[LoAR-txt] 2016-12 LoAR in txt format

Postmeeting Clerk via LoAR-TXT loar-txt at lists.sca.org
Sat Mar 11 08:54:11 CST 2017


Please find attached the files for the December 2016 LoAR in Da'ud
plaintext format.


-- 
Emma de Fetherstan, acting as Postmeeting Clerk
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***** THE FOLLOWING ITEMS HAVE BEEN REGISTERED: *****

**** {AE}THELMEARC acceptances ****

  Ayla Winters. Name (see RETURNS for device).

  Chrestienne de Waterdene. Device. Per pale vert and sable, a stag's
  head erased argent gorged of a pearled coronet sable and in chief
  three fleurs-de-lys argent.

      The submitter is a court baroness and thus entitled to the use
      of a coronet in her armory.

  Chrestienne de Waterdene. Badge. Per pale vert and sable, a stag's
  head erased and in chief three fleurs-de-lys argent.

  Eadric Aylwin Bolton. Name.

      The submitter may be interested to know that "Eadric Aylwin of
      Bolton" is an authentic 13th century form of the same name. If
      the submitter would prefer this form, he can submit a request
      for reconsideration.

  Felice de Thornton. Badge. (Fieldless) A winged domestic cat passant
  gardant sable.

  Greer Wallace. Name.

      "Greer" is a 16th century English surname, which can be used as
      a given name.

  Jacob Silver Dagger. Name.

  Jasper Longshanks. Name.

  John Augustine Stag. Name and device. Sable, two mullets and an
  anvil within a bordure embattled Or.

  Kattera Doplerin. Name.

  Madison Morai. Name and device. Per pale gules and sable, a sun
  counterchanged.

      Submitted as "Madison Mora_i_", the surname was changed at
      Kingdom to "Mora_y_" to match the documentation that could be
      found. ffride wlffsdotter was able to document instances where
      the terminal _y_ and _i_ were used interchangeably in period
      Scots. Therefore, we are able to restore the name to its
      submitted form. The submitter should be aware, however, that the
      spelling _Moray_ is vastly more likely.

      This design was well documented as an Individually Attested
      Pattern in German heraldry. The submitter provided more than
      sufficient evidence of the use of per pale fields using gules
      and sable with counterchanged charges as well as the use of suns
      as charges in the same heraldic jurisdiction.

  Madison Morai. Badge. Per pale sable and gules, a sun
  counterchanged.

      This design was well documented as an Individually Attested
      Pattern in German heraldry. The submitter provided more than
      sufficient evidence of the use of per pale fields using gules
      and sable with counterchanged charges as well as the use of suns
      as charges in the same heraldic jurisdiction.

  R{a'}{dh}{u'}lfr Eir{i'}ksson. Household name House of Hamilton.

      This name was pended for discussion of whether a capital of a
      province or similar political sub-division of a larger country
      should automatically be protected from presumption. Prior
      precedent stated:

           The household name is returned for conflict with the
           real-world place _San Sebasti{a'}n_, capital city of
           the province of Guipuscoa in the Basque Country,
           Spain. The Administrative Handbook III.A.5 notes that
           "a geographical location will be considered
           significant if it is associated with important
           administrative, social, political or military events
           (e.g., a capital city, the site of a major treaty or
           battle, etc.)." As a capital city, it is important
           enough to protect from conflict. [Eadric Anstapa.
           Household name Company of Saint Sebastian, May 2009,
           R-Ansteorra]

      After carefully considering commentary, we are overturning the
      above ruling.

      Automatically barring registration of names of capitals of
      entities that are less than independent sovereign nations, such
      as U.S. states or Canadian provinces, unnecessarily forecloses a
      large number of period names and is inconsistent with our
      treatment of other presumption issues under SENA. For example,
      PN4D1 states:

           Sovereign rulers of significant states are generally
           important enough to protect. Some historical
           city-states are not considered significant states.
           Provinces or regions integrated into larger units like
           the Holy Roman Empire are not generally considered
           significant states. Sovereigns of small states that
           did not give rise directly to modern countries will
           not be protected under this clause, nor will legendary
           kings of any state (though these kings may be
           individually important enough to protect).

      Similarly, on the July 2011 Cover Letter, we limited the
      protection of historical sovereigns to only those rulers of
      nations "that give rise to currently existing countries
      (including entities like England, Castile, and Aragon) and of
      nations that play an important role in medieval history but did
      not survive (Burgundy, Scotland, the Holy Roman Empire, and the
      like). Sovereigns of small period states that did not give rise
      directly to modern countries (Deheubarth, Asturias, Valencia,
      Connacht, Urbino) will be protected only if the individual's
      fame rises to the point that they personally are important
      enough to protect."

      Going forward, the only capital cities that will be
      automatically protected from presumption are the capitals of
      modern independent sovereign entities and historically
      significant states. All other cities will be assessed on a
      case-by-case basis for significance. Thus, the capital of a U.S.
      state (such as New Jersey) or a Canadian province (such as
      Alberta) will not automatically be protected. Likewise, Dinefwr,
      the capital city of the kingdom of Deheubarth (a kingdom within
      Wales that ceased to be independent by that late 12th century),
      is not automatically important enough to protect. While the fact
      that a city such as Trenton or Edmonton is a capital should be
      taken into account when considering the significance of the
      place, a city that has little historical significance apart from
      being the capital of a political subdivision will not be
      protected from presumption.

      In most cases, the question of what is a modern independent
      sovereign entity should be simple. In the case of Bermuda, a
      self-governing British Overseas Territory, resolving this
      question required reading a fair amount of United Kingdom law.
      The fourteen British Overseas Territories are most nearly
      analogous to U.S. states or Canadian provinces, rather than to
      independent sovereign entities. Various factors led to this
      decision. Among other things: citizens of British Overseas
      Territories are considered British citizens as of 21 May 2002;
      citizens of British Overseas Territories hold British passports;
      all the Territories have Governors with varying degrees of power
      who are the _de facto_ heads of state, appointed by the Queen
      with the advice of the British Government; the foreign affairs
      of the Territories are managed by the British Government; and
      the Territories do not have their own seats in the United
      Nations. While most of the British Overseas Territories have
      self-elected legislatures and/or executives, the same is also
      true of all of the U.S. states and Canadian provinces.

      Therefore, even though it is the capital of Bermuda, the city of
      _Hamilton_ is not automatically significant enough to protect
      from presumption. Its importance must be assessed based on its
      own historical, political or administrative significance.

      Apart from being the capital of Bermuda, there are no other
      factors that suggest that the city of _Hamilton_ is significant
      enough to protect. It was not the location of any major
      administrative, social, political or military events.
      Accordingly, this household name is registerable.

  Rhys Penbras ap Dafydd. Name and device. Azure, on a bend sinister
  cotised between two ravens contourny Or a feather azure.

      The submitter requested authenticity for "14th Century Welsh."
      Lillia Pelican Emerita found the spelling _Rhys_ dated
      c.1350-c.1400 in "Welsh Prose 1300-1425", citing NLW MS. 3035
      (Mostyn 116) - page 182r
      (http://www.rhyddiaithganoloesol.caerdydd.ac.uk/en/ms-page.php?ms=NLW3035&page=182r&l=c0l12).
      Thus, this name meets the submitter's request.

  Sylvester Burchardt. Device. Per pale gules and Or, a dunghill cock
  contourny counterchanged argent and sable.

  Tiffany of Myrkfaelinn. Name.

      The Letter of Intent stated that "Tiffany" is the submitter's
      legal given name. However, the legal name was not properly
      attested according to the instructions set forth in the July
      2015 Cover Letter. Fortunately, _Tiffany_ is also a 16th century
      English given name, so reliance on the legal name allowance is
      not necessary.

      _Myrkfaelinn_ is the registered name of an SCA branch.

  Wulgar berserkjabani. Name.

      The submitter requested authenticity for an unspecified time,
      language or culture. This name is not authentic to any
      particular time or place because it combines an Old English
      given name with an Old Norse byname. While these two languages
      can be mixed per Appendix C, such a lingual mix is not
      authentic.

======================================================================

**** AN TIR acceptances ****

  Achaxe Auchata. Name and device. Gules, in saltire four hearts
  conjoined points outwards Or each charged with a seeblatt point
  outwards gules.

      The submitter requested authenticity for "400 BC Scythian." This
      name uses Hellenized (Greek) forms for the name elements. The
      actual language of the Scythians in the fourth century B.C.E.
      appears to have been an Indo-European language usually
      categorized as _Eastern Iranian_. However, since most of our
      evidence for Scythian names is derived from Greek sources like
      Herodotus, the use of Hellenized forms is reasonable. As Ursula
      Green Staff, one of our experts in this area, noted in
      commentary, "this is probably as authentic as we can manage for
      a registrable Scythian name."

  {AE}sa Ormr-{i'}-auga. Name.

  An Tir, Kingdom of. Transfer of Heraldic title Three Oaks Pursuivant
  to Barony of Wealdsmere.

      This item was pended from June 2016 Letter of Acceptances and
      Returns to allow the transfer paperwork to be corrected.

  Anna MacKenna. Name and device. Per bend purpure and argent, a
  daffodil with bell to sinister Or slipped vert and three ladybugs
  proper.

      Nice late 16th century Scots name!

  Anne Rose Smythe. Device change. Per pale purpure and Or, a bend
  sinister counterchanged and in canton an equal-armed Celtic cross
  argent.

      The submitter's old device, "Per fess vairy Or and purpure and
      vairy purpure and Or, on a fess Or a wingless dragon passant
      guardant purpure maintaining an equal-armed Celtic cross
      argent", is retained as a badge.

  Aryana Silknfyre. Household name Free Company of Saint Stars Fyre
  and badge association. Argent, three chevronels braced gules, in
  chief a compass-star sable.

      Submitted as the "Free Company of Saint Star_ Fyre", this
      construction does not fit a documented pattern of household
      names. There is no evidence of a saint's being known by a double
      given name in period, nor of a company or other group of persons
      named after a saint with a double given name.

      However, with a small change, the name can fit the pattern of
      tourney companies named for a saint plus an object of veneration
      or heraldic charge. In this pattern, _Star_ is the name of the
      saint, and _fyre_ is a variant spelling of _fire_, an object of
      veneration. Prior precedent suggests that a _fire_ or _flame_ is
      a reasonable period object of veneration. In considering the
      order name _Order of the Perpetual Flame_, we noted:

           One of the most famous examples of a perpetual flame
           in medieval Europe was the flame at Kildare, Ireland
           that was dedicated to Saint Brigid. The 12th century
           Topographia Hiberniae (The Topography of Ireland) by
           Giraldus Cambrensis refers to the perpetual flame at
           Kildare simply as _igne Brigide_, "Brigid's fire"
           (Royal MS 13 B VIII, fol. 23v), although the English
           translation
           (http://www.yorku.ca/inpar/topography_ireland.pdf,
           chapters 34 and 48) uses "St. Brigit's fire" or "the
           fire of St. Brigit". [Starkhafn, Barony of, Order name
           The Order of the Perpetual Flame. 4/2014 LoAR, R-Caid]

      Accordingly, we have changed this name to "Free Company of Saint
      Star_s_ Fyre" for registration.

      The use of the adjective _Free_ in the designator _Free Company_
      indicated in period that the company was not affiliated with any
      government or Crown. Thus, we are willing to give the benefit of
      the doubt that a _Free Company_ can follow the naming patterns
      for a tourney company.

  Attia Prima. Name and device. Gules, on a mullet of eight points Or
  an olive branch gules, a bordure Or.

      Nice Roman name!

  Berengaria Longbow. Name and device. Azure, an ounce passant gardant
  crowned with a pearled coronet between three bees Or.

      "Longbow" is grandfathered to the submitter because it is the
      registered byname of her mother.

      The submitter is a court baroness and thus entitled to the use
      of a coronet in her armory.

  Briony Kortsdottir. Name and device. Argent, two ravens striking
  respectant purpure and on a point pointed gules a caltrop Or.

      "Briony" is the submitter's legal given name.

  Claire le Deyare. Device. Argent, a whelk purpure between two
  roundels azure and a goutte purpure.

  Conall MacLagmayn. Name.

      This name combines an Anglicized Irish given name with a Scots
      byname, an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C.

  Conchobar Mac Muirchertaig. Badge. (Fieldless) On a boar passant
  contourny argent a triquetra azure.

  Elena Spycer. Name.

      Nice English name for the 13th century onwards!

  Gwyn ap Llewellyn. Name.

      This name does not conflict with the registered "Gwyneth
      Lewelyne" (Feb. 2001, Atlantia). The second syllable of
      _Gwyneth_ is substantially different from the second syllable in
      "Gwyn ap", bringing the two names clear under PN3C2.

  Hrafny in Gla{dh}a. Name.

      Originally submitted as "Hrafn_y_ _in_ Gla{dh}i", the name was
      changed at Kingdom to "Hrafn_i_ _inn_ Gla{dh}i" to match the
      documentation that could be found. The submitter allowed all
      changes.

      We have restored the given name to the submitted form, as it is
      a reasonable constructed given name from the elements _Hrafn-_
      and _-n{y'}_ found in Old Norse female names. We also changed
      the form of the byname to the feminine "_in_ Gla{dh}_a_" to
      match the gender of the given name.

  Jon of Vulcanfeldt. Holding name and device. Azure, a bend sinister
  between a hunting horn Or and a talbot passant argent.

      Submitted under the name "Jon MacLeod", that name was pended on
      the September 2016 Letter of Acceptances and Returns as "Jon
      MacLeod of Stornway".

      As this name has not been decided on, the device must be
      registered under a holding name.

  Katerina Tamar Seligkint. Name.

      Submitted as "Katerina _Th_amar Seligkint", the submitter stated
      that she would prefer that her second given name be spelled
      "_T_amar" if it could be documented.

      Commenters found "Tamar" as a late 16th century English given
      name, dated to 1594 in the FamilySearch Historical Records. The
      February 2015 Cover Letter states that, "we will allow the
      borrowing of given names from German into English and vice
      versa, in the context of the 16th and early 17th centuries. An
      English given name that is borrowed from German is considered to
      be English under Appendix C, and a German given name that is
      borrowed from English is considered to be German." Therefore,
      "Tamar" may be considered a German given name from 1594 and, as
      such, it may be combined with the other German elements of this
      name. We are pleased to be able to change the second given name
      to the submitter's requested form.

  Kesa of Etelk{o:}z. Device. Or fretty engrailed gules.

      Nice device!

  Louisa of Lorne. Name.

      Commenters questioned whether this name presumes on the name of
      Queen Victoria's daughter, Princess Louise, Marchionness of
      Lorne. Although more usually styled as the Duchess of Argyll,
      Princess Louise was occasionally referred to as "Louise of
      Lorne." Thus, because we protect all names under which a
      historical person was known, we must consider whether Princess
      Louise is important enough to protect under PN4D of SENA.

      PN4D1 states: "Names of important non-SCA individuals are
      protected from presumption. People who are not important enough
      to have an entry in a standard print encyclopedia, such as the
      _Encyclopedia Britannica_, are generally not important enough to
      protect." Princess Louise does not have her own article in the
      _Encyclopedia Britannica_ (even in the on-line edition). She was
      Viceregal Consort of Canada from 1878 through 1883, but she was
      never a ruling sovereign. Several places in Canada were named in
      her honor, including Alberta (using one of her middle names) and
      Lake Louise. However, her fame comes primarily from her royal
      birth and proximity to famous people and not from any personal
      accomplishments. Although she was an artist and sculptor, none
      of her works are famous. Therefore, Princess Louise was not
      important enough to protect under the standards set forth in
      PN4D. As a result, this name is registerable.

  Octamasades Skuthikos. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      Submitted as "Octamasades S_cy_thi_c_os", the byname as
      submitted improperly mixed Latin and Greek orthography in the
      same word. The Greek form of the byname that appears in
      Herodotus would be transliterated (usually without the
      diacritical marking) as _Skuthik{o'}s_. "Scythic_u_s" is a fully
      Latinized form. Although changing the byname to "Scythicus" is
      the smaller change, the submitter requested authenticity for
      "400 B.C. Scythian." Therefore, to honor the submitter's
      authenticity request, we have changed the byname to the fully
      Greek form "S_ku_thi_k_os" (without the diacritical marking). If
      the submitter prefers the Latinized "Scythicus", he may make a
      request for reconsideration.

      The submitter requested authenticity for "400 BC Scythian." This
      name uses Hellenized (Greek) forms for the name elements. The
      actual language of the Scythians in the fourth century B.C.E.
      appears to have been an Indo-European language usually
      categorized as _Eastern Iranian_. However, since most of our
      evidence for Scythian names is derived from Greek sources like
      Herodotus, the use of Hellenized forms is reasonable. Both of
      these name elements appear in the Greek writings of Herodotus,
      who lived in the fifth century B.C.E., so this name may be
      authentic but we cannot say for sure.

  Olalla Ruyz de Zaragoza. Name and device. Purpure, an escallop
  between three trilliums argent.

      Commenters questioned whether this name created a problem of
      relationship conflict because it is a claim to be the child of
      the registered Rodrigo de Zaragoza (August 2015, Outlands). This
      name does not state such a claim, however.

      PN3D of SENA states that, "[t]o be clear of relationship
      conflict, the submitted name must not _unmistakably imply_ close
      relationship with a protected person." (emphasis added). The
      patronymic surname "Ruyz" is based on the given name "Rui" or
      "Ruy", not the given name "Rodrigo". Although _Rui_ can be a
      diminutive of _Rodrigo_, they are not the same name. In
      addition, _Rui_ is sufficiently different from _Rodrigo_ in both
      sound and appearance that _Rui de Zaragoza_ would be clear of
      _Rodrigo de Zaragoza_ under SENA. Therefore, this name does not
      "unmistakably imply" that _Olalla_ is the child of _Rodrigo_
      and, under PN3D, there is no relationship conflict.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of New World
      trilliums.

  Otryggr Skapti. Name and device. Or, an enfield rampant gules, on a
  chief sable two arrows palewise inverted Or.

      _Skapti_, as used in this name, is an Old Norse descriptive
      byname meaning _shaft maker._

  Ren{e'}e du bois d'Ambre. Name change from Alaric Wulfgar of
  Amberwood.

      Submitted as "Ren{e'}e du bois d'Ambr_{e'}_", no evidence was
      provided in the Letter of Intent (and none was found in
      commentary) for an acute accent on the terminal 'e'. As the
      submitter permitted all changes, we have removed the acute
      accent and registered the byname as "du bois d'Ambr_e_" to match
      the documentation.

  Richard the Handsome. Name.

      The byname _the Handsome_ is the lingua Anglica form of the
      Middle English byname _le Bel_. [Jon the Handsome, 08-2016 LoAR,
      A-Artemisia]

  Rurik Gjafvaldsson. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      Originally submitted as "_Rurik_ Gjafvaldsson", the given name
      was changed at Kingdom to "Hr{oe}rekr" to match the
      documentation that could be found. We have changed the name back
      to its originally submitted form because _Rurik_ is registerable
      as a Russian version of the Old East Norse _R{o/}rik_ or Old
      West Norse _Hr{oe}rekr_.

      This name mixes a Russian given name and an Old Norse byname, an
      acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C.

  Seamus de Mantel. Device. Per bend sinister sable and Or, a bend
  sinister counterchanged and in base overall a crescent gules, in
  canton a dragon contourny Or.

  Sigmund Faust. Name.

  Tyr Gullinson. Name.

      Originally submitted as "T_{y'}_r Gullinson", the Norse given
      name _Tyr_ or _T{y'}r_ is not registerable because there is no
      evidence that it was used by human beings in period. [Tryggr
      Tyrson, 08/2009 LoAR, R-An Tir]

      However, _Tyr_ is registerable as an English given name based on
      the 16th century English surname _Tyr_, which was dated to 1558
      in FamilySearch Historical Records. Further, we were able to
      construct the byname in English: ffride wlffsdotter documented
      the byname _Gullin_ to 1634 in the FamilySearch Historical
      Records and provided evidence that, in English, _-son_ sometimes
      was appended to a father's byname rather than his given name.
      Although the submitter allowed no changes, he specifically
      consented to changing the language of this name to English
      (rather than Norse) to allow for registration.

  Wealdsmere, Barony of. Acceptance of transfer of Heraldic title
  Three Oaks Pursuivant from Kingdom of An Tir.

      This item was pended from June 2016 Letter of Acceptances and
      Returns to allow the transfer paperwork to be corrected.

  William MacKenna. Name.

      Nice late 16th century Scots name!

======================================================================

**** ANSTEORRA acceptances ****

  Willow de Wisp. Reblazon of badge. Vert, a bull passant gules pied
  argent.

      Registered in August of 1979 as "Vert, a bull passant argent,
      pied gules, armed and unguled sable, horns tipped argent", the
      bull is more gules than argent.

======================================================================

**** ARTEMISIA acceptances ****

  Loch Salann, Barony of. Badge (see PENDS for order name). Sable, in
  chevron five birds migrant argent.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of birds in the
      migrant posture.

  Michael Gerard Curtememoire. Removal of badge association. Per pale
  argent and sable, a compass star within a bordure mulletty, all
  counterchanged.

      This action was pended from the June 2016 Letter of Acceptances
      and Returns.

      This badge is no longer associated with the household name
      "House of the Wandering Stars".

  Michael Gerard Curtememoire. Transfer of Household name House of the
  Wandering Stars to {E'}adaoin inghean u{i'} Cruadhlaoich.

      This transfer was pended from the June 2016 Letter of
      Acceptances and Returns.

  Nicolai Urseler. Device. Per fess argent and sable all semy of
  acorns counterchanged, a demi-boar issuant from the line of division
  gules.

  Veyla Sol. Device. Sable, a martlet argent and in chief three
  compass stars Or, a bordure argent decrescenty sable.

      Please advise the submitter to draw the compass stars so they
      don't look like two overlapping mullets of four points.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of compass
      stars.

======================================================================

**** ATENVELDT acceptances ****

  Anton H{o/}jen. Reblazon of device. Gyronny from canton Or and
  sable, in sinister a dolphin haurient argent.

      Registered in November of 1980 as "Gyronny from canton Or and
      sable, to sinister a dolphin haurient argent", current blazoning
      grammar has the dolphin _in_ sinister.

  Beaune de la Sorse. Badge. Per fess paly argent and gules and sable,
  a cubit arm issuant from base argent.

      Please advise the submitter to draw an equal number of argent
      and gules sections.

  Eric the Bald. Device change. Per pale azure and sable, two bear's
  pawprints argent.

      The submitter's old device, "Sable, a sledge hammer argent
      within a bordure rayonny Or", is retained as a badge.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of pawprints.

  Franceska Lucrezia la Sarta. Device. Per bend sinister indented
  gules and purpure, a threaded needle and a natural leopard's head
  cabossed Or.

  Mercurio da Spin. Device. Gyronny arrondi azure and ermine, in
  saltire a rapier and a comet Or.

  Natasiia Novgorodova. Name change from Mariyah al-Madiniyah and
  device change. Per bend argent and gules, a swan sable and a sword
  inverted Or.

      The submitter's prior name, "Mariyah al-Madiniyah", is retained
      as an alternate name.

      The submitter's old device, "Per pale azure and Or, a crescent
      and between its horns a mullet of four points all
      counterchanged", is retained as a badge.

  Rachel Phythian Sons of Scotia. Name and device. Purpure, in chief a
  cross formy between flaunches argent.

      Submitted as "Rachel Phythi_e_n _of_ Sons of Scotia", the name
      in this form did not match any documented naming pattern. With
      the submitter's permission, we have changed the name for
      registration to "Rachel Phythi_a_n Sons of Scotia", a
      construction that uses an English double surname plus a
      locative. _Phythian_ is a variant spelling of _Fythian_, found
      as an early 17th century English surname in the FamilySearch
      Historical Records. _Sons_ was also documented as an early 17th
      century English surname in FamilySearch.

======================================================================

**** ATLANTIA acceptances ****

  Adair of Makyswell. Device. Per chevron inverted embattled argent
  and azure, a sheaf of needles and two swans respectant
  counterchanged.

  Albrecht Wellman. Device. Sable, within a serpent vorant of its tail
  argent enflamed proper a mullet of eight points pierced, a bordure
  argent.

  August Fluegel. Device. Per bend sinister purpure and Or, a hunting
  horn argent and a barrel sable.

  Caitrina inghean Fhearghuis. Name and device. Per fess argent and
  azure, a bend between a heart and a candle lit at both ends both
  bendwise counterchanged.

      The submitter requested authenticity for "mid to late 1400's
      Highland Scot." This request was not summarized on the Letter of
      Intent, but commenters provided sufficient information from
      which we could determine that the name meets this request.

  David Aquila. Name and device. Gyronny of sixteen gules and argent,
  on a pomme a chi-rho within and conjoined to an annulet Or.

      This is a nice name for either 16th century England or late 16th
      century Spain!

      The use of a gyronny of sixteen field of division with a central
      charge is a step from period practice.

  Eericka Valdemarsdotter. Name.

  Elena Colon de Sevilla. Name.

      Nice late 15th century Spanish name!

  Emmerich von Brunevels. Name.

  Eoin de Barri. Name.

      Initially documented as a combination of English and Gaelic, in
      commentary Rocket was able to document the name as entirely
      Irish Gaelic, appropriate for a member of a Sean-Ghall family
      (_i.e._, one descended from Anglo-Norman settlers) in the 13th
      century.

  Fedor Turov syn. Device. Azure, a rhinoceros Or.

      Nice device!

  Gabriel James West. Name and device. Argent, three bendlets enhanced
  and on a chief vert a keythong passant argent.

      Nice late 16th century English name!

      There is a step from period practice for the use of bendlets
      enhanced with any other charge.

  Katheryn de Montgomery. Name.

  Malik ibn Da'ud al-Rawandi. Name and device. Gules, on a fess Or a
  lozenge ploy{e'} between a pair of drinking horns gules, in base an
  axe issuant from base Or.

      Questions were raised in commentary whether the given name
      _Malik_ is presumptuous because the word means "king" in Arabic.
      By longstanding precedent, the given name "Malik" is not
      presumptuous; in Arabic, the proper form of the title
      _al-Malik_. [Malik 'Abd al-Rahman, 8/1999 LoAR, A-Atenveldt]

  Margaret Cameron. Badge change. Azure, a bee and a tierce embattled
  Or.

      There is a step from period practice for use of a charge with a
      tierce.

      The submitter's old badge, "Or, a cross bottony vert and a
      dexter tierce embattled azure", is released.

  Marta von Brunevels. Name.

  Maximus de Wolf. Name.

      Nice late 16th century German name!

  Trian de Barri. Name and device. Azure, a lozenge and on a chief Or
  three mullets azure.

      Initially documented as a combination of English and Gaelic,
      Rocket was able to document the name in commentary as entirely
      Irish Gaelic.

      "Trian" appears as a Middle Gaelic name in the medieval Irish
      manuscript designated Rawlinson B502
      (http://www.ucc.ie/celt/online/G105003/text016.html), written
      c.1130. Although the name appears in genealogies in that
      manuscript, this evidence is sufficient to give the submitter
      the benefit of the doubt that the name _Trian_ is a registerable
      Middle Gaelic name.

      Please advise the submitter to draw the lozenge larger so as to
      more assertively fill the available space.

  Veronica Pasamonte. Name.

  Xavier Crystal Keeper. Name.

      "Xavier" is the submitter's legal given name.

======================================================================

**** AVACAL acceptances ****

  Avacal, Kingdom of. Badge for Order of the Grey Goose Shaft of
  Avacal. Quarterly argent and Or, a goose volant bendwise within four
  arrows in mascle sable, a bordure gules.

      Blazoned on the Letter of Intent as "lying as on a mascle" we
      have reblazoned the arrangement of the arrow as "in mascle". It
      is a blazonable difference from "in annulo" but does not provide
      a DC and carries the same step from period practice for having
      the charges not in their default palewise orientation.

  Avacal, Kingdom of. Badge for Order of the Sable Rapier. Quarterly
  argent and Or, a rapier bendwise sinister sable, a bordure gules.

  Fjallgeirr Lj{o'}tsson. Device. Per pall inverted argent, sable, and
  purpure, three greyhounds courant counterchanged sable, argent, and
  Or.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of the same
      charge in three different tinctures.

  Jehannette de Brie. Name and device. Gules, an elephant rampant
  contourny argent within an orle of bees Or.

      Nice early 15th century French name!

  Philippe de Saint-Denis. Name change from Alix de Perigueux and
  device. Gules, two fish haurient embowed respectant and on a mount
  argent a fleur-de-lys gules.

      The submitter's prior name, "Alix de Perigueux", is retained as
      an alternate name.

  Sigf{u'}ss of Montengarde. Holding name and device (see RETURNS for
  name). Argent, two ravens respectant regardant sable, on a point
  pointed gules a chi-rho argent.

      Submitted under the name "Sigf{u'}ss Hl{i'}{dh}mannagodi".

  William de Mowbray. Name and device. Or, a wyvern erect vert and a
  bordure embattled vert semy of ivy leaves Or.

      This name was returned on the December 2014 LoAR for conflict
      with the registered _William de Molay_. The submitter has
      obtained permission to conflict from _William de Molay_,
      allowing this name to be registered.

      As noted on the December 2014 LoAR, "[t]he historical William de
      Mowbray, one of the 25 signers of the Magna Carta, is not
      important enough to protect. He was not a sovereign ruler of a
      significant state, and the signing of the charter was his most
      noteworthy act in our period."

      Nice English name for much of our period!

======================================================================

**** CAID acceptances ****

  Alanus Wryght. Name and device. Argent, in saltire a carpenter's axe
  sable hafted proper and a threaded sewing needle sable, a base
  azure.

  Apollonia of Delphi. Name and device. Quarterly sable and azure, an
  estoile and on a chief argent a roundel between and conjoined to an
  increscent and a decrescent azure.

  {E'}adaoin inghean u{i'} Cruadhlaoich. Acceptance of transfer of
  Household name House of the Wandering Stars from Michael Gerard
  Curtememoire.

      This acceptance was pended from the June 2016 Letter of
      Acceptances and Returns.

  Esa Voss. Name.

  Ismay of Giggleswick. Badge. Azure, two maidens statant respectant
  argent, in chief a rose Or.

  Joshua of Calafia. Name.

      _Calafia_ is the registered name of an SCA branch.

  Kendrick Le Peste. Name.

      Submitted as "Kendrick_Peste", the submitter asked for the form
      "Kendrick _le_ Peste" if it could be documented. Commenters were
      able to document "Le Peste" as a double surname in 16th century
      English. The submitter should be aware that "Le" was documented
      as a surname that may be a form of _Lee_ or _Leigh_, rather than
      the French definite article.

  Marisa Rus. Badge. (Fieldless) On a natural sea-tortoise azure a
  rose Or.

  Mikael Houston. Name.

  Rhys Liamson. Name and device. Or, a double-headed eagle gules
  between flaunches counter-ermine.

  Symonne Du Charme. Device. Argent, a heart purpure, overall an arrow
  and a rapier in saltire sable.

  Thomas Graunt. Name and device. Per bend flory counter-flory azure
  and argent, a sea-goat argent and a penguin affronty azure bellied
  argent.

      Nice English name from the 13th century onwards!

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a penguin.

  Vasilios al-Saluki. Name.

      This name combines a given name that is either Italian or Greek
      with an Arabic byname, an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix
      C.

======================================================================

**** CALONTIR acceptances ****

  {A'}ed mac Cormaic U{i'} Feidhlim. Badge. Per chevron inverted
  argent and counter-ermine, in chief a gryphon sejant erect contourny
  purpure.

  {A'}ed Ua Conchobair. Device change. Per bend rayonny azure and
  gules, a wolf's head cabossed and three oak leaves inverted argent.

      The submitter's old device, "Per bend rayonny azure and gules,
      an eagle and three mullets argent", is retained as a badge.

  Inuhara Fuyume Sara. Device change. Vert, a rose slipped and a
  serpent entwined all within a crescent argent.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a garden
      rose.

      The submitter's old device, "Argent, on a butterfly vert a
      pawprint argent", is released.

  {I'}varr f{o'}tviss. Name.

      Submitted as "{I'}varr _inn_ f{o'}tviss_i_", we have changed the
      byname to _f{o'}tviss_ to use the correct grammar. The submitter
      allowed all changes.

  Just Zack. Name change from holding name Luther of Dun Ard.

  Thorbjorn Bjornsson inn danski. Name change from Thorbjorn
  Bjarnarson.

      The submitter's prior name, "Thorbjorn Bjarnarson", is released.

======================================================================

**** DRACHENWALD acceptances ****

  A{dh}isla Arnulfsdottir. Name.

  Ailitha de Ainwyk. Alternate name Ellisa von Berenklaw.

      Submitted as "Ellisa von _B{a:}renklau_", no evidence could be
      found for the spelling "B{a:}renklau" prior to 1650. We have
      changed the byname to "von _Berenklaw_" to use a documented
      spelling.

  Baldewein Esenwein. Name and device. Per pall inverted gules, sable
  and ermine, a lion dormant and an eagle argent.

  Cecily Arderne. Device. Azure estencely argent, a Bowen knot Or.

  Edmund fitz John de Ocham. Name and device. Per bend vert and gules,
  three bells Or and an orle argent.

      The submitter requested authenticity for "14th-15th century."
      This request was not summarized on the Letter of Intent.
      Fortunately, commenters were able to provide enough information
      to meet this request. During commentary, Lillia Pelican Emerita
      documented all of the elements to c. 1380, making this an
      authentic late 14th century English name.

  Edward de Elsynge dictus le Spiour. Device. Purpure, a stag's head
  erased Or.

      Nice device!

  Eira Orre. Name (see RETURNS for device).

  Flose Thordson. Name and device. Per bend sinister azure and Or, two
  bull's heads cabossed counterchanged.

  Genevieve de Aurivilla. Name.

  Isabel Peregrinus. Name and device. Or, a star of Bethlehem blossom
  and in chief a coronet, a bordure azure.

      Nice late 16th century German name!

      The submitter is a viscountess and thus entitled to the use of
      the coronet in her armory.

  Leonet de Covenham. Device. Paly gules and argent, two bendlets
  counterchanged.

  Morikawa Noriko. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      The submitter requested authenticity for Japanese language and
      culture. Although both name elements are Japanese, it does not
      appear that both elements were used during the same time period.
      Therefore, the name is registerable but it does not appear to be
      authentic.

  Oddbjorg sopi. Name and device. Per bend sinister azure and purpure,
  a hedgehog its quills impaling grapes between three mushrooms
  argent.

  Ragnell Caxtone. Name and device. Per pale argent and gules, a
  troll's head cabossed counterchanged.

      Nice 16th century English name!

      This is the defining instance of a troll's head in Society
      heraldry. It was found in the 15th century in the arms of
      members of the Trolle family, as documented from Jan Raneke's
      _Svenska Medeltidsvapen_.

  Reta de Flintbeke. Device. Per bend embowed counter-embowed Or and
  azure, in pale two leaves issuant from the line of division
  counterchanged.

  Robin Foole. Name.

      Nice 16th century English name!

  Siiri Hyv{a:}mieli. Request for name reconsideration from Siri
  Hyv{a:}mieli.

      The submitter's name was previously registered as "S_i_ri
      Hyv{a:}mieli" because no documentation was provided to support
      the use of "S_ii_ri" under the legal name allowance. The
      necessary documentation has now been provided to show that
      "Siiri" is the submitter's legal given name. We have changed the
      registered name accordingly.

  Sten Stensson. Name and device. Vert, three sheaves of arrows
  argent.

      The submitter requested authenticity for "Swedish." This name is
      authentic for Sweden c. 1400.

  Styrmir af N{ae}stweth. Name change from Biorn Styrmisson.

      The submitter's prior name, "Biorn Styrmisson", is released.

  Wilhelm von Scharfenstein. Name and device. Per pale argent and
  gules, a spired tower triple-towered sable between a dragon and a
  coney combattant counterchanged.

======================================================================

**** EALDORMERE acceptances ****

  Aeschine Yates. Name and device. Per bend sinister sable and Or, a
  moon in her plenitude argent and three reed pens gules.

  Dawn Galbraith. Name and device. Per chevron throughout argent and
  gules, two enfields combattant sable and a Celtic cross Or.

  Kate of the Lake, wydow. Name change from Gr{a'}inne Fitz Clifford
  and device. Per pale vert and azure, in sinister chief an artichoke
  argent.

      Originally submitted as "Kate of the Lake, _wydow_", this name
      was changed in kingdom to "_Widow_ Kate of the Lake" at Kingdom
      on the theory that _Widow_ was a 16th century English surname
      usable as a given name.

      However, the term _Widow_ appears to be a form of address. SENA
      PN4B1 says: "Given names that are identical to titles and forms
      of address may be registered in contexts that make it clear that
      they are given names and not titles." The form "Widow Kate of
      the Lake" does not make it clear that _Widow_ is a given name.

      Although we do not protect Widow as a title or form of address
      in the Society, such protection is not required for a form of
      address to be disallowed as a given name. Precedent states:

           "We do not register forms of address regardless of
           whether they would be presumptuous, such as Lord or
           Mistress, or whether they would not be presumptuous,
           such as Brother or Goodwife. The submitter is welcome
           to use Brother, as in Brother Timothy, as his
           preferred form of address, but this use of Brother is
           not registerable." [Timothy Brother, 11/2002 LoAR,
           A-Artemisia]

      This precedent was recently upheld as recently as 2016.
      [Marshall Romer, 06/2016 LoAR, R-Northshield] Therefore, we
      cannot to register this name as it appeared in the Letter of
      Intent and have restored the name to the originally submitted
      form.

      The submitter's prior name, "Gr{a'}inne Fitz Clifford", is
      released.

      The submitter has permission to conflict with the badge of the
      Barony of Concordia of the Snows: _(Fieldless) A pinecone stem
      to base argent_.

      Since flags as opposed to arms were not used to create
      marshalled armory, this does not violate our standards on
      presumption through marshalling even though we protect the plain
      field _Vert_ as the flag of Libya.

  Lucia de Moranza. Badge. (Fieldless) A sun in its splendor gyronny
  azure and Or.

      Nice badge!

  Sa'd al-Nizari. Name.

  V{i'}{dh}arr V{a'}pnabrj{o'}tr. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      Questions were raised in commentary whether the given name
      _Vi{dh}arr_ is presumptuous because it is the name of a Norse
      deity. Lind has multiple citations for _V{i'}{dh}arr_ used by
      real, ordinary people, including one that appears to be dated to
      1161. Therefore, this given name is not a presumptuous claim to
      have supernatural powers and it can be registered.

  Yvonne of Septentria. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      "Septentria" is the registered name of an SCA branch.

======================================================================

**** EAST acceptances ****

  Alton Hewes. Device. Per pale azure and sable, a cockatrice erect
  argent and a bordure argent mullety of seven points sable.

  Arabella De Mere. Device. Quarterly Or and azure, a natural seahorse
  sable, on a chief argent three hawk bells azure.

      Please advise the submitter to draw the per fess line lower so
      it equally divides the portion of the field that is under the
      chief and to add internal details to the seahorse.

  Arthur le Taverner. Household name House of le Taverner and badge.
  (Fieldless) On a tower Or a compass rose gules.

  Bonnie Shepherd. Name.

  Cassandra Hobbes. Badge. (Fieldless) On a skull gules a key inverted
  argent.

      Please instruct the submitter that the field should not show
      through the skull's eye sockets or the nasal area.

  Catalina de Valencia. Badge. Azure, a sea-bear argent gorged with a
  pearled coronet within six roundels in annulo Or.

      Please advise the submitter to draw the roundels larger.

      The gorging coronet is not a maintained charge and does bring a
      DC when conflict checking. Thus it is not required to have good
      contrast as long as it remains identifiable.

  Catrin o'r Rhyd F{o^}r. Augmentation of arms. Azure, two dolphins
  naiant in pale argent and a ford proper and, as an augmentation,
  surmounting the dolphins an escutcheon azure charged with a rock
  argent and a bordure Or.

  Cyprion Dobbs. Name and device. Argent, a serpent erect vert and a
  mountain sable.

      Submitted as "Cypri_a_n Dobbs", the submitter requested that the
      given name be changed to "Cypri_o_n" if it could be documented.
      During commentary, Skraeling Althing found examples of an
      _a_/_o_ swap in the names _Siprion_ and _Siprian_. Based on this
      information, we are willing to give the submitter the benefit of
      the doubt that his requested spelling is plausible and have
      changed the name accordingly.

  Donald Red Bunting. Name and device. Per bend gules and sable, in
  bend three boars passant argent.

  Donald Red Bunting. Household name House of the Silver Boar.

      This household name does not conflict with the registered
      _Silver Bear Rapier Company_ (June 1991, East). In May 2012, in
      the specific context of non-personal names, we ruled that Bear
      and Boar do not conflict. "Single syllable words in a
      non-personal name with a substantive element that is two words
      long (like White Bear and White Boar) are clear of conflict if
      the vowel sound is completely changed, as is the case here."
      [Calontir, Kingdom of. Heraldic title White Boar Herald,
      A-Calontir]

  Donnchadh Mac Lochlainn. Name and device. Argent, a wolf rampant
  regardant and on a chief embattled sable in sinister a decrescent
  argent.

      Although _mac_ is most commonly rendered in lower case in
      Gaelic, the capitalized _Mac_ appears (very infrequently) in the
      Annals of the Four Masters. Therefore, we have left _Mac_
      capitalized as submitted.

      Nice 15th century Gaelic name!

  Dorigen of Lewes. Badge. (Fieldless) A sheaf of arrows inverted
  sable enfiling a pearled coronet argent.

      The submitter is a court baroness and thus entitled to the use
      of the coronet in her armory.

  East, Kingdom of the. Order name Company of Fellowship.

  East, Kingdom of the. Badge for the East Kingdom's Northern Army.
  Sable, a mullet of four points elongated to base, a bordure
  embattled argent.

      _East Kingdom's Northern Army_ is a generic identifier.

      The submitter has permission to conflict with the device of Anna
      af Aarnimets{a:}, _Sable, a mullet and a base wavy argent_ and
      with the badge of Alexander Hostilius of Caid, _Sable, a mullet
      of four points gules fimbriated within a bordure embattled Or_.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of the mullet
      of four points elongated to base.

  Eloise of Coulter. Badge. (Fieldless) A coulter inverted azure.

      This is the defining instance of a coulter in Society armory. A
      coulter is a vertical cutting blade affixed in front of a
      plowshare. It is a period charge, found in several coats, such
      as the arms of K{o:}hler, 1605 [Siebmacher 169]. The coulter
      appears to have been used with point to chief as default and
      thus will have this default for our purposes.

  Erdene Qadajin. Name and device. Gyronny arrondi of six Or and
  gules, a mountain argent.

      Please advise the submitter to draw the top of the mountain
      lower so it does not obscure the center of the field.

  Eudes de Creully. Name and device. Purpure, a bend sinister ermine,
  overall a falcon hooded Or.

      Please let the submitter know that if a falcon is hooded, you
      cannot see its eyes, but without the hood there would be no tuft
      on the top of its head.

  Eudes de Creully and Eyda von Rothenburg. Joint badge. (Fieldless)
  On a cup Or a hooded falcon's head erased gules.

      Please let the submitter know that if a falcon is hooded, you
      cannot see its eyes, but without the hood there would be no tuft
      on the top of its head.

  Eyda von Rothenburg. Name and device. Per chevron gules and sable, a
  chevron between three goblets, a bordure Or.

  Gr{i'}mr Gamall. Name.

  Isabel MakDonald. Name and device. Per pale Or and azure, a fret and
  a bordure counterchanged.

      Submitted as "Isabel _ingen Domnaill_", after the close of
      commentary the submitter requested a change to "Isabel
      _MakDonald_", an entirely Scots form. As we had sufficient
      documentation for this form and were able to conflict check it
      in a timely fashion, we are happy to make this change.

      Nice 16th century Scots name!

  Johannes von Braunschweig. Device. Gules, in pale two demi-suns Or.

      Nice device!

  Lancelot de la Bataille. Name and device. Per saltire azure and
  argent, a fox passant gules between four mullets counterchanged.

      This name combines a French given name and an English surname,
      an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C.

  Midland Vale, Shire of. Badge. (Fieldless) A shakefork inverted
  argent and overall a stag rampant purpure.

  Rook Handhammer. Name (see RETURNS for device).

  Tysha z Kieva. Badge. (Fieldless) In saltire a needle and an arrow
  argent, overall an ogress.

  Willem of the East. Holding name and device (see RETURNS for name).
  Per pall inverted vert, sable and argent, a thunderbolt bendwise
  sinister Or.

      Submitted under the name "Willem Joseph Batson".

  William Raven Hare. Name and device. Per bend sinister wavy argent
  and sable, a raven contourny and a coney sejant erect
  counterchanged.

======================================================================

**** GLEANN ABHANN acceptances ****

  Caroline Ronneau. Name and device. Or, a fleur-de-lys within eight
  hearts in annulo azure.

      Submitted as "Caroline Ronneau_x_", commenters were unable to
      confirm the documentation for the surname cited in the Letter of
      Intent. However, participants at the Pelican decision meeting
      were able to document the closely related surname "Ronneau_". As
      the submitter allowed all changes, we have changed the surname
      to the documented form.

  Cordeilla Sharpe. Name and device. Azure, a beehive and on a chief
  argent three pears vert.

      Nice late 16th century English name!

  Dirk Sharpe. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      This name combines a Dutch given name with an English surname, a
      lingual mix permitted by Appendix C.

  Fenn Barwyk, Shire of. Branch name and device. Per fess argent and
  vert, three clumps each of three bulrushes proper slipped and leaved
  vert and a laurel wreath argent.

  Isabeau du Dragon. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      Submitted as "Isabeau _de la_ Dragon_ne_", the surname did not
      fit any documented naming pattern. The submitter was offered
      several documented options for a surname, and chose "Isabeau
      _du_ Dragon_", using a 14th century French byname found in
      Aryanhwy merch Catmael's "Bynames in Medieval France"
      (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/french/frenchbynames.pdf).
      We are happy to make this change.

      Nice 14th century French name!

  Jacquette d'Anjou. Device change. Gules, a tulip slipped and leaved
  argent and in chief two sets of three crescents conjoined in pall
  horns to center Or.

      The submitter's old device, "Per fess embattled gules and sable,
      two squirrels sejant erect respectant maintaining acorns and a
      greyhound couchant argent", is retained as a badge.

======================================================================

**** LOCHAC acceptances ****

  Adelindis filia Gotefridi. Badge. (Fieldless) A Greek sphinx statant
  gardant Or.

      This badge does not conflict with the device of Catalina Ximena
      Villanova de Santa Maria: _Sable, a winged lion statant guardant
      haloed Or_. There is a DC for the difference between fielded and
      fieldless designs and another DC for the difference between a
      Greek sphinx and a winged lion. Both are period charges, and we
      have no examples of their being confused in period heraldry.

  Anushka Medvedchikova. Badge. (Fieldless) A domed oven azure vented
  argent.

      Nice badge!

  Anushka Medvedchikova. Badge. (Fieldless) An escarbuncle of six per
  fess sable and argent.

  Ascelin d'Ypres. Device change. Quarterly per fess indented ermine
  and purpure.

      Nice device!

  Auicia le Redde. Badge. Sable, a fess embattled counter-embattled
  Or, in base a phoenix argent rising from flames gules.

  Faulcon Fysher. Name and device. Or, a falcon stooping azure
  maintaining a fish embowed gules, a ford proper.

  Hrefna Haf{th}{o'}rsd{o'}ttir. Name and device. Argent, on a chevron
  gules between two crows respectant and a castle sable a rose argent.

      Nice Icelandic name for the 9th or 10th centuries!

      Please advise the submitter to draw the crows larger so as to
      better fill the available space.

  Hrolf Herjolfssen. Augmentation of arms. Quarterly sable and Or, a
  sun, cardinal points throughout, within an orle of roundels
  counterchanged, and for augmentation, on a canton overall quarterly
  azure and argent a cross gules charged with four mullets of six
  points argent.

  Jayne Boleyn. Name and device. Vert, a bend sinister Or and overall
  a chalice argent.

      The question was raised in commentary whether this name presumes
      upon the historical figure _Jane Boleyn_, Viscountess Rochford
      (c. 1505 - 13 February 1542). Jane Boleyn was the wife of George
      Boleyn, Viscount Rochford, and the sister-in-law of Henry VIII's
      second wife, Anne Boleyn.

      This name is not presumptuous as Jane Boleyn is not significant
      enough to protect. SENA PN4D1 states: "Names of important
      non-SCA individuals are protected from presumption. People who
      are not important enough to have an entry in a standard print
      encyclopedia, such as the _Encyclopedia Britannica_, are
      generally not important enough to protect." Jane Boleyn does not
      have an entry in the _Encyclopedia Britannica_, even in the
      on-line edition. While Jane Boleyn was adjacent to many
      significant people during her life, she herself has no
      significant achievements. Even the current fashion for all
      things related to the Tudors has not made her a household name.
      Commenters agreed, and we conclude, that Jane Boleyn does not
      qualify for protection from presumption. Therefore, this name
      can be registered as submitted.

  Juliana Gladewyn. Name and device. Argent, a natural dolphin
  haurient contourny sable, a bordure invected purpure.

      Nice 13th century English name!

  Madelaine de Bourgogne. Augmentation of arms. Per pale Or and gules,
  a squirrel sejant erect guardant sable maintaining in dexter forepaw
  an empty wooden drop spindle proper, a chief semy-de-lys
  counterchanged, and for augmentation, on a canton quarterly azure
  and argent a cross gules charged with four mullets of six points
  argent.

  Wolfgang Germanicus. Device. Per fess enarched azure and argent, a
  wolf's head ululant erased argent and a nesselblatt sable.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of the ululant
      posture.

======================================================================

**** MERIDIES acceptances ****

  Alan Lothinlarsson fra Jorvik. Device. Per fess argent and gules, a
  serpent in annulo vorant of its tail counterchanged and in chief two
  ravens volant bendwise sable.

  Alfonso de la Torre y Rioja. Name change from Alexandre de la Torre
  y Rioja.

      The submitter's prior name, _Alexandre de la Torre y Rioja_, is
      released.

  Damon Fox. Name and device. Sable, on a billet argent a chili pepper
  gules capped vert.

      Nice 16th century English name!

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a chili
      pepper.

  Eleanor of Grey. Badge. (Fieldless) On a lozenge within and
  conjoined to an annulet sable a cross bottony Or.

  Eleyne Killpatrik. Device. Argent, on a bend sinister azure between
  a thistle and a dragonfly vert four escallops bendwise Or.

  Fiona Campbell. Name and device. Azure, a hyena passant Or marked
  sable and in chief a crescent Or.

      "Fiona" is the submitter's legal given name.

      The hyena is a period heraldic charge and thus does not carry a
      step from period practice.

  Halfdan Logma{dh}r. Name and device. Per saltire sable and argent,
  four roundels counterchanged.

      The submitter requested authenticity for "Old Norse." This is an
      authentic Old Norse name for 9th - 10th century Iceland.

      Nice device!

  Heather ingean Ui Briain. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      Submitted as "Heather _I_ngean Ui Briain", the spelling _ingean_
      is a period variant of the standard form _inghean_. We have
      changed the capitalization to be consistent with period
      practices in order to register this name.

      While standard Early Modern Gaelic grammar requires _Briain_ to
      be lenited, as more and more medieval Gaelic records become
      available to us we find that lenition was highly variable in
      practice. While omitting the lenition of the clan ancestor's
      name in this naming pattern is rare, it did occur in period
      within 300 years of the English given name, and thus the
      unlenited form is registerable.

      Finally, in the Letter of Intent, "Heather" was stated to be the
      submitter's legal given name. However, the only proof provided
      was her SCA membership card, which is not sufficient proof of a
      legal name per the requirements found in the July 2015 Cover
      Letter. Fortunately, the submitter does not need to rely on the
      legal name allowance because _Heather_ can be documented as a
      gray-period English given name.

      This name combines an English given name and a Gaelic byname, an
      acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C.

  Ishizaki Ari'naga. Name.

  John von der Velde. Badge. Per saltire azure and vert, an Arabian
  lamp Or, a bordure embattled argent.

  John von der Velde. Badge. Per saltire azure and vert, in saltire a
  sledgehammer and a spade Or, a bordure embattled argent.

      Please let the submitter know that the heraldic depictions of
      spades found during commentary have a straight perpendicular
      handle.

  John von der Velde. Badge. Per saltire azure and vert, in saltire
  two swords inverted Or, a bordure embattled argent.

  Kevin The Broken. Name and device. Or, a crow contourny sable and a
  gore gules.

      "Kevin" is the submitter's legal given name.

      Submitted as "Kevin _t_he Broken", we have capitalized "_T_he"
      to match the documentation. "_The_ is a German byname pronounced
      roughly like 'Tay.' It is not the English definite article
      _the_." [Gianina The Wanderer. Nov. 2014, A-Outlands]

      There is a step from period practice for use of a gore with
      another charge.

  Maddelena de Ricci. Badge. (Fieldless) On a sun Or a muskito sable.

      This is the defining instance of a _muskito_, or mosquito.
      Although the submitter provided no documentation for the charge,
      Siren was able to demonstrate European knowledge of the creature
      by dating the word muskito to 1572. Its default posture is
      tergiant.

  Quintin FitzGeffrey. Name and device. Per pale and per chevron gules
  and argent, in chief two crosses fleury fitchy counterchanged, a
  bordure gyronny argent and gules.

  Theresia Magyar. Badge. Or, on a roundel sable a lozenge ploy{e'}
  throughout Or.

  Valdimarr inn heppni. Name and device. Quarterly sable and azure, a
  cross nowy argent.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a cross
      nowy.

  William Lewys. Name and device. Sable, a gryphon and a lion
  combattant, on a chief triangular Or a rose gules.

      The submitter requested authenticity for "16th Century Welsh."
      This name meets that request.

  Zahra bint al-Mu'allim. Badge. (Fieldless) On a mullet of eight
  points Or a fox's mask proper.

======================================================================

**** MIDDLE acceptances ****

  {AE}iric {o/}rvender. Augmentation of arms. Argent, a chevron
  between two pairs of stag's attires sable and a heart gules and for
  augmentation on the chevron a crescent pendant argent.

  Aelfric the Kestrell. Device change. Vert, a pheon and on a bordure
  argent an orle gules.

      The submitter's old device, "Vert, a pheon within a bordure
      argent", is retained as a badge.

      Please advise the submitter to draw the orle slightly narrower.

  Alban Dameron Elexander. Device. Argent, a fleur-de-lys azure and in
  base two peacock feathers in pile vert, a bordure azure.

  Alison le Picart. Name and device. Vert, three lotus flowers in
  profile one and two and a chief argent.

      Originally submitted as "_le_Picart", the name was changed at
      Kingdom to "_la_ Picart" on the belief that the byname had to
      agree with the gender of the given name. However, there are
      multiple examples of women using "le Picart" as an inherited
      surname. We have changed the name to "le_Picart", which is
      nearly identical to the submitted form, to match the
      documentation.

  Andreas Renardi. Name and device. Lozengy Or and vert, a fox courant
  proper and on a chief vert three decrescents Or.

      Nice Latinized French name for the mid-13th century!

  Anna O'Doran. Name and device. Argent, a raven rising and a tierce
  sable.

      See the Cover Letter for a discussion of Irish Clan Affiliation
      bynames for women.

      Nice 16th century Anglicized Irish name!

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a tierce
      with another charge.

  Au{dh}in Hrafnsson. Name change from Oweyn Hudson.

      The submitter's prior name, _Oweyn Hudson_, is retained as an
      alternate name.

  C{a'}elfind an Bhoga. Name.

      The submitter may be interested to know that the spelling
      _C{a'}elfind *in* Boga_ is a fully Middle Irish form of the
      name. If she wishes to have the fully Middle Irish form, she may
      submit a request for reconsideration.

  Claire of Cleftlands. Device. Azure, a badger's head cabossed argent
  marked sable and two beehives one and two Or.

  Clive Fletcher. Name.

      Both elements are dated to 1590 in Lincoln, England, making this
      an excellent late 16th century English name!

  Colin le Jandre. Name.

      Excellent mid-15th century French name!

  Einarr Ginnfastsson. Name.

  Flann MacDonald. Name and device. Per pale Or and gules, a chevron
  between three maple leaves counterchanged, a bordure sable.

      This name mixes a Gaelic given name and a Scots byname, an
      acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C.

  Fl{o'}ki rau{dh}skeggr sipill. Name and device. Azure, on a sun
  between in chief an increscent and a decrescent Or a boar rampant
  gules.

      Submitted as "Fl{o'}ki rau{dh}skeggr sipill _Gl{oe}{dh}isson_",
      this form of the name used three bynames -- two descriptive
      bynames (_rau{dh}skeggr_ and _sipill_) and a patronymic
      (_Gl{oe}{dh}isson_). However, we have no evidence of three
      bynames being used in this manner in Old Norse. The submitter
      permitted us to delete the patronymic if necessary for
      registration. We have done so to bring this name in line with
      documented patterns for Old Norse names.

  Gwyon ap Bran. Name.

  Han{sz} Leiland Adelbrecht. Name.

  Hedvika Tane{cv}nice. Name and device. Per chevron vert and argent,
  two unicorn's heads erased respectant argent and an orange tree
  fructed proper.

  Hosokawa Gentarou Masahiro. Device. Vert, a roundel between eight
  roundels in annulo Or.

      This design was documented as an Individually Attested Pattern
      in Japanese heraldry. The submitter provided sufficient evidence
      of the use of a larger roundel between smaller roundels in
      annulo and, during proofreading, Siren provided documentation
      for the use of the tinctures used here.

  Isolde de la Ram{e'}e. Alternate name Merewynn Bocestre.

      Given the attested Old English forms _Meruyn_, _Mereuuin_,
      _Merefynn_ and _M{ae}rwynn_, we find "Merewynn" to be a
      reasonable interpolated spelling.

  Jack Campbell. Name and device. Per fess embattled sable and Or, in
  chief a boar's head couped close Or and in base three lozenges one
  and two gules.

      Nice 16th century English name!

  Johanna Bakensdochter. Name change from Clara de Guevara.

      Excellent early 16th century Flemish name!

      The submitter's prior name, _Clara de Guevara_, is released.

  Kamil ibn Abd al-Malik al-Maghribi al-Sahih. Name and device. Per
  bend gules and Or, two crescents counterchanged.

      Nice device!

  Keely the Tinker. Household name House of the Golden Wheels and
  badge association. (Fieldless) Four wagon wheels conjoined two and
  two Or.

  Konrad Mailander. Badge. (Fieldless) A streitgabelklinge Or.

      This badge does not conflict with the device of Ukraine: _Azure,
      a Ukrainian trident head Or_. There is a DC for the difference
      between fielded and fieldless designs and another DC for the
      difference between a streitgabelklinge and a Ukrainian trident
      head.

      It also does not conflict with the badge of the Shire of
      Amlesmore: _Gules, a spearhead Or_. There is again a DC for the
      difference between fielded and fieldless designs and another DC
      for the difference between a streitgabelklinge and a spearhead.

  Konrad Mailander. Blanket permission to conflict with badge.
  (Fieldless) A streitgabelklinge Or.

      The submitter grants permission to conflict for any armory that
      is not identical to his registered badge.

  Lillie O'Pherran. Name and device. Per pale purpure and vert, a wolf
  sejant and in chief three lilies argent.

      Submitted as "Lillie O'_F_erran", the submitter requested the
      spelling "O'_Ph_erran" if it could be documented. Coblaith
      Muimnech was able to demonstrate instances of _Ph-_ and _F-_
      being used interchangeably in Anglicized Irish. Therefore, we
      have changed the byname to the submitter's requested spelling.

      See the Cover Letter for a discussion of Irish Clan Affiliation
      bynames for women.

  Lucius Archer. Name.

      Nice 16th century English name!

  Marcus Antonius Anicetus. Name and device. Azure, three towers Or,
  above each a mullet of six points argent.

      The submitter requested authenticity for "Roman." This request
      was not summarized on the Letter of Intent. Fortunately, the
      Letter of Intent contained enough information for commenters to
      determine whether the name meets this request. The cognomen
      _Anicetus_ appears in the _Annals of Tacitus_ as the name of a
      freedman and former tutor of Nero who later became commander of
      a fleet in 60 C.E. The praenomen _Marcus_ and the nomen
      _Antonius_ were also commonly found in Rome in the first
      century, making this an authentic Roman name for that era.

  Meadhbh Ramsay. Device. Per fess embattled sable and gules, three
  mullets Or and a domestic cat sejant gardant argent marked sable.

  Niccolo Bartolazzi. Name and badge. Quarterly purpure and vert, a
  thunderbolt between in bend two domestic cats statant Or.

  Petrus the Bear. Name and device. Per pale gules and argent, a horse
  and a bear combattant counterchanged, a point pointed sable.

      The byname is the lingua Anglica form of the Middle English
      byname _le Bere_, dated to 1166.

  Petrus the Bear. Badge. (Fieldless) A bear statant gardant gules
  maintaining over its head a sword fesswise reversed proper.

  Petrus the Bear. Augmentation of arms. Per pale gules and argent, a
  horse and a bear combattant counterchanged, a point pointed sable
  and for augmentation, on the point pointed a closed fetterlock Or.

  Roas Edeline de Winter. Name and device. Argent, a chevron inverted
  azure between a rose and three hearts gules.

      Originally submitted as "Roas Edeline _DeWinter_", the name
      appeared on the Letter of Intent as "Roas Edeline _De Winter_"
      without any explanation of the change. Although it appears that
      this change was made to match the documentation, we again remind
      Kingdom Submissions Heralds that, "[i]f changes are made to the
      name on the form before it is received by kingdom, that should
      be noted either in the summary or in a note to the sovereigns."
      [March 2012 Cover Letter]

      The byname was documented from the FamilySearch Historical
      Records. This source routinely capitalizes prepositions, such as
      _de_, even if they were not capitalized in period. We therefore
      have changed the byname to the typical capitalization "_d_e
      Winter" for registration.

      This name combines two English given names with a Dutch surname,
      an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C.

  R{o'}n{a'}n of Keyth. Name and device. Per bend sinister azure and
  vert, five scarpes dancetty argent.

      This name combines a Gaelic saint's name and a Scots surname, an
      acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C.

  S{a'}erlaith ingen M{a'}el Ciar{a'}in. Name.

      Submitted as "S{a'}erlaith _Ph{e'}cach_ ingen M{a'}el
      Ciar{a'}in", the descriptive byname _Ph{e'}cach_ could not be
      documented within 500 years of the given name, as required by
      SENA. Therefore, that element has been dropped from the name for
      registration.

  Scarlet Wolf. Name and device. Per pale wavy sable and argent, an
  Oriental dragon in annulo vorant of its tail, a bordure engrailed
  counterchanged.

      Nice 16th century English name!

      There is a step from period practice for the use of an Oriental
      dragon.

  Sean Sharke. Name and device. Per pall inverted gules, sable and Or,
  a shark and a bordure indented argent.

      "Sean" is either Gaelic or Anglicized Irish, either of which can
      be combined with an English surname under Appendix C.

  Tarmach ben Yehuda al-Khazari. Device change. Azure, a lion passant
  gardant Or, on a chief argent a quill pen and an arrow in saltire
  vert.

      The submitter's old device, "Azure, two lions combattant
      reguardant maintaining a star of David all between three
      roundels Or", is released.

  Voron Aleksandrovich. Name.

      The submitter requested authenticity for "Russian." This name
      meets the submitter's request because both elements are found in
      late 15th century Russian.

  Walterus Bigod. Name and device. Or, a sea-lion maintaining a sword,
  on a chief gules three hearts argent.

      Excellent English name for the 12th-14th centuries!

  Zilia degli Giudici. Name and device. Vert, an open scroll and on a
  chief embattled Or four hearts vert.

      The submitter requested authenticity for Sicilian
      language/culture. Unfortunately, this name does not meet this
      request because the elements are from different dialects of
      Italian (specifically Venetian and Tuscan). However, the name is
      registerable as submitted.

  Zoe Doukaina. Device change. Argent, on a crequier purpure in base a
  Star of David argent.

      The submitter's old device, "Argent, a Jew's harp purpure", is
      retained as a badge.

======================================================================

**** NORTHSHIELD acceptances ****

  {A'}sd{i'}s K{a'}rsd{o'}ttir. Name and device. Per bend sinister
  sable and argent, an open book counterchanged.

      Nice Old Norse name for 9th - 10th century Iceland!

  Castel Rouge, Barony of. Order name Order of the Purple Crocus and
  badge. (Fieldless) On a tower argent a crocus slipped and leaved
  purpure.

  Ciar{a'}n Oaker Sword. Device. Per bend gules and sable, a tree
  blasted and eradicated and in sinister chief an eihwaz rune argent.

  David du Pont. Device. Per chevron sable and Or, two bridges each of
  three spans and a fox sejant counterchanged.

  Eiremon eccnaidh. Name.

  Lynx Reyn. Name and device. Or, a lynx passant gardant contourny
  sable and a bordure rayonny gules.

      "Lynx" is a gray period English surname, which can be used as a
      given name.

  Magnus Einarsson. Device. Gules, on a pile argent a domestic cat
  sejant gules.

  Margaret Malise de Kyrkyntolaghe. Badge. (Fieldless) A snail
  contourny argent shelled gules vomiting flames proper.

  Sk{i'}{dh}i inn r{i'}ki. Name and device. Or, a mouse of India
  rampant contourny between in fess two spears azure.

      Nice Old Norse name for the 9th-10th century in Iceland!

      As the mongoose, under the name _mouse of India_, appears as a
      heraldic charge in Bossewell's 1572 Workes of Armorie, it is
      registerable without a step from period practice.

  Theodericus filius Eberhelmi. Name and device. Argent, a dunghill
  cock contourny gules atop a point pointed sable scaly Or.

  Ulfarr inn Sterki. Household name Maison Lac de Valle and badge. Per
  fess engrailed vert and azure, in base a sea-serpent ondoyant
  argent, a chief triangular Or.

  Vincent van Doorne. Name.

      Nice 15th century Flemish name!

  Yoshimizu Kitsutarou Kimimichi. Name and device. Sable, a butterfly
  volant fesswise, wings addorsed Or.

======================================================================

**** OUTLANDS acceptances ****

  Buggius dei Medici. Name.

  Catherine Stowe. Device. Vert, a domestic cat couchant between in
  cross four triquetrae argent.

  Cecilia Caterina da Firenze. Device. Per chevron purpure and argent,
  three fleurs-de-lys argent and a domestic cat sejant gardant sable.

      Please advise the submitter to draw the fleurs-de-lys larger.

  Ealusaid inghean Mhaoil Choluim. Badge. (Fieldless) Two hummingbirds
  hovering addorsed and conjoined at the tails, the dexter purpure and
  the sinister azure.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of New World
      hummingbirds.

  Isabella Maria Francesco. Device. Sable, a decrescent between six
  mullets of eight points in annulo argent, a base wavy barry wavy
  argent and purpure.

  Leticia Attewode. Name and device. Purpure, a pawprint and on a
  chief Or a decrescent and an increscent gules.

      Nice 13th century English name!

      There is a step from period practice for use of a pawprint.

  Nahrun Kabirun, Shire of. Badge. Azure, in pale a decrescent and two
  arrows in saltire argent.

  Roana Campbell. Name and device. Per chevron sable and argent, three
  annulets in chevron Or and a maple leaf vert.

======================================================================

**** TRIMARIS acceptances ****

  Alexandra MacDuff. Name.

  Castlemere, Barony of. Badge. (Fieldless) In chevron a tower vert
  charged with a triskele argent, sustained by two panthers combattant
  argent spotted vert incensed gules.

      Please advise the submitter to draw the incensing issuant from
      the ears too.

  Elena of Grimsby. Name and device. Azure, a lion's head cabossed
  between three sunflowers Or.

      The submitter requested authenticity for "English." This is an
      authentic English name for the 14th century.

  Hannah bat Isaac de Toledo. Badge. (Fieldless) A compass rose per
  pale argent and purpure.

  Karl von Stuttgart. Name and device. Or, a horse rampant and on a
  chief sable a lion passant Or.

  Killian Bryce. Badge. Vert, an estoile between flaunches argent.

  Magdalena Kleindienst. Name and device. Or, two pellets and a
  crescent sable.

      The submitter requested authenticity for "German." This is an
      authentic German name for the 15th century.

  Malik ibn Sahl al-Tabib. Name.

      Questions were raised in commentary whether the given name
      _Malik_ is presumptuous because the word means "king" in Arabic.
      By longstanding precedent, the given name "Malik" is not
      presumptuous; in Arabic, the proper form of the title
      _al-Malik_. [Malik 'Abd al-Rahman, 8/1999 LoAR, A-Atenveldt]

  Oddbi{o,}rn Mj{o,}ksiglandi. Name.

      The submitter requested authenticity for an unspecified time
      period, language and/or culture. This is an authentic 9th-10th
      century Icelandic name.

  Persephone Maniglia. Name and device. Argent, a wolf sejant ululant
  and in chief a tree blasted couped between two mullets sable.

      _Maniglia_ is the submitter's legal surname.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of the ululant
      posture.

  Zubayda of Blackthorn. Reblazon of device. Argent, a lotus in
  profile purpure within an annulet embattled on the outer edge gules
  between in chief two falcons respectant azure.

      Registered in April of 1988 as "Argent, a lotus in profile
      purpure within an annulet, embattled on the outside, gules,
      between in chief two falcons close aspectant azure", the falcons
      are better described as respectant and close is their default
      posture.

======================================================================

**** WEST acceptances ****

  Alice Bardeslay. Name and device. Argent, a serpent erect, on a
  chief vert four G-clefs argent.

      Nice 15th century English name!

  Derelei filia Uoret. Device. Azure, on a chevron cotised Or three
  crescents pendant palewise azure.

      Nice device!

  Fergus mac {E'}da. Name and device. Sable, a chevron inverted gules
  fimbriated, in base a mallet argent.

      This name originally was submitted as "Fergus MacKay".
      Unfortunately, this form of the name conflicts with the
      registered _Fergus MacCain_ (Nov. 2002, Outlands). The
      difference between _-Kay_ and _-Cain_ is not substantial, as it
      merely adds a terminal _-n_.

      However, the submitter also asked for authenticity for the 12th
      century. An authentic 12th century Gaelic form of the submitted
      name is "Fergus _mac {E'}da_". With the submitter's permission
      we made that change.

      "Fergus mac {E'}da" does not conflict with _Fergus MacCain_
      under PN3C1 as "mac {E'}da" has three syllables and _MacCain_
      has two. Therefore, the name, as changed is registerable.

      Please advise the submitter to draw the mallet slightly smaller
      so the chevron inverted can move to a more central position on
      the field.

  Hindrek Keuenpoeyck. Name.

      This name combines Estonian (Baltic) and Swedish (Scandinavian),
      an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C.

  Jesse MacKinnon. Name change from Wulfgar Wartooth.

      The submitter requested authenticity for "Scottish 15th-16th
      Century." Unfortunately, this name does not meet this request
      because we have no evidence that the name _Jesse_ was used in
      Scotland during this time. This name could be appropriate for a
      late 16th century or early 17th century Anglo-Scot, however.

      The submitter's prior name, "Wulfgar Wartooth", is retained as
      an alternate name.

  J{o/}rgen Rasmussen. Alternate name John Dawe.

      This name does not conflict with the protected name "John Doe"
      under PN3C3. Not only is vowel sound of _Dawe_ significantly
      different from that in _Doe_, the two elements are also
      substantially different in appearance.

      Nice 16th century English name from Gloucestershire!

  Juliana of Sunsetshire. Device. Per fess gules and vert, a demi-sun
  issuant from the line of division Or and a sea-coney argent.

  Korwyn Marius Velis Ariannaid. Device change. Azure, a phoenix close
  affronty face to sinister Or within an annulet, in chief two pearled
  coronets argent.

      The submitter is a court baron and thus entitled to use coronets
      as charges.

      The depiction of the phoenix in this posture is grandfathered to
      the submitter.

      The pattern "_a primary charge within a secondary charge, with
      another secondary charge group_" is also grandfathered to the
      submitter.

      The submitter's old device, "Azure, a phoenix close
      affront{e'}e, head to sinister, Or within an annulet between in
      fess two greatswords palewise reversed argent", is retained as a
      badge.

  Krysta of Starfall. Badge. Argent, a coronet sable, a bordure
  engrailed azure.

      The submitter is a viscountess and thus entitled to use a
      coronet as a charge.

  Margaret Graham. Device. Quarterly gules and argent, a wyvern erect
  contourny and on a chief sable three mullets argent.

  Perrin Lo{dh}insson. Device. Gules, on a pale between two dragons
  combattant Or a sword sable blade enflamed vert.

      Please advise the submitter to not have the quillions touching
      the sides of the pale.

  Rianorix Alaunana. Name change from holding name Amanda of Southern
  Shores.

      Submitted as "Rianorix _civis_ Alauna_", the submitter requested
      authenticity for "Roman Britain" and also requested the meaning
      "Rianorix, from the town/fort of Alauna." In commentary, Metron
      Ariston advised that "Rianorix Alauna_na_" was the most likely
      authentic form to have this meaning. Metron Ariston advised
      dropping the element _civis_ because the term indicated not only
      residence at a place but also that the person was a Roman
      citizen, "possibly a citizen who derived citizenship from their
      association with that particular city. (Citizenship was bestowed
      by town or city not infrequently in the Republic and that was
      still the case in some areas under the Empire.)." As the
      submitter allowed all changes, we have changed the name to the
      form recommended by Metron Ariston as most probable for a Roman
      British persona.

      If the submitter desires the specific meaning associated with
      _civis_, the documentation supports the following forms of the
      byname: _civis Alaunensis_ or _civis Alaunana_ or _civis
      Alaunae_. If the submitter prefers one of these forms, she may
      make a request for reconsideration.

  Sophie Brandeis. Name.

      The submitter requested authenticity for "Late 13th - early 14th
      century Germany/HRE." Unfortunately, although the name is
      registerable, we were unable to document the surname "Brandeis"
      to the requested time period. The submitter may be interested to
      know that "Sophie Brand_is_" is an authentic late 14th century
      German form. If the submitter prefers this form, she may make a
      request for reconsideration.

  Steffan van Hees. Name and device. Quarterly azure and argent, two
  winged boars passant counterpassant counterchanged.

      Submitted as "Ste_ph_an van _Voor_hees", no reliable
      documentation was found for the byname. In addition, the
      submitter requested authenticity for "14th Century Dutch." We
      were unable to make the name authentic for that time period.
      However, with the submitter's permission, we have changed the
      name to "Ste_ff_an van _Hees_", an authentic form for early 17th
      century Dutch.

  Stephen Corvinus. Device. Argent, a raven rising, on a chief sable
  three crescents argent.

  T{o'}ki bl{a'}-eygr. Name and device. Gules, a chevron inverted
  sable fimbriated argent between three bezants one and two.

      Submitted as "T{o'}ki bl{a'}-_auga_", the submitter requested a
      byname meaning "blue eyes" or "blue-eyed." With the submitter's
      agreement, we have changed the byname to "bl{a'}-_eygr_", which
      correctly renders the requested meaning.

      The submitter requested authenticity for "Old Norse." Both name
      elements are Old Norse, but it is not clear that they are from
      the same time period, so we cannot say with certainty that this
      name is authentic.

======================================================================

                  - Explicit littera accipiendorum -

======================================================================

***** THE FOLLOWING ITEMS HAVE BEEN RETURNED FOR FURTHER WORK: *****

**** {AE}THELMEARC returns ****

  Ayla Winters. Device. Or, a bend wavy sable between two emperor
  penguins proper.

      This device is returned for using emperor penguins. The
      submitter did not show and commenters could not find any
      evidence that emperor penguins were known to human beings prior
      to the beginning of exploration of the Antarctic, which is their
      only habitat.

      Precedent states: _"...the SCA definition of penguins proper is
      sable and argent with no other colors. With the yellow markings
      on the back of the neck, these are Emperor penguins proper, a
      breed not known to period Europeans and not
      registerable._"[Kirsten Maria Matz, dec. 2010, Atenveldt-R]

      The submitted penguins had the same yellow neck markings.

      We hereby rule that the default posture for penguins is close.

======================================================================

**** AN TIR returns ****

  Octamasades Skuthikos. Device. Gules, a lion's head erased within an
  annulet of chain Or.

      This device is returned for redraw. Please instruct the
      submitter on the proper way to draw erasing: either three or
      four prominent, pointed jags on the erasing, as described on the
      Cover Letter to the November 2001 LoAR:

           Therefore, for purposes of recreating period armorial
           style for erasing, the erasing should (1) have between
           three and eight jags; (2) have jags that are
           approximately one-sixth to one-third the total height
           of the charge being erased; and (3) have jags that are
           not straight but rather are wavy or curved.

      As drawn, the "jags" appear to be details of the mane.

      Alternatively, the submitter could decide to resubmit the
      central charge as a lion's head couped.

      The submitter is a knight and thus entitled to the use of a loop
      of closed chain in his armory.

  Rurik Gjafvaldsson. Device. Gules, in pale a wheel and an axe head
  fesswise Or.

      This device is returned for redraw, for violating SENA A2C2
      which states "Elements must be drawn to be identifiable."
      Commenters could not identify the charge in base. Although an
      axe head is a period charge (as can be seen in Siebmacher, 1605,
      plate 123) this depiction does not match the documented period
      depiction. The period axe head is symmetrical and has a hole
      visible where the haft attaches.

======================================================================

**** ANSTEORRA returns ****

None.

======================================================================

**** ARTEMISIA returns ****

None.

======================================================================

**** ATENVELDT returns ****

  Millicent Couture. Name.

      This name was withdrawn by the submitter after the close of
      commentary.

======================================================================

**** ATLANTIA returns ****

None.

======================================================================

**** AVACAL returns ****

  Ragnarr Ottarsson. Device. Gyronny sable and gules, a wolf-headed
  torc inverted and a bordure Or.

      This design was submitted as an Individually Attested Pattern in
      mid-16th century English heraldry. There was sufficient evidence
      of gyronny sable and gules charged fields. However, neither the
      submitter nor the commenters were able to provide evidence of a
      wolf-headed torc, or any torc at all, as an acceptable charge in
      the same heraldic jurisdiction. Since SENA A4A specifically says
      "All elements in an Individually Attested Pattern must be found
      in that single time and place, including charges, arrangement of
      charge groups, and lines of division", we must return this
      device.

  Sigf{u'}ss Hl{i'}{dh}mannagodi. Name.

      SENA PN4B1 states: "Names may not contain an element or group of
      elements that create the appearance of a claim to have a
      specific protected rank or title that the submitter does not
      possess within the Society, even if that name element or
      elements are attested. Those titles which are so protected can
      be found in the List of Alternate Titles. Bynames which are
      identical to titles used in the Society are generally not
      allowed for individuals who do not have that rank."

      This name must be returned because the byname implies a
      territorial claim. The byname _Hl{i'}{dh}mannagodi_ means
      "_go{dh}i_ of the men from Hl{i'}{dh}." The word _go{dh}i_ is
      best translated as "chieftain," not "priest." As of the August
      2016 Cover Letter, _go{dh}i_ is now officially a reserved
      Alternate Title in the Society for "Baron" for Viking Age
      Iceland. Thus, this byname is a claim to be Baron of the men
      from Hl{i'}{dh}. As such, the byname _Hl{i'}{dh}mannagodi_ is a
      presumptuous claim to be the overlord of a particular place or
      group of people and cannot be registered.

      If the submitter holds the permanent rank of "Baron" in the
      Society and provides evidence of that rank, he could register
      the byname _go{dh}i_.

      His device is registered under the holding name "Sigf{u'}ss of
      Montengarde".

======================================================================

**** CAID returns ****

  Hallr brjost Starsson. Badge. (Fieldless) A smoothing board argent.

      This badge is returned for conflict with the badge of Basileios
      Philanthropenos Philomathes: _(Fieldless) A furison argent_.
      There is only one DC for fieldlessness. Documented as a period
      artifact, a smoothing board is not a period heraldic charge and
      thus we must rely on appearance to decide with which charge(s)
      it could conflict. It is visually very similar to a furison and
      thus we cannot grant a difference between a furison and a
      smoothing board.

======================================================================

**** CALONTIR returns ****

  Alfgeirr skytja. Device change. Or, a chimerical monster with the
  head of an owl and the body of a bear rampant gardant purpure.

      This device is returned for conflict with the device of Matilda
      Beresford: _Erminois, a bear rampant purpure_. There is a DC for
      changing the field tincture. However, the difference between the
      creature submitted here and a bear is essentially the details of
      the face and not sufficient to grant a DC and we do not grant a
      DC for the position of the head.

  Caterine le jeune. Device. Azure, a chevron argent between two
  mullets of four points and a sparrow volant bendwise sinister Or.

      This device is returned for conflicts with the device of Triston
      de Grey, _Azure, a chevron argent between three dragon's heads
      couped those in chief addorsed, Or_ and with the device of Jean
      Oste de Murat, _Azure, a chevron argent between two prawns
      haurient respectant and a fleur-de-lys Or_. In both cases there
      is a DC for changing the type of secondary charges. In neither
      case do the orientations count for the second DC. Against
      Triston, since a mullet of four points is bilaterally symmetric,
      we cannot get a DC for making them addorsed; similarly, against
      Jean, we cannot have a DC for making them respectant. As for the
      bird in base, neither a dragon's head nor a fleur-de-lys can be
      volant, so there is no comparable posture to be changed between
      them.

      This device is also returned for violating SENA A3D2c, Unity of
      Posture and Orientation, which states "The charges within a
      charge group should be in either identical postures/orientations
      or an arrangement that includes posture/orientation" The charges
      here are not in a unified arrangement, as the bendwise
      orientation of the bird has to be described independently from
      the default palewise orientation of the mullets.

  Eleanor Deyeson. Badge. Bendy engrailed argent and azure, an
  escallop fesswise Or.

      This badge is returned for conflict. Precedent states:

           Because escallops and whelks were used interchangeably
           in period armory, there is no DC for changing the type
           of seashell. [Chelsey of Gloucester, LoAR of May 2015]

      Therefore this conflicts with the badge of Ian James of
      Silverlake: _(Fieldless) A whelk shell fesswise Or_. There is
      one DC for fielded vs fieldless armory, but nothing for type of
      shell. Both shells are fesswise, thus there is no difference for
      orientation.

  {U'}lfr {TH}orgrimsson. Device. Gyronny arrondi argent and azure, a
  bordure sable.

      This device is returned administratively. There was no mention
      on the Letter of Intent that the device had been redrawn after
      kingdom commentary, nor whether the submitter had approved the
      redraw.

      This device is also returned for conflict with the device of
      T{o'}mas Tryggvason: _Gyronny arrondy of six azure and argent,
      on a bordure sable three plates_. SENA A5G1d explicitly states
      that we do not give a DC for the difference between gyronny of
      six and gyronny of eight; thus the only DC is for the removal of
      the tertiary plates.

======================================================================

**** DRACHENWALD returns ****

  Eira Orre. Device. Azure, a bend gules fimbriated argent, overall a
  sun Or.

      This device is returned for redraw. As depicted the fimbriation
      of the bend is almost inexistent and not distinguishable from an
      outline separating the bend and the field. A redraw was offered
      in commentary. We do not accept redraws after the letter is
      issued. On resubmission, please ensure that the fimbriation is
      wide enough and that the sun is large enough to avoid being
      barely overall.

      There is a step from period practice for having an overall
      charge surmounting a fimbriated ordinary.

  Morikawa Noriko. Device. Sable, on a hurt fimbriated between three
  crescents horns outward, a Macedonian star argent.

      This submission has been withdrawn.

      On redesign, please keep in mind the following precedent:

           This device is returned for not being reliably
           blazonable, which is a violation of SENA A1C which
           requires an emblazon to be describable in heraldic
           terms. The Macedonian sun was documented as an
           artistic motif from ancient Greece through the
           Byzantine empire. Depictions showed mullets of a
           variable number of points, generally fracted with the
           fragments at the same or different distances from a
           central roundel. As such, a Macedonian sun is not
           reliably blazonable and cannot be registered. [Aleah
           de Spencer, October 2015, Artemisia-R]

======================================================================

**** EALDORMERE returns ****

  V{i'}{dh}arr V{a'}pnabrj{o'}tr. Device. Argent, an axe reversed
  blade fracted sable and in chief three spiders gules.

      This device is returned for conflict with the badge of Friedrich
      Ethelred aus Schloss Trier: _Argent, a double-bitted axe
      palewise sable_. There is a DC for adding the secondary charges
      but no DC for the number of heads and no DC for the fracting.

  Yvonne of Septentria. Device. Argent, a shakefork between three
  violets purpure.

      This device is returned for conflict with the device of Angelica
      de la Rosa: _Argent, a pall counter-ermine between three roses
      purpure_. There is a DC for changing the tincture of the central
      charge but no DC for the difference between a pall and a
      shakefork and no DC for the difference between roses and
      violets.

======================================================================

**** EAST returns ****

  Magdelena Caminante. Device. Per bend sinister purpure and vert, a
  bend sinister argent, overall a triangle inverted Or.

      This device is returned for having a "barely overall" charge.
      SENA Appendix I, Charge Group Theory, in defining overall
      charges states "An overall charge must overlie a primary charge
      (...) An overall charge must have a significant portion on the
      field; a design with a charge that has only a little bit
      sticking over the edges of an underlying charge is known as
      "barely overall" and is not registerable." To be really overall,
      the triangle should project past the edges of the bend sinister
      on all three corners. Here, only the upper dexter corner clearly
      lies on the field.

  Magn{u'}s hvalmagi. Device change. Or, a gurges gules and a bordure
  sable semy of sheaves of barley Or.

      This device is returned for redraw, for violating SENA A2C2
      which states "Elements must be drawn to be identifiable."
      Commenters had trouble identifying the strewn charges on the
      bordure. Although that depiction of sheaves of barley is
      grandfathered to the submitter, they were larger and thus more
      identifiable in the previous incarnation of his device.

  Rook Handhammer. Device. Gules, a decrescent moon bendwise sinister
  and a dagger fesswise reversed transfixed argent.

      This device is returned for violating SENA A3D2c, Unity of
      Posture and Orientation, which states "The charges within a
      charge group should be in either identical postures/orientations
      or an arrangement that includes posture/orientation" The charges
      here are not in a unified arrangement, as the orientations of
      the moon and knife have to be described independently. Neither
      charge is in its default orientation.

  Willem Joseph Batson. Name.

      Questions were raised in commentary whether this name presumes
      upon the identity of _William Joseph Batson_, the civilian alter
      ego of the comic book hero Captain Marvel (also known as
      Shazam), originally created by Fawcett Comics and now owned by
      DC Comics.

      The character Captain Marvel/Shazam is significant enough to
      protect. The character is well-known beyond the regular
      comics-reading community, particularly among those who recall
      the 1970s television show based on the character. Not only was
      Captain Marvel/Shazam the first superhero to have a movie made
      about him, he continues to appear in many of the animated DC
      Comics shows still broadcast on television and available for
      download and on video. DC Comics has a _Shazam_ movie in
      development for a 2019 release.

      As a literary character important enough to protect, _Captain
      Marvel_/_Shazam_ is protected under all names under which he is
      known, including his secret identity as _William Joseph Batson_.
      When one Googles "William Joseph Batson," all but one entry on
      the first page of hits is for the _Captain Marvel_/_Shazam_
      character.

      In most dialects, the difference between the "Will_e_m" and
      "Will_iam_" brings the two names clear of conflict under PN3C2,
      as one syllable is added: Will-ee-am vs. Will-em. In other
      dialects, the aural difference is extremely small and the two
      names are functionally identical in sound.

      Even if the names do not conflict, this name is not registerable
      because it is obtrusively modern under PN2E, which states, "No
      name will be registered that either in whole or in part is
      obtrusively modern. Something is said to be obtrusively modern
      when it makes a modern joke or reference that destroys medieval
      ambience and drags the average person mentally back to the
      present day. Obtrusiveness can be either in the written form or
      when spoken. A period name that has a modern referent will not
      generally be considered obtrusively modern. Only extreme
      examples will be returned." Commenters and attendees at the
      Pelican decision meeting immediately identified the submitted
      name with Captain Marvel's secret identity, despite the
      difference between William and Willem. This name is comparable
      to _Bubba le Fette_, which we returned on the July 2016 LoAR for
      obtrusive modernity despite the fact that it did not conflict
      with _Boba Fett_ because commenters uniformly found that the
      name destroyed the medieval ambience. [Wulfgang Gruenwald.
      Alternate name Bubba le Fette, R-East] As this name is also
      obtrusively modern, it must be returned.

      His device is registered under the holding name "Willem of the
      East".

======================================================================

**** GLEANN ABHANN returns ****

  Dirk Sharpe. Device. Per fess Or and argent, three square anvils and
  a bull's head cabossed sable.

      This device is returned for violating SENA A2C1 which states
      that "Elements must be drawn in their period forms" The last
      square anvil we registered was in 2004. As it has been more than
      ten years, new documentation is necessary. Neither the submitter
      nor the commenters provided this documentation.

      Moreover, this depiction suffers identifiability issues as
      commenters had trouble identifying the charges in chief,
      confusing them for goblets.

  Isabeau du Dragon. Device. Sable, a dragon displayed between in fess
  two fleurs-de-lys argent.

      This device is returned for redraw. In the return of Magdalene
      de Saint Benoit-sur-Loire, it was stated:

           This device is returned for a redraw. At first glance
           this appears to be wyvern, not a dragon, as both
           forelegs and half the head are invisible due to their
           placement against the rest of the dragon. While no
           difference is granted between a wyvern and a dragon,
           they are still separate charges. On resubmission
           please advise the submitter that the head should not
           overlap the wing, nor should the forelegs lie entirely
           on the dragon's body. [LoAR of December 2005]

      This precedent has been confirmed several times since. This
      submission has the same problem: the forelimbs are invisible due
      to their placement entirely against the wings and the left hind
      leg overlaps the lower abdomen and tail.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a dragon in
      the displayed posture.

======================================================================

**** LOCHAC returns ****

  Auicia le Redde. Device. Gyronny of six gules and argent, a virga
  neume azure.

      This device is returned for conflict with the badge of the
      Kingdom of Trimaris: _(Fieldless) A banner azure_. There is one
      DC for the difference between fielded vs fieldless armory.
      However, since we have no evidence of the virga neume, a musical
      note, used as charge, we must rely on visible differences for
      conflict checking and there is none between a virga neume and a
      banner.

  Saint Basil the Great, College of. Device. Per chevron throughout
  argent and sable, two towers sable and an open book within a laurel
  wreath argent.

      This device is returned for violating SENA A3D2a, for having
      "slot machine" armory, i.e. more than two types of charge in the
      same group. Per precedent:

           This device is returned for violating the ban on
           so-called "slot-machine heraldry", SENA A3D2a, for
           having more than two types of charges in the same
           group. The drinking horn, the tower and the laurel
           wreath are all primary charges in the same group.
           Required charges, like laurel wreaths, are not exempt
           from the requirements of A3D2a [Northgeatham, Canton
           of., 09/2014 Ealdormere-R]

      Here we are in a similar situation with the towers, the laurel
      wreath and the book being in the same group.

  William Castille. Badge. (Fieldless) A griffin segreant Or, charged
  on the shoulder with an ermine spot sable.

      This device is returned for redraw, for violating SENA A2C2
      which states "Elements must be drawn to be identifiable."
      Because it is lost in the wing's details, commenters had trouble
      noticing the presence of the ermine spot. Making it larger
      should resolve this problem.

      If the ermine spot is not visible, and so not contributing to
      difference, this badge conflicts with the device of Philip de
      Ravenshagh, _Per chevron embattled pean and gules, in base a
      griffin segreant Or_, with only one DC for the difference
      between fielded and fieldless design.

======================================================================

**** MERIDIES returns ****

  Deirdre Dowdall. Device change. Lozengy gules semy of bears dormant
  argent and argent.

      This device is returned for redraw, for violating SENA A2C2
      which states "Elements must be drawn to be identifiable."
      Because of both their small size and a posture that obscures
      identifying features, commenters could not identify the bears.

  Heather ingean Ui Briain. Device. Per bend ermine and azure, three
  natural dolphins naiant proper.

      This device is returned for conflict with the device of Stefan
      von Baden: _Vert, three dolphins naiant argent_. There is one DC
      for the changes to the field, but there is no DC for the change
      in arrangement, as the position of the dolphin in this device is
      forced (grey being effectively argent cannot be on an ermine
      field). There is also no DC for the difference between natural
      dolphin vs heraldic dolphin.

      On redesign, please advise the submitter to use a lighter shade
      of grey. Proper creatures must still have acceptable contrast
      with the field. The grey used in this submission bordered on too
      dark to beused on azure.

======================================================================

**** MIDDLE returns ****

  Aturdokht of Dark River. Badge. (Fieldless) A yale rampant vert,
  spotted and armed argent, breathing fire proper.

      This badge is returned for conflict with the device of
      Styrk{a'}rr Bjarnarson: _Or, a yale rampant guardant vert
      bezanty armed gules_. There is one DC for the difference between
      fielded and fieldless design but no other DC. There is no DC for
      the orientation of the creature's head, no DC for the addition
      of the flames and no DC for changing the tincture of the spots,
      which are not tertiary charges.

  Saraswati-man.ikkam. Augmentation of arms. Azure, a lotus blossom in
  profile Or and a bordure quarterly Or and argent, and for
  augmentation, on the blossom a lozenge ploy{e'} azure charged with a
  quill pen argent enflamed proper.

      This augmentation is returned for redraw, for violating SENA
      A2C2 which states "Elements must be drawn to be identifiable."
      Commenters were unable to identify the charge on the lozenge,
      likely because of its very small size and complex outline.

  Zophia Pyotrowska. Device. Gules, the letter W and a bordure argent.

      This device is returned for conflict with the device of Curwinus
      Trevirensis: _Azure, a Norse sun cross within a bordure argent_.
      There is a DC for changing the field but letters and Norse sun
      crosses are both considered symbols so there is no DC between
      them.

======================================================================

**** NORTHSHIELD returns ****

  Nuala inghen Ui Dhiolmhain. Name change from Nuala inghen Aodha
  Dhiolmhain.

      This name is not properly formed. In Gaelic, the particle
      _inghean U{i'}_ must be followed by the genitive (possessive)
      form of a given name -- specifically, the given name of the clan
      ancestor after whom the clan is named. _Dhiolmhain_ is not a
      given name, however. It is the lenited form of an unmarked
      Gaelic surname (likely the Gaelicized form of an Anglo-Norman
      surname). Because _Dhiolmhain_ is not a given name, the byname
      as submitted is not registerable.

      We would have changed the name to "Nuala_Dhiohlmhain" for
      registration, but the submitter requested that we return this
      submission instead. We have done so.

======================================================================

**** OUTLANDS returns ****

None.

======================================================================

**** TRIMARIS returns ****

  Gunn{o'}lfr j{a'}rnhauss. Device. Per chevron inverted azure and
  sable, a chevron inverted between a sword inverted and a winged
  death's head argent.

      This submission has been withdrawn.

      Before it was withdrawn, some commenters wondered if the winged
      death's head should be considered offensive. Because of the
      withdrawal, we are declining to rule on this at this point.

======================================================================

**** WEST returns ****

  Hannah Story Teller. Badge. Per pall inverted gules, Or and vert, a
  bull passant argent pied sable.

      This badge is returned for conflict with the badge of Weltschin
      von Wertheim: _(Fieldless) A buffalo courant argent_. There is a
      DC for the difference between fielded and fieldless design but
      no DC for changing the type of bovine, nor for the difference
      between passant and courant and no difference for tincture, as
      Hannah's bull is considered argent.

      It does not conflict with the badge of Willow de Wisp,
      reblazoned elsewhere on this letter as _Vert, a bull passant
      gules pied argent_. There is a DC for changing the tincture of
      the bovine and another DC for changing the tincture of the
      field.

======================================================================

                 - Explicit littera renuntiationum -

======================================================================

***** THE FOLLOWING ITEMS HAVE BEEN PENDED UNTIL THE June 2017 LAUREL
MEETING (OR AS NOTED): *****

**** AN TIR pends ****

  Malice de Edynburgh. Device. Per bend sinister bevilled sable and
  gules, a horse rampant contourny and a sword bendwise sinister
  argent.

      This appeal concerns the application of the Unity of Posture and
      Unity of Orientation rules found in A3D2c of SENA. Precedent is
      clear that Unity of Posture and Unity of Orientation are two
      separate and distinct requirements, both of which must be met
      for a piece of armory to be registerable. The January 2016 Cover
      Letter states: "Some ambiguity exists in the interpretation of
      SENA A3D2c due to the fact that it mentions Unity of Posture and
      Orientation together. Posture and orientation are different and
      independent parameters and we have returned inanimate, as well
      as animate, charges in cases where the orientation was the
      differing criteria."

      We agree with the original ruling that the armory as submitted
      does not meet the Unity of Orientation requirement because one
      charge is bendwise sinister and one charge is not. Thus, this
      armory cannot be registered without period evidence in support
      of the design.

      In support of this appeal, the submitter provided an example of
      period armory from the _Insignia Anglica - BSB Cod.icon. 291_
      with animal charges (lions) and a sword in what appear to be
      different orientations: _Bendy azure and argent, a sword
      fesswise between two lions counterpassant passant_. The same
      page of the armorial also contained an example of _Azure, a lion
      passant between three sinister gauntlets couped apaumy argent, a
      bordure engrailed Or_, an example that also may support the
      present appeal.

      There was little or no discussion in commentary of whether these
      examples support the differing orientations seen in the
      submitter's armory. Therefore, we are pending this appeal for
      further discussion of this particular issue. Any period examples
      of armory showing charges in orientations comparable to the
      submitter's would be greatly appreciated.

      This was item 21 on the An Tir letter of September 30, 2016.

======================================================================

**** ARTEMISIA pends ****

  Loch Salann, Barony of. Order name Fellowship of the Aviary of Saint
  Francis.

      This order name was submitted on the theory that an aviary was
      an object of veneration that could be combined with the name of
      a saint to create an order name, based on the patterns set out
      in _Medieval Secular Order Names_ by Juliana de Luna
      (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/order/new/). No evidence was
      provided (and none was found in commentary) showing that an
      aviary was a venerated object or location. Without such
      evidence, the name does not fit any documented pattern.

      Although _Medieval Secular Order Names_ identifies a pattern of
      incorporating building names into order names, including
      _Societas capelle sancti Georgii Templois_ (Society of the
      Chapel of Saint George of the Grail-Templars),
      _Ritterbruder[schaft] des Conventes unseres lieben Frau
      Ingensande_ (Knightly Brotherhood of the Convent of Our Lady at
      the Sand), all of the examples of this pattern refer to
      religious buildings. Thus, something like the _Order of the
      Chapel of Saint Francis_ or the _Order of the Abbey of Saint
      Francis_ would be registerable, but this pattern does support
      the use of an entirely secular building, such as an aviary.

      During the Pelican decision meeting, commenters noted that
      buildings were used as heraldic charges. One of the buildings
      used in heraldry was a dovecote, a building for housing pigeons
      or doves. For example, the arms of Shapcott are described in
      various records of the Visitations of 1620 as _Sable, a chevron
      Or between three dovecotes argent_.

      Based on this evidence, we are pending this order name for
      further discussion on the following issues: (1) Is there any
      evidence of an aviary or other building associated with birds
      (beyond the example of a dovecote) used as a heraldic charge?
      (2) Does the use of a dovecote as a heraldic charge warrant
      giving the submitter the benefit of the doubt that an aviary is
      a plausible heraldic charge?

      This was item 1 on the Artemisia letter of September 27, 2016.

======================================================================

**** AVACAL pends ****

  Avacal, Kingdom of. Order name Award of Griffins Grace.

      This name does not fit any documented pattern for naming orders.
      No evidence was presented to support the pattern of [saint's
      name] + [virtue]. All of the examples from "Medieval Secular
      Order Names" by Juliana de Luna
      (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/order/new) combine saint's names
      with physical objects that could be heraldic charges, rather
      than abstract virtues.

      Likewise, this order name is not registerable on the theory that
      it uses the full name of a saint. The July 2016 Cover Letter
      states: "We will not register orders named after the full names
      of saints when the surnames are inherited forms, unless
      documentation is found to show that this pattern follows period
      practice."

      However, neither the Letter of Intent nor commentary discussed
      whether this name follows a pattern grandfathered to the Kingdom
      of Avacal based on the June 2016 registration of _Award of
      Griffins Agate_. We are pending this item for further commentary
      on this specific issue.

      This was item 1 on the Avacal letter of September 30, 2016.

======================================================================

**** LOCHAC pends ****

  Anushka Medvedchikova. Badge. (Fieldless) Issuant from an open well
  purpure semy of roundels argent, a man's bust proper crined and
  vested sable.

      Commentary brought up the resemblance of this badge with the
      character Davros. We are pending this badge for further
      discussion of whether this reaches the level of obtrusive
      modernity.

      This was item 4 on the Lochac letter of September 30, 2016.

======================================================================

**** MIDDLE pends ****

  Katarzina Celjska. Name.

      This name combines a Polish given name with a Slovenian byname.
      Polish is considered part of the "North Slavic" language group
      under SENA. Slovenian, however, is considered part of the "South
      Slavic" language group. Appendix C currently does not permit the
      combination of North Slavic and South Slavic.

      This name is pended for discussion of whether combinations of
      North Slavic and South Slavic name elements should be permitted
      and, if so, under what circumstances.

      This was item 16 on the Middle letter of September 30, 2016.

======================================================================

                             - Explicit -

======================================================================

Created at 2017-03-11T08:49:45
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                                               Society for Creative Anachronism
                                                                College of Arms

                                                       253 Tranquility Mtn
                                                            Buda, TX 78610
                                                           +1 512 942 7005
                                                   laurel at heraldry.sca.org
                         For the December 2016 meetings, printed March 11, 2017

To all the College of Arms and all others who may read this missive, from
Andrewe Laurel, Alys Pelican, and Brunissende Wreath, greetings.

Items listed below in square brackets have not been scheduled yet. For
information about future scheduling, please review the status table located on
the Web at http://oscar.sca.org/index.php?action=137.

The December Laurel decisions were made at the Pelican meeting held on Sunday,
December 11, 2016 and the Wreath meeting held on Sunday, December 18, 2016.
These meetings considered the following letters of intent: Lochac (05 Sep,
2016), Laurel LoPaD (07 Sep, 2016), Drachenwald (10 Sep, 2016), Gleann Abhann
(12 Sep, 2016), Drachenwald (15 Sep, 2016), West (19 Sep, 2016), Atenveldt (20
Sep, 2016), {AE}thelmearc (21 Sep, 2016), Caid (25 Sep, 2016), Laurel LoPaD (25
Sep, 2016), Ealdormere (26 Sep, 2016), Artemisia (27 Sep, 2016), An Tir (30
Sep, 2016), Atlantia (30 Sep, 2016), Avacal (30 Sep, 2016), Calontir (30 Sep,
2016), Drachenwald (30 Sep, 2016), East (30 Sep, 2016), Lochac (30 Sep, 2016),
Meridies (30 Sep, 2016), Middle (30 Sep, 2016), Middle (30 Sep, 2016),
Northshield (30 Sep, 2016), Outlands (30 Sep, 2016), and Trimaris (30 Sep,
2016). * All commentary, responses, and rebuttals should have been entered into
OSCAR by Wednesday, November 30, 2016.*

The January Laurel decisions were made at the Pelican meeting held on Sunday,
January 15, 2017 and the Wreath meeting held on Sunday, January 22, 2017. These
meetings considered the following letters of intent: Gleann Abhann (04 Oct,
2016), Ansteorra (13 Oct, 2016), Ansteorra (14 Oct, 2016), Palimpsest Rules
Letter (16 Oct, 2016), Ansteorra (19 Oct, 2016), Atenveldt (25 Oct, 2016),
Artemisia (26 Oct, 2016), Ealdormere (26 Oct, 2016), Laurel LoPaD (28 Oct,
2016), Lochac (28 Oct, 2016), Outlands (28 Oct, 2016), Middle (29 Oct, 2016),
An Tir (31 Oct, 2016), Atlantia (31 Oct, 2016), Avacal (31 Oct, 2016), Caid (31
Oct, 2016), Calontir (31 Oct, 2016), Drachenwald (31 Oct, 2016), East (31 Oct,
2016), Meridies (31 Oct, 2016), and Northshield (31 Oct, 2016). * All
commentary, responses, and rebuttals should have been entered into OSCAR by
Saturday, December 31, 2016.*

The February Laurel decisions were made at the Pelican meeting held on Sunday,
February 19, 2017 and the Wreath meetings held on Saturday, February 18, 2017
and Sunday, February 26, 2017. These meetings considered the following letters
of intent: West (16 Nov, 2016), Ansteorra (25 Nov, 2016), Ealdormere (27 Nov,
2016), Laurel LoPaD (27 Nov, 2016), Atlantia (29 Nov, 2016), Middle (29 Nov,
2016), Outlands (29 Nov, 2016), {AE}thelmearc (30 Nov, 2016), An Tir (30 Nov,
2016), Avacal (30 Nov, 2016), Caid (30 Nov, 2016), Calontir (30 Nov, 2016),
Drachenwald (30 Nov, 2016), East (30 Nov, 2016), Lochac (30 Nov, 2016),
Meridies (30 Nov, 2016), Middle (30 Nov, 2016), Northshield (30 Nov, 2016), and
Trimaris (30 Nov, 2016). * All commentary, responses, and rebuttals should have
been entered into OSCAR by Tuesday, January 31, 2017.*

The March Laurel decisions will be made at the Pelican meeting held on Sunday,
March 12, 2017 and the Wreath meeting held on Sunday, March 19, 2017. These
meetings will consider the following letters of intent: Atenveldt (30 Nov,
2016) (pushed due to late packet upload), Gleann Abhann (01 Dec, 2016),
{AE}thelmearc (05 Dec, 2016), Palimpsest Rules Letter (11 Dec, 2016),
{AE}thelmearc (18 Dec, 2016), Atenveldt (25 Dec, 2016), Artemisia (26 Dec,
2016), Ealdormere (26 Dec, 2016), Atlantia (27 Dec, 2016), Northshield (27 Dec,
2016), Northshield (28 Dec, 2016), Outlands (28 Dec, 2016), Atlantia (30 Dec,
2016), An Tir (31 Dec, 2016), Avacal (31 Dec, 2016), Caid (31 Dec, 2016),
Drachenwald (31 Dec, 2016), East (31 Dec, 2016), Lochac (31 Dec, 2016), and
Meridies (31 Dec, 2016). * All commentary, responses, and rebuttals should have
been entered into OSCAR by Tuesday, February 28, 2017.*

_Not all letters of intent may be considered when they are originally scheduled
on this cover letter. The date of posting of the LoI, date of receipt of the
Laurel packet, or other factors may delay consideration of certain letters of
intent. Additionally, some letters of intent received may not have been
scheduled because the administrative requirements (receipt of the forms packet,
receipt of the necessary fees, et cetera) have not yet been met._

REMINDER: Until all administrative requirements are met, the letter may not be
scheduled.

**** From Laurel: Job Opening - Laurel Sovereign of Arms ****

The Laurel Principal Sovereign of Arms (Laurel) is the principal heraldic
officer of the Society and the head of the College of Arms. Laurel is
responsible for fostering the study and practice of heraldry, supervising the
processing of submissions, and overseeing the heraldic activities of the Known
World.

Laurel is an unpaid position, currently requiring approximately 20 hours a
week. The position requires considerable tact and patience, armory and
onomastic knowledge, supervisory ability, the ability to work within tight
deadlines and coordinate closely with Wreath, Pelican, and other staff to
produce a Laurel Letter of Acceptance and Return monthly, computer literacy and
word processing skills, reliable e-mail and telephone access, and time and
ability to travel.

Resumes must be sent in both hard copy to Laurel Resume, SCA Inc., Box 360789,
Milpitas CA 95036 and electronically to bids at heraldry.sca.org. Resumes must be
received by May 15, 2017. The present Laurel's warrant expires in September
2017. Once the application period closes, the names of the candidates will be
posted in a cover letter for the review of the College.

**** From Pelican: Capital cities and presumption ****

This this month we considered whether the name of the capital of a province or
similar political sub-division of a larger country should automatically be
protected from presumption. SENA NPN4D1 states:

     Names of important non-SCA entities are protected from presumption.
     Entities that we protect include places (countries, regions, and
     cities), chivalric orders and heraldic titles, and the names of
     organizations (colleges, businesses, and other such entities).

     Places and organizations that are not important enough to have an
     entry in a standard print encyclopedia, such as the Encyclopedia
     Britannica, are not important enough to protect. Entities that do
     have an entry must be further considered to determine if they merit
     protection. In general, entities recognized (without having to look
     in a reference) by a significant number of people in the Society as
     the name of a single unique place or entity are likely to be
     important enough to protect. Historical places or entities that are
     still influential today or significantly shaped the course of world
     history, science, or the arts are generally important enough to
     protect.

Precedent decided under the old Rules for Submissions stated:

     The household name is returned for conflict with the real-world place
     _San Sebasti{a'}n_, capital city of the province of Guipuscoa in the
     Basque Country, Spain. The Administrative Handbook III.A.5 notes that
     "a geographical location will be considered significant if it is
     associated with important administrative, social, political or
     military events (e.g., a capital city, the site of a major treaty or
     battle, etc.)." As a capital city, it is important enough to protect
     from conflict. [Eadric Anstapa. Household name Company of Saint
     Sebastian, May 2009, R-Ansteorra]

After carefully considering commentary, we are overturning the above ruling.

Automatically barring registration of names of capitals of entities that are
less than independent sovereign nations, such as U.S. states or Canadian
provinces, unnecessarily forecloses a large number of period names and is
inconsistent with our treatment of other presumption issues under SENA. For
example, PN4D1 states:

     Sovereign rulers of significant states are generally important enough
     to protect. Some historical city-states are not considered
     significant states. Provinces or regions integrated into larger units
     like the Holy Roman Empire are not generally considered significant
     states. Sovereigns of small states that did not give rise directly to
     modern countries will not be protected under this clause, nor will
     legendary kings of any state (though these kings may be individually
     important enough to protect).

Similarly, on the July 2011 Cover Letter, we limited the protection of
historical sovereigns to only those rulers of nations "that give rise to
currently existing countries (including entities like England, Castile, and
Aragon) and of nations that play an important role in medieval history but did
not survive (Burgundy, Scotland, the Holy Roman Empire, and the like).
Sovereigns of small period states that did not give rise directly to modern
countries (Deheubarth, Asturias, Valencia, Connacht, Urbino) will be protected
only if the individual's fame rises to the point that they personally are
important enough to protect."

Going forward, the only capital cities that will be automatically protected
from presumption are the capitals of modern independent sovereign entities and
historically significant states. All other cities will be assessed on a
case-by-case basis for significance. Thus, the capital of a U.S. state (such as
New Jersey) or a Canadian province (such as Alberta) will not automatically be
protected. Likewise, Dinefwr, the capital city of the kingdom of Deheubarth (a
kingdom within Wales that ceased to be independent by that late 12th century),
is not automatically important enough to protect. While the fact that a city
such as Trenton or Edmonton is a capital should be taken into account when
considering the significance of the place, a city that has little historical
significance apart from being the capital of a political subdivision will not
be protected from presumption.

**** From Pelican: Irish "Clan Affiliation" bynames for women ****

Many questions have been raised about when and how women can use Irish Clan
Affiliation bynames using _O_, such as _O'Connor_ or _O Brien_. Such names can
be used by women, but only in Anglicized Irish. As explained in the October
2010 Cover Letter, Anglicized Irish is not the same language as Gaelic:

     Anglicized Irish is defined by Mari ingen Briain meic Donnchada (in
     "Names Found in Anglicized Irish Documents") as "Irish Gaelic words
     rendered in a phonetic or pseudo-phonetic form in historical
     documents written by an English speaker." In other words, they're the
     names of Gaelic speakers written down by English speakers using the
     rules for English writing (we often refer to this as "orthography"
     which is a fancy term for the rules a language follows in writing
     down sounds).

"Names Found in Anglicized Irish Documents" by Mari ingen Briain meic Donnchada
(http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnglicizedIrish/) shows multiple examples of
women using Clan Affiliaton bynames, including _Katherine O'Shiridan_,
_Margarete O'Connor_, and _Dorothy O Toole_. Such names are found both with and
without apostrophes after the _O_.

In Gaelic, Clan Affiliation bynames for women are formed using the markers
_ingen U{i'}_ (pre-1200) or _inghean U{i'}_ (post-1200) before the gentive form
of the clan ancestor's name. For a more detailed explanation, see Sharon
Krossa, "Quick and Easy Gaelic Names,"
http://www.medievalscotland.org/scotnames/quickgaelicbynames/). Gaelic women
did not use _O_ or _{O'}_ to mark Clan Affiliation bynames; that construction
was used only by men.

**** Society Pages ****

At Caerthe Twelfth Night on January 7, 2017, Their Majesties Outlands offered
Jibra'il `Attar admittance to the Order of the Laurel. His elevation ceremony
is planned for the Outlands' Spring Coronation in May.

At An Tir Twelfth Night on January 14, 2017, Richenda du Jardin, former Black
Lion Principal Herald, was made a Herald Extraordinary.

Also at An Tir Twelfth Night, Rhieinwylydd verch Einion Llanaelhaearn, Lions
Blood Herald, became a member of the Order of the Pelican.

On January 21, 2017, their Majesties Meridies served a writ on Wu Yun, Ragged
Staff Herald, commanding her to appear at Meridies Coronation on April 1, 2017,
to answer whether she would accept induction into the Order of the Pelican.

Please send information about happenings to major heralds and major happenings
to all heralds to Laurel, so that it can be published here.

**** Send What to Whom ****

Letters of Intent, Comment, Response, Correction, et cetera are to be posted to
the OSCAR online system. No paper copies need be sent. All submission forms
plus documentation, including petitions, must be posted to the OSCAR online
system. While black-and-white emblazons must be included in the Letter of
Intent, only colored armory forms need to be posted in the forms area.

Cheques or money orders for submissions, payable to "SCA Inc.-College of Arms"
are to be sent to Stephanie Ray-Solum, Blue Bug Bookkeeping, 2144 Westlake Ave.
North Suite F, Seattle, WA 98109.

Send roster changes and corrections to Laurel. College of Arms members may also
request a copy of the current roster from Laurel.

For a paper copy of a LoAR, please contact Laurel, at the address above. The
cost for one LoAR is $3. Please make all checks or money orders payable to "SCA
Inc.-College of Arms". The electronic copy of the LoAR is available free of
charge. To subscribe to the mailings of the electronic copy, please see the
bottom of http://heraldry.sca.org/heraldry/lists.html#lists for more
instructions.

For all administrative matters, please contact Laurel.

Pray know that I remain,

In service,

Andrewe Bawldwyn
Laurel Principal King of Arms

===============================================================================

Created at 2017-03-11T08:49:44
-------------- next part --------------
****** Errata ******

***** March 2012 *****

**** East ****

  S{e'}ig{i'}ne Ruadh Friseal. Name and device. Quarterly argent and
  purpure, in bend two harps gules.

      In March 2012, this name and device were listed in an erratum
      under the kingdom of Ealdormere, not East.

***** March 2015 *****

**** Meridies ****

  G{u:}nther Wolfferum. Device. Quarterly sable and argent, in bend
  sinister two axe heads bendwise gules.

      Registered in March of 2015 as "Quarterly sable and argent, in
      bend two axe heads bendwise gules", the axe heads were
      mistakenly blazoned as "in bend" while they are "in bend
      sinister".

***** September 2015 *****

**** Atlantia ****

  Lochmere, Barony of. Badge association for Order of the Silver
  Tortoise. (Fieldless) A natural sea-tortoise bendwise argent.

      When we registered this badge in September of 2015 for Lochmere,
      the association with the Order of the Silver Tortoise was
      omitted. We are correcting this omission and associating this
      badge as requested.

***** March 2016 *****

**** Artemisia ****

  Artemisia, Kingdom of. Order name Order of the Golden Gryphon's
  Talon.

      On the LoAR, the decision text was clear that this order name
      was returned. Unfortunately, the name was placed in the
      _Acceptances_ part of the letter, instead of the _Returns_. We
      are clarifying that this order name is returned.

**** Northshield ****

  Inaba Sachiko. Device. Sable, in fess within an octagon voided a
  rabbit salient regardant contourny between two cattails argent.

      On the LoAR, the decision text was clear that this device appeal
      was returned. Unfortunately, the appeal was placed in the
      _Acceptances_ part of the letter, instead of the _Returns_. We
      are clarifying that this device is returned.

***** September 2016 *****

**** East ****

  Violet Hughes. Device change. Purpure, a punner argent.

      When we registered her device change in September of 2016 we
      forgot to mention that her former device, "Purpure, a pawprint
      within a mascle, a bordure argent", was to be retained as a
      badge.

======================================================================

Created at 2017-03-11T08:49:45


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