[LoAR-txt] June 2017 LoAR released

Postmeeting Clerk via LoAR-TXT loar-txt at lists.sca.org
Fri Aug 4 16:13:34 CDT 2017


Please find attached the plaintext files for the 2017-06 LoAR.


-- 
Emma de Fetherstan, acting as Postmeeting Clerk
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                                               Society for Creative Anachronism
                                                                College of Arms

                                                     601 S Washington #137
                                                      Stillwater, OK 74074
                                                           +1 405 428 3662
                                                   laurel at heraldry.sca.org
                             For the June 2017 meetings, printed August 4, 2017

To all the College of Arms and all others who may read this missive, from Emma
Laurel, Alys Pelican, and Cormac Wreath, greetings.

**** From Laurel: New Sign Herald Deputy ****

As of the beginning of July, another office has changed hands. I would like to
thank Mistress Nesscia inghean Chearnaigh for the tons of work she has done
criss-crossing kingdoms and helping to get the sign herald program up and
running. Heralds are, among other things, the PA system for court; we're
responsible for communicating the activities of court to the general audience.
Providing the additional service of signing, both for those in the Deaf
community and those who just need a bit more help as our ears age, helps us to
communicate better. Thanks to Nesscia's work and the work of a great many other
sign heralds, it is beginning to no longer be an oddity to see a sign herald
working next to the voice herald in a court.

Nevertheless, Nesscia's tenure has come to an end, and I would like to
introduce the next Sign Herald Deputy, Baroness Marie le Mains. It is my hope
that she can build on the foundations we now have in place, to help cement sign
heralds in all kingdoms.

**** From Palimpsest: Grandfather Clause Revisited ****

The Palimpsest Rules Letter dated 12 March 2017 proposed multiple changes to
SENA and the Admin Handbook. The primary proposal in the letter was to rename
the "grandfather clause" as "legacy registration allowance," because the phrase
"grandfather clause" originates in discriminatory US laws from the late
nineteenth and early twentieth century. Although many commenters supported
renaming the clause, multiple commenters described the proposed name "legacy"
as unclear or even itself offensive, due to its association with unfair
university admissions policies in the United States. Therefore, we are
substituting a more neutral nomenclature, "existing registration allowance".
The change from "grandfather clause" to "existing registration allowance"
affects SENA PN.1.B.2.g, PN.2.C.2.d, NPN.1.C.2.g, A.2.A, A.2.B.3, A.3.A.3, and
Appendix F, together with the Admin Handbook.

We are adding a link to the third edition of "A Pictorial Dictionary of
Heraldry" to Appendix F.

The Rules letter also proposed changing SENA A.2.B.3 to allow branches to
register armorial elements registered by their members, in parallel to the
allowance for order names and heraldic titles. We are not making this change.

**** From Pelican: _Other Adjective_ + _Heraldic Charge_ in Order Names and
Heraldic Titles ****

Under SENA, we register only order names that plausibly follow an attested
period model. Heralds and submitters should bear in mind that we there were
only a fairly small number of medieval and Renaissance orders from which we can
draw naming patterns. In addition, many cultures and languages did not have
"orders" comparable those found in England, France, Spain and Germany (the
cultures which provide the most data for order names). There is not a lot of
room for extrapolation from this limited data.

The naming category Other Adjective + Charge, set out in Juliana de Luna's
"Medieval Secular Order Names" (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/order/new/),
continues to be misunderstood by heralds and submitters. I hope to bring some
clarity by summarizing and distilling the precedents to date that interpret
this category of order names (and heraldic titles created from order names).

Of the examples in "Medieval Secular Order Names" grouped into the category
Other Adjective + Charge, further research has revealed that only two are
examples of an "other" adjective. The following examples do not support this
pattern:

     _Prisoner's Iron_ (_Fer de Prisonnier_) is actually a complex noun, a
     specific type of handcuff, rather than an example of Other Adjective
     + Heraldic Charge. [Artemisia, Kingdom of. Order name Claves
     Artemisiae, Order of the, 10/2014 LoAR, A-Artemesia]. "It is the
     compound name of a heraldic charge, a type of iron shackle, so
     Prisoner's is not being used as a possessive, just as a descriptor of
     the type of item." [Middle Marches, Barony of the. Order name Award
     of the Baron's Cuff of the Middle Marches, 6/2014 LoAR, R-Middle].

     _Companions of the Pale Horses_ (_Gesellen van den valen perden_) is
     simply an example of Color + Heraldic Charge.

Thus, the only true examples of an "other" adjective being added to a charge
are _Corona Doble_ (_Double Crown_) and _gekr{o:}nten Steinbocken_ (_Crowned
Ibex_).

Based on these examples, we ruled that _Order of the Winged Lynx_ could be
constructed as an Other Adjective + Heraldic Charge order name, because
"winged" is an adjective that describes a clear visual modification to the
charge. [Avacal, Principality of. Order name Order of the Winged Lynx, 4/2014
LoAR, A-An Tir].

Adjectives that describe heraldic postures or do not lend themselves to clear
visual representations have been rejected. For example, in December 2015, we
returned the order name _Order of the Pierced Hart_ with the following
explanation:

     This order name is returned because we do not have evidence of
     adjectives like pierced modifying the names of heraldic charges for
     order names. We have evidence for a pattern like this in inn-sign
     names, but inn-sign names are much more diverse than order names (see
     the Cover Letter for more details). There is a single example of an
     order name that uses a participle, _Crowned Ibex_. A single example
     is not enough to extrapolate from and pierced is a more abstract term
     than crowned. [Dragon's Mist, Barony of, 12/2015 LoAR, R-An Tir].

Likewise, in September 2016, we returned the order name _Order of the Dolphins
Endorsed_ because there was no evidence of order names using adjectives
describing the arrangement of charges. [Kra{e'} Glas, Barony of, 9/2016 LoAR,
R-Lochac]. This month, we are returning the order name _Order of the Embowed
Cedar_ for similar reasons. (see Avacal -- Returns).

In summary, the category Other Adjective + Charge does not allow all types of
adjective to be added to a heraldic charge to create an order name. The Other
Adjective must be a clear visual description of the charge itself, like Double
or Crowned or Winged. Until evidence supporting such constructions is found,
adjectives that describe heraldic postures or arrangements of charges are not
acceptable.

**** Society Pages ****

On May 27, 2017, at the Egil Skallagrimsson Memorial Tournament in the Kingdom
of An Tir, Durin Oldenmoor Tjorkillskin, known for field heraldry among many
other things, was admitted to the Order of the Pelican by Their Majesties
Styrkarr Jarlsskald and Dagr{u'}n Stjarna.

On June 3, 2017, Murakami Tsuruko, Golden Dragon Pursuivant, was admitted into
the Order of the Pelican at June Faire, in her home Barony of Dragons Laire in
the Kingdom of An Tir.

On June 10, 2017, Garet D'Oiron, Silver Yale Herald of the Principality of Tir
R{i'}gh, was also elevated to the Order of the Pelican by Their Majesties An
Tir.

On July 1, 2017, Their Majesties William and Isolde of the Midrealm elevated
Calybrid Ine Tere, former Escutcheon Herald, Opinicuous Pursuivant, and
Incunabula Pursuivant, to the Order of the Pelican.

On July 4, 2017, Conchobhar mac Michil, Golden Wing Herald, was made a Baron of
the Court during Artemisian XX Celebration.

At the same event, Malkin Allardsen, former Golden Wing, was given the Gryphon
of Artemisia. This is the highest award given in the Kingdom, given only once
per reign.

On July 8, 2017, at King's Assessments in Atlantia, Their Majesties Cuan and
Signy elevated Lord Subetai al-Katib to the Order of the Laurel for his work as
a Scribe.

Please send information about happenings to major heralds and major happenings
to all heralds to Laurel, so that it can be published here.

**** Send What to Whom ****

Letters of Intent, Comment, Response, Correction, et cetera are to be posted to
the OSCAR online system. No paper copies need be sent. All submission forms
plus documentation, including petitions, must be posted to the OSCAR online
system. While black-and-white emblazons must be included in the Letter of
Intent, only colored armory forms need to be posted in the forms area.

Cheques or money orders for submissions, payable to "SCA Inc.-College of Arms"
are to be sent to Stephanie Ray-Solum, Blue Bug Bookkeeping, 2144 Westlake Ave.
North Suite F, Seattle, WA 98109.

Send roster changes and corrections to Laurel. College of Arms members may also
request a copy of the current roster from Laurel.

For a paper copy of a LoAR, please contact Laurel, at the address above. The
cost for one LoAR is $3. Please make all checks or money orders payable to "SCA
Inc.-College of Arms". The electronic copy of the LoAR is available free of
charge. To subscribe to the mailings of the electronic copy, please see the
bottom of http://heraldry.sca.org/heraldry/lists.html#lists for more
instructions.

For all administrative matters, please contact Laurel.

**** Scheduling ****

Items listed below in square brackets have not been scheduled yet. For
information about future scheduling, please review the status table located on
the Web at http://oscar.sca.org/index.php?action=137.

The June Laurel decisions were made at the Pelican and Wreath meetings held on
Sunday, June 18, 2017 and at the KWHSS Roadshow held on Sunday, June 25, 2017.
These meetings considered the following letters of intent: Laurel LoPaD (11
Mar, 2017), Palimpsest Rules Letter (12 Mar, 2017), {AE}thelmearc (13 Mar,
2017), Caid (20 Mar, 2017), Atenveldt (25 Mar, 2017), Artemisia (27 Mar, 2017),
Ealdormere (27 Mar, 2017), Lochac (28 Mar, 2017), Atlantia (29 Mar, 2017),
Laurel LoPaD (29 Mar, 2017), An Tir (31 Mar, 2017), Ansteorra (31 Mar, 2017),
Avacal (31 Mar, 2017), Calontir (31 Mar, 2017), Drachenwald (31 Mar, 2017),
East (31 Mar, 2017), Meridies (31 Mar, 2017), Middle (31 Mar, 2017),
Northshield (31 Mar, 2017), Outlands (31 Mar, 2017), and Trimaris (31 Mar,
2017). * All commentary, responses, and rebuttals should have been entered into
OSCAR by Wednesday, May 31, 2017.*

The July Laurel decisions were made at the Pelican meeting held on Sunday, July
9, 2017 and the Wreath meeting held on Sunday, July 16, 2017. These meetings
considered the following letters of intent: West (03 Apr, 2017), {AE}thelmearc
(17 Apr, 2017), Caid (19 Apr, 2017), Laurel LoPaD (23 Apr, 2017), West (24 Apr,
2017), Ealdormere (25 Apr, 2017), Artemisia (26 Apr, 2017), Atenveldt (26 Apr,
2017), Lochac (26 Apr, 2017), An Tir (30 Apr, 2017), Artemisia (30 Apr, 2017),
Atenveldt (30 Apr, 2017), Atlantia (30 Apr, 2017), Caid (30 Apr, 2017),
Calontir (30 Apr, 2017), Drachenwald (30 Apr, 2017), East (30 Apr, 2017),
Meridies (30 Apr, 2017), Middle (30 Apr, 2017), Northshield (30 Apr, 2017),
Outlands (30 Apr, 2017), and Trimaris (30 Apr, 2017). * All commentary,
responses, and rebuttals should have been entered into OSCAR by Friday, June
30, 2017.*

The August Laurel decisions will be made at the Pelican meeting held on Monday,
August 7, 2017 and Sunday, August 20, 2017 and the Wreath meeting held on
Sunday, August 13, 2017. These meetings will consider the following letters of
intent: {AE}thelmearc (16 May, 2017), Caid (22 May, 2017), Ealdormere (23 May,
2017), Lochac (25 May, 2017), Atlantia (27 May, 2017), West (27 May, 2017),
Artemisia (28 May, 2017), Avacal (28 May, 2017), Atenveldt (30 May, 2017),
Calontir (30 May, 2017), An Tir (31 May, 2017), Drachenwald (31 May, 2017),
East (31 May, 2017), Meridies (31 May, 2017), Northshield (31 May, 2017),
Outlands (31 May, 2017), and Trimaris (31 May, 2017). * All commentary,
responses, and rebuttals should have been entered into OSCAR by Monday, July
31, 2017.*

_Not all letters of intent may be considered when they are originally scheduled
on this cover letter. The date of posting of the LoI, date of receipt of the
Laurel packet, or other factors may delay consideration of certain letters of
intent. Additionally, some letters of intent received may not have been
scheduled because the administrative requirements (receipt of the forms packet,
receipt of the necessary fees, et cetera) have not yet been met._

REMINDER: Until all administrative requirements are met, the letter may not be
scheduled.

Pray know that I remain,

In service,

Emma de Fetherstan
Laurel Queen of Arms

===============================================================================

Created at 2017-08-04T15:48:36
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***** THE FOLLOWING ITEMS HAVE BEEN REGISTERED: *****

**** {AE}THELMEARC acceptances ****

  Alrekr Bergsson. Device. Per saltire gules and sable, in pale two
  wolf's heads erased and in fess two sheaves of arrows Or.

  Brahen Lapidario. Name and device. Argent, a lozenge gules between
  six French-cut gemstones in profile, two, two and two azure, a base
  gules.

      The 'French-cut' is a variant form of the table cut, a precursor
      to the modern brilliant cut. It dates to the early 15th Century,
      according to "Diamond Cuts in Historic Jewelry" by Herbert
      Tillander.

      There is a step from period practice for gemstones depicted in
      profile.

  Hr{o'}lfr {a'} Fj{a'}rfelli. Device. Argent estencely sable, an ash
  tree proper issuant from a mountain sable.

  Isabel Johnston. Device. Per saltire sable and purpure, a saltire
  argent and overall a winged spur leathered Or.

  Lisabetta Rossi. Name and device. Per fess vert and chevronelly vert
  and Or, on a fess Or three apples gules, in chief a bee Or.

      Nice early 15th century Florentine name!

  S{i'}mon {a'} Fj{a'}rfelli. Device. Azure, a drakkar argent and a
  mountain Or, a chief argent.

======================================================================

**** AN TIR acceptances ****

  Akornebir, Canton of. Badge for Populace. (Fieldless) A squirrel
  gules maintaining a stringless hunting horn argent garnished Or.

  An Tir, Kingdom of. Order name Order of Lions Mane.

      Submitted as "Order of _the_ Lion_'_s Mane", we found no
      evidence for a lion's mane as an independent heraldic charge. We
      therefore changed the name to "Order of _ Lio_ns_ Mane" to
      follow the pattern of Saint's Name + Object of Veneration. In
      this case, the Object of Veneration is the body part (hair) of a
      saint. In commentary, ffride Joye Sans Fin provided evidence
      that the term _mane_ was used in Middle English to describe
      human hair. As various body parts of saints (fingers, blood,
      breast milk) were objects of veneration in period, this order
      name is plausibly based on the hair of a hypothetical Saint
      Lion.

      Commenters questioned whether the word _Saint_ or its equivalent
      needed to be included in this order name. By precedent, "we can
      allow order names following the pattern _saint_ + _other_ or
      _saint_ + _object of veneration_ to omit the word _Saint_ before
      the possessive form of the given name." [Carillion, Barony of.
      Order name Order of Irons Bell, 11/2014 LoAR, A-East]

  An Tir, Kingdom of. Order name Order of the Sable Bonnet.

      A _bonnet_ is a type of hat, modernly known as a _bonnet
      albanais_, worn in period by men and boys. The Pictorial
      Dictionary of Heraldry s.v. hat shows several types of hats used
      as charges in period. Therefore, this order name follows the
      pattern of names based on a Color + Heraldic Charge, and is
      registerable.

  An Tir, Kingdom of. Order name Order of Terpsichores Fox (see
  RETURNS for badge).

      This order name follows the pattern of names based on the name
      of Saint's Name + Heraldic Charge, following the attested
      example of _Gesellschaft St. Georges mit dem Pelikan_ (Order of
      Saint George with the Pelican) found in Juliana de Luna's
      "Medieval Secular Order Names"
      (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/order/new/). The name of the
      classical Muse _Terpsichore_ is found throughout 16th century
      fiction, particularly in France and Germany. Given the
      established pattern of reviving the names of figures from
      classical myth and literature in 16th century England, France,
      Spain and Germany, _Terpsichore_ is a plausible personal name
      and thus a plausible name for a hypothetical saint.

  Ari Hrafnason. Device. Per pale sable and argent, two ravens
  addorsed reguardant counterchanged and on a chief wavy gules two
  arrows in saltire argent.

  Aurora Rose Prindel. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      This name combines two English given names borrowed into German
      and combined with a German surname, as permitted by the February
      2015 Cover Letter.

  Ayla Roth. Name and device. Argent, on a phoenix gules a thimble Or,
  in chief a flame gules.

      Nice 16th century German name!

  Bernard of York. Name and device. Per pale azure and sable, a bear
  sejant erect, in chief three chalices argent.

  Cornelia au Cheval Noir. Name and device. Per fess wavy argent and
  azure, a demi-horse issuant from the line of division sable and a
  lyre Or.

      _Cornelia_ is the submitter's legal given name. However, she
      need not rely on the Legal Name Allowance. During the Pelican
      decision meeting, Juliana Siren found _Cornelia_ in Latinized
      French dated to 1173 in the _Dictionary of Medieval Names from
      European Sources_ (http://dmnes.org/name/Cornelia).

  Ealusaid of Ros. Name and device. Per fess wavy Or and azure, three
  lions gules and a polypus Or.

      Originally submitted as "Ealusaid _of_ Ros", the byname was
      changed at Kingdom to "_de_ Ros" to match the documentation that
      could be found. However, "Henrie, bischop _of_ Ros" appears in a
      Scots-language parliamentary record dated 1563 in the "Records
      of the Parliaments of Scotland to 1707"
      (http://www.rps.ac.uk/mss/A1563/6/1). Because Gaelic and Scots
      can be combined under Appendix C, we have restored the name to
      its originally submitted form.

      Artist's note: Please draw the line of division with fewer and
      bolder waves.

  Edward Holgrove. Name change from Duncan Macquarie and device. Per
  pale sable and gules, in fess three cannon barrels palewise argent.

      The submitter's previous name, _Duncan Macquarie_, is retained
      as an alternate name.

  Eithne ingen Ferchart. Name.

  Gey Sha of Dragon Haven. Name and device. Per pale argent and Or,
  three fleurs-de-lis sable.

      The submitter should be aware that the English surname _Sha_ was
      most likely pronounced like "shay." Although the combination of
      given name and surname could be mispronounced as "geisha," the
      term _geisha_ was not used in period as a title or form of
      address. Based on the information provided by Solveig Keystone,
      as used in period Japan, the term _geisha_ is most closely
      analogous to a guild rank. As we find no grounds for protecting
      the term _geisha_ from presumption under SENA, the name is
      registerable.

      In addition, although some commenters in OSCAR and at the
      Roadshow at the Known World Heraldic and Scribal Symposium
      argued that this name is in poor taste, it does not rise to the
      level of offensiveness that would preclude registration.

      Nice device!

  Glymm Mere, Barony of. Order name Order of the Black Oak.

  Glymm Mere, Barony of. Order name Order of the Golden Boar of Glymm
  Mere.

  Glymm Mere, Barony of. Order name Order of the Golden Dragon of
  Glymm Mere.

  Glymm Mere, Barony of. Badge (see RETURNS for order name).
  (Fieldless) A falcon reguardant argent perched atop and sustaining a
  gloved fist fesswise azure.

  Glymm Mere, Barony of. Order name Order of the White Chalice of
  Glymm Mere (see RETURNS for badge).

  Gu{dh}run S{ae}bjarnardottir. Badge. Per bend sinister vert and
  azure, a furison Or.

      The submitter has permission to conflict with the device of
      Eirikr Hrafnkelsson, "Sable, a furison Or".

  Halima al-Rakkasa. Badge. (Fieldless) A crescent conjoined to a
  cinquefoil in chief argent.

  Helena Roth. Name and device. Or, a bear statant erect and on a
  chief vert three roundels Or.

  Idonia Shirwod. Device. Purpure, in pale three snails Or.

  Illaria de Mortest. Device. Argent, on a pile azure between two
  arrows in chevron inverted sable, a bat-winged chimera rampant
  contourny argent.

  Johanna de Wassington. Name and device. Argent, a horse salient
  sable charged on the hip with a mullet Or, in chief an arrow
  fesswise gules.

      _Johanna_ was documented as the submitter's legal given name.
      However, the submitter need not rely on the Legal Name
      Allowance, as _Johanna_ is an attested 13th century English
      name.

      Nice 13th century English name!

      Artist's note: Please draw the mullet larger.

  Kata Johansdottir. Device. Per chevron argent and gules, an
  increscent, a decrescent and a sun counterchanged.

  Katlyn Lindsay of Shetland. Name and device. Per pale gules and Or,
  a ferret rampant guardant to sinister argent and on a chief sable a
  lute reversed Or.

  Kay O Brein. Name.

  Lj{u'}fvina haustmyrkr Hrafnsd{o'}ttir. Badge. (Fieldless) A mermaid
  sable.

      Nice badge!

  Madel{e^}ne l'Incompl{'e}te. Device. Argent fretty vert, on a fess
  gules a bull passant argent.

  Malice de Edynburgh. Device. Per bend sinister bevilled sable and
  gules, a horse rampant contourny and a sword bendwise sinister
  argent.

      This appeal, pended on the December 2016 LoAR, centered around
      interpretation of SENA A3D2c, Unity of Posture and Orientation,
      and whether animate and inanimate charges have comparable
      orientations under the rule. An impressive collection of period
      armory was provided in commentary in support of considering the
      orientation of inanimate charges to be distinct from the posture
      of animate charges. We are therefore explicitly overturning the
      precedent set in the January 2016 return of Brigit ingen
      Niall{a'}in's device, which stated: "This device is returned for
      violating SENA A3D2c, Unity of Posture and Orientation, which
      states 'The charges within a charge group should be in either
      identical postures/orientations or an arrangement that includes
      posture/orientation.' The charges here are not in a unified
      arrangement, as the orientation of the two bendwise arrows has
      to be described independently of the default orientation of the
      bird."

      A longer and more comprehensive explanation of Unity of Posture
      and Orientation is currently being written and will be released
      in a future Cover Letter.

      There is a step from period practice for charging a bevilled
      field.

  Mickel Morganwc. Device. Per bend Or and azure, a tree eradicated
  proper and a spoon Or.

  Nickla{sz} Volkhart. Name and device. Quarterly Or and sable, a
  stag's head erased azure.

  Osrikr Rolfsson. Name and device. Vert, a wolf rampant regardant and
  on a chief triangular argent a sheaf of arrows inverted sable.

  Raskvi{dh}r Bjarnarson. Device change. Or, a brown bear's head
  cabossed proper within an annulus of valknuts sable.

      The submitter's previous device, "Per pale Or and sable, a stag
      trippant contourny, hoof resting upon a tree stump
      counterchanged, in sinister chief a mullet of six points Or", is
      released.

      There is a step from period practice for use of valknuts.

  Reginleif in h{a'}rfagra. Device. Azure, a Bowen knot and in chief a
  threaded needle fesswise reversed Or.

  Rosalie Ashcombe. Name and device. Vert, a bend sinister wavy azure
  fimbriated, overall a rose argent.

      This name combines an early 17th century French rendering of an
      Italian saint's name with an Early Modern English byname. This
      lingual mix is acceptable under Appendix C of SENA.

      There is a step from period practice for a charge surmounting a
      fimbriated ordinary.

  Runa Grafeldr. Name.

  Sarah Huntsman and Tristan O'Shea. Joint household name Hart and
  Horne Inn and badge. Per chevron throughout sable and vert, two
  hunting horns and a hart's head erased affronty argent.

  Sebdann ingen Cin{a'}eda. Name.

      Submitted as "Seb_h_dann ing_h_en Cin{a'}ed_h_a", the submitter
      requested authenticity for "late 7th century Dal Riata Gael." To
      meet this authenticity request, we have changed the name to
      "Se_bd_ann in_ge_n Cin{a'}e_da_".

  Sely Sweteglee. Name.

      Submitted as "Sel_ege_ Sweteglee", no reliable documentation was
      provided for the spelling of the given name. The record from
      FamilySearch Historical Records provided in the Letter of Intent
      was not from one of the usable batches identified in the January
      2014 Cover Letter. In addition, no visual image of the record
      was available. Therefore, this record was not sufficient
      documentation. With the submitter's permission, we have changed
      the given name to the attested form "Se_ly_".

  Sigr{i'}{dh}r in R{a'}{dh}spaka. Name and device. Gyronny arrondi
  azure and Or, a crescent pendant argent.

  Sigrun Osrikskona. Name and device. Purpure, three drinking horns
  fretted in triangle and on a chief triangular argent a sheaf of
  arrows inverted sable.

  Simon Fisc. Device change (see RETURNS for badge). Azure, a salmon
  attired with an elk's antlers and on a chief wavy Or three pheons
  inverted gules.

      The submitter's old device, "Per fess azure and gules, on a fess
      between three dolphins Or an arrow azure", is released.

  Skjaldar-{TH}orsteinn. Name (see RETURNS for device).

  Thadeus Waldner. Name.

  Vivian Ultoom. Device. Argent, a raven sable within a chaplet of ivy
  purpure.

======================================================================

**** ANSTEORRA acceptances ****

  {AE}nghill inn kyrri. Name and device. Azure, on a chevron argent
  three lotus flowers affronty purpure.

  Augustin Haffner. Device. Per chevron azure and sable, a chevron
  argent and overall a tree blasted and eradicated Or.

  Magnus Gunderson. Name and device. Per bend sinister vert and Or, a
  bee Or marked sable and a drakkar vert.

  Wyldewode, Canton of. Badge. Or, three chevronels braced vert, a
  base embattled azure.

======================================================================

**** ARTEMISIA acceptances ****

  Giliana Attewatyr. Badge. Argent, a tree eradicated proper between a
  capital letter G and a capital letter A sable.

  Jana atte Hille. Name and device. Argent, a wreath of willow-herb
  vert flowered purpure, in chief three lozenges, a mount azure.

  Juan Aguilar de Granada. Device. Per pale azure and vert, on an
  eagle Or a monarch butterfly proper.

      There is a step from period practice for use of a monarch
      butterfly.

  {S,}afiyya al-Zarq{a-}'. Name and device. Vert, a phoenix between
  three roses argent.

      Submitted as "_S_afi_y_a al-Zarqa'", in commentary, Tala
      al-Zahra suggested that a more accurate transliteration of the
      Arabic for this name is "_{S,}_afi_yy_a al-Zarq_{a-}_'". At the
      submitter's request, we have changed the name to this
      transliteration.

      By precedent, this name conflicts with the registered _Safiyya
      al-Zahra'_. [`A`isha al-Zarqa', 1/2016 LoAR, R-Atenveldt]
      However, _Safiyya al-Zahra'_ provided a letter of permission to
      conflict, allowing this name to be registered.

======================================================================

**** ATENVELDT acceptances ****

  Adelaide Duval. Name and device. Per bend sinister argent and vert,
  three roses purpure and a dagger bendwise sinister inverted argent.

      Nice 16th century French name!

  Aed Mac Eochag{a'}in. Name.

      Submitted as "Aed Mac Eochaga_{i'}_n", this spelling placed the
      diacritical marking on the wrong letter. We have corrected the
      name to "Aed Mac Eochag_{a'}_in" for registration.

      Although the standardized Gaelic form of the byname would be
      "_m_ac Eochag{a'}in", capitalization in the Irish Annals is
      extremely variable. Therefore, we are leaving that portion of
      the name as submitted and not changing _mac_ to lower case.

      This name does not conflict with the registered _Aedh mac
      Eoghain_. Although _Mac Eochag{a'}in_ can be pronounced with
      either one or two syllables, depending on dialect, there are
      sufficient differences in the sound and appearance of the two
      bynames to bring them clear of conflict. _Mac Eochag{a'}in_ is
      pronounced roughly like "Mac Coghegan" or "Mac Coogan," whereas
      _Mac Eoghain_ is pronounced more like "Mac Owen."

  Apollonia Kautz. Name and device. Gules, a polypus argent, on a
  point pointed Or three apples one and two gules.

      The Letter of Intent asserted that _Kautz_ is the submitter's
      legal surname. However, this fact was not properly attested
      according to the standards set out in the June 2015 Cover
      Letter:

           Where photocopies cannot easily be made, heralds may
           attest that they have seen the identification. Such
           attestation must include the following: the type of
           identification, the complete name exactly as it
           appears on the identification (for example noting that
           the name is rendered completely in capital letters),
           the names and titles of two heralds who have seen the
           identification (herald/pursuivant at large is a
           title), and the signature or initials of those
           heralds. If signatures cannot be obtained, the herald
           may confirm that he or she has seen the documentation
           in commentary (internal or external - in the case of
           internal commentary the Letter of Intent should note
           that it was confirmed). At a local event where only a
           single herald is available, another officer
           (seneschal, for example) can serve as a second
           witness.

      Fortunately, _Kautz_ is also a documented German surname, dated
      to 1598 in the FamilySearch Historical Records, making this a
      nice late 16th century German name!

  Aurora Rothais. Name and device. Azure, a rose argent, issuant from
  base a demi-sun Or, a chief Or mullety sable.

      _Aurora_ is the submitter's legal given name. Although _Aurora_
      has been documented to the gray period in English, the submitter
      nevertheless must rely on the Legal Name Allowance because the
      attested instance of _Aurora_ is more than 500 years later than
      the attested date for her byname.

      Artist's note: Please draw the rose larger to help identify it
      as a primary charge.

  Beth Drache. Name change from Beth of Granite Mountain.

      The Letter of Intent asserted that _Drache_ is the registered
      surname of the submitter's spouse. However, this fact was not
      properly attested. To use her spouse's surname under PN1B2g of
      SENA, the submitter needed to include proof of the legal
      relationship, either in the form of a photocopy of the marriage
      license (or similar document) or a signed attestation of the
      relationship from her husband.

      Fortunately, _Drache_ is also an attested English surname, found
      in Reaney & Wilson s.n. Drake dated to 1066.

      The submitter's previous name, _Beth of Granite Mountain_, is
      released.

  Brando Coradini. Name and device. Per pale azure and argent, two
  wolves combattant counterchanged, on a chief triangular sable a
  sheaf of rapiers inverted proper.

  Canaan Falconer. Name and device. Or, a stag's head cabossed proper
  within a torc sable.

      Nice late 16th century English name!

  Cora Boyle. Name and device. Per chevron throughout ploy{e'} azure
  and Or, two Celtic crosses and a sheaf of arrows counterchanged.

      At the Pelican decision meeting, Jeanne Marie Noir Licorne found
      the byname _Boyle_ in the FamilySearch Historical Records for
      England, dated to 1585, within 14 years of the attested instance
      of the given name. Nice 16th century English name!

  Darius of Sundragon. Holding name and device (see RETURNS for name).
  Vert, a wolf's head erased contourny argent and a point pointed Or.

      Artist's note: Please draw the wolf's head much larger to fill
      the available space on the field.

      Submitted under the name "Darius al-Gaf{u-}r".

  Dominic de Grae. Name (see RETURNS for device).

  Donwenna Dwn. Device change. Per chevron gules and sable, three
  walnuts and a Catherine wheel Or.

      Artist's note: Please draw the walnuts larger, as they were on
      the old device.

      The submitter's old device, "Per chevron gules and sable, three
      walnuts Or and a triskelion arrondi argent", is released.

  Eirikr Stjarna. Name (see RETURNS for device).

  Eoghan MacIver. Name change from William MacIver.

      The byname _MacIver_ was already registered to the submitter and
      thus did not need to be re-documented under PN1B2g of SENA.

      The submitter's previous name, _William MacIver_, is released.

  Evelyn of Windale. Name.

      _Evelyn_ is the submitter's legal given name. However, she need
      not rely on the Legal Name Allowance because _Evelyn_ is also an
      attested English name dated to 1598 in the FamilySearch
      Historical Records.

      _Windale_ is the registered name of an SCA branch.

  Ezekiel Crow. Device. Gules, on a triangle within and conjoined to
  an annulet argent a crow regardant sable.

  F{i'}ne ingen U{i'} Chellaig. Name and device. Vert, two swords in
  saltire and on a chief argent three wooden harps proper.

      Submitted as "F{i'}ne _I_ngen Ui Che_a_llaig_h_", the name
      combined the pre-1200 _Ingen Ui_ with the post-1200
      _Cheallaigh_. As set out in the examples to PN1B1, the
      combination of pre-1200 and post-1200 Gaelic orthography in the
      same name phrase is not allowed. With the submitter's
      permission, we have changed the name to "F{i'}ne _i_ngen U_{i'}_
      Chellaig_" to use entirely pre-1200 orthography, consistent
      markings, and the standard capitalization.

      The submitter requested authenticity for Irish Gaelic. Both
      _F{i'}ne_ and _Cellach_ (the nominative form of the father's
      name) are found in the early 9th century. _Cellach_ continued in
      use for several centuries thereafter. However, Clan Affiliation
      bynames, such as _ingen U{i'} Chellaig_ did not come into use
      until the 10th and 11th centuries. Thus, while the name is
      registerable, it is not authentic for the early 9th century.

  Finna {I'}varsd{o'}ttir. Name.

      Nice 9th-10th century Icelandic name!

  Friedrich Swartzen Hut. Device change. Lozengy argent and azure, a
  sugar-loaf hat sable.

      This style of hat is also known as a _capotain_ or _copotain
      hat_. It dates to the late 16th Century in England and
      northwestern Europe.

      The submitter's previous device, "Quarterly gules and sable, a
      quadrant and in chief a pair of shackles conjoined by a chain
      fesswise Or", is retained as a badge.

  Galen Peter Gilmore. Name.

      _Peter_ was not adequately documented in the Letter of Intent.
      Fortunately, _Peter_ is easily found in "Late Sixteenth Century
      English Given Names" by Talan Gwynek
      (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/eng16/eng16mfreq.html).

  Ginevra of Sofia. Name and device. Per pale gules and azure ermined
  argent, a lion Or and an orle argent.

      The byname _of Sofia_ uses the lingua Anglica form of the city
      that is the present capital of Bulgaria, which appears on Gerard
      Mercator's 1595 map as _Sofya_.

      Even though _of Sofia_ uses the lingua Anglica form, it is still
      considered a Bulgarian name element. Italian and South Slavic
      (Bulgarian) is an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C.

      Artist's note: Please draw fewer, larger ermine spots.

  Grimald the Faithful. Name and device. Per pale Or and sable, two
  badgers rampant addorsed counterchanged marked argent.

      The only evidence for _Grimald_ provided in the Letter of Intent
      was a user-submitted genealogy from FamilySearch Historical
      Records. This was not adequate documentation. Heralds and
      submitters should keep in mind that amateur family trees and
      genealogies generally are not reliable, even when published
      through FamilySearch.

      Fortunately, the Latinized _Grimaldus_ is attested to 977 C.E.
      in France in Morlet, _Les Noms de Personnes_, Vol. I, p. 115,
      s.n. Grimoaldus/Grimaldus. The expected vernacular form is
      _Grimald_. The byname _the Faithful_ is a reasonable lingua
      Anglica form of the Middle English surname _le Fykes_, meaning
      "the faithful," dated to 1221 in Reaney & Wilson s.n. Figgess.

      The combination of a French given name and an English surname
      dated within 300 years of each other is acceptable lingual mix
      under Appendix C.

  Hallbi{o,}rn of Ered S{u^}l. Holding name and device (see RETURNS
  for name). Vert, three drinking horns fretted in triangle and on a
  chief Or four Algiz runes vert.

      Submitted under the name "Hallbi{o,}rn Freysgo{dh}i".

  Hannah Milligan. Name.

      Submitted as "Hannah Milli_c_an", the surname spelling is an
      entirely modern form. With the submitter's permission, we have
      changed the surname to "Milli_g_an", a variant of _Mylligan_, a
      surname found in the FamilySearch Historical Records for
      Norfolk, England, dated to 1597.

      As the given name _Hannah_ is also found in the FamilySearch
      Historical Records for Norfolk, England, in a christening record
      dated to 1597, this is an excellent late 16th century English
      name!

  Hildegard Reinhart. Name and device. Per fess vert and argent, a
  crescent argent and a domestic cat's face sable.

      Submitted as "Hildegard Reinhar_et_", no documentation could be
      found for the submitted surname. With the submitter's
      permission, we have changed the surname to "Reinha_rt_", which
      was found in the FamilySearch Historical Records for Baden,
      Germany, dated to 1567.

      As the given name _Hildegard_ was documented in the Letter of
      Intent from Baden, Germany, dated to 1577, this is an excellent
      16th century German name!

  H{u:}rrem bint Osman al-Urduni. Name change from Layla bint Suleiman
  al-Urduni and device change. Purpure, a pall inverted raguly between
  two lotus flowers in profile and a squirrel argent.

      The element _al-Urduni_ was already registered to the submitter
      and thus did not need to be re-documented pursuant to PN1B2g of
      SENA.

      The submitter's previous name, _Layla bint Suleiman al-Urduni_,
      is released.

      The submitter's old device, "Purpure, a pall inverted raguly
      between two lotus flowers in profile and a peacock in his pride
      argent", is released.

  I{dh}unn of the Citadel of the Southern Pass. Name and device. Vert,
  two bones in saltire within a wingless wyvern in annulo argent.

      The byname "of the Citadel of the Southern Pass" uses the name
      of a registered SCA branch.

  Isabella Cara. Name change from Ceara inghean Ch{a'}rthaigh.

      The submitter's previous name, _Ceara inghean Ch{a'}rthaigh_, is
      retained as an alternate name.

  James Shinner. Name and device. Vert, a compass rose Or, on a chief
  argent three oak leaves vert.

      This precise name is found in the FamilySearch Historical
      Records, in a 1589 marriage record from Devon, England.
      Excellent English name!

  Joseph Gr{u:}newald of York. Alternate name Iosif Syl'vestrov.

  Julian Faith McCabe. Device change. Per saltire sable and argent,
  two unicorn's heads erased respectant sable.

      The submitter's old device, "Per saltire azure and vert, two
      unicorn's heads erased respectant Or", is released.

  Kathryn De Feuer. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      The submitter requested authenticity for "English and Flemish
      languages/cultures." Mixed language names generally are not
      authentic. However, the combination of an English given name and
      a Flemish byname is registerable under Appendix C.

  Marcus de Grae. Name.

  Occadai Dogshin. Name and device. Per bend sinister azure and
  purpure, in bend two dogs sejant erect addorsed Or.

  Owain Sayer. Name and device. Per fess dovetailed vert and argent, a
  mortar and pestle argent and three flames azure.

  Rebekah bat Mikael. Name.

  Runa Gigja. Device. Per chevron azure and sable, two unicorns
  combattant argent and a lit Arabian lamp Or.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of an Arabian
      lamp.

  Ryan Thorne. Name and device. Per bend wavy Or semy of reremice
  sable and gules, a compass star Or.

      Nice English name for the 1590s!

      There is a step from period practice for use of a compass star.

  Swetiua de Torleton. Name and device. Or, two elephants statant
  respectant sable maintaining in their raised trunks a heart gules.

      Submitted as "Swetiu_e_ de Torleton_'_", two minor changes are
      necessary to make the name registerable. First, "Swetiue" is not
      the nominative (base) form of the given name; it appears to be a
      genitive (possessive) form, which cannot be used as a given
      name. We have changed the given name to "Swetiu_a_" to use the
      nominative form.

      Second, the terminal apostrophe in "de Torleton_'_" is a scribal
      abbreviation, which we do not register. Watts s.n. Tarlton dates
      the spelling _Torleton_ to 1204. Therefore, we changed the
      byname to "de Torleton_" to remove the scribal abbreviation.

      The submitter requested authenticity for 13th century England.
      In the registered form, the name meets that request.

  Uilliam ua Briain. Name and device. Quarterly sable and argent, a
  cross gules between four serpents nowed counterchanged.

      Nice Gaelic name from the 14th century onwards!

      Artist's note: Please center the serpents in their respective
      quarters.

  Yvonnet le Bouer. Name and device. Azure, a lit candle and a quill
  pen in saltire, on a chief triangular Or a three-footed pot sable.

      This name combines a French given name with an English byname,
      an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C.

======================================================================

**** ATLANTIA acceptances ****

  Adelhait Fuchs. Badge. Or, in base two demi-badgers respectant
  issuant from base sable marked argent sustaining between them a
  heart gules.

  Bryn Tannahill of Ponte Alto. Device. Per chevron azure and vert, a
  tower between three dragonflies argent.

  Emmett Daine. Name.

      The submitter requested authenticity for 16th century English.
      This name meets that request because both elements are found in
      the FamilySearch Historical Records for England, dated to 1585.

  Juan de Rojo. Device. Or, a fess gules between a cross formy sable
  and a rod of Aesculapius gules.

  Katheryn de Montgomery. Device. Azure, a pale rayonny Or, overall a
  sea-horse argent.

  Morgan inghean U{i'} Mh{a'}ille. Name.

      This name combines an English given name with a Gaelic byname,
      an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C.

  Sanada Akime. Release of device. Sable, a horse courant and in chief
  three mullets of four points argent, a ford proper.

  Steffan Gl{u:}er. Device. Per chevron barry azure and argent and
  barry argent and gules.

======================================================================

**** AVACAL acceptances ****

  Avacal, Kingdom of. Heraldic title White Rabbit Herald.

      Although some commenters found the imagery obtrusively modern, a
      white rabbit is a very plausible heraldic charge and thus a
      reasonable basis for either an order name or a heraldic title.
      It is akin to _Rede Boke Herawde_, which we found was not
      obtrusively modern despite the modern reference. [Northshield,
      Kingdom of. Heraldic title Rede Boke Herawde, 6/2005 LoAR,
      A-Northshield]. Accordingly, this title does not rise to the
      high threshold for obtrusive modernity set out in PN2E of SENA
      and it may be registered.

  Avacal, Kingdom of. Heraldic title White Wyvern Herald.

  Edward MacKay. Name and device. Per bend sinister gules and sable, a
  lion Or and a horse rampant contourny argent.

  Eymere atte Dale. Name.

  Letta Maria Borgi. Device. Or, a talbot sejant sable, a bordure
  azure papellony argent.

  Matteo della Marca. Name and device. Per fess sable and argent, a
  demi-sun issuant from the line of division Or and a compass rose
  gules.

  Montengarde, Barony of. Order name Order of the Flower of
  Montengarde.

  Montengarde, Barony of. Order name Order of the Sable Drum (see
  RETURNS for other order names).

  Montengarde, Barony of. Badge for Sergeantry of Montengarde.
  Quarterly argent and Or, a round buckle and a bordure sable.

      _Sergeantry of Montengarde_ is a generic identifier.

  Sadb ingen Tuathail. Alternate name Sadb J{o'}freysd{o'}ttir.

      This name combines a pre-1100 Gaelic given name with an Old
      Norse byname, an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C.

======================================================================

**** CAID acceptances ****

  Amber Dragon Wyck. Device. Per saltire Or and argent, a dragon
  couchant, a base invected purpure.

  Cecilia Medici. Badge for Cecil Smiter Swayne. Per fess purpure and
  vert, a New World pineapple Or transfixed by a sword proper.

      There is a step from period practice for use of a New World
      pineapple.

  Crist{o'}bal Santiago Barba de Alca{c,}ar. Name.

      Submitted as "Crist{o'}bal Santiago B_{a'}_rba de Alca{c,}ar",
      the _a_ in _Barba_ should not have an accent. We have removed it
      for registration.

      Nice 16th century Spanish name!

  Dawn Blackmoon. Name and device. Per pale argent and sable, three
  roundels and a mountain counterchanged.

      Nice late 16th century English name!

      Artist's note: Please make the mountain larger.

  Edward Senestre and Mora de Buchanan. Joint badge. Per pale vert and
  purpure, a boar's head cabossed between in base a pair of bird's
  feet erased argent.

  Eirikr of Caid. Holding name and device (see RETURNS for name).
  Sable, on a pale bretessed between two phoenixes argent a partisan
  vert.

      Submitted under the name "Eirikr Bj{o/}rnsson".

  Elena Bogsveigir. Name and device. Per pale purpure and sable, on a
  fess wavy between three pawprints argent two arrows in saltire
  purpure.

      This name combines a Russian given name with an Old Norse
      byname, an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C if the
      elements are within 300 years. _Elena_ is dated to 1145, but
      _Bogsveigir_ cannot be dated any more exactly than "the 9th
      century." In such circumstances, we give the submitter the
      benefit of the doubt that the elements are within 300 years.

      Artist's note: Please draw the wavy edge of the fess larger and
      bolder.

      There is a step from period practice for use of pawprints.

  Feodor Tyresson. Name and device. Per saltire azure and sable, a
  wolf's head cabossed and in chief two ravens respectant argent.

      This name combines a Russian given name with a Swedish byname,
      an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C.

  Garrick Thomas Attwell. Name.

  Gunnar von Lichtenburg. Name.

      Submitted as "Gunnar_r_ von Lichtenburg", the submitter
      requested that the given name be changed to _Gunnar__ if that
      spelling could be documented. As the requested spelling was
      documented in the Letter of Intent, we have made this change.

      The Letter of Intent documented "Lichtenb_e_rg", not the
      requested "Lichtenb_u_rg". Fortunately, heralds at the Pelican
      decision meeting found the requested spelling as an unmarked
      surname dated to Germany in 1642 in the FamilySearch Historical
      Records.

      This name combines an Icelandic (Scandinavian) given name and a
      German byname, an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C.

  Gyldenholt, Barony of. Badge association for Archery Guild.
  (Fieldless) An oak leaf Or, overall two arrows in saltire azure.

      _Archery Guild_ is a generic identifier.

  Gyldenholt, Barony of. Badge association for Populace. (Fieldless)
  On a hurst Or four crescents conjoined in saltire, horns outward,
  azure.

  Gyldenholt, Barony of. Badge association for Baronial Levy. Azure, a
  tree Or, in chief two swords in chevron proper.

      _Baronial Levy_ is a generic identifier.

  Gyldenholt, Barony of. Badge association for Cooking Guild. Or, a
  cauldron sable within a bordure azure.

      _Cooking Guild_ is a generic identifier.

  Gyldenholt, Barony of. Badge association for Baronial Sergeantry.
  Per chevron azure and Or, three oak leaves counterchanged.

      _Baronial Sergeantry_ is a generic identifier.

  Gyldenholt, Barony of. Badge association for Newcomers. Per chevron
  Or and azure, two hunting horns bells to center vert and a hurst Or.

      _Newcomers_ is a generic identifier.

  Irial mac Maoil Eoin. Name.

  Kathryn of Caledonia. Name and device. Vert, on a schnecke issuant
  from sinister chief Or masoned sable in sinister chief a poppy
  flower affronty gules seeded Or.

      _Caledonia_ is a grey period term for Scotland, found in the
      online _Dictionary of the Older Scots Tongue_ s.n. topographie
      dated to c. 1646.

      There is a step from period practice for charging a schnecke.

  Klaus Axelsson. Device. Quarterly azure and vert, a duck displayed
  maintaining an ax and a hammer argent.

      There is a step from period practice for use of a non-eagle
      displayed.

  Livith filia Organae. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      Submitted as "Livith filia Organa_", we have changed the
      mother's name to the genitive (possessive) form "Organa_e_" to
      fit attested English examples such as _filius Clarae_ (1240).

  Magnus Capon. Name.

      Nice 16th century English name!

  Sadhbh inghean U{i'} Chonghail. Name and device. Sable, a bull's
  head caboshed within an orle argent.

      Appearing on the Letter of Intent as "Sadhbh inghean U{i'}
      _Co_ngh_al_", the name submitted was updated in a timely manner
      to the grammatically correct "Sadhbh inghean U{i'}
      _Ch_ongh_ail_".

  Sigvaldi Langaspj{o'}t. Name and device. Sable, a tree eradicated
  between three valknuts and a bordure argent.

      Submitted as "Sigvaldi Lang_spathi_", the submitter desired a
      byname meaning "longsword." However, _spa{dh}i_ means "spade" or
      "shovel," not "sword."

      The attested Old Norse byname _Langa-spj{o'}t_ or
      _Langaspj{o'}t_ is defined in Cleasby and Vigfusson as either
      "long sword" (Long-esp{e'}e) or "long spear." With the
      submitter's permission, we have changed the byname to
      "Lang_aspj{o'}t_" to have his desired meaning.

      There is a step from period practice for use of valknuts.

  Skallagrimr Ulfhe{dh}inn. Badge. Per pale gules and Or, two wolf's
  teeth issuant from dexter and two wolf's teeth issuant from sinister
  counterchanged.

      There is a step from period practice for using two teeth per set
      instead of the usual three.

  Tyne MacPhersone and Logan Black Rune. Joint household name House of
  Indigo Rose.

      The Letter of Intent documented _Indigo Rose_ as an English
      personal name. This household name is based on the pattern of
      naming places or groups of people after the full name of a
      person, as set forth in the March 2013 Cover Letter.

  Una Lufe. Name and device. Per pale purpure and Or, a heart voided
  counterchanged.

      Nice late 16th century English name!

  Urbana Prima. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      Nice late 16th century Spanish name!

  Valeran do Pico. Augmentation of arms. Quarterly embattled gules and
  Or, in the first quarter a cross formy Or charged with a cross
  pointed gules and in the fourth quarter a mountain with four peaks
  couped Or and for augmentation on an inescutcheon azure a mariner's
  astrolabe Or.

      This augmentation conflicts with Arturus of Aranmore: "Azure, a
      wheel Or charged on the hub with a triskele azure". Per
      precedent:

           Lord Green Anchor has provided ample documentation for
           this form of astrolabe, dating it to c.1480. Visually,
           it differs from an astronomer's astrolabe in the large
           cutout areas (so the wind won't keep blowing it aside
           and make readings more difficult). Where the
           astronomer's astrolabe is visually a roundel with
           diapering, the mariner's astrolabe is visually a wheel
           with diapering (Vincent McThomas, October, 1992)

      Fortunately, the submitter has obtained permission to conflict.

  Wilhelm Skallagrimsson and Nestor the Horse Breaker. Joint badge.
  Gules, a gorgon's head cabossed Or within a bordure Or semy of
  torteaux.

======================================================================

**** CALONTIR acceptances ****

  {AE}sa {a'} Nor{dh}rlandi. Name.

      Submitted as "{AE}sa {a'} Nor{dh}rl_o_nd_a_", the submitted form
      did not use the correct case for the place name. Using the
      correct case, the byname should be "{a'} Nor{dh}rlandi" or "{a'}
      Nor{dh}rl{o,}ndum". With the submitter's permission, we have
      changed the byname to "{a'} Nor{dh}rl_a_nd_i_".

  Bjarki Vikarsson. Name.

      The given name _Bjarki_ was documented based on the saga hero
      _B{o,}{dh}varr-Bjarki_. Commenters questioned whether _Bjarki_
      is actually a given name in this construction. Scholars disagree
      on this question. Several scholars identify _Bjarki_ as the
      given name, with _B{o,}{dh}varr-_ being a prepended descriptive
      byname meaning "battle-army" or "fighter." As current
      scholarship does not agree, we are giving the submitter the
      benefit of the doubt and registering _Bjarki_ as a given name
      pending additional research.

  Calontir, Kingdom of. Order name Order of the Falcon's Claw and
  badge. Purpure, in pale three falcon's feet couped inverted within a
  bordure Or.

      Because it uses the apostrophe to mark the possessive form, this
      order name uses the lingua Anglica allowance. The period form
      would be _Order of the Falco*ns* Claw_ with no apostrophe. If
      the Kingdom prefers the form without an apostrophe, it may make
      a request for reconsideration.

  Calontir, Kingdom of. Order name Order of the Purple Feather of
  Calontir and badge. Or, a feather within a bordure purpure.

  Calontir, Kingdom of. Badge (see PENDS for order name). Or, on a
  hawk's bell purpure a cross of Calatrava Or, a bordure purpure.

  Calontir, Kingdom of. Heraldic title Sable Hawk Herald (see RETURNS
  for other heraldic titles).

  Deiniol of Llananno. Name.

  Deomotheor Z{y:}dmond. Name.

      Submitted as "D_e_m_e_t_{o:}_r Z_sig_mond", the article from
      which these names were documented used modernized spellings for
      these elements. With the submitter's permission, we have changed
      the name to the attested period spellings "D_eo_m_o_t_heo_r
      Z_{y:}d_mond" for registration.

      Nice 16th century Hungarian name!

  Diana Tantini. Badge. (Fieldless) An apple purpure slipped and
  leaved proper transfixed by a threaded needle bendwise sinister
  argent.

      Apples in period heraldry were nearly round. There is a step
      from period practice for use of a modern trapezoidal-shaped
      apple.

  Dorcas Whitecap. Badge. (Fieldless) A barnacle goose tree Or, leaved
  and fructed within and conjoined to an annulet gules.

      This is the defining instance of a barnacle goose tree in SCA
      heraldry. Conceptually similar to the vegetable lamb, the motif
      is found in period bestiaries, where it is explained that geese
      grow from trees. The geese tend to be depicted issuant from pods
      attached to the branches of trees while young, or attached
      directly to the tree by their beaks when fully formed.

      Artist's note: Please draw fewer and larger geese to aid
      identifiability.

  Eibhilin O Beirn. Name and device. Argent, a natural sea-tortoise
  purpure and on a chief azure three suns argent.

      Submitted as "Eibhilin _{O'}_ Beirn", this name was incorrectly
      formed. As a matter of basic Gaelic grammar, a woman cannot use
      an Clan Affiliation byname constructed with _{O'}_. [December
      2016 Cover Letter] Such Clan Affiliation bynames for woman are
      formed in post-1200 Gaelic using _inghean U{i'}_.

      However, as explained in the December 2016 Cover Letter, women
      may use O-style bynames in Anglicized Irish. The Anglicized
      Irish "O Beirn" is found in "16th & 17th Century Anglicized
      Irish Surnames from Woulfe" by Mari ingen Briain meic Donnchada.
      As the submitter allows all changes, we have changed the surname
      to the Anglicized Irish "_O_ Beirn". Anglicized Irish and Gaelic
      may be combined under Appendix C.

      If the submitter prefers the full Gaelic "Eibhil{i'}n inghean
      U{i'} Bheirn", she may make a request for reconsideration.

  Eyd{i'}s Mark{u'}sard{o'}ttir. Device. Gules, four mascles in cross
  Or semy of torteaux.

  Fastmundr Eldjarnsson. Name.

  Gisele de la Fontaine. Name and device. Azure, a bend wavy argent
  cotised Or between a reremouse and a spider argent.

  Gr{a'}inne inghean Bhriain. Name.

      Submitted as "Gr{a'}inne inghean Bhri_an_", the father's name
      needs to be in the genitive (possessive) form when used in a
      Gaelic patronymic. We have corrected the byname to "inghean
      Bhria_i_n" to use correct Gaelic grammar.

  {I'}varr f{o'}tviss. Device. Vert, a Hungerford knot its ends
  terminating in serpents' heads addorsed and on a chief Or three
  pommes.

  {I'}varr inn rau{dh}i. Name and device. Argent, an arrow inverted
  gules between flaunches sable, each charged with a drinking horn
  argent.

      Nice 9th-10th century Icelandic name!

  Kainen Brynj{o'}lfsson. Name and device. Argent, a raven rising
  maintaining in its beak a bow reversed and in chief two smith's
  hammers fesswise purpure within a bordure denticulada gules.

      _Kainen_ is the submitter's legal given name.

  Marget Orange. Name.

      Nice English name for c. 1600! In fact, this precise name
      appears in the FamilySearch Historical Records as the name of a
      woman married in 1612 in Oxford, England.

  {O'}sv{i'}fr Asplund at {O/}yrasundi. Name change from holding name
  Olaf of Forgotten Sea.

      _Asplund_ is the submitter's legal surname.

      Submitted as "{O'}sv{i'}fr Asplund _fr{a'}_ {O/}yrasundi", this
      construction indicates that the submitter lives in the
      {O/}resund strait. The more likely construction is "_at_
      {O/}yrasundi", which indicates that he lives alongside or in the
      area of the strait. We have made this change for registration.

  S{o'}lveig Melrakki. Name and device. Azure, a lion's head cabossed
  Or and a chief Or fretty vert.

======================================================================

**** DRACHENWALD acceptances ****

  Agnes Odygd. Name.

      Nice 15th century Finnish name!

  Anna von Urwald. Name change from Anna af Aarnimets{a:}.

      As the submitter already has the name _Anna Tuomaantyt{a:}r von
      Urwald_ registered to her as an alternate name, she was not
      required to re-document _Anna von Urwald_ under PN2C2 of SENA.

      The submitter's previous primary name, _Anna af Aarnimets{a:}_,
      is retained as an alternate name.

  Anna von Urwald. Alternate name Aarnimets{a:}n Mielivalta.

      Although _Aarnimets{a:}_ is the name of an SCA branch, the
      submitter is not relying on the Branch Name Allowance. Instead,
      the Letter of Intent documented _Aarnimets{a:}_ as a plausible
      constructed period Finnish place name, allowing it to be used in
      a modified form instead of the usual _of_ + [branchname]
      construction.

  Eira Orre. Device. Azure, a bend gules fimbriated argent, overall a
  sun Or.

      There is a step from period practice for a charge surmounting a
      fimbriated ordinary.

  Gotvik, Barony of. Order name Award of the Arrow of Saint Egon of
  Gotvik.

  Gotvik, Barony of. Order name Award of Dana the Brave of Gotvik.

  Gotvik, Barony of. Order name Award of the Ladle of Saint Sigerid of
  Gotvik.

  Gotvik, Barony of. Order name Award of Ragenhild the Wise of Gotvik.

  Gotvik, Barony of. Order name Award of Saint Egons Heart.

      Appearing on the Letter of Intent as "Award of Saint Egon_'_s
      Heart", a timely correction removed the apostrophe, as is
      appropriate for the possessive form of a personal name in
      period.

  Gotvik, Barony of. Order name Order of the Silver Dolphin of Gotvik.

  Insula Draconis, Principality of. Order name Order of Luna of Insula
  Draconis.

      This item was pended on the January 2017 Letter of Intent to
      consider the potential conflict with _Lunar Pursuivant_, a
      heraldic title registered to the Middle Kingdom. In determining
      conflict between two non-personal names, we consider only the
      substantive elements, not the designators. The comparison for
      conflict, therefore, is between _Luna_ and _Lunar_. These two
      elements do conflict. The difference in appearance is only a
      single letter, and the difference in sound is minimal (and, in
      some dialects of English, non-existant).

      However, after the close of commentary, the Principality gave
      permission to add the branch name to the Order. As _Order of
      Luna of Insula Draconis_, this name is clear from conflicts and
      can be registered.

  Karin Eriksdotter. Name and device. Gules, a frog and in chief three
  roundels argent.

      Submitted as "Ka_a_rin_a_ _Eerikintyt{a:}r_", the documentation
      did not support the submitted spellings before 1650. With the
      submitter's permission, we have changed the name to the attested
      documentary form "K_a_rin_ _Eriksdotter_".

      The submitter may be interested to know that _Karina_ is also a
      documentable Swedish given name, which may be combined with the
      surname _Eriksdotter_. If the submitter prefers _Karin*a*
      Eriksdotter_, she may make a request for reconsideration.

  Marc Bogsveigir. Name and device. Argent, on a bend sinister cotised
  sable an arrow Or.

      _Marc_ is the submitter's legal given name.

      The submitter may be interested to know that _Mark{u'}s_ is an
      Old Norse given name that can be combined with his Old Norse
      byname.

  Roderic {TH}orkelsson. Name change from Roderic Turkillson.

      _Roderic_ is already registered to the submitter and thus can
      continue to be used under PN1B2g of SENA.

      The submitter's previous name, _Roderic Turkillson_, is
      released.

======================================================================

**** EALDORMERE acceptances ****

  Bran Dalat{u'}n. Name and device. Per bend sable and gules, two
  wolf's heads couped argent.

  Cesare Ambrogino Salvuzzi. Badge. (Fieldless) In pale a winged lion
  couchant Or conjoined with a demi-sun inverted sable.

      Artist's note: Please make all four limbs parallel to be more
      clearly couchant atop the demi-sun.

  Emelote of Calais. Badge. Per bend sinister sable and argent, a
  decrescent and a fleur-de-lys within a bordure counterchanged.

  Le{'o}d Dubh. Device. Per fess sable and vert, a serpent glissant
  palewise and in chief three gouttes Or.

  Mj{o,}ll {U'}lfsd{o'}ttir. Device change. Or, a badger dormant sable
  marked argent within a bordure sable.

      The submitter's previous device, "Per bend sinister argent and
      sable, a ram's skull cabossed and a paw print counterchanged",
      is released

  Mj{o,}ll {U'}lfsd{o'}ttir. Badge. (Fieldless) A badger dormant sable
  marked argent.

  Nuno de la Guerra. Name and device. Per saltire purpure and sable,
  in pile three lightning bolts, in base a heart argent.

      There is a step from period practice for use of lightning bolts
      as stand-alone charges.

      Artist's note: Please draw the arrowheads that terminate the
      lightning bolts bolder, with wider and more distinct barbs.

  Shimazu Kojirou Nobuhisa. Device. Sable, on a folding fan Or, a
  Norse sun cross sable.

  Shimazu Kojirou Nobuhisa. Badge. (Fieldless) On a folding fan Or, a
  Norse sun cross sable.

  Sorcha of Kilmongan. Badge. Or, in bend sinister three ivy leaves
  vert.

======================================================================

**** EAST acceptances ****

  Avonmore, Shire of. Badge for Populace. Per bend sinister purpure
  and Or, a lighthouse Or and a bird sable.

  East, Kingdom of the. Order name Order of Silver Mantle of the East
  and badge. (Fieldless) A mantle argent.

      In the return of Lochac's badge, "(Fieldless) A mantle gules,
      lined and charged on the sinister breast with a mullet of six
      points argent" in June 2003, it was noted:

           If someone wore a red mantle which was lined white and
           charged on the sinister breast with a mullet of six
           points argent, it would not appear to be a correct
           display of this badge. ... One correct heraldic
           display... would be to create an enameled pin in the
           shape of the charged mantle. Another correct display
           would be to make a flag and put a picture of the
           charged mantle on the flag.

      Similarly, the correct display of this badge is not a silver
      mantle; it would be a pin or medallion displaying a silver
      mantle.

  Ile du Dragon Dormant, Baronnie de l'. Badge association for
  Populace. Purpure, on a pale argent a pallet Or.

  Ioannes Aurelius Serpentius. Name and device. Per pale gules and
  sable, a three-headed hydra passant and on a chief argent three
  frets couped gules.

      After the close of commentary, additional research by Ursula
      Palimpsest and Alisoun Metron Ariston supported the pattern of
      the name based on, among other things, the attested example of
      _Libius Severus Serpentius_.

  Katla of St{o'}ra Borg. Name and device. Azure estencely, an owl
  maintaining in its feet a sheaf of arrows fesswise reversed argent.

      PN2E of SENA states:

           No name will be registered that either in whole or in
           part is obtrusively modern. Something is said to be
           obtrusively modern when it makes a modern joke or
           reference that destroys medieval ambience and drags
           the average person mentally back to the present day.
           Obtrusiveness can be either in the written form or
           when spoken. A period name that has a modern referent
           will not generally be considered obtrusively modern.
           Only extreme examples will be returned.

      Submitted as "Katla _of Borg_", commenters in OSCAR and at the
      Roadshow at the Known World Heraldic and Scribal Symposium
      universally agreed that the phrase "of Borg" is an obtrusively
      modern _Star Trek_ reference. As the submitter allows all
      changes, we have changed the byname to "of _St{o'}ra_ Borg" to
      use the lingua Anglica name of one of the places known as _Borg_
      in period and thereby avoid the appearance of obtrusive
      modernity.

  Lillia de Vaux. Heraldic title Crampette Herault.

      Nice Middle English heraldic title!

  Luca Spadini. Name and device. Azure, a serpent erect and on a chief
  argent three ravens sable.

  Luna Cohen. Name.

      Objections were raised in commentary to the use of the surname
      _Cohen_ by a woman based on its Hebrew meaning denoting descent
      from the priestly caste. However, in commentary, Yehuda Blue
      Tyger provided evidence from the FamilySearch Historical Records
      of 16th century and early 17th century English women with the
      surname _Cohen_. In addition, Lillia Crampette noted in
      commentary that _Cohen_ is the name of a location in France.
      Based on this evidence, there is no reason to bar a woman from
      using the surname _Cohen_ in English or French. As _Luna_ is
      also found as an English given name, this name is registerable
      as a 16th century English name.

  Mael Eoin mac Echuid. Household name Company of the Black Boot.

      Submitted as "Black Boot _Company_", no evidence could be found
      to support the pattern of this household name. In December 2013,
      we ruled that the correct form of a company name using the
      pattern Color + Heraldic Charge is _Company of [color]
      [charge]_:

           Submitted as _Red Dragon Company_, commenters could
           not find evidence of a company name using the pattern
           _X Company_, where _X_ is a charge or a color +
           charge. However, the pattern _Company of the X_ can be
           justified as the lingua Anglica form of an order name
           or fraternal organization. Although the submitter did
           not allow major changes, he permitted the change to
           _Company of the Red Dragon_. We have done so in order
           to register the name. [Tristram O'Shee, 12/2013 LoAR,
           A-An Tir]

      Neither the Letter of Intent nor commenters provided any
      documentation inconsistent with this precedent. Accordingly,
      with the submitter's permission, we have changed the name to
      "_Company of the _Black Boot" for registration.

  Mari Clock van Hoorne. Badge (see RETURNS for alternate name).
  (Fieldless) A comet per pale gules and Or.

  Mathias Feuer Drache. Device. Sable semy-de-lis, on a pale Or a
  dragon gules.

  Ysmay de Lynn. Badge. (Fieldless) A shoe Or.

      Nice badge!

======================================================================

**** LOCHAC acceptances ****

  Alannah Wallace. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      _Alannah_ is the submitter's legal given name.

  {A'}lfd{i'}s {U'}lfvi{dh}ard{o'}ttir. Name and device. Vert, a
  wolf's head couped within an orle argent.

  Anne de Tournai. Household name Housse de Cambrai and badge. Gules,
  a swan naiant between three seebl{a:}tter Or.

      The city of _Cambrai_ is not important enough to protect from
      presumption under SENA.

  Asbj{o/}rn Pedersen. Badge. (Fieldless) A bear's jambe erased
  sustaining in chief a lightning bolt fesswise Or.

      There is a step from period practice for using a lightning bolt
      as a stand-alone charge rather than as part of a thunderbolt.

  Asbj{o/}rn Pedersen. Badge. Vert, a bear rampant maintaining a
  lightning bolt within an orle of chain Or.

      There is a step from period practice for using a lightning bolt
      as a stand-alone charge rather than as part of a thunderbolt.

      The submitter is a knight, and entitled to display an orle of
      chain.

  Constance Makepais. Name and device. Per bend Or and sable, two
  linden leaves their stems issuant from the line of division
  counterchanged.

      Nice late 14th century English name!

      Nice device!

  Emery de Llanruthin. Name and device. Azure, in chief three bees, a
  point pointed Or.

  Federyc de Herle. Name and device. Per pale Or and pean, a chevron
  and a chief engrailed gules.

      Submitted as "F{e'}deryc", the acute accent on the first _e_ is
      a modern editorial addition. We have eliminated the accent for
      registration.

      Questions were raised about whether the cited source for
      _Federyc_ reliably transcribed the name. Fortunately, heralds at
      the Pelican decision meeting found multiple examples of
      _Federic_ in other French sources. Given that medieval French
      used _y_ and _i_ interchangeably, the several instances of
      "Feder_i_c" support the submitted "Feder_y_c".

      This name combines a French given name with an English byname,
      an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C.

  Fiora Vespucci. Badge release. (Fieldless) A crescent conjoined to
  and sustaining between its horns a bee argent.

  Fiora Vespucci. Badge change. (Fieldless) A key inverted argent.

      The submitter's previous badge, "Per chevron ploy{e'} argent and
      gules, a fleur de lys issuant from the line of division and a
      bee counterchanged", is released.

  Giles Ballard. Name and device. Gules, a mash rake argent.

      Nice late 16th century English name!

      Nice device!

  Hugh Fortesmains. Name and device. Per saltire Or and azure, two
  anvils sable and two pairs of hammers in saltire Or.

      Nice early 13th century English name!

  Isabeau Normandy. Name and device. Per pale sable and gules, a comet
  inverted winged argent.

      This name combines a French given name with an English byname,
      an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C.

  Kevin Ost. Name and device. Gules, in fess three spears sable.

      _Kevin_ is the submitter's legal given name.

      The submission included an attempt at an Individually Attested
      Pattern to demonstrate the viability of the submitted arms as
      16th century German armory. However, while examples were
      provided demonstrating the use of complex sable sole charges on
      a gules field in German armory, and the presence of spears in
      the same time and location, the arrangement of three charges
      palewise in fess was not supplied by the submitter in the Letter
      of Intent. Fortunately, such examples of three charges palewise
      in fess were found in German armory after commentary closed,
      allowing this to be registered.

      We caution submitters attempting IAPs to ensure that all period
      examples supporting their case are provided in the Letter of
      Intent, and not to rely on the existence of other IAPs in OSCAR
      as a justification.

  Konrad Partman. Name and device. Per pale vert and Or, a dunghill
  cock rising, wings displayed gules.

      Nice 15th century German name!

  Kra{e'} Glas, Barony of. Badge for Populace. (Fieldless) A dolphin
  haurient azure breathing flames gules, surmounted by and sustaining
  a trident Or.

  Nastasiia Dubrovskaia. Name change from Aluina del Greneoke.

      Submitted as "Nastasiia Dubrovsk_ii_", the byname needs to be in
      the feminine form to match the gender of the given name. With
      the submitter's permission, we have changed the byname to
      "Dubrovsk_aia_" for registration.

      The submitter's previous name, _Aluina del Greneoke_, is
      retained as an alternate name.

  Southron Gaard, Barony of. Badge for Populace. Gules, a tower Or and
  in chief three mullets argent within a bordure embattled Or.

  {TH}ork{ae}ll rau{dh}skeggr. Name and device. Vert, a bear passant
  per pale argent and sable.

  Ulrich of Innilgard. Device. Gules, a falcon contourny and on a
  chief Or a sword reversed gules.

  Ulrich von Mannheim. Device. Vert, a fret argent between three
  cinquefoils and an eagle Or.

      This device conflicts with the device of Gwydion ap Urien,
      "Vert, a fret argent between in pale two horses courant and in
      fess two scythes Or", with only one DC for changing the type of
      secondary charges. The submitter has permission to conflict with
      Gwydion, who submitted a blanket letter of permission to
      conflict.

  Ulrich von Mannheim. Blanket permission to conflict with device.
  Vert, a fret argent between three cinquefoils and an eagle Or.

      Ulrich grants permission to conflict for any armory that is not
      identical to his device, "Vert, a fret argent between three
      cinquefoils and an eagle Or".

  Yda Plant. Name.

      Nice English name for c. 1300!

======================================================================

**** MERIDIES acceptances ****

  Adelina Ravenild. Name and device. Ermine, an owl perched on and
  maintaining a sheaf of arrows fesswise sable, a base embattled vert.

  Angharat merch Morcant. Badge. (Fieldless) A winged hound courant
  gules maintaining in its mouth an arrow inverted Or.

  Annora Draper. Device change. Quarterly vert and sable, a feather
  bendwise sinister within a bordure argent.

      The submitter's old device, "Per pale gules and vert, a sewing
      needle bendwise and on a chief embattled argent an arrow
      reversed sable", is released.

  Gwydion ap Urien. Blanket letter of permission to conflict with
  device. Vert, a fret argent between in pale two horses courant and
  in fess two scythes Or.

      Gwydion grants permission to conflict for all armory that is not
      identical to his device.

  Kurt Bogner. Name change from Brienus Holebroc.

      The submitter's previous name, _Brienus Holebroc_, is retained
      as an alternate name.

      The submitter requested authenticity for "15th Century
      Bavarian." This name is authentic for 15th century Franconia, an
      area that now falls within the modern borders of Bavaria.

  Leopold Guotman. Name and device. Vert, a cross Or between in chief
  two geese rising wings displayed argent.

  Lucette Simone G{e'}rard. Name and device. Per pale azure and gules,
  a cross between in chief an owl affronty and a fleur-de-lis argent.

  Marguerite Ysabel du Val. Name and device. Gules semy of arrows, two
  rabbits salient respectant and on a chief invected argent a rabbit
  courant sable.

      This name does not improperly claim a relationship with the
      registered _Isabeau du Valle_ under PN3D of SENA. PN3D states,
      "[t]o be clear of relationship conflict, the submitted name must
      not unmistakably imply close relationship with a protected
      person." Because _Ysabel du Val_ is different in sound and
      appearance from _Isabeau du Valle_, such that the two names
      would be clear of conflict under PN3C2, this name does not
      "unmistakably imply" a close relationship with _Isabeau du
      Valle_.

  Meuric ap Rhys. Device. Per pale azure and sable, an owl and a chief
  argent.

  Sekhet Naneferrenpet. Name change from Johanna Fleming.

      We previously ruled that "Egyptian names recorded in Common
      Demotic script and Coptic are compatible with our period under
      GP3A of SENA." [Einarr inn kristni H{a'}konsson. Alternate name
      Imhotep sa Maare mewetif Ankhet, 7/2015 LoAR, A-Artemisia] As
      this name was documented entirely from Demotic Egyptian sources,
      it is registerable under this precedent.

      The submitter requested authenticity for "Egyptian." Although
      this name was documented entirely from Demotic Egyptian sources,
      the attested dates for the name elements are not within the same
      century. Thus, this name is registerable, but it is not
      authentic for a specific time.

      The submitter's previous name, _Johanna Fleming_, is retained as
      an alternate name.

======================================================================

**** MIDDLE acceptances ****

  Brigid inghean Mhaoil Mh{i'}ch{i'}l. Name and device. Per pale sable
  and gules all estencely, a phoenix argent.

      Submitted as "Brigid in_c_hean _Maol_ Mh{i'}ch{i'}l", the name
      required two corrections for registration. First, the
      relationship marker is correctly spelled "in_g_hean". Even
      taking into account the many odd spelling variants found in the
      Irish Annals, the submitted "in_c_hean" does not appear and
      cannot be constructed.

      Second, the father's name needs to be in the genitive
      (possessive) form. The standard genitive form is "Mao_i_l
      Mh{i'}ch{i'}l", which lenites to "_Mh_aoil Mh{i'}ch{i'}l" in
      this name because it follows _inghean_.

      Applying both of these changes, we are registering this name as
      "Brigid in_g_hean M_h_ao_i_l Mh{i'}ch{i'}l".

  Cole O'Doran. Name.

  Cynnabar, Barony of. Order name Award of Elephants Heart.

      This order name follows the pattern of naming orders based on
      Saint's Name + Heraldic Charge. _Elephant_ is a 16th century
      English surname that can be used as a given name.

      The Barony requested the name "Award of _the_ Elephant_'_s
      Heart" if it could be documented. Unfortunately, we were unable
      to document this version of the name, as an elephant's heart is
      not a plausible heraldic charge. Apart from likely being larger
      than an ordinary heart, there is no distinct visual depiction of
      an heart that would identify it as belonging to an elephant.

  Cynnabar, Barony of. Order name Award of the Silver Tower of
  Cynnabar (see PENDS for other order name).

  Cynnabar, Barony of. Order name Order of Towers Watch.

      Submitted as "Order of _the_ Watch _of the Tower_", we found no
      evidence showing that this name followed an attested period
      pattern for order names. With the Barony's permission, we have
      changed the name to "Order of _Towers_ Watch" to use the pattern
      of naming orders based on Saint's Name + Heraldic Charge.
      _Tower_ is a 16th century English surname that can be used as a
      given name. A _watch_, in the sense of a small time-piece (dated
      in the OED to 1590), is a plausible heraldic charge.

  Genevote Cheval. Name and device. Vert, a horse couchant regardant
  Or, a bordure argent semy-de-lys vert.

  Illiton, Barony of. Badge. (Fieldless) On a goblet Or a lymphad
  proper, sails furled argent.

  Pellegrina da Canal. Name.

  Ragna st{o'}rr{a'}{dh}a {U'}lfsd{o'}ttir. Name.

      Submitted as "Ragna st{o'}rr{a'}_d_a Ulfsd{o'}ttir", the name
      required two corrections. First, markings must be used
      consistently throughout Old Norse names; therefore, the marking
      on the _U_ found in _{U'}lfr_ must be included in
      "_{U'}_lfsd{o'}ttir". Second, the submitted _st{o'}rr{a'}da_
      mistakes an edh ({dh}) for a _d_. The correct form of the byname
      is "st{o'}rr{a'}_{dh}_a". Applying these corrections, we are
      registering the name as "Ragna st{o'}rr{a'}_{dh}_a
      _{U'}_lfsd{o'}ttir".

  Siobh{a'}n an Einigh. Device change. Argent, on a pale azure between
  two triskelions of spirals purpure, an increscent argent.

      There is a step from period practice for use of a triskelion of
      spirals.

      The submitter's old device, "Per chevron throughout argent and
      azure, two triskelions of spirals purpure and an increscent
      argent", is retained as a badge.

  Siobh{a'}n an Einigh. Badge. Argent, a pink flamingo proper within a
  bordure azure.

  {U'}lfr{u'}n Biornsd{o'}ttir. Device. Azure, a unicorn and a wolf
  combatant and in chief a decrescent argent.

  Veoreos Miklos. Name and device. Azure, an eagle sable and in chief
  a decrescent and a mullet of eight points argent.

      Nice 16th century Hungarian name!

      The submitter provided an Individually Attested Pattern
      successfully demonstrating the motif of a sable eagle displayed
      upon an azure field with high-contrast mullets and decrescents
      in chief.

======================================================================

**** NORTHSHIELD acceptances ****

  Bastien de Mesa. Name (see RETURNS for badge).

      This name combines a French given name and a Spanish byname, an
      acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C.

      The submitter is a court baron and entitled to use of a coronet.

  Elashava bas Riva. Badge. (Fieldless) A griffin passant Or gorged of
  a pearled coronet sable maintaining a pomegranate slipped gules.

      The submitter is a viscountess, and entitled to the use of a
      coronet.

  Elashava bas Riva. Augmentation of arms. Quarterly Or and azure, in
  saltire a wooden spoon proper and a lute argent and for augmentation
  on a point pointed sable a compass rose argent.

  Galti holtaskalli. Name.

      Nice 9th-10th century Icelandic name!

  Geri of Falcon's Keep. Name and device. Argent v{e^}tu purpure, a
  winged fox courant sable.

      _Falcon's Keep_ is the registered name of an SCA branch.

  Judith of Northwode. Name and device. Per pale ermine and vert, two
  pine trees couped counterchanged vert and argent.

      Nice early 15th century English name!

  Marguerite Coquette de Lyons. Name and device. Azure, two lions
  combatant Or and in chief a dragonfly argent.

      Submitted as "Marguerite Coquette _du_ Lyons", this construction
      is incorrect. When referring to the French place name _Lyons_,
      the proper construction is "_de_ Lyons". We have made this
      change for registration.

  Sulayman al-Hamadani. Name and device. Pily bendwise Or and sable, a
  five headed hydra rampant and a chief gules.

      The submitter requested authenticity for "13-14th c Persian."
      The name is an authentic Arabic version of an ethnically Persian
      person's name. However, we cannot say for certain whether it is
      authentic for the submitter's requested time period.

======================================================================

**** OUTLANDS acceptances ****

  Arcadia of Medina. Name and device. Argent, on a pale gules between
  two rapiers sable a crane in its vigilance argent.

      The byname _of Medina_ uses the lingua Anglica form of the name
      of a city in Saudi Arabia which existed from at least the 4th
      century C.E. onwards.

      This name combines a Greek given name and the lingua Anglica
      form of an Arabic city name, an acceptable lingual mix under
      Appendix C of SENA.

      The submitter may be interested to know that "Arcadia de Medina"
      is also registerable as a 16th century Spanish name. If she
      prefers this form, she may make a request for reconsideration.

  {A'}str{i'}{dh}r K{a'}rad{o'}ttir. Name change from Adelina de
  Surdeval.

      The submitter's previous name, _Adelina de Surdeval_, is
      retained as an alternate name.

      Nice 9th-10th century Icelandic name!

  Brynger{dh}r of Unser Hafen. Holding name and device (see RETURNS
  for name). Per bend rayonny gules and Or, two spears in saltire Or
  and a dove displayed azure.

      Submitted under the name "Brynger{dh}r Deotrichstochter".

      There is a step from period practice for use of a displayed
      non-eagle.

  Ealusaid of Ardrenk. Household name Harastan Logge.

      Submitted as "Har_{a-}_stan Lo_d_ge", the submitter requested
      authenticity for "13th/14th Century English." We have changed
      the name to "Har_a_stan Lo_g_ge" to meet the submitter's
      authenticity request; both spellings were dated to 1290 in
      commentary.

  Ottarr Hallbjarnarson. Name and device. Azure, an otter sejant erect
  contourny guardant argent maintaining an axe, blade to sinister, a
  chief embattled Or.

      Nice 9th-10th century Icelandic name!

      Artist's note: Please draw at least three embattlements on the
      chief.

  Safiyya bint Faris al-Dani. Badge. (Fieldless) A seeblatt barry wavy
  azure and argent.

      Nice badge!

======================================================================

**** TRIMARIS acceptances ****

  Dagm{ae}r Nilsdottir. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      Submitted as "Dagm{ae}r Nilsd_{o'}_ttir", the byname was not
      correctly constructed. The father's name is dated to the 14th
      century as a form of _Nikol{a'}s_. By that time period,
      _-dottir_ no longer had a diacritical mark over the _o_. Because
      a name phrase must be entirely in one language, we have changed
      the name to "Dagm{ae}r Nilsd_o_ttir" for registration.

  Solen Trianezov. Device change. Gules, a trident head between three
  escallops within an orle of chain Or.

      His previous device, "Azure, a trident head and an orle argent",
      is released.

      The submitter is a knight and is entitled to an orle of chain.

======================================================================

                  - Explicit littera accipiendorum -

======================================================================

***** THE FOLLOWING ITEMS HAVE BEEN RETURNED FOR FURTHER WORK: *****

**** {AE}THELMEARC returns ****

  Arsalan Zig{u:}rtei. Name.

      The submitter requested a name meaning "winged lion." She
      further requested that, if we could not construct a name with
      that meaning, we return the name. Unfortunately, we could not
      find evidence that a name element meaning "wing" or "winged" was
      plausible in period Mongol. Therefore, as the submitter
      requested, this name is returned.

======================================================================

**** AN TIR returns ****

  An Tir, Kingdom of. Badge (see PENDS for order name). Checky Or and
  argent, a corner-cap sable.

      This badge must be returned for violation of SENA A2C1, which
      requires that "Elements must be drawn in their period forms and
      in a period armorial style." The modern mortarboard hat depicted
      here is a combination of two different hats worn by period
      scholars: the _pileus_, or skullcap, and the four-pointed
      _Canterbury cap_, itself a variation on the ecclesiastical
      _biretta_. The modern form, with the highly rigid and
      exaggerated square form of the cap, is post-period, as is the
      inclusion of the tassel. We encourage the submitter to consider
      a historical depiction of a Canterbury-style cap in future
      submissions.

      This badge must also be returned for conflict with the device of
      Friedrich Swartzen Hut, "Lozengy argent and azure, a sugar-loaf
      hat sable", which is registered in this letter. Friedrich is a
      paid member and branches are treated as paid member. Friedrich's
      device appeared on the Atenveldt Letter of Intent, which was
      released six days before An Tir's letter, and thus takes
      priority. There is one DC for change to the field, but we don't
      generally grant difference for types of hat.

      The motif of a checky Or and argent field has been previously
      registered by the submitter.

  An Tir, Kingdom of. Badge. Checky Or and argent, a fox rampant
  contourny sable.

      This badge must be returned for conflict with Conrad Stronghand,
      "Or, a wolf counter-salient sable, maintaining in its mouth a
      rose gules, barbed and seeded proper", with one DC for changes
      to the field. There is no DC for the difference between a wolf
      and a fox, and while ormally there would be a DC for the removal
      of the rose, the rose in Conrad's device is too small to be
      recognizable, and therefore cannot count for difference.

      The motif of a checky Or and argent field has been previously
      registered by the submitter.

  Aurora Rose Prindel. Device. Argent, a raccoon sejant erect affronty
  gules marked sable maintaining on its chest a demi-clew of yarn
  issuant from a bowl Or.

      This device is returned for use of two tertiary charge groups on
      the same charge. In this design, bowl and demi-clew of yarn are
      completely within the silhouette of the raccoon, making them
      tertiary charges, but the clew of yarn is less than half of the
      visual weight of the bowl, making it appear to be secondary to
      the bowl in size and importance.

      This is also returned for violation of SENA A3D1, which states
      "two charges or depictions of charges that are artistic variants
      of one another or that otherwise are considered to have less
      than a distinct change (DC) between them are not allowed in a
      single armorial design." A clew of yarn is visually
      indistinguishable from a roundel, and so a demi-clew is
      indistinguishable from a demi-roundel, which is how this bowl is
      depicted.

      Upon resubmission, the submitter should take care to depict the
      primary charge in a way that will meet the requirements of SENA
      A2C1, which states "Elements must be drawn in their period forms
      and in a period armorial style." As depicted in the current
      submission, this is a very modern cartoon depiction of a
      raccoon, with the head the same visual weight as the body.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of the raccoon,
      a New World beast.

  Glymm Mere, Barony of. Order name Order of the Hunting Hauk.

      This order name is returned because it does not follow any
      attested pattern for order names. The pattern Other Adjective +
      Heraldic Charge set forth in Juliana de Luna's "Medieval Secular
      Order Names" (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/order/new/) is not
      as broad as the Letter of Intent suggests. This pattern is
      limited to adjectives that indicate a clear visual difference in
      the depiction of the heraldic charge, such as the addition of
      wings or a crown. See the Cover Letter for a more detailed
      discussion of Other Adjective + Heraldic Charge.

      In this case, all hawks are hunting hawks. There is no clear
      visual difference in the charge created by the addition of the
      adjective "hunting." The Barony's registered order name _Order
      of the Hunting Horn_ does not allow for the registration of this
      order name. Unlike a hunting hawk, a hunting horn is visually
      different than a drinking horn. In addition, a "hunting horn" is
      a standard blazonry term; a "hunting hawk" is not. Because this
      order name does not fit any attested pattern, it must be
      returned.

  Glymm Mere, Barony of. Badge. (Fieldless) A jeweled chalice argent.

      This badge must be returned for conflict with Kathleen
      Erin-go-burne-the-Bragh, "Vert, a chalice argent containing
      flames Or". There is one DC for fieldlessness, but nothing for
      jeweling the chalice. Prior precedent does not grant a DC for
      enflaming objects.

  Rau{dh}kinn Starrad{o'}ttir. Name change from holding name Misty of
  Madrone.

      PN1A1 of SENA states that "[a]ll personal name submissions are
      required to have a given name." This submission does not have a
      given name, either attested or constructed.

      _Rau{dh}kinn_ was documented in the Letter of Intent as a
      descriptive byname meaning "red cheek." While the submitter
      provided that some kinds of Old Norse bynames often were used to
      create given names, that evidence was not sufficient. "Bynames"
      are not a single category: some kinds of elements might be used
      as both given names and bynames, while others are not. To allow
      this particular descriptive byname as a given name, evidence
      would need to be presented showing that the element _-kinn_ was
      used in Old Norse given names. Heralds and commenters were
      unable to find such evidence. Therefore, as both submitted
      elements are bynames, this name must be returned.

  Simon Fisc. Badge. (Fieldless) A salmon attired with an elk's
  antlers Or.

      This badge must be returned for conflict with the badge of the
      Barony of Jaravellir, "Pean, a catfish naiant Or", and with the
      badge of Andrew MacRobb, "Per chevron purpure and Or, in chief a
      salmon embowed Or". For each, there is one DC for field. A
      fieldless badge gets nothing for placement on the field. Per
      precedent, we don't typically grant a DC for the addition of
      attires to an animate charge:

           "Gules, a coney attired rampant contourny argent."
           This device is returned for conflict with the device
           of Gwynnedd o'r Dyffryn: "Gules, a coney rampant
           contourny argent and in chief three tau crosses Or".
           There is a DC for removing the charges in chief, but
           no difference for the attires on the coney. [Osanna
           Lucia Wyglesworth, LoAR of Sept 2015]

  Skjaldar-{TH}orsteinn. Device. Quarterly sable and gules, in bend
  two bears dormant argent.

      This device must be returned for redraw. Commenters were unable
      to identify the primary charges as bears dormant. As dormant is
      notorious for rendering the charges unidentifiable, submitters
      seeking to use the posture must take great care to make sure
      that all identifying features are featured in the charge, and
      that the charges themselves are large enough for easy
      recognition. In particular, the rounded ears should be more
      prominent and more clearly atop the head rather than pointing
      back from it. Upon resubmission, the submitter should center the
      charges in their respective quarters, and render them large
      enough to fill the available space.

======================================================================

**** ANSTEORRA returns ****

None.

======================================================================

**** ARTEMISIA returns ****

  Loch Salann, Barony of. Order name Fellowship of the Aviary of Saint
  Francis.

      The order name was pended on the December 2016 Letter of
      Acceptances and Returns to discuss whether the evidence of
      buildings as heraldic charges, including a building blazoned as
      a dovecote, supported this order name. After extensive
      commentary and careful consideration of all of the issues
      raised, we are returning this name because an aviary is not a
      plausible period heraldic charge.

      No evidence was presented showing that an aviary could have been
      a charge distinct from a dovecote (found in the 1620 arms of
      Shapcott) or a birdcage (found in the Manesse Codex). Nor were
      commenters able to identify any distinct visual qualities that
      would identify a building as an aviary. Based on the evidence
      provided, an aviary would only be distinguishable from any other
      building only by small details (likely birds) that would not be
      identifiable in a heraldic depiction.

      In addition, although the term aviary was certainly used in
      English within the SCA's period, no plausible argument was made
      for blazoning the attested charges of a bird cage or a dovecote
      as an aviary.

      For these reasons, as well as the reasons set out in the
      original decision to pend, this order name does not fit any of
      the documented patterns for order names and must be returned.

======================================================================

**** ATENVELDT returns ****

  Darius al-Gaf{u-}r. Name.

      This name must be returned because there is too great a temporal
      gap between the name elements. The given name _Darius_ was
      documented in the Letter of Intent as Greek. The byname
      _al-Gaf{u-}r_ was documented in Arabic. Because these name
      elements are not in the same language group under Appendix C,
      they must be attested within 300 years of each other.

      The byname "al-Gaf{u-}r" is dated to the 12th century. We were
      unable to find any evidence of _Darius_ or _Dareios_ in Greek
      later than the 2nd century C.E. Even giving the submitter the
      benefit of the doubt on the attested dates, there are more than
      300 years between the elements and the name cannot be
      registered.

      On resubmission, the submitter should be aware that
      _al-Gaf{u-}r_ is likely a transcription error for
      "al-G_h_af{u-}r". In addition, Juliana Siren advises that the
      reference to this element in her article "Arabic Names from
      al-Andalus: Masculine Bynames Found in al- Andalus" is based on
      a single citation to the name of a 12th century man elsewhere
      identified as _Ibn `Abd al-Ghaf{u-}r_ and _Ibn al-Ghaf{u-}r_. It
      is unclear, therefore, whether "al-Ghaf{u-}r" is actually a
      byname.

      His device is registered under the holding name "Darius of
      Sundragon".

  Dominic de Grae. Device. Vert, an owl striking argent, on a chief
  wavy Or a moon in her plenitude azure between two mullets vert.

      This device is returned for use of two tertiary charge groups on
      the same charge. In this design, the mullets on either side of
      the moon are substantially smaller, making them appear to be
      subordinate to the moon in size and importance. If the tertairy
      charges were equivalent in size, they would be part of a single
      tertiary charge group and this device would be registerable.

      Upon resubmission, we encourage the submitter to make the
      mullets the same size as the moon, ideally by modifying the
      frequency of the waves that form the chief so that each charge
      has its own undulation in which to appear.

  Eirikr Stjarna. Device. Argent, three empty embroiderer's quills in
  pall inverted gules "lipped" sable.

      This device is returned for violation of SENA A1D, which states
      that emblazons which cannot be reliably blazoned must be
      returned for redraw. Were these quills depicted with a gules
      center and sable ends, they would be reproducible using "quills
      sable threaded gules" with a note to make the threaded portion
      thicker. However, the proposed blazon term of "lipped" does not
      adequately describe the portion of the charge that is sable.
      Upon resubmission, we encourage the submitter to either stick
      with a single tincture, or otherwise to have the quill one solid
      tincture and the yarn another.

  Geraint de Grey. Device. Azure, a chevron Or between two mullets of
  eight points argent and a demi-sun issuant from base Or.

      This device must be returned for conflict with Godric Linch,
      "Azure, a chevron Or between two quatrefoils argent and a lion
      dormant Or". There is one DC for changing the type of all of the
      secondary charges.

      Additionally, this device is returned for violation of SENA
      A3D1, the "sword and dagger" rule, which disallows the use of
      visually similar but blazonably different charges. Mullets of
      eight points and suns do not have a DC between them, and cannot
      be used on the same device; the use of demi-suns and mullets of
      eight points is just as visually confusing.

  Hallbi{o,}rn Freysgo{dh}i. Name.

      This name must be returned because it makes a presumptuous claim
      of rank. SENA PN4B1 states:

           "Names may not contain an element or group of elements
           that create the appearance of a claim to have a
           specific protected rank or title that the submitter
           does not possess within the Society, even if that name
           element or elements are attested. Those titles which
           are so protected can be found in the List of Alternate
           Titles. Bynames which are identical to titles used in
           the Society are generally not allowed for individuals
           who do not have that rank."

      Although the byname _Freysgo{dh}i_ is attested, it is
      nevertheless presumptuous. "The word _go{dh}i_ is best
      translated as "chieftain," not "priest." As of the August 2016
      Cover Letter, _go{dh}i_ is now officially a reserved Alternate
      Title in the Society for "Baron" for Viking Age Iceland."
      [Sigf{u'}ss Hl{i'}{dh}mannagodi, 12/2016 LoAR, R-Avacal]. Thus,
      the byname _Freysgo{dh}i_ is essentially a presumptuous claim to
      be a Baron of a group of people or a place named after _Frey_.

      If the submitter holds the permanent rank of Baron in the
      Society, he may register the byname _go{dh}i_. As no evidence of
      rank was submitted with this name, we must return it.

      His device is registered under the holding name "Hallbi{o,}rn of
      Ered S{u^}l".

  Kathryn De Feuer. Device. Vert, in pale a rose within a stag's
  antler conjoined to itself in annulo and a goblet argent.

      This device is returned for blurring the distinction between
      co-primary charges and primary/secondary charges. The attire
      crosses the fess line, pushing the goblet to base, but they have
      similar visual weight. The rose, in contrast, is much, much
      smaller, visually the size of a tertiary charge. However, given
      its arrangement, it is considered to be co-primary. This device
      is also returned for having three different charges in the same
      charge group. If drawn so that all three charges have more or
      less equal weight and are co-primary, this device would have
      three different charges in the primary charge group, which is
      grounds for return.

  Kidala Boskov. Name.

      PN1A1 of SENA states that "[a]ll personal name submissions are
      required to have a given name." Both name elements of this name
      were documented as bynames. We were unable to find any evidence
      of _Kidala_ as a given name. Therefore, this name must be
      returned.

  Mariette Dominique du Beau. Device. Azure, a bat-winged mermaid
  erect to sinister between flaunches argent.

      This device is returned for lack of recognizability. This
      depiction of bat wings does not match any depiction known to the
      College of Arms, and appears to be closer to a cape than any
      structured sort of wing.

======================================================================

**** ATLANTIA returns ****

  Alexa of Cheshire. Name change from Alexandra Shipman.

      This name was withdrawn by the submitter after the close of
      commentary.

======================================================================

**** AVACAL returns ****

  Avacal, Kingdom of. Order name Award of Griffins Grace.

      This order name was pended on the December 2016 Letter of
      Acceptances and Returns. This order name must be returned
      because it does not follow any attested pattern for naming
      orders. No evidence was presented to support the pattern of
      Saint's Name + Virtue. All of the examples from "Medieval
      Secular Order Names" by Juliana de Luna
      (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/order/new) combine saint's names
      with physical objects that could be heraldic charges, rather
      than abstract virtues. The previously registered order name
      _Award of Griffins Agate_ does not change this analysis. It is
      simply a variant on the attested pattern of combining saint's
      names and physical objects.

      Likewise, this order name is not registerable on the theory that
      it uses the full name of a saint. The July 2016 Cover Letter
      states: "We will not register orders named after the full names
      of saints when the surnames are inherited forms, unless
      documentation is found to show that this pattern follows period
      practice."

  Montengarde, Barony of. Order name Order of the Dragon of
  Montengarde.

      This name must be returned for presuming on the historical
      _Order of the Dragon_, which flourished in the 15th century in
      Germany, Italy and Eastern Europe. The name of the _Order of the
      Dragon_ was protected on the May 2009 Letter of Acceptances and
      Returns. Commentary overwhelmingly favored continuing that
      protection.

      On the August 2015 Cover Letter, we stated:

           Less famous or less important real world orders can
           still be deemed worthy of normal protection in their
           documented forms, although changes can remove the
           appearance of presumption as described in NPN3 of
           SENA. However, those at the Roadshow overwhelmingly
           thought that a protected historical order name to
           which of branch name has been added is still
           presumptuous. Therefore, after the February 2016
           Pelican meeting, we will no longer allow the addition
           of a branch name to a historical order name to remove
           the appearance of presumption.

      Thus, the addition of _of Montengarde_ does not allow this name
      to be registered. On resubmission, we suggest that the Barony
      consider adding a color term to remove the appearance of
      presumption.

  Montengarde, Barony of. Order name Order of the Embowed Cedar.

      This order name must be returned because it does not match any
      documented pattern for constructing order names. The few complex
      order names that use adjectives other than colors involve clear
      visual depictions of a charge -- _i.e._, Crowned Ibex, Double
      Crown. There is not a clear visual depiction of an "embowed
      tree" because "embowed' is not an adjective applied to trees in
      heraldry. Further, even if we treat "embowed" as a viable
      heraldic posture, there is no evidence for the pattern of
      Posture + Heraldic Charge in order names. [Kra{e'} Glas, Barony
      of, Order of the Dolphins Endorsed, 9/2016 LoAR, R-Lochac]
      Therefore, this order name must be returned.

      See the Cover Letter for further discussion of Other Adjective +
      Heraldic Charge.

======================================================================

**** CAID returns ****

  Eirikr Bj{o/}rnsson. Name.

      This name must be returned for conflict with the registered
      _Eric Bjornsson_. Both names are effectively identical in sound
      and only slightly different in appearance. The terminal -r in
      _Eirikr_ is not pronounced in all dialects and the difference in
      the initial vowel sound between _Eirikr_ and _Eric_ is too small
      to clear the conflict.

      His device is registered under the holding name "Eirikr of
      Caid".

  Livith filia Organae. Device. Argent, in pale a skull and a vol
  sable.

      This device has been withdrawn by the submitter.

  Tabitha Leah of Samarra. Badge. Argent, a tree azure trunked proper
  between in base two lions addorsed sable.

      This badge must be returned for conflict with Morberie of Tor
      Denly, "Argent, a crequier plant azure". There is one DC for the
      addition of the secondary charges. As trees derive their main
      tincture from their foliage, this has no DC from a tree azure.
      Per precedent, crequiers are early-period depictions of trees,
      and conflict with generic trees (ref: Jarvis Riley, October
      2011; Anara Urrie, September 2014; M{u'}sa-{TH}{o'}ra, May
      2016), so no DC can be derived between this tree and a crequier
      azure.

  Urbana Prima. Device. Argent, four pomegranates conjoined in cross
  stems to center gules, slipped and leaved vert, seeded Or.

      This device must be returned for conflict with Vitus Corleonus,
      "Gyronny arrondi azure and Or, four pomegranates slipped and
      leaved in cross bases conjoined gules". There is one DC for
      changes to the field, but none for changing the tincture of the
      slips, leaves, or seeds of the pomegranates.

  Valeran do Pico. Blazon change for device. Quarterly embattled gules
  and Or, in the first quarter a cross formy Or charged with a cross
  pointed gules and in the fourth quarter a mountain with four peaks
  couped Or.

      This reblazon, from un-couped mountain to couped mountain, had
      already occurred in the September 1998 errata letter.

======================================================================

**** CALONTIR returns ****

  Calontir, Kingdom of. Heraldic title Eald-Hafoc Herald.

      This name must be returned for two reasons. First, GP3B of SENA
      states that "we do not register heraldic titles in languages
      from cultures that did not use heraldic titles." We found no
      evidence that Old English/Anglo-Saxon cultures used heraldic
      titles. The earliest evidence for heraldic titles in England
      significantly postdates the Old English/Anglo-Saxon language.

      Second, there is no evidence that this heraldic title follows an
      attested pattern for creating such titles. _Eald-Hafoc_
      apparently is intended to mean "old hawk." The Letter of Intent
      argued that the construction _Eald-Hafoc_ fit the pattern of
      Other Adjective + Heraldic Charge, as described in _Medieval
      Secular Order Names_ by Juliana de Luna
      (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/order/new/). This argument
      misunderstands that pattern. As set forth in multiple
      precedents, this pattern does not allow any descriptive
      adjective to be appended to a heraldic charge to create an order
      name or title. Rather, the attested examples have been
      interpreted to allow only adjectives that describe clear visual
      changes to the heraldic charge, such as wings or a crown. As an
      "old hawk" is not clearly visually different from any other
      hawk, this name does not follow any attested pattern and must be
      returned.

      See the Cover Letter for a further discussion of the pattern of
      Other Adjective + Heraldic Charge in order names and heraldic
      titles.

  Calontir, Kingdom of. Heraldic title Merlyne Herald.

      This heraldic title must be returned because it conflicts with
      the registered _Award of the Marlin_, belonging to the Barony of
      Marinus. The names differ only slightly in the initial vowel
      sound. However, the two names are sufficiently different that
      this title would be registerable with permission to conflict.

      This title cannot reasonably be understood as a claim to be the
      fictional _Merlin_. Additionally, _Order of Merlin_ from the
      Harry Potter books and movies is not significant enough to
      protect.

  Calontir, Kingdom of. Heraldic title Scir-Hafoc Herald.

      This name must be returned for multiple reasons. First, GP3B of
      SENA states that "we do not register heraldic titles in
      languages from cultures that did not use heraldic titles." We
      found no evidence that Old English/Anglo-Saxon cultures used
      heraldic titles. The earliest evidence for heraldic titles in
      England significantly postdates the Old English/Anglo-Saxon
      language.

      Second, there is no evidence that this heraldic title follows an
      attested pattern for creating such titles. _Scir-Hafoc_
      apparently is intended to mean "bright hawk." The Letter of
      Intent argued that the construction _Scir-Hafoc_ fit the pattern
      of Other Adjective + Heraldic Charge, as described in _Medieval
      Secular Order Names_ by Juliana de Luna
      (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/order/new/). This argument
      misunderstands that pattern. As set forth in multiple
      precedents, this pattern does not allow any descriptive
      adjective to be appended to a heraldic charge to create an order
      name or title. Rather, the attested examples have been
      interpreted to allow only adjectives that describe clear visual
      changes to the heraldic charge, such as wings or a crown. A
      "bright hawk" is not visually distinct from any other kind of
      hawk. Thus, this name does not fit the pattern Other Adjective +
      Charge.

      See the Cover Letter for a further discussion of the pattern of
      Other Adjective + Heraldic Charge in order names and heraldic
      titles.

      This name also does not fit the pattern of Color + Heraldic
      Charge. Only ordinary color adjectives or their heraldic
      equivalents are permitted in order names. "Order names which
      follow the <color> + <charge> pattern must use the ordinary
      color term for a heraldic tincture appropriate for the language
      of the order name." [May 2009 Cover Letter]. "Bright" is not an
      ordinary color term.

      Finally, the prior registration of the name _Royal University of
      Scir-Hafoc_ to Calontir does not allow the registration of this
      title under PN1B2g. There is no evidence that heraldic titles
      were created based on the names of universities. Further,
      _Scir-Hafoc_ appears to have been constructed as personal name
      or object name. The Royal University website says: "Our name,
      Scir-Hafoc, comes from an Old English term meaning "bright
      falcon" and is used with the express permission of its creator,
      Margaret Clark." There is no evidence that heraldic titles were
      created based on personal names. As stated above, _Scir-Hafoc_
      also does not fit the attested patterns for creating heraldic
      titles based on objects.

      For all of these reasons, we must return this heraldic title.

======================================================================

**** DRACHENWALD returns ****

  Gotvik, Barony of. Order name Order of the Wayfarers of the Barony
  of Gotvik.

      This order name must be returned because it does not follow a
      period pattern for order names in English. The Letter of Intent
      argued that the name fits the pattern of naming orders for
      groups of people. However, this pattern is very limited. On the
      June 2014 Letter of Acceptances and Returns, we returned the
      order name _Orden del Conquistador_ with the following
      explanation:

           The pattern of naming an order name after a group of
           people is not found in Spanish. The examples of this
           pattern that we have are all in the plural, and are
           found in Austria and Germany: Geselleschaft der
           Tempellaist (society of the Grail-Templars) and
           Geselscap von den Gecken (Society of the Fools).
           Without such documentation that this is a plausible
           pattern in Spanish, we are unable to register this
           order name.

           In addition, the cited examples support the patterns
           of a type of person as a heraldic charge (known by a
           distinctive manner of dress, as a fool or a monk), and
           of a legendary group of people like the
           Grail-Templars. A conquistador does not follow either
           of these patterns. It is a generic term that is not
           associated with a particular depiction that would be
           known by people in period. [Glymm Mere, Barony of.
           Order name Orden del Conquistador, R-An Tir].

      This order name suffers from the same problems. The pattern of
      naming orders after groups of people was not documented in
      English. A _wayfarer_ is not a heraldic charge with a
      distinctive manner of dress. Nor are _wayfarers_ a known
      legendary group of people. Therefore, this name is not
      registerable.

      The Barony should know that, as of last month's Cover Letter, a
      _pilgrim_ is now a period heraldic charge that can be used in
      order names. The names _Order of the Pilgrim of Gotvik_ or
      "Order of the Pilgrims of Gotvik" would be registerable if the
      Barony wishes to resubmit.

======================================================================

**** EALDORMERE returns ****

  Clare Thorebern. Name and device. Per bend sinister argent and Or, a
  dragonfly and a chief engrailed purpure.

      This name and device were withdrawn by the submitter during
      commentary.

======================================================================

**** EAST returns ****

  Cillene O Caollaidhe. Device. Per pale purpure and argent, a
  butterfly counterchanged and on a chief argent five trefoils vert.

      This device is returned for violation of SENA A3B, Armorial
      Contrast. The chief is argent on a field that is half argent,
      half purpure, and the chief comes into contact with the argent
      portion of the field. In the Letter of Intent, the submitter
      cited SENA A3B4b, which states that

           the field and charges on it may share a tincture only
           if ... (2) only one of the two is multiply divided and
           the charge(s) is an ordinary or simple geometric shape
           arranged in a way that both the type of field division
           and charge are clearly identifiable.

      However, the rule gives a clear example that informs this
      decision:

           For example, both "Vair, a chief argent" or "Checky Or
           and vert, a lozenge vert" can be acceptable, if drawn
           so that the shared tinctures are not against each
           other.

      Because per pale is not "multiply divided," and the chief comes
      into contact with a substantial portion of the field that shares
      its tincture, it becomes unrecognizable and must be returned.

  Gaius Claudius Valerianus. Device. Per fess argent and vert, a
  stag's head caboshed sable and two lightning bolts in saltire Or.

      This device must be returned for redraw. The line of division as
      depicted is high enough above the tics of the marked fess line
      that the lightning bolts (which should be completely below it)
      cross the normal fess line.

      When resubmitting, the submitter should make the lightning bolts
      thicker and bolder, and not interlace them where they cross in
      saltire.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of lightning
      bolts not as part of a thunderbolt.

  Mari Clock van Hoorne. Alternate name Star Dust.

      This name must be returned for violating PN2E, which states:

           No name will be registered that either in whole or in
           part is obtrusively modern. Something is said to be
           obtrusively modern when it makes a modern joke or
           reference that destroys medieval ambience and drags
           the average person mentally back to the present day.
           Obtrusiveness can be either in the written form or
           when spoken. A period name that has a modern referent
           will not generally be considered obtrusively modern.
           Only extreme examples will be returned.

      Commenters in OSCAR, at the Pelican decision meeting and at the
      Roadshow at the Known World Heraldic and Scribal Symposium
      unanimously called this name obtrusively modern, particularly as
      the concept of "star dust" is dated to the 19th century and
      later. Even applying the fairly liberal standard for obtrusive
      modernity, this name grabbed too many listeners by the scruff of
      the neck and dragged them into the 21st century.

======================================================================

**** LOCHAC returns ****

  Alannah Wallace. Device. Per saltire Or and azure, two thistles
  azure.

      This device is returned for conflict with Medbh of Hawkridge,
      "Per saltire argent and vert, in pale two thistles azure". There
      is only one DC for changes to the field.

  Anushka Medvedchikova. Badge. (Fieldless) Issuant from an open well
  purpure semy of roundels argent a man's bust proper crined and
  vested sable.

      This badge was originally pended on the December 2016 LOAR for
      further discussion on whether the image resembled the character
      of Davros from the British television series _Doctor Who_ to
      merit return for obtrusive modernity. Commentary was heavily
      weighted towards recognition of Davros, and of those that
      recognized the character, a majority felt that it was obtrusive
      enough to return, especially given that the image was made up of
      three different types of charge to achieve the resulting
      emblazon.

  Katherine Kerr of the Hermitage. Device change. Per chevron
  embattled gules and azure, two curs' heads couped argent each
  issuant from a pearled coronet attached thereto two chain links Or
  and a tower argent.

      This device is returned for multiple reasons. First, in the
      return of the badge of Ghislaine d'Auxerre, LoAR of April 2002,
      a coronet of trefoils and pearls was deemed too close to a ducal
      coronet to be registerable to any not of ducal rank. These
      coronets seem to be coronets of pearls and a single trilobe,
      which brings up the same issue. The submitter is a court
      baroness and entitled to display a coronet, but she is not a
      duchess and thus may not display a coronet that appears to
      denote ducal rank.

      Second, even if the coronets were not too close to ducal
      coronets, adding the trilobe to the center of each means that
      this style of coronet must be documented to period and cannot be
      registered without such documentation.

      Third, the dogs are not gorged of the coronets but rather
      issuant from them. Therefore, the coronets are considered to be
      co-primary with the heads and this must be returned for having
      three types of charges in the same charge group (so-called
      "slot-machine" heraldry).

      In resubmission, the submitter should take care to draw the
      dog's heads to be more recognizable. Commenters found the dog's
      heads difficult to identify.

      The submitter is a court baroness and entitled to a coronet.

======================================================================

**** MERIDIES returns ****

  Amina Ellara. Device. Per chevron purpure and sable, a lotus blossom
  in profile and in chief two dragonflies argent.

      This device must be returned for a redraw. The lotus blossom
      obscures the line of division to the point where commenters had
      difficulty recognizing it as a per chevron line of division.

      Upon resubmission, the submitter is encouraged to draw the lotus
      flower clearly in profile without lower petals or leaves that
      might detract from its appearance as a cup-shaped flower.

======================================================================

**** MIDDLE returns ****

  Ailith the Kind. Augmentation of Arms. Per bend sinister wavy argent
  and vert, a thistle vert headed purpure and a garb Or and for
  augmentation on a chief purpure a compass star Or.

      This augmentation must be returned for redraw. As submitted, the
      base device does not match the registered device; the entire
      head of the thistle is purpure, rather than just the petals on
      the top of the head. As the base devices do not match, the
      augmentation must be returned.

      A compass star is a step from period practice.

  Katarzina Celjska. Name.

      This name was pended on the December 2016 Letter of Acceptances
      and Returns to allow discussion of whether Appendix C should be
      changed to allow combinations of North Slavic and South Slavic
      name elements. We did not receive sufficient commentary to
      justify changing Appendix C as it now stands on the issue. Thus,
      this name is not registerable as submitted because it combines a
      Polish (North Slavic) given name with a Slovenian (South Slavic)
      byname.

      We would change the byname to the Polish "Celj_czow_ska",
      documented during commentary by ffride Joye Sans Fin, but this
      is a major change that the submitter does not allow.

  R{u:}diger of the Flaming Gryphon. Device. Per chevron vert and
  sable, two bears combatant Or and a tower argent.

      This device was already registered on the February 2017 LoAR.

======================================================================

**** NORTHSHIELD returns ****

  Bastien de Mesa. Badge. Azure, a cup and in chief a pearled coronet
  argent.

      This device must be returned for conflict with Fin{a'}n mac
      Bressail, "Azure, a goblet argent with flames issuant to chief
      Or and a chief invected argent". There is one DC for change in
      type of secondary charge, but no difference for enflaming the
      primary charge.

      The submitter is a court baron and entitled to display a
      coronet.

  Caitr{i'}ona inghean Criomthainn. Device. Quarterly erminois and
  azure, in bend sinister two sets of four quatrefoils each in cross
  and conjoined at their slips argent.

      This device must be returned for the appearance of marshalling,
      in violation of A6F2d, which states that "When any section of
      such a field contains multiple charges of the same type in a way
      that cannot be described as a standard single pattern covering
      the entire field, multiple charges of different types, or
      multiple charge groups, it creates the appearance of
      marshalling." The arrangement of the quatrefoils in cross in the
      sinister chief and dexter base portions of these arms is not a
      pattern covering the rest of the field, and so meets the
      definition of this section.

======================================================================

**** OUTLANDS returns ****

  Brynger{dh}r Deotrichstochter. Name.

      Unfortunately, for multiple reasons, this name is not
      registerable as submitted. First, the Letter of Intent indicated
      that _Deotrich_ was the registered name of the submitter's
      father. However, no attestation or supporting evidence was
      provided for this assertion. Therefore, _Deotrich_ needed to be
      documented, rather than relying on the prior registration by the
      submitter's father.

      Second, the pattern of appending _-tochter_ to a father's name
      in the genitive case to create a patronymic does not appear in
      Appendix A for any language. Therefore, this pattern needed to
      be documented. It was not. Fortunately, at the Pelican decision
      meeting, {AE}lfwynn Leoflaede dohtor documented _tochter_ as a
      High German patronymic marker, meaning "daughter," found as
      early as the 13th century.

      The Letter of Intent documented _Deotrich_ as a name appearing
      in a 9th century Latin document in a Moravian codex. In that
      era, the languages spoken in Moravia were primarily Slavic.
      Indeed, most of the other names found in the cited document are
      clearly Slavic in origin. Based on the submitted documentation,
      therefore, _Deotrich_ must be treated as a North Slavic name.

      Because a name phrase must be in a single language, the North
      Slavic _Deotrich_ cannot be combined with the High German marker
      _totcher_. In addition, North Slavic elements cannot be combined
      with an Old Norse given name per Appendix C.

      As we are unable to construct a byname that indicates that the
      submitter is the daughter of _Deotrich_, we are forced to return
      the name.

      For a possible resubmission, the submitter might be interested
      to know that the Old Norse equivalent of _Deotrich_ or
      _Dietrich_ was _{TH}i{dh}rekr_, which appears in Geirr Bassi's
      _The Old Norse Name_ at p. 16. This name yields the Old Norse
      patronymic _{TH}i{dh}reksd{o'}ttir_, which is compatible with
      the given name _Brynger{dh}r_.

      Her device is registered under the holding name "Brynger{dh}r of
      Unser Hafen".

======================================================================

**** TRIMARIS returns ****

  Dagm{ae}r Nilsdottir. Device. Per fess sable and azure, in chief a
  plate, a point pointed argent.

      This device must be returned for blurring the distinction
      between charge groups. The relative visual weight of the roundel
      and the point pointed makes them appear to be co-primary, but
      points pointed are peripheral ordinaries by definition.

  Oddbi{o,}rn Mj{o,}ksiglandi. Device. Per pale sable and argent, two
  sets of eight swords conjoined in annulo at the quillons and a
  phoenix counterchanged.

      This device must be returned for redraw. Commenters had a
      difficult time recognizing the swords, given their arrangement
      and individual depiction of the swords, some of which had barbed
      tips and all of which were conjoined at the quillions creating
      the appearance of ships' wheels.

      In addition, the device must be returned for violation of SENA
      A3D2c which requires that charges in the same charge group be in
      a unified, blazonable arrangement. The sixteen swords arranged
      in annulo at the quillions must be blazoned separately from the
      phoenix, which is disallowed. Nor are the charges in a
      documented arrangement (two sets in annulo and a charge standing
      alone), as required in SENA A3E1.

      There is a step from period practice for charges in annulo not
      in their standard orientations.

======================================================================

                 - Explicit littera renuntiationum -

======================================================================

***** THE FOLLOWING ITEMS HAVE BEEN PENDED UNTIL THE November 2017
LAUREL MEETING (OR AS NOTED): *****

**** AN TIR pends ****

  An Tir, Kingdom of. Order name Order of Scholar of An Tir.

      This order name is pended for discussion of whether it is too
      generic to be registered, even with the branch name appended.
      Commentary at the Roadshow at the Known World Heraldic and
      Scribal Symposium strongly leaned against registering this order
      name. However, we wish broader commentary on the issue.

      GP2A of SENA states:

           Some items are considered too generic to be
           registered. This means that they may be used by anyone
           and may not be reserved to one person or group by
           registration. One such category is generic identifiers
           such as Brewer's Guild and Queen's Guard. These names
           may be used by any branch to identify the owner or
           association of a badge, but no group may register
           them.

      We also wish commentary to address the precedent in the December
      2002 Cover Letter, which states that the addition of a branch
      name does not make a generic non-personal name registerable:

           A submission this month raised the issue of generic
           identifiers again. Given the confusion that exists
           regarding what is and is not a generic identifier, as
           well as how generic identifiers are used, we are
           providing a clarification of this issue.

           Generic identifiers are descriptions that may be
           associated with registered items (mainly badges) to
           identify the use of that item. Unlike registered names
           (award names, order names, guild names, household
           names, et cetera), generic identifiers are not
           registered as an independent item and are not
           protected from conflict. This does not mean that the
           group may not use this identifier, but simply that we
           will not limit the usage of that identifier to a
           single group.

           Names that fall into the generic identifier category
           are names that would reasonably be used by more than
           one branch for common functions of the branch. All
           kingdoms can have a university. All baronies can have
           a baronial guard. All groups can have an equestrian
           guild.

           Adding the name of the branch to the description does
           not affect generic identifiers (because branch
           identifiers are transparent for conflict). As an
           example, _Outlands Equestrian Guild_ falls into the
           generic category because the only thing that would
           differentiate it from _Equestrian Guild of Calontir_
           are the branch identifiers _Outlands_ and _of
           Calontir_.

      Particularly in light of NPN3C of SENA, which allows the
      addition of an SCA branch name to a non-personal name to clear
      conflict, commenters are asked to address whether the December
      2002 precedent be overturned.

      In addition, we would like further commentary on the question of
      whether this order name is presumptuous or an unregisterable
      form of address given the use of _Scholar_ as both a real world
      title and one already in use in several Kingdoms for various
      ranks. For example, _Scholar_ is used by many colleges as an
      academic rank (_e.g._, the Scholars of Trinity College). As
      another example, in Meridies, members of the Order of the
      Athanor are styled as "free scholars." Because of its historical
      use by the London Masters of Defense, rapier students in many
      Kingdoms use the style "scholar."

      This was item 4 on the An Tir letter of March 31, 2017.

======================================================================

**** ATLANTIA pends ****

  Hazel of Foxedene. Device. Purpure, on a mountain between in chief
  two natural dolphins haurient respectant argent, a dragon passant
  regardant purpure.

      This item is pended for disucussion of how closely designs using
      the existing registration allowance must follow the existing
      registration. When this badge was discussed, precedent had
      disallowed mountains issuant from base as primary charges, and
      the discussion centered around whether the submitter would be
      allowed to use the mountain, based on the previous registration
      by her father, Jonathas Reinisch: "Azure, on a mountain argent a
      fox's head couped gules". A recent ruling overturned this
      restriction due to period evidence being presented of uncharged
      mountains issuant from base as primary charges. However, the
      ruling disallowed the mountain from being charged.

      The charge on the mountain in Jonathas Reinisch's device is a
      red fox's head, while Hazel's tertiary charge is a purple
      dragon. Discuss whether the concept of placing a tertiary charge
      on something that is otherwise restricted from being charged
      should be allowed via prior registration, or whether that
      tertiary charge would need to be closer to *that on* the
      original submission in type, tincture, etc., or even identical
      to it.

      This was item 5 on the Atlantia letter of March 29, 2017.

======================================================================

**** CALONTIR pends ****

  Calontir, Kingdom of. Order name Order of the Purple Jess.

      This order name is pended for further discussion of whether a
      _jess_ can be considered an identifiable and distinct period
      charge, such as could be used to create an order name.

      This was item 5 on the Calontir letter of March 31, 2017.

======================================================================

**** EALDORMERE pends ****

  Ana Yanka. Name change from holding name Ana of Ramshaven.

      _Yanka_ was documented as a female given name. No evidence was
      provided for Russian names consisting of only two given names.
      We are pending this name for additional research on the use of
      unmarked matronymic bynames in Russian. We received no
      commentary addressing this issue.

      This was item 1 on the Ealdormere letter of March 27, 2017.

======================================================================

**** MIDDLE pends ****

  Cynnabar, Barony of. Order name Award of the Elephants Tusk.

      The question of whether a _tusk_ is a period heraldic charge
      will be decided by Wreath at the July decision meeting. We are
      pending this order name so that our ruling on whether a tusk can
      be a heraldic charge, and thus a plausible basis for an order
      name, can be consistent with Wreath's decision.

      This was item 6 on the Middle letter of March 31, 2017.

======================================================================

                             - Explicit -

======================================================================

Created at 2017-08-04T15:48:36


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