[LoAR-txt] 2017-10 LoAR in plaintext

Postmeeting Clerk via LoAR-TXT loar-txt at lists.sca.org
Sun Dec 17 16:32:02 CST 2017


Please find attached the files for the October 2017 LoAR in Da'ud plaintext
format.


-- 
Emma de Fetherstan, acting as Postmeeting Clerk
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***** THE FOLLOWING ITEMS HAVE BEEN REGISTERED: *****

**** {AE}THELMEARC acceptances ****

  Angus Macdougal of the Debatable Lands. Badge. (Fieldless) A
  cog-wheel per saltire argent and sable.

      This depiction of a cog-wheel is allowed only via the existing
      registration allowance; a properly drawn cog-wheel has a central
      hub and typically four spokes leading to the outer rim, as seen
      in Siebmacher, pl. 177, in the arms of von Wedel. Solid
      cog-wheels have been disallowed since 2012.

  Catalina Carpintero de Diaz. Badge. (Fieldless) A cross of Santiago
  per pale azure and ermine conjoined at the foot to an escallop
  inverted argent.

  Hakon Njalsson. Name change from Erasmus Fryermut.

      The submitter's previous name, "Erasmus Fryermut", is retained
      as an alternate name.

  Kattera Doplerin. Device. Quarterly vert and purpure, a chatloup
  rampant argent maintaining a bezant, a bordure Or.

  Kyen Ashe. Name and device. Per pale argent and sable, two
  demi-dragons respectant counterchanged.

  Layla al-Ghudariyyah. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      Commenters questioned whether this name used inconsistent
      transliteration of the original Arabic. Even though _Layla_ ends
      with _-a_ and _al-Ghudariyyah_ ends with _-ah_, the
      transliterations are consistent. The final _a_ in _Layla_ is a
      different sound/letter than the final sound in _al-Ghudariyyah_,
      so they may be rendered differently in English.

      The submitter requested authenticity for "Persian or Arabic 12th
      century." Although this name is registerable, it does not meet
      this request because the only attested instance of the byname is
      from the early 11th century at the latest.

  Maddalena d'Agostino. Name and device. Per bend azure and paly vert
  and Or, a bird volant and in bend two mullets of seven points
  argent.

      Submitted as "Maddalena _D_'Agostino", we have changed the
      capitalization to "_d_'Agostino" to reflect standard Italian
      practices.

      Nice late period Italian name from Florence!

  Margarita Carpintero. Badge. (Fieldless) A cross of Santiago per
  pale ermine and azure conjoined at the foot to a skull sable.

      Artist's note: Please fill the eye and nasal cavities in with
      the tincture of the skull.

  Paolo Fabiano Vivaldi. Name.

  Rand{u'}lfr the Silent. Name and device. Argent, a bear rampant
  maintaining an axe sable, a bordure vert.

      The byname _the Silent_ is the lingua Anglica form of the
      attested Old Norse byname _inn {th}egjandi_.

  Rand{u'}lfr the Silent. Badge. Or, a paw print and in base three
  roundels, a bordure sable.

      There is a step from period practice for use of a paw print.

  Sebestyen Anastasia. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      Nice 16th century Hungarian name!

======================================================================

**** AN TIR acceptances ****

  {AE}lfwynn Spearheafoces dohtor. Device. Per bend sinister embattled
  vert and Or, in bend a square weaver's tablet and an arrow both
  bendwise sinister within a bordure counterchanged.

  Athanasios Belisarios. Name change from holding name Athanasius of
  Madrone.

  Belisaria Megaris. Name and device. Azure, an oak tree eradicated
  and on a chief argent a roundel between an increscent and a
  decrescent azure.

  Caitriona inghean Tomais. Name and device. Per bend azure and
  argent, a mullet of eight points Or and a peacock feather bendwise
  vert.

      Nice Gaelic name from the 14th century onwards!

  Cler de Cieux. Name.

      Originally submitted as "Cler _de_ Cieux", the name was changed
      at Kingdom to "Cler _of_ Cieux" to match the documentation that
      could be found. In commentary, Jeanne Marie Blue Mountain was
      able to document _Cieux_ as a period French place name, allowing
      us to restore the name to its original form.

  Francis de Northetone. Name and device. Barry wavy Or and azure, on
  a pile throughout gules a salmon haurient argent.

      Nice 14th century English name!

  Gustav Anderson. Name.

  H{a'}nefr Ragnarsson. Alternate name Lars Gunnarson.

  Ihon of Dregate. Holding name and device (see RETURNS for name). Per
  fess Or and gules, three ravens displayed sable and a ram's head
  cabossed argent.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of non-eagles
      displayed.

      Submitted under the name "Ihon Makfulchiane".

  Isobella Forbes. Name.

      Nice late 16th century Scots name!

  Judith de Northumbria. Name and device. Gules semy-de-lys Or, a bend
  sinister sable fimbriated Or.

  K{a'}ra Bjarnard{o'}ttir. Device change. Quarterly Or and purpure
  ermined Or, a unicorn rampant to sinister argent gorged with a
  pearled coronet gules within a bordure counterchanged.

      The submitter is a court baroness, and is entitled to the use of
      a coronet.

      The submitter's previous device, "Quarterly Or semy of roses
      purpure and purpure, a swan contourny argent within a bordure
      quarterly purpure and Or semy of roses purpure", is released.

  K{a'}ri Smi{dh}judrumbr Leiknisson. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      "Smi{dh}judrumbr" is an attested Old Norse descriptive byname
      meaning "smithy-drum, anvil."

  Leiknir kolbr{u'}narsk{a'}ld. Name and device. Per pall inverted
  argent, sable, and barry wavy azure and argent, in chief two natural
  dolphins haurient respectant counterchanged.

      The submitter requested authenticity for "9th century
      Scandinavian/Icelandic." Although this name is registerable, it
      does not meet this request, as the sole attested example of the
      byname is dated to the early 11th century.

  Morewenna Noble Face. Name and device. Azure, between two hawks
  rising respectant argent a spear, a bordure Or.

      The submitter requested the given name _Merowyn_ if it could be
      documented. We were unable to find any evidence of that name.
      However, the submitter may be interested to know that the given
      name "Mer_e_wyn" is a registerable 13th century English given
      name. If the submitter prefers this form, she may make a request
      for reconsideration.

  Nakagawa Aki. Name and device. Argent, a mountain couped within
  eight cherry blossoms in annulo azure.

      Nice 16th century Japanese name!

  Oddr {TH}i{a'}lfason. Badge. (Fieldless) A reindeer-headed nude man
  with a wolf's tail statant affronty, face to dexter, maintaining a
  trumpet inverted argent.

  Sage Templar. Name and device. Argent, a Latin cross clechy gules
  and in canton a sage leaf vert.

      Nice late 16th century English name!

  Selene Potamou. Name and device. Or, a scorpion fesswise and on a
  chief sable three roses argent.

  Stefano Francesco. Name and device. Bendy sinister Or and vert, on a
  chief sable a bezant.

      Nice 15th century Italian name from Florence!

  Thadeus Waldner. Device. Pily Or and vert, on a beaver rampant sable
  a heart Or.

  Thomas Fleming. Name.

      Nice 15th century Scots name!

  {TH}{o'}rhalla in danska. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      The submitter requested authenticity for "9th century
      Scandinavian/Icelandic." This name may meet that request. The
      masculine forms of both name elements are found in
      _Landn{a'}mab{o'}k_, the record of the settlement of Iceland in
      the 9th-10th centuries. It is very likely that the feminine
      forms used in this name (which are consistent with 9th century
      naming practices) would be found in the same time and place, but
      we do not have any attested examples.

======================================================================

**** ANSTEORRA acceptances ****

  Dunstana Violet. Name and device. Purpure, on a flame Or a lizard
  passant regardant gules.

      This submitter passed away while her name and device were in
      submission. Since the name and device were submitted before her
      death, we are registering the submissions, according to
      longstanding Laurel policy [Cosimo di Signorello, Nov. 2011,
      A-East].

      Submitted as "D_e_nsta_nn_a Violet", the given name _Denstanna_
      was documented from an I batch in the FamilySearch Historical
      Records. I batches are not generally acceptable documentation,
      unless reliable primary source records are also available for
      the name element. This was not the case here. Therefore, the
      name as submitted is not registerable.

      However, the submitter requested the given name "D_u_nsta_n_a"
      if it could be documented. Seraphina Ragged Staff found
      _Dunstan_ as a 16th century English male given name in the
      FamilySearch Historical Records. In 16th century English there
      was a pattern of feminizing some male names by adding an _-a_ at
      the end. Examples include _Roberta_, _Williama_, _Paula_,
      _Leonarda_ and _Martina_, all found in the FamilySearch
      Historical Records. Based on this evidence, "D_u_nsta_n_a" is a
      plausible feminine form of the late period English _Dunstan_,
      making her requested spelling registerable. Alternatively,
      _Dunstana_ could be a feminine form of the Latinized male
      _Dunstanus_, found in the FamilySearch Historical Records for
      England dated to 1546.

      Artist's note: Please draw the flames connected, with no
      disjointed tongues of flame.

  Dunstana Violet. Badge. (Fieldless) On a wool-pack Or a cross
  pomelly gules.

      Nice badge!

======================================================================

**** ARTEMISIA acceptances ****

  Aries de Spencer. Name (see PENDS for device).

      The Letter of Intent documented _Aries_ as the submitter's given
      name. However, he does not need to rely on the Legal Name
      Allowance, because ffride wlffsdotter documented _Aries_ as a
      male given name in the Netherlands.

      The byname _de Spencer_ is the registered SCA surname of the
      submitter's mother as well as an attested surname found in
      England in 1379, in _Calendar of Close Rolls, Richard II_, Vol.
      1, 1377-1381, pp. 236-9
      (http://www.british-history.ac.uk/cal-close-rolls/ric2/vol1/pp236-239).

  Aydn Henry de Spencer. Name and device. Gules, on a bend azure
  fimbriated forming part of a fret Or three sunflowers, in chief a
  label argent.

      _Aydn Henry_ are the submitter's legal given name and middle
      name. The byname _de Spencer_ is the registered SCA surname of
      the submitter's mother as well as an attested surname found in
      England in 1379, in _Calendar of Close Rolls, Richard II_, Vol.
      1, 1377-1381, pp. 236-9
      (http://www.british-history.ac.uk/cal-close-rolls/ric2/vol1/pp236-239).

      The submitter is the grandson of Robert de Spencer, whose
      registered arms, "Gules, on a bend azure fimbriated forming part
      of a fret three fleurs-de-lys, in chief a crescent Or", are
      reflected in this design. The motif of a charged, fimbriated
      bend forming part of a fret is allowed under the existing
      registration allowance.

  Damian de Spencer. Name.

      The Letter of Intent documented _Damian_ as the submitter's
      given name. However, he does not need to rely on the Legal Name
      Allowance, because Maridonna Benvenuti documented _Damian_ as a
      male given name in England.

      The byname _de Spencer_ is the registered SCA surname of the
      submitter's mother as well as an attested surname found in
      England in 1379, in _Calendar of Close Rolls, Richard II_, Vol.
      1, 1377-1381, pp. 236-9
      (http://www.british-history.ac.uk/cal-close-rolls/ric2/vol1/pp236-239).

  Razumnik Zhiroslavich. Device. Sable, a skull argent irradiated Or.

      Nice device!

  Sarah von Feuerbach. Name change from Sarah bat Reuben.

      The submitter's prior name, _Sarah bat Reuben_, is retained as
      an alternate name.

======================================================================

**** ATENVELDT acceptances ****

  Atenveldt, Kingdom of. Transfer of badge to Sundragon, Barony of.
  Gyronny azure and gules, a dexter hand couped apaumy Or.

  Eirn{y'} {TH}r{u'}{dh}ard{o'}ttir. Name.

      As "{TH}r{u'}dr" was the name of a real person, and not only the
      name of a daughter of the Norse god Thor, it is registerable in
      a matronymic.

  Emeludt von Zerssen. Device. Argent, a chevron rompu azure between
  two peacocks respectant proper and a seeblatt azure.

  Jebe Gan. Name and device. Or, a fess azure, overall a brown
  Bactrian camel statant regardant proper maintaining in its mouth a
  slip bendwise sinister vert.

  Liam Warr. Device. Paly gules and argent, a mullet of seven points
  sable within an annulet Or.

  Litli Knartr. Name and device. Sable, a rhinoceros head bendwise
  couped, a bordure Or.

      _Litli_ is an attested male given name found in _Nordiskt
      runnamnslexicon_.

      The submitter requested authenticity for "Old Norse." This name
      does not meet that request because the attested examples of the
      elements are nearly 300 years apart. However, the name is a
      registerable Old Norse name.

  Litli Knartr. Badge. Sable, a unicorn's head erased Or, a bordure
  argent.

  Mary Margaret of Derby. Transfer of device to Sundragon, Barony of.
  Azure, a domestic cat passant to sinister Or.

  Melonia Marie Popoff. Name.

      _Popoff_ is the submitter's legal surname. _Melonia_ and _Marie_
      were documented as English given names from the FamilySearch
      Historical Records. _Melonia_ differs sufficiently from the
      submitter's legal first name to allow this name to be
      registered.

      The submitter requested authenticity for "My ancestors came from
      Russia." This is not an authentic Russian name, as the two given
      names are English. However, the name is registerable.

  Odette Steingrim. Name.

      _Steingrim_ is the registered SCA surname of the submitter's
      legal stepfather. Therefore, under the Existing Registration
      Allowance, she can use this surname.

  Otto Blauschild. Transfer of device to Sundragon, Barony of. Azure,
  a fret argent, a bordure ermine.

  Robbert Broekhuijsen. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      The documentation provided for the surname _Broekhuijsen_ was
      not acceptable because it was from 1656, six years after the
      1650 cut off for documentation. Fortunately, Jeanne Marie Blue
      Mountain found the spelling _Broekhuijsen_ dated to 1620 and
      1624.

  Sundragon, Barony of. Acceptance of transfer of badge from Yehudah
  of Nuremberg. Argent, on a bend between two reef knots fesswise
  azure, three reef knots argent, a bordure azure.

      This device is accepted as a badge.

  Sundragon, Barony of. Acceptance of transfer of badge from Mary
  Margaret of Derby. Azure, a domestic cat passant to sinister Or.

      This device is accepted as a badge.

  Sundragon, Barony of. Acceptance of transfer of badge from Otto
  Blauschild. Azure, a fret argent, a bordure ermine.

      This device is accepted as a badge.

  Sundragon, Barony of. Acceptance of transfer of badge from
  Atenveldt, Kingdom of. Gyronny azure and gules, a dexter hand couped
  apaumy Or.

  William of Grimsby. Name and device. Per pale gules and azure, a
  badger's head cabossed Or marked sable.

      Nice 14th century English name!

  Yehudah of Nuremberg. Transfer of device to Sundragon, Barony of.
  Argent, on a bend between two reef knots fesswise azure, three reef
  knots argent, a bordure azure.

======================================================================

**** ATLANTIA acceptances ****

  Ainbthen ingen S{e'}ig{i'}ne. Reblazon of device. Argent, in pale
  three crosses of Saint Brigid vert.

      When this device was registered in May 2006, the saint's name
      was spelled "Bridget." As all of the other instances of
      registration of this charge are spelled "Brigid" we are changing
      the spelling here to be consistent.

  Alexandria Magdalena de Luce. Name.

  Atlantia, Kingdom of. Badge association for Standard Augmentation.
  (Fieldless) A unicornate natural seahorse argent, finned azure.

  Atlantia, Kingdom of. Badge association for Standard Augmentation.
  (Fieldless) A unicornate natural seahorse contourny Or.

  Atlantia, Kingdom of. Badge association for Standard Augmentation.
  (Fieldless) A unicornate natural seahorse erect azure, finned
  argent.

  Atlantia, Kingdom of. Badge association for Standard Augmentation.
  (Fieldless) A unicornate natural seahorse Or.

  Clara Brauer. Badge. (Fieldless) On an apple per pale vert and
  gules, slipped and leaved vert, a pale wavy argent.

  Domnall Locard. Name and device. Sable, a chevron rompu between two
  acorns and a trident head Or.

      This name combines a Gaelic given name with an English byname,
      an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C.

  Ismael of Roxbury Mill. Holding name and device (see RETURNS for
  name). Per bend sinister azure and Or, a bend sinister sable and in
  canton a sperm whale naiant to dexter base argent.

      Submitted under the name "Ismael Baleinier".

  Iurii Vasilovich. Name.

      Originally submitted as "Iurii Vasil_o_vich", the byname was
      changed to "Vasil_e_vich" to reflect the more common Russian
      construction. However, while uncommon, "Vasil_o_vich" is a valid
      rendering of the byname. Therefore, we have restored this name
      to its originally submitted form.

  Krista Silverlock. Device change. Gules, a pale wavy azure
  fimbriated argent between two apples slipped and leaved and a crane
  Or.

      The submitter's previous device, "Gules, three annulets
      interlaced two and one and on a chief argent three wheels
      gules", is retained as a badge.

  Miri Nader. Name.

  Nyvein Dyfnawal. Device. Azure, a sea-cow and on a chief wavy argent
  three pomegranates gules.

======================================================================

**** AVACAL acceptances ****

  Albrecht von R{u:}gen. Device. Argent, on an eagle's head contourny
  issuant from base sable a coronet within an annulet of chain Or.

      In the registration of Lucy of Brakendelve's device in April
      2010, it was ruled:

           Precedent on items within annulets was set on the
           Cover Letter to the March 2009 LoAR where it says
           "When both are present in a design as part of a
           primary charge group, or where they would be expected
           to be a secondary charge, the widget and annulet will
           both be considered part of the same group." We are
           extending this to tertiary charges: a mullet within an
           annulet, when placed entirely on another charge, is
           considered a single group. Therefore, this device does
           not violate our ban forbidding multiple tertiary
           charge groups on a single underlying charge.

      This same logic applies to annulets of chain; when present in a
      design as part of a primary charge group, or where they would be
      expected to be a secondary charge, or placed entirely on another
      charge, a charge within an annulet of chain will be considered
      part of the same charge group.

      The submitter is a knight and a duke, and is entitled to an
      annulet of chain and a coronet.

  M{y'}ragar{dh}r, Shire of. Branch name and device. Argent, on a bend
  wavy azure between two elks passant purpure three laurel wreaths
  palewise argent.

      Submitted as "M_yrr_gar{dh}r, Shire of", the construction of the
      place name was not grammatically correct for Old Norse. All of
      the examples of period Old Norse place names beginning with
      _M{y'}rr-_ use the genitive forms _M{y'}rar-_ or _M{y'}ra-_.
      With the group's permission, we have changed the substantive
      element of this name to "M_{y'}ra_gar{dh}r" for registration.

======================================================================

**** CAID acceptances ****

  Bor Unegen. Name and device. Per pale sable and azure, two fox's
  heads couped addorsed argent.

      Originally submitted as "Bor_ Unegen", the name was changed at
      Kingdom to "Bor_a_ Unegen" to match the documentation they could
      find. However, _Bor_ appears as a name element meaning "gray" in
      "Mongolian Naming Practices" by Marta as tu Mika-Mysliwy
      (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/mongolian_names_marta.html).
      Therefore, we are able to restore the name to its original form.

  Danuta Jankowna. Name.

  H{a'}lfdan Sn{o/}ybiarnarson. Name and device. Per fess gules and
  sable, in pale two bears passant counterpassant argent.

  Magnus Capon. Device. Argent, a double-bitted axe gules between two
  hurts.

  Mu`in al-Dimashqi. Name and device. Sable, a rebec bendwise and on a
  chief argent a feather reversed azure.

  Naevehjem, Barony of. Badge association for populace. Argent, an
  ermine spot gules on a chief sable two annulets Or.

  Naevehjem, Barony of. Badge association for Dragon's Gem, Order of
  the. Azure, on a plate within an annulet Or, an ermine spot gules.

  Naevehjem, Barony of. Badge association for Dragon's Foot, Order of
  the. Gules, on a plate within an annulet Or, an ermine spot gules.

  Naevehjem, Barony of. Badge association for Dragon's Blaze, Order of
  the. Purpure, on a plate within an annulet Or, an ermine spot gules.

  Naevehjem, Barony of. Badge association for Dragon's Wing, Order of
  the. Vert, on a plate within an annulet Or, an ermine spot gules.

  Seamus Ua Muircheartaigh. Name and device. Argent, a pale vert
  surmounted by an eagle sable, a bordure vert.

      Originally submitted as "Seamus Ua Muirche_a_rtaig_h_", the name
      was changed at Kingdom to "Seamus Ua Muirch_er_taig_" for
      reasons that were not explained on the Letter of Intent.
      Kingdoms are reminded that it is essential to explain on the
      Letter of Intent any changes that were made and the reasons for
      those changes. Changes without explanation are not helpful to
      Pelican when reviewing the name.

      In commentary, Brian dorcha ua Conaill provided evidence from
      various medieval Gaelic documents supporting the
      originally-submitted "Seamus Ua Muirche_a_rtaig_h_". We have
      restored that form for registration.

  Tsyra tsheere Nanoup. Name and device. Per pale argent and gules, an
  Egyptian sphinx couchant and in chief four feathers counterchanged
  gules and Or, a bordure dovetailed sable.

      Submitted as "Tsyra _sat_ _ne_ _Anoubis_", the elements of the
      name and the construction pattern were not temporally
      consistent. In addition, the name combined Coptic and Demotic
      elements in the same name. We have not yet ruled on whether
      elements in these languages can be combined. However, we do not
      need to address these issues because, in commentary, Maridonna
      Benvenuti documented "Tsyra _tsheere_ _Nanoup_", a version of
      the same name entirely in 6th-8th century Coptic. The submitter
      then requested a change to that form. We have made this change
      for registration.

  Vladislav Kievich. Name and device. Azure, two ravens respectant and
  a wagon wheel Or.

======================================================================

**** CALONTIR acceptances ****

  Aleidis Zophilare. Name.

  Bryni{o'}lfr Brandssmi{dh}r. Name.

      _Brandssmi{dh}r_ is a constructed Old Norse byname meaning
      "swords-smith," based on attested examples from Lind including
      _{O/}xarsmi{dh}r_ (axes-smith).

  Gaius Flavius Auxilius. Device. Or, a gurges sable surmounted by a
  hexagonal gemstone and on a chief gules a sword reversed Or.

      There is a step from period practice for having an overall
      charge surmount a gurges.

      Artist's note: Draw the gemstone larger.

  Giulia Isabella da Venezia. Badge. Purpure, a bend sinister cotised
  between two roses argent.

      This does not conflict with the device of Fiona Julienne nic
      Lowry, "Purpure, a bend sinister between two garden rosebuds
      slipped and leaved bendwise sinister argent". There is a DC for
      adding the cotising and another for the difference between a
      rosebud (which is no longer registrable) and a rose.

  Johannes Gast. Badge. (Fieldless) Issuant from the top of a tower
  sable a demi-bear gules.

  Judith Warrenne. Name and device. Argent, an enfield rampant and on
  a base azure a rose argent.

      Nice 16th century English name!

  K{a'}ta in kyrra. Name.

      The submitter requested authenticity for "Viking." Both elements
      are Old Norse, found in the Viking age (circa 1100), so this
      name meets that request.

  Knorr bestingr. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      Originally submitted as "Kn_o_rr besting_e_r", Kingdom changed
      the _o_ in the given name to an o-ogonek ({o,}), apparently
      believing it was required to do so. However, simplified Old
      Norse transliterations that substitute _o_ for _{o,}_ are
      permitted under Appendix D of SENA. Therefore, we have changed
      the given name from "Kn{o,}rr" back to the originally-submitted
      "Kn_o_rr".

      Although the Letter of Intent correctly cited Geirr Bassi's _The
      Old Norse Name_ for the byname "besting_e_r", additional
      research has revealed that Geirr Bassi misspelled this element;
      the correct spelling, "bestin_gr_", was found in Lind.
      Therefore, we have changed the byname to the correct spelling
      for registration.

  Kumagaya Jiroutarou Hideyoshi. Name and device. Argent, a bear
  dormant within a bordure sable.

  Michael the Wanderer. Name and device. Per chevron azure and Or, two
  sheaves of arrows and a triskelion of legs counterchanged.

      By precedent, _the Wanderer_ is registerable as a lingua Anglica
      form of the constructed Middle English byname _le Wanderare_.
      [Trumbrand the Wanderer, September 2015, A-Ealdormere]

  Oddn{ae}fR knarrarbringa. Name and device. Per fess vert and Or, a
  sea-boar counterchanged.

      Questions were raised in commentary whether the spelling of the
      byname _knarrarbringa_ needed to be changed because the given
      name _Oddn{ae}fR_ is masculine and the only attested bearer of
      this byname was female. It does not. _Knarrarbringa_ is a noun,
      not an adjective; Old Norse bynames that take the form of nouns
      do not need to match the gender of the given name.

  Rose Mahler. Name.

      The Letter of Intent cited Socin for the given name. However,
      the attested element in Socin is actually _R*{oe}*se_.
      Fortunately, _Rose_ is easily found as a given name in 16th
      century English and the February 2015 Cover Letter permits 16th
      century English given names to be borrowed into German.

  Safiyya al-Zahra Isfahani. Name and device. Argent, a peacock in his
  pride azure within a four-lobed quadrate cornice purpure.

      The given name and first byname are Arabic, while the second
      byname is Persian; this is an acceptable lingual mix under
      Appendix C.

      The submitter may be interested to know that an entirely Arabic
      form of the name would be _Safiyya al-Zahra al-Isfahaniyya_. If
      she prefers this form, she may make a request for
      reconsideration.

  Sol Argilo De Santiago. Name.

      Questions were raised in commentary about the construction of
      this name and whether double given names were found as early as
      the 11th century, when the name elements _Sol_ and _Argilo_ were
      attested. Elsbeth Wulffeld found 11th and 12th century examples
      of unmarked matronymics in Diez Melcon. Therefore, this name is
      properly read as given name + unmarked matronym + locative, a
      registerable pattern in Spanish.

      In addition, heralds at the Pelican decision meeting found
      examples in CORDE of 15th and 16th century locative bynames in
      which _De_ was capitalized, including _Juan De Ma{c,}uela_ and
      _Juan De Arguijo_. Therefore, we do not need to change the
      capitalization of the submitted _De Santiago_.

  Thorlein Knochenhauer. Name (see RETURNS for device).

======================================================================

**** DRACHENWALD acceptances ****

  Ava van Allecmere. Household name Huys Uylenburch.

      Submitted as "Huys Uylenbur_g_h", the spelling "Uylenbur_g_h"
      could not be documented. However, heralds at the Pelican
      decision meeting found evidence of "Uylenbur_c_h" as a Dutch
      place name dated to 1635.

      The Letter of Intent provided examples of Dutch household names
      following the pattern _Huys_ + a place name or unmarked
      locative, including _Huys Harmelen_, _Huys Amerongen_, and _Huys
      Nederhorst_. While it is unclear whether these houses were named
      after the places directly or named for inherited surnames
      derived from these places, it does not matter for registration
      in this particular case. In the form "Huys Uylenbur_c_h", this
      household name is registerable.

  Christopher of Saint Michaels. Release of name and device. Sable, a
  Maltese cross within a double tressure embattled on its outer edges
  Or.

  Elen Benet and Duncan Kerr. Joint badge. (Fieldless) A double rose
  azure and Or, barbed vert and seeded azure.

      Nice badge!

      This is the Duncan Kerr registered through Caid in January 2000.

  Saint John of Rila, College of. Badge. (Fieldless) Two pruning
  knives in saltire argent.

      This is the defining instance of a pruning knife in Society
      armory. It's a handheld bill-hooked tool used for trimming vines
      and other plants. The pruning knife is found in the arms of von
      G{o:}rlitz, 1605 [Siebmacher's Wappenbuch, plate 62].

======================================================================

**** EALDORMERE acceptances ****

  Au{dh}r Sk{i'}{dh}adottir. Name and device. Azure, three tulips
  within an orle argent.

      Nice 9th-10th century Icelandic name!

      Nice device!

  Breyle de Vienne. Device. Per chevron azure and argent, three hearts
  counterchanged Or and gules.

  Meuric ap Cadugavn. Name and device. Per saltire pean and Or.

      This device conflicts with the device of Oddr {TH}i{a'}lfason,
      "Per saltire arrondi vert and Or". However, Oddr has granted
      blanket permission to conflict with one DC, which can be derived
      from the change in tincture of half the field from vert to pean.

      Artist's note: Please draw fewer and larger ermine spots.

======================================================================

**** EAST acceptances ****

  {A'}d{i'}sa Gr{i'}m{o'}lfsd{o'}ttir. Name and device. Per bend
  argent and gules, an increscent and a unicorn contourny
  counterchanged crined Or.

      Appearing on the Letter of Intent as "_Rhiannon_
      Gr{i'}m{o'}lfsd{o'}ttir", Kingdom issued a timely correction of
      the name to "_{A'}d{i'}sa_ Gr{i'}m{o'}lfsd{o'}ttir". In the
      corrected form, it is a registerable Old Norse name.

  Albrecht {O/}stergaard. Device. Per pale Or and gules, a raven
  displayed sable between three towers, a bordure counterchanged.

      There is a step from period practice for use of a non-eagle
      displayed.

  Aleydis van der Veere. Name and device. Per bend embattled argent
  and purpure, two lotus blossoms in profile counterchanged vert and
  argent.

      Nice 14th century Dutch/Flemish name!

      Artist's note: Please draw the lotus blossoms as cup-shaped
      flowers, and the embattlements bigger and bolder.

  Christophe de Frisselle. Device. Azure, a pale checky sable and
  argent.

      Nice device!

      The submitter has permission to conflict with the badge of the
      Shire of Caer Adamant, "Azure, a pale vert fimbriated Or".

  Gregori Rogue Montana. Name.

  Joel Messerer. Name.

  Katharine Slough. Device. Or, a sexfoil and a bordure wavy purpure.

  Mari Clock van Hoorne. Badge. (Fieldless) On the forehead of a skull
  Or a card pique sable.

      Artist's note: Please fill in the eye and nasal cavities in the
      tincture of the skull.

  Morwill MacShane. Badge. (Fieldless) Two fish hooks in saltire
  sable.

      Nice badge!

  R{a'}{dh}{u'}lfr Gr{i'}m{o'}lfsson. Name and device. Per chevron
  throughout raguly gules and argent, two Thor's hammers argent and a
  bat-winged wolf sejant sable.

      Nice 9th-10th century Icelandic name!

  Sitt al-Gharb ha-niqret Khazariyya. Badge. (Fieldless) Two winged
  monkeys combatant each maintaining two daggers, the center daggers
  in saltire Or.

  Symon van Moordrecht. Name change from Symon Fitz Gilbert (see
  RETURNS for badge).

      The Letter of Intent did not document _Moordrecht_ as a period
      spelling of the place name. However, after the close of
      commentary, Yehuda Blue Tyger found a 1625 Dutch record for a
      _Cornelis Janszn Moordrecht_. Therefore, we can register this
      name as submitted.

      The submitter's previous name, "Symon Fitz Gilbert", is
      released.

  Theodoric of Malagentia. Name and device. Purpure, on a natural sea
  tortoise Or a bear's paw print sable.

      _Malagentia_ is the registered name of an SCA branch.

      There is a step from period practice for use of a paw print.

  Wilhelm van Hammaburc. Name and device. Per pale wavy argent and
  gules, two horses rampant addorsed counterchanged.

======================================================================

**** GLEANN ABHANN acceptances ****

  {AE}{dh}elbeorht of Harduic. Name and device. Per saltire azure and
  gules, in pale two stag's heads cabossed and in fess two crosses
  formy argent.

      Submitted as "{AE}_o_elbeorht of Harduic", the given name was
      misspelled. The attested form is "{AE}_{dh}_elbeorht" with an
      edh. We have made this correction for registration.

      The name as submitted is a registerable combination of Old
      English and Middle English. The submitter may be interested to
      know that a fully Old English version of the name is
      "{AE}{dh}elbeorht of Hardwice". If the submitter prefers this
      form, he may make a request for reconsideration.

  Caitr{i'}ona inghean Tighearn{a'}in. Name.

  Dirk Sharpe. Device. Per fess Or and argent, three anvils and an
  ox's head cabossed sable.

  Eliza Borden. Name.

      Commenters questioned whether this name presumes on the infamous
      _Lizzie Borden_, accused (but not convicted) of the murder of
      her father and stepmother. It does not. _Lizzie Borden_ was
      never known as _Eliza_. Thus, while it is evocative of _Lizzie
      Borden_, this name is neither presumptuous nor obtrusively
      modern.

  Jehanne Darc de la Coste. Badge. (Fieldless) On a flame proper a
  fleur-de-lys per pale argent and azure.

  Jehanne Darc de la Coste. Badge. (Fieldless) On a flame an acorn
  bendwise sinister proper.

  Kolfrosta {U'}lfsd{o'}ttir. Name.

      Submitted as "Kolfrosta _{U^}_lfsd{o'}ttir", we have changed the
      byname to "_{U'}_lfsd{o'}ttir" to use the correct diacritical
      marking.

  Lagerdamm, Shire of. Augmentation of arms. Argent, on a pale vert a
  mermaid affronty maintaining to dexter in both hands a harp argent,
  within overall a laurel wreath counterchanged, and for augmentation
  in base a ram's head erased argent armed Or and collared gules.

      This submission included a petition of support from the Shire
      membership that included neither a blazon or an emblazon of the
      submission. According to the Administrative Handbook, "A valid
      petition must include a clear description of the item submitted;
      either the blazon or emblazon is sufficient for a petition
      regarding branch arms, though both are preferable." Instead, the
      petition included the following language: "We the
      undersigned...wish to place our Augmentation of Arms below the
      charge of our Mermaid with the color of the collar to be Gules."
      While the preferred method of petition would be to include both
      a blazon and an emblazon, this description unambiguously
      describes the submission to anyone familiar with the device of
      the Shire of Lagerdamm and the standard augmentations of the
      Kingdom of Gleann Abhann. We are therefore giving the Shire the
      benefit of the doubt. This would not be given for a submission
      that did not not involve already registered designs.

      Commenters questioned whether this submission violated the
      prohibition on multiple tertiary charge groups on the same
      charge. We have previously declined to rule on the question of
      the registerability of two different tertiary charge groups for
      an augmentation (Thor's Mountain, Barony of, A-Meridies,
      04/2016).

      SENA A3A3 states: "Because an augmentation adds complexity,
      augmented devices are often allowed to violate certain style
      rules, such as allowing charges on tertiary charges or a
      complexity count of greater than eight, as long as the
      identifiability of the design is maintained." We hereby rule
      that augmentations may also violate the rule disallowing
      multiple tertiary charge groups on the same underlying charge.

  Lilian the Roma. Name.

      Commenters questioned whether the byname _the Roma_ is offensive
      given the April 2015 ruling that the term _Gypsy_ is offensive.
      [Richard the Roma of Northshield, 4/2015 LoAR, A-Northshield]
      The phrase _the Roma_ is not offensive. It is the lingua Anglica
      form of an ethnic byname based on what the people call
      themselves, as well as being the term preferred by the United
      Nations Human Rights Office for people of that particular
      ethnicity. Unlike the term _Gypsy_, _Roma_ does not have an
      inherently derogatory meaning, any more than ethnic bynames such
      as _Fleming_ or _Albanach_ do.

  Margherita de Verde. Name and device. Vert, on a chevron argent
  three chalices palewise azure and a chief invected argent.

  Maria Segovia Montero. Name.

      In commentary, Lillia Crampette found evidence from the 16th
      century of double Spanish surnames using unmarked locatives.
      Given this evidence, the name as submitted is registerable.

      However, the submitter may be interested to know that the more
      usual way of rendering this name in period was _Maria de Segovia
      y Montero_. If she prefers this form, she may make a request for
      reconsideration.

  Odhr{a'}n macc Corb{a'}in. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      Submitted as "Odhr{a'}n _ Corb_{a'}n_", the name as submitted
      used an unmarked patronymic byname, which is not permitted in
      Gaelic names. With the submitter's permission, we have changed
      the name to "Odhr{a'}n _macc_ Corb{a'}_i_n" to use the
      appropriate Old Irish patronymic marker.

  Pay Wyn Alandell. Name and device. Gyronny Or and sable, a Latin
  cross between four horses rampant argent.

      Submitted as "Pay_w_yn Alandell", the given name could not be
      documented within the SCA's period. The only evidence of
      _Paywyn_ was a mis-transcription of a surname in a record from
      1657, which is after the documentation cut-off of 1650. However,
      heralds at the Pelican decision meeting were able to document
      "Pay_ W_yn Alandell" as a late period English name using the
      FamilySearch Historical Records. With the submitter's
      permission, we have changed the name to this form for
      registration.

  Ravens Hold, Shire of. Device. Per saltire argent and gules, a raven
  migrant sable within a laurel wreath vert.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a bird in
      the migrant posture.

  Tiberius Fabricius Severus. Device. Per chevron azure and vert, two
  zephyrs contourny and a drawn bow reversed with arrow nocked argent.

  Vincent de l'estoile. Name.

      Submitted as "Vincent de l'_et_oile", the submitter preferred
      the spelling "Vincent de l'_es_toile". The submitter's preferred
      form is found as a French inn-sign name in multiple sources,
      including the _1292 Census of Paris_.

      Nice French name from 1292 Paris!

======================================================================

**** LOCHAC acceptances ****

  Constanza Sancha De Monroy. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      The preposition _de_ is most commonly found in lower case in
      Spanish. However, heralds at the Pelican decision meeting found
      examples of names in CORDE using a capitalized _De_ used with a
      place name. This practice starts appearing in 15th and 16th
      century records.

      The submitter requested authenticity for "14th-16th Century
      Spanish." This request was not summarized on the Letter of
      Intent. Fortunately, we had sufficient information at the
      Pelican decision meeting to be able to determine authenticity
      without pending the name. As the capitalized _De_ does not
      appear until the 15th century, this name is authentic for
      15th-16th century Spanish but not for the 14th century.

  Eleanor d'Arcy. Device. Per pale wavy gules and azure, on a plate a
  dragon dormant sable.

  Elena Sophia di Luciano dei Medici. Name and device. Per fess
  enarched Or and sable, three torteaux and a serpent nowed in a
  quatrefoil knot vorant of its own tail Or.

      Nice 16th century Italian name!

      As a reminder, there is no DC between a specific knot and a
      serpent nowed into the shape of the same knot.

  Gaius Quintilius Antoninus. Name and device. Gules, on a
  double-headed eagle between three roundels Or, a skull sable.

      Nice Roman name for the latter first century or the entirety of
      the second century C.E.!

      Artist's note: Please be sure to depict the skull with the eye
      and nasal cavities, as well as the teeth, sable.

  Hextilda atte Wille. Name and device. Or, three fox's tails couped,
  tips to base proper.

  Katherine Stewart. Name and device. Purpure, on a bend argent four
  roses purpure.

      Nice 16th century English name!

  Rhianna of Politarchopolis. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      "Rhianna" is the submitter's legal given name.

      "Politarchopolis" is the registered name of an SCA branch.

  R{o'}is{i'}n Locha {E'}irne. Name.

      _R{o'}is{i'}n_ is the submitter's legal given name. Use of the
      Legal Name Allowance is necessary here because "R{o'}is{i'}n"
      has not been documented to period in any spelling. Although the
      submitter's driver's license shows the name without diacritical
      marks, SENA PN1B2e states: "As some legal documents obscure
      capitalization (by using all capitals) or omit punctuation (and
      markings like accents), such changes may be allowed on a case by
      case basis." As this submitter apparently uses the Gaelic
      diacritical marks in her given name when writing it outside of
      the Society, we are registering the name with those markings as
      permitted under PN1B2e.

  Salbi{o,}rg v{i'}s. Name and device. Gules, an owl contourny argent
  maintaining in its feet a key fesswise Or.

      The submitter requested authenticity for 10th century Norse.
      This request was not summarized on the Letter of Intent.
      Fortunately, we had sufficient information about this name to
      determine authenticity without needing to pend the name for
      further commentary. Both elements of this name are from
      _Landn{a'}mab{o'}k_, which discusses events in 9th-10th century
      Iceland. Therefore, this name likely meets the submitter's
      authenticity request.

      Artist's note: Please draw the key with a thicker shank and bow.

  Titus Flavius Marcellus. Device. Gules, two lightning bolts in
  saltire argent, overall an eagle, a bordure Or.

      There is a step from a period practice for use of lightning
      bolts as stand-alone charges.

      Artist's note: Please draw all charges larger and bolder.

  Titus Quintilius Calidus. Badge. Purpure, a pale Or between two
  demi-roundels flats to center argent, on a bordure Or an orle
  purpure.

      Artist's note: Please draw the peripheral charges thicker.

======================================================================

**** MERIDIES acceptances ****

  Eirn{y'} in gr{a'}a. Name and device. Gules, a pegasus segreant
  contourny argent crined Or and a tierce rayonny Or.

      Nice 9th-10th century Icelandic name!

      There is a step from period practice for use of a tierce with
      another charge directly on the field.

  Laurentio Vexentino. Name.

      Nice 15th century Italian name from Vicenza!

  Martin de Bernay. Device. Argent, a fox passant contourny guardant
  proper, on a chief enarched gules an open book between two
  fleurs-de-lys argent.

  Nannina Benedetti. Name.

      Nice Italian name for 15th-16th century Pisa!

  Porcia Secunda. Name change from Rhiannon Cathaoir-Mor.

      Nice Roman name for the last two centuries of the Republic and
      the first century of the Empire!

      The submitter's previous name, "Rhiannon Cathaoir-Mor", is
      retained as an alternate name.

  Sova Kobel. Name and device. Per chevron inverted gules and argent,
  an owl argent and an escarbuncle of six azure.

      _Kobel_ as used in this name is an unmarked patronymic. As
      stated in the June 2013 Cover Letter, "[u]nmarked patronymics in
      Russian are rare but registerable."

======================================================================

**** MIDDLE acceptances ****

  Aline Swynbroke. Badge. (Fieldless) A quatrefoil barry vert and
  argent.

  Americk Gilead. Device. Argent, a bend sinister gules cotised and
  overall a raven displayed sable.

      There is a step from period practice for use of a bird other
      than an eagle in a displayed posture.

  Brynniulfr Herleifsson. Augmentation of Arms. Quarterly sable and
  vert, a bear's head erased and a bordure argent, and for
  augmentation, in base a pen fesswise argent enflamed proper.

  Caer Hart, Canton of. Branch name and device. Argent, a hart at gaze
  sable within a laurel wreath vert, a bordure embattled gules.

      Submitted as "Caerhart, Canton of", the Canton permitted a
      change of the substantive element to "Caer_ H_art" if required
      for registration. As "Caer_ H_art" better fits the attested
      examples found in our research, we have made this change for
      registration.

      The Letter of Intent presented several examples of Welsh
      toponyms being combined with Old English elements to form place
      names, including the 14th century example of _Caergorlei_,
      formed from the Welsh _Caer_ plus the Old English _corn_ +
      _l{e-}ah_. Thomas Morgan, _The Place Names of Wales_ also
      provides examples of English-Welsh combinations such as _Caer
      Castell_. Based on these examples, a combination of _Caer_ and
      the Old English word _Heort_ (deer) is plausible; _Caer Hart_ is
      a reasonable later period form of _Caer Heort_.

  Donald MacBrew. Device. Vert, a triskelion of armored arms within a
  bordure embattled argent.

  Dustyne L'Evesque. Name.

      The surname _L'Evesque_ is not a presumptive claim to
      ecclesiastical rank because it was used by ordinary people who
      did not have that rank. PN4B1 of SENA states: "Bynames using
      titles not used within the SCA cannot be considered a claim to a
      rank. Nonetheless, such names will only be registered if they
      were used as bynames by normal people who did not have that
      rank. For example, _Pope_ is a surname also used by normal
      people. Therefore, it can be registered in a personal name."

      This name combines an English given name with a French surname,
      an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C.

  Katayoun-i Siavash. Name.

      Submitted as "Katayoun _bint_ Siavash", the submitter requested
      a Persian formation for "daughter of _Siavash_" if it could be
      documented. Thanks to Ursula Palimpsest, we are able to change
      this name to "Katayoun_-i_ Siavash" to meet her request for a
      fully Persian name.

  L{i'}adan Liath{a'}n. Name and device. Argent, a blackbird proper
  between three crescents gules.

      Although commentary questioned the spelling "L{i'}adan", heralds
      at the Pelican decision meeting found this spelling in _Cen
      {a'}inius_, an Old Irish document circa 850-900.

      The submitter requested authenticity for "Irish 6th-7th
      century." As the only evidence for the given name is from the
      late 9th century, the name is not authentic for the submitter's
      requested time period. However, it is a registerable Old Irish
      name.

      Originally submitted as "a blackbird singing", the submitter
      cited Parker's _A Glossary of Terms Used in Heraldry._ However,
      no evidence was provided and none could be found that the term
      was used in period blazonry. As the term only implies that the
      beak is open, we feel that this is a detail that is unnecessary
      to blazon. We have therefore declined to use the term.

  Middle, Kingdom of the. Badge. Azure, in bend two mullets of eight
  points Or.

      Nice badge!

  Paulos tou Dyrrachiou. Name and device. Per fess azure and vert, a
  spearhead and a crescent Or.

      Submitted as "Paulos _ Dyrrachiou", the submitter requested
      authenticity for "early 11th century Byzantine Greek." We have
      changed the name to "Paulos _tou_ Dyrrachiou" to follow attested
      11th century Greek naming patterns.

      Artist's note: Please draw the charges larger to fill the
      available space.

  Rosie Dubroc. Name and device. Argent, a rose barbed and seeded
  proper within a chaplet of thorns and leaves vert.

      The only documentation on the Letter of Intent for _Dubroc_ was
      from an amateur genealogy website. We remind heralds and
      submitters that genealogies of this type are not acceptable
      documentation.

      Heralds at the Pelican decision meeting found multiple instances
      of _Du Broc_ in late period French records on _Gallica_
      (http://gallica.bnf.fr). Given the attested late period examples
      of contracted surnames using _du_ + a location, such as
      _Dubois_, _Dujardin_ and _Dupont_, found in _Names from Artois,
      1601_ by Aryanhwy merch Catmael
      (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/french/1601sur.html), a
      contracted _Dubroc_ is plausible.

      This device conflicts with the badge of Adelaide de Beaumont,
      "Argent, a pimpernel gules, slipped and leaved, within a bordure
      vert". There is one DC for the type of secondary charge, but
      none for the removal of slips and leaves, nor for roses vs.
      pimpernels. Fortunately, Adelaide provided permission to
      conflict in commentary.

  Thorst{ae}inn Ulfarsson. Name.

      Submitted as "Thorst_e_inn Ulfarsson", the submitter requested
      authenticity for 10th-12th century Danish. To meet this request,
      with the submitter's permission, we have changed the given name
      to "Thorst_{ae}_inn", a simplified transliteration of
      "{TH}{o'}rst{ae}inn", the Old East Norse form of the given name.

  Wendell of Dark River. Device. Lozengy Or and azure, a pale gules,
  overall a dragon vert.

  Yn{e'}s de Jaen. Device. Azure, a fess and in base three lotus
  blossoms affronty argent.

======================================================================

**** NORTHSHIELD acceptances ****

  Birna fra Blakksholum. Name and device. Per pall inverted azure,
  argent and sable, in chief two bear's heads erased counterchanged.

      Submitted as "Birna fra _b_lakksholum", the byname was intended
      as a constructed byname meaning "black hills." This construction
      did not follow any known period patterns. However, ffride
      wlffsdotter and Gunnvor Orle were able to construct
      "Blakksh{o'}lum" as a place named after a person called _Blakkr_
      or _Blakki_. Based on their documentation, we have changed the
      name to "Birna fra _B_lakksholum" (omitting accents
      consistently) for registration.

  Deonysia de Rye. Reblazon of device. Per chevron azure semy of ears
  of rye Or and argent, a sea-dragon azure and a bordure
  counterchanged argent and azure.

      Blazoned originally as "Per chevron azure semy of ears of rye Or
      and argent, a sea-dragon azure and a bordure counterchanged", we
      are clarifying that the bordure is not also semy of ears of rye.

  Edmond Cambell. Device change. Or, a dragon displayed and in base
  two swords in saltire gules, a bordure rayonny sable.

      The submitter's previous device, "Paly Or and azure, on a chief
      embattled sable three roundels Or", is retained as a badge.

      As a reminder, from the July 2017 LoAR:

           Absent documentation, we will cease to register any
           depictions of animate charges displayed with the torso
           twisted to dexter or sinister as of the January 2018
           decision meeting. Note that even an acceptably drawn
           dragon displayed remains a step from period practice.

  Konrad der Lowe von Ulm. Household name House of Winter Wardens and
  badge. Vert, a pale sable fimbriated and overall a tree blasted and
  eradicated argent.

      There is a step from period practice for having a fimbriated
      ordinary with an overall charge.

  Thyri Nielsdatter. Name.

======================================================================

**** OUTLANDS acceptances ****

  Dawn Schadue. Device change. Per fess sable and Or, a sun between
  three crescents counterchanged.

      The submitter's previous device, "Per chevron gules and Or, a
      phoenix face to sinister counterchanged and issuant from base a
      demi-sun sable", is retained as a badge.

  Ealusaid of Ardrenk. Badge for Harastan Logge. Per pale vert and
  azure, a pale wavy between two hares combatant argent.

      Artist's note: Please draw the pale wider, with greater
      amplitude on the waves.

  Gwladus of Brenterc'h. Name and device. Ermine, a boar passant and a
  chief vert.

      Submitted as "Gwladus_Brenterc'h", _Brenterc'h_ could only be
      documented as a modern place name. However, the place now called
      _Brenterc'h_ existed in period. Therefore, with the submitter's
      permission, we have changed the submitter's name to use the
      lingua Anglica phrase "_of_ Brenterc'h".

      Artist's note: Please draw fewer ermine spots.

  Sem Kete. Name.

      Submitted as "Kete _Chimeeg{u:}i_", _Chimeeg{u:}i_ is not
      registerable as a name element because it is an entirely modern
      word.

      The submitter requested an authentic Mongol name with the
      meaning "Kete the Silent." The name element _Sem_ meaning
      "silent" is found in "Middle Mongol Grammar for SCA Names" by
      Ursula Georges
      (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/mongolgrammar.html#descriptive).
      With the submitter's permission, we have changed the name to
      "_Sem_ Kete". Both name elements are found in the _The Secret
      History of the Mongols_, making this an authentic Mongol name as
      requested.

  Vivian Bell. Name and device. Per pale argent and sable, on a
  chevron inverted counterchanged vert and argent three skulls
  counterchanged argent and vert, in base two rapiers in saltire
  counterchanged sable and argent.

      Nice 16th century English name!

      Artist's note: Please draw the skulls so that the background
      doesn't show through the eyes and nasal cavity.

======================================================================

**** TRIMARIS acceptances ****

  Asa Thegjandi. Name.

  Cristina Maria Juarez de Ontiveros. Name.

  Denic Spycer. Name.

      Nice 16th century English name!

  Hra{dh}i Viglundarson. Name.

      Nice 9th-10th century Icelandic name!

  Juliana Spycer. Name.

      Nice English name from circa 1400 onwards! In fact, Adelaide de
      Beaumont found an example of _Juliana Spycer_ being christened
      in London in 1571.

  Oddn{y'} Daufa. Name.

      Submitted as "Oddn{y'} Dauf_i_", _Daufi_ is the masculine form
      of the byname. As _Oddn{y'}_ is a female given name, we have
      changed the byname to the feminine form, "Dauf_a_", with the
      submitter's permission.

  Robert the Grey. Name.

      Submitted as "Robert _de_ Grey", this name conflicts with the
      registered _Robert de Bray_. The single difference is the first
      consonant in _Bray_ vs. _Gray_, which is not enough to bring
      these names clear.

      The submitter instructed that, if the name needed to be changed
      to clear conflict, he would accept "Robert _the_ Grey", if it
      could be documented. The byname _the Grey_ is the lingua Anglica
      form of the attested Middle English bynames _le Grai_ and _le
      Grey_, both found in the Middle English Dictionary. This change
      adds a second difference between this name and _Robert de Bray_
      (_de_ vs. _the_), bringing the names clear of conflict under
      PN3C1. The change introduces no new conflicts. Accordingly, as
      "Robert _the_ Grey", this name is registerable.

  Taileflaith ingen hu{i'} Orthanaig. Name.

      Submitted as "Taileflaith ingen _U{i'}_ Orthanaig", Br{i'}an
      dorcha ua Conaill advised in commentary that "Taileflaith ingen
      _hu{i'}_ Orthanaig" was the correct form for Old Irish. We have
      made that change for registration.

  Vadrian dictus Demon de Strigonius. Device. Argent, a broadsword
  inverted sable interlaced with a triquetra inverted vert, in chief
  two ankhs sable.

======================================================================

**** WEST acceptances ****

  Arn{th}{o'}r Hest{o,}f{dh}i. Name and device. Quarterly azure and
  gules, a hippogriff segreant contourny within an orle Or.

      Submitted as "Arn{th}{o'}r Hest_o_f{dh}i", special characters
      and diacritical markings must be used consistently throughout
      Old Norse names. Therefore, we have changed the name to
      "Arn{th}{o'}r Hest_{o,}_f{dh}i" for registration.

      Although the given name is more usually rendered as
      "Arn{th}{o'}r_r_", there is at least one instance of an attested
      Old Norse "Arn{th}{o'}r_". Therefore, we have left the given
      name as submitted.

      The submitter requested authenticity for an unspecified time
      period and language/culture. This name is authentic for 9th-10th
      century Iceland.

  Dustin Thorn. Name change from Thoen Silverthorn of Silver Desert.

      Nice 16th century English name!

      The submitter's previous name, "Thoen Silverthorn of Silver
      Desert", is released.

  Ferro Mori. Name and device. Sable platy, a chief argent.

      Nice 13th century Italian name from Pisa!

======================================================================

                  - Explicit littera accipiendorum -

======================================================================

***** THE FOLLOWING ITEMS HAVE BEEN RETURNED FOR FURTHER WORK: *****

**** {AE}THELMEARC returns ****

  Layla al-Ghudariyyah. Device. Azure, on a mullet of six points
  argent between six crescents in annulo points outward Or a
  decrescent gules.

      This device is returned for use of the restricted motif of the
      Red Crescent, which is a single gules decrescent on any argent
      background or in any way that could be displayed on an argent
      background.

      There is a step from period practice for having charges in
      annulo not in their default orientation.

  Sebestyen Anastasia. Device. Per fess argent and gules, three birds
  migrant one and two sable and a sun argent.

      This device is returned for violation of SENA A3D2c, which
      requires all charges in a charge group to be in a unified
      arrangement. The positioning of the three birds must be blazoned
      independently of the sun, and so they are not in a unified
      arrangement. We cannot blazon these charges as "in cross" as
      that blazon would place two birds crossing the per fess line,
      which is not the case.

      Since the migrant posture is functionally equivalent to
      displayed, there is a step from period practice for having these
      generic birds migrant.

======================================================================

**** AN TIR returns ****

  {AE}rng{ae}r{dh}r Ulfs dottir. Badge. Sable, in pale a crescent and
  a wolf's paw print argent.

      This badge is returned for blurring the distinction between
      charge groups. The paw print crosses the fess line, and thus
      would normally be considered the primary charge, but the two
      charges have comparable visual weight.

      If the crescent is considered a secondary charge, this conflicts
      with Lucius Antonius Ursus, "Sable, a bear's pawprint and a
      bordure argent", with a single DC for changing the type of
      secondary charge. It also conflicts with Sofia Vargh, "Sable, a
      wolf's paw print and a chief embattled argent", by the same
      count.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a paw print.

  Ihon Makfulchiane. Name.

      Unfortunately, this name conflicts with the registered _Iohne
      Makfulchiane_. The given names are variants of the same name
      and, in many dialects, are pronounced identically as well.

      His device is registered under the holding name "Ihon of
      Dregate".

  Ka{dh}all Himinna{u'}ga. Name and device. Sable, a sun argent within
  a bordure parted bordurewise indented azure and Or.

      Unfortunately, this name must be returned for lack of
      documentation. _Himinna{u'}ga_ was proposed as a constructed Old
      Norse byname intended to mean "sky/heaven-eye." However, the
      documentation does not support this construction. Unlike the
      attested examples of Old Norse bynames referring to eyes, such
      as _hrakauga_ ("crack-eye") or _kr{o'}kauga_ ("hook-eye"),
      "heaven-eye" does not refer to the physical condition of the
      eye. Moreover, there are no attested examples of the element
      _himinn-_ being used in any other Old Norse descriptive byname.

      If the submitter intends his byname to mean that his eyes are
      sky-colored (i.e., blue), he may wish to consider one of the
      attested names such as _bl{a'}-eygr_ or _bl{a'}-eyg{dh}r_,
      meaning "blue-eyed."

      This device is returned for conflict with Alexandra of Elentil,
      "Sable, a mullet of eight points argent, a bordure gules,
      fimbriated argent". There is a DC for changing the tincture of
      the bordure but nothing for removing the fimbriation, nor is
      there a difference between a sun and a mullet of eight points.

  K{a'}ri Smi{dh}judrumbr Leiknisson. Device. Per chevron inverted
  gules and paly sable and Or, an anvil Or.

      This device is returned for conflict with Stephen of Forth
      Castle, "Per bend sable and paly gules and Or, a double-bitted
      anvil Or", with a DC for changes to the field but nothing for
      the forced move or for the type of anvil.

  {TH}{o'}rhalla in danska. Device. Per chevron azure and sable, a
  mermaid seated on and within an increscent, in chief two lozenges
  ploy{e'} argent.

      This device is returned for violation of SENA A1C, which
      requires an emblazon to be describable in heraldic terms. The
      submission was originally blazoned as "a mermaid sejant." In the
      return of Wyn ap David, LoAR of February 2017, a mermaid seated
      was disallowed, with the comment: "This device is returned for
      not being reliably blazonable, which is a violation of SENA A1C
      which requires an emblazon to be describable in heraldic terms.
      There is no blazonable term to describe the posture of the
      mermaid." The same reasoning applies here.

======================================================================

**** ANSTEORRA returns ****

None.

======================================================================

**** ARTEMISIA returns ****

  Sneferu sa Djedi mewetif Merit. Badge (see PENDS for alternate
  name). (Fieldless) A man genuant vested of a kilt maintaining a
  stylus and tablet Or.

      This badge is returned for lack of documentation for the
      submitted posture. The posture "genuant" in SCA heraldry, last
      registered in 2009, is a bipedal posture where the legs are set
      at right angles, with the body resting on one knee and the foot
      of the other leg planted in front of the body, kneeling as in
      presentation. This posture, on the other hand, has the figure
      seated with one foot tucked entirely beneath him and the other
      half-raised, his arms resting on the raised knee. No evidence
      was presented and none could be found that this posture is found
      in period heraldry, and so must be returned.

      This badge is also returned for the maintained charges in an
      unblazonable orientation. The tablet and stylus are both halfway
      between fesswise and bendwise/bendwise sinister. As maintained
      charges count for difference, their orientation must be
      blazonable.

======================================================================

**** ATENVELDT returns ****

  Fenrich St{u:}rmer Hahn. Device. Or, a dunghill cock rising
  contourny vert maintaining a spear bendwise sinister gules hafted
  sable, a bordure raguly sable.

      This device is returned administratively. The mini emblazon and
      the form in the packet both have incorrect submissions artwork,
      which depict a differently-colored spear and a bordure that is
      half-raguly and half-dovetailed. The submissions herald provided
      corrected mini emblazons in commentary, but the forms were not
      received.

  Robbert Broekhuijsen. Device. Per bend sinister gules and argent, an
  Oriental dragon in annulo azure, in base a bugle reversed vert
  surmounted by two arrows inverted in saltire sable.

      This device is returned administratively. The form in the packet
      depicts a baroque folded trumpet, while the mini emblazon on
      OSCAR depicts a 19th century cavalry bugle. While the
      submissions herald noted the change in a correction to the
      Letter of Intent, the mini emblazon was neither corrected nor
      supplied in comments. This is grounds for return.

      This device has charges surmounting a secondary charge.
      Discussion of whether this practice is allowable, or a violation
      of SENA Appendix I.D, which requires overall charges to cross
      the center line of the device and surmount the primary charge
      group, is currently underway in OSCAR and will be decided at the
      December Wreath meeting. Upon resubmission, the outcome of that
      discussion should be addressed by the submitter.

======================================================================

**** ATLANTIA returns ****

  Amira al-Madaniyya. Name change from Amira of Raven's Cove.

      _Amira_ is both a given name and a restricted title meaning
      "princess." Therefore, by precedent, "the combination of _Amira_
      and a locative byname gives the appearance of a claim to rank"
      and names so constructed are not registerable. [Amira de Kent,
      6/2015 LoAR, R-Lochac] However, the given name _Amira_ is
      registerable when combined with a descriptive byname. [Arwyn of
      Leicester. Alternate name Amira al-'Aliyya, 9/2016 LoAR,
      A-Avacal]

      Accordingly, whether this particular name is registerable turns
      on the meaning of the byname _al-Madaniyya_. This byname is the
      feminine form of _al-Madan{i-}_ which, according to Juliana de
      Luna's _Arabic Names from al-Andalus_
      (https://www.s-gabriel.org/names/juliana/alandalus/mascnick.html),
      is a locative byname for a person from the city of Medina. Even
      though other, more modern, Arabic sources suggest that the
      bynames _al-Madaniyya_ and _al-Madan{i-}_ are descriptive terms
      for someone who lives in a city or urban environment, this name
      nonetheless gives the appearance that the bearer is a princess
      of Medina, requiring it to be returned.

      For resubmission, the submitter may wish to know that adding
      another byname that is not another locative byname will remove
      the appearance of a claim to rank. For example, _Amira bint X
      al-Madaniyya_ (where _X_ is her father's name) would be
      registerable.

  Ismael Baleinier. Name.

      Although the Letter of Intent documented _baleinier_ as a period
      word, it did not document this word as a name element. Instead,
      both the documentation and the additional research performed by
      heralds at the Pelican decision meeting show that _baleinier_ is
      a term for a whaling ship, not for a person engaged in whaling.
      We found no evidence for French surnames based on the terms used
      for ships. Therefore, this name must be returned for lack of
      documentation.

      In addition, this name must be returned because the combination
      of the given name _Ismael_ with a surname based on a term for a
      whaling ship and a white whale on the submitter's arms is
      obtrusively modern. PN2E of SENA states:

           No name will be registered that either in whole or in
           part is obtrusively modern. Something is said to be
           obtrusively modern when it makes a modern joke or
           reference that destroys medieval ambience and drags
           the average person mentally back to the present day.
           Obtrusiveness can be either in the written form or
           when spoken. A period name that has a modern referent
           will not generally be considered obtrusively modern.
           Only extreme examples will be returned.

      In this case, commenters uniformly found themselves dragged out
      of the medieval mindset and unavoidably reminded of Melville's
      _Moby Dick_, a post-period work. While a single allusion to a
      famous figure or famous fictional character is acceptable, this
      name has two such allusions. _Ismael_ plus a white whale would
      be an acceptable single allusion; _Ismael_ plus a white whale
      plus a surname referring to whaling is not.

      His device is registered under the holding name "Ismael of
      Roxbury Mill".

======================================================================

**** AVACAL returns ****

  Kerry Garadh. Device. Per fess embattled azure and argent, three
  reremice argent.

      This device is returned for conflict with Morgan Alyn Alwyn,
      "Per pale gules and sable, in pale three bats displayed argent".
      There is one DC for changes to the field, but no DC for the
      forced change of arrangement.

      The device also conflicts with Rahil bint Haroun, "Per pall
      argent, purpure and sable, a reremouse sable and two reremice
      argent", with a single DC for changes to the field. There is not
      a DC for the forced change of arrangement nor for changing the
      tincture of one of the three reremice. As Rahil's reremice are
      arranged one and two rather than two and one, the sable
      reremouse is not considered half of the charges under SENA
      A5C2d.

======================================================================

**** CAID returns ****

  Duck Ala Orange. Name.

      _Ducke_ or _Duck_ is a Middle English spelling of the reserved
      title _Duke_. For example, Gower's _Confessio Amantis_ (1393)
      repeatedly uses the spelling _Duck_ for Duke. Thus, under PN4B1,
      _Duck_ can be used as given name only in contexts that make it
      clear that it is a name and not a title. "Duck _Ala_ Orange" can
      be read as title + given name + surname and thus, as submitted,
      is not registerable under PN4B1.

      However, "a l'Orange" would be a plausible French inn-sign
      byname based on a heraldic charge. The name "Duck _a l'_Orange"
      would not imply a title or landedness; if the name were
      registerable, it would be in this form.

      The next question is whether, in the form _Duck a l'Orange_,
      this name is obtrusively modern. PN2E states:

           No name will be registered that either in whole or in
           part is obtrusively modern. Something is said to be
           obtrusively modern when it makes a modern joke or
           reference that destroys medieval ambience and drags
           the average person mentally back to the present day.
           Obtrusiveness can be either in the written form or
           when spoken. A period name that has a modern referent
           will not generally be considered obtrusively modern.
           Only extreme examples will be returned.

      In addition, by longstanding precedent, "[t]he fact that this is
      a 'joke name' is not, in and of itself, a problem. The College
      has registered a number of names, perfectly period in formation,
      that embodied humor: _Drew Steele_, _Miles Long_, and _John of
      Somme Whyre_ spring to mind as examples." (Porsche Audi, August,
      1992, pg. 28) When considering the registration of joke names,
      the key question is whether the joke is necessarily a modern
      one: "Joke names have long been registered, when the reference
      was not modern." [Mould de Cheder, 2/2011 LoAR, A-Trimaris]

      Commentary was sharply divided on whether this name drags the
      listener out of a medieval mindset. Although a dish combining
      duck and some sort of orange or citrus sauce may have been known
      in period in Italy (and elsewhere), that dish was not called
      "duck a l'orange" until well after our period. Ultimately,
      because it is an inherently modern joke, this name edges over
      the line between an acceptable joke name and a disruptive modern
      reference. Therefore, it is returned.

======================================================================

**** CALONTIR returns ****

  Anastasia da Carrara. Device. Quarterly Or and azure, a mullet of
  eight points counterchanged within a bordure sable.

      This device is returned for conflict with the device of Hannah
      of Tarshish, "Quarterly Or and azure, a sun within a bordure
      counterchanged". There is one DC for change of tincture to the
      bordure, but no difference between a sun and a mullet of eight
      points.

  Dashunegen of Calontir. Name change from Dash Unegen.

      We found no evidence of compound Mongol names using the elements
      _Dash_ or _Unegen_. While _Dash Unegen of Calontir_ would be
      registerable, the submitter allows no changes. Therefore, this
      name must be returned.

  Knorr bestingr. Device. Argent, a valknut sable between two axes
  addorsed in pile gules and in chief three escutcheons sable.

      The escutcheons and the axes are part of the same secondary
      charge group. SENA Appendix J notes that all designs with two
      charge groups on the field are presumed registrable; however,
      SENA A3D2c, Unity of Posture and Orientation, requires that
      "charges within a charge group should be in either identical
      postures/orientations or an arrangement that includes
      posture/orientation" The fact that the escutcheons are in fess
      and the axes are in pile, and so must be blazoned separately,
      means that this device must be returned for violating A3D2c.

      Please note that if the escutcheons and the axes were two
      separate secondary groups, we would need documentation for that
      pattern, per Appendix J.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a valknut.

  Thorlein Knochenhauer. Device. Per pale gules and azure, a boar
  rampant dismembered Or maintaining a bone fracted argent.

      This device is returned for redraw. In the return of Kjartan
      kjalki Kolgrimsson in the LoAR of January 2009, it was stated:

           On resubmission, the submitter should also draw the
           dismembered goats using medieval dismembering. Legh's
           Accedens of Armory, 1576, fo.48v, shows a lion
           dismembered. The severings are done at the middle of
           the hind feet, the tops of the forelegs, the breast
           just below the mane (and just before where the
           forefeet would attach), and the middle of the tail.

======================================================================

**** DRACHENWALD returns ****

None.

======================================================================

**** EALDORMERE returns ****

  Mi'namoto Natsume. Device. Sable, a cinquefoil bush and a bordure
  argent.

      This device was pended on the May 2017 Letter of Acceptances and
      Returns for discussion on what traits define a bush and what
      difference, if any, to grant between a bush and a tree. In
      reviewing period rolls of arms, treatises, and other texts
      provided by commenters, we have come to the following
      conclusions.

      Other than for canting or other allusive purposes (e.g. the
      attributed arms of Moses with a burning bush), the primary
      defining feature of a bush appears to be that the limbs may be
      strewn with flowers, while trees are more likely to have fruits
      or nuts in similar patterns.

      Period heralds do not seem to have distinguished between bushes
      and trees, and would frequently blur the distinction in actual
      depiction, with some trees featuring short trunks and some
      bushes sporting long trunks.

      Because there is no perceived difference heraldically between
      bushes and trees, we will grant no DC between them.

      This device is therefore in conflict with Ygraine of the Seven
      Oaks, "Per saltire vert and sable, an oak tree eradicated within
      a bordure argent", with one DC for changes to the field. The
      device also conflicts with Sarra atte Elmes, "Sable, a tree
      argent within a bordure argent, semy of Catherine wheels sable",
      with one DC for the addition of tertiary charges. This device
      also conflicts with Malys MacGregor, "Sable, a tree blasted
      argent and a bordure argent goutty de sang", with one DC for the
      addition of tertiary charges. This device also conflicts with
      Besseta Wallace, "Sable, a tree blasted and eradicated and a
      point pointed argent", with one DC for change of the type of
      secondary charge.

======================================================================

**** EAST returns ****

  Danielle de Lorraine. Device. Azure, a serpent involved and on a
  chief argent a bow palewise reversed between two musical notes
  azure.

      This device is returned for violation of SENA A2C1, which
      requires that charges be depicted in their period formats. The
      musical notes in this submission have flags that extend
      horizontally, like a pennon. Period musical notation, if they
      used flags at all, drooped them vertically, and even folded them
      back onto the stem, to save space on the page. This depiction of
      musical notes doesn't show up until well past even the grey
      period.

  Piers Campbell. Badge. (Fieldless) A saltire couped and overall a
  boar's head couped close argent.

      This badge must be returned for identifiability issues. The
      overall charge obscures the saltire, which is compounded by the
      charges being the same tincture. Upon resubmission, either one
      of the charges should be made a different tincture, or the head
      should be redrawn so as not to obscure the saltire, or both.

  Symon van Moordrecht. Badge. (Fieldless) A calamarie sable.

      This badge must be returned for conflict with Athanasius
      Lacedaemonius, "Argent, a calamarie sable". There is a single DC
      for fieldlessness.

======================================================================

**** GLEANN ABHANN returns ****

  Elrick Hellstern. Device. Per bend azure and gules, on a bend argent
  a winged ferret rampant maintaining a spiked mace sable.

      This device is returned for lack of recognizability of the
      tertiary charge. Some commenters thought the charge was a cat,
      and most could not identify it as a ferret.

      This device is also returned for having two tertiary charge
      groups on the same charge. As maintained charges are not
      co-primary or co-secondary with their maintaining charge when
      they appear on the field, and as there cannot be multiple charge
      groups on the same primary or secondary charge, tertiary charges
      thus cannot be maintained by other tertiary charges.

  Odhr{a'}n macc Corb{a'}in. Device. Per chevron Or and vert, two
  anvils sable and on a flame Or a feather bendwise sinister gules.

      This device is returned for redraw. The feather is a tertiary
      charge, and is required to be in a blazonable orientation. The
      feather is neither palewise nor bendwise sinister.

  {O'}l{a'}fr bristle-beard. Household name Hus Dreogan and badge.
  Azure, within a serpent in annulo vorant of its own tail an attire
  palewise inverted and an attire palewise argent.

      The word _Dreogan_ was documented as an Old English verb meaning
      "to do, to work." No documentation could be found for Old
      English household names in the pattern _Hus_ + a verb. Without
      documentation for that pattern, this name is not registerable
      and must be returned.

      This badge is returned for violation of SENA A3D2c, which
      requires that "The charges within a charge group should be in
      either identical postures/orientations or an arrangement that
      includes posture/orientation." The antlers are not in a unified
      orientation.

  Reimund Wanderer. Device. Per bend sinister wavy azure and gules, an
  annulet surmounted by a compass star Or and an eagle striking
  argent.

      This device is returned for redraw. The submitter intended to
      depict a compass rose, but the submitted drawing did not have an
      indicator in chief for north. Because it was missing this
      defining feature, it cannot be considered as a single charge,
      and must be considered as two charges; a compass star and an
      annulet.

      When considering this design as a mullet surmounting an annulet,
      it must be returned for violation of SENA Appendix I Section D,
      which requires overall charges to cross the center line of the
      field.

      This device is also returned for violation of SENA A3D2a, which
      forbids a single group of charges to have three or more types of
      charge. The primary charge group has three charge types: an
      annulet, a compass star, and an eagle.

      We also note the step from period practice for using a compass
      star, which would not be the case had this been drawn with a
      compass rose.

  Zaneta moglie di Nicolo Marcello. Device. Per pale sable and azure,
  a spider between flaunches argent.

      This device is returned for redraw. Flaunches should start at
      the chief corners of the escutcheon.

======================================================================

**** LOCHAC returns ****

  Amelot de Akeney. Household name Salty Bint Tavern.

      Significant questions were raised in commentary about whether
      the use of the term _bint_ in the specific context of this name
      is offensive. NPN5A states:

           No name that is offensive to a large segment of
           members of the SCA or the general public will be
           registered. Offense is a modern concept; just because
           a name was used in period does not mean that it is not
           offensive to the modern observer. Offense returns are
           rare because the bar for determining offensiveness is
           quite high; it has not been unusual for years to pass
           between returns for offense.

           Offense is not dependent on intent; the fact that a
           submitter did not intend to be offensive is not
           relevant. The standard is whether a large segment of
           the SCA or the general public would be offended.

      The question of offensiveness arises here because _bint_ is a
      vulgar and derogatory English slang term for a woman, most
      commonly used in Great Britain but also found in portions of the
      United States. Although _Salty Bint_ was documented as a
      personal name, with _Bint_ being an attested 16th century
      English surname, the combination of this name with the mermaid
      imagery used by the tavern at events and in its promotional
      materials creates the unmistakable impression that "bint" as
      used here is referring to a female in a highly derogatory
      fashion. The majority of commenters found this reference
      offensive.

      That the submitter did not intend an offensive meaning is
      laudable, but not relevant. SENA clearly states that
      offensiveness is not determined by intent. Likewise, that the
      citizens of Lochac are not offended by this name is not
      controlling. The test set out in SENA is whether "a large
      segment of the members of the SCA or the general public" are
      offended. Commentary and lengthy discussions with non-heralds
      showed this to be the case here.

      In addition, numerous commenters found _Salty Bint_ to be an
      intrusively modern insult. "Intrusively modern names grab the
      listener by the scruff of the neck and haul him, will he or nill
      he, back into the [21st] Century." [Porsche Audi, 08/1992 LoAR,
      Caid-R] _Bint_ was not used to refer to women and girls in
      English until the 19th century, when it came into use among
      British servicemen in the Middle East. The modernity of the
      name, combined with its vulgar and derogatory connotations,
      compels its return.

      This ruling is limited to the specific use of _Bint_ in this
      particular context. The Arabic use of _bint_ as a patronymic
      marker is not offensive, as it arises in a completely different
      context. Likewise, not all uses of the attested English surname
      _Bint_ are automatically offensive. However, future submitters
      using this English surname should be prepared to address the
      question of offensiveness.

  Constanza Sancha De Monroy. Device. Per pale argent and azure, in
  pale a fox's mask conjoined to a tree blasted counterchanged.

      This device must be returned for blurring the distinction of
      charge groups. The muzzle of the fox overlays the top of the
      tree, which means that it can't be a secondary charge. But it's
      not sufficiently over the tree to be an overall charge.

  Eyia Litlaskolli. Device. Per fess azure and argent, in pale two
  foxes statant counter-statant guardant counterchanged.

      This device is withdrawn, as it left kingdom without a name.

      Artist's note: Upon resubmission, please provide internal
      detailing on the foxes.

  Fionnabhair inghean ui Mheadhra. Badge change. Purpure, two
  unicornate sea-horses respectant argent each charged with an ermine
  spot sable.

      This is returned for use of a disallowed charge. Per the return
      of the device for Beth{o'}c ingen Mael F{e'}ch{i'}n Fynletyr
      (LoAR of Sept 2006):

           "Per saltire gules and purpure, a unicornate sea-horse
           argent within a bordure per saltire Or and argent".
           This must be returned for using a unicornate
           sea-horse. The mini-emblazon and one of the emblazons
           sent to Laurel were missing the required beard that
           distinguishes the allowed sea-unicorn from the
           disallowed unicornate sea-horse.

      The depictions submitted here are also unicornate sea-horses,
      missing the beards.

  Rhianna of Politarchopolis. Device. Argent, on a bend sable three
  cinquefoils pierced palewise argent, in sinister chief a Maltese
  cross gules.

      This device is returned for conflict with the device of George
      of Berwick: "Argent, on a bend sable, three double roses argent,
      barbed vert". There is a DC for the addition of the cross, but
      no difference between cinquefoils and roses.

======================================================================

**** MERIDIES returns ****

  Juliane de Vivonne. Badge. (Fieldless) A fleur-de-lys azure.

      This badge must be returned for conflict with Elwyn of Snow
      Hill, "Per chevron azure, ermined argent, and argent, in base a
      fleur-de-lis azure". There is one DC for the field, but none for
      placement; fieldless badges do not get a DC for placement, and
      even if they did, the move on Elwyn's device is forced.

======================================================================

**** MIDDLE returns ****

  Brynniulfr Herleifsson. Badge. (Fieldless) A bear rampant regardant
  argent, collared and chained with a broken chain vert, maintaining a
  grozing iron sable.

      This device must be returned for violation of SENA A2C2, which
      requires that the orientation of charges be recognizable. The
      grozing iron is neither palewise nor bendwise sinister, and thus
      blurs the distinction between the two orientations.

  Slany bean Uillic. Device. Argent, two rats combatant each
  maintaining a knife gules.

      This device is returned for redraw. Commenters had difficulty
      recognizing the maintained charges as knives, with some saying
      they didn't notice the charges at all until they read the
      submitted blazon. Please draw the knives larger to aid in
      identification.

======================================================================

**** NORTHSHIELD returns ****

  Martin MacKeegan. Device. Per pall sable, argent, and gules, a
  wolf's head couped ululant argent, three wolf's teeth issuant from
  dexter gules and three wolf's teeth issuant from sinister argent.

      This device is returned for redraw. Precedent states, in the
      return of Dubhag{a'}n mac Ruairc (05/2004):

           This is being returned for improper drawing and
           non-period style, stemming from improper use of wolf's
           teeth. The examples of wolf's teeth in the Pictorial
           Dictionary and in Siebmacher show that the teeth
           invariably extend almost to the center line; where
           teeth come from both sides they almost touch. Those on
           this submission do not come close. This is in itself
           grounds for return.

      These wolf's teeth likewise have substantial gaps between the
      dexter and sinister sets.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a wolf's
      head ululant.

======================================================================

**** OUTLANDS returns ****

  Ansteys Darcy. Badge. (Fieldless) On a rose argent a capital letter
  A gules.

      This badge must be returned for violation of SENA A2C1, which
      requires that charges be depicted in their period forms. The
      capital A in this submission does not match any period hand that
      commenters were able to identify. Upon resubmission, a period
      depiction of the letter should be used.

  Unser Hafen, Barony of. Badge for Order of Harmonia. (Fieldless) A
  chainless portcullis vert surmounted by a clapperless cowbell Or.

      This badge is returned for violation of SENA A2C1, which
      requires that charges be depicted in their period forms. From
      the bronze age onward, cowbells were used almost exclusively to
      keep track of livestock in the field, through use of the clapper
      sounding against the side of the bell. Other uses were
      ceremonial, but still required the clapper for sound.
      Clapperless cowbells used as percussive instruments are a 20th
      century innovation, making the depiction of a clapperless
      cowbell a disallowed modernism.

  Warenus de Fulmere. Device change. Per pale argent and azure, a
  shakefork between three crescents two and one counterchanged.

      This device was withdrawn by the submitter.

======================================================================

**** TRIMARIS returns ****

None.

======================================================================

**** WEST returns ****

None.

======================================================================

                 - Explicit littera renuntiationum -

======================================================================

***** THE FOLLOWING ITEMS HAVE BEEN PENDED UNTIL THE March 2018 LAUREL
MEETING (OR AS NOTED): *****

**** ARTEMISIA pends ****

  Aries de Spencer. Device. Per chevron inverted enhanced sable and
  azure, in pale a mullet argent and a natural tiger's head cabossed
  Or marked sable.

      This registration depends on the existing registration
      allowance, to register this field division (which would
      otherwise be returned for being either unadmissably high as a
      per chevron inverted line or a low contrast chief triangular).
      This motif was registered by the submitter's grandmother, Leah
      de Spencer, in November 1980. This is pended for discussion of
      how to apply this allowance.

      This submission has a step from period practice for the use of a
      natural tiger's head; natural tigers were not attested in period
      heraldry, though the tyger, a monster, was found. Commenters
      raised the question of whether the use of the existing
      registration allowance is an additional step from period
      practice. If so, this item would be returned for being two steps
      from period practice. This is pended to allow commenters to
      discuss whether the use of the existing registration allowance
      should carry a step from period practice.

      This was item 1 on the Artemisia letter of July 30, 2017.

  Sneferu sa Djedi mewetif Merit. Alternate name Aa-ef-en-moet of
  Artemisia.

      In order to be registered, names must be comprehensibly
      transliterated into Latin script. Submitted as "`{3}=f-n-mw.t of
      Artemisia", this submitted transliteration from Egyptian is not
      comprehensible to heralds, much less the average non-herald
      reader. The submitter agreed to accept the transliteration
      "Aa-ef-en-moet" for the given name. If this name is
      registerable, we will register it in that form.

      Currently, we permit registration only of Egyptian names
      recorded in Common Demotic script and Coptic, as these languages
      are compatible with the Society's time period. [Einarr inn
      kristni H{a'}konsson. Alternate name Imhotep sa Maare mewetif
      Ankhet, 7/2015 LoAR, A-Artemisia] However, in this case, the
      given name is from 879 B.C.E., from a papyrus written in
      Hieratic script. We received no commentary on whether Hieratic
      names from the Pharaonic period are or should be registerable.

      SENA and past precedent are against the registration of names
      from Pharaonic Egypt. GP3A of SENA states:

           The center of the Society is medieval and Renaissance
           Europe. As in the Governing Documents, period is
           defined as "pre-17th Century". Elements and patterns
           of names and heraldry found in the Middle Ages and
           Renaissance (in those places defined below) are
           allowed. We allow elements and patterns from before
           the Middle Ages, but require them to be from cultures
           that were known to medieval and Renaissance Europeans.
           Therefore, classical Greek and Roman names are
           registerable, but names from Pharaonic Egypt are not.

      In addition, in the past, Pharaonic Egyptian names were
      disallowed because the writings of this culture were not passed
      into Western Europe in the same manner that classical Greek and
      Roman names were [Merit-ankht-Seker of Sakkara, March 1995,
      R-Caid].

      Rather than returning this name based on these precedents, we
      are pending it for further commentary based on current research.
      We ask commenters to address the test set out in the
      registration of _Imhotep sa Maare mewetif Ankhet_: whether there
      was "significant, direct cultural exchange" between medieval and
      Renaissance Europe and Pharaonic (9th century B.C.E.) Egypt. In
      addition, we ask commenters to address whether names recorded
      solely in Hieratic script should be registerable.

      This was item 6 on the Artemisia letter of July 30, 2017.

======================================================================

                             - Explicit -

======================================================================

Created at 2017-12-17T16:15:34
-------------- next part --------------
                                               Society for Creative Anachronism
                                                                College of Arms

                                                                427 W Ave.
                                                         Spokane, WA 99203
                                                           +1-509-570-4189
                                                   laurel at heraldry.sca.org
                       For the October 2017 meetings, printed December 17, 2017

To all the College of Arms and all others who may read this missive, from
Juliana Laurel, Alys Pelican, and Cormac Wreath, greetings.

**** From Laurel: Some Useful Stuff ****

A few weeks ago, I was talking with some relatively new heralds on Facebook
about SENA and how to use it as a new(ish) herald. SENA wasn't really intended
to be read straight through; instead, it's a great reference for any detail you
need.

I want to remind everyone that there's more out there than just SENA itself;
there are some great materials that help to interpret it. If I'm trying to
review all the ideas in SENA, I usually don't go to the main text of SENA.
Instead, I start with one of the shorter simpler treatments that the Laurel
office created during the rollout of SENA (all these are linked from the
Heraldry Rules page at http://heraldry.sca.org/regs.html):

    * The Submissions Checklist for Standards for Evaluation of Names and
      Armory (at http://heraldry.sca.org/sena_checklist.html)


    * The various class handouts and PowerPoints about SENA that Marie Clarion
      developed as we were introducing SENA (at
      http://heraldry.sca.org/training.html)


    * And then you can go to the text of SENA itself to check the details on
      how the specifics of that rule apply at
      http://heraldry.sca.org/sena.html.

**** From Pelican: Some Name Resources (An Ongoing Series) ****

In this month's installment, I would like to call attention to the online
articles in the Proceedings from the Known World Heralds and Scribes Symposium,
which can be found here: http://heraldry.sca.org/kwhss/. The Proceedings from
2013-2017 are currently available online.

The articles available include a wide variety of onomastic topics, as well as
articles covering the heraldic process. The following process articles may be
of particular help to name heralds:

    * Simple Guide to Summarizing Name Documentation by Alys Mackyntoich (KWHSS
      2015)


    * Commenting On Letters of Intent by Brunissende Dragonette (KWHSS 2014)


    * Intermediate Heraldic Research by Lillia de Vaux (KWHSS 2014)


    * Using The Name Pattern Search Form by Tanczos Istvan (KWHSS 2014)


    * Documenting a Name (not quite within an inch of its life) by Juliana de
      Luna (KWHSS 2013)

Unsurprisingly, the advice in my article on summarizing name documentation is a
good guide for how I would like to see documentation formatted for me as
Pelican.

The Proceedings also include numerous articles on names from specific cultures
and time periods. I highly recommend name heralds taking time to peruse the
available articles. Many of them contain names that are not documentable from
other sources.

Articles from KWHSS Proceedings are considered no-photocopy sources under
Appendix H.

**** From Morsulus: On Branch Designators ****

The O&A calls us the Shire of Mumble, but we're a Barony now. What should we
do?

First, SENA NPN1B1, Branch Designators, says in part:

     In general, changes of status for a branch, such as changing from
     shire to barony, do not need to be submitted. The Laurel office does
     not track those changes in status (that being a duty of the Seneschal
     and Board of Directors). However, it will acknowledge them when a new
     submission is made.

Branch names in the Armorial reflect the status on the most recent submission
from the branch. If the status has changed on a new submission, the designator
gets updated as a consequence. It has no bearing on the official status of the
branch. That is a question for the seneschalate, and they do not notify the
heralds when things change.

That is mostly a good thing. We mind our business; they mind theirs.

So, what is a branch to do if their status has changed? Make an heraldic
submission. It all works out in the end. No need to even mention it in the
submission, or in commentary on the item. Morsulus' process will note that the
name is not registered in the new form, which leads to seeing the new
designator, and it gets updated. No extra work for anyone. And, the new status
appears on the Letter of Acceptances and Returns, so there is something of a
paper trail.

Or, just let it lie. Please.

**** Society Pages ****

On November 4, at Crown Tournament, their Majesties of the East inducted
{TH}{o'}r{y'} Ve{dh}ard{o'}ttir, Golden Gryphon Pursuivant for the Barony of
Carolingia, into the Order of the Silver Wheel (the East's AoA-level service
award). {TH}{o'}r{y'} is a constant presence at Pennsic Herald's Point and one
of the people working on updating the Pennsic Traceable Art Project.

On November 18, at Artemisia's Kingdom Arts & Sciences Collegium and
Competition, The Majesties Artemisia elevated Conchobhar mac Michil, Golden
Wing Principal Herald, to the Order of the Pelican.

On December 2, at Flintheath Yule Ball in the Kingdom of Drachenwald, Lyonet de
Coverham, Schwarzdrachen Principal Herald, was elevated to the Order of the
Laurel.

On December 9, at Yule Revel in Renaissance Germany, Lillia de Vaux, Crampette
Herault and Pelican Emerita, was inducted into the Order of the Silver Rapier
(the East's AoA-level rapier award).

And in sad news, on December 8, Stefan d' Gascon (Stephen Gardner) passed away
Friday morning. Stefan was a former Pennon (external submissions) and Lambent
(commenting) Herald for the Kingdom of Meridies. He was a dear friend to many
and will certainly be missed.

Please send information about happenings to major heralds and major happenings
to all heralds to Laurel, so that it can be published here.

**** Send What to Whom ****

Letters of Intent, Comment, Response, Correction, et cetera are to be posted to
the OSCAR online system. No paper copies need be sent. All submission forms
plus documentation, including petitions, must be posted to the OSCAR online
system. While black-and-white emblazons must be included in the Letter of
Intent, only colored armory forms need to be posted in the forms area.

Cheques or money orders for submissions, payable to "SCA Inc.-College of Arms"
are to be sent to Stephanie Ray-Solum, Blue Bug Bookkeeping, 2144 Westlake Ave
North Suite F, Seattle, WA 98109.

Send roster changes and corrections to Laurel. College of Arms members may also
request a copy of the current roster from Laurel.

For a paper copy of a LoAR, please contact Laurel, at the address above. The
cost for one LoAR is $3. Please make all checks or money orders payable to "SCA
Inc.-College of Arms". The electronic copy of the LoAR is available free of
charge. To subscribe to the mailings of the electronic copy, please see the
bottom of http://heraldry.sca.org/heraldry/lists.html#lists for more
instructions.

For all administrative matters, please contact Laurel.

**** Scheduling ****

Items listed below in square brackets have not been scheduled yet. For
information about future scheduling, please review the status table located on
the Web at http://oscar.sca.org/index.php?action=137.

The October Laurel decisions were made at the Pelican meeting held on Sunday,
October 8, 2017 and the Wreath meeting held on Sunday, October 15, 2017. These
meetings considered the following letters of intent: Ansteorra (06 Jul, 2017),
Gleann Abhann (09 Jul, 2017), Atenveldt (11 Jul, 2017), {AE}thelmearc (17 Jul,
2017), An Tir (17 Jul, 2017), West (18 Jul, 2017), Laurel LoPaD (19 Jul, 2017),
Ealdormere (24 Jul, 2017), Lochac (26 Jul, 2017), Middle (28 Jul, 2017),
Atlantia (29 Jul, 2017), Caid (29 Jul, 2017), Calontir (29 Jul, 2017), East (29
Jul, 2017), Outlands (29 Jul, 2017), Artemisia (30 Jul, 2017), Atenveldt (30
Jul, 2017), Drachenwald (30 Jul, 2017), Avacal (31 Jul, 2017), Drachenwald (31
Jul, 2017), Meridies (31 Jul, 2017), Northshield (31 Jul, 2017), and Trimaris
(31 Jul, 2017). * All commentary, responses, and rebuttals should have been
entered into OSCAR by Saturday, September 30, 2017.*

The November Laurel decisions were made at the Pelican meeting held on Sunday,
November 12, 2017 and the Wreath meeting held on Sunday, November 12, 2017.
These meetings considered the following letters of intent: Gleann Abhann (03
Aug, 2017), Gleann Abhann (07 Aug, 2017), Avacal (16 Aug, 2017), An Tir (17
Aug, 2017), Middle (22 Aug, 2017), Ealdormere (24 Aug, 2017), {AE}thelmearc (25
Aug, 2017), Laurel LoPaD (25 Aug, 2017), Lochac (25 Aug, 2017), Artemisia (27
Aug, 2017), Atenveldt (30 Aug, 2017), Atlantia (30 Aug, 2017), Calontir (30
Aug, 2017), Northshield (30 Aug, 2017), Artemisia (31 Aug, 2017), Caid (31 Aug,
2017), Drachenwald (31 Aug, 2017), Meridies (31 Aug, 2017), Middle (31 Aug,
2017), and Outlands (31 Aug, 2017). * All commentary, responses, and rebuttals
should have been entered into OSCAR by Tuesday, October 31, 2017.*

The December Laurel decisions were made at the Pelican meeting held on Sunday,
December 3, 2017 and the Wreath meeting held on Sunday, December 10, 2017.
These meetings considered the following letters of intent: Ansteorra (05 Sep,
2017), Gleann Abhann (09 Sep, 2017), An Tir (10 Sep, 2017), Caid (20 Sep,
2017), {AE}thelmearc (22 Sep, 2017), Middle (22 Sep, 2017), Lochac (24 Sep,
2017), Middle (24 Sep, 2017), Ansteorra (25 Sep, 2017), Atenveldt (25 Sep,
2017), Ealdormere (25 Sep, 2017), East (25 Sep, 2017), Avacal (26 Sep, 2017),
West (26 Sep, 2017), Outlands (27 Sep, 2017), Ealdormere (28 Sep, 2017),
Artemisia (29 Sep, 2017), Atlantia (29 Sep, 2017), Trimaris (29 Sep, 2017),
Atenveldt (30 Sep, 2017), Caid (30 Sep, 2017), Calontir (30 Sep, 2017),
Drachenwald (30 Sep, 2017), Meridies (30 Sep, 2017), and Northshield (30 Sep,
2017). * All commentary, responses, and rebuttals should have been entered into
OSCAR by Thursday, November 30, 2017.*

_Not all letters of intent may be considered when they are originally scheduled
on this cover letter. The date of posting of the LoI, date of receipt of the
Laurel packet, or other factors may delay consideration of certain letters of
intent. Additionally, some letters of intent received may not have been
scheduled because the administrative requirements (receipt of the forms packet,
receipt of the necessary fees, et cetera) have not yet been met._

REMINDER: Until all administrative requirements are met, the letter may not be
scheduled.

Pray know that I remain,

In service,

Juliana de Luna
Laurel Queen of Arms

===============================================================================

Created at 2017-12-17T16:15:34
-------------- next part --------------
****** Errata ******

***** August 2017 *****

**** Atlantia ****

  Brynhildr Ka{dh}a F{o'}stra. Device. Per chevron throughout azure
  and argent, two algiz runes Or and a brown chicken proper.

      Blazoned on the LoAR as _brown chicken hen_, this is a bit
      redundant.

***** May 1999 *****

**** Meridies ****

  Settimio d'Olivio. Device correction. Argent, a lion-dragon and a
  bordure gules.

      Blazoned when registered as "Argent, a lion-dragon and, a
      bordure gules", we are removing the extraneous comma.

======================================================================

Created at 2017-12-17T16:15:34


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