[LoAR-txt] 2017-09 LoAR in plaintext

Postmeeting Clerk via LoAR-TXT loar-txt at lists.sca.org
Tue Nov 28 22:33:40 CST 2017


Please find attached the files for the September 2017 LoAR in Da'ud
plaintext format.


-- 
Emma de Fetherstan, acting as Postmeeting Clerk
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****** Errata ******

***** September 1996 *****

**** Caid ****

  Marcel Longueville. Device correction. Argent, a tyger rampant
  contourny purpure between flaunches azure.

      When his device was corrected from the previous registration
      which left out the purpure, the word _contourny_ was
      inadvertently mispelled.

***** January 2003 *****

**** Atlantia ****

  Cedric of Thanet. Device reblazon correction. Argent, a pall
  inverted embattled between three trillium flowers inverted gules,
  leaved vert.

      When his device, originally registered in August 1989, was
      reblazoned to specify the orientation of the trillium flowers,
      the LoAR failed to also note that his pall inverted is embattled
      instead of plain.

======================================================================

Created at 2017-11-28T22:29:17
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***** THE FOLLOWING ITEMS HAVE BEEN REGISTERED: *****

**** {AE}THELMEARC acceptances ****

  Cedar Owing. Name and device. Argent, a cedar tree proper, in chief
  a wolf's head erased and a cross of Saint Brigid, a base azure.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a cross of
      Saint Brigid.

  Elska {a'} Fj{a'}rfelli. Name change from Unnr {a'} Fj{a'}rfelli.

      The byname _{a'} Fj{a'}rfelli_ is already registered to the
      submitter and thus is treated as neutral in time and language
      under the Existing Registration Allowance, PN1B2g, and can be
      combined with the late period German given name _Elska_.

      The submitter's previous name, _Unnr {a'} Fj{a'}rfelli_, is
      retained as an alternate name.

======================================================================

**** AN TIR acceptances ****

  {AE}sa Ormr-{i'}-auga. Device. Argent, a triskelion of dragon's
  heads vert within a bordure rayonny purpure.

  Alienor Ysabiau Debois. Name.

      Submitted as "Ali_{e'}_nor Ysabiau Debois", no evidence was
      found to support the use of the acute accent on the _e_ in
      _Alienor_ in our period. Therefore, we have dropped the accent
      to register this name.

      The spelling _Debois_ was not documented in French on the Letter
      of Intent or in commentary. However, _Debois_ is found in
      English in the FamilySearch Historical Records. English and
      French can be combined under Appendix C.

      If the submitter would prefer the attested French forms _du
      Bois_ or _Dubois_, she may make a request for reconsideration.

  Arnora Grimsdottir. Badge. (Fieldless) On an escallop Or a
  fleur-de-lys gules.

  Ataias Paralates. Name and device. Gules, three wolves couchant in
  annulo, legs to center Or.

      There is a step from period practice for beasts in annulo not in
      their default orientation.

      Artist's note: Please depict the charges larger to fill the
      available space.

  Breaca ingen Flannabrat. Name and device. Vert, a peacock and on a
  chief argent three cinquefoils purpure.

      Submitted as "Breaca ingen Flannab_hra_", the byname does not
      use the proper genitive form of the father's name. During
      commentary, Br{i'}an dorcha ua Conaill documented the correct
      genitive form as "Flannab_rat_". We have made that change for
      registration.

      During commentary, questions were raised about the given name
      _Breaca_. _Breaca_ is a female saint listed in the Latin text of
      _The Itinerary of John Leland the Antiquary_
      (https://books.google.com/books?pg=RA2-PA15), which was
      published in the 16th century. In addition, Lillia Crampette
      identified multiple period places whose names were based on this
      saint. Based on this evidence that _Breaca_ was venerated during
      period, this saint's name is registerable.

  Brynj{o'}lfr Hausaklj{u'}fr. Name and device. Per pale sable and
  vert, a wolf's head cabossed and on a chief argent an axe sable.

  Elspeth Farre. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      This name does not conflict with the registered "Elspeth la
      Faire" (January 1997, Meridies) as there are two changes to the
      sound and appearance of the byname: removing _la_ and the
      difference in the vowels of _Farre_ and _Faire_. Thus, these
      names are clear under PN3C1 of SENA.

  Fin Ris Christianson. Device. Per saltire vert and sable, in pale
  two Latin crosses formy and in fess two wolves sejant respectant
  ululant within an orle of chain argent.

      There is a step from period practice for use of wolves ululant.

      The submitter is a knight and is thus entitled to the use of a
      closed loop of chain.

  Francois Le Grand de Lyon. Name and device. Argent, on a fess gules
  between two tankards and a fleur-de-lys sable five plates.

      Submitted as "Fran_c_ois Le_ G_rand _De_ Lyon", the name was
      changed at Kingdom to "Fran_{c,}_ois L_eg_rand _de_ Lyon" to
      match the documentation that could be found.

      The addition of the cedilla in "Fran_{c,}_ois" was not required,
      as Lillia Crampette pointed out numerous examples of the name's
      appearing without it throughout our period. Therefore, we have
      restored the given name to the originally submitted
      "Fran_c_ois".

      In addition, "Le_ G_rand" matches the pattern of attested French
      bynames such as _Le Grant_, _Le Brun_, _Le Normant_, and _Le
      Blond_. Accordingly, we have restored the byname to the
      originally submitted "Le_ G_rand".

      Artist's note: Please draw the fleur-de-lys larger to fill the
      available space.

  Giulia Stanizi. Name and device. Per fess argent and purpure, three
  demi-fleurs-de-lys issuant from the line of division counterchanged.

      Nice 16th century name for northern Italy!

      Nice device!

  Glymm Mere, Barony of. Order name Orden des Schildes of Glymm Mere
  and badge. Or, on a sun azure a round shield Or.

      The round shield is effectively a bezant with internal
      detailing. It will conflict with bezants and other Or roundels
      with internal detailing.

  Glymm Mere, Barony of. Badge (see RETURNS for order name).
  (Fieldless) In pale a greyhound passant argent collared azure
  conjoined to an arrow fesswise reversed argent.

  Glymm Mere, Barony of. Badge. (Fieldless) On a goutte de larmes a
  rapier Or.

  Gwenllian inghean Bhrain. Name and device. Argent, two ravens
  addorsed regardant sable and in base a crescent, on a chief azure a
  hound courant argent.

      This name combines a Welsh given name and a Gaelic byname, an
      acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C.

  Helene of Lions Gate. Holding name and device (see PENDS for name).
  Per chevron Or and sable, three ostrich plumes each transfixing an
  escroll counterchanged.

      Submitted under the name "Helene d'Anjou".

  Keith filius Te{dh}ion. Name and device. Per pale argent and azure,
  two dragons addorsed counterchanged.

      _Keith_ is the submitter's legal given name.

      Submitted as "Keith Te{dh}ion", the Letter of Intent argued that
      _Te{dh}ion_ was an unmarked patronymic. However, the 10th
      Century Bodmin Manumissions that are the sole source for
      _Te{dh}ion_ show it solely as a Cornish given name and, even
      more importantly, do not include evidence of unmarked
      patronymics. Based on the other data in the Bodmin Manumissions,
      the byname should be a marked patronymic in the form "_filius_
      Te{dh}ion". With the submitter's permission, we have made this
      change for registration.

  Kimberlie of Ramsgaard. Name.

      _Kimberlie_ was documented on the Letter of Intent as the
      submitter's legal given name. However, she does not have to rely
      on the Legal Name Allowance because Lillia Crampette found
      _Kimberlie_ as a gray-period English surname, which can be used
      as a given name, in the FamilySearch Historical Records.

      _Ramsgaard_ is the registered name of an SCA branch.

  Klaus Warmund. Name.

  Lionessa de Compostella. Name and device. Azure, a ram statant and
  on a chief argent three escallops inverted azure.

      The locative byname _de Compostella_, referring to the city in
      Spain, is found in the 14th and 15th centuries in CORDE.

  Louisa of Lorne. Badge. (Fieldless) Two needles in saltire azure.

      Nice badge!

  Lucia Roberts. Name and device. Per pale vert and Or, two arrows
  counterchanged, a chief triangular purpure.

      Nice 16th century English name!

  Pernell Camber. Device change. Azure, a tricorporate lion argent
  within an orle ermine.

      The submitter's previous device, "Argent, a pall cotised azure
      between three oak sprigs inverted proper", is released.

  Rose inghean Laisre. Name and device. Argent, a rose slipped and
  leaved purpure and on a chief sable a rapier argent.

      This name combines an English given name and a Gaelic byname
      based on a saint's name, an acceptable lingual mix under
      Appendix C.

      There is a step from period practice for use of a garden rose.

  Sebalt Ungeheuer. Name and device. Per chevron inverted argent and
  vert fretty argent, a chevron inverted sable, a seeblatt vert.

  Seumas mac Gille Andrias. Name and device. Per pale azure and
  argent, two demi-wolves erased addorsed and in base three barrulets
  wavy counterchanged.

      Submitted as "Seumas _M_ac Gille Andr_ei_s", the submitted
      spelling of the byname was not documented to period in the
      Letter of Intent. Submitters and heralds are reminded that the
      hypothetical Gaelic forms found in Black's _Surnames of
      Scotland_ are "nearly always modern normalized forms" and thus,
      by precedent, are not registerable without corroborating
      documentation from another reliable source. [Seamus Mac Enrig,
      09/2006 LoAR, A-Meridies]

      Commenters and heralds at the Pelican decision meeting were able
      to re-document the name elements as "Seumas _m_ac Gille
      Andr_ia_s" from the _Annals of Loch C{e'}_ and the _Chronicon
      Scotorum_. We have made these changes for registration.

  Shazade Nisaburi the artist. Name and device. Sable, a natural tiger
  rampant contourny Or marked sable and an orle Or.

      In the form _Shazade Nisaburi_, this name was previously
      returned on the November 2014 Letter of Acceptances and Returns
      under PN4B1 of SENA because it created the appearance of a claim
      to be princess of Nishapur. The submitter has added an
      occupational byname unrelated to the claim of rank, which
      removes the appearance of presumption.

      Although there was no evidence for a byname in Persian meaning
      "the artist," such a name can be found in Arabic. Specifically,
      _al-{S.}ann{a-}_, meaning "skillful, artist," is found in
      "Arabic Names from al-Andalus" by Juliana de Luna
      (https://www.s-gabriel.org/names/juliana/alandalus/nicktype.html).
      The byname _the artist_ therefore can be considered a lingua
      Anglica form of the attested _al-{S.}ann{a-}_. The combination
      of Persian and Arabic is an acceptable lingual mix under
      Appendix C.

      The submitter requested authenticity for Persian/Sassanian
      language or culture. Although this name is registerable, it does
      not meet that request because it combines Persian and Arabic (in
      lingua Anglica form).

      There is a step from period practice for use of a natural tiger.

  Sv{ae}rri Torkilsson. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      Appearing on the Letter of Intent as "Sv{ae}rri _Bjornhjarta_
      T_j_orkilsson", the patronymic was corrected to "_To_rkilsson"
      during commentary.

      While both _Sv{ae}rri_ and _Torkilsson_ were supported by
      documentation and attested examples, _Bjornhjarta_, which the
      submitter intended to mean "bear-heart," was not; nor could it
      be constructed from period examples. Old Norse bynames based on
      animal parts were all fairly literal, referring either to the
      fact that a person's body part resembled that of an animal or to
      an event involving that person and an animal. Although there are
      several Old Norse terms referring to braveness or "stout
      hearts," none of them refer to bears. Therefore, with the
      submitter's permission, we have dropped the element _Bjornharta_
      for registration.

  {TH}ora {TH}orkelsdottir. Name and device. Gyronny arrondi azure and
  argent, a domestic cat dormant gardant Or and in chief a cinquefoil
  sable between two cinquefoils argent.

      This name does not conflict with the registered _Thyra
      Thorkillsdottir_ (May 1998, Middle) as there are changes to
      sound and appearance that affect two syllables: the vowel in the
      given name and _-kills-_ vs. _-kels-_ in the father's name.
      Under PN3C1, these differences make the two names clear.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a central
      charge on a gyronny arrondi field drawn with the corners of the
      field in the center of a gyron.

  Tyr Gullinson. Device. Azure, three boars rampant argent.

      Nice device!

  Tyrfingr R{o,}gnvaldarson. Name and device. Per chevron embattled
  sable and argent, two griffins combattant Or and a tower sable, a
  bordure counterchanged.

      Submitted as "Tyrfingr R{o,}gnva_ll_darson", the byname was not
      correctly spelled because _R{o,}gnvaldr_ has only a single _l_.
      We have corrected the spelling to "R{o,}gnva_l_darson" for
      registration.

  Vulcanfeldt, Barony of. Order name Award of Dragons Flame.

  Vulcanfeldt, Barony of. Order name Award of the Poisson d'Or.

      Submitted as "Award of _ Poisson d'Or", this order name
      following the pattern of names based on heraldic charges. This
      pattern requires an article between the designator and the
      substantive element. Accordingly, we have changed the name to
      "Award of _the_ Poisson d'Or" for registration. As required by
      NPN1B2, the article matches the language of the designator.

      This order name is clear of the historical _Ordre de la Toison
      d'Or_ and the _Toison d'Or King of Arms_ under NPN3C3, as
      _Poisson_ and _Toison_ are at least as different as _Harry_ and
      _Mary_, the example used in SENA.

  Vulcanfeldt, Barony of. Order name Award of the Alerion of
  Vulcanfeldt.

  Vulcanfeldt, Barony of. Order name Order of Ember of Vulcanfeldt.

  Vulcanfeldt, Barony of. Order name Order of the Argent Owl.

  Vulcanfeldt, Barony of. Order name Order of Vulcans Flame.

      The Barony may be interested to know that, not only was the name
      _Vulcan_ known in literary contexts in period as the name of a
      Roman god, it was also used as a given name by ordinary people
      in the 16th century. "16th Century Names from Classical History
      and Mythology" by Alys Mackyntoich (KWHSS 2014) p. 24 shows a
      man named _Vulcan_ christened in England in 1589.

  Vulcanfeldt, Barony of. Badge for populace. Per chevron gules and
  Or, a sun counterchanged within a bordure embattled sable.

      This depiction of per chevron is too low for registration, per
      the guidelines of the August 2011 Cover Letter. However,
      Vulcanfeldt's device has this same ratio and placement of the
      line of division, so this is allowable under the Existing
      Registration Allowance.

======================================================================

**** ANSTEORRA acceptances ****

  {AE}lfhild Ragnarsd{o'}ttir. Device change. Argent, a double-headed
  eagle sable maintaining in base two swords inverted in saltire, on a
  chief gules three mullets of eight points argent.

      The submitter's previous device, "Argent, in pale a rose proper
      slipped and leaved vert and a crescent environing the slip
      azure, a bordure engrailed sable", is released.

  Alan Wemyss. Name and device. Per pale sable and vert, a sparrow
  volant wings addorsed between three mullets of four points argent.

      Nice 13th century English name!

  Arn{o'}ra Ro{dh}bertsd{o'}ttir. Name and device. Purpure, a
  decrescent between in cross four mullets of eight points Or.

  Astrid Flokadottir. Name.

      Submitted as "Astrid_h_ Flokadottir", the submitter requested
      the spelling "Astrid_" if it could be documented. As commenters
      were able to document the requested spelling in several sources,
      we have changed the given name to "Astrid_".

  Aunphelice de Grene. Name and device. Azure, three stags at gaze and
  a bordure Or.

      Nice English name for circa 1200!

  Belle de la Tour. Name and badge. Or, a bell sable within a bordure
  vert.

      Nice late 13th century French name!

  Bertina Battista. Name.

      Nice name for early 15th century Florence!

  Brigit inghean ui Chrotaigh. Name.

      Submitted as "Brigit inghean ui _Cr_otaigh", standard Gaelic
      grammar requires _C_ to lenite after _inghean ui_. Therefore, we
      have changed the byname to "inghean ui C_h_rotaigh" for
      registration.

      Questions were raised in commentary about the registerability of
      the byname. The byname is based on the header _{O'} Crotaigh_
      found in Woulfe's _Sloinnte Gaedheal is Gall: Irish Names and
      Surnames_. By longstanding precedent, if a Gaelic header in
      Woulfe has italicized 16th and early 17th century Anglicized
      Irish forms under it, then we give the submitter the benefit of
      the doubt that the Gaelic form was also used in the 16th and
      early 17th centuries. [October 2010 Cover Letter] In this case,
      an Anglicized Irish form does appear under the heading _{O'}
      Crotaigh_, making that header form and its feminine equivalent
      registerable as 16th and early 17th century Gaelic forms.

      This name combines a gray-period English given name with a 16th
      or early 17th century Gaelic byname, an acceptable lingual mix
      under Appendix C.

  Ekaterina Stepanova doch' Novgorodskaia. Device. Per pale gules and
  sable, an orle Or.

      Nice device!

  Ekaterina Stepanova doch' Novgorodskaia. Badge. (Fieldless) A delf
  gules.

      Nice badge!

  Else Schemmer von Snackenburg. Badge. (Fieldless) On a stick shuttle
  argent a serpent nowed azure.

  Else Schemmer von Snackenburg. Badge. (Fieldless) On a stick shuttle
  azure a mullet Or.

  Emeline de Bourdeaulx. Name.

  Francesca di Lucca. Device. Barry and per pale azure and argent.

      Nice device!

  Gwenllian verch Madyn. Household name House of the Black Phoenix and
  badge. (Fieldless) A phoenix sable.

      Nice badge!

  Lessandra della Torre. Name change from Mary Whytehorne and device
  change. Per pale sable and azure, a Bowen cross and on a chief
  argent three Bowen crosses sable.

      Originally submitted as "Lessandra _ della Torre", the submitter
      added _Francesca_ as a second given name in Kingdom to avoid
      conflict with the registered "Alessandra della Torre". However,
      adding this second given name introduced a new problem, as the
      name now implied relationship with the registered _Francesca
      della Torre_.

      After the close of Laurel commentary, _Alessandra_ granted the
      submitter permission to conflict. At the submitter's request, we
      have dropped _Francesca_ and restored the name to its
      originally-submitted form for registration.

      The submitter's previous name, _Mary Whytehorne_, is retained as
      an alternate name.

      Artist's note: Please draw the crosses larger.

      The submitter's previous device, "Sable, a Bowen cross and on a
      chief argent three Bowen crosses sable", is retained as a badge.

  Lya Gossard. Name and device. Argent, a goose rousant wings
  displayed sable.

      Nice late 16th century English name!

      Nice device!

  Michall Morison. Name and device. Per pale argent and azure, a
  talbot sejant and an orle sable.

      Nice 16th century English name!

      As the submitter expressed interest in a 15th or 16th century
      Scottish form of the name, he may be interested to know that an
      authentic 16th century Scots spelling is _Michall Morisoun_,
      with both elements dated to 1584 in the _Records of the
      Parliaments of Scotland to 1707_ (http://www.rps.ac.uk/). If the
      submitter prefers this form, he may make a request for
      reconsideration.

  Miguel das Neves de Lisboa. Name and device. Argent, in saltire five
  towers within a bordure denticulada gules.

      Submitted as "Miguel _ Neves de Lisboa", with the submitter's
      permission we have changed the name to "Miguel _das_ Neves de
      Lisboa" to match the documentation. In this construction, _das
      Neves_ is an inherited surname.

      Nice Spanish armory!

      Artist's note: Please draw the towers larger to fill the
      available space.

  Orazio d'Assisi. Device. Azure crusilly Latin, a wolf couchant
  reguardant and on a chief argent three swallows volant to dexter
  base gules.

      Artist's note: Please draw the crosses larger to fill the
      available space.

  Ragnar Svensson. Name and device. Per pale gules and argent, a pair
  of arms counterchanged.

      Nice device!

  Rebekah Aleyn. Name and device. Gules, a talbot rampant argent and
  in canton a mullet of six points Or.

      Nice English name for circa 1600!

      Artist's note: Please draw both charges larger to fill the
      available space.

  Rigantmelt filia Artomagli. Name and device. Sable, a bear passant
  and issuant from chief a demi-sun argent eclipsed azure.

  Rixende de Rouen. Device change. Azure, a bend engrailed between a
  dragonfly and a rose Or.

      The submitter's previous device, "Azure, a wine amphora and a
      bordure Or", is retained as a badge.

  Samuel Dewy. Device. Gules, in saltire two arrows surmounted by a
  sword inverted argent, on a mount argent a dragon's head couped
  sable.

      Artist's note: Please draw the mount and dragon's head larger.

  Sigvar{dh}r Skarfr. Name.

      Submitted as "Sigvar{dh}r Skarf_R_", the documentation did not
      support the byname as submitted. In the form "Skarf_R_", it is a
      given name. However, Old Norse names do not use unmarked
      patronymics, so it would not be registerable in this form.

      However, as a noun, _skarfr_ is a descriptive byname from 10th
      century Iceland meaning "cormorant." We have changed the byname
      to "Skarf_r_" to use the descriptive and allow registration of
      the name.

  Tuathal O'Sheill. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      This name combines a Gaelic given name with an Anglicized Irish
      byname, an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C.

      The submitter may be interested to know that the fully Gaelic
      _Tuathal {O'} Siadhail_ is also registerable. The byname _{O'}
      Siadhail_ is a header form found in Woulfe's _Sloinnte Gaedheal
      is Gall: Irish Names and Surnames_. By longstanding precedent,
      if a Gaelic header in Woulfe has italicized 16th and early 17th
      century Anglicized Irish forms under it, then we give the
      submitter the benefit of the doubt that the Gaelic form was also
      used in the 16th and early 17th centuries. [October 2010 Cover
      Letter] In this case, several Anglicized Irish forms appear
      under the heading {O'} Siadhail, making that header form
      registerable as 16th and early 17th century Gaelic form. If the
      submitter prefers the fully Gaelic form, he may make a request
      for reconsideration.

  Vilhjalmr Olfuss. Name.

======================================================================

**** ARTEMISIA acceptances ****

  Anastasiia Katerina Petrova. Name and device. Gules, on a lozenge
  ploy{e'} throughout argent a daisy azure, a bordure compony azure
  and argent.

      By precedent, double Christian given names are acceptable in
      Russian. "As at least one source states that double Christian
      given names were used, and Wickenden also states that they may
      have occurred in period, we are giving the submitter the benefit
      of the doubt that _Janus Neon_ is a plausible double given
      name." [Janus Neon Bakinich, Nov. 2015, A-Caid]

  Aonghus ill ulfr. Name change from Aonghus Boithwell.

      _Aonghus_ is already registered to the submitter and thus may
      continue to be used under the Existing Registration Allowance,
      PN1B2g. This name element is treated as neutral in time and
      language. The phrase _ill ulfr_ is part of the submitter's legal
      surname and thus may be used under the Legal Name Allowance,
      PN1B2e.

      The submitter's prior name, _Aonghus Boithwell_, is retained as
      an alternate name.

  Cailleach Dh{e'} bean Tigernaich. Device. Azure, a rabbit salient
  maintaining a tambour bendwise argent, a bordure Or semy of compass
  stars sable.

      There is a step from period practice for use of compass stars.

  Dirck de Jager. Name and device. Per chevron azure and argent, two
  lances Or and a windmill gules.

  Giovanni Ratto. Name (see RETURNS for device and badge).

      The surname _Ratto_, meaning "rat," follows the pattern of
      Italian surnames based on animals, including _Gatto_ (cat),
      _Capra_ (goat) and _Piccioni_ (pigeons).

  Tigernach Bard. Device. Gules, a peacock in his pride maintaining in
  base a sword inverted and a lute in saltire Or, a bordure Or semy of
  compass stars sable.

      There is a step from period practice for use of compass stars.

  Valr Skjaldari. Name and device. Vert, a chainless portcullis and on
  a chief embattled argent a key reversed vert.

      Submitted as "Valr Skjaldar_", the byname was not grammatically
      correct. _Skjaldar-_ is a prepended byname, which is properly
      placed before the given name, _e.g._, _Skjaldar-Valr_. When used
      after the given name, the byname would take the adjectival form,
      "Skjaldar_i_". Based on the submitter's preference, we have
      changed the name to "Valr Skjaldar_i_".

      Artist's note: Please draw the key with longer, more substantial
      wards.

  Ysabet Abella. Name (See RETURNS for device). .

      The submitter requested authenticity for the Catalan language.
      This request was not summarized on the Letter of Intent.
      Fortunately, we had sufficient information to assess
      authenticity and did not need to pend this submission. Both name
      elements were documented as Catalan names from the medieval
      kingdom of Valencia in 1510. Therefore, the name meets the
      submitter's request.

  Ysabet Abella. Badge. (Fieldless) On a bee skep Or the insular
  minuscule letters Y dotted and A azure.

======================================================================

**** ATLANTIA acceptances ****

  Caitil{i'}n inghean U{i'} Ruaidhr{i'}. Name and device. Purpure, a
  saltire sable fimbriated between in pale two coneys statant argent.

      Nice 15th century Gaelic name!

      Artist's note: Please draw the saltire narrower, to give more
      space for the coneys to fill.

  Elhaearn map Bleidcu. Name.

      Submitted as "_Ae_lhaearn _ap Bleidcu", we could not find
      evidence supporting the submitted spelling of the given name as
      a period form. However, heralds at the Pelican decision meeting
      found "_E_lhaearn" as a 14th century form of the name of the 7th
      century saint. We have changed the given name to the attested
      "_E_lhaearn" for registration.

      _Bleidcu_ was found in a 10th or 11th century Welsh document,
      referring to a person who lived in the 6th or 7th century. The
      patronymic marker needs to be consistent with this Old Welsh
      name. Therefore, we have changed the patronymic to the Old Welsh
      "_m_ap Bleidcu" for registration.

      Commenters expressed concerns about the apparent temporal
      disparity between the name elements. Both elements are based on
      the names of persons who lived in the late sixth or early 7th
      centuries. However, in the case of Saint Elhaearn, we do not
      have a record of how that name was spelled during that time
      period. Precedent allows us to register later medieval spellings
      of early Welsh names when the original spelling is unknown:

           [W]e have large numbers of names that date to early
           forms of Welsh and British that are only recorded in
           later medieval Welsh forms. Therefore, we will allow
           the registration of medieval Welsh forms of earlier
           names, though we encourage the use of the older forms
           where they can be found or constructed. [Aranwen
           Ridhelic, 9/2011, A-Meridies]

      Therefore, as changed, this name is registerable.

  Estienne Le Mons d'Anjou. Household name House of the Golden Corgi
  and badge. (Fieldless) A corgi statant Or maintaining from its mouth
  a drop spindle vert.

      No evidence was presented that _korgi_ or _corgi_ was a period
      English word. Rather, the only evidence of _corgi_ or _korgi_ is
      in period Welsh. Contrary to the Letter of Intent, Wyllam
      Salesbury's _Dictionary in Englyshe and Welshe_, published in
      London 1574, does not define the Welsh term _Korgi ne gostoc_ as
      a corgi, but simply as "A curre dogge." Thus, while _corgi_
      could be considered the lingua Anglica form of the period Welsh
      word _korgi_, it is still considered Welsh. The English _golden_
      and the Welsh _corgi_ cannot be combined in the same name phrase
      under NPN1C1 without evidence of such combinations in actual
      period practice.

      The question of whether this name is registerable is further
      complicated by the lack of any evidence for inn-sign names in
      Welsh. However, there is a well-established English pattern of
      naming inns and taverns after heraldic charges. Wreath is ruling
      this month that, as a documented period dog breed, the dog
      modernly known as a _corgi_ is a period heraldic charge that the
      SCA will blazon as a _corgi_. We therefore can give the
      submitter the benefit of the doubt that the name _House of the
      Golden Corgi_ fits the English pattern of naming inns and
      taverns in the pattern color + heraldic charge.

      The corgi is an attested breed of dog, with an image provided in
      this submission dated to 1650. Specifying the type of breed of a
      dog beyond that which is normally found in heraldry (e.g. talbot
      or greyhound) is a step from period practice.

  Jared the Bear. Household name Domus Calicis et Ursi and badge.
  (Fieldless) A brown bear rampant proper maintaining a chalice Or.

      Submitted as "Domus Calic_u_s et Ursi", we have changed the name
      to "Domus Calic_i_s et Ursi" to use correct Latin grammar.

  Lanea inghean U{i'} Chiarag{a'}in. Name.

      Submitted as "L_y_ne_y_a inghean U{i'} _Ci_arag{a'}in", Gaelic
      grammar requires the initial consonant of the clan ancestor's
      name to lenite in this situation. We have changed the byname to
      "inghean U{i'} C_h_iarag{a'}in" for registration.

      In addition, after the close of commentary, the submitter
      requested that the given name be changed to "L_a_n_ea_" and
      helpfully provided documentation for that spelling in England in
      1601 from the FamilySearch Historical Records. As we had
      sufficient time to confirm the documentation and check for
      conflicts, we are happy to make this change without pending the
      name.

      As "Lanea inghean U{i'} Chiarag{a'}in", this name combines an
      English given name from 1601 with a Gaelic byname from the 16th
      or early 17th centuries, an acceptable lingual mix under
      Appendix C.

  Merovechus de Blariaco. Name.

  Rolant Tannhauser. Name change from Roland Gervais.

      This name combines French or Dutch given name with a German
      byname, both of which are acceptable lingual mixes under
      Appendix C.

      The submitter's previous name, _Roland Gervais_, is released.

  Rynion of Raven's Cove. Device. Per chevron vert and azure, a
  chevron between two New World dogwood blossoms and a coney rampant
  contourny maintaining a harp argent.

      There was some question about whether the maintained harp was in
      the same charge group as the other secondary charges. Were this
      the case, there would be three types of charge in the same
      charge group, and this device would have to be returned.

      However, were the coney the primary charge, the maintained harp
      would definitely be considered a secondary. Due to its relative
      size and arrangement, a maintained charge cannot be in the same
      charge group as the charge that maintains it. There are two
      secondary charge groups in this device, and thus avoids return
      via the slot machine rule.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of New World
      flora.

======================================================================

**** AVACAL acceptances ****

None.

======================================================================

**** CAID acceptances ****

  Angela von Westphalen. Name change from Beatrix von Westphalen.

      The name element _von Westphalen_ is already registered to the
      submitter and thus can continue to be used under the Existing
      Registration Allowance, PN1B2g, without requiring new
      documentation.

      The submitter's previous name, _Beatrix von Westphalen_, is
      released.

  Anne de Saint Maur. Name (see RETURNS for device).

  Ash Blackthorn. Name and device. Azure, a gauntlet maintaining a
  ragged staff fesswise argent, in chief three grenades Or enflamed
  proper.

  Avicia de Na Baiona. Alternate name Julia Silvana.

      Nice Imperial Roman name!

  Barsine al-Aliyya. Name.

      _Barsine_ is a late period Italian literary name derived from
      classical Greek sources. As Italy had a practice of using
      literary names, including those of classical origin, we can
      register this name.

      This name combines an Italian given name with an Arabic byname,
      an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C.

  Beorn of the Northern Sea. Alternate name Marcus Veridius Commodus
  Maximus.

      The documentation in the Letter of Intent did not clearly
      demonstrate the use of _Veridius_ as a nomen. Fortunately, in
      commentary, Alisoun Metron Ariston documented _Veridius_ as a
      nomen from Roman Britain in the Heidelberg Inscription Database,
      allowing the name to be registered as submitted.

  Beorn of the Northern Sea. Badge. (Fieldless) A lyre within and
  conjoined to an annulet argent.

  Bruce Draconarius of Mistholme. Transfer of badge to Manus le
  Dragonier. (Fieldless) A cylinder sundial argent.

  Bruce Draconarius of Mistholme. Badge. (Fieldless) A lymphad vert.

      Nice badge!

  Caid, Kingdom of. Order name Order of the Arcus and badge. Azure, a
  bow within a bordure embattled argent.

      Dunkr Ormstunga has granted the Kingdom of Caid permission for
      this name to conflict with his registered household name _Domus
      Arcuum_. This permission is necessary because, in some dialects,
      _Arcuum_ is pronounced with only two syllables, making the names
      too close in sound.

  Catelin MacCane. Device. Purpure, in pale a mouse erect argent
  maintaining a sword and riding a snail Or.

  Catina Marciano. Badge. (Fieldless) A paw print purpure.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a paw print.

  Duncan Silvertoppe. Name.

  Elizabeth of Lyondemere. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      _Lyondemere_ is the registered name of an SCA branch.

  Ellice Betha Blackhart. Name and device. Argent, a hart's head
  cabossed sable between three roses gules.

  Halt Silvertoppe. Name.

  Jarmarr Randvi{dh}sson. Name.

      Submitted as "Jarmarr Randvi_{dh}ar_son", we have changed the
      byname to "Randvi_{dh}s_son" to use the correct genitive form of
      the father's name, found in Lind.

      The submitter requested authenticity for "Norse." Although both
      name elements are Norse, they do not overlap in place or time.
      Thus, while the name is registerable, it is not authentic.

  Jean Blackhart. Device. Per chevron purpure and argent, two pairs of
  two arrows in saltire Or and a tortoise vert.

  Kathryn de Bezier. Name and device. Gules, a cross of Toulouse and
  on a chief Or a recorder, mouthpiece to dexter, gules.

      This name combines an English given name with a French byname,
      an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C.

  Kenneth Richardson. Name and device. Argent, a cross raguly sable
  and a chief azure.

      Nice device!

  Kenneth Stevenson. Name and device. Vert, a bear rampant sustaining
  a drinking horn Or.

  Magdalene van den Velde. Device. Per fess barry Or and gules and
  bendy sable and Or.

  Magnus Blackwood. Name (see RETURNS for device).

  Manius Gessius Treverius. Name and device. Per chevron inverted Or
  and sable, a horse rampant vert and three pine cones stems to chief
  Or.

  Manus Cahan. Name and device. Per fess sable and azure, three
  mullets of six points and a hand argent.

      Originally submitted as "Manus Cahan_", the surname was changed
      to "Cahan_e_" at Kingdom for reasons that were not explained on
      the Letter of Intent. Submissions heralds are reminded that
      changes and the reasons for them must be explained on Letters of
      Intent. Simply stating that the submitter approved the change,
      as was done here, does not give Pelican sufficient information
      to evaluate the name.

      In this case, we are able to restore the surname to the
      originally submitted "Cahan_", which appears in several late
      16th century English letters found via British History Online.
      If the submitter prefers the form sent up by Kingdom, "Manus
      Cahane", he may make a request for reconsideration.

  Manus le Dragonier. Acceptance of transfer of badge from Bruce
  Draconarius of Mistholme. (Fieldless) A cylinder sundial argent.

  Marcus Opellius Cicero. Name and device. Sable, a chevron and in
  base two swords in saltire Or.

  Merewen Goldrun. Name and device. Per bend sinister Or and purpure,
  a talbot rampant contourny sable and a talbot rampant Or.

  Michael Stewart. Name and device. Vert, on a bend sinister sable
  fimbriated between a decrescent and a tower three open books
  palewise argent.

      _Michael Stewart_, the American playwright and librettist for a
      number of well-known Broadway musicals, is not important enough
      to protect from presumption. While many were familiar with his
      body of work, even Lillia Crampette, our resident Broadway
      musical fan, did not recall his name without consulting Google.

      Artist's note: Please draw the secondary and tertiary charges
      larger to fill the available space.

  Odar mac Conchobair. Name.

      Nice 11th century Gaelic name!

  Refr Sk{a'}laglamm. Name.

  Roland Polle. Name.

      Nice late 16th century English name!

  R{u'}na Lind. Name.

      _Lind_ is the submitter's legal surname.

  Serafina de Zati. Device. Per bend gules and sable, a fox sejant
  gardant argent maintaining beneath its forepaw a skull Or.

  Sufyan al-Shirazi. Name.

  Thorin v{o,}r{dh}r {O'} S{e'}aghdha. Badge. (Fieldless) A demi-wolf
  guardant Or.

  Valeria Cabrielli. Badge. (Fieldless) An onion gules stemmed vert
  within and conjoined to a mascle Or.

  Vasilios al-Saluki. Device. Per pale gules and sable, a greyhound
  courant contourny and a mountain argent.

  Yngvildr in {i'}rska. Name.

      The submitter requested authenticity for Norse language. Both
      name elements are from _Landn{a'}mab{o'}k_, making the name
      authentic for Old Norse in 9th-10th century Iceland.

  Zoe Angelina. Name and device. Quarterly Or and vert, two domestic
  cats sejant erect addorsed tails crossed counterchanged.

======================================================================

**** CALONTIR acceptances ****

  Alfgeirr skytja. Device change. Or, an owl-headed bear rampant
  guardant between three decrescents purpure.

      The submitter's previous device, "Vert, on a Mongolian yurt
      argent an owl sable", is retained as a badge.

  Axel Sialfason. Badge. (Fieldless) A Thor's hammer sable and a
  serpent entwined Or.

  Baine Montgomerie. Name and device. Azure, on a plate between three
  mullets of seven points argent an owl rising wings displayed sable.

      Submitted as "B_{a'}_ine Montgomerie", no evidence could be
      found that the Gaelic given name "B_{a'}_ine" was ever used by
      real people (as opposed to by a purely legendary figure). As
      such, it is not registerable. However, "B_a_ine" is a
      gray-period Scots given name found in the FamilySearch
      Historical Records. With the submitter's permission, we have
      changed the given name to this form for registration.

  Baine Montgomerie. Badge. (Fieldless) An owl rising wings displayed
  sable.

      Nice badge!

  Calontir, Kingdom of. Order name Order of the St{i'}le Fyrd and
  badge. Sable, on a pile embattled between two rapiers in pile
  argent, a cross of Calatrava purpure.

      There is no evidence of "order names" as we understand them in
      the Anglo-Saxon/Old English culture. Ordinarily, this lack of
      evidence would bar registration of an order name using Old
      English elements. As stated in the April 2011 Cover Letter:

           [S]ome times and places are just out of luck for the
           creation of herald's titles and order names. We have
           no evidence that either were in use before the 12th
           century, and only a few patterns were in use before
           1300. That means that languages that fell out of use
           before that time (Old Norse, Old English, Frankish,
           etc.) cannot be used to create heraldic titles or
           order names, as there are no patterns for them to
           follow.

      However, Calontir has already registered several order names
      using Old English words as substantive elements, including the
      _Order of the Iren-Fyrd_ and _Order of the Iren-Hird_. Thus,
      Calontir may continue to register Old English elements in order
      names under the Existing Registration Allowance.

      This order name can be registered to Calontir under the Existing
      Registration Allowance based on the prior registration of _Order
      of the Iren-Fyrd_, which uses the pattern Metal + _Fyrd_
      (meaning "peasant levy"). Like _iren_ ("iron"), _st{i'}le_
      ("steel") is an Anglo-Saxon word for a metal.

  Calontir, Kingdom of. Order name Order of the St{i'}le Hirth and
  badge. Per chevron embattled sable and argent, in pale two rapiers
  in chevron crossed at the tips argent and a cross of Calatrava
  purpure.

      There is no evidence of "order names" as we understand them in
      the Anglo-Saxon/Old English culture. Ordinarily, this lack of
      evidence would bar registration of an order name using Old
      English elements. As stated in the April 2011 Cover Letter:

           [S]ome times and places are just out of luck for the
           creation of herald's titles and order names. We have
           no evidence that either were in use before the 12th
           century, and only a few patterns were in use before
           1300. That means that languages that fell out of use
           before that time (Old Norse, Old English, Frankish,
           etc.) cannot be used to create heraldic titles or
           order names, as there are no patterns for them to
           follow.

      However, Calontir has already registered several order names
      using Old English words as substantive elements, including the
      _Order of the Iren-Fyrd_ and _Order of the Iren-Hird_. Thus,
      Calontir may continue to register Old English elements in order
      names under the Existing Registration Allowance.

      This order name can be registered to Calontir under the Existing
      Registration Allowance based on the prior registration of _Order
      of the Iren-Hird_, which uses the pattern of Metal +
      _Hirth/Hird_ (meaning "bodyguard of the king/noble"). Like iren
      ("iron"), st{i'}le ("steel") is an Old English word for a metal.

      This depiction of per chevron embattled is too low for
      registration, per the guidelines of the August 2011 Cover
      Letter. However, Calontir's previous submissions had this same
      ratio and placement of the line of division, so this is
      allowable under the Existing Registration Allowance.

      Likewise, this depiction of two items "in saltire" has the
      charges crossing too close to the tips to be considered "in
      saltire." However, in the previous registration of "Per chevron
      embattled sable and argent, in pale two strung bows in saltire
      argent and a cross of Calatrava purpure" for the Order of the
      Boga Hirth in 1989, the bows are crossed much closer to the
      upper tips of the bow than the middles, so this arrangement of
      two items in chevron, tips crossed, and a cross of Calatrava in
      base is allowable under the Existing Registration Allowance,
      even if such a layout would normally break Unity of Posture
      rules.

      Artist's note: Please draw the cross of Calatrava larger to fill
      the available space.

  Calontir, Kingdom of. Reblazon of badge for Order of the Boga Hirth.
  Per chevron embattled sable and argent, in pale two strung bows in
  chevron crossed at the tips argent and a cross of Calatrava purpure.

      Previously registered as "Per chevron embattled sable and
      argent, in pale two strung bows in saltire argent and a cross of
      Calatrava purpure", this badge for the Order of the Boga Hirth
      in 1989, has the bows crossed much closer to the upper tips of
      the bow than the middles. As this pattern is used elsewhere in
      this letter for an Existing Registration Allowance, we are
      accurately reblazoning it here.

  Charles Vaux. Name.

      Nice French or English name from the 14th century onwards!

  Eil{i'}na Kn{u'}tsd{o'}ttir. Name.

  Elzebeth van Rostock. Device. Azure, on a cross nowy argent a tree
  blasted vert.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of the cross
      nowy.

  Erik de Tyr. Device. Per chevron argent and gules, two ravens rising
  addorsed sable and a wolf rampant argent.

  Luther Hoffen Drunck. Name.

      Submitted as "Luther Hoffe_nd_ru_nk_", no evidence was found
      supporting _Hoffendrunk_ as a period name. Although Gotfrid
      Saker worked very hard to construct the requested name, the
      evidence he found showed a number of bynames based on drinking,
      but not one in the form _Hoffen-_. Further, in medieval German,
      _Hoffen-_ and _Hofen-_ usually denoted a farmstead and did not
      have the submitter's intended meaning "hoping for."

      However, _Hoffen_ and _Drunck_ are both late period German
      bynames. As double surnames are permitted in German, with the
      submitter's permission we have changed the name to "Luther
      Hoffen_Drun_c_k" for registration.

  Nikita Pavlovich. Name.

      Nice 16th century Russian name!

  Raleigh MacCaba. Name (see RETURNS for device).

  Rosalie Langmod. Badge. (Fieldless) On a rose purpure a Latin cross
  bottony Or.

  {TH}orunnr eyverska. Name.

======================================================================

**** DRACHENWALD acceptances ****

  Amphelise de Wodeham. Badge. (Fieldless) On a linden leaf argent a
  wren azure.

  Eleanor de Mundona. Name.

  Elzebeth M{u'}nserin. Device. Per pale Or and azure, a hedgehog
  counterchanged.

  Ingim{o'}{dh} Lofr{i'}ksd{o'}ttir. Device. Azure, a lynx's head
  couped Or, in chief three saltorels and on a base argent a saltorel
  azure.

  Isabel Northwode. Device. Sable, a gryphon wings displayed Or
  maintaining a candle argent within a double tressure Or.

  Isabetta del Verde. Household name Society of the Golden Egg and
  badge. (Fieldless) An egg Or.

      This badge does not conflict with the device of Robartach {O'}
      Sluagh{a'}in, "Per chevron sable and gules, in chief a bezant",
      the badge of Barony Beyond the Mountain, "Per fess azure and
      vert, in canton a bezant", the device of Tamsin of the Raven
      Tresses, "Gyronny of sixteen, azure and Or, a bezant", or the
      flag of Palau, "Azure, a bezant". In each case, there is one DC
      for the field. Precedent states: "Eggs, while certainly rare,
      are period armorial charges. We have no evidence that they were
      ever considered interchangeable with roundels." (Jehan le Blanc,
      December 2013). Some commentary was raised over this, so we will
      explicitly state that under SENA A51D, when properly depicted,
      and absent documentation that they were used interchangeably by
      period heralds, eggs and roundels have one DC between them.

  Isabetta del Verde. Blanket permission to conflict with badge.
  (Fieldless) A dragonfly per pale vert and purpure.

      The submitter grants permission to conflict for all armory that
      is not identical to her badge.

  Isabetta del Verde. Blanket permission to conflict with badge.
  (Fieldless) An egg Or.

      The submitter grants permission to conflict for all armory that
      is not identical to her badge.

  Isabetta del Verde. Blanket permission to conflict with name
  Isabetta del Verde.

      The submitter grants permission to any future person to register
      a name that is not identical to her registered name.

  Isabetta del Verde. Blanket permission to conflict with device. Per
  pale vert and purpure, a dragonfly within an orle of lozenges
  argent.

      The submitter grants permission to conflict for all armory that
      is not identical to her device.

  Isabetta del Verde. Blanket permission to conflict with household
  name Society of the Golden Egg.

      The submitter grants permission to any future person to register
      a name that is not identical to her registered household name,
      _Society of the Golden Egg_.

  Jasper Rose. Device. Gules, on a fess between three roses argent a
  swan rousant wings displayed sable.

  Joanne am Rein. Name and device. Argent, a chevron sable mullety
  argent between three owls sable.

      _Joanne_ was documented as a 16th century English name borrowed
      into German pursuant to the February 2015 Cover Letter. However,
      at the Pelican decision meeting, Seraphina Ragged Staff
      documented _Joanne_ as a German given name in the FamilySearch
      Historical Records. Thus, this name is entirely German.

  Laurens Danwyck. Name.

      Nice 16th century Dutch name!

  Mikael Rantzow. Blanket permission to conflict with device (see
  RETURNS for heraldic will). Per pale embattled gules and argent.

      The submitter grants permission to conflict for all armory that
      is not identical to his device.

  Mirabel de Notingham. Name.

      Nice late 13th C English name!

  Styrmir af N{ae}stweth. Badge. (Fieldless) A chess knight per pale
  azure and vert.

  Victoria Piera Rosselli. Name.

======================================================================

**** EALDORMERE acceptances ****

  Annes Tinker. Name and device. Azure, a bend and in sinister canton
  a crescent argent.

      Nice device!

  Dubhesa inghean U{i'} Uilliam. Name (see RETURNS for device).

  Emelote of Calais. Device. Sable, a decrescent argent and a chief
  fleury counter fleury argent semy-de-lys sable.

      Artist's note: Please draw fewer fleurs-de-lys. As few as five
      charges can constitute semy when on a charge.

  Gwendolyn of Aldburg. Device change. Vert, in fess a bezant between
  two falcons rising respectant argent.

      The submitter's previous device, "Vert, two falcons rising
      respectant argent, a bordure Or", is released.

  J{o,}furr Rau{dh}sson. Name and device. Per pale embattled grady
  purpure and argent, a chamfron and a triskelion of spirals
  counterchanged.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a triskelion
      of spirals.

  Laura Battista. Badge. (Fieldless) A natural seahorse contourny
  purpure bezanty.

      Artist's note: Please ensure that the internal detailing of the
      primary charge does not overlay the bezants.

  Marioun Golightly. Device. Azure semy of feathers bendwise sinister
  argent.

  Varakhii Varenko Vlkovich. Name and device. Azure, within a chaplet
  of thorns a maple leaf Or.

      As explained in the July 2017 Cover Letter, because Wickenden's
      _Dictionary of Period Russian Names_ cites only the first
      recorded instance of a particular name element, we give
      submitters the benefit of the doubt when assessing the temporal
      gap between Russian names. In addition, also as stated in the
      July 2017 Cover Letter, because Wickenden's _Dictionary_ remains
      the most accessible source for Russian naming, all names cited
      in the _Dictionary_ are considered "Russian" unless the
      submitter has specifically requested authenticity. Thus,
      although the underlying documentation is flawed, the name can be
      registered precisely as submitted as the combination of two
      saint's names and a patronymic.

      Questions were raised in commentary about whether the use of two
      Christian given names is permitted for Russian names. By
      precedent, this practice is permitted. "As at least one source
      states that double Christian given names were used, and
      Wickenden also states that they may have occurred in period, we
      are giving the submitter the benefit of the doubt that _Janus
      Neon_ is a plausible double given name." [Janus Neon Bakinich,
      Nov. 2015, A-Caid]

  Yamagata Yukiko. Device. Vert, in pale two dragonflies fesswise,
  that in chief contourny Or.

======================================================================

**** EAST acceptances ****

  Chiara Foscari. Name.

      The submitter requested authenticity for 15th Century Venice.
      This name appears to meet that request.

  Cristina Volpina. Household name House of the Golden Schelle and
  badge. (Fieldless) An escallop bendwise Or.

      Nice late 14th century inn-sign household name!

  Damian {I'}s{o'}lfsson. Name and device. Vert, a wolf rampant and in
  chief two crosses of Saint Brigid argent.

      This name combines a Russian given name from 1148 with a
      Scandinavian byname from 1254, an acceptable lingual mix under
      Appendix C.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of crosses of
      Saint Brigid.

      Artist's note: Please draw the crosses larger to fill the
      available space.

  Damian {I'}s{o'}lfsson. Badge. (Fieldless) On a wolf's paw print
  vert the rune Dagaz argent.

      Commenters questioned whether a tertiary charge on a disjointed
      primary or secondary charge would need to overlie all parts of
      the charge. This is not the case. Unless specifically blazoned,
      such a tertiary charge would appear on the largest part of the
      charge (in this case, the central pad).

      There is a step from period practice for use of a paw print.

      Artist's note: Please draw the rune larger, to fill the
      available space.

  Dash Altan. Name.

      This name was pended on the April 2017 Letter of Acceptances and
      Returns to allow commentary on the submitter's request for
      authenticity for mid-13th century Mongol, which had not been
      summarized on the Letter of Intent. After the name was pended,
      the submitter dropped the authenticity request.

      The submitter may be interested to know that this name is
      probably authentic for mid-13th century Mongol, although it
      would be more usually transliterated as _Ta{sv} Altan_. The {sv}
      code represents an _s_ marked with a small v at the top, a
      character not found in English.

  Dionise O Towie. Device. Azure, on a pale purpure fimbriated argent
  a domestic cat sejant guardant Or.

  Eudes de Creully. Blazon correction (see RETURNS for other blazon
  correction). Purpure, a bend sinister ermine, overall a falcon Or.

      Originally registered in December 2016 as "Purpure, a bend
      sinister ermine, overall a falcon hooded Or", an artist's note
      read: "Please let the submitter know that if a falcon is hooded,
      you cannot see its eyes, but without the hood there would be no
      tuft on the top of its head." This note is appropriate for
      either blazon.

  Guillermo Solario. Name and device. Per saltire sable and gules, a
  sun in his splendour argent.

      This name combines a Spanish or Catalan given name with an
      Italian byname, an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C.

      The submitter has permission to conflict with Cosmo Solario,
      "Per saltire sable and azure, a sun in his splendor argent", and
      with Giuseppe Ferraro, "Per saltire sable and gules, on a mullet
      of eight points argent a rose gules".

  Marcus Marius Felix. Name and device. Vert, two lynxes sejant
  addorsed argent.

      Nice classical Roman name!

  Mari Clock van Hoorne. Badge. (Fieldless) A domestic cat rampant
  contourny sable.

      Nice badge!

  Ravensdale, Stronghold of. Device. Per chevron inverted embattled
  argent and vert, in pale a raven displayed sable maintaining an
  apple branch fesswise vert fructed gules and a laurel wreath argent.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a bird
      displayed other than an eagle.

  Roland le Taillefer. Name and device. Argent, an axe-head azure.

      Nice device!

  S{i'}le Dhubh inghean Mhic an Mhadaidh. Device. Sable, an eagle
  rising wings displayed maintaining three annulets interlaced one and
  two argent.

      Artist's note: Please draw all charges larger, to fill the
      available space.

  Sofya Gianetta di Trieste. Device. Or, a fleur-de-lys and on a chief
  gules two mullets of eight points Or.

  Sofya Gianetta di Trieste. Badge. Or, a fleur-de-lys within an orle
  gules.

      Nice badge!

======================================================================

**** GLEANN ABHANN acceptances ****

  Abe Atsuko. Name and device. Gules, two feathers in saltire within a
  Japanese well frame argent.

  Arnora Refr. Name and device. Per fess sable and argent, a sea-fox
  contourny counterchanged argent and azure.

  Aron Harcourt. Name and device. Argent, a horse rampant between
  flaunches embattled sable each charged with a cross of Jerusalem
  argent.

      Nice mid-16th century English name!

  Esteban de Sevilla. Name and device. Per fess Or and azure, a
  demi-dragon issuant from the line of division sable.

  Jaroslav of Gleann Abhann. Name.

      _Gleann Abhann_ is the registered name of an SCA branch.

  Maude de Fay. Name (see PENDS for device).

  Nicolo Marcello. Device. Azure, a chainless portcullis Or and a
  chief urdy argent.

  Qabil al-Mwsyqar. Device. Argent, three barrels palewise one and two
  azure and on a chief gules three stone arrowheads fesswise reversed
  Or.

      Stone arrowheads have only been registered six times, the last
      in February 2007, and have been blazoned as "elf-bolts" in the
      past. We will be reblazoning these as "stone arrowheads," as
      this a clearer and more descriptive term for the charge.

======================================================================

**** LAUREL acceptances ****

  Juliana de Luna. Acceptance of transfer of heraldic title Siren
  Herald from Society for Creative Anachronism.

  Society for Creative Anachronism. Transfer of heraldic title Siren
  Herald to Juliana de Luna.

======================================================================

**** LOCHAC acceptances ****

  Alexander a la Fontayne. Transfer of household name House of Castle
  Rookwell and badge to Amanda Martel. (Fieldless) In pale a rook
  sable rising from a chess rook per pale gules and azure.

  Alexander a la Fontayne. Transfer of device to Amanda Martel. Gules,
  in pale three mascles between two pallets argent.

  Aliette Le Lievre. Name.

      Submitted as "Aliette Le Li_{'e}_vre", the grave accent in the
      byname is a modern editorial addition. Consistent with our
      policy on modernly-added accent markings, we have removed it for
      registration.

      Nice 16th century northern French name!

  Amanda Martel. Acceptance of transfer of household name House of
  Castle Rookwell and badge from Alexander a la Fontayne. (Fieldless)
  In pale a rook sable rising from a chess rook per pale gules and
  azure.

  Amanda Martel. Acceptance of transfer of device from Alexander a la
  Fontayne. Gules, in pale three mascles between two pallets argent.

  Amos Ironbeard. Name change from J{a'}rnskeggi the Mad.

      _Ironbeard_ is the lingua Anglica rendering of the attested
      Scandinavian byname _j{a'}rnskeggr_.

      This name combines a Russian given name with a Scandinavian
      byname, an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C.

      The submitter's old name, _J{a'}rnskeggi the Mad_, is retained
      as an alternate name.

  Ana de Vuallachia. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      Questions were raised in commentary about whether this name
      presumes on any of the several Annas/Anas who were queens of
      Wallachia. It does not. The various Annas/Anas were not ruling
      sovereigns; they were simply married to the rulers of Wallachia.
      By precedent, "being queen or acting as regent is not by
      precedent sufficient to require the protection of an
      individual." [Marie de Blois, 1/2013 LoAR, A-East]. In addition,
      no significant historical or cultural achievements are
      associated with the various queens of Wallachia named Anna or
      Ana. Nor do any of them have their own articles in the
      _Encyclopedia Britannica_. Thus, they are not important enough
      to protect from presumption and this name is registerable.

  Antonio Lucenzo de Zaragoza. Device. Or, three pairs of swords in
  saltire gules, a chief sable fretty Or.

  Asbj{o/}rn Pedersen. Device change. Vert, a bear rampant maintaining
  a lightning bolt Or.

      This device would normally be returned for violation of SENA
      A2C2, which requires that "Elements must be drawn to be
      identifiable. While some allowance will be made for lack of
      artistic skill, the identity of elements must not be ambiguous.
      Ambiguity can be created when a depiction falls between two
      states that contribute to difference, such as tincture, posture,
      or type of charge. We sometimes say that such a depiction blurs
      the distinction between the two states, and it may not be
      registered." The lightning bolt is depicted midway between
      palewise and bendwise sinister, and should be returned. While in
      the past we have been lenient on the orientation of maintained
      charges, we now grant difference for the change from palewise to
      bendwise sinister in a maintained charge and must therefore
      require it to be clearly one or the other.

      However, it was pointed out in proofing that the submitter's
      badge, "Vert, a bear rampant maintaining a lightning bolt within
      an orle of chain Or", registered June 2017, has the lightning
      bolt in this exact angle, midway between palewise and bendwise
      sinister. It is therefore registered under the Existing
      Registration Allowance.

      The submitter has permission to conflict with Kenneth Stevenson,
      "Vert, a bear rampant sustaining a drinking horn Or", registered
      elsewhere on this LoAR

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a lightning
      bolt as a stand-alone charge.

      His previous device, "Per fess vert and azure, a bear rampant
      maintaining a lightning bolt and a dolphin naiant Or", is
      retained as a badge.

  Cecilia Ine Queerke. Device. Or, three fish in pall embowed, heads
  to center gules.

      This device does not violate the Unity of Posture rules, as the
      posture and arrangement are attested in period, as seen on the
      arms of van Hanfstengel in Siebmacher's Wappenbuch, 1605, plate
      163, and can be described in a single phrase, "in pall embowed,
      heads to center."

      Nice device!

  Cornelius Grimm. Device. Or, a penguin proper, in canton a lozenge
  ploy{e'} gules.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a penguin.

  Eliana Darragone. Name and device. Quarterly gules and argent, a
  bend sinister azure between a dragon passant and a closed book
  palewise argent.

  Elswyth Goodfellow. Device. Vert, on an oak tree eradicated Or a
  brown coney couchant proper, a bordure engrailed Or.

  Emlyn Fidele. Name change from Emlyn Sadler.

      _Emlyn_ is already registered to the submitter and thus, under
      the Existing Registration Allowance, PN1B2g, is treated as
      neutral in time and language, and can be combined with the
      Italian family name _Fidele_.

      The submitter's previous name, _Emlyn Sadler_, is released.

  ffride wlffsdotter. Badge. (Fieldless) A heckle bendwise gules.

      This is the defining instance of a heckle in SCA heraldry. It is
      attested in Wappenbuch - BSB Cod.icon. 392d, dated to the first
      half of the 16th century.fol. 273 for "von Hechlingl".
      (https://bildsuche.digitale-sammlungen.de/index.html?c=viewer&l=de&bandnummer=bsb00018706&pimage=0061
      5&v=100&nav=), and in "Gemeiner loblicher Eydgnoschafft Stetten,
      Landen vnd Voelckeren Chronick wirdiger thaaten beschreybung" by
      Johannes Stumpf, p. 202, for the town arms of Hechlingen
      (modern-day H{a:}gglingen) in Canton Aargau, Switzerland.
      (https://books.google.com.au/books?redir_esc=y&id=3WldqtQXj44C&q=Hechlingen#v=snippet&q=Hechlingen&f=
      false)

      The OED sv. heckle, n., glosses it as "A tool for splitting and
      combing out flax, hemp, etc" with the earliest citation about
      1425. a1425 "Hec mataxa, hekylle."

  Gisle Akselsdatter. Name and device. Per bend sinister vert and
  sable, an oak branch bendwise argent.

      Nice early 15th century Danish name!

  Gunther Boese. Badge. Vert, a wolf's jambe inverted couped argent.

  Lisebet Skinkel van Egeskow. Name and device. Erminois, on a bend
  vert three oak trees palewise Or.

      This name was originally documented as a Dutch given name with
      Danish bynames. However, this lingual mix is not permitted under
      Appendix C. Fortunately, heralds at the Pelican decision meeting
      were able to date _Lisebet_ to gray-period Sweden in the
      FamilySearch Historical Records. As Swedish and Danish are both
      part of the Scandinavian language group under Appendix C, the
      name as re-documented is registerable.

  Louisa Lyppard Cattone du Lac. Name change from Louisa Lyppard de
  Cattone (see RETURNS for device).

      The submitter's previous name, _Louisa Lyppard de Cattone_, is
      retained as an alternate name.

  Louisa Lyppard Cattone du Lac. Badge. Gules ermined Or, a fess wavy
  azure fimbriated, overall a natural leopard rampant tail nowed Or.

      There is a step from period practice for having an overall
      charge surmount a fimbriated ordinary.

  Timothy Haast. Name.

      Under the February 2015 Cover Letter, the 16th century English
      given name _Timothy_ can be borrowed into German and combined
      with the German byname _Haast_.

======================================================================

**** MERIDIES acceptances ****

  Borislav Kievlianin. Blanket permission to conflict with badge.
  (Fieldless) Two boar spears in saltire sable and overall a boar
  statant contourny Or.

      The submitter grants permission to conflict for all armory that
      is not identical to his badge.

  Borislav Kievlianin. Blanket permission to conflict with device.
  Azure, a boar statant contourny and an orle Or.

      The submitter grants permission to conflict for all armory that
      is not identical to his device.

  David Duckworth. Badge. (Fieldless) On a mullet sable a barrel
  argent.

  D{e'}irdre ingen Eithne. Device. Argent, on a pale between the
  Lombardic letters "D" and "E" vert a peacock reguardant argent.

  Drengi Bjarnarson. Name and device. Argent, two badger hounds
  rampant addorsed tails entwined and in chief a Norse sun cross
  within an orle vert.

  Ferdinand Toro. Badge. (Fieldless) A bull rampant sable charged on
  its haunch with a bee Or.

      Commentary was raised about this design being obtrusively modern
      when combined with the registered name, _Ferdinand Toro_.
      However, while SENA's personal and non-personal name rules
      include the phrase "Something is said to be obtrusively modern
      when it makes a modern joke or reference that destroys medieval
      ambience and drags the average person mentally back to the
      present day," the armory rules regarding obtrusive modernity
      (SENA A3F3) specify only that consideration be given to "overt
      reference to modern insignia or designs." Further, "References
      that require explanation to be seen as modern or are close to
      core style period armory will generally not be returned under
      this rule." A sole primary charge sporting a tertiary charge
      follows the pattern of several period badges. As such, it is
      exempted under SENA.

      Artist's note: Please draw the bee larger.

  Francesca dei Rossi. Name and device. Per pale vert and argent, a
  violet purpure seeded Or and on a chief sable three bezants.

  Gavan Morrison. Device. Per chevron throughout azure and paly gules
  and argent, in base a lozenge Or.

  Glaedenfeld, Barony of. Acceptance of transfer of order name Order
  of Atalanta of Glaedenfeld from Meridies, Kingdom of.

  Glaedenfeld, Barony of. Acceptance of transfer of order name Order
  of Athenas Owl from Meridies, Kingdom of.

  Glaedenfeld, Barony of. Acceptance of transfer of order name Order
  of Charis from Meridies, Kingdom of.

  Glaedenfeld, Barony of. Acceptance of transfer of order name Order
  of Glaukos from Meridies, Kingdom of.

  Glaedenfeld, Barony of. Acceptance of transfer of order name Order
  of Hephaestus from Meridies, Kingdom of.

  Glaedenfeld, Barony of. Acceptance of transfer of order name Order
  of Mnemosyne from Meridies, Kingdom of.

  Glaedenfeld, Barony of. Acceptance of transfer of order name Order
  of the Caryatid from Meridies, Kingdom of.

  Glaedenfeld, Barony of. Acceptance of transfer of order name Order
  of the Gorgoneion from Meridies, Kingdom of.

  Glaedenfeld, Barony of. Acceptance of transfer of order name Order
  of the Olive Wreath from Meridies, Kingdom of.

  Glaedenfeld, Barony of. Branch designator change from Shire.

      This administrative action was not needed as a separate item on
      the LoI, as group designators automatically update in the
      Ordinary and Armorial when new items are registered, as seen
      above on this letter.

  Godric Morris. Device. Per fess embattled sable and gules, a lion
  passant guardant and a chi-rho Or.

  Gr{a'}inne Maccauley. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      Submitted as "Gr{a'}inne _Mc_cauley", _Mc-_ is a scribal
      abbreviation that must be expanded to _Mac-_ for registration.
      [9/2013 CL] We have done so.

      The submitter requested authenticity for Ireland. This name does
      not meet that request because _Maccauley_ was found only in
      Scotland, not Ireland. In addition, this name combines a Gaelic
      given name with a Scots byname, an acceptable, but not
      authentic, lingual mix.

      An authentic Irish form of this name would be _Gr{a'}inne
      inghean Amhlaoibh_ or _Gr{a'}inne inghean Amhalghadha_. However,
      the submitter does not allow major changes to her name. Although
      the submitter permitted a change of the surname to _Mac
      Amhlaoibh_, we cannot make that change. _Mac_ literally means
      "son" in Gaelic. As a result, women could not and did not use
      _Mac-_ bynames in Gaelic. Women may use _Mac-_ bynames only in
      Anglicized Irish or Scots because, in those languages, such
      bynames were inherited surnames not literal patronymics.

  Hrafn or{dh}lokarr. Name and device. Argent semy of ravens volant
  sable, on a chief azure a drakkar Or sailed argent.

      Nice 9th-10th century Icelandic name!

  Isabella de Boyce. Badge. Azure ermined Or, a mustard flower argent
  seeded and a bordure embattled Or.

  Katelina de Chateleia. Device. Per pale sable and Or, on a pall of
  grape vines entwined vert a rose argent.

  Marco di Giuhanni. Name and device. Per chevron inverted gules and
  sable, a polypus and on a chief embattled argent a rapier reversed
  sable.

      The submitter requested authenticity for Italian. All of the
      name elements were found in Viterbo, Italy, dated to 1486 and
      1522, making this an authentic central Italian name for circa
      1500.

  Marcus Roland. Name and device. Per bend embattled argent and gules,
  in sinister chief on a sun sable a chalice Or, in dexter base a
  three-headed dog salient contourny tailed of a serpent's head
  argent.

      Nice English name from the early 14th century onwards!

  Meridies, Kingdom of. Transfer of order name Order of Atalanta of
  Glaedenfeld to Glaedenfeld, Barony of.

  Meridies, Kingdom of. Transfer of order name Order of Athenas Owl to
  Glaedenfeld, Barony of.

  Meridies, Kingdom of. Transfer of order name Order of Charis to
  Glaedenfeld, Barony of.

  Meridies, Kingdom of. Transfer of order name Order of Glaukos to
  Glaedenfeld, Barony of.

  Meridies, Kingdom of. Transfer of order name Order of Hephaestus to
  Glaedenfeld, Barony of.

  Meridies, Kingdom of. Transfer of order name Order of Mnemosyne to
  Glaedenfeld, Barony of.

  Meridies, Kingdom of. Transfer of order name Order of the Caryatid
  to Glaedenfeld, Barony of.

  Meridies, Kingdom of. Transfer of order name Order of the Gorgoneion
  to Glaedenfeld, Barony of.

  Meridies, Kingdom of. Transfer of order name Order of the Olive
  Wreath to Glaedenfeld, Barony of.

  Nathi mac Conaill. Name and device. Per pale sable and argent, a
  wolf passant vert and on a chief per pale argent and sable two
  decrescents counterchanged.

      Submitted as "Nath_ri_ mac Conaill", the documentation for this
      name comes from an unreliable source, _Corpus Genealogiarum
      Hiberniae_, which mixes legendary and mythological names with
      attested human names without distinguishing between the two. As
      we found no evidence confirming that _Nathri_ was a name used by
      humans, it is not registerable.

      However, "Nath {I'}" or "Nath{i'}" is an attested Old Irish
      Gaelic male given name. As the submitter allows all changes, we
      have changed the given name to "Nath_i_", without the
      diacritical mark, to give the submitter a name as close as
      possible to what he submitted.

  Qaylah bint Aamir. Badge. Per pale sable and azure, a hand of Fatima
  inverted Or charged with an eye azure irised Or.

      Commenters asked whether a hand of Fatima, as a Middle Eastern
      motif, was a Step from Period Practice. This question was
      answered in the LoAR of October 2015, in the registrations of
      Safiyya bint Khalid ibn Hamdun: "A hand of Fatima is a specific
      depiction of a hand and is not a step from period practice."
      However, this depiction of a hand of Fatima, in use in SCA
      heraldry since 1973, has never once been documented in a
      heraldic submission. We are calling on commenters to search for
      documentation of the symmetrical, outer-digits pointing outward
      depiction of the hand of Fatima in period artwork, either in
      Europe or the Middle East, in this month's Cover Letter.

      While we will allow this submission under the October 2015
      precedent, we caution future submitters that if we are unable to
      establish that this stylization can be traced to period, they
      will need to provide their own documentation or risk return for
      violation of SENA A2C1, "Elements must be drawn in their period
      forms and in a period armorial style."

  Rachel of An Dun Theine. Device. Per chevron inverted embattled
  purpure and argent, an owl displayed argent and three triskeles
  vert.

      There is a step from period practice for having a bird displayed
      that's not an eagle.

  Sarah Duckworth. Device change. Gules, a castle triple-towered and
  on a chief doubly-enarched argent three sea-dragons azure.

      The submitter's previous device, "Lozengy purpure and argent, a
      bordure sable", is released.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of the
      doubly-arched chief.

  Sib{e'}al inghean Tom{a'}is. Name change from Zahra bint
  al-Mu'allim.

      Questions were raised in commentary about the given name
      _Sib{e'}al_. This female given name was borrowed into Gaelic
      from English or French, and may not have been used by native
      Gaelic speakers. However, by precedent, it is registerable.
      [Sib{e'}al inghean U{i'} Shuilleabh{a'}in, 9/2015 LoAR,
      A-Ansteorra]

      The submitter's previous name, _Zahra bint al-Mu'allim_, is
      released.

  Sophia Berkeley. Name and device. Azure, in pale an owl argent atop
  a fleam Or and a chief indented fleury at the points argent.

  Stella di Silvestri. Device. Per chevron azure and sable, a mullet
  of seven points Or and a bordure argent.

======================================================================

**** MIDDLE acceptances ****

  Alexander Adelbrecht. Badge. (Fieldless) A squirrel sable
  maintaining with both paws a balance Or.

      As balances on stands have been ruled to be post-period and thus
      no longer registerable, we consider a hand balance or hanging
      balance to be the default type of balance for blazon purposes.

  Alexander Adelbrecht. Badge. Per chevron sable and Or, a heart
  counterchanged.

  Alonso de la Mano Negro. Name.

      Originally submitted as "Alonso _ Mano Negro", the submitter
      requested the name be changed to "Alonso _de la_ Mano Negro" if
      that form could be documented. Commenters were able to document
      _de la Mano_ and _Negro_ as separate late period Spanish
      bynames, and also provided examples of double Spanish names
      where the first surname appeared to originally have been
      locative in origin (i.e., _de la X_). Accordingly, we have
      changed the name to the submitter's requested form.

  Aturdokht of Dark River. Badge. (Fieldless) A yale rampant vert,
  spotted and armed argent, breathing fire proper.

      The submitter has permission to conflict with Styrk{a'}rr
      Bjarnarson, "Or, a yale rampant guardant vert bezanty armed
      gules".

  Ca{i'}rech Dam{a'}n. Name change from holding name Michael of
  Shattered Crystal.

      Submitted as "Ca_il_ech Dam{a'}n", after the close of
      commentary, the submitter requested a change of the given name
      to "Ca_{i'}r_ech", the name of a 6th century Gaelic saint. As we
      had sufficient time to review the documentation and check for
      conflicts, we were able to make this change for registration.

  Castelhana da Silva. Badge. (Fieldless) In pale a compass star and a
  demi-sun within and conjoined to an annulet Or.

      There is a step from period practice for use of a compass star.

  Christofle Etienne de Lorraine dit le jeune. Badge. (Fieldless) A
  seahorse azure maintaining an escallop argent.

  Cynnabar, Barony of. Order name Company of the Defenders of the
  Tower.

      By precedent, the pattern _Defenders of [placename]_ can be used
      as a substantive element in an order name. [Castlemere, Barony
      of. Order name Order of the Defenders of Northern Fenne, 12/2015
      LoAR, A-Trimaris] Commenters documented _of the Tower_ as an
      English place name based on the locative surnames _de la Tur_
      and _de la Thour_, both found in the Middle English Dictionary.
      _Tower_ and _defender_ are also found as Middle English
      spellings in the MED. Accordingly, this name is registerable as
      an English order name.

  Cynnabar, Barony of. Order name Order of the Base of the Tower.

      This order name uses the pattern of Heraldic Charge + Location,
      based on the attested examples of _Ordre du Collier de Savoye_
      (Order of the Collar/Necklace of Savoy) and _der gesellschafft
      im Wolff vom Rein_ (Order of the Wolf of the Rhine). A base is
      an attested period ordinary. In addition, commenters documented
      _of the Tower_ as an English place name based on the locative
      surnames _de la Tur_ and _de la Thour_, both found in the Middle
      English Dictionary.

      The evidence for _of the Tower_ as an English place name was not
      before Pelican when we considered the Barony of Cynnabar's
      previous submission of _Order of the Watch of the Tower_, which
      we registered on the June 2017 Letter of Acceptances and Returns
      as _Order of Towers Watch_ due to lack of evidence supporting
      the pattern of the name as submitted. Having now considered this
      new evidence, we overturn that ruling and rule that Designator +
      Heraldic Charge _of the Tower_ is a registerable pattern for
      order names.

  Cynnabar, Barony of. Order name Order of the Lamp of the Tower.

      This order name uses the pattern of Heraldic Charge + Location,
      based on the attested examples of _Ordre du Collier de Savoye_
      (Order of the Collar/Necklace of Savoy) and _der gesellschafft
      im Wolff vom Rein_ (Order of the Wolf of the Rhine). A lamp is
      an attested period heraldic charge. In addition, commenters
      documented _of the Tower_ as an English place name based on the
      locative surnames _de la Tur_ and _de la Thour_, both found in
      the Middle English Dictionary.

  Dai Gerdwr. Device. Argent, a door and on a chief gules two
  gear-wheels argent.

  Dai Gerdwr. Badge. (Fieldless) On a door gules, in chief a
  gear-wheel argent.

  Edyth Miller. Badge. Gules, a pair of scissors Or and in chief
  between its blades a heart argent.

  Fatima bint Malik. Name.

  Godhit of Cynnabar. Name.

      _Cynnabar_ is the registered name of an SCA branch.

  Illiton, Barony of. Badge for Order of the Silver Cushion. Azure, on
  a cushion argent a frog vert.

  Illiton, Barony of. Badge. Barry wavy argent and azure, a salmon
  contourny gules.

  Illiton, Barony of. Badge. Barry wavy argent and azure, a tortoise
  fesswise contourny gules.

  Illiton, Barony of. Badge. Barry wavy argent and azure, an otter
  passant guardant to sinister gules.

  Isib{e'}l inghean Uilliam mhic Leoid. Name change from Isib{e'}l of
  Dunbegane.

      Submitted as "Isib{e'}l inghean Uilliam mhic Le_{'o}_id", the
      standard 16th century Gaelic form of "Le_o_id" does not have a
      diacritical mark on the _o_. We have removed that mark for
      registration.

      The submitter has a letter of permission to claim a relationship
      with the registered _Uilleam MacLeod_.

      The submitter's previous name, _Isib{e'}l of Dunbegane_, is
      retained as an alternate name.

      Nice 16th century Gaelic name!

  Katerin ferch Gwenllian. Badge. (Fieldless) A double rose argent and
  azure.

      Nice badge!

      As a reminder, when blazoning double roses with two different
      tinctures, "a double rose X and Y" is the typical format, with X
      being the tincture of larger rose and Y that of the smaller,
      "tertiary" rose.

  Margery Carter. Name.

      Nice 16th century English name!

  Otto von Baden. Name and device. Azure, on a fess between three
  ships reversed and a calamarie argent a fess fusilly couped azure.

      Questions were raised in commentary about whether this name
      presumes on any of the historic Margraves of Baden who were
      named Otto. It does not. PN4D1 states:

           Sovereign rulers of significant states are generally
           important enough to protect. Some historical
           city-states are not considered significant states.
           Provinces or regions integrated into larger units like
           the Holy Roman Empire are not generally considered
           significant states. Sovereigns of small states that
           did not give rise directly to modern countries will
           not be protected under this clause, nor will legendary
           kings of any state (though these kings may be
           individually important enough to protect).

      Similarly, on the July 2011 Cover Letter, we limited the
      protection of historical sovereigns to only those rulers of
      nations "that give rise to currently existing countries
      (including entities like England, Castile, and Aragon) and of
      nations that play an important role in medieval history but did
      not survive (Burgundy, Scotland, the Holy Roman Empire, and the
      like). Sovereigns of small period states that did not give rise
      directly to modern countries (Deheubarth, Asturias, Valencia,
      Connacht, Urbino) will be protected only if the individual's
      fame rises to the point that they personally are important
      enough to protect."

      The historic state of Baden did not give rise directly to the
      modern state of Germany. Therefore, any Margrave of Baden named
      Otto is significant enough to protect only if he personally was
      historically or culturally significant. None of these Ottos meet
      the test for personal significance set out in PN4D1. As such,
      they are not important enough to protect and this name is
      registerable.

  Qamar bint al-Jayhani. Name.

      Questions were raised in commentary about the construction of
      the byname. Juliana de Luna's "Arabic Names from al-Andalus"
      (https://www.s-gabriel.org/names/juliana/alandalus/) gives
      examples of given names that "are like nicknames in form, in
      that they begin with the article _al_ 'the', like _al-{H.}asan_
      'the handsome' or _al-Q{a-}sim_ 'the distributor.'" This type of
      given name can be used to form patronymics; Juliana's article
      gives the examples of _Abd al-{H.}aqq ibn al-Bay{t.}{a-}r_ ('son
      of the veterinarian') or _Muhammad ibn al-`Arab{i-}_ ('son of
      the Arab'). The submitted byname follows this attested pattern.

  Randolf der Grau. Name and device. Vert, on an eagle Or a heart
  vert, an orle Or.

      The submitter requested authenticity for "15th-century Germany,
      Lubeck area." This name does not meet this request as we were
      unable to document the name elements to the 15th century.
      However, it is a registerable German name.

  Unnr Olafsdottir. Name.

      Submitted as "Unn_ Olafsdottir", we were unable to find
      documentation supporting the spelling _Unn_ in period. It
      appears to be a modern transliteration.

      However, "Unn_r_" is an attested Old Norse female name from
      Iceland. With the submitter's permission, we have changed the
      name to "Unn_r_ Olafsdottir" for registration.

  V{i'}gf{u'}ss mj{o,}ksiglandi. Name and device. Gyronny arrondi
  argent goutty de sang and azure.

      Nice 9th-10th century Icelandic name!

======================================================================

**** NORTHSHIELD acceptances ****

  Decimus Marius Tacitus. Household name Domus Lupi.

      This household name was previously returned on the September
      2016 Letter of Acceptances and Returns due to conflict with the
      registered personal heraldic title _Lupine Herald_. Andreas
      Lupine kindly granted permission to conflict, allowing this
      household name to be registered.

  Eva of Greenfield. Alternate name Milia Fiore.

======================================================================

**** OUTLANDS acceptances ****

  Aarquelle, Barony of. Badge (see RETURNS for other badges). Argent,
  three furisons azure and issuant from base flames gules.

  Ainsley Quinn. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      The submitter requested authenticity for "16th C Ireland." This
      request was not summarized on the Letter of Intent. Fortunately,
      we had sufficient information by the time of the Pelican
      decision meeting to consider authenticity, otherwise we would
      have needed to pend this name for more commentary.

      This name does not meet the submitter's request because the
      given name _Ainsley_ was documented as a 16th century English
      surname used as a given name. We were not able to re-document
      this name element in Gaelic or Anglicized Irish.

      _Quinn_ is authentic for 16th century Ireland, as it is a
      plausible variant spelling of the Anglicized Irish surname
      _Quynn_, which is found in Mari ingen Briain meic Donnchada's
      "Names Found in Anglicized Irish Documents"
      (http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnglicizedIrish/Feminine.shtml)
      s.n. Ismay dated to 1601.

      Therefore, although the name is registerable, it is not
      authentic for the requested time and place.

  Caer Galen, Barony of. Order name Order of Saint Cecily with the Cup
  and badge. (Fieldless) On a wine amphora gules a harp Or.

  Corwin Grendel. Device. Per pale sable and vert, an antelope rampant
  maintaining a billhook Or.

  Daniel del Duffeld. Name change from Tiberius Acilius Brutus.

      During the Pelican decision meeting, Lillia Crampette documented
      both elements to 15th century England, making this a nice Middle
      English name!

      The submitter's previous name, _Tiberius Acilius Brutus_, is
      retained as an alternate name.

  H{a'}kon gyl{dh}ir. Name and device. Azure, a wolf's head erased
  argent maintaining in its mouth a hand aversant fesswise reversed Or
  charged with a Tyr rune sable, a bordure argent.

      Nice 9th-10th century Icelandic name!

  Jonet of Windsor. Name and device. Vert, a drawn bow with arrow
  nocked and on a chief argent three oak leaves fructed vert.

      Both elements are found in the Middle English Dictionary dated
      to the 15th century, making this a nice name for England in that
      era!

  Khalidah bint Yahya'a. Alternate name Amarantha Midnyght of the
  Black Rose and badge. (Fieldless) A pen sable.

      Submitted as "Amarantha Midnyght of _ Black Rose", the submitter
      relied on the registration of the local group "March of _the_
      Black Rose" to document the locative byname. However, under
      PN1B2f of SENA, the Branch Name Allowance, "[o]nly the exact
      registered form of the branch name may be used." Therefore, we
      have changed the name to "Amarantha Midnyght of _the_ Black
      Rose" for registration.

      Questions were raised in commentary about the given name
      _Amarantha_, which the Letter of Intent documented as a saint's
      name. However, in commentary, Ursula Palimpsest documented
      _Amarantha_ as a late 16th century or early 17th century English
      literary name, allowing it to be registered with an English
      byname.

      Nice badge!

  Lief Daevijtsen. Name change from Leif Daleson and device. Azure,
  four triquetras in cross points to center argent.

      The submitter's previous name, _Leif Daleson_, is released.

      Nice late 16th century Dutch name!

      The submitter has permission to conflict with the badge of
      Fearghus mac Airt, "Gyronny arrondy argent and vert, four
      triquetras points to center argent". Also, Der Thommain
      Breathnach has granted blanket permission to conflict with his
      badge, "Per saltire purpure and vert, four triquetras points to
      center argent".

  Lynn Wolf. Name and device. Vert, three wolf's teeth issuant from
  sinister and on a chief argent three lozenges ploy{e'} gules.

      _Lynn_ is the submitter's legal given name. However, she need
      not rely on the Legal Name Allowance because _Lynn_ is an
      English given name dated to 1570 in the FamilySearch Historical
      Records. Seraphina Ragged Staff also found _Wolf_ dated to 1584
      in England, making this a nice late 16th century English name!

  Maria Zuzori. Name.

      Submitted as "Mari_j_a Zuzori_{c'}_", this name was documented
      on the Letter of Intent primarily from lists of Croatian persons
      recorded in Wikipedia. Wikipedia is not acceptable as the sole
      source for a name element. [Guillaume de Saint Etienne, 6/2016
      LoAR, A-Meridies] In this instance, we were unable to redocument
      this name in reliable sources. This is not surprising, as
      medieval Croatian documents were almost exclusively written in
      Latin or Italian, rather than the vernacular.

      No photocopy was provided for the book of Croatian personal
      names cited in the Letter of Intent that appeared to document
      _Marija_. Heralds are reminded that photocopies must be provided
      of any cited sources not found in Appendix H to the
      Administrative Handbook. This requirement is particularly
      important for unfamiliar sources in languages that Pelican and
      her staff do not read. In this case, ffride wlffsdotter was able
      to make up for the lack of photocopies. Unfortunately, upon more
      closely reading the source, it evidences _Maria_ not _Marija_.

      The Croatian woman known modernly as _Cvijeta Zuzori{c'}_
      (1552-1648) did not have her name recorded that way in period.
      Instead, we find references to her in Italian documents as
      _Fiore Zuzori_ or _Fiora Zuzza_.

      With the submitter's permission, we have changed the name to
      "Mar_ia_ Zuzori_", the most likely way a Croatian woman named
      Marija Zuzori{c'} would have been recorded in period Italian or
      Latin documents.

  Martha Grace. Name and device. Or, two coneys sejant respectant
  gules, on a chief nebuly azure three mullets of eight points argent.

      The submitter requested authenticity for "14th Century Ireland."
      This name does not meet this request as neither name element is
      attested in 14th century Ireland. However, it is authentic for
      England from the 14th century onwards.

  Massimiliano Pontieri dal Sasso. Badge. (Fieldless) A cross crosslet
  gules surmounted by a bell Or.

  Morgan Kynith. Name.

  Oppia Vopisca. Name and device. Quarterly sable and argent, two
  arrows inverted in saltire counterchanged between flaunches purpure.

      Nice Imperial Roman name!

  Suruga Nagahira. Name.

======================================================================

                  - Explicit littera accipiendorum -

======================================================================

***** THE FOLLOWING ITEMS HAVE BEEN RETURNED FOR FURTHER WORK: *****

**** {AE}THELMEARC returns ****

  Finos Ithakesios. Name change from Finn Marland O'Shannon.

      This name change was withdrawn during commentary.

======================================================================

**** AN TIR returns ****

  An Tir, Kingdom of. Badge for Order of the Sable Bonnet. Checky Or
  and argent, a catercap sable.

      This badge must be returned for conflict with the device of
      Friedrich Swartzen Hut, "Lozengy argent and azure, a sugar-loaf
      hat sable". There is one DC for the field, but we generally
      don't grant differences for types of hat.

      The low-contrast checky field is allowed under Existing
      Registration Allowance.

      The submitters included evidence of the catercap (sometimes
      known as the Canterbury cap) dating to Tudor England.

  Elspeth Farre. Device. Purpure, a pale sable fimbriated argent,
  "overall" a dragon sejant affronty with wings displayed Or.

      This device is returned for lack of identifiability of the
      posture of the overall charge. In the few depictions of sejant
      affronty that we have, the hind legs tend to splay out from the
      body for greater visibility. In this depiction, the hind legs
      not only tuck into the body, but also blend into the wings,
      causing most submitters to voice concerns that they could not
      identify the posture.

      This device is also returned for violation of SENA Appendix I,
      Section C, which requires that overall charges be substantially
      on the field. The main identifying features of the dragon,
      including the entirety of the body, are within the boundaries of
      the pale; the coverage of the wings on the field is not
      sufficient enough to avoid this being "barely overall" and must
      be returned.

      If the dragon had been drawn properly overall, there would be a
      step from period practice for having an overall charge surmount
      a fimbriated ordinary.

  Glymm Mere, Barony of. Order name Order of the Hunting Hound.

      On the June 2017 Letter of Acceptances and Returns, we returned
      the name _Order of the Hunting Hauk_ with the following
      explanation:

           This order name is returned because it does not follow
           any attested pattern for order names. The pattern
           Other Adjective + Heraldic Charge set forth in Juliana
           de Luna's "Medieval Secular Order Names"
           (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/order/new/) is not as
           broad as the Letter of Intent suggests. This pattern
           is limited to adjectives that indicate a clear visual
           difference in the depiction of the heraldic charge,
           such as the addition of wings or a crown. See the
           Cover Letter for a more detailed discussion of Other
           Adjective + Heraldic Charge.

           In this case, all hawks are hunting hawks. There is no
           clear visual difference in the charge created by the
           addition of the adjective "hunting." The Barony's
           registered order name Order of the Hunting Horn does
           not allow for the registration of this order name.
           Unlike a hunting hawk, a hunting horn is visually
           different than a drinking horn. In addition, a
           "hunting horn" is a standard blazonry term; a "hunting
           hawk" is not. Because this order name does not fit any
           attested pattern, it must be returned. [Barony of
           Glymm Mere, 6/2017 LoAR, R-An Tir]

      The same rationale applies here. A hunting dog does not have a
      clear visual difference from the standard heraldic dog. Nor is
      "hunting dog" a standard blazon term such as _talbot_ or
      _alaunt_.

      The examples of _die loblich Geselschaft der Laitpracken und
      Kr{a:}ntzlen_ ('the honorable Society of the Scenthounds and
      Wreaths') and _der Geselschafft knecht vom Leythund_ ('knight of
      the Society of the Scenthound') do not compel a different
      result. A scenthound is a specific variety of dog with certain
      specific visual characteristics. In period, scenthounds (dogs
      who hunted based on following scent) were distinct from
      sighthounds (dogs who relied primarily on vision). If the Barony
      wished to register _Order of the Scenthound_ or _Order of the
      Sighthound_, these examples would support that registration. In
      addition, the Barony could name an order after a particular type
      of dog known in period, such as a mastiff or an alaunt.

  Louisa of Lorne. Device. Per chevron inverted gules and Or, in pale
  a talbot rampant regardant Or maintaining a weaver's shuttle argent
  and two needles in chevron inverted, crossed at the tips azure.

      This device is returned for violation of SENA A3D2c, which
      requires that charges in the same charge group be in a unified
      orientation and arrangement. The needles are blazoned in an
      arrangement (in chevron inverted, crossed at the tips)
      separately from the dog, which is a co-primary charge.

  Seraphina Ferris. Device. Per saltire sable and azure, in pale two
  ravens, the one in chief contourny, argent and in fess two cats
  statant respectant Or.

      This device is returned for violation of SENA A3D2c, which
      requires that charges in the same charge group be in a unified
      posture, orientation, and arrangement. The cats are statant
      respectant, while the ravens are close, that in chief facing
      sinister. There is no way currently known to us to blazon the
      four charges in a unified way that would guarantee that the
      dexter cat and raven in chief would face to sinister, while the
      sinister cat and raven in base would face dexter.

  Sv{ae}rri Torkilsson. Device. Per chevron throughout argent and
  gules, two ravens striking respectant sable and a stag rampant
  contourny argent.

      This device is returned for violation of SENA A2C1, which states
      that "While depictions that are somewhat more naturalistic than
      the flat stylized depictions of heraldic charges will be
      registered, animals and plants may not be drawn in trian aspect
      (with perspective)." In this submission, the ravens are drawn in
      trian aspect, with the angle of their respective wings showing
      an angled dive inconsistent with registerable depictions.

      This device is also returned for violation of SENA A2C2, which
      requires that "Elements must be drawn to be identifiable."
      Commenters had difficulty recognizing the ravens, due to both to
      the angle discussed above and the lack of internal detailing.

======================================================================

**** ANSTEORRA returns ****

  Tuathal O'Sheill. Device. Azure, an oak tree between a harp Or and a
  crane in its vigilance argent, all atop a mount vert.

      This device must be returned for lack of contrast between the
      mount and the field. The submission included an attempt to
      document an individually attested pattern for Italian armory
      with vert mounts on an azure field, and provided two examples of
      three vert trimounts on azure and one mount (with a trimount
      issuant from it) on azure. However, the documentation provided
      did not meet the necessary requirements for an IAP: namely, to
      document all elements of the submitted armory, including the
      other three charges. Absent a complete IAP, the device must be
      considered under SENA's core rules.

======================================================================

**** ARTEMISIA returns ****

  Giovanni Ratto. Device. Per chevron sable and vert, two rapiers in
  chevron argent and a rat rampant ermine maintaining a drum and
  drumstick Or.

      This device is returned for violation of SENA A3E2. There are
      four types of charge (rapier, rat, drum, drumstick), and five
      tinctures (argent, Or, vert, sable, ermine) for a complexity
      count of 9. SENA allows for a complexity count of 8 before an
      individually attested pattern is required.

      This device is also returned for violation of SENA A3D2c, which
      requires that charges in the same charge group be in a unified
      orientation and arrangement. The rapiers are blazoned in an
      arrangement (in chevron) separately from the rat, which is a
      co-primary charge.

      This device is also returned for the size and orientation of the
      drumstick. The stick is very small, almost invisible, and as
      depicted it blurs the line between palewise and bendwise.

  Giovanni Ratto. Badge. (Fieldless) A rat rampant ermine maintaining
  a drum and drumstick Or.

      This badge is returned for violation of SENA A2C2, which
      requires that "Elements must be drawn to be identifiable. While
      some allowance will be made for lack of artistic skill, the
      identity of elements must not be ambiguous. Ambiguity can be
      created when a depiction falls between two states that
      contribute to difference, such as tincture, posture, or type of
      charge." In this submission, the drumstick is halfway between
      palewise and bendwise. As maintained charges count for
      difference, this must be returned.

  Ysabet Abella. Device. Argent, a swallow volant azure, on a point
  pointed vert a bee skep Or, a chief enarched vert.

      This device must be returned for violation of SENA A3E2, which
      disallows complexity counts of greater than eight. There are
      four types of charge (chief, bird, point, skep) and five
      tinctures (vert, argent, azure, gules, Or) in this device, for a
      complexity count of nine.

      This device is also returned for violation of SENA A2C1, which
      prohibits most charges from being drawn in trian aspect. The
      placement of the wings and tail make the swallow appear to be in
      trian aspect, flying at a 3/4 angle that is neither affronty nor
      in profile.

======================================================================

**** ATLANTIA returns ****

None.

======================================================================

**** AVACAL returns ****

  Myrgan Wood, Barony of. Badge. (Fieldless) An elm tree eradicated
  gules, trunked proper.

      This submission was an appeal of a kingdom return for conflict
      with the badge of Walraven van Nijmegen, "(Fieldless) A
      cr{e'}quier gules". Supporting evidence included precedents from
      1996 and 2003, which state that there is a CD (using the
      terminology of the time) between a crequier and a tree. However,
      our understanding of period depictions of trees has expanded
      significantly since 2003, as is seen in newer precedents,
      starting in 2005. Because the depiction of trees varies widely
      depending on time and culture, we must consider early depictions
      of trees including crequiers against later depictions of trees.

      Absent documentation that crequiers were considered distinct
      from trees in period, the existing precedents stand and the
      device is returned for conflict with Walraven's badge, and with
      the badge of Anne the Quiet, "Per bend sinister embattled argent
      and gules, a tree eradicated gules", with one DC each for
      fieldlessness, but no difference for the type of charge or for
      the tincture of the trunk.

======================================================================

**** CAID returns ****

  Anne de Saint Maur. Device. Per pale argent and purpure, two hinds
  rampant counterchanged.

      This device is returned for violation of SENA A2C2, which
      requires that "Elements must be drawn to be identifiable." As
      drawn, the beasts could not be readily identified by the
      majority of the commenters: most viewers thought they were
      sheep, with some holding out for dogs. This must be redrawn with
      identifiable hinds as the charges, including upright, pointed
      ears and leaner hind legs.

  Elizabeth of Lyondemere. Device. Per pale argent and sable, two
  swans respectant counterchanged.

      This device must be returned for conflict with the device of
      Ekaterina Ivanova, "Per bend sable and argent, in bend sinister
      two swans respectant counterchanged." There is one DC for the
      field, but nothing for the forced move from in bend sinister to
      in fess.

  Magnus Blackwood. Device. Argent, a wolf rampant vert and a bordure
  vert semy of G-clefs argent.

      This is returned for lack of identifiability of the tertiary
      charges. Unlike many charges, abstract symbols are often only
      identifiable because they are in their default upright
      orientation. For example, several letters and numbers change
      identity when they are inverted. In this case, commenters found
      it impossible to identify the G-clefs in this device because it
      was unclear which orientation was the "correct" one to read the
      symbol.

      The G-clef was not used as an heraldic charge in period, and
      once divorced from its intended use on a musical staff, this
      particular depiction is difficult to identify under the best of
      circumstances. Having the clefs follow the line of the bordure
      like this renders a difficult task impossible: the curling lines
      were more reminiscent of diapering than charges. If the
      submitter intends to resubmit using G-clefs, we urge him to keep
      the symbols upright, and possibly find another period depiction
      that would be clearer to the eye.

======================================================================

**** CALONTIR returns ****

  Calontir, Kingdom of. Order name Order of the Eo Fyrd.

      There is no evidence of "order names" as we understand them in
      the Anglo-Saxon/Old English culture. Ordinarily, this lack of
      evidence would bar registration of an order name using Old
      English elements. As stated in the April 2011 Cover Letter:

           [S]ome times and places are just out of luck for the
           creation of herald's titles and order names. We have
           no evidence that either were in use before the 12th
           century, and only a few patterns were in use before
           1300. That means that languages that fell out of use
           before that time (Old Norse, Old English, Frankish,
           etc.) cannot be used to create heraldic titles or
           order names, as there are no patterns for them to
           follow.

      However, Calontir has already registered several order names
      using Old English words as substantive elements, including the
      _Order of the Boga Fyrd_ and _Order of the Boga Hirth_. Thus,
      Calontir may continue to register Old English elements in order
      names under the Existing Registration Allowance.

      In support of this order name, Calontir relied on its prior
      registrations of _Order of the Boga Fyrd_ and _Order of the
      Iren-Fyrd_. Unfortunately, neither of these prior registrations
      support the submitted order name. As stated in NPN1C2g, "To use
      the [Existing Registration Allowance], the new submission must
      be similar in content to the existing pattern." The example to
      NPN1C2g illustrates the limits of the Existing Registration
      Allowance:

           For example, if a branch had registered an order name
           _Crimson Sleeve_, they could use that to modify a new,
           similar object such as _Crimson Glove_. However, they
           could not register _Crimson Bowl_, as a bowl is not
           the same type of object as a sleeve. Likewise, the
           owner of _Diamond Herald_ and _Ruby Herald_ could use
           the grandfather clause to register _Order of the
           Saphire_. [sic] The owner could not register _Order of
           the Diamond Ring_ or _Order of the Gold_, because the
           pattern of registered items is limited to precious
           stones, not jewelry or precious items in general.

      Here, the patterns already registered are Metal + _Fyrd_
      (_Iren-Fyrd_) and Weapon + _Fyrd_ (_Boga Fyrd_). As _Eo_ means
      "a war-horse, charger," the first pattern obviously does not
      apply. The second pattern does not apply either because, even
      treating the registration of _Boga Hirth_ as allowing a pattern
      encompassing all weapons, a war horse is not a weapon. A war
      horse is animal, not an inanimate object wielded by a person
      like a bow. Thus, this order name is not registerable.

  Calontir, Kingdom of. Order name Order of the Eo Hirth.

      There is no evidence of "order names" as we understand them in
      the Anglo-Saxon/Old English culture. Ordinarily, this lack of
      evidence would bar registration of an order name using Old
      English elements. As stated in the April 2011 Cover Letter:

           [S]ome times and places are just out of luck for the
           creation of herald's titles and order names. We have
           no evidence that either were in use before the 12th
           century, and only a few patterns were in use before
           1300. That means that languages that fell out of use
           before that time (Old Norse, Old English, Frankish,
           etc.) cannot be used to create heraldic titles or
           order names, as there are no patterns for them to
           follow.

      However, Calontir has already registered several order names
      using Old English words as substantive elements, including the
      _Order of the Boga Fyrd_ and _Order of the Boga Hirth_. Thus,
      Calontir may continue to register Old English elements in order
      names under the Existing Registration Allowance.

      In support of this order name, Calontir relied on its prior
      registrations of _Order of the Boga Hirth_ and _Order of the
      Iren-Hird_. Unfortunately, neither of these prior registrations
      support the submitted order name. As stated in NPN1C2g, "To use
      the [Existing Registration Allowance], the new submission must
      be similar in content to the existing pattern." The example to
      NPN1C2g illustrates the limits of the Existing Registration
      Allowance:

           For example, if a branch had registered an order name
           _Crimson Sleeve_, they could use that to modify a new,
           similar object such as _Crimson Glove_. However, they
           could not register _Crimson Bowl_, as a bowl is not
           the same type of object as a sleeve. Likewise, the
           owner of _Diamond Herald_ and _Ruby Herald_ could use
           the grandfather clause to register _Order of the
           Saphire_. [sic] The owner could not register _Order of
           the Diamond Ring_ or _Order of the Gold_, because the
           pattern of registered items is limited to precious
           stones, not jewelry or precious items in general.

      Here, the patterns already registered are Metal +
      _Hirth/Hir{dh}_ (_Iren-Hird_) and Weapon + _Hirth/Hir{dh}_
      (_Boga Hirth_). As _Eo_ means "a war-horse, charger," the first
      pattern obviously does not apply. The second pattern does not
      apply either because, even treating the registration of _Boga
      Hirth_ as allowing a pattern encompassing all weapons, a war
      horse is not a weapon. A war horse is animal, not an inanimate
      object wielded by a person like a bow. Thus, this order name is
      not registerable.

  Hugo Smith. Badge. Argent, on a pellet a mallet between the points
  of a stag's attire Or.

      This badge must be returned for use of two different tertiary
      charge groups on the same charge, in violation of SENA Appendix
      I, Section C. Commentary was overwhelmingly against interpreting
      these as co-tertiary charges (that is, that they would be
      co-primary if appearing on a field rather than on a charge). The
      motif "a mallet between the points of a stag's attire Or" would
      not have the same problem if it were directly on the field.

  Raleigh MacCaba. Device. Checky Or and vert, on a bend sinister
  sable three compass stars palewise Or.

      This submission is returned for violation of SENA A3B4, which
      requires that placement of charges allow for good contrast with
      their underlying field. Though this submission has a neutral
      field and a color charge, the placement of the bend sinister
      sable places it entirely into contact with the vert checks of
      the field, giving poor armorial contrast. A recolor of the field
      to checky vert and Or should solve this.

      There is a step from period practice for use of compass stars.
      We encourage the submitter to consider more period depictions of
      mullets.

======================================================================

**** DRACHENWALD returns ****

  Izabella del Cacco. Badge. (Fieldless) A chimerical beast with the
  upper half of a dragon and the lower half of a wolf segreant gules.

      This badge is returned for conflict with the badge of Bela of
      Eastmarch, "Gyronny sable and argent, a dragon rampant gules,
      armed and webbed vert". There is one DC for the field. However,
      in commentary the only noticeably lupine part of the beast was
      the bushy tail. Commenters noted that the scaly belly from the
      dragon portion of the charge extended well down into the lower
      half of the charge, and while the hindpaws are distinctly
      different from the foreclaws, there just isn't enough that reads
      "wolf" to grant a second DC.

      If the submitter wants to continue to pursue registration of
      this chimerical monster, we recommend making a clearer
      distinction between the halves of the body, including
      termination of the belly scales farther up the torso, shaggier
      hindquarters, and a longer bushy tail. That said, the most
      recognizable part of the wolf is the head, and the wings and
      head of the dragon so dominate the design even in concept that
      we acknowledge it will be difficult to depict the wolf portions
      sufficiently to clear conflict.

  Magdelena Grace Vane. Badge. (Fieldless) In pale a bee proper
  sustaining an annulet argent surrounding and conjoined to a capital
  letter M gules.

      This device is returned for violation of SENA A3D2a, which
      prohibits more than two charges in a charge group. In the March
      2009 LoAR Cover Letter, it was ruled that "A widget within an
      annulet will continue to be considered a primary widget and a
      secondary annulet, or a primary annulet and secondary widget,
      when those charges are the only charges on the field. Which of
      the two charges is primary depends, as always, on the emblazon.
      When both are present in a design as part of a primary charge
      group, or where they would be expected to be a secondary charge,
      the widget and annulet will both be considered part of the same
      group." This design therefore has three charges (bee, letter,
      annulet) in the primary charge group, and must be returned.

  Mikael Rantzow. Heraldic will.

      This heraldic will is returned for further work. There are
      stipulations in the will, including restriction on the use of a
      piece of transferred armory exclusively to use as a crest for
      one of the individuals receiving it, and pre-emptive permission
      to use the arms with a mark of cadency, that are beyond the
      administrative and enforcement powers of the College of Arms.

      We encourage heraldic wills, and applaud submitters who make
      their intentions clear, but the College of Arms' ability to
      execute said wills is restricted to transfer of registered items
      from one named individual to another, release of registered
      items, establishment of post-mortem blanket permission to
      conflict, and recognition of an individual or office as
      executor. If the submitter wishes to give more detailed
      instructions such as the one provided in this submission, we
      suggest that the submitter name an executor within the kingdom,
      and provide the more detailed instructions to that individual.
      Alternatively, the submitter can register a cadenced version of
      his arms, and stipulate in his heraldic will that the cadenced
      version transfers to his younger son.

======================================================================

**** EALDORMERE returns ****

  Daya Speyererin. Badge. (Fieldless) A pumpkin gules slipped vert.

      This conflicts with the badge of Da'ud ibn Auda, "(Fieldless) An
      apple gules slipped and leaved proper". There's one DC for
      fieldlessness, but since pumpkins were not used in period
      heraldry, we are left with visually comparing two round red
      fruits with green stems. There is not sufficient visual
      distinction here to provide the second needed DC.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a pumpkin,
      as produce of the New World.

  Dubhesa inghean U{i'} Uilliam. Device. Purpure, a triskelion of
  spirals, on a chief embattled argent three badgers dormant sable
  marked argent.

      This device is returned for redraw. Commenters had difficulty
      recognizing the tertiary charges as badgers dormant, due in
      large part to the argent markings on an argent background, as
      well as the typically challenging issue of identifying dormant
      charges.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a triskelion
      of spirals.

======================================================================

**** EAST returns ****

  Eudes de Creully and Eyda von Rothenburg. Blazon correction.
  (Fieldless) On a cup Or a falcon's head erased gules.

      Originally registered in December 2016 as "On a cup Or a hooded
      falcon's head erased gules", an artist's note read: "Please let
      the submitter know that if a falcon is hooded, you cannot see
      its eyes, but without the hood there would be no tuft on the top
      of its head." While we have reblazoned the full falcon in the
      device on this same letter, we are less inclined to change the
      blazon when it's just the head. The tufts at the top of the head
      make up a good 15-20% of the height of the charge, and the hood
      (or lack thereof) is almost the entirety of the charge.
      Therefore, the tuft cannot be dismissed with an artist's note as
      easily on this badge as it could on the device. Because the tuft
      affects the silhouette of the charge, it gives the unmistakable
      appearance of being part of a hawk's hood.

      If the submitters wish to have a hood-less falcon, they are
      encouraged to submit a badge change with a smooth-headed falcon.

======================================================================

**** GLEANN ABHANN returns ****

  Abu Hurairah 'Abd al-Aziz ibn al-Sarraj ibn al-Nasrani al-Rabi'.
  Device. Per chevron sable and vert, a satyr passant between three
  mascles argent.

      This device is returned for redraw. Although the per chevron
      line is slightly higher than in his previous submission, it is
      still too low, per the guidelines in the August 2011 Cover
      Letter.

======================================================================

**** LAUREL returns ****

None.

======================================================================

**** LOCHAC returns ****

  Alfd{i'}s Gandr. Name and device. Vert, a compass star quarterly Or
  and argent.

      This name must be returned for violating PN4C of SENA, which
      prohibits names that claim "superhuman abilities, magical
      powers, or divine origin." According to Cleasby & Vigfusson, the
      word _gandr_ denotes "anything enchanted or an object used by
      sorcerers." All of the attested uses of the term refer to
      sorcerous or supernatural creatures, things or people. Thus, the
      word _gandr_ is comparable to the name element _Galdra-_, which
      we previously ruled unregisterable:

           The proposed byname _Galdra-_ 'Witchcraft-, Sorcery-'
           violates RfS VI.2 Names Claiming Powers, which says
           "Names containing elements that allude to powers that
           the submitter does not possess are considered
           presumptuous. Society names may not claim divine
           descent, superhuman abilities, or other powers that
           the submitter does not actually possess." Previous
           Sovereigns have returned names with bynames meaning
           'the sorceress' (Ragnhildr in Sie{dh}kona, LoAR
           01/2005, q.v.) and 'the wizard' (Dirk de Tovenaar,
           LoAR 03/2001, q.v.). The submitted byname is
           analogous. [Galdra-Aron, 2/2010 LoAR, R-{AE}thelmearc]

      Consistent with past precedents, _gandr_ is an improper claim of
      magical powers and cannot be registered as a name element.
      Therefore, this name must be returned.

      As the submitter does not allow the creation of a holding name,
      her device must also be returned.

      There is a step from period practice for use of a compass star.

  Ana de Vuallachia. Device. Per chevron vert and argent, three
  escarbuncles and an oak tree eradicated counterchanged.

      This device is returned for blurring the distinction between
      charge groups. While charges on either side of a field division
      are typically co-primary, and while three charges above a per
      chevron line of division are in fess by default, the relative
      size between the tree and the escarbuncles is significant enough
      that they appear to be primary and secondary. Upon resubmission,
      the submitter is advised to make the line of division shallower,
      and increase the size and thickness of the escarbuncles.

  Eleanor d'Arcy. Device. Per pale wavy gules and azure, on a plate a
  dragon dormant sable.

      This device was withdrawn by the submitter.

  Isabella Lucrezia de Zaragoza. Device. Per pale gules and sable
  fretty Or, in pale three reremice argent.

      This device is returned for conflict with the badge of Morgan
      Alyn Alwyn, "Per pale gules and sable, in pale three bats
      displayed argent". In both cases, the bats are the primary
      charge group, centrally located and positioned across the line
      of division. The frets, covering only half the field, function
      as strewn secondary charges, and only count for one DC.

  Louisa Lyppard Cattone du Lac. Device change. Per pale argent and
  sable, two unicorn's heads couped respectant counterchanged, a point
  pointed barry wavy gules and Or.

      This device is returned administratively. The escutcheon used in
      the submission is not the one found on the device form.
      Submitters are advised to use the escutcheons, lozenges, and
      delfs that appear on the submission forms, rather than pasting
      their own artwork over the blank portions of the form.

======================================================================

**** MERIDIES returns ****

  {AE}adan Iohannis. Device change. Gyronny azure and argent, a plate
  within a bordure counterchanged.

      This device is returned for lack of contrast. The primary charge
      shares a tincture with the field, and its identifiability relies
      on extrapolating half of its shape from context. This is
      contrary to the precepts of period heraldry, which emphasized
      immediate identification. Sharing a tincture with the field
      makes half the outline of the charge invisible, which is not
      acceptable.

  Gr{a'}inne Mccauley. Device. Argent, a chevron vert between two
  lions combattant and a sinister hand apaumy gules.

      This device is returned for conflict with the device of Anne of
      Huntingdon Loxley, "Argent, a chevron ploy{e'} vert between two
      roses gules slipped and leaved vert and a sunburst gules". There
      is one DC for the collective changes to the type of secondary
      charge group, but no DC for a chevron vs. a chevron ploy{e'}.

  Heather ingean Ui Briain. Device. Per fess wavy purpure and azure,
  three natural dolphins naiant one and two and an escallop argent.

      This device is returned for violation of SENA A3D2c, which
      requires all charges in a charge group to be in a unified
      orientation. The positioning of the three dolphins must be
      blazoned independently of the escallop, and so they are not in a
      unified arrangement.

======================================================================

**** MIDDLE returns ****

None.

======================================================================

**** NORTHSHIELD returns ****

None.

======================================================================

**** OUTLANDS returns ****

  Aarquelle, Barony of. Badge. Azure, in bend sinister a sinister wing
  bendwise inverted and a recorder bendwise, a bordure wavy argent.

      This must be returned for violation of SENA A3D2c, which
      requires that "The charges within a charge group should be in
      either identical postures/orientations or an arrangement that
      includes posture/orientation (in cross, combatant, or in pall
      points outward, for example)." In this submission, the wing is
      bendwise inverted, while the recorder is bendwise. Because their
      orientations must be separately blazoned, they are not in a
      unified orientation and must be returned.

  Aarquelle, Barony of. Badge. Azure, three rapiers in fess, a
  mountain of three peaks argent.

      This must be returned for violating SENA A2C1, which requires
      that "Elements must be drawn in their period forms and in a
      period armorial style." In the return of a badge for the Kingdom
      of Meridies in the LoAR of May 2017, Wreath stated:

           The quillons and knucklebow which define the rapier as
           a heraldic charge are absent. No evidence was
           presented, and none was found in commentary,
           demonstrating that this guard is period either as a
           heraldic charge or an artifact. Absent such evidence,
           the design is returned for a redraw.

      Likewise, absent documentation for this guard, this design is
      returned for a redraw.

  Aarquelle, Barony of. Badge. Barry wavy azure and argent, an anvil
  Or.

      This must be returned for violating SENA A2C1, which requires
      that "Elements must be drawn in their period forms and in a
      period armorial style." This depiction of an anvil was used in
      the device submission of Eynon ab Iohannes Mal, which was
      returned in the LoAR of December 2004, stating:

           This is returned for lack of documentation for the
           depictions of the anvil and the sword used. On
           resubmission, the submitter should use depictions
           previously documented or provide documentation for the
           types of anvil and sword used here.

      Absent documentation for this type of anvil, it is still not
      registerable.

      Even if drawn correctly, this device would be returned for
      conflict: Stephen of Forth Castle, "Per bend sable and paly
      gules and Or, a double-bitted anvil Or". There is one DC for the
      change of field, but none for type of anvil.

  Ainsley Quinn. Device. Per fess purpure and Or, a Catherine wheel
  and in annulo three horses statant joined at the forehooves
  counterchanged.

      This device is returned for violation of SENA A3D2c, which
      requires that "The charges within a charge group should be in
      either identical postures/orientations or an arrangement that
      includes posture/orientation (in cross, combatant, or in pall
      points outward, for example)." The Catherine wheel and horses
      are all in the same primary charge group, but the horses are
      arranged in annulo separately from the wheel.

      There is a step from period practice for having charges in
      annulo that are not in their usual upright orientation.

  Yazida bint Zarif. Badge. (Fieldless) A goat salient sable gorged
  with a coronet flory Or.

      This badge must be returned for conflict with the badge of Eric
      Edgarson, "Lozengy gules and argent, a goat clymant sable".
      There is one DC for changes to the field, but no DC for the
      addition of the coronet. Clymant is the goat-specific
      terminology for rampant, which carries no DC from salient.

      The submitter is a court baroness, and thus entitled to display
      a coronet.

======================================================================

                 - Explicit littera renuntiationum -

======================================================================

***** THE FOLLOWING ITEMS HAVE BEEN PENDED UNTIL THE February 2018
LAUREL MEETING (OR AS NOTED): *****

**** AN TIR pends ****

  Helene d'Anjou. Name.

      Both the Letter of Intent and commentary identified the issue of
      whether this name presumes on the name of a saint of the Serbian
      Orthodox Church, rendered in modern English as _Helen of Anjou_.
      We are pending this name to address whether all saints should be
      automatically be protected from presumption or whether
      protection of saints be assessed on a case-by-case basis based
      on their historical and cultural significance?

      Past precedents suggest, without ever explicitly so stating,
      that we addressed the protection of saints on a case by case
      basis. For example, in 2000, we ruled:

           Because it is reasonable for a resident of a town to
           be named after the town's patron saint, this name is
           not presumptuous. Furthermore, Saint Morwenna, the
           patron saint of Morwenstow, is not important enough to
           protect. [Morwenna of Morwenstow, 01/00,
           A-Drachenwald]

      We further note that, by precedent, the addition of a second
      byname that does not allude to any attributes of Saint Helen of
      Anjou would remove the appearance of presumption. When
      registering the name _Jehanne Darc de la Coste_ in June 2005, we
      stated, in relevant part:

           So, is the name presumptuous? It makes an unmistakable
           reference to the saint's name, but does this mean that
           it is a claim to be the saint? We believe that it does
           not make such a claim. For a name to be presumptuous,
           the names must either be in conflict or the allusion
           must be so strong that there is no doubt that the name
           is an attempt to be the person it presumes on. The
           addition of the locative, which is not associated with
           the saint, is sufficient to avoid presumption. Note
           that the addition of a locative or descriptive byname
           to a famous name is not in itself sufficient to avoid
           presumption; the locative or descriptive must be one
           that does not allude to the famous name. For example,
           _Jehanne Darc de Domr{e'}my_ or _Jehanne Darc de
           Lorraine_ would be presumptuous, because, although the
           saint's name is not found with these locatives, she
           was raised on the estate of Domr{e'}my in Lorraine.
           Likewise, descriptive bynames such as _la fille_ or
           _la pucelle_ (maiden, in both cases) would be
           presumptuous of "the maid of Orleans", as would
           descriptives referring to battle, martyrdom, or seeing
           visions/mental instability.

           Since the name, by itself, is not presumptuous
           (despite the strong references -- we note that an
           addition reference to the saint in the submitter's
           arms may push the combination over the top), changing
           the second surname to a true locative/topographic
           byname should make the name registerable. We have
           changed the name to Jehanne Darc de la Coste in order
           to register it.

      If the submitter wishes to add a second byname to moot the
      question of presumption while the name is pended, she should
      have her heralds add that information in the commentary so that
      we may consider it.

      Her device is registered under the holding name "Helene of Lions
      Gate".

      This was item 16 on the An Tir letter of June 30, 2017.

======================================================================

**** GLEANN ABHANN pends ****

  Maude de Fay. Device. Per bend azure and vert, on a bend argent an
  attired pantheon rampant gules mullety Or.

      This device is pended to discuss how to treat modifications to
      period chimerical monsters. Pantheons are defined as hinds
      (female deer) with fox tails, strewn with mullets or estoiles.
      The addition of antlers change the hind to a stag. Normally, we
      would not worry too much about this difference and would merely
      blazon it as a new chimerical creature. But in this case, the
      mullets would not be part of the definition of this new
      chimerical creature; as such, they would be quaternary charges
      (charges on a tertiary charge) and thus unregisterable.
      Commenters also questioned whether the mullets on this creature
      should be treated as quaternary charges even if it is a
      pantheon. We therefore ask for commentary on both questions:
      should this be treated as a variant of a pantheon? If so, should
      a pantheon be allowed as a tertiary charge with quaternary
      mullets or estoiles?

      This was item 7 on the Gleann Abhann letter of June 6, 2017.

======================================================================

**** LOCHAC pends ****

  Darton, Shire of. Badge for Populace. (Fieldless) A hunting horn Or.

      According to precedent, this badge should be returned for
      conflict with the badge of the West Kingdom, "Purpure, a hunting
      horn reversed Or".

           Based on previous returns, there is also no difference
           for reversing the hunting horn. [Roland of Foxesglen,
           LoAR of March 2005]

           The Glossary of Terms defines the default [for hunting
           horns] as bell to dexter, and in fact, most horns
           registered to date do follow this default. Bell to
           dexter continues to be the default orientation. There
           is a blazonable difference between the orientations
           but not a CD. [D{a'}ire de Haya, LoAR of Oct 2006]

      These precedents seem to be predicated on the opinion that
      hunting horns are largely symmetrical. However, to my eye,
      hunting horns are not symmetrical; there is a small end with a
      mouthpiece and a large, flared end where the noise projects.

      Commenters are asked to provide commentary on whether we should
      continue the practice of denying a DC for reversing a hunting
      horn.

      This was item 14 on the Lochac letter of June 26, 2017.

  Southron Gaard, Barony of. Household name Hamlet of Gildenwick.

      The Barony argues that _Hamlet_ should be a valid designator for
      a household. A _hamlet_ is defined by the OED as "A group of
      houses or a small village in the country." However, on the March
      2004 Letter of Acceptances and Returns, we ruled that _Village_
      could not be used as a household designator

           [T]here was considerable discussion whether _Village_
           was appropriate as a household designator. The
           overwhelming consensus was that _Village_ was not an
           appropriate designator for a household name and, that,
           if Village should ever be allowed as a designator,
           that it should be used as an alternate of some level
           of branch designator. We are, therefore, disallowing
           use of Village as a designator for a household name.
           [Petrus Curonus, P{a:}hkin{a:}saari, Village of,
           03/2004, R-Drachenwald]

      In light of this precedent, we are pending this item for a
      further discussion. Among other things, we ask commenters to
      address whether using _Village_ or _Hamlet_ as a household
      designator inappropriately blurs the line between a household
      and an SCA branch and, if so, whether this blurring is a problem
      when the household is registered to a local group, as is the
      case here.

      This was item 27 on the Lochac letter of June 26, 2017.

======================================================================

**** MIDDLE pends ****

  Cynnabar, Barony of. Order name Award of the Argent Buttress.

      This order name purports to use the pattern Color + Heraldic
      Charge. However, no evidence was presented showing that a
      buttress was, in fact, a plausible heraldic charge. The arms of
      Steinhaussen, which "incorporat[e] buttress-like architectual
      detail" according to the Letter of Intent, were not accompanied
      by a blazon and it was by no means clear that anything in that
      image would have been blazoned as a "buttress." To complicate
      matters, we received absolutely no commentary at all on this
      item.

      Therefore, we are pending this item in an effort to obtain
      evidence and commentary showing whether a buttress is a
      plausible period heraldic charge.

      This was item 8 on the Middle letter of June 30, 2017.

  R{a-}ja C{u-}{l.}{a-}ma{n.}i of Chennai. Name.

      _Chennai_ (formerly known as _Madras_) is the modern name of a
      city that was known in period and, in fact, was in contact with
      the Portuguese and the Dutch beginning in the early 16th
      century. Therefore, it is a reasonable lingua Anglica form of an
      Indian place name.

      This name is pended to address whether the use of the element
      _R{a-}ja_ as part of the compound given name "R{a-}ja
      C{u-}{l.}{a-}ma{n.}i" is presumptuous. Although not a title
      protected in the Society, _Raja_ or _Rajah_ is a term used for a
      monarch or ruler in parts of South and Southeast Asia.
      Additional research is needed to determine the meaning of the
      name "R{a-}ja C{u-}{l.}{a-}ma{n.}i" in Tamil, its relationship
      to the title _Raja_ or _Rajah_, and whether this name could be
      read as being a claim to being a monarch or ruler of the city of
      Chennai.

      This was item 26 on the Middle letter of June 30, 2017.

======================================================================

                             - Explicit -

======================================================================

Created at 2017-11-28T22:29:17
-------------- next part --------------
                                               Society for Creative Anachronism
                                                                College of Arms

                                                                427 W Ave.
                                                         Spokane, WA 99203
                                                           +1-509-570-4189
                                                   laurel at heraldry.sca.org
                     For the September 2017 meetings, printed November 28, 2017

To all the College of Arms and all others who may read this missive, from
Juliana Laurel, Alys Pelican, and Cormac Wreath, greetings.

**** From Laurel: Some Useful Stuff (a Series) ****

As many of you know, as Pelican I wrote a monthly series about name resources.
As Laurel, I want to continue this, now pointing out resources of broad
interest. Send your questions and great resources.

This month, I want to talk about the List of Alternative Titles and the
revisions we've just made to it. The List of Alternative Titles, found at
http://heraldry.sca.org/titles.html, gives versions of titles in a variety of
period languages. The titles themselves are of mixed quality: some are revised
based on recent research and match what we know about period practice. Others
are older and largely represent translations of the English terms into that
language, whether or not they were used in that way in period. For example,
_Rey_, the Spanish word for king, is a period term, but would never have been
used before the name of a king; instead the general term of respect _Don_ was
used before his name and the title _Rey_ or _Rey de kingdom name_ used after
his name. But it's a great resource regardless for those who want culturally
appropriate terms for titles.

I picked this month to talk about this because we are rolling out a major
revision to the List, incorporating space for gender-neutral terms for titles.
It's a work in progress, with relatively few spaces filled in. But we hope that
it will be the start of a fruitful conversation about how to provide useful
options that are inclusive of all people. If you're interested in participating
in this project, please feel free to reach out to Palimpsest at
rules at heraldry.sca.org or to me directly at laurel at heraldry.sca.org.

**** From Laurel: Clarion Herald (Education Deputy) Applications Sought ****

After many years of service, Marie de Blois is stepping down as Clarion Herald.
Therefore, we are seeking applicants for this position. Clarion has the
responsibility for encouraging heraldic education at all levels.

This deputy is tasked with the following duties, plus other such tasks as
assigned by Laurel:

    * Working with Kingdoms and Laurel to improve heraldic education


    * Acting as a resource for kingdoms in their own heraldic education
      programs


    * Encouraging the production of online education resources and coordinating
      to make them available on the Laurel website


    * Preparing quarterly reports to Laurel on the status of heraldic education

Please email your resume (SCA and modern if appropriate) as well as a short
description of your experience related to this job to Laurel at
laurel at heraldry.sca.org. The application period ends on January 31, 2018.

**** From Wreath: Held Charges And Charge Group Theory ****

This month's consideration of the device of Rynion of Raven's Cove brought up
the question: where do held charges fit when considering charge group theory
and whether a submission must be returned for "slot machine."

The August 2015 Cover Letter established that all held charges that weren't
co-primary that were large enough to grant difference if separately considered
as a secondary or tertiary charge would be given the same consideration when
held. This change to our policy required held charges to have good contrast,
identifiability, and (in later interpretation) a recognizable and blazonable
orientation.

Under this precedent, it's clear that if a primary charge is holding another
charge that is not co-primary, this charge must by definition be secondary.
However, it was not clear how this should be interpreted when the holding
charge is, itself secondary. The held charges being on the field but not
central to the design, are by our charge group theory considered secondaries,
as is the holding charge. So are these charges in the same charge group, or
separate charge groups?

If the held charges are not of equal visual weight and thus would not be
considered "co-primary" if the holding charge were the primary charge, then
they are not in the same charge group as the holding charge, regardless of the
holding charge's placement within the overall armorial design. Thus, in the
pattern being considered this month, "[Field], an [ordinary] between two
[charge A] and a [charge B] maintaining a [charge C]", the ordinary is the
primary charge, and charges A, B, and C are secondary charges, with charges A
and B in one charge group and charge C in a separate charge group.

Please note that this means that, barring an IAP, we will not register tertiary
charges holding charges that are not co-equal in visual weight, due to our
prohibition against registering armory with two different tertiary charge
groups on the same charge.

**** From Wreath: Period Depictions of Hands of Fatima/Hamsa Sought ****

Recent commentary has brought up a question on a long-accepted charge: the Hand
of Fatima, also known as a hamsa. The charge, typically depicted as a stylized
hand with the outer digits turning outward at the tips in vertical symmetry,
was first registered in September 1971. Since then, it has been registered a
total of 24 times, most recently in October 2015. There is a precedent from
October 2015, in the registrations of Safiyya bint Khalid ibn Hamdun, that "A
hand of Fatima is a specific depiction of a hand and is not a step from period
practice." However, no images of the symmetrical, digits-turned-out motif of a
Hand of Fatima has been provided. While most literature provided is in
agreement that symbols described as Hands of Fatima or khamsas was used by
Muslims and Jews in period, including in al-Andalus, placing the symbol
squarely in Western Europe, the few extant depictions I've tracked down do not
support this stylization. One example is a Hand of Fatima carved above the
exterior arch of the _Puerta de la Justicia_ at the Alhambra in Spain. However,
the actual depiction is a cubit arm with a stylized flourish at the palm, and
naturalistic digit placement.

I'm calling on commenters to seek out and provide evidence of the modern,
symmetrical depiction of a Hand of Fatima in period artwork. Absent evidence
that this artistic variant of a hand is documentable prior to the 17th century,
we may have to discontinue its allowance in submissions as a modern design.

**** Society Pages ****

Congratulations to Keinvryd ferch Talan, Gold Forest (local herald for the
Barony of Gyldenholt), who welcomed a baby girl on August 19th.

At A Grand Royal Event in Lochac, on October 14, 2017, ffride wlffsdotter,
long-term commenter, was inducted into the Order of the Silver Pegasus, their
grant-level service award.

On October 14, 2107, at Calontir Crown Tournament, Konstantia Kaloethina,
former Gold Falcon Principal Herald and Greek Fire Herald Extraordinary, was
made a Baroness of Their Majesties' Court.

On October 15, 2017, at A Right Royal Tourney, in Lochac, Br{i'}an dorcha ua
Conail, long-term commenter, was inducted into the Order of the Laurel for his
linguistic work. The Laurel office has benefited greatly from his skill and
looks forward to what he does next.

On October 19, 2017, at War of the Wings in Atlantia, Cian mac Ceallach{a'}in
hU{i'} Dubhlaich, Triton Principal Herald, was made a Baron of Their Majesties'
Court.

Estienne Le Mons d'Anjou, Sea Stag Herald (Education) from Atlantia, has been
chosen to become the next Society Minister of Arts and Sciences. We wish him
the best of luck in his new position.

Please send information about happenings to major heralds and major happenings
to all heralds to Laurel, so that it can be published here.

**** Send What to Whom ****

Letters of Intent, Comment, Response, Correction, et cetera are to be posted to
the OSCAR online system. No paper copies need be sent. All submission forms
plus documentation, including petitions, must be posted to the OSCAR online
system. While black-and-white emblazons must be included in the Letter of
Intent, only colored armory forms need to be posted in the forms area.

Cheques or money orders for submissions, payable to "SCA Inc.-College of Arms"
are to be sent to Stephanie Ray-Solum, Blue Bug Bookkeeping, 2144 Westlake Ave.
North Suite F Seattle, WA 98109.

Send roster changes and corrections to Laurel. College of Arms members may also
request a copy of the current roster from Laurel.

For a paper copy of a LoAR, please contact Laurel, at the address above. The
cost for one LoAR is $3. Please make all checks or money orders payable to "SCA
Inc.-College of Arms". The electronic copy of the LoAR is available free of
charge. To subscribe to the mailings of the electronic copy, please see the
bottom of http://heraldry.sca.org/heraldry/lists.html#lists for more
instructions.

For all administrative matters, please contact Laurel.

**** Scheduling ****

Items listed below in square brackets have not been scheduled yet. For
information about future scheduling, please review the status table located on
the Web at http://oscar.sca.org/index.php?action=137.

The September Laurel decisions were made at the Pelican meeting held on Sunday,
September 10, 2017 and the Wreath meeting held on Sunday, September 10, 2017.
These meetings considered the following letters of intent: Gleann Abhann (06
Jun, 2017), {AE}thelmearc (14 Jun, 2017), Caid (18 Jun, 2017), Laurel LoPaD (22
Jun, 2017), Ealdormere (24 Jun, 2017), Atlantia (26 Jun, 2017), Lochac (26 Jun,
2017), Artemisia (27 Jun, 2017), Drachenwald (27 Jun, 2017), Ansteorra (28 Jun,
2017), Northshield (28 Jun, 2017), An Tir (30 Jun, 2017), Avacal (30 Jun,
2017), Calontir (30 Jun, 2017), East (30 Jun, 2017), Laurel (30 Jun, 2017),
Meridies (30 Jun, 2017), Middle (30 Jun, 2017), and Outlands (30 Jun, 2017). *
All commentary, responses, and rebuttals should have been entered into OSCAR by
Thursday, August 31, 2017.*

The October Laurel decisions were made at the Pelican meeting held on Sunday,
October 8, 2017 and the Wreath meeting held on Sunday, October 15, 2017. These
meetings considered the following letters of intent: Ansteorra (06 Jul, 2017),
Gleann Abhann (09 Jul, 2017), Atenveldt (11 Jul, 2017), {AE}thelmearc (17 Jul,
2017), An Tir (17 Jul, 2017), West (18 Jul, 2017), Laurel LoPaD (19 Jul, 2017),
Ealdormere (24 Jul, 2017), Lochac (26 Jul, 2017), Middle (28 Jul, 2017),
Atlantia (29 Jul, 2017), Caid (29 Jul, 2017), Calontir (29 Jul, 2017), East (29
Jul, 2017), Outlands (29 Jul, 2017), Artemisia (30 Jul, 2017), Atenveldt (30
Jul, 2017), Drachenwald (30 Jul, 2017), Avacal (31 Jul, 2017), Drachenwald (31
Jul, 2017), Meridies (31 Jul, 2017), Northshield (31 Jul, 2017), and Trimaris
(31 Jul, 2017). * All commentary, responses, and rebuttals should have been
entered into OSCAR by Saturday, September 30, 2017.*

The November Laurel decisions will be made at the Pelican and Wreath meetings
held on Sunday, November 12, 2017. These meetings will consider the following
letters of intent: Gleann Abhann (03 Aug, 2017), Gleann Abhann (07 Aug, 2017),
Avacal (16 Aug, 2017), An Tir (17 Aug, 2017), Middle (22 Aug, 2017), Ealdormere
(24 Aug, 2017), {AE}thelmearc (25 Aug, 2017), Laurel LoPaD (25 Aug, 2017),
Lochac (25 Aug, 2017), Artemisia (27 Aug, 2017), Atenveldt (30 Aug, 2017),
Atlantia (30 Aug, 2017), Calontir (30 Aug, 2017), Northshield (30 Aug, 2017),
Artemisia (31 Aug, 2017), Caid (31 Aug, 2017), Drachenwald (31 Aug, 2017),
Meridies (31 Aug, 2017), Middle (31 Aug, 2017), and Outlands (31 Aug, 2017). *
All commentary, responses, and rebuttals should have been entered into OSCAR by
Tuesday, October 31, 2017.*

_Not all letters of intent may be considered when they are originally scheduled
on this cover letter. The date of posting of the LoI, date of receipt of the
Laurel packet, or other factors may delay consideration of certain letters of
intent. Additionally, some letters of intent received may not have been
scheduled because the administrative requirements (receipt of the forms packet,
receipt of the necessary fees, et cetera) have not yet been met._

REMINDER: Until all administrative requirements are met, the letter may not be
scheduled.

Pray know that I remain,

In service,

Juliana de Luna
Laurel Queen of Arms

===============================================================================

Created at 2017-11-28T22:29:16


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