[LoAR-txt] November 2016 LoAR in Da'ud format

Postmeeting Clerk via LoAR-TXT loar-txt at lists.sca.org
Wed Jan 25 21:07:19 CST 2017


Please find attached the files for the 2016-11 LoAR in Da'ud plaintext
format.


-- 
Emma de Fetherstan, acting as Postmeeting Clerk
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***** THE FOLLOWING ITEMS HAVE BEEN REGISTERED: *****

**** AN TIR acceptances ****

  Ari Hrafnason. Name.

      Nice East Old Norse name!

  Clare Lowemanns. Name.

      Although the spelling "Lowemann" was not documented in the
      Letter of Intent, at the Pelican decision meeting, {AE}lfwynn
      Leofl{ae}de dohtor found it dated to 1320 in Brechenmacher s.n.
      Lowemann.

  Clare Lowemanns. Household name Company of the Anvil and Rose.

      Submitted as "Anvil and Rose _Company_", no documentation was
      provided (and none was found in commentary) for the pattern _X
      and Y Company_. However, we do have evidence of the pattern
      _Society of X and Y_ from 15th century Germany, such as the
      _Society of the Falcon and Fish_, the _honorable Society of the
      Scenthounds and Wreaths_ and the _Society of the Unicorn and the
      Maiden_. As the submitter permitted all changes, we have changed
      this household name to "_Company of_ the Anvil and Rose" to
      follow this documented pattern.

  Dietrich Lowemann. Name and device. Quarterly azure and sable, a
  cross fleury between in bend two roses argent.

      Although the spelling "Lowemann" was not documented in the
      Letter of Intent, at the Pelican decision meeting, {AE}lfwynn
      Leofl{ae}de dohtor found it dated to 1320 in Brechenmacher s.n.
      Lowemann. Also at the decision meeting, Elen Cornelian found the
      given name dated to 1318, making this a nice early 14th century
      German name!

      Please advise the submitter to draw the roses slightly larger.

  Elene de Vere. Name and device. Per pale purpure and argent, a
  fleur-de-lys and a bordure counterchanged.

      Nice 16th century English name!

  Finna Gr{i'}msd{o'}ttir. Name and device. Azure, on a wool-pack
  argent a square weaver's tablet lozengewise azure.

      Nice 9th-10th century Icelandic name!

  Gwyneth Blackthorne. Device change. Per pale purpure and azure, in
  pale a dragon couchant and a domestic cat couchant contourny argent.

      The submitter's old device, "Purpure, in pale a dragon dormant
      and a domestic cat dormant contourny argent", is released.

  Gwyneth Blackthorne. Badge. (Fieldless) A coney courant argent
  within and conjoined to a chaplet of thorns vert.

  Gwyneth Blackthorne. Badge. (Fieldless) A dragon couchant argent
  within and conjoined to a chaplet of thorns vert.

  Illaria de Mortest. Name.

      Nice English name for circa 1200!

  Katherine Fox. Name and device. Or, a fox salient contourny gules
  and on a chief purpure three flames Or.

      This precise name was found in the FamilySearch Historical
      Records, dated to 1600 in Lincoln, England. Excellent name!

  Madoc Maur. Name and device. Per bend azure and sable, a wolf's head
  erased and an oak tree argent.

      Submitted as "Mado_g_ Maur", the submitter requested
      authenticity for 12th - 14th century Wales. Although both name
      elements can be documented within this time frame, the spelling
      "Madog" does not overlap in time with the byname "Maur".
      However, the spelling "Mado_c_" appears in the same source as
      the byname _Maur_, making "Mado_c_ Maur" an authentic 13th
      century Welsh name. With the submitter's permission, we have
      changed the name to that form.

  Nadezhda Volyn'skaia. Badge. Purpure, a dolphin haurient contourny
  and a bordure rayonny argent.

  Skjoldulfr Vi{dh}arsson. Name and device. Argent, a wolf rampant
  contourny and on a chief argent three mullets sable.

      Nice device!

  Suli Bjornketilsson. Name and device. Per bend sinister purpure and
  azure, a bear's head cabossed argent between three Thor's hammers
  Or.

  {TH}i{o'}{dh}rekr Magnason. Name.

======================================================================

**** ANSTEORRA acceptances ****

  Agnes Olympe Fort de Nice. Name.

      The given name was submitted as "Agn_{'e}_s", but no
      documentation could be found for the use of the grave accent.
      The most typical form found in period was "Agn_e_s", without any
      accent at all. We have changed the name to that form for
      registration.

      There is some evidence for "Agn_{e'}_s", using an acute accent,
      as a period spelling. If the submitter would prefer this form,
      she may submit a request for reconsideration.

  Augustin Haffner. Name.

      Nice 15th century German name!

  Diarmuid mac Brain. Badge. (Fieldless) A cloud purpure.

  Godric Dalamar. Name.

      The name appeared on the Letter of Intent as "Godric_ke_
      _de_la_M_ar". However, the submitter requested the spelling
      "Godric_ _Da_la_m_ar" if it could be documented. Christopher
      Liber was able to document _Dalamar_ to 1556 in the FamilySearch
      Historical Records and _Godric_ is found in the _Middle English
      Dictionary_. We have changed the name accordingly.

  Guillermo P{a'}jaro de Escocia. Name and device. Per pale sable and
  azure, an owl displayed argent maintaining in its talons a quill
  pen, in canton a crescent Or.

      There is a step from period practice for use of a bird other
      than an eagle in the displayed posture.

  Jason Drysdale. Name reconsideration from Jason Dryfesdale.

      The February 2016 LoAR, registering the submitter's original
      name, stated:

           The submission form stated that the sound "Jason
           Drysdale" was most important to the submitter. We note
           that _Drysdale_, is an attested Scots surname found in
           the FamilySearch Historical Records, dated to 1624. If
           the submitter wants this form, he can submit a request
           for reconsideration.

      We are happy to make this change.

  Jehanne le Noir. Name.

      A question was raised during commentary whether this name
      creates a claim to be the parent of the already registered
      "Carina de Jean le Noir" (6/2009, Caid). PN3D states:

           To be clear of relationship conflict, the submitted
           name must not unmistakably imply close relationship
           with a protected person. This includes, but is not
           limited to, a claim to be the parent, child, or spouse
           of a protected person. An unmistakable implication
           generally requires the use of the entirety of a
           protected name.

      "Jehanne le Noir" is not an unmistakable claim to be the parent
      of "Carina de Jean le Noir" because the names are not identical
      in appearance and should not be identical in sound. Given the
      differences between _Jean_ and _Jehanne_, this name does not
      "unmistakably imply" that this submitter is Carina's parent.
      Therefore, this name is registerable.

      Precedent states that the medieval illuminator _Jean le Noir_ is
      not significant enough to protect. [Carina de Jean le Noir,
      6/2009 LoAR, A-Caid].

  Lekn{y'} hjasi. Name (see RETURNS for device).

  Leota of Rutlandshire. Name and device. Per fess wavy argent and
  azure, a ship gules and in saltire two threaded sewing needles Or.

      "Leota" is the submitter's legal given name.

  Takayama Hitoshi. Name and device. Sable, a mantis statant between
  three cherry blossoms argent.

      Sea Stag provided evidence of the mantis being well-known to
      Europeans in our period and thus, although not described so far
      as a charge, it is registerable.

  Thomas of Eynsham Abbey. Device. Per pale azure and vert, a raven,
  on a chief argent three trees sable.

      This device does not conflict with the device of {A'}lfr{u'}n
      {U'}lfreksd{o'}ttir: _Per pale azure and vert, an owl and on a
      chief argent three ermine spots sable_. There is a DC for
      changing the type of tertiary charge. By precedent there is
      another DC, though no SC, for changing the type of bird:

           (Sable, two ravens addorsed argent) This device is
           clear of the device of James MacChluarain, Sable, an
           owl argent. There is a CD for the change of number of
           primary charges and a CD for the difference between a
           raven and an owl. Under the standards for difference
           on the November 2003 Cover Letter the two birds are in
           the same category, so there is not substantial
           difference. For significant difference, we must ask if
           both are period charges, which is the case. In that
           situation, we assume that there is significant
           difference unless the two charge types are shown to be
           interchangeable in period armory. Owls and ravens do
           not appear to have been used interchangeably in
           period, so there is significant difference between
           them. [Hr{o'}{dh}geirr Hrafnsson, 05/2010, Atlantia-A]

  Trian mac Caemgen. Name and device. Vert, an eagle's foot couped
  contourny Or, a tierce argent.

      "Trian" appears as a Middle Gaelic name in the medieval Irish
      manuscript designated Rawlinson B502
      (http://www.ucc.ie/celt/online/G105003/text016.html), written
      c.1130. Although the name appears in genealogies in that
      manuscript, this evidence is sufficient to give the submitter
      the benefit of the doubt that the name _Trian_ is a registerable
      Middle Gaelic name.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a tierce
      with another charge.

======================================================================

**** ARTEMISIA acceptances ****

  Diarmuid mac Taidhg U{i'} Chearbhaill. Name.

  Shauna of Carrick Point. Heraldic title Golden Sage Herald.

======================================================================

**** ATENVELDT acceptances ****

  Anita de Challis. Augmentation of arms. Gules, a seeblatt and a
  chief doubly enarched Or, for augmentation on a canton overall gules
  in pale a sun and a moon in her plenitude within a bordure argent.

  Caell Robertson. Device change. Sable, two bat-winged,
  scorpion-tailed lions combattant Or and a bordure rayonny argent.

      Please advise the submitter to draw the tails further from the
      body of the creatures so they are easier to identify as
      scorpions' tails.

      The submitter's old device, "Per pale argent and sable, a dolmen
      counterchanged", is retained as a badge.

  Ulrica Anna of Twin Moons. Name and device. Per pale raguly argent
  and vert, a dragon contourny sable and a dandelion slipped and
  leaved Or.

      _Twin Moons_ is the registered name of an SCA branch.

======================================================================

**** ATLANTIA acceptances ****

  Adriana la Bretonne. Badge. (Fieldless) A rose per saltire sable and
  argent.

  Adriana la Bretonne. Badge. (Fieldless) A rose per saltire sable and
  argent crowned with a coronet Or pearled argent.

      The submitter is a court baroness and thus entitled to the use
      of the coronet in her armory.

  {AE}inar Sig{th}{o'}rsson. Name and device. Per saltire sable and
  azure, in pale a wolf's head cabossed and a valknut argent.

      Submitted as "Sig{th}{o'}r_r_son", the byname was incorrectly
      formed. The grammatically correct form is "Sig{th}{o'}_rss_on",
      and we have made that change.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a valknut.

  Amatullah Luciano. Badge. (Fieldless) A spider gules.

      This badge does not conflict with the badge of Morgan Faraday:
      _(Fieldless) A scorpion gules_. There is a DC for fieldlessness
      and another DC for the difference between spider and scorpion
      (though not because one is an octopod and the other a decapod as
      we do not grant a DC for the number of legs).

      In addition to the lack of technical conflict, there is no
      visual conflict between the two pieces of armory.

  Betty of Bright Hills. Name.

      "Bright Hills" is the registered name of an SCA branch.

  Brigit inghean Mhic Cionaoith. Name.

      Although the given name "Brigit" was documented as an Old Gaelic
      name, it is also a well-known saint's name and thus can be
      combined with an Early Modern Gaelic byname.

      See the Cover Letter for a further discussion of the pattern
      _inghean mhic B_ in Gaelic names.

  Cormacc ua R{i'}g{a'}in. Badge. (Fieldless) A bear rampant per bend
  sinister Or and vert.

  Dreux d'Anjou. Badge for Company of the Clewe. (Fieldless) A sock
  barry azure and argent.

  Elspeth of Harilow. Device. Or, a unicorn's head erased sable
  between in pale two heartseases purpure with flaunches vert each
  charged with a heartsease Or.

      Please advise the submitter to draw the flaunches issuant in
      chief from the corners of the shield.

  Gunnora Grimm. Device. Lozengy argent and gules, a sheaf of arrows
  surmounted in base by a horseshoe inverted, on a chief sable a
  snaffle-bit argent.

      The submitter has permission to conflict with the device of
      Stephan Grimm: _Lozengy gules and argent, a sheaf of arrows
      surmounted by a horseshoe inverted sable, on a chief sable an
      arrow argent_.

  Hrefna i Lundi. Name.

  Lisabetta Capri di Palermo. Device. Per chevron inverted sable and
  argent goutty d'huile, in chief a duck naiant Or maintaining under
  its wing a leek bendwise sinister argent.

      Please advice the submitter to draw the per chevron inverted
      line of division lower on the fiels and/or steeper so it better
      accomodates the charge in chief.

  Marsaili Johnston of Lockwood Moss. Device. Vert, a sea-lion passant
  tail reflexed over its head between three lozenges Or each lozenge
  charged with a thistle proper.

  Merewyn Scharp. Name.

      Given the attested Old English forms _Meruyn_, _Mereuuin_,
      _Merefynn_ and _M{ae}rwynn_, _Merewyn_ is a reasonable
      interpolated spelling.

  Mia of Dun Carraig. Name.

      "Dun Carraig" is the registered name of an SCA branch.

  Rose Eileen Robertson. Device. Per chevron purpure and vert, an
  elephant contourny, in sinister chief a decrescent argent.

      Please advise the submitter to draw the elephant larger so as to
      better fill the available space.

  Sarah of Dun Carraig. Name.

      "Dun Carraig" is the registered name of an SCA branch.

  Signy Heri. Device. Azure, a coney rampant contourny maintaining a
  spear and in sinister chief a crescent pendant bendwise sinister
  argent.

  Stephan Grimm. Device. Lozengy argent and gules, a sheaf of arrows
  surmounted in base by a horseshoe inverted, on a chief sable an
  arrow argent.

      The submitter has permission to conflict with the device of
      Gunnora Grimm: _Lozengy gules and argent, a sheaf of arrows
      surmounted by a horseshoe inverted sable, on a chief sable a
      snaffle-bit argent_.

  Thora Heri. Device change. Argent, a coney rampant maintaining a
  spear and in canton a crescent pendant bendwise azure.

      The submitter's old device, "Argent, within the horns of a
      decrescent a coney rampant azure", is retained as a badge.

  {TH}{y'}ri Eir{i'}ksd{o'}ttir. Name and device. Argent, two ravens
  respectant sable and in chief three Lacy knots vert.

      Thyra Eriksdotter provided the submitter with permission to
      conflict with both her primary name and "{TH}{o'}ra
      Eir{i'}ksd{o'}ttir", her registered alternate name.

======================================================================

**** AVACAL acceptances ****

  Donnan Sionnach. Name.

  Hallkatla mws Odgeirsdotter. Name.

      Submitted as "Hallkatla _M{u'}sa_ O_dd_geirsd{o'}ttir", the
      submitter requested authenticity for "13th - 14th century Norse
      Greenland." Although we have very little evidence of names used
      specifically in Greenland, ffride wlffsdotter suggested the form
      "Hallkatla _mws_ O_dg_eirsdott_e_r" as plausible for the 14th
      century in Norway. With the submitter's permission, we have
      changed the name accordingly.

  Oengus O Mullaney. Name.

      This name combines a Gaelic given name with an Anglicized Irish
      byname, a combination permitted by Appendix C.

      Commenters questioned whether there was a gap of more than 300
      years between the name elements, which would have made this
      mixed-language name unregisterable. Although "Oengus" tends to
      be found most frequently in Old Irish Gaelic, Brian Rocket
      provided evidence that this spelling continued to be used in
      Gaelic-language Annals and documents well into the 16th century.
      Thus, we give the submitter the benefit of the doubt that the
      Irish Gaelic spelling "Oengus" can be combined with a 16th
      century Anglicized Irish byname.

======================================================================

**** CAID acceptances ****

  Anerain ap Alwyn. Device. Azure, a sheaf of five spears argent, in
  chief three roundels one and two, a bordure embattled Or.

  Claria Menendez de Oviedo. Blanket permission to conflict with name.

      The submitter gives blanket permission to any future submitter
      to register a name that is at least one syllable different from
      her registered name.

  Claria Menendez de Oviedo. Blanket permission to conflict with
  device. Or, three escallops gules and a bordure gules semy of
  saltorels Or.

      The submitter grants permission to conflict for any armory which
      is not identical to her registered armory.

  Claria Menendez de Oviedo. Heraldic will.

      Upon her death, the submitter releases all names and/or armory
      registered to her in the SCA, including the name "Claria
      Menendez de Oviedo" and the armory "Or, three escallops gules
      and a bordure gules semy of saltorels Or".

  Erlendr Larsson. Device. Per pale azure and sable, a chief argent.

      Nice device!

  Fionnghuala de Buchanan. Badge. Argent, the capital letters "US"
  sable within a wreath of holly vert fructed gules.

  Jacob de Groot. Device. Gules, on a fess between two mullets Or a
  mustard flower gules seeded Or.

      Blazoned on the Letter of Intent as a quatrefoil, the tertiary
      charge's shape is more appropriately described as a mustard
      flower.

  Oddr Black Rune. Name.

      The byname "Black Rune" is the registered byname of the
      submitter's father.

  Rebecca Mary Robynson. Household name Company of Saint Lukes
  Standard and badge. (Fieldless) In fess a standard Or sustained by a
  winged bull segreant argent.

  Rosie Black Rune. Name.

      The byname "Black Rune" is the registered byname of the
      submitter's father. However, the submitter does not need to rely
      on the grandfather clause because both _Black_ and _Rune_ are
      English surnames contemporaneous with the English given name
      _Rosie_.

  R{u'}na Nikolaeva zhena. Name change from {A'}lfr{u'}n
  {U'}lfreksd{o'}ttir.

      This name combines a Scandinavian given name with a Russian
      byname, a lingual mix permitted by Appendix C.

      The given name was documented to the eleventh and twelfth
      century, while the byname was based on a masculine name dated to
      1291. As a result, commenters questioned whether the use of
      _zhena_ to indicate a marital relationship was limited to late
      period Russian. Sofya Habicht provided evidence of the use of
      _zhena_ in the 11th and 13th centuries. Therefore, the name
      phrase _Nikolaeva zhena_ is temporally compatible and can be
      registered.

      The submitter's prior name, "{A'}lfr{u'}n {U'}lfreksd{o'}ttir",
      is retained as an alternate name.

  Tim of Dreiburgen. Holding name and device (see RETURNS for name).
  Vert, on a pale Or between two bees statant palewise respectant Or
  marked sable a natural seahorse contourny vert.

      Submitted under the name "Hashimoto Higenshi".

======================================================================

**** CALONTIR acceptances ****

  {A'}ed mac Cormaic U{i'} Feidhlim. Name change from Aed Mac
  Feidlimid.

      The submitter's prior name, _Aed Mac Feidlimid_, is released.

  Allison of Forgotten Sea. Device. Per saltire Or and azure, four
  tortoises counterchanged.

  Ann O'Carolan. Badge. (Fieldless) A sword argent and overall a
  wolf's head erased contourny azure.

  Beatriu Samira. Device. Per chevron argent and gules semy-de-lys
  argent, two cinquefoils purpure and a natural tiger rampant gardant
  Or marked sable.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a natural
      tiger.

  Bragi Oddsson. Name and device. Gyronny arrondi sable and Or, in
  fess an increscent and a decrescent interlaced gules.

  Emma Under Foot. Name.

  Gerald Goodwine. Badge. Sable, in annulo five dogs statant in annulo
  argent.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of charges in
      annulo not in their default palewise orientation.

  Gianna Viviani. Name and device. Per pale azure and argent, a
  squirrel counterchanged.

      Nice 15th century Florentine name!

      Nice device!

  Holta-Fj{o,}rleif. Device. Vert, four leaves in saltire stems to
  center Or.

  Jakob Bierayge. Name and device. Per bend vert and argent, two hop
  sprigs inverted and fructed counterchanged.

  Katheryne Winterbourne. Badge. Ermine, in cross four fleurs-de-lys
  purpure.

  Katheryne Winterbourne. Blanket permission to conflict with name.

      The submitter grants blanket permission to conflict to any
      future submitter who wishes to register a name that is not
      identical to her registered name.

  Katheryne Winterbourne. Blanket permission to conflict with device.
  Per saltire azure and argent, in pale two Catherine wheels and in
  fess two Maltese crosses, a bordure counterchanged.

      The submitter grants blanket permission to conflict to any
      submitter who wishes to register armory that is not identical to
      her registered armory, _Per saltire azure and argent, in pale
      two Catherine wheels and in fess two Maltese crosses, a bordure
      counterchanged_.

  Lars Gulli Bjorn. Name and device. Sable, a pawprint Or, on a base
  argent three fish gules.

      Submitted as "Lars _Gullbjorn_", no documentation was provided
      (and none was found in commentary) supporting the compound
      byname. Precedent states:

           Lacking solid evidence of a clear pattern of
           descriptive bynames of the form [color] + [animal] in
           Old Norse, there is no support for the submitted
           _Hvithestr_ as a plausible descriptive byname in Old
           Norse. [Kristin Hvithestr, 12/2003, R-West]

      Therefore, the byname "Gullbjorn" ("gold bear") is not
      registerable as a single byname. However, double bynames in Old
      Norse are permitted if both can reasonably describe the same
      person. Therefore, "Gull_i B_jorn" ("gold" and "bear") is
      registerable. We have made this change to permit registration.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a pawprint.

  Meadhbh inghean u{i'} Shuibhne. Name and device. Or, a pale gules
  between two sprigs of rosemary vert five lozenges conjoined
  throughout Or.

      On the May 2006 LoAR, we returned the submitter's original name
      submission with the following suggestion:

           The patronymic phrase mixes the Early Modern Irish
           patronymic marker _inghean u{i'}_ with the Middle
           Irish _Suibne_. Such combinations are considered to be
           two different languages for purposes of RfS III.1.a
           Linguistic Consistency, and are, therefore, not
           registerable. Furthermore, Gaelic grammar requires
           that the patronymic starting with s in a feminine name
           must be lenited; in Middle Irish the lenition was
           typically shown with a punctum delens (which is
           transcribed in Roman alphabet as h) and with either
           the h or the punctum delens in Early Modern Irish. The
           Early Modern Irish version of the patronymic is
           _Suibhne_ and a fully Early Modern Irish version of
           this name would be _Meadhbh inghean u{i'} Shuibhne_.
           We would make this change, but the submitter will
           accept no changes. Therefore, we are forced to return
           it. [Meadhbh inghean u{i'} Suibne, R-Calontir]

      The submitter has resubmitted in the suggested form, and we are
      happy to register that form.

  Miranda de Logan. Device. Azure, a Hungerford knot inverted, ends
  terminating in serpents' heads respectant, on a chief Or three
  mullets of eight points azure.

  Reinhardt Krug. Name and device. Purpure, on a half-moon knife Or, a
  wolf statant sable.

  Shane Bax. Device change. Argent, an otter courant gules between
  three crosses of Calatrava sable.

      The submitter's old device, "Argent, a hawk striking contourny
      vert maintaining an arrow between three crosses of Calatrava
      sable", is retained as a badge.

  Sigr{i'}{dh}r in blakka d{y'}r. Name and device. Ermine, a stag
  salient azure within an orle of ivy vert.

      There was no mention on the Letter of Intent that the device had
      been redrawn after kingdom commentary, nor whether the submitter
      had approved the redraw. This would be grounds for
      administrative return; however commentary on the internal letter
      indicated that the submitter had approved the redraw.

  Te{n_}{n_}ava{n_} Brahmam{a-}r{a-}yar. Name change from Julian {O'}
  N{e'}ill.

      Submitted as "Tennavan Brahmam_{a^}_r_{a^}_yar", this form of
      the name used diacritical marks inconsistently throughout the
      name. Using all diacritical marks, the name should be rendered
      as _Te{n_}{n_}ava{n_} Brahmam{a-}r{a-}yar_; without diacritical
      marks, it is "Tennavan Brahmamarayar". As the submitter used
      some diacritical marks, we have registered the name in the form
      with all markings. The submitter may request reconsideration if
      no markings are preferred.

      The submitter's prior name, "Julian {O'} N{e'}ill", is retained
      as an alternate name.

      Nice 13th century Tamil name!

  Tigern{a'}n Otterburn. Badge. Gules, in pale a phoenix Or between a
  pair of natural tiger's jambes fesswise erased argent marked sable.

      There is a step from period practice for using the jambes of a
      natural tiger.

======================================================================

**** EALDORMERE acceptances ****

  Alexander Gladstone. Device. Gules, on a plate a hexagon gules, a
  bordure compony sable and argent.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a hexagon.

  Asgertha Ryland of Buchanan. Badge. (Fieldless) An ape clog
  quarterly vert and sable, chained argent.

      This is the defining instance of an ape clog. The ape clog is a
      period charge found for example in the badge of the Duke of
      Suffolk, d.1450. All of the known examples have a chain
      attached. (Michael Siddons, "Heraldic Badges in England and
      Wales", vol.II.2 p.131)

  Ealdormere, Kingdom of. Badge. (Fieldless) A wolf's head cabossed
  gules winged argent.

  Eibhil{i'}n an Doire. Name and device. Barry wavy argent and azure,
  a narwhal haurient contourny sable horned Or and on a chief
  engrailed vert three mushrooms argent.

      Nice late 15th century Gaelic name!

  Ichijou Gorou Kinaki. Name and device. Purpure, three salamanders
  tergiant in pall conjoined at the tails Or enflamed argent.

      Please instruct the submitter that the flames in enflaming
      should be touching the charge they are enflaming, they should
      not be disjoint as in the submitted emblazon.

  Ko{dh}ran inn hv{i'}ti gyl{dh}ir. Name and device. Sable, a saltire
  gules fimbriated surmounted by a wolf's head cabossed, a bordure
  argent.

      There is a step from period practice for having a fimbriated
      ordinary with an overall charge.

  Ko{dh}ran inn hv{i'}ti gyl{dh}ir. Badge. Gules, on a delf sable
  fimbriated a wolf's head cabossed argent.

  M{y'}r{u'}n svi{dh}balki. Name and device. Argent, on a bend between
  two butterflies azure three daisies Or.

  Nathaniel Jonessone. Badge. Chevronelly vert and Or, a bordure
  sable.

      Nice badge!

  Ragnhei{dh}r Hr{o'}aldsd{o'}ttir. Name.

      Nice 9th or 10th century Old Norse name!

  Scraeling Althing, Barony of the. Badge for Populace. (Fieldless) A
  chevron couped gules surmounted by a hare salient contourny argent.

  Scraeling Althing, Barony of the. Badge for Populace. (Fieldless) A
  fess couped per fess indented argent and gules.

======================================================================

**** EAST acceptances ****

  Adrienne d'Evreus. Device. Azure, a fleur-de-lys argent and a
  bordure gules.

      This design was well documented as an Individually Attested
      Pattern in French armory. The submitter provided more than
      sufficient evidence of azure fields with a low contrast gules
      bordure and a high contrast primary charge. She also provided
      evidence of the use of fleurs-de-lys in French armory.

      Nice device!

  Alexandre Saint Pierre. Badge. (Fieldless) In saltire a key Or and a
  quill pen argent.

  Cailleach Dh{e'} ingen Chiar{a'}in. Name and device. Per pale argent
  and sable, two domestic cats sejant respectant counterchanged and on
  a chief azure three triquetras argent.

  Ceinwen ferch Llewelyn ab Owain. Device. Azure, in pale three
  fleurs-de-lys argent.

      Nice device!

  Ciar of Skye. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      This name is registerable either as the combination of an Old
      Irish Gaelic given name and the lingua Anglica form of an 8th
      century place name, or as the combination of a Gaelic saint's
      name with a documented English spelling of a place name.

  Elaria Grenway. Device. Gules, a mortar and pestle and on a chief
  embattled argent three sprigs of holly leaves vert fructed gules.

  Elizabet Marshall. Badge. (Fieldless) On an acorn Or a capital
  letter E azure.

  Hermina de Pagan. Device. Gules, a sheaf of three roses slipped and
  leaved and overall a skeletal hand fesswise reversed argent.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of garden
      roses.

  Jenna Childersley. Badge. Per pale vert and purpure, a cherub
  between eight arrows in annulo points to center argent.

      There is a step from period practice for having charges in
      annulo not in their default orientation.

  Ketilfastr Thorkilson. Name and device. Per bend sinister vert and
  argent, a griffin counterchanged.

  Lillia de Vaux. Household name Bleu Crampette Inne.

      Although the designator was spelled "Inn" in the Letter of
      Intent, that spelling was a typo. We have restored the
      designator to the submitted and documented "Inn_e_".

  Magdalena von Kirschberg. Device. Per pale azure and gules, on a
  chevron Or three sprigs of cherries palewise gules slipped and
  leaved vert.

      Please let the submitter know that the sprigs should not touch
      the edges of the chevron.

  Millicent Rowan. Device. Argent, five gouttes de sang three and two
  and a trimount vert.

  Sanceline de Bassan. Name and device. Per saltire azure and argent,
  a saltire indented between two moths Or and two trees azure.

      The submitter requested authenticity for "French 14th century."
      This request did not appear on the Letter of Intent.
      Fortunately, commenters provided sufficient information
      concerning authenticity. Lillia Pelican Emerita found the given
      name _Sanceline_ in a mid-14th century list of names in _Un
      scrutin au XIVe si{'e}cle, notice et documents lus {`a} la
      s{e'}ance du 19 juin 1852_ by M. F{e'}lix Bourquelot
      (http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/bpt6k5467759t/f34.image).
      However, the byname "de Bassan" could not be found in French
      before the early 17th century. Thus, although this name is
      registerable, it is not authentic for the requested time period.

  {TH}orin {U'}lfsson. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      Submitted as "{TH}_{o'}_rin {U'}lfsson", we have dropped the
      accent from the given name to match the documentation. "Thorin"
      was documented as the Latinized form of an Old Norse name. As we
      have evidence of the use of a thorn ({TH}) in Latinized Old
      English names such as {TH}urstanus (c. 1044) and {TH}eodredus
      (10th c.), we will give the submitter the benefit of the doubt
      that the spelling "_{TH}_orin" is plausible for a Latinized Old
      Norse name. If the submitter prefers the spelling "_Th_orin", he
      may submit a request for reconsideration.

  {TH}{o'}rin {U'}lfsson. Alternate name Lucas Merrick (see RETURNS
  for badge).

      Nice 16th century English name!

  {U'}lfei{dh}r Artud{o'}ttir. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      The submitter requested authenticity for an unspecified time,
      place or language. Both name elements are in Old West Norse from
      the 11th-12th centuries. However, as we have not found evidence
      for both elements in a single place, we cannot say whether the
      name is authentic, but it is registerable.

  Vika Grigina z Prahy. Badge. (Fieldless) An estoile per pale azure
  and Or.

      Nice badge!

  Vika Grigina z Prahy. Badge. (Fieldless) On an estoile azure a bee
  Or.

======================================================================

**** LOCHAC acceptances ****

  Amanda Martel. Name and badge. (Fieldless) A war hammer Or enfiling
  a masculyn argent.

  Basil Sulman. Name and device. Per bend sinister sable and Or, a
  needle and a hammer both bendwise sinister counterchanged.

      Nice late 16th century English name!

  Beatrice Bexley. Name.

      Both elements are dated to 1581, making this an excellent late
      16th century English name!

  Conciata Felice de la Cita di Lucha. Name and device. Per chevron
  sable and argent, three escarbuncles and a bordure embattled
  counterchanged.

  Edgard Kala. Device. Argent, a sea-fox gules and a bordure vert semy
  of passion nails argent.

  Giana della Mora. Device. Per pale sable and argent, two domestic
  cats sejant erect respectant counterchanged and a chief gules.

  Heinrich Eberhart von Thorn. Name and device. Sable, a
  streitgabelklinge argent.

      This is the defining instance of a streitgabelklinge. The
      streitgabelklinge, or war fork head, is a period charge that can
      be found in the arms of Hanns Lynnser on plate 22 of Vigil
      Raber's _Neustifter Wappenbuch_, a mid-16th century German
      armorial.

      Nice device!

  Ida Noe. Device. Per pale argent and sable, a duck naiant
  counterchanged azure and argent.

  Luther von Sturmberg. Name and device. Vert, a griffin and a chief
  embattled argent.

  Nayaga Xartsaga. Device. Sable, a crescent and on a chief Or three
  falcon's legs erased {`a} la cuisse jessed sable belled argent.

      The jessing and belling here allow the identification of the
      legs as having belonged to falcons. They do not count for
      difference.

  Thora the Black. Name and device. Purpure, three pawprints argent.

      The byname "the Black" is the lingua Anglica form of the
      documented Middle English bynames _leblac_ (1130) and _le
      Blacke_ (1275).

      There is a step from period practice for the use of pawprints.

  William Montrose. Badge. (Fieldless) A sheaf of five stalks of
  barley Or within and conjoined to an annulet of grapevine vert
  fructed gules.

======================================================================

**** MERIDIES acceptances ****

  Alffenn Raven Spykarnell. Device. Per chevron sable and argent, two
  serpents in annulo vorant of their own tails argent and on a flame
  sable a salamander Or enflamed argent.

      Please advise the submitter to draw the snakes' heads larger so
      the charges are easier to identify.

  Berenguer de Lleyda. Name and device. Argent, a crossbow gules and a
  bordure gules platy.

      Submitted as "de Lle_i_da", no documentation was provided (and
      none was found) for this spelling of the byname. Since
      commenters were not able to find evidence that _i_ and _y_ were
      used interchangeably in Catalan, we have changed the byname to
      "de Lle_y_da" to match the documented spelling found by
      Christopher Liber in _Cataloniae Principatus novissima et
      accurata descriptio_ by J.B. Vrients (1612)
      (http://cartotecadigital.icc.cat/cdm/ref/collection/catalunya/id/1871).

  Cynred of Gwent. Name and device. Vert scaly, a bordure argent.

      The byname "of Gwent" uses the lingua Anglica form of the Welsh
      kingdom, _Guent_, which existed from the 5th through 11th
      centuries.

      This name is clear of _Kynwric Gwent_ under PN3C1 because two
      syllables are different in both sound and appearance. The final
      syllable of the given name is _-red_ vs. _-ric_, and the
      submitted name adds the element _of_.

  Cynthia du Pont. Badge. (Fieldless) A flat cap gules.

  Drust de Fib. Name.

      Submitted as "Drust _mac_ Fib", this byname is a claim to be the
      son of the legendary Pictish figure "Fib". By longstanding
      precedent, the names of purely legendary figures are not
      registerable. [Dairenn ingen Chellaig, 10/2010 LoAR,
      A-{AE}thelmearc].

      However, Siren found the Latinized byname "de Fib", meaning
      "of/from Fife," dated to 1139x53, in "Scottish Gaelic Given
      Names" by Effrick neyn Kenneoch
      (http://medievalscotland.org/scotnames/gaelicgiven/men/donnchadh.shtml).
      Gaelic and Pictish are part of the same language group under
      Appendix C, and this Latinized Gaelic byname is dated within 500
      years of the Pictish given name _Drust_. With the submitter's
      permission, we have changed this name to "Drust _de_ Fib" for
      registration.

  Helena Kaminska. Name and device. Per bend sinister Or and gules, an
  owl affronty and a foi counterchanged.

  Helena Kaminska. Badge. (Fieldless) On a cogwheel Or an owl affronty
  gules.

  Lillias Dubh. Name.

      This name combines an English or Scots given name with a Gaelic
      descriptive byname, a combination permitted by Appendix C.

  Marina Rosalia de Leon. Name and device. Or, a bat-winged sea-lion
  gules tailed vert.

  Michael de Multon. Badge. Per pale sable and argent, two arbalest
  stocks triggers outward counterchanged.

      This is the defining instance of arbalest stocks in Society
      armory. This charge is found in period armory: in the arms of
      von Mur, c.1560 [Brechtel Wappenbuch, BSB Cod.Icon 390:777], and
      the arms of von Iainsen, c.1605 [Siebmacher's Wappenbuch, plate
      185].

  Piers Simmons. Device. Sable, on a mullet of six points Or a dragon
  statant gules, in canton two rapiers inverted in saltire, an orle
  Or.

      Please advise the submitter to draw the orle thicker.

  R{o'}ise inghean Aibhne. Device. Purpure, on a plate a domestic cat
  sejant sable.

  R{o'}ise inghean Aibhne. Badge. (Fieldless) On a triquetra argent a
  domestic cat sejant sable.

  Sara al-Garnatiyya. Name and device. Azure, a crescent and a bordure
  ermine.

      The submitter requested authenticity for "14th century
      al-Andalus (Iberia)." As this name is authentic for a woman of
      Spanish origin living in an Arabic-speaking area in the 14th
      century, it meets her request.

      Nice device!

  Sara al-Garnatiyya. Badge. (Fieldless) A rapier inverted azure
  surmounted by a crescent ermine.

  Slaine O Hearne. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      Submitted as "Slaine _Ah_earne", no documentation was provided
      and none could be found for the submitted spelling of the byname
      as a period form. A timely correction indicated that the
      submitter would accept the documented "_O H_earne"; we have made
      that change.

      The name combines a Gaelic given name with an Anglicized Irish
      byname, a combination permitted by Appendix C.

  Taran the Wayward. Badge. Vairy erminois and pean, an ermine spot
  vair.

      This is a perfect example of "Just because you can do it doesn't
      mean that you should".

  William Devereaux. Device. Per pale Or and sable, two dragon's heads
  couped respectant counterchanged.

======================================================================

**** MIDDLE acceptances ****

  Agmundr Sk{u'}li. Name.

  Artare MacBane. Name and device. Per saltire argent and azure, a
  pawprint and a bordure sable.

      Submitted as "Art_air_ _Mc_Bane", the given name was changed at
      Kingdom to "Art_{u'}_r" to match the documentation that could be
      found. In commentary, Christopher Liber documented the English
      given name _Art*are*_ in the FamilySearch Historical Records. As
      to the byname, the scribal abbreviation _Mc-_ expands to _Mac-_
      for registration per the September 2013 Cover Letter. The
      submitter indicated that he preferred the form "Art_are_
      MacBane" to the submitted form, so we have made that change for
      registration.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a pawprint.

  Artemisia da Firenze. Name and device. Azure, a peacock contourny
  regardant argent between flaunches Or.

      Submitted as "Artem_e_sia da Firenze", the given name was
      changed at Kingdom to "Artem_i_sia" to match the documentation
      that could be found. Because the submitter prefers the spelling
      "Artem_i_sia", we have left this change in place.

      Please advise the submitter to draw the flaunches issuing from
      the corners of the shield in chief.

  Audette la Tricoteuse de Saint Denis. Name.

      The submitter requested authenticity for late 15th century
      French. This request was not summarized on the Letter of Intent.
      Fortunately, we had sufficient information to determine the
      authenticity of the name without needing to pend this
      submission.

      The given name "Audette" is a hypothetical feminine form of the
      documented male given name _Audet_, which is recorded in French
      in 1470 and 1520. The byname "de Saint Denis" can also be found
      in the late 15th century in French. However, we were not able to
      document the term _tricoteuse_ to any earlier than 1585. Even
      the documentation provided in the Letter of Intent documented
      the term to the 17th century. Further, the pattern _[given name]
      + [marked occupational byname] + [locative]_ is implausible for
      late 15th century French. Accordingly, the name is registerable,
      but it is not authentic for the requested time period.

  Briana Stonefield. Name.

      Nice late 16th century English name!

  Dai Gerdwr. Name.

      "Gerdwr" is an occupational byname for a musician dated c. 1400,
      found in _The Dictionary of the Welsh Language_
      (http://www.welsh-dictionary.ac.uk/).

      Nice Welsh name for c. 1400!

  Edward Archer of Kent. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      The submitter may be interested to know that an _Edward Archer_
      was married in Kent in 1602 according to the FamilySearch
      Historical Records
      (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NJL1-HY2).

  Enrico Morosini. Name and device. Argent, a porphyrio between in
  pale two broadarrows azure.

      Nice name for 16th century Venice!

      This is the defining instance of a porphyrio in Society armory.
      Also known as swamphen, it is a poultry-shaped bird with long
      feet.

  Eschina MacDonell. Device. Per pale azure and gules, a horse's head
  couped between three compass stars Or.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of compass
      stars.

  Finn O'Connor. Device. Azure, a bend sinister sable fimbriated, a
  bordure argent.

  Joseph of Illiton. Name.

      "Illiton" is the registered name of an SCA branch.

  Katelin the Greene. Name.

  Percivall Brackley. Name.

      Nice late 16th century English name!

  Rivenvale, Shire of. Device change. Vert, on a pile azure fimbriated
  and cotised argent a laurel wreath Or.

      Their old device, "Vert, on a pile throughout azure fimbriated,
      an angel statant to sinister maintaining a sword palewise argent
      and in dexter chief a laurel wreath Or", is retained as ancient
      arms.

  Rose de la Cumbe. Device. Per pale purpure and sable, a winged
  unicorn segreant contourny and in chief three roses argent.

  R{u:}diger of the Flaming Gryphon. Name.

      The phrase "the Flaming Gryphon" is the registered name of an
      SCA branch.

======================================================================

**** NORTHSHIELD acceptances ****

  Arwa al-Jinniyya. Household name Salt House and badge. Azure, a
  covered saltcellar shedding salt, a bordure argent.

      Nice badge!

  Dee Mona Whytherford. Name.

      _Mona_ is a German given name dated to 1600. The February 2015
      Cover Letter allows the borrowing of 16th to early 17th century
      German given names into English and vice versa. Therefore, this
      entire name is considered to be English.

======================================================================

**** OUTLANDS acceptances ****

  {A'}d{i'}sa {i'}korni. Device change. Argent, an algiz rune sable
  between two squirrels statant respectant gules.

      The submitter's old device, "Azure, a quatrefoil Or between four
      crescents conjoined in saltire at the points argent", is
      retained as a badge.

  Alys of the Outlands. Holding name and device (see PENDS for name).
  Argent, on a pale cotised sable three martlets Or.

      Nice device!

      Submitted under the name "Alys de Bath".

  Auria of St. Golias. Name and device. Argent, an ass passant sable
  bearing a saddlebag argent, in chief a cauldron gules.

      The local group name "College of St. Golias" was registered in
      July of 1981 (via Atenveldt) with the scribal abbreviation _St._
      for _Saint_, something we no longer permit. Because bynames
      based on names of Society groups must use the exact form in
      which the group name was registered, precedent holds that we
      must register this byname as "of St. Golias". [Goldweard of St.
      Golias, 6/2009 LoAR, A-Ansteorra; Bridget of St. Katherine,
      10/2003 LoAR, A-{AE}thelmearc]. Therefore, we are registering
      this name as submitted.

  Batlyn Teazle. Name.

      Submitted as "Batlyn _Tizzle_", _Tizzle_ was documented only
      from I-Batches in FamilySearch Historical Records. I-Batches are
      acceptable documentation only on a case-by-case basis, and then
      only if there is other evidence supporting their reliability,
      such as views of the original primary source document. In this
      case, there was no such supporting evidence. The submitter
      allowed a change to the English surname _Teazle_, found in the
      FamilySearch Historical Records, dated to 1587.

      Nice late 16th century English name!

  Baudrane des Roches. Name and device. Per saltire azure and argent
  semy of bees azure, two cranes rising wings displayed argent.

      Submitted as "Baudrane des Roche_r_s", no documentation was
      provided and none was found for _des Roche*r*s_ as a byname. As
      the submitter allowed all changes, we have changed the byname to
      "des Roches" to match the documentation that could be found.

      The submitter requested authenticity for "12th-13th C
      French-Norman." The name is not authentic for that time because
      the given name _Baudrane_ is a hypothetical feminine form of the
      documented male given name _Baudran_, which is found only in the
      15th and 16th centuries. The byname _des Roches_ is also found
      in the 15th and 16th centuries, so the name may be authentic for
      that time period instead.

  Caerthe, Barony of. Order name Order of Excellence of Caerthe.

  Chiara Soranzo. Name.

      Nice 15th century Venetian name!

  Constantin {AE}ir{i'}ksson. Name.

      This name combines a German given name with a Scandinavian
      byname, a lingual mix permitted by Appendix C.

  Fiora Della Casa. Name.

      Although _della_ is usually found in lower case, capitalization
      in Italian was variable. For example, _Gerolamo Della Porta_ is
      found in "A Sample of Jewish Names in Milan 1540-1570" by
      Yehoshua ben Haim haYerushalmi
      (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/Jewish/milan_names.html).
      Therefore, we can register this name as submitted.

  Franklin Baker of Aarquelle. Holding name and device (see PENDS for
  name). Per saltire Or and argent, a natural sea-tortoise vert and a
  bordure sable.

      Submitted under the name "Franklin of Featherstone".

  Griffith atte Dernedyngle. Name.

  Reynard des Roches. Name.

      Submitted as "Reynard des Roche_r_s", no documentation was
      provided and none was found for _des Rochers_ as a byname. We
      have changed the byname to "des Roches" to match the
      documentation that could be found.

      The submitter requested authenticity for "12th C. Norman
      French." The name does not meet this request, but it is
      registerable. However, the name is authentic for French from the
      14th century onwards.

  Sign{y'} Magn{u'}sd{o'}ttir. Name.

      Although the usual form of the patronymic is
      "Magn{u'}s_ar_d{o'}ttir", Orle provided evidence of "Magn{u'}s"
      as the genitive form dated to 1093. Thus, the submitted form of
      the byname is registerable.

      The submitter requested authenticity for "Viking 11 C."
      Unfortunately, while this name is registerable, it does not
      appear to be authentic for that time period.
      _Magn{u'}sd{o'}ttir_ is appropriate for the 11th century, but
      the given name _Sign{y'}_ is documented to a century or more
      before that.

  Unser Hafen, Barony of. Badge for Order of Epona of Unser Hafen.
  (Fieldless) On a chainless portcullis vert a stirrup Or.

  Wolf Krieger. Device. Per pale argent and azure, two wolves
  combattant and on a chief two pawprints all counterchanged.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of pawprints.

======================================================================

                  - Explicit littera accipiendorum -

======================================================================

***** THE FOLLOWING ITEMS HAVE BEEN RETURNED FOR FURTHER WORK: *****

**** AN TIR returns ****

None.

======================================================================

**** ANSTEORRA returns ****

  Lekn{y'} hjasi. Device. Per pale sable and argent, a coney salient
  contourny counterchanged, on a chief azure a carrot slipped and
  leaved Or.

      This device is returned for redraw, for violating SENA A2C2
      which states "Elements must be drawn to be identifiable."
      Commenters had trouble identifying the charge on the chief. he
      period examples of carrots that commenters could find had a
      longer carrot and short stems with compound leaves like those of
      modern carrots.

======================================================================

**** ARTEMISIA returns ****

None.

======================================================================

**** ATENVELDT returns ****

  Elizabeth {AE}thelwulfes dohtor and Morgan {AE}thelwulfes sunu.
  Badge. Per pale gules and sable, a kolovrat and in chief a coronet
  Or.

      This device is returned for running afoul of SENA A2A which
      states "On first registration of any particular element,
      documentation must be presented that the element and its
      depiction may be registered. This means presenting evidence that
      the element is eligible to be registered and that the specific
      depiction is attested or is otherwise compatible with period
      style." No documentation was provided by the submitter or during
      commentary indicating that a kolovrat was a registerable charge.
      Specifically, no evidence was presented that this item was used
      in period heraldry, that it was similar to things used in period
      heraldry, or even that it was known and used in other contexts
      in period Europe.

      We decline to rule at this point as to whether this charge,
      sometimes described as Slavic swastika, is offensive. If the
      submitters find documentation for this charge, they should
      address this issue.

      The submitters are court barons and count/countess and thus
      entitled to bear a coronet on their armory.

  Mons Tonitrus, Barony of. Badge. Sable, a thunderbolt between
  flaunches argent surmounted by a bordure denticulada counterchanged.

      This badge is returned due to the bordure denticulada
      surmounting the flaunches. While flaunches may be charged, a
      bordure surmounting flaunches has long been cause for return.

      The group has two badges registered with a bordure surmounting
      flaunches. However, these badge have a simple bordure and thus
      the grandfather clause cannot be used to register this badge as
      SENA A2B3 states that "_Only the exact, actual elements which
      are registered may be used, not variants or patterns._"

======================================================================

**** ATLANTIA returns ****

  Avelina del Dolce. Badge. Checky vert and argent ermined vert, a
  wooden hobbyhorse issuant from base proper, reined argent and
  wearing a flat cap gules feathered Or.

      This device is returned for violating SENA A3E2, which states
      complexity of a design is "measured by adding the number of
      types of charges to the number of tinctures. Items with a
      complexity count of eight or less receive no penalty for
      complexity from this rule." Here we have three charges (horse,
      cap, feather) and six tinctures (vert, (argent ermined vert),
      argent, brown, gules, Or), for a total complexity count of nine.
      To be registered, this device would have to be shown to follow a
      period pattern of charges and tinctures; this evidence was not
      found by commenters.

      Additionally, the argent rein and its overlap with argent
      section of the field impairs the identifiability of the charge.

  Hazel of Foxedene. Device. Purpure, on a mountain of two peak
  between in chief two natural dolphins haurient respectant argent, a
  dragon passant regardant purpure.

      This device is returned for using a mountain issuant from base
      as primary charge, which repeated precedents cite as a cause for
      return.

           This depiction of a mountain, which crosses the center
           line, is sufficient reason for return. Precedent
           states:

                As noted in the LoAR of September 1993, p.
                10, "mountains, as variants of mounts,
                should be emblazoned to occupy no more than
                the lower portion of the field". As in the
                emblazon here the mountain is sufficiently
                high so as to immediately be thought of as a
                per chevron field by most of the commenters
                and everyone at the Laurel meeting, there
                are multiple conflicts with "[Field], a rose
                Or". This needs at the very least to be
                redrawn so it is identifiable as a mountain
                rather than a field division. [Tara of
                Montrose, 04/94]

           [Haraldr hl{a'}tr drengr, LoAR of May 2008]

      In the absence of new evidence of this being a period design, it
      is still not registerable.

  Morwenna Trevethan. Badge. (Fieldless) A polypus sable maintaining
  in each tentacle a bottle argent.

      This device is returned for redraw, for violating SENA A2C2
      which states "Elements must be drawn to be identifiable."
      Commenters had trouble identifying the bottles as such. This is
      possibly due to the fact that the bottles were held by the neck,
      obscuring a visibly identifying portion. This issue might get
      solved if at least some of the bottles were held by the body
      portion.

======================================================================

**** AVACAL returns ****

None.

======================================================================

**** CAID returns ****

  Hashimoto Higenshi. Name.

      Although "Hashimoto" was documented by Solveig Keystone as the
      family name of _Hashimoto Tekuru_ (d. 1619), a Japanese
      Christian martyr mentioned in _Konsaisu nihon jinmei jiten_, the
      element "Higenshi" was not documented and could not be
      constructed from documented elements. Therefore, we are forced
      to return this name.

      His device is registered under the holding name "Tim of
      Dreiburgen".

======================================================================

**** CALONTIR returns ****

  Dorcas Whitecap. Badge. (Fieldless) A barnacle goose tree Or, leaved
  and fructed gules.

      As fructing of trees does not count for difference, this badge
      is returned for multiple conflicts.

      It conflicts with the badge of the Middle, Kingdom, _Purpure, a
      weeping willow tree eradicated Or_; the device of Brianne Hyla,
      _Per chevron Or and vert, in base a maple tree couped Or_; the
      badge of Huette Aliza von und zu {A:}hrens und Mechthildberg,
      _Vert, a tree blasted throughout Or_; and presumes upon the arms
      of the Dukes of Urbino Della Rovere, _Azure, an oak tree
      eradicated its four branches knotted in saltire Or_. In each
      case there is only one DC for the difference between fielded and
      fieldless design.

======================================================================

**** EALDORMERE returns ****

None.

======================================================================

**** EAST returns ****

  Ciar of Skye. Device. Or, a fox salient proper and a gore sable.

      This device is returned for conflict with the device of James
      the Fox: _Or, a fox rampant guardant gules_. There is one DC for
      the addition of the gore, but no DC for the difference between
      rampant and salient or the direction of the head. A fox proper
      is considered equivalent to a fox gules.

      On redesign, please let the submitter know that the point of a
      gore should be at the center point of the shield.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a gore with
      another charge.

  {TH}orin {U'}lfsson. Device. Azure, a dragon and a horse combattant
  argent.

      This device is returned for conflict with the device of Alvar
      Dax: _Azure, a dragon and a coney combattant argent_. There is
      only one DC for changing the type of half of the primary charge
      group.

  {TH}{o'}rin {U'}lfsson. Badge. Argent, on a pile sable, a Maltese
  cross argent, a bordure sable and overall a label gules.

      This badge is returned for conflict with the Aaron of the Black
      Mountains: _Argent, on a pile sable a Maltese cross argent, a
      bordure counterchanged_. There is only one DC for adding the
      label. Only a small part of the bordure in Aaron's device is not
      sable, so it is considered sable for conflict purposes.s

      The Letter of Intent reported that a Letter of Permission to
      Conflict was forthcoming, but it was not received by the Laurel
      office.

  {U'}lfei{dh}r Artud{o'}ttir. Device. Sable, two ravens respectant
  and in base a wolf couchant argent.

      This device is returned for conflict with the device of
      Ka{dh}all Vi{dh}arsson: _Sable, two ravens respectant and a
      bordure embattled argent_. There is only one DC for changing the
      type of secondary charge.

======================================================================

**** LOCHAC returns ****

  Anne de Tournai. Badge. Gules, a swan naiant between three
  seebl{a:}tter Or.

      The Letter of Intent stated that this badge is to be associated
      with "House Cambrai". However, we cannot make that association
      because that household name is not registered.

      This badge is returned for redraw, for blurring the distinction
      between the primary and secondary charge groups. Based on the
      respective sizes of the charges it is unclear whether the
      seebl{a:}tter are secondary or co-primary charges.

  {TH}orfinn Hrolfsson. Augmentation of arms. Gyronny of six argent
  and azure, a tricorporate lion gules, as augmentation in chief a sun
  Or charged with on a cross gules four mullets of six points argent.

      This augmentation is returned for not being reliably blazonable;
      this is a violation of SENA A1C, which requires an emblazon to
      be describable in heraldic terms. There is no way to correctly
      describe how the cross extends throughout the sun and terminates
      at the end of the rays. There is also no way to blazon the
      overlap of the charged sun with the lions' tail.

      This design also creates contrast issues as the gules rays have
      no contrast with the lion's tails they overlap and minimal
      contrast with the azure portion of the field. This impairs the
      identifiability of the charge.

======================================================================

**** MERIDIES returns ****

  Slaine O Hearne. Device. Quarterly azure and argent, a unicorn Or
  between in bend sinister two quill pens gules.

      This device is returned for redraw, for violating SENA A2C2
      which states "Elements must be drawn to be identifiable."
      Commenters had trouble identifying the red charges, confusing
      them with torches, spear heads, or leaves. They should be drawn
      in a less stylized form.

======================================================================

**** MIDDLE returns ****

  Edward Archer of Kent. Device. Per bend vert and gules, a drawn bow
  with arrow nocked, an orle argent.

      This device is returned administratively. There was no mention
      on the Letter of Intent that the device had been redrawn after
      kingdom commentary, nor whether the submitter had approved the
      redraw.

  S{o'}ma Hj{a'}lmarsd{o'}ttir. Device. Argent, a Latin cross voided
  sable and overall a heart gules enflamed proper.

      This device is returned for having a "barely overall" charge.
      SENA Appendix I, Charge Group Theory, in defining overall
      charges states "An overall charge must have a significant
      portion on the field; a design with a charge that has only a
      little bit sticking over the edges of an underlying charge is
      known as "barely overall" and is not registerable." Here, more
      of the heart is on the cross than on the field.

======================================================================

**** NORTHSHIELD returns ****

  Elashava bas Riva. Badge. (Fieldless) A griffin passant Or gorged of
  an embattled coronet sable maintaining a pomegranate slipped gules.

      This badge is returned for presumption, for using a reserved
      charge that is not appropriate to the rank of the submitter. The
      submitter is a viscountess. However the use of the embattled
      coronet is reserved for countesses and counts. This has been
      stated previously:

           This badge is returned for using an embattled coronet:
           such a coronet is reserved for Counts and Countesses.
           The use of coronets as a charge in armory is quite
           period, yet those same coronets do not indicate ranks.
           However, as our SCA practice is to reserve coronets to
           only those people or branches entitled to them, rank
           and entitlement of the bearer must be considered.
           While some kingdoms allow Viscounts to use embattled
           coronets, this is not a Society-wide designation, and
           indeed is contrary to the Society restriction on
           embattled coronets. The difference between a crown as
           regalia and as a reserved charge is a bit confusing;
           the Glossary of Terms is quite explicit on coronet
           type as regalia, but lumps them all together in the
           list of reserved charges. However, past precedent has
           ruled that "court baron/ess may use a coronet in their
           arms, so long as it does not use the embattlements of
           county rank, or the strawberry leaves of ducal rank."
           [Tsivia bas Tamara of Amberview, A-Middle, May 1999
           LoAR]. The submitter is a viscountess, not a countess.
           [Mai{o^}sara thugat{e^}r Azari{o^}nos, R-An Tir,
           November 2013 LoAR].

  Elashava bas Riva. Augmentation of arms. Quarterly Or and azure, in
  saltire a wooden spoon proper and a lute argent and for augmentation
  on a point pointed sable a compass rose argent.

      This augmentation is returned for redraw of the compass rose.
      The tincture of the point pointed should show through the
      openings of the compass rose.

  Windhaven, Barony of. Badge. Azure, a sea-pithon Or.

      This badge is returned for conflict with the device of R{o/}rik
      mac Lugdach: _Azure, a pithon erect tail nowed Or and a ford
      proper_. There is a DC for removing the secondary ford but the
      changes to the lower portion of the primary charge are not
      significant enough to create a second DC.

======================================================================

**** OUTLANDS returns ****

None.

======================================================================

                 - Explicit littera renuntiationum -

======================================================================

***** THE FOLLOWING ITEMS HAVE BEEN PENDED UNTIL THE April 2017 LAUREL
MEETING (OR AS NOTED): *****

**** OUTLANDS pends ****

  Alys de Bath. Name.

      During the Pelican decision meeting, questions were raised
      whether this name presumes on the literary character the Wife of
      Bath from Chaucer's _Canterbury Tales_, who uses the first names
      "Alys" and "Alisoun". For example, in the _Wife of Bath's
      Prologue and Tale_ one character says to the Wife of Bath, "I
      knowe yow for a trewe wyf, dame Alys."

      SENA PN4D1, discussing presumption, states:

           Fictional characters may also be considered important
           enough that their names need to be protected.
           Fictional characters are generally important enough to
           protect when two conditions are met. They are: a) a
           significant number of people in the Society recognize
           the character's name without prompting and b) the use
           of the name would generally be considered by those
           people a clear reference to that character.

      This name is pended for discussion of two issues: (1) whether
      the character of the Wife of Bath from Chaucer's _Canterbury
      Tales_ is important enough to protect; and (2) if the Wife of
      Bath is important enough to protect, whether this submitted name
      presumes on the identity of that fictional character.

      Her device is registered under the holding name "Alys of the
      Outlands".

      This was item 2 on the Outlands letter of August 31, 2016.

  Caerthe, Barony of. Order name Order of the Pilgrim of Caerthe and
  badge. (Fieldless) On an escallop sable an aspen leaf Or.

      Existing precedent states that a _pilgrim_ is not a heraldic
      charge for the purposes of constructing order names. On the
      April 2015 LoAR, we ruled:

           Submitted as _Order of *the* Peregrine of Granite
           Mountain_, the Letter of Intent argued that this order
           is named for a person, as a _peregrine_ is a pilgrim
           or traveller in a foreign land. The examples of orders
           named after people or groups of people are the Order
           of the Grail-Templars of Saint George and the Order of
           the Fool. A fool is known by distinctive dress, so is
           a plausible heraldic charge. In June 2014, we ruled:

                Submitted as _Award of *the* Hero of the
                Middle Marches_, the cited examples support
                the patterns of a type of person as a
                heraldic charge (known by a distinctive
                manner of dress, as a fool or a monk), and
                of a legendary group of people like the
                Grail-Templars (most likely the Arthurian
                knights). A hero does not follow either of
                these patterns. It is a generic term that is
                not associated with a particular depiction
                that would be known by people in period.

           Similarly, a pilgrim is a generic term, not associated
           with a particular heraldic depiction. However,
           _Peregrine_ can be documented as a given name.
           Therefore, we have changed it to _Order of
           *_*Peregrine of Granite Mountain_ in order to register
           the name. This follows the period pattern of an order
           named for an individual. [Granite Mountain, Barony of,
           4/2015 LoAR, A-Atenveldt].

      After the close of commentary, Bruce Batonvert provided new
      evidence that a _pilgrim_ was a period heraldic charge, found in
      the canting arms of Pelegrina in the _Insignia Nobilium
      Veronensium_, c.1550
      (http://daten.digitale-sammlungen.de/~db/bsb00001423/images/index.html?id=00001423&groesser=&fip=193.174.98.30&no=&seite=89).
      Based on this new evidence, we are pending this item for
      commentary on whether the April 2015 precedent quoted above
      should be overturned.

      This was item 7 on the Outlands letter of August 31, 2016.

  Franklin of Featherstone. Name.

      Questions were raised at the end of commentary whether
      "Franklin" can be combined with a locative byname without
      appearing to be an improper claim of rank, landedness or
      official position.

      _Franklin_ is not a title protected by the Society. However,
      that fact alone does not determine whether the name "Franklin of
      [placename]" is presumptuous. For example, we returned the name
      _Marquesa de Carvalhal_ as an improper claim to landed rank
      because the given name _Marquesa_ was also a Spanish title
      meaning 'marchioness' (the feminine form of marquis), even
      though the Society does not use this title. [Marquesa de
      Carvalhal, 6/2011 LoAR, R-East].

      Precedent states that the surname _Hidalgo_ is registerable
      because "a simple claim of the status of gentry, no higher, is
      acceptable for registration. Therefore, the submitted name is
      registerable as it claims a status no higher than gentry."
      [Madelena Hidalgo de Valencia, LoAR 06/2003, Caid-A]. As part of
      that precedent, it was noted that being a _hidalgo_ did not
      necessarily imply land ownership in medieval and Renaissance
      Spain. By contrast, although there is considerable dispute among
      medieval scholars about the exact social position and rank of a
      _franklin_ in English society, most sources, including the
      _Oxford English Dictionary_ and the _Middle English Dictionary_,
      agree that franklins were landowners ranked below the nobility.
      The precedent permitting a claim to be a _hidalgo_
      (non-landowning gentry) does not adequately address land-owning
      franklins.

      We are pending this submission for discussion of whether a claim
      of landedness, ranked below the nobility, should be prohibited.

      Commenters are also asked to consider whether the given name
      "Franklin" is identical to a form of address, and thus should be
      prohibited under PN4B1.

      His device is registered under the holding name "Franklin Baker
      of Aarquelle".

      This was item 11 on the Outlands letter of August 31, 2016.

======================================================================

                             - Explicit -

======================================================================

Created at 2017-01-25T20:37:20
-------------- next part --------------
                                               Society for Creative Anachronism
                                                                College of Arms

                                                       253 Tranquility Mtn
                                                            Buda, TX 78610
                                                           +1 512 942 7005
                                                   laurel at heraldry.sca.org
                       For the November 2016 meetings, printed January 25, 2017

To all the College of Arms and all others who may read this missive, from
Andrewe Laurel, Alys Pelican, and Brunissende Wreath, greetings.

Items listed below in square brackets have not been scheduled yet. For
information about future scheduling, please review the status table located on
the Web at http://oscar.sca.org/index.php?action=137.

The November Laurel decisions were made at the Pelican meeting held on Sunday,
November 13, 2016 and the Wreath meeting held on Sunday, November 20, 2016.
These meetings considered the following letters of intent: Atenveldt (16 Aug,
2016), Artemisia (28 Aug, 2016), Ealdormere (28 Aug, 2016), Lochac (28 Aug,
2016), Caid (30 Aug, 2016), Northshield (30 Aug, 2016), An Tir (31 Aug, 2016),
Ansteorra (31 Aug, 2016), Atlantia (31 Aug, 2016), Avacal (31 Aug, 2016),
Calontir (31 Aug, 2016), East (31 Aug, 2016), Meridies (31 Aug, 2016), Middle
(31 Aug, 2016), and Outlands (31 Aug, 2016). * All commentary, responses, and
rebuttals should have been entered into OSCAR by Monday, October 31, 2016.*

The December Laurel decisions were made at the Pelican meeting held on Sunday,
December 11, 2016 and the Wreath meeting held on Sunday, December 18, 2016.
These meetings considered the following letters of intent: Lochac (05 Sep,
2016), Laurel LoPaD (07 Sep, 2016), Drachenwald (10 Sep, 2016), Gleann Abhann
(12 Sep, 2016), Drachenwald (15 Sep, 2016), West (19 Sep, 2016), Atenveldt (20
Sep, 2016), {AE}thelmearc (21 Sep, 2016), Caid (25 Sep, 2016), Laurel LoPaD (25
Sep, 2016), Ealdormere (26 Sep, 2016), Artemisia (27 Sep, 2016), An Tir (30
Sep, 2016), Atlantia (30 Sep, 2016), Avacal (30 Sep, 2016), Calontir (30 Sep,
2016), Drachenwald (30 Sep, 2016), East (30 Sep, 2016), Lochac (30 Sep, 2016),
Meridies (30 Sep, 2016), Middle (30 Sep, 2016), Middle (30 Sep, 2016),
Northshield (30 Sep, 2016), Outlands (30 Sep, 2016), and Trimaris (30 Sep,
2016). * All commentary, responses, and rebuttals should have been entered into
OSCAR by Wednesday, November 30, 2016.*

The January Laurel decisions will be made at the Pelican meeting held on
Sunday, January 15, 2017 and the Wreath meeting held on Sunday, January 22,
2017. These meetings will consider the following letters of intent: Gleann
Abhann (04 Oct, 2016), Ansteorra (13 Oct, 2016), Ansteorra (14 Oct, 2016),
Palimpsest Rules Letter (16 Oct, 2016), Ansteorra (19 Oct, 2016), Atenveldt (25
Oct, 2016), Artemisia (26 Oct, 2016), Ealdormere (26 Oct, 2016), Laurel LoPaD
(28 Oct, 2016), Lochac (28 Oct, 2016), Outlands (28 Oct, 2016), Middle (29 Oct,
2016), An Tir (31 Oct, 2016), Atlantia (31 Oct, 2016), Avacal (31 Oct, 2016),
Caid (31 Oct, 2016), Calontir (31 Oct, 2016), Drachenwald (31 Oct, 2016), East
(31 Oct, 2016), Meridies (31 Oct, 2016), and Northshield (31 Oct, 2016). * All
commentary, responses, and rebuttals should have been entered into OSCAR by
Saturday, December 31, 2016.*

The February Laurel decisions will be made at the Pelican meeting held on
Saturday, February 18, 2017 and the Wreath meeting held on Sunday, February 19,
2017. These meetings will consider the following letters of intent: West (16
Nov, 2016), Ansteorra (25 Nov, 2016), Ealdormere (27 Nov, 2016), Laurel LoPaD
(27 Nov, 2016), Atlantia (29 Nov, 2016), Middle (29 Nov, 2016), Outlands (29
Nov, 2016), {AE}thelmearc (30 Nov, 2016), An Tir (30 Nov, 2016), Avacal (30
Nov, 2016), Caid (30 Nov, 2016), Calontir (30 Nov, 2016), Drachenwald (30 Nov,
2016), East (30 Nov, 2016), Lochac (30 Nov, 2016), Meridies (30 Nov, 2016),
Middle (30 Nov, 2016), Northshield (30 Nov, 2016), and Trimaris (30 Nov, 2016).
* All commentary, responses, and rebuttals should be entered into OSCAR by
Tuesday, January 31, 2017.*

_Not all letters of intent may be considered when they are originally scheduled
on this cover letter. The date of posting of the LoI, date of receipt of the
Laurel packet, or other factors may delay consideration of certain letters of
intent. Additionally, some letters of intent received may not have been
scheduled because the administrative requirements (receipt of the forms packet,
receipt of the necessary fees, et cetera) have not yet been met._

REMINDER: Until all administrative requirements are met, the letter may not be
scheduled.

**** From Laurel: A New Wreath! ****

The time nears when Dame Brunissende's tenure as Wreath will end. Accordingly,
after a careful review of the applicants, we have selected Master Cormac Mor of
Caid as the next Wreath King of Arms. Cormac is no stranger to heraldry, and
will be an excellent asset to the College of Arms as Wreath. Dame Brunissende
has my gratitude for her long service. The office will transition formally at
KWHSS in June. A more complete transition schedule will be published when
finalized.

**** From Pelican: _inghean mhic_ and _ingen meic_ in Gaelic ****

Over the last several months, there has been some confusion about the pattern
_inghean mhic B_ in Gaelic. Although it does not appear in Appendix A, it is a
registerable pattern for female Gaelic bynames because it is found throughout
the various pre-1650 Gaelic Annals. This pattern is used either in simple
patronymic bynames when the father's name starts with _Mac-_ or to state a
grandparent relationship. Thus, _Sorcha inghean Mhic Beatha_ denotes _Sorcha_,
daughter of a man with the given name _Mac Betha_. _Sorcha inghean Mhic Cuinn_
could be either the grand-daughter of a man named _Conn_ or the daughter of a
man named _Mac Cuinn_.

The standard post-1200 form is _inghean mhic B_, where _B_ represents the male
ancestor's name. The pre-1200 form is found in the Annals as either _ingen meic
B_ or _ingean mic B_.

**** From Ragged Staff: Call for Applicants ****

The time has come to seek a replacement deputy for Ragged Staff Herald. I must
say that this has been the most challenging but rewarding experience of my SCA
career. Please review the Ragged Staff job description and requirements. Do you
have an administrative bent? Know how to make the trains run on time and enjoy
doing it? Then this is the perfect job to learn more about the inner workings
of the College of Arms. This is an unpaid position requiring around 15 hours of
work a month. Letters of intent should be sent to ragged-staff at heraldry.sca.org
and copy laurel at heraldry.sca.org before Friday, March 17th. If you have any
questions at all about the position, please do not hesitate to ask. I will be
happy to answer. Think you're not qualified? I bet you are!

Thank you for your time and consideration. It has been the greatest pleasure
working with the College of Arms. In Service, THL Wu Yun, Ragged Staff

Job Description: Ragged Staff Herald (Ragged Staff) is the file clerk for the
Laurel office. Ragged Staff ensures that all submission paperwork from each
kingdom's submissions herald is present in OSCAR, follows up with kingdom
submissions heralds for omissions or discrepancies, checks forms for
consistency with LoIs, assists with uploading additional material, summarizes
forms for Pelican and Wreath meetings (at the behest of Pelican or Wreath as
needed).

Job Requirements: Computer with reliable internet access, reliable phone.

The successful candidate will possess the following qualities:

    * Organized, with the ability to recall detail.


    * Understanding of the publishing timetable for LoARs.


    * Understanding of the administrative rules for the CoA.


    * Be able to devote about 15 hours a month to the position.

**** Society Pages ****

Mistress Moraig Anne Drummond, Holly Herald, passed away on January 8, 2017.
She was a founding member and mentor of the Kingdom of Northshield's College of
Heralds.

Rhieinwylydd verch Einion Llanaelhaearn, Lions Blood Herald, was inducted into
the Order of the Pelican at An Tir Twelfth Night on 14 January, 2017

Please send information about happenings to major heralds and major happenings
to all heralds to Laurel, so that it can be published here.

**** Send What to Whom ****

Letters of Intent, Comment, Response, Correction, et cetera are to be posted to
the OSCAR online system. No paper copies need be sent. All submission forms
plus documentation, including petitions, must be posted to the OSCAR online
system. While black-and-white emblazons must be included in the Letter of
Intent, only colored armory forms need to be posted in the forms area.

Cheques or money orders for submissions, payable to "SCA Inc.-College of Arms"
are to be sent to Stephanie Ray-Solum, Blue Bug Bookkeeping, 2144 Westlake Ave
North Suite F, Seattle, WA 98109.

Send roster changes and corrections to Laurel. College of Arms members may also
request a copy of the current roster from Laurel.

For a paper copy of a LoAR, please contact Laurel, at the address above. The
cost for one LoAR is $3. Please make all checks or money orders payable to "SCA
Inc.-College of Arms". The electronic copy of the LoAR is available free of
charge. To subscribe to the mailings of the electronic copy, please see the
bottom of http://heraldry.sca.org/heraldry/lists.html#lists for more
instructions.

For all administrative matters, please contact Laurel.

Pray know that I remain,

In service,

Andrewe Bawldwyn
Laurel Principal King of Arms

===============================================================================

Created at 2017-01-25T20:37:20
-------------- next part --------------
****** Errata ******

***** December 2015 *****

**** An Tir ****

  Sald{i'}s H{a'}konsd{o'}ttir. Name.

      When her name was registered in December 2015, it appeared as
      _Sald{i'}s H{a'}konsd*o*ttir_, omitting the marking required in
      the byname for consistent use of markings.

***** November 2007 *****

**** Middle ****

  Moraig Anne Drummond. Reblazon of device. Argent, an escarbuncle of
  six holly leaves vert, fructed and within an orle wavy gules.

      When her device was reblazoned, the tincture of the holly leaves
      was inadvertently left out.

======================================================================

Created at 2017-01-25T20:37:20


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