[LoAR-txt] 2017-08 LoAR in plaintext format

Postmeeting Clerk via LoAR-TXT loar-txt at lists.sca.org
Wed Oct 18 17:35:07 CDT 2017


Please find attached the files for the August 2017 LoAR in Da'ud plaintext
format.


-- 
Emma de Fetherstan, acting as Postmeeting Clerk
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***** THE FOLLOWING ITEMS HAVE BEEN REGISTERED: *****

**** {AE}THELMEARC acceptances ****

  Ceara Ch{a'}omhanach. Device. Purpure, a triquetra Or between three
  natural tiger's heads cabossed argent marked sable.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of natural
      tiger's heads.

  Serena Milani. Name change from Eyd{i'}s V{i'}gd{i'}sard{o'}ttir
  (see RETURNS for device).

      The submitter's previous name, _Eyd{i'}s
      V{i'}gd{i'}sard{o'}ttir_, is retained as an alternate name.

  Valger{dh}r inn rosti. Device. Argent, three sheep passant to
  sinister sable, each charged with an Elder Futhark fehu rune argent,
  a bordure gules.

======================================================================

**** AN TIR acceptances ****

  Ailion{o'}ra inghean Tighearnaigh. Device change. Argent, a polypus
  per pale gules and sable within a bordure embattled per pale sable
  and gules.

      The submitter's previous device, "Argent, on a bend engrailed
      azure between a brown horse rampant and a tree eradicated proper
      three gouttes argent", is retained as a badge.

  Aline de Seez. Badge. (Fieldless) A hedgehog rampant azure
  maintaining an arrow inverted Or flighted sable.

      Nice badge!

  Alrikr Ivarsson. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      The submitter requested authenticity for an unspecified language
      or culture. Both name elements are in the same language, Old
      East Norse, but we cannot say for sure whether they are close
      enough in time to be authentic for a specific era.

  Anna Gheleyns. Badge (see RETURNS for device). Or, a rabbit rampant
  sable within a chaplet of ivy vert.

  Annaliese von Himmelreich. Name and device. Gules, a nautilus shell
  argent and on a chief Or three crows regardant sable.

  Annora of River Haven. Name.

      _River Haven_ is the registered name of an SCA branch.

  Arianna Freemont. Name.

      _Arianna_ is a reasonable variant spelling of the attested
      English female given name _Ariana_ based on multiple examples in
      which _-ana_ and _-anna_ were used interchangeably in
      late-period English.

  Bjorn of Havok. Badge. (Fieldless) A Lisbjerg gripping-beast gules.

      The submitter is allowed the use of the Lisbjerg gripping-beast
      through the previous registration allowance. The submitter has
      used this particular charge since the registration of his
      device, "Counter-ermine, a lisbjerg gripping-beast gules" in
      March 1978.

  Cian {O'} Ruaidhr{i'}. Device. Vert, in bend three rapiers bendwise
  sinister and a bordure argent.

  Cyneric the Bere Sone. Name and device. Vert, a bear rampant argent
  and on a chief Or three roses proper.

      The byname _the Bere Sone_ is an attested byname found in the
      Middle English Dictionary s.v. bere.

  J{o,}furfri{dh}r Haraldsbani. Device. Argent, in pale three wolves
  passant regardant, a tierce rayonny sable.

      There is a step from period practice for charges directly on the
      field with a tierce.

  Magnus Koll{u'}lfsson. Device. Quarterly azure and sable, two bears
  rampant addorsed Or.

      Nice device!

  Mariia Vanina. Device. Or, an acorn proper and a chief gules.

  Marjorie Bruce of Herons Reach. Name change from holding name
  Marjorie of Herons Reach.

      _Herons Reach_ is the registered name of an SCA branch.

  Mavis Cruikshank. Name and device. Per chevron throughout argent and
  azure, two feathers purpure and a domestic cat sejant gardant
  argent.

      Artist's note: Please draw the feathers larger to fill the
      available space.

  Oddr {TH}i{a'}lfason. Badge. (Fieldless) A head of Hercules argent.

      This is the defining instance of a head of Hercules. The charge
      is found on the arms of de Fenogiis, in _Insignia pontificum
      Romanorum et cardinalium_, Part 5, BSB Cod. icon 270, Italy,
      1550-1555. It is a man's head in profile issuant from the mouth
      of a lion's head, and evokes the Nemean lion's pelt that
      Hercules wore as a mantle after defeating it in his first task
      during the labors of Hercules. The hero is frequently
      recognizable in Greek and Roman art based solely on his wearing
      of the lion skin.

      The orientation of a head of Hercules shall be defined based on
      the orientation/facing of the man's face, not the lion's face.
      The default for the head of Hercules is facing dexter.

  Robert Trinitie. Name change from Robert de La Trinit{e'}.

      The submitter's previous name, _Robert de La Trinit{e'}_, is
      retained as an alternate name.

  Sadhbh Bheag inghean Toirrdhealbhaigh. Name and device. Argent, an
  ounce sejant azure and in chief three roses proper.

      Submitted as "Sadhbh Bheag inghean Toirrdhealbha_c_h", Gaelic
      grammar requires the father's name to be in the genitive
      (possessive) form when used in a patronymic. We have changed the
      name to "Sadhbh Bheag inghean Toirrdhealbha_ig_h" to use the
      correct genitive form.

      Nice Gaelic name for circa 1450!

  Sigur{dh}r Peterson. Name (see RETURNS for device). Quarterly sable
  and Or, a cross crosslet fitchy counterchanged.

      Nice 14th century Norwegian name!

  Silvestro del Volpe. Name and device. Gules, a fox passant guardant
  argent marked sable, on a chief argent three maple leaves gules.

  Silvestro del Volpe. Badge. (Fieldless) On a fox passant guardant
  argent marked sable, in fess three maple leaves gules.

  Snorri Hundr. Name and device. Per pale sable and argent, a
  greyhound rampant contourny counterchanged.

  Velen Rulav. Name and device. Per bend sinister Or and azure, a
  horse passant to sinister counterchanged azure and argent.

      Originally submitted as "Velen Rulav_", the byname was changed
      at Kingdom to "Rulav_ov_", apparently on the belief that
      unmarked patronymics were not registerable in Russian names.
      However, by precedent, unmarked patronymic bynames in Russian
      are "a rare, but registerable practice." [Marija Kotok, 9/2007
      LoAR, A-{AE}thelmearc; June 2013 Cover Letter]. Therefore, we
      can return the name to its originally submitted form.

  VikingR Eiricksson. Name and device. Sable, a crowned serpent nowed
  in a Heneage knot within an orle of chain Or.

      The submitter is a knight and a viscount, and is thus entitled
      to display an orle of chain and a coronet.

  Ylsebet von Hamburg. Name and device. Ermine, a salamander rampant
  azure enflamed proper, a bordure azure.

      Submitted as "Ylsebet_en_ von Hamburg", the given name is not in
      the correct nominative (base) form. Although the submitter
      originally permitted no changes, she specifically allowed us to
      change the given name to the correct nominative form,
      "Ylsebet_", for registration.

======================================================================

**** ARTEMISIA acceptances ****

  Gage of Loch Salann. Name and device. Azure, a polypus and on a
  chief invected argent three compass stars sable.

      _Loch Salann_ is the registered name of an SCA branch.

      There is a step from period practice for use of compass stars.

  Hallerna Stj{o,}rnukona. Device change. Vert, in pale a demi-sun
  issuant from chief Or and an astrolabe Or marked argent.

      The submitter's previous device, "Vert, in pale a demi-sun
      issuant from chief and an astrolabe argent", is retained as a
      badge.

  Jay Thyn Siveres. Name and device. Sable, in pale two musimons
  rampant counter-rampant argent armed Or.

      Nice device!

  Nicolina de Parre. Name change from Nicolina of Cornwall and device.
  Vert, a bend argent cotised dovetailed on the outer edges Or.

      The submitter's previous name, _Nicolina of Cornwall_, is
      released.

  Paid{i'}n F{a'}elad. Name.

  Sajah al-Shiraziyah. Name change from Isabelle MacLeod and device
  change. Gules, a dragonfly Or and on a chief argent three leaves
  vert.

      Submitted as "Sajah _al ish_ Shiraz_y_yah", _al ish_ is not a
      combination found in Arabic. The Arabic definitive article is
      usually rendered as _al-_. However, when used before a word
      starting with _Sh-_, it may be rendered as _ash-_. In addition,
      we found no evidence supporting the transcription "Shirazyyah"
      with two _y_s and no _i_. Thus, with the submitter's permission,
      we have changed the name to "Sajah _al-_Shiraz_i_yah" for
      registration.

      The submitter's previous name, _Isabelle MacLeod_, is released.

      The submitter's previous device, "Per pall inverted gules, vert,
      and argent, two unicorns combattant argent and a tree eradicated
      vert", is released.

  Yuuki Tomoe. Name.

      Submitted as "Y_u_ki Tomoe", commenters were not able to
      document the family name as submitted. Both name elements were
      documented in the Letter of Intent from Anthony J. Bryant's "An
      Online Japanese Miscellancy: Japanese Names"
      (http://www.sengokudaimyo.com/miscellany/names.html). We again
      remind heralds and submitters that, by precedent, this site is
      not reliable documentation because it does not contain specific
      dates for any of the elements and does not provide a
      bibliography. [Morikawa Kenji Katashige, 2/2016 LoAR, A-Antir]
      Fortunately, commenters were able to re-document both elements
      through reliable sources, albeit with one slight difference.

      Juliana Siren found the family name "Y_uu_ki" (where _uu_
      represents a long vowel) dated to 1332 in _Name Construction in
      Medieval Japan_ (NCMJ). With the submitter's permission, we have
      changed the family name to "Y_uu_ki" to match the documentation.

      Although the given name _Tomoe_ appears in the second edition of
      NCMJ, more recent research by Solveig {TH}r{a'}ndard{o'}ttir,
      the author of NCMJ, indicates that the historical figure
      modernly known as _Tomoe Gozen_ was not actually known by this
      name in period. Further, _Tomoe_ does not fit the attested
      patterns for period female Japanese names; the use of _-e_ as an
      ending appears to be a modern practice. Therefore, while we will
      allow this submitter to register the name element _Tomoe_, based
      on Solveig's new evidence, we will cease to register this
      element as of the March 2018 decision meetings without more
      evidence supporting its use in period.

======================================================================

**** ATENVELDT acceptances ****

  Angelica Blauschild. Exchange of primary and alternate name.

      _Angelica Blauschild_ is now this submitter's primary name.

  Angelica Blauschild. Transfer of alternate name Eoda Blauschild to
  Eoda Blauschild.

      _Angelica Blauschild_ transferred her alternate name _Eoda
      Blauschild_ to a new recipient who did not have a registered SCA
      name at the time of the transfer.

  Damon Constantine. Device change. Quarterly sable and azure, in bend
  two talbot's heads couped contourny Or.

      The submitter's previous device, "Sable, two serpents erect and
      entwined that to dexter argent and that to sinister Or, a ford
      proper", is released.

  Eoda Blauschild. Acceptance of transfer of name from Angelica
  Blauschild.

  Tir Ysgithr, Barony of. Badge. (Fieldless) A maunch Or charged with
  a boar's head couped contourny sable.

======================================================================

**** ATLANTIA acceptances ****

  Albree de Greene. Device. Azure, on a chevron between three stag's
  heads affronty erased argent two chevronels vert surmounted by three
  musical notes sable.

      This device would normally be returned for violation of SENA
      Appendix I, which requires that there be no more than one
      tertiary charge on a single charge group. Due to its being
      divided into only five partitions, the "chevron chevronelly" is,
      in fact, a chevron argent charged with two chevrons vert. These
      chevrons are in turn surmounted by the quavers, which causes two
      different tertiary charge groups on the same chevron.

      However, in the March 2016 return of the submitter's previous
      device, "Azure, three chevronels argent surmounted by three
      musical notes one and two sable, between three stag's heads
      erased affronty argent", Wreath ruled:

           Blazoned on the Letter of Intent as a chevron
           chevronelly argent and azure, this is must be
           understood as three chevronels argent on an azure
           field. As such, the musical notes are lying directly
           on the field with which they lack contrast. Thus, in
           the absence of documentation for an Individually
           Attested Pattern, this device must be returned for
           this contrast issue.

           Alternatively, *replacing the blue sections between
           the chevronels by a color other than azure would solve
           this issue*.

      As the submitter followed the instructions given by the previous
      return, we will give her the benefit of the doubt and accept
      this submission.

  {A'}smundr inn tryggvi. Name and device. Sable, an algiz rune and on
  a chief wavy argent two fers-{`a}-loup inverted sable.

      Nice 9th-10th century Icelandic name!

  Brynhildr Ka{dh}a F{o'}stra. Device. Per chevron throughout azure
  and argent, two algiz runes Or and a brown chicken hen proper.

  Freyd{i'}s sj{o'}na. Device. Per bend sinister sable and argent,
  three crescents one and two and a sea wolf counterchanged.

      Artist's note: Please draw all charges larger to fill the
      available space.

  Gabriel d'Acre. Name and device. Per fess nebuly argent and azure, a
  cloud and a domestic cat passant counterchanged.

      Submitted as "Gabriel _D_'Acre", we have changed the byname to
      "_d_'Acre" to match the documentation and standard
      capitalization.

      Nice French name for circa 1300!

  Hj{o,}rd{i'}s Sigbjarnard{o'}ttir. Name.

      Submitted as "Hj{o,}rd{i'}s Sigbj_o_rn_s_d{o'}ttir", the
      submitted form of the byname did not use the correct genitive
      (possessive) form of the father's name. We have changed the
      byname to "Sigbj_a_rn_ar_d{o'}ttir" to use correct Old Norse
      grammar.

      Commenters expressed concern that "Hj{o,}rd{i'}s" is the name of
      a purely legendary figure and thus not registerable. However,
      "Hj{o,}rd{i'}s" can be constructed as a female given name from
      the attested Old Norse name elements _Hjor-_ and _-d{i'}s_.
      Heralds at the Pelican decision meeting found the necessary
      three examples of each element used in attested given names:
      Hjorulfr, Hjorvar{dh}r and Hjortr; Vigd{i'}s, Arnd{i'}s and
      {A'}lfd{i'}s. Therefore, "Hj{o,}rd{i'}s" is registerable as a
      constructed Old Norse given name.

  Machteld Cleine. Device. Argent, a crampet vert.

      Nice device!

  Magnus Ulfson. Device. Sable, on a sun Or a wolf's head erased
  ululant to sinister sable, a bordure embattled Or.

      There is step from period practice for use of a wolf ululant.

      Artist's note: Depict the sun with fewer rays and points.

  Maia Bowen. Name and device. Argent, on a fess dancetty azure five
  Bowen crosses argent.

  Mia of Dun Carraig. Device. Gules, a natural leopard's head cabossed
  Or between in fess two arrows, on a chief wavy argent five cherry
  blossoms gules.

  Morwenna Trevethan. Badge. (Fieldless) A polypus sable maintaining
  in each arm a bottle argent.

  Noah bar Thamira. Name and device. Azure, an eagle rising and on a
  point pointed argent a fleur-de-lys azure.

      _Noah_ is the submitter's legal given name. The byname _bar
      Thamira_ is a plausible construction given the evidence in the
      Letter of Intent showing Jewish men being identified as sons of
      their mothers.

  Nottinghill Coill, Barony of. Order name Award of Courtesy of
  Nottinghill Coill.

  Nottinghill Coill, Barony of. Order name Award of Excellence of
  Nottinghill Coill.

  Nottinghill Coill, Barony of. Order name Award of the Golden Cord.

  Nottinghill Coill, Barony of. Order name Award of the Coill's Hydra.

      Submitted as "Award of the _Hydra's Coill_", this order name is
      not registerable because it does not follow an attested pattern
      for order names. The Letter of Intent cited to the example of
      the _Prisoner's Iron_, a period order. However, in June 2014, we
      ruled:

           This submission does not follow a pattern of period
           order names. The only examples we have of a possessive
           combined with a heraldic charge follow the pattern of
           _Saint's X_, where _X_ is an object of veneration or
           something associated with the saint, such as _St.
           Williams Shield_ and _St. George's shield_. The
           example of _Prisoner's Iron_ is not applicable. It is
           the compound name of a heraldic charge, a type of iron
           shackle, so _Prisoner's_ is not being used as a
           possessive, just as a descriptor of the type of item.
           Without further evidence to show that this follows a
           period pattern, we cannot register this order name.
           [Middle Marches, Barony of the. Order name Award of
           the Baron's Cuff of the Middle Marches. June 2014,
           R-Middle]

      The same reasoning applies here. As a _Coill_ is not a heraldic
      charge, the name does not fit the pattern of _Saint's X_, and
      the example of _Prisoner's Iron_ does not justify the name as
      submitted.

      However, the Barony has already registered several order names
      that use the pattern _the Coill's_ + Heraldic Charge, including
      _Order of the Coill's Bells_. Under the Existing Registration
      Allowance, the Barony can continue to use this pattern without
      further documentation. A _hydra_ is a period heraldic charge
      found in the online Pictorial Dictionary of Heraldry.
      Accordingly, the "Award of the _Coill's Hydra_" is registerable.
      With the Barony's permission, we have made this change for
      registration.

  Nottinghill Coill, Barony of. Order name Award of Pewter Spoon.

      Submitted as "Award of _the_ Pewter Spoon", this name is not
      registerable because it does not follow an attested pattern for
      order names. By longstanding precedent, the use of metals other
      than gold and silver in order names is not permitted. [Glymm
      Mere, Barony of. Order name Order of the Iron Wolf, 2/2009 LoAR,
      R-An Tir; Northshield, Principality of. Iron Griffin Legion,
      1/2005 LoAR, R-Northshield]

      However, in commentary, Lillia Crampette was able to construct
      _Pewter Spoon_ as a compound English place name and/or manor
      name. As we do have evidence of orders being named for places,
      this name is registerable as "Award of _ Pewter Spoon". With the
      Barony's permission, we have made that change.

  Nottinghill Coill, Barony of. Change of designator from Order of the
  Golden Knot to Award of the Golden Knot.

  Nottinghill Coill, Barony of. Change of designator from Award of the
  Coill's Guiding Beacon to Order of the Coill's Guiding Beacon.

  Nottinghill Coill, Barony of. Badge association for Order of the
  Silver Knot. (Fieldless) Two Wake knots conjoined in pale argent.

  Nottinghill Coill, Barony of. Badge association for Populace.
  (Fieldless) A wake knot wreathed Or and vert.

  R{u'}nfr{i'}{dh}r Hofmansd{o'}ttir. Alternate name change from
  Gwenhwyvar verch Lewis to R{u'}nvi{dh}r Hofmansson.

      The submitter's previous alternate name, _Gwenhwyvar verch
      Lewis_, is released. _R{u'}nfr{i'}{dh}r Hofmansd{o'}ttir_
      remains the submitter's primary name, with "R{u'}nvi{dh}r
      Hofmansson" as an alternate name.

  Seraphina Delfino. Heraldic will.

      Upon the submitter's death, all names and armory registered
      solely to her are released.

  S{o'}lveig v{i'}s. Name and device. Per chevron throughout argent
  and sable, two leaves and an othila rune counterchanged.

      Nice 9th-10th century Icelandic name!

  William of Bedford. Name change from holding name William of
  Windmasters Hill.

      This name was returned on the November 2012 Letter of
      Acceptances and Returns for conflict with the registered
      _William of Thetford_. The submitter has obtained permission to
      conflict from _William of Thetford_, allowing this name to be
      registered.

      Nice English name from the 14th century onwards!

  Wolfgang Monnich von Luppin. Badge. Sable, a cross formy argent, in
  chief a coronet Or pearled argent.

      The submitter is a court baron, and entitled to use of a
      coronet.

  Zachary bar Thamira. Name and device. Per pale argent and azure, two
  dragons combatant and in chief three roundels one and two all
  counterchanged.

      _Zachary_ is the submitter's legal given name. The byname _bar
      Thamira_ is a plausible construction given the evidence in the
      Letter of Intent showing Jewish men being identified as sons of
      their mothers.

======================================================================

**** AVACAL acceptances ****

  Krescentia von Helfenstein. Name.

  Montengarde, Barony of. Order name Order of the Horn of Saint
  Ferdinand.

  Severin von Helfenstein. Name.

      Nice 16th century German name!

  Svava hvita svanr. Name.

      Submitted as "Svava _Suanhuita_", the byname _Suanhuita_,
      meaning "white swan," was based on the given name of a Valkyrie.
      However, not only is there no evidence in Old Norse for
      constructing a name with two given names and no byname, there is
      no evidence that _Suanhuita_ was ever used as a name element by
      real people.

      As the submitter allowed all changes, we have changed the name
      for registration to use the double descriptive byname _hv{i'}ta
      svanr_, which also has the meaning "white swan." By longstanding
      precedent, double descriptive bynames are permitted in Old
      Norse. [{TH}{o'}rd{i'}s gjallandi eyverska, 2/2002 LoAR,
      A-Outlands]

======================================================================

**** CAID acceptances ****

  Cesar Alejandro de Baracoa. Name (see RETURNS for device).

  Decimus Paconius Germanicus. Name.

      Nice Roman name for the middle of the first century C.E.!

  Feliciano Rosalia. Name.

      _Rosalia_ is the registered SCA surname of the submitter's
      parent, and thus can be used by him without further
      documentation under the newly-renamed Existing Registration
      Allowance, PN1B2g.

  Garrick Thomas Attwell. Device. Purpure, a wolf's head ululant
  erased contourny between in chief two decrescents, a chief embattled
  argent.

      There is a step from period practice for use of a wolf's head
      ululant.

      Artist's note: Please draw the chief larger.

  Olafr inn mikli Sveinsson. Name and device. Or, a portcullis azure
  and on a chief sable two Maltese crosses argent.

  Skaf Oken Bear. Name and device. Gules, three bears passant argent.

      Nice device!

  Tahira al-Fahida. Exchange of primary and alternate name.

      "Tahira al-Fahida" is now the submitter's primary name, with
      "Acilia Drusilla" as her alternate name.

  Tryggr j{a'}rngeirr Ingvarsson. Device. Quarterly vert and gules, a
  pike embowed per pale Or and argent and in base two spears in
  chevron inverted Or headed argent.

  Ulrich Ulrecht. Device. Quarterly azure and purpure, on a fret
  throughout Or a key bendwise inverted sable.

  Una Oken Bear. Name and device. Azure, a natural seahorse Or and a
  bordure wavy compony Or and gules.

======================================================================

**** CALONTIR acceptances ****

  Axed Root, Canton of. Device change. Gules, on a bend azure
  fimbriated a double-bitted poleaxe, in sinister canton a laurel
  wreath Or.

      The territory's previous device, "Or, a double-bitted poleaxe
      sable between two boars' heads couped respectant gules all
      within a laurel wreath vert", is retained as their ancient arms.

  Axel Sialfason. Name change from Vimundr Sialfason.

      _Sialfason_ is already registered to the submitter and thus may
      continue to be used under the newly-renamed Existing
      Registration Allowance, PN1B2g.

      The submitter's previous name, _Vimundr Sialfason_, is retained
      as an alternate name

  Brian Robert MacDougall. Badge. (Fieldless) In pale two arrows
  inverted in saltire Or conjoined with a broken claymore argent
  hilted sable.

  Gaius Flavius Auxilius. Name.

  Gisele de la Fontaine. Badge. (Fieldless) A spider argent
  maintaining in chief a fountain.

  Hafr-{TH}{o'}r{o'}lfr. Name.

      Nice 9th-10th century Icelandic name!

  H{a'}lfgr{i'}mr hafreki. Name and device. Or, a peacock contourny,
  tail elevated and spread sable.

      Submitted as "H_a_lfgr{i'}mr hafreki", the given name is
      constructed from the attested elements "H{a'}lf-" and
      "-gr{i'}mr". For registration, we have added the diacritical
      marking to the _a_ in "H_{a'}_lfgr{i'}mr" to use markings
      consistently throughout the name.

      Commenters noted that two of the three examples of names using
      "H{a'}lf-" were literal usages of the term "half-". Even so, the
      construction "H_{a'}_lfgr{i'}mr" is plausible. The element
      _-gr{i'}mr_ can mean a mask or helm that hides the face; a
      half-mask or half-helm is at least as reasonable as a
      half-spear, as in the name _H{a'}lfgeirr_.

  Kedivor ap Gwilym. Name and device. Purpure, a pile throughout vert
  fimbriated argent.

  Mag Mor, Barony of. Order name Award of the Anchor of Mag Mor.

      Submitted as _Award of the Anchor_, this order name presumes on
      the name of Acre, a major city in Israel. In some dialects,
      _Anchor_ and _Acre_ have only a single difference in sound,
      which is not sufficient to bring them clear.

      The city of Acre is significant enough to protect. It is one of
      the oldest cities in the world, with evidence of continual human
      habitation since the Bronze Age. Within the SCA's period, Acre
      was one of the largest and most significant Mediterranean ports.
      Acre was a major Roman base in the region and later became one
      of the Frankish Crusader States before being reconquered by the
      Mamluks in 1291. Acre has its own entry in the _Encyclopedia
      Britannica_.

      The Barony permitted the addition of the phrase _of Mag Mor_ to
      this order name to avoid conflict or presumption if needed. As
      Acre is significant enough to protect, we have made this change
      to allow registration.

  Mag Mor, Barony of. Order name Award of the Aurochs of Mag Mor.

  Mag Mor, Barony of. Order name Order of Gwyneths Harp.

      Submitted as "Order of Gwyneth_'s_ Harp", the Letter of Intent
      relied on the newly-renamed Existing Registration Allowance,
      NPN1C2g, to document the name _Gwyneth_ as the name of a founder
      of the Barony. However, the Existing Registration Allowance
      cannot be used to document "Gwyneth_'s_", only _Gwyneth_, as
      only the "exact, actual name phrase from the registered form may
      be used." Moreover, the lingua Anglica allowance cannot be
      applied to given names.

      However, _Gwyneth_ can be documented independently as a variant
      spelling of _Gwineth_, which is found in the FamilySearch
      Historical Records for England dated to 1577. Therefore, the
      order name is registerable as the "Order of Gwynet_hs_ Harp". We
      have made this change for registration.

  Mag Mor, Barony of. Order name Order of the Heart of Mag Mor.

  Teodric {O'} Dubhghaill. Name and device. Quarterly Or and azure, in
  bend two tau crosses purpure.

      This name combines an Old English given name with a Gaelic
      byname, an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C.

  {U'}lfr {TH}orgrimsson. Device. Gyronny arrondi azure and argent, a
  double tressure sable.

      There is a step from period practice for gyrons issuant from the
      corners of the shield.

======================================================================

**** DRACHENWALD acceptances ****

  Catalina de Zaragoza. Device. Per bend sinister Or and gules, two
  triskelions of serpent's heads counterchanged.

  Constanza of Thamesreach. Badge. (Fieldless) A shakefork erminois.

      Nice badge!

  Constanza of Thamesreach. Blanket permission to conflict with badge.
  (Fieldless) A shakefork erminois.

      Constanza grants permission to conflict for all armory that is
      not identical to her registered badge.

  Dubhghall mac {E'}bhear{a'}ird. Badge. Sable, a saltire raguly
  between four wolf's heads cabossed argent.

  Dubhghall mac {E'}bhear{a'}ird. Badge. Sable, on a fer-{`a}-loup Or
  two pellets.

  Estrid of Nordmark. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      _Nordmark_ is the registered name of an SCA branch.

  Gabriel Gabrielinpoika. Device. Sable, a boat-hook head reversed
  between two axes in pile blades outward Or.

      This is the defining instance of a boat-hook head. A boat-hook
      is a tool used by sailors to either catch objects (with the
      hook) or push them away (with the point). The charge is upright,
      hook to dexter, by default. The German term for it is
      "Bootshaken", translating to "boat-hook." The charge appears in
      Siebmacher's Wappenbuch, plate 55, in the arms of von
      Bischofswerdt and die Oppel. It frequently has a ring attached
      to the base of the head, opposite the hook, for tying on a rope.
      This ring is an unblazoned artistic variant that does not count
      for difference.

  Irene nyn Doole. Name and device. Per pale azure and argent, a
  reremouse between three roses counterchanged.

  Joel Ben Stuart. Name (see RETURNS for device).

  M{a:}rta Bosdotter. Name and device. Per pale azure and Or, six
  mullets counterchanged.

      Nice device!

  M{a:}rta Bosdotter. Badge. (Fieldless) Three mullets in pall
  conjoined at one point per pale Or and azure.

  M{o'}r inghean Bhriain. Badge. Or, on a fer-{`a}-loup sable three
  bezants.

  Ranulf li Norreis. Name and device. Argent, a lion and on a chief
  azure three doves volant, wings addorsed, argent.

  Sigvar{dh}r {o,}lf{u'}ss. Name and device. Vert, a tankard and on a
  chief Or a mash rake sable.

      Submitted as "Sigvar_d_ {o,}lf{u'}ss", the submitter requested
      authenticity for "Scandinavian 10-11th c." To meet this request,
      we have changed the given name to the Old Norse "Sigvar_{dh}r_".

  Vald{i'}s ingen Ch{a'}emgein. Name and device. Gules, an ounce
  rampant argent and a bordure argent semy of crescents gules.

      This name combines an Old Norse given name with a pre-1100 C.E.
      Irish Gaelic byname, an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C.

  Ysabel da Soriano. Name.

      This name combines a Spanish given name with an Italian byname,
      an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C.

======================================================================

**** EALDORMERE acceptances ****

  Ivan Day. Name and device. Per chevron argent and purpure, a
  sea-serpent ondoyant azure and an astrolabe argent.

  Khaaiwesenebastet sat ne Polemon mewetis Aniti. Device. Or, two
  domestic cats sejant respectant sable winged azure and collared
  argent, in chief an eye sable irised Or.

  Rikeld Thorebern. Name and device. Per bend sinister argent and Or,
  a dragonfly and a chief invected purpure.

      Submitted as "Rikeld_e_ Thorebern", the given name does not use
      the nominative (base) form. The submitted spelling "Rikeld_e_"
      is not merely a variant spelling; it is the genitive
      (possessive) form, which cannot be used as a given name.
      Accordingly, with the submitter's permission, we have changed
      the given name to the nominative form "Rikeld_" for
      registration.

======================================================================

**** EAST acceptances ****

  {AE}lfwyn of Dragonship Haven. Name.

      _Dragonship Haven_ is the registered name of an SCA branch.

      The submitter requested authenticity for "Saxon." Although the
      given name is an attested Anglo-Saxon name element, the byname
      is not authentic because it is constructed from the name of an
      SCA branch.

  Astrid Magnusdottir. Name and device. Per bend argent and azure, a
  bend counterchanged between an escallop inverted purpure and an
  escarbuncle argent.

  Donnan FitzGerald. Name and device. Per pale gules and
  counter-ermine, in dexter an axe and on a chief Or three boars
  passant sable.

      This name combines a Gaelic saint's name with an Anglicized
      Irish byname, an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C.

  Dorigen of Lewes. Alternate name Dorian of Lewes.

      The byname _of Lewes_ is already registered to the submitter and
      thus can continue to be used under the newly-renamed Existing
      Registration Allowance, PN1B2g.

  Eberhard Schwarz. Name.

      Nice late 16th century German name!

  Edgitha Hlammandi. Name and device. Per bend sinister azure and
  gules, a falcon belled and jessed maintaining a drinking horn Or.

      Submitted as "Edgith_e_ Hlammandi", the given name does not use
      the nominative (base) form. The spelling "Edgith_e_" is not
      merely a variant spelling; it is the genitive (possessive) form
      of the name. Accordingly, with the submitter's permission, we
      have changed the given name to the nominative form "Edgith_a_"
      for registration.

      This name combines a Latinized Old English female name with an
      Old Norse byname, an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C.

  Edmund Beneyt. Name and device. Argent, two bears combatant within
  an orle sable.

      Nice English name for the 13th century onwards!

      Nice device!

  Emidio di Arquata. Name.

  Halld{o'}rr hinn Skarpi. Name.

      Submitted as "Halld{o'}rr hinn Skarp_a_", the byname did not use
      the correct nominative (base) form. We have changed the name to
      "Halld{o'}rr hinn Skarp_i_" to use the correct nominative form.

  Hl{i'}fa Hrafnsd{o'}ttir. Name and device. Per chevron Or and
  argent, two oak leaves vert and a raven migrant sable.

      The migrant posture is considered equivalent to displayed. As
      such, there is a step from period practice for use of a
      non-eagle bird displayed.

  Hrafn R{i'}kar{dh}arson. Name and device. Argent, two ravens rising
  respectant, each maintaining in its feet a spear crossed sable.

      Submitted as "Hrafn Rika_{dh}r_son_, called Bonesetter_", two
      changes are necessary to register the name. First, the byname is
      not correctly constructed. We have changed it to
      "R{i'}kar{dh}_ar_son" to use the correct Old Norse grammar.

      Second, the epithet _called Bonesetter_ cannot be registered in
      this name because it is not temporally or linguistically
      compatible with the rest of the name elements. _Hrafn_ and
      _R{i'}kar{dh}arson_ are both Old Norse, and, under Appendix C of
      SENA, cannot be combined with English name elements unless all
      elements of the name are dated prior to 1100 C.E. Unfortunately,
      the earliest evidence of anything like "bonesetter" in English
      is dated to 1500 C.E. As the submitter allows all changes, we
      have dropped the epithet _called Bonesetter_ for registration.

      The submitter requested authenticity for an unspecified place
      and time. This request was not summarized in the Letter of
      Intent. In the form "Hrafn R{i'}kar{dh}arson", this name is
      authentic for the very end of the Viking Age in the Iceland and
      other West Norse Atlantic colonies.

  Katerina Falconer de Lanark. Name.

      Nice Anglo-Scots name for circa 1300!

  Mari Clock van Hoorne. Alternate name Mar{i'}na Svi{dh}balki.

  Muin maqq M{i'}na{i'}n. Alternate name Khalil al-Urdunni.

      Submitted as "Khalil _al'u_rdu_n_", the name as submitted is not
      grammatically correct. We have corrected the byname to the
      adjectival form "_al-U_rdu_nni_" for registration.

  Perrine de Lille. Name.

      The byname _de Lille_ was not documented in the Letter of Intent
      as a period form. Fortunately, heralds at the Pelican decision
      meeting found _de Lille_ in "French Names from Paris, 1421,
      1423, & 1438" by Aryanhwy merch Catmael
      (heraldry.sca.org/names/french/paris1423surnames.html).

  Ravensbridge, Riding of. Device. Per chevron azure and argent, in
  base a raven displayed face to sinister sable within a laurel wreath
  azure, on a chief argent a bridge of three spans sable.

      There is a step from period practice for use of a non-eagle bird
      displayed.

  Robert of the East. Holding name and device (see PENDS for name).
  Argent, on a roundel sable a cherry blossom argent, in chief a bar
  gemel sable.

      Submitted under the name "Shimazu Yasukaze".

  Ryan Mac Whyte. Badge. (Fieldless) A cross of four ermine spots per
  pale sable and argent.

  Ryan Mac Whyte. Badge. Per pale argent and sable, a cross of four
  ermine spots counterchanged.

  Ysmay de Lynn. Alternate name Matthew Miller.

      Nice English name from circa 1400 onwards!

======================================================================

**** LOCHAC acceptances ****

  Caterina Contarini. Name.

      Nice 14th-16th century Venetian name!

  Druisten Hrafnsson. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      This name combines a Pictish given name with an Old Norse
      byname, an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C.

  Eglentyne Fenn. Name and device. Sable, a hare sejant erect
  contourny and on a chief embattled argent three roses sable.

  Gr{a'}inne of Bordescros. Name and device. Argent, three domestic
  cat's heads erased purpure.

      _Bordescros_ is the registered name of an SCA branch.

  Isaac Underwode. Device. Per bend sinister azure and vert, a
  carpenter's square palewise point to dexter chief and a gimlet
  argent.

  Keziah of Bordescros. Name and device. Argent, three unicorns
  rampant to sinister sable.

      _Bordescros_ is the registered name of an SCA branch.

      Nice device!

  Lochac, Kingdom of. Heraldic title Quarrel Herald.

      The Barony of Lyondemere granted permission for the submitted
      heraldic title to conflict with its registered heraldic title
      _Coral Herald_.

  Natal'ia Anastasiia Rab'eva. Name.

      Commenters questioned whether this name is registerable because
      it does not use a pattern set out in Appendix A. However,
      Appendix A shows only the most common patterns, not all patterns
      that can or have been documented. In this case, precedent allows
      Russian names to use double Christian given names. [Janus Neon
      Bakinich, 11/2015 LoAR, A-Caid] Therefore, this name can be
      registered.

  Natal'ia Vladimirova doch'. Device. Gules, a winged reindeer
  couchant regardant argent charged on the haunch with three pellets.

  Nathanael d'Avranches. Name and device. Azure, a stag statant
  ermine.

      This name combines an English given name with a French byname,
      an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C.

      Artist's note: Please draw a few more ermine spots to cover more
      of the leg and the head.

  Titus Flavius Marcellus. Name.

      Nice name for the first two centuries of the Roman Empire!

  William Castille. Badge. (Fieldless) A griffin Or, charged at the
  shoulder with an ermine spot sable.

======================================================================

**** MERIDIES acceptances ****

  Annabell Cruickshank. Name and device. Per saltire argent and
  purpure, three dragons contourny sable.

      Nice late 16th century Scots name!

  Annaliese Wolf. Name and device. Gules, on a pale sable fimbriated
  between two wolves combattant, a roundel between two crescents horns
  outward Or.

      Submitted as "Ann_e_liese Wolf", with the submitter's permission
      we have changed the given name to "Ann_a_liese" to match the
      documentation.

      Nice 16th century German name!

  {A'}sa Kolbr{u'}n. Name.

      Submitted as "_A_sa Kolbr{u'}n", diacritical markings in Old
      Norse names must be used consistently throughout the name.
      Therefore, we have added the necessary marking to "_{A'}_sa" for
      registration. If the submitter prefers no markings at all, she
      may make a request for reconsideration.

  Athanasius Lacedaemonius. Name and device. Argent, a calamarie
  sable.

      The submitter may be interested to know that "Athanasios
      Lakedaimonios" is a fully Greek form of the same name. If the
      submitter prefers this form, he may make a request for
      reconsideration.

  Athanasius Lacedaemonius. Badge. (Fieldless) A demi-talbot sable.

      Nice badge!

  Catja Milovskaya. Name and device. Per chevron ploy{e'} argent and
  gules, two lyres and an owl within a bordure counterchanged sable
  and argent.

      This name combines a German given name and a Russian surname, an
      acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C.

  Darri Smi{dh}r. Name.

  Dikon de Stokke. Badge. Sable, a lion contourny and a chief enarched
  rayonny Or.

  Godric Morris. Name.

      _Morris_ is the submitter's legal surname. However, the
      submitter does not have to rely on the legal name allowance
      because _Morris_ is also an attested 16th century English
      surname.

  Katarzyna of Saulia. Name and device. Per pale Or and argent, a frog
  rampant contourny vert armored in cuirasse and chausses sable.

      The byname was documented on the Letter of Intent as the lingua
      Anglica form of a Livonian city name. However, _Saulia_ is not
      the correct lingua Anglica form; the city is modernly known as
      _{Sv}iauliai_.

      There is a city modernly known as _Saulia_ or _{S,}{au}ulia_,
      whose existence can be dated to 1377. However, that city is in
      Romania and therefore the lingua Anglica form of the name is
      treated as Romanian. Romanian and Russian cannot be combined
      under Appendix C. Fortunately, Lillia Crampette found
      _Katarzyna_ in Polish dated to 1569 through 1640-1 in her
      article, "A Preliminary Survey of Names from the _Historical
      Dictionary of Personal Names in Bialystok_" (KWHSS 2011). Polish
      and Romanian can be combined. With this re-documentation, we are
      able to register the name precisely as submitted.

      If the submitter would prefer "Katarzyna of {Sv}iauliai", she
      may make a request for reconsideration.

  Lillias Dubh. Device. Argent, a serpent involved sable.

      Nice device!

  Michael Robertson of Tir Briste. Name and device. Per chevron vert
  and sable, a chevron and in base a bear dormant contourny argent.

      _Tir Briste_ is the registered name of an SCA branch.

  Nant y Derwyddon, Shire of. Badge. Argent, on a pile inverted
  throughout vert a martlet descending argent.

      This depiction of a martlet descending is allowed via the
      Existing Registration Allowance.

  Rayne Evynwod. Device change. Azure, a wolf rampant and a lion
  addorsed within a bordure argent.

      The submitter's previous device, "Argent, a wolf rampant and a
      lion addorsed sable, on a chief azure a tree blasted between a
      pair of wings argent", is retained as a badge.

  Sharon of Meridies. Holding name and device. Azure, an elephant
  proper, on its back a blanket gules, a chief invected Or.

      Submitted under the name "Sh{i^}r{i^}n al-Nis{a^}", that name
      was returned in July 2017.

  {TH}orfinna Masdottir. Name.

      The submitter requested authenticity for "10th Century Norse."
      As both name elements are found in _Landn{a'}mab{o'}k_, which
      describes the Norse settlement of Iceland in the 9th and 10th
      centuries, this name meets that request.

  Warick Blackrock. Name and device. Quarterly gules and sable, three
  chevronels Or and in dexter chief an equal-armed Celtic cross potent
  argent.

      Originally submitted as "Warick Blackrock", the name was changed
      at Kingdom to "Warick Black__R_ock" to match the documentation
      that could be found. However, in commentary, Nicholas Coteswold
      found evidence of a place in England named _Blackrock_. As
      unmarked locative bynames are found in English, we have restored
      the name to its originally submitted form.

  Ysabel d'Ange. Name and device. Ermine, on a fess azure two winged
  hounds sejant addorsed argent.

      Submitted as "Ysabel _D_'Ange", we have changed the byname to
      "_d_'Ange" to match the documentation and standard
      capitalization.

      Nice late 13th century French name!

======================================================================

**** MIDDLE acceptances ****

  Cynnabar, Barony of. Order Name Award of the Elephants Tusk.

      This award name was pended on the June 2017 Letter of
      Acceptances and Returns because the question of whether a tusk
      is a period heraldic charge was due to be decided by Wreath at
      the July decision meeting. To keep our rulings consistent, we
      wished to wait until after Wreath rendered his ruling.

      In the July 2017 Letter of Acceptances and Return, Wreath
      concluded that tusks are not period heraldic charges and that
      "we will cease further registration of tusks of any kind
      effective as of the January 2018 decision meeting." [Bowen
      Doyle, 7/2017 LoAR, R-An Tir]. However, Wreath also noted:

           In all, there are less than a dozen registrations of
           tusks as stand-alone charges, most assumed (or
           explicitly stated) to be elephant tusks, most dating
           to the early 1990s, and only one dated after 1995. The
           last registration of any tusk was the badge of the
           Shire of Ivory Keep in February 2009, _Argent, two
           tusks in saltire azure and a bordure denticulada
           sable._

      Given that elephant's tusks were plausible charges at the time
      this order name was submitted, we believe fairness requires us
      to register this order name. However, consistent with Wreath's
      decision, as of the January 2018 decision meeting, a tusk is no
      longer a heraldic charge on which an order name can be based.

======================================================================

**** NORTHSHIELD acceptances ****

  Avonwood, Shire of. Branch name and device. Per fess wavy Or and
  azure, an oak tree couped and a laurel wreath counterchanged.

  Deonysia de Rye. Device. Per chevron azure semy of ears of rye Or
  and argent, a sea-dragon azure and a bordure counterchanged.

  Margaret Fitzwilliam of Kent and Edwin atte Bridge. Joint badge.
  Azure, two hedgehogs combatant argent maintaining between them a
  candle argent flamed Or issuant from a flat candlestick, a bordure
  argent.

======================================================================

**** OUTLANDS acceptances ****

  Arturo de Drago. Name.

  Corwin Grendel. Name.

  Eleonora von Effen. Name.

      Nice German name for circa 1600!

  Kalala bint Yahuda. Name.

      Nice 16th century Ottoman Jewish name!

  Mart{i'}n de {C,}{u'}{n~}iga. Name.

      Nice 16th century Spanish name!

  Meave Hale. Name.

  Monique de Monte Aneto. Name.

      _Monique_ is the French form of _Monica_, the name of a 4th
      century Roman saint who became very popular in the later
      medieval period.

  Surtr le{dh}rh{a'}ls. Name.

      Nice 9th-10th century Icelandic name!

  Thomas Edward Dudley. Blanket permission to conflict with device.
  Per pale argent and sable, three bars counterchanged.

      Thomas grants permission to conflict for all armory that is not
      identical to his device.

======================================================================

**** TRIMARIS acceptances ****

  Apolonia Zawadzka. Device. Vert, on a fess gules fimbriated between
  a hammered dulcimer Or and a tower argent, two dulcimer hammers
  fesswise, handles outward Or.

  Axel Hrafnsson. Name and device. Gules, in fess three axes Or.

      In commentary, {TH}orfinn Hund dated both elements to the 14th
      century in Lind's _Norska-Isl{a'}ndska Dopnamn ock Finferade
      Namn Fran Medeltiden_, making this a nice Icelandic name!

      Nice device!

  Bastian of Oldenfeld. Name and device. Gules, on a pale between two
  mullets in bend Or a mullet gules.

      _Oldenfeld_ is the registered name of an SCA branch.

      Artist's note: Please draw the mullets larger.

  Gareth Orrell. Name and device (see RETURNS for badge). Argent, in
  bend three hurts between two bendlets azure.

      The submitter requested authenticity for an unspecified time and
      place. This request was not summarized in the Letter of Intent.
      Fortunately, sufficient data was provided in commentary to allow
      us to consider the authenticity request without pending the
      item. This name is authentic for late 16th century England. In
      fact, in commentary, Elen Woderose documented both elements to
      1594 in English.

      Nice device!

  Hj{o,}rr hryggr H{a'}konarson. Device. Gules, a raven regardant
  within a bordure embattled erminois.

  James Thomas. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      Nice 16th century English name. In fact, this precise name is
      found in the FamilySearch Historical Records for Worth, Sussex,
      England dated to 1567.

  Kolbrandr Haukr. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      The submitter requested authenticity for an unspecified time
      period or language. Although this is a registerable Scandinavian
      name, it is not authentic because the elements are not found in
      the same time and place. _Kolbrandr_ is attested in Iceland in
      the 12th and 13th centuries, while _Haukr_ appears in Norway in
      the 14th century.

  Merewyn Sunnild. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      Submitted as "Merewyn _Haukr_", after the Pelican decision
      meeting, the submitter requested that the byname be changed to
      _Sunnild_. As we had sufficient time and resources to be able to
      review the documentation and check for conflicts, we are happy
      to make the submitter's requested change. _Sunnild_ is a Middle
      English female given name found in Talan Gwynek's "Feminine
      Given Names in _A Dictionary of English Surnames_"
      (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/reaneyHZ.html). Unmarked
      matronymics are found in Middle English per Appendix A.
      Therefore, with the submitter's requested change, this name is
      registerable.

  Miyamoto Toramasa. Device. Or, on a chevron rompu inverted sable
  five dragonflies palewise Or.

  Morgan O Cuinn. Device change. Argent v{e^}tu vert, a dolphin
  haurient sable.

      The submitter's previous device, "Argent v{e^}tu gules, a
      dolphin haurient sable", is released.

  Odette Raine. Name.

      This name combines a French given name with an English surname,
      an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C.

  Ringulfr Haakonsson. Name.

      Submitted as "Ringulfr _h{a'}lfdverg_ Haako_nss_on", the
      nickname _h{a'}lfdverg_ or "half-dwarf" is not registerable. By
      precedent, the single attested byname _h{a'}lftr{o,}ll_ is not
      sufficient to establish a pattern in Old Norse either of naming
      humans after supernatural creatures or of the construction
      _half-_ plus the name of a creature. [Gunnarr inn
      {a'}lflj{o'}tr, 10/2012 LoAR, R-Middle]

      Although "Haako_nss_on" is not correct for Old Norse, it is
      correct for the 14th century and later. Therefore, it can be
      combined with the 11th century Danish form _Ringulfr_. However,
      if the submitter prefers the Old Norse "H_{a'}_kon_ar_son", he
      may make a request for reconsideration.

  R{o'}n{a'}n mac N{e'}ill. Name.

      The submitter requested authenticity for the 12th-13th century.
      This name is authentic for early 12th century Irish Gaelic.

  Taz Mongojin. Device. Per chevron sable and gules, a chevron fracted
  and in sinister chief a martel bendwise argent.

  Vadrian dictus Demon de Strigonius. Name.

      _Vadrian_ is the submitter's legal given name.

======================================================================

**** WEST acceptances ****

  Beatrice de Moreby. Device (see RETURNS for badge). Or, on a pale
  sable a trillium argent.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a New World
      trillium.

  Bran Mac Fynin. Name and device. Sable, a bend sinister cotised
  between two gryphon's heads erased argent.

      Nice Anglicized Irish name for circa 1600!

  Finna k{o,}ttr Go{dh}ormsd{o'}ttir. Badge. Sable, a skull and on a
  chief argent an apothecary jar vert between two paw prints sable.

      There is a step from period practice for use of a paw print.

  Hannah Story Teller. Badge. (Fieldless) Atop a Roman dining couch Or
  cushioned ermine, a bunch of grapes bendwise gules slipped and
  leaved vert.

  Hindrek Keuenpoeyck. Device. Per chevron throughout sable and
  argent, two Arabic letters Zayn argent and a pink flamingo proper.

      Submitted as "Sable, on a pile inverted throughout between two
      Arabic letters Zayn argent, a pink flamingo proper close", this
      cannot be a pile inverted:

           There was some discussion in the commentary about
           whether this should be blazoned as a per chevron
           field, or whether it would be more accurately blazoned
           as Argent, on a pile inverted throughout azure between
           two sheaves of arrows sable, a stag at gaze argent.
           Most of the discussion centered on the width of the
           per chevron angle. We note that earlier period
           heraldry tended to draw the per chevron field more
           narrowly than later in period: the angle of the point
           more acute, and extending further to chief. (It could
           be considered to trisect, not bisect, the field.)
           Thus, for example, the arms of von Ortenburg, c. 1413
           (Conzilium zu Constenz, folio clxiiii), showed a per
           chevron field very similar to the one in this
           submission. Moreover, the presence of three charges
           two and one on either side of the division strongly
           reinforces the impression of a per chevron field - and
           would do so, regardless of the angle of the point. A
           lone pile inverted was rare enough in heraldry, and
           when it appeared, tended to be uncharged; in other
           words, the lower portion of the shield would be
           uncharged. A chap{e'} field division would never have
           the upper portions of the field charged. When the
           upper and lower portions are charged, then, this must
           (absent of other clues such as cotising) be a per
           chevron field. (Rorik smi{dh}r, 10/2007)

      As this submission has charges both above and below the line of
      division, it must be per chevron and not a charged pile inverted
      between two other charges.

      While the above precedent allows for the bottom portion of a per
      chevron throughout field division to trisect, rather than
      bisect, the field, this particular line of division is far
      closer to one fifth of the field. Normally, this would be
      grounds for return. However, upon examination, this line of
      division meets the requirements of the August 2011 Cover Letter,
      taken to the extreme of a per chevron throughout. Lest we
      penalize the submitter for following the letter of the law, we
      will register this device. However, we are officially amending
      the ruling from August 2011 to note that a per chevron
      throughout field division and a chevron throughout as a primary
      charge should roughly align to the chief, dexter base, and
      sinister base tick marks on the escutcheon submission form.

  Kharatai Chinua. Name and device. Or, a wolf rampant sable, on a
  chief gules a sun between two ravens respectant Or.

  Naran Chinua. Name and device. Quarterly gules and sable, on a sun
  Or a pawprint sable.

      There is a step from period practice for use of a pawprint.

  Safiya bint Zakariya al-Tayyib. Badge. (Fieldless) A hedgehog
  rampant purpure maintaining a needle threaded Or.

  Skegge Nyewcombe. Name and device. Quarterly Or and argent, a lion
  contourny queue fourchy sable crowned of an embattled coronet gules,
  in chief two ravens contourny, all within an orle of chain sable.

      Submitted as "Sk_y_gg_e_ N_ew_combe", the submitter requested
      the spelling "Sk_e_gg_i_ N_yew_combe" if it could be documented.
      While we were unable to find any documentation for _Skeggi_ that
      was compatible with the Middle English spelling _Nyewcombe_,
      ffride wlffsdotter documented _Skegge_ as a gray-period English
      surname that can be used as a given name. We have changed the
      name to "Sk_e_gg_e_ N_yew_combe" to meet the submitter's
      request.

      The submitter is a knight and a count, and is entitled to an
      orle of chain and an embattled coronet.

======================================================================

                  - Explicit littera accipiendorum -

======================================================================

***** THE FOLLOWING ITEMS HAVE BEEN RETURNED FOR FURTHER WORK: *****

**** {AE}THELMEARC returns ****

  Serena Milani. Device. Azure, a legless swallow displayed argent, a
  chief embowed argent estencely azure.

      This badge is returned for redraw. Submitted as a "martlet
      displayed", the defining trait of a martlet for SCA purposes is
      a bird without legs, with tufts of feathers representing the
      bird's thighs in their place. This charge has no legs, but
      neither does it have the leg tufts of a martlet. Likewise,
      having no legs, it cannot be in the classic "displayed" posture
      which has a leg sticking out on either side of the body. While
      some commenters suggested that this might be "a swallow
      migrant", as the "migrant" posture omits the legs, the "migrant"
      posture primarily shows the back of the bird to the viewer,
      rather than the breast, and has the head pointing in the
      direction of migration. As this bird is not in a blazonable
      posture, it must be returned.

      There is a step from period practice for use of a non-eagle bird
      displayed.

======================================================================

**** AN TIR returns ****

  Aldith Gyffin. Badge. (Fieldless) A berry bramble blasted and
  eradicated purpure.

      This badge is returned for lack of documentation of a bramble.
      As a stand-alone charge, a bramble has never been registered,
      though a "sprig of bramble," a "wreath of bramble," and a
      "circle enclosure of bramble" were registered in the 1980s. SENA
      A2A requires charges that have not been registered in more than
      a decade to be documented.

      Visually, the closest charge to the submitted badge is a tree.
      If this is a variant of a tree, then it would conflict with the
      badges of Roana de Laci, "(Fieldless) A rowan tree eradicated
      purpure", and {A'}ine ingen u{i'} Neachtain, "(Fieldless) A
      weeping willow purpure", and the device of Ealasaid ingen Ioan,
      "Per saltire Or and argent, a tree blasted and eradicated
      purpure". In each case, there is one DC for fieldlessness. Upon
      resubmission, the submitter will need to supply documentation
      both for the charge, and for its consideration as a distinct
      charge from a tree.

  Alrikr Ivarsson. Device. Vert, four barrulets and overall three
  musical notes Or.

      This device is returned for having multiple overall charges. A
      prior return, from the May 2013 LoAR, states:

           Taran mac Tarl'a. Device. "Vert, a tree blasted Or
           within and conjoined to a decrescent, overall five
           lozenges ploy{e'} in bend sinister argent". This
           device is returned for not being reliably blazonable,
           a violation of SENA A1C and A3F5, both of which
           require an emblazon to be describable in heraldic
           terms. As we have no evidence of multiple overall
           charges in period armory, this design is difficult to
           describe. Three of the lozenges are entirely on the
           field, one partially overlaps the tree, and one
           partially overlaps the crescent. This is non-period
           style in general.

      In this design, the three music notes overlie the barrulets, and
      the Letter of Intent did not present evidence of use of multiple
      overall charges in period armory.

  Anna Gheleyns. Device. Per chevron azure and Or, in base an apple
  gules, a bordure counterchanged.

      This device is returned for redraw. The per chevron line of
      division does not meet the requirements set forth in the May
      2011 Cover Letter; specifically, it is too low on the field.
      While some leeway is given when there are charges only on one
      side of a line of division, it's usually to allow the line of
      division to be displaced to give the charge more room to
      breathe. This depiction gives the apple less room to breathe,
      and so does not get the benefit of the doubt.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of this
      post-period depiction of an apple.

  Layla bint Da'ud al-Munajjima. Device. Per pale argent and vert, two
  dragons addorsed each maintaining a thyrsus counterchanged and on a
  chief triangular azure an owl striking affonty argent.

      This device is returned for use of a disallowed posture,
      striking affronty. An example of many returns from precedent,
      the return of Sarra the Gipsie's device from March 2000:

           The posture striking affronty is not allowed as it is
           not known in period armory and is inherently
           three-dimensional.

      The feet of the owl are not set to either side of the tail,
      which is one of the definitions of a displayed posture, but are
      instead pointing directly out towards the viewer, with only the
      toes visible. This is therefore not "displayed" but instead
      "striking affronty."

      Artist's note: A thyrsus, according to the _Pictorial Dictionary
      of Heraldry_, is "a staff entwined with leafy vines, and topped
      with a pine cone; in classical Greek art, it was the token of
      the god Dionysos." Part of the visual recognition for a thyrsus
      is the vine coiling around its shaft. We encourage the submitter
      to depict these vines upon resubmission.

  Sadb an Fheadha. Device. Argent, an oak tree eradicated vert and
  overall a domestic cat passant reguardant azure.

      This is returned for conflict with the badge of Isabeau
      Eaglestone of Glinwood, "Argent, a tree proper surmounted by a
      pair of wings conjoined azure". A pair of wings conjoined is
      also blazoned as the singular charge known as a "vol," and must
      be considered both as two charges and as one charge. There is
      one DC for changing the type of overall charge from a vol to a
      domestic cat.

           By precedent: "There is no difference between a tree
           proper and a tree vert..." (Anara Urrie, September
           2014, citing {A'}ine O'Shaughnessy, December 2005)

  Sigur{dh}r Peterson. Device. Quarterly sable and Or, a cross
  crosslet fitchy counterchanged.

      This device is returned for conflict with the device of Guido
      Martini of Trinacria, "Quarterly sable and Or, a cross crosslet
      throughout counterchanged between in bend sinister a griffin's
      head erased and another erased contourny sable". There is one DC
      for removal of the griffin's heads, but none for a cross
      crosslet fitchy vs a cross crosslet throughout.

======================================================================

**** ARTEMISIA returns ****

None.

======================================================================

**** ATENVELDT returns ****

None.

======================================================================

**** ATLANTIA returns ****

  Lasairfh{i'}ona inghean U{i'} Cheallaigh. Name.

      This name must be returned because it conflicts with the
      registered _Lassarfina inghean u{i'} Cheallaigh_. Not only are
      the bynames identical, _Lasairfh{i'}ona_ and _Lassarfina_ are
      variants of the same name and are pronounced identically.

======================================================================

**** AVACAL returns ****

None.

======================================================================

**** CAID returns ****

  Cesar Alejandro de Baracoa. Device. Sable, in saltire a fish
  skeleton and a cutlass inverted argent, a bordure argent semy of
  death's heads gules.

      This device must be returned for redraw. Commenters were unable
      to recognize the death's heads at any distance, often mistaking
      them for mushrooms.

      This device must also be returned for using a post-period
      charge. The form of cutlass with bell-shaped guard has been
      returned numerous times for lack of documentation.

           This device is returned for using a post-period
           charge. No evidence was presented, and none found by
           commenters, that showed this form of a curved sword
           with a closed handguard was found in period. Even the
           depiction of a cutlass found in the 1632 edition of
           Guillim's Display of Heraldrie looks different than
           this depiction, with a different blade and regular
           guard. It is worth mentioning that Guillim's cutlass
           does not appear in his 1611 edition at all. These
           swords look rather more like modern cavalry swords,
           and as such are not registerable. [{TH}orgr{i'}mr
           fjallafari Alason, LoAR of Oct 2013]

      Absent documentation, this depiction of a cutlass must likewise
      be returned.

======================================================================

**** CALONTIR returns ****

None.

======================================================================

**** DRACHENWALD returns ****

  Estrid of Nordmark. Device. Purpure, on a sun Or a heart gules.

      This device is returned for conflict with Bruce of Brandy Hall,
      "Purpure, on a sun Or a dagger gules". There is one DC for
      change of the type of tertiary charge.

      This device is also returned for redraw. While it is decidedly a
      sun (as opposed to a mullet) due to the round shape from which
      the points issue, no part of the sun's central disk should touch
      the field. The points and/or rays should completely envelop the
      disk.

      While there are early examples of suns with nothing but straight
      points - the arms of de la Haye in the Dering Roll, for example
      - a heraldic sun typically has wavy rays issuant from the
      central sphere, alternating with the points.

  Gwen Corderay. Device. Sable, a stag's skull argent.

      This device must be returned for multiple conflicts. There is a
      long-standing precedent that no difference is granted between a
      deer's head and its skull. Therefore, the device conflicts with
      Roland the Restless, "Sable, a stag's head cabossed argent and a
      base argent masoned sable", Cernach Locha Da Damh "Sable, a
      stag's head cabossed argent, a bordure parted bordurewise
      embattled vert and argent", Stigr Arngeirsson, "Sable, a stag's
      head couped affronty argent between three Bowen knots Or", and
      Michael Leopold, "Sable, an elk's head cabossed argent and a
      bordure barry wavy azure and argent". In each case, there is one
      DC for removal of the secondary charge(s).

  Joel Ben Stuart. Device. Azure, in pale a ram's head cabossed and a
  ship under full sail Or.

      This device is returned for redraw of the ship. No documentation
      was provided, and none could be found, for the type of ship
      depicted. It is not the late-period three-masted vessel we
      usually blazon as a "ship", and there are no internal details to
      allow us to identify it further. While internal detailing will
      certainly help with identification, we are not sure about the
      intent of the submitter here. Upon resubmission, the submitter
      should definitely include internal detailing, and either choose
      a ship type that has already been documented and registered, or
      otherwise provide documentation for this particular type of ship
      and its depiction.

======================================================================

**** EALDORMERE returns ****

None.

======================================================================

**** EAST returns ****

None.

======================================================================

**** LOCHAC returns ****

  Druisten Hrafnsson. Device. Vert, a roundel gyronny arrondi of
  twelve argent and vert fimbriated and within a bordure invected
  argent.

      This device is returned for dividing a charge into twelve
      gyrons. In the return of the device of Edborough Kellie in April
      2007, the March 1983 precedent barring charges gyronny of
      greater than eight pieces was once again upheld. Barring
      evidence of charges divided into more than eight gyrons, this
      precedent stands.

======================================================================

**** MERIDIES returns ****

  Isabelle Greiffenclau. Device change. Argent, an owl striking
  affronty sable within a wreath of ivy leaves vert.

      This device is returned for use of a disallowed posture,
      _striking affronty_. An example of many returns from precedent,
      the return of Sarra the Gipsie's device from March 2000:

           The posture _striking affronty_ is not allowed as it
           is not known in period armory and is inherently
           three-dimensional.

      The feet of the owl are not set to either side of the tail,
      which is one of the definitions of a displayed posture, but are
      instead pointing directly out towards the viewer, with only the
      toes visible. This is therefore not _displayed_ but instead
      _striking affronty_.

      Even if the owl were depicted as displayed, this device would
      still be returned for conflict with Manfred, King of Sicily,
      "Argent, an eagle displayed sable". There is one DC for the
      addition of the wreath, but no DC for types of birds displayed.

      Upon resubmission, the submitter should draw the owl larger and
      the leaves smaller.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a bird
      displayed that is not an eagle.

======================================================================

**** MIDDLE returns ****

None.

======================================================================

**** NORTHSHIELD returns ****

  Tyok Liftfot. Badge. (Fieldless) A Chinese dragon's head cabossed
  azure.

      This submission was previously returned in September 2016:

           This device is returned for redraw, for violating SENA
           A2C2 which states "Elements must be drawn to be
           identifiable." Commenters had trouble identifying the
           dragon's head, potentially mistaking it for a demon's
           head. It might be difficult to achieve recognizability
           without the rest of the dragon's body.

      In the appeal, the submitter provided an example of a 15th
      century Chinese dragon on a carved lacquer box. The kingdom
      commentators supplied more examples of Chinese artwork depicting
      dragon's heads, in an attempt to demonstrate that the motif of a
      Chinese dragon's head (sans body) is reproducible, recognizable,
      and exemplified by the submitted artwork.

      However, this badge runs into more issues than immediate
      recognizability. There are only two instances of a Chinese
      dragon's head in SCA heraldry, both registered to Raymond de
      Caen. The first was his device, registered in May 1989, and the
      second was a badge from August 1997, with a note that the same
      head appears on his device. There is an earlier registration of
      a Japanese dragon's head to Ryugen Morite in the LoAR of October
      1983. As it has been 20 years since this charge was last
      registered, it must be documented as a charge under SENA's
      rules. Chinese dragon's heads are not found in European
      heraldry, and so fall under SENA A2B4, "Elements which are a
      Step from Period Practice."

      Allowed steps from period practice fall under a handful of
      categories, including non-European armorial elements,
      non-European plants and animals, other European artifacts, and
      certain post-period elements. This is neither a European
      artifact, nor an allowable post-period element, nor a
      non-European plant or animal, which leaves us with non-European
      armorial elements.

      When Chinese dragons were ruled a step from period practice, our
      access to and knowledge of Eastern armorial equivalents was
      severely limited. Since then, we have learned much, and several
      scholarly books and articles have been published, but we have
      yet to find any examples of Chinese dragons in any period
      artwork that may be construed as armorial in nature. They are an
      artistic motif. We don't have a pattern in SENA or precedents
      that allow for European artistic motifs, let alone non-European
      motifs (in fact, SENA A2B5 specifically includes artistic
      elements that are not found in heraldry i.e. Celtic knotwork and
      Greek "key" patterns). It would appear that Chinese dragon's
      heads should likewise fall under this category.

      By this return we are explicitly disallowing Chinese dragon's
      heads, absent evidence which demonstrates use of the motif in an
      armorial context. Given SENA's rules about steps from period
      practice, we must also cease consideration of Chinese dragons
      for all armory submitted after the May 2018 LoAR, unless
      evidence can be provided of their use in an armorial context.

======================================================================

**** OUTLANDS returns ****

  Taiyoyama no Ryota Haruyuki. Name.

      Unfortunately, this name must be returned. Although _Haruyuki_
      is an attested nanori in NCMJ (2d ed.), the other name elements
      are neither attested nor correctly constructed.

      In addition, by precedent, the source relied upon for several of
      the elements in this name, Anthony J. Bryant's "Japanese Names"
      (http://www.sengokudaimyo.com/miscellany/names.html), "is not
      reliable enough to use as the sole documentation for a name
      element." [Morikawa Kenji Katashige, 2/2016 LoAR, A-An Tir]
      Commenters were unable to re-document the submitter's
      constructions from a reliable source.

  Thomas Edward Dudley. Blanket permission to conflict with badge.
  Argent ermined azure, an oak tree proper issuant from a base sable.

      When his device change was registered in April 2002, his prior
      device was released instead of retained as a badge. A check of
      the original submission form confirms that the "release" box is
      checked. Therefore, we cannot grant this blanket permission to
      conflict, as the badge has already been released.

======================================================================

**** TRIMARIS returns ****

  David of Loch Gryffyn. Device. Argent, a pale gules cotised between
  a sword inverted sable quilloned and pommeled gules, and a wolf's
  head erased to sinister sable.

      This device is returned for conflict with Gwalchmai ap Bledig,
      "Argent, a pale gules endorsed sable". There is a single DC for
      the addition of the secondary charge group.

  Gareth Orrell. Badge. (Fieldless) On a heart Or, three hurts in
  bend.

      This badge must be returned for using a charged heart as a
      fieldless badge. In the May 2013 return of Talitha of Avalon's
      badge, "(Fieldless) A heart argent charged with three musical
      notes two and one sable":

           This badge is returned for using a charged heart as a
           fieldless badge. As a heart is considered a medium for
           heraldic display, this must be considered the same as
           "Argent, three musical notes sable". The submitter
           should be made aware that at the current time that
           armory appears to be clear of conflict. If the heart
           is important to the submitter, giving the design a
           field would also resolve the issue.

      Likewise, this badge is equivalent to "Or, in bend three hurts".
      The submitter should be made aware that at the current time that
      armory appears to be clear of conflict. If the heart is
      important to the submitter, giving the design a field would also
      resolve the issue.

  James Thomas. Device. Per pale sable and purpure, an owl rising,
  wings displayed argent.

      Submitted as "Per pale sable and purpure, an owl displayed
      argent", this is instead "an owl rising, wings displayed", due
      to its tail being set to sinister, rather than between its legs.
      This is accepted as a period heraldic posture for owls, and is
      not a step from period practice the way displayed would be.

      However, this device must be returned for conflict with Sofya la
      Rus, "Gules, an owl rising wings displayed argent". There is one
      DC for the change of the field.

      Upon resubmission, the submitter should be aware that there will
      be several conflicts if this design is modified so that the owl
      is changed to a displayed posture, due to owls displayed
      carrying no difference for type from eagles and other birds
      displayed. These include: Francesca of Bright Angel, "Azure, a
      dove displayed, head elevated argent"; the House of Este,
      "Azure, an eagle displayed argent crowned Or"; Nemanjici, Kings
      of Serbia, "Gules, a double-headed eagle crowned argent"; and
      Poland, "Gules, an eagle displayed argent crowned Or". In each
      of these examples, there is one DC for the field.

  Kolbrandr Haukr. Device. Argent, a hawk stooping vert maintaining an
  arrow azure, a bordure rayonny sable.

      This device must be returned for violation of SENA A2C2, which
      requires that the orientation of charges be recognizable. The
      arrow is neither fesswise nor bendwise, and thus blurs the
      distinction between the two orientations.

  Merewyn Sunnild. Device. Per fess wavy purpure and azure, in fess an
  owl contourny and an increscent argent.

      This device is returned for redraw. SENA Appendix H states, "In
      many cases, a charge overlying a low-contrast complex line of
      division will render the line of division unidentifiable. Thus,
      divided fields with low-contrast tinctures with complex lines of
      division will be registered with a charge overlying the line
      division only if the line of division remains readily
      identifiable." In this submission, the two primary charges
      overlay the low-contrast complex line of division, obscuring it
      sufficiently to render it unrecognizable to many commenters.

  Philippe d'Artaignan. Device. Or, on a saltire between four rapiers
  azure a wolf's head erased argent, on a chief azure three
  fleurs-de-lis Or.

      This device is returned for presumption on the arms of France,
      in violation of A6B1. Per the LoAR of June 1995, "Neither France
      Ancient (Azure semy-de-lys Or) nor France Modern (Azure, three
      fleurs-de-lys Or) may be used in SCA heraldry, either as the
      field (or part thereof) or on a charge. To do so constitutes a
      claim to connection to French royalty."

======================================================================

**** WEST returns ****

  Beatrice de Moreby. Badge. Argent, maintained between the horns of
  an increscent moon azure, a mullet of eight interlocking mascles
  sable.

      This device is returned for violation of SENA A3C. Precedent
      disallows a mullet of interlocking mascles except as a primary
      charge. In the return of Solia Corsali's device in the LoAR of
      August 2013, "Per bend azure and sable, a bend ermine between
      two mullets of eight interlocking mascles argent", Laurel ruled:

           In this design, the bend is the primary charge, and
           the mullets of eight interlocking mascles are
           secondary charges. SENA A3C states that "Voiding and
           fimbriation may only be used with ordinaries or simple
           geometric charges when they are part of a primary
           charge group", but also that "Charges which are voided
           as part of their type, such as mascles...are not
           affected by these restrictions." However, this
           arrangement of mascles is no more complex than a
           mullet of eight points voided and interlaced, a charge
           which it certainly resembles and may be the equivalent
           of, and which is only allowable as a primary charge.
           Therefore, this device is returned for using a complex
           voided charge not as part of the primary charge group.

      In this submission, the mascles are also a secondary charge, and
      a maintained one, and likewise run afoul of the prohibition.

      In addition, the badge is returned for violation of SENA A2C2,
      which requires that charges be drawn in a way that is
      recognizable. No commenters could identify the secondary charge
      without reading the description.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a mullet of
      eight interlocking mascles.

======================================================================

                 - Explicit littera renuntiationum -

======================================================================

***** THE FOLLOWING ITEMS HAVE BEEN PENDED UNTIL THE January 2018
LAUREL MEETING (OR AS NOTED): *****

**** DRACHENWALD pends ****

  Trivium, Shire of. Branch name and device. Gules, on a pall Or three
  laurel wreaths sable.

      This group name conflicts with both the _Order of the Trillium_
      and the title _Trillium Herald_ registered to the Kingdom of
      Ealdormere. Although the Shire obtained permission to conflict
      with _Trillium Herald_, permission to conflict with the order
      name is also required. We have pended this group name to allow
      that permission to be obtained.

      As we cannot create a holding name for a group, we are also
      pending the device.

      This was item 16 on the Drachenwald letter of May 31, 2017.

======================================================================

**** EAST pends ****

  Shimazu Yasukaze. Name.

      This name combines a family name and a constructed nanori. In
      the past, we have allowed submitters the benefit of the doubt to
      register names following this pattern, even though they are not
      authentic because they do not include a yobina. [Akiyama
      Kintsune, 8/2016 LoAR, A-East; Godai Katsunaga, 3/2008 LoAR,
      A-Atlantia]. Based on commentary received, both on the Letter of
      Intent and at and after the Pelican decision meeting, we are
      pending this matter for discussion of whether we should cease
      this practice and more specifically identify registerable
      patterns for Japanese names.

      His device is registered under the holding name "Robert of the
      East".

      This was item 19 on the East letter of May 31, 2017.

======================================================================

**** OUTLANDS pends ****

  Shadrick Romani Natalia. Name.

      After the Pelican decision meeting, Christopher Liber was able
      to document _Romani_ as a 16th century German byname in the
      FamilySearch Historical Records and _Natalia_ as the given name
      of a German saint. Under the February 2015 Cover Letter,
      Shadrick, a 16th century English given name, can be borrowed
      into German and treated as a German given name.

      In addition, Kolosvari Arpadne Julia documented _Romani_ as a
      variant of the name _Romany_ in Hungarian, found in
      Feh{e'}rt{o'}i s.n. Roman. German and Hungarian can be combined
      under Appendix C.

      However, additional research is necessary to document the
      pattern of the name, as it is not a pattern appearing in
      Appendix A for German, English or Hungarian. Therefore, we are
      pending the name for research as to whether the pattern of Given
      Name + Latinized name in genitive form + Unmarked Matronym is
      plausible for any of the languages in which we were able to
      document the name elements.

      This was item 8 on the Outlands letter of May 31, 2017.

======================================================================

                             - Explicit -

======================================================================

Created at 2017-10-18T17:31:58
-------------- next part --------------
                                               Society for Creative Anachronism
                                                                College of Arms

                                                           427 W 15th Ave.
                                                         Spokane, WA 99203
                                                           +1-509-570-4189
                                                   laurel at heraldry.sca.org
                         For the August 2017 meetings, printed October 18, 2017

To all the College of Arms and all others who may read this missive, from Emma
outgoing-Laurel, Juliana incoming-Laurel, Alys Pelican, and Cormac Wreath,
greetings.

**** From Laurel Outgoing: So long once again! ****

My brief tenure as Laurel is now at an end, and I welcome Dame Juliana as my
oh-so-capable successor. I certainly enjoyed my run working with the Laurel
office staff and with all of the Principal Heralds, and thank you all again for
your service to the College of Arms.

One last item of business before I duck out the door: The College of Arms has a
rank of Herald Extraordinary that has a long and honored history. The rank was
formally created and defined in the July 1981 Cover Letter by Wilhelm Laurel.
The intent of the rank is to recognize and reward "... those heralds who have
greatly served the College of Heralds and/or the College of Arms and have
achieved the highest level of competence in heraldry."

Master Andrewe Bawldwyn served honorably and well as my predecessor as Laurel
King of Arms. I hereby confer upon him the rank and style of Herald
Extraordinary, and charge him to register a title of his choosing.

**** From Laurel Incoming: It's Gonna Be Fun! ****

Thanks to Master Andrewe for his hard work, and to Mistress Emma for stepping
in when it became necessary. Both of you have inspired me. Emma, who was
previously granted the Herald Extraordinary title of Temperaunce for her
earlier work as Wreath, has graciously agreed to continue as post-meeting clerk
and as my drop-dead deputy. Andrewe has agreed to take on some writing
projects.

I'm looking forward to getting started as Laurel and to working with all of
you: the other Sovereigns, Alys and Cormac; the Principal Heralds; Laurel
staff; and the rest of the College of Arms. I am at your service. As I start my
work as Laurel, I'll be focusing on a group of projects that will sound
familiar, including OSCAR 2.0, electronic submisssions, and getting precedents
up to date. I'm going to be working on increasing communications from the
Laurel office and among members of the College as well. Please feel free to
reach out to me with your ideas -- it's gonna be fun!

**** From Wreath and Pelican: Tusks No Longer Registerable as Heraldic Charges
****

On the July 2017 Letter of Acceptances and Return, Wreath concluded that tusks
are not period heraldic charges and that "we will cease further registration of
tusks of any kind effective as of the January 2018 decision meeting." [Bowen
Doyle, 7/2017 LoAR, R-An Tir]. In addition, effective as of the January 2018
decision meeting, Pelican will no longer allow the word tusk to describe a
heraldic charge in names, including order names, household names or heraldic
titles.

**** From Pelican: Some Name Resources (An Ongoing Series) ****

My esteemed predecessors established this series of Cover Letter articles about
name resources and I am pleased to be able to continue it. Not surprisingly, I
am writing my first installment about a source for Scottish names: _Records of
the Parliaments of Scotland to 1707_ (http://www.rps.ac.uk/), usually
abbreviated as the "RPS." The RPS contains transcriptions of the proceedings of
the Scottish parliament from the first surviving document (from 1235) through
1707, when Scotland and England were unified. The transcriptions are in modern
English and in the original source language -- Latin, Scots or French. Examples
of names found in the original source language document can be used as
documentation. Examples found only in the modern English translations are not.

Both sets of transcriptions are searchable. When searching for a specific name,
I find it easiest to search for the modern form of the name by searching the
"Translation" rather than the "MSS." I then toggle between the modern
translation and the original transcription by clicking on the date of the
document. Doing this gives me the various period forms of that name.

The RPS is best for finding Scots and Anglo-Norman names. Although some Gaelic
names appear in the documents, they do not appear in Gaelic; they appear as
they were rendered by a non-Gaelic speaking scribe in either Latin or Scots.
For example, a Latin document from 1293 refers to _Angusium filium Douenaldi_
in Latin, not _{A'}engus mac Domnaill_. Researchers should also bear in mind
that not all Latin spellings in these documents are the nominative (base) form
of the name. Name spellings in Latin change depending on how the person's name
is used in the sentence. For example, because of how it is used in the
sentence, _Angusium filium Douenaldi_ is not an example of the nominative form;
it is the accusative form, which cannot be used to form a given name in the
SCA. The nominative form of _Angusium_ is _Angusius_. If you are not 100% sure
that the form someone wants is the nominative form, make sure that all changes
are allowed so that we can correct the grammar as needed.

Documentation from the RPS should be sure to note the kind of name element
(given name, surname, place name, etc.), the language of the source document,
and the date of the document, along with a link to the RPS. For example:
_Dowglas_ is a surname found in a Latin-language record dated January 1488 in
the _Records of the Parliaments of Scotland_
(http://www.rps.ac.uk/mss/1488/1/5).

**** From Pelican: On the Japanese Name _Tomoe_ ****

Although the given name _Tomoe_ appears in the second edition of _Name
Construction in Medieval Japan_, more recent research by Solveig
{TH}r{a'}ndard{o'}ttir, the author of that source, indicates that the
historical figure modernly known as _Tomoe Gozen_ was not actually known by
this name in period. Further, _Tomoe_ does not fit the attested patterns for
period female Japanese names; the use of _-e_ as an ending for female names
appears to be a modern practice. Based on Solveig's new evidence, we will cease
to register this element as of the March 2018 decision meetings without more
evidence supporting its use in period.

**** From Wreath: Per Chevron Throughout ****

This month, a submission from the West presented a charged pile inverted
between two other charges. Precedent requires that this be reblazoned as "per
chevron throughout". Due to the narrowness of the lower portion of the field,
this would also have been grounds for return. However, when the guidelines
provided in the August 2011 Cover Letter are taken to the extreme and made
throughout, the result is exactly what was submitted.

Field divisions should generally bisect the field (that is, divide it into two
parts of roughly equal area). Per precedent from October 2007, per chevron
throughout can trisect, rather than bisect, the field. As such a field division
would not meet the standards set forth in the August 2011 cover letter, we are
officially amending the ruling to note that a per chevron throughout field
division and a chevron throughout as a primary charge should roughly align to
the chief, dexter base, and sinister base tick marks on the escutcheon
submission form, and trisect the field.

We will also take this opportunity to remind submitters that single piles,
piles issuant from anything other than chief, and charged piles are all
relatively rare in period heraldry, and as of this writing Wreath is unfamiliar
with any example of a single charged pile inverted in period heraldry.

**** From Wreath: Chinese Dragons ****

This month, we were asked to consider an appeal from Northshield that attempted
to document Chinese dragon heads caboshed in a way that would prove their
recognizability and allow for their registration. The submitter provided an
example of a 15th century Chinese dragon on a carved lacquer box. The kingdom
commentators supplied more examples of Chinese artwork depicting dragon's
heads, in an attempt to demonstrate that the motif of a Chinese dragon's head
(sans body) is reproducible, recognizable, and exemplified by the submitted
artwork.

However, this badge runs into more issues than immediate recognizability. There
are only two instances of a Chinese dragon's head in SCA heraldry, both
registered to Raymond de Caen. The first was his device, registered in May
1989, and the second was a badge from August 1997, with a note that the same
head appears on his device. There is an earlier registration of a Japanese
dragon's head to Ryugen Morite in the LoAR of October 1983. As it has been 20
years since this charge was last registered, it must be documented as a charge
under SENA's rules. Chinese dragon's heads are not found in European heraldry,
and so fall under SENA A2B4, "Elements which are a Step from Period Practice."

Allowed steps from period practice fall under a handful of categories,
including non-European armorial elements, non-European plants and animals,
other European artifacts, and certain post-period elements. Chinese dragons
(and their heads) are neither a European artifact, nor an allowable post-period
element, nor a non-European plant or animal, which means that they must be
justified as non-European armorial elements.

When Chinese dragons were ruled a step from period practice, our access to and
knowledge of Eastern armorial equivalents was severely limited. Since then, we
have learned much, and several scholarly books and articles have been
published, but we have yet to find any examples of Chinese dragons in any
period artwork that may be construed as armorial in nature. They are an
artistic motif. We don't have a pattern in SENA or precedents that allow for
European artistic motifs, let alone non-European motifs (in fact, SENA A2B5
specifically includes artistic elements that are not found in heraldry i.e.
Celtic knotwork and Greek "key" patterns). It would appear that Chinese
dragon's heads should likewise fall under this category.

By this ruling, we are explicitly disallowing Chinese dragon's heads, absent
evidence which demonstrates use of the motif in an armorial context. Given
SENA's rules about steps from period practice, we must also cease consideration
of Chinese dragons for all armory submitted after the May 2018 LoAR, unless
evidence can be provided of their use in an armorial context.

**** Society Pages ****

On August 26, 2017, Dubhghall mac {E'}bhear{a'}ird, Koira Herald, and M{o'}r
inghean Bhriain, Edelweiss Herald, were invested as Baron and Baroness of
Aarnimets{a:} in the Kingdom of Drachenwald.

On September 16, 2017, at the Province of Mooneschadowe's Triumphe of the
Eclipse in the Kingdom of Ansteorra, Their Stellar Majesties Gabriel and Sonja
made Reis ap Tuder ap Wyn, Codex, and Emma de Fetherstan, Laurel, Baron and
Baroness of the court of Ansteorra.

Please send information about happenings to major heralds and major happenings
to all heralds to Laurel, so that it can be published here.

**** Send What to Whom ****

Letters of Intent, Comment, Response, Correction, et cetera are to be posted to
the OSCAR online system. No paper copies need be sent. All submission forms
plus documentation, including petitions, must be posted to the OSCAR online
system. While black-and-white emblazons must be included in the Letter of
Intent, only colored armory forms need to be posted in the forms area.

Cheques or money orders for submissions, payable to "SCA Inc.-College of Arms"
are to be sent to Stephanie Ray-Solum, Blue Bug Bookkeeping, 2144 Westlake Ave.
North Suite F Seattle, WA 98109.

Send roster changes and corrections to Laurel. College of Arms members may also
request a copy of the current roster from Laurel.

For a paper copy of a LoAR, please contact Laurel, at the address above. The
cost for one LoAR is $3. Please make all checks or money orders payable to "SCA
Inc.-College of Arms". The electronic copy of the LoAR is available free of
charge. To subscribe to the mailings of the electronic copy, please see the
bottom of http://heraldry.sca.org/heraldry/lists.html#lists for more
instructions.

For all administrative matters, please contact Laurel.

**** Scheduling ****

Items listed below in square brackets have not been scheduled yet. For
information about future scheduling, please review the status table located on
the Web at http://oscar.sca.org/index.php?action=137.

The August Laurel decisions were made at the Pelican meeting held on Monday,
August 7, 2017 and Sunday, August 20, 2017 and the Wreath meeting held on
Sunday, August 13, 2017. These meetings considered the following letters of
intent: {AE}thelmearc (16 May, 2017), Caid (22 May, 2017), Ealdormere (23 May,
2017), Lochac (25 May, 2017), Atlantia (27 May, 2017), West (27 May, 2017),
Artemisia (28 May, 2017), Avacal (28 May, 2017), Atenveldt (30 May, 2017),
Calontir (30 May, 2017), An Tir (31 May, 2017), Drachenwald (31 May, 2017),
East (31 May, 2017), Meridies (31 May, 2017), Northshield (31 May, 2017),
Outlands (31 May, 2017), and Trimaris (31 May, 2017). * All commentary,
responses, and rebuttals should have been entered into OSCAR by Monday, July
31, 2017.*

The September Laurel decisions were made at the Pelican meeting held on Sunday,
September 10, 2017 and the Wreath meeting held on Sunday, September 10, 2017.
These meetings considered the following letters of intent: Gleann Abhann (06
Jun, 2017), {AE}thelmearc (14 Jun, 2017), Caid (18 Jun, 2017), Laurel LoPaD (22
Jun, 2017), Ealdormere (24 Jun, 2017), Atlantia (26 Jun, 2017), Lochac (26 Jun,
2017), Artemisia (27 Jun, 2017), Drachenwald (27 Jun, 2017), Ansteorra (28 Jun,
2017), Northshield (28 Jun, 2017), An Tir (30 Jun, 2017), Avacal (30 Jun,
2017), Calontir (30 Jun, 2017), East (30 Jun, 2017), Laurel (30 Jun, 2017),
Meridies (30 Jun, 2017), Middle (30 Jun, 2017), and Outlands (30 Jun, 2017). *
All commentary, responses, and rebuttals should have been entered into OSCAR by
Thursday, August 31, 2017.*

The October Laurel decisions were made at the Pelican meeting held on Sunday,
October 8, 2017 and the Wreath meeting held on Sunday, October 15, 2017. These
meetings considered the following letters of intent: Ansteorra (06 Jul, 2017),
Gleann Abhann (09 Jul, 2017), Atenveldt (11 Jul, 2017), {AE}thelmearc (17 Jul,
2017), An Tir (17 Jul, 2017), West (18 Jul, 2017), Laurel LoPaD (19 Jul, 2017),
Ealdormere (24 Jul, 2017), Lochac (26 Jul, 2017), Middle (28 Jul, 2017),
Atlantia (29 Jul, 2017), Caid (29 Jul, 2017), Calontir (29 Jul, 2017), East (29
Jul, 2017), Outlands (29 Jul, 2017), Artemisia (30 Jul, 2017), Atenveldt (30
Jul, 2017), Drachenwald (30 Jul, 2017), Avacal (31 Jul, 2017), Drachenwald (31
Jul, 2017), Meridies (31 Jul, 2017), Northshield (31 Jul, 2017), and Trimaris
(31 Jul, 2017). * All commentary, responses, and rebuttals should have been
entered into OSCAR by Saturday, September 30, 2017.*

_Not all letters of intent may be considered when they are originally scheduled
on this cover letter. The date of posting of the LoI, date of receipt of the
Laurel packet, or other factors may delay consideration of certain letters of
intent. Additionally, some letters of intent received may not have been
scheduled because the administrative requirements (receipt of the forms packet,
receipt of the necessary fees, et cetera) have not yet been met._

REMINDER: Until all administrative requirements are met, the letter may not be
scheduled.

Pray know that we remain,

In service,

Emma de Fetherstan
Outgoing Laurel Queen of Arms

Juliana de Luna
Incoming Laurel Queen of Arms

===============================================================================

Created at 2017-10-18T17:31:57
-------------- next part --------------
****** Errata ******

***** August 1984 *****

**** East ****

  {O/}stgar{dh}r, Crown Province of. Device change. Argent, a
  sea-horse erect azure within a laurel wreath vert.

      When their device was registered, the LoAR neglected to note
      that this was a device change, not a new device. Their previous
      device, "Per bend sinister purpure and Or, a seahorse rampant
      azure, crined, unguled and finned Or, orbed sable, gorged of a
      laurel wreath vert, grasping in its hooves a laurel wreath Or",
      registered at Heraldicon in August 1979, was released.

***** August 1999 *****

**** Atlantia ****

  Brian Killian the Red. Device change. Gules, a grenade Or, on a
  chief embattled argent three crescents sable.

      When his device was registered, the LoAR neglected to note that
      his previous device, "Per chevron rayonny gules and Or, a sword
      fracted in chevron argent and a grenade sable, enflamed proper",
      should be released.

***** September 2006 *****

**** Middle ****

  Skraeling Althing, Barony of. Branch name correction from Scraeling
  Althing, Barony of the.

      This branch name has a long and complicated history. It was
      first recorded in July 1979 in a list of "branch names [that]
      have been registered" as "S_c_rae_k_ing Althing, Canton of
      _the_", but no paperwork had been received, nor did the branch
      apparently send any in; it is entirely possible it was received
      and lost, as there was something of a backlog at the time and
      files were not kept as rigorously as they are today. Their first
      submission of actual record was in January 1982, when they
      registered their device; the spelling at that time was
      "S_k_rae_l_ing Althing, Canton of".

      Subsequent actions in March 1989, September 1994, and May 1998
      all used the latter spelling. The only evidence of the name
      spelled with a 'c' is on that original July 1979 LoAR. From 1982
      until 2006, when an errata for the name was entered, _Skraeling_
      was the known spelling.

      Having received a petition from the group on this matter, we are
      reversing our previous errata of September 2006, and restoring
      the spelling of this group's name as "S_k_raeling Althing,
      Barony of".

***** December 2015 *****

**** East ****

  Cristina Volpina. Device change. Bendy argent and gules, on a chief
  Or a capital letter V sable.

      When her device was registered the kingdom LoI neglected to note
      that this was a device change, not a new device. The submission
      form is clearly marked. Her previous device, "Gules, in pale an
      annulet Or and a goutte argent conjoined", is retained as a
      badge.

***** July 2017 *****

**** Middle ****

  Tarquinus Suspectus. Name and device. Per bend argent and vert, a
  bend between an alphyn passant and three towers counterchanged.

      Marked as a return on the LoAR, this name and device are
      actually accepted.

======================================================================

Created at 2017-10-18T17:31:58


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