[LoAR-txt] 2017-02 LoAR in plaintext

Postmeeting Clerk via LoAR-TXT loar-txt at lists.sca.org
Sun Apr 23 15:05:25 CDT 2017


Please find attached the February 2017 LoAR in Da'ud encoded plaintext
format.


-- 
Emma de Fetherstan, acting as Postmeeting Clerk
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***** THE FOLLOWING ITEMS HAVE BEEN REGISTERED: *****

**** {AE}THELMEARC acceptances ****

  Anna Listakona. Name.

  Charlotte Stark. Name and device. Argent, a magpie displayed face to
  sinister proper and in chief a goutte de larmes within a bordure
  sable platy.

      Nice 16th century English name!

      There is a step from period practice for use of a bird other
      than an eagle in the displayed posture.

  Charlotte Stark. Badge. (Fieldless) In saltire a feather argent and
  a feather sable.

  J{a'}rnger{dh}r {o,}lf{u'}ss. Name and device. Sable, a rabbit
  rampant contourny maintaining a threaded needle inverted and in
  canton a spool of thread argent.

      Nice Norse name for 9th-10th century Iceland!

  Saiman Tokushou. Name change from Simon de Irelande.

      The submitter's prior name, "Simon de Irelande", is retained as
      an alternate name.

  S{o,}lveig {TH}r{a'}ndard{o'}ttir. Name change from Solveig
  Throndardottir.

      Submitted as "S_{o'}_lveig {TH}r_{o'}_ndard{o'}ttir", the
      submitter requested authenticity for 9th century West Norse. We
      have changed the name to "S_{o,}_lveig {TH}r_{a'}_ndard{o'}ttir"
      to give the submitter the Old West Norse form. However, the name
      is not authentic for the 9th century because the given name
      "S{o,}lveig" does not appear in Old West Norse until c. 1000.

      The submitter's prior name, "Solveig Throndardottir", is
      retained as an alternate name. The bynames are different enough
      to allow both items to be registered.

  Takatsukasa Riku. Name change from Valentina de la Volpe.

      The submitter's prior name, "Valentina de la Volpe", is retained
      as an alternate name.

======================================================================

**** AN TIR acceptances ****

  Alaric Wulfgar of Amberwood. Blanket permission to conflict with
  badge. Per pale sable and argent, two spears in saltire surmounted
  by a wolf's head cabossed within a bordure embattled, all
  counterchanged.

      The submitter grants permission to conflict for all armory which
      is at least one countable step (DC) from their registered
      armory.

  Anne Midwinter. Device. Per chevron purpure and azure, three
  triskelions of spirals argent.

      Please advise the submitter to draw the per chevron line of
      division higher on the field so as to better delineate two equal
      surface areas.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of triskelions
      of spirals.

  Anne Midwinter. Badge. (Fieldless) A triskelion of spirals per pale
  azure and purpure.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a triskelion
      of spirals.

  Ciar ingen Fiachnae. Name.

      Originally submitted as "Ciar _ingen_ Fhiachna_ch_", it was
      changed at Kingdom with the submitter's permission to "Ciar
      _inigena_ Fhiachna_e_", based on commentary. However, this
      change introduced new errors.

      The submitted spelling "_Fh_iachnae" mixes pre-1200 and
      post-1200 Irish orthography in the same name phrase, which is
      not permitted under PN1B1 of SENA. In Old Irish orthography, _F_
      does not change spelling due to lenition. A fully Old Irish
      spelling of the father's name (in the genitive form because it
      is used in a patronymic) is "_Fi_achnae" or "_Fi_achna_".

      In addition, under PN1B1 of SENA, the Oghamic/Primitive Irish
      patronymic marker _inigena_ cannot be used with the Old Irish
      father's name "Fiachnae". To use _inigena_, the submitter would
      have to use the Oghamic/Primitive Irish form of the father's
      name, which Brian Rocket suggested would be something like
      _Veqoanai_. With the Old Irish _Fiachnae_, however, the Old
      Irish _ingen_ must be used.

      With the submitter's permission, we have changed this name to
      the entirely Old Irish form "Ciar _ingen_ _Fi_achnae" for
      registration.

  Dax of Three Mountains. Name.

      _Three Mountains_ is the registered name of an SCA branch.

  Edwin Thorne. Name and device. Quarterly purpure and azure, a
  unicorn contourny argent, in chief a moon in her plenitude between a
  decrescent moon and an increscent moon Or.

      Nice English name for the 13th-16th centuries!

  Elizabeth Fitzwilliam of Carlisle. Badge. (Fieldless) On a mullet
  azure a rabbit sejant argent.

  Elizabeth MacAndrew. Name and device. Lozengy argent and azure, an
  apple slipped and leaved Or transfixed by an arrow fesswise sable.

  Elspeth of Amberwood. Name.

      The byname _of Amberwood_ is grandfathered to the submitter as
      the registered byname of the submitter's parent.

  Gana of Amberwood. Name.

      The byname _of Amberwood_ is grandfathered to the submitter as
      the registered byname of the submitter's parent.

  Jon MacLeod of Stornway. Name.

      Originally submitted as "Jon MacLeod", this form has a
      relationship conflict with the registered "Angus John Macleod"
      under PN3D of SENA. After the close of commentary, the submitter
      agreed to add the locative byname _of Stornway_ in order to
      clear the conflict. The name was pended on the September 2016
      Letter of Acceptances and Returns for conflict checking and
      commentary of the new form. Having found no conflicts and no new
      issues with the revised name, we are pleased to register it.

  Kata Johansdottir. Name.

  Katla k{o,}ttr Oddsd{o'}ttir. Name and device. Per pale argent and
  vert, two domestic cats combattant tails nowed counterchanged.

      Nice 9th-10th century Icelandic name!

  Laing of Three Mountains. Name.

      _Three Mountains_ is the registered name of an SCA branch.

  Maire of Amberwood. Name.

      The byname _of Amberwood_ is grandfathered to the submitter as
      the registered byname of the submitter's parent.

  Rashida bint Yusuf. Badge. (Fieldless) In pale a pair of calipers
  conjoined to two arrows in saltire gules.

  Robrecht Van Brabant. Name and device. Per bend argent and vert semy
  of flutes bendwise Or, in sinister chief a rapier bendwise inverted
  gules.

      Submitted as "Ro_bb_recht _v_an Brabant", the submitter
      requested the spelling "Ro_b_recht Van Brabant" if it could be
      documented. The requested spelling "Ro_b_recht" is found at p.
      126 of _Nieu tractaet ende curte bescrijuinghe van dat edel
      graefscap van Vlaenderen, ende andere omligghende landen_,
      published in 1571
      (https://books.google.com/books?id=J2ZDAAAAcAAJ). In addition, a
      capitalized "Van" is registerable by precedent, which states
      that "[a]lthough prepositions like van are typically found in
      lower case, capitalization varies in the Low Countries in
      period." [Claaerkin Van Dalle, Nov 2015, A-Calontir]. Based on
      this evidence, we have changed the name to the submitter's
      requested spelling.

  Volodimir Ezhov. Name and device. Sable, a hedgehog passant
  contourny Or.

      The submitter requested authenticity for "14th c Kievan Rus."
      Although the name is entirely Russian and is registerable, we
      cannot meet his authenticity request because "Kievan Rus" had
      effectively ceased to exist by the 14th century. Kiev was
      destroyed by the Mongols in 1240 and the entire area was
      conquered by the Lithuanians in 1320 and then again by the
      Tatars in 1324. While some form of Russian was spoken in the
      area around Kiev in the 14th century, it was not "Kievan Rus."

      Even if we interpret the submitter's request as seeking a 14th
      century Russian name from the area of Kiev, we still cannot meet
      that request. We were unable to document either name element to
      the area around Kiev, and we were unable to document the byname
      _Ezhov_ to the 14th century. However, the name is registerable.

      Nice device!

  Volodimir Ezhov. Badge. (Fieldless) A smoking pipe argent.

      We hereby define "_fesswise bowl to dexter_" as the default
      orientation for a smoking pipe in Society heraldry.

  Volodimir Ezhov. Badge. (Fieldless) A smoking pipe sable.

======================================================================

**** ANSTEORRA acceptances ****

  Livia Collari. Name.

      Nice 16th century Venetian name!

  Lucia Piazza. Device. Argent, two scorpions in annulo sable.

      There is a step from period practice for having charges in
      annulo not in their default palewise orientation.

  Munokhoi Kiyan. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      Submitted as "Munokhoi Kiya_d_", _Kiyad_ is the name of a
      Mongolian clan or group. When used by an individvual to indicate
      membership in the clan, the clan name must be put into the
      singular form. According to Ursula Palimpsest, the singular form
      is "Kiya_n_". We have changed the name accordingly.

  Seonaid inghean ui Sionnaigh. Name and device. Per bend sinister
  argent and azure, a fox sejant affronty proper and a bordure
  embattled counterchanged.

  Thomas de Bristol. Name and device. Pean, on a chevron gules
  fimbriated three lions palewise queue-fourchy Or.

      Nice 15th century English name!

  Thomas de Bristol. Badge. Argent, in pale a lion's head erased and
  an ermine spot sable.

======================================================================

**** ATENVELDT acceptances ****

  Areus of Sparta. Name change from Phelan {O'} Coile{a'}in.

      This item was pended on the September 2016 Letter of Acceptances
      and Returns to discuss whether the two historical Kings of
      Sparta named Areus were important enough to protect from
      presumption.

      PN4D1 states in relevant part:

           Sovereign rulers of significant states are generally
           important enough to protect. Some historical
           city-states are not considered significant states.
           Provinces or regions integrated into larger units like
           the Holy Roman Empire are not generally considered
           significant states. Sovereigns of small states that
           did not give rise directly to modern countries will
           not be protected under this clause, nor will legendary
           kings of any state (though these kings may be
           individually important enough to protect).

      Sparta was a Greek city-state. It did not directly give rise to
      any modern country. Therefore, under PN4D1, rulers of Sparta are
      not automatically protected from presumption and must be
      assessed on a case-by-case basis.

      Applying the standards set out in PN4D1, neither Areus I (309 to
      265 BCE) nor Areus II (262 to 254 BCE) of Sparta is important
      enough to protect from presumption. Neither has an entry in
      _Encyclopedia Britannica_ (not even in the on-line edition).
      Although "Areus king of the Lacedemonians" appears in the 1611
      King James Bible, he is a minor character at best (and not even
      identified as Areus of Sparta). Commenters were unable to
      identify any significant historical, artistic or scientific
      contribution made by either King Areus. Therefore, the two Kings
      Areus do not meet the standards for protection from presumption
      and the submitted name is registerable.

      The submitter's prior name, "Phelan {O'} Coile{a'}in", is
      retained as an alternate name.

======================================================================

**** ATLANTIA acceptances ****

  Adeliza de Merthirmawre. Name and device. Azure, a fret Or between
  four swallows volant argent.

  Ardys Halen. Name and device. Gules, a chevron lozengy sable and
  argent between three covered salt cellars shedding salt Or.

  Arnoddr {i'} {O,}ngulseyju. Device. Per saltire vert and purpure, a
  bordure Or.

      Nice field-primary armory!

  Eadyth Woderose. Device. Per chevron argent and sable, two
  pomegranates gules seeded Or slipped and leaved vert and a stag
  passant argent.

  Katherine of the Doves. Device. Per pale azure and gules, a spired
  tower Or between in fess two doves respectant, a chief triangular
  argent.

  Meadhbh inghean Thaidhg u{i'} Domhnaill. Alternate name Mizuno
  Sakami.

  Robin Archer Dragun. Device. Argent, a dragon displayed face to
  sinister azure breathing flames proper, a bordure azure.

      There is a step from period practice for use of a dragon
      displayed.

      This device is clear of conflict with the device of Patrice of
      the Misty Fjords, "Argent, a wyvern erect contourny azure
      sustaining by the blade a sword inverted sable, a bordure
      azure." (1/1995), with one DC for posture and a second for
      removal of the sustained secondary.

      Artist's note: Please make sure that the belly scales are in the
      center of the body, with flanks showing on either side and with
      the limbs displayed equally, to be more properly displayed.

  Steffan Gl{u:}er. Name.

      Nice late 15th century German name!

  Stormwall, Canton of. Branch name and device. Per fess embattled
  azure and sable, in pale a mountain of three peaks issuant from the
  line of division and a laurel wreath argent.

      Nice petition! Submitter is advised to give internal detailing
      to the mountain, to differentiate it from an indented field
      division.

  {TH}{o'}ra Hrafnsd{o'}ttir. Device change. Argent, a raven rising
  perched upon and maintaining a sword fesswise sable, on a chief
  gules a needle argent.

      The submitter's previous device, "Argent, five swords in annulo,
      points to center sable within an annulet gules", is retained as
      a badge.

======================================================================

**** AVACAL acceptances ****

  Audrey Hampton. Name and device. Argent, two owls respectant vert.

      Nice mid-16th century English name!

  Borealis, Barony of. Order name Order of Youngs Wolf.

      In returning the original submission of _Order of Young Wolf_ on
      the May 2016 Letter of Acceptances and Returns, we advised:

           Order of Youngs Wolf using the pattern of
           <person's><charge> is registerable. We would change it
           to this form but this substantially changes the
           meaning of the order name. Instead we are returning it
           to allow the barony to consider its options.

      The Barony has accepted our suggestion and we are happy to
      register this order name.

  Letta Maria Borgi. Name.

======================================================================

**** CAID acceptances ****

  Brian of Garfield. Name.

  Bruce MacDonald. Name and device. Per pale sable and vert, on a
  chief argent a wolf courant to sinister sable.

  Eibhlin an Ucaire. Badge. (Fieldless) A sword inverted between and
  sustained in all feet by two dragons respectant, the dexter sable,
  the sinister gules.

      There is a step from period practice for the posture of the
      dragons maintaining the charge with all four feet.

  Isela of Silvercreek. Device. Lozengy purpure and Or, in fess a
  brown rabbit rampant contourny proper and a rabbit rampant argent.

  Joshua of Calafia. Device. Vert, a wolf rampant Or and a bordure
  embattled argent.

  Michael de Connacht. Name and device. Argent, a chevron between
  three escallops inverted sable, a bordure per fess gules and sable.

      The given name _Michael_ was originally documented as an English
      name. However, _Michael_ is also a 16th century Anglicized form
      in Mari's "Names Found in Anglicized Irish Documents"
      (http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnglicizedIrish/Masculine.shtml),
      making this name wholly Anglicized Irish.

      The documentation for the byname supported "_of_ Connacht".
      Moreover, that is the form most commonly seen with 16th century
      Anglicized Irish locatives. However, Woulfe contains examples of
      16th and early 17th century Anglicized Irish locative bynames
      that use the preposition _de_. Therefore we are giving the
      submitter the benefit of the doubt that "_de_ Connacht" is
      registerable, even if the form was not common.

  Randulf Greenwall. Name change from Randolph Greenwall.

      Nice late 16th century English name!

      The submitter's prior name, "Randolph Greenwall", is released.

  Sigarr bassi. Name.

  Wilim Stokesay. Name and device. Or, on a chevron cotised between
  three ravens sable two plates.

      The Letter of Intent requested assistance in documenting the
      spelling _Stokesay_, which had been found only as a header
      spelling in Ekwall. At the Pelican decision meeting, we found
      _Stokesay_ in Maskelyne and H. C. Maxwell Lyte, _Inquisitions
      Post Mortem, Henry VII, Entries 101-150', in Calendar of
      Inquisitions Post Mortem_: Series 2, Volume 2, Henry VII
      (London, 1915), pp. 67-103.
      (http://www.british-history.ac.uk/inquis-post-mortem/series2-vol2/pp67-103).
      As the place names do not appear to have been modernized in the
      text, the spelling _Stokesay_ is registerable.

  Zosime Pompeiana. Device change. Per pale vert and sable, a wine
  amphora and on a chief argent an arrow reversed sable.

      The submitter's old device, "Sable, a water bouget Or within a
      bordure embattled argent", is retained as a badge.

======================================================================

**** CALONTIR acceptances ****

  Aemiliana Villani. Badge. (Fieldless) A Latin cross fleury argent
  surmounted by a hurt.

  Anna Plantyn. Device. Argent, a banana leaf bendwise vert and a
  bordure azure semy of bananas bendwise sinister Or.

      This is the defining instance of a banana leaf in Society
      heraldry. Metron Ariston provided evidence of the knowledge and
      culture of bananas in Europe within our period. As such neither
      the fruit nor the leaf can be considered to be a step from
      period practice.

      We note that the banana leaf is visually very reminiscent of a
      feather which should be kept in mind in the future for conflict
      checking purposes.

  Felipe Herrera. Name and device. Gyronny argent and vert, an anvil
  reversed and a bordure sable.

  Ysabel de la Oya. Badge. (Fieldless) In pall three handbells
  conjoined at the handle purpure.

  Zarah bat Chesed. Name change from Wentlyana Woodville.

      Originally submitted as "Za_rra_ bat _H_esed", the name was
      changed at Kingdom to "Za_rah_ bat _Ch_esed" to reflect a more
      accurate transliteration of the original Hebrew. The submitter
      may be interested to know that the originally submitted _Zarra_
      is registerable as a Catalan-Jewish given name. If she prefers
      this form, she may make a request for reconsideration.

      The submitter's prior name, "Wentlyana Woodville", is retained
      as an alternate name.

======================================================================

**** DRACHENWALD acceptances ****

  Aelric of Battle. Device. Sable, a wyvern erect between three
  crosses formy argent.

  Caitriona of the Raven. Blanket permission to conflict with name.

      The submitter grants blanket permission to conflict for any name
      that is not identical to her registered name.

  Caitriona of the Raven. Blanket permission to conflict with device.
  Per chevron argent and azure, three ravens contourny counterchanged
  sable and argent.

      The submitter grants permission to conflict for all armory which
      is not identical to her registered armory.

  Eleanor of Dovebridge. Device. Per bend sinister vert and argent, a
  dove volant, wings addorsed, and a single-arched bridge
  counterchanged.

  Emund fr{ao}n Sleep. Badge. (Fieldless) A winged acorn argent.

  Ingridh Olafsdotter. Name and device. Per pale vert and sable, a
  serpent erect tail nowed and in chief three mullets argent.

      The submitter requested authenticity for 15th century Sweden.
      This name meets that request. In addition, this precise name is
      found dated to 1381 in _Sveriges Medeltida Personnamn_, making
      it an excellent 14th century Swedish name as well!

      This device does not conflict with the badge of Tigernach mac
      {E'}oghain ua {A'}eda: _Gules, a serpent glissant palewise and
      in chief three mullets argent_. There is one DC for changing the
      field and another DC for the difference of posture between tail
      nowed (which concerns most of the creature) and glissant
      palewise for serpents.

  Isabel Northwode. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      Nice English name for c. 1300!

  Jasper Rose. Name.

      Nice English name from the 14th century onwards! In fact, this
      precise name is found in London dated to 1570 in the
      FamilySearch Historical Records.

  Kingeslake, College of. Device. Quarterly argent and Or, a phoenix
  within a laurel wreath gules.

  Kytte of the Lake. Name and device. Or, a feather bendwise inverted
  gules.

  Margareta Arvidsdotter. Name and device. Azure, in saltire a sword
  proper and a feather argent, a chief per fess embattled sable and
  Or.

      Nice 14th century Swedish name!

  Maud de Elsynge and Emoni de la F{'e}re. Joint household name House
  of Elsynge and badge. Vert, an enfield rampant sustaining a flag
  flying to sinister argent.

      Elsyng Palace, the Tudor-era royal residence and current
      archeological site, is not important enough to protect from
      presumption. It does not have its own entry in the 1911 print
      _Encyclopedia Britannica_ or in the on-line edition. No
      significant events took place at Elsyng Palace. Therefore, this
      name is registerable.

  Maud de Elsynge and Emoni de la F{'e}re. Joint badge for House of
  Elsynge. (Fieldless) An enfield rampant sustaining a flag flying to
  sinister argent.

  Meadhbh R{o'}s inghean u{i'} Chaoimh. Name and device. Purpure, two
  bendlets between two roses Or.

      The spelling _Meadhbh_ was documented in the Letter of Intent as
      a header form in O'Corrain and Maguire's _Irish Names_. However,
      this spelling appears after the colon in the header. We remind
      heralds and submitters that spellings after the colon in OC&M
      are modern spellings that cannot be used without additional
      supporting documentation showing their use in period. [Faoileann
      inghean Daibh{i'}dh, 5/2007 LoAR, A-Caid]. Fortunately,
      _Meadhbh_ is found in Mari ingen Brian meic Donnchada's "Index
      of Names in Irish Annals"
      (http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/Feminine/Meadhbh.shtml)
      dated to the 16th century.

      The name element "R{o'}s" was documented as the Gaelic form of
      an inherited surname. However, no documentation was provided
      (and none could be found) for the pattern [given name] +
      [inherited surname] + [clan affiliation byname] in Gaelic.

      Fortunately, after the close of commentary, Brian Rocket was
      able to re-document "R{o'}s" as a descriptive byname meaning
      "rose" or "roses." Although Gaelic women's descriptive bynames
      generally need to be lenited, leniting _R_ does not cause a
      spelling change according to "The Spelling of Lenited Consonants
      in Gaelic," by Sharon Krossa
      (http://medievalscotland.org/scotlang/lenition.shtml).

      The pattern [given name] + [descriptive byname] + [Clan
      Affiliation byname] is an attested naming pattern. For example,
      entry U1540.3 of the _Annals of Ulster_ refer to a woman named
      _Graine Og ingin Ui Uiginn_
      (http://www.ucc.ie/celt/online/G100001C/text163.html).
      Therefore, as redocumented, this name is registerable.

      The submitter has permission to conflict with the device of
      Emelyn Fulredy: _Purpure, two bendlets Or_.

  Milada von Schnecken. Name.

      This name combines a Latinized Czech given name with a German
      byname, an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C.

  Nordmark, Principality of. Order name Award of the Chevron of
  Nordmark.

      The term _cheuron_ for the heraldic charge is found in the OED
      dated to 1610. _Chevron_ is a reasonable variant spelling
      because _u_ and _v_ were used interchangeably in Early Modern
      English.

  Nordmark, Principality of. Order name Award of the Hare of Nordmark.

  Nordmark, Principality of. Order name Award of the Lion of Nordmark.

  Nordmark, Principality of. Order name Order of Saladin.

  Nordmark, Principality of. Order name Award of the Squirrel of
  Nordmark.

  Nordmark, Principality of. Order name Award of the Unicorn of
  Nordmark.

  Olof Vinter. Name and device. Per pale argent and sable, an
  escarbuncle counterchanged gules and argent.

  Paul son of Brian. Blanket permission to conflict with name.

      The submitter grants blanket permission to conflict for any name
      that is not identical to his registered name.

  Paul son of Brian. Blanket permission to conflict with device. Per
  chevron argent and azure, two hares salient and a stag springing
  counterchanged sable and argent.

      The submitter grants permission to conflict for all armory which
      is not identical to his registered armory.

  Richart von Brandenburg. Device. Or, an eagle gules within an orle,
  on a chief embattled sable three pairs of swords inverted in saltire
  Or.

  {TH}{o'}r{o'}lfr Bl{o'}t-{U'}lfsson. Name and device. Per pall
  inverted Or, gules and azure.

      Submitted as "{TH}{o'}r{o'}lfr Bl{o'}t-_{u'}_lfsson", the
      typical practice when using a prefixed byname is to capitalize
      the given name as well as the prefix. Therefore, we have changed
      the byname to "Bl{o'}t-_{U'}l_fsson" for registration.

======================================================================

**** EALDORMERE acceptances ****

  Kille Dere Silverwolf. Badge. (Fieldless) A wolf's head erased
  affronty argent gorged of a county coronet sable.

      Artist's note: Please draw the wolf's muzzle so it doesn't
      overlap the coronet.

      The submitter is a count and thus entitled to the use of a
      coronet in his armory.

  Liadan Chu. Badge (see PENDS for heraldic title). (Fieldless) On a
  bell Or in saltire a staff azure ribboned gules and a sword inverted
  azure.

  Nasadai Ukhagatai. Name.

======================================================================

**** EAST acceptances ****

  Aoife inghean Donnchaidh. Name.

  Benjamin le Rat. Name and device. Sable, in pale a hand inverted Or
  and a rat statant argent.

      The submitter requested authenticity for "English." While both
      name elements are in English, they do not appear to have
      overlapped in time. Thus, this name is not authentic, but it is
      registerable.

  Brannoc of Mountain Freehold. Name and device. Sable, a frying pan
  fesswise argent and issuant from base a demi-sun Or.

      Although the name was submitted as "Brannoc_ of Mountain
      Freehold", no documentation was provided in the Letter of Intent
      for the requested spelling of the given name. Instead, the only
      documentation was for "Brannoc_k_" as a 16th century English
      given name. Fortunately, Lillia Pelican Emerita found examples
      in 16th century English of names that use the endings _-oc_ and
      _-ock_ interchangeably. Based on this data, "Brannoc_" is a
      valid variant spelling of the attested "Brannoc_k_" and we can
      register the given name as submitted.

      _Mountain Freehold_ is the registered name of an SCA branch.

  Brigid nyn Thomas O'Neill. Name.

      The submitter requested authenticity for "Irish." The byname and
      construction are authentic for 16th century Anglicized Irish.
      Unfortunately, we were unable to document the given name
      _Brigid_ in 16th century Anglicized Irish; it was documented on
      the Letter of Intent in English. Given the overlap in naming
      pools between 16th century English and 16th century Anglicized
      Irish, is it possible that a woman from an Anglicized family
      living in Ireland in the 16th century could have been named
      _Brigid_, but we cannot say for sure.

  Cailin Macsalny. Badge. (Fieldless) Two arrows inverted in saltire
  argent, overall a boar's head erased close Or.

      The boar's head was submitted as simply _erased_, which would
      place the severed edge closer to where the neck meets the
      shoulders. Instead, this head has the severed edge right behind
      the ears, so we reblazoned this as _erased close_. No difference
      is granted for this distinction; it is a purely artistic note.

  Christopher of Smoking Rocks. Holding name and device (see PENDS for
  name). Per pale embattled vert and sable, a winged stag and a wolf
  combattant, in base two trenkets in fess, blades to center Or.

      The charges in base were submitted as two _leather worker's
      knives_. We modified the blazon to use the accepted term for
      this type of knife.

      Submitted under the name "{U'}lflundr J{a'}rnhauss", that name
      was pended as "{U'}lfr J{a'}rnhauss".

  Conchobar mac {O'}engusa. Name and device. Per bend vert and azure,
  in sinister chief a wolf salient argent.

      Nice 10th and 11th century Gaelic name!

  Cristina da Treviso. Name.

  Daithi Dubh. Device. Vert, a dragon between three mullets voided and
  interlaced, each within and conjoined to an annulet argent.

      Submitted as "Vert, a dragon segreant between three mullets
      voided and interlaced within and conjoined to annulets argent,"
      the blazon has been modified to remove the unnecessary posture
      (as _segreant_ is the default for dragons) and to clarify the
      relative relationships between the mullets and annulets.

      As established in the November 2011 precedent, "mullets of five
      and six points voided and interlaced are found in period armory
      so that their voiding and interlacing may be considered part of
      their definition of type allowing them to be used as non-primary
      charges."

      Artist's note: Please instruct the submitter to draw the
      dragon's wings in better proportion with its body which should
      lie in the center of the field.

  Donnchadh mac E{o'}in. Name.

      Nice Gaelic name for c. 1200 onwards!

  East, Kingdom of the. Heraldic title Golden Lyre Herald.

  Edmund Forster. Device. Azure, a camel statant contourny Or, on a
  chief wavy argent three thistle heads purpure.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of thistle
      heads without slips and leaves.

      Artist's note: Some commenters found the thistle heads difficult
      to recognize, in part due to their internal detailing. In the
      future, use fewer hatchmarks to make the thistle heads easier to
      identify.

  Edwyn Le Clerc. Badge. Argent, an open book and in chief a feather
  fesswise quill to dexter within a bordure wavy azure.

  Elspeth Scot. Name and device. Vert, a capital letter E and a gore
  sinister argent.

      This name is clear of the registered _Elizabeth Scott_ under
      PN3C1, by the difference of two syllables in the given name:
      El-iz-a-beth vs. Els-peth.

      Nice Scots name for the 15th century onwards!

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a gore with
      another charge on the field.

  Erin inghean Chonchobhair. Name and device. Per saltire purpure and
  Or, in saltire a mallet and a needle inverted sable.

      This name combines an English given name with a Gaelic byname,
      an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C.

  Eyfr{i'}{dh}r Einarsd{o'}ttir. Name.

  Fionnghuala Chl{a'}irse{o'}ir. Name and device. Azure, four swans
  naiant two and two argent.

      This name was submitted as "Fionnghuala _C_l{a'}irse{o'}ir",
      with a request that the byname be changed to a feminine form if
      one existed. Applying a strict interpretation of standard Gaelic
      grammar, because the given name is feminine, the byname should
      be spelled "C_h_l{a'}irse{o'}ir" with the initial _C_ lenited.
      As the submitter specifically requested a distinctly feminine
      form, we have changed the byname to add the lenition.

      However, as more and more Gaelic documents become available, it
      has become clear that lenition was applied idiosyncratically in
      practice; it is omitted far more frequently than we had
      previously thought. Therefore, the spelling of the byname
      without the lenition is registerable as well. If the submitter
      prefers the spelling _Cl{a'}irse{o'}ir_, she may make a request
      for reconsideration.

      Nice device!

  Godiva de la Mer. Name and device. Azure, a heart sable irradiated
  argent.

      This name combines an English given name with a French surname,
      an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C.

      Period examples of irradiation show a pattern of rays having
      good contrast with the field, regardless of the main charge's
      tincture. If more than 2/3 of the edge of the main charge is
      separated from the field by the rays, the irradiation functions
      as a form of fimbriation for contrast purposes. Substantial rays
      such as these also function as a modifier to the main charge,
      much like adding wings, and add a DC from an unmodified version
      of the same charge.

  Godiva de la Mer. Badge. (Fieldless) Two natural seahorses
  respectant tails entwined, the dexter azure and the sinister Or.

  Gregor the Vigilant. Name and device. Argent, on a bend sable
  between a brown bull's head cabossed proper and a cardinal gules,
  three Maltese crosses palewise argent.

      By precedent, _the Vigilant_ is a registerable English byname.
      [Godfrey the Vigilant, 10/2010 LoAR, A-{AE}thelmearc].

      There is a step from period practice for the use of the
      cardinal, a New World bird.

  Gwenllian ferch Llewellyn ap Henry. Name and device. Purpure, a
  domestic cat sejant contourny and a chief rayonny Or.

      The submitter requested authenticity for Welsh. This name is
      authentic for Welsh in the 16th century, and possibly earlier as
      well.

  Hallbjorn Tryggvason. Name.

      Nice 9th-10th century Icelandic name!

  Hallveig Alfarinsd{o'}ttir. Name and device. Argent, a reremouse
  inverted sable maintaining in its feet a spear fesswise and on a
  chief azure a crescent in sinister Or.

      A question was raised in commentary about whether
      "Alfarinsd{o'}ttir" needed to be "_{A'}_lfarinsd{o'}ttir", with
      an acute accent on the first _A_. Norse names with the protheme
      _Alf-_ are recorded both with and without an acute accent on the
      _A_. Either form, therefore, is registerable.

      Nice 9th-10th century Icelandic name!

      Recent precedent states that "there is a step from period
      practice for the use of a reremouse inverted." (Emelyn de
      Chelseye, 3/2010). However, this is at odds with the
      long-standing and oft-reiterated precedent that states "We do
      not allow inverted animate charges in SCA heraldry except when
      in recognized orientation, such as in annulo. (Daibhidh
      MacRaibert, 2/1999, upheld 6/2016)" To resolve the conflict
      between precedents, as of September 2017 reremice inverted in
      any posture will no longer be registerable.

  Isaac Klingensmith of {AE}thelmearc. Name (see RETURNS for device).

  John fitz Thomas. Name.

      This name does not conflict with the registered _Johan
      Fitztomas_. Names must be different in both sound and appearance
      in order to avoid conflict. SENA permits us to analyze the
      necessary changes in sound in appearance under two different
      subsections of PN3C: "Names may be different in sound under one
      standard and appearance under another standard."

      Here, the name is clear under PN3C1 because there are changes in
      appearance that affect two syllables: "John" vs. "Joh_a_n" and
      "Fitz_Thomas" vs. "Fitztomas". The name is clear by sound under
      PN3C2 because "Johan" has one more syllable than "John".
      Therefore, this name is registerable.

      The submitter requested authenticity for 14th century England.
      This name meets that request.

  Leonora da Ferrara. Name.

      This item was pended from the September 2016 Letter of
      Acceptances and Returns to discuss whether the name presumes
      upon the historical Eleanor of Naples, also known as Leonora da
      Ferrara and Leonora or Eleonora of Aragon, first Duchess of
      Ferrara.

      The fact that she was Duchess of Ferrara (and _de facto_ ruler
      of Ferrara according to some sources) does not by itself make
      her important enough to protect. PN4D1 states in relevant part:

           Sovereign rulers of significant states are generally
           important enough to protect. Some historical
           city-states are not considered significant states.
           Provinces or regions integrated into larger units like
           the Holy Roman Empire are not generally considered
           significant states. Sovereigns of small states that
           did not give rise directly to modern countries will
           not be protected under this clause, nor will legendary
           kings of any state (though these kings may be
           individually important enough to protect).

      Ferrara did not directly give rise to any modern country; it was
      integrated into modern Italy. Thus, even treating Leonora as a
      ruler of Ferrara, it is not an entity whose rulers are
      automatically protected from presumption and Leonara's
      significance must be assessed on a case-by-case basis.

      Leonora does not have an article in the _Encyclopedia
      Britannica_ (not even in the on-line edition). Her Wikipedia
      article is fairly brief and contains mainly generalizations
      about her qualities without accompanying citations. Although she
      patronized artists and authors, she is not linked to any major
      work that would be familiar to non-specialists. Her portrait is
      not particularly famous, even among students of Italian
      Renaissance costuming. She was a member of a famous family and
      had famous children, but we were presented with no evidence that
      she herself made any significant historical, artistic,
      scientific or social contributions. Therefore, Leonora da
      Ferrara/Eleanor of Naples/Eleonora of Aragon is not significant
      enough to protect from presumption and this name is
      registerable.

  Molly Blythe. Name change from Maria Alegreza Nicoletti and badge.
  Sable, a rabbit courant contourny within an annulus of roundels
  argent.

      The submitter's prior name, _Maria Alegreza Nicoletti_, is
      retained as an alternate name.

      Submitted as "Sable, a rabbit courant to sinister within 13
      roundels in annulo argent", the blazon has been modified to
      remove the number of roundels.

  Molly Blythe. Release of name Molle Blythe.

  Nivashi Byhari. Name and device. Per pale argent and azure, in pall
  inverted three peacock feathers conjoined at the quill
  counterchanged.

      _Nivashi_ is the submitter's legal middle name. As _Nivashi_ is
      a given name by type, it may be used as the submitter's
      registered given name.

  Rose Sorin. Name.

      Nice French name for c. 1300!

  Sabat Ocharra. Name.

  Uluric Josepsone. Name.

======================================================================

**** LOCHAC acceptances ****

  Bj{o,}rn Bassason. Name (see RETURNS for device).

  Elswyth Goodfellow. Name (see RETURNS for device).

  Fl{o'}ki Snorrason. Name and device. Gyronny sable and Or, an
  escarbuncle and a bordure argent.

  Hugh de Calais. Name and badge (see RETURNS for device). Gules, a
  manatee naiant argent.

      These name elements appear throughout the 14th and 15th
      centuries in England, making this a nice name for those time
      periods!

      This badge does not conflict with the device of Raven of Golden
      Rivers: _Gules, a seal naiant, its tail reflexed above its head,
      within a bordure engrailed argent_ (reblazoned elsewhere in this
      letter). There is a DC for the removal of the bordure and
      another DC for the change of posture of the marine mammal.

      The use of manatees, which are New World fauna, is a step from
      period practice.

  Inga {TH}unnk{a'}rr. Name and device. Gules, a cross between in
  chief two anchors Or.

  Johannes van Wijnderswyc. Name and device. Per pale argent and
  purpure, a dunghill cock issuant from in base a pair of braies
  counterchanged.

      Nice early 15th century Dutch name!

  Lothar Sigurdsson. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      This name combines a German given name with a Scandinavian
      byname, an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C.

  Titus Quintilius Calidus. Name and device. Vert, a pale between two
  demi-roundels flats to center and on a bordure argent an orle sable.

  Wyn ap David. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      This name does not conflict with the registered "Owen ap
      Dafydd". Under PN3C1, there are changes in sound in appearance
      in two different syllables: O-wen vs. Wyn and Da-vith vs.
      Da-vid. This name is also clear under PN3C2 because Owen has one
      more syllable than Wyn.

  Yngvildr Skrauta. Name and device. Per fess purpure and argent, a
  coney sejant counterchanged.

======================================================================

**** MERIDIES acceptances ****

  Amina Ellara. Name.

      Submitted as "Am_e_na Ellara", the submitted requested the
      spelling "Am_i_na" if it could be documented. Lillia Pelican
      Emerita and Alisoun Metron Ariston documented "Am_i_na" as a
      Latinized English given name from the latter half of the 13th
      century. We have changed the given name to the submitter's
      requested form.

  Gwenhwyfar verch Rhys. Device. Vert, a Lacy knot Or within a mascle
  argent.

  Hextilda MacRae. Device. Purpure, a harpy rising gardant wings
  displayed in base a cubit arm fesswise vested argent.

  Iastreb Desislavich and Mariana Cristina Tirado de Aragon. Joint
  badge. (Fieldless) On a mullet of eight points gules a glaive
  reversed Or.

  Ragnarr Arngeirsson. Device. Per fess azure and sable, a fess wavy
  argent between a drakkar and a valknut Or.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a valknut.

  Tristand Pelletiere. Name.

      Nice French name for c. 1500!

======================================================================

**** MIDDLE acceptances ****

  Americk Gilead. Name change from Cathal Drach (see RETURNS for
  device).

      This name was documented in the Letter of Intent as the
      combination of a Dutch given name and an English byname. At the
      Pelican decision meeting, Christopher Liber documented _Americk_
      as an English surname dated to 1579 in the FamilySearch
      Historical Records. _Americk_ therefore can be treated as a
      given name, making this an entirely late-period English name.

      The submitter's prior name, _Cathal Drach_, is retained as an
      alternate name.

  Aoife inghean Eoghain. Device. Argent, three tortoises azure.

      Nice device!

  Arn{o'}ra in skarpa. Name and device. Per chevron argent and vert,
  two pairs of arrows inverted in saltire vert and a horse rampant
  argent.

      There has been some question about whether arrows have a DC from
      arrows inverted. Appendix L states that "Long charges of
      identical types may also receive a DC for facing - the change
      from dexter facing to sinister facing and from upright to
      inverted - if they have a clearly defined point or head."
      Properly depicted arrows meet this requirement, and can thus
      receive a DC for upright vs. inverted. This device is therefore
      clear of Rowland Taylor, "Per chevron argent and vert, two pairs
      of arrows in saltire and a bear's head couped counterchanged.",
      with one DC for the type of the basemost charge and another for
      inverting the arrows.

  Ava Steinbock. Name.

      The submitter requested authenticity for "13th or 14th century
      (if needed!)." This name is not authentic because it combines an
      early 17th century Dutch or English given name with a late 16th
      century German byname. However, the name is registerable.

  Christian Atzinger. Name.

      Nice 15th century German name!

  Donald MacBrew. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      _MacBrew_ is a registerable interpolated form based on the
      documented period Manx forms _McBrow_, _McBrewe_, _Brew_, and
      _Briew_, dated between 1408 and 1648 in A.W. Moore, _The Manx
      Note Book_, Vol. 2, pp. 155-6 and in Reaney & Wilson, s.n. Brew.

  Lucretia Natta. Name and device. Azure, a sea-horse argent
  maintaining a candle enflamed Or and on a chief argent three gouttes
  des larmes.

      Artist's note: While the gouttes are technically twice as long
      as they are wide, we encourage the submitter to depict them
      taller.

  Marilla of the Vale. Name.

      _Marilla_ is the submitter's legal given name.

      The byname _of the Vale_ is the lingua Anglica form of the
      documented Middle English byname _del la Val_, which is found in
      Reaney and Wilson, _Dictionary of English Surnames_, s.n. Vale
      dated to 1190.

  Roarr Rekksson. Name and device. Quarterly sable and argent, four
  boars statant respectant counterchanged argent and gules.

      Submitted as "Roarr Rekk_r_sson", we have changed the byname to
      "Rekksson" to use the correct grammar.

      The submitter initially requested authenticity for "780
      Dane/Norse/Pict Migration Period." During commentary, he dropped
      this authenticity request in favor of a request for the name as
      close to the submitted spelling as possible. However, the
      submitter may be interested to know that "Hr{o'}arr Rekksson"
      appears to be an authentic Old East Norse form for the 10th
      century. If he prefers this form, he may submit a request for
      reconsideration.

  R{u:}diger of the Flaming Gryphon. Device. Per chevron vert and
  sable, two bears combatant Or and a tower argent.

      Artist's note: Please provide internal detailing for the bears.

  Sybella of Dragon's Mark. Badge. (Fieldless) A unicorn contourny
  quarterly azure and argent.

  Ts'eng K'ai. Name.

      Submitted as "Kai Tseng", with the submitter's permission we
      have changed the name to "Ts_'_eng K_'_ai" to use the correct
      Chinese naming pattern and Romanization.

  Victorius Suspectus. Badge. (Fieldless) A scorpion within and
  conjoined to an annulet sable.

======================================================================

**** NORTHSHIELD acceptances ****

  {A'}sn{y'} H{a'}lfdanard{o'}ttir. Name.

      Submitted as "_A_sn{y'} H{a'}lfdanard{o'}ttir", accents must be
      used or omitted consistently throughout the name. We have
      changed the name to "_{A'}_sn{y'} H{a'}lfdanard{o'}ttir" to
      include all accent marks.

  Derb{a'}il ingen N{e'}ill. Name.

      The submitter requested authenticity for "pre 12th c Irish."
      This name meets that request, as both name elements are found in
      Gaelic in the 10th and 11th centuries.

  Jean de Lisieux. Name and device. Gules, in pale three greyhounds
  couchant gardant Or.

      The submitter expressed a preference for 12-13th century French.
      He may be interested to know that the appropriate form for that
      time frame is _Jehan de Lisuies_. The submitted form is
      appropriate for later period French. If he prefers the 12-13th
      century form, he may make a request for reconsideration.

      Nice device!

  Petranella Fitzallen. Name change from Petronella Fitzallen and
  badge. (Fieldless) A peacock in its pride ermine.

      The submitter's prior name, _Petronella Fitzallen_, is released.

  Sigeric Unsiker. Name.

  Taran MacTavisch. Name and device. Per bend sinister azure and
  argent, an owl affronty argent and a frog vert.

      Submitted as "Taran MacTavi_sh_", precedent that "the spelling
      _McTavish_ is modern. Period spellings include _McTawisch_ 1480
      and _McTaevis_ 1515, both from Black. _McTavisch_ is a plausible
      interpolation." [Angus MacTavisch, 9/2013, A-Lochac]. Consistent
      with this precedent, we have changed the surname to
      "MacTavi_sch_" for registration.

======================================================================

**** OUTLANDS acceptances ****

  Ailith Dreki. Device. Argent, a serpent erect tail nowed gules, on a
  base sable a rabbit sejant erect argent.

      This serpend is depicted with a dragon's head which is common in
      period heraldic depictions and need not be specified in blazon.

  Edwin of Mousehole. Name.

      Nice early 14th century English name!

  Gunn{o'}lfr Gr{i'}msson. Name.

  Hugh Fletcher. Device. Per fess embattled gules and sable, in chief
  three rats rampant contourny argent.

  Jeannette Marguerite Delacroix. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      This name has a relationship conflict with the registered
      _Marguerite de la Croix_ under PN3D of SENA. Because French used
      unmarked matronymics, the submitted name can be read as a claim
      to be the daughter of Marguerite. Fortunately, after the close
      of commentary, Countess Marguerite provided permission to
      conflict, allowing this name to be registered.

  Martine de La Rochelle. Name.

      Nice 15th century French name!

  Roland Snowe of Carlisle. Name and device. Azure, two bendlets and
  in chief an escarbuncle argent.

  Vachir of Samarkand. Name and device. Or, two crows respectant
  regardant the dexter sable and the sinister gules, a point pointed
  sable.

      _Samarkand_ is the lingua Anglica form of a period place name.

======================================================================

**** TRIMARIS acceptances ****

  Algirdas Gozzo. Device. Or, on a mullet azure an owl contourny Or,
  in base a trident fesswise reversed azure.

  Apolonia Zawadzka. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      The submitter requested authenticity for "Polish pre-1630." This
      request was not summarized on the Letter of Intent. Fortunately,
      commenters were able to provide enough information about
      authenticity that we were not required to pend this name. This
      name is authentic for 15th century Polish, meeting the
      submitter's request.

  Asiya al-Badawiyya. Device. Argent, a scimitar inverted sable its
  blade maintaining two entwined roses gules slipped and leaved vert,
  a bordure gules.

  Bran O Raghailligh. Name and device. Gules, a wheel argent and in
  chief three grenades Or.

      Nice 14th or 15th century Gaelic name!

  Christophe Beck. Device. Per pall argent, sable, and Or, on a
  tortoise vert a drawn bow fesswise with arrow nocked Or flighted
  gules.

  Conall Howell. Name and device. Quarterly vert and sable, a cross
  between in chief two wolf's heads couped respectant, on a chief Or
  three towers vert.

      This name combines a Gaelic given name with a Welsh byname, an
      acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C.

  Corwyn Moray. Badge. Purpure, three bendlets argent and in sinister
  chief a banner bendwise Or.

  C{u'}{a'}n mac Muirchertaig. Device. Vert, three zydrachs naiant in
  annulo and on a chief Or a double-horned anvil vert.

      While this is the defining case of the term _zydrach_ in Society
      blazon, it is not our first registration of the charge. Zydrach
      is a period term for the creature known modernly as the
      hammerhead shark.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of charges in
      annulo not in their default palewise orientation.

  David of Loch Gryffyn. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      _Loch Gryffyn_ is the registered name of an SCA branch.

  Enneleyn von Hessen. Device. Gules, on a sun Or a horseshoe inverted
  sable, a bordure engrailed Or.

  Eoghan Murray. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      This name combines a Gaelic given name with a Scots byname, an
      acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C.

  Faith Tomlinson. Badge. (Fieldless) A frog rampant vert bellied Or
  maintaining a skillet sable.

  Godfrey de Neuhalle. Device. Argent, on a chevron inverted engrailed
  gules three magnolia blossoms argent seeded Or, in chief a bear
  passant azure.

      This is the defining instance of the magnolia in Society
      heraldry. Under the name yolox{o'}chitl, it was described by
      Francisco Hernandez de Toledo during his New World expeditions
      between 1574 and 1577.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of New World
      magnolias.

  Grisselda Farley. Name and device. Azure, in pall three fish
  embowed, conjoined at the heads Or, a chief wavy argent.

      The submitter requested authenticity for "pre-1600 British
      Isles." This name is authentic for English c. 1600, and thus
      meets the submitter's request.

      Please advise the submitter to draw the waves of the chief with
      more amplitude.

  Gustav Siggesson Leijonhofwud. Badge. (Fieldless) In fess three
  tulips slipped and leaved conjoined at the leaves azure.

  Iustina Bryennissa. Badge. Per bend sinister azure and argent, two
  maple leaves counterchanged.

  James Highgate. Badge. Sable, a chevron and in chief two sea-lions
  respectant Or.

  Korm{a'}kr {U'}lfreksson. Name change from Cormac mac Culeon.

      The submitter's prior name, "Cormac mac Culeon", is retained as
      an alternate name.

  Lion de la Rochelle. Name.

  Maria Serafina de Toschanis. Name.

      After the close of commentary, the submitter requested a change
      from the submitted "Serafina de Toschanis" to "_Maria_ Serafina
      de Toschanis". _Maria_ is a female Italian given name found in
      the same source as _Serafina_ and Appendix A permits double
      given names in Italian. As we were able to conflict-check the
      changed name in a timely manner, we have made this change
      without needing to pend the name.

  Milesenda de Bourges. Badge. Or, a phoenix purpure sustaining in its
  beak a trident bendwise sinister gules, a bordure purpure.

  Moyai-Nidun. Badge. Gules, a perruque and on a chief argent a
  grenade sable.

      Please advise the submitter to draw some internal details on the
      grenade so it is easier to identify.

  Sigrun Ionsdottir. Device. Argent, three poppies gules, seeded Or,
  and a chief embattled vert.

      This depiction of a heraldic poppy can be seen in Hierosme de
      Bara's _Blazon des armoiries_
      https://books.google.com/books?id=4AhJAAAAcAAJ&pg=PA65#v=onepage&q&f=false

  Su{dh}rholt, Shire of. Badge. Argent, a triskele sable between three
  acorns vert capped brown proper, a bordure sable.

  Tiberius Aurelius Magnus. Device. Argent, two chevronels azure,
  overall on a pale sable a gladius inverted argent.

  Trimaris, Kingdom of. Order name Order of the Argent Mantle of
  Trimaris and badge. Azure, a mantle and a bordure wavy argent.

      Submitted as _Order of *_* Argent Mantle of Trimaris_, we
      changed it to "Order of _the_ Argent Mantle of Trimaris" to
      match the documented pattern for order names of this kind.

  Trimaris, Kingdom of. Order name Order of the Azure Brace of
  Trimaris and badge. Argent, in pale two rapiers in saltire azure
  quilloned Or and a triskele azure.

      Submitted as _Order of *_* Azure Brace of Trimaris_, we changed
      it to "Order of _the_ Azure Brace of Trimaris" to match the
      documented pattern for order names of this kind.

  Trimaris, Kingdom of. Order name Order of the Azure Glove of
  Trimaris and badge. Argent, a glove and a bordure wavy azure.

      Submitted as _Order of *_* Azure Glove of Trimaris_, we changed
      it to "Order of _the_ Azure Glove of Trimaris" to match the
      documented pattern for order names of this kind.

  Valeria Victoria. Name.

      Originally submitted as "Valeria Victoria _de Deva_", no
      documentation was provided for the pattern of _de_ + [place
      name] in Roman naming. With the submitter's permission, we have
      dropped the element _de Deva_ from the name.

======================================================================

**** WEST acceptances ****

  Aine Redmond and David of the Wode. Joint badge. (Fieldless) A
  triquetra vert fretted with a triangle inverted voided argent.

  Eva Hundsdotter. Name change from holding name {E'}ua of Fettburg.

  Genevieve of Champclair. Name and device. Or, a pegasus passant
  contourny purpure, a chief enarched sable mullety Or.

      _Champclair_ is the registered name of an SCA branch.

  Gwerydd Aurifaber. Name and device. Per chevron azure and vert, a
  tree and in chief two triquetras argent.

  Justin Brennan Dickson. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      The submitter requested authenticity for "16th century
      English/Scottish." This name is not authentic because we cannot
      document the surname _Brennan_ in English or Scots before 1625;
      however, it is registerable.

  Linnet Hatfield. Name change from Linnet of Heart's Rest and device
  change. Gules, a lion statant contourny and in base a mullet of six
  points argent.

      The submitter's prior name, "Linnet of Heart's Rest", is
      released.

      Nice late 16th century English name!

      The submitter's old device, "Vert, a chevron nebuly between two
      natural tigers combattant and a cross crosslet fitchy, all
      within a bordure argent", is released.

  Raven of Golden Rivers. Reblazon of device. Gules, a seal embowed
  tail over its head and a bordure engrailed argent.

      Blazoned in March 1986 as "Gules, a seal naiant, its tail
      reflexed above its head, within a bordure engrailed argent", the
      whole body is embowed.

  Sophie Brandeis. Device. Per fess gules and azure, a sun Or eclipsed
  sable and a sea-goat argent.

======================================================================

                  - Explicit littera accipiendorum -

======================================================================

***** THE FOLLOWING ITEMS HAVE BEEN RETURNED FOR FURTHER WORK: *****

**** {AE}THELMEARC returns ****

None.

======================================================================

**** AN TIR returns ****

  Francis Darcy. Device. Per fess rayonny gules and argent, three
  roses counterchanged.

      This lovely device is returned for conflict with the device of
      Katerina de Glen: _Per fess argent and sable, two roses gules
      and a rose argent all barbed and seeded proper_. There is only
      one DC for changing the field. SENA A5C2d defines that "When a
      group of three charges on the field is arranged two and one, the
      bottom charge is considered half the charge group" and so we
      have here and in the registered device half roses white and half
      of the roses red since only one of them changes tincture, their
      change of tincture is then effectively forced.

      It also conflicts with the badge of Odillia Marguerite du Parc:
      _Per fess argent and gules, three cinquefoils counterchanged_ .
      By long-standing precedent, there is no difference given between
      a rose and a cinquefoil. Thus, as above, there is only one DC
      for changing the field.

  Morikawa Kenji Katashige. Device. Sable, within two demi-hollyhock
  leaves conjoined in annulo the kanji for "water" argent.

      This device previously was returned in February 2016 "for
      violating SENA A2C1 which states that 'Elements must be drawn in
      their period forms'. No dated documentation was provided by the
      submitter or in commentary to support the use of the charges
      used in this design in period."

      On this appeal, the submitter made an effort to document
      demi-hollyhock leaves as a period charge. Unfortunately, the
      documentation provided did not support the design used in the
      submission. The single picture supplied by the submitter of a
      visually similar design was undated, and thus is not reliable
      evidence of a period heraldic practice. Further, while there is
      evidence that hollyhock leaves were used in Japanese heraldry,
      no evidence of a demi-hollyhock leaf (or any kind of demi-leaf)
      was provided by the submitter or found by commenters. Therefore,
      this appeal is denied and the device must be returned again.

      The submitted design most closely resembles stylized apricot
      leaves that were found in period Japanese heraldry, but not
      closely enough to allow the submitted design to be blazoned as
      apricot leaves. We suggest the submitter consider using the
      documented period apricot leaf design (such as that found here:
      http://mon.xavid.us/Mon/Apricot%20Leaves%20with%20Character%20in%20Ring)
      to achieve a substantially similar design.

  Richard the Handsome. Device. Vairy Or and azure, a tricorporate
  lion argent charged on each shoulder with an ermine spot sable.

      This device is returned for not being reliably blazonable, which
      is a violation of SENA A1C which requires an emblazon to be
      describable in heraldic terms. The ermine spots on the shoulders
      of the tricoporate lion are all in different orientations: one
      fesswise, one bendwise, one somewhere in between. They are not
      following any specific orientation relative to the bodies or
      have a relative arrangement that would describe the three of
      them. These ermine spots here are tertiary charges, potentially
      counting for a DC. As such their orientation needs to be
      reliably blazonable.

======================================================================

**** ANSTEORRA returns ****

  Munokhoi Kiyan. Device. Sable, a six-headed serpent erect tail nowed
  Or, a base Or goutty de sang.

      This device is returned for redraw, for violating SENA A2C2
      which states "Elements must be drawn to be identifiable." It is
      also returned for not being reliably blazonable, which is a
      violation of SENA A1C which requires an emblazon to be
      describable in heraldic terms.

      As depicted, the lack of legs and the fact that the heads seem
      to be issuing from different levels reduce the creature's
      identifiability. It is further reduced because of the creature's
      posture where the body is partly curved and where the tail is
      nowed partly around the body, partly around itself, in a manner
      which is not readily describable using standard blazon.

======================================================================

**** ATENVELDT returns ****

None.

======================================================================

**** ATLANTIA returns ****

  Bryn Tannahill of Ponte Alto. Name.

      Submitted as _Brynn Tannahill_, this name is effectively
      identical in sound to the submitter's legal name. A person's
      registered name in the Society needs to be different from his or
      her legal name. While a small change between the Society name
      and the legal name is sufficient, per Section III.A.10 of the
      Administrative Handbook, "a change to spelling without a change
      in pronunciation is not sufficient."

      With the submitter's permission, we have added the element _of
      Ponte Alto_ to the name to provide the necessary difference.
      _Ponte Alto_ is the registered name of an SCA branch.

  Daniel M{u:}ller. Device. Vert, two mules combatant and a barley
  sheaf in base, all argent.

      This device is returned for redraw, for blurring the distinction
      between the primary and secondary charge groups. The sheaf has
      equal visual weight with each of the mules, but the latter cross
      the fess line while the former does not. When resubmitting,
      submitter should avoid depicting the charges as co-primary, to
      avoid conflict with Medb inghen Muiredaich, "Vert, three garbs
      argent" (9/2004), with only one DC for changing half of the
      primary charge group.

======================================================================

**** AVACAL returns ****

None.

======================================================================

**** CAID returns ****

  Hette Vitze. Badge. (Fieldless) A fireball saltirewise purpure
  enflamed proper, partially overlapped by four furisons conjoined in
  cross flats to center argent.

      This device is returned for not being reliably blazonable, which
      is a violation of SENA A1C which requires an emblazon to be
      describable in heraldic terms. Blazoned on the letter of intent
      as "_overall_", Appendix I states:

           "An overall charge group is a charge or group of
           charges which crosses the center of the field, lying
           partially on the field and partially on other charges.
           It can only appear on a design that has a primary
           charge group."

      This does not apply here as the furisons do not cross the center
      of the field and only slightly overlap the fireball. There is no
      reliable way to blazon their relationship. Additionally, this
      pattern is not described in Appendix J and would need to be
      documented to be registerable.

  Naevehjem, Barony of. Order name Order of the Dragon's Hoard.

      This item was pended on the September 2016 Letter of Acceptances
      and Returns for discussion of whether all of the order names
      already registered to the Barony, taken together, supported the
      broad pattern of "_Order of the Dragon's_ + [thing]," where the
      thing is a noun that is not a heraldic charge.

      The Barony currently has registered to it the following order
      names: _Order of the Dragon's Foot_, _Order of the Dragon's
      Wing_, _Order of the Dragon's Blaze_ and _Order of the Dragon's
      Gem_. All of the registered order names fit the pattern "_Order
      of the Dragon's_ + [heraldic charge]." A _blaze_ is a reference
      to a period heraldic charge -- a flame, found in the mid-15th
      century arms of _de la Fiama_ and in the 16th century arms of
      _Wells_ (http://mistholme.com/dictionary/flame/). A _hoard_,
      however, is not a heraldic charge. Thus, the submitted order
      name does not fit the grandfathered pattern for the Barony or
      any documented pattern for order names. Therefore, the name is
      not registerable and must be returned.

  Tryggr j{a'}rngeirr Ingvarsson. Device. Quarterly vert and gules, in
  chief a pike embowed counterchanged Or and argent, in base two
  spears in chevron inverted Or, bladed argent.

      This device is returned for violating SENA A3D2c, Unity of
      Posture and Orientation, which states "The charges within a
      charge group should be in either identical postures/orientations
      or an arrangement that includes posture/orientation" The charges
      here are not in a unified arrangement, as the arrangement of the
      spears has to be described independently of the arrangement of
      the pike.

======================================================================

**** CALONTIR returns ****

  Mathurin Kerbusso. Badge. Azure, a broken sword proper.

      This submission has been withdrawn.

======================================================================

**** DRACHENWALD returns ****

  Gudrun Hansdotter. Badge. (Fieldless) Three annulets interlaced two
  and one within and conjoined to an annulet Or.

      This badge is returned for running afoul of SENA A3D1, Clarity
      of Charge Groups which states "_Having identical types of
      charges in multiple charge groups on the field blurs the
      distinction between charge groups. Thus, it is not allowed,
      except for cotises and endorses around an ordinary._" This is
      precisely the situation described as not being registerable as
      we have annulets in both the primary and secondary charge
      groups.

  Isabel Northwode. Device. Sable, a gryphon wings displayed
  maintaining a lit candle within a double tressure Or.

      This device is returned for redraw, for violating SENA A2C2,
      which states "Elements must be drawn to be identifiable."
      Because held charges count for conflict checking purposes, they
      must be identifiable. Because of its small size and the fact
      that it is of the same tincture as the gryphon, the candle
      disappears in the details of the paw.

======================================================================

**** EALDORMERE returns ****

  Cesare Ambrogino Salvuzzi and Laura Battista. Joint badge.
  (Fieldless) A natural seahorse contourny purpure bezanty,
  maintaining with its tail a dagger bendwise sinister sable.

      This device is returned for redraw, for violating SENA A2C2
      which states "Elements must be drawn to be identifiable."
      Because of its position and the lack of contrast with the body
      of the seahorse, the dagger looks like an extension of the tail.

  F{a'}el{a'}n Ruadh ua Aodha. Badge. (Fieldless) A tree blasted
  issuant from a stag's skull in base argent attired Or.

      This badge is returned for redraw, for violating SENA A2C2 which
      states "Elements must be drawn to be identifiable." This badge
      is also returned for not being reliably blazonable, which is a
      violation of SENA A1C which requires an emblazon to be
      describable in heraldic terms. In this depiction, commenters had
      trouble identifying the "trees" as such. They were more
      generally perceived as a complex form of attire. In the best
      case, they were parsed as one tree. Additionally, they is no
      good way to blazon the relationship of the "trees" to one
      another. It is not sufficiently described as "intertwined" as
      that would not indicate that the crown of the central one was to
      chief while the other two crowns were fesswise and addorsed.

======================================================================

**** EAST returns ****

  Alianora la Tesserande. Device change. Purpure, on a pile inverted
  Or, a peacock feather purpure.

      From the May 2015 LoAR, "The SCA has a long-standing precedent
      that says that piles inverted and per chevron are not entirely
      interchangeable, but each must be considered for conflict
      against the other, granting no difference between the two.
      (Return of badge, Canton of Dragonsfire Tor)."

      This device must therefore be returned for conflict with the
      badge of Emelyn Pacok, "(Fieldless) A peacock's plume palewise
      purpure". Considering this submission as a feather on a per
      chevron inverted field, there is one DC for the field, but none
      for placement.

      The submitter is advised to draw the pile inverted in such a way
      that better fills the shield. While the February 2008 precedent
      on the length of piles allows for as little as 75% of the
      overall height of the shield based on a single theoretical
      example from Legh, it does not explicitly apply to piles
      inverted; we decline to extend the allowance here, and encourage
      the submitter to use at least 85% of the length, and 33% of the
      width, of the shield in future depictions.

  Ana Ximenez de Hume. Badge. (Fieldless) On a flame gules a dandelion
  in seed slipped and leaved argent.

      This badge is returned for redraw, for violating SENA A2C2 which
      states "Elements must be drawn to be identifiable." Commenters
      were unanimous in their inability to recognize the tertiary
      charge as a dandelion in seed. Absent period documentation of a
      dandelion in seed, the submitter is encouraged to draw
      individual seeds and tufts, relatively few in number, to assist
      in recognition of the charge. We decline at this time to comment
      on whether dandelions in seed are registerable if depicted
      recognizably.

  Andreiko Eferiev. Device. Gules, a cloud sable within a bordure Or.

      This device is returned for violation of SENA A.3.B.4.a, which
      states "Charges must have good contrast with the background on
      which they are placed." The submitter attempted to document an
      Individually Attested Pattern for late-period English heraldry.
      While sable charges on gules fields were sufficiently
      documented, and evidence of both bordures and clouds in English
      heraldry were established, the pattern of a low-contrast complex
      primary charge and a high-contrast secondary charge was not
      sufficiently documented by the submitter (who provided only two
      examples), and subsequent examples were not found in commentary.

      Removal of the bordure would bring the submission into alignment
      with the documented patterns, but would create a conflict with
      the badge of Mell MacAlpin "(Fieldless) A cloud sable.". Given
      how recently the badge was registered, we encourage the
      submitter to reach out to the heralds of Calontir to seek
      permission to conflict from Mell MacAlpin.

  Isaac Klingensmith of {AE}thelmearc. Device. Argent, a raven rising
  sable maintaining with its beak an annulet gules.

      This device is returned for conflict with the badge of Stephen
      Grimfalcon, "Argent, a falcon striking sable within a bordure
      gules." There is only one DC for change to the type of secondary
      (annulet vs. bordure). There is no DC for the nearly identical
      postures of the birds.

======================================================================

**** LOCHAC returns ****

  Bj{o,}rn Bassason. Device. Paly bendy azure and argent and bendy
  sinister argent and azure.

      This lovely device is returned for visual conflict with Bavaria:
      _Lozengy bendwise argent and azure_. Although technically clear,
      the overwhelming effect is that of a lozengy field.

  Eleanor d'Arcy. Device. Argent, a bend sinister gules between a
  feather fesswise and a dragon dormant sable.

      This device is returned for multiple conflicts. It conflicts
      with the device of Wion Neilson: _Argent, a bend sinister gules
      between a lion and a cross potent sable_. There is only one DC
      for changing the types of the charges around the bend sinister.

      It also conflicts with the device of Delia Weaver: _Argent, a
      bend sinister gules between a spider inverted and a spiderweb
      sable_. Again, there is only one DC for changing the types of
      the charges around the bend sinister.

      On resubmission, please ensure that the dragon is identifiable.
      Some commenters had trouble recognizing the charge in the
      current posture.

  Elswyth Goodfellow. Device. Vert, on an oak tree eradicated Or, a
  brown coney couchant proper.

      This device is returned for conflict with the badge of Huette
      Aliza von und zu {A:}hrens und Mechthildberg: _Vert, a tree
      blasted throughout Or_. There is no difference for blasted vs
      leaved, or eradicated vs not, or for throughout vs not. The only
      DC is for the addition of the rabbit.

  Hugh de Calais. Device. Argent, a chevron cotised between three
  roundels gules.

      This device is returned for conflict with the device of Iague
      Margoni: _Argent, a chevron cotised between two fleurs-de-lys
      and a cross of Santiago gules_. There is only one DC for
      changing the type of secondary charges.

  Lothar Sigurdsson. Device. Argent, a griffin salient to sinister
  gules.

      This device is returned for presumption upon Pomerania: _Argent,
      a griffin segreant gules crowned Or_. There is only one DC for
      the change of orientation to contourny.

  Wyn ap David. Device. Sable semy of death's heads argent, a mermaid
  seated proper tailed argent.

      This device is returned for not being reliably blazonable, which
      is a violation of SENA A1C which requires an emblazon to be
      describable in heraldic terms. There is no blazonable term to
      describe the posture of the mermaid. Additionally, the semy
      charges are not correctly drawn as the notion of semy implies
      charges strewn across the field with a somewhat regular
      distribution over all the open spaces of the field rather than
      concentrated on the outside of the field as depicted here.

======================================================================

**** MERIDIES returns ****

None.

======================================================================

**** MIDDLE returns ****

  Americk Gilead. Device. Argent, a bend sinister gules cotised and
  overall a raven displayed sable.

      This device submission must unfortunately be returned
      administratively: the black and white and the color emblazon are
      blazonably different. The bend sinister in the outline drawing
      is fimbriated, while the color emblazon has the bend sinister
      cotised.

      The use of a raven displayed is a step from period practice. We
      note that a fimbriated ordinary surmounted by another charge is
      also a step from period practice, which would likewise be
      grounds for return when combined with the displayed bird. If the
      intent of the submitter is to use cotises rather than
      fimbriation, this will not be an issue.

  Donald MacBrew. Device. Gules, a triskelion of armored arms argent,
  a bordure embattled Or.

      This device is returned for conflict with the Lord of the Isle
      of Man (important non-SCA arms), "Gules, a triskelion of armored
      legs argent." There is one DC for the addition of the bordure.
      However, a triskelion of armored legs closely resembles a
      triskelion of armored arms to the point that we cannot grant a
      DC between the two.

      We decline to rule at this point whether triskelions of any
      discrete charge conflict with triskelions of any other discrete
      charges.

  Wendell of Dark River. Device. Gyronny arrondi Or, azure, Or, sable,
  Or, azure, Or, sable.

      This device is returned for conflict with Campbell, Duke of
      Argyle, "Gyronny Or and sable", and Ottar Hrafnsson, "Gyronny
      arrondy Or and azure". For each of these, only one quarter of
      the field tincture is changed.

      This device is also returned for lack of documentation of
      gyronny arrondi of three tinctures. While the submitter provided
      several examples of tri-tinctured gyronny fields, no
      documentation was provided for gyronny arrondi of three
      tinctures. Absent such documentation, gyronny arrondi of three
      tinctures is not registerable.

======================================================================

**** NORTHSHIELD returns ****

  Gabriel andvaka Kjotvason. Heraldic title Angelus Herald.

      A question was raised in commentary whether this name conflicts
      with the _Barony of the Angels_. _Angelus_ has one more syllable
      than _Angels_ and thus is clear by sound under PN3C2. However,
      several commenters were concerned that there was not a
      significant difference in appearance, despite the addition of a
      syllable, because only one letter was added. PN3C2 states that,
      despite adding a syllable, "_Maria Jones_ is not substantially
      different in appearance from _Marie Jones_, because only one
      letter is changed."

      However, we do not need to decide the conflict issue because,
      even if the submitter received permission to conflict from the
      Barony of the Angels, the name is still not registerable because
      it is presumptuous. Specifically, it is a claim to be the
      Archangel Gabriel. By precedent, we must take into account the
      SCA tradition of heralds' using the pattern [given name] +
      [heraldic title]. [Thomas Flamanc of Kelsale. Heraldic title
      Beckett Herald, 11/2015 LoAR, R-Drachenwald]. In this case, that
      pattern yields _Gabriel Angelus_. The Archangel Gabriel was
      referred to as _Gabriel angelus_ in medieval writing and music.
      For example, in 1503 Albertus Magnus published a book entitled
      _Mariale in evangelium super Missus est Gabriel angelus_.
      Accordingly, the combination of this given name and this title
      represents an improper claim to divine origin or supernatural
      powers and the title cannot be registered to Gabriel.

======================================================================

**** OUTLANDS returns ****

  Jeannette Marguerite Delacroix. Device. Per chevron azure and
  argent, a fleur-de-lys argent and three peacock feathers inverted
  conjoined in pile inverted vert.

      This device is returned for violating SENA A3D2c, Unity of
      Posture and Orientation, which states "The charges within a
      charge group should be in either identical postures/orientations
      or an arrangement that includes posture/orientation" The charges
      here are not in a unified arrangement, as the arrangement of the
      peacock feathers has to be described independently of the
      fleur-de-lys while the four of them are co-primary charges.

======================================================================

**** TRIMARIS returns ****

  Apolonia Zawadzka. Device. Vert, on a fess gules fimbriated between
  a hammered dulcimer Or and a tower argent, two dulcimer hammers
  fesswise, handles outward Or.

      This device is returned for redraw. As the fimbriation is so
      thin that it looks like a lighter outline line, we have the
      appearance of a gules fess on a vert field, which cannot be
      registered outside of the context of an Individually Attested
      Pattern.

  David of Loch Gryffyn. Device. Argent, a pale gules fimbriated
  between a sword inverted sable quilloned and pommeled gules, and a
  wolf's head erased contourny sable.

      This device is returned for contrast issues. Fimbriations are
      used to provide contrast between the field and a charge that
      would otherwise have insufficient contrast. Here, the pale has
      good contrast with the field, but not with the fimbriation. If
      the submitter wants to resubmit this motif of fimbriation that
      has poor contrast with the charge it surrounds, he should be
      ready to provide documentation, likely in the form of an
      Individually Attested Pattern.

  Eoghan Murray. Device. Per pale Or and azure, a chevron between
  three mullets counterchanged.

      This device is returned administratively for using an altered
      form. The shape of the shield is significantly different from
      the shape defined on the Laurel-approved form.

  Euthymius Alakaseus. Badge. (Fieldless) A lightning bolt bendwise
  within and conjoined to a delf voided Or.

      This badge is returned for using a voided charge on a fieldless
      badge. SENA A3C states "Additionally, voided charges may not be
      registered in fieldless designs, as they do not have a field
      that can show through the voided portion of the charge."

      Were this a fielded badge, it would also be returned as the
      voided charge is not part of the primary charge group, which
      SENA A3C also forbids.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a lightning
      bolt that is not part of a thunderbolt.

  Gunn{o'}lfr j{a'}rnhauss. Device. Per chevron inverted azure and
  sable, a chevron inverted between a sword inverted and a winged
  skull argent.

      This device is returned for conflict with the device of
      Valadonis the Wanderer: _Per chevron inverted azure and sable, a
      chevronel inverted between in pale an eagle displayed, head to
      sinister, and a compass star pierced argent_. There is one DC
      for changing the type of secondary charges. The
      postures/orientations of the secondary charges are not
      comparable (swords can't be displayed, for instance) so we can
      count no difference there. We also do not grant difference for
      the width of the chevron.

  Hj{o,}rr hryggr H{a'}konarson. Device. Gules, a raven regardant and
  a bordure embattled erminois.

      This device is returned administratively. The form uploaded and
      the emblazon in OSCAR both appear computer-colorized versions of
      a hand drawn outline using different shapes of ermine spots.
      This is a violation of section VB2e of the Administrative
      Handbook which requires that there be "an accurate
      representation of each piece of submitted armory on a Letter of
      Intent". Such colorization has long been a cause for return.

      At this time, we are not ruling on whether the ermine spots used
      on the form are of a registerable shape. The submitter should be
      prepared to document these spots, if they are used in a
      resubmission.

  Lucius Domitius Anatolius. Device. Per chevron inverted sable and
  azure, three wolves courant conjoined in annulo argent.

      This device is returned for a redraw, for violating the
      guidelines set forth on the May 2011 Cover Letter for a properly
      drawn per chevron field inverted division; the field division
      here is too high and does not divide the field in two equivalent
      areas. Please see that Cover Letter for further discussion and
      details of how to properly draw per chevron lines of division.

      On resubmission, please note that some commenters had trouble
      identifying the wolves as such, confusing them with cats.

  Miyamoto Toramasa. Device. Or, on a chevron rompu inverted sable
  five dragonflies palewise Or.

      This device is returned for a redraw, for violating the
      guidelines set forth on the May 2011 Cover Letter for a properly
      drawn chevron inverted; the chevron rompu inverted here is too
      high and should not issue from the corners of the field. Please
      see that Cover Letter for further discussion and details of how
      to properly draw a chevron inverted.

  Taz Mongojin. Device. Per chevron sable and gules, a chevron rompu
  and in sinister chief a martel bendwise argent.

      This device is returned for a redraw, for violating the
      guidelines set forth on the May 2011 Cover Letter for a properly
      drawn chevron; the chevron rompu here is too low and should not
      lie entirely under the per chevron line of division. Please see
      that Cover Letter for further discussion and details of how to
      properly draw per chevron lines of division.

======================================================================

**** WEST returns ****

  Justin Brennan Dickson. Device. Per bend sinister vert and azure, a
  rose argent, a bordure argent semy of thistles sable.

      This device is returned for redraw, for violating SENA A2C2
      which states "Elements must be drawn to be identifiable."
      Commenters had trouble identifying the charges on the bordure,
      generally perceiving them as eagles.

  Sophie Brandeis. Badge. Azure, in pale a sea-mew volant wings
  addorsed argent maintaining in its beak a fish, and a castle Or.

      This device is returned for redraw, for violating SENA A2C2
      which states "Elements must be drawn to be identifiable."
      Because of the abundance of details on the fins and tail the
      fish loses identifiability on the blue background. Since a held
      charge now counts for difference it must be identifiable.

======================================================================

                 - Explicit littera renuntiationum -

======================================================================

***** THE FOLLOWING ITEMS HAVE BEEN PENDED UNTIL THE July 2017 LAUREL
MEETING (OR AS NOTED): *****

**** EALDORMERE pends ****

  Liadan Chu. Heraldic title Nuntio Herald.

      This name was documented as a heraldic title derived from a
      motto or desirable trait. However, precedent states:

           Latin mottoes are now known to be vanishing rare in
           period; their use in heraldic titles is a step from
           period practice under the Rules for Submissions. We
           decline to rule on their registerability under the
           Standards for Evaluation. Any future submission based
           on a Latin motto should include a discussion of the
           suitability of such a motto for a heraldic title.
           [Tanczos Istvan. Heraldic title Non Scripta Herald,
           10/2012 LoAR, A-East].

      As no such documentation was provided here, this heraldic title
      is not registerable.

      However, _Nuntio_ is also Spanish surname found in the
      FamilySearch Historical Records:

           Catherina Nuntio; Female; Christening; 07 Mar 1599;
           SAN PEDRO, PALS, GERONA, SPAIN; Batch: C89325-1
           (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:F5L6-MRP )

      Juliana de Luna's "Medieval Secular Order Names"
      (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/order/new/) shows a pattern in
      some countries of creating heraldic titles based on surnames. It
      does not, however, show this pattern in Spain. This name is
      pended to allow discussion of whether the pattern of creating
      heraldic titles out of surnames should be treated as
      pan-European.

      Additionally, the submission does not use the correct form,
      which is grounds for an administrative return. We are giving the
      submitter the opportunity to provide (and Kingdom to upload) a
      correct form while substantive question of whether this heraldic
      title is registerable is addressed.

      This was item 4 on the Ealdormere letter of November 27, 2016.

======================================================================

**** EAST pends ****

  Giana di Nichol{'o} da Firenze. Device change. Argent, a bend
  sinister vert, overall a wyvern erect sable.

      Commentary on this submission centered around the potential
      conflict with Charles the Traveler raised in the LoI: "Argent, a
      bend sinister vert, overall a drakkar sable its sail paly gules
      and argent". There is most certainly one DC for the change in
      type of overall charge, but there are conflicting precedents
      over whether the tincture of a ship's sail constitutes half the
      charge, which is necessary for the second DC to clear the
      conflict.

      Current precedents state the following:

      1. There is no DC for type of ship (lymphad, drakkar, rowboat,
      etc.). This is based on period practice, which changed the type
      of ship depicted on a given set of arms depending on when it was
      being painted.

      2. There is no DC for sails furled vs. unfurled. This is largely
      based on the previous precedent; if lymphads have sails furled
      by default, drakkars have sails unfurled by default, and
      rowboats have no sails at all, there is no way to compare the
      status of the sails in any sort of meaningful way.

      3. There is no DC for the tincture of an unfurled sail as half
      the charge. Also largely based on the first two precedents, if
      the sail is not consistently half the charge of a boat (or
      indeed depicted at all) there is no way to provide consistent
      difference for its tincture.

      We seek further commentary on whether unfurled sails should be
      considered half of a heraldic charge when considering whether
      there should be a distinct change for tincture between charges.

      This was item 20 on the East letter of November 30, 2016.

  {U'}lfr J{a'}rnhauss. Name.

      Submitted as "{U'}lf_lundr_ J{a'}rnhauss", the given name was a
      hypothetical constructed name based on the Old Norse elements
      _{U'}lf-_ and _-lundr_. PN1B2b of SENA permits name phrases to
      be constructed from attested period elements. However,"[w]e
      generally require at least three examples to consider something
      a pattern, as sometimes a single name phrase can create the
      appearance of a pattern that does not actually exist." PN1B2b.
      Only a single example of _-lundr_ as a second element could be
      found. Thus, this construction is not registerable.

      After the Pelican decision meeting and the close of commentary,
      the submitter gave permission to change the given name to
      "{U'}lfr", a male name found at p. 15 of Geirr Bassi's _The Old
      Norse Name_. As we did not have adequate time to do so before
      the release of this Letter, we have pended this name for
      conflict-checking and commentary on the form "{U'}lf_r_
      J{a'}rnhauss."

      His device is registered under the holding name "Christopher of
      Smoking Rocks".

      This was item 33 on the East letter of November 30, 2016.

======================================================================

                             - Explicit -

======================================================================

Created at 2017-04-23T14:51:06
-------------- next part --------------
                                               Society for Creative Anachronism
                                                                College of Arms

                                                          601 S Washington
                                                      Stillwater, OK 74074
                                                           +1 405 428 3662
                                                   laurel at heraldry.sca.org
                         For the February 2017 meetings, printed April 22, 2017

To all the College of Arms and all others who may read this missive, from Emma
Laurel, Andrewe Laurel Emeritus, Alys Pelican, Brunissende outgoing-Wreath, and
Cormac incoming-Wreath greetings.

Items listed below in square brackets have not been scheduled yet. For
information about future scheduling, please review the status table located on
the Web at http://oscar.sca.org/index.php?action=137.

The February Laurel decisions were made at the Pelican meeting held on Sunday,
February 19, 2017 and the Wreath meeting held on Saturday, February 18, 2017
and Sunday, February 26, 2017. These meetings considered the following letters
of intent: West (16 Nov, 2016), Ansteorra (25 Nov, 2016), Ealdormere (27 Nov,
2016), Laurel LoPaD (27 Nov, 2016), Atlantia (29 Nov, 2016), Middle (29 Nov,
2016), Outlands (29 Nov, 2016), {AE}thelmearc (30 Nov, 2016), An Tir (30 Nov,
2016), Avacal (30 Nov, 2016), Caid (30 Nov, 2016), Calontir (30 Nov, 2016),
Drachenwald (30 Nov, 2016), East (30 Nov, 2016), Lochac (30 Nov, 2016),
Meridies (30 Nov, 2016), Middle (30 Nov, 2016), Northshield (30 Nov, 2016), and
Trimaris (30 Nov, 2016). * All commentary, responses, and rebuttals should have
been entered into OSCAR by Tuesday, January 31, 2017.*

The March Laurel decisions were made at the Pelican meeting held on Sunday,
March 12, 2017 and the Wreath meeting held on Sunday, March 12, 2017 and
Sunday, March 19, 2017. These meetings considered the following letters of
intent: Atenveldt (30 Nov, 2016) (pushed due to late packet upload), Gleann
Abhann (01 Dec, 2016), {AE}thelmearc (05 Dec, 2016), Palimpsest Rules Letter
(16 Oct, 2016), Palimpsest Rules Letter (11 Dec, 2016), {AE}thelmearc (18 Dec,
2016), Atenveldt (25 Dec, 2016), Artemisia (26 Dec, 2016), Ealdormere (26 Dec,
2016), Atlantia (27 Dec, 2016), Northshield (27 Dec, 2016), Northshield (28
Dec, 2016), Outlands (28 Dec, 2016), Atlantia (30 Dec, 2016), An Tir (31 Dec,
2016), Avacal (31 Dec, 2016), Caid (31 Dec, 2016), Drachenwald (31 Dec, 2016),
East (31 Dec, 2016), Lochac (31 Dec, 2016), and Meridies (31 Dec, 2016). * All
commentary, responses, and rebuttals should have been entered into OSCAR by
Tuesday, February 28, 2017.*

The April Laurel decisions will be made at the Pelican meeting held on Sunday,
April 9, 2017 and the Wreath meeting held on Sunday, April 16, 2017 and Sunday,
April 23, 2017. These meetings will consider the following letters of intent:
Calontir (02 Jan, 2017), Laurel LoPaD (09 Jan, 2017), West (13 Jan, 2017), West
(14 Jan, 2017), Outlands (23 Jan, 2017), Atenveldt (26 Jan, 2017), Ealdormere
(29 Jan, 2017), Artemisia (30 Jan, 2017), Laurel LoPaD (30 Jan, 2017), An Tir
(31 Jan, 2017), Ansteorra (31 Jan, 2017), Atlantia (31 Jan, 2017), Avacal (31
Jan, 2017), Caid (31 Jan, 2017), Calontir (31 Jan, 2017), Drachenwald (31 Jan,
2017), East (31 Jan, 2017), Lochac (31 Jan, 2017), Meridies (31 Jan, 2017),
Northshield (31 Jan, 2017), and Trimaris (31 Jan, 2017). * All commentary,
responses, and rebuttals should have been entered into OSCAR by Friday, March
31, 2017.*

The May Laurel decisions will be made at the Pelican meeting held on Sunday,
May 21, 2017 and the Wreath meeting held on Sunday, May 14, 2017 and Sunday,
May 21, 2017. These meetings will consider the following letters of intent:
Middle (30 Jan, 2017) (pushed due to no packet), Gleann Abhann (01 Feb, 2017),
Palimpsest Rules Letter (19 Feb, 2017), Outlands (23 Feb, 2017), Ealdormere (25
Feb, 2017), {AE}thelmearc (27 Feb, 2017), Artemisia (27 Feb, 2017), An Tir (28
Feb, 2017), Atlantia (28 Feb, 2017), Avacal (28 Feb, 2017), Calontir (28 Feb,
2017), Drachenwald (28 Feb, 2017), East (28 Feb, 2017), Gleann Abhann (28 Feb,
2017), Lochac (28 Feb, 2017), Meridies (28 Feb, 2017), and Northshield (28 Feb,
2017). * All commentary, responses, and rebuttals should be entered into OSCAR
by Sunday, April 30, 2017.*

_Not all letters of intent may be considered when they are originally scheduled
on this cover letter. The date of posting of the LoI, date of receipt of the
Laurel packet, or other factors may delay consideration of certain letters of
intent. Additionally, some letters of intent received may not have been
scheduled because the administrative requirements (receipt of the forms packet,
receipt of the necessary fees, et cetera) have not yet been met._

REMINDER: Until all administrative requirements are met, the letter may not be
scheduled.

**** From Laurel Emeritus: So Long and Thanks for all the Fish! ****

This is not an easy message to write, so I will cut to the chase. My
resignation has been tendered to the Board effective November 30th, 2016.

During a particularly trying time in my life, I experienced a membership lapse
which went undetected until recently. Upon realizing my membership had lapsed,
I notified the Board, and ultimately they accepted my resignation effective as
of the above date. I am extremely grateful for the Board, and everything they
have done. They have been a pleasure to work for, representing and guiding the
College these last few years. The situation with the lapsed membership was
unfortunate, but the lesson learned for me is the value of honesty. I have
chosen to write this missive in an effort to fill in the gaps for all of you,
so that you can understand what has happened, and why. It would have been
easier to step away without explanation, but that is not the right thing to do.

I will not be attending Known World Heraldic, but will ensure the office
regalia is passed on to Magistra Emma, who will shortly be confirmed as Laurel.
Emma has been my ER deputy since I stepped up back in 2014, and has been dialed
in with all key decisions, and actively a part of the CoA leadership since
before my lapse.

I have greatly enjoyed my time as Laurel and while I regret that it has come to
an end this way, I look forward to my next adventure.

You have all been very dear to me and it was an honor and a privilege to
represent you.

I remain your servant,

Andrewe
Laurel Emeritus

**** From Laurel: Uh, Hi! ****

As you will have already read, Andrewe has honorably resigned as Laurel. With
the Board's blessing, I have stepped in and been warranted as Laurel, to serve
out the duration of his tenure. For those who don't know me, I am Emma de
Fetherstan, Temperaunce Herald; I was Andrewe's ER deputy, and prior to that
served as Wreath, sometimes also acting as ER to Gabriel when he was Laurel. I
will be retaining the duties of postmeeting and errata clerk because I clearly
need more to do.

Levity aside, I wish to thank Andrewe for the service he's provided to the
College of Arms, and to thank him for his trust in letting me stick around
behind the scenes when he first became Laurel. This fortunately ensures a
smooth transition, as abrupt as it may seem.

As was announced last month, we have two positions that are actively seeking
applications. The Sign Herald deputy is accepting applications at
laurel at heraldry.sca.org until May 31, 2017. Resumes for Laurel Sovereign of
Arms must be sent in both hardcopy and electronically:

     Laurel Resume, SCA Inc., Box 360789, Milpitas CA 95036

     resumes at sca.org and bids at heraldry.sca.org

Bids for Laurel must be received by July 31, 2017.

In service,
Emma Laurel

**** From Wreath(s): Beginning the Transition ****

As was announced last month, and confirmed this month, the next Wreath King of
Arms will be Cormac Mor, with the official change to happen at Known World
Heraldic and Scribal Symposium in Meridies.

This month, we have started to split the decisions. Cormac Mor made the armory
decisions for the kingdoms of {AE}thelmearc, Atlantia, East and Middle.
Brunissende Dragonette made the armory decisions for the kingdoms of An Tir,
Ansteorra, Avacal, Caid, Calontir, Drachenwald, Ealdormere, Lochac, Meridies,
Northshield, Outlands, Trimaris and West.

**** From Incoming Wreath: On Inverted Reremice ****

The device submission of Hallveig Alfarinsd{o'}ttir, "Argent, a reremouse
inverted sable maintaining in its feet a spear fesswise point to dexter and on
a chief azure a crescent in sinister Or" brought an inconsistency in precedents
regarding inverted animate charges to light.

Recent precedent states that "there is a step from period practice for the use
of a reremouse inverted." (Emelyn de Chelseye, 3/2010). However, this is at
odds with the long-standing and oft-reiterated precedent that states "We do not
allow inverted animate charges in SCA heraldry except when in recognized
orientation, such as in annulo. (Daibhidh MacRaibert, 2/1999, upheld 6/2016)"

To resolve the conflict between precedents, as of September 2017 reremice
inverted in any posture will no longer be registerable.

**** Society Pages ****

On March 16, 2017, at Gulf Wars, Colm Dubh, Black Dove Herald, was made a Baron
of the Court by TRM Trimaris, Sibilla and Ari.

On the same day at Gulf Wars, Bran Finn, Diamond Principal Herald of Gleann
Abhann, named Brigit Olesdottir of Loch Ree a Herald Extraordinary
posthumously. Brigit had herself once been Diamond and had done much work for
the kingdom.

On March 29, 2017, Jere Fleck, better known to heralds as Geirr Bassi
Haraldsson, passed away just shy of his 82nd birthday. His name will not be
soon forgotten.

Please send information about happenings to major heralds and major happenings
to all heralds to Laurel, so that it can be published here.

**** Send What to Whom ****

Letters of Intent, Comment, Response, Correction, et cetera are to be posted to
the OSCAR online system. No paper copies need be sent. All submission forms
plus documentation, including petitions, must be posted to the OSCAR online
system. While black-and-white emblazons must be included in the Letter of
Intent, only colored armory forms need to be posted in the forms area.

Cheques or money orders for submissions, payable to "SCA Inc.-College of Arms"
are to be sent to Stephanie Ray-Solum, Blue Bug Bookkeeping, 2144 Westlake Ave.
North Suite F Seattle, WA 98109.

Send roster changes and corrections to Laurel. College of Arms members may also
request a copy of the current roster from Laurel.

For a paper copy of a LoAR, please contact Laurel, at the address above. The
cost for one LoAR is $3. Please make all checks or money orders payable to "SCA
Inc.-College of Arms". The electronic copy of the LoAR is available free of
charge. To subscribe to the mailings of the electronic copy, please see the
bottom of http://heraldry.sca.org/heraldry/lists.html#lists for more
instructions.

For all administrative matters, please contact Laurel.

Pray know that I remain,

In service,

Emma de Fetherstan
Laurel Queen of Arms

===============================================================================

Created at 2017-04-23T14:51:06
-------------- next part --------------
****** Errata ******

***** August 2014 *****

**** Atlantia ****

  D{y'}rfinna Frevi{dh}ard{o'}ttir. Device change. Per pale Or and
  gules, a tree blasted and eradicated counterchanged.

      Listed on the LoAR as a new device, the change of her previous
      device to a badge was not caught. Her old device, "Azure, a tree
      blasted and eradicated in canton a mullet all between flaunches
      argent", is retained as a badge.

***** December 2016 *****

**** An Tir ****

  Ren{e'}e du bois d'Ambre. Name.

      Listed on the LoAR as a name change, this is a separate primary
      name.

***** January 2017 *****

**** East ****

  Mathghamhain Ua Ruadh{a'}in. Name correction from Mathghamhain Ua
  Radh{a'}in.

      When his name and device were registered, the LoAR misspelled
      his byname as "R_a_dh{a'}in".

======================================================================

Created at 2017-04-23T14:51:06


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