[LoAR-txt] March 2016 LoAR in Da'ud format

Postmeeting Clerk via LoAR-TXT loar-txt at lists.sca.org
Sat May 28 20:24:24 CDT 2016


Please find attached the 2016-03 LoAR in plaintext "Da'ud" format.


-- 
Emma de Fetherstan, acting as Postmeeting Clerk
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***** THE FOLLOWING ITEMS HAVE BEEN REGISTERED: *****

**** {AE}THELMEARC acceptances ****

  Batu Luu Gajin. Name.

      This name was pended to allow commenters to discuss an
      authenticity request for a Mongolian name. Mongolian names
      consisting of three elements instead of two are not authentic,
      but this name is registerable.

      This name was pended from the October 2015 Letter of Acceptances
      and Returns.

======================================================================

**** AN TIR acceptances ****

  Alicia du Bois. Badge. (Fieldless) In cross an annulet sable
  sustaining three hawk's bells argent.

  Avallon of Glymm Mere. Badge. (Fieldless) On a horse's head couped
  gules chamfroned argent six bezants in annulo.

  Cara Donata da Fortuna. Name change from Cara da Fortuna and device.
  Azure, six bezants and on a chief rayonny argent three hearts gules.

      The submitter requested authenticity for an Italian name. All
      elements can be found in Florence in 1427, so this is an
      authentic 15th century Tuscan name.

      The submitter's previous name, _Cara da Fortuna_, is retained as
      an alternate name.

  Davin Steingrimsson. Device. Or, a goat's head couped contourny, on
  a chief sable four ducal coronets Or.

      The submitter is a duke and thus entitled to the use of coronets
      on his armory.

  Davin Steingrimsson. Badge. Or, a goat's head couped contourny
  sable, a bordure dovetailed sable bezanty.

  Eleora the Red. Name and device. Gules, a bat-winged lion salient
  contourny between three roses Or.

      The submitter preferred the name _Leora_ if it could be
      documented. Unfortunately, this spelling was not found until the
      18th century.

  Fergus William Biggs. Device. Sable, two arrows in saltire and
  overall a sword inverted argent, a bordure argent estencely sable.

  Hl{i'}f {A'}skelsd{o'}ttir. Device. Sable, on a pale gules
  fimbriated argent in chief in fess an oak leaf between a pair of
  attires Or.

  Juliana la Bedele. Device. Argent, on a fess wavy purpure a mullet
  of eight points between an increscent and a decrescent argent.

  Matt of Mountain Edge. Holding name and device (see RETURNS for
  name). Azure, a double-bitted axe and on a chief enarched argent two
  ravens respectant sable.

      Submitted under the name "Tyrrikr Magnason".

  Summits, Principality of the. Order name Order of the Silver Chime.

  Sunniva of Silverhart. Name and device. Per pale purpure and vert, a
  phoenix within a bordure Or.

      _Silverhart_ is the registered name of an SCA branch.

  Weylyn Middleson. Name and device. Barry wavy argent and azure, a
  calamarie bendwise sinister inverted Or.

      _Weylyn_ follows the pattern of a late period English surname
      used as a given name. The submitted form is an interpolated form
      of the attested bynames _Waylin_, _Waylen_, and _Weyland_, all
      found in the FamilySearch Historical Records dated between 1539
      and 1601. The _-lyn_ spelling also appears at this time, with
      the examples _Jacklyn_, _Tolyn_, and _Sterlyn_ all found in the
      same source.

======================================================================

**** ANSTEORRA acceptances ****

  Ainar Magnusson. Badge. (Fieldless) On a raven sable a mullet of six
  points argent.

  Andrew della Luna. Name and device. Argent, a brown hedgehog rampant
  proper and in chief three decrescents azure, on a mount vert a
  cinquefoil argent.

      _Andrew_ is the submitter's legal given name. It is also an
      attested Catalan name found in the FamilySearch Historical
      Records, dated to 1601. Therefore, the submitter need not rely
      on the legal name allowance.

      This name combines an Iberian given name and Italian byname.
      This is an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C of SENA.

  C{a'}elainn inghean u{i'} Dhorchaidhe. Device change. Vert, a wolf
  rampant maintaining a cross crosslet fitchy, a point pointed argent.

      The submitter's old device, "Vert, a wolf rampant maintaining a
      cross crosslet fitchy and on a base argent a sheaf of arrows
      vert", is released.

  Flavia Vibiana. Name and device. Per pall argent, azure, and vert, a
  swan and a straight trumpet argent.

      This is the feminized form of an attested name, documented by
      Metron Ariston in an inscription from England, dated to c.253-8
      (http://romaninscriptionsofbritain.org/inscriptions/2042).

      Nice 3rd century Roman name!

  Flavia Vibiana. Badge. Azure, a swan argent maintaining and playing
  a straight trumpet inverted Or.

  L{i'}adan of Wiesenfeuer. Holding name and device (see RETURNS for
  name). Vert, a bend sinister wavy ermine between a harp and a maple
  leaf Or.

      Submitted under the name "L{i'}adan inghean Fin{a'}in".

  Modius von Mergentheim. Badge. Sable, the Greek letter "pi" and on a
  chief argent the word "Humilitas" sable.

      It might interest the submitter to know that, in commentary,
      Metron Ariston noted that _"for a period style cross-cultural
      translingual pun, the word on the chief really ought to be
      humilitatis (for a genitive of substance) or humile (for a real
      "humble pi" since that takes the pi as neuter)."_

  Publius Rutilius Caprarius. Name and device. Per pale argent and
  purpure, a goat clymant counterchanged.

  Publius Rutilius Caprarius. Badge. (Fieldless) A goat clymant per
  pale purpure and argent.

  Rachel della Luna. Name and device. Argent, a butterfly and in chief
  three decrescents azure, on a mount vert a cinquefoil argent.

      _Rachel_ is the submitter's legal middle name. It is also an
      attested German given name found in the FamilySearch Historical
      Records, dated to 1560. Therefore, the submitter need not rely
      on the legal name allowance.

      This name combines a German given name and Italian byname. This
      is an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C of SENA.

======================================================================

**** ARTEMISIA acceptances ****

  Alessandra della Scala. Name.

  Artemisia, Kingdom of. Order name Order of the Golden Gryphon's
  Talon.

      Although the order name _Order of the Gryphon's Talon of
      Artemisia_ is registered to the kingdom, the addition of the
      color modifier is not grandfathered. We do not have examples of
      gryphon's talons as heraldic charges, nor do we have examples
      that follow the pattern _color + possessive form of a monster +
      body part_. Therefore, we cannot redocument this order name
      instead of attempting to use the grandfather clause.

      Dropping _Golden_ essentially gives us the same order name that
      the kingdom has already registered, so this cannot be done in
      this case. However, _Order of the Gryphon and Talon_, _Order of
      the Golden Talon_, and _Order of the Golden Gryphon and Talon_
      would all be registerable, as would _Order of the Golden Talon
      of Artemisia_. We are returning this name so that the kingdom
      can consider their options.

  Artemisia, Kingdom of. Badge for University of Artemisia. Sable, on
  a pile Or, a lantern sable paned Or.

      University of Artemisia is a generic identifier.

  Artemisia, Kingdom of. Badge for University of Artemisia. Sable, on
  a pile Or, a harp sable.

      University of Artemisia is a generic identifier.

  Artemisia, Kingdom of. Badge for University of Artemisia. Sable, on
  a pile Or, a pair of calipers sable.

      University of Artemisia is a generic identifier.

  Fiametta da Trastevere. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      Multiple commenters documented the place name _Trastevere_ in
      Italy in the 16th and early 17th century. For example, the
      locative phrase _del Trastevere_ is found in _Le Cose
      maravigliose dell'alma citt{`a} di Roma_ by Girolamo Franzini,
      1575 (https://books.google.com/books?id=HPc5AAAAcAAJ&pg=PA151).

  Malatesta Simonetti. Name and device. Or, a comet bendwise azure
  headed vert.

      Nice 16th century Italian name!

      There is a step from period practice for a comet with different
      tinctures for head and beard.

  Praxilla Taurina. Device. Or, a winged boar courant bendy azure and
  argent.

  Sean Kirkpatrick. Badge. Per bend azure and bendy Or goutty de sang
  and azure, in sinister chief a cross flory argent.

  S{i'}le ingen Chathail. Badge. Per saltire azure and argent, in pale
  two Arabic lamps lit Or.

      This badge was pended from the October 2015 Letter of
      Acceptances and Returns to resolve administrative issues.

  Valdis bjarki. Device change. Argent, a pall inverted vert between
  three boars courant in annulo gules.

      There is a step from period practice for use of charges in
      annulo not in their default orientation.

      The submitter's old device, "Argent, a pall inverted vert
      between three annulets gules", is released.

  Viviana Caccialupo. Name and device. Azure, a chevron inverted Or
  and overall a winged natural leopard rampant argent.

======================================================================

**** ATENVELDT acceptances ****

  Bartholomew of Wolfetwain. Device change. Gules, a saltire Or and
  overall two grey wolf's heads erased addorsed conjoined at the neck
  proper.

      The fact that the heads are barely overall and have low contrast
      with the field is grandfathered to the submitter.

      Please advise the submitter to draw the erasing with longer
      jags.

      The submitter's old device, "Gules, a saltire Or, overall in
      base two grey wolf's heads erased addorsed conjoined at the
      necks proper. [Canis lupus]", is released.

  Caiter{i'}na MacCraith of Granite Mountain. Name.

      Submitted as "Caiter{i'}na _Cu_ MacCraith", the byname combined
      the Gaelic _Caiter{i'}na_ and _Cu_ with the Scots _MacCraith_.
      However, _Cu_ is dated no later than the 7th century, and
      _MacCraith_ is dated to the 16th century. The temporal gap is
      greater than 300 years, so this lingual mix is not acceptable
      under Appendix C of SENA.

      The submitter allowed a change to "Caiter{i'}na_ _MacCraith _of
      Granite Mountain_". We have made this change to register the
      name.

      _Granite Mountain_ is the registered name of an SCA branch.

  Cyra Gabrielacitissa Radene. Name and device. Azure, on a flame Or a
  dumbek azure.

      Submitted as "Cyra Gabriela_k_itissa Radene", the name uses both
      _c_ and _k_ to represent the Greek letter _kappa_. In order to
      use a consistent transliteration throughout the entire name, we
      have changed the name to "Cyra Gabriela_c_itissa Radene".

  Ern{i'}n Ainsheasccar {O'} Raghallaigh. Name change from Ern{i'}n
  Beag {O'} Caoimh{i'}n and device. Per bend sinister counter-ermine
  and gules, a bend sinister embattled and in base a key inverted
  argent.

      Appearing on the Letter of Intent as "Ern{i'}n Ainshe_ar_sccar
      {O'} Raghallaigh", a timely correction noted that the first
      byname should have been "Ainshe_a_sccar".

      The submitter requested authenticity for a 12th-14th century
      Gaelic name. _Ern{i'}n_ is a saint's name, for which we have no
      evidence of use by other people. In addition, the bynames are
      dated to the 15th and 16th centuries, respectively. Therefore,
      this name does not meet the submitter's request for an authentic
      12th-14th century name, but it is registerable.

      The submitter's previous name, _Ern{i'}n Beag {O'} Caoimh{i'}n_,
      is released.

  Jacquelin de Normandie. Name change from Jacquelin of Normandy.

      _Jacquelin_ is grandfathered to the submitter. It is also an
      attested female given name used by a French Huguenot in London
      in 1641, found in the FamilySearch Historical Records.
      Therefore, the submitter need not rely on the grandfather
      clause.

      The submitter's previous name, _Jacquelin of Normandy_, is
      released.

  Jacquelin de Normandie. Household name Manoir de la Blanche Fleur
  (see RETURNS for badge).

      Submitted as "Manoir _du_ Blan_c_ Fleur", the question was
      raised whether the submitted household name is grammatically
      correct. In French, _fleur_ is a feminine noun, but _blanc_ is a
      masculine adjective. The French form would be "Manoir _de la_
      Blan_che_ Fleur", using the feminine form of the adjective. The
      submitter specifically authorized a change to this form, so we
      have done so to register this household name.

      In commentary, Siren documented _le flur_ (in the phrase _le
      flur de segle_ "rye flour") and _le fleur_ ("flour") in _The
      Anglo-Norman Dictionary_ (AND; http://www.anglo-norman.net),
      s.v. fleur, making it appear as though _fl(e)ur_ could also take
      a masculine form in Anglo-Norman context (i.e., French as used
      in Norman England). All examples we found of _fleur_ with a
      modifier, whether referring to a flower or culinary flour, used
      feminine forms of the adjectives. For example, both _flur
      blanche_ ("white flour") and _belle flur_ ("fine flour") are
      also found in the AND. In Middle English we find names derived
      from the French: the bynames _le Blancheflour_ (c.1300, found in
      J{o:}nsj{o:}) and _Blauncheflur_ (1228, found in the Middle
      English Dictionary), and the 15th century literary name
      _Blancheflur_ (MED). We found no instances of the French _Blanc_
      or the English _Blaunke_ modifying any form of "flower", so _du
      Blanc Fleur_ is not a plausible construction.

      Manors in both French and English are typically named after
      places. Examples include _le manor de Bromesgrave_ and _le
      manoir de Asshewelthorp_ (AND). However, several examples of
      manors named with inn-sign name patterns were also found.
      _Manoir de la Rose_ is found in a 14th century letter by the
      bishop of Carlisle that was written in French, in James Raine,
      _Historical Papers and Letters from the Northern Registers_
      (https://books.google.com/books?id=GAhrh-3Xyd4C&pg=PA408).
      _Manor of the Rose_ is documented to the 16th century in Walter
      Thornbury, 'Upper Thames Street', in Old and New London: Volume
      2
      (http://www.british-history.ac.uk/old-new-london/vol2/pp28-41).
      Mathault identifies the _Manoir du petit More_ as the location
      where he wrote his 1614 book _Iugement d{e'}finitif_ (see p. 12,
      https://books.google.com/books?id=2I5EK2v_09EC). Lastly, _Manoir
      de Moulins_ ("windmills") and _Manoir de Fontanelles_ ("little
      fountains") are found in _Pouill{e'} g{e'}n{e'}ral contenant les
      b{e'}n{e'}fices de l'archev{e^}ch{e'} de Tours_
      (https://books.google.com/books?id=qNUsEEz44f8C), published in
      1648. The latter two examples may be based on family names
      derived from charge names (see Morlet Dictionnaire, s.nn. Moulin
      and Font), but we can give the submitter the benefit of the
      doubt that _Manor_ or _Manoir_ is an appropriate designator in
      this case.

  Kolfinna the Quiet. Name change from Rose the Jeweler.

      The byname _the Quiet_ is a lingua Anglica form of the Old Norse
      _in kyrra_.

      The submitter's previous name, _Rose the Jeweler_, is released.

  Nastas'ia Volkovicha. Badge. Per pale embattled purpure and azure, a
  squirrel and an elk salient respectant argent.

      Some commenters wondered if the combination of the name and
      badge was an obtrusively modern reference to the animated
      characters Natasha, Rocky and Bullwinkle. It is not.

  Nastas'ia Volkovicha. Badge. (Fieldless) In fess a savage vert
  maintaining a wooden staff proper conjoined by his sinister arm to a
  horse passant gules crined sable.

      Some commenters wondered if the badge was too evocative of Gumby
      and Pokey and thus obtrusively modern. It is not.

  Octavia Maria. Name change from holding name Maria of Sun Dragon.

      Nice Roman name!

  Qasim ibn al-Hadi. Name.

      In commentary, Green Staff documented _al-Hadi_ in _Al-Muwatta_,
      written in the 8th or 9th century
      (https://books.google.com/books?id=ZUTYAQAAQBAJ). It is also the
      byname of the 10th iman, Ali.

  Ren{e'}e de Normandie. Name.

      The submitted form of the given name, _Ren{e'}e_ (with the
      accent), is found in _La Bienvenue de tr{'e}s haulte, tr{'e}s
      illustre et tr{'e}s excellente princesse, ma dame Ren{e'}e de
      France, duchesse de Ferrare et de Chartres_, published in 1561
      (http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/bpt6k8571651.r=Renee).

  Rosamund Sanburne. Badge. Checky argent and azure, a squirrel
  maintaining a threaded needle inverted Or.

      This identical badge was returned for conflict with the badge of
      Alasdair MacEogan, _(Fieldless) A squirrel sejant erect Or_. Due
      to the changes to the definitions of "maintained" and
      "sustained" in the August 2015 Cover Letter, this badge no
      longer conflicts with Alasdair's and can be registered.

  {TH}orgeirr of Burning Sands. Holding name and device (see RETURNS
  for name). Per pall inverted gules, argent and sable, two domestic
  cats sejant addorsed counterchanged and a Bowen knot Or.

      Submitted under the name "{TH}orgeirr Hallvard{dh}rson".

  Thyri Eirikskona. Device. Azure, a looped tress of hair with its
  ends crossed Or, in chief three stag's attires, each conjoined in
  annulo, on a base argent a mullet azure.

======================================================================

**** ATLANTIA acceptances ****

  Albrecht Wellman. Name.

  Anastasia Artemas. Name.

  August Fluegel. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      Nice 16th century German name!

  Balian of Buckston-on-Eno. Name and device. Or, an arrow between two
  ravens respectant purpure.

      _Buckston-on-Eno_ is the registered name of an SCA branch.

  Brynhildr Ka{dh}a F{o'}stra. Name.

  Catguistl of Tintagol. Badge. (Fieldless) A snail purpure.

  Ceres Gwyn of Kildare. Name.

      Submitted as "Cere_d_ Gwyn of Kildare", this name conflicted
      with the registered name _Cerridwen of Kildare_. Therefore, the
      submitter allowed a change to "Cere_s_ Gwyn of Kildare",
      changing two syllables, so that it is clear under PN3C1 of SENA.
      The name was pended in order to allow commenters to consider
      this change.

      This name combines an English surname used as a given name, an
      English byname, and an Anglicized Irish locative byname. This is
      an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C of SENA.

      This name was pended from the October 2015 Letter of Acceptances
      and Returns.

  Clare inghean Ruaidhr{i'}. Name.

      This name combines an English given name and Gaelic byname. This
      is an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C of SENA.

  Cormack Kynith. Name and device. Vert, a wolf rampant Or charged
  with a lozenge sable, a bordure Or.

  Eadyth Woderose. Name.

      The submitter requested authenticity for "English 1200s-1400s",
      but only if the spelling did not need to be changed.

      _Eadithe_ is a genitive (possessive) form dated to 1242 in
      'Close Rolls, May 1242', _Calendar of Close Rolls, Henry III:
      Volume 4, 1237-1242_
      (http://www.british-history.ac.uk/cal-close-rolls/hen3/vol4/pp524-527).
      The expected nominative (base) form is _Eaditha_, for which
      _Eadith_ is a plausible vernacular form. As _i/y_ switches are
      common in Middle English, the submitted spelling is also
      registerable.

      As the given name is a mid-13th century form and the byname is
      dated to 1332, this name fits the submitter's desired time
      period, but the 90-year temporal gap means that this name may
      not be authentic to the same time. However, it is registerable.

  Edward Godale. Name and device. Per bend gules and azure, three
  chalices and a greyhound sejant Or.

      The submitter was interested in a late 14th century English
      name. The given name is found in England throughout much of our
      period, but the byname was only dated to 1244 in the Letter of
      Intent. The latest example of the byname that could be found is
      dated to 1344 (Middle English Dictionary).

      Nice 13th to 14th century English name!

  Emma Barnsley. Name.

      Although documented as a byname from the 1630s in the Letter of
      Intent, _Barnsley_ is also dated to 1578, within 5 years of the
      given name (see Bardsley, s.n. Barnsley).

      Nice 16th century English name!

  Ginevra Fiammetta di Silvestri. Device. Per pale azure and vert, in
  saltire an arrow inverted and a needle inverted and on a chief
  argent three closed books palewise sable.

      For purpose of conflict checking the closed books are identical
      to billets.

  Gracia Slay. Name.

      The given name is found in Reaney & Wilson, s.n. Grace, dated to
      1232-5, within 12 years of the byname.

      Nice 13th century English name!

  Greylond Crow. Name.

      The Letter of Intent cited the example _Greylond de Haveriis_ to
      support the given name. However, the attested name is actually
      _Joh. Greylond de Haveriis_. Therefore, _Greylond_ is a byname
      in this name, and cannot be registered as a given name because
      the pattern of using surnames as given names is allowed only for
      16th and 17th century surnames.

      In commentary, ffride wlffsdotter documented the name _Greylond
      Bevers_ in _Calendar of Inquisitions Post Mortem_
      (https://www.british-history.ac.uk/inquis-post-mortem/vol13/pp178-195),
      dated to c.1373. Therefore, we are able to register this name.

  Guillaume d'Avignon. Device. Or goutty de larmes, two bat-winged
  fish haurient respectant and a mullet of seven points purpure, a
  bordure azure.

      The redraw and update of the forms were timely and thus this
      device is registerable.

  Heloise de Bruyeres. Name change from Adeline de Bruyeres.

      The submitter preferred the accented form _H{e'}lo{i:}se de
      Bruy{'e}res_ if it could be documented. However, evidence to
      support the use of the accents in the period French forms of
      these name elements could not be found.

      The submitter's previous name, _Adeline de Bruyeres_, is
      released.

  Hrafnhildr Vigleiksdottir. Name.

  Humfrey Matthew Lovett. Badge. (Fieldless) A sea-dog rampant argent.

      This badge does not conflict with the device of Brand the Black:
      "Checky sable and Or, a seawolf erect argent". There is a DC for
      the difference between fielded and fieldless design and another
      DC for the difference between a sea-dog, which is a finned
      canine quadruped, and a sea-wolf, which has a fish tail.

      It also does not conflict with the badge of Diana ni Charvell:
      "Counter-ermine, a sea-dog rampant maintaining in dexter paw an
      arrow and in sinister paw a sword argent", with a DC for the
      field and another for removing the maintained charges.

  Kira Lechuza. Name and device. Purpure, an owl and on a chief
  enarched argent three trilliums purpure.

      _Kira_ is the submitter's legal given name.

      There is a step from period practice for use of New World
      trillium flowers.

  Lisabetta Capri di Palermo. Name.

      The submitter requested authenticity for an unspecified place
      and time. The submitter dropped this request during commentary.

      _Capri_ is found as an unmarked Italian byname in _Canzone di
      Michel Capri_ (https://books.google.com/books?id=ijPB0ruxD8cC),
      dated to 1577. Therefore, we are able to register this name.

      An authentic form of her name is _Lisabetta di Palermo de
      Capri_. Golden Dolphin was notified that this form was
      acceptable to the submitter, but also commented that the
      submitter "likes the name as close as possible to what was
      submitted". As this made it sound as if the submitted form was
      still preferred over the authentic form, we have not modified
      the name. If Lisabetta prefers the more authentic form, she can
      submit a request for reconsideration.

  Lochloinn mac Cailin. Name change from Jasper Armeley (see RETURNS
  for device).

      The submitter's previous name, _Jasper Armeley_, is released.

  Magnus Ulfson. Name.

      _Magnus_ is dated to 1401 and _Ulfson_ to 1407 in _Diplomatarium
      Danicum_, making this a nice early 15th century Danish name!

      This name does not conflict with the registered name _Magni
      Ulfsson_. The vowel and final consonant of the second syllable
      of the given name have been changed. As the change in spelling
      (including the removal of the final consonant) affects at least
      two letters in the final syllable, this change is substantial
      and the name is clear under PN3C2 of SENA.

  Malcolme mac Enri. Name and device. Sable, a death's head argent
  winged Or, in base two daggers inverted in saltire argent.

      This name combines a Scots given name and Gaelic byname. This is
      an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C of SENA.

  Marcus de Rath. Name and device. Or, a sword inverted and on a chief
  sable three crosses couped Or.

  Marjorie inghean Riocaird. Device. Argent, a thistle proper and on a
  chief azure three Lacy knots Or.

  Martelle von Charlottenburg. Badge. (Fieldless) An escallop inverted
  Or crowned with a pearled coronet and conjoined at the hinge to an
  arrow fesswise reversed vert.

      The submitter is a court baroness and thus entitled to the use
      of a coronet in her heraldry.

      Because of the August 2015 ruling that allows maintained charges
      to count for difference, this badge is now free of conflict.

  {O'}ttarr Sk{a'}ldsson. Device. Per pall inverted sable, purpure,
  and argent, two otters statant erect respectant argent and an anvil
  sable.

  Patris de Terra Lepori. Name and device. Argent, three pheons gules
  and a chief paly Or and gules.

  Prudence Sparrow. Name.

      This exact name is found in the FamilySearch Historical Records,
      dated to 1585, 1624, and 1647, making this an excellent late
      period English name!

  R{o'}is MacAden. Device. Argent, within a Chinese dragon passant
  contourny in annulo vert a rose proper, a chief nebuly gules.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of an Oriental
      dragon.

  Roland Gervais. Device. Or, an eagle and on a chief embattled sable
  a key reversed Or.

  S{e'}amus Blaer de Maxwell. Badge for Seamus Blair de Maxwell.
  (Fieldless) In pale a panther's jambe argent spotted of diverse
  tinctures enflamed proper issuant from an open well Or.

  Slaine inghean ui Sheachnasaigh. Name.

  Sofia of Sternfeld. Badge. Per bend argent and lozengy Or and gules,
  a fleur-de-lys gules and a domino mask sable.

  Syele Rose von Dampach. Name and device. Purpure, a fox rampant Or
  marked argent sustaining a threaded needle bendwise sinister
  inverted Or, a gore ermine.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a gore with
      another charge on the field.

  Thorkel Odinson. Name.

      Submitted as "Thorkel Odin_s_on", the name was changed in
      kingdom to "Thorkel Odin_ss_on" to match the documentation that
      could be found.

      The Letter of Intent documented _Thorkel_ as a 15th century
      given name in _Diplomatarium Norvegicum_, but the attested name
      is actually "Thorke_ll_" in this example. However, ffride
      wlffsdotter found the submitted spelling in Lind, dated to the
      14th century, so we do not need to change this element.

      In commentary, Siren documented patronyms where the father's
      name was not changed to a genitive (possessive) form in Danish,
      Swedish, and Norwegian in the 14th-15th centuries. As _Odin_ was
      found in 15th century Norway, both the _-son_ and _-sson_
      spellings can be used. Therefore we can restore the submitted
      spelling of the byname.

  Tiberius Aufidius Crispus. Name and device. Per bend raguly argent
  and vert, two weasels statant counterchanged.

  Zohara bat Levi. Name.

      _Zohara_ is a Hispanicized form of an Arabic name.

      The combination of a Spanish given name and Hebrew byname is an
      acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C of SENA.

======================================================================

**** AVACAL acceptances ****

  Albrecht von R{u:}gen. Name.

      The phrase _der Insul Rugen_ (with a superscript _e_ over the
      _u_ in _Rugen_) is dated to 1632 in _Itinerarium Germaniae
      nov-antiquae_ by Martinus Zeiller
      (https://books.google.com/books?id=olhOAAAAcAAJ&pg=PA673). The
      use of the the notation _{u:}_ is also found at this time, so
      the submitted spelling is plausible.

  Avacal, Kingdom of. Order name Order of the Sphinx and Cartouche.

      Both the sphinx and cartouche are registerable charges.
      Therefore, they are permitted in order names:

           Therefore, we rule that blazonry terms used in the SCA
           for charges used in period armory and for charges
           compatible with period practice (that is, those
           charges that are not considered a step from period
           practice) will be allowed in order names and heraldic
           titles. This does not extend to blazonry terms that
           were not used to create order names and heraldic
           titles (like lines of division). [Aquaterra, Barony
           of, Order of the Blue Kraken, July 2011, A-An Tir]

  Avacal, Kingdom of. Badge for Order of the White Tower of Avacal.
  Quarterly argent and Or, on a lozenge gules a tower argent.

  Avacal, Kingdom of. Badge for Avacal College of Scribes and
  Illuminators. Quarterly argent and Or, three sinister wings in pall
  inverted, tips to center, each issuant an eagle's foot gules
  maintaining a quill pen sable.

      Avacal College of Scribes and Illuminators is a generic
      identifier.

  Lochlainn Dubhghlas. Name and badge. Per pale argent and vert, a
  badger rampant sable marked argent and a badger rampant contourny
  argent.

  Maria de Vera della Cava. Name and device. Argent, in pale three
  dragonflies bendwise sinister sable between flaunches azure.

      Submitted as "Maria _D_e Vera della Cava", we have changed the
      capitalization to make it consistent: "Maria _d_e Vera della
      Cava".

      This name combines a Spanish given name and byname with an
      Italian byname. This is an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix
      C of SENA.

  Tonis van Hoorn. Device. Per chevron vert and argent, in base three
  annulets interlaced one and two, a bordure sable.

======================================================================

**** CAID acceptances ****

  Gemma Rosalia. Device change. Purpure, on a bend sable fimbriated
  between two ferrets statant three decrescents argent.

      The submitter's old device, "Purpure, three increscents in bend
      between two ferrets statant argent", is retained as a badge.

  Hallr brjost Starsson. Blanket permission to conflict with name and
  device. Gules, a bezant and a sinister tierce Or.

      Hallr gives blanket permission to conflict to any name that is
      not identical to his registered name. He also gives blanket
      permission to conflict to any submission with the appearance of
      a claim of relationship with his name.

      Hallr gives blanket permission to conflict to any armory that is
      not identical to his registered device.

  Hallr brjost Starsson. Blanket permission to conflict with name.

      Hallr gives blanket permission to conflict to any submission
      with the appearance of a claim of relationship with his name.

  Isabel Maria Garcia. Device. Argent, a sheaf of arrows purpure.

      Nice device!

  Ludovico da Venezia. Name and device. Gules, a sea-lion argent and a
  chief ermine.

      Nice 15th century Italian name!

      Nice device!

  Muirghein Dhaire. Heraldic will.

      Upon her death, the submitter's registered names and armory will
      be transferred to Rodhlann {O'} Ceallach{a'}in. In the event
      that Rodhlann predeceases Muirghein and no other heir has been
      named by Muirghein in the interim, she grants permission to any
      future submitter to register names and armory that are not
      identical to her registered primary name, household name, device
      and badge.

  Ocelotl Moctezuma. Device. Or semy of cartouches sable, a fess
  embowed to base argent fimbriated gules between four crescents one
  and three azure.

      This design was well documented as an Individually Attested
      Pattern using the Codex Mendoza, a 1542 Aztec document prepared
      for Charles V. The submitter provided more than sufficient
      evidence of a fess embowed to base as well as the use of
      crescents and a field pattern visually similar to a semy of
      cartouches.

      This device was pended from the October 2015 Letter of
      Acceptances and Returns.

  Rodhlann {O'} Ceallach{a'}in. Heraldic will.

      Upon his death, the submitter's registered names and armory will
      be transferred to Muirghein Dhaire. In the event that Muirghein
      predeceases Rodhlann and no other heir has been named by
      Rodhlainn in the interim, he grants permission to any future
      submitter to register names and armory that are not identical to
      his registered primary name and device.

  Rowland Taylor. Name.

      This exact name is dated to 1572 and 1575 in the FamilySearch
      Historical Records, making this an excellent late 16th century
      English name!

  Svala in h{a'}rfagra R{i'}kar{dh}arsd{o'}ttir. Device. Argent, a
  drop-spindle bendwise and on a chief azure three sheep statant
  argent.

      Please advise the submitter to draw the tertiary sheep larger so
      as to improve their identifiability.

======================================================================

**** CALONTIR acceptances ****

  Alienor Walcott. Name.

      The dated form of the byname in the Letter of Intent, _Walcot'_
      (with a scribal suspension), supports the spelling _Walcote_. In
      commentary, Ogress documented the submitted spelling in the
      FamilySearch Historical Records, dated to 1566.

  Caterine le jeune. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      Commenters questioned the use of a masculine byname by a woman
      in French, although this pattern is documented in Middle
      English. The byname _le Jeune_ was used by a woman in 1530 in
      "Names from Lallaing 1384 - 1600: Feminine Ekenames" by Domhnall
      na Moicheirghe
      (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/lallaing/lallaing_names_feminine_ekenames.html).
      As capitalization is variable in period French, the submitted
      form is plausible and can be registered.

  Charles von Bayrreuth. Name.

      _Charles_ is the submitter's legal given name, but is also an
      attested German name, found in the FamilySearch Historical
      Records, dated to 1622. Therefore, the submitter need not rely
      on the legal name allowance.

  Garsiyya al-Andalusi. Device. Sable, on a bezant, a crescent gules.

  Ketill Karlsson. Name.

  Mag Mor, Barony of. Order name Order of the Bull's Horn.

      Bull's horns or buffalo's horns are found in German crests by
      the 14th century (see Gelre), and in the arms of von Pfiltz,
      dated to 1605 (Siebmacher). _Bull's Horn_ is a lingua Anglica
      form.

======================================================================

**** EALDORMERE acceptances ****

  Berengar le Veillier. Name.

  Guntram of Northgeatham. Name.

      _Northgeatham_ is the registered name of an SCA branch.

  Nicolaa de Bracton of Leicester. Alternate name Nikolena Sergeeva
  doch' Zvezdina.

  Ragnhildr H{ae}lludottir. Name change from holding name Ragnhildr of
  Dragon's Laire.

======================================================================

**** EAST acceptances ****

  Aharon ben Zach. Name.

  Amis Mwyn. Device. Or, a fret azure its mascle gules, a bordure
  sable.

  Brandr nefsbrjotr Aronsson. Name change from Cian Mac Fhearghuis.

      The submitter wanted a constructed byname meaning "nosebreaker".
      The form _refsbrjotr_ uses the genitive singular form of "nose",
      whereas all of the examples of "breaker of _X_" or "_X_ breaker"
      in Old Norse that could be found use the genitive plural form of
      _X_. Examples include _hornabrj{o'}tr_ ("breaker of horns"),
      _{o/}xnabrj{o'}tr_ ("oxen breaker"), and _gar{dh}abrj{o'}tr_
      ("breaker of fences"), and _haugabrj{o'}tr_ ("breaker of cairns,
      grave-robber"), all found in Geirr Bassi. Therefore, the plural
      form of the byname would be "nef_ja_brjotr" ("breaker of
      noses").

      We note that at least one prior registration allowed the
      genitive singular form in a similar name:

           Submitted as "Ragnarr ri_fb_rj{o'}tr", all the
           documented examples of _X-brj{o'}tr_ that were
           supplied on the LoI and by the commenters have the _X_
           element in the genitive case. We have changed the name
           to "Ragnarr ri_fsb_brj{o'}tr" [_sic_] to match the
           documented examples and fix the grammar. [Ragnarr
           rifsbrj{o'}tr, August 2008, A-Atlantia]

      Similarly, a more recent registration stated that the genitive
      singular form was registerable:

           The byname is constructed, with the intended meaning
           of "stone breaker". The byname needs to use the
           genitive form of "stone", _Steins-_ ("breaking one
           rock") or _Steina-_ ("breaking many rocks"). Kingdom
           confirmed that the submitter prefers the latter, so we
           have changed the byname to "Stein_a_brj{o'}tr".
           [{O'}l{a'}fr Steinabrj{o'}tr, February 2015,
           A-{AE}thelmearc]

      Therefore, we will allow the submitted form of the byname in
      this case, but future registrations of "_X_ breaker" in Old
      Norse should either use the genitive plural form of _X_ or
      include documentation to support the use of the genitive
      singular. If the submitter prefers the plural form
      _nefjabrjotr_, he can submit a request for reconsideration.

      The Letter of Intent incorrectly stated that the submitter's
      previous name, _Cian Mac Fhearghuis_, was to be released.
      However, in accordance with the submission form, it is retained
      as an alternate name.

  Charlotte Orr. Name and device. Quarterly argent and sable, a
  hedgehog statant gardant gules.

      Nice late 16th century English name!

  Constancia de Vianne. Name and device. Purpure, a crossbow bendwise
  sinister and on a chief argent five musical notes inverted sable.

  Hasanah bint al-Khalil ibn Habib and Ingvar Thorsteinsson. Joint
  household name Erlendssta{dh}ir.

      Although the form only included Hasanah's name as the submitter,
      it was confirmed in email that this is a joint registration.

  Ignacia la Ciega. Badge. Gules, a chevron between a demi-sun and a
  shamshir inverted Or.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a shamshir.

  Ingvar Thorsteinsson. Device. Erminois, a boar's head cabossed sable
  and a chief gules.

  Ingvar Thorsteinsson and Hasanah bint al-Khalil ibn Habib. Joint
  badge for Erlendssta{dh}ir. (Fieldless) A tree blasted and
  eradicated per fess gules and sable.

      Although the form only included Ingvar's name as the submitter,
      it was confirmed in email that this is a joint registration.

  Ingvar Thorsteinsson and Hasanah bint al-Khalil ibn Habib. Joint
  badge. (Fieldless) A tree blasted and eradicated quarterly gules and
  sable.

      Although the form only included Ingvar's name as the submitter,
      it was confirmed in email that this is a joint registration.

  Johannes von Braunschweig. Name.

      The byname is found in the title of _Gr{u:}ndlicher Bericht, wie
      es mit Herzog Friderich von Braunschweig und der Stadt
      Braunschweig in der Bel{a:}gerung ergangen_
      (https://books.google.com/books?id=ArJKAAAAcAAJ), dated to 1615.

  Margaret of Rochester. Badge. Azure goutty, a chevron argent.

      Nice badge!

  Matteo Genovese. Name and device. Vert, a spear and in chief two
  axes argent, a bordure argent semy of daggers inverted vert.

      Nice 15th-16th century Italian name!

  Matthildr Skotsdottir. Name.

  Micchelle Vitalis. Name and device. Or, a bend vert between a bunch
  of grapes slipped and leaved proper and two arrows in saltire gules.

      The submitter requested authenticity for "Italian any time in
      our time period". This is an authentic 13th century Latinized
      Italian name.

  Michel Almond de Champagne. Name change from Michal Almond de
  Champagne and augmentation of arms. Per chevron lozengy argent and
  sable and purpure, in base a fleur-de-lys argent and for
  augmentation on a canton Or a tyger passant azure.

      The bynames _Almond_ and _de Champagne_ are grandfathered to the
      submitter.

      The submitter's previous name, _Michal Almond de Champagne_, is
      released.

      Please advise the submitter to draw the lozengy portion of the
      field with more and smaller lozenges.

      The submitter has permission from the East Kingdom for her
      augmentation to conflict with the East Kingdom's populace badge:
      "(Fieldless) A tyger passant azure".

  Moire MacGraha. Badge. (Fieldless) A musical note argent entwined by
  an ivy vine vert.

  Mountain Freehold, Shire of. Badge. (Fieldless) A seahorse argent
  atop a trimount couped vert.

  Mountain Freehold, Shire of. Badge. (Fieldless) A seahorse Or atop a
  trimount couped vert.

  Nicolae Munteanu. Name and device. Or, a tree issuant from a
  mountain between in chief two falcons striking respectant vert.

      Submitted as "Nicolae Munt_ean_", the correct patronymic is
      "Munt_eanu_". We have changed the byname to this form to
      register this name.

  Nicole la bouchiere. Name and device. Per pale argent and azure, a
  cleaver bendwise sinister counterchanged.

      Nice late 13th century French name!

      Nice choice of charge for this occupational byname!

  Oodachi Jirou Tsu'neyasu. Name.

  Osc of the Harbours. Device. Argent, five geese migrant in chevron
  sable and in base a torteau.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of birds in the
      migrant posture.

  Piers Campbell. Acceptance of transfer of household name Clan
  Campbell of Applecross from Tomasz Tomashevskoi.

  Richard Holland. Name change from Ragnarr Sigur{dh}arson.

      The given name _Richard_ is found in "English Given Names from
      16th and Early 17th C Marriage Records" by Aryanhwy merch
      Catmael
      (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/english/parishes/richard.html) in
      1575, the same year as the byname.

      Excellent 16th century English name!

      The submitter's previous name, _Ragnarr Sigur{dh}arson_, is
      retained as an alternate name.

  Robyn Wolf Claw. Name and device. Per bend argent and vert, a
  phoenix gules rising from flames Or and a wolf's head cabossed
  argent.

      The submitter requested authenticity for "1580s Tudor England".
      All elements in this name and the pattern of double bynames can
      be documented to late 16th century England.

  Rose Therion Storie. Name.

      _Therion_ and _Storie_ are grandfathered to the submitter, as
      they are elements from the registered name of the submitter's
      father, _Therion Sean Storie_.

      After the Pelican decision meeting, the question was raised
      whether this submitter would also need a letter of permission to
      conflict from her father, as _Therion Storie_ is a possible use
      name for her father. PN3D of SENA states:

           To be clear of relationship conflict, the submitted
           name must not unmistakably imply close relationship
           with a protected person. This includes, but is not
           limited to, a claim to be the parent, child, or spouse
           of a protected person. An unmistakable implication
           generally requires the use of the entirety of a
           protected name.

      In the present submission, _Rose Therion Sean Storie_ would make
      such an unmistakable claim of relationship. However, the
      submitted name, which does not incorporate her father's
      _complete_ name, does not. Therefore, we are able to register
      this name within requiring an additional letter of permission to
      conflict.

  Rowen Cloteworthy. Heraldic title Red Lozenge Herald.

      _Lozenge_ is a lingua Anglica form of the period _losenge_.

  Stanislaw Polaski. Name and device. Azure, a chevron inverted Or
  between three dragons passant two and one argent.

      Both elements are found in Zofia Abramowicz, Lila Citko, and
      Leonarda Dacewicz, _S{l/}ownik Historycznych Nazw Osobowych
      Bia{l/}ostocczyzny (XV-XVII)_, vol. 2, s.nn. Po{l/}aski and
      Wojno, dated to 1580.

      Nice late 16th century Polish name!

  Tigernan MacAlpin. Device change. Gules, an alphyn rampant argent
  and a bordure compony sable and Or.

      The submitter's old device, "Sable, a bear rampant, on a chief
      Or three spruce trees eradicated sable", is retained as a badge.

  Tomasz Tomashevskoi. Transfer of household name Clan Campbell of
  Applecross to Piers Campbell.

  Tryggvi Stefnisson. Device. Vert, a seal erect and in chief seven
  gouttes argent.

  Ulrich van Kathen. Device. Per pall inverted vert, azure, and
  argent, three musimons rampant counterchanged argent and sable.

  V{e'}d{i'}s I{dh}unard{o'}ttir. Device. Gules, a seal erect and in
  chief seven gouttes Or.

  Violante Valeriano. Device. Argent, on an ounce rampant regardant
  azure a comet argent, a sinister tierce urdy azure.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a tierce
      with another charge.

  Zipora du Bois. Name and device. Purpure, a winged fleur-de-lys Or.

      _Zipora_ is a 14th century Jewish name found in Germany and
      France. The combination of a Jewish name from France and a
      French byname is an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C of
      SENA.

======================================================================

**** LOCHAC acceptances ****

  Amalia del Benino. Device change. Per bend sinister purpure and
  argent, a tree eradicated proper and in canton a decrescent argent.

      Please advise the submitter to draw the tree larger as befits a
      primary charge.

      The submitter's old device, "Per bend argent and vert, two
      bendlets wavy between a tree eradicated and a decrescent
      counterchanged", is released.

  Amalie von Brisache. Name and device. Per pale and per chevron
  throughout vert and argent.

  Apollonia Volpe. Name and device. Vert, three apples Or and on a
  chief argent a fox courant gules.

      Both the given name and byname are in the Catasto of 1427,
      making this an excellent 15th century Florentine name!

      Apples in period heraldry were nearly round. There is a step
      from period practice for use of a modern trapezoidal-shaped
      apple.

  Astridr Ormstunga. Name.

  Blanca Gutierrez de Avila. Name and device. Per bend sinister gules
  and sable, two hornets tergiant bendwise sinister Or.

      _Gutierrez_ was documented as a 16th century Spanish name. It is
      also found in the late 15th century in CORDE.

      Nice late 15th century Spanish name!

  Charlotte de la Cour. Name.

      Nice early 15th century French name!

  Edward Langhere. Device. Per pale Or and azure.

      Nice device!

  Geffrey {dh}e Wulf. Device. Azure, a wolf rampant contourny Or
  fretty azure sustaining an arrow inverted Or.

  Isabell Winter. Name change from Isabelle Winter.

      The submitted spelling of the given name _Isabell_ was not
      supported by the documentation included in the Letter of Intent.
      However, it is found in "Names found in Quedgeley,
      Glouchestershire Marriage Registers 1559-1600" by Aryanhwy merch
      Catmael (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/english/quedgeley.html),
      dated to 1579.

      _Winter_ is grandfathered to the submitter. It is also found in
      the same year as the given name in the FamilySearch Historical
      Records, making this an excellent late 16th century English
      name!

      The submitter's previous name, _Isabelle Winter_, is released.

  J{a'}rnskeggi the Mad. Device. Quarterly sable and argent, two goats
  combattant, the dexter gules armed argent, the sinister azure armed
  sable, a bordure counterchanged.

  Layla bint Idris. Name and device. Purpure, on a fess between two
  arrows fesswise reversed argent, a Stafford knot inverted purpure.

      Nice Arabic name from al-Andalus!

  Marcus the Gaudy. Device. Or, a chevron between three ram's heads
  erased contourny sable.

      The submitter has permission to conflict with the device of
      Freyd{i'}s in tryggva Sigur{dh}ard{o'}ttir, "Or, a chevron
      between three birds close sable", and that of Colette Olivier la
      fourniere, "Or, a chevron between two ravens displayed faces to
      center and a fox rampant guardant sable".

  Margaret MacDonald. Name and device. Vert bezanty, a chief checky
  gules and Or.

      Nice 16th century Scots name!

  Nathan of Cluain. Name and device. Per fess Or and azure, a sun
  sable and a frog Or.

      _Cluain_ is the registered name of an SCA branch.

  Philippa Wildefuhel. Name.

  Roderick of Downegate. Name and device. Per bend argent and azure,
  an eagle counterchanged.

      Nice device!

  Trica Ludwig. Device. Gules, a tree eradicated argent within and
  conjoined to an annulet and in chief three acorns Or.

  Vangelista Gherardini. Device. Argent estencelly purpure, a wildcat
  statant sable and on a chief purpure an arrow reversed Or.

======================================================================

**** MERIDIES acceptances ****

  Adelyna Loveday. Name.

      This name does not conflict with the registered name _Avelyn
      Loveday_. A syllable has been added, so this name is clear under
      PN3C2 of SENA.

  C{a'}el{a'}n mac Oduinn. Device change. Quarterly sable and vert,
  two bendlets argent.

      The submitter's old device, "Argent, a pale endorsed vert and
      overall a dragon sable", is retained as a badge.

  Ferdinand Toro. Name and device. Per bend sable and argent, a tree
  blasted and a bull sejant contourny counterchanged.

      Submitted as "Ferdinand _il_ Toro", we have no evidence that
      animal bynames in Italian used the definite article _il_
      ("the"), although examples of other descriptive bynames using
      the article _lo_ were documented in the Letter of Intent. We
      have removed the definite article to register this name. If the
      submitter prefers the byname _lo Toro_, he can submit a request
      for reconsideration.

      The literary character _Ferdinand the Bull_ is not important
      enough to protect.

  Giovanna da Turin. Badge. (Fieldless) A Pyrenean mountain dog
  statant contourny argent charged on the haunch with a rose proper.

  Gwendolen MacKaill. Device. Azure, a hare sejant argent and a tierce
  ermine.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a tierce
      with another charge.

  Leonora Simonetta d'Este. Device. Azure, a fess Or between six
  estoiles argent.

      Nice device!

  Maria Lisabetta del Tasso. Name and device. Per chevron argent and
  sable, two roses gules barbed and seeded Or and a badger rampant
  argent marked sable maintaining a key inverted Or.

      Nice 15th century Florentine name!

  Pietro di Conti. Device. Azure, a bend cotised between two coneys
  sejant argent.

  Rebecca Whieldon Pyke. Reblazon of device. Per pale azure and sable,
  an arm fesswise embowed sustaining by its tail a pike bendwise
  sinister argent.

      Blazoned on the January 2016 Letter of Acceptance and Returns as
      "Per pale azure and sable, an arm fesswise embowed sustaining by
      its tail a fish bendwise sinister embowed argent", the submitter
      asked that we use the cant that was suggested in the acceptance
      of the device.

  William FitzPatrick. Name.

      This name does not conflict with the registered name _Liam
      Fitzpatrick_. A syllable has been added, so this name is clear
      under PN3C2 of SENA.

      Nice 16th century Anglicized Irish name!

  Zoe Tagarina. Name and device. Per saltire azure and vert, a
  seahorse argent and in chief five compass stars Or.

      The submitter requested authenticity for an unspecified time and
      place. This request was not summarized in the Letter of Intent.
      Luckily for the submitter, we had enough information to consider
      this request instead of pending the name for further commentary.

      Green Staff noted during the Pelican decision meeting that _Zoe_
      is the given name of a 15th century Byzantine princess found in
      _A History of Byzantium_ by Timothy E. Gregory
      (https://books.google.com/books?id=KIFJiOCSYc8C). _Tagarina_ is
      the expected feminine form of _Tagaris_, the surname of a 15th
      century trader found in "The Byzantine Economy in the
      Mediterranean Trade System; Thirteenth-Fifteenth Centuries" by
      Angeliki E. Laiou-Thomadakis (Dumbarton Oaks Papers, 1980/1981,
      34/35:177-222; http://rbedrosian.com/Byz/Byz_Trade_13-15th.pdf).

      After the Pelican decision meeting, Metron Ariston documented
      _Zoe_ as an 11-12th century Byzantine name, found in "Personal
      Names of the Aristocracy in the Roman Empire During the Later
      Byzantine Era" by Bardas Xiphias
      (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/byzantine/introduction.html) and
      in "Prosopograhy of the Byzantine World"
      (http://db.pbw.kcl.ac.uk/jsp/index.jsp). She also documented
      _Tagaris_ as the surname of Manuel Tagaris, governor of
      Philadelphia from c.1309. It is also found in "Personal Names of
      the Aristocracy in the Roman Empire During the Later Byzantine
      Era", dated to the 14th century. Therefore, he most likely was
      born sometime in the latter part of the 13th century.

      Therefore, this name appears to be authentic for Byzantium in
      the 15th century. The name may be authentic earlier, but due to
      the temporal gap between the elements we do not know for sure.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of compass
      stars.

======================================================================

**** MIDDLE acceptances ****

  Arabella Silvermane. Device. Per pale gules and sable, a griffin
  sustaining an axe Or.

  Foulke of Redcliff. Name change from Alexander MacDougall.

      The submitter's previous name, _Alexander MacDougall_, is
      released.

  Henry Best. Badge. (Fieldless) In pale a raven displayed sable
  sustaining in its claws an open book argent bound in leather proper.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a bird other
      than an eagle in the displayed posture.

  Sextus Axius Dracontius. Name and device. Sable, on a chevron
  between three griffon's heads couped Or, three estoiles gules.

      The submitter wanted a name as close to "Ajax" as possible. We
      note that the name _Sextius Aiax Dracontius_, using the pattern
      _nomen + cognomen + cognomen_, would be registerable. _Aiax_ is
      the Latin form of the modern _Ajax_ and is found in LGPN. If the
      submitter prefers this form, he can submit a request for
      reconsideration.

======================================================================

**** NORTHSHIELD acceptances ****

  Arn{o'}ra Kollad{o'}ttir. Name.

  Corinna Knoll. Device. Per chevron gules and vert, on a chevron
  between two skulls and a wolf's head cabossed Or a chevronel sable.

  Emeryk of Rivenwood Tower. Name and device. Per bend sinister argent
  and azure, in dexter chief an eagle sable.

      _Emeryk_ was documented in the Letter of Intent as an unmarked
      patronym from Poland recorded in German, Frankish, or French. It
      is also a 14th century Middle English given name, found in Guy
      de Chauliac's _Chirurgia Magna_
      (https://books.google.com.au/books?id=xr0nAQAAIAAJ).

      _Rivenwood Tower_ is the registered name of an SCA branch.

  Inaba Sachiko. Device. Sable, in fess within an octagon voided a
  rabbit salient regardant contourny between two cattails argent.

      This device was previously returned because the submitter
      attempted to document the arrangement as Japanese armory using
      an Individually Attested Pattern. Unfortunately, the
      documentation did not provide enough examples to support the
      design. Therefore, the submitter appealed in order to
      re-document this motif under Core Style. As Wreath originally
      returned this device, the appeal was decided by Pelican.

      Ordinarily, framing charges like annulets are treated as
      secondary charges. Under A3C of SENA, simple geometric shapes
      are allowed to be voided, but only if they are primary charges.
      Japanese examples of voided geometric shapes such as octagons,
      hexagons, and squares can be found in our period as framing
      charges, so are registerable with a step from period practice
      for the use of a non-European charge. Examples in _O-Umajirushi:
      A 17th-Century Compendium of Samurai Heraldry_ by Xavid Pretzer
      show such geometrics surrounding flowers, stylized tassels, and
      _kanji_ characters, among other charges.

      In the submitted design, the cattails and rabbit are co-primary
      charges. Unfortunately, commenters were unable to find period
      examples in either Japanese or European armory of such a
      co-primary charge group made of more than one type of charge
      inside a framing charge like an annulet or other simple
      geometric shape. Therefore, we have returned this device for
      lack of documentation for this arrangement of charges. Upon
      resubmission, we note that the voided octagon framing a single
      type of charge would be acceptable with a step from period
      practice, barring other problems.

  Inaba Sachiko. Badge. Sable, a schnecke issuant from base and in
  chief a hare courant regardant argent.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a schnecke
      with another charge.

  Mechtild von Asch. Name.

  Willemus de Rodes. Name.

      Submitted as "Willemus _D_e Rodes", the submitter requested
      authenticity for a 12th century name. Although the Letter of
      Intent stated that changes are not allowed, this limitation does
      not appear on the submission form.

      The given name was found in England in 1230 in the Letter of
      Intent, and is also dated to 1196 in the Middle English
      Dictionary.

      The byname _de Rodes_ is found in a Latin letter of Joan of
      Constantinople, Countess of Flanders
      (https://epistolae.ccnmtl.columbia.edu/letter/1116.html) dated
      to 1220. In the 12th-13th centuries, the preposition _de_ would
      not have been capitalized, so we have changed it to the lower
      case _de_ to use the earlier form.

      This name combines a late 12th to early 13th century English
      given name and an early 13th century Flemish byname. This is an
      acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C of SENA, but due to the
      lingual mix, this name does not meet the submitter's request for
      an authentic 12th century name.

======================================================================

**** OUTLANDS acceptances ****

  Bjorn the Bastard. Name.

      Submitted as "Bjorn the Bastard", the name was changed in
      kingdom to "Bjorn_ _bastar_{dh}r_".

      The submitted byname _the Bastard_ is a lingua Anglica form of
      the Old Norse _inn {o'}borni_ or _hinn {o'}borni_, the masculine
      form of the attested _in {o'}borna_, found in "Viking Bynames
      found in the Landn{a'}mab{o'}k" by Aryanhwy merch Catmael
      (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/norse/landnamabok.html).
      The submitter confirmed that he prefers this form of the name;
      therefore, we have restored the name to the submitted form.

  Dante Celestino de San Vincenzo. Name.

  Elizabeth Argentieri. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      _Elizabeth_ is the submitter's legal given name. It is also an
      attested German name, found in "German Names from 1495" by
      Aryanhwy merch Catmael
      (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/german/german1495.html), so
      the submitter need not rely on the legal name allowance.

      This name combines a German given name and Italian byname. This
      is an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C of SENA.

  Kristoff Karlsson. Device. Vert, a camail and in chief a pair of
  smith's tongs fesswise Or.

      The only "documentation" given on the Letter of Intent was a
      link to a Facebook discussion. This is not appropriate.
      Documentation in armory also should be summarized with a
      description of the information and its source. Had the
      commenters not provided actual documentation, this device would
      have been returned.

      This is the defining instance of a camail in Society heraldry. A
      camail is a flexible piece of mail attached to the helm to
      protect the neck and shoulders. It was the badge of George, Duke
      of Clarence (possibly a cant on "gorget"), and afterward the
      badge of his grandson, Henry Pole, Baron Montague. The source
      for this depiction is de Walden's Banners, Standards, and
      Badges, 1904, which reproduced a manuscript in the English
      College of Arms c.1510. It can be found online at
      https://archive.org/stream/bannersstandards00howauoft#page/179/mode/1up.

  Marcus Artorius Drustanus. Device change. Purpure, a nude maiden
  representing the goddess Fortuna maintaining and entwined by a
  streamer argent standing atop a demi-roundel issuant from base, a
  demi-sun issuant from chief Or.

      This is the defining instance of the goddess Fortuna in Society
      heraldry. This depiction is based on the civic arms of
      Gl{u:}ckstadt, 1617. The exact nature of the streamer's
      entwinement is an unblazonable artistic detail.

      The submitter's old device, "Gules, a scorpion inverted Or
      between three roses argent", is retained as a badge.

  Nerienda of Elmet. Name and device. Azure, a saltire between in pale
  a crescent and a compass star, a bordure argent.

      _Elmet_ is a lingua Anglica form of the 7th century _Elmed_.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a compass
      star.

  S{e'}amus MacRae. Device change. Per bend sinister gules and argent,
  a falcon belled and jessed argent and a cross crosslet sable.

      The submitter's old device, "Per bend sinister argent and gules,
      a cross crosslet and a falcon belled and jessed, all
      counterchanged", is released.

======================================================================

**** TRIMARIS acceptances ****

  Aibhilin inghean Ui Raghallaigh. Name and device. Vert, two bendlets
  between two Bowen crosses and on a chief argent two branches of ivy
  intertwined vert.

  Alane Godwin. Name and device. Azure, a dove volant wings addorsed
  between three mullets of four points, a bordure argent.

      Both the given name and byname are found in English parish
      records from 1584 in the FamilySearch Historical Records.

      Nice 16th century English name!

      Please advise the submitter to draw the tuft on the head that
      usually indicates a dove so as to improve recognizability.

  Algirdas Gozzo. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      The submitter requested authenticity for Lithuanian. This
      request was not summarized in the Letter of Intent. However, we
      had enough information to consider this request rather than
      pending the name for further commentary.

      _Algirdas_ is a standardized Lithuanian form of the Latinized
      nominative (base) form _Algirde_, found in William R.
      Schmalstieg, "Lithuanian Names"
      (http://www.lituanus.org/1982_3/82_3_01.htm). However, _Gozzo_
      is documented only as a German name. Although this is an
      acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C of SENA, the name does
      not meet the submitter's request for an authentic Lithuanian
      name.

  Daniel von Hessen. Device. Or, a dolphin urinant contourny and on a
  chief sable three roses argent.

  Dobrogneva Einarsdottir. Name.

      _Dobrogneva_ is identified as a feminine given name in
      Wickenden. However, the question was raised in commentary
      whether it was a given name or a patronym. As the closely
      related _Dobegneva_ is a single element name also found in
      Wickenden, we can give the submitter the benefit of the doubt
      that _Dobrogneva_ is also a given name.

      This name combines a Russian given name and Old Norse byname.
      This is an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C of SENA.

  Evfemia Kienast. Name.

  Katherine verch Evan. Device. Argent, three chevronels braced and on
  a chief vert three strawberries argent.

  K{y'}lan Hundr. Name.

  Magnus Classon. Name and device. Azure, a rat sejant erect argent
  and in chief two crescents, on a chief invected Or three mullets
  azure.

      Nice 15th century Swedish name!

      Please advise the submitter to draw the rat larger and the
      crescents smaller to remove any ambiguity about the charge
      groups.

  Marianna Vincentia. Device. Gules, an edelweiss argent seeded Or and
  on a chief argent two bars wavy azure.

  Octavio de Flores. Augmentation of arms. Argent, an escarbuncle vert
  each spoke terminating in a rose and a chief gules and for
  augmentation on the chief in dexter a triskele argent.

  Owain Mawr ap Bran. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      Submitted as "Owain Ma_w_r ap Bran", the name was changed by
      kingdom to "Owain Ma_u_r ap Bran" to match the documentation
      that could be found.

      The spelling _Mawr_ is found in "Welsh Prose, 1350-1425"
      (http://www.rhyddiaithganoloesol.caerdydd.ac.uk/), so we have
      restored the submitted form.

  Thyri Bersi. Name.

  Toki inn eldri bassi. Name.

  Uasal ingen Eogain. Badge. (Fieldless) A mouse rampant sable.

  Wilhelm Philip Josef der Klett. Name and device. Checky sable and
  argent, a cross formy vert and on a chief purpure three
  fleurs-de-lys Or.

======================================================================

**** WEST acceptances ****

  Eibhil{i'}n inghean U{i'} Mhartain. Device. Purpure, a wolf's head
  erased contourny and in chief two triquetras argent.

  Golden Playne, Canton of. Device. Vert, a five-headed naga glissant
  contourny Or within a laurel wreath argent.

      This is the defining instance of a _naga_ in Society heraldry.
      The naga is a multi-headed serpent, similar to a hydra. It was
      described in the 16th Century by Portuguese Jesuit priests who
      visited what is now Thailand. As a non-European charge, it
      carries a step from period practice.

  Khalidah bint Sa'id al-`Attar. Device. Or, a scorpion bendwise
  sinister sable mullety argent.

  Michiele l'encriere. Device. Per fess wavy argent and sable all
  goutty counterchanged.

  Theodericus Sturmere. Device. Azure, a unicorn Or charged on the
  shoulder with a fleur-de-lys sable.

======================================================================

                  - Explicit littera accipiendorum -

======================================================================

***** THE FOLLOWING ITEMS HAVE BEEN RETURNED FOR FURTHER WORK: *****

**** {AE}THELMEARC returns ****

None.

======================================================================

**** AN TIR returns ****

  Snotra Frekn{o'}tt. Device. Pily wavy in point Or and sable, an owl
  ermine.

      Blazoned as _Per pale wavy argent and sable, two piles wavy in
      point counterchanged_, this doesn't describe what is happening
      behind the owl. The alternating sections of Or and sable are of
      equal width and the odd number of sections issuing from the
      chief does not clearly delineate two piles. In effect, the sable
      and Or portions of this design are equivalent to _pily wavy in
      point Or and sable_. As such, this device conflicts with the
      badge of Robin of Gilwell, _(Fieldless) An owl ermine_, with
      only one DC for Robin's fieldless design.

  Tyrrikr Magnason. Name.

      The Letter of Intent stated that the given name _Tyrrikr_ was
      constructed from the name of the god _T{y'}r_. The Letter of
      Intent asserted that there was a practice of constructing
      protothemes from deity names, citing Cleasby-Vigfusson. Of the
      protothemes given, only two were derived from the specific names
      of gods, as opposed to a more generic term or attribute. These
      examples were _Frey-_, later associated with the god Freyr, and
      _{TH}{o'}r-/Thorr-_, referring to Thor. While other examples
      were provided in the Letter of Intent, these examples did not
      have sources, making it impossible to confirm their dating and
      etymology. Thus, they cannot be taken as evidence. As _Frey-_
      originally means "lord," that leaves us with a single example of
      a prototheme specifically derived from the name of a god. A
      single example is not enough to construct a pattern from.

      In 2009, we upheld a 2008 precedent stating that _Tyr-_ is not a
      registerable theme in a constructed diathematic name:

           This is returned for lack of evidence that the Norse
           god name _Tyr_ was ever used as the name of ordinary
           people in our period. The June 2008 LoAR says:

                There is no evidence that the theme _Tyr-_
                is found in diathematic Norse names. Of the
                similar god name _T{y'}r_, the Academy of
                Saint Gabriel report 3332 notes:

                     All names with <T{y'}r-> or
                     <-t{y'}r> in Lind, E.H.,
                     Norsk-Isl{a:}ndska Dopnamn ock
                     Fingerade Namn fr{ao}n Medeltiden,
                     (Uppsala & Leipzig: 1905-1915,
                     sup. Oslo, Uppsala and Kobenhavn:
                     1931) are mythological or
                     fictional.

                Without evidence of the use of the themes
                _Tyr-_ or _T{y'}r-_ in Old Norse,
                constructed diathematic names may not use
                these themes. [Saxi bilstyggr Geirsson, LoAR
                06/2008, West-A]

           Lacking evidence that either _Tyr_ or _T{y'}r_ was
           used by real people in our period, it is not
           registerable, either as a given name or as part of a
           patronymic byname. [Tryggr Tyrson, August 2009, R-An
           Tir]

      In 2010, we ruled the following:

           [T]he LoI documented _Tyrbrandr_ as a constructed
           given name formed from the themes _Tyr-_ and
           _-brandr_. While _-brandr_ is a recognized
           deuterotheme in Old Norse names, the commenters found
           no support for _Tyr-_. The two names cited in the LoI
           to support _Tyr-_ as a protheme were _Tyrfingr_ and
           _Tyrvi_. However, _Tyr-_ is not a protheme in these
           names. In the case of _Tyrfinger_ the themes are
           _Tyrfi-_ and _-ingr_. In the case of _Tyrfi_, it is a
           single name and is not constructed from a protheme and
           a deuterotheme. Lacking evidence of _Tyr-_ as a
           protheme used in Old Norse names, a constructed given
           name of _Tyrbrandr_ is not plausible. [Ari Tyrbrandr,
           April 2010, R-Trimaris]

      No new examples of _Tyr-_ referring to the god were found.
      Without additional evidence to show that _Tyr-_ or _T{y'}r_ is a
      plausible prototheme, or to show that a prototheme can be
      derived from any specific Norse god's name, we uphold the
      earlier precedents and return this name.

      His device is registered under the holding name "Matt of
      Mountain Edge".

======================================================================

**** ANSTEORRA returns ****

  L{i'}adan inghean Fin{a'}in. Name.

      Unfortunately, this name conflicts with the name _Liadan ingen
      Finn{e'}n_, registered on the February 2016 Letter of
      Acceptances and Returns. Although the names are different in
      appearance, they are nearly identical in sound.

      Her device is registered under the holding name "L{i'}adan of
      Wiesenfeuer".

======================================================================

**** ARTEMISIA returns ****

  Adeliz Fergusson. Badge. (Fieldless) On a lozenge ploy{e'} azure
  five mullets of seven points in cross Or.

      By longstanding precedent, we do not register fieldless badges
      that appear to be independent forms of armorial display. Charges
      such as roundels, cartouches, escutcheons, billets, hearts,
      lozenges, and so forth are all both standard heraldic charges
      and "shield shapes" for armorial display. Lozenges ploy{e'}s do
      not escape this rule and are considered to be a shield shape for
      the purposes of this precedent.

  Aonghus Vand-gyl{dh}ir. Name change from Aonghus Boithwell.

      The submitter requested authenticity for "Hebridean Norse
      culture", and requested the connotation of "badly
      behaved/naughty wolf", but not "evil wolf".

      The submitted byname _Vand-gyl{dh}ir_ is constructed from the
      elements _Vand_ ("Difficult, troublesome, bad, involving pains
      and care, ill behaved") and _gyl{dh}ir_ ("howler, wolf"). The
      attested example _vandr{ae}{dh}ask{a'}ld_ ("Troublesome-poet")
      is derived from _vandr{ae}{dh}i_, "difficulty, trouble," rather
      than directly from _vand/vandr_. Therefore, this example does
      not support the construction of the submitted name.

      We note that the byname _gyl{dh}ir_ isn't the normal word for
      "wolf", as it has more of the sense of "howler." In a compound
      word, the expected word for "wolf" would be _ulfr_ or _vargr_.
      We also have no examples of animal bynames modified in such a
      manner; the typical formation is _animal + body part_, such as
      _refskegg_ ("fox beard"). This name does not fit this pattern.
      Without evidence that this construction follows an attested
      pattern, we cannot register this name.

      Upon resubmission, we note the bynames _illugi_ ("bad-thought,
      evil-mind") and _ill illi_ ("bad, evil"), documented in Geirr
      Bassi by Siren. Double bynames are allowed in Old Norse as long
      as both bynames could reasonably describe the same person, so a
      combination of either of these bynames with a wolf byname would
      be registerable, barring other problems.

      _Aonghus_ is grandfathered to the submitter.

  Fiametta da Trastevere. Device. Gules v{e^}tu ploy{e'} Or, a heart
  Or enflamed to chief argent.

      This device is returned for conflict with the badge of Angus le
      Todde Mac Donnell: "(Fieldless) A heart Or". There is only one
      DC for the fielded versus fieldless design. By precedent,
      enflaming a charge does not count for difference.

======================================================================

**** ATENVELDT returns ****

  Haukr Bjarnarson. Badge. Sable, a boar courant contourny Or.

      This badge is returned for conflict with the badge of Murtaugh
      the Galloglas: "Gules, a boar statant to sinister Or". There is
      only one DC for changing the tincture of the field as there is
      no DC between the courant and statant postures.

  Jacquelin de Normandie. Badge. Azure, in saltire two roses slipped,
  a bordure embattled argent.

      This badge is returned for conflict with the device of Chiara
      Grassi: "Azure, in fess two roses slipped and leaved within an
      orle argent". There is a single DC for the change from orle to
      bordure embattled. We do not grant difference for the rose stems
      and thus these roses are technically in fess.

      They are also garden rosebuds which are not registerable. On
      resubmission the submitter should draw them as heraldic roses or
      atleast garden roses.

  {TH}orgeirr Hallvard{dh}rson. Name.

      Submitted as "{TH}orgeirr Hallvar_{dh}r_son", the byname
      appeared in the Letter of Intent as "Hallvar_d{dh}r_son". This
      change appeared to be a typographical error.

      Unfortunately, the submitted byname was not constructed
      properly. The byname should have be spelled _Hallvar{dh}sson_,
      although _Hallvardsson_ and _Hallvaldarson_ are supported by
      14th and 15th century examples in Lind, and _Hallvar{dh}arson_
      is an Old Norse form. Unfortunately, the submitter did not allow
      changes, so we are unable to register any of these forms.
      Therefore, we are forced to return this name.

      His device is registered under the holding name "{TH}orgeirr of
      Burning Sands".

======================================================================

**** ATLANTIA returns ****

  Albree de Greene. Device. Azure, three chevronels argent surmounted
  by three musical notes one and two sable, between three stag's heads
  erased affronty argent.

      Blazoned on the Letter of Intent as a chevron chevronelly argent
      and azure, this is must be understood as three chevronels argent
      on an azure field. As such, the musical notes are lying directly
      on the field with which they lack contrast. Thus, in the absence
      of documentation for an Individually Attested Pattern, this
      device must be returned for this contrast issue.

      Alternatively, replacing the blue sections between the
      chevronels by a color other than azure would solve this issue.

  August Fluegel. Device. Per bend sinister purpure and Or, a hunting
  horn reversed argent and a barrel palewise sable.

      This device is returned for violating SENA A3D2c, Unity of
      Posture and Orientation, which states "The charges within a
      charge group should be in either identical postures/orientations
      or an arrangement that includes posture/orientation" The charges
      here are not in a unified arrangement, as the orientations of
      the hunting horn and barrel must be described independently.

  Gianetta Veronese. Device. Azure, in saltire two needles inverted
  and on a chief argent, three roses proper.

      This device is returned for visual conflict with the device of
      Alan of Rosley: "Azure, two rapiers in saltire and on a chief
      argent three roses proper". Although technically clear, as there
      is a SC for the difference in type of the primary charges, the
      whole design is strikingly visually similar as per SENA A5D2.

  Lochloinn mac Cailin. Device. Bendy azure and argent, a raven volant
  bendwise wings addorsed sable.

      This device is returned for redraw, for violating SENA A2C2
      which states "Elements must be drawn to be identifiable." As
      depicted, the raven is not easily identifiable, an issue which
      is amplified by the fact that a significant portion of the sable
      bird disappears on the azure portions of the field.

  Margaret Cameron. Badge. (Fieldless) Four honeybees in cross, heads
  to center conjoined at the antennae and the outer edges of the wings
  Or.

      This device is returned for redraw, for violating SENA A2C2
      which states "Elements must be drawn to be identifiable."

      As depicted, commenters had trouble identifying the primary
      charges and the design was generally perceived as a flower. This
      is in large part due to the unusual manner of conjoining the
      outer edge of the wings over much of their length, which
      significantly diminishes the identifiability of the wings and
      thus that of the bees.

  William Whiteheart. Name.

      Unfortunately, this name conflicts with the registered name
      _William Wisehart_. Only one syllable has been changed, and the
      change in sound from _Wise-_ to _White-_ is not substantial
      under PN3C2 of SENA. Therefore, we are forced to return this
      name.

======================================================================

**** AVACAL returns ****

None.

======================================================================

**** CAID returns ****

None.

======================================================================

**** CALONTIR returns ****

  Caterine le jeune. Device. Azure, a chevron ermine between two
  mullets of four points and a sparrow volant bendwise sinister Or.

      This device is returned for conflict with the device of Rainer
      Wulfgar: "Azure, a chevron ermine between three griffins Or".
      Even if we decide to number the ermine spots on the chevron, as
      submitted on the Letter of Intent, there is no DC between a
      chevron charged in this manner with multple ermine spots and an
      ermine chevron. Thus, there is a DC for changing the type of
      secondary charges, but since birds can't be segreant and
      griffins may not be volant, we cannot get a second DC for
      posture.

======================================================================

**** EALDORMERE returns ****

  Asgertha Ryland of Buchanan. Badge. (Fieldless) In fess a monkey
  statant sable collared and chained argent and a sea-bear sable
  tailed vert maintaining in its paw the monkey's chain.

      This badge is returned for multiple reasons. Blazoned as a sea
      catamount, the upright charge was generally identified as a
      sea-bear and we are returning this submission so the submitter
      can have, after redraw, the charge she desires.

      Additionally, no evidence was provided for the admixture of
      postures for animate charges in this arrangement. On
      resubmission, the submitter should provide documentation to
      support this arrangement, specifically addressing the unity of
      posture and orientation issues with this design as the September
      2012 Cover Letter states:

           For purposes of the unity of posture clause of A3D2c,
           sea-creatures and other similar monsters must be in as
           similar a posture as possible to any quadrupeds in the
           same group. Sea-creatures and other monsters not
           formed from quadrupeds will be decided on a case by
           case basis. So for example, a lion-dragon passant and
           a horse passant has no unity of posture problem since
           both are passant, whereas a sea-horse and a lion
           statant does have a unity of posture problem, as a
           sea-horse's default posture is erect, which is not
           identical to statant.

  Havarr Helsingr. Device. Per chevron throughout argent and azure,
  two axes and a natural leopard rampant counterchanged.

      This device is returned for conflict with the device of James
      Applegate: "Per chevron argent and azure, two Latin crosses and
      a lion rampant counterchanged". There is a DC for changing the
      axes to Latin crosses, but there cannot be a SC for all the
      primary charges since in both cases the charge in base is a cat
      rampant.

======================================================================

**** EAST returns ****

  Rowen Cloteworthy. Augmentation of arms. Lozengy argent and sable, a
  chief gules and for an augmentation a canton purpure charged with
  four millrinds in cross Or.

      This augmentation is returned for contrast issues. SENA A3a3
      states "Because an augmentation adds complexity, augmented
      devices are often allowed to violate certain style rules, such
      as allowing charges on tertiary charges or a complexity count of
      greater than eight, as long as the identifiability of the design
      is maintained. However, they may not violate the rules on
      contrast." While the canton is overall and has good technical
      constrast with the field, it also substantially overlies the
      gules chief and mostly touches black parts of the neutral field.
      Thus, the purpure canton largely lies against a color background
      and does not have good contrast. In consequence, this must be
      returned.

======================================================================

**** LOCHAC returns ****

  Euphemia di Niccolo Ziani. Badge. (Fieldless) A mullet argent within
  and conjoined to a dragon in annulo vorant of its tail azure.

      This badge is returned for not being reliably blazonable, which
      is a violation of SENA A1C which requires an emblazon to be
      describable in heraldic terms. Here there is no reliable way to
      blazon to blazon the way in which the dragon partially overlaps
      some arms of the mullet but not others.

      This badge is also returned for having a barely overall charge.
      As drawn, the dragon doesn't appear to be a conjoined charge
      (which would not have overlap on the mullet) or an fully overall
      charge (which crosses the center of the field, lying partially
      on the field and partially on other charges) as it only overlaps
      two of the points.

  River Haven, Barony of. Badge for Populace. Barry wavy argent and
  azure, a seahorse contourny Or.

      This badge is returned for conflict with the badge of Atlantia:
      "(Fieldless) A sea horse to sinister Or gorged of a chaplet of
      roses gules". There is one DC for fieldless versus fielded
      design but none for the gorging or lack thereof. By precedent,
      the addition or removal of a collar or gorging on a whole beast
      does not contribute to difference.

======================================================================

**** MERIDIES returns ****

  Piers Simmons. Device. Sable, on a mullet of six points Or a dragon
  statant and on a chief gules two rapiers inverted in saltire argent.

      This device must be returned for insufficient contrast between
      the chief and the field.

      Per SENA A3B4:

           a. Placement of Charges: Charges must have good
           contrast with the background on which they are placed.
           Primary, secondary, and overall charge groups are
           considered to be placed on the field and must have
           good contrast with it.

      Here the gules chief on the sable field has insufficient
      contrast.

======================================================================

**** MIDDLE returns ****

None.

======================================================================

**** NORTHSHIELD returns ****

None.

======================================================================

**** OUTLANDS returns ****

  Cecilia Caterina da Firenze. Device. Per chevron throughout purpure
  and argent, a domestic cat sejant gardant sable, in chief three
  fleurs-de-lys counterchanged.

      This device is returned because the arrangement of the charges
      on the field is not blazonable either as a single primary group
      or as a primary and secondary group, as required by A3D1,
      Clarity of Charge Groups. A blazon "Per chevron throughout
      purpure and argent, a domestic cat sejant gardant sable, in
      chief three fleurs-de-lys counterchanged" would have a large
      domestic cat crossing the line of division to be partly on the
      purpure part of the field. A cat that is positioned completely
      on the white portion of the field must be understood to be part
      of the same charge group that the white fleurs-de-lys are, as
      "Per chevron throughout purpure and argent, two fleurs-de-lis
      and a cat counterchanged argent and sable" with a secondary
      white fleur-de-lis. However, this arrangement runs afoul of A3D1
      which prohibits identical charges in two different charge groups
      on the field and does not adequately describe the position and
      size of the fleurs-de-lis.

  Elizabeth Argentieri. Device. Per fess invected vert and azure, an
  otter salient gardant Or sustaining in its mouth and paws a fish
  urinant bendwise sinister contourny argent.

      This device is returned for redraw, for violating SENA A2C2
      which states "Elements must be drawn to be identifiable."

      As depicted, the low contrast complex line of division is
      obscured by the otter and fish. By long precedent, low constrast
      complex lines of division can only be allowed if charges that
      overlie them do not obscure the nature of that line of division.

      This badge is also returned for not being reliably blazonable,
      which is a violation of SENA A1C which requires an emblazon to
      be describable in heraldic terms. Here, the position of the
      otter and the manner in which it sustains the fish is not
      reliably describable in blazon terms. The otter might be
      blazoned as salient guardant, but that would not account for its
      tail. The fish is even more problematic: neither the way in
      which the fish is held in the mouth and paws of the otter nor
      the way in which the fish is neither palewise not bendwise
      sinister is blazonable in a way that would allow it to be
      reproduced. Redrawing the otter more clearly salient guardant,
      having the fish be clearly "embowed (palewise)" or "embowed
      bendwise sinister," and having the otter hold the fish either in
      its mouth or its paws would make the design blazonable.

  Isabella Maria Francesco. Device. Sable, a decrescent within six
  mullets of eight points in annulo argent, a base wavy barry wavy
  argent and purpure.

      Blazoned on the Letter of Intent as purpure, the color portions
      of the base appear azure. We are returning this device so the
      submitter can clarify which tincture she intended.

======================================================================

**** TRIMARIS returns ****

  Algirdas Gozzo. Device. Or, on a mullet azure an owl contourny
  maintaining a trident Or.

      This device is returned for running afoul of SENA Appendix I
      which states "A single charge group may only have one tertiary
      charge group on it." Here the owl contourny and trident
      constitute two different charge groups on the mullet.

  Faith Tomlinson. Badge. (Fieldless) A frog rampant vert bellied Or
  maintaining a skillet sable.

      This badge is returned for multiple reasons.

      It violates SENA A2C1 which states that "Elements must be drawn
      in their period forms" and SENA A2C2 which states "Elements must
      be drawn to be identifiable." The skillet depicted is not in a
      period form and was generally interpreted by commenters as a
      brush.

      It must also be returned administratively. The Administrative
      Handbook says "The colored copy must be a scan of the original."
      This is not a scan. As indicated in this month's cover letter,
      the image does not need to come from a scanner but must be an
      unaltered digital representation of the actual paperwork. This
      is not the case here as the colors are altered and different
      from that on the uploaded form.

      Some commenters wondered if the design was too evocative of a
      cartoon frog character and as such could be construed as
      obtrusively modern. This is not the case.

  Hj{o/}rr-Yggr H{a'}konarson. Name.

      The byname _Yggr_ ("terrible one") is only found as a
      description for Odin, and not as a description for normal
      humans. Therefore, the use of this name is presumptuous and must
      be returned.

      Upon resubmission, the submitter should know that the given name
      should be spelled _Hj{o,}rr_, with an _o-ogonek_ instead of
      _{o/}_.

  Owain Mawr ap Bran. Device. Barry and per pale argent and vert, a
  raven displayed and a bordure engrailed sable.

      This device is returned for using an altered form. The shape of
      the shield is significantly different from the shape defined on
      the Laurel-approved form.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a bird other
      than an eagle in the displayed posture.

  Tiberius Aurelius Magnus. Device. Per pale and chevronelly argent
  and azure, on a pale sable a gladius inverted argent.

      Although changing the field tincture from gules to azure has
      removed the previously existing conflict, the issue of the
      identifiability of the field tincture has not been resolved.
      Thus, this device is returned because the pale obscures the per
      pale line of division, making it impossible to distinguish this
      counterchanged field from a straightforward chevronelly argent
      and azure field.

======================================================================

**** WEST returns ****

None.

======================================================================

                 - Explicit littera renuntiationum -

======================================================================

***** THE FOLLOWING ITEMS HAVE BEEN PENDED UNTIL THE August 2016
LAUREL MEETING (OR AS NOTED): *****

**** CAID pends ****

  Hallr brjost Starsson. Heraldic will.

      Hallr indicated that upon his death, his registered primary name
      and device, _ Gules, a bezant and a sinister tierce Or_, are to
      be released.

      However, Hallr has also a registered badge and in the absence of
      any indication of the disposition of this badge, the name could
      not be released.

      We are pending this heraldic will so the submitter can decide
      what they wish to do.

      This was item 4 on the Caid letter of December 29, 2015.

======================================================================

                             - Explicit -

======================================================================

Created at 2016-05-28T20:24:16
-------------- next part --------------
                                               Society for Creative Anachronism
                                                                College of Arms

                                                       253 Tranquility Mtn
                                                            Buda, TX 78610
                                                           +1 512 942 7005
                                                   laurel at heraldry.sca.org
                              For the March 2016 meetings, printed May 28, 2016

To all the College of Arms and all others who may read this missive, from
Andrewe Laurel, Lillia Pelican, and Brunissende Wreath, greetings.

Items listed below in square brackets have not been scheduled yet. For
information about future scheduling, please review the status table located on
the Web at http://oscar.sca.org/index.php?action=137.

The March Laurel decisions were made at the Pelican meeting held on Sunday,
March 13, 2016 and the Wreath meeting held on Sunday, March 20, 2016. These
meetings considered the following letters of intent: Trimaris (07 Dec, 2015),
Laurel LoPaD (18 Dec, 2015), Atenveldt (20 Dec, 2015), Outlands (20 Dec, 2015),
West (25 Dec, 2015), Ealdormere (26 Dec, 2015), Middle (26 Dec, 2015), Atlantia
(28 Dec, 2015), Caid (29 Dec, 2015), Artemisia (30 Dec, 2015), Calontir (30
Dec, 2015), An Tir (31 Dec, 2015), Ansteorra (31 Dec, 2015), Avacal (31 Dec,
2015), East (31 Dec, 2015), Lochac (31 Dec, 2015), Meridies (31 Dec, 2015), and
Northshield (31 Dec, 2015). * All commentary, responses, and rebuttals should
have been entered into OSCAR by Monday, February 29, 2016.*

The April Laurel decisions were made at the Pelican meeting held on Sunday,
April 3, 2016 and the Wreath meeting held on Sunday, April 24, 2016. These
meetings considered the following letters of intent: {AE}thelmearc (04 Jan,
2016), Atenveldt (20 Jan, 2016), Laurel LoPaD (20 Jan, 2016), {AE}thelmearc (22
Jan, 2016), Gleann Abhann (23 Jan, 2016), Middle (23 Jan, 2016), West (24 Jan,
2016), Ealdormere (27 Jan, 2016), Lochac (30 Jan, 2016), An Tir (31 Jan, 2016),
Atlantia (31 Jan, 2016), Avacal (31 Jan, 2016), Calontir (31 Jan, 2016), East
(31 Jan, 2016), Meridies (31 Jan, 2016), Northshield (31 Jan, 2016), Outlands
(31 Jan, 2016), and Trimaris (31 Jan, 2016). * All commentary, responses, and
rebuttals should have been entered into OSCAR by Thursday, March 31, 2016.*

The May Laurel decisions were made at the Pelican meeting held on Sunday, May
15, 2016 and the Wreath meeting held on Sunday, May 22, 2016. These meetings
considered the following letters of intent: Laurel LoPaD (17 Feb, 2016), Lochac
Other Letter (17 Feb, 2016), Atenveldt (21 Feb, 2016), Meridies Other Letter
(22 Feb, 2016), West (23 Feb, 2016), Ealdormere (25 Feb, 2016), Artemisia (28
Feb, 2016), An Tir (29 Feb, 2016), Ansteorra (29 Feb, 2016), Atlantia (29 Feb,
2016), Avacal (29 Feb, 2016), Caid (29 Feb, 2016), Calontir (29 Feb, 2016),
East (29 Feb, 2016), Lochac (29 Feb, 2016), Meridies (29 Feb, 2016), Middle (29
Feb, 2016), Northshield (29 Feb, 2016), and Outlands (29 Feb, 2016). * All
commentary, responses, and rebuttals should have been entered into OSCAR by
Saturday, April 30, 2016.*

The June Laurel decisions will be made at the Pelican meeting held on Sunday,
June 26, 2016 and the Wreath meeting held on Sunday, June 19, 2016. These
meetings will consider the following letters of intent: {AE}thelmearc (03 Mar,
2016), {AE}thelmearc (03 Mar, 2016), East (03 Mar, 2016), West (10 Mar, 2016),
Outlands (19 Mar, 2016), Middle (25 Mar, 2016), Laurel LoPaD (26 Mar, 2016),
Atlantia (27 Mar, 2016), Ealdormere (27 Mar, 2016), Artemisia (29 Mar, 2016),
Caid (29 Mar, 2016), Meridies (29 Mar, 2016), Northshield (29 Mar, 2016),
Atenveldt (30 Mar, 2016), Calontir (30 Mar, 2016), An Tir (31 Mar, 2016),
Avacal (31 Mar, 2016), Drachenwald (31 Mar, 2016), East (31 Mar, 2016), Lochac
(31 Mar, 2016), Northshield (31 Mar, 2016), and Trimaris (31 Mar, 2016). * All
commentary, responses, and rebuttals should be entered into OSCAR by Tuesday,
May 31, 2016.*

_Not all letters of intent may be considered when they are originally scheduled
on this cover letter. The date of posting of the LoI, date of receipt of the
Laurel packet, or other factors may delay consideration of certain letters of
intent. Additionally, some letters of intent received may not have been
scheduled because the administrative requirements (receipt of the forms packet,
receipt of the necessary fees, et cetera) have not yet been met._

REMINDER: Until all administrative requirements are met, the letter may not be
scheduled.

**** From Laurel: Submissions Fees Changing ****

Greetings Unto the College of Arms!

Effective as of the October Letters of Intent, we will be increasing the Laurel
submissions fees by 1 dollar to $4 USD. This increase is intended to cover the
additional server storage space we will incur as a result of the completion of
the archive project. Up to this point, the Sovereigns and certain Laurel staff
have been keeping current data by either mailing hard disks, or meeting up in
physical locations to transfer data. With the increasing size of the archives,
this has become impractical. Pending approval from the Board of Directors we
will have increased storage space on SCA.org which will allow us to place the
archives on the server for secured access to those who have need. Additionally,
a long term project is planned to redact each emblazon from its form so that
heralds and submitters can have on-demand access to registered emblazons
without having to await a redaction.

The College of Arms spends its finances through expenses related to submissions
processing, staff and sovereign travel, equipment purchases, and miscellaneous
office related costs. Laurel or the Laurel Exchequer can always provide a
break-down of expenses upon request to any member. There has been a great deal
of conversation on social media outlets about 'Where does the money go?' Staff
will be working to be more transparent about this. Some of you will already be
aware, but many will not, that the College of Arms routinely experiences a net
loss at the end of every year. Some years the loss is small, some large. Often
we have a net loss of about $1000-$2000 USD. With the ever increasing cost of
travel, and the upcoming additional storage space costs, we cannot continue to
charge the current $3 processing fee and remain at the current level of net
loss. It is the desire of the Sovereigns and Staff to continue to serve the
Society in the best way possible and to be able to continue to put a Sovereign
or staff member in any kingdom as required or requested. Without the fee
increase it will become increasingly difficult to do so.

Principal Heralds have already been informed of the increase and may increase
or keep their current fee structure according to the needs of their individual
colleges. Over the course of the history of the CoA, the processing fee has
fluctuated back and forth between 3 and 4 dollars as the needs of the College
dictated. We will be available for any questions on the matter and hope to have
more good news about the archives as the project finishes its final stages.

**** From Laurel: KWHSS 2017 Announced! ****

In Court and at the Roadshow for KWHSS 2016, Laurel announced that the 2017
Known World Heraldic & Scribal Symposium would be held in the Kingdom of
Meridies, in the Barony of Thor's Mountain (Knoxville, TN) in conjunction with
the Shire of Nant-Y-Derwyddon on June 23-25, 2017.

**** From Wreath: Color Form in OSCAR ****

This month a submission was returned for using a photograph of the submitted
design for the mini-emblazons in OSCAR. The Administrative Handbook states "The
colored copy must be a scan of the original." To keep up with the progress of
technology, we want to make clear that images don't really need to come from a
scanner, but they must be an unaltered digital representation of the actual
paperwork, created by optical imaging.

**** From Wreath: A Short Note about Documentation ****

A submission came this month for which the only "documentation" given on the
Letter of Intent was a link to a Facebook discussion. This is not appropriate.
Documentation in armory also should be summarized with a description of the
information and its source. Had the commenters not provided actual
documentation, the submitted device would have been returned.

**** Society Pages ****

On May 1, 2016, in court at KWHSS 2016 in the Kingdom of Artemisia, Andrewe
Laurel did elevate Ren{e'}e de la Pommeraie to the rank of Herald Extraordinary
and charged her with choosing a personal heraldic title. Renee has been
instrumental in finishing the scans of the paper archives.

While the rest of us were attending KWHSS, Kameshima Zentarou Umakai, Silver
Buccle Herald, and his wife Isabel Fleuretan welcomed our newest herald Juliet.

Please send information about happenings to major heralds and major happenings
to all heralds to Laurel, so that it can be published here.

**** Send What to Whom ****

Letters of Intent, Comment, Response, Correction, et cetera are to be posted to
the OSCAR online system. No paper copies need be sent. All submission forms
plus documentation, including petitions, must be posted to the OSCAR online
system. While black-and-white emblazons must be included in the Letter of
Intent, only colored armory forms need to be posted in the forms area.

Cheques or money orders for submissions, payable to "SCA Inc.-College of Arms"
are to be sent to Stephanie Ray-Solum, Blue Bug Bookkeeping, 2144 Westlake Ave.
North Suite F Seattle, WA 98109.

Send roster changes and corrections to Laurel. College of Arms members may also
request a copy of the current roster from Laurel.

For a paper copy of a LoAR, please contact Laurel, at the address above. The
cost for one LoAR is $3. Please make all checks or money orders payable to "SCA
Inc.-College of Arms". The electronic copy of the LoAR is available free of
charge. To subscribe to the mailings of the electronic copy, please see the
bottom of http://heraldry.sca.org/heraldry/lists.html#lists for more
instructions.

For all administrative matters, please contact Laurel.

Pray know that I remain,

In service,

Andrewe Bawldwyn
Laurel Principal King of Arms

===============================================================================

Created at 2016-05-28T20:24:16
-------------- next part --------------
****** Errata ******

***** May 1991 *****

**** Calontir ****

  Miriam bat Yehuda. Name change from Chana Merriam bat Eliahu
  Yehudah.

      When her name was registered, the LoI failed to note that it was
      a change from her previous name registered in September 1987.
      Her previous name, "Chana Merriam bat Eliahu Yehudah", is
      retained as an alternate name.

***** May 2004 *****

**** Middle ****

  Aidan Alpin of Dunkeld. Name change from Yamamoto Masatsugi Nobumoto
  and device. Quarterly gules and sable, in bend two thistles within a
  bordure Or.

      When his name was changed, the LoI failed to note that it should
      have been a name change from his previous name, registered in
      May 1998. His previous name, "Yamamoto Masatsugi Nobumoto", is
      retained as an alternate name.

***** October 2013 *****

**** AEthelmearc ****

  S{i'}le ingen Chathail. Badge. Per saltire azure and argent, two
  Arabic lamps argent lit Or.

      Marked as released in October 2013, the badge should have
      remained registered.

======================================================================

Created at 2016-05-28T20:24:16


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