[LoAR-txt] June 2016 LoAR in plain text format

Postmeeting Clerk via LoAR-TXT loar-txt at lists.sca.org
Tue Sep 6 22:43:53 CDT 2016


Please find attached the 2016-06 LoAR in TXT format.


-- 
Emma de Fetherstan, acting as Postmeeting Clerk
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***** THE FOLLOWING ITEMS HAVE BEEN REGISTERED: *****

**** {AE}THELMEARC acceptances ****

  Aemilia Soteria. Device. Purpure, a lion's head jessant-de-lys and
  on a chief Or three escutcheons vert.

  Aleksander Radziwon. Alternate name Alfarinn Mj{o,}ksiglandi.

      Submitted as "_A_l_f_arrin Mj{o,}ksiglandi", the name was
      changed in kingdom to "_{A'}_lf_v_arinn Mj{o,}ksiglandi" to
      match the form of the given name found in Geirr Bassi.

      In commentary, Hund noted that the Sturlub{o'}k transcription of
      the _Landn{a'}mab{o'}k_ has the form _{A'}lfarrin_. In addition,
      it is a header form in Lind. Therefore, we are able to restore
      the given name to the submitted form.

      The submitter requested authenticity for an unspecified place
      and time. This request was not summarized in the Letter of
      Intent. Both the given name and byname are found in the
      _Landn{a'}mab{o'}k_, so this name is likely authentic for
      Iceland in the 9th-10th century.

  Alexandra dei Finocchi. Device change. Per pale azure and argent, on
  a bend sinister between two butterflies four lilies counterchanged.

      The submitter's old device, "Per pale azure and argent, on a
      bend sinister between two frets couped four lilies,
      counterchanged", is released.

  Al{i^}me bint Yorgi. Device. Argent, a tulip slipped and leaved
  bendwise sinister within an annulet gules.

  Alister Sionnach MacLeod. Name.

      This name combines the Scots _Alister_ and _MacLeod_ with the
      Gaelic _Sionnach_. This is an acceptable lingual mix under
      Appendix C of SENA.

  Baga Aleea. Badge. Argent goutty de sang, in pale two domestic cat's
  faces sable.

  Earc {O'} R{e'}ag{a'}in. Name (see RETURNS for device).

  Elss von Augsburg. Badge. (Fieldless) A spoon bendwise gules.

  Fede di Fiore. Device. Gules, a rabbit's head argent jessant-de-lys
  Or.

      Please advise the submitter to draw the upper portion of the
      fleur-de-lys larger than the lower.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a rabbit's
      head jessant-de-lys.

  Felice de Thornton. Name and device. Argent semy of roundels azure
  each charged with a quatrefoil argent, a winged domestic cat passant
  gardant sable, on a chief azure three feathers bendwise sinister
  argent.

      Nice 15th century English name!

      Precedent states:

           As strewn charges by their nature are small, tertiary
           charges on them would be even smaller, hampering their
           identifiability. In this case, the hurts are easily
           identified. Still, the unusualness of charging strewn
           charges leads us to declare it a step from period
           practice.[Cath{a'}n {O'} Dubhag{a'}in, 03/2012,
           {AE}thelmearc-A]

      Here we have a similar situation as the identifiability of the
      tertiary quatrefoils on the strewn roundels is maintained and
      this device is registerable with a step from period practice.

  Gabriel di Aldo. Name and device. Per fess azure and argent, a
  falcon rising argent and in pale three arrows fesswise sable.

  Gesa of Anglesey. Device. Azure, a sun Or and a ford proper, on a
  chief argent three roses vert.

  Goffraid Cl{e'}ireach. Device. Per chevron argent and azure, two
  ravens sable and a drawn bow with arrow nocked argent.

  Guillaume le Noir de Bordeaux. Name and device. Plumetty sable and
  argent, on a roundel purpure an owl argent.

  Jaida bint Bakkar al-Dimashqi. Name.

      Submitted as "Jaida bint Bakkar al-Dimash_qi_", the name was
      changed in kingdom to "Jaida bint Bakkar al-Dimash_qiyya_" to
      feminize the geographic _nisba_ _al-Dimashqi_ ("of Damascus").
      This change was not summarized in the Letter of Intent.

      If the _nisba_ refers to the submitter, it does need to be
      feminized; however, the submitter intended her father to be from
      Damascus, not herself. Therefore the _nisba_ needs to be in the
      masculine form that had been submitted. We have restored the
      _nisba_ accordingly in order to register this name.

  Jawhara bint Abd al-Rahman. Name and device. Argent, a horse rampant
  contourny sable and on a chief embattled gules a mountain of three
  peaks couped Or.

      This name does not presume upon that of Abd al-Rahman I, who
      founded the Umayyad dynasty in al-Andalus, or that of Abd
      al-Rahman III, who was Emir and then Caliph of Cordoba.

      _Abd al-Rahman_ is a common _ism_ (given name) meaning "servant
      of the most merciful". Protecting just this portion of his name
      would be like protecting the name _Henry_ because it is the
      given name of Henry VIII. Therefore, the submitted name does not
      create "an unmistakable claim to close relationship" as
      described in PN4D1 of SENA.

  Ka'nuchibe Eisaburou Sa'nehiro. Name.

  Linder Barrel Smith. Name and device. Per chevron argent estencelly
  sable and azure, a chevron Or, in base a cherub argent.

      Commenters cited the precedent from March 2013:

           "Please advise the submitter to draw the sparks as
           groupings of roundels one and two, not two and one.
           This depiction of sparks two and one may not be
           registerable without period evidence in the future."
           [Jan Langhe ten Wald, A-{AE}thelmearc]

      They also noted that in November 2015 that warning wasn't
      repeated, as the decision simply stated:

           "Please advise the submitter to draw the sparks as
           groupings of roundels one and two, not two and one."
           [Evangeline Bajolet, November 2015 ,A-Calontir].

      Gerard Brault's "Early Blazon" defines "Estencel{e'}" as
      "_powdered with sparks, i.e. clusters of three or four small
      dots_". Although the modern depiction he gives has the estencely
      as the generally accepted one and two depiction, he goes on
      further to cite "_Medieval practice tolerated considerable
      diversity in verbal as well as pictorial blazon_". Thus it seems
      difficult to consider it as a firm endorsement of a single
      possible depiction for estencely fields. Although both he and
      the cited "_Scintillatum Auro: The Spark in Armory_" by H.
      Stanford London mention that it might have been in some cases a
      form of diapering it was also in cases specifically blazoned and
      can't be considered accidental. Of note, the figure 2 in
      "_Scintillatum Auro: The Spark in Armory_" has the sparks in
      various orientations.

      Furthermore, we can see in a period armorial that period
      heraldic depictions were not necessarily particular about
      maintaining a constant orientation for spark as can be seen on
      the folio 144r of the Armorial de Gilles le Bouvier, dit Berry.
      (http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/btv1b85285803/f295.item.zoom).

      Based on the variability of period depiction, we are declaring
      this depiction registerable, with a note that the one and two
      arrangement of sparks would appear more likely. No difference
      will be granted for the orientation of the sparks and that
      orientation will not be blazoned.

  Mah{i^}n B{a^}n{u^} Tabr{i^}z{i^}. Badge. (Fieldless) On a wooden
  stick shuttle proper three weaver's tablets argent.

  Mairi of {AE}thelmearc. Holding name and device (see RETURNS for
  name). Or, a monkey rampant and on a point pointed sable a trefoil
  knot Or.

      Please advise the submitter to add some internal details to the
      monkey to aid identifiability.

      Submitted under the name "Mairi MakDonald".

  Margarette Nutt. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      Both elements can be dated to 1597 in the FamilySearch
      Historical Records, making this an excellent late 16th century
      English name!

  Matheus Weasel. Badge. Gules, an escarbuncle and overall a jawless
  skull argent.

      This badge was, based on the Letter of Intent, to be associated
      with House Insidious. However, this household name is not
      registered and thus we cannot make this association.

  Richard MacFergus the Younger. Name and device. Argent, on a chevron
  vert between a longbow fesswise and an eagle's head erased sable two
  fish respectant argent.

      Submitted as "Richard _Mac _Fergus the Younger", period Scots
      names do not include a space between _Mac_ and the father's
      name. Therefore, we have changed the patronym to "_Mac_Fergus"
      to register this name.

      Although _Richard_ was documented in the Letter of Intent as an
      English given name, it is also found in 16th century Scottish
      parish records in the FamilySearch Historical Records. In
      addition, _the Younger_ is a plausible lingua Anglica form of
      the Gaelic byname _Og_ or _Oig_. The pattern of _given name +
      patronym + descriptive byname_ is found in Alys Mackyntoich's
      "Notes on Name Formation in Scots and Latin Renderings of Gaelic
      Names"
      (http://alysprojects.blogspot.com/2014/01/notes-on-name-formation-in-scots-and.html).
      Therefore, this name is a reasonable Scots rendering of a
      Scottish Gaelic name.

  Saille O Ruairc. Name change from Umm Khalid Naila bint Abd
  al-Rahim.

      _O Ruairc_ was documented in the Letter of Intent as an
      Anglicized Irish byname. It is also a plausible Gaelic form, for
      which the standardized form (including accents) is _{O'}
      Ruairc_.

      This name combines an English surname used as a given name with
      an Anglicized Irish or Gaelic byname. Both combinations are
      acceptable under Appendix C of SENA.

      The submitter's previous name, _Umm Khalid Naila bint Abd
      al-Rahim_, is released.

  Susan of Myrkfaelinn. Holding name and device. Or, on a sun sable, a
  mullet voided and interlaced within and conjoined to an annulet
  argent, a mountain vert.

      Submitted under the name "Elska {a'} Fj{a'}rfelli", which was
      returned in April 2016.

  Susan of Myrkfaelinn. Badge. Or, on a sun sable, a mullet voided and
  interlaced within and conjoined to an annulet argent.

      Commenters noticed that this badge was very evocative of a motif
      found in the TV show "Supernatural". It does not however rise to
      the level of obtrusive modernity.

  Wulfgar Ronaldson. Name and device. Per fess gules and Or, a dragon
  Or and an oak leaf vert.

  Yngvar the Dismal. Badge. (Fieldless) A paternoster sable tasseled
  gules.

======================================================================

**** AN TIR acceptances ****

  An Tir, Kingdom of. Badge association for Ordre du Lion et de la
  Lance. Checky Or and argent, a horse's head couped contourny sable.

  Doe Flynn. Name and device. Vert, a doe lodged regardant argent and
  in chief three bezants.

  Donato Asino. Name and device. Argent, a bear rampant sable and on a
  chief azure a rapier argent.

      Nice 16th century Italian name!

  Donnina Donatelli. Device. Azure, in pale two swans naiant Or and on
  a chief wavy argent two clumps of bulrushes vert.

  Elia Drake. Name.

      Nice 16th century English name!

  F{a'}el{a'}n tolusmi{dh}r. Device. Sable, a furison and in chief
  three mullets of eight points argent.

      Please advise the submitter to remove the internal lines to make
      the charges in chief more like plain mullets of eight points and
      less like pairs of rotated mullets of four points or compass
      stars.

  Galath ab Edwin. Name and device. Vert, three cups and a bordure
  argent.

      Submitted as "Galath _ab_ Edwin", the name was changed in
      kingdom to "Galath_ _Edwin" because _Edwin_ had only been
      documented as an English name but the particle _ab_ is Welsh.

      In commentary, Siren found forms of the name _Edwin_ in "Welsh
      Prose 1350-1425"
      (http://www.rhyddiaithganoloesol.caerdydd.ac.uk/en/): _Edwin a
      [sic] howel_, _edwyn vab hywel_, _Edwyn vab Eynion_, _Oweyn vab
      Edwyn_, and _Jweryd verch Edwyn_. Therefore, we can restore the
      byname to the submitted form.

      _Galath_ is a Middle English literary name, a variant of
      Galahad.

      Some commenters wondered whether the bordure was too thin. It is
      perfectly within the range of what is seen in period.

      Nice device!

  Galfryd Yrinmonger. Device. Argent, a pair of dog-headed andirons
  conjoined respectant and on a chief purpure a smith's hammer argent.

  Gareth of Fenby. Device. Gules, in saltire a recorder and an arrow,
  a bordure argent.

  Gnaeus Attius Germanus. Name and device. Or, a trireme proper sailed
  gules, a ford proper.

      Nice name for the late Republic or the early Empire!

      A trireme proper, like any ship proper, is assumed to be made of
      brown wood.

  Guencenedl ben Madudain. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      Submitted as "Guencenedl ben Madu_dh_ain", Aldyrne noted in
      commentary that the genitive (possessive) form of the husband's
      name did not need to be lenited because this form was dated
      prior to c.1200. Therefore, we have changed the byname to "ben
      Madu_d_ain" to register this name.

      _Guencenedl_ is a standardized form of the attested form
      _Wencene{dh}el_. As we allow registration of standardized forms
      of period languages such as Middle Gaelic and Old Norse, we can
      register the submitted form of this given name.

      The submitter requested authenticity for an 11th century Welsh
      first name and an 11th century Irish last name. The given name
      is a standardized form of a 10th century Cornish name, and the
      byname is Irish Gaelic. Although the combination of a Cornish
      given name and Gaelic byname is an acceptable lingual mix under
      Appendix C of SENA, an authentic name would be rendered entirely
      in a single language. Therefore, this name does not meet the
      submitter's request for an authentic name, but it is
      registerable.

  Hamelin L'Archier. Device. Gules, a fess nebuly ermine, in chief a
  wolf passant argent.

  Hamelin L'Archier. Badge. Gules, a fess nebuly ermine.

  Kira Mikkeldotter. Device. Vert, a sun in splendor Or and on a chief
  argent three mullets of seven points sable.

  Kjartan kr{a'}ka. Badge. (Fieldless) In bend sinister a crow sable
  sustaining an arrow bendwise inverted azure.

  Kojima Ha'nako. Name.

      Nice 14th century Japanese name!

  Kolbera Varsdottir. Device. Quarterly argent and vert, a fox rampant
  proper, a point pointed plumetty vert and argent.

  Lj{u'}fvina haustmyrkr Hrafnsd{o'}ttir. Badge. (Fieldless) A lion's
  jambe bendwise erased barry argent and sable.

  Lynneva Jacob. Device. Or, a dove volant per pale sable and azure.

  Porzia di Corbino Rosso. Device. Argent, in annulo five pomegranates
  gules seeded argent.

  Sarah Pixie. Name.

      Both the given name and byname are dated to 1598, making this an
      excellent late 16th century English name!

  Tir R{i'}gh, Principality of. Order name change to Order of the
  Amaranth of Tir R{i'}gh from Order of the Lily of Tir R{i'}gh.

      The principality's previous order name, _Order of the Lily of
      Tir R{i'}gh_, is released.

  Volchko Kuznets Volkov. Device change. Sable, a warhammer argent
  between gussets papellony gules and argent.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of another
      charge along with gussets.

      The submitter's old device, "Or, a bend sinister sable between a
      wolf's head cabossed gules and a raven close to sinister sable",
      is released.

  Volchko Kuznets Volkov. Badge. (Fieldless) A six-petaled rose, the
  petals alternating gules and Or.

======================================================================

**** ARTEMISIA acceptances ****

  Anne of Hynchecliff. Name and device. Per saltire Or and vert, four
  cinquefoils counterchanged.

      Nice device!

======================================================================

**** ATENVELDT acceptances ****

  Ceallach Colquhoun. Badge. Per bend sinister gules and argent, a
  door argent banded and handled sable and charged with two arrows in
  saltire, and a dragon sejant affronty, wings displayed and face to
  dexter gules.

  Franceska Lucrezia la Sarta. Name (see RETURNS for device).

  Katherine Kelly. Device. Argent semy of shamrocks vert, a butterfly
  sable and on a chief purpure a spoon reversed argent.

      Please advise the submitter to draw some internal details on the
      butterfly.

  Mattea Locatelli. Device. Purpure, in saltire two arrows inverted Or
  and overall a polypus argent.

======================================================================

**** ATLANTIA acceptances ****

  Alessandra della Luna. Device change. Azure, a crescent and on a
  chief embattled argent three monarch butterflies proper.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a monarch
      butterfly.

      The submitter's old device, "Azure, a crescent and on a chief
      embattled argent three suns vert", is released.

  Bi{o,}rn {i'} Mi{dh}gar{dh}i. Name change from Apollinaris Salvi de
  Pisa and device change. Argent, a valknut and a bordure sable.

      The byname is a reconstructed Old Norse form of the attested
      farm name _Midgaardhen_ (among other forms), found in Rygh's
      _Norske Gaardnavne_, s.nn. Megaarden and Midgaarden. The byname
      _i Mi{dh}gar{dh}r_ means "of Earth". It is not presumptuous
      because real people are described as being from this place, and
      it is found later as a specific place name.

      The submitter's previous name, _Apollinaris Salvi de Pisa_, is
      released.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a valknut.

      The submitter's old device, "Vert, a pheon inverted argent
      between three crosses bottony within a bordure Or", is released.

  Bi{o,}rn {i'} Mi{dh}gar{dh}i. Badge (see RETURNS for household
  name). (Fieldless) A valknut within and conjoined to an annulet
  gules.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a valknut.

  Birna Isleifsdottir. Device change. Per bend sinister argent and
  azure, a mallet counterchanged and in chief two fern fronds
  fesswise, stems to center vert.

      The submitter's old device, "Gules, on a chevron cotised argent
      between three Bengal tigers passant Or, marked sable, three
      roses sable, seeded Or", is retained as a badge and associated
      with her alternate name, "Isleif Brimstone".

  Brynna of Aelfstanbury. Device change. Per bend Or and gules, a
  raven displayed face to sinister sable sustaining with its feet a
  sword fesswise reversed proper.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a bird other
      than an eagle in the displayed posture.

      The submitter's old device, "Or, a pall between a raven statant
      close sable and two torches gules", is released.

  Brynna of Aelfstanbury. Heraldic will.

      Upon her death, the submitter wishes to release all the names
      and/or armory registered to her in the SCA.

  D{u'}nac{a'}n mac Carthaigh. Name (see PENDS for device).

      Submitted as "D_{u'}_nac_{a'}_n mac Carthaigh", the given name
      was inadvertently entered as "D_u_nac_a_n" in the Letter of
      Intent. We have restored the accents to register this name.

  D{u'}nac{a'}n mac Carthaigh. Device. Per pale Or and vert, a natural
  seahorse gules.

      Commenters wondered whether this conflicts with the badge of the
      Crown Province of {O/}stgar{dh}r: _(Fieldless) A natural
      sea-horse proper_. Proper for a sea-horse is not defined and the
      color version of this 1975 registration is not available.
      However, the submitter has permission to conflict from Crown
      Province of {O/}stgar{dh}r and we do not need to rule at this
      point.

  Gawain de Barri. Name.

      This name was documented in the Letter of Intent as the
      combination of an English given name and a French byname, which
      is an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C of SENA. The
      byname is also found in England in 'Close Rolls, Edward I:
      January 1296', in _Calendar of Close Rolls, Edward I: Volume 3,
      1288-1296_
      (http://www.british-history.ac.uk/cal-close-rolls/edw1/vol3/p502b).
      Therefore, this name is also wholly English.

  Gideon ap Stephen. Name and device. Per bend sinister argent and
  sable, a musimon rampant counterchanged.

      The byname _ap Stephen_ was documented as a patronym formed from
      an English or Welsh given name in the Letter of Intent. The
      pattern of _ap X_, where _X_ is an English given name, is found
      in late period Wales [Rhydderch ap Erwin, March 2004,
      A-{AE}thelmearc].

      In addition, Noir Licorne found several instances of _ap
      Stephen_ in "The Grange of Cwmtoyddwr", in _Archaeologia
      Cambrensis_ (https://books.google.com/books?id=_MBOAQAAMAAJ).
      This byname is found in leases from the reigns of Henry VIII and
      James I.

  Gideon ap Stephen. Badge. (Fieldless) A triskelion of goat's legs
  argent.

  Gregor of Hawthorne. Name.

  Magnus Chernimirov. Badge. (Fieldless) A dragon's head cabossed
  argent.

      The submitter has permission to conflict with the device of
      Muirenn ingenue Marc{a'}in: _Per pale sable and azure, a
      dragon's head cabossed argent_.

  Mark Lothian ap Lyonesse. Request for name reconsideration from Mark
  Lothian.

      Submitted as "Mark Lothian ap Lyone_ss_", there was a
      typographical error on the submission form. Kingdom confirmed
      that the intended spelling of the byname was "ap Lyone_sse_".

      The pattern of _ap X_, where _X_ is an English given name, is
      found in late period Wales [Rhydderch ap Erwin, March 2004,
      A-{AE}thelmearc]. In the case of this submission, _Lyonesse_ is
      a 16th-17th century English surname used as a given name.

  Mercia Marchand. Name and device. Azure semy of snail shells Or, a
  sea-sheep argent.

      Nice 16th century English name!

  Seraphina Delfino. Badge. Ermine, two bars gemel gules.

      Batonvert's investigations provided no evidence of arms that
      used bars gemel depicted either as regularly spaced bars or as
      barry fields. It appears that period heralds, when they blazoned
      bars gemel, were very particular about when that term was used.
      With no examples of period heralds conflating or equating bars
      gemel with either bars or barry, this badge does not conflict
      with Hungary, Ancient: _Barry argent and gules_, or the device
      of Alys Dietsch: _Barry ermine and vert_.

      The submitter has permission to conflict with the device of
      Portia Vincenzo: _Or, two bars gemel gules_.

  Thomas Merrystone. Name change from Thomas Fetherstan.

      This name does not conflict with the registered name _Thomas
      Marston_. _Merrystone_ has an additional syllable in sound and
      is different in appearance, so this name is clear under PN3C2 of
      SENA.

      The submitter's previous name, _Thomas Fetherstan_, is retained
      as an alternate name.

  Ulrich von Thorn. Name and device. Argent, an eagle per pale azure
  and gules, a bordure embattled per pale gules and azure.

      The submitter requested authenticity for a 14th century
      German/Prussian name. As documented in the Letter of Intent,
      this name combines a 14th century German given name with a 16th
      century Prussian byname. Therefore, it does not meet the
      submitter's request for a 14th century name, but the name is
      registerable.

      The submitter may wish to know that Liber documented both
      _Ulrich_ and _von Thorn_ in Prussia, dated to 1616 in the
      FamilySearch Historical Records. Therefore, this name is an
      authentic early 17th century name.

  Una Redfox. Name change from Una Freysteinsd{o'}ttir and device.
  Gyronny argent and gules, a lymphad sable and a bordure Or.

      The submitter's previous name, _Una Freysteinsd{o'}ttir_, is
      released.

======================================================================

**** AVACAL acceptances ****

  Avacal, Kingdom of. Order name Award of Griffins Agate and badge.
  (Fieldless) An eagle's foot issuing from a sinister wing gules and
  sustaining an egg argent.

  Avacal, Kingdom of. Order name Geselschaft des Adlers of Avacal (see
  RETURNS for badge).

      Submitted as "Geselschaft des Adle_r_ of Avacal", with the
      intended meaning of "Order of the Eagle of Avacal", German
      grammar requires that the phrase meaning "of the Eagle" use the
      genitive form of _Adler_. Therefore, we have made this change
      and registered this order name as "Geselschaft des Adle_rs_ of
      Avacal".

  Avacal, Kingdom of. Order name Order of the Sable Rapier.

  Avacal, Kingdom of. Badge for Order of Avacal. (Fieldless) On a
  cinquefoil argent, a gryphon's head erased gules.

  Avacal, Kingdom of. Badge for Order of the Sphinx and Cartouche.
  Argent, on a cartouche gules an Egyptian gynosphinx couchant
  affronty argent.

  Effym Cowie Murray. Name.

      The submitter requested authenticity for a 12th-14th century
      Scottish name. This request was not summarized in the Letter of
      Intent. Luckily for the submitter, we had enough information to
      consider the request instead of pending the name for further
      commentary.

      This is not authentic for the submitter's desired time period,
      although it may be authentic for Scotland during the 16th or
      early 17th centuries. Therefore, this name does not meet the
      submitter's request for an authentic 12th-14th century name, but
      it is registerable.

  Myrgan Wood, Barony of. Badge for Sargents of Myrgan Wood. Quarterly
  argent and Or, a round buckle and a bordure vert.

      Sargents of Myrgan Wood is a generic identifier.

  Tadc Ottarsson. Device. Quarterly gules and sable, on a lozenge Or a
  raven volant contourny wings addorsed sable.

======================================================================

**** CAID acceptances ****

  {AE}sa rau{dh}kinn Sigr{i'}{dh}ard{o'}ttir. Name and device.
  Quarterly Or and sable, a demi-talbot passant gules.

      Submitted as "{AE}sa rau{dh}kinn Sigr_i_{dh}ard{o'}ttir", we
      require accents to be used consistently throughout an entire
      name. Therefore, we have changed the name to "{AE}sa rau{dh}kinn
      Sigr_{i'}_{dh}ard{o'}ttir" to register it.

  Anlaith an Einigh. Name.

      Submitted as "Anl_ai_th an Einign", the given name appeared in
      the Letter of Intent as "Anl_ia_th" due to a typographical
      error. A timely correction noted that the spelling of the given
      name should have been _Anlaith_. We have restored the spelling
      of the given name to the submitted form. In addition, we have
      corrected the spelling of the byname to "an Einig_h_".

  Arnleif Oladottir. Device. Vert, a horse rampant and in chief three
  oak leaves Or.

  Batu Mongo. Name change from holding name Batu of Altavia.

  Broddi Kennima{dh}r. Name.

      This name was pended in order to allow a discussion of whether
      the byname _Kennima{dh}r_ ("teacher, cleric, priest") implies
      ordination of the bearer, and thus whether it is a presumptuous
      claim of rank.

      A word that is associated with ordained people but does not
      refer to that status explicitly is not presumptuous under PN4B1
      of SENA. _Kennima{dh}r_ is defined in Cleasby-Vigfusson as
      "teacher, but only used of a cleric or priest", and is found in
      the Family Sagas. Although this term is used to describe
      ordained people, it does not appear to refer to that status
      directly like the byname _prestr_ ("priest"). Therefore, we can
      give the submitter the benefit of the doubt and register this
      name.

      This name was pended from the January 2016 Letter of Acceptances
      and Returns.

  Catherina Alberti. Name and device. Azure, on a cross between in
  bend two feathers Or a feather purpure.

      Nice late period Latinized Italian name!

  Cill{i'}ne mac Canac{a'}in. Name and device. Argent, a Maltese cross
  and on a chief embattled gules two stags combattant argent.

      Submitted as "Cill{i'}_n_ mac Cana_g{a'}n_", the name was
      changed in kingdom to "Cill{i'}n mac Cana_c{a'}in_" to match the
      documentation that could be found for the patronym.

      The given name is in the genitive (possessive) case. We have
      changed the given name to the nominative (base) form
      "Cill{i'}n_e_" to register this name.

  Cormac M{o'}r. Heraldic title Beare Herald.

      This heraldic title conflicted with the Barony of Seagirt's
      registered order name _Order of the Beare_, and could not be
      registered even with a letter of permission to conflict. The
      barony agreed to change their order name, so this heraldic title
      was pended to allow the change to go through. _Order of the
      Beare_ was released in the April 2016 Letter of Acceptances and
      Returns, so we can now register _Beare Herald_.

      This heraldic title was pended from the January 2016 Letter of
      Acceptances and Returns.

  Guinevere of Gravesham. Name and device. Azure, three suns in
  splendor Or, on a chief dovetailed argent five crosses formy gules.

  Jacob de Groot. Name.

      The byname was documented to Amsterdam in the early 17th
      century. In addition, Siren noted the following:

           The byname can also be interpolated from forms found
           in Aryanhwy merch Catmael's "15th Century Dutch Names"
           (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/dutch/dutch15surnames.html)
           gives the spellings die Groet (1422), de Groet (1478),
           and die Groot (1478). The spelling "de Groot" is thus
           also a plausible 15th c. form, making it a nice 15th
           c. Dutch name.

      Nice 15th century Dutch name!

  Jaqueline de Montfort. Name change from Margarete Rau.

      This name was documented in the Letter of Intent as a late 13th
      century French given name combined with an 11th century English
      byname, an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C of SENA.

      The given name is also found in Aryanhwy merch Catmael's "Names
      from Choisy, France, 1475-1478"
      (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/french/choisy.html), and the
      byname in her article "French Names from Paris, 1421, 1423, &
      1438" (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/french/paris1423.html).
      Therefore, this name is also wholly French.

      Nice 15th century French name!

      The submitter's previous name, _Margarete Rau_, is released.

  Julien de la Fontaine. Device. Per fess engrailed gules and barry
  engrailed argent and azure, in chief a cross of Jerusalem Or.

  Ketill Olafsson. Badge. (Fieldless) A triskelion of talbot's heads
  vert.

  Klaus Axelsson. Name.

      This name combines a German given name and a Swedish or
      Norwegian byname. This is an acceptable lingual mix under
      Appendix C of SENA.

  Loisia Matteo. Name.

      The submitter requested authenticity for an unspecified place
      and time. We were not able to document both elements in the same
      century in the same city, but both elements are found in
      Tuscany. Therefore, this name is not authentic, but it is
      registerable.

  Magdalena Girolama Mancini. Name.

  Marcus Adler. Device. Quarterly sable and Or, a Maltese cross
  counterchanged.

  Mary Taran of Glastonbury. Badge. (Fieldless) An ibex rampant argent
  armed Or.

  Nestor the Horse Breaker. Name and device. Or, a horse rampant
  between three trident heads gules.

      Submitted as "Nestor _the_ Horse Breaker", the name was changed
      in kingdom to "Nestor_ _Horse Breaker" to match the
      documentation that could be found. _Horse Breaker_ is a
      plausible lingua Anglica form of the attested _horsse breaker_
      (1550), found in the Oxford English Dictionary. Therefore, we
      have restored the name to the submitted form.

  Sibylla de Haze. Name.

      This name was documented in the Letter of Intent as the
      combination of an English or German given name and a Dutch
      byname, an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C of SENA. The
      byname is also found in the FamilySearch Historical Records from
      England, dated to 1647, so this name is also wholly English.

  Skallagrimr Ulfhe{dh}inn. Name and device. Per pall gules, sable,
  and argent, in base two wolves combattant counterchanged.

      Submitted as "Skallagri_m_ Ulfhe_dnar_", the attested spelling
      of the given name is "Skallagri_mr_". We have made this change
      to register this name.

      The byname is a plural descriptive term meaning "berserkers
      wearing wolf-skins", found in Cleasby-Vigfusson. The singular
      form _Ulfhe{dh}inn_, appropriate for use by an individual
      berserker, is also described as a given name in this source. We
      can give the submitter the benefit of the doubt that this is a
      plausible descriptive byname in Old Norse. We have changed the
      byname to the singular form in order to register it.

======================================================================

**** CALONTIR acceptances ****

  Beatrix Bogenschutz. Name and device. Vert, a griffin statant erect
  maintaining an arrow inverted argent.

  Cecilia de Gatisbury. Name and device. Per pale wavy argent and Or,
  two sprigs of borage azure slipped and leaved vert.

      Nice 14th century English name!

  Darius Delphin. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      Submitted as "Darius _van_ Delphin", it does not appear as
      though _Delphin_ is a German place name. Therefore, we have
      dropped the preposition and registered this name as "Darius_
      _Delphin".

      We note that Zacharias Heyns' _De historien van Pavlvs Iovivs,
      bisschop tot Nvcera_
      (https://books.google.com/books?pg=PT439&dq=%22van+Delphin%22&id=xS9lAAAAcAAJ#v=onepage&q=%22van%20Delphin%22&f=false)
      includes the phrase _van Delphin_. However, this phrase is not
      discussing a German place name, so _Delphin_ cannot be combined
      with the preposition _van_ in a byname without evidence to show
      that it is plausible in our period.

  Hugo van Harlo. Badge. (Fieldless) A cockerel's head couped sable,
  beaked, crested and jelloped Or.

      Nice badge!

  Ivan Geirsson. Name and device. Sable, three demi-lions Or.

      Although _Ivan_ was documented in the Letter of Intent as a
      Russian given name, _Iwan_ is found as a given name, and
      _Ivansson_ as a byname in 15th century Sweden. Both can be found
      in _Svenskt Diplomatariums huvudkartotek {o:}ver
      medeltidsbreven_. Therefore, this name is entirely Scandinavian,
      albeit with a Swedish and Old Norse lingual mix.

      Nice device!

  Ki no Kotori. Alternate name Maria Katerina von Adlerhof.

      This identical name was registered and later released by the
      submitter. In the meantime, she decided she wanted to keep it as
      an alternate name, but the elements are not grandfathered to her
      because of the release.

      The byname _von Adlerhof_ was originally documented as a
      compound word formed from _adler_ ("eagle") and _-hof_
      ("house"). Unfortunately, this level of documentation is not
      sufficient under current standards. Commenters were unable to
      support the use of an inn-sign style name formed from an animal
      or heraldic charge and ending in _-hof_. The closest that was
      found to this pattern was _Adelczhover_ (1433), found in
      Brechenmacher, s.n. Adelshofer.

      After the Pelican decision meeting, {AE}lfwynn Leofl{ae}de
      dohtor noted that Socin includes examples of a pattern of naming
      houses after people who used to live there, even after they've
      sold them. One example is _Hugo Gulden (aureus)...curia dicta
      des Guldin hof_ (1225-1289), which can be read as "Hugo Guldin,
      who's called 'of the Guldin hof'" (p. 405). Therefore, we are
      able to register this name as submitted.

  Konstantia Kaloethina. Badge. Azure, a bordure gyronny argent and
  sable.

      Nice badge!

  M{ae}va Dagsd{o'}ttir. Device. Vert, on a sinister wing fesswise
  argent, a trefoil vert.

  Ren Jie. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      Submitted as "R_{e'}_n Ji_{e'}_", the name contains
      unregisterable pronunciation marks. Precedent states:

           This submission uses diacritical marks when
           transliterating Chinese characters; this practice was
           declared unregisterable in June, 2003:

                Submitted as "L_{a'}_n Ying", we have
                removed the accent from the byname. Pinyin
                and Wade-Giles are the two main systems for
                transliterating Chinese names using the
                Roman alphabet. Golden Pillar provided
                information regarding the accents and
                diacritical marks used in these
                transliteration systems:

                     First, Yin strongly recommends
                     that Pelican and Laurel not
                     register accent marks, or most
                     other diacritical marks, with
                     Chinese names. In Pinyin, and in
                     many Wade-Giles, Romanizations,
                     these marks are, in some sense,
                     similar to the marks in deFelice,
                     providing pronunciation
                     information without being part of
                     the actual characters in the name.
                     With a few exceptions in
                     Wade-Giles, the marks are one of
                     two modern methods for conveying
                     pronunciation tones, and the other
                     method (numbers at the end of each
                     syllable) is much more common.
                     Further, both numbers and marks
                     are most frequently omitted when
                     Romanizing Chinese characters for
                     Western readers from the general
                     public. Please note that, if
                     accent and diacritical marks are
                     registered in Romanized Chinese
                     names, then the much more common
                     number-at-end-of-syllable should
                     be likewise registerable. (By the
                     way, if the number convention is
                     registerable, this name would more
                     frequently be Romanized as _Lan2
                     Ying1_ than as _L{a'}n Ying_).

                Given this information, we will omit
                diacritical marks and tonal indicators
                (numbers at the end of each syllable) when
                registering Chinese names. We have changed
                _L{a'}n_ to _Lan_ in this name to remove the
                accent, which is used as a pronunciation
                indicator.

           [X{u'}n M{'e}i L{iu}, August 2004, R-Middle]

      Therefore, we have changed this name to "R_e_n Ji_e_" in order
      to register it.

  Sigur{dh}r skrifari. Name and device. Or, a cross azure, overall a
  raven displayed maintaining a bow and a quill pen gules.

      There is a step from period practice for use of a bird other
      than an eagle in the displayed posture.

  Svala Eiriksdottir. Name.

  Vitoria d'Aires. Name.

      Both elements are dated to 1565, making this an excellent 16th
      century Portuguese name!

  V{o,}lu-Ingibi{o,}rg. Badge. (Fieldless) In pale a roundel conjoined
  to a chalice Or.

  William Schlagen Donner. Name and device. Per fess gules and azure,
  in pale two arrows fesswise Or and two hammers fesswise argent.

      Submitted as "William Schlage_nd_onner ", the constructed byname
      _Schlagendonner_ was intended to mean "smite the noisy person".

      The Letter of Intent included inherited 16th and early 17th
      century examples like _Schlagenhauf(f)_, _Schlagenhauss_,
      _Schlagertalerin_, and _Schlagenhorsts_, where _-hauf(f)_ means
      "host, army", _-hauss_ may mean "house", _-thal/-talerin_ means
      "valley/valley dweller", and _-horsts_ means "thicket". Earlier
      forms of the first example were also documented. Another example
      in the Letter of Intent, _Schlagenteufel_ ("smite the devil"),
      was not dated and cannot be used to support this name.

      Without additional evidence to support a byname meaning "smite
      the [adjective] person", we are unable to register this name as
      submitted. Therefore, we have changed the compound byname to a
      double byname, "Schlagen_ _Donner", to register this name. Both
      _Schlagen_ and _Donner_ are found in the FamilySearch Historical
      Records, dated to 1643 and 1578, respectively.

      _William_ is the submitter's legal given name.

======================================================================

**** DRACHENWALD acceptances ****

  Arnulf of Ad Flumen Caerulum. Holding name and device (see RETURNS
  for name). Gules, a Bactrian camel passant argent crowned Or.

      The submitter has permission to conflict with the device of Jon
      de Cles: _Gules, a winged camel trippant argent_.

      The submitter is a court baron and this entitled to display a
      coronet on his armory.

      Submitted under the name "Arnulf der Zeilner".

  Celestria de Cerdren. Name.

      _Cerdren_ is documented from a legal charter that mixes Old
      English and Latin elements. _Cerdren_ appears to be the
      nominative form of an Old English place name that is treated as
      an indeclinable noun, combined with the Latin preposition _de_.
      This type of pattern is found in the charters of this time, with
      many of the documents written in Latin, but also using Old
      English locative forms. Therefore, we are able to register this
      name.

  Drachenwald, Kingdom of. Heraldic title Beckett Herald.

      This exact submission was previously submitted as a personal
      heraldic title and was returned because the common practice of
      referring to heralds using _given name + heraldic title_
      presumed upon the name of Thomas Becket [Thomas Flamanc of
      Kelsale, Heraldic title Beckett Herald, November 2015,
      R-Drachenwald].

      We remind the kingdom that the March 2015 Cover Letter states
      that we will not register new heraldic titles if they are
      intended for such a transfer. As this title is being registered
      by kingdom and cannot be transferred in future, we can accept it
      under the guidelines in the Cover Letter.

  Edward de Elsynge dictus le Spiour. Name (see RETURNS for device).

  Elias Saltram. Name and device. Argent, on a saltire azure five
  crosses crosslet palewise Or.

      The submitter requested authenticity for "13th Century
      Anglo-Norman in England". This request was not summarized in the
      Letter of Intent. Luckily for the submitter, we had enough
      information to consider this request instead of pending the name
      for further commentary.

      _Elias_ and _Saltram_ are found in the Middle English
      Dictionary, dated to 1263 and 1264, respectively, so this name
      meets this request.

  Hei{dh}r Olavsdottir. Name.

      The given name _Hei{dh}r_ is the name of a legendary or
      mythological prophetess, as well as an Icelandic name found in
      the _Landn{a'}mab{o'}k_ as the name of a normal woman.
      Therefore, the use of this name is not presumptuous.

      The submitter requested authenticity for "Around viking time
      Norway. (Denmark, Baltia, Finland) [sic]". As _Hei{dh}r_ is only
      documented as the name of a person in Iceland, and the patronym
      was documented as a Swedish byname, this name does not meet the
      submitter's request for an authentic Norwegian name, but it is
      registerable.

  Karola de Flintbeke. Device. Per fess purpure and Or, a sun and a
  bordure counterchanged.

  Katherina Horndleins. Name.

  Maud de Elsynge. Device. Vert, a dragon between three ermine spots
  Or.

  Siri Hyv{a:}mieli. Name and device. Sable, a bend sinister argent,
  overall a tortoise Or.

      Submitted as "S_ii_ri Hyv{a:}mieli", the Letter of Intent stated
      that _Siiri_ is the submitter's legal name. However, the type of
      name (given, middle, or surname) was not noted. In addition, no
      documentation was provided in the submission packet, nor was an
      attestation that two heralds had witnessed the documentation
      provided as described in the June 2015 Cover Letter. Without
      this documentation, _Siiri_ is not eligible for the legal name
      allowance.

      Precedent states:

           Submitted as "S_ii_ri Toivo_sdottir_", the name was
           changed by kingdom to "Siiri Toivotyt{a:}r" to make
           the byname completely Finnish.

           Unfortunately, commenters could find no evidence that
           _Siiri_ is dated to before 1690. Gunnvor silfraharr
           found a 15th century Norwegian form, _Siri_ (in
           _Diplomatarium Norvegicum_). We have made that change
           with the submitter's permission in order to register
           the name. [Siri Toivosdotter, April 2012, A-Middle]

      Commenters were similarly unable to document _Siiri_ for the
      present submission. We have therefore changed it to the attested
      form _Siri_. If the submitter prefers the submitted form, she
      can submit a request for reconsideration along with proof of her
      legal name.

  Una {A'}geirsd{o'}ttir. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      Nice 11th century Old West Norse name!

  Vivienne de Saint Clare. Name and device. Argent, two chevronels and
  on a chief gules three cinquefoils Or.

      Submitted as "Vivienne de Saint_-Clair_", the submitter
      requested authenticity for a 13th century Norman name.

      The given name is a plausible late 13th century form of the
      attested _Viviene_.

      Places named after saints were not hyphenated until late in our
      period. Negre's _Toponymie g{e'}n{e'}rale de la France_, s.n.
      Saint Clair gives the 13th century Latinized forms _villa de
      Sancto Claro_ (1287) and _sancti Clarus_ (1275). The form _de
      Sancto Claro_ is found in 13th century England, also describing
      a town in Normandy. Therefore, the vernacular French form
      appropriate for the 13th century is likely _de Saint Clare_. We
      have changed the byname to this form to try to meet the
      submitter's request for an authentic 13th century name.

      The submitted form of the name is also registerable. If the
      submitter prefers it, she can submit a request for
      reconsideration.

      Nice device!

======================================================================

**** EALDORMERE acceptances ****

  Morotsura Koshirou. Device. Sable, a wolf's head cabossed, on a
  chief argent a sun gules between two decrescents sable.

  Ragnar Tempus Peregrinator. Name change from Baldur Peregrinator.

      _Ragnar_ is the submitter's legal given name.

      The submitter's previous name, _Baldur Peregrinator_, is
      released.

  Song Zidie. Alternate name Li Li.

      Nice 13th century Chinese name!

======================================================================

**** EAST acceptances ****

  Agn{e'}s de la Court. Name and device. Purpure, a chevron embattled
  between two fleurs-de-lys argent and a raccoon statant gardant
  argent marked purpure.

      _Agn{e'}s_ is an attested but unexpected form, more commonly
      found as _Agnes_ in our period.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a New World
      raccoon.

      Please advise the client to draw the chevron thicker, as befits
      a primary charge.

  C{a'}emgen Ua Donnchada. Name and device. Vert, in fess two crosses
  fleury Or, a chief argent.

      _C{a'}emgen_ is the name of an Irish saint.

      Please advise the submitter to draw the crosses as wide as they
      are tall.

  Daniel au Loup Rouge. Name and device. Or semy of gunstones, a wolf
  passant gules and a chief vert.

  Eleanor Catlyng. Name change from Eleanor Catlyn.

      Both elements are found in Lincoln or Lincolnshire, England,
      dated to 1566-1567 in the FamilySearch Historical Records,
      making this an excellent 16th century English name!

      The submitter's previous name, _Eleanor Catlyn_, is released.

  Jeanne Robin. Acceptance of transfer of badge from Christopher
  Devereux. Argent, two dances gules.

  Lorencio Matteo Espinosa. Name.

      Nice 16th century Spanish name!

  Mael Eoin mac Echuid. Household name La Tavernehous de Mayne
  Ospitalis.

      _Mayne Ospitalis_ ("mayne held by the Knights Hospitaller") is
      an attested place name found in Watts s.n. Broadmayne dated to
      1244-1332.

      _La Tavernehous_, documented from the 1311 house name _la
      Tavernehous_, is somewhat less likely as a designator than
      either _Taverne_ or _Hous_. _Mayne Ospitalis Inne_ would also be
      an authentic form. However, the submitted form is registerable.

  Mael Eoin mac Echuid. Device change. Per fess gules and argent, a
  lion rampant gardant counter-ermine.

      The submitter has permission to conflict with the badge of Cosma
      Drago: _(Fieldless) A domestic cat sejant erect counter-ermine_.

      The submitter's old device, "Gyronny argent and sable, a Maltese
      cross within an orle gules", is retained as a badge.

  Mael Eoin mac Echuid. Badge. (Fieldless) A boot sable.

      Nice boot!

  Maximillian Elgin. Badge (see RETURNS for household name). Or, in
  fess a cup gules sustained between two sheep combattant sable.

  Millicent Rowan. Name.

  Muirenn ingen D{u'}nadaig. Badge. (Fieldless) A coney courant
  ermine.

  Sorcha Dhorcha. Name.

      Nice 15th-16th century Irish Gaelic name!

  Viviana Silvani. Name.

  Ynys y Gwaun, Canton of. Branch name and device. Per fess argent and
  Or, a tree eradicated proper between three laurel wreaths vert.

      In the case of this name, the mutated form _Ynys y Waun_ is more
      likely, but the submitted form is registerable.

======================================================================

**** LAUREL acceptances ****

  Algeria. Reblazon of important non-SCA flag. Per pale vert and
  argent, a mullet between the horns of a decrescent gules.

      Registered in December of 1994 as "Per fess vert and argent, a
      mullet between the horns of a decrescent gules", the line of
      division is oriented per pale.

      Important non-SCA flag.

======================================================================

**** LOCHAC acceptances ****

  Anna de Wilde. Blanket permission to conflict with device. Or, a
  dance azure and in chief three hurts.

      The submitter grants permission to conflict for all armory which
      is not identical to her registered armory.

  Astridr Ormstunga. Device. Per saltire argent and vert, two
  serpents' heads couped addorsed argent.

  Aveline Goupil. Badge. (Fieldless) A hawk's lure gules.

      Nice badge!

  Cheng Weiming. Name change from holding name Michael of River Haven.

      Submitted as "Cheng _Minglong_ Weiming", both _Minglong_ and
      _Weiming_ are given names. Chinese names do not use double given
      names. With the submitter's permission, we have changed the name
      to "Cheng_ _Weiming" to register this name.

      The submitter requested authenticity for "Chinese
      language/culture". The modified name is authentic for China in
      the 15th century.

  Edward Braythwayte. Badge. (Fieldless) A pipkin argent maintaining
  upon its handle a fox passant gules.

  Eleanor d'Arcy. Name (see RETURNS for device).

  Eleanor de Foresta. Name (see RETURNS for device).

  Faelan mac Flainn. Badge (see RETURNS for household name). Argent,
  three mascles gules and a bordure sable.

      Precedent states:

           When we re-defined the protection for the cross symbol
           of the Red Cross, we stated that multiple crosses will
           be considered on a case-by-case basis. Since there is
           more than one cross on this design, and both crosses
           are Latinate crosses, this design is not considered to
           infringe on the symbol of the International Committee
           of the Red Cross.[Alexander of Lancaster, Dec 2010,
           A-Outlands]

      Here we have a similar situation with the symbol of the Red
      Crystal. As we have multiple lozenges and a bordure, this badge
      cannot be construed as infringing on the Red Crystal.

  Fiora Vespucci. Blanket permission to conflict with device. Per
  chevron ploy{e'} flory at the point gules and argent.

      The submitter grants permission to conflict for all armory which
      is at least one countable step (DC) from her armory.

  Gwenhwyfar ferch Elena. Name and device. Argent, three mullets one
  and two sable, a point pointed gules.

      Submitted as "Gwenhw_{y:}_far ferch Elena", no evidence was
      found to support the marking in the given name as anything but a
      pronunciation guide. We have changed the spelling of this
      element to "Gwenhw_y_far" in order to register this name.

  Imagina Bertram. Name and device. Per bend argent and sable, a raven
  sable and a natural tiger rampant argent marked sable.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of the natural
      tiger.

  Jayne Hunter. Name.

      This exact name is found in both Scots and English in the
      FamilySearch Historical Records, dated to 1573 and 1642,
      respectively. Nice 16th-17th century English or Scots name!

  Kathelyne Berghart. Device change. Sable, an eye Or irised sable
  transfixed by an arrow bendwise sinister, on a chief Or three
  pellets.

      Please advise the submitter to draw the arrow with a thicker
      shaft.

      The submitter's old device, "Sable, an eye argent irised sable
      transfixed by an arrow bendwise sinister, on a chief argent
      three pellets", is retained as a badge.

  Madeleine de Eyncourt. Blanket permission to conflict with device.
  Chevronelly inverted argent and gules, a chief gules.

      The submitter grants permission to conflict for all armory which
      is at least one countable step (DC) from her registered armory.

  Maelgwn ap Merlin. Badge. (Fieldless) On a mullet of eight points
  argent fimbriated azure, a wolf's head cabossed sable.

      Please advise the submitter to draw the mullet with deeper
      points and to add some internal details on the wolf's head.

  Michelle de Darlington. Device. Per fess gules and purpure, a
  peacock feather between in chief two fleurs-de-lys Or.

  Nat Fraech hua {E'}ogain. Blanket permission to conflict with
  device. Argent, in pale a brown bear passant atop a barrel proper
  and in chief three trefoils vert.

      The submitter grants permission to conflict for all armory which
      is at least one countable step (DC) from his registered armory.

  Nat Fraech hua {E'}ogain. Blanket permission to conflict with name.

      The submitter allows the registration of any name that is at
      least a syllable different from his registered name.

  Porzia Vincenzo. Name and device. Or, two bars gemel gules.

      Nice 16th century Italian name!

      Batonvert's investigations provided no evidence of arms that
      used bars gemel depicted either as regularly spaced bars or as
      barry fields. It appears that period heralds, when they blazoned
      bars gemel, were very particular about when that term was used.
      With no examples of period heralds conflating or equating bars
      gemel with either bars or barry this badge does not conflict
      with Hungary, Ancient: _Barry argent and gules_.

      The submitter has permission to conflict with the badge of
      Seraphina Delfino: _Ermine, two bars gemel gules_.

      Nice device!

  Rioghnach inghean Aireachtaigh. Name change from R{i'}oghnach n{i'}
  Laisre{a'}in.

      The submitter requested authenticity for a "8th-10th C
      Irish/Hiberno-Norse woman".

      _Rioghnach_ is the name of an Irish saint. As no other instances
      of this name were found besides the saint, this name is not
      authentic, but it is registerable. We note that the Letter of
      Intent stated that the given name was grandfathered to the
      submitter. However, only the exact element that was previously
      registered can be grandfathered. The registered form of her name
      uses an accent in the given name, so we must rely on the saint's
      name allowance instead of the grandfather clause in order to
      register the unaccented form.

      The submitter's previous name, _R{i'}oghnach n{i'}
      Laisre{a'}in_, is retained as an alternate name.

  Taddea di Giorgio Mellini. Device. Argent, on a bend azure cotised
  gules three bees argent.

  Ulrich of Innilgard. Name.

      _Innilgard_ is the registered name of an SCA branch.

  Valentino Salvatore. Device. Sable, a wolf's head erased contourny
  and on a chief argent three roses proper.

      Nice device!

======================================================================

**** MERIDIES acceptances ****

  Adric Moryn. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      Submitted as "_Ea_dric Moryn", the submitter requested the form
      "_A_dric" if it could be documented.

      _Adric_ appears as a form of the name _Eadric_ in PASE.
      Therefore, we have changed the given name to the submitter's
      preferred form.

  Annya Kalinowska. Name and device. Argent, in pale a polypus purpure
  sustaining a tree eradicated fesswise proper, a bordure gules.

      This name combines a Russian given name with a Polish byname.
      This is an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C of SENA.

  C{a'}el{a'}n mac Oduinn. Badge. (Fieldless) An open book argent
  surmounted by an arrow vert.

  Dehfin ap Meurig. Name change from Dehfin Brit and device. Argent, a
  raven stooping maintaining in its feet a hunting horn sable, a base
  gules, on a chief invected sable three lightning bolts bendwise
  sinister argent.

      _Dehfin_ is grandfathered to the submitter.

      The submitter's previous name, _Dehfin Brit_, is released.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of lightning
      bolts outside of the context of a thunderbolt.

  D{e'}irdre ingen Eithne. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      Submitted as "D{e'}irdre ing_hean_ _Ethueny_", the byname
      combines the Gaelic particle _inghean_ ("daughter [of]") with
      _Ethueny_, a Latinized Scoto-Norman rendering of the Gaelic name
      _Eithne_. We cannot combine languages in the same name phrase
      unless such a lingual mix is documented to period.

      As the submitter allows all changes, we have changed the name to
      the wholly Gaelic "D{e'}irdre ing_en_ _Eithne_", using the
      correct Old or Middle Irish Gaelic patronymic particle to
      register this name.

      The submitter may wish to know that _D{e'}irdre filia Ethueny_
      is also registerable as a Gaelic given name combined with a
      Latinized Scoto-Norman byname. If she prefers this form, she can
      submit a request for reconsideration.

  Eleyne Killpatrik. Name.

      Submitted as "E_ilidh_ Ki_l_pat_rich_", the name was changed in
      kingdom to "E_leyne_ Ki_ll_pat_rik_" because the submitted forms
      of the given name and byname could not be found in period.

      The submitter requested authenticity for "13th-14th Highland
      Scot in Clan Graham". This request was not summarized in the
      Letter of Intent. However, we had enough information to consider
      this name instead of pending it for further commentary.

      _Eleyne_ is dated to the late 13th century and _Killpatrik_ to
      the 15th century. Due to the temporal gap, this name does not
      meet the submitter's request for an authentic 13th-14th century
      Highland Scot name, but it is registerable.

  Flannait inghean u{i'} hEighnigh. Badge. (Fieldless) A sewing needle
  argent threaded vert surmounted in bend by a mask of tragedy and a
  mask of comedy purpure.

  Flannait inghean u{i'} hEighnigh. Badge. (Fieldless) A raven
  contourny regardant argent armed sable maintaining in its beak a
  harp Or.

  Gelis Grim. Name.

      _Grim_ was documented in the Letter of Intent as a surname found
      in Aryanhwy merch Catmael's "Index of Scots names found in
      _Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue_"
      (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/scots/dost/). However, this
      form was an undated header form, with the attested form spelled
      _Gryme_.

      Black, s.n. Grim includes the forms _Grym_, _Grime_, and
      _Gryme_. The submitted spelling _Grim_ is a reasonable
      interpolation, and _i/y_ switches are also common in Scots.
      Therefore, we can register this name as submitted.

  Guillaume de Saint Etienne. Name and device. Azure, a sewing needle
  argent between in fess two Wake knots palewise Or.

      The place name _Saint Etienne_ was documented from a Wikipedia
      article in the Letter of Intent. This source is not acceptable
      as the sole source for a name element.

      Aryanhwy merch Catmael's "Late Period French Feminine Names,
      part deux" dates _Marguerite de Saint-{E'}tienne_ to 1513, and
      her article "Names Found in Commercial Documents from Bordeaux,
      1470-1520"
      (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/french/bordeaux.html) has
      the form _de Sainct Estienne_. Lastly, the given name _Etienne_
      is found in Aryanhwy's "Masculine Given Names in Morlet,
      _{E'}tude d'anthroponymie picarde_"
      (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/french/picardemasc.html).
      Therefore, we are able to register this name as submitted.

  Gwenhwyfar Mwyn. Name.

      The byname _Mwyn_ was documented in "A Welsh Miscellany" (_The
      Complete Anachronist_ #66) by Heather Rose Jones in the Letter
      of Intent. This source is not acceptable as the sole
      documentation for a name (see the April 2007 Cover Letter).
      Luckily for the submitter, this byname is also found in Morgan
      and Morgan, s.n. Dafydd, dated to 1350-1415. Therefore, we are
      able to register this name.

  Hextilda MacRae. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      The submitted form of the byname, _MacRae_, is interpolated from
      the attested forms _M'Rey_, _McRay_, and _Mackcrae_, all found
      in Black. Therefore, we can register this name as submitted
      instead of changing it to one of the attested forms (after
      expanding the scribal abbreviations).

  Human al-Garnatiyya. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      Submitted as "Hum_{a-}_n al-Garnatiyya", we require a consistent
      transliteration and the consistent use of accents and
      diacritical marks throughout an entire name. Therefore, we have
      dropped the marking in the given name, and have registered this
      name as "Hum_a_n al-Garnatiyya"

      The submitter may wish to know that _Hum{a-}n
      al-Garn{a-}t{i-}yya_ is also registerable. If she prefers this
      form, she can submit a request for reconsideration.

  Human al-Garnatiyya. Badge. (Fieldless) A pomegranate gules
  transfixed by a scimitar fesswise argent.

  Jack Marvell. Badge. Or, in saltire a lightning bolt and a rapier
  gules.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a lightning
      bolt outside of a thunderbolt.

  Osric se breowere. Badge. (Fieldless) A hop cone Or within and
  conjoined to a serpent in annulo vorant of its tail sable.

  Richard Carnes. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      The byname was not dated in the Letter of Intent. Both _Richard_
      and _Carnes_ are found in the FamilySearch Historical Records in
      the mid- to late 16th century.

      Nice 16th century English name!

  Stella di Silvestri. Name.

  {TH}{o'}rleifr Jargeirsson. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      Submitted as "{TH}{o'}rl_ei_fr Jargeir_s_on", the name appeared
      in the Letter of Intent as "{TH}{o'}rl_ie_fr Jargeir_ss_on" to
      correct the formation of the patronym to _-sson_. However, a
      typographical error was introduced in the given name:
      "{TH}{o'}rl_ie_fr". We have restored the spelling of the given
      name to the submitted form.

  Ysmay of Branston. Badge. (Fieldless) A triquetra and an annulet
  braced argent.

======================================================================

**** MIDDLE acceptances ****

  Beth{o'}c MacDonald of Cnoc. Device. Sable, a sun between six
  mullets of six points in annulo, a bordure Or.

      The submitter has permission to conflict with the device of
      Margaret MacLeod: _Sable, a sun between six mullets of six
      points in annulo Or_.

  Cera Eir{i'}ks kona. Name change from Ceridwen of Connachta and
  device. Sable, a rabbit rampant winged and attired Or.

      Submitted as "Cera Eir{i'}ks _K_ona", we don't have evidence to
      support the capitalized form _Kona_ ("wife"). Particles like
      "wife" and "son" are found in all lowercase. Therefore, we have
      changed the spelling to "_k_ona".

      The submitter requested authenticity for an Early Irish and
      Norse name. This request was not summarized in the Letter of
      Intent. Luckily for the submitter, we had enough information to
      consider this request instead of pending the name for further
      commentary.

      This name contains an Irish Gaelic saint's name and an Old Norse
      name, which is an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C of
      SENA. An authentic name would be rendered entirely in a single
      language. We also don't have evidence of _Cera_ as a given name
      for anyone other than the saint. Although the name does not meet
      the submitter's request for authenticity, it is registerable.

      The submitter's previous name, _Ceridwen of Connachta_, is
      released.

      The submitter has permission to conflict with the badge of
      Teleri Tawel: _Sable, a winged mouse sejant erect, tail nowed in
      base Or_.

      We decline to rule whether this permission is necessary.

  Eschina MacDonell. Name.

      Submitted as "Eschina MacDon_e_ll", the byname was changed in
      kingdom to "MacDon_y_ll" to meet the documentation that could be
      found.

      The byname _m'Donell_ appears in Mari ingen Brian meic
      Donnchada's "Names Found in Anglicized Irish Documents"
      (http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnglicizedIrish/Masculine.shtml),
      dated to 1601. This expands to _MacDonell_. Therefore, we can
      restore the byname to the submitted form.

  F{a'}el{a'}n an Sersenach. Name.

      Submitted as "F{a'}el{a'}n _mac Cormaic the Archer_", the
      byname(s) _mac Cormaic the Archer_ could be parsed as "Cormac
      the archer's son" or as "Cormac's son, the archer". The former,
      a compound patronym, potentially combined Gaelic and English in
      the same name phrase, a violation of PN1B1 of SENA, but _the
      Archer_ could also be viewed as a lingua Anglica form of a
      Gaelic occupational byname.

      In order to resolve this, the submitter requested a change to
      "F{a'}el{a'}n _an Sersenach_". _Sersenach_ is variously
      translated as "soldier", "mercenary", and "bowman", and _an
      Sersenach_ ("the soldier/mercenary/bowman") is described as a
      sobriquet/nickname in eDIL.

      Commenters also constructed the byname _an Saighde{o'}ir_ ("the
      archer"), derived from the Latin word _Sagittarius_ (eDIL). A
      related attested byname is _an Bhogha_ "[of] the bow", found in
      Mari Elspeth nic Bryan's "Index of Names in Irish Annals"
      (http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/DescriptiveBynames/).
      If the submitter prefers one of these forms, he can submit a
      request for reconsideration.

      This name was pended from the January 2016 Letter of Acceptances
      and Returns.

  Johannes Drechseldt. Name.

      This name was pended to allow commenters to consider an
      authenticity request for 16th century Germany. The submitter
      dropped this request. As noted previously, the name is authentic
      for 15th century Germany, with both elements found in
      N{u:}rnberg, dated to 1497.

      This name was pended from the January 2016 Letter of Acceptances
      and Returns.

  Jok Turnour. Device. Paly azure and argent, a cinquefoil vert and an
  orle Or.

  Khawlah bint Yahya ibn Husayn. Name (see RETURNS for device).

  Margaret MacLeod of Duntulm. Device. Sable, a sun between six
  mullets of six points in annulo Or.

      The submitter has permission to conflict with the device of
      Beth{o'}c MacDonald of Cnoc: _Sable, a sun between six mullets
      of six points in annulo, a bordure Or_.

  Ronan Mac Duibh. Name and device. Purpure, on a crescent argent a
  cat's eye gules.

      _Mac Duibh_ is an undated header form in Woulfe. The entry in
      Woulfe has one Anglicized Irish form, _M'Duffe_, dated to the
      reign of Elizabeth I or James I of England. Therefore, we allow
      the registration of the corresponding standard Gaelic form.

      _Ronan_ is dated between 590 and 1117, and is also the name of
      an Irish saint. Therefore, it can be combined with a 16th or
      17th century byname.

  Wendell of Dark River. Badge. (Fieldless) A boar statant contourny
  azure breathing flame and charged with a valknut Or.

      Please advise the submitter to draw the valknut larger so it is
      easier to identify.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a valknut.

  Wiglaf Ghera sune. Name change from Anton Stark.

      Submitted as "Wiglaf Gher_i_ sune ", Old English patronyms
      require the use of the genitive (possessive) form of the
      father's name. This name was pended to allow commenters to
      research an appropriate genitive form of the name _Gheri_.

      It is possible that _Gheri_, found in the Domesday Book and in
      PASE, is a form of the Old Danish _Geri_. To the best of our
      knowledge, the correct genitive form is _Ghera_ or _Gera_. As
      this name is found in Reaney & Wilson as an English form, we can
      give the submitter the benefit of the doubt and register the
      byname as the Old English "Wiglaf Gher_a_ sune". However, we
      note that the Old Danish form _Gerason_ may be more likely.

      The submitter's previous name, _Anton Stark_, is retained as an
      alternate name.

      This name was pended from the January 2016 Letter of Acceptances
      and Returns.

  Wilhelm Kith Atzinger. Device. Azure, on a bend sinister between a
  sun in its splendor and a fleur-de-lys Or, three Catherine wheels
  gules.

======================================================================

**** NORTHSHIELD acceptances ****

  Caer Anterth Mawr, Barony of. Badge. (Fieldless) A panther passant
  gardant contourny sable spotted of diverse tinctures and incensed
  proper.

  Geronima Luzia Caminante. Name.

      Nice late 15th century Spanish name!

  Gottfried Schipman. Name.

  Jararvellir, Barony of. Badge. Azure, a barbel naiant sustaining in
  its mouth a lantern, a bordure Or.

      We remind that this form of lantern, although used in the past
      in SCA heraldry, is a modern one. Barring documentation, it will
      not be registerable after the September 2016 meeting.

  Jararvellir, Barony of. Badge. Azure, a barbel naiant Or within an
  annulet and a bordure argent.

  Jararvellir, Barony of. Badge. Azure, a fess wavy argent between a
  barbel naiant and a branch of coral Or.

      Please advise the submitter to draw the fess wider as befits a
      primary charge.

  Jararvellir, Barony of. Badge. Azure, in cross three barbels naiant
  and a pouch, a bordure Or.

  Jararvellir, Barony of. Badge. Azure, three bars wavy argent between
  two barbels contourny Or.

  Jutta van der Brugghen. Device. Or, a key inverted within a chaplet
  of ivy vert.

  Kay Dian Blade Breaker. Name and device. Sable, in saltire a comet
  argent and a fracted sword inverted Or.

  Northshield, Kingdom of. Order name Order of the Gems of Northshield
  and badge. Sable, in cross four hexagonal gemstones argent.

      Commenters questioned whether this should be _Order of the
      Gemstones of Northshield_, as _gemstone_ is the typical term
      used in SCA blazonry. Precedent states:

           Submitted as "Award of the G_em_me Stone", the
           spellings of the individual elements have been
           documented, but not their combination into a phrase.
           The documentation on the LoI explains:

                http://ets.umdl.umich.edu/cgi/m/mec/med-idx?type=id&id=MED43058

                My thanks to Wenyeva atte grene, Juliana de
                Luna and Teceangl Bach for the following
                commentary:

                Documenting <gemme> and <stone> separately
                does not necessarily establish that the
                combination was used in period as <gemme
                stone>.

                The OED, s.v. gemstone, gives examples from
                c1000 to c1290, but the ME spellings given
                are (plural) <{3}imstones>, <{3}imstanes>
                and (singular) <{3}imston>.

                The MED, s.v. yimme,
                http://quod.lib.umich.edu/cgi/m/mec/med-idx?type=id&id=MED53962&egs=all&egdisplay=open,
                gives us more variants, including:

                c1275(?a1200)<{3}im-ston>, a1300 <ymston>,
                a1300 <ymstone>, c1390(?a1325)
                <{3}eem-stones>... but then we get this:
                a1400 <{3}ymme ston ... {3}ymme stones>

                But, <gemme> and the <{3}im> element in
                these early words for gemstone are two
                different words. The latter is from the OE
                form, the former from French, and eventually
                superseded the English word. The OED has no
                citations of any form of gemstone between
                the 13th c and the 19th c! (The MED has
                some, though, but not later than 1400).

                So we have no compounds of <gemme> (the one
                with the Fr origin) + <stone> until the 19th
                c, which seems odd. (Surely there must be
                one out there somewhere!) And we do have at
                least one version in which the compound is
                two separate words, but it uses the version
                that descended from OE: <{3}ymme ston>.

                They should probably not use <gemme>, but
                instead one of the forms on
                http://quod.lib.umich.edu/cgi/m/mec/med-idx?type=id&id=MED53962&egs=all&egdisplay=open
                -- <gimme> or <gime>, perhaps.

           We have found no examples of _gemme_ or _gem_ combined
           with _stone_ (or a reasonable variant, such as
           _stane_) during our period. We must assume, as the
           comments above note, that the two words were not
           conflated until after our period. Given this, a
           spelling with the _i_ should be used. We have changed
           the name to "Award of the G_i_me Stone" in order to
           register it. [Terra Pomaria, Barony of, Award of the
           Gime Stone, Feb 2008, A-An Tir]

      The OED states that _gem_ (the lingua Anglica form) is a synonym
      for _gemstone_. The German orders sometimes use plural forms,
      such as _Geselsscaf van den blauwen Hueden_ ("Society of the
      blue cottages") from 1367 and _geselschafft von den Bengeln_
      ("Society of the clubs") from 1392, found in Juliana de Luna's
      article "Medieval Secular Order Names"
      (http://www.medievalscotland.org/jes/OrderNames/). Therefore,
      the form _Gems_ is registerable.

  Petronella Fitzallen. Name and device. Gules, a garb and in chief
  two needles in saltire Or.

      Submitted as "Petronella Fitza_llen_", the byname appeared on
      both the internal and external Letters of Intent as
      "Fitza_lan_". The reason for this change was not summarized.

      The byname _Fitzallen_ is found in Hieronymus Henninges, _Qvarti
      Tomi atq; itidem Qvart{ae} Monarchi{ae} pars Postrema_
      (https://books.google.com/books?id=8nBmAAAAcAAJ&pg=PA115),
      published in 1598. Therefore, we have restored the submitted
      spelling of the byname.

      Nice English name for around 1600!

  Rose Bee. Name.

      Both elements can be found in October 1581 in the FamilySearch
      Historical Records, making this an excellent 16th century
      English name!

  Tyok Liftfot. Device. Argent, a bend sinister cotised sable between
  two suns gules.

======================================================================

**** OUTLANDS acceptances ****

  Catherine Stowe. Name.

      Nice English name from the 14th century on!

  Christopher Devereux. Transfer of Badge to Jeanne Robin. Argent, two
  dances gules.

      This transfer was pended on the May 2016 LoAR in order for the
      acceptance of the transfer to be correctly processed.

  Hugh Fletcher. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      The submitter requested authenticity for "English Tudor Period
      1450-1550". This request was not summarized in the Letter of
      Intent. Luckily for the submitter, we had enough information to
      consider this request instead of pending the name for further
      commentary.

      Both elements can be dated to 1538-40, with this exact name also
      found in 1578 in the FamilySearch Historical Records. Therefore,
      this name meets the submitter's request for an authentic Tudor
      name.

  L{o"}rinc {O:}t{o:}g. Name change from holding name L{o:}rinc of
  Nahrun Kabirun.

      The given name uses a different diacritical marking in the given
      name than the byname. After the Pelican decision meeting,
      Kolosvari Arpadne Julia noted that the long and short umlaut are
      both found in Hungarian names in our period. As the name
      elements are documented in Hungarian and Mongolian,
      respectively, the diacriticals do not represent the same sound.
      Therefore, we have not modified the markings and have registered
      this name as submitted.

      This name combines a Hungarian given name and a Mongolian
      byname. Although commenters noted that this is an unlikely
      lingual mix, it is allowed under Appendix C of SENA. Therefore,
      we have registered this name.

  M{a'}r{i'}a Abramsdottir. Device. Purpure, an angel statant to
  sinister argent.

  Oleg Schwinghammer. Name and device. Paly argent and sable, a pall
  Or between a lymphad and two bull's heads cabossed gules.

      Submitted as "Ole_ksy_ Schwinghammer", the submitter requested
      the given name "Ole_g_" if it could be documented.

      _Oleg_ is found as an apparent given name in _Rozmlauw{a'}nij
      Swat{e'}ho R{zv}eho{rv}e Pape{zv}e O Ziwotech, a Zazrac{y'}ch
      Swat{y'}ch_ (https://books.google.com/books?id=27BeAAAAcAAJ), a
      Czech text concerning Saint Gregory the Great, a late 6th to
      early 7th century pope. _Oleg_ is also the name of a 13th
      century Russian Orthodox saint. Therefore, we are giving the
      submitter the benefit of the doubt that _Oleg_ is a plausible
      Czech form of this name.

      This name combines a Czech given name and German byname. This is
      an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C of SENA.

  R{o'}n{a'}n Sup{e'}lach. Badge. (Fieldless) An A-frame plumb-line
  per pale sable and vert.

  Svein hammar. Device. Quarterly gules and azure, a cross arrondi and
  in dexter chief a cubit arm maintaining a war-hammer fesswise
  reversed Or.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a cross
      arrondi.

  Thurgar Oddsson. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      _Thurgar_ is a header form in PASE, and is a form of the
      attested _{TH}urgar_. This name is found in an Anglo-Saxon
      charter from 1044x1048. Just as with standardized Gaelic forms,
      header forms from PASE are registerable.

      This name combines an Old English given name and a Scandinavian
      byname. This is an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C of
      SENA.

  Yesid Aquila. Name and device. Per chevron argent and purpure, two
  drawn bows with arrows nocked sable and on a hand argent a dove
  contourny sable.

      _Yesid_ is the submitter's legal given name.

======================================================================

**** TRIMARIS acceptances ****

  Brighid inghean Chonchobhair u{i'} N{e'}ill. Device. Vert, a
  dragonfly Or, a bordure ermine.

  Uliana Kovenskaia. Device. Per bend azure and Or, a bend sable
  between a sun in its splendor Or and a phoenix azure.

======================================================================

**** WEST acceptances ****

  Aleksandra Solov'eva. Name and device. Per saltire gules and Or, in
  pale two Ukrainian trident heads and in fess two martlets
  counterchanged.

      The submitter requested authenticity for a 14th to 16th century
      Russian name. The given name is dated to 1389 and the byname to
      c.1596 in Wickenden. This source does not give all instances of
      a name, just the earliest, so this name may be authentic for
      16th century Russia, but we do not know for sure.

  B{a'}rekr {U'}lfsson. Device. Vert, on a saltire argent a wolf
  rampant sable.

  Brid Hecgwiht and Jared Galien. Joint badge. (Fieldless) A lion's
  jambe per pale sable and argent sustaining in chief a crescent per
  pale argent and sable.

  Brid Hecgwiht and Jared Galien. Joint badge. (Fieldless) A panther's
  jambe argent spotted in various tinctures sustaining in chief a
  flame proper.

  Cailin de Erskine. Name and device. Argent, a wyvern passant vert
  and on a chief embattled azure three triquetrae argent.

      This name combines a Scottish Gaelic given name and an English
      byname. This is an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C of
      SENA.

  Caillech inghean Bhrain. Name.

      Submitted as "Caillech inghean _Bh_rain", the patronym was
      changed in kingdom to "inghean _B_rain" to try to match the
      documentation that could be found. However, the submitted
      patronym is a post-1200 form that should be lenited per Sharon
      Krossa's "Quick and Easy Gaelic Names"
      (http://medievalscotland.org/scotnames/quickgaelicbynames/index.shtml#simplepatronymicbyname).
      We have restored the spelling of the byname to the submitted
      form, which had been lenited, in order to register this name.

      The given name _Caillech_ was documented in the Letter of Intent
      as a form of an element found in the names _Cailleach Dhe_,
      _Cailleach Domnaill_, and _Cailleach Fhinnein_. In these cases,
      however, _Caileach_ is part of a devotional name meaning "veiled
      [person]", so the attested examples mean "God's nun",
      "Domhnall's nun", and "Finnen's nun", respectively. Therefore,
      the cited examples do not support the use of _Cailleach_ as a
      given name. In commentary, Rocket found _Caillech ingen
      Dunchadha_ as the name of an 8th century queen in the Annals of
      Tigernach, so we are able to register this given name as
      submitted.

      The submitter requested authenticity for "late 13th early 14th
      century North Britain". The given name is a Gaelic name dated to
      the 8th century and the byname is a post-1200 Gaelic form.
      Therefore, this name is not authentic for the submitter's
      desired time period, but it is registerable.

      The submitter may wish to know that an authentic Old or Middle
      Irish Gaelic form (appropriate up to c.1200) is _Caillech ingen
      Brain_. If the submitter prefers this form, she can submit a
      request for reconsideration.

  Caitilin Cameron of Wick. Device. Purpure, a bend argent between two
  natural tigers rampant argent striped sable.

      The submitter has permission to conflict with the device of
      Felicia Margery Amondesham: _Purpure, a bend between two hands
      argent_.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of natural
      tigers.

  Catrin Fitzpatrick. Device. Argent, a domestic cat sejant vert, an
  orle of crescents azure.

  Cloondara, Shire of. Badge. Or, three chevronels vert, overall two
  towers in fess gules.

  Fionnghuala of Cynagua. Name and device. Argent, a domestic cat
  sejant sable maintaining beneath its forepaw a hurt, on a chief
  enarched azure a rose between two triquetrae argent.

      Submitted as "Fionnghuala _O_f Cynagua", the name was changed in
      kingdom to "Fionnghuala _o_f Cynagua" to use the correct form
      required by the use of the branch name allowance. Although the
      submission form indicated that no changes were allowed, she
      specifically authorized this change in capitalization in
      correspondence with kingdom.

  Gwen Seis. Name and device. Or, three willow-herb blossoms purpure.

      The submitter requested authenticity for "13th-14th Century
      Welsh". This name is authentic for Wales in the 13th century,
      meeting this request.

      The willow-herb blossoms were documented from Gerard's Herbal of
      1597.

  J{o'}gr{i'}mr D{y'}rvesson. Name.

      The given name is a plausible form of the attested early 13th
      century _Iogrimr_, found in Lind, s.n. I{o'}gr{i'}mr.

      The byname _D{y'}rv{e'}sson_ is a patronym formed from the
      constructed given name _D{y'}rv{e'}r_, itself formed from the
      themes _D{y'}r-_ and _Ver-/-ver_. _D{y'}r-_ is found as a first
      element in several feminine given names and is found as a short
      form used as a stand-alone masculine given name, _D{y'}ri_. The
      second element _-ver_ is found in several masculine given names.
      Therefore, we can give the submitter the benefit of the doubt
      that the patronym is formed correctly overall.

      Submitted as "J{o'}gr{i'}mr D{y'}rv_{e'}_sson", Metron Ariston
      noted in commentary that the marking on the last syllable of the
      father's name usually is omitted when forming a patronym from a
      name ending in _-v{e'}r_. For example, _Randv{e'}r_ becomes
      _Randvesson_ (citing Lind). Therefore, we have dropped the
      second accent in the byname.

  Marc de Arundel. Device. Sable, a tree blasted and eradicated
  between six mullets of four points three and three, a bordure
  embattled argent.

      Although visually reminiscent of the protected armory of Gondor,
      the previous conflict with the Stewards of Gondor has been
      cleared by addition of the bordure.

  Melisant d'Andra. Name and device. Azure, a decrescent argent
  between three bees argent marked sable, a chief checky sable and
  argent.

      This name combines an English given name and a French byname.
      This is an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C of SENA.

  P{o'}l mac Se{a'}in. Name and device. Per fess argent and Or, in
  saltire two bulrushes proper slipped and leaved vert, in chief three
  ravens sable.

      Nice 15th century Irish Gaelic name!

      Batonvert found that bulrushes, or cattails, are found in period
      armory, in the arms of Mehlhosen, 1605 [Siebmacher, plate 72].
      Parker's Glossary suggests that bulrushes would be the usual
      term in English blazon.

      The "proper" coloration refers only to the "mace head", with the
      rest being heraldic vert.

  Se{a'}n {O'} Floinn of the Mists. Device. Azure, in pale an arrow
  fesswise Or sustained by a cubit arm argent, a chief wavy Or.

  Vittorio Bardesano. Device. Sable, a peacock and in canton a
  pomegranate Or.

  Ysmay Pendreth. Name and device. Azure, a rose proper en soleil Or,
  a base wavy argent.

======================================================================

                  - Explicit littera accipiendorum -

======================================================================

***** THE FOLLOWING ITEMS HAVE BEEN RETURNED FOR FURTHER WORK: *****

**** {AE}THELMEARC returns ****

  Brj{a'}nn feilan. Device. Azure, three wolf's teeth issuant from
  sinister and on a chief argent three fers-{`a}-loup sable.

      This device is returned for redraw of the wolf's teeth. Per
      precedent:

           The depictions we have found of wolf's teeth in period
           heraldry invariably have the teeth conjoined at the
           base. We encourage this depiction of wolf's teeth, but
           will accept emblazons where the teeth are not quite
           conjoined as in this submission. The wolf's teeth must
           still reach, or nearly reach, the per pale line.
           [Konrad Rickert, July 2008, Atenveldt-A]

      Here, the wolf's teeth are not close to being conjoined where
      they issue from the side of the shield.

  Catalina Carpintero de Diaz. Badge. (Fieldless) A cross of Santiago
  per pale azure and ermine surmounted at the foot by an escallop
  inverted argent.

      This badge is returned for having a barely overall charge. As
      drawn, the escallop nearly appears to be a secondary charge
      conjoined to a demi-cross as the lower point of the cross seems
      to be part of the shell.

  Earc {O'} R{e'}ag{a'}in. Device. Pily argent and sable, a lion
  rampant and in chief two millrinds azure.

      This device is returned for redraw, for violating SENA A2C2
      which states "Elements must be drawn to be identifiable."
      Although the field is divided between argent and sable, the lion
      and identifying features of the millrinds are mostly overlapping
      the sable, which greatly impairs their identifiability.

  Elsbeth Anne Roth. Augmentation of arms. Or, a wolf's head cabossed
  between three mullets of six points vert and for augmentation in
  chief on a clarion gules an escarbuncle argent.

      This augmentation is returned for redraw, for violating SENA
      A2C2 which states "Elements must be drawn to be identifiable."

      As depicted, the tertiary charge on the clarion is too small and
      complex to remain identifiable.

  Hr{o'}lfr {a'} Fj{a'}rfelli. Device. Argent estencely sable, a tree
  proper issuant from a mountain vert.

      This device is returned for conflict with the device of
      Christian of Orange: _Argent, an orange tree fructed proper
      issuant from a mount vert_. There is one DC for adding the
      sparks on the field but nothing for change in tincture of the
      trees as they're both proper and the fruiting doesn't bring a
      DC. There is also no DC for the change from mount to mountain.

      Blazoned on the letter of Intent as "_an elm tree_", the
      submitter asked the blazon to be changed to a generic tree. The
      conflict exists under either blazon.

  Mairi MakDonald. Name.

      This name conflicts with the registered name _M{`a}iri
      M'Donnyle_. Although the names are different in appearance, _M'_
      is pronounced both as _M'_ and as _Mac_ in modern Scots. In
      addition, the College considers _M'_ and _Mac_ to be equivalent,
      and currently requires the former to be expanded to the latter
      for registration. The change in sound of the final syllable,
      from _-yle_ to _-ald_, is not substantial under PN3C2 of SENA as
      both vowels are identical. Therefore, we are forced to return
      this name.

      This name does not conflict with the registered name _Maura
      MacDonald_. Both syllables of the given name have been changed,
      so this name is clear PN3C1 of SENA.

      Her device is registered under the holding name "Mairi of
      {AE}thelmearc".

  Margarette Nutt. Device. Per fess azure and argent, between in pale
  a fish naiant embowed and a fish naiant embowed inverted contourny
  counterchanged a mullet of four points, a bordure purpure.

      This device is returned for redraw, for violating SENA A2C2
      which states "Elements must be drawn to be identifiable."
      Because of its significant overlap with the low contrast azure
      section of the field, commenters had trouble identifying the
      central charge.

      This device is also returned for blurring the difference between
      charge groups as the central charge, that should be the primary
      one, is much smaller than the ones surrounding it.

      It is also returned for violating our ban on inverted animate
      charges. Per precedent:

           The armory is being returned for a redraw. The
           dolphins are not in annulo, but with one naiant and
           one inverted. We do not allow inverted animate charges
           in SCA heraldry except when in recognized orientation,
           such as in annulo. [Daibhidh MacRaibert, LOAR
           02/1999].

      We have here the same arrangement of the fish as in Daibhidh's
      submission.

  Margarita Carpintero. Badge. (Fieldless) A cross of Santiago per
  pale ermine and azure surmounted on the foot by a skull sable.

      This badge is returned for having a barely overall charge. As
      drawn, the skull nearly appears to be a secondary charge
      conjoined to a demi-cross.

  Rignach filia Aniel Duib. Badge. (Fieldless) A reindeer's attire
  bendwise sinister sable and overall a raidho rune gules.

      This device is returned for redraw, for violating SENA A2C2
      which states "Elements must be drawn to be identifiable."
      Because of the low-contrast overlap of the central and ascending
      section of the rune with the antler, the rune loses its
      identifiability. The disjointed depiction of the rune also
      contributes to its lack of identifiability. Drawing the rune
      larger and with the ascending bar not overlapping the antler
      could solve this issue.

  S{i'}mon {a'} Fj{a'}rfelli. Device. Azure, a drakkar argent and a
  mountain Or.

      This device is returned for conflict with the device of
      Cill{e'}ne mac Conghalaigh: _Azure, a lymphad with sail set and
      oars shipped argent, in dexter chief a mullet of eight points
      Or_. There is no DC for the type of ship. There is a DC for
      changing of type of the secondary charge, but the position of
      the mountain is forced as it is issuant from base and thus does
      not bring an additional DC.

======================================================================

**** AN TIR returns ****

  Guencenedl ben Madudain. Device. Sable, three pallets offset to
  dexter argent, overall an Irish wolfhound's head erased contourny
  and in dexter chief a shamrock Or.

      Per SENA A2C1:"Elements must be drawn in their period forms and
      in a period armorial style." Blazoned as "_Per pale paly sable
      and argent and sable,_", the fact that we have the same tincture
      on both sides of the argent stripes creates the overwhelming
      impression that it's not a per pale field, but a sable field
      charged with pallets on one half. A field with offset pallets
      overlapped by both the dog's head and the shamrock is not a
      period pattern of charges. Barring period evidence, this pattern
      of offset pallets is not registerable.

      Additionally, we haven't registered Irish wolfhounds (or their
      heads) since 1996 -- that is twenty years ago. The documentation
      for the breed considered adequate at the time might not be
      considered so today. On resubmission, the submitter should be
      ready to provide documentation for the breed and its depictions.

  Kolbera Varsdottir. Badge. Plumetty vert and argent, a fox rampant
  proper.

      This badge is returned for multiple conflicts.

      It conflicts with the device of James the Fox, _Or, a fox
      rampant guardant gules_. There is one DC for changing the field
      but none for the difference in the head position.

      It also conflicts with the badge of Ynhared Dewines y Glyndu,
      _Sable, a vixen [Vulpes vulpes] rampant proper_, and the badge
      of Frank Wuetendwolf, _Sable, a wolf rampant gules, fimbriated
      argent_. No difference is granted for the type of canid. Against
      Frank's badge, the fimbriation counts for no difference. Thus
      the only DC is for changing the field.

======================================================================

**** ARTEMISIA returns ****

None.

======================================================================

**** ATENVELDT returns ****

  Franceska Lucrezia la Sarta. Device. Per bend sinister indented
  gules and purpure, a threaded needle bendwise sinister and a natural
  leopard's head cabossed Or.

      This device is returned for violating SENA A3D2c, Unity of
      Posture and Orientation, which states "The charges within a
      charge group should be in either identical postures/orientations
      or an arrangement that includes posture/orientation" The charges
      here are not in a unified arrangement, as the needle is bendwise
      sinister and the leopard's head in its default orientation.

  Idunn of the Citadel. Name and device. Argent, on a pale sable a
  bone argent, overall a wingless wyvern passant contourny regardant,
  its body entwined azure around the bone.

      The submitter used part of the registered branch name _Citadel
      of the Southern Pass_ as her byname. In order to use the branch
      name allowance, she must use the entire branch name as
      registered. Unfortunately, changing the byname to _of Citadel of
      the Southern Pass_ is a major change, which the submitter does
      not allow. Therefore, we must return this name.

      In commentary, ffride wullfsdotter documented the submitted form
      of the given name in Lind, s.n. I{dh}unn, dated to the 14th
      century. We note that the Viking Age form of this name is
      _I{dh}unn_, which is a 9th or 10th century name from Iceland
      found in the _Landn{a'}mab{o'}k_.

      The submitter may wish to know that _of the Citadel_ can be
      constructed as a lingua Anglica form derived from the Middle
      English _setadell_ or _cytadell_, dated to 1542 and 1545 in the
      Middle English Dictionary, respectively. Unfortunately, a 16th
      century English byname cannot be combined with a Scandinavian
      given name under Appendix C of SENA. However, _Idun_ is a 16th
      century English surname found in the FamilySearch Historical
      Records, so can be used as a given name. Thus, the English form
      _Idun of the Citadel_ is registerable. We are unable to make
      this change to register this name because the change in language
      is also a major change.

      This device is returned for violating SENA A3E1, which states
      "Charge groups must be arranged upon the field in a period
      fashion." This arrangement of an overall charge entwining a
      tertiary charge is not listed in Appendix J and would need to be
      documented before it could be accepted.

======================================================================

**** ATLANTIA returns ****

  Bi{o,}rn {i'} Mi{dh}gar{dh}i. Household name
  Mi{dh}gar{dh}rsvikinge-lag.

      This household name was constructed to mean a brotherhood of
      mercenaries from _Mi{dh}gar{dh}r_, which was itself documented
      as a reconstructed Old Norse form of an attested farm name.
      Precedent states:

           Based on this example, _vikinge-lag_ (as in
           _Jomsvikinge-lag_) is an acceptable designator for an
           SCA household based on the model of the _Jomsvikings_.
           The Lingua Anglica equivalent for this designator
           would be the suffix _-vikings_, as in the example
           _Jomsvikings_. The submitted documentation implies
           that _Jomsvikinge-lag_ is a reference to the location
           _Jomsburg_. Geirr Bassi (p. 20) lists the descriptive
           byname _Bjarneyja-_ meaning 'Bear Island-', which
           documents this location in Old Norse, and so dates it
           to period. A household name referring to this island,
           based on the Jomsvikings example, would be
           _Bjarnavikinge-lag_ in Old Norse. Lingua Anglica
           equivalents for placenames are based on their English
           rendering, not on a literal translation of the meaning
           of the placename. For example, the Lingua Anglica form
           of _Tokyo_ (which means 'Eastern Capital') is _Tokyo_,
           not _Eastern Capital_. The submitter's documentation
           shows _Bjarn Isle_ as the English form of the place
           referred to in the byname _Bjarneyja-_. Therefore, a
           Lingua Anglica form of _Bjarnavikinge-lag_ would be
           _Bjarnavikings_, not _Bearvikings_ or _Bear Clan_.
           [Erik the Bear, May 2002, R-Atlantia]

      The example, _Jomsvikinge-lag_ or _Jomsvikings_ was constructed
      from the place name _Jomsburg_ that was itself formed from the
      genitive (possessive) form of a personal name. This does not
      support the pattern of naming a vikinge-lag after a place name
      like _Mi{dh}gar{dh}r_ ("Earth"), either in the nominative form
      or the genitive form (i.e., _Mi{dh}gar{dh}svikinge-lag_).
      Without additional examples to show that the submitted pattern
      is plausible, we cannot register this household name.

      This household name must also be returned because
      _Mi{dh}gar{dh}r_, the Old Norse term referring to "Earth," is
      important enough to protect from presumption. In this case,
      _vikinge-lag_ is a designator and the substantive element is
      equivalent to this word for "earth". As such, it cannot be
      resgistered.

      The submitter stated that he would accept the form
      _Sk{o'}gagar{dh}r_ ("Sk{o'}gi's/Woods' farm") if this household
      name was not registerable. As the submitter also wanted his
      household name to match his byname, which was registered above,
      we have not changed the household name to this form so that he
      may consider his options.

======================================================================

**** AVACAL returns ****

  Albrecht von R{u:}gen. Device. Argent, in pale a coronet voided and
  an eagle's head contourny issuant from base sable charged with an
  annulet of chain Or.

      This device is returned for running afoul of SENA A3C which
      states "Voiding and fimbriation may only be used with ordinaries
      or simple geometric charges when they are part of a primary
      charge group." By precedent, a coronet is not simple enough to
      void.

      The submitter is a knight and thus entitled to display an
      annulet of chain in his armory. The submitter is also a viscount
      and thus allowed to use a coronet in his armory.

  Avacal, Kingdom of. Badge. (Fieldless) An eagle rising contourny
  regardant gules.

      This badge is returned for conflict with the device of Malcolm
      MacRuairidh of Blackoak: _Argent, a raven striking to sinister
      gules_". There is a single DC for the difference between fielded
      and fieldless design, but none for the position of the head and
      both eagles and ravens are regular birds so there should be none
      for type. And by precedent reaffirmed recently in the reblazon
      of the device of Fernando Rodriguez de Falcon in April, 2015,
      there is no distinct change for posture:

           "Registered in August of 1983 as Per bend sinister
           sable and Or, a falcon stooping to sinister
           counterchanged, the falcon is actually striking.
           Striking is considered a variant of rising, while
           stooping is closer to volant bendwise, wings addorsed.
           Or, as described in a 2007 precedent: "As defined for
           SCA use (in the LoAR Cover Letters of July and Aug
           1986), stooping is reserved for when the raptor is
           "dive-bombing", falling on its prey: wings swept back,
           body vertical or diagonal with head down. Striking is
           the moment when the raptor comes out of its stoop, its
           feet ready to grab or punch the prey: body diagonal
           with head up, heraldically equivalent to rising."
           [Balin Kendrick, 02/2007 Calontir-A]"

======================================================================

**** CAID returns ****

  Sadb ingen Abner u{i'} Lorcc{a'}in. Badge. (Fieldless) A wagon wheel
  sable.

      This badge is returned for conflict with the badge of Beatrix
      Elizabeth de Lara: _Per pall inverted azure, sable and argent,
      in base a Catherine wheel sable_. There is a DC for the
      difference between fielded and fieldless design but no
      difference is granted between a wagon wheel and a Catherine
      wheel and no difference is granted for the position versus a
      fieldless badge, even if the position of the wheel in Beatrix's
      badge wasn't forced.

  Serafina de Zati. Device. Sable, a fox sejant gardant argent
  maintaining beneath its forepaw a skull Or.

      This submission has been withdrawn.

======================================================================

**** CALONTIR returns ****

  Amon Attwood. Badge. (Fieldless) A lightning bolt bendwise Or,
  overall a round clockface argent numbered sable.

      This badge is returned for having two steps from period
      practice. There is one step from period practice for use of a
      lightning bolt without a thunderbolt. The other one is for using
      the round clockface. SENA A2B4c states: _Other European
      Artifacts: There is no pattern of using European artifacts other
      than tools and general, everyday artifacts in armory. The use of
      such an artifact, such as an aeolipile, as a charge is
      considered a step from period practice._ When this charge was
      previously registered in 2004, the clockface was documented from
      a period artifact, not an heraldic element. Lacking
      documentation as an heraldic element, its use carries a step
      from period practice.

  Caitil{i'}n inghean U{i'} Alasdrainn. Name.

      The clan affiliation byname _inghean U{i'} Alasdrainn_ is
      constructed as a feminine form of _{O'} hAlasdrainn_. However,
      _{O'}_-style bynames were typically created by the 11th century
      in Ireland. In this case, the first instances of the given name
      _Alastrann_ are found in the 15th century, used by men from
      Scotland. Therefore, the use of an earlier Irish pattern with a
      late period given name from Scotland is not likely when
      _Alastrann_ came into use. Thus, we do not allow the
      construction of new _O_-style bynames from elements which came
      into use after that time. Without evidence showing that this
      byname is plausible, we cannot register this name.

      Upon resubmission, the submitter may wish to know that the names
      _Caitil{i'}n inghean Alasdrainn_ and _Caitil{i'}n inghean mhic
      Alasdrainn_ are registerable because bnames using _mac_
      continued to be created through the end of our period.

  Caoilte MacConnan of Clan O'hIongardail. Device. Per saltire sable
  and argent, a cross triparted fleury counterchanged.

      This device is returned for redraw, for violating SENA A2C2
      which states "Elements must be drawn to be identifiable."
      Although strongly reminiscent of the documented form, the spread
      of the segment renders this depiction difficult to identify as
      any sort of cross.

  Darius Delphin. Device. Azure, a pall vairy en pointe Or and
  purpure, overall a dragon displayed maintaining in each hind foot a
  mullet argent.

      This device is returned for redraw, for violating SENA A2C2
      which states "Elements must be drawn to be identifiable."
      Commenters had difficulty in determining the exact line of
      division used on the pall. The maintained mullets were also
      unidentifiable because of the overlap with the dragon's feet and
      the shading of the mullets.

      This device is also returned for having a "barely overall"
      charge. SENA Appendix I, Charge Group Theory, in defining
      overall charges states "An overall charge must overlie a primary
      charge (...)An overall charge must have a significant portion on
      the field; a design with a charge that has only a little bit
      sticking over the edges of an underlying charge is known as
      "barely overall" and is not registerable." Here, most of the
      dragon lies on the pall.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a dragon
      displayed.

  Gustav Jamesson and Almedha of Anglesey. Joint badge. (Fieldless) An
  owl-headed wyvern displayed gardant azure.

      This badge is returned for conflict. Blazoned on the Letter of
      Intent as an owl-headed cockatrice, the cock's head is part of
      the defining characteristics of a cockatrice and thus we have
      reblazoned this charge as an owl-headed wyvern. As such, it
      conflicts with the device of Dieterich von Klienberg, _Per
      saltire argent and Or, a dragon displayed azure bellied argent_.
      There is a DC for the difference between fielded and fieldless
      design. The charge is a modified wyvern. There is no DC for the
      type of head alone or the argent detailing. There is no DC for
      dragon vs wyvern.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a dragon,
      even with another animal's head, in the displayed posture.

  Ren Jie. Device. Argent conjoined in fess an Oriental dragon
  "glissant" palewise contourny gules and a Chinese maiden statant
  affronty proper crined and vested sable.

      This device is returned because it runs afoul of SENA A2C1 which
      states that "Elements must be drawn in their period forms" The
      depiction of the human figure does not match documented
      depictions of period Chinese women.

      This device is also returned for violating SENA A1C which
      requires an emblazon to be describable in heraldic terms. There
      is no clear heraldic way to blazon the interaction of the human
      figure and dragon, with partial overlap and the posture of the
      dragon cannot be descibed in heraldic terms.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of an Oriental
      dragon.

======================================================================

**** DRACHENWALD returns ****

  A{dh}isla Arnulfsdottir. Name.

      This name submission has been withdrawn.

  Ailitha de Ainwyk. Alternate name Ellisa von B{a:}renklau.

      This name submission has been withdrawn.

  Arnulf der Zeilner. Name.

      The byname _der Zeilner_ is documented from the phrase _die
      Zeilner_ (where _die_ is a relative pronoun rather than the
      definite article), which is similar in meaning to "the
      Zeilners". Although _Zeilner_ is an attested byname in late
      period Germany, we have no evidence that it is a descriptive
      term that can be preceded by "the". Therefore, we are unable to
      register this name.

      We would drop _die_ and register the name as _Arnulf* *Zeilner_,
      but the submitter does not allow changes. In addition, the
      resulting name is one of the submitter's legal use names. Names
      identical to those used by the submitter for identification
      outside of Society context cannot be registered under III.A.10
      of the Admin Handbook.

      His device is registered under the holding name "Arnulf of Ad
      Flumen Caerulum".

  Catalina de Zaragoza. Device. Per bend sinister Or and gules, two
  triskelions of snakes counterchanged.

      This device is returned for redraw, for violating SENA A2C2
      which states "Elements must be drawn to be identifiable."
      Because the heads are small, commenters had trouble recognizing
      that these were triskelions of serpents.

  Edward de Elsynge dictus le Spiour. Device. Purpure, a stag's head
  erased Or.

      The submission has been withdrawn.

  Roderic {TH}{o'}rkelson. Request for name reconsideration from
  Roderic Turkillson.

      Because this name was submitted as a request for
      reconsideration, rather than as a name change, _Roderic_ cannot
      be grandfathered to the submitter.

      As documented here, _{TH}{o'}rkelson_ (which should have been
      spelled _{TH}{o'}rkelsson_) is an Old Norse patronymic formed
      from a name found in _Landn{a'}mab{o'}k_. We cannot combine a
      14th century English given name and a 9th-10th century Old Norse
      name under Appendix C of SENA. Therefore, we cannot accept this
      request and are forced to return this submission.

      We note that had this name been submitted as a name change
      (which requires payment) rather than a request for
      reconsideration, _Roderic_ would have been eligible for the
      grandfather clause. Grandfathered elements are neutral with
      respect to time and place, so the submitted name would have been
      registerable.

  Una {A'}geirsd{o'}ttir. Device. Per chevron inverted argent and
  sable.

      This device is returned for a redraw, for violating the
      guidelines set forth on the May 2011 Cover Letter for a properly
      drawn per chevron inverted field division; the field division
      here is too high. Please see that Cover Letter for further
      discussion and details of how to properly draw per chevron
      inverted lines of division.

======================================================================

**** EALDORMERE returns ****

  Rising Waters, Barony of. Badge for Populace. Azure, a chalice Or.

      This badge is returned for multiple conflicts. It conflicts with
      a badge of the Barony of Caer Galen: _Azure, a chalice and in
      chief a harp Or_, the device of Talieson de Lyon: _Azure, a
      chalice and issuant from base a demi-sun Or_, the badge of
      Andr{e'} de Monts{e'}gur: _Azure, a cup Or and in chief five
      mullets in chevron argent_, the device of Aurora Ravenswoode:
      _Azure, a goblet Or and a chief ermine_, the device of Dabhaidh
      Orcheard: _Azure, a goblet Or and in chief two hammers in
      chevron argent_. In all cases, there is only one DC for removing
      the secondary charges. It also presumes with the protected arms
      of Galicia: _Azure crusily and a covered chalice Or_. There is
      one DC for removing the semy crosses but no difference for
      covering the cup.

  Rising Waters, Barony of. Badge for Order of the Golden Chalice.
  Gules, a chalice and a bordure Or.

      This badge is returned for multiple conflicts. It conflicts with
      the device of Zerach ben Avraham: _Gules, a cup and overall a
      dagger fesswise point to sinister within a bordure Or_. There is
      only one DC for removing the overall charge. It also conflicts
      with the device of Isabetta del Gatta: _Gules, a goblet Or
      within a bordure Or semy of quatrefoils gules_. There is only
      one DC for removing the tertiary charges on the bordure. It also
      conflicts with the device of Reuben the Curious: _Gules, a
      jeweled chalice within a bordure wavy Or_. There is one DC for
      the complex line on the bordure but nothing for the decoration
      on the cup.

  {TH}{o'}ra Hallbiarnard{o'}ttir. Device. Per pale vert and argent, a
  stag salient counterchanged attired argent and on a base purpure an
  axe fesswise argent.

      This device is returned for contrast issues. The argent attires,
      a defining characteristic of the stag, disappear on the argent
      portion of the field.

======================================================================

**** EAST returns ****

  Corcr{a'}n mac Diarmata. Device change. Per chevron argent and
  sable, two ravens volant to sinister chief and a Thor's hammer
  counterchanged.

      This device is returned for violating SENA A3D2c, Unity of
      Posture and Orientation, which states "The charges within a
      charge group should be in either identical postures/orientations
      or an arrangement that includes posture/orientation" The charges
      here are not in a unified arrangement, as the birds are bendwise
      sinister and the Thor's hammer in its default orientation.

      On redesign, please advise the submitter to draw the per chevron
      line of division slightly lower.

  Maximillian Elgin. Household name Black Sheep House.

      This household name is returned for conflict with the registered
      heraldic title _Blak Shepe Pursuivant_. The substantive elements
      are identical in sound.

  Olivia Baker. Device. Per chevron inverted Or and gules, seven
  fleurs-de-lys in chevron inverted, alternately erect and inverted,
  between a rose and two stalks of wheat counterchanged.

      Blazoned on the Letter of Intent as _per chevron inverted
      fleury-counterfleury_, what we have here is a group of
      fleurs-de-lys lying across the per chevron inverted line, with
      alternating upright and inverted fleurs. This creates
      identifiability issues as well as an arrangement that is not
      listed in SENA Appendix J, and so may not be registered without
      documentation that this is a period arrangement of charge
      groups. A proper fleury-counterfleury field division (as opposed
      to an ordinary) would have only demi fleurs-de-lys, issuant from
      the line of division, alternating upright and inverted.

  Ysane la Fileresse. Device. Argent, a mascle azure within a mascle
  vert, all interlaced with a crampon bendwise purpure.

      This device is returned for violating SENA A3E1, Arrangement of
      Charge Groups. This arrangement, of a long charge extending over
      and interlaced with two concentric voided charges, is not listed
      in SENA Appendix J, and so may not be registered without
      documentation that this is a period arrangement of charge
      groups. On resubmission, the submitter should address whether
      the mascle within a mascle arrangement violates the sword and
      dagger rule.

======================================================================

**** LAUREL returns ****

None.

======================================================================

**** LOCHAC returns ****

  Amelot de Akeney. Badge. (Fieldless) A pomegranate argent seeded
  gules.

      Sadly, this badge conflicts with the device of Katherine Lynten
      of CaerLeon: _Per bend sinister rompu argent and gules, in
      sinister base a pomegranate slipped and leaved argent, seeded
      gules_. There is a DC for the difference between fielded and
      fieldless design, but nothing for removing the slipping and
      leaving and nothing for the position on the field versus a
      fieldless badge.

  Eleanor d'Arcy. Device. Argent, a bend sinister gules between a
  feather fesswise and a dragon dormant sable.

      This device must be returned for having the dragon depicted in
      trian aspect. Per SENA A.2.C.1.:

           Elements must be drawn in their period forms and in a
           period armorial style. In general, this means that
           charges should be drawn as a flat depiction with no
           perspective.

      The use of trian aspect is limited to those charges which
      require it for identifiability, or which have been shown to have
      been depicted in trian aspect in period heraldry. Dragons do not
      need to be depicted in trian aspect to be identifiable.

      On resubmission please advise the submitter to use a defined
      heraldic posture. Currently, the position of the head is not
      blazonable, as it is curved around and tucked into the body, not
      in a heraldic position like regardant, which would put the head
      over the back of the dragon, or gardant, facing outward. Charges
      should be depicted two-dimensionally.

      On resubmission please ensure that the submitter uses a
      laurel-approved form.

  Eleanor de Foresta. Device. Argent, on a chevron azure three
  increscents palewise Or.

      This device is returned for a redraw, for violating the
      guidelines set forth on the May 2011 Cover Letter for a properly
      drawn chevron; the chevron here is too low. Please see that
      Cover Letter for further discussion and details of how to
      properly draw a chevron.

  Faelan mac Flainn. Household name Haus Grimm.

      No evidence to support the pattern _Haus + [surname]_ has been
      found:

           Submitted as "Haus_Behr_"...no documentation was
           provided for the construction _Haus + <Surname>_ in
           German contexts. Concerning the construction of
           household names in German, Pelican Emeritus provided
           the following information:

                Die Hausnamen und Hauszeichen im
                mittelalterlichen Freiburg, by Karl Schmidt,
                published 1930 (The housenames and
                housesigns of medieval Freiburg), shows no
                example of housename using the word "Haus"
                that does not include an article/preposition
                combination (which isn't to say they might
                not have existed, just that in medieval
                Freiberg they didn't). P 32 considers names
                based on B{a:}r (bear), including <ze dem
                Bern> 1326, <zum schwarzen Beren> 1565, <hus
                zum guldin Bern der schuchmacher trigstuben>
                1394, <zem roten beren> 1390, <haus zum
                weissen Beren in der Vitschivisgasse> 1444,
                <zum blawen Beren> 1565.

                Now, assuming Behr is a placename rather
                than an animal word, the aforesaid work has
                examples for that too (although not for the
                placename <Behr>, but again, always with the
                article/preposition:

                     Ortnamen (Placenames): zum Hohen
                     Asperg 1565 zum Basler 1587 zum
                     Bondorf 1343 zum Freiberger 1374
                     zum Briedenweiler 1565 zumm
                     Opfinger 1404 zum (O:)sterreich
                     1554 zum R{o:]mer 1403 zum
                     Schwarzwald 1378 zum Unger 1452

                (Although, I'll admit, this looks like
                adjectival forms -- "of the (person from)
                Rome/Freiberg/Briedenweil" rather than
                straight up placenames. )

           On the basis of these examples, either _Haus zum
           Beren_, referring to bears, or _Haus zum Behrer_,
           referring to a person from the city Behr, is a
           plausible German household name, and neither conflicts
           with the _Order of the Beare_, as the substantive
           elements _Beren_ and _Behrer_ look and sound
           significantly different from _Beare_. Because the
           latter option is closer to the originally submitted
           form, we have changed the household name to "Haus
           _zum_ Behr_er_" in order to register it. [Sebastian of
           Grey Niche and Beatrix von Behr. Joint household name
           Haus zum Behrer, December 2009, A-Gleann Abhann]

      As _Grimm_ is neither an animal nor a place name as in the
      examples above, and because the submitter allows no changes, we
      cannot modify the name in order to make it registerable.
      Therefore, we are forced to return this household name.

  Gwenhwyfar ferch Elena. Badge. (Fieldless) On a pellet within and
  conjoined to a chaplet of willow vert, a wolf's head cabossed
  argent.

      This device is returned for redraw, for violating SENA A2C2
      which states "Elements must be drawn to be identifiable." As
      depicted, commenters could not identify the willow leaves. The
      identifiability might be improved by not overlapping the leaves
      and slips. On resubmission, please advise the submitter to add
      some internal details on the wolf's head.

  Michael Honeyman. Device. Quarterly sable and vert, a bee skep and
  on a base Or a lit candle between in fess two bees vert.

      This device is returned for multiple issues.

      This device must be returned for having the skep depicted in
      trian aspect. Per SENA A2C1:

           Elements must be drawn in their period forms and in a
           period armorial style. In general, this means that
           charges should be drawn as a flat depiction with no
           perspective.

      The skep is depicted in perspective as if seen from slightly
      above.

      This device also runs afoul of the section of SENA A2C1 which
      states that "Elements must be drawn in their period forms". No
      documentation was provided for the use of the "platform" under
      the skep. That element needs to be documented or omitted. Its
      presence also reinforces the three-dimensional visual appearance
      of the skep.

      On resubmission please ensure that the Or tincture used is
      actually Or and that the charges on the base have similar visual
      weight so that they appear to belong to the same charge group.

  Thomas of Caerdyf. Device. Argent, on a saltire sable a pheon
  inverted argent.

      This device is returned administratively for using an altered
      form. The shape of the shield is significantly different from
      the shape defined on the Laurel-approved form.

======================================================================

**** MERIDIES returns ****

  Adric Moryn. Device. Gyronny arrondi Or and azure, a sea-lion
  embowed inverted and a sea-lion embowed argent tailed sable.

      This device is returned for style and identifiability issues.

      This device is returned for violating SENA A3D2c, Unity of
      Posture and Orientation, which states "The charges within a
      charge group should be in either identical postures/orientations
      or an arrangement that includes posture/orientation." The
      charges here are not in a unified arrangement, as one is upright
      and the other inverted. They cannot be blazoned as _in annulo_
      and _a X and a X inverted_ as it is not a documented pattern for
      sea-creatures. Thus this is not registerable without further
      documentation.

      It also violates our ban on inverted animate charges and the
      inversion of the sea-lion dramatically decreases its
      identifiability. We allow an animate charge to be inverted when
      it is part of a self-contained group: e.g., _in pall three
      eagles displayed, heads to center_, as found in the arms of
      Eggenberg [Siebmacher plate 30]. SCA practice similarly allows
      it for charges in annulo: one charge in that group will be
      upside down. However as the charges here are not in such a
      self-contained group, the inversion of the animate charge is a
      returnable issue.

  D{e'}irdre inghean Eithne. Device. Sable, a peacock close regardant
  maintaining in its claws a fish argent.

      This device is returned for conflict with the device of Morgaina
      Sarai la Fonc{e'}e: _Sable, a peacock, tail spread, maintaining
      in its beak a lotus with seed pod argent, slipped and leaved
      vert_. The field is identical, the birds are in similar posture.
      There is only one DC for changing the type of held charge. The
      difference in location of the held charge does not bring an
      additional DC.

      See the Cover Letter for more details.

  Hextilda MacRae. Device. Purpure, a harpy rising gardant, wings
  displayed, in base a cubit arm fesswise vested argent.

      This device is returned administratively for using a modified
      escutcheon that does not fit the Laurel-approved form.

  Human al-Garnatiyya. Device. Azure, a simurgh rising, wings
  displayed Or maintaining in its feet a scimitar fesswise, on a chief
  argent three pomegranates gules slipped and leaved vert.

      This device is returned for redraw, for violating SENA A2C2
      which states "Elements must be drawn to be identifiable."
      Because of its small size and the partial overlap of the bird's
      feet, the held argent charge is not identifiable.

      If the scimitar were prominent enough to be identifiable, this
      would still be returned for violating our rule of thumb on
      complexity as outlpomegranates, simurgh, scimitar) in five
      tinctures (gules, vert, argent, Or, azure).

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a simurgh.

  Richard Carnes. Device. Per pale gules and sable, a phoenix Or.

      This device is returned for conflict with the device of Jessica
      Llyrindi of Northmarch : _Gyronny sable and gules, a phoenix Or,
      issuant from flames proper_. There is one DC for changing the
      field, but changing the flames from proper to Or is, in essence,
      changing only one-quarter of the tincture of the charge, which
      isn't enough for the second DC.

  {TH}{o'}rleifr Jargeirsson. Device. Vert, between two serpents erect
  respectant, tails conjoined in a Stafford knot in base, a cup Or.

      This device is returned for not being reliably blazonable, which
      is a violation of SENA A1C which requires an emblazon to be
      describable in heraldic terms. There is no reliable heraldic way
      to describe the posture of the double-headed serpent.

      Upon resubmission, please advise the submitter to draw the
      serpents' heads larger, so they are clearly identifiable as
      serpents.

======================================================================

**** MIDDLE returns ****

  {A'}stri{dh}r Arnard{o'}ttir. Device. Per saltire azure and gules,
  three greyhounds sejant regardant argent.

      This device is returned for conflict with the device of Cu{a'}n
      MacDaige: _Checky azure and Or, three mastiffs sejant argent
      each gorged of a coronet gules_. There is only one DC for
      changing the field but none for the type of dog and none for the
      removal of the gorging coronets, which are a blazonable detail
      not worth a DC.

  Buckmaster Thomas. Name.

      The submitter used a submission form from the late 1990s. The
      Admin Handbook states that, "All submissions must be on the
      forms currently approved by Laurel." The current forms are
      Laurel ver. 3.0, for which the Middle Kingdom's version was
      approved in December 2014. Therefore, we have returned this name
      administratively.

      The surname as given name _Buckmaster_ has the appearance of a
      form of address or title, especially as the byname is also a
      given name. We note that the surname _Buckmaster_ is a form of
      the place name _Buckminster_, so the use of "master" in this
      particular case is accidental. However, the possible claim to
      rank should be addressed.

  Khawlah bint Yahya ibn Husayn. Device. Per chevron inverted Or and
  sable, a lotus blossom in profile purpure and a lit arabic lamp Or.

      This device is returned for a redraw, for violating the
      guidelines set forth on the May 2011 Cover Letter for a properly
      drawn per chevron inverted field division; the field division
      here is too high. Please see that Cover Letter for further
      discussion and details of how to properly draw per chevron
      inverted lines of division.

======================================================================

**** NORTHSHIELD returns ****

  Marshall Romer. Name.

      Precedent states:

           Although we do not protect it, _Cadet_ is a modern
           military title and form of address, usually used in
           the pattern _Cadet + surname(s)_ or _Cadet + full
           name_. SENA PN.4.B.1 states that, "Given names that
           are identical to titles and forms of address may be
           registered in contexts that make it clear that they
           are given names and not titles". This submission
           appears to use one of the common forms of address for
           the title _Cadet_, and must be returned.

           Upon resubmission, the submitter should know that the
           pattern _Cadet + full name_ would also not be
           registerable for the same reason. However, the pattern
           _given name + Cadet + surname_ would avoid the
           appearance that _Cadet_ is a title or form of address.
           [Guyon Dupre. Alternate name Cadet Mayhem, May 2014,
           R-Ansteorra]

      Although _Marshall_ or _Marshal_ is an attested English given
      name, it is also a form of address and/or military rank both in
      period and modernly. The pattern of _Marshal(l) + [surname or
      locative]_ is found occasionally during the 16th and early 17th
      centuries. Charles II de Coss{e'}, Duke de Brissac (a Marshal of
      France), is sometimes referred to as _Marshal Brissac_ in the
      Calendar of State Papers from the reign of Elizabeth I, although
      it is possible that these instances are normalized.
      _Field-Marshall Goetz_ (Count of Waldeck), _Marshall
      Pappenheim_, and _Marshall Crequi_ are found in the English text
      _The Continuation of the Actions, Passages and Occurrences, Both
      Politike and Polemicall, in the Upper Germanie_, published in
      1637 (https://books.google.com/books?id=IBJmAAAAcAAJ). Most of
      these examples are locative-based, but at least one, _Goetz_, is
      a surname derived from a personal name (see Bahlow/Gentry, s.nn.
      Gottfried and G{o:}tz, and the FamilySearch Historical Records).
      In addition, the modern form of address for US Marshals is
      _Marshal + [surname]_.

      As this name can be interpreted as _[title] + [surname]_, we are
      forced to return this name under PN4B1 of SENA. As in the
      precedent above, the pattern _[given name] + Marshall +
      [surname]_ would avoid the appearance that _Marshall_ is a title
      or form of address.

======================================================================

**** OUTLANDS returns ****

  Gormr Ragnvaldsson. Device. Or, a dragon couchant contourny in
  annulo breathing flames within a crescent gules, a bordure embattled
  sable.

      This device is returned for redraw, for violating SENA A2C2
      which states "Elements must be drawn to be identifiable." As
      depicted the dragon is not identifiable, which is in large part
      due to its posture and the fact that the wings are so close to
      the body that they disappear.

  Hugh Fletcher. Device. Per fess embattled argent and paly gules and
  Or, in chief a rat rampant atop the line of division sable.

      This device is returned for conflict with the badge of Uasal
      ingenue Eogain: _(Fieldless) A mouse rampant sable_. There is a
      DC for the difference between fielded and fieldless design but
      nothing for changing the type of rodent and nothing for
      placement of the rat in chief versus a fieldless badge.

  Thurgar Oddsson. Device. Per bend gules and sable, a serpent nowed
  argent.

      This device is returned for multiple conflicts. It conflicts
      with the device of Frewin Finnbogason, _Per saltire gules and
      sable, a Norse serpent nowed argent_. There is a single DC for
      the changes to the field.

      It also conflicts with the device of Asbjorn Gustavsson of Roed,
      _Azure, a Norse Jelling-beast nowed, erect and reversed argent_,
      with a single DC for the field. The reversing of the
      Jelling-beast in Asbjorn's device refers to the position of the
      head which does not count for difference.

======================================================================

**** TRIMARIS returns ****

  Eoghan of Sudrholt. Device. Per pale Or and azure, a chevron between
  three mullets counterchanged.

      This submission has been withdrawn.

      On resubmission please make sure that the shape of the
      escutcheon is not altered, that is, has the same shape and size
      as that on the official form.

  Godfrey de Neuhalle. Device. Argent, on a chevron inverted engrailed
  gules, three magnolia blossoms argent barbed vert, in chief a bear
  passant azure.

      Both previous returns of device mentioned two problems: that no
      evidence was provided that magnolias were known to period
      Europeans and that the flowers were not identifiable as magnolia
      blossoms.

      Again, no evidence was provided that magnolias were known to
      period Europeans. The earliest evidence for a magnolia in Europe
      that commenters could find dates to 1688 and that was the
      magnolia Virginiana, whose blossom is rather different from the
      magnolia grandiflora which appears in that submission. That form
      of magnolia does not appear to have reached Europe until 1726,
      well after the end of our period. As this would be the defining
      instance for this flower in Society heraldry, we need more
      evidence. Additionally, the depiction of magnolia blossom used
      is the same as previously, which was returned for lack of
      identifiability.

  Viktor Drago Volkov. Name and device. Per bend sinister invected
  sable and Or, a sun in its splendor Or and an increscent gules.

      The name and device submissions have been withdrawn.

======================================================================

**** WEST returns ****

None.

======================================================================

                 - Explicit littera renuntiationum -

======================================================================

***** THE FOLLOWING ITEMS HAVE BEEN PENDED UNTIL THE December 2016
LAUREL MEETING (OR AS NOTED): *****

**** AN TIR pends ****

  An Tir, Kingdom of. Transfer of heraldic title Three Oaks Pursuivant
  to Barony of Wealdsmere.

      For this transfer, only one of the ruling sovereigns at the time
      signed the transfer paperwork. Therefore, we are pending this to
      allow the transfer to be corrected.

      This was item 1 on the An Tir letter of March 31, 2016.

  Wealdsmere, Barony of. Acceptance of transfer of heraldic title
  Three Oaks Pursuivant from Kingdom of An Tir.

      For this transfer, only one of the ruling sovereigns at the time
      signed the transfer paperwork. Therefore, we are pending this to
      allow the transfer to be corrected.

      This was item 27 on the An Tir letter of March 31, 2016.

======================================================================

**** ARTEMISIA pends ****

  Michael Gerard Curtememoire. Transfer of household name House of the
  Wandering Stars to {E'}adaoin inghean u{i'} Cruadhlaoich.

      The standard text for the transfer of this household name was
      emailed to the kingdom principal herald, and a screenshot of the
      email exchange uploaded to the submission packet. Although the
      text itself was correct, and we have allowed emailed letters of
      permission to conflict since the publication of the August 2014
      Cover Letter, transfers still require "physical signatures (or a
      facsimile thereof) of the owner and recipient" under IV.C.6 of
      the Admin Handbook.

      We are pending this transfer to allow the correct paperwork to
      be provided. We are also pending it until the recipient's
      acceptance of the transfer is received.

      This was item 2 on the Artemisia letter of March 29, 2016.

======================================================================

                             - Explicit -

======================================================================

Created at 2016-09-06T22:40:36
-------------- next part --------------
                                               Society for Creative Anachronism
                                                                College of Arms

                                                       253 Tranquility Mtn
                                                            Buda, TX 78610
                                                           +1 512 942 7005
                                                   laurel at heraldry.sca.org
                          For the June 2016 meetings, printed September 6, 2016

To all the College of Arms and all others who may read this missive, from
Andrewe Laurel, Lillia Pelican, and Brunissende Wreath, greetings.

Items listed below in square brackets have not been scheduled yet. For
information about future scheduling, please review the status table located on
the Web at http://oscar.sca.org/index.php?action=137.

The June Laurel decisions were made at the Pelican meeting held on Sunday, June
26, 2016 and the Wreath meeting held on Sunday, June 19, 2016. These meetings
considered the following letters of intent: {AE}thelmearc (03 Mar, 2016),
{AE}thelmearc (03 Mar, 2016), East (03 Mar, 2016), West (10 Mar, 2016),
Outlands (19 Mar, 2016), Middle (25 Mar, 2016), Laurel LoPaD (26 Mar, 2016),
Atlantia (27 Mar, 2016), Ealdormere (27 Mar, 2016), Artemisia (29 Mar, 2016),
Caid (29 Mar, 2016), Meridies (29 Mar, 2016), Northshield (29 Mar, 2016),
Atenveldt (30 Mar, 2016), Calontir (30 Mar, 2016), An Tir (31 Mar, 2016),
Avacal (31 Mar, 2016), Drachenwald (31 Mar, 2016), East (31 Mar, 2016), Lochac
(31 Mar, 2016), Northshield (31 Mar, 2016), and Trimaris (31 Mar, 2016). * All
commentary, responses, and rebuttals should have been entered into OSCAR by
Tuesday, May 31, 2016.*

The July Laurel decisions were made at the Pelican meeting held on Sunday, July
10, 2016 and the Wreath meeting held on Sunday, July 24, 2016. These meetings
considered the following letters of intent: {AE}thelmearc (11 Apr, 2016),
Gleann Abhann (11 Apr, 2016), Ansteorra (18 Apr, 2016), Atenveldt (20 Apr,
2016), Ealdormere (25 Apr, 2016), Artemisia (26 Apr, 2016), Laurel LoPaD (26
Apr, 2016), Caid (27 Apr, 2016), Laurel LoPaD (27 Apr, 2016), Northshield (27
Apr, 2016), An Tir (28 Apr, 2016), Atlantia (28 Apr, 2016), Lochac (29 Apr,
2016), Middle (29 Apr, 2016), Outlands (29 Apr, 2016), Ansteorra (30 Apr,
2016), Avacal (30 Apr, 2016), Calontir (30 Apr, 2016), Drachenwald (30 Apr,
2016), East (30 Apr, 2016), Gleann Abhann (30 Apr, 2016), and Meridies (30 Apr,
2016). * All commentary, responses, and rebuttals should have been entered into
OSCAR by Thursday, June 30, 2016.*

The August Laurel decisions were made at the Pelican meeting held on Sunday,
August 21, 2016 and the Wreath meeting held on Sunday, August 28, 2016. These
meetings considered the following letters of intent: Atenveldt (21 May, 2016),
Middle (25 May, 2016), Artemisia (27 May, 2016), East (27 May, 2016), Laurel
LoPaD (28 May, 2016), Ealdormere (29 May, 2016), Ansteorra (30 May, 2016),
Atlantia (30 May, 2016), Calontir (30 May, 2016), West (30 May, 2016), An Tir
(31 May, 2016), Avacal (31 May, 2016), Caid (31 May, 2016), Lochac (31 May,
2016), Meridies (31 May, 2016), Northshield (31 May, 2016), Outlands (31 May,
2016), and Trimaris (31 May, 2016). * All commentary, responses, and rebuttals
should have been entered into OSCAR by Sunday, July 31, 2016.*

The September Laurel decisions will be made at the Pelican meeting held on
Sunday, September 11, 2016 and the Wreath meeting held on Sunday, September 18,
2016. These meetings will consider the following letters of intent: Gleann
Abhann (03 Jun, 2016), West (03 Jun, 2016), {AE}thelmearc (10 Jun, 2016),
Laurel LoPaD (18 Jun, 2016), Atenveldt (20 Jun, 2016), Caid (26 Jun, 2016),
Artemisia (29 Jun, 2016), Ealdormere (29 Jun, 2016), Meridies (29 Jun, 2016),
Northshield (29 Jun, 2016), Outlands (29 Jun, 2016), An Tir (30 Jun, 2016),
Ansteorra (30 Jun, 2016), Atlantia (30 Jun, 2016), Avacal (30 Jun, 2016),
Calontir (30 Jun, 2016), Drachenwald (30 Jun, 2016), East (30 Jun, 2016),
Lochac (30 Jun, 2016), and Middle (30 Jun, 2016). * All commentary, responses,
and rebuttals should have been entered into OSCAR by Wednesday, August 31,
2016.*

_Not all letters of intent may be considered when they are originally scheduled
on this cover letter. The date of posting of the LoI, date of receipt of the
Laurel packet, or other factors may delay consideration of certain letters of
intent. Additionally, some letters of intent received may not have been
scheduled because the administrative requirements (receipt of the forms packet,
receipt of the necessary fees, et cetera) have not yet been met._

REMINDER: Until all administrative requirements are met, the letter may not be
scheduled.

**** From Wreath: More on Held Charges ****

This month we considered the question of how we count difference for changes to
held charges, in the case of D{e'}irdre inghean Eithne (Meridies). The question
was raised of whether the position on the field of the held charge could be
counted as a DC. In this case, the bird in the protected device was holding the
charge in its beak, while in the submission, the bird was holding the charge in
its claw. The way in which the bird holds a charge is considered an artistic
detail that does provide a DC. Similarly, the way in which the bird holds the
secondary charge dictates its position and thus the location on the field does
not provide a DC either.

**** From Wreath: Twinkle Twinkle Little Spark ****

This month, once again, a submission came up for discussion with an estencelly
field where the sparks were grouped in two and one configuration rather than
one and two.

Commenters cited the precedent from March 2013:

     "Please advise the submitter to draw the sparks as groupings of
     roundels one and two, not two and one. This depiction of sparks two
     and one may not be registerable without period evidence in the
     future." [Jan Langhe ten Wald, A-{AE}thelmearc]

They also noted that in November 2015 that warning wasn't repeated, as the
decision simply stated:

     "Please advise the submitter to draw the sparks as groupings of
     roundels one and two, not two and one." [Evangeline Bajolet, November
     2015 ,A-Calontir].

Gerard Brault's "Early Blazon" defines "Estencel{e'}" as "_powdered with
sparks, i.e. clusters of three or four small dots_". Although the modern
depiction he gives has the estencely as the generally accepted one and two
depiction, he goes on further to cite "_Medieval practice tolerated
considerable diversity in verbal as well as pictorial blazon_". Thus it seems
difficult to consider it as a firm endorsement of a single possible depiction
for estencely fields. Although both he and the cited "_Scintillatum Auro: The
Spark in Armory_" by H. Stanford London mention that it might have been in some
cases a form of diapering it was also in cases specifically blazoned and can't
be considered accidental. Of note, the figure 2 in "_Scintillatum Auro: The
Spark in Armory_" has the sparks in various orientations.

Furthermore, we can see in a period armorial that period heraldic artists were
not necessarily particular about maintaining a constant orientation for sparks
as can be seen on the folio 144r of the Armorial de Gilles le Bouvier, dit
Berry. (http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/btv1b85285803/f295.item.zoom).

Based on the variability of period depiction, we are declaring the two and one
depiction of sparks registerable, with a note that the one and two arrangement
of sparks would appear more likely. No difference will be granted for the
orientation of the sparks and that orientation will not be blazoned.

**** Society Pages ****

On December 5, 2015, at Queen's Rapier Championship, Elsbeth Ann Roth was
granted an augmentation of arms by Their Majesties Magnus and Etain of
{AE}thelmearc due to her long service to the kingdom College of Heralds and the
Society College of Arms.

On April 9, 2016, at the Coronation of Byron and Ariella of {AE}thelmearc,
Elsbeth Ann Roth and Alaric MacConnal were created a baroness and baron of
Their Majesties' court in part due to their heraldic service.

On July 16, 2016 at Their Final Court, Their Caidan Majesties Conrad and A'isha
admitted Estrith Rasmusdatter, Dolphin Herald, to the Order of the Crescent.
This is Caid's grant-level service order.

On August 10, 2016 at Pennsic War, S{o'}lveig {TH}r{o'}ndard{o'}ttir was placed
on vigil and elevated to the Order of the Laurel by Their Majesties Byron and
Ariella of {AE}thelmearc.

On August 10, 2016 at Pennsic War, Brunissende Dragonette, Wreath Queen of
Arms, was elevated to the Order of the Laurel by Their Eastern Majesties Kenric
and Avelina.

On August 13, 2016 at Darach Anniversay/Pirate Tourney, Their Caidan Majesties
Oz and Marisa admitted Paul fitz Denis, Crescent Principal Herald, to the Order
of the Crescent.

Please send information about happenings to major heralds and major happenings
to all heralds to Laurel, so that it can be published here.

**** Send What to Whom ****

Letters of Intent, Comment, Response, Correction, et cetera are to be posted to
the OSCAR online system. No paper copies need be sent. All submission forms
plus documentation, including petitions, must be posted to the OSCAR online
system. While black-and-white emblazons must be included in the Letter of
Intent, only colored armory forms need to be posted in the forms area.

Cheques or money orders for submissions, payable to "SCA Inc.-College of Arms"
are to be sent to Stephanie Ray-Solum, Blue Bug Bookkeeping, 2144 Westlake Ave.
North Suite F Seattle, WA 98109.

Send roster changes and corrections to Laurel. College of Arms members may also
request a copy of the current roster from Laurel.

For a paper copy of a LoAR, please contact Laurel, at the address above. The
cost for one LoAR is $3. Please make all checks or money orders payable to "SCA
Inc.-College of Arms". The electronic copy of the LoAR is available free of
charge. To subscribe to the mailings of the electronic copy, please see the
bottom of http://heraldry.sca.org/heraldry/lists.html#lists for more
instructions.

For all administrative matters, please contact Laurel.

Pray know that I remain,

In service,

Andrewe Bawldwyn
Laurel Principal King of Arms

===============================================================================

Created at 2016-09-06T22:40:36
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****** Errata ******

***** November 2015 *****

**** Ealdormere ****

  Christiana Macnamara. Badge. (Fieldless) Three winged snails
  conjoined in pall inverted heads outwards argent.

      This badge was initially registered as a joint badge with
      Percival de la Rocque. It was actually intended to be registered
      only to Christiana Macnamara.

======================================================================

Created at 2016-09-06T22:40:36


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