[LoAR-txt] 2017-03 LoAR in Da'ud plaintext format

Postmeeting Clerk via LoAR-TXT loar-txt at lists.sca.org
Mon May 22 21:22:51 CDT 2017


Please find attached the files for the March 2017 LoAR in plaintext format.


-- 
Emma de Fetherstan, acting as Postmeeting Clerk
-------------- next part --------------
An HTML attachment was scrubbed...
URL: <http://lists.sca.org/pipermail/loar-txt/attachments/20170522/8c98a4de/attachment-0001.html>
-------------- next part --------------
***** THE FOLLOWING ITEMS HAVE BEEN REGISTERED: *****

**** {AE}THELMEARC acceptances ****

  Angelo da Calabria. Name and badge. Per bend argent and vert, a
  feather azure and a flame proper.

      The submitter requested authenticity for the Italian language.
      This name meets that request; specifically, it is authentic for
      Pisa in the 15th-16th centuries.

  Badger Bag Bane. Name.

  Bj{o,}rn Einarsson. Badge. (Fieldless) A pageant wagon azure.

      Prior to this submission, there was only one registration of a
      pageant wagon, dated January 1980, in Society armory. SENA
      Appendix F requires that "Charges which have not been registered
      in over a decade should be redocumented." The Letter of Intent
      provides sufficient visual documentation to prove that pageant
      wagons, essentially rolling stages, existed both with and
      without pillars and roof/canopy in period. In addition, Wreath
      has done extensive research into the use of pageant wagons in
      performing mystery cycles in 15th century England. While the
      emblazon does not identically match any of the period artwork
      provided, it is nearly identical to the emblazon found in the
      Pictorial Dictionary of Heraldry, and will be accepted.

      There was some question in commentary about whether this charge
      is a step from period practice. SENA A.2.B.4.C states that
      "There is no pattern of using European artifacts other than
      tools and general, everyday artifacts in armory." A cart or
      wagon, in its simpler form, is an attested period charge
      according to the PicDic, both with four wheels "as in the arms
      of de Brambilla, mid-15th C. [Triv 69]" and with two, "the
      'oxcart' (Italian baroccio), is found in the canting arms of di
      Barozi, mid-15th C. [Triv 76]." However, the inclusion of
      pillars, canopy, pennons and front drape remove it in both
      appearance and functionality from its attested form in period
      heraldry. It is, therefore, a step from period practice.

  Bj{o,}rn {o,}rvarbrjotr. Name.

      The byname "{o,}rvarbrjotr" is constructed based on a documented
      pattern of Norse names meaning "thing-breaker." [Brandr
      nefsbrjotr Aronsson, 3/2016 LoAR, A-East] In this case, the name
      means "breaker of arrows."

  Bj{o,}rn Skyti. Name and device. Or, a cask proper and a bordure
  vert.

  Blackstone Mountain, Barony of. Order name Order of the Black Stone.

  Caterina da Venezia. Name and device. Azure, an owl displayed
  maintaining an arrow fesswise between three lilies argent.

      The submitter requested authenticity for 15th century Venice.
      This request was not summarized on the Letter of Intent.
      Fortunately, heralds at the Pelican decision meeting were able
      to supply enough evidence concerning authenticity that we need
      not pend this submission.

      This name is authentic for the 15th century in Italy. While it
      is unlikely that someone living in Venice would be called _da
      Venezia_ (of Venice), that byname was used in the 15th century
      to describe people from Venice. Therefore, this name meets the
      submitter's request.

      There is a step from period practice for use of a bird other
      than an eagle in the displayed posture.

      Artist's note: Please draw lilies in a more standard
      trumpet-shaped depiction to better distinguish them from
      cup-shaped flowers like lilies in profile.

  Cormacc mac Gilla Brigde. Badge. Per saltire vert and argent, four
  seahorses counterchanged.

  Fox Feirlin. Name.

      During commentary, the submitter withdrew the authenticity
      request for "Scandinavian and/or German" that appeared on the
      Letter of Intent.

      This name combines a Dutch given name and a German byname, an
      acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C.

  Friderich Swartzwalder. Device change. Per saltire gules and sable,
  on a double-headed eagle Or two lilies of the valley in saltire
  purpure.

      Submitter's old device, "Per saltire gules and sable, on a
      double-headed eagle Or two halberds in saltire sable", is
      released.

  Fucha de la Rua. Device. Sable, a bend sinister wavy argent masoned
  sable, in dexter chief a house argent.

  Gaius Plinius Iustinianus. Device. Argent, a winged card pique and
  in chief an annulet sable.

  Geirrekr gullskeggr Thorvaldsson. Name and device. Per fess argent
  ermined azure and azure ermined argent, a triple-towered castle
  counterchanged azure and argent.

      This is clear of Eleanora de Laval, "Per fess wavy argent and
      azure, a tower counterchanged," (12/2010), with one DC for
      changes to the field, and a second DC for a straight vs. complex
      line of division on the primary charge. Commenters pointed out
      that Eleanora's emblazon depicts only a small portion of the
      field division present on the tower, such that if it were to
      appear without a field, it would be blazoned "enarched," which
      does not have a DC from a plain line of division. Precedents
      were cited for similar situations with fieldless badges
      featuring narrow primary charges which did not have enough space
      to properly identify the field division. However, the line of
      division on Eleanor's device is an obvious continuation of the
      field's line of division, making clear the intent of the
      submitter. The tower is, as the blazon states, divided wavy, and
      is therefore a DC from Geirrekr's castle, which is divided
      plainly.

  Gunnar Thorbjarnarson. Name and device. Per chevron azure and
  argent, in base a bear rampant contourny sable, a chief embattled
  argent.

  Isabel Johnston. Name.

      This name is clear of _Issobella de Johnstone_ under PN3C1 of
      SENA due to two changes in both sound and appearance: "Isabel"
      vs. "Is_s_obel_la_", and the removal of the preposition _de_.

      Nice 15th century Scots name!

  J{a^}n al-Tha`lab. Name and badge. (Fieldless) A fox's head erased
  within and conjoined to a mascle Or.

      Submitted as "J{a^}n _Tilki_", no evidence was found to support
      the proposed byname. The submitter indicated that a byname with
      the meaning of "fox" was most important to her. The Arabic
      byname _al-Tha`lab_ means "the fox." It was not unusual for
      Persian names to be rendered in Arabic. In addition, Arabic and
      Persian is an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C.
      Therefore, we have changed the byname to _al-Tha`lab_ as it most
      closely meets the submitter's request.

  Jaqueline de Molieres. Badge. (Fieldless) On a dandelion slipped and
  leaved Or a heart gules.

      This depiction of a dandelion appears in the submitter's device,
      registered March 2015.

  Katharina von Bamberg. Name.

      Nice 15th century German name!

  Matthew of Boston. Name and device. Sable, in pale a bowl and a
  double horned anvil, on a chief argent a ladle, bowl to sinister,
  sable.

      Nice English name from the 13th through 15th centuries!

  Patrokles Athenaios. Name and device. Or, an owl affronty and in
  base a mullet of six points voided and interlaced within and
  conjoined to an annulet sable.

      Nice classical Greek name!

      Submitter is encouraged to draw the owl larger relative to the
      mullet/annulet charge group.

  Rabi'ah bint Mustafa. Device. Purpure, a flame Or charged with a
  rose gules.

      Commenters asked whether this would presume against a rose en
      soleil, especially with the badge of Edward IV, which is a rose
      gules en soleil Or. A charge en soleil has sun rays emanating
      from its edges. This is, instead, a rose entirely within a flame
      that has gouttes issuant from its upper edge, and is therefore
      clear of Edward IV and any appearance of being en soleil.

  Robert Hawksworth. Name.

      Nice English name for c. 1600 (and likely earlier as well)!

  Samuel Longsword of the Black Hammer. Name change from Altun of
  Misty Highlands.

      The submitter's old name, "Altun of Misty Highlands", is
      released.

  Sarah of Boston. Name and device. Sable, in fess two votive offering
  bottles within a well frame argent.

      Nice English name for the 13th through 15th centuries!

      This is the defining instance of a votive offering bottle.
      Keystone provided evidence both of the offering bottles used in
      period kamon, as well as period evidence (not previously seen)
      of well-frames dated to the 15th century.

      Well-frames have been registered recently with no note about
      being a step from period practice. As the charge can also be
      blazoned in Western terms, as four billets or lathes fretted as
      in mascle, we are explicitly ruling that well-frames are not a
      step from period practice. There is therefore only one step from
      period practice, for use of a non-European charge, the votive
      offering bottle.

  Sesil{i'}a {O'}ttarsd{o'}ttir. Name.

  Silvester Burchardt. Name change from Sylvester Burchardt.

      The submitter's prior name, "Sylvester Burchardt", is released.

  Sl{a'}ine an Einigh. Device. Or, a swan naiant sable and a bordure
  gules.

  Snorri skyti Bjarnarson. Name and device. Azure, four greyhounds
  courant in annulo Or.

      The submitter requested authenticity for "Danish" and the year
      1016 or thereabouts. This name does not meet that request
      because the element are Icelandic, not Danish; however, it is a
      registerable Old Norse name.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of charges in
      annulo not in their default palewise orientation.

  Spencer Oranwood. Name and device. Potent, a compass star and on a
  chief raguly Or three orange trees couped fructed proper.

      _Oranwood_ is the registered surname of the submitter's father.

      This device has a complexity count of eight, with five tinctures
      (potent, Or, vert, brown, orange) and three charges (compass
      star, chief raguly, orange trees). Therefore, though it's at the
      very limit of our standards for complexity, it does not exceed
      them.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a compass
      star.

  {U'}lfkell Gyldir. Name and device. Sable, a dragon contourny
  breathing fire and a base rayonny Or.

      This name is clear of the registered _{U'}lfarr gyl{dh}ir_ under
      PN3C2, as there is a significant change of sound and appearance
      in the second syllable of the given name; _-farr_ and _-kell_
      share no letters and have no sounds in common.

  Unnr {a'} Fj{a'}rfelli. Name.

      Submitted as "Unnr _in elska_ {a'} Fj{a'}rfell_a_", no
      documentation could be found to support the pattern of [given
      name] + [descriptive byname] + [locative byname] in Old Norse.
      With the submitter's permission, we dropped the descriptive
      byname "in elska" for registration.

      In addition, with the submitter's permission, we have changed
      the locative byname to "{a'} Fj{a'}rfell_i_" to comply with Old
      Norse grammar. ffride Joye sans fin constructed the byname "{a'}
      Fj{a'}rfelli" ("on livestock's hill") from the farm name
      _Fj{a'}r-fell_, using examples from the _Landn{a'}mab{o'}k_ and
      _Lind Personbinamn_, s.n. Fi{a'}r.

  Ysabel Lecroix. Name and device. Per pale Or and gules, two horses
  combattant counterchanged, on a chief argent a hammer sable.

      Nice 16th century French name!

      The charge on the chief was submitted as a warhammer. A
      war-hammer is a period weapon, described in the PicDic as
      follows: "definitely intended as a weapon: it had a clawed
      striking face for breaking through armor. It's found in the arms
      of Tusser, 1559 [Bedingfeld 50], though some modern blazons
      mistake it for a battle-axe." Out of the warhammers and war
      hammers submitted in OSCAR, 12 of the 16 pieces of armory
      resembled the period depiction of a war-hammer.

      The type of hammer depicted in this armory more closely
      resembles a cross-peen hammer, a tool with a flat striking face
      and an angled edge for working metal. The last registration with
      this depiction of a hammer was in November, 2016, where it was
      initially blazoned a "smith's hammer," and was eventually
      registered as simply "a hammer." While there is a history of
      blazoning this type of hammer a "war-hammer" in SCA heraldry,
      there is also ample precedent for changing blazons when we find
      better terms to describe the registered emblazons. Therefore, we
      are registering this as a hammer, and over the next few months
      will review all warhammers, war hammers, and war-hammers
      registered to see if they are a medieval weapon or a tool.

======================================================================

**** AN TIR acceptances ****

  An Tir, Kingdom of. Transfer of Order name Honor of the Belated
  Barberry to Principality of the Summits.

  Genevieve Choue. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      Submitted as "Genevi_{'e}_ve Choue", the grave accent in the
      given name is a modern editorial addition that must be removed
      for registration. [Genevieve de la Marre, 1/2014 LoAR, A-Caid]
      We have done so.

      Nice late 13th century French name!

  Gerhard Emelrich. Badge. Sable, a double-headed eagle fesswise
  checky argent and gules.

  Giuliana da Castiglione. Name.

      Nice 15th century Italian name!

  Giuseppe Ferraro. Device. Per saltire sable and gules, on a mullet
  of eight points argent a rose gules.

  Katherine Elene de Vere. Name and device. Quarterly argent and
  gules, in bend two fleurs-de-lys sable.

      Because English uses unmarked matronymic bynames, this name
      could be read as a claim to be the daughter of the registered
      _Elene De Vere_. Fortunately, Elene De Vere provided the
      submitter with a letter of permission to claim a relationship,
      allowing this name to be registered.

  Samwell Langdon. Name and device. Sable, three hunting horns argent.

      The submitter requested authenticity for 16th century English.
      This request was not summarized on the Letter of Intent.
      Fortunately, the Letter of Intent provided enough information
      that we did not have to pend the name to research authenticity.
      This name is authentic for England in the 1560s.

      This device does not conflict with the device of M{o'}ir{i'}n
      Chiardhubh n{i'} Bh{a'}rd{a'}in: _Per chevron sable and vert,
      three spiral hunting horns reversed argent_. There is a DC for
      changing the field and another DC for the difference between
      spiral horns and hunting horns.

      Nice device!

  Skjoldulfr Vi{dh}arsson. Reblazon of device. Azure, a wolf rampant
  contourny and on a chief argent three mullets sable.

      Registered in November 2016 as _Argent, a wolf rampant contourny
      and on a chief argent three mullets sable_, the LoAR listed the
      field as argent, when it is in fact azure.

  Summits, Principality of the. Acceptance of transfer of Order name
  Honor of the Belated Barberry from Kingdom of An Tir.

  Violante da Rosa de Braga. Device. Per chevron sable and argent,
  three owls affronty counterchanged ermine and countermine.

      Please advise the submitter to draw fewer and larger ermine
      spots.

  William Arwemakere. Badge. Or, in pale two arrows gules.

======================================================================

**** ARTEMISIA acceptances ****

  Cailleach Dh{e'} bean Tigernaich. Name.

======================================================================

**** ATENVELDT acceptances ****

  Areus of Sparta. Device change. Sable, a trident head Or and a
  bordure parted bordurewise wavy argent and gules.

      The submitter's old device, "Azure, a horseshoe inverted within
      a bordure Or", is retained as a badge.

  Cullen Ellis. Name and device. Per bend sinister gules and azure, a
  dragon contourny argent and three Celtic crosses Or.

  Fenrich St{u:}rmer Hahn. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      Submitted as "Fenrich _der_ St{u:}rmer Hahn", the byname was
      intended to mean "the fighting rooster." However, we have no
      evidence to support the use of the definite article _der_ in a
      compound byname composed of two separate descriptives. However,
      both _St{u:}rmer_ and _Hahn_ were documented as late period
      German bynames. Appendix A permits double bynames (without the
      article _der_) in German. Therefore, we have changed the name to
      "Fenrich St{u:}rmer Hahn" for registration.

  Gallant O'Driscole. Badge. (Fieldless) Between and conjoined to two
  serpents erect addorsed each nowed argent a roundel vert.

  Granite Mountain, Barony of. Badge (see RETURNS for order name). Per
  fess indented vert and sable, in chief a bezant charged with a heart
  vert, a bordure erminois.

      Please advise the submitters to draw the line of division with
      at least three indentations as in the badges previously
      registered to the barony.

  Granite Mountain, Barony of. Order name Order of Grace of Granite
  Mountain.

      Submitted as "Order of _the_ Grace of Granite Mountain", the
      phrasing _the Grace_ does not follow the pattern of order names
      based on virtues or positive qualities. We have dropped the
      article and changed the name to "Order of Grace of Granite
      Mountain" for registration.

  Granite Mountain, Barony of. Badge for Populace. Per fess indented
  vert and sable, in base an ermine spot Or, a bordure erminois.

      Please advise the submitters to draw the line of division with
      at least three indentations as in the badges previously
      registered to the barony.

  Granite Mountain, Barony of. Badge. Per fess indented vert and
  sable, an ermine statant contourny regardant ermine and an ermine
  spot Or, a bordure erminois.

  Granite Mountain, Barony of. Badge for Order of Peregrine of Granite
  Mountain. Per fess indented vert and sable, in saltire an arrow
  inverted and a bow Or, a bordure erminois.

  Granite Mountain, Barony of. Badge. Sable, an ermine spot Or, a
  bordure erminois.

  Gunnvar{dh}r Egilsson. Device. Or, a phoenix face to sinister gules,
  a bordure engrailed azure.

  Honour Grenehart. Badge. Argent goutty de vin, a labyrinth azure.

  Ignacio Diaz de Castile. Device. Pean, on a tyger rampant Or a
  crescent gules, a bordure embattled Or crusilly Santiago gules.

      The submitter has permission to conflict with the device of Adam
      Carlos Diaz de Castile: _Pean, a tyger rampant within a bordure
      embattled Or charged with six crosses of Santiago gules_.

  Liam Warr. Name (see RETURNS for device).

  Maria de Venetia. Name change from Mariyah al-Madiniyah.

      The submitter's old name, _Mariyah al-Madiniyah_, is retained as
      an alternate name.

  Mathias Steinson. Name and device. Quarterly sable and azure, a
  butterfly bendwise sinister argent.

      The given name _Mathias_ is found in the _Diplomatarium
      Norvegicum_ dated to 1421 and the byname _Steinson_ is found in
      the same source dated to 1422, making this an excellent 15th
      century Norwegian name!

  M{u'}sa-Sunnifa. Name and device. Azure, in bend three estoiles
  argent between two bendlets Or, all between two open books argent.

  Nefratiri Ani. Badge. (Fieldless) A triskelion of human legs azure.

      Nice badge!

  Nikolaus Martin. Name and device. Per pale sable and gules, a
  chi-rho argent and a double-headed eagle Or, on a chief argent a
  cross of Jerusalem sable.

  Tobias Wade. Household name House of Roan Brook and badge. Per
  chevron inverted grady azure and argent, a sunburst Or clouded
  argent and two towers gules.

      Submitted as "House_hold_ of Roan Brook", this pattern was not
      documented. By precedent, the designator _Household_ cannot be
      used with a substantive element based on a place name. [Robert
      Longshanks of Canterbury. Household name Manor of Long Whitney,
      4/2007 LoAr, A-Drachenwald]. In this instance, the substantive
      element _Roan Brook_ is an English place name, constructed from
      the family name _Roan_ and the generic toponym _Brook_,
      according to the patterns set forth in "Compound Placenames in
      English" by Juliana de Luna
      (http://medievalscotland.org/jes/EnglishCompoundPlacenames/). We
      have changed the designator to _House_ for registration, as this
      is the smallest change from the submitted form.

  Valdis Skarpa. Device. Gules, a dragon couchant and on a chief
  argent three open books sable.

  Viviana Dalessana. Name and device. Argent, a fleur-de-lys and a
  bordure per pale azure and sable.

      Submitted as "Vivia_nn_a Dalessana", the Letter of Intent argued
      that the spelling "Vivianna" should be plausible given evidence
      of both _Viviana_ and _Anna_ in the same source. However, the
      Byzantine Greek _Viviana_ is not etymologically related to
      _Anna_. _Viviana_ and its masculine form _Vivianus_ use the
      Roman _-anus_/_-ana_ ending, in which the _n_ is not doubled.
      There is no evidence, therefore, to support the submitter's
      requested spelling. We have changed the given name to
      "Vivia_n_a" to match the documentation.

======================================================================

**** ATLANTIA acceptances ****

  {AE}sa Kottr. Name.

      Submitted as "{AE}sa K_o_ttr", Kingdom changed the byname to
      "K_{o,}_ttr" on the belief that the Old Norse character {o,}
      (_o-ogonek_) could not be omitted or simplified. However,
      precedent allows registration of simplified transliterations of
      Old Norse names that omit the _o-ogonek_. [Bjorn Hild{o'}lfsson,
      7/2014 LoAR, A-Lochac] Therefore, we have restored the name to
      the originally submitted form.

      The submitter requested the spelling "K{o:}ttr", using an
      umlaut, if it could be documented. The character _{o:}_ is a
      modern way of writing the _o-ogonek_. By precedent, we register
      the _o-ogonek_ in Old Norse names, not the modern character
      _{o:}_. [Sigr{u'}n J{o,}fursd{o'}ttir, 2/2014 LoAR, A-Atenveldt]
      Therefore, we cannot honor the submitter's request.

  Aleta S{o/}rensdaater. Name.

  `Atikah al-Isfahaniyyah. Name change from holding name Anthea of
  Isenfir.

      Nice Arabic name for Cairo in the 9th-12th centuries!

  Bella Rose. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      This name does not conflict with the registered _Bella de la
      Rose_ under SENA PN3C1, as this name removes the two syllables
      _de la_.

  Brion Prather. Name and device. Per chevron sable and azure, two
  crosses swallowtailed and a bear's head cabossed argent.

  Caer Mear, Barony of. Badge association for Order of the Portcullis
  of Caer Mear. (Fieldless) On a chainless portcullis per pale gules
  and azure an escutcheon Or.

  Caer Mear, Barony of. Badge association for Umbonis Ferrei Ordo. Per
  fess argent and azure, a tower gules and an arrow inverted and a
  sword crossed in saltire argent.

  Daniela Schwartzhaupt. Device change. Vert, a domestic cat sejant
  argent crowned with a coronet Or pearled between three needles
  bendwise sinister argent.

      The submitter is a court baroness, and is thus entitled to use
      of a coronet.

      The submitter's previous device, "Vert, a domestic cat sejant
      between three needles bendwise sinister argent", is retained as
      a badge.

      Artist's note: Please make the needles thicker and bolder.

  Elspet de Blackhall. Name and device. Azure, on a chevron wavy
  argent three mullets purpure.

  Heinrich Furrer von Zell. Name.

      The submitter requested authenticity for "14th century Holy
      Roman Empire, current geography of Switzerland." This name does
      not meet that request because the elements were documented as
      coming from late-period Germany, not the Swiss Confederation.
      However, the name is registerable.

  Karl Hohn. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      Nice 16th century German name!

  Lochloinn mac Cailin. Device. Argent, three bendlets azure, overall
  a raven volant wings addorsed sable.

      Submitted as "Bendy argent and azure, a raven volant sable,"
      this was reblazoned to reflect the odd number of pieces of the
      field. This conflicts with Kateryna de Bonnay, "Argent, three
      bendlets azure," (2/2014). There is one DC for the addition of
      the overall charge (raven). SENA A.5.C.1 requires that we
      consider both bendy and "argent, X bendlets" for conflict
      purposes, regardless of the actual depiction.

      Fortunately, Kateryna de Bonnay has provided permission to
      conflict, allowing us to register the device.

  Malcom MacRae. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      The Letter of Intent documented "Ma_k_rae" to 1639 in Scotland
      via the Family Search Historical Records. In period Scots, the
      spellings _Mak-_ and _Mac-_ were used more or less
      interchangeably. Therefore, the name can be registered as
      submitted.

  Mungo Napier. Household name Mallard Lodge and badge. Azure, a
  saltire argent between in pale a plate charged with a duck's head
  couped vert, and a plate charged with a thistle proper.

      The question was raised in commentary whether precedent required
      _Mallard_ to be changed to the possessive form "Mallard_s_
      Lodge" for registration. It does not. In the December 2007 LoAR,
      we documented the pattern [surname] + s + [house, hall or
      lodge]. [Sythe Blackwolfe, R-Calontir]. In the ensuing 10 years,
      we have found a great deal of additional information about
      household name patterns, including evidence that supports the
      registration of household names in which the surname or family
      name remains in the nominative form. For example, the Middle
      English Dictionary s.v. h{ov}us (n.) lists the bynames _atte
      Wodegatehouse_ (1341) and _atte Colverhous_ (1327). Juliana de
      Luna's "Compound Placenames in English"
      (http://medievalscotland.org/jes/EnglishCompoundPlacenames/)
      contains several examples of compound place names where the
      family name element is not in the possessive form, such as
      _Culling Deepe_ (1593). This evidence is sufficient to give the
      submitter the benefit of the doubt that [surname] + lodge is a
      valid household name pattern. Therefore, we have registered the
      name as submitted.

  Patris de Terra Lepori. Device change. Argent, three pheons inverted
  one and two gules and on a chief Or four pallets gules.

      The chief Or charged with four pallets gules on the argent field
      was originally registered by the submitter as "paly" in the
      March 2016 LoAR. We have reblazoned the chief to indicate the
      specific number of pallets, which appeared to be important to
      the submitter in the original submission, and better reflects
      the emblazon. This should not in any way be construed as a
      precedent allowing for chiefs of odd numbers of parts (or chiefs
      otherwise charged with ordinaries) to have poor contrast with
      the field.

      The submitter's previous device, "Argent, three pheons gules and
      a chief paly Or and gules", is released.

  R{i'}oghnach inghean U{i'} Cl{e'}righ. Name.

      The submitter requested authenticity for "Irish." _R{i'}oghnach_
      is an Early Modern Irish (post-1200) rendering of the name of a
      mid-5th century saint. In medieval Gaelic, we have no evidence
      that unmarked saint's names were used as given names. Because we
      cannot rule out this practice, we allow saint's names to be
      registered. Thus, this name is registerable but it is not
      authentic.

  Thaleia of Trebizond. Name and device. Purpure, a cross crescenty
  and on a chief Or three crescents purpure.

      Questions were raised in commentary whether _Trebizond_ was the
      correct lingua Anglica form of a period place name. The _Empire
      of Trebizond_ is the modern name of one of the successor states
      to the Byzantine Empire, which flourished during the 13th
      through 15th centuries in the area of modern Turkey and the
      Crimea. In addition, _Trebizond_ is one of the modern names
      given to the capital city of that Empire, also known modernly by
      its Turkish name of _Trabzon_. The byname _of Trebizond_ is
      therefore a valid lingua Anglica byname.

======================================================================

**** AVACAL acceptances ****

  Angar Skeggason. Name and device. Sable, a natural tiger passant
  argent striped sable, in base a coronet Or, on a bordure argent an
  orle of chain sable.

      The submitter is a viscount and a knight and thus entitled to
      the use of the restricted charges on this device.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a natural
      tiger.

  Avacal, Kingdom of. Order name Award of the Griffins Paw.

      Submitted as "Award of Griffins Paw", the Letter of Intent
      argued that this name was based on the pattern of a saint's name
      plus an object associated with the saint. We do not agree that
      this name fits that pattern. However, with a small change, this
      name is registerable for other reasons.

      We have changed the name to "Award of _the_ Griffins Paw" to
      follow the pattern of naming orders after heraldic charges.
      Animal paws are documented period heraldic charges (usually bear
      paws, as seen in Seibmacher, but also lion paws). We previously
      registered _Order of the Wolfs Paw_ based on the evidence of
      various animal paws as charges. [8/2015 LoAR, A-Avacal] A
      griffin is a creature that has paws; specifically it has the
      rear parts and paws of a lion. We therefore give Avacal the
      benefit of the doubt that a griffin's paw is a heraldic charge
      that could lend its name to an order.

  Avacal, Kingdom of. Badge for Avacal Youth Champion. Quarterly
  argent and Or, an eagle's claw conjoined to a sinister wing
  sustaining a sword gules, a label sable.

      By default a label is placed overall and in chief.

  Avacal, Kingdom of. Badge association for Populace Badge. Quarterly
  argent and Or, a gryphon's head erased gules.

======================================================================

**** CAID acceptances ****

  Amber Dragon Wyck. Name.

  Danniell de Hartfield. Name and device. Azure, an anchor Or and on a
  chief argent a pen azure.

      We are ruling that by default the heraldic pen is a quill pen.

  Mira Sellers. Request for name reconsideration from Mirabel Sellers.

      On the September 2016 Letter of Acceptances and Returns, when
      registering the submitter's name as _Mirabel Sellers_, we stated
      that we were able to document her preferred given name _Mira_ in
      early 17th century Germany in the FamilySearch Historical
      Records. We are happy to grant the submitter's request for
      reconsideration and register her preferred name.

  Winifred Elizabeth Harker. Name and device. Per pale vert and Or, on
  a mermaid affronty between two nautilus shells counterchanged a
  sword inverted argent.

      Please advise the submitter to draw the sword larger so it is
      more immediately visible.

======================================================================

**** DRACHENWALD acceptances ****

  Alienor de Salignac. Name and device. Vert, an eagle rising Or and a
  chief embattled argent.

      Nice 15th century French name!

  Aymar du Boisvert. Name and device. Or, three trees and a chief
  embattled vert.

      Submitted as "Aymar d_e_ Boisvert", with the submitter's
      permission we have changed the byname to "d_u_ Boisvert" to
      match the documentation.

      Nice cant!

  B{u:}jeg Cheretei. Name.

  Cornelia vom Distelfeld. Name and device. Gules, three chevronels
  braced and a chief Or.

      As documented on the Letter of Intent, this name combined a
      Dutch given name with a constructed German byname, an acceptable
      lingual mix under Appendix C. However, _Cornelia_ can also be
      found in Germany, dated to 1573 in the FamilySearch Historical
      Records. Therefore, this name is entirely German.

      Nice device!

  Drachenwald, Kingdom of. Badge for Company of Archers. Quarterly Or
  and gules, a dragon passant coward and in base two arrows in saltire
  sable.

  Duncan Kerr. Device change. Gules, three cinquefoils pierced within
  an orle Or.

      Nice device!

      The submitter's old device, "Azure, a bend sinister and in chief
      a boar passant contourny argent", registered through Caid in
      January 2000,is released.

      This is the Duncan Kerr registered through Caid, not the one
      registered through the East.

  Duncan Kerr. Blanket permission to conflict with device. Gules,
  three cinquefoils pierced within an orle Or.

      The submitter grants permission to conflict to any armory that
      is not identical to his registered armory.

      This is the Duncan Kerr registered through Caid, not the one
      registered through the East.

  Elen Benet. Device change. Argent, three cinquefoils pierced within
  a double tressure azure.

      The submitter's old device, "Party of six pieces argent and
      azure, three cinquefoils azure", is released.

  Elen Benet. Blanket permission to conflict with device. Argent,
  three cinquefoils pierced within a double tressure azure.

      The submitter grants permission to conflict to any armory that
      is not identical to her registered armory.

  Insula Draconis, Principality of. Order name Order of the Winged
  Pouch and badge. (Fieldless) A pouch azure winged Or.

      By precedent, the pattern of creating order names using _Winged_
      + heraldic charge is registerable. [Avacal, Principality of.
      Order name Order of the Winged Lynx, 4/2014 LoAR, A-An Tir] A
      pouch is a period heraldic charge, also called a "bag" or a
      "sack." The spelling _pouch_ is dated to 1327 in the Middle
      English Dictionary s.v. p{ov}uche.

  Insula Draconis, Principality of. Badge for Order of Luna.
  (Fieldless) A crescent Or.

      The submitter has permission to conflict with the device of
      T{a'}riq ibn Jelal ibn Ziyadatallah al-Nays{a'}b{u'}r{i'}: _Per
      fess vert and bendy Or and purpure, in chief a crescent Or_.

      Nice badge!

  Katharina van Antwerpen. Badge. (Fieldless) A Catherine wheel per
  saltire gules and argent.

  Sean of Hadingtun. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      This name combines a Gaelic or Anglicized Irish given name with
      a Scots byname, either of which is an acceptable lingual mix
      under Appendix C.

======================================================================

**** EALDORMERE acceptances ****

  Isobel of Fraoch Eilean. Name and device. Argent, a fess between a
  wolf's head erased ululant contourny and a sheaf of arrows inverted
  vert.

      Submitted as "Isobel of _Innis Fraoch_", we were unable to
      document _Innis Fraoch_ as the period name of a place; the
      island appears under that name almost exclusively in
      Victorian-era sources. With the submitter's permission, we have
      changed the name to "Isobel of _Fraoch Eilean_" to use the
      modern place name under the lingua Anglica allowance.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of the ululant
      posture.

  Isobel of Fraoch Eilean. Badge. (Fieldless) A goose rousant argent,
  maintaining in its bill a sprig of blueberries proper.

      Nice badge!

  Percival de la Rocque. Badge. (Fieldless) A bee purpure.

  Rylyn Buchanan. Name change from Asgertha Ryland of Buchanan.

      The submitter's old name, _Asgertha Ryland of Buchanan_, is
      released.

  Tiberius of Warwickshire. Name and badge. Gules, a cross formy
  between four trilliums argent.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of New World
      trilliums.

======================================================================

**** EAST acceptances ****

  {AE}sa assa. Name and device. Purpure, an eagle rising Or sustaining
  a skull bendwise argent.

  {A'}lfr J{o,}rundarson. Name and device. Argent, two demi-wolves
  respectant and in chief two ravens respectant sable.

      Nice 9th-10th century Icelandic name!

  Anni of Lincolnshire. Name and device. Argent, in saltire two
  artist's brushes, in chief a tree eradicated proper.

      An artist's brush proper is hereby defined as having a brown
      wooden handle and black bristles. According to Cennini's _Il
      Libro dell'Arte_ c.1400 (translated as _The Craftsman's
      Handbook_ and published by Dover), the ferrule of a paintbrush
      (described by Cennini as a "miniver brush") is a short bit of
      quill from a bird's feather, and is not made of metal. We
      encourage submitters in the future to depict artist's brushes
      with a period-appropriate ferrule, but at this time choose not
      to penalize submitters who depict a brush with a metal ferrule.
      The tincture and stylization of the ferrule is an unblazoned
      artistic detail.

      Artist's note: Please draw the tree larger, to fill its space.

  Berta Ripperg. Name and device. Per bend sable and gules, a bear
  rampant and two axes in saltire argent.

  Bertana {ae}t Bathancestre. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      Appearing on the Letter of Intent as "Bertana {ae}t
      Bathancest_ere_", we have changed the locative to
      "Bathancest_re_" to reflect the documentation.

  Brian Beedon. Name and device. Argent, a raven rising to sinister
  sable maintaining a kitchen knife fesswise reversed gules.

  Brighid inghean an Phearsuin. Name and device. Or, in cross five
  quatrefoils saltirewise azure seeded Or and a bordure vert.

      Originally submitted as "Brighid inghean _an_ Phearsain",
      kingdom changed the byname to "inghean _in_ Phearsain" on the
      belief that this change was required by Gaelic grammar. It was
      not.

      However, the correct genitive (possessive) form is
      "Phears_u_in", not "Phears_a_in". Therefore, we have changed the
      name to "Brighid inghean _an_ Phears_u_in" to restore the
      original form in part and use the correct genitive form.

      The submitter requested authenticity for an unspecified time and
      language. This name is not authentic for any particular time or
      place. _Brighid_ is a Gaelic saint's name. In medieval Gaelic,
      we have no evidence that unmarked saint's names were used as
      given names. Because we cannot rule out this practice, we allow
      saint's names to be registered. Thus, this name is registerable
      but it is not authentic.

  Christoph of Marwick. Device. Per chevron purpure and gules, two
  pigs combatant argent and a vulture displayed Or.

      There is a step from period practice for use of bird other than
      an eagle in the displayed posture.

  Hilde Purdeu. Name.

      Nice early 13th century English name!

  Hrafn Isauga. Device. Per saltire azure and argent, a raven
  displayed sable within a bordure counterchanged.

      There is a step from period practice for use of bird other than
      an eagle in the displayed posture.

      Artist's note: Internal detailing and a lighter hue of azure
      will aid immensely in easy identification of the raven.

  Jo{a~}o de Tagarro. Name and device. Per pale vert and gules, in
  cross five plates.

      Nice device!

  L{u'}ta eyverska. Name and device. Per bend argent and azure, a
  wolf's head cabossed and a winged unicorn segreant counterchanged.

      The submitter requested authenticity for Old Norse. Although
      both elements are Old Norse, they were not found during the same
      time period or in the same location. Thus, this name is
      registereable but it does not meet the authenticity request.

      Submitters had difficulty seeing the alicorn (unicorn's horn) in
      the color emblazon. Artist's note: make the alicorn larger and
      thicker.

  Mairi de Innernarryn. Name and device. Gules, in fess a bezant
  between two stags combattant Or.

      This name combines a Gaelic given name and a Scots byname, an
      acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C.

  Meave Macintosh. Name and device. Gules, on a dragon sejant affronty
  wings displayed argent, an apple vert.

  Michael Leg Bain. Name and device. Per pale purpure and Or, in
  saltire an armored leg and an arrow counterchanged.

  Mishal Shir{a-}z{i-}. Name and device. Sable, two camels combattant
  and in base a mullet of seven points argent, a chief argent goutty
  purpure.

      This name combines an Arabic given name with a Persian byname,
      an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C.

      The submitter requested authenticity for an unspecified time,
      place or culture. This name is not authentic for any particular
      time or place. However, it is registerable.

  Muirenn ingen Ciric. Name.

  Nicolas {E'}tienne le Noir. Device. Per pale argent and sable, a
  calamarie inverted between three roundels counterchanged.

  Pierre d'Abbeville. Device. Argent, three hearts gules and on a
  chief sable an escallop between two trees Or.

      Beautiful depiction of the escallop and oak trees!

  Rafi' al-Qasid. Name and device. Quarterly sable and Or, a hyena
  statant argent charged on the shoulder with a crescent sable.

      The submitter requested authenticity for 13th century Arabic. We
      were not able to meet that request because we could not document
      the name elements to the 13th century. However, Ursula
      Palimpsest found the given name in the 14th century as an
      element in the name of a man living in Cairo, in _Law and Piety
      in Medieval Islam_ by Megan H. Reid (Cambridge University Press,
      2013) (https://books.google.com/books?id=zZo0AAAAQBAJ). The
      byname was also documented to the 14th century in Egypt.
      Therefore, although not authentic for the 13th century, the name
      is authentic for an Arabic speaker in Egypt in the 14th century.

  Robeke von Heidelberg. Name and device. Gules, a waterwheel and on a
  chief argent three keystones sable.

      The submitter requested authenticity for 15th century German
      "+/- 100 years." This name is not authentic because it combines
      Low German and High German, which are effectively different
      languages. However, it is registerable.

  Robert of Shetland. Name and device. Per pale gules and sable, two
  horses combattant and in chief a sword fesswise reversed argent.

  {TH}{o'}ra in kyrra Halbiarnard{o'}ttir. Name and device. Argent, a
  fox rampant proper and on a chief purpure two fleurs-de-lys argent.

      Submitted as "{TH}_{o'}_ra in kyrra Halbiarnard_o_ttir", this
      spelling incorrectly uses markings in the given name, but not in
      _-d{o'}ttir_. Markings in Old Norse names must be used or
      omitted consistently throughout the name. We have added the
      marking to the byname for registration. If the submitter prefers
      the form without markings, she may submit a request for
      reconsideration.

  Ulf Dragon Slaghtere. Name and device. Per saltire Or and gules, a
  dragon displayed sable between four pheons in cross points to center
  counterchanged.

      The submitter requested authenticity for "England." Although all
      of the name elements are English, they are not all found in the
      same time period. Therefore, while this name is registerable, it
      is not authentic.

      There is a step from period practice for use of a dragon
      displayed.

      Artist's note: make sure that the belly scales are in the center
      of the body, with flanks showing on either side and with the
      limbs displayed equally, to be more properly displayed.

  Umm Butrus A'isha al-Anida. Name (see RETURNS for device).

  W{ae}rthryth {ae}t Eoforwicceaster. Name and device. Vert, in fess
  two owls and a bordure argent.

      Submitted as "W{ae}rthryth {ae}t Eoforwicceaster___", the place
      name in a locative byname in Old English ordinarily needs to be
      in the dative form. In this case, that would be
      "Eoforwicceaster_e_". In commentary, Kenric {ae}t Essexe found
      examples that suggest that the dative form may not have been
      used in all cases. We encourage more research on this issue.
      Meanwhile, we will give the submitter the benefit of the doubt
      that her byname as submitted is correctly formed. If the
      submitter prefers the dative form _Eoforwicceastere_, she may
      make a request for reconsideration.

      _W{ae}rthryth_ was not actually found in the article cited in
      the Letter of Intent. The spelling actually found in the Latin
      source document is _Uuerthryth_. Fortunately, we can construct
      the name _W{ae}rthryth_ from the documented elements _W{ae}r-_
      and _-thryth_.

      The submitter requested authenticity for Anglo-Saxon "esp. 7th
      c. England." As the given name is constructed, rather than
      attested in the submitted spelling, the name does not meet this
      request. However, it is registerable.

      Nice device!

======================================================================

**** GLEANN ABHANN acceptances ****

  Anne Descostes. Badge. (Fieldless) A chimera statant contourny vert.

  Anne Descostes. Badge. (Fieldless) A vegetable lamb purpure fructed
  argent.

      This badge does not conflict with the device of Ealasaid ingen
      Ioan: _Per saltire Or and argent, a tree blasted and eradicated
      purpure_. There is a DC for the difference between fielded and
      fieldless design and another DC for the difference between a
      vegetable lamb and a tree.

      It also does not conflict with the badge of Roana de Laci,
      _(Fieldless) A rowan tree eradicated purpure_, with a DC for
      fieldlessness and another DC for the difference between a
      vegetable lamb and a tree.

  Elizabeth Blackburn. Name and device. Vert, three crescents and on a
  chief argent a rabbit courant sable.

      Nice late 16th century English name!

  Stefan of Shepardswell. Acceptance of transfer of badge from Charles
  of Shepardswell. Per chevron vert and Or, a lion rampant maintaining
  a mullet counterchanged.

  Stephan Dustifoot. Name and device. Per pale argent and vert, a pair
  of footprints and a bordure counterchanged.

      The documentation cited in the Letter of Intent was for
      "Dustif_o_t". However, the submitted "Dustif_oo_t" is a
      reasonable variant spelling given that the spelling _foot_ for
      the body part is also commonly found in Middle English.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of footprints.

======================================================================

**** LOCHAC acceptances ****

  Ariston Hegelochou. Name (see RETURNS for device).

  Carloman de le Mer. Name.

      _Carloman_ was documented as a literary name, based on the use
      of the name of the Frankish king in history books written in the
      16th century. However, the fact that the name of a historical
      figure appears in a later-written history is not, by itself,
      sufficient documentation for use of that name in the era when
      the document was written. There must also be evidence of a
      pattern of using historical or literary names in the relevant
      time and place.

      This requirement is not new; PN1B2d2 of SENA states: "The
      culture must be shown to have a pattern of using name phrases
      from that type of source. Demonstrating such a pattern requires
      at least two independent examples of normal people using such
      name phrases in the target time and place." We remind heralds
      and submitters of this requirement going forward.

      The submitter relied on our prior registration of the given name
      _Alaric_, apparently based solely on the use of the historical
      king's name in 16th century French histories. [Alaric Cain,
      3/2014 LoAR, A-Ansteorra] As it was reasonable for the submitter
      to rely on this precedent, we were wiling to give _Carloman_ the
      benefit of the doubt. Benefit of the doubt was not required,
      however. After the close of commentary Brunissende Wreath
      identified other Frankish royal names that continued in use into
      the 16th century, including _Charles_, _Raoul_ and _Eudes_
      (using the vernacular forms). Ursula Palimpsest found evidence
      of a 16th century bookseller with the given name _Clovis_, also
      the name of a historical Frankish king. Thus, _Carloman_
      satisfies the requirements of PN1B2d2 and is registerable as a
      16th century literary name.

  Coenred Oerikssune. Name.

      Given that the submitter asked for the sound "Con/rad," he may
      be interested to know that _Conrad_ is a documented Anglo-Saxon
      given name, found as a header in PASE, and thus would be
      registerable. If the submitter prefers the form "Conrad
      Oerikssune", he may make a request for reconsideration.

  Cornelius Grimm. Name.

      Nice late 16th century German name!

  Elena Anthony. Device. Per chevron embattled sable and gules, in
  base a bull's head cabossed Or.

  Ethne ingean Giric. Name and device. Per pale sable and vert, six
  thistles argent.

      The spelling _ingean_ is a variant form of the Gaelic _inghean_
      or _ingen_ found in several of the Irish Annals. While rare, it
      is registerable.

      The submitter expressed a preference for "14th C Highland
      Gaelic." A fully 14th century form of the name would be "Eithne
      ing_h_ean G_h_iric". If the submitter prefers this form, she may
      make a request for reconsideration.

  Kra{e'} Glas, Barony of. Household name Gr{oe}nah{o'}lar b{oe}r and
  badge. Argent, a bat-winged sea-horse and a mount vert.

      This household name follows the pattern for constructing
      Icelandic farm names. The word _b{oe}r_ is the designator,
      meaning "a farmhouse or farmstead."

  Marie de Beaugency. Device. Per pale nebuly sable and argent, a wolf
  rampant argent and in pale three roses gules.

  Melissa Wijffels. Name and device. Or, a raven and a bordure azure.

      The Letter of Intent stated that _Melissa_ is the submitter's
      legal given name. However, no proof for this statement was
      provided. Fortunately, _Melissa_ is a documented English given
      name found in the FamilySearch Historical Records dated to 1606.

      This name combines an English given name with a Dutch byname, an
      acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C.

      Nice device!

======================================================================

**** MERIDIES acceptances ****

  Bram sleggja Halfdanarson. Device. Gules, on a chevron sable
  fimbriated Or between three stag's heads cabossed three Thor's
  hammers palewise argent.

  Iain Macpherson of An Dun Theine. Name change from holding name Iain
  of An Dun Theine.

      Documentation was not provided for the spelling _Iain_. However,
      this spelling is registerable. _Iayn_ is dated to 1542 s.n. John
      in "Index of Scots names found in Dictionary of the Older
      Scottish Tongue" by Aryanhwy merch Catmael
      (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/scots/dost/john.html). In
      Scots as in English, _i_ and _y_ were used interchangeably.
      Therefore, the spelling "Ia_i_n" is a registerable variant of
      the documented _Iayn_. The submitter should be aware, however,
      that this name is more likely pronounced like "Yan" or "Yay-in"
      than like the modern American Ian.

      _An Dun Theine_ is the registered name of an SCA branch.

  Martin de Bernay. Name.

      Nice French name for the 13th through 15th centuries!

  Ormr inn kyrri. Name.

      Nice 9th-10th century Icelandic name!

  Ouyang Yingzhao. Name change from Leah of Schattentor.

      The submitter's prior name, _Leah of Schattentor_, is retained
      as an alternate name.

  Rachel of An Dun Theine. Name.

      _An Dun Theine_ is the registered name of an SCA branch.

  Theodora Doukaina. Device. Argent, a Latin cross vert between four
  pine trees proper.

======================================================================

**** NORTHSHIELD acceptances ****

  Aeschine MacDugall. Name.

      Submitted as "Aeschine _ingen_ Dugall", this form was not
      registerable because the Gaelic marker _ingen_ cannot be
      combined in the same name phrase as the Scots name _Dugall_
      under PN1B1 of SENA. With the submitter's permission, we have
      changed the name to the fully Scots "Aeschine _Mac_Dugall" for
      registration.

  Angus de Botha. Badge. Gules, in bend a fleam and a wolf's head
  couped argent.

  Cecily of York. Name and device. Argent, a rabbit courant to
  sinister and on a point pointed gules a lozenge argent.

      Questions were raised in commentary whether this name presumes
      upon the historical _Cecily Neville_, Duchess of York. In 1979,
      Cecily Neville was ruled significant enough to protect. [Cecily
      of Middleham, Heraldicon Special Letter 1979, R-East]. However,
      our standards have changed significantly since that time and we
      now revisit that issue under the tests for significance laid out
      in PN4D1 of SENA.

      Cecily Neville was the wife of the third Duke of York and the
      mother of two Kings of England, Edward IV and Richard III.
      Although Cecily had some political influence as Queen Mother,
      she was not a ruler in her own right. No important achievements
      in politics or the arts are attributed to her personally. In
      addition, she does not have her own entry in the _Encyclopedia
      Britannica_ (not even in the on-line edition). PN4D1 states
      that, "[p]eople who are not important enough to have an entry in
      a standard print encyclopedia, such as the _Encyclopedia
      Britannica_, are generally not important enough to protect." For
      a figure in English history, this omission is particularly
      telling. We conclude that Cecily Neville is not significant
      enough to protect from presumption and overturn the precedent
      from 1979 Heraldicon.

      Although not mentioned in commentary, Cecily of York, daughter
      of Edward IV of England, also is not important enough to protect
      under PN4D1 of SENA. She has no significant personal
      accomplishments attributed to her. She does not have her own
      entry in the _Encyclopedia Britannica_. If she is famous at all,
      it is only by virtue of her famous relatives. Therefore, she
      does not meet the test for protection from presumption.

      The submitter requested authenticity for English language and/or
      culture. In light of the historical figures discussed above,
      this name meets that request.

  Ceolwen ingen Adaim. Name.

      This name combines a Latinized Old English given name with a
      Middle Gaelic byname, an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix
      C.

  Derb{a'}il ingen N{e'}ill. Device. Azure, two stags combattant and
  in base two axes in saltire argent.

  Dyonisia Buleheued. Alternate name Tessa Constantin de Marseilles.

      This name combines Italian and French elements, an acceptable
      lingual mix under Appendix C of SENA.

  Helgulfr Arngeirsson. Name.

  Jehanne de la Berge. Name.

  Kate de Mallow. Device. Gyronny arrondi argent and purpure, a
  bordure sable.

======================================================================

**** OUTLANDS acceptances ****

  Ansteys Darcy. Badge. (Fieldless) A Heneage knot gules.

      Nice badge!

  Ansteys Darcy. Badge. (Fieldless) A phoenix Or enflamed gules
  issuant from a coronet Or pearled argent.

      The submitter is a court baroness and thus entitled to the use
      of the coronet in her armory.

  Bronne de Man. Device. Argent, on a boar passant vert a plate.

  Danielle de la Rochelle. Device. Per bend argent and azure, a mullet
  voided counterchanged.

      The submitter has permission to conflict with the device of
      Ghislaine d'Auxerre: _Per bend azure and argent, a compass star
      counterchanged_.

  Dorothea Dolfyn. Device. Azure, a dolphin haurient argent and an
  orle Or.

  Emerich Magnusson. Name.

      This name combines a German given name with a Swedish byname, an
      acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C.

  Gwenllian MacDonald. Device. Purpure, a tree eradicated Or and a
  chief Or fretty purpure.

  Katherine le Fayre atte Watere. Device. Purpure estencelly argent, a
  dragon's head cabossed Or.

  Maralda filia Guidi Normanni. Name.

      Nice 11th-12th century Norman Italian name!

  Ruth of Birkenfeld. Device. Or, a tree and on a chief sable three
  mullets Or.

      Nice device!

  Thurgar Oddsson. Device. Sable, a bend gules fimbriated and overall
  a serpent in annulo vorant of its tail argent.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a fimbriated
      ordinary surmounted by an overall charge.

  William Kearney. Device. Per fess azure and sable mullety Or, a
  mattock palewise blade to sinister argent.

  Ysopete Mah. Device. Argent, a boar passant between seven roundels
  five and two purpure.

======================================================================

**** TRIMARIS acceptances ****

  Charles of Shepardswell. Transfer of badge to Stefan of
  Shepardswell. Per chevron vert and Or, a lion rampant maintaining a
  mullet counterchanged.

======================================================================

                  - Explicit littera accipiendorum -

======================================================================

***** THE FOLLOWING ITEMS HAVE BEEN RETURNED FOR FURTHER WORK: *****

**** {AE}THELMEARC returns ****

  Istor of Beaver Nob. Name and device. Argent, a beaver statant erect
  affronty proper maintaining in his dexter forepaw a spear sable
  hafted, wearing an open faced leather helm proper and maintaining on
  his chest in sinister forepaw a drinking horn argent.

      This name must be returned because no reliable documentation
      could be found for the given name _Istor_. The documentation in
      the Letter of Intent was from a microfilm image of a handwritten
      document found in FamilySearch Historical Records. This record
      was not indexed and was not from one of the presumptively
      reliable batch numbers. Such records are only acceptable on a
      case-by-case basis. In this case, upon careful review of the
      image of the handwritten document, it became clear that what
      appeared to the submitter and consulting herald to be "Istor"
      is, in fact, an abbreviation for another name starting with _J_,
      probably _Johannes_. No other documentation could be found to
      support _Istor_ as a given name or an English surname.
      Therefore, this name must be returned.

      Upon resubmission, the submitter should be aware that many
      commenters were concerned that the constructed locative byname
      _Beaver Nob_ was offensive. Although a _nob_ or a _nab_ was
      documented as a Middle English word for a peak or knoll, we
      cannot ignore the modern connotations of the words. In some
      parts of the world, the word _nob_ is a slang for the penis. In
      addition, _nab_ can mean to grab or snatch, a meaning that, when
      combined with the American slang usage of _beaver_ for parts of
      the female anatomy, may also be problematic.

      As we are returning the name for a different reason, at this
      time we are not ruling on whether or not _of Beaver Nob_ is
      offensive. However, should the submitter re-submit with the same
      byname, we ask him to address why it should not be considered
      offensive. The test for offensiveness can be found in PN5 of
      SENA.

      This device is returned for redraw, for violating SENA A.2.C.2
      which states "Elements must be drawn to be identifiable."
      Commenters could not identify the primary charge as a beaver,
      and likewise had difficulty recognizing the helm. To quote
      Batonvert, "The period examples of beasts bearing human arms and
      armor (see attached example) have them in recognizable postures
      -- often the default posture for that beast, thus promoting
      recognition. Beasts statant affronty are not, to the best of my
      knowledge, found in period heraldry at all. Everything here
      combines to make the beaver unrecognizable as a beaver." We
      agree, and further add that the drinking horn and spear being of
      different sizes, tinctures, and effective charge groups
      (tertiary vs. secondary/sustained) further add to the confusion.
      The submitter will need to address all issues of identifiability
      in resubmission.

  Juan Miguel Cezar. Badge for Vald{e'}s, Casa. Or, on a mountain
  purpure an ass statant contourny Or.

      This device is returned for using a mountain issuant from base
      (i.e. not couped) as primary charge, which repeated precedents
      cite as a cause for return.

      Precedent states:

           This device is returned for using a charged mountain
           issuant from base as primary charge, which repeated
           precedents cite as a cause for return.

                This depiction of a mountain, which crosses
                the center line, is sufficient reason for
                return. Precedent states:

                     As noted in the LoAR of September
                     1993, p. 10, "mountains, as
                     variants of mounts, should be
                     emblazoned to occupy no more than
                     the lower portion of the field".
                     As in the emblazon here the
                     mountain is sufficiently high so
                     as to immediately be thought of as
                     a per chevron field by most of the
                     commenters and everyone at the
                     Laurel meeting, there are multiple
                     conflicts with "[Field], a rose
                     Or". This needs at the very least
                     to be redrawn so it is
                     identifiable as a mountain rather
                     than a field division. [Tara of
                     Montrose, 04/94]

                [Haraldr hl{a'}tr drengr, LoAR of May 2008]

           In the absence of new evidence of this being a period
           design, it is still not registerable. [Hazel of
           Foxedene, LoAR of Nov 2016]

      Evidence has recently come to light, thanks to Bruce _Batonvert_
      and Kolosvari Arpadne Julia, of examples of mountains issuant
      from base used as primary charges, specifically the canting arms
      of Gruenenberg (Wappenbuch besonders deutscher Geschlechter, p.
      194r, 16th century), the civic arms of Preisach (Siebmacher,
      plate 221, 1605), and the canting arms of di Monti, (Stemmario
      Trivulziano, plate 235, c. 1450). Therefore, we are explicitly
      overturning previous precedent that disallows mountains issuant
      from base as primary charges.

      However, only one example of a charged mountain as a primary
      charge, the arms of Batthy{a'}ny, was discovered (and the
      depictions of this device vary so widely that we're not sure if
      it was, in fact, a tertiary charge in period). In the absence of
      new evidence of the pattern of _charged_ mountains issuant from
      base as primary charges, it is still not registerable.

  Magdalena Loperena Guerra. Device. Sable, a needle piercing the
  field surmounted by a morion argent.

      This device is returned for redraw, for blurring the distinction
      between the primary and secondary charge groups. While this is
      blazoned with the needle as the primary charge and the helmet
      overall, this depiction appears to have the helmet as the
      primary charge, with the needle as secondary. The relative
      visual weight of the two charges does not allow the needle to be
      considered a primary charge.

      Absent documentation, needles piercing the field should not be
      surmounted by other charges.

  Sorcha MacKenzie. Badge. (Fieldless) A sloth argent charged with a
  tau cross sable, pendant from a rapier fesswise Or.

      Despite addressing the reasons for the previous return, this
      badge must be returned for redesign. The use of a sloth, as a
      New World animal, is a step from period practice. Its posture,
      comparable to the only registered instance of a sloth (Sven
      Orfhendur, 7/1996) was then blazoned "pendant." However, while
      descriptively accurate, this is not an heraldic posture for a
      quadruped. At best, its posture can be described as "statant
      inverted, pendant from..." However, under current precedent,
      beasts inverted are unregisterable except for limited
      circumstances, such as bats, which get a step from period
      practice (see last month's LoAR for discussion on reremice
      inverted). At best, this would receive a second step from period
      practice, making it unregisterable. At worst, its inverted
      posture makes it unregisterable even without the existing step
      from period practice.

======================================================================

**** AN TIR returns ****

  Genevieve Choue. Device. Ermine, an owl sable.

      This device is returned for conflict with the device of Serlo of
      Litchfield: _Gyronny gules and Or, a vulture close sable_. Per
      precedent, there is no DC granted between owls and other raptors
      and thus the only DC is for changing the field.

      The submitter has permission to conflict with the device of
      Teffania de Tuckerton: _Ermine, an owl purpure_.

  Jakemina Arwemakeres. Name.

      This name was withdrawn by the submitter.

======================================================================

**** ARTEMISIA returns ****

None.

======================================================================

**** ATENVELDT returns ****

  Fenrich St{u:}rmer Hahn. Device. Or, a dunghill cock rising
  contourny vert maintaining a spear bendwise sinister argent hafted
  sable, a bordure raguly sable.

      This device is returned for contrast issues. According to the
      precedent set in August 2015 which allows maintained charges to
      count towards difference, they need to be identifiable and are
      no longer exempt from the usual requirements for good contrast.
      As the identifying portion of the spear is argent on an Or
      field, there is not sufficient contrast for the identifiability
      to be maintained.

  Granite Mountain, Barony of. Order name Order of the Emerald Heart
  of Granite Mountain.

      This name must be returned due to the lack of documentation for
      the pattern of the order name. On the April 2012 Cover Letter,
      Pelican ruled that "no convincing evidence has been presented
      for the use of non-heraldic color names, including the names for
      particular shades of a color, like scarlet or crimson." No new
      evidence has been presented since April 2012 for the use of
      non-heraldic color terms. Accordingly, while ordinary color
      names (such as _green_) or heraldic tinctures (such as _vert_)
      can be registered in order names, the use of a color term
      outside of these two categories, such as _emerald_, continues to
      be prohibited by precedent.

      On resubmission, we recommend that the Barony consider the
      following alternatives: _Order of the Green Heart of Granite
      Mountain_, _Order of the Vert Heart of Granite Mountain_ or
      _Order of the Heart Vert of Granite Mountain_.

  Granite Mountain, Barony of. Heraldic title Erminois Pursuivant.

      This name is being returned due to the lack of the documentation
      for the pattern of creating a heraldic title from a tincture.
      The sole example given in the Letter of Intent was the title of
      _Ermine King of Arms_. However, this title was based on the
      animal called the ermine, not the heraldic tincture. Lacking any
      evidence for naming a heraldic title after a heraldic tincture,
      we cannot register this name.

  K{a'}ra Hanad{o'}ttir. Badge. (Fieldless) A harp sable within and
  conjoined to three calla lilies in triangle argent, slipped and
  leaved vert.

      This device is returned for not being reliably blazonable, which
      is a violation of SENA A1C which requires an emblazon to be
      describable in heraldic terms. Blazoned on the Letter of Intent
      as "in triangle" that triangular arrangement is neither palewise
      nor bendwise.

  Liam Warr. Device. Argent, three pallets gules, overall a mullet of
  seven points sable.

      As this is equivalent to _Paly argent and gules, a mullet of
      seven points sable_ there are multiple conflicts. Per the April
      2012 Cover Letter on suns vs. mullets vs. estoiles
      (http://heraldry.sca.org/loar/2012/04/12-04cl.html), there is no
      difference between mullets of any number of points and there is
      a difference between mullets of seven points and suns. Thus we
      have the following conflicts:

      It conflicts with the badge of Craig of the Glyn: _Gyronny gules
      and Or, a compass star sable_. A compass star is a mullet, thus
      there is no difference for the number of points. That leaves a
      single DC for changes to the field.

      It conflicts with the badge of Kedivor Tal ap Cadugon, _Barry
      vert and Or, a mullet sable_, with a single DC for changes to
      the field.

      It conflicts with the device of Melissande Aefensteorra (device,
      June 1986, West): _Chevronelly vert and argent, a mullet of
      eight points, alternately straight and wavy, sable_. There is
      only one DC for changes to the field.

      It also conflicts with the badge of Eleanor Leonard (badge, July
      1982, Atlantia), _(Tinctureless) A mullet of four points
      distilling a goutte_. There is only one DC for the difference
      between fielded and fieldless design. However, as the field is
      not a solid tincture Eleanor's blanket Permission to Conflict
      applies and the conflict is not a bar to registration.

======================================================================

**** ATLANTIA returns ****

  Bella Rose. Device. Azure, a mermaid in her vanity proper crined and
  maintaining a mirror and comb Or, on a chief invected argent a
  compass star sable.

      This device must be returned for violating SENA A.3.E.2, which
      limits heraldry to a complexity count of eight. This armory has
      five charges (mermaid, mirror, comb, chief, mullet) and five
      tinctures (argent, sable, Or, azure, vert), giving it a
      complexity count of 10.

      It must also be returned for lack of recognizability of the
      comb, a maintained charge which due to its size and interaction
      with the mermaid's hair is almost completely lost. More
      generally, the mirror and comb of this depiction of a mermaid do
      not meet our current requirements for maintained charges. This
      is a difficult ruling, as the depiction is from A.C. Fox-Davies,
      which we recognize is a standard source for heraldic depictions
      amongst the populace. Nevertheless, it does not work for our
      purposes, and should be discontinued.

      There is a step from period practice for use of a compass star.

  J{o'}n Bjarnarson. Device. Argent semy of arrows bendwise inverted
  vert, a bear sejant erect guardant sable maintaining a cauldron
  vert.

      This device is returned for a redraw. Commentators found
      identifying the primary charge difficult, given the overlap with
      the arrows and the cauldron. The submitter is encouraged to draw
      fewer arrows, and to more clearly separate the cauldron from the
      body of the bear, preferably by extending the arms to dexter;
      please note that this will cause the claws to point to dexter,
      rather than towards the viewer.

  Karl Hohn. Device. Per pale wavy Or and argent, a fox rampant
  contourny gules and a serpent coiled erect vert.

      This device must be returned for depicting a the snake in a
      posture which cannot be adequately described by a defined
      heraldic posture, which is required by SENA A.2.C.1. "Coiled
      erect" is not a posture found in period heraldry; generally,
      coiled is not seen from the side in this manner, but instead
      involved with itself.

  Malcom MacRae. Device. Vert, two lions combatant and an Irish harp
  Or.

      This device is returned for redraw, for blurring the distinction
      between the primary and secondary charge groups. The harp has
      comparable visual weight with each of the lions, but the latter
      cross the per fess line while the former does not.

======================================================================

**** AVACAL returns ****

None.

======================================================================

**** CAID returns ****

  Cassian Black Rune. Device. Per pale Or and sable, on a fess
  engrailed on the upper edge azure a cat-o-nine tails fesswise Or
  sustained by a sinister fist fesswise aversant argent.

      This design violates precedents which forbid multiple tertiary
      charge groups on the same underlying charge. As depicted, the
      scourge has much more visual weight than the hand. Upon
      resubmission, please make sure that the fess is centered on the
      field.

======================================================================

**** DRACHENWALD returns ****

  Elzebeth M{u'}nserin. Device. Azure, a hedgehog Or its quills
  impaling grapes purpure.

      This lovely device is returned for conflict with the badge of
      Xena Baxter Wynthorpe: _Vert, a hedgehog statant Or_. There is
      only one DC for changing the field. The grapes here are
      considered equivalent to fructing, not held charges. Since they
      do not represent half of the charge, they cannot add a DC for
      tincture difference.

  Kareina Talventyt{a:}r. Name change from Kareina Talvi Tyt{a:}r.

      This submission is returned for lack of documentation.
      Photocopies of the book relied on to document the element
      "Talvi" were not provided with the submission. Section IV.C.2 of
      the Administrative Handbook states: "Except for documentation
      from items in Appendix H (the No-Photocopy List), such
      documentation must include copies of cited source material.
      While the kingdom college and College of Arms may assist with
      research and documentation, the submitter bears responsibility
      for providing documentation for all submissions." The cited book
      is not an Appendix H source. Moreover, we were unable to obtain
      a copy of the source through Google Books or other on-line
      outlets.

      Additionally, the assertion in the Letter of Intent that the
      current submission uses a properly constructed Finnish
      patronymic is not documented. As Appendix A does not mention
      this construction for bynames, such documentation is required.
      Without it, we have no choice but to return this name.

  Sean of Hadingtun. Device. Argent, in chief a lymphad gules.

      This device is returned for conflict with the badge of Morgan
      Ryan MacAnthony: _(Fieldless) A ship under sail its mainmast
      broken and resting on the sterncastle gules_. There is only one
      DC for the difference between fielded and fieldless design. The
      position in chief does not provide another DC since we are
      comparing to a fieldless badge.

  Sean of Hadingtun. Blanket permission to conflict with device.

      As the device is returned for conflict, we cannot accept this
      blanket permission to conflict.

======================================================================

**** EALDORMERE returns ****

None.

======================================================================

**** EAST returns ****

  Bertana {ae}t Bathancestre. Device. Per fess wavy azure and Or, in
  pale three suns counterchanged between flaunches vert.

      This device is returned for redraw, for violating SENA A2C2
      which states "Elements must be drawn to be identifiable." Most
      commenters were unable to identify the line of division as wavy.
      Very little of the line of division is visible, with 2/3 of it
      obscured by flaunches and approximately half of the remaining
      line broken up by a counterchanged sun.

  Eva von K{o:}lln. Device. Argent, surmounting a cross sable between
  in chief two oak leaves and in base two otters combattant vert, a
  heart gules.

      This device is returned for having a "barely overall" charge.
      SENA Appendix I, Charge Group Theory, in defining overall
      charges states "An overall charge must have a significant
      portion on the field; a design with a charge that has only a
      little bit sticking over the edges of an underlying charge is
      known as "barely overall" and is not registerable." Here, more
      of the heart is on the cross than on the field.

      Submitters were torn on whether this depiction of the otters
      succeeded in addressing the reasons for return at the kingdom
      level. We will note that in making the arms of the cross
      thinner, there will be more space with which to depict the
      otters, which should aid in identification.

  Muirenn ingen Ciric. Device. Argent, on a bend azure between a spear
  bendwise and a rapier bendwise sable, three gouttes d'eau.

      This armory must be returned for non-registerable depictions of
      gouttes. Per the March 2013 Cover Letter:

           For non-maintained or otherwise artistic charges,
           however, given the evidence we express a strong
           preference for the traditional wavy-tailed gouttes.
           Teardrop shaped gouttes are registerable as long as
           they are elongated, more than twice as long as they
           are wide.

      These gouttes are not the multiply-waved gouttes seen in period
      depictions of the charge, and look instead like commas. Upon
      resubmission, we advise the submitter to draw the gouttes with
      more waves in the tail, as seen in Bruce Draconarius' Pictorial
      Dictionary of Heraldry, 3rd Edition.

  Umm Butrus A'isha al-Anida. Device. Azure ermined argent, on a
  roundel argent, a dragon displayed sable.

      This device must be returned for redraw. In the return of
      William le Bond, the following precedent was reaffirmed:

           This device is returned for redraw. In the return of
           Magdalene de Saint Benoit-sur-Loire, it was stated:

                This device is returned for a redraw. At
                first glance this appears to be wyvern, not
                a dragon, as both forelegs and half the head
                are invisible due to their placement against
                the rest of the dragon. While no difference
                is granted between a wyvern and a dragon,
                they are still separate charges. On
                resubmission please advise the submitter
                that the head should not overlap the wing,
                nor should the forelegs lie entirely on the
                dragon's body. [LoAR of December 2005]

           This was confirmed in the return of Ciar{a'}n Alanson,
           on the LoAR of March 2006, for the same reason.

      This submission has the same problem: the forelimbs are
      invisible due to their placement entirely against the wings.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a dragon
      displayed.

======================================================================

**** GLEANN ABHANN returns ****

  {AE}thellind Leifsd{o'}ttir. Device. Per pall inverted vert, argent
  and sable, two wyverns erect respectant tails entwined, the dexter
  Or and the sinister vert, maintaining between their claws a pellet..

      This device is returned for redraw. Blazoned on the Letter of
      Intent as "_per pall inverted vert, argent and sable_", the
      sable portion is too small to represent the approximately one
      third of the field expected for a per pall (inverted) section.
      However, it is too large for a point pointed.

      We would have formed a holding name, as this name was returned
      on the January 2017 LoAR, but do not need to as this is also a
      return.

  Jehanne Darc de la Coste. Badge. (Fieldless) A vegetable lamb Or
  fructed purpure.

      This badge is returned for conflict with the badge of {A'}ine
      T{a'}illi{u'}ir: _(Fieldless) A vegetable lamb Or fructed of
      sheep sable_.

      There is a DC for fieldlessness, but no other DC as the fructing
      does not represent half of the charge and thus does not provide
      the second required DC.

======================================================================

**** LOCHAC returns ****

  Ariston Hegelochou. Device. Sable, two Greek sphinxes sejant
  respectant Or.

      This device is returned for violating SENA A2C1 which states
      that "Elements must be drawn in their period forms". Blazoned on
      the Letter of Intent as "Greek sphinxes" the creatures lack the
      identifying leonine tail and, because of their posture, it is
      impossible to determine whether they have a woman's chest or
      not.

      On resubmission, the submitter should also use a proper heraldic
      posture.

======================================================================

**** MERIDIES returns ****

None.

======================================================================

**** NORTHSHIELD returns ****

  Bartel Fitzneel. Household name Worshipful Company of Moniers.

      GP2A of SENA states:

           Some items are considered too generic to be
           registered. This means that they may be used by anyone
           and may not be reserved to one person or group by
           registration. One such category is generic identifiers
           such as Brewer's Guild and Queen's Guard. These names
           may be used by any branch to identify the owner or
           association of a badge, but no group may register
           them.

      By longstanding precedent, names using the pattern _Worshipful
      Company of_ [profession] are too generic to be registered.
      [Dragonship Haven, Barony of. Guild name Worshipful Company of
      Artificers of Dragonship Haven, 8/2016 LoAR, A-East] This
      problem could be cured by adding a locative to the name, such as
      in _Worshipful Company of Artificers of Dragonship Haven_, but
      the submitter permits no changes. Therefore, we are returning
      this name.

======================================================================

**** OUTLANDS returns ****

  Ansteys Darcy. Badge. Sable estencelly Or.

      This badge is returned for conflict with the device of
      Fran{c,}ois la Flamme: _Vert estencely Or_. There is only one DC
      for changing the tincture of the field.

      It is also a conflict with Cornwall: _Sable bezanty_. Since
      estencely has been described as "groupings of roundels" [Jan
      Langhe ten Walde, March 2013, {AE}thelmearc-A], the only
      difference between this submission and Cornwall's device is the
      exact placement of uncounted roundels.

  Dorothea Dolfyn. Badge. (Fieldless) A bat-winged dolphin haurient
  argent.

      This badge is returned for conflict with the device of Ismenia
      Wystan: _Vert, in canton a winged eel hauriant embowed argent_.
      There is a DC for the difference between fielded and fieldless
      design but no DC for position on the field versus a fieldless
      badge and we get no additional DC for posture or for type when
      eel and fish are winged.

  Eberwinus von Grimme. Device. Lozengy bendwise azure and argent, a
  swan close and in chief two attires gules.

      This device is returned for redraw. Blazoned on the Letter of
      Intent as _Lozengy bendwise_, the lozenges are neither fully
      bendwise nor palewise.

======================================================================

**** TRIMARIS returns ****

None.

======================================================================

                 - Explicit littera renuntiationum -

                             - Explicit -

======================================================================

Created at 2017-05-22T21:03:36
-------------- next part --------------
                                               Society for Creative Anachronism
                                                                College of Arms

                                                     601 S Washington #137
                                                      Stillwater, OK 74074
                                                           +1 405 428 3662
                                                   laurel at heraldry.sca.org
                              For the March 2017 meetings, printed May 22, 2017

To all the College of Arms and all others who may read this missive, from Emma
Laurel, Alys Pelican, and Brunissende outgoing-Wreath and Cormac
incoming-Wreath, greetings.

Items listed below in square brackets have not been scheduled yet. For
information about future scheduling, please review the status table located on
the Web at http://oscar.sca.org/index.php?action=137.

The March Laurel decisions were made at the Pelican meeting held on Sunday,
March 12, 2017 and the Wreath meeting held on Sunday, March 12, 2017 and
Sunday, March 19, 2017. These meetings considered the following letters of
intent: Atenveldt (30 Nov, 2016) (pushed due to packet upload late), Gleann
Abhann (01 Dec, 2016), {AE}thelmearc (05 Dec, 2016), Palimpsest Rules Letter
(11 Dec, 2016), {AE}thelmearc (18 Dec, 2016), Atenveldt (25 Dec, 2016),
Artemisia (26 Dec, 2016), Ealdormere (26 Dec, 2016), Atlantia (27 Dec, 2016),
Northshield (27 Dec, 2016), Northshield (28 Dec, 2016), Outlands (28 Dec,
2016), Atlantia (30 Dec, 2016), An Tir (31 Dec, 2016), Avacal (31 Dec, 2016),
Caid (31 Dec, 2016), Drachenwald (31 Dec, 2016), East (31 Dec, 2016), Lochac
(31 Dec, 2016), and Meridies (31 Dec, 2016). * All commentary, responses, and
rebuttals should have been entered into OSCAR by Tuesday, February 28, 2017.*

The April Laurel decisions were made at the Pelican meeting held on Sunday,
April 9, 2017 and the Wreath meeting held on Sunday, April 16, 2017 and Sunday,
April 23, 2017. These meetings considered the following letters of intent:
Calontir (02 Jan, 2017), Laurel LoPaD (09 Jan, 2017), West (13 Jan, 2017), West
(14 Jan, 2017), Outlands (23 Jan, 2017), Atenveldt (26 Jan, 2017), Ealdormere
(29 Jan, 2017), Artemisia (30 Jan, 2017), Laurel LoPaD (30 Jan, 2017), An Tir
(31 Jan, 2017), Ansteorra (31 Jan, 2017), Atlantia (31 Jan, 2017), Avacal (31
Jan, 2017), Caid (31 Jan, 2017), Calontir (31 Jan, 2017), Drachenwald (31 Jan,
2017), East (31 Jan, 2017), Lochac (31 Jan, 2017), Meridies (31 Jan, 2017),
Northshield (31 Jan, 2017), and Trimaris (31 Jan, 2017). * All commentary,
responses, and rebuttals should have been entered into OSCAR by Friday, March
31, 2017.*

The May Laurel decisions were made at the Pelican meeting held on Sunday, May
21, 2017 and the Wreath meeting held on Sunday, May 14, 2017 and Sunday, May
21, 2017. These meetings considered the following letters of intent: Middle (30
Jan, 2017) (pushed due lack of packet), Gleann Abhann (01 Feb, 2017),
Palimpsest Rules Letter (19 Feb, 2017), Outlands (23 Feb, 2017), Ealdormere (25
Feb, 2017), {AE}thelmearc (27 Feb, 2017), Artemisia (27 Feb, 2017), An Tir (28
Feb, 2017), Atlantia (28 Feb, 2017), Avacal (28 Feb, 2017), Calontir (28 Feb,
2017), Drachenwald (28 Feb, 2017), East (28 Feb, 2017), Gleann Abhann (28 Feb,
2017), Lochac (28 Feb, 2017), Meridies (28 Feb, 2017), and Northshield (28 Feb,
2017). * All commentary, responses, and rebuttals should have been entered into
OSCAR by Sunday, April 30, 2017.*

The June Laurel decisions will be made at the Pelican meeting held on Sunday,
June 11, 2017 and the Wreath meeting held on Sunday, June 18, 2017, and the
Laurel Roadshow on Sunday, June 24, 2017 at KWHSS. These meetings will consider
the following letters of intent: Laurel LoPaD (11 Mar, 2017), Palimpsest Rules
Letter (12 Mar, 2017), {AE}thelmearc (13 Mar, 2017), Caid (20 Mar, 2017),
Atenveldt (25 Mar, 2017), Artemisia (27 Mar, 2017), Ealdormere (27 Mar, 2017),
Lochac (28 Mar, 2017), Atlantia (29 Mar, 2017), Laurel LoPaD (29 Mar, 2017), An
Tir (31 Mar, 2017), Ansteorra (31 Mar, 2017), Avacal (31 Mar, 2017), Calontir
(31 Mar, 2017), Drachenwald (31 Mar, 2017), East (31 Mar, 2017), Meridies (31
Mar, 2017), Middle (31 Mar, 2017), Northshield (31 Mar, 2017), Outlands (31
Mar, 2017), and Trimaris (31 Mar, 2017). * All commentary, responses, and
rebuttals should be entered into OSCAR by Wednesday, May 31, 2017.*

_Not all letters of intent may be considered when they are originally scheduled
on this cover letter. The date of posting of the LoI, date of receipt of the
Laurel packet, or other factors may delay consideration of certain letters of
intent. Additionally, some letters of intent received may not have been
scheduled because the administrative requirements (receipt of the forms packet,
receipt of the necessary fees, et cetera) have not yet been met._

REMINDER: Until all administrative requirements are met, the letter may not be
scheduled.

**** From Wreath(s): The transition continues ****

This month, the decisions were split as follows:

Cormac Mor made the armory decisions for the kingdoms of {AE}thelmearc,
Atlantia, Calontir, Drachenwald, Ealdormere, East, Gleann Abhann, Meridies,
Middle, and Northshield.

Brunissende Dragonette made the armory decisions for the kingdoms of An Tir,
Ansteorra, Artemisia, Atenveldt, Avacal, Caid, Lochac, Outlands, Trimaris, and
West.

**** From Incoming Wreath: Crossing the Line for Primary Charge Groups ****

In the last couple of LoARs, devices were returned for blurring the distinction
between primary and secondary charge groups. This seems to be a source of
confusion for many in the CoA, so here are some illustrated examples.

Generally, dissimilar charges are co-primary if they:

   1. Are placed directly on the field


   2. Are of similar size and visual weight


   3. Share the central space of the field with the rest of the charge group.

And dissimilar charges are primary and secondary if:

   1. They are placed directly on the field


   2. Are of notably dissimilar size and visual weight


   3. Are positioned so that the primary charge is in the center of the design
      and the secondary charge is not.

On all of the armory submission forms, there are tick marks that show the
fess-line, pale-line, and bend-lines. When deciding whether dissimilar charges
share the central space, these are go-to tools for quick evaluation. If the
charges are co-primary, then generally either they all cross the same major
line of division, or none of them do.

In figures 1-4, we see clearly designated charge groups. Figure 1 has three
charges of roughly equal visual weight on opposite sides of the fess line,
making them co-primary. Figure 2 has the sword filling all of the space
available to it, crossing the fess line with the annulets shifted to chief,
making the sword clearly the sole primary charge. Figure 3 has the annulets and
sword equally expanded to fill available space, and all three charges cross the
fess line, making them co-primary. Figure 4 has large annulets in the middle of
the field, crossing the fess line, while a diminished sword is pushed to base,
making the annulets clearly co-primary.

[images 1-4]

[images 5-8]

When secondary charges flank a primary charge, crossing the fess line, they can
still be considered secondary when they are of noticeably different size from
the primary charge, as we see in figure 5.

With the exception of figure 1, all images thus far have worked to fill the
available space with the primary charge(s), then use the remaining charges as
necessary to fill the remaining space, ensuring that the secondary charges are
noticeably smaller than the primary charges. This is indicative of good period
style; generally, when heraldic artists follow this pattern, placing first any
charge which would affect the layout of lines of division (e.g. a chief), then
the line of division (if any), then the primary charge(s), then secondary
charge(s), always utilizing the appropriate amount of space for the charge, the
clarity of charge groups is maintained.

What we have seen recently have been charges directly on the field, of similar
visual weight, but where the layout of the charges and the use of space have
combined to cause confusion between charge groups. As both recent returned
devices used two animate charges combatant in chief and an inanimate charge in
base, we will use as a theoretical example, "Argent, two lions combatant and a
tower gules." In figure 6, all of the charges are the same height, they all
cross the fess line, and they all appropriately fill the space allotted to
them, making the design clearly co-primary. However, in figure 7, despite the
charges still being the same height, the lions are more centrally located than
the tower, and their hindpaws cross the fessline, while the tower does not.
This blurs the distinction between figure 6, where the charges are co-primary,
and figure 8, where the lions are clearly primary and the tower clearly
secondary, due both to their placement on the field and size relative to each
other. As such, figure 7 would be returned, with instructions to the submitter
to more clearly distinguish their intent.

**** From Palimpsest: Changes to SENA ****

Effective as of the publication date of this letter, we are making the
following changes to SENA in order to reflect current name precedents. These
proposed changes appeared on the October 2016 and December 2016 Palimpsest
Letters.

*Change to SENA GP.3.A Temporal Definition*

*Old Text*

We allow elements and patterns from before the Middle Ages, but require them to
be from cultures that were known to medieval and Renaissance Europeans.
Therefore, classical Greek and Roman names are registerable, but names from
Pharaonic Egypt are not.

*New Text*

We [DEL: allow :DEL][INS: register :INS] elements and patterns from before the
Middle Ages, but require them to be from cultures that were known to medieval
and Renaissance Europeans. Therefore, classical Greek and Roman names are
registerable, but names [DEL: from Pharaonic Egypt :DEL][INS: recorded only in
Egyptian hieroglyphs :INS] are not.

*Change to SENA PN.2.B Name Phrase Requirements*

*Old Text*

Each name phrase must be grammatically correct for its position in a name. In
some languages, spelling changes are used to indicate aspects of relationships
in bynames. Some languages capitalize some bynames, but consistently use lower
case for others.

For example, because of the way Gaelic grammar works, the byname "mac
Fearchair" 'son of Fearchar' must be changed to "mhic Fhearchair" when it
occurs after another byname of the form mac X (i.e., when your father was the
son of Fearchar). So, the son of "Donnchadh mac Fearchair" would be "Fionn mac
Donnchaidh mhic Fhearchair". For example, most Norse descriptive bynames are
consistently in lower case. Thus, "Halla the skald" would be "Halla skaldkona",
not "Halla Skaldkona".

*New Text*

Each name phrase must be grammatically correct for its position in a name. In
some languages, spelling changes are used to indicate aspects of relationships
in bynames. [DEL: Some languages capitalize some bynames, but consistently use
lower case for others. :DEL]

For example, because of the way Gaelic grammar works, the byname "mac
Fearchair" 'son of Fearchar' must be changed to "mhic Fhearchair" when it
occurs after another byname of the form mac X (i.e., when your father was the
son of Fearchar). So, the son of "Donnchadh mac Fearchair" would be "Fionn mac
Donnchaidh mhic Fhearchair". [DEL: For example, most Norse descriptive bynames
are consistently in lower case. Thus, :DEL]_[DEL: Halla the skald :DEL]_[DEL:
would be :DEL]_[DEL: Halla skaldkona :DEL]_[DEL: , not :DEL]_[DEL: Halla
Skaldkona. :DEL]_

[INS: Capitalization should be consistent with the language of the name phrase.
Some patterns for capitalization in important European languages can be found
in Appendix A. :INS]

[INS: For example, we have evidence (reflected in Appendix A) showing Dutch
locative markers entirely in lowercase. Thus, :INS]_[INS: Frederick van der
Vaerden :INS]_[INS: may be registered without specific evidence for this
capitalization pattern, whereas :INS]_[INS: Frederick van Der Vaerden
:INS]_[INS: would require specific evidence for :INS]_[INS: van Der. :INS]_

*Change to SENA PN.3.C Standards for Identity Conflict*

*Old Text*

*C. Standards for Identity Conflict:* To be clear of identity conflict, two
names must be substantially different in both sound and appearance. Because
conflict is a modern concept, we consider matters such as meaning, language,
etymological origin, etc. to be irrelevant for conflict. Only sound and
appearance are considered for difference. Thus, the Latinized form of a name
may be clear of conflict with the vernacular form. While we do not go out of
our way to consider variant pronunciations, we do consider important period and
modern pronunciations of name elements.

To be substantially different, a pair of names must be different in sound and
appearance under the standards laid out below. Names may be different in sound
under one standard and appearance under another standard. Names are compared as
complete items, so that "Lisa Betta Gonzaga" conflicts with "Lisabetta
Gonzaga", although the elements are different.

*New Text*

*C. Standards for Identity Conflict:* To be clear of identity conflict, two
names must be substantially different in both sound and appearance. Because
conflict is a modern concept, we consider matters such as meaning, language,
etymological origin, etc. to be irrelevant for conflict. Only sound and
appearance are considered for difference. Thus, the Latinized form of a name
may be clear of conflict with the vernacular form. While we do not go out of
our way to consider variant pronunciations, we do consider important period and
modern pronunciations of name elements.

To be substantially different, [DEL: a pair of names must be different in sound
and appearance under the standards laid out below :DEL][INS: a pair of names
must meet at least one standard for substantial difference in sound and at
least one standard for substantial difference in appearance, as described below
:INS]. Names may be different in sound under one standard and appearance under
another standard. Names are compared as complete items, so that "Lisa Betta
Gonzaga" conflicts with "Lisabetta Gonzaga", although the elements are
different.

**** Society Pages ****

On 8 April, at the Festival of the Passing of the Ice Dragon in the Barony of
Rhydderich Hael, Kingdom of {AE}thelmearc, Edmund Tregelles and Giulietta da
Venezia, both former Silver Buccle Principal Heralds, were raised to the rank
of Herald Extraordinary.

Also at the same event, Robert O'Connor, known in {AE}thelmearc, Atlantia and
elsewhere as "Bob the Herald," was made a Companion of the Order of the
Pelican.

On April 15, at Night on the Town in the Kingdom of Atlantia, Their Majesties
Cuan and Signy inducted Kryss Kostarev into the Order of the Golden Dolphin,
Altantia's grant level award for service. Moments later Cuan and Signy then
made Kryss Kostarev a Companion of the Order of the Pelican. Kryss is known for
running the art tent at Pennsic many times, as well as Heralds Point itself.

It is our sad news to report that on April 17, Clare RosMuire St. John passed
away. She held the personal title of Nimbus Herald, and had been Asterisk
Herald as well as holding several other heraldic offices in the early days of
Ansteorra.

On May 6 at Atlantian Crown Tourney, Their Majesties Cuan and Signy also
inducted Seraphina Delfino, Golden Dolphin Herald, into the Order of the Golden
Dolphin.

Please send information about happenings to major heralds and major happenings
to all heralds to Laurel, so that it can be published here.

**** Send What to Whom ****

Letters of Intent, Comment, Response, Correction, et cetera are to be posted to
the OSCAR online system. No paper copies need be sent. All submission forms
plus documentation, including petitions, must be posted to the OSCAR online
system. While black-and-white emblazons must be included in the Letter of
Intent, only colored armory forms need to be posted in the forms area.

Cheques or money orders for submissions, payable to "SCA Inc.-College of Arms"
are to be sent to Stephanie Ray-Solum, Blue Bug Bookkeeping, 2144 Westlake Ave
North Suite F, Seattle, WA 98109.

Send roster changes and corrections to Laurel. College of Arms members may also
request a copy of the current roster from Laurel.

For a paper copy of a LoAR, please contact Laurel, at the address above. The
cost for one LoAR is $3. Please make all checks or money orders payable to "SCA
Inc.-College of Arms". The electronic copy of the LoAR is available free of
charge. To subscribe to the mailings of the electronic copy, please see the
bottom of http://heraldry.sca.org/heraldry/lists.html#lists for more
instructions.

For all administrative matters, please contact Laurel.

Pray know that I remain,

In service,

Emma de Fetherstan
Laurel Queen of Arms

===============================================================================

Created at 2017-05-22T21:03:36
-------------- next part --------------
****** Errata ******

***** January 1987 *****

**** West ****

  Kareina Talvi Tyt{a:}r. Name correction from Kareina Talvi Tytar.

      When this name was corrected in January 1987 from its original
      change of the given name in August 1986, the umlaut in
      _Tyt{a:}r_ was also misplaced. An examination of the original
      paperwork shows the correct spelling.

***** April 2003 *****

**** East ****

  Sylvester Burchardt. Name change from holding name Douglas of
  Ostgardr.

      When his name was registered, the LoAR listed it as a new name
      instead of a change of holding name.

***** September 2014 *****

**** Calontir ****

  Jutte Roose van der Brugghe. Name change from Royse Meingnes.

      When this name was registered, it was not connected with this
      submitter's existing name, "Royse Meignes". "Royse Meignes" is
      retained as an alternate name.

***** December 2016 *****

**** {AE}thelmearc ****

  Sylvester Burchardt. Device change. Per pale gules and Or, a
  dunghill cock contourny counterchanged argent and sable.

      When his device was registered, the LoAR neglected to note that
      his previous device, "Per pale indented argent goutty de sang
      and gules, a boot sable and an axe argent", was retained as a
      badge.

**** Atenveldt ****

  Mariyah al-Madiniyah. Name change from Natasiia Novgorodova.

      The name change from "Mariyah al-Madiniyah" to "Natasiia
      Novgorodova" was withdrawn by the submitter and should not have
      been registered.

***** February 2017 *****

**** Atlantia ****

  Bryn Tannahill of Ponte Alto. Name.

      This name appeared in error under RETURNS on the LoAR. It should
      have appeared under ACCEPTANCES.

======================================================================

Created at 2017-05-22T21:03:36


More information about the LoAR-TXT mailing list