure engrailed azure.

      This device must be returned for redraw. The lack of internal
      detailing of the book combined with its placement overlaying the
      silhouette of muzzle, foot and wing, obscured the secondary
      charge to the point where it was difficult to identify. While
      this might have been passed with an artist's note in the past,
      as of the precedent set in August 2015, maintained charges count
      for difference and must function as secondary charges.

      The posture of a winged creature "displayed" in SCA blazon has
      the body facing forward (affronty) with limbs set symmetrically
      on either side of the torso, and the head facing to dexter by
      default. On three separate occasions during the transition, this
      variation of a dragon displayed with a torso twisted to dexter
      and the limbs arranged unevenly, has been registered with an
      artist's note to "Please make sure that the belly scales are in
      the center of the body, with flanks showing on either side and
      with the limbs displayed equally, to be more properly
      displayed." It appears that most of these depictions are coming
      directly or indirectly from the Pennsic Traceable Art Project.
      We are in the process of pulling this depiction from the
      project. Absent documentation, we will cease to register any
      depictions of animate charges displayed with the torso twisted
      to dexter or sinister as of the January 2018 decision meeting.
      Note that even an acceptably drawn dragon displayed remains a
      step from period practice.

  Olaff greypr. Device. Per pale purpure and sable, a bear statant
  erect maintaining a dagger between in chief two drinking horns Or.

      This device must be returned for redraw. The dagger in the
      forepaw of the bear is so small that half of the attendants at
      the decision meeting did not notice it until its presence was
      pointed out. As a maintained charge, worth heraldic difference,
      the dagger needs to be large enough to be recognizable.

  Selene of Three Mountains. Badge. Per pale purpure and argent.

      This device must be returned for conflict with the device of
      Starulf Haraldsson of Ravenspur, "Per pale indented, the points
      ending in mullets, purpure and argent". There is a single DC for
      change from a complex field division to a simple one.

======================================================================

**** ARTEMISIA returns ****

  Otto Har{dh}beinn. Device. Per pale azure and argent, two wolves
  salient addorsed counterchanged.

      This device is returned for conflict with F{a'}el{a'}n hua Meic
      Laisre, "Per pale azure and argent, two wolves combatant
      counterchanged". There is one DC for change of posture via SENA
      A5G7b, but an SC via SENA A5E5 is not available; comparable
      postures within the same category include "rampant, segreant,
      salient, sejant erect, sejant, _ and the contourny versions of
      these_" (emphasis added); postures within this category do not
      receive an SC between them.

======================================================================

**** ATENVELDT returns ****

  {A'}ilghean{a'}n mac S{i'}thigh. Device. Or, a "hound" passant
  regardant vert and a chief sable.

      This device is returned for redraw. The hound is depicted in a
      highly stylized Celtic manner, in violation of SENA A2C1, which
      requires that elements of armory be drawn "in a period armorial
      style."

      The depiction of the hound is also in violation of SENA A2C2,
      which requires that "Elements must be drawn to be identifiable."
      Commenters had difficulty identifying the charge as a hound,
      with some identifying it instead as a cat.

  Amber Bikkad{o'}ttir. Device. Per chevron inverted vert semy of
  cat's pawprints argent and sable, a domestic cat couchant contourny
  paly sable and Or and a tree eradicated argent.

      This device is returned for redraw. The field division is too
      high for per chevron inverted, and the paly division makes the
      domestic cat difficult to identify.

      There is a step from period practice for use of pawprints.

  Ceallach Colquhoun. Household name Red Dragon Keep of Sundragon.

      This household name must be returned because the pattern Place
      Name/Heraldic Charge + _Keep_ + _of_ Place Name was not
      documented and does not follow any attested pattern for names
      used for groups of people. We cannot drop the phrase _of
      Sundragon_, as the name _Red Dragon Keep_ conflicts with the
      registered household names _Company of the Red Dragon_ and
      _House of the Red Dragons_.

      The submitter has two options for resubmission. First, although
      a change in designator does not clear a conflict between
      non-personal names, it does make it possible to register a name
      with permission to conflict. If the submitter obtains permission
      to conflict from the owners of _Company of the Red Dragon_ and
      _House of the Red Dragons_, then _Red Dragon Keep_ would be
      registerable.

      Second, in the following forms, the name would fit attested
      patterns for household names: _Red Dragon House of_ [place name]
      or _Red Dragon Tavern_/_Inn_ of [place name].

      If the submitter wishes to use _of Sundragon_ as part of a
      resubmission, he should be prepared to address concerns raised
      by commenters that this construction was an improper claim to be
      an official arm of the Barony.

  Godfrey Jordain. Device. Vert, a chevron throughout gules fimbriated
  and charged with two chevronels Or.

      This device is returned for conflict with Eir{i'}kr skreyja,
      "Vert, a chevron gules fimbriated argent". There's one DC, for
      adding the tertiary charges to the chevron, but nothing for
      changing the tincture of the fimbriation.

  Olive Long Anne Prosper. Name.

      PN2E of SENA states:

           No name will be registered that either in whole or in
           part is obtrusively modern. Something is said to be
           obtrusively modern when it makes a modern joke or
           reference that destroys medieval ambience and drags
           the average person mentally back to the present day.
           Obtrusiveness can be either in the written form or
           when spoken. A period name that has a modern referent
           will not generally be considered obtrusively modern.
           Only extreme examples will be returned.

      This name must be returned because commentary uniformly
      identified it as an obtrusively modern _Star Trek_ reference,
      clearly evoking the phrase "live long and prosper" and dragging
      listeners back to the modern (or future) era. The fact that this
      name uses an unusual English construction (double given names
      and double surnames) to accomplish its joke takes it beyond a
      mere modern referent to the sort of extreme example that
      requires return.

      Her device is registered under the holding name "Olive of
      Granholme".

  Roland of Blaye. Name.

      This name must be returned because it presumes on the
      significant historical figure Count Roland, nephew of
      Charlemagne and eponymous hero of the 12th century _Chanson de
      Roland_, one of the most famous pieces of medieval literature.

      Roland was called _seigneur de Blaye_ (overlord of Blaye) in
      period sources. For example, _Annales & croniques de France:
      depuis la destruction de Troye iusques au temps du roy Louis
      onzieme_, published in 1553
      (https://books.google.com/books?id=iy9hAAAAcAAJ), refers to
      Roland several times as "Comte du Mans" (Count of Mans) and
      "Seigneur de Blaye." _Blaye_ continues to be the modern name of
      the place. Thus, _Roland of Blaye_ is a form of the famous
      Roland's name and the present submission must be returned as
      presumptuous.

  Sibyl Brethnagh. Device. Gules, a corgi dog rampant contourny Or
  maintaining a dagger inverted argent, a bordure embattled Or.

      This device is returned for redraw. The depiction of the primary
      charge does not match the provided documentation for the corgi,
      with the ears, tail, and muzzle noticeably differently from the
      gray-period image. No commenters were able to recognize the
      charge as a corgi.

  Valeas Proietto di Venezia. Name.

      This name must be returned due to lack of evidence for _Valeas_
      as a name element. The documents cited in the Letter of Intent
      show the name as "Vale_n_s", not Valeas. All of the instances of
      _valeas_ found by commenters were for a Latin verb form, not a
      name (or even a noun).

      Heralds at the Pelican decision meeting were able to document
      both "Valens" and "Valerius" as given names compatible with the
      remainder of the name. However, the submitter allows no changes.
      Therefore, the name must be returned.

      His device is registered under the holding name "Dennis of Tir
      Ysgithr".

  Yagi Tenji Yoshitatsu Kakujo. Name change from Jaku'an Kakujo.

      Unfortunately, this name must be returned because it is not
      correctly constructed and the submitter does not allow any
      changes. The submitter appears to be intending to use the
      attested Japanese pattern of Family Name + Yobina + Nanori +
      Imina. However, Solveig Keystone advises _Tenji_ cannot be used
      as a yobina because it is an "era name" referring to a time
      period; "era names" did not come into use as yobinas until after
      the SCA's period.

      The submitter may be interested to know that _Tenji_ can be
      documented as an imina or a "name in religion." Thus, _Yagi_ +
      yobina + _Yoshitatsu Tenji_ would be registerable. _Kakujo_ is
      also an imina. Thus, _Yagi_ + yobina + _Yoshitatsu Kakujo_ is
      also registerable. However, there is no evidence of Japanese
      names using two iminas.

======================================================================

**** ATLANTIA returns ****

None.

======================================================================

**** CAID returns ****

  Astrid skalph{ae}na. Badge. (Fieldless) A talbot couchant argent
  spotted sable vested gules.

      This badge is returned for conflict with Finn Silverfox, "Vert,
      chausse chequy argent and sable, a fox dormant argent". There is
      one DC for the field, but nothing for the vestments and spots,
      nor for couchant vs. dormant.

  Caid, Kingdom of. Blazon change for Populace Badge and Augmentation
  of Arms. (Fieldess) A Cross of Caid argent.

      This decision was made by Alys Pelican to avoid any appearance
      of a conflict of interest.

      Caid's attempt to have the design _four crescents conjoined in
      saltire horns outward_ blazoned as a _cross of Caid_ has a long
      and often contentious history. Although we sometimes joke that
      we are not bound by the mistakes of our predecessors, we are
      certainly informed by all of the prior rulings on this issue in
      considering this application. Several precedents are relevant to
      the present submission.

      The May 2007 Cover Letter stated, in relevant part:

           For the usage "cross of Caid" to be acceptable, we'd
           need to show it too matches a pattern of period usage.

           As Crescent notes, many national emblems were given
           names... the _cross of St. George_ being the prime
           example. However, we have yet to find any instances of
           period blazons using such terms. While we do use such
           terms (e.g., _cross of Jerusalem_) in SCA blazon, we
           are not inclined to introduce a new named crosses at
           this time when such can easily be blazoned by its
           parts (as four crescents conjoined in saltire horns
           outward).

           The usage of the terms cross of Caid and Caidan cross
           is perfectly acceptable, outside of blazons. These
           terms will not be used in blazons unless we find
           support in period blazonry for named crosses (and not
           just a single instance). If such evidence is
           presented, this issue may be revisited.

      This return was then quoted in the November 2012 Cover Letter,
      which ruled:

           The College of Heralds of Caid appealed to the College
           of Arms for new evidence of named crosses in period
           blazonry, given the number of period armorials and
           rolls that have become available in the past several
           years. Unfortunately, no such new evidence was found.
           Therefore, we reaffirm the past decisions, and will
           continue to bar the use of the terms _cross of Caid or
           Caidan cross_ in blazon.

      Finally, on the November 2014 Letter of Acceptances and Returns,
      we rejected an attempt to use the term _cross of Caid_ in blazon
      and ruled that, "[a]s there is still no evidence of named
      crosses in period blazonry, this badge has been reblazoned as
      "four crescents conjoined in saltire horns outward"."

      While we applaud Caid's efforts to find evidence of named
      crosses used in period blazonry, for two reasons, the evidence
      provided does not show this. First, most of the instances of
      named crosses cited in the Letter of Intent are not from blazon;
      they are informal vernacular usages. Second, it is not clear
      that the two or three examples that might qualify as blazons of
      crosses of [place name] are actually based on the place name or
      on the name of the family that rules the place.

      We must weigh this evidence in light of the historical
      reluctance of the College to blazon constructed charges unique
      to the Society with vernacular names. The past returns of the
      term cross of Caid are not the only example. Most notably,
      although colloquially known as a "pentacle" (and almost
      certainly called a pentacle by most submitters and non-heralds),
      we blazon the design as _a mullet voided and interlaced within
      and conjoined to an annulet_." Likewise, a cross of ermine spots
      is blazoned as a cross of ermine spots, not with any constructed
      Society name.

      Further, we must consider whether the design _four crescents
      conjoined in saltire horns outward_ would read to medieval eyes
      as a cross of any kind. This question was explicitly left open
      by the May 2007 Cover Letter. No evidence was presented of a
      combination of charges in saltire being referred to as a cross.
      Without such evidence, and after comparing _four crescents
      conjoined in saltire horns outward_ with the variety of crosses
      seen in period heraldry, we do not believe that this design
      would have been interpreted as a cross.

      Against this backdrop, the two marginal and unclear examples of
      _croix de Bourgogne_ and _croix de Jerusalem_ are not sufficient
      to overturn past rulings declining to blazon _four crescents
      conjoined in saltire horns outward_ as a _cross of Caid_.

  D'vorah bint D{a-}'{u-}d. Device change. Azure, in chief three bees
  Or marked azure and on a point pointed Or a bee azure marked Or.

      This device conflicts with Emery de Llanruthin, "Azure, in chief
      three bees, a point pointed Or", with one DC for the addition of
      the tertiary bee.

  Ragnarr fra Dyflinnarskiri. Device change. Per chevron embattled
  sable and Or, two fish-hooks and a lion counterchanged.

      This device must be returned for redraw. The line of division is
      lower than allowed by current precedent.

      Upon resubmission, the embattlements on the field division
      should be bolder, and the co-primary charges depicted with
      similar visual weight.

======================================================================

**** CALONTIR returns ****

None.

======================================================================

**** DRACHENWALD returns ****

  Bernhart Gottfrid Bisterfeld. Device. Per fess gules and argent, a
  double-horned anvil argent and a bear statant sable atop base vert.

      This device must be returned for violating SENA A3D1, Clarity of
      Charge Groups. The division of the field is not of equal parts:
      the lower portion is half the height of the upper portion. The
      visual effect is difficult to distinguish from a charged fess:
      i.e., this might be a badly drawn rendition of "Per fess gules
      and vert, on a fess argent a bear statant sable, in chief a
      double-horned anvil argent". The blurred distinction of charges
      is sufficient to warrant returning this for redesign

  Frostheim, Shire of. Device. Sable, a bend argent, overall a key
  within a laurel wreath Or.

      This device must be returned for redesign. SENA Appendix I,
      Section D, states that "There can be only one overall charge
      group in any design." In this design, the laurel wreath is
      subordinate to the key, which is not allowed. Or, to put it
      another way, if there had been no bend, the key would have been
      the primary charge and the laurel wreath the secondary charge -
      two separate charge groups. They remain two separate charge
      groups when the bend is inserted.

      This design was previously submitted in 1994, and was returned
      for conflict with modern armory. That conflict was rendered null
      with the Modest Proposal. However, this is the first attempt at
      resubmission. Had the submission been more timely, the design
      issue which is the current cause for return would have been
      avoided.

  Gorm Glupe. Device. Sable, in pale a boar statant and a key Or and a
  bordure compony gules and Or.

      This device is returned for lack of identifiability of the
      charge in chief. Commenters were unable to identify the charge
      as a boar, due to lack of internal detailing.

  Gorm Glupe. Badge. Sable, a bordure compony gules and Or.

      This badge is returned for conflict with Cormacc mac Conaill,
      "Sable, a bordure argent", with one DC for change of tincture of
      the bordure.

  Ilkka {o'}r Finnm{o,}rk. Device. Sable, a sinister foot erased
  contourny Or.

      This device must be returned for conflict with the Canton of
      Narrenbeck, "Sable, a foot couped reversed within a laurel
      wreath Or". There is one DC for elimination of the secondary
      charge.

======================================================================

**** EALDORMERE returns ****

  Dietrich von Sachsen. Badge. Gules, a plate charged with a delf
  gules within eight plates in annulo each charged with a delf gules.

      This device is returned for violation of SENA A3D1, which
      forbids the use of the same charge in two different charge
      groups - primary and secondary in this case - because doing so
      blurs the distinction between groups. Without an IAP such as was
      recently used for the umebachi, this isn't permitted.

  Iacobus le Tynekere. Device. Or, a brown mouse of India courant
  contourny proper maintaining in its mouth a serpent "glissant
  contourny" vert.

      This device is returned for redraw. No posture was proposed by
      the submitter, and none could be found by the commenters, to
      blazon the posture of the serpent in such a way that it would be
      reproduced as drawn.

  Liadan Chu. Heraldic title Nuntio Herald.

      This item was pended on the February 2017 Letter of Acceptances
      and Returns to consider an alternative construction that might
      allow registration of this heraldic title. The title was
      originally proposed to be derived from a motto or desirable
      trait. However, as we ruled on the February 2017 Letter of
      Acceptances and Return, the documentation did not support this
      construction. We pended this item to consider whether the
      existence of the Spanish surname _Nuntio_ supported the heraldic
      title _Nuntio Herald_, an issue raised in the Pelican decision
      meeting.

      Unfortunately, this heraldic title must be now returned for two
      reasons. First, Section IV.C of the Administrative Handbook
      states that "[a]ll submissions must be on the forms currently
      approved by Laurel." This submission does not use the current
      Laurel-approved form, which is grounds for an administrative
      return.

      Second, we were unable to find any evidence of Spanish surnames
      or family names being used to form heraldic titles. Commentary
      was strongly against allowing pan-European patterns for heraldic
      titles, particularly given that some cultures did not have
      titled heralds. Thus, when forming heraldic titles, the
      substantive elements of the title and the pattern must be in the
      same language. Because the pattern of forming titles from
      surnames or family names is limited to English and French, that
      pattern cannot be applied to a Spanish surname such as _Nuntio_.

      On any future resubmission, the submitter should also be
      prepared to address whether this title presumes on the rank of a
      _papal nuncio_, a real world diplomatic office of significant
      rank.

======================================================================

**** EAST returns ****

  Brita Mairi Svensdottir. Augmentation of arms. Quarterly argent and
  azure, an equal-armed Celtic cross between four ospreys volant
  bendwise counterchanged and for augmentation on an inescutcheon
  surmounting the cross Or three sharks naiant conjoined in annulo
  azure.

      This augmentation of arms is returned because the depiction of
      the base arms is blazonably different from the registered arms.
      The original device had an elongated lower arm, which is
      standard for Celtic crosses. However, the base device in this
      submission is equal-armed, a blazonable detail that is grounds
      for return.

      This augmentation is also returned for lack of identifiability
      of the charges of the augmentation itself. Commenters had
      difficulty recognizing the charges on the escutcheon as sharks,
      with some calling them branches, others a stag's attire in
      annulo.

======================================================================

**** LOCHAC returns ****

  Duncan Prymrois. Device change. Azure, a stag beetle Or.

      This device is returned for conflict with the badge of Lavinia
      of Catmere, "(Fieldless) A ladybug Or marked sable". There's a
      DC for fielded vs fieldless armory, but nothing for the black
      spots, and nothing for changing the type of beetle.

  Duncan Prymrois. Badge. (Fieldless) A stag beetle Or.

      This badge is returned for conflict with the badge of Lavinia of
      Catmere, "(Fieldless) A ladybug Or marked sable". There's a DC
      for fieldlessness, but nothing for the black spots, and nothing
      for changing the type of beetle.

  Elisabeth Chienast. Device. Per chevron Or and azure, two lizards
  tergiant in chevron vert and on a closed book palewise argent, a rod
  of Asclepius gules.

      This device must be returned for redraw; the arrangement of the
      lizards blurs the difference between palewise and bendwise
      (sinister).

      Upon resubmission, we suggest that the submitter depict the book
      with more depth, to differentiate it from a billet.

======================================================================

**** MERIDIES returns ****

  Fynlo MacCane. Device. Per chevron vert and sable, a chevron raguly
  on the upper edge and in chief two oak trees argent.

      This device must be returned for a redraw. Though we do allow
      chevrons to be somewhat lower when there are charges in chief
      and not in base, we do not give the same leeway for the field
      division. The per chevron line of division needs to go
      substantially above the fess line.

  John le Mailur. Device. Per pale barry dancetty azure and argent and
  argent, on a tower sable a sword inverted Or.

      This device is returned for violation of SENA A3B3a, which
      requires that identifiability be maintained when sections of a
      divided field have the same base tincture. The example given in
      the rule is "Per fess ermine and lozengy argent and sable",
      "where the argent lozenges were against the per fess line, would
      not be registerable because ermine and argent share a background
      tincture and the line of division would be obscured." This is a
      similar situation, where the argent field abuts the argent
      dances, obscuring the line of division.

  Marion le Blake. Name.

      Unfortunately, this name conflicts with the registered _Marion
      the Black_. Evidence indicates that _Blake_ and _Black_ were
      pronounced nearly identically in period. Therefore, the two
      names lack the necessary number of differences in sound and
      appearance.

      Her device is registered under the holding name "Marion of Iron
      Mountain".

  Sh{i^}r{i^}n al-Nis{a^}. Name.

      This name must be returned as it is not correctly constructed.
      The element "al-Nis{a^}" cannot be used independently as a
      byname. It is a phrase meaning "of the women," found as part of
      two compound Persian given names, _Fakhr al-Nis{a^}_ and _Khayr
      al-Nis{a^}_.

  Sibella Denton. Badge. Argent, a cogwheel and a bordure embattled
  sable.

      This device is returned for conflict with Ameline de Colwell,
      "Argent, a Catherine wheel gules and a bordure dovetailed
      sable". There is one DC for the tincture of the primary. There
      is no difference between dovetailed and embattled. Per
      precedent, there is no DC between a cog wheel and a Catherine's
      wheel.

======================================================================

**** MIDDLE returns ****

  Adella Silberpfeil. Device. Per chevron throughout azure and argent,
  two drawn bows reversed nocked with mullet-headed arrows argent, and
  a dragon dormant purpure.

      This device is returned for lack of documentation of
      mullet-headed arrows. No documentation was presented and none
      could be found that arrows were headed of anything but
      arrowheads (pheons, broadheads, bird-blunts, etc.).

  Edmund of Hertford. Household name Lozengia Tower.

      This household name must be returned for lack of documentation.
      NPN1B3 of SENA states: "The designators for household names must
      be documented as a form describing a group of people in a
      particular culture." No documentation was provided (and none
      could be found) showing the use of _tower_ to describe a group
      of people. Thus, this name lacks a designator and cannot be
      registered.

      In addition, there was no evidence that this name fits an
      attested pattern for constructing household names. Without such
      evidence, this name cannot be registered.

  Reinhardt mit dem Bart. Device. Quarterly sable and gules, a
  wolfhound statant contourny between two towers in bend argent.

      This device is returned for blurring the distinction between
      primary and overall charges. The wolfhound is not truly between
      the towers, but is barely overall, with the tip of the hound's
      tail and one of its paws overlapping the towers. Being neither
      honestly between nor honestly overall, it cannot accurately be
      blazoned.

  Tarquinus Suspectus. Name and device. Per bend argent and vert, a
  bend between an alphyn passant and three towers counterchanged.

      Originally submitted as "Tarquin_ Suspectus", the documentation
      in the Letter of Intent did not support this form of the name.
      Fortunately, Alisoun Metron Ariston was able to document
      "Tarquin_us_ Suspectus" as a plausible Roman name based on the
      appearance of the _nomen Tarquinus_ in first century B.C.E.
      Roman writings and the pattern of _cognomina_ derived from
      perfect passive participles mentioned in Kajanto, _The Latin
      Cognomina_, pp. 92 - 93. As the submitter allows all changes, we
      have changed the name to "Tarquin_us_ Suspectus" for
      registration.

======================================================================

**** NORTHSHIELD returns ****

None.

======================================================================

**** OUTLANDS returns ****

  Martine de La Rochelle. Device. Azure, three dragonflies within an
  orle argent.

      This device must be returned administratively. The shape of the
      submitted shield is not the same as the one on the approved
      submission form, which is grounds for return.

======================================================================

**** TRIMARIS returns ****

  Dragons Chase, Shire of. Device change. Checky argent and sable,
  three dragons passant in annulo gules within a laurel wreath vert.

      This device is returned for redraw. The dragons in annulo are
      too small to be identified, especially on the checky background.

      There is a step from period practice for having charges in
      annulo not in their default orientation.

======================================================================

**** WEST returns ****

  Halla in mj{o'}va. Device. Quarterly sable and vert, a Bowen cross
  within an orle argent.

      This device was withdrawn by the submitter.

======================================================================

                 - Explicit littera renuntiationum -

======================================================================

***** THE FOLLOWING ITEMS HAVE BEEN PENDED UNTIL THE December 2017
LAUREL MEETING (OR AS NOTED): *****

**** {AE}THELMEARC pends ****

  Gr{a'}inne Shionnach. Device. Azure, a fox passant contourny
  regardant Or, in chief an arrow fesswise argent transfixing an
  increscent Or.

      This device includes a crescent surmounting/transfixing a
      secondary arrow in chief. SENA Appendix I requires that overall
      charges surmount the primary charge and nothing in SENA allows
      for charges surmounting secondary charges. This is pended to
      allow commentary on whether this pattern generally and/or this
      motif specifically should be allowed. Specifically, we'd like
      commenters to research whether such motifs are found in period
      heraldry.

      This was item 7 on the AEthelmearc letter of April 17, 2017.

======================================================================

**** ATENVELDT pends ****

  Marcus de Grae. Device. Per bend sinister sable and vert, a phoenix
  and in chief an arrow fesswise surmounted by a crescent Or.

      This device includes a crescent surmounting a secondary arrow in
      chief. SENA Appendix I requires that overall charges surmount
      the primary charge and nothing in SENA allows for charges
      surmounting secondary charges. This is pended to allow
      commentary on whether this pattern generally and/or this motif
      specifically should be allowed. Specifically, we'd like
      commenters to research whether such motifs are found in period
      heraldry.

      This was item 11 on the Atenveldt letter of April 26, 2017.

======================================================================

**** ATLANTIA pends ****

  F{a'}lka {TH}{o'}rleifsd{o'}ttir. Name.

      No evidence could be found of _F{a'}lka_ as a female given name
      in a language compatible with her Old Norse byname. However,
      _F{a'}lki_ is an attested Old Norse male given name. This name
      is pended for additional research to determine whether the male
      _F{a'}lki_ could be feminized and what the feminized form would
      be.

      This was item 7 on the Atlantia letter of April 30, 2017.

======================================================================

**** LOCHAC pends ****

  Liam Alban of Oxley. Device. Per pale Or and argent, a label gules,
  on a chief sable three Latin crosses argent.

      This device is pended for discussion about how to properly
      blazon the label. In this design, the label is the primary
      charge. Under current precedent, labels are in chief and
      throughout by default; like the chief, its placement is an
      intrinsic part of the charge, and it functions as a peripheral
      non-ordinary. If the submitter wishes to indicate that he is the
      heir to Wintherus Alban, the label would likely overlie the
      chief and crosses, and extend substantially into the field.
      However, this would run afoul of SENA Appendix I, which requires
      overall charges to surmount the primary charge; with no primary
      charge, this would be impossible.

      This was item 11 on the Lochac letter of April 26, 2017.

======================================================================

                             - Explicit -

======================================================================

Created at 2017-09-23T11:21:04
-------------- next part --------------
                                               Society for Creative Anachronism
                                                                College of Arms

                                                     601 S Washington #137
                                                      Stillwater, OK 74074
                                                           +1 405 428 3662
                                                   laurel at heraldry.sca.org
                         For the July 2017 meetings, printed September 23, 2017

To all the College of Arms and all others who may read this missive, from Emma
Laurel, Alys Pelican, and Cormac Wreath, greetings.

**** From Laurel: New Laurel! ****

As most of you know, the office of Laurel Sovereign of Arms, Society Herald,
recently closed for applications. We had a total of four applications, which is
a goodly number for a Society office, and I wish to publicly thank all the
applicants:

    * Gabriel andvaka Kj{o,}tvason


    * Juliana de Luna


    * S{a'}r{a'}n mac S{a'}r{a'}in


    * Wu Yun

All of these individuals offered to give up a good deal of their time to serve
the College of Arms and the SCA, and while only one was chosen, it is my hope
that the rest will continue to enrich the Society with their service.

It is my privilege to announce that the Board has appointed Mistress Juliana de
Luna to be the next Laurel Queen of Arms. Juliana hails most recently from the
kingdom of An Tir, although she is known throughout the Society for her
heraldic work at Pennsic, her driving force and personal touches on SENA as
Palimpsest Herald, and her tenure as Pelican Queen of Arms, along with much
other heraldic service.

The Laurel office will change hands on October 1, 2017.

**** From Pelican: Lenition in Gaelic Names ****

Lenition is a not a concept found in modern English and, as a result, it is an
issue that often trips up heralds and submitters creating Gaelic bynames.
Lenition, as an initial mutation in Gaelic, is a "softening" of certain
consonant sounds at the beginning of words in some grammatical contexts. This
pronunciation change is sometimes indicated by a changed spelling as well.
Lenition is primarily an issue when creating female Gaelic bynames, but it is
also sometimes requires for male Clan Affiliation bynames as well. Where
required, the spelling change to show lenition involves adding an "h" after the
affected consonant. For guidance on when lenition is (and is not) required by
standard Gaelic grammar, heralds and submitters are referred to Effric Neyn
Ken3ocht Mcherrald's invaluable "Quick and Easy Gaelic Names"
(http://medievalscotland.org/scotnames/quickgaelicbynames/).

Over the last several months, Br{i'}an dorcha ua Conaill has found numerous
examples in which lenition was applied inconsistently and "incorrectly" (as far
as standard rules of Gaelic are concerned) by medieval Gaelic authors. In an
effort to provide clearer guidance for lenition based on this new data,
starting with submissions decided at the January 2018 Pelican decision meeting,
the following rule applies:

Standard Gaelic grammar rules for when lenition is required apply unless: (1)
the submitter indicates that he or she prefers the unlenited form AND (2) the
submitter or commenters provides documentation showing at least three (3)
examples in which lenition was not applied to the same first lettter in
medieval Gaelic writings in a situation in which it would otherwise be
required.

For example, this month, a name was submitted as _Sib{a'}n ingen Cian{a'}in_
without lenition of the _C_ in the father's name as required by standard Gaelic
grammar. Br{i'}an dorcha ua Conaill found more than 100 instances in medieval
Gaelic writings where a father's name starting with _C_ was not lenited after
_ingen_. Accordingly, we registered the name as submitted, without lenition. In
the future, only three such examples will be required.

The necessary examples of how lenition was applied in practice can be found by
searching the raw data in Mari ingen Briain meic Donnchada's "Index of Names in
Irish Annals" (https://medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/). I recommend
using the articles search function found at www.morsulus.org (written by Dame
Elsbeth Ann Roth) as a starting place for searching out specific spellings. In
addition, those with some facility in Gaelic can search the Annals directly
using the search function in the CELT archive (http://celt.ucc.ie/).

**** From Pelican: On Using Wickenden's _A Dictionary of Period Russian Names_
(aka the _Russian Names Database_) ****

Both in its electronic second edition and in its hard copy third edition, Paul
Wickenden of Thanet's _A Dictionary of Period Russian Names_ is the major
source on Russian names available to SCA heralds and submitters. Unfortunately,
the work is not without its flaws, which have become more apparent as time has
passed. Although some of the flaws were discussed in the June 2013 Cover
Letter, issues have been raised often enough in recent months that we wish to
provide two important guidelines for how to use this work.

First, heralds and submitters must keep in mind that the _Dictionary_ gives
only the earliest dated instance of a particular name under the heading for
that name. For example, although the male given name _Nikita_ was used
throughout the SCA's period, under the heading for _Nikita_, the _Dictionary_
provides only a single example, dated to "before 1147." It is only by searching
the _Dictionary_ in its entirety that one finds later-dated examples of
_Nikita_ under different headings. Because only the earliest date is given for
most names, we generally give submitters the benefit of the doubt that name
elements found in the _Dictionary_ are temporally compatible.

In the case of name elements in the _Dictionary_ derived from the names of
saints and martyrs, we continue to apply the rule set out in the June 2013
Cover Letter. For names listed with only a very early date (3rd century, for
example) and noted to be the name of a saint or martyr, the submitter can rely
on the Saint's Name Allowance found in PN1B2d1 to register that element.

Second, Wickenden included far more than just period Russian names in the
_Dictionary_. In addition to Russian names, the _Dictionary_ includes name
elements from Lithuanian prince and princesses, Bulgarian kings, Czechs, Finns,
and people of the Caucasus region including Georgians, sometimes without
clearly indicating their origins. This wide range can be problematic for
submitters seeking authentic Russian names.

In particular, Wickenden relied on a book by Mikhail Iakolevich Moroshkin
called _Slavianskii imenoslov ili, sobranie slavianskikh lichnykh imen_ (_The
Slavic Name Book, or a Collection of Slavic Personal Names_) that is today in
the public domain and freely available online
(https://archive.org/details/slavianskimenos00morogoog). Name elements from
this source are marked in the _Dictionary_ with the abbreviation [Mor].
Moroshkin was interested primarily in common name elements that appeared across
the Slavic languages and, as a result, he grouped name elements together under
a "Russified" spelling even if they were found in Latin-language records from
Bohemia or German-language records from Poland. Thus, a name element taken from
Moroshkin and appearing in the _Dictionary_ may not actually be a Russian
element.

Despite these flaws, the _Dictionary_ remains the best generally available
source for Russian names and one easily accessible to submitters. Therefore,
where the submitter has not requested authenticity, names found in the
_Dictionary_ will be treated as Russian, regardless of their source. In
addition, we will continue the policy of giving submitters the benefit of the
doubt as to temporal compatibility when using name elements found in the
_Dictionary_.

Submitters and heralds attempting to construct authentic Russian names are
advised to use the _Dictionary_ with caution. Entries sourced solely from
Moroshkin should be avoided because it is likely that they are not truly
Russian forms. Name elements that use the letters _c_ or _h_ without a _c_,
_k_, _s_ or _z_ before it probably were not originally written in Cyrillic.
Likewise, names containing the letters _j_, _v_ or _w_ likely were not
originally written in Cyrillic and may not be authentic Russian forms.

We encourage anyone who might be interested in writing an Errata to the
_Dictionary_ or writing other Russian/Slavic name articles to contact us for
guidance or assistance.

**** From Wreath: On "displayed" and "affronty" - a call for commentary ****

In period, the term "displayed" was primarily used as a posture for birds
(especially eagles) with their bodies facing the viewer and legs and wings
splayed to either side. It is also used for wings when describing their
placement relative to the winged charge. Over the years, usage of "displayed"
in SCA blazonry has come to be applied to winged quadrupeds as a shorthand for
"statant erect affronty, wings displayed" with the forelimbs placed just above
the wings for ease of recognition.

The most common application of this term for quadrupeds is dragons, and its use
is a step from period practice. However, other postures of winged quadrupeds
affronty, when explicitly blazoned (e.g. "sejant affronty, wings displayed"),
do not get called out as a step from period practice.

There are a couple of reasons quadrupeds "displayed" might be a step from
period practice. The first is an extension of the ruling about eagles being the
only birds displayed in period. However, as cockatrices, frauenadlers, and
other bipedal winged creatures were seen displayed in period armory, this might
have been an improper extension of the ruling.

The second possibility is that affronty postures for quadrupeds are not often
seen in period heraldry, and application of wings to an already rare posture
becomes improbable for period armorial design. As far as I know, no one has
done a thorough search of period rolls to catalog affronty quadrupeds, so this
might be possible.

In the interest of determining whether a winged quadruped statant erect
affronty, wings displayed, should remain a step from period practice, we ask
the College to provide examples of quadrupeds affronty from rolls of arms or
other armorial displays that we consider to be "core heraldry." i.e.
Anglo-Norman heraldry prior to 1485. Armorial examples outside of this window
are also welcome, but will be given less consideration.

What prompted this search? On three separate occasions during the transition of
Wreath, a variation of a dragon displayed with a torso twisted to dexter and
the limbs arranged unevenly has been registered with an artist's note to
"Please make sure that the belly scales are in the center of the body, with
flanks showing on either side and with the limbs displayed equally, to be more
properly displayed." A fourth submission using this same depiction appears in
this LoAR.

It appears that most of these depictions are coming directly or indirectly from
the Pennsic Traceable Art Project. We are in the process of pulling this
depiction from the project. Absent documentation, we will cease to register any
depictions of animate charges displayed with the torso twisted to dexter or
sinister as of the January 2018 decision meeting.

**** From Wreath: On "dormant" - a call for commentary ****

The posture of "dormant" is frequently described by heralds as "meatloafant,"
because it is notoriously difficult to recognize the type of creature by its
silhouette. With legs pulled beneath the body, tail frequently lowered or
wrapped, and head down, the outline of the creature becomes an amorphous blob,
with defining features largely lacking.

Dormant is found in period heraldic tracts as a theoretical posture (Legh's
_Accedens of Armory_, 1576, fol.44, attributes "Azure, a lion dormant Or" to
the Tribe of Judah), but one that is not found in actual armory prior to the
17th century. A variation on couchant, it's best described as "couchant, head
lowered to the forepaws." We generally allow things from period heraldic
tracts.

Submitters frequently struggle to depict their charge in this posture while
maintaining its identifiability, and submissions are frequently returned for
redraw because of this. We ask for commentary from the College of Arms about
how to best serve submitters who seek to have a sleeping critter on their arms,
so that they can avoid the disappointment and frustration of a return.

**** From Wreath: On ships and their sails ****

The recent submission of Giana di Nichol{'o} da Firenze, on the East Kingdom
Letter of Intent of November 30, 2016, raised the question of the difference we
should give for the tincture of the sails of a ship. This is intimately
connected to the question of the difference we should give for the presence or
absence of those sails, as well. Past rulings have been contradictory on these
matters.

We have several explicit rulings that the tincture of a ship's sails, or their
presence or absence, is worth no difference:

     Prior Laurel rulings (LoARs of July 91, Nov 91) have granted no
     difference for the tincture of a ship's sail - just as we grant no
     difference for sails furled vs. unfurled. [Lars Gilsson, LoAR of Oct
     1992]

     Conflict with [several armories]. In each case, there is one CD for
     fieldlessness, but nothing for changing the tincture of the sail.
     [Daibhidh Ruadh MacLachlan, LoAR of May 1994]

     There is one CD for the field (or lack thereof), but nothing for the
     difference in the tincture of the sails. [Otto the Confused, LoAR of
     July 1996]

This is our current policy: There is no DC for type of ship (lymphad, drakkar,
rowboat, etc.); nor is there a DC for sails furled (or absent altogether) vs.
sails unfurled; nor is there a DC for the tincture of an unfurled sail as half
the charge.

But a more recent ruling suggests that, for contrast purposes, the sail of a
ship is half the charge:

     [A caravel proper sailed Or on an argent field] The ship, like most
     ships, has sails which are roughly half the charge. The ship,
     therefore, is equally divided of a color (the dark brown wood proper
     of the hull) and a metal (the Or of the sails). [Damian of Ered
     S{u^}l, LoAR of July 2002]

If the ship's sail is half the charge for contrast purposes, then it might be
argued to be half the charge for conflict purposes as well. Changing its
tincture would therefore be worth difference; moreover, removing it should
likewise be worth difference. It would be analogous to the wings of a pegasus:
"a pegasus argent" would have a DC from "a pegasus argent winged gules", and
likewise a DC from "a horse argent".

Giana's submission was pended, and appeared on the Laurel LoPaD of April 23,
2017, wherein commentary on this issue was sought.

Period heraldic examples of ships were presented in commentary, particular
cases of a single coat of arms depicted repeatedly over the years. These
examples showed, among other things, that the type of ship (the hull, mostly)
was subject to much artistic variation. However, the most extensive collections
were the arms of the Earldom of Caithness (with a ship under sail) and the
Earldom of Orkney (with a ship with sails furled), from Scotland. Despite any
changes to the coats over time, Caithness's ship is always shown under full
sail, and Orkney's ship is always shown with sails furled - even when the two
coats were quartered in the same arms, in the period when the two Earldoms were
held by a single person. This suggests that the sails were considered
heraldically significant by period heralds.

We are therefore amending our policy on the difference we grant for ships: As
before, we grant no difference for type of ship, per se. The shape of the hull,
the presence of oars, or the number of masts will count for no difference.

We now grant difference for the presence or absence of sails on a ship. This
will mean, for example, a DC between a lymphad (which has its sails furled by
default) and a drakkar (which is under full sail by default). No difference
will be given between, say, a drakkar and a caravel (or any other late-period
sailing ship), since both are ships with sails.

The corollary to this is that the sails, if shown, must be drawn large enough
to be considered "half the charge" for contrast and conflict purposes. For
instance, we will grant a DC between a lymphad and a lymphad, sails unfurled -
but only if the sails are large enough to be worth that difference. A "sailed"
ship with insignificant sails will be returned for redrawing.

For sailed ships, we now grant difference for the tincture of the sails. This
will mean a DC between, for instance, a drakkar gules and a drakkar gules
sailed Or. Note that the sail's tincture is an integral part of the tincture of
the charge: between a drakkar gules sailed Or and a drakkar azure is one DC,
not two.

The corollary to this is that sail tincture can now be counted against other
charges in addition to ships. For instance, between a drakkar gules sailed Or
and a lion gules, we have one DC for type of charge and one DC for its
tincture.

In the specific case which prompted this discussion, the submission of Giana di
Nichol{'o} da Firenze (Argent, a bend sinister vert, overall a wyvern erect
sable), we find it clear of the device of Charles the Traveler (Argent, a bend
sinister vert, overall a drakkar sable its sail paly gules and argent). There's
now one DC for tincture of half of the overall charge, as well as one DC for
its type.

**** Society Pages ****

On August 9, 2017, at East Kingdom Court at Pennsic, Their Majesties Ioannes
and Honig inducted Alys Mackyntoich, Pelican Queen of Arms, into the Order of
Defense.

On August 12, 2017, at Dreiburgen Summer Arts/Festival of the Rose, Their
Majesties Alexander and Tahira admitted Paul fitz Denis, Crescent Principal
Herald, to the Order of the Lux Caidis for his skill in brewing and performing
arts.

On August 19, 2017, Brigida von Munchen, former Saker Herald (submissions) of
Calontir, was placed on vigil for the Order of the Pelican, to be elevated at a
later date.

On September 9, 2017, at the An Tir Kingdom Heraldic and Scribal Symposium,
Their Majesties Christian and Helene inducted Oddr {TH}i{a'}lfason, Black Lion
Principal Herald into the Order of the Pelican.

Also on September 9, 2017, at Angels Anniversary, Their Majesties Alexander and
Tahira admitted Arianna Foxford, Seraph Pursuivant, to the Order of the
Crescent for her service to the Barony and the Kingdom. The Order of the
Crescent is Caid's grant-level service award.

Please send information about happenings to major heralds and major happenings
to all heralds to Laurel, so that it can be published here.

**** Send What to Whom ****

Letters of Intent, Comment, Response, Correction, et cetera are to be posted to
the OSCAR online system. No paper copies need be sent. All submission forms
plus documentation, including petitions, must be posted to the OSCAR online
system. While black-and-white emblazons must be included in the Letter of
Intent, only colored armory forms need to be posted in the forms area.

Cheques or money orders for submissions, payable to "SCA Inc.-College of Arms"
are to be sent to Stephanie Ray-Solum, Blue Bug Bookkeeping, 2144 Westlake Ave.
North Suite F, Seattle, WA 98109.

Send roster changes and corrections to Laurel. College of Arms members may also
request a copy of the current roster from Laurel.

For a paper copy of a LoAR, please contact Laurel, at the address above. The
cost for one LoAR is $3. Please make all checks or money orders payable to "SCA
Inc.-College of Arms". The electronic copy of the LoAR is available free of
charge. To subscribe to the mailings of the electronic copy, please see the
bottom of http://heraldry.sca.org/heraldry/lists.html#lists for more
instructions.

For all administrative matters, please contact Laurel.

**** Scheduling ****

Items listed below in square brackets have not been scheduled yet. For
information about future scheduling, please review the status table located on
the Web at http://oscar.sca.org/index.php?action=137.

The July Laurel decisions were made at the Pelican meeting held on Sunday, July
9, 2017 and the Wreath meeting held on Sunday, July 16, 2017. These meetings
considered the following letters of intent: West (03 Apr, 2017), {AE}thelmearc
(17 Apr, 2017), Caid (19 Apr, 2017), Laurel LoPaD (23 Apr, 2017), West (24 Apr,
2017), Ealdormere (25 Apr, 2017), Artemisia (26 Apr, 2017), Atenveldt (26 Apr,
2017), Lochac (26 Apr, 2017), An Tir (30 Apr, 2017), Artemisia (30 Apr, 2017),
Atenveldt (30 Apr, 2017), Atlantia (30 Apr, 2017), Caid (30 Apr, 2017),
Calontir (30 Apr, 2017), Drachenwald (30 Apr, 2017), East (30 Apr, 2017),
Meridies (30 Apr, 2017), Middle (30 Apr, 2017), Northshield (30 Apr, 2017),
Outlands (30 Apr, 2017), and Trimaris (30 Apr, 2017). * All commentary,
responses, and rebuttals should have been entered into OSCAR by Friday, June
30, 2017.*

The August Laurel decisions were made at the Pelican meeting held on Monday,
August 7, 2017 and Sunday, August 20, 2017 and the Wreath meeting held on
Sunday, August 13, 2017. These meetings considered the following letters of
intent: {AE}thelmearc (16 May, 2017), Caid (22 May, 2017), Ealdormere (23 May,
2017), Lochac (25 May, 2017), Atlantia (27 May, 2017), West (27 May, 2017),
Artemisia (28 May, 2017), Avacal (28 May, 2017), Atenveldt (30 May, 2017),
Calontir (30 May, 2017), An Tir (31 May, 2017), Drachenwald (31 May, 2017),
East (31 May, 2017), Meridies (31 May, 2017), Northshield (31 May, 2017),
Outlands (31 May, 2017), and Trimaris (31 May, 2017). * All commentary,
responses, and rebuttals should have been entered into OSCAR by Monday, July
31, 2017.*

The September Laurel decisions were made at the Pelican meeting held on Sunday,
September 3, 2017 and the Wreath meeting held on Sunday, September 10, 2017.
These meetings considered the following letters of intent: Gleann Abhann (06
Jun, 2017), {AE}thelmearc (14 Jun, 2017), Caid (18 Jun, 2017), Laurel LoPaD (22
Jun, 2017), Ealdormere (24 Jun, 2017), Atlantia (26 Jun, 2017), Lochac (26 Jun,
2017), Artemisia (27 Jun, 2017), Drachenwald (27 Jun, 2017), Ansteorra (28 Jun,
2017), Northshield (28 Jun, 2017), An Tir (30 Jun, 2017), Avacal (30 Jun,
2017), Calontir (30 Jun, 2017), East (30 Jun, 2017), Laurel (30 Jun, 2017),
Meridies (30 Jun, 2017), Middle (30 Jun, 2017), and Outlands (30 Jun, 2017). *
All commentary, responses, and rebuttals should have been entered into OSCAR by
Thursday, August 31, 2017.*

_Not all letters of intent may be considered when they are originally scheduled
on this cover letter. The date of posting of the LoI, date of receipt of the
Laurel packet, or other factors may delay consideration of certain letters of
intent. Additionally, some letters of intent received may not have been
scheduled because the administrative requirements (receipt of the forms packet,
receipt of the necessary fees, et cetera) have not yet been met._

REMINDER: Until all administrative requirements are met, the letter may not be
scheduled.

Pray know that I remain,

In service,

Emma de Fetherstan
Laurel Queen of Arms

===============================================================================

Created at 2017-09-23T11:21:04
-------------- next part --------------
****** Errata ******

***** September 2013 *****

**** Outlands ****

  Sean O Faolain. Name change from holding name Sean of Hawk's Hollow.

      When his name was registered, the LoAR neglected to note that
      the name submission was an appeal of a previous return that
      resulted in a holding name.

======================================================================

Created at 2017-09-23T11:21:04


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