[LoAR-txt] July 2016 LoAR in plaintext format

Postmeeting Clerk via LoAR-TXT loar-txt at lists.sca.org
Sun Sep 25 15:19:29 CDT 2016


Please find attached the files for the 2016-07 LoAR in plaintext Da'ud
format.


-- 
Emma de Fetherstan, acting as Postmeeting Clerk
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***** THE FOLLOWING ITEMS HAVE BEEN REGISTERED: *****

**** {AE}THELMEARC acceptances ****

  {A'}bi{o,}rn {TH}{o'}rst{ae}insson. Name and device. Sable, on a
  bend engrailed cotised plain Or three hedgehogs palewise azure.

      Submitted as "{A'}bi_{o^}_rn {TH}_o_rst_e_insson", the _{o^}_
      character should be _o-ogonek_ (_{o,}_). Therefore, we have
      changed the given name to "{A'}bi{o,}rn" to register this name.

      In addition, the submitter preferred the byname
      "{TH}_{o'}_rst_{ae}_insson" if it could be documented. This is
      an Old West Norse form of this byname, formed from the given
      name _{TH}{o'}rst{ae}inn_ (found in _Nordiskt runnamnslexikon_).
      Therefore, we have changed the name accordingly.

  Betkin van Uutwijck. Name.

  Dorothea Stark Sch{u:}tz. Name.

      Submitted as "Dorothea Stark _vom_ Sch{u:}t_z_", the name was
      changed by kingdom to "Dorothea Stark_ _Sch{u:}tz_e_", but the
      changes were not summarized in the Letter of Intent.

      The preposition _vom_ was correctly removed by kingdom because
      _Sch{u:}tz(e)_ is a descriptive byname for someone who guards or
      looks after the fields, not a place name. Descriptive bynames in
      German can use the definite article _der_ or its feminine form
      _die_ ("the"), or can omit the article.

      The spelling _Sch{u:}tz_ is found in Aryanhwy merch Catmael's
      "German Names from 1495"
      (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/german/surnames1495n-s.htm).
      Therefore, we can remove the terminal _-e_ to partially restore
      the byname to the submitted form.

  Finn Marland O'Shannon. Device change. Argent, a sea wolf sejant
  sable within a bordure indented azure.

      The submitter's old device, "Azure, a chevron sable fimbriated
      between three wolf's heads erased Or", is released.

  Finn Marland O'Shannon. Release of badge. Azure, a chevron sable
  semy-de-lys fimbriated between three wolf's heads erased Or.

  Finn Marland O'Shannon. Release of badge. Vair, two towers sable and
  a wolf statant Or.

  Giovanni Michelangelo Boccha. Name (see RETURNS for device).

  Malyn Pistor. Name and device. Per pale azure and argent, three
  garbs counterchanged.

      Nice 13th century English name!

      Nice device!

  {O'}nn vikingr. Name and device. Per pale Or and azure, a
  thunderbolt counterchanged.

      The submitter requested authenticity for "Viking Old Norse".
      This request was not summarized in the Letter of Intent. Luckily
      for the submitter, we had enough information to consider this
      request instead of pending the name for further commentary.

      _{O'}nn_ is a name found in Viking Age Ireland and Norway. The
      byname _vikingr_ is found in Lind, s.n. S{ae}vi{dh}r, citing
      {O,}rvar-Oddr's saga, written in 13th century Iceland about
      occurrences in 8th century Norway, and appears several times in
      the _Landn{a'}mab{o'}k_. Therefore, this name appears to meet
      the submitter's request for an authentic Norse name.

  Takamatsu Gentarou Yoshitaka. Device. Or, two arrows in saltire
  sable, in base a pine tree proper.

======================================================================

**** AN TIR acceptances ****

  Amelia Ashmore. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      Nice 16th century English name!

  An Tir, Kingdom of. Order name Honor of the Belated Barberry.

      The pattern _Honor of the Belated [plant]_ is grandfathered to
      the kingdom.

  An Tir, Kingdom of. Transfer of Heraldic title Coquille Pursuivant
  to Seagirt, Barony of.

  An Tir, Kingdom of. Transfer of Heraldic title Red Tree Pursuivant
  to Madrone, Barony of.

  Brand aux Deus Leons. Name change from Brand Faragar the Frank.

      The submitter request authenticity for "1415 Battle of Agincourt
      England". The given name was documented as an early 13th century
      English name and the byname as a 15th century-style French
      inn-sign name. Due to the lingual mix and the temporal gap, this
      name is not authentic, but it is registerable.

      This name combines an English given name and French byname. This
      is an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C of SENA.

      The submitter's previous name, _Brand Faragar the Frank_, is
      retained as an alternate name.

  Ethan Ulfson of Wolfstone. Name change from holding name Ethan of
  Terra Pomaria.

      _Ethan_ is the submitter's legal given name. It is also dated to
      the late 14th century in the Middle English Dictionary, so the
      submitter need not rely on the legal name allowance.

      _Ulfson_ was documented as a literal patronym derived from a
      16th century surname used as a given name. However, at this time
      in England, bynames were inherited, not literal, so a late
      period given name does not support the pattern of creating such
      a patronym. The Latinized form _Ulfus_ is found as a 12th
      century given name in the Middle English Dictionary, so we can
      register a patronym formed from the vernacular form _Ulf_.

  Hamarr Haksson. Name and device. Per fess azure and sable, a fess
  between two ravens and a Thor's hammer argent.

      Submitted as "Hamarr Ha_xs_on", the byname was changed in
      kingdom to "Ha_kss_on" as no evidence was found to support the
      submitted spelling of the patronym. Commenters were similarly
      unable to document _Haxson_ in a language compatible with the
      Old Norse given name, so we could not restore the byname to the
      submitted form.

      We note that the submitter's alternative selection, the English
      _Hamar Haxson_ is registerable. If he prefers this form, he can
      submit a request for reconsideration.

      The knotwork on the Thor's hammer is an unblazonable artistic
      detail.

  Harold of Hartwood. Badge. Azure, in pall inverted three trimounts
  couped conjoined at their base corners Or.

  Lions Gate, Barony of. Badge for Courtiers of Lions Gate.
  (Fieldless) A winged chainless portcullis per pale argent and sable.

      Courtiers of Lions Gate is a generic identifier.

  Lj{u'}fvina haustmyrkr Hrafnsd{o'}ttir. Device change. Argent, a
  schim{a:}re rampant sable maintaining a sprig of wolfsbane purpure
  slipped and leaved vert.

      The submitter's old device, "Argent chauss{e'} counterermine, a
      schim{a:}re rampant vert and in chief three estoiles purpure",
      is released.

  Lucia Gemma di Ursino. Name and device. Per chevron throughout vert
  and argent, two lilies argent and a brown bear rampant proper.

      The submitter requested authenticity for "15th century Venice".
      This request was not summarized in the Letter of Intent. Luckily
      for the submitter, we have enough information to consider this
      request without pending the name for further commentary.

      As documented in the Letter of Intent, _Lucia_ is a 14th century
      Venetian name, _Gemma_ is a 15th century Florentine name, and
      _di Ursino_ is a patronym derived from a 16th century given
      name. Commenters were able to document _Lucia_ as a 15th century
      Venetian name in Maridonna Benvenuti's article _15th Century
      Names from the Veneto Region_
      (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/drafts/veneto.html), but
      the other elements could not be found in the desired place and
      time. Therefore, this name does not meet the submitter's request
      for a 15th century Venetian name, but it is registerable.

  Luther Magnus von Danzig. Device. Quarterly argent and vert, in bend
  two eagles gules.

  Madrone, Barony of. Acceptance of transfer of Heraldic title Red
  Tree Pursuivant from An Tir, Kingdom of.

  Morgan Moffat. Name change from Sarra de Glen.

      The submitter's previous name, _Sarra de Glen_, is retained as
      an alternate name.

  Rothais Malle Sigar. Device. Per fess embattled argent and Or, a
  raven migrant sable and three roses gules.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a bird in
      the migrant posture.

      Please advise the submitter to draw more internal details on the
      bird.

  Rothais Malle Sigar. Badge. Or, in pale a rose gules and a raven
  migrant sable.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a bird in
      the migrant posture.

      Please advise the submitter to draw more internal details on the
      bird.

  Ruadr{i'} mac Muredig. Name and device. Vert, a wyvern erect argent
  and a tierce argent scaly sable.

      The submitter requested authenticity for a 13th century Scottish
      Gaelic name. The given name and father's name are documented to
      12th century Scotland, and similar Irish forms are found through
      the rest of our period, so this name likely meets the
      submitter's request, but we do not know for sure.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of any other
      charge with a tierce.

  Seagirt, Barony of. Acceptance of transfer of Heraldic title
  Coquille Pursuivant from An Tir, Kingdom of.

  Summits, Principality of the. Order name Order of Stouts Heart and
  badge. Azure, on a demi-sun issuant from base argent a chalice
  azure.

      Please advise the submitter to draw the chalice larger to
      improve its identifiability.

  Torn of Froghaven. Badge. Per chevron purpure and Or, a frog vert
  maintaining an arrow bendwise inverted argent.

  Ulf Wanderer. Badge. Quarterly Or and argent, a wolf couchant
  regardant gules, a bordure sable.

  Ulf Wanderer and Duvessa of Movilla. Joint household name Great
  Wolfstone House.

  Violante da Rosa de Braga. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      Just as in Spanish, two locative bynames are occasionally found
      in late period Portuguese.

      Nice 16th century Portuguese name!

  Volchko Kuznets Volkov. Badge. (Fieldless) Four serpents entwined in
  cross heads addorsed in chief and base argent.

      This motif can be found in the arms of Cerminosa in 16th century
      Italian armory.

  Zarah Loba. Name and device. Argent, issuant from a fess Or
  fimbriated a demi-horse contourny, on the fess three pawprints
  fesswise reversed sable.

      _Zarah_ is the submitter's legal given name.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of pawprints.

======================================================================

**** ANSTEORRA acceptances ****

  Aelia Zaridina Maliasene. Name change from Kathleen MacLaughlen.

      _Aelia_ originated as a Romen _nomen_, and its usage by Roman
      and Byzantine empresses from the 5th century appears to be as a
      title rather than a given name. _Catalogue of Late Roman Coins
      in the Dumbarton Oaks Collection and in the Whittemore
      Collection_ by Philip Grierson and Melinda Mays states, "_Aelia_
      was initially not a title but the personal name of Theodosius
      I's first wife, Empress Aelia Flaccilla. Later empresses are not
      so called in inscriptions and literary references, and its use
      for them on coins resulted from the mint officials in the East
      taking Flaccilla's coins as their model"
      (https://books.google.com/books?id=sdCjnwoQLR0C&pg=PA77).

      Therefore, we have possible evidence of _Aelia_ as a given name
      in the 4th century, but the later instances cited in the
      documentation were titles. As a result, there is a temporal gap
      of over 500 years between _Aelia_ and the 13th century
      _Zaridina_ and _Maliasene_. However, we have a pattern of
      Italian given names derived from Roman _nomina_: _Cecilia_,
      _Cornelia_, _Julia_, _Livia_, and _Emilia_, for example, are all
      found in Juliana de Luna's "Names from Sixteenth Century Venice"
      (https://www.s-gabriel.org/names/juliana/16thcvenice.html). It
      is clear from the context that _Aelia_ is a given name and not a
      title, so we are able to register this name.

      This name combines an Italian given name with two Byzantine
      Greek bynames. This is an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix
      C of SENA.

      The submitter's previous name, _Kathleen MacLaughlen_, is
      retained as an alternate name.

  Alexandre Crane. Device. Azure, a fess chequy sable and Or between
  two roses argent and a fleur-de-lys Or.

  Anastasiia Dmitrieva Sokolova. Device. Quarterly argent and sable,
  in bend two falcons displayed vert.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a bird other
      than an eagle in the displayed posture.

  Balthasar Krieger. Name.

      Nice 16th century German name!

  Biatrichi Canzoniere. Badge. (Fieldless) An olive bendwise sinister
  vert, slipped and leaved proper.

  Cian ap Reys. Name.

      The submitter requested authenticity for a 12th-14th century
      Welsh name. This name combines an Irish Gaelic given name and a
      Welsh byname. This an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C of
      SENA, but the combination means that this name does not meet the
      submitter's request for an authentic Welsh name.

  Colin Campbell of Ord. Name and device. Or chauss{e'}, a lion sable
  and in base a thistle proper.

  D'vorah bat Ruven of Glasgow. Name and device. Azure, a bee Or
  marked sable, on a chief Or two pairs of scissors azure.

      Submitted as "D'_V_orah bat Ruven of Glasgow", a standard
      transliteration of the given name is "D'_v_orah". We have
      changed the capitalization to this form to register this name.

      The locative byname was not documented in the Letter of Intent.
      _Glasgow_ is the lingua Anglica form of _Glasglu_, found in the
      Records of the Parliament of Scotland, dated to 1290
      (http://www.rps.ac.uk/mss/1290/3/1).

      Appendix C of SENA states that, "Jewish names documented from
      location X are registerable with (1) other names documented from
      the languages for that language group and (2) with other Jewish
      names documented from other parts of Europe." As Scots is part
      of the English/Welsh regional naming group, the combination of a
      Hebrew given name and patronym, and a Scots byname is an
      acceptable lingual mix. The submitter may wish to know that the
      combination is very unlikely in our period because we do not
      have sufficient evidence to show that Jews were found in
      Scotland between the 13th century, when Jews were expelled from
      England, and the latter half of the 17th century. However, we
      can register this as the name of a Jewish woman in England
      combined with a 13th century Scots byname.

  Eden de Vere. Name change from Gabriel de Glastonbury and device
  change. Per pale azure and argent, in chevron two swallows volant
  counterchanged, on a chief gules a demi-sun issuant from the lower
  edge Or.

      The submitter requested authenticity for a late 16th century
      English name. _Eden_ can be dated to 1598 in the FamilySearch
      Historical Records, and _de Vere_ is found in the same year in
      the "Brass Enscription Index" by Julian Goodwyn
      (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/brasses/lastnameAH.html), and in
      1605 in Bardsley, s.n. Vere. Therefore, this name meets the
      submitter's request.

      The submitter's previous name, _Gabriel de Glastonbury_, is
      released.

      The submitter's old device, "Gules, semy-de-lys Or, in fess an
      ostrich plume and an ostrich plume inverted argent", is
      released.

  Eirikr Bjarnylr Marteinsson. Name.

  Eleanor Cleavely. Alternate name Cecilia of Kent.

      The submitter requested authenticity for a 12th century English
      name. _Cecilia_ is dated from 1154 on in Talan Gwynek's
      "Feminine Given Names in _A Dictionary of English Surnames_"
      (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/reaneyintro.html). _Kent_ is
      dated to c. 1175 in Ekwall, and Reaney & Wilson have _Nicholas
      de Kent_, dated 1185. The use of _of_ instead of _de_ is not as
      common in the 12th century, but is occasionally found at this
      time. Examples can be found in the Middle English Dictionary,
      such as _Iudeus of Noruuic bohton_ from around 1160. Therefore,
      this name is authentic for the second half of the 12th century,
      meeting the submitter's request.

  Else Schemmer von Snackenburg. Name change from Else Schemmer.

      _Else_ and _Schemmer_ are grandfathered to the submitter. Both
      elements are also found in the FamilySearch Historical Records,
      so the submitter need not rely on the grandfather clause.

      The submitter's previous name, _Else Schemmer_, is retained as
      an alternate name.

  Gotfrid der Weiss. Name.

      Submitted as "Gotfrid _der_ Weiss", the definite article _der_
      ("the") was dropped in kingdom to match the documentation that
      could be found.

      Descriptive and occupational bynames in German can be marked
      with _der_ or unmarked, although the latter is more common
      (Appendix A of SENA). Examples cited by Skraeling Althing in
      commentary include _der Rote_ ("the red/red-haired"), _der
      Lange_ ("the long/tall"), and _der Guot_ ("the good"), all found
      in "Some Early Middle High German Bynames" by Brian M. Scott
      (https://www.s-gabriel.org/names/talan/Early_German_Bynames.html),
      dated to the 13th century. In addition, Hund noted that Bahlow
      mentions a Middle High German form of the submitted byname, _der
      Weise_, that was not specifically dated (Middle High German was
      used roughly from the 11th to 14th centuries). Therefore, we can
      restore this name to the submitted form.

  Grainne inghean ui Mordha. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      Submitted as "Gr_a_inne inghean u_i_ _Mo_rdha", accents were
      apparently added, and the byname was lenited in kingdom:
      "Gr_{a'}_inne inghean u_{i'}_ M_h{o'}_rdha". As accents can be
      dropped in Gaelic if they are dropped consistently throughout
      the entire name, and lenition of this byname was inconsistent in
      our period, we have restored the name to the submitted form.

      Grainne passed away while her name and device were in
      submission. Since the name was submitted before her death, we
      are registering it according to longstanding Laurel policy.

  Gr{i'}m{o'}lfr Einarsson. Name.

  Gwenllian verch Madyn. Device. Gules, on a pile flory at the point
  Or a swan naiant contourny sable.

  Jaquelinne de la Riviere. Name change from Jaquelinne Marguerite de
  la Ryver and device change. Argent, three water bougets azure.

      The submitter requested authenticity for a 14th century French
      name. This name is authentic for France in 1292, so this name is
      likely authentic for the early 14th century as well.

      The submitter's previous name, _Jaquelinne Marguerite de la
      Ryver_, is released.

      Nice device!

      The submitter's old device, "Argent, three water bougets and in
      chief two bars wavy azure", is released.

  Jason Dryfesdale. Device. Or, a winged heart between three serpents
  erect tails nowed sable, a bordure vert.

  Johanna da Verona. Name.

      The given name was documented in the Letter of Intent as a
      French given name; however, it is also found in Italy. A
      Latinized instance of the given name is found in "Italian names
      from Imola, 1312: Feminine Names by Frequency" by Aryanhwy merch
      Catmael
      (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/italian/imolafemfreq.html).
      Therefore, this name is wholly Italian rather than
      French-Italian.

  Kassandra de Haas. Name and device. Argent, a dragon azure and on a
  chief sable a fleur-de-lys between two roses Or.

      Submitted as "Kassandra _d_e Haas", the name was changed in
      kingdom to "Kassandra _D_e Haas" to match the documentation that
      could be found. The source used to document the byname, the
      FamilySearch Historical Records, routinely capitalizes elements
      such as articles and prepositions. Therefore, we are able to
      restore the byname to the submitted capitalization.

      This name combines an English given name and Dutch byname. This
      is an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C of SENA.

      Blazoned on the Letter of Intent as double roses, we only blazon
      such roses as double roses if the two layers are of different
      tinctures. There is no difference between a rose and a double
      rose where the blossom is all one tincture and thus we have
      reblazoned these.

  Marita B{o/}e. Name.

      Submitted as "Marita B_{o:}_e", none of the examples of _B{o:}e_
      could be dated prior to 1650.

      The forms _B{oe}_ and _B{o/}e_ are found in Norway in the 14th
      and 16th-17th centuries, respectively, in _Diplomatarium
      Norvegicum_. The spelling _Boe_ is found in late 16th century
      Germany in the FamilySearch Historical Records. We have changed
      the spelling to _B{o/}e_ to use a wholly Scandinavian form. If
      the submitter prefers one of the other forms, she can submit a
      request for reconsideration.

  Michael Eryri. Name and device. Barry engrailed argent and azure, on
  a chevron gules a dragon passant argent.

      _Michael_ was documented in the Letter of Intent as an English
      given name. It is also found in Wales in 1626, found in the
      FamilySearch Historical Records. Therefore, this name is wholly
      Welsh instead of English-Welsh.

  Rolff Gruenwald. Name and device. Per fess per pale vert and sable
  and argent, two axes argent and a boar courant gules.

  Rosabela Fitzpatrick. Device. Azure, on a bend sinister between two
  candles argent lit Or three arming buckles palewise sable.

  Ryan Savage. Name.

  Saerlaith ingen Aeda. Name.

      Submitted as "Saerlaith ing_hean_ Aeda", the byname was changed
      in kingdom to "in_gen_ Aeda" because the submitted form combined
      the Early Modern Irish Gaelic _inghean_ with the Middle Irish
      _Aeda_ in the same name phrase. Although the submission form
      indicated that major changes such as a language change were not
      allowed, the submitter approved this change.

  Sainte du Bois. Device. Gules, an open book between three
  fleurs-de-lys, a bordure argent.

  Skj{o,}ldr Asbjarnarson of Gotland. Name.

      The submitter requested authenticity for an unspecified time and
      place. The forms used in the given name and patronym appear to
      date from after the Viking period and the locative is a lingua
      Anglica rendition of a form which appears in both Old Norse and
      later Scandinavian languages. Therefore, the name likely does
      not meet the submitter's request for authenticity.

  Skj{o,}ld{u'}lfr Hildibjarnarson. Name and device. Sable, a wolf
  sejant between three valknuts argent.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of valknuts.

  Steinarr Bjarnarson. Name and device. Per chevron argent and per
  pale vert and sable, two ravens addorsed sable and a deer's massacre
  argent.

      This name does not conflict with the registered name _Steinar
      Bjornsson_. A syllable has been added to the byname, so this
      name is clear under PN3C2 of SENA.

      This device does not conflict with the device of Einarr inn
      spaki, _Per chevron argent and vert, two ravens addorsed sable
      and a bear rampant argent_, or the device of Magn{u'}s
      {TH}orgrimsson, _Per chevron argent and sable, two ravens
      addorsed and a valknut counterchanged_. In both cases, there is
      a DC for changing the bottommost of three charges in two and one
      configuration and, per SENA A5G1d, another DC for changing the
      number of partitions of the field from two to three.

  Stephen Paul Blakeley. Name.

  Tostig Logiosophia. Heraldic title Starremon heraud.

      The submitter requested authenticity for a 14th century English
      heraldic title. This title meets this request.

  Vigd{i'}s Gr{a'}feldr. Badge. Or fretty, a bordure gules.

      Nice badge!

  William MacKay of Glasgow. Name and device. Per chevron azure and
  argent, three water bougets counterchanged.

      The spelling _MacKay_ was not documented in the Letter of
      Intent. The spelling _Mackay_ is found in the FamilySearch
      Historical Records, dated to 1643. Therefore, the submitted
      capitalization is also reasonable in our period.

      Please advise the submitter to draw the per chevron line of
      division higher or steeper.

  Y{u-}ki Tarou Harumasa. Name change from John Radclyff.

      The submitter's previous name, _John Radclyff_, is released.

  Yzabeau Brossier. Name.

      This name combines a French given name and an English byname.
      This is an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C of SENA.

======================================================================

**** ARTEMISIA acceptances ****

  Ana Maye. Name and device. Argent, a phoenix azure rising from
  flames, in chief an arrow fesswise reversed sable.

      Submitted as "Ana Maye _of Loch Salann_", the submitter
      preferred to drop the locative. _Maye_ was documented as an
      early 17th century given name in the Letter of Intent. Because
      literal matronyms and patronyms fell out of use prior to the
      17th century, this instance could not be used to justify _Maye_
      as an earlier byname. However, _Maye_ is found as a surname in
      Bardsley, s.n. Chitty, dated to 1587. Therefore, _Ana Maye_
      complies with PN2B, which requires the use of both a given name
      and byname. We have dropped the locative _of Loch Salann_ to
      register the submitter's preferred form.

      This name does not conflict with the registered name _Anna
      Meyer_. A syllable has been added, so this name is clear under
      PN3C2 of SENA.

  Deryck of Annesley. Name.

      The submitter requested authenticity for an unspecified place
      and time. This request was not summarized in the Letter of
      Intent. Luckily for the submitter, we had enough information to
      consider this request instead of pending the name for further
      commentary.

      _Derick_ is found as a given name, and the submitted spelling
      _Deryck_ is found as a surname in the FamilySearch Historical
      Records, dated to the late 16th century. _Annesley_ is dated to
      the 16th century in the same source in an inherited, unmarked
      form.

      The pattern _[given name] + [literal locative byname]_ is not
      usually found in England at this time because bynames at this
      time were inherited rather than literal. Although the given name
      and place name are found in the 16th century, this name as a
      whole is unlikely to be authentic due to the inclusion of the
      preposition _of_. An authentic 16th century form would be
      _Deryck Annesley_. We would change it to this form to meet the
      submitter's authenticity request, but he doesn't allow changes.
      Therefore, we have registered the name as submitted. If the
      submitter prefers the authentic form, he can submit a request
      for reconsideration.

  Jaquelinne de Radonvilers. Name and device. Per chevron inverted
  fleury-counterfleury azure and argent, a winged fleur-de-lys argent.

      Submitted as "Jaquelinne de Radonvi_lli_ers", no evidence for
      the spelling _Radonvilliers_ could be found prior to 1650. The
      Academy of Saint Gabriel report that suggested this "modern
      spelling" as a 16th century form did not actually document it to
      this time period, and the only instances provided were dated to
      the 11th and 12th centuries.

      "Radonvi_le_rs" is a 13th century form found in "Chartes
      Inedites des Cartulaires de Mol{'e}me" in _M{e'}moires de la
      Soci{e'}t{e'} d'agriculture, sciences et arts du d{e'}partement
      de l'Aube_
      (https://books.google.com/books?id=50rPBu2XKN0C&pg=PA338).
      Therefore, we have changed the spelling to the attested form to
      register this name, and note that both the given name and byname
      can be dated to the 13th century.

  Jaquelinne de Radonvilers. Badge. (Fieldless) A winged fleur-de-lys
  argent.

  Karl Braden von Sobernheim. Heraldic title Judenhut Herald.

      Submitted as "_Herald der_ Judenhut", the examples all follow
      the pattern of _[heraldic charge] + [title/designator]_.
      Therefore, we have changed the heraldic title to "Judenhut
      _Herald_".

      A different spelling for this charge, _Judenhat_, is found in
      Joannes Pistorius, _Marggrafen von Baden Jacobs catholischer
      Bekehrung summarische Erz{a:}lhung und Motive_
      (https://books.google.com/books?id=pXC9YfVjxQgC&pg=PA464),
      published in 1591. Both _juden_ and _hut_ are Middle High German
      forms (_Mittelhochdeutsches Handw{o:}rterbuch von Matthias
      Lexer_, http://woerterbuchnetz.de), so the submitted spelling is
      reasonable as well. We note that this charge is found in period
      heraldry, used by both Jews and non-Jews alike (see the _Pic
      Dic_).

      Commenters questioned if this heraldic title is offensive based
      on other German terms beginning with _Juden-_, and the fact that
      such hats were required to be worn by Jews in our period. As we
      register the underlying charge itself, albeit blazoned with the
      English term _Jew's hat_, it is not offensive, and we can
      register the German translation for this charge name.

  Phae Elena Ellwoode. Name and device. Per chevron throughout vert
  and argent, two pairs of torches in saltire Or and a red-haired
  mermaid proper.

      By precedent, we will not penalize colorists for using the
      Crayola pink marker when coloring light skin tones, but do
      encourage colorists to either use a lighter pink, or simply
      leave light skin as argent.

======================================================================

**** ATENVELDT acceptances ****

  Alexandra Starling of Ravenspurn. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      _Ravenspurn_ is a lingua Anglica form of the place name found as
      _Ravenser Spurne_, _Raven(e)ser(e)_, and other forms found in
      period in Watts. The 1597 edition of Shakespeare's _Richard II_
      uses the form _Rauen spurgh_
      (http://internetshakespeare.uvic.ca/Library/Texts/search.html?e=R2_Q1&w=s&w=sd&w=marg&q=rauen).
      If the submitter prefers one of the attested forms, she can
      submit a request for reconsideration.

  Callum of Skye. Name and device. Azure, on a bend between a sheaf of
  arrows inverted and a thistle Or, three fleurs-de-lys azure.

      The submitter requested authenticity for a 12th to 16th century
      Scottish name. The given name _Callum_ was documented as a Scots
      name from 1643, and was also documented in commentary to the
      late 16th century. The place name _Skye_ was also found in a map
      from 1573. Although both elements are found in the 16th century,
      bynames tended to be inherited at this time rather than literal.
      Therefore, this name as a whole is not as likely in the 16th
      century as a form such as _Callum Skye_ or something like
      _Callum [surname] of Skye_, but it may be authentic.

  Hunter de Grae. Name.

      Submitted as "Hunter d_u_ Grae", the correct preposition is _de_
      ("of") rather than the French contraction _du_ ("of the"):

           Submitted as "Sutton du Grae", the correct preposition
           is _de_ rather than the French _du_ (a contraction of
           _de_ and _le_). We have made this change.

           Ogress found _de Grae_ as a Gaelic header form in
           Woulfe, with the late period Anglicized Irish forms
           _de Gray_ and _de Graye_. Therefore, we are able to
           register _de Grae_ as a Gaelic form. The Letter of
           Intent also included _Grae_ as an unmarked English
           surname and _de Gray_ in Scots.

           This name combines an English given name and Gaelic
           byname. This is an acceptable lingual mix under
           Appendix C of SENA. [Sutton de Grae, August 2015,
           A-Atenveldt]

      Just as in the prior name, we have changed the preposition to
      the correct form, and the English-Gaelic lingual mix is
      acceptable under Appendix C of SENA.

      _Hunter_ is the submitter's legal middle name, but is also a
      16th century English surname that is registerable as a given
      name. Therefore, the submitter need not rely on the legal name
      allowance.

      We note that the Letter of Intent stated that the byname _du
      Grae_ is grandfathered to the submitter because it is the byname
      of his legal father, Ivan du Grae. However, the father's name is
      registered as Ivan of Navarette, so _du Grae_ is not eligible
      for the grandfather clause.

  `Izza al-Zarqa'. Device change. Purpure, two horses combattant and
  on a chief argent three lotus blossoms in profile purpure.

      Please advise the submitter to draw the lotus flowers more
      vertically centered on the chief so that they do not look as if
      they were issuant from the line of division.

      The submitter's old device, "Purpure, two horses combattant and
      a chief Or", is retained as a badge.

  Jacket Tyllyng. Device. Per fess azure and vert, on a fess between
  three lions argent a sinister fist azure.

  William MacIver. Name and device. Per saltire gules and argent, in
  fess two wyverns erect respectant sable.

      The submitted form of the byname, _MacIver_, was not clearly
      documented before 1650 in non-normalized sources. Past
      registration is no guarantee of current registerability.

      However, Black s.n. Ivar dates _Iver_ as a given name spelling
      to the first half of the 16th century. Period forms of the
      submitted byname in this source include _M'Euir_, _Makevire_,
      and _McEvir_. In additon, Ogress found the name _Iver M'Ever_ in
      _Account of the Clan-Iver_ by Peter Colin Campbell, dated to
      1635 (p.98, https://books.google.com/books?id=rSYAAAAAQAAJ).
      This example may have been normalized, but given the range of
      period examples, we can give the submitter the benefit of the
      doubt that the submitted form of the byname is reasonable.

======================================================================

**** ATLANTIA acceptances ****

  Alis Ruadh. Name.

      The submitter requested authenticity for an Irish name. This
      name is authentic for Irish Gaelic in the latter half of the
      13th century.

  Arwen Silvana. Name and device. Azure, a wolf statant erect
  contourny maintaining a spiked mace, an orle argent.

      _Arwen_ is the submitter's legal given name. It is also an
      attested late period English byname, which can be used as a
      given name. However, the combination of an English given name
      and Spanish byname is not an acceptable lingual mix under
      Appendix C of SENA, so the submitter must rely on the legal name
      allowance.

  Bright Hills, Barony of. Badge change for Award of the Bow and
  Crescent. (Fieldless) On a decrescent sable a bow reversed Or.

      The barony's old badge, "(Fieldless) On a decrescent sable a bow
      Or", is released.

  Caterina di Paulo. Name.

      Submitted as "Caterina di P_ao_lo", the name was changed in
      kingdom to the submitter's preferred form of "Caterina di
      P_au_lo". The submitter confirmed the desired spelling, which we
      are happy to register.

      Nice 15th or 16th century central Italian name!

  Clara von Wonsiedel. Badge. Sable, on a rabbit courant Or a needle
  fesswise gules.

  Dav{i'}{dh} Smi{dh}sson. Name and device. Per bend vert and Or, a
  wolf courant argent and a raven regardant sable.

  {E'}adaoin an Fheadha inghean U{i'} Sh{e'}ghdha. Badge. (Fieldless)
  A fleur-de-lys Or winged azure.

  Ena inghean Diarmata. Name.

      Submitted as "Ena ing_en_ Diarma_it_", the name was changed in
      kingdom to "Ena ing_hean_ Diarma_ta_" to use the post-1200
      patronymic particle and to correct the genitive (possessive)
      form of the father's name. The submitter confirmed that she
      prefers the form on the Letter of Intent, so we are happy to
      register the corrected form.

      This name combines an English given name and a Gaelic byname.
      This is an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C of SENA.

  Freyd{i'}s sj{o'}na. Name.

      Submitted as "Freyd_{i'}_s sj_{o'}_na", the name was changed in
      kingdom to "Freyd_i_s sj_o_na". As Old Norse names are
      registerable both with and without accents as long as they are
      consistent through the whole name, we have restored the accent
      in the given name.

  George Flyk. Name.

      The source for _Flyk_ cited in the Letter of Intent ("An essay
      towards a topographical history of the county of Norfolk, Volume
      5" By Francis Blomefield
      https://books.google.com/books?id=1lsMAQAAMAAJ) may have used
      normalized spellings. A second source, _The Calendar Patent
      Rolls of Edward I, 1281 to 1292 AD_
      (http://sdrc.lib.uiowa.edu/patentrolls/e1v2/body/Edward1vol2page0043.pdf)
      appears to have the spelling _Flyk'_, where the apostrophe
      represents a scribal abbreviation; thus, the expanded spelling
      is likely _Flyke_. However, the submitted spelling is reasonable
      in 16th century England based on examples such as _Dyk_, _Dyck_,
      and another form of the submitted name, _Flycke_, all found in
      the FamilySearch Historical Records.

  Jared the Bear. Name change from Jared the Potter.

      _Jared_ is grandfathered to the submitter. This given name was
      also found in 16th century England in the FamilySearch
      Historical Records, so the submitter need not rely on the
      grandfather clause.

      The byname _the Bear_ is a lingua Anglica form of the attested
      _le Bere_, found in Reaney & Wilson, s.n. Bear.

      The submitter's previous name, _Jared the Potter_, is retained
      as an alternate name.

  Jehannette de Paris. Name.

      Nice 15th century French name!

  Justinian of Dun Carraig. Device. Gules, an eagle face to sinister
  Or sustaining a hammer fesswise reversed argent, a base rayonny Or
  and a bordure argent.

  Ljotr Sveinsson. Name.

  Marco Antonio di Luciano Fortini. Name and device. Vert, in bend
  sinister an increscent and a wolf sejant ululant contourny argent.

      All elements and the construction of the patronym are dated to
      1427. Nice 15th century Florentine name!

      The submitter may wish to know that the compound name
      _Marcantonio_ appears in Juliana de Luna's "Names from 15th and
      16th Century Pisa" (2014 KWHSS Proceedings). If the submitter
      prefers this given name, he can submit a request for
      reconsideration.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of the ululant
      posture.

  Peter Stumpf. Name.

      This exact name is found in a German christening record from
      1598 in the FamilySearch Historical Records, making this an
      excellent late 16th century German name!

  Qulan Chaghan. Name and device. Purpure, a horse courant argent, in
  base a flame Or.

      After the Pelican decision meeting, Noir Licorne noted that
      Mongolian names typically use the pattern _[noun] + [modifier]_,
      but some manuscripts reverse this order according to Marta as tu
      Mika-Mysliwy's article "Mongolian Naming Practices"
      (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/mongolian_names_marta.html).
      Therefore, it is possible that _Qulan Chaghan_ and _Chaghan
      Qulan_ could be used interchangeably to describe the same
      person. As _Khulan_ is an alternate transliteration for _Qulan_,
      this name is potentially identical to the alternate name _Chagan
      Khulan_, registered to _Ekaterina Vladimirovna_.

      Under SENA, only sound and appearance are considered for
      identity conflict. PN3C of SENA states:

           To be clear of identity conflict, two names must be
           substantially different in both sound and appearance.
           Because conflict is a modern concept, we consider
           matters such as meaning, language, etymological
           origin, etc. to be irrelevant for conflict. Only sound
           and appearance are considered for difference. Thus,
           the Latinized form of a name may be clear of conflict
           with the vernacular form. While we do not go out of
           our way to consider variant pronunciations, we do
           consider important period and modern pronunciations of
           name elements.

           To be substantially different, a pair of names must be
           different in sound and appearance under the standards
           laid out below. Names may be different in sound under
           one standard and appearance under another standard.
           Names are compared as complete items, so that _Lisa
           Betta Gonzaga_ conflicts with _Lisabetta Gonzaga_,
           although the elements are different.

      Although we consider variant forms of names for protected
      real-world individuals, such that they are protected under every
      name by which they were known, we do not do so for Society names
      that we register. Therefore, we are only comparing _Qulan
      Chaghan_ to _Chagan Khulan_; we cannot change the name to a
      hypothetical form before considering them. As every syllable has
      been changed, this name is clear of conflict.

  Raven's Cove, Barony of. Order name Award of the Golden Heart of
  Raven's Cove.

  R{o'}n{a'}n mac {I'}mair. Device. Gules, a sea-lion and on a chief
  enarched Or an arrow reversed sable.

  Una Gyl{dh}ir. Name.

      Submitted as "Una Gyl_{dh}_ir", the byname was inadvertently
      changed in kingdom to "Gyl_d_ir". We have restored the name to
      the submitted form in order to register this name.

  Vemundr Vighjalmsson. Name change from Vermundr Vighjalmsson.

      The submitter's previous name, _Vermundr Vighjalmsson_, is
      released.

  Wrad of Ce. Name and device. Vert, a fess argent masoned azure,
  overall a griffin maintaining a spear bendwise Or.

      The byname _Ce_ is a lingua Anglica form of the name of a
      Pictish kingdom.

======================================================================

**** AVACAL acceptances ****

  Jajiradai Batu. Name and device. Argent, three pellets each charged
  with a triskelion of spirals argent.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of the
      triskelion of spirals.

  Myrgan Wood, Barony of. Order name Order of Blood of the Wood (see
  RETURNS for badge).

      Although this order name was submitted as "Order of _the_ Blood
      of the Wood", and the submission form stated that no changes
      were allowed, a petition was included in the packet that
      authorized the form in the Letter of Intent, "Order of Blood of
      the Wood". Therefore, we consider the barony to have approved
      the change from the submitted form.

      In December 2015, we ruled the following:

           Submitted as "_Order_ of the Noble Touch", the Letter
           of Intent documented this order name using the pattern
           of naming an order after a founder or saint, and
           documented _Noble Touch_ as a late period English
           name. However, no evidence was presented to show that
           orders were named after the full names of such
           individuals, rather than just a given name (or _Saint
           [given name]_), or that such an order would include a
           definite article before the name. Without such
           documentation, this name cannot be registered as an
           order name. [Wintermist, Barony of, Company of Noble
           Touch, December 2015, A-Caid]

      For the present submission, _Blood of the Wood_ follows the
      pattern of _[constructed saint's name] of [place name]_. The
      toponym _of the Wood_ is a plausible lingua Anglica form of the
      Middle English _de la Wode_. Examples of orders named after
      saints from a specific place are found in Juliana de Luna's
      article "Medieval Secular Order Names"
      (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/order/new/). Examples include
      _Les Chevaliers de Nostre Dame de la Noble Maison_ ("the knights
      of Our Lady of the Noble House"), _Saint George of Rougemont_,
      and _Our Lady of Gelders_. As this pattern is attested, we can
      register the present submission. A discussion of allowable
      byname patterns in orders named after saints is found in the
      Cover Letter.

  Myrgan Wood, Barony of. Order name Order of the Elm Leaf of Myrgan
  Wood and badge. Argent, an elm tree eradicated proper leaved gules,
  on a chief vert a leaf fesswise reversed argent.

  Myrgan Wood, Barony of. Order name Order of the Gold Leaf of Myrgan
  Wood and badge. Argent, an elm tree eradicated proper leaved gules,
  on a chief vert a leaf fesswise reversed Or.

      Although this order name was submitted as "Order of the _Gilded_
      Leaf of Myrgan Wood", and the submission form stated that no
      changes were allowed, a petition was included in the packet that
      authorized the form in the Letter of Intent, "Order of the
      _Gold_ Leaf of Myrgan Wood". Therefore, we consider the barony
      to have approved the change from the submitted form.

  Myrgan Wood, Barony of. Order name Order of the Silver Crocus of
  Myrgan Wood and badge. Argent, an elm tree eradicated proper leaved
  gules, on a chief vert a crocus in profile argent.

  Myrgan Wood, Barony of. Order name Order of the Silver Hawk of
  Myrgan Wood and badge. Argent, an elm tree eradicated proper leaved
  gules, on a chief vert a hawk volant bendwise argent.

      Please advise the submitter to add some internal details on the
      bird.

======================================================================

**** CAID acceptances ****

  Cecilia Medici. Alternate name Cecil Smiter Swayne.

  Eduard Schade der Altere. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      This name combines a Dutch given name and byname with a German
      byname. This is an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C of
      SENA.

  Helgi hrafnf{ae}{dh}ir. Badge. (Fieldless) Two ravens rising
  respectant sable maintaining between them two spears in saltire
  hafted of wood proper headed argent.

  Jarijch van Den Helder. Name.

      Submitted as "J_irrik (Dirick)_ van Den Helder", the submitter
      requested authenticity for "Dutch or Scandinavian culture late
      16th century". The name was changed in kingdom to "J_arijch_ van
      Den Helder" to try to meet this request, which had not been
      summarized in the Letter of Intent. This name was pended to
      allow commenters to consider the authenticity request.

      The byname was only documented to Holland for the early 17th
      century. Therefore, the name may be authentic for the late 16th
      century, but we do not know for sure.

      This name was pended from the April 2016 Letter of Acceptances
      and Returns.

  Morgant Fagan. Device change. Sable, three talbot's heads couped and
  on a chief Or three grenades sable flammant gules.

      The submitter's old device, "Vert, a fess embattled Or between
      three decrescents argent and a talbot's head couped contourny
      Or", is released.

  S{i'}thmaith ingen Shtemni. Name and device. Argent, in fess three
  billets checky gules and Or, a base rayonny sable.

      Submitted as "Sithmaith ing_hean_ _S_temni", the byname combines
      the Early Modern Irish _inghean_ with the Middle Irish _Stemni_
      in the same name phrase, a violation of PN1B1 of SENA.
      Therefore, we have changed the particle to the Middle Irish
      "ing_en_". We have also lenited the byname: "ingen _Sh_temni".

  Sonya Black Rune. Device. Or goutty de sang, a pomegranate gules
  slipped and leaved vert.

  Stiamna mac Alusdair. Name.

      The submitter requested authenticity for "12th century Irish".
      This request was not summarized in the Letter of Intent. Luckily
      for the submitter, we had enough information to consider this
      request instead of pending this name for further commentary.

      _Stiamna_ is a 14th century Irish form of _Stephen_ that arrived
      with the Normans. All forms of _Alexander_ such as _Alusdar_ are
      dated after 1200, and the submitted form is dated to the late
      16th century in the Letter of Intent. Therefore, this name does
      not meet the submitter's request for a 12th century name, but it
      is registerable.

      The submitter may wish to know that an authentic 16th century
      form of this name is _Stiamhna mac Alusdair_. If he prefers this
      form, he can submit a request for reconsideration.

  {TH}{y'}ri Gr{i'}msd{o'}ttir. Name and device. Per pale sable and
  azure, three chevronels braced and in chief an arrow fesswise
  argent.

      This name is clear of the registered name _Thora Grimsdottir_.
      Both vowels in the given name have been changed, so this name is
      clear under PN3C1 of SENA.

======================================================================

**** CALONTIR acceptances ****

  {AE}{th}elwyn {ae}t Grenawice. Name.

      Submitted as "{AE}{th}elw_ynne_ {ae}t Grena_wic_", the given
      name _{AE}{th}elwynne_ is an inflected form, not the nominative
      (base) form required for a given name. Therefore, we have
      changed it to "{AE}{th}elw_yn_".

      The place name _Grenawic_ is required by Old English grammar to
      be in the dative case. Therefore, we have changed it to
      "Grenawic_e_" to register this name.

  Aldred Ketcham. Badge. (Fieldless) Issuant from a tower vert, in
  chief a demi-sword inverted argent.

  Alienor Walcott. Device. Argent fretty azure, a linden leaf and on a
  chief vert an arrow argent.

      Please advise the submitter to draw the arrow with a thicker
      shaft.

  Angelus Vulpis. Name and device. Sable, a winged fox sejant affronty
  and on a chief argent a rose azure between two roses gules.

      Nice name from 13th century Pisa!

  Asgeirr Hrafnhauss. Name and device. Argent, a sinister clenched
  gauntlet bendwise aversant sustaining a double-bitted axe bendwise
  sinister azure, on a chief sable a skull argent.

  Hildibrandr Tj{u'}guskegg. Name and device. Per pale vert and sable,
  two dragons addorsed, a chief Or.

  Holta-Fj{o,}rleif. Name.

  Hugo Smith. Name and device. Sable, a sea-stag argent attired,
  collared and chained, maintaining a mallet Or.

      This exact name is found in English parish records from 1588 in
      the FamilySearch Historical Records, making this an excellent
      16th century English name!

  Justinian of Tanet. Name.

      _Justinian_ is the name of a 6th century Welsh saint.

  Lucrezia Contarini. Device. Per pale argent and sable, two dogs
  sejant erect respectant forepaws conjoined counterchanged, on a
  chief azure three leaves bendwise sinister inverted Or.

  Morgan Stone. Name and device. Sable, a chevron purpure fimbriated
  surmounted by a griffin, in dexter chief a cinquefoil argent.

      _Morgan_ was documented as a Welsh name in the Letter of Intent.
      It is also a late period English given name dated to 1576 and
      1597 in the FamilySearch Historical Records. Therefore, this
      name can be considered wholly English.

      Nice 16th century English or Anglo-Welsh name!

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a charge
      overall with a fimbriated ordinary.

  Morwenna de Merbotyl. Name.

      _Morwenna_ is the name of a Cornish saint, venerated through
      much of our period.

  Thaddeus Ellenbach. Device. Lozengy azure and argent, a lion
  contourny maintaining a sword Or, a bordure sable.

======================================================================

**** DRACHENWALD acceptances ****

  Cecily Arderne. Name.

      _Cecily_ is found within four years of the byname in the
      FamilySearch Historical Records.

      Nice late 16th century name!

  Ylghia Urw{a:}der. Name and device. Vert, three bendlets Or.

      Submitted as "Yl_ffwa_ Uhrw_a_der", the name was changed in
      kingdom to "Yl_gh_ Urw_{a:}_der" with the submitter's permission
      because _Ylffwa_ could not be documented as a given name and to
      add the diacritical mark in the byname found in the
      documentation.

      The given name _Ylgha_ was documented in the Letter of Intent as
      the nominative form of the genitive _Ylghiwsun_. However, the
      correct nominative form is "Ylgh_ia_". We have changed the given
      name to this form to register this name.

      The submitter has permission to conflict with the device of
      Walraven van Nijmegen: _Bendy Or and gules_.

======================================================================

**** EALDORMERE acceptances ****

  Anne Cooke. Name and device. Per pale sable and Or, a sieve
  counterchanged.

      The submitter requested authenticity for "English 1400-1600".

      This exact name is found in English parish records from 1578 in
      the FamilySearch Historical Records, so this name meets this
      request.

      This is the defining instance of a sieve in Society armory. A
      sieve is a shallow round frame with a perforated bottom. It was
      used by millers to separate chaff, sand, insect bodies, etc.,
      from the flour. The sieve is found in the canting arms (Italian
      "crivello") of di Crivelis, mid-15th Century (Stemmario
      Trivulziano, plate 91), and again in the arms of Chrinelli,
      c.1550 (BSB Cod.Icon 272, image 211).

      As documented, a sieve is depicted in trian aspect.

  Berengar le Veillier. Device. Per fess embattled gules and azure, a
  human eye argent irised brown proper and a foi proper cuffed sable.

  Eithne ingen U{i'} Ragnaill. Name.

      The submitter requested the correct pronunciation of her name.
      Depending on the dialect and the era, _Eithne_ would be
      pronounced something like "AY-nyeh" or "ETH-nyuh".

  Emer inghean U{i'} Aed{a'}in. Badge. (Fieldless) Three foxes courant
  in annulo conjoined at the feet proper.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of charges in
      annulo not in their default palewise orientation.

  Fearghus Mackenna of Bryniau Tywynnog. Name (see RETURNS for
  device).

      Submitted as "Feargh_a_s Mackenna of Bryniau Tywy_nogg_",
      evidence of the spelling _Fearghas_ could not be found prior to
      1650. Therefore, we have changed the given name to "Feargh_u_s".

      In addition, we have corrected the spelling of the registered
      SCA branch name "Bryniau Tywy_nnog_".

  Fraye Blackwood. Name and device. Argent, a willow tree eradicated
  proper and on a chief azure two pegasi passant respectant argent.

  Griffin Werefelde. Name and device. Vert, a dragon sejant between
  three ivy leaves Or.

      The place name _Werefelde_ was documented in the Letter of
      Intent from http://www.surnamedb.com. This site is not
      acceptable as the sole documentation for a name element.

      The spelling _Werefeld_ is found in _Inquisitions Post Mortem,
      Henry VII_ in 1477
      (http://www.british-history.ac.uk/inquis-post-mortem/series2-vol2/pp545-574).
      Both _-feld_ and _-felde_ are found in place names at this time,
      and both are used in this source, so we are able to register
      this name as submitted.

  Ines de Freitas. Name and device. Argent, on a pale azure three
  millrinds argent.

      The submitter requested authenticity for "15th-16th century
      Portugal". This name is authentic for 16th century Portugal.

      Nice device!

  Liona Piero. Name.

      Nice 16th century Venetian name!

  Marrin von Waldburg and {O'}rlaith inghean u{i'} Sheanach{a'}in.
  Joint badge. Purpure, in saltire two besoms inverted argent.

  Nessa von Waldburg. Name.

      The place name _Waldburg_ was documented in the Letter of Intent
      from the Catholic Encyclopedia. This source normalizes names, so
      is not acceptable as the sole documentation for the spelling of
      name elements.

      The inherited surname _Waldburg_ is dated to 1599 in the
      FamilySearch Historical Records. Therefore, this spelling can be
      registered in a marked locative byname for this time.

  Rayner Blackwood. Name and device. Sable, a monkey passant
  maintaining a hammer, on a base argent an anvil sable.

  Richard Idenden. Name.

  Sabina of Aberdeen. Name.

  Saphira of Winchester. Name.

      The place name _Winchester_ was documented in the Letter of
      Intent as being found in Mills, but no further information was
      provided. In addition to being the modern, lingua Anglica form
      of the place name, _Winchester_ is also found in the Middle
      English Dictionary, dated to c.1330.

  Wulfwynn of Blackwood. Name.

      Submitted as "Wulfwy_nne_ of Blackwood", the given name is an
      inflected form, not the nominative (base) form required. We have
      changed the spelling to "Wulfwy_nn_", as it is the closest to
      what was submitted. We note that "Wulfwy_n_" is also
      registerable.

      This name does not conflict with the registered name _Wulfric of
      Blackwood_. The change in the final syllable of the given name
      (_-wynn_ versus _-ric_) is substantial under PN3C2 of SENA.

      _Blackwood_ is the registered name of an SCA branch.

  Yamamoto Morikazu. Name and device. Argent, a pine tree issuant from
  a roundel in base, a bordure sable.

======================================================================

**** EAST acceptances ****

  Adelyne de Excestre. Name and device. Gules, on a bend Or three
  martlets gules.

      Nice device!

  {A'}ine bean u{i'} Chuinn. Name.

  Ayleth le Frye. Device. Vert, a phoenix Or rising from flames gules
  and in chief three triangles Or.

  Berrick Grayveson. Alternate name Jack Cross.

      The comic book character _Jack Cross_ is not important enough to
      protect.

      Nice 16th century English name!

  Bhakail, Barony of. Order name Order of the Horse of Bhakail and
  badge association. Argent a nag's head erased vert, bridled Or, on a
  latch argent, fimbriated sable, a salamander tergiant sable.

      Submitted as "Order of the Horse", this order name conflicts
      with the barony's own order name _Master of Horse_, which was
      referenced in the July 1974 Letter of Acceptances and Returns.
      The question was raised during the Pelican decision meeting
      whether _Master of Horse_ is actually registered, or whether it
      is a generic identifier. In 1974, registration was implied and
      there were no generic associations. A subsequent Letter of
      Acceptances and Returns clearly shows that this order name was
      considered to have been registered:

           [Fellowship of the Horse] Conflict with Master of the
           Horse, registered to the Barony of Bhakail (only the
           "invisible" designator is changed), as well as Sea
           Horse Pursuivant (with only the removal of the
           adjective) [Caitlin of Argyle, April 1991,
           R-Outlands].

      Therefore, we will continue to treat _Master of Horse_ as having
      been registered. Unfortunately for the present submission, we do
      not allow the registration of the two non-personal names of the
      same category (in this case, an order name) when the substantive
      elements are identical. However, the barony allowed the addition
      of _of Bhakail_. We have made this change to register this name.

  Cailin {O'} Cuinn. Name.

  Danr Mikjalsson. Name.

  Evalina von Schaidegg. Badge. (Fieldless) In pale a domestic cat
  couchant sable atop a mushroom gules.

  Isabel de Kerbriant. Name and device. Or, a heart gules and a chief
  indented vert.

      The byname is grandfathered to the submitter, the daughter of
      _Sabine de Kerbriant_.

      Nice device!

  Iseault of the Clews. Name change from Iseault Blaecstan.

      Submitted as "Iseault_e_ of the Clews", the grandfathered
      spelling of the given name is "Iseault". We have restored the
      given name to the grandfathered form with the submitter's
      permission.

      A _Clew_ is a heraldic charge, a ball of yarn. We occasionally
      see plural items in inn-sign names. Examples include _the
      Arrows_ (1638), _the Beades_ (1638), _les Heronseux_ (1553), and
      _lez Daggers_ (1573), all found in Juliana de Luna's article
      "Inn-Sign Names in Medieval and Renaissance England".

      The submitter's previous name, _Iseault Blaecstan_, is released.

  Judith bas Rabbi Mendel. Device change. Azure, a bearded bird's head
  couped argent wearing a Jewish hat Or.

      The submitter's old device, "Azure, a bend engrailed between a
      dove volant and a cat sejant guardant argent", is released.

  Kara Alfarsdottir. Name.

  Mari Clock van Hoorne. Device change. Per pale azure and gules, a
  coronet within an orle of dice Or.

      The submitter is a court baroness and thus entitled to the use
      of a coronet in her armory.

      The submitter's old device, "Per pale azure and gules, an orle
      of dice Or", is released.

  Monkey Makgee. Name.

  Morgiane de Provence. Reblazon of device. Azure, a four-legged
  tarasque statant gardant contourny argent.

      Registered in August of 1977 as "Azure, a tarask statant to
      sinister guardant gorged and leashed argent", we are redefining
      the default tarasque as a six-legged monster and the gorging is
      essentially invisible.

  Ommadan inigena Ru. Name change from Sunnifa in hialtlenzka
  T{o'}kad{o'}ttir.

      Submitted as a name change from _Ommadan an Luch_, the submitter
      had previously changed her primary name to _Aoife nic
      Ruair{i'}_. _Ommadan an Luch_ was retained as an alternate name
      (see this month's Errata Letter). The submitter subsequently
      changed her primary name to _Sunnifa in hialtlenzka
      T{o'}kad{o'}ttir_, and _Aoife nic Ruair{i'}_ was released at
      that time.

      _Ommadan_ is grandfathered to the submitter.

      The submitter's previous name, _Sunnifa in hialtlenzka
      T{o'}kad{o'}ttir_, is retained as an alternate name.

  Rau{dh}r Flokason. Name.

  Revena de Witte. Name change from Raven de Witte.

      The byname _de Witte_ is grandfathered to the submitter.

      The submitter's previous name, _Raven de Witte_, is retained as
      an alternate name.

  Rosanna Silverloc. Name and device. Azure, on a chevron between two
  threaded needles and a quill of yarn Or five roses gules.

  S{o'}lveig Bjarnard{o'}ttir. Name and device. Per bend azure and
  sable, in cross a musical note argent and a sword reversed Or.

      The submission form used both "S_{o'}_lveig" and "S_{o:}_lveig".
      We could not find period evidence of the form _S{o:}lveig_, so
      have registered the standard form _S{o'}lveig_.

  Sorcha inghean U{i'} N{e'}ill. Device. Azure, on a pale sable
  fimbriated between two sea-horses respectant a garb Or between two
  escallops argent.

  Svea the Shortsighted. Device change. Argent, three piles fesswise
  throughout issuant from sinister azure.

      Nice device!

      The submitter's old device, "Per bend gules and azure, a sun in
      splendour Or and in bend three swans naiant argent", is retained
      as a badge.

======================================================================

**** GLEANN ABHANN acceptances ****

  Ardanroe, Shire of. Augmentation of arms. Per chevron sable sem{e'}
  de lys argent and gules, in chief a castle Or, in base a
  fleur-de-lys argent within a laurel wreath Or, and for augmentation
  in chief a ram's head erased argent armed Or and collared gules.

      Under the current standards these augmented arms have multiple
      issues: the laurel wreath is too open, there are three types of
      primary charge and the per chevron line of division is too low.
      However, all of these issues are allowed to the submitter since
      they are present in the already registered base arms.

      The group requested to keep their old, unaugmented arms as
      Ancient Arms. This is not possible. Augmented arms are
      registered in addition to and as a variant of the unaugmented
      device. The augmented arms cannot be registered without the base
      arms so the latter remains registered when an augmentation is
      added. However, the augmentation does not count as an additional
      registration against any armory registration limit.

  Arianna Stefana Falconi. Name change from Arianna Stefana (see
  RETURNS for device).

      The submitter requested authenticity for a northern Italian
      name. This request was not summarized in the Letter of Intent.
      Luckily for the submitter, we had enough information to consider
      this request without pending the name for further commentary.

      _Arianna Stefana_ is grandfathered to the submitter.

      _Arianna_ is a literary name from a book published in northern
      Italy, but the use of a literary name is not authentic.
      _Stefana_ and _Falconi_ are found in central Italy. Therefore,
      this does not meet the submitter's request for a northern
      Italian name. However, the name is registerable.

      The submitter's previous name, _Arianna Stefana_, is retained as
      an alternate name.

  Bjorn MacGregor. Device. Vert, three lozenges argent each charged
  with a cross pomelly sable.

      Please advise the submitter to draw the crosses' arms longer to
      avoid any confusion with quatrefoils.

  Brendan Sionnach. Name and device. Argent, a pale wavy azure between
  two annulets vert.

      Submitted as "Brendan _mac_ Sionna_c_", the byname "Sionna_ch_"
      means "fox". It is not a personal name, so cannot be used in a
      patronym. Therefore, we have removed the patronymic particle
      _mac_ to register this name. In addition, we have corrected the
      spelling of the descriptive byname.

      This name combines an Anglicized Irish given name and a Gaelic
      byname. This is an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C of
      SENA.

  Elizabet Merkel d{u!} F{u!}chsin. Device. Per bend gules and sable,
  a bend argent between a fleur-de-lys Or and a fox sejant regardant
  argent.

  Elric inn rau{dh}i {u'}lfr. Device. Per chevron rayonny argent and
  sable, two valknuts gules and a tree blasted and eradicated argent.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of valknuts.

  Emma del Trees. Badge. Per bend sinister azure and sable, a bend
  sinister argent between three oak leaves and a tree blasted and
  eradicated argent.

  Erin of Caithness. Name (see RETURNS for device).

  Gabriel Bacon. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      Nice English name from the 12th century on!

  Leonora di Vitale da Napoli. Device change. Gules, a fox sejant
  erect between three roses argent.

      The submitter's old device, "Per pale argent and sable, two
      tygers rampant addorsed counterchanged, on a chief indented Or
      three roses proper", is released.

  Medb ingen D{a'}ire. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      Submitted as "Medb ingen D_{a'}_ire", the byname appeared in the
      Letter of Intent as "ingen D_a/_ire", we have corrected the
      byname to "ingen D_{a'}_ire".

      _Medb_ was documented in the Letter of Intent as a 10th-12th
      century given name, but may have been a legendary name. It is
      also found in the Annals of Loch C{e'} and the Annals of Ulster
      as the names of normal humans, dated to the 15th and 16th
      centuries. Therefore, we are able to register this name.

  Nathan the Wanderer. Name.

  Oren Holtzklau. Device. Per chevron throughout vert and sable, two
  bows with strings to center and a phoenix Or.

  Rivka bat David. Device. Argent, a peacock proper, in canton a Star
  of David, a gore azure.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a gore with
      other charges on the field.

  Sigmundr Agnarsson. Device. Per chevron inverted sable and gules, a
  chevron inverted and in chief a wolf's head cabossed argent.

======================================================================

**** LOCHAC acceptances ****

  Adelindis filia Gotefridi. Change of badge to device. Gules, a pile
  Or.

      The submitter's old badge, "Gules, a pile Or", is now her
      device. Her previous device, "Gules, a pile between two ounce's
      faces Or", is released.

  Drusticc inigena Eddarrnonn. Blanket permission to conflict with
  badge. Barry bendy Or and gules.

      The submitter grants permission to conflict to any armory that
      is not identical to her registered armory.

  Fiora Forte. Name and device. Vert, two serpents erect respectant
  and entwined, the dexter argent and the sinister Or.

      Both elements are found in the Condado in 1427, making this an
      excellent 15th century Florentine name!

  Gobin de La Roche. Name and device. Per fess indented pommetty Or
  and azure, a dunghill cock gules and a badger statant argent.

      _Gobin_ is found as a masculine French given name in Colm Dubh,
      "An Index to the Given Names in the 1292 Census of Paris"
      (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/paris.html). The byname _de la
      Roche_ is found in the same source. The submitted form _de La
      Roche_ is dated to the 16th century.

      If the submitter prefers the authentic 13th century form _Gobin
      de la Roche_, he may submit a request for reconsideration.

      Batonvert found an example of a per fess indented pommetty line
      of division in the arms of de Codicis, mid-15th C [Stemmario
      Trivulziano, plate 93]. The Italian blazon is given as Truncato
      cuneato pomato d'oro e di rosso, "_Per fess 'wedge-shaped'
      pometty Or and gules_".

  Gomez de Cr{e'}cy. Device. Sable, three sinister hands aversant
  inverted and in chief a rapier fesswise Or.

  Katerina Saunfayle. Device. Azure, in bend three escarbuncles of six
  arms argent.

  Mildryth Thomaswyf. Name.

      The submitter requested authenticity for "13-14C Yorkshire". The
      given name and the construction of the byname can all be found
      in 14th century England, but not Yorkshire in particular.
      Therefore, the name most likely meets the submitter's request,
      but we don't know for sure.

  Vincent Hazard. Name.

      This name was documented in the Letter of Intent as a 13th
      century French name. It is also an English name, with both
      elements found in the FamilySearch Historical Records, dated to
      the latter half of the 16th century.

      Nice 13th century French or 16th century English name!

======================================================================

**** MERIDIES acceptances ****

  Alessandro del Gallo. Name.

      Nice 15th century Italian name!

  Alrikr Timber-quaker. Name and device. Per saltire gules and sable,
  a drawknife and a bordure dovetailed argent.

      Submitted as "Alrikr Timber_-_quaker", the byname was changed in
      kingdom to "Timberquaker". Although _Timberquaker_ is
      registerable as a lingua Anglica form of the attested byname
      _Hvikatimbr_, the submitted form _Timber-quaker_ is equally
      reasonable and is the translation provided by Geirr Bassi.
      Therefore, we are able to restore this name to the submitted
      form.

      Please remind the submitter that the drawknife's blade shouldn't
      be drawn with a long slot cut into it. The heraldic artist
      appears to have confused an internal detail with a slot. Please
      refer to the depiction used in the badge.

  Alrikr Timber-quaker. Badge. Gules, a drawknife and a bordure
  dovetailed argent.

      This depiction of a drawknife is found in Siebmacher's
      Wappenbuch of 1605, plate 139, in the arms of von Schaben.

  Arnhaldr hausaklj{u'}fr. Name.

  Borislav Kievlianin. Name change from Eir{i'}kr galti Hrafnsson.

      The submitter's previous name, _Eir{i'}kr galti Hrafnsson_, is
      retained as an alternate name.

  Dikon de Stokke. Name and device. Gules, a bend engrailed argent and
  overall a lion Or.

  Henry of Stone Hill Keep. Badge (see RETURNS for name change).
  (Fieldless) A demi-wolf erased vert its dexter forelimb transfixed
  by an arrow bendwise sinister inverted argent.

  Hochwald, Canton of. Badge. Per pale argent and sable, a spruce tree
  couped and a bordure counterchanged vert and argent.

  Isabella O'Conner. Name and device. Azure, a unicorn passant argent
  between three lotus blossoms in profile Or.

  Katelina de Chateleia. Name.

      _Katelina_ was dated to 1275 in the Letter of Intent. The form
      _Katelin_ is found as a byname dated to 1198, so the Latinized
      form _Katelina_ is also appropriate for this time.

      Nice 12th century Latinized English name!

  Lal of Delhi. Name.

      The byname is a lingua Anglica form.

  Leana of Insula Draconis. Device. Argent, a dragon displayed vert
  between in base two rabbits salient addorsed sable.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a dragon
      displayed.

  Li Zheng Ming. Name and device. Sable, a lower case Greek letter pi
  and in chief a grenade, a base rayonny argent.

      _Zheng Ming_ is a plausible form of the attested _Zhengming_, as
      spacing of elements varies when transliterating Chinese names.

  Mathias Blaket. Alternate name Imagawa Nakamoto and badge.
  (Fieldless) A dragonfly inverted within and conjoined to an annulet
  gules.

      There is a step from period practice for using a dragonfly
      inverted.

  Mathias Blaket. Badge. (Fieldless) A sun in splendour within and
  conjoined to an annulet azure.

  Ragnarr Arngeirsson. Name (see RETURNS for device).

  StigR Arngeirsson. Name and device. Sable, a stag's head couped
  affronty argent between three Bowen knots Or.

      Submitted as "Stig_R_ Arngei_rr_sson", the name was changed in
      kingdom to "Stig_r_ Arngei_r_sson" to use a standard
      transliteration of the given name and to correct the genitive
      (possessive) form of the byname. However, we allow the
      registration of the runic forms, so we have restored the given
      name to the submitted form.

      If the submitter prefers the form in the Letter of Intent
      (_Stigr_), he can submit a request for reconsideration.

  Wistric Oftun. Badge. (Fieldless) A rapier fesswise reversed sable
  fretted with a Wake knot per pale azure and Or.

======================================================================

**** MIDDLE acceptances ****

  Alanus de Bannockburn. Name.

      Nice early 15th century Latinized Scots name!

  Anton du Marais and Calybrid Ine Tere. Joint badge. (Fieldless) Two
  rapiers in saltire argent, overall a heart gules.

  Appolonia von W{u:}rttemberg. Device. Quarterly purpure and argent,
  two edelweiss blossoms proper, a bordure counterchanged.

  Helena Falkenstein. Name and device. Argent, a horse rampant sable,
  on a chief azure three vols argent.

      The submitter requested authenticity for a 13th century German
      name. _Helena_ was documented in the Letter of Intent to the
      14th to 16th centuries, and is dated to the 13th century in
      Socin. _Falkenstein_ was documented to the 13th and 16th
      centuries. Therefore, this name meets the submitter's request
      for a 13th century German name.

  Lambert de Penrith. Name and device. Per pale gules and azure, a
  wolf sejant ululant between three double-bitted axes argent.

      The submitter requested authenticity for an English name dated
      to "1175 to 1250 ish". This request was not summarized in the
      Letter of Intent. Luckily for the submitter, we had enough
      information to consider the request instead of pending the name
      for additional commentary.

      _Lambert_ is dated to 1242 in the Middle English Dictionary, and
      _Penrith_ is found in the same year in Watts. Therefore, this
      name meets the submitter's request.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of the ululant
      posture.

  Logan mac Art{u'}ir. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      This name combines an English surname used as a given name and a
      Gaelic byname. This is an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix
      C of SENA.

  Lucius Antonius Ursus. Device. Sable, a bear's pawprint and a
  bordure argent.

      The submitter has permission to conflict with the device of
      Sofia Vargh: _Sable, a wolf's paw print and a chief embattled
      argent_. There is only one DC for changing the type of
      peripheral charge.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a pawprint.

  Malachy von Ulm. Device change. Azure, a wolf sejant argent sinister
  forepaw resting on a maintained roundel Or, a chief argent.

      The submitter's old device, "Azure, a bear sejant argent
      sinister forepaw resting on a maintained roundel Or, a chief
      argent", is released.

  Roana Aldinoch. Release of badge. Per pale vert and sable, a roundel
  counterchanged fimbriated, on a chief embattled argent an arrow
  sable.

  Rollo Melles. Name and device. Gules, a melusine argent.

      Nice device!

======================================================================

**** NORTHSHIELD acceptances ****

  Brice Davidson. Name.

      Nice 16th century English name!

  Evening Star. Name.

      We note that _Evening_ is a late period English surname used as
      a given name.

  Helena di Luna. Name.

  Kathryn Jenkins. Name.

      The question was raised whether this name presumes upon that of
      modern singer _Katherine Jenkins_, who is popular in Europe.
      PN4D1 of SENA states:

           People who are not important enough to have an entry
           in a standard print encyclopedia, such as the
           Encyclopedia Britannica, are generally not important
           enough to protect. Newly famous individuals may rarely
           be considered important enough to protect even if they
           have not yet appeared in a print encyclopedia.
           Individuals who do have an entry must be further
           considered. People are considered important enough to
           protect if they meet the following standards.

      and

           Individuals whose work and/or life are still
           influential today are generally important enough to
           protect. Those whose work significantly shaped the
           course of world history, science, or the arts are
           generally important enough to protect. This is
           generally measured by examining measures like the
           length of encyclopedia articles about the person and
           his/her work, numbers of search engine hits for the
           individual, and the like.

      Although the singer Katherine Jenkins is a celebrity in Europe,
      her career has not "significantly shaped the course of the
      arts". She also does not have an entry in the online
      _Encyclopedia Britannica_, and as a newly famous celebrity is
      unlikely to have one in the print edition. Therefore, she is not
      important enough to protect and we can register this name.

  Muiredach mac S{e'}amuis. Name.

  Sibyl Sevenoke. Device. Per saltire gules and sable, four acorns
  with flames issuant to chief Or.

======================================================================

**** OUTLANDS acceptances ****

  Broddi hornabrj{o'}tr. Badge. Vert, a cracked drinking horn fesswise
  between in bend sinister a pawprint and a dragonfly both bendwise
  sinister argent.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a pawprint.

  Cornelis van Veere. Name and device. Vert, a chevron barry wavy
  argent and azure between three ships argent.

      The submitter requested authenticity for "Dutch after 1400". The
      given name and byname are both found in the Netherlands, dated
      to 1598. The given name is found in the FamilySearch Historical
      Records, and the byname is found in Ortelius' _Theatrum Orbis
      Terrarum_. Therefore, this name meets the submitter's request
      for an authentic post-1400 Dutch name.

  Dagrun Ljufudottir. Name.

  Dawn Schadue. Badge. (Fieldless) A tarasque passant vert vorant of
  two human legs clothed azure.

      The tarasque is an aquatic monster associated with the legend of
      St. Martha. It was generally represented with six legs, a
      rounded shielded back and often depicted with a somewhat
      humanoid face. The previous tarasque registered in the Society
      had only four legs and is being reblazoned on this letter, as we
      are redefining the tarasque as a six-legged monster. The
      tarasque gets a DC from dragons and wyverns.

  Eleanora Jane of Canterbury. Device. Per chevron purpure estoily Or
  and Or, in base a unicorn sable.

      Please advise the submitter to add some internal details on the
      unicorn to improve its identifiability.

  Gerlin von Tiesenhausen. Name and device. Purpure, a chevron sable
  mullety of six points Or and fimbriated argent between three bears
  sejant erect Or.

  Jocelyn de Honicombe. Name.

      _Jocelyn_ is the submitter's legal given name. It is also an
      attested given name found in "Men's Given Names from Early 13th
      Century England" by Talan Gwynek
      (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/eng13/eng13m.html).

  Khal Gan. Name and device. Per bend Or and sable, a serpent erect,
  tail coiled, and a mouse of India sejant erect contourny
  counterchanged.

  Muirenn ingen U{i'} Thaidc. Name.

      The submitter requested authenticity for an Irish name. This
      name is an authentic 10th century Irish Gaelic name.

  Nahrun Kabirun, Shire of. Badge. Per bend wavy argent and azure, two
  decrescents bendwise counterchanged.

  Ragnvaldr of Rendlesham. Device. Argent, a bend sinister wavy
  between a valknut gules and two arrows in saltire sable.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a valknut.

  Saikhan Nasan. Name.

  Salomea Thorunska. Device. Per bend sinister engrailed argent and
  sable, in bend three reremice counterchanged within a bordure gules.

      Please advise the submitter to draw fewer and deeper
      engrailings.

  Wolf Krieger. Name.

      Submitted as "Krieger Wolf", the name was changed to "Wolf
      Krieger" because the pattern of using a surname like _Krieger_
      as a given name is not found in Germany. Therefore, we cannot
      restore the name to the submitted form.

      _Krieger_ was not dated in the Letter of Intent. It is found in
      1567 and 1582 in the FamilySearch Historical Records. _Wolf_ is
      also found in same source, dated to 1573.

      Nice 16th century German name!

======================================================================

                  - Explicit littera accipiendorum -

======================================================================

***** THE FOLLOWING ITEMS HAVE BEEN RETURNED FOR FURTHER WORK: *****

**** {AE}THELMEARC returns ****

  Giovanni Michelangelo Boccha. Device. Paly gules and argent, on a
  bend Or a hoe sable.

      This device is returned for violating SENA A2C1 which states
      that "Elements must be drawn in their period forms". Neither the
      submitter nor commenters provided documentation for the
      swan-necked design of the hoe. A previous return with a
      similarly necked hoe stated:

           This device is returned for violating SENA A2C1 which
           states that "Elements must be drawn in their period
           forms". No documentation was provided to show that
           this depiction of a hoe is period and it does not
           resembles the period heraldic depictions commenters
           could find. Those depictions have more or less
           triangular blades, set perpendicular to the shaft.
           [Spir Lunev, Jan 2016]

      As no new documentation has been provided to allow this design,
      we are returning this device.

======================================================================

**** AN TIR returns ****

  Amelia Ashmore. Device. Azure, three ash sprigs argent.

      This device is returned for conflict with the badge of Michael
      van de Bogaart:_ Azure, three trees couped argent_. Because
      period depictions often depicted heraldic trees as leaves
      attached to a central line, like crequiers, there is a DC, but
      not a SC, between a sprig and a tree.

  Violante da Rosa de Braga. Device. Per chevron gules and sable, an
  owl affronty argent and a bordure ermine.

      This device is returned for conflict with the device of
      Margarethe Bogensch{u:}tzin: _Per bend sinister sable and
      purpure, an owl argent within a bordure ermine_. There is a DC
      for the field but nothing more. Owls have a blobby body and
      their faces are always gardant, regardless of body posture.
      Thus, per precedent, we grant no difference between an owl in
      its default posture and an owl affronty:

           There is no difference between an owl close and an owl
           affronty by the LoAR of 8/92 p.26. [Karl Teransson av
           Drakkar, LoAR of Dec 1998]

      This is likewise a conflict, and must be returned.

======================================================================

**** ANSTEORRA returns ****

  Grainne inghean ui Mordha. Device. Per bend vert and argent, a
  threaded needle bendwise argent and a rabbit sejant proper.

      This device is returned for violating SENA A3D2c, Unity of
      Posture and Orientation, which states "The charges within a
      charge group should be in either identical postures/orientations
      or an arrangement that includes posture/orientation" The charges
      here are not in a unified arrangement, as their orientations
      must be blazoned independently with the needle being bendwise
      and the rabbit in its default palewise orientation.

  Melinda del Feld. Device. Per bend sinister azure and vert, a sheep
  passant maintaining a drop spindle and in dexter chief a compass
  star argent.

      This device is returned for violating SENA A2C1 which states
      that "Elements must be drawn in their period forms". This form
      of modern drop spindle has been disallowed since April 2014. On
      resubmission, please advise the submitter to draw the star
      larger so it's easier to identify.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a compass
      star.

======================================================================

**** ARTEMISIA returns ****

None.

======================================================================

**** ATENVELDT returns ****

  Alexandra Starling of Ravenspurn. Device. Purpure, a chevron
  inverted of chain conjoined at the point to a lighthouse Or flammant
  gules.

      This device is returned for having the chevron of chain issuing
      far too high on the field. Per long standing precedent, it
      should issue from the sides of the field.

      On redesign, please keep in mind that some commenters had some
      trouble identifying the lighthouse, mostly due to the low
      contrast of the flames on the field.

======================================================================

**** ATLANTIA returns ****

  Seamus Tremayne of Argyll. Device. Per pale Or and purpure, a cross
  bottony and a grenade counterchanged, a chief embattled checky sable
  and argent.

      This device is returned for appearance of marshalling under SENA
      A6F2c, which states "When different sections of the field
      contain different types of charges, it creates the appearance of
      marshalling." Here we have different types of charges on each
      side of the per pale line of division with the cross and the
      grenade. The addition of the uncharged chief which has good
      contrast with each side does not remove the appearance of
      marshalling as this could be the impalement of _Or, a cross
      bottony and a chief embattled checky sable and argent_ and
      _Purpure, a grenade Or and a chief embattled checky sable and
      argent_. SENA A6F3c explicitly says that a chief only removes
      the appearance of marshaling if it has poor contrast with one
      side or has charges that cross the center line.

  Tryggvi eldbrjotr. Name.

      The byname was constructed to mean "fire breaker". All of the
      examples of _X breaker_, with the exception of _volubrjotr_
      "exorcist", involve tangible things such as fences, horns,
      graves, and people. Fire is not something that can be broken.
      Without evidence to show this name is plausible in our period,
      we cannot register it.

======================================================================

**** AVACAL returns ****

  Myrgan Wood, Barony of. Badge. Argent, an elm tree eradicated proper
  leaved gules, on a chief vert a goutte Or.

      This badge is returned for redraw. The depiction of the goutte
      is not one of the acceptable forms as described in the March
      2013 Cover Letter
      (http://heraldry.sca.org/loar/2013/03/13-03cl.html#5). As stated
      in that Cover Letter, in period heraldry the vast majority of
      gouttes were drawn with quite distinct wavy tails but teardrop
      shaped gouttes are registerable as long as they are elongated,
      more than twice as long as they are wide. The goutte here does
      not fit any of these registerable depictions.

======================================================================

**** CAID returns ****

  Bernadette de Cabo de las Tormentas. Name and device. Sable, on a
  pale argent surmounted by a sun Or between in chief two mullets
  argent, in chief a mullet sable.

      Precedent states:

           Submitted as "Y{n~}igo Diaz de Santiago _de
           Compostela_", precedent states that bynames using
           compound placenames are unregisterable in Spanish:

                No documentation was presented, nor could
                the College of Arms find any, that _de
                Santiago de Compostela_ was used in a
                locative byname. Previous precedent states:

                     This name is returned because no
                     documentation can be found for the
                     name _de Compostela_. People from
                     Santiago de Compostela were known
                     as _de Santiago_. [Livia Teresa de
                     Compostela, 09/99, R-Atlantia]

                Lacking documentation that compound forms of
                placenames like _Santiago de Compostela_
                were used in locative bynames, this cannot
                be registered. [Beatriz de Santiago de
                Compostela, Caid-R, 01/2002]

           With the submitter's permission, we have dropped _de
           Compostela_ in order to register this name. [Y{n~}igo
           Diaz de Santiago, June 2014, A-West]

      The location _Cabo de las Tormentas_ has the same problem. As
      the submitter does not allow major changes, we cannot drop _de
      las Tormentas_ and are forced to return this name.

      We are also returning this name because no examples of
      _Bernadette_ were found prior to the 18th century and we cannot
      be sure what the 14th century form was. _Bernadette_ is a form
      of the name _Bernard_. The article cited in the Letter of
      Intent, "Names from Fourteenth Century Foix" by Cateline de la
      Mar (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/cateline/foix.html) noted
      that it was based on a tertiary source that used modern French
      forms of the original Latin names. Therefore, the normalized
      spellings cannot be trusted. Without evidence that this spelling
      is found in period, it cannot be registered.

      Upon resubmission, the submitter should know that the given name
      _Bernarda_ and the byname _de Cabo_ are found in parish records
      from Spain in the FamilySearch Historical Records, dated to the
      late 16th and early 17th centuries. In addition, _Bernardette_
      is a plausible feminine form of the French masculine name
      _Bernardet_, found in _Les oevvres de Maistre Alain Chartier_
      (https://books.google.com/books?id=sBAsAQAAMAAJ&pg=PA811), dated
      to 1617. French and Spanish are an acceptable lingual mix under
      Appendix C of SENA as long as the elements are dated to within
      300 years of each other.

      This device is returned for having a "barely overall" charge.
      SENA Appendix I, Charge Group Theory, in defining overall
      charges states "An overall charge must have a significant
      portion on the field; a design with a charge that has only a
      little bit sticking over the edges of an underlying charge is
      known as "barely overall" and is not registerable." Here, more
      of the sun is on the pale than on the field.

  Eduard Schade der Altere. Device. Azure, a bend sinister sable
  fimbriated between a cloud argent and a flame Or.

      This device is returned for violating SENA A2C1 which states
      that "Elements must be drawn in their period forms". Here, the
      cloud is not drawn in a period heraldic form, which precedent
      states is grounds for return:

           The cloud is not drawn in a period manner and is not
           acceptable: "Additionally, the cloud here is not drawn
           in a period manner, but is the modern "cotton candy"
           form of cloud." (LoAR February 1994 p.18). [Mara Fae,
           12/2002, R-Outlands]

======================================================================

**** CALONTIR returns ****

None.

======================================================================

**** DRACHENWALD returns ****

None.

======================================================================

**** EALDORMERE returns ****

  Fearghus Mackenna of Bryniau Tywynnog. Device. Or, on a pile
  inverted sable a comet Or.

      This submission has been withdrawn.

======================================================================

**** EAST returns ****

  Wulfgang Gruenwald. Alternate name Bubba le Fette.

      Commenters questioned whether this alternate name presumes upon
      the name of _Boba Fett_, a popular character in the _Star Wars_
      franchise. Although the character of Boba Fett is important
      enough to protect, this name does not presume upon the character
      name. The vowel in the given name has been changed and the
      definite article _le_ was added, so this name is clear in both
      sound and appearance under PN3C1 of SENA.

      In addition, the question was raised whether this name was
      obtrusively modern. PN2E states, "No name will be registered
      that either in whole or in part is obtrusively modern. Something
      is said to be obtrusively modern when it makes a modern joke or
      reference that destroys medieval ambience and drags the average
      person mentally back to the present day. Obtrusiveness can be
      either in the written form or when spoken. A period name that
      has a modern referent will not generally be considered
      obtrusively modern. Only extreme examples will be returned." In
      this case, every commenter thought this alternate name was close
      enough to the name _Boba Fett_ to be obtrusively modern.
      Although each element is period, the name as a whole meets this
      bar; it destroys medieval ambience. Therefore, we are returning
      this name.

======================================================================

**** GLEANN ABHANN returns ****

  Arianna Stefana Falconi. Device. Per bend sinister azure and vert, a
  hawk stooping, on a chief argent three calla lilies azure.

      This device is returned for redraw, for violating SENA A2C2
      which states "Elements must be drawn to be identifiable."
      Commenters had trouble identifying the charges on the chief.

      On resubmission, the submitter should provide some sort of
      evidence that calla lilies were known to Europeans in period.

  Cecilia Augustina. Device. Gules, an eagle maintaining a feather and
  a sword inverted crossed in saltire argent.

      This submission has been withdrawn.

  Erin of Caithness. Device. Per bend sinister sable and azure, a
  gryphon contourny and a flame argent.

      This device is returned for redraw, for violating SENA A2C2
      which states "Elements must be drawn to be identifiable."
      Because of the lack of internal details, commenters had trouble
      identifying the gryphon.

      This device is also returned for violating SENA A2C1 which
      states that "Elements must be drawn in their period forms". The
      flame here is depicted in a modern form.

  Gabriel Bacon. Device. Per bend sinister vert and sable, on a bend
  sinister between two swords bendwise sinister, that in chief
  inverted argent, three crosses formy palewise gules.

      This device is returned for violating SENA A3D2c, Unity of
      Posture and Orientation, which states "The charges within a
      charge group should be in either identical postures/orientations
      or an arrangement that includes posture/orientation" The charges
      here are not in a unified arrangement, as the orientations of
      the swords cannot be blazoned in a defined arrangement with the
      upper sword being inverted. We have ruled previously that
      charges which must be blazoned as inverted compared to each due
      to their arbitrary default orientation do not violate the unity
      of orientation rule. However, the unity of orientation problem
      occurs here because the swords are identical charges oriented
      differently.

      On resubmission, please have the submitter orient the crosses so
      that they are either unarguably palewise or unarguably aligned
      with the bend.

  Medb ingen D{a'}ire. Device. Per chevron azure and vert, two ravens
  volant bendwise and an acorn inverted slipped and leaved argent.

      This device is returned for multiple issues.

      It is returned for violating SENA A3D2c, Unity of Posture and
      Orientation, which states "The charges within a charge group
      should be in either identical postures/orientations or an
      arrangement that includes posture/orientation" The charges here
      are not in a unified arrangement, as the birds are bendwise
      while the acorn is in its default palewise orientation.

      It is also returned for redraw, for violating SENA A2C2 which
      states "Elements must be drawn to be identifiable." Because of
      the lack of internal details, the identifiability of the birds
      is compromised.

      This device is also returned for a redraw, for violating the
      guidelines set forth on the May 2011 Cover Letter for a properly
      drawn per chevron field division; the field division here is too
      low. Please see that Cover Letter for further discussion and
      details of how to properly draw per chevron lines of division.

======================================================================

**** LOCHAC returns ****

None.

======================================================================

**** MERIDIES returns ****

  Lykania of Stone Hill Keep. Name change from Henry of Stone Hill
  Keep.

      _Lykania_ is a place name (better known in its Latin form
      _Lucania_). Without evidence that this element is a given name
      in any language, we are unable to register this name.

  Mara Palmer. Alternate name Iwokome Tomoaki.

      _Tomo'aki_ is a masculine _nanori_ (official given name) and
      _Iwokome_ is a feminine given name, both dated to 1183 in NCMJ.
      We are returning this name because we have no evidence of the
      pattern of using a given name in the first position of a
      Japanese name. We cannot reverse the order of the elements
      because _Tomo'aki_ is also a given name, and because the
      submitter does not allow major changes such as changing the
      order of the elements.

      We are also returning this name because it consists of two given
      names, with no byname or surname. We have no evidence of this
      pattern in Japan in our period.

  Ragnarr Arngeirsson. Device. Per fess azure and sable, a fess wavy
  argent between a drakkar and a valknut Or.

      This device is returned for redraw.

      A valknut was most recently defined in 2006:

           For purposes of SCA heraldry, a valknut is three
           voided triangles interlaced. The triangles in the
           submitted emblazon are not voided, nor are they really
           interlaced. The triangles are fracted (broken) in
           various places and the "voiding" is a thin line,
           abstract design on a non-identifiable underlying
           charge. This is also sufficient grounds for return.
           [Feb 2006 - Rau{th}{u'}lfr inn Or{th}st{o'}ri]

      On resubmission, please advise the submitter to add a few waves
      on the wavy fess.

======================================================================

**** MIDDLE returns ****

  Aturdokht of Dark River. Badge. (Fieldless) A wyvern erect vert
  enflamed proper charged on the flank with a pawprint argent.

      This device is returned for redraw, for violating SENA A2C2
      which states "Elements must be drawn to be identifiable."
      Commenters had trouble noticing the presence of the tertiary
      charge.

      On resubmission, please advise the submitter to draw the
      enflaming with fewer and larger flames so they are easier to
      identify.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a pawprint.

  Logan mac Art{u'}ir. Device. Argent, a chevron checky Or and azure
  between two wolverines passant respectant and a fleur-de-lys azure.

      This device is returned for redraw, for violating SENA A2C2
      which states "Elements must be drawn to be identifiable."
      Commenters couldn't identify the charges in chief as wolverines.
      The lack of internal details and the fact that wolverines have
      really no identifying characteristic to differentiate them from
      bears is likely the source of the problem.

      On resubmission, please advise the submitter to draw the lower
      charge somewhat larger.

======================================================================

**** NORTHSHIELD returns ****

  Mira Fastova. Device. Per pall inverted azure, sable and argent, in
  chief two garbs Or.

      This device is returned for conflict with the device of William
      Aikenhead: _Quarterly azure and argent, in bend two garbs Or_.
      There is a DC for changing the field but no DC for the position
      of the garbs on the field as the garbs in William's device
      cannot be "in chief in fess".

======================================================================

**** OUTLANDS returns ****

  Danielle de la Rochelle. Device. Per pale azure and argent, on a
  mullet fimbriated a mullet, an orle counterchanged.

      This device is returned for excessive counterchanging. SENA A3F4
      states "Any other counterchanging of charges over other charges
      must similarly be attested to be registered." As in the previous
      submission, no documentation was provided by the submitter or
      commenters to justify the counterchanging of the tertiary
      mullet.

======================================================================

                 - Explicit littera renuntiationum -

======================================================================

***** THE FOLLOWING ITEMS HAVE BEEN PENDED UNTIL THE December 2016
LAUREL MEETING (OR AS NOTED): *****

**** {AE}THELMEARC pends ****

  R{a'}{dh}{u'}lfr Eir{i'}ksson. Household name House of Hamilton.

      _Hamilton_ is the capital of Bermuda, a British Overseas
      Territory. The city has a permanent population of fewer than
      2000 people. Precedent states:

           The household name is returned for conflict with the
           real-world place _San Sebasti{a'}n_, capital city of
           the province of Guipuscoa in the Basque Country,
           Spain. The Administrative Handbook III.A.5 notes that
           "a geographical location will be considered
           significant if it is associated with important
           administrative, social, political or military events
           (e.g., a capital city, the site of a major treaty or
           battle, etc.)." As a capital city, it is important
           enough to protect from conflict. [Eadric Anstapa.
           Household name Company of Saint Sebastian, May 2009,
           R-Ansteorra]

      We are pending this name to allow discussion whether a capital
      of a province is still enough to protect under SENA, or if only
      the national capital city is important. Second, we would like to
      know whether British Overseas Territories (Bermuda, the Cayman
      Islands, the British Virgin Islands, etc.) should be treated as
      province/state capitals, as capitals of countries, or as
      something else. Please consider how we treat the protection of
      sovereigns under PN4D1 of SENA:

           Sovereign rulers of significant states are generally
           important enough to protect. Some historical
           city-states are not considered significant states.
           Provinces or regions integrated into larger units like
           the Holy Roman Empire are not generally considered
           significant states. Sovereigns of small states that
           did not give rise directly to modern countries will
           not be protected under this clause, nor will legendary
           kings of any state (though these kings may be
           individually important enough to protect).

      None of the other real-world places named _Hamilton_ nor the
      Broadway musical by the same name are important enough to
      protect.

      This was item 10 on the {AE}thelmearc letter of April 11, 2016.

======================================================================

                             - Explicit -

======================================================================

Created at 2016-09-25T15:16:34
-------------- next part --------------
                                               Society for Creative Anachronism
                                                                College of Arms

                                                       253 Tranquility Mtn
                                                            Buda, TX 78610
                                                           +1 512 942 7005
                                                   laurel at heraldry.sca.org
                         For the July 2016 meetings, printed September 25, 2016

To all the College of Arms and all others who may read this missive, from
Andrewe Laurel, Lillia Pelican, and Brunissende Wreath, greetings.

Items listed below in square brackets have not been scheduled yet. For
information about future scheduling, please review the status table located on
the Web at http://oscar.sca.org/index.php?action=137.

The July Laurel decisions were made at the Pelican meeting held on Sunday, July
10, 2016 and the Wreath meeting held on Sunday, July 24, 2016. These meetings
considered the following letters of intent: {AE}thelmearc (11 Apr, 2016),
Gleann Abhann (11 Apr, 2016), Ansteorra (18 Apr, 2016), Atenveldt (20 Apr,
2016), Ealdormere (25 Apr, 2016), Artemisia (26 Apr, 2016), Laurel LoPaD (26
Apr, 2016), Caid (27 Apr, 2016), Laurel LoPaD (27 Apr, 2016), Northshield (27
Apr, 2016), An Tir (28 Apr, 2016), Atlantia (28 Apr, 2016), Lochac (29 Apr,
2016), Middle (29 Apr, 2016), Outlands (29 Apr, 2016), Ansteorra (30 Apr,
2016), Avacal (30 Apr, 2016), Calontir (30 Apr, 2016), Drachenwald (30 Apr,
2016), East (30 Apr, 2016), Gleann Abhann (30 Apr, 2016), and Meridies (30 Apr,
2016). * All commentary, responses, and rebuttals should have been entered into
OSCAR by Thursday, June 30, 2016.*

The August Laurel decisions were made at the Pelican meeting held on Sunday,
August 21, 2016 and the Wreath meeting held on Sunday, August 28, 2016, as well
as the Pennsic Roadshow held on August 8, 2016. These meetings considered the
following letters of intent: Atenveldt (21 May, 2016), Middle (25 May, 2016),
Artemisia (27 May, 2016), East (27 May, 2016), Laurel LoPaD (28 May, 2016),
Ealdormere (29 May, 2016), Ansteorra (30 May, 2016), Atlantia (30 May, 2016),
Calontir (30 May, 2016), West (30 May, 2016), An Tir (31 May, 2016), Avacal (31
May, 2016), Caid (31 May, 2016), Lochac (31 May, 2016), Meridies (31 May,
2016), Northshield (31 May, 2016), Outlands (31 May, 2016), and Trimaris (31
May, 2016). * All commentary, responses, and rebuttals should have been entered
into OSCAR by Sunday, July 31, 2016.*

The September Laurel decisions were made at the Pelican meeting held on Sunday,
September 11, 2016 and the Wreath meeting held on Saturday, September 17, 2016.
These meetings considered the following letters of intent: Gleann Abhann (03
Jun, 2016), West (03 Jun, 2016), {AE}thelmearc (10 Jun, 2016), Laurel LoPaD (18
Jun, 2016), Atenveldt (20 Jun, 2016), Caid (26 Jun, 2016), Artemisia (29 Jun,
2016), Ealdormere (29 Jun, 2016), Meridies (29 Jun, 2016), Northshield (29 Jun,
2016), Outlands (29 Jun, 2016), An Tir (30 Jun, 2016), Ansteorra (30 Jun,
2016), Atlantia (30 Jun, 2016), Avacal (30 Jun, 2016), Calontir (30 Jun, 2016),
Drachenwald (30 Jun, 2016), East (30 Jun, 2016), Lochac (30 Jun, 2016), and
Middle (30 Jun, 2016). * All commentary, responses, and rebuttals should have
been entered into OSCAR by Wednesday, August 31, 2016.*

The October Laurel decisions will be made at the Pelican meeting held on
Sunday, October 16, 2016 and the Wreath meeting held on Sunday, October 23,
2016. These meetings will consider the following letters of intent: West (15
Jul, 2016), Laurel LoPaD (18 Jul, 2016), {AE}thelmearc (19 Jul, 2016),
Atenveldt (20 Jul, 2016), Artemisia (27 Jul, 2016), Atlantia (27 Jul, 2016),
Northshield (27 Jul, 2016), Outlands (27 Jul, 2016), Calontir (30 Jul, 2016),
Ealdormere (30 Jul, 2016), East (30 Jul, 2016), An Tir (31 Jul, 2016), Avacal
(31 Jul, 2016), Caid (31 Jul, 2016), Lochac (31 Jul, 2016), Meridies (31 Jul,
2016), Middle (31 Jul, 2016), and Trimaris (31 Jul, 2016). * All commentary,
responses, and rebuttals should be entered into OSCAR by Friday, September 30,
2016.*

_Not all letters of intent may be considered when they are originally scheduled
on this cover letter. The date of posting of the LoI, date of receipt of the
Laurel packet, or other factors may delay consideration of certain letters of
intent. Additionally, some letters of intent received may not have been
scheduled because the administrative requirements (receipt of the forms packet,
receipt of the necessary fees, et cetera) have not yet been met._

REMINDER: Until all administrative requirements are met, the letter may not be
scheduled.

**** From Laurel: New Palimpsest ****

At KWHSS the Sovereigns met with Marie, outgoing Palimpsest, and selected
Ursula Georges to fill the position of Palimpsest Herald. We are very thankful
for the service of Marie in this office, and we know that Ursula will do an
outstanding job in the office. Please direct all correspondence for Palimpsest
to Ursula at rules at heraldry.sca.org.

**** From Pelican: Saint's Names (Constructed or Otherwise) in Non-Personal
Names ****

Recently, we've had a number of order name submissions where the substantive
element has consisted of a saint's full name, often using the English surname
as given name precedent. Saint's names and devotional names in period are
modified in various ways, but these modifiers and bynames are generally
locative or descriptive. Such "full" saint's names tend to appear in the names
of churches and religious institutions, or other place names.




Examples include the church _Seint Marie at Hille_ and the festival of _Seint
Peter called th'Advincle_ (referring to _S. Petrus ad vincula_, "Saint Peter in
chains"), both found in the Middle English Dictionary. The church _Sainte
Pancrace in the ffelde_ is found in a 1495 will ['Appendices', in _Survey of
London: Volume 17, the Parish of St Pancras Part 1: the Village of Highgate_,
http://www.british-history.ac.uk/survey-london/vol17/pt1/pp138-148]. The sign
name _a lymage Sainct Jehan l'evangeliste_ ("at the image [of] Saint John the
Evangelist") is part of the publishing location for Raoul Le F{'e}vre's _Les
proesses et vaillances du preux Hercule_ from 1500
(http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/btv1b86001264/f215.image). Additional
examples found by Siren include _Ordre Monsieur Saint Michel Archange_ ("Order
of my lord Saint Michael archangel") and _nostra Religione di Santo Stefano
Papa_ ("our religious-order of Saint Stephen, pope").




In July 2006 we ruled:

     Several commenters noted that the College cannot canonize new saints.
     However, we feel that registering a name that uses the descriptive
     _Saint_ does not do this, but rather follows a well documented
     medieval tradition of local shrines and saints who may or may not be
     recognized by the hierarchy in Rome. In addition, this would not be
     the first such registration; the _College of St. Bunstable_, a group
     name formed from a fictional saint's name, was registered in August
     1981, and in August 1990, the _College of Saint Joan_ was registered
     although _Joan of Arc_ was not canonized until 1920. While
     philosophically, it is certainly better recreation to use a real-life
     saint's name when using this model to create an order name, there is
     no reason why these sorts of construction should not be allowed the
     same latitude allowed by our rules for other constructed names. The
     name _William the Cooper_ is a well-formed English name whose
     elements can all be documented to period, therefore _Saint William
     the Cooper_ is an expected construction. [Caer Galen, Barony of.
     Order name Order of Saint William the Cooper, July 2006, A-Outlands]

Further, NPN3D of SENA states, "_The Order of Saint William the Cooper_ is
registerable, even though this is a constructed saint's name, as long as there
is no registered _William the Cooper_."




In December 2015, we ruled the following:

     Submitted as "_Order_ of the Noble Touch", the Letter of Intent
     documented this order name using the pattern of naming an order after
     a founder or saint, and documented _Noble Touch_ as a late period
     English name. However, no evidence was presented to show that orders
     were named after the full names of such individuals, rather than just
     a given name (or _Saint [given name]_), or that such an order would
     include a definite article before the name. Without such
     documentation, this name cannot be registered as an order name.
     [Wintermist, Barony of, Company of Noble Touch, December 2015,
     A-Caid]

A submission this month, _Order of Blood of the Wood_, follows the pattern of
_[constructed saint's name] of [place name]_. Examples of this pattern are
found in Juliana de Luna's article "Medieval Secular Order Names"
(http://heraldry.sca.org/names/order/new/). Examples include _Les Chevaliers de
Nostre Dame de la Noble Maison_ ("the knights of Our Lady of the Noble House"),
_Saint George of Rougemont_, and _Our Lady of Gelders_. Therefore, the pattern
of using a saint from a specific place is registerable in order names, although
we note that this pattern is not common compared to just using the saint's
given name.




Although we have examples of saints who bore inherited surnames, particularly
in the 16th and 17th centuries, we do not have evidence that such surnames and
full names were used in order names. We will continue to register orders named
after saints with literal locative or descriptive bynames, as these patterns
are attested or can be derived from other types of non-personal names found in
period. Therefore, patterns such as _Order of [given name] of [place name]_ and
_Order of [given name] the [descriptive term]_ are registerable. We will not
register orders named after the full names of saints when the surnames are
inherited forms, unless documentation is found to show that this pattern
follows period practice, but we will allow this pattern in other types of
non-personal names as appropriate (e.g., household names).

**** From Pelican: Turkish Alternate Titles ****

In November 2014, Green Staff pointed out that some of our current alternate
titles in Turkish were not used in period, and suggested period forms as
alternatives where possible. (The current List of Alternate Titles is found at
http://heraldry.sca.org/titles.html.) However, the resolution of this proposal
was inadvertently not posted in a Cover Letter.




The following titles are removed from the List of Alternate Titles because they
are modern Turkish titles borrowed from English terms, or are constructed
titles: _Barones_ ("Baroness"), _D{u:} es_ ("Duchess"), _Hanimefendi_ ("Lady"),
_Kontess_ ("Countess"), and _Vikontess_ ("Viscountess").




The following title is added to the List of Alternate Titles: _Hatun_. This is
appropriate for all titles from "Lady" through royal peers, and is a Turkish
transliteration using the rules of the modern Turkish alphabet.

**** From Wreath: correction for the June Cover Letter ****

Last month the Cover Letter had a section with the title _on Held Charges_. A
word was missing in the first published version and the sentence _"The way in
which the bird holds a charge is considered an artistic detail that does
provide a DC"_ should have read _"The way in which the bird holds a charge is
considered an artistic detail that does _not_ provide a DC"_




The online archive contains the corrected text.

**** Society Pages ****

On September 10th, 2016, Yehudah ben Yitzhak, former Polaris Herald of the
Kingdom of Northshield, was crowned Khagan, co-ruler of Northshield.

Please send information about happenings to major heralds and major happenings
to all heralds to Laurel, so that it can be published here.

**** Send What to Whom ****

Letters of Intent, Comment, Response, Correction, et cetera are to be posted to
the OSCAR online system. No paper copies need be sent. All submission forms
plus documentation, including petitions, must be posted to the OSCAR online
system. While black-and-white emblazons must be included in the Letter of
Intent, only colored armory forms need to be posted in the forms area.

Cheques or money orders for submissions, payable to "SCA Inc.-College of Arms"
are to be sent to Stephanie Ray-Solum, Blue Bug Bookkeeping, 2144 Westlake Ave.
North Suite F Seattle, WA 98109.

Send roster changes and corrections to Laurel. College of Arms members may also
request a copy of the current roster from Laurel.

For a paper copy of a LoAR, please contact Laurel, at the address above. The
cost for one LoAR is $3. Please make all checks or money orders payable to "SCA
Inc.-College of Arms". The electronic copy of the LoAR is available free of
charge. To subscribe to the mailings of the electronic copy, please see the
bottom of http://heraldry.sca.org/heraldry/lists.html#lists for more
instructions.

For all administrative matters, please contact Laurel.

Pray know that I remain,

In service,

Andrewe Bawldwyn
Laurel Principal King of Arms

===============================================================================

Created at 2016-09-25T15:16:34
-------------- next part --------------
****** Errata ******

***** August 1982 *****

**** Caid ****

  Aoife nic Ruair{i'}. Name change from Ommadan an Luch and device
  change. Per pale sable and vert, a mouse sejant erect playing an
  Irish harp argent.

      When her name was submitted, the submitter neglected to note
      that she already had a primary name registered. The error was
      caught recently by the submitter, and so we are correcting it
      now. Her previous name, "Ommadan an Luch" is retained as an
      alternate name.

      Her previous device, registered in August 1979 and reblazoned in
      April 2002 as "Argent, semy of shamrocks vert, a mouse rampant
      sable maintaining an Irish harp Or stringed vert", is retained
      as a badge.

***** May 2010 *****

**** Atlantia ****

  Iollann of Glencairn. Name change from Eilionora inghean Domhnaill.

      When her second name was submitted, the submitter neglected to
      note that it was a name change, not a new name. The error was
      caught recently by the submitter, and so we are correcting it
      now. Her previous name, "Eilionora inghean Domhnaill", is
      released.

***** February 2014 *****

**** Atlantia ****

  Josce de Bretaingne. Name.

      Listed on the LoAR as a name change from "Gwillim Kynith", this
      submission is not from the same person. The legal names on the
      submission forms are quite different. The confusion arose
      because Josce originally tried to submit the name "Gwilim
      Kynith", which was returned in October 2005 for conflict with
      Gwillim, and a commenter mentioned this when the name Josce was
      submitted. "Gwillim Kynith" should be a primary name, not an
      alternate name for Josce, and the armory currently registered to
      Josce, "Or, a coney and a fox combatant within an orle gules."
      should be associated with Gwillim, not Josce.

***** April 2015 *****

**** East ****

  Sunnifa in hialtlenzka T{o'}kad{o'}ttir. Device change. Argent, in
  fess a mouse sejant erect contourny sable playing on a harp reversed
  proper.

      Listed on the LoAR as a new device, the LoAR failed to note that
      she already had a device registered from August 1982. Her
      previous device, "Per pale sable and vert, a mouse sejant erect
      playing an Irish harp argent", is retained as a badge.

***** June 2016 *****

**** An Tir ****

  F{a'}el{a'}n t{o,}lusmi{dh}r. Device. Sable, a furison and in chief
  three mullets of eight points argent.

      Appearing on the LoAR as "F{a'}el{a'}n t_o_lusmi{dh}r", the
      proper spelling of the registered name is "F{a'}el{a'}n
      t_{o,}_lusmi{dh}r".

======================================================================

Created at 2016-09-25T15:16:34


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