[LoAR-txt] 2016-01 LoAR in TXT format

Postmeeting Clerk via LoAR-TXT loar-txt at lists.sca.org
Sat Mar 26 15:47:22 CDT 2016


Please find attached the January 2016 LoAR in Da'ud plaintext format


-- 
Emma de Fetherstan, acting as Postmeeting Clerk
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***** THE FOLLOWING ITEMS HAVE BEEN REGISTERED: *****

**** {AE}THELMEARC acceptances ****

  {AE}sa Helgulfsdottir. Device change. Sable, a fox sejant and in
  chief an arrow and a needle in saltire argent.

      The submitter's old device, "Per bend argent and sable, a flame
      azure and an arrow bendwise argent", is released.

  Athenais Rhomanou. Name.

      Submitted as "Athenais _R_omanou", Metron Ariston noted in
      commentary that the transliteration of the byname should be
      "_Rh_omanou". We have changed the byname accordingly.

  Brj{a'}nn feilan. Name.

      The submitter requested authenticity for a given name that was
      easy to pronounce.

      Both elements are found in Geirr Bassi. _Brj{a'}nn_ is derived
      from the Irish name _Brian_. The byname _feilan_ is glossed as
      "wolf cub", and is derived from the Gaelic _faelan_ [see P.
      Sture Ureland and Iain Clarkson, editors, _Language Contact
      across the North Atlantic: Proceedings of the Working Groups
      held at the University College, Galway (Ireland), 1992 and the
      University of G{o:}teborg (Sweden), 1993_, pp. 67-8]. Therefore,
      this name appears to be authentic for the Viking Age for someone
      of Irish descent. The given name is relatively easy to
      pronounce, as it is an Old Norse form of the Irish _Brian_, so
      meets the submitter's request.

  Cyrus Augur. Badge. Per pale sable and argent, two rapiers in
  saltire and overall a rose per pale argent and sable.

      Commenters pointed out a potential conflict with the badge of
      William of York: "Per pale sable and argent, a rose unbarbed
      counterchanged seeded counterchanged". It is clear both
      technically, as the swords here are the primary charge, and
      visually, as the same swords are large enough to parry the
      visual conflict.

  Dafydd Keene. Name.

  Diana of Waterford. Device. Argent, a wingless dragon sejant erect
  contourny maintaining a goblet and in chief two ankhs sable.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of ankhs.

  Dumas of Waterford. Name.

      The submitter requested authenticity for an unspecified place
      and time. This request was not summarized in the Letter of
      Intent.

      The given name is documented as a 16th century English surname,
      used as a given name. At this time, marked locatives are
      unlikely, but not impossible, and would normally follow another
      inherited byname. Therefore, this name may be authentic, but we
      do not know for sure.

  Edith of Winterton. Badge. Azure, a polypus and a chief Or.

  Elizabeth Leary. Name change from Elizabeth Archer.

      This exact name is found in London in 1598, making this an
      excellent late period English name!

      The submitter's previous name, _Elizabeth Archer_, is released.

  Isabeau la Fauconniere. Name and device. Per bend sinister vert and
  argent, a sun in his splendor Or and a moon in her plenitude azure.

  Juliene le renard. Name.

  Lucia Augur. Device. Per fess azure and sable, a domestic cat
  rampant and in canton an increscent argent.

  Maddoc MacRoyri. Device. Per chevron Or and sable, a pick reversed
  gules.

  Meuric ap Gwillim. Device. Or, a rat rampant gules and on a chief
  embattled sable a roundel between two triangles Or.

  Mora Baker. Name.

      The submitter requested authenticity for "Irish (with English
      surname)". This name is an authentic 16-17th century Anglicized
      Irish name.

      This name does not conflict with the registered name _Molle
      Baker_. Both syllables of the given name have been changed, so
      this name is clear under PN3C1 of SENA. If _Molle_ is considered
      to be one syllable rather than two, a syllable has been added,
      and this name is then clear under PN3C2 of SENA.

  Stoffel die Waeyer. Name.

  {TH}orir Asbjarnarson. Name.

  Trenton Turner. Device. Sable, eight swords in annulo points to
  center argent and overall a skull Or.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of charges in
      annulo not in their default palewise orientation.

  William MacNess. Device change. Argent, three chevronels and a
  bordure sable.

      Nice device!

      The submitter's old device, "Gules, semy of hearts Or", is
      released.

======================================================================

**** AN TIR acceptances ****

  Amelia Benett. Name and device. Argent, a sea-lion and on a chief
  indented purpure two fish argent.

      Nice 16th century English name!

  Aryana Silknfyre. Badge. (Fieldless) On a Russian firebird displayed
  face to sinister gules a coronet Or.

      Although firebirds are not registerable since July 2015, this
      timely resubmission was specifically allowed.

      The submitter is a countess and thus entitled to the display of
      a coronet.

  Athelina Grey. Name.

      The submitted spelling of the given name, _Athelina_, is dated
      to 1221 in Reaney & Wilson, s.n. Edlin, although the same entry
      states that the attested form may be _Edelina_. It also appears
      in a 1290 Latin charter, _Select Pleas in Manorial and Other
      Seignorial Courts: Volume I. Reigns of Henry III and Edward I_
      (https://books.google.com/books?id=wOcBEVQAIckC).

      Nice late 13th century English name!

  Bi{o,}rn biarnylr Atlason. Badge. (Fieldless) On a pellet between
  and conjoined to five crescents in annulo points outward gules a
  bear's head affronty erased Or.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of charges in
      annulo not in their default orientation.

  Cassandra Wineday of Newingate. Badge. (Fieldless) A peacock in his
  pride Or within and conjoined to a horseshoe inverted argent.

  Devin inghean u{i'} Dhalaigh. Name and device. Per pale sable and
  argent, two coneys combattant and in chief an egg counterchanged.

      Submitted as "Devin inghean u{i'} _D_alaigh", the byname needs
      to be lenited. Therefore, we have changed the byname to "inghean
      u{i'} _Dh_alaigh".

      _Devin_ is the submitter's legal given name.

      The submitter requested authenticity for "Being of the family of
      Dalaigh". The byname has the intended meaning, but the name is
      not authentic for Ireland because the given name is not
      attested.

  Diamante da Magenta. Household name Casa di Magenta.

      The title _Conte di Magenta_ appears in _Teatro d'huomini
      letterati aperto dall' Abbate Girolamo Ghilini_, dated to 1647
      (https://books.google.com/books?id=0AIVAAAAQAAJ), showing that
      the locative phrase _di Magenta_ is attested.

      Siren documented the pattern of dynastic names using the pattern
      _Casa di X_. Examples include _casa di Urbino_, dated to 1572
      (Girolamo Muzio, _Selua odorifera del Mutio Iustinopolitano_;
      https://books.google.com/books?id=MhxKHyWx4DMC), _casa di
      Lusimburgo_ and _casa di Lorena_, both dated to 1610 (Filiberto
      Campanile, _L'armi, overo Insegne dei nobili_;
      https://books.google.com/books?id=W4nsTvRiltkC). Therefore, this
      household name can be registered.

  Dragon's Mist, Barony of. Badge for Order of the Dragons Tear of
  Dragon's Mist (see RETURNS for other badge). Argent, on a goutte
  azure a dragon's head couped argent.

  Dragon's Mist, Barony of. Badge for Order of the Heart of Dragon's
  Mist. Sable, a heart and in base three gouttes two and one, a
  bordure nebuly argent.

  Ekaterina Tatiana Aleksandrovna. Device. Per chevron argent semy of
  roses azure and sable, a natural tiger rampant argent marked sable
  crowned argent.

      Please advise the submitter to draw the coronet larger so it is
      easier to identify.

      The submitter is a viscountess and thus entitled to the display
      of a coronet.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of the natural
      tiger.

  Gaius Octavius Lunaris. Badge. Gules, in pale a popinjay and a
  serpent nowed argent.

  Glymm Mere, Barony of. Badge for Order of the White Fountain.
  (Fieldless) A three-tiered natural fountain argent, each tier
  charged with a goutte de larmes.

  Melody of An Tir. Badge. Gules, on an amphora argent a sprig of
  belladonna vert fructed and flowered purpure.

  Micah the Madd. Name and device. Argent, a bear passant sable and on
  a chief gules a boar-spear head reversed argent.

      _Micah_ is the submitter's legal given name. It is also an
      attested English given name, so the submitter need not rely on
      the legal name allowance.

  Miko{l/}aj Radomyski. Device. Gules, a sinister wing argent with an
  eagle's foot issuant Or, a bordure argent.

  Neoptolemus of Crete. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      _Neoptolemus_ is a Latinized form of the Greek given name
      _Neoptolemos_. The byname _of Crete_ is a lingua Anglica form of
      the Greek _Kretikos_.

  Porzia di Corbino Rosso. Name.

      The submitter requested authenticity for a 16th century Italian
      name. This name meets this request.

  R{o'}n{a'}n Mac an Leagha. Name (see RETURNS for device).

  Rothais Malle Sigar. Name.

      It was noted in commentary that _Rothais_ may be an Old English
      name, which cannot be combined with a double byname because this
      pattern is not found in Old English under Appendix A of SENA.
      However, this given name is also found in a letter written by
      Hugh de Montgomery, Earl of Shrewsbury, dated to 1095-8
      ['Vend{o^}me and Chartres', _Calendar of Documents Preserved in
      France 918-1206_, pp. 455-458;
      http://www.british-history.ac.uk/cal-state-papers/france/918-1206/pp455-458].
      As it is more likely to be an Anglo-Norman name than an Old
      English one, it can be combined with the double byname.

  Sarah Huntsman. Convert alternate name to primary name and release
  of name Hildegarde filia Bertrandi.

      The submitter's primary name is now _Sarah Huntsman_. Her
      previous primary name, _Hildegarde filia Bertrandi_, is
      released.

  Sarah Huntsman. Badge. Vert, an alphyn passant within an annulet
  argent.

  Torn of Froghaven. Name.

======================================================================

**** ATENVELDT acceptances ****

  Aelia Musa. Badge. (Fieldless) A clenched gauntlet bendwise
  sustaining in chief a demi-mouse argent.

  Aelia Musa. Badge. (Fieldless) On a sun azure a mouse courant to
  dexter base argent.

  `A'isha of Tir Ysgithr. Holding name and device (see RETURNS for
  name). Per chevron sable and purpure, two crescents Or and a coney
  couchant argent.

      Submitted under the name "`A`isha al-Zarqa'".

  Andrew mac Bran of Antrim. Device. Azure, a two-masted Greek warship
  sails set and oars in action, on a chief indented argent three
  crossbows vert.

  {A'}str{i'}{dh}r of Sundragon. Name.

      _Sundragon_ is the registered name of an SCA branch.

  Atenveldt, Kingdom of. Transfer of heraldic title Golden Orb
  Pursuivant to Seamus McDaid.

      Although it wasn't stated in the Letter of Intent, Seamus paid
      for the transfer of the title. Therefore, all conditions of the
      transfer (see the Admin Handbook and the March 2015 Cover
      Letter) have been met.

  Aysun al-Andalusi. Badge. (Fieldless) A wolf's head erased argent
  within and conjoined to a stag's antler conjoined to itself in
  annulo Or.

  Domagnev Volkovich. Name change from Domnall mac Fa{i'}ltigeirn.

      The Letter of Intent noted that there was a question whether
      _Domagnev_ is a given name or locative. This element is
      identified as a given name in a standard SCA source (Wickenden).
      It is also identified as a personal name in the derivation of
      the place name Domagnew(a) [Hansj{u:}rgen Brachmann et al., _Das
      Zisterzienserkloster Dargun im Stammesgebiet der Zirzipanen: ein
      interdisziplin{a:}rer Beitrag zur Erforschung mittelalterlicher
      Siedlungsprozesse in der Germania Slavica_, p. 123;
      https://books.google.com/books?id=cnK1lXslC_AC]. Therefore, we
      can register this name as submitted.

      We note that the precedent cited in the Letter of Intent
      [Gregorie Moroz, March 2014] does not apply to this submission
      because there was no question about the transliteration of this
      element.

      The submitter's previous name, _Domnall mac Fa{i'}ltigeirn_, is
      retained as an alternate name.

  Elizabeth Redfern. Device. Or, a fess bretessed sable between an owl
  displayed gules and a boar statant azure.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a bird other
      than an eagle in the displayed posture.

  Enia al-Andalusiyya. Device. Per fess embattled azure and argent, a
  crossbow inverted and a dumbek counterchanged.

  Gabriella Salvi da Rosa. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      This name was documented in the Letter of Intent as an Italian
      name. However, _Gabriella_ was documented as an Italian given
      name from an older Academy of Saint Gabriel report. This report
      cited de Felice _Nomi_, an unreliable source with mostly undated
      names. Fortunately, _Gabriella_ is found in 16th century Spanish
      parish records in the FamilySearch Historical Records.

      _Salvi_ is found as a 16th century Spanish byname in the
      FamilySearch Historical Records and _da Rosa_ is found in
      Aryanhwy merch Catmael's "Portuguese Surnames from Lisbon, 1565"
      (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/portuguese/sur1565.html).
      Therefore, this name is an entirely 16th century Iberian name.

  Katarina Rose MacDonald. Device. Per chevron vert and azure, two
  chevronels between two roses and a unicorn's head couped contourny
  argent.

  Kathleen of Anandyrdale. Device. Gules, an ounce sejant guardant
  erminois, on a chief embattled argent three fleurs-de-lys sable.

      Please advise the submitter to draw fewer and larger ermine
      spots.

  Katrin Hakonsdottir. Name and device. Azure, a natural seahorse
  contourny Or sustaining with its tail an arrow bendwise inverted
  argent.

      This name does not conflict with the registered name _Karina
      Haakonsdottir_. A syllable has been removed from the given name,
      so this name is clear under PN3C2 of SENA.

  Mattea Locatelli. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      The byname _Locatelli_ was documented in the Letter of Intent
      using a source that contains normalized forms. This spelling is
      found in the title of the 1644 book _Theatro d'arcani del medico
      Lodouico Locatelli da Bergamo_
      (https://books.google.com/books?id=gxyerIfEWzkC), and can be
      registered.

  Meara of Caer Ddu. Device change. Per fess wavy azure and Or, three
  hearts Or and a tower sable.

      The submitter's old device, "Argent, a bend sinister wavy
      between a sun and a crescent purpure", is released.

  Michelle of Twin Moons. Holding name and device (see RETURNS for
  name). Per chevron vert and Or, two dragons combattant Or and a wolf
  sejant forepaw raised sable.

      Submitted under the name "Oriande {AE}thelwulfesdohter".

  Ronan Cu. Name and device. Gules, in pale a phoenix atop a
  single-horned anvil, on a chief Or a pick-axe sable.

  Rose the Jeweler. Device change. Per bend sinister purpure and vert,
  a bend sinister wavy between a rose and a dog couchant argent.

      The submitter's old device, "Ermine, three trees eradicated
      within a bordure vert", is released.

  Seamus mac Neil. Name and device. Vert, an oak tree and on a chief
  invected argent, an otter passant maintaining in its mouth a fish
  purpure.

      Submitted as "Seamus _M_ac Neil", the Letter of Intent
      documented the form "_m_ac N{e'}i_ll_". Ogress found the
      spelling "_m_ac Nei_l_" in the Annals of Ulster with a date of
      933. We have changed the patronymic particle to _mac_ to match
      the documentation.

      The fish here is a characteristic aiding in the identification
      of this heraldic otter. It does not represent a second tertiary
      charge group.

  Seamus McDaid. Acceptance of transfer of Heraldic title Golden Orb
  Pursuivant from Atenveldt, Kingdom of.

      Although it wasn't stated in the Letter of Intent, Seamus paid
      for the transfer of the title. Therefore, all conditions of the
      transfer (see the Admin Handbook and the March 2015 Cover
      Letter) have been met.

  Viana Andreu de Segovia. Device. Gules, an ermine rampant contourny
  ermine within an orle argent semy of compass stars sable.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of compass
      stars.

  Wander Riordan. Augmentation of arms. Per fess wavy azure and
  argent, in dexter chief a triskele argent, and as an augmentation in
  sinister base a rose azure.

======================================================================

**** ATLANTIA acceptances ****

  Adele Lachlan. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      Submitted as "Adele Lachla_ne_", the submitter requested a
      change to the byname "Lachla_n_". The name was changed in
      kingdom to make this change, but this form was inadvertently not
      documented in the Letter of Intent. The preferred form is found
      as a 1647 Scots byname in the FamilySearch Historical Records.

      This name combines a French given name and Scots byname. This is
      an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C of SENA.

  Adelina MacLeod. Device. Argent, a thistle proper between three
  fleurs-de-lys purpure.

  Alaric Messer. Device. Argent, a lion gules maintaining a sword
  bendwise sinister sable and on a chief embattled gules three Latin
  crosses argent.

  {A'}lfd{i'}s {TH}{o'}rsd{o'}ttir. Name.

  Allastar Ravenwood. Name (see RETURNS for device).

  Aurore Perouty. Name.

      Submitted as "Auror_a_ Perouty", the submitter requested the
      spelling "Auror_e_" if it could be found.

      The name _Astrea filia aurore_ appears in _Genealogie Johannis
      Boccacij_ by Giovanni Boccaccio and Johannes Kierher, published
      in 1511 (https://books.google.com/books?id=t-tBAAAAcAAJ).
      However, the names appear to be mythological and not evidence
      that a human woman used this name. _Aurore_ is the French name
      for the classical goddess of the dawn, who also appears in 16th
      century French editions of Ovid.

      Although we have evidence of _Aurora_ as an attested English
      given name, and a pattern of using classical mythological and
      literary names in late period England, this pattern has not yet
      been established in France. One example is _Diane_, from the
      goddess _Diana_, found on a 16th century painting of Diane de
      Poitiers. However, no other examples were found.

      However, a pattern of replacing the terminal _-a_ in classical
      mythological names with _-e_ is found in late period England.
      The examples _Diane_ (from _Diana_), _Flore_ (from _Flora_), and
      _Clementie_ (from _Clementia_) are found in the FamilySearch
      Historical Records. In addition, the name _Maye/Maie_ may be
      etymologically related to the goddess _Maia_. Therefore,
      _Aurore_ is a plausible English name, so we can change the given
      name to the submitter's preferred form.

      _Perouty_ is the submitter's legal surname.

  Caiss{e'}ne ingen Fh{a'}el{a'}in. Device change. Sable, on a pale
  azure fimbriated Or between in chief an increscent and a decrescent
  argent two triquetras each interlaced with an annulet Or.

      The submitter's old device, "Sable, on a pale azure fimbriated
      two triquetras each interlaced with an annulet Or", is released.

  Diterich Krieg. Name and device. Argent, three triangles voided
  conjoined at a single point azure.

  Elizabeth Caton. Name and device. Vert, two coneys rampant addorsed
  each maintaining a sword, on a chief engrailed argent three
  fleurs-de-lys azure.

      This exact name is found in late 16th century England in the
      FamilySearch Historical Records, making this an excellent late
      period English name!

      Please advise the submitter to draw the swords larger.

  Esa Kirkepatrike. Badge. Gules, in fess a goblet Or charged with a
  crescent sable and sustained by a hound rampant crowned Or.

      The submitter is a duchess and thus entitled to use a coronet in
      her armory.

  Finnech inghean Labhrainn. Device. Checky Or and gules, on a chief
  sable three thistles Or.

      Nice device!

  Giles of Nablus. Name and device. Sable fretty engrailed Or.

      Submitted as "Giles _de_ Nablus", the submitter requested
      authenticity for a Norman name.

      _Giles_ was not dated in the Letter of Intent. It is found in
      William of Tyre's _Historia rerum in partibus transmarinis
      gestarum_
      (http://legacy.fordham.edu/halsall/basis/GuillaumeTyr4.asp),
      written in the late 12th century. This edition does not appear
      to have normalized the names.

      The Palestinian place name _Nablus_ is a modern, normalized form
      of the period _Neapolis_. An attested locative byname derived
      from this place name is _de Neapoli_, found in "Latinized Names
      from 12th Century Jerusalem," by Alys Mackyntoich
      (http://alysprojects.blogspot.de/2014/04/part-1-of-article-latinized-names-from.html).
      The submitter confirmed he wanted _de Nablus_ if possible.
      Therefore, we have changed the byname to the lingua Anglica form
      "_of_ Nablus", as it is the closest to the submitter's preferred
      form.

      We note that _Giles de Neapoli_ is an authentic name for a late
      12th century Norman in Palestine during the Crusades.

      Nice device!

  Giovan Donado. Device. Per pale argent and gules, a bar gemel and in
  chief three cinquefoils counterchanged.

      Nice device!

  Grace Ivelchild. Device. Argent, a pithon erect sable and an orle
  vert.

  Gunnar Birkibeinn. Device. Argent, a saltire parted and fretted
  gules and in chief a boar statant sable.

  Hrutr Herjolfsson. Name (see RETURNS for device).

  Jocelyn O Faolain. Name and device. Per pale wavy vert and argent,
  two wolves rampant addorsed counterchanged argent and sable.

      This name combines an English given name and Gaelic byname. This
      is an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C of SENA.

  Lothar of Atlantia. Name and device. Or, a dunghill cock rising
  azure between three flames gules.

      _Atlantia_ is the registered name of an SCA branch.

  Marion Nick Galen. Name and device. Or, a domestic cat sejant erect
  and in canton a compass star, a chief enarched sable.

      _Galen_ is the registered byname of her sister, so is
      grandfathered to the submitter. It was also documented as an
      English surname in the Letter of Intent, so the submitter need
      not rely on the grandfather clause.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a compass
      star.

  Merewen de Cotesmore. Badge. Per pale gules and sable, a linden tree
  between in fess two crescents Or.

  Ragi Snarfari. Name and device. Per bend sinister gules and azure, a
  Rad rune argent and a Thor's hammer Or.

      The submitter requested authenticity for an unspecified place
      and time. Both the given name and byname are found in the
      _Landn{a'}mab{o'}k_, so this name appears to be authentic for
      9th-10th century Iceland.

  Rathnat inghean ui Bhroin. Name and device. Per pale sable and
  argent, a tree vert its trunk between in fess two ravens displayed
  heads respectant counterchanged.

      _Rathnat_ is the name of an Irish saint.

      The submitter had wanted the given name _Rathanait_ if it could
      be documented. Unfortunately, commenters were unable to find
      this form.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of birds other
      than eagles in the displayed posture.

  Rune Redbush. Name and device. Argent, a rosebush gules between in
  fess two mountains couped vert.

      Submitted as "Rune Red_ B_ush", the submitter requested the name
      _Runa Redbush_ if it could be documented. Commenters were unable
      to find documentation to support the name _Runa_. The closest
      name commenters could find that ended in _-a_ was _Roana_, dated
      to dated to 1212 in Reaney & Wilson.

      _Redbush_ can be constructed as a Middle English toponym. _Red-_
      is a common prototheme found in the Middle English Dictionary,
      and _atte Bushe_ is an attested byname in Reaney & Wilson.
      Examples of _red + plant_ (or part of a plant) include the
      toponymic byname _Rederose_ ("red rose"), and the place names
      _Rattre_ ("red tree"), _Radenage_ ("red oak"), and
      _Redleaf/Redleff_ ("red leaf"), all found in the Middle English
      Dictionary (MED). The spelling _bush_ is also found in the MED.

      Therefore, the byname _Redbush_ is plausible as a constructed
      toponym. We have changed the byname to this form, as _Rune
      Redbush_ is closest to what the submitted wants.

  Samukawa Mantarou Yukimura. Name and device. Argent, three tomoe in
  annulo azure.

      This design was well documented as an Individually Attested
      Pattern in Japan. The submitter provided more than sufficient
      evidence of the use of three tomoe in annulo with no other
      charge on the field.

      This is the defining instance of the tomoe in Society heraldry.
      The tomoe is a comma-shaped period Japanese charge, generally
      used in threes rotating around a central axis. It cannot be used
      outside of the context of an Individually Attested Pattern.

  S{e'}amus Blaer de Maxwell. Household name Company of the Panther
  Fierce.

      As documented in the Letter of Intent, this household name
      follows the pattern of a Tudor ship named after a heraldic
      charge (_Panther_) and a 16th century surname (_Fierce_).
      Examples include the _Falcon Lisle_, named after Lord Admiral
      Lisle, and the _Falcon Grey_, which was renamed after its second
      captain, Richard Grey. This pattern is found in Juliana de
      Luna's forthcoming article "Tudor Ship Names".

  Subetai al-Katib. Name change from Lachlann McQuhollastar.

      In the return of an earlier submission (_Subetai Al Qulan_) in
      February 2015, we suggested the form _Subetei_ or _Subutai_ to
      maintain vowel harmony. The submitter provided additional
      documentation to support the spelling of _Subetai_. Therefore,
      we are able to register this form.

      The submitter's previous name, _Lachlann McQuhollastar_, is
      released.

  Tessa da Verona. Name (see RETURNS for device).

  Werner der Fromme. Device change. Per chevron vert and argent, a
  chevron checky sable and argent and in base a Maltese cross sable.

      The submitter's old device, "Vert, a chevron throughout checky
      sable and argent between two Maltese crosses and a lion argent",
      is released.

  Werner der Fromme. Badge. Per chevron argent and vert, a chevron
  compony argent and sable fimbriated sable between three Maltese
  crosses counterchanged.

  Werner der Fromme. Badge. Per saltire vert and argent, a saltire
  compony argent and sable fimbriated sable between four Maltese
  crosses counterchanged.

  William Garrett. Device. Per chevron throughout argent and vert, a
  dance counterchanged.

======================================================================

**** AVACAL acceptances ****

  Amy Eliot. Name and device. Per fess Or and plumetty Or and purpure,
  a fess sable and a violet purpure.

      Nice 16th century English name!

  Anara Urrie. Device. Vert, on a pale argent an owl displayed and a
  tankard purpure.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a bird other
      than an eagle in the displayed posture.

  Maryan Hoskyns. Name and device. Azure, in pale two maunches argent.

      Nice 16th century English name!

      Nice device!

  Sechen Dogshin. Name and device. Per fess sable and argent, a
  horse's head erased counterchanged.

======================================================================

**** CAID acceptances ****

  {A'}ine ingen Alusdair. Name.

      The submitter requested authenticity for a 12th century Irish
      name. Precedent states:

           Submitted as "Finnguala _ingen_ Alusdair", this name
           violated RfS III.1.a. Linguistic Consistency by
           combining Middle Irish _ingen_ with Early Modern Irish
           _Alusdair_. The submitter does not allow major
           changes, such as changing the language of an element
           from Middle Irish to Early Modern Irish. However, the
           name was originally submitted as "Finnguala _inghean
           Alister_", and changed with the consent of the
           submitter. From this we can conclude that changing
           _ingen_ back to _inghean_ is acceptable to the
           submitter. We have done so in order to correct the
           linguistic problems with the byname so that we can
           register the name as "Finguala _inghean_ Alusdair".
           This combines a Middle Irish given name with an Early
           Modern Irish byname; this is one step from period
           practice.

      Since this decision was made, Mari ingen Briain meic Donnchada
      added additional examples of the name _Alusdar_ to her article
      "Index of Names in Irish Annals". In commentary she noted an
      example, the name of a Scotsman _Alusdar Ballach_ in an entry
      for 1499 and the use of the particle _ingen_ in an entry for
      1497, both in the orthographically conservative _Annals of Loch
      C{e'}_. Therefore, the patronym in the present submission is
      plausible for this particular source and time, but it does not
      meet the submitter's request for a 12th century Irish name.
      Instead, it is registerable as the name of a 15th century woman
      in _Annals of Loch C{e'}_.

  Arabella Attelake. Name.

      Nice 13th century English name!

  Ariana Elia Del Rosario. Device. Vert, three shacklebolts argent.

      This is the defining instance of a shacklebolt. The shacklebolt
      is a period charge: it is found as the badge of Percy, Earl of
      Northumberland, c.1510 (de Walden, "Banners, standards and
      badges", at
      https://archive.org/stream/bannersstandards00howauoft#page/258/mode/1up),
      and used in the device of Fenrother, Sheriff of London, 1513
      (Insignia Anglica, c.1550, at
      http://daten.digitale-sammlungen.de/~db/bsb00001647/images/index.html?seite=90&fip=193.174.98.30).
      The charge is a representation of handcuffs; the period examples
      all show them fesswise, as drawn in the submitted emblazon.

      Nice device!

  Balduin de Holte. Name and device. Chevronelly inverted argent and
  sable, a squirrel rampant Or and a chief vert.

      The given name _Balduin_ was documented in the Letter of Intent
      as a late 11th century name. The Latinized form _Balduinus_ is
      also found in 1186-7 in 'Appendix: The Gastrell manuscript', in
      _Annales Cestrienses Chronicle of the Abbey of S. Werburg, At
      Chester_, Richard Copley Christie, ed. (pp. 123-134;
      http://www.british-history.ac.uk/lancs-ches-record-soc/vol14/pp123-134).

      Nice late 12th century English name!

  Bricot Wolfe. Name and device. Or, a sheaf of halberds and overall a
  wolf's head cabossed gules.

      Please advise the submitter to draw the wolf's head slightly
      larger.

  Br{i'}g inghean Uat{e'}ir. Name.

      Submitted as "Br{i'}g in_ge_n Uat{e'}ir", the byname combines
      the Middle Irish _ingen_ with the Early Modern Irish _Uat{e'}ir_
      in the same name phrase, which violates PN1B1 of SENA.
      Therefore, we have changed the particle to "in_ghea_n" so that
      the byname is entirely in Early Modern Irish.

      The submitter requested authenticity for a 12th century Irish
      name. _Br{i'}g_ is only documented as the name of an Irish
      saint. The given name _Uait{e'}ar_ (frequently found as _Uater_
      in the Irish annals) is not documented prior to the mid-15th
      century. Therefore, this name does not meet the submitter's
      request, but it is registerable.

  Caiter{i'}na Chaomh{a'}nach. Name and device. Per saltire purpure
  and sable, two arrows in saltire between in pale two crescents and
  in fess two triquetrae argent.

      Nice 15th century Irish Gaelic name!

      Please advise the submitter to draw the arrows with a wider
      shaft.

  Callagh O Donochowe. Name and device. Vert, two foxes combatant and
  on a chief argent three crosses of Jerusalem vert.

  Cassian Black Rune. Name.

      The Letter of Intent documented _Cassian_ as the byname of a
      saint. This name is also the given name of a different saint,
      _Cassian d'Autun_, who is mentioned in _The Golden Legend_.
      Therefore, this saint is known in England in our period.

  Catalina de Granada. Name and device. Sable, a horse rampant and on
  a chief Or three crosses fleury gules.

      Nice late 15th century Spanish name!

      Nice device!

  Clota ni Ghabhann. Alternate name Clota of Holecumb.

      _Clota_ is the submitter's legal given name.

  Dante da Monte. Name.

  Emma the Bold. Name.

      Although documented as a lingua Anglica form of _le Bolde_, the
      spelling "bold" is found c.1325 in the Middle English
      Dictionary. The given name is found in "Names in the 1319
      Subsidy Roll of London" by Aryanhwy merch Catmael
      (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/english/femlondon1319.html),
      making this a nice early 14th century English name!

  Eoghan {O'} Gabhann. Alternate name Ragenald de Holecumb.

  Esteban San Buenaventura. Name and device. Or, three suns in
  splendor sable.

      Commenters questioned the pattern of an unmarked locative byname
      derived from a saint's name, citing documentation supporting the
      attested forms _Buenaventura_ and the marked form _de San
      Buenaventura_. Several potential examples from the FamilySearch
      Historical Records were provided in the Letter of Intent: _San
      Miguel_, _San Diego_, and _San Pedro_. In every case where the
      film of the primary record was available, the attested form
      included the preposition (e.g., _de S. Miguel_) and did not
      match the indexed entry in FamilySearch. However, because films
      were not available for every potential example, we can give the
      submitter the benefit of the doubt and register this name as
      submitted.

      Nice device!

  Fionnghuala de Buchanan. Device change. Per chevron purpure and
  argent, a chevron gules between two serpents glissant respectant
  argent and a raven contourny sable.

      The submitter's old device, "Per bend sinister gules and argent,
      a bend sinister per bend sinister argent and purpure between a
      snake glissant bendwise sinister contourny argent and a raven
      contourny sable", is released.

  Gaius Furius Octavius. Name.

      The Letter of Intent documented the _nomen_ _Octavius_ as a
      constructed _cognomen_ following the pattern of using ordinals
      as _cognomina_. The Letter of Intent noted the examples _Primus_
      ("first"), _Secondus_ ("second"), and _Tertius_ ("third").

      In addition to following this pattern, _Octavius_ is an attested
      _cognomen_ found in Lindley Richard Dean's _A Study of the
      Cognomina of Soldiers in the Roman Legions_
      (https://books.google.com/books?id=MF0KAAAAIAAJ).

  Giliana Ravenild. Device. Quarterly vert and argent, four ravens
  counterchanged argent and sable.

  Hadrian Black. Name and device. Quarterly gules and Or, a cross
  annuletty counterchanged.

      This device does not conflict with a badge of Drachenwald,
      "Quarterly sable and Or, a cross quarterly Or and gules", the
      device of William de Mont d'Or, "Quarterly Or and gules, a cross
      counterchanged", the device of Rouland of Willowbrooke,
      "Quarterly gules and Or, a cross fleury counterchanged" or the
      device Miryam {ae}t West Seaxe, "Quarterly gules and Or, a cross
      patonce counterchanged". In each case there is a SC for changing
      the type of cross.

      Please advise the submitter to draw the holes larger.

  Hannah of Nordwache. Device. Quarterly Or and azure, a toad statant
  erect contourny counterchanged.

  Henry Dumas. Name and device. Argent, a brown ass rampant proper
  maintaining a crossbow fesswise gules.

  Ingri{dh}r Vi{dh}arsdottir. Badge. (Fieldless) A mouse statant
  contourny argent.

  Ishmael al-Hasan. Device. Gules mullety of four points Or, a wolf
  sejant ululant and in canton a decrescent argent.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of the ululant
      posture.

  Jack Thexton. Name and device. Sable, a skull and on a chief
  embattled argent two arrows in saltire gules.

  James Vincent Montgomery. Device change. Sable, a goblet Or and an
  orle of lozenges argent.

      The submitter's old device, "Vert, a fess embattled between
      three cups argent", is released.

  Judith Anne of Durmast. Device change. Vert, three acorns argent.

      Nice device!

      The submitter's old device, "Argent, semy of acorns proper, a
      fess vert, in base an oak branch inverted proper", is released.

  Judith Anne of Durmast. Badge. (Fieldless) An acorn per pale vert
  and argent.

      Nice badge!

  Julia Fortunata. Name and device. Argent, on a step-cut gemstone
  gules a rose argent, on a chief gules four hearts argent.

      This exact name is found in a coffin inscription in York (see
      http://romaninscriptionsofbritain.org/inscriptions/687), making
      this an excellent name for Roman Britain!

  Juliana Draper. Name and device. Argent, a raven sable and a double
  tressure azure.

      Nice English name for much of our period!

      Nice device!

  Logan Black Rune. Name and device. Or, in saltire two arrows
  inverted proper flighted vert and in chief a rose purpure.

  Lyonnette Cheneval. Device. Gules, a four lobed quadrate cornice Or.

      Nice device!

  M{a'}ire Black Rose. Device. Per pale sable and argent, in pale
  three roses counterchanged.

  Margat of Silvercreek. Name and device. Or, two hummingbirds
  hovering respectant and on a chief vert three periwinkles Or.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of New World
      hummingbirds.

  Morgana Ferrari di Velletri. Badge. (Fieldless) A reremouse pean.

  Nero Livius Primus. Name.

  Ormr Johannesson. Name.

  Pepe de Palma. Name.

  Philip Berenger de Greylonde. Badge. (Fieldless) In saltire a
  brewer's scoop sable and a brewer's scoop Or.

      This is the defining instance of a brewer's scoop in Society
      armory. The brewer's scoop is a period charge. It is used by
      brewers for sampling the mash during fermentation -- in essence,
      a bucket at the end of a long pole. The brewer's scoop is found
      in the sixteenth century _Armorial of the Arlberg Brotherhood of
      Saint Christopher_
      (http://bilderserver.at/wappenbuecher/VirgilRaberEXAv2_52z2/ and
      scroll to fol.91), and in the episcopal arms of Peugelberg, late
      16th C., from the _Gro{sz}es Wappenbuch_, BSB Cod.Icon 333
      fol.76
      (http://daten.digitale-sammlungen.de/~db/bsb00002481/images/index.html?seite=76&fip=193.174.98.30).

  Philip Berenger de Greylonde. Badge. (Fieldless) On a garb Or a bee
  sable.

      Please instruct the submitter to draw the garb with a wider head
      and base, with the banding in the center narrower, so it is more
      identifiable as a garb.

  Rycharde the Bowemon. Name.

  Scot Mac Nachtan. Name.

  Serafina de Zati. Name.

      Submitted as "Serafina d_i_ Zati", the submitter requested
      authenticity for a 14th-15th century Florentine name. The byname
      was changed in kingdom to "_de_ Zati" to match the documentation
      that could be found.

      The masculine name _Serafino_ and the family name _de Zati_ are
      both found in the Catasto, a 1427 tax census of Florence. We
      have a pattern of feminizing Italian names by changing _-o_ to
      _-a_. Therefore, this name is authentic for Florence in the 15th
      century. We note that _Serafina_ is an attested 16th century
      feminine name found in Florence, in Juliana de Luna's "Late
      Period Italian Womens' Names"
      (http://medievalscotland.org/jes/Nuns/Florence.shtml).

  So{n~}a Felix. Name and device. Or, a phoenix gules and in chief a
  rose purpure.

  Sonya Black Rune. Name.

  Steve of Silvercreek. Name (see RETURNS for device).

  Tailefhlaith ingen Tressaig. Name.

      Submitted as "Tailefhlaith ingen _T_ressai_gh_", the name was
      changed in kingdom to "Tailefhlaith ingen _Th_ressai_gh_" in
      order to lenite the genitive (possessive) form of the father's
      name.

      However, because the _T-_ in _ingen Thressaigh_ follows the _-n_
      in the particle _ingen_, lenition is suppressed. In addition,
      the Old Irish and Middle Irish genitive form is "Tressai_g_",
      not "Tressai_gh_", according to "Index of Names in Irish Annals"
      by Mari Elspeth nic Bryan
      (http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/Masculine/Tressach.shtml).
      Therefore, we have changed the byname to "ingen _T_ressai_g_" to
      register this name.

  Terence Longfellow. Name and device. Per chevron Or and vert, in
  base a pair of stag's attires argent.

      Nice 16th century Anglo-Irish name!

  Tom of Calafia. Name and device. Sable, on a mallet argent a raven
  migrant to chief sable, an orle of plates.

      Submitted as "_Father_ Tom of Calafia", the Letter of Intent
      documented _Father_ as an English given name. However, SENA
      PN4B1 states that, "Given names that are identical to titles and
      forms of address may be registered in contexts that make it
      clear that they are given names and not titles". In this
      submission, _Father_ could be interpreted as a form of address
      for a priest, as it is a common title or form of address in the
      Roman Catholic Church.

      We have dropped _Father_ and registered this name as "Tom of
      Calafia".

      _Calafia_ is the registered name of an SCA branch.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a bird in
      the migrant posture.

  Valeria Cabrielli. Badge. (Fieldless) A rose sable within and
  conjoined to a mascle Or.

  Western Seas, Barony of. Badge for the populace. (Fieldless) A wa'a
  outrigger, sail to dexter, sable within and conjoined to an annulet
  azure.

      The use of the wa'a outrigger is grandfathered to the Barony.

  W{o:}lfel Bernsch{a:}del. Name.

======================================================================

**** CALONTIR acceptances ****

  Cecilia Manetti da Firenze. Reblazon of device. Per bend sinister
  vert and gules, a bend sinister between a mouse sejant erect and a
  pair of manacles, the chain fracted argent.

      Blazoned when registered in January 1998 as "Per bend vert and
      gules, a bend between a mouse sejant erect and a pair of
      manacles, the chain fracted argent", this is actually a _per
      bend sinister_ field with a _bend sinister_.

  Cuthbert Longschankes. Device (see RETURNS for badge). Per pale
  azure and Or, on a roundel counterchanged an owl argent.

  Eynon ab Iohannes Mal. Device. Azure, a demi-sheep argent issuant
  from a bickern maintaining in its mouth a falchion bendwise inverted
  Or and a chief Or crusily azure.

  Hubert de Stockleye. Name change from Wulfhere of Eofeshamme.

      The submitted requested authenticity for 13th-14th century
      England. This name is authentic for the 1270s, meeting the
      submitter's request.

      The submitter's previous name, _Wulfhere of Eofeshamme_, is
      retained as an alternate name.

  Isabeau Ruiz. Name.

  Katherine von Heilige. Name change from holding name Katherine of
  Forgotten Sea.

      Submitted as "Katherine _die_ Heilige", this name was pended to
      discuss whether this name presumed upon the name of Saint
      Catherine, especially due to the use of the demi-Catherine's
      wheel in the submitter's device.

      Saints are occasionally referred to by _[given name] die
      Heilige_ in modern German, although the reverse order (_die
      Heilige [given name]_ appears more frequently. The use of _die
      Heilige_ ("the saint") is presumptuous under PN4D1 of SENA, as
      this name appears to make a claim to be the historical St.
      Catherine. We note that unmarked forms like _Heylig_ and _von
      den Heiligen_ are not presumptuous because they are attested as
      the bynames of non-saints in our period.

      The submitter allowed a change to the attested byname "_von_
      Heilige" (based on _Von Heilige_, found in the FamilySearch
      Historical Records). We have made this change. If she prefers
      _Heylig_ (or other attested unmarked form) or _von den
      Heiligen_, she can submit a request for reconsideration.

      This name was pended from the August 2015 Letter of Acceptances
      and Returns.

  Kezia von Holzenhaus. Badge. Argent, a billet and a bordure sable.

  Layla bint `Asim. Name and device. Azure, in fess a mullet and a
  decrescent Or, a bordure wavy argent.

      Please advise the submitter to draw deeper waves on the bordure
      and the primary charges larger so they fill better the available
      space.

  Mell MacAlpin. Badge. (Fieldless) A snail gules attired and shelled
  Or.

  Mell MacAlpin. Badge. Per fess embattled azure and Or, in chief
  three buckets inverted argent.

  Mell MacAlpin. Badge. Per pale Or and gules, two dragon's heads
  couped addorsed counterchanged.

      This is the submitter's sixth piece of registered armory.

  Miranda de Logan. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      _Miranda_ is the submitter's legal given name. We note that it
      is also a grey period English literary name. Recently, we ruled
      the following:

           _Miranda_ is the submitter's legal given name as well
           as the name of a gray area literary character from
           Shakespeare's _Tempest_ and a late 16th century
           English byname which can be registered as a given
           name. Therefore, the submitter need not rely on the
           legal name allowance. [Miranda M{o'}r ingen
           Fhailtigern, June 2015, A-An Tir]

      The instance of _Miranda_ as a late period English byname in
      that decision inadvertently relied on an I-batch in the
      FamilySearch Historical Records. I batches continue to be
      acceptable only on a case-by-case basis, and should not be used
      as the sole documentation to support a name element.

      Therefore, as _Miranda_ does not appear to have been coined
      until after 1600, the submitter must rely upon the legal name
      allowance.

  Rianorix of Forgotten Sea. Name.

      _Forgotten Sea_ is the registered name of an SCA branch.

  Thaddeus Ellenbach. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      Submitted as "Tha_d_eus Ellenbach", the submitter requested the
      spelling "Tha_dd_eus Ellenbach" if it could be documented. The
      preferred spelling is found in _Historia und Christliche
      Legenden, von der heiligen zw{o:}lff Apostel unsers Herrn Jesu
      Christi, Item von S. Pauli, auch beider heiligen Euangelisten S.
      Luce und S. Marci, beruff, lehre, leben, wunderwercken, letzten
      marter und todt, ob standhaffter bekandtnu{sz} des Namens
      Christi_, published in 1589
      (https://books.google.com/books?id=20pWAAAAcAAJ&pg=PT529).
      Therefore, we have changed the given name to this form.

  Theodoric Rufus the Goth. Reblazon of device. Sable, a sea-lion
  naiant and in base three pheons two and one argent.

      Blazoned when registered in June 1995 as "Sable, in pale a
      sea-lion naiant and three pheons two and one argent", the
      sea-lion is the sole primary charge.

  Umm Razin Rusa al-Badawiyya. Name and device. Per fess azure and
  vert, a chevron couched from sinister and in canton a decrescent
  argent.

  Zachariah MacDonald. Name change from Zachariah Lochrie.

      The submitter's previous name, _Zachariah Lochrie_, is retained
      as an alternate name.

======================================================================

**** DRACHENWALD acceptances ****

  Lars Magnus. Alternate name Khutughtu Yagaan and badge. Per pale
  sable and azure, a skull within a chaplet of thorns between three
  roses argent.

      Submitted as "_Yagaan_ Khutughtu", the given name _Khutughtu_
      should be followed by _Yagaan_ ("pink, rose, purple") rather
      than the other way around. This is because, in Mongolian, proper
      nouns like names should be followed by the adjective that
      modifies them. Although the submission form stated that the
      submitter did not allow major changes like changing the order of
      elements, the submitter gave permission to make this change. We
      have done so in order to register this name.

      Please advise the submitter to draw the skull so that the field
      doesn't show through the eyes and nasal cavity.

  Lucian le Perot. Name (see RETURNS for device).

  Lussi Lassesdotther. Name and device. Per bend sinister gules and
  sable, the runes sowilo and tiwaz, a bordure argent.

  Snjolfr {TH}unnk{a'}rr. Name.

  Spir Lunev. Name (see RETURNS for device).

======================================================================

**** EALDORMERE acceptances ****

  Bartholmus Hespeler. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      Nice 16th century German name!

  Elyenora Sparrow. Name.

  Ersebet of Targoviste. Name and device. Per bend purpure and sable,
  a stag salient contourny argent attired, collared and chained, a
  bordure Or.

      Submitted as "Ersebet of T_{a^}_rgovi_{s,}_te", the lingua
      Anglica form of this place name is "T_a_rgovi_s_te". We have
      changed the name accordingly so that we can register it.

  Gr{a'}inne Fitz Clifford. Name.

      Although the pattern of _fitz + [given name]_ is common in
      Middle English, _Clifford_ is a place name, not a given name.
      However, as a potential 16th-17th century English surname, it
      can also be used as a given name. By the 16th century,
      _Fitz_-type bynames use the pattern _Fitz[given name]_ (without
      a space) or, less commonly, _Fitz + [given name]_. For example,
      _Fitz Edmonde_ is found in 'Cecil Papers: June 1582', in
      _Calendar of the Cecil Papers in Hatfield House, Volume 2,
      1572-1582_ (pp. 506-507;
      http://www.british-history.ac.uk/cal-cecil-papers/vol2/pp506-507).
      We have changed the byname to "_F_itz Clifford" to use the
      normal capitalization for 16th century England, as it is closest
      to what was submitted.

      We also note that the pattern of following _Fitz_ with a byname
      (usually occupational in origin) can also be found. An example
      from 1551 is _Fitz-chamberlayne_, found in 'House of Commons
      Journal Volume 1: 16 February 1552', in Journal of the House of
      Commons: Volume 1, 1547-1629 (p. 18;
      http://www.british-history.ac.uk/commons-jrnl/vol1/p18i). An
      earlier example from the Domesday Book is _Fitz-Berner_, found
      in Daniel Lysons and Samuel Lysons, 'General history: Division
      of property in Domesday survey', in Magna Britannia: Volume 6,
      Devonshire (pp. xlix-lxxxii;
      http://www.british-history.ac.uk/magna-britannia/vol6/xlix-lxxxii).

      This name combines a Gaelic given name and constructed English
      byname. This is an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C of
      SENA.

  Ishida Nobu'nori. Name.

      Submitted as "Ishida _no_ Nobu'nori", the Letter of Intent
      states that _Ishida_ is a yobina. However, it is a family name.

      The name was changed in kingdom to "Ishida_ _Nobu'nori"
      following internal commentary stating that _no_ is usually used
      by women. However, we do not have evidence to support the
      pattern of _[family name] no [nanori]_ for either sex.
      Therefore, we cannot restore the particle _no_.

      We note that for the military class, the pattern _[family name]
      + [yobina] + [nanori]_ is the expected form by the 16th century.

  Matheus J{o'}sepsson. Name.

  Rusalka of Kiev. Name.

      _Rusalka_ is glossed by Wickenden as a masculine given name
      meaning "redhead". The submitter may also wish to know that it
      is also the common Russian noun for "mermaid" or "water nymph".

      The byname _of Kiev_ is a lingua Anglica form of the Russian _iz
      Kieva_.

  Tandreg inghean Domhnaill. Name.

      This name combines a Welsh given name and Gaelic byname. This is
      an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C of SENA.

======================================================================

**** EAST acceptances ****

  Aildreda de Tamworthe. Badge. (Fieldless) An estoile azure.

      Nice badge!

  Andrea Caitlin MacIntire. Device. Per chevron azure and gules, a
  chevron rompu between two quatrefoils pierced and a fireball argent.

  {A'}str{i'}{dh}r Elfvensdottir. Badge. (Fieldless) A hedgehog
  rampant Or maintaining a needle sable.

  Aveline d'Amiens. Name and device. Per fess embattled argent and
  azure, in chief three rats rampant sable.

      Both elements are found in Paris in 1292, making this an
      excellent late 13th century French name!

  Conall {O'} Suibhne. Device change. Or, a wolfhound statant between
  three trefoils vert.

      The submitter's old device, "Per bend embattled argent and vert,
      two talbots passant contourny counterchanged", is released.

  Eckhart Wurm. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      Both elements are found in N{u:}rnberg in 1497, making this an
      excellent late 15th century German name!

      This name does not conflict with the registered name _Eckehard
      Thurn_. The byname is substantially different in sound and
      appearance under PN3C3 of SENA.

  Edwarde Midnight. Name and device. Per bend sinister gules and
  argent, a tower Or and a four-leaved clover slipped vert.

  Eirn{y'} Bergsd{o'}ttir. Name and device. Per bend purpure and
  argent, a beorc rune and a mountain counterchanged.

  Elaine Howys of Morningthorpe. Name reconsideration from Eliane
  Howys of Morningthorpe and device. Or, a chevron sable platy between
  three jerkins gules, a chief sable platy.

      The submitter requested authenticity for an unspecified place
      and time. This name is authentic for 16th century England.

  Elaine Howys of Morningthorpe. Badge. (Fieldless) A jerkin per pale
  gules and Or.

  Elizabeth Vynehorn. Badge. Argent, a quatrefoil per bend gules and
  azure.

      Nice badge!

  Eva von K{o:}lln. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      Submitted as "Eva von K{o:}_l_n", the submitter requested
      authenticity for a 15th century German name. _Eva_ is documented
      in multiple German cities in a 1495 tax roll, and _K{o:}ln_ is
      found in an unmarked locative byname in Germany dated to 1636.
      The form _von K{o:}lln_ (possibly _von Kolln_) is found in a
      charter dated to 1470
      (http://monasterium.net/mom/ArdCan/1470_VI_07/charter?q=%22von%20K%C3%B6lln%22).
      We have changed the byname to "von K{o:}_ll_n" to meet the
      submitter's request for a 15th century name.

  Francesco Gaetano Greco d'Edessa. Badge. Per fess gules and vert, a
  cross and in canton a pearled coronet Or.

      The submitter is a court baron and thus entitled to the display
      of a coronet.

      This is the submitter's sixth piece of registered armory.

  Gerhard Stormeclocke. Badge. (Fieldless) On a tower sable, a
  lightning bolt palewise Or.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a lightning
      bolt not as part of a thunderbolt.

  Giana di Nichol{'o} da Firenze. Name and device. Vert, on a pile
  indented argent an owl's head cabossed sable.

      Please advise the submitter to draw the pile with more
      indentations and to add internal details on the owl's head to
      improve its identifiability.

  Gunnarr askasmi{dh}r {O'}l{a'}fsson. Name and device. Sable, in
  saltire a rapier inverted argent and a guitar Or, in chief a death's
  head argent.

  Hans Ferdinand Engel. Name and device. Quarterly gules and azure, a
  sword inverted winged at the blade argent transfixing a harp Or.

  Hasanah bint al-Khalil ibn Habib. Name and device. Erminois, an
  elephant's head cabossed gules, a chief sable.

  Jadwiga Piwowarka Miodunka. Name and device. Gyronny argent and
  gules, in pale a demi-weasel sable issuant from a mug purpure.

      _Piwowarka_ is the feminine form of the occupational byname
      meaning "beer brewer". _Miodunka/Miodanka_ is a common noun
      meaning "lungwort" (the herb).

      Commenters questioned the pattern of two descriptive bynames.
      However, the submitter's previous submission also used this
      pattern, and the need to document the pattern was not mentioned
      in the return. Therefore, we will not penalize the submitter for
      using the same pattern. We note that one example of this
      pattern, _Matheus przasnek piekut_ (1640-1), was found in
      Abramovicz et al., _Slownik Historycznych Nazw Osobowych
      Bialostocczyzny_, vol. 2, s.n. Pi(e)kut.

  Janna von Guggenberg. Name and device. Gules, on a bend Or two
  domestic cats courant sable.

      Submitted as "Janna von Gugg_is_berg", the Letter of Intent
      documented the place name _Guggisberg_ as a modern form.
      {AE}lfwynn Leofl{ae}de dohtor documented the following forms:
      _Gugenberch_ (1282) and _Guckhenberger_ (1590), found in
      Brechenmacher, s.n. Guggenberg(er); and _Gugansperk_ (1291) and
      _gukansperg_ (1287), found in Socin. In addition, the spelling
      _Guggenbergk_ is found in 16th century Switzerland in the
      FamilySearch Historical Records.

      As the submitter requested "a late period form of that name that
      is relatively similar to the modern form if it can be
      identified." We have changed the name to _Guggenberg_, which has
      been interpolated from the above forms. If the submitter prefers
      one of the attested spellings, or if she wants to change to the
      lingua Anglica form _of Guggisberg_, she can submit a request
      for reconsideration.

      _Janna_ is the submitter's legal given name. It is also found as
      a given name from Prussia, dated to the early 1600s, in the
      FamilySearch Historical Records. Therefore, the submitter need
      not rely on the legal name allowance.

  Jaspar van Doorne. Device. Per pale azure and argent, a chevron
  cotised between three mullets of eight points counterchanged.

  Kenric {ae}t Essexe. Device change. Per pale and chevronelly Or and
  sable.

      This conflicts with the device of Gustaf Rikardsson: "Per pale
      Or and sable, three chevronels counterchanged and in canton a
      hand issuant from a wing fesswise maintaining a sword reversed
      fesswise sable". However, the submitter has permission from
      Gustaf to conflict with his device.

      The submitter's old device, "Per chevron argent and gules, three
      increscents counterchanged", is retained as a badge.

      Nice device!

  Roland de la Mar. Name change from Roland de Endeweard and device.
  Per chevron inverted argent and azure, a phoenix counterchanged.

      The given name _Roland_ is grandfathered to the submitter. It is
      also found in Amsterdam dated to 1592 in the FamilySearch
      Historical Records. Therefore the submitter need not rely upon
      the grandfather clause.

      The submitter may wish to know that the byname _de la Mar_ is
      also found in Amsterdam, dated to 1630.

      The submitter's previous name, _Roland de Endeweard_, is
      released.

  Rosa Linda degli Uccelli. Name and device. Gules, on an owl affronty
  maintaining in its talons a rose slipped and leaved argent, a heart
  gules and in chief a cross bottony and a fleur-de-lys Or.

      This name combines an Italian given name, a Swiss German given
      name, and an Italian byname. The combination of Italian and
      German is an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C of SENA.

      This device does not violate SENA A3D2a, "slot machine" armory,
      which means a design having more than two types of charge in a
      single group. Maintained charges are their own secondary group
      and thus the rose here is not in the same group as the cross and
      the fleur.

  Rose Steel. Name and device. Per bend sinister gules and argent, a
  rose slipped and leaved argent and a domestic cat rampant sable, a
  bordure sable semy of acorns argent.

      Nice 14th century English name!

  Roseia Posey. Device. Argent, a lighthouse gules between three
  fountains.

      This device does not conflict with the device of M{a'}el Brigte
      ingenue Aimirgin: "Argent, a brazier gules". There is a DC for
      the difference between a lighthouse and a brazier and another DC
      for adding the secondary fountains.

  Sarah Gerlyn Easthope. Name and device. Per bend sinister azure and
  gules, two domestic cats sejant contourny Or each maintaining a
  heart argent, a bordure Or.

      Please advise the submitter to draw the hearts larger so they
      are more easily identifiable.

  Sarra atte Brouk. Badge. (Fieldless) A stick shuttle fesswise sable.

  Simon Caspar Joder. Name change from Simon Caspar Joder von
  Steffisburg.

      All elements in this name are grandfathered to the submitter.

      The submitter's previous name, _Simon Caspar Joder von
      Steffisburg_, is released.

  Therion Sean Storie. Household name House of the Lemming (see
  RETURNS for badge).

      _Lemming_ is a lingua Anglica form of the Early Modern English
      _Lemmar_ or _Lemmus_.

  Ulrich Reinhart. Device. Argent, on a bend sinister between two
  ships azure three plates.

  Una inghean Chonain. Device. Quarterly azure and gules, a lily of
  the valley slipped and leaved argent.

  William of Wyndhaven. Name.

      In commentary, Metron Ariston documented place names using the
      prototheme _Wynd-_, including _Wyndriche/Wyndrishe_,
      _Wynderushe_, _Wyndesore Park_, _Nova Wyndsore_, and _Wyndeham_,
      all found in Watts, s.nn. Windrush, Windsor Great Park, Old
      Windsor, and Wineham.

======================================================================

**** LAUREL acceptances ****

  Teck, Dukes of. Release of device (non-SCA armory). Lozengy bendwise
  sable and Or.

      As mentioned on the Cover Letter, the armory of the Dukes of
      Teck is no longer considered important enough to protect.

  Teck, Dukes of. Release of device (non-SCA armory). Lozengy bendwise
  sinister sable and Or.

      As mentioned on the Cover Letter, the armory of the Dukes of
      Teck is no longer considered important enough to protect.

======================================================================

**** LOCHAC acceptances ****

  Alrekr Geirsson. Name change from Yehuda ben Yishai ben Avraham.

      The submitter's previous name, _Yehuda ben Yishai ben Avraham_,
      is retained as an alternate name.

  Constanzia Moralez y de Zamora and Gabriel de Beaumont. Joint badge.
  (Fieldless) A cross bottony purpure.

      Nice badge!

  Drusticc inigena Eddarrnonn. Badge. Barry bendy Or and gules.

      This badge was pended on the October 2015 LoAR to discuss
      whether the armory of the Dukes of Teck, "Lozengy bendwise sable
      and Or" and "Lozengy bendwise sinister sable and Or", both
      protected since December of 1994, still fit the current criteria
      for protection. Commentary indicated that they do not meet the
      current criteria for protection and we can register this badge.

      Nice badge!

      At this time we are releasing the armory of the Dukes of Teck,
      "Lozengy bendwise sable and Or" and "Lozengy bendwise sinister
      sable and Or".

  Ethan Drake. Device. Sable, on a chevron argent surmounted by a
  rapier Or two anchors palewise gules.

  Euphemia di Niccolo Ziani. Badge. (Fieldless) A pegasus salient
  gules.

      Blazoned on the Letter of Intent as rising, the proper blazon
      for the pegasus posture is salient. Thus, this badge conflicts
      with the device of Santinus Contarini: "Bendy Or and azure, a
      pegasus salient gules", with only one DC for changing the field.
      However, the submitter has received permission to conflict from
      Santinus Contarini.

  Folkv{e'} {i'} S{a'}luh{u'}si. Name.

      The given name _Folkv{e'}_ is documented from rune stone DR 264,
      which can be roughly dated between 980 and 1015. The term
      _s{a'}luh{u'}s_ is dated to the early 14th century. Therefore,
      the temporal gap is less than 500 years.

  Grigorii Luchnik. Name (see RETURNS for device).

  Isobel de la Rose. Name change from Isobel Rosewell.

      The submitter has permission to conflict with the name _Isabel
      de la Roche_.

      The submitter's previous name, _Isobel Rosewell_, is retained as
      an alternate name.

  Maelgwn ap Merlin. Name change from Maelgwn of Adora and device.
  Azure, on a fess between three mullets of six points argent a wolf
  courant sable.

      The submitter requested authenticity for a 14th century Welsh
      name. _Maelgwn_ is a 12th-13th century Welsh given name, whereas
      _Merlin_ is an early 13th century English name. As these
      elements could not be found in the 14th century, this name is
      unlikely to be authentic, but it is registerable.

      The submitter's previous name, _Maelgwn of Adora_, is released.

  Phaedra de Courcelles. Device (see RETURNS for badge). Quarterly
  gules and argent, two roses slipped and leaved in saltire, a bordure
  counterchanged.

      For conflict purposes this is one argent rose and one gules
      rose.

  Philip vom Kalenberg. Name and device. Argent, a dunghill cock azure
  and a chief raguly gules.

      Although _Kalenberg_ is a toponym, there is also a town by the
      same name in Brechenmacher. Therefore, either _vom_ or _von_ can
      be used with this locative.

      Please advise the submitter to draw deeper indentations on the
      raguly line of division.

  Richard d'Allier. Name and device. Per chevron azure semy-de-lys and
  argent, in chief a lion salient Or.

  Vladislav cel Negru. Device. Per chevron sable and argent, three
  crescents and a wolf's head cabossed counterchanged.

  William Castille. Device change. Gules, a griffin segreant Or and a
  chief erminois.

      The submitter's old device, "Gules, a griffin segreant and a
      chief Or", is released.

      Nice device!

  Ysabella filia Uhtredi. Device. Barry wavy argent and sable, a
  sea-goat gules armed Or.

      Nice device!

======================================================================

**** MERIDIES acceptances ****

  Agnarr Kraki. Device. Azure, on a cross formy throughout gules
  fimbriated a roundel argent.

  Ard{a'}n an Fh{a'}saigh. Name and device. Per bend argent and sable,
  a dragon contourny counterchanged vert and argent maintaining an
  arrow inverted vert.

      The submitter requested authenticity for 1300-1600 Ireland. Both
      the given name and byname are Early Modern Irish Gaelic forms,
      but are dated to 1434 and 1581, respectively. Due to this
      temporal gap, this name is not authentic for a specific time,
      but it is registerable.

  Elison Sommerfield. Name change from Cathlin Sommerfield.

      _Sommerfield_ is grandfathered to the submitter, but is also an
      attested English byname found in the FamilySearch Historical
      Records. Therefore, the submitter need not rely on the
      grandfather clause.

      The submitter's previous name, _Cathlin Sommerfield_, is
      retained as an alternate name.

  Mary Elizabeth filia Jehan. Name and device. Per pale Or and argent,
  a rose proper and in chief three fleurs-de-lys azure.

      Submitted as "Mary Elizabeth filia Jehan_s_", the name was
      changed in kingdom to "Mary Elizabeth filia Jehan" to remove the
      English genitive suffix (_-s_) to match the documentation that
      could be found. As no evidence was found by commenters for this
      genitive suffix, we cannot restore the name to the submitted
      form.

      The pattern of _filius/filia + [nominative form of parent's
      name]_ is frequently found in otherwise Latinized names in
      England. Examples in English include _Margareta filia dicte
      Matilde_ (1379), _Nicholaus filius Sweinchild_ (1195), and
      _Robertus, filius Prudence_ (1206), all found in the Middle
      English Dictionary. Another example is _Matill' filia Juliane_,
      found in 'The Subsidy: Wapentake of Langbaurgh', in _Yorkshire
      Lay Subsidy 30 Ed. I (1301)_, William Brown, ed. (pp. 26-45;
      http://www.british-history.ac.uk/yorks-arch-soc/vol21/pp26-45).
      The father's name, _Jehan_, was not dated in the Letter of
      Intent. It can be found in the Middle English Dictionary, dated
      to 1347-8. Therefore, the patronym _filia Jehan_ is plausible
      for 14th century England.

      Metron Ariston also documented the name _Prone Blankaerts, filia
      Jehan_ on p. 311 of _Troubles reliqieux du xvie si{'e}cle dans
      la Flandre maritime, 1560-1570_, Charles Edmond Henri de
      Coussemaker, ed. Therefore, this patronym is also plausible for
      16th century France. The combination of English given names and
      a French byname is an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C of
      SENA.

  Pietro di Conti. Name.

  Rebecca Whieldon Pyke. Name and device. Per pale azure and sable, an
  arm fesswise embowed sustaining by its tail a fish bendwise sinister
  embowed argent.

      We almost reblazoned this fish as a pike, to cant on the
      submitter's name.

======================================================================

**** MIDDLE acceptances ****

  Adallasia moglie di Simon Varzi. Name.

      The submitter has permission to claim a relationship with the
      registered name _Simon Varzi_.

  {A'}dam Mac Aoidh. Badge. (Fieldless) A thistle within and conjoined
  to an annulet Or.

  {AE}{dh}el{dh}ryd MacGillavrey. Name and device. Azure, on a pile
  inverted between four cat's pawprints two and two argent a brown
  mouse dormant proper.

      _MacGillavrey_ is the registered byname of the submitter's
      father and mother, so is grandfathered to the submitter.
      Documentation to support the legal relationship was provided
      after the Pelican decision meeting.

      The Old English given name is dated to sometime between 899 and
      924, and the Scots byname is a header form in Black, dated to
      1622. The temporal gap is greater than 500 years, so the
      submitter must rely upon the grandfather clause.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of pawprints.

  {AE}lfric Greensweard. Name and device. Argent masoned sable, a bend
  cotised vert.

      As documented in the Letter of Intent, the given name was dated
      no later than 982 and the byname was dated to 1581. The temporal
      gap between the given name and byname was greater than 500
      years. In commentary, Ogress documented the given name to 1086
      (citing the Domesday Book), bringing the gap to just under 500
      years. Thus, we are able to register this name.

  {AE}lfric Greensweard. Alternate name Ooyama Tar{o-} Hideyasu.

      Submitted as "_O_yama Tar_o_ Hideyasu", the Letter of Intent
      argued that _Oyama_ and _Taro_ are "lazy romanizations" of
      _Ooyama_ and _Tar{o-}_ (or _Tarou_), respectively. Precedent
      states:

           We note that this source shows Tar{o-} (where the {o-}
           represents an o with a macron over it); this spelling
           can be alternately written as Tarou. Taro, however, is
           not a valid transliteration for this name. We have
           changed the name to Katayama Tarou Hiromoto to provide
           an accurate transliteration; the name is a lovely 13th
           C Japanese name." [Katayama Tarou Hiromoto, Apr 2008,
           A-Caid]

      We have changed _Taro_ to "Tar_{o-}_" because it is the closest
      valid transliteration to what was submitted.

      In correspondence after the Pelican decision meeting, Solveig
      Throndardottir noted that _Ooyama_ ("big mountain") is not the
      same as _Oyama_ ("small mountain"). The submitter preferred
      _Ooyama_, so we have changed the family name to this form.

  Alban Dameron Elexander. Household name Ch{a^}teau Castelmore (see
  RETURNS for device).

      The real-world Ch{a^}teau Castelmore is not important enough to
      protect.

  Aleksandra Toltsikovskaia. Name.

  Anna Czygan. Name and device. Purpure, on a fess engrailed between
  two pairs of arrows in saltire and a pair of rapiers in saltire
  argent a natural seahorse purpure.

      The byname _Czygan_, which can be translated as "gypsy", was
      ruled to be registerable in March 2015:

           As forms of _Czygan_ are used as common inherited
           surnames today, and not considered to be slurs or
           inherently offensive in Hungarian, _Czygan_ does not
           have the same modern connotation of the literal
           descriptive byname _the Gipsy_. Rather, it has the
           same connotation as the modernly accepted term (and
           acceptable lingual Anglica form) _Roma_. Therefore, we
           rule that _Czygan_ is an allowable general ethnic
           reference and are registering this name. [Vitaros
           Czygan, March 2015, A-Calontir]

      Both name elements can be dated to 1566 in K{a'}zm{e'}r s.nn.
      B{a'}tori and Cig{a'}ny, making this an excellent 16th century
      Hungarian name in Latin context!

  Anton Stark. Badge (see PENDS for name change). Gules, on a plate
  between flaunches Or an octagon azure.

      Some commenters wondered whether this submission was too
      allusive to the character Iron Man. Although evocative in
      combination with the name, Iron Man's armors have known enough
      variations that this submission does not rise to the level of
      presumption.

      The ruling that deemed the octagon a step from period practice
      (Mori Take'o, LoAR of Jan 2012) was made before the octagon was
      documented as a period heraldic charge. Period charges, by
      definition, are not a step from period practice.

  Antonio Cellini. Device change. Per pale sable and Or, two sharks
  haurient embowed respectant, on a chief two Maltese crosses all
  counterchanged.

      The submitter's old device, "Per pale purpure and argent, two
      sharks haurient embowed respectant, on a chief two Maltese
      crosses all counterchanged", is retained as a badge.

  Aoife inghean Eoghain. Name.

  Arianna of Shadowed Stars. Name and device. Per fess azure and vert,
  a lion passant between seven mullets in annulo Or.

      Submitted as "Ari_o_nna of Shadowed Stars", documentation to
      support the submitted given name could not be found. The
      submitter allowed a change to "Ari_a_nna". We have made this
      change to register this name.

      The submitter may wish to know that _Ariona_ is a plausible
      feminine form of the masculine _Arion_, an English given name
      found in the FamilySearch Historical Records. If the submitter
      prefers this form, she can submit a request for reconsideration.

      _Shadowed Stars_ is the registered name of an SCA branch.

  Bardas Arianites. Name and device. Azure, two pawprints in bend
  sinister and a chief embattled argent.

      Nice Byzantine name!

      There is a step from period practice for the use of pawprints.

  Brigit ingen Niall{a'}in. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      Although _Brigit_ was documented as an English name, it is also
      a Gaelic saint's name. Therefore, this name is wholly Gaelic.

  Bryn Archer. Name and device. Gules, on a fess argent between three
  dice argent spotted sable a wooden bow proper.

  Caitil{i'}n inghean N{e'}ill. Name and device. Purpure, in saltire
  an arrow argent and a quill pen Or, a bordure argent.

      Nice 15th-16th century Irish Gaelic name!

  Chuck the Stubourne. Name and device. Quarterly sable and gules, a
  cross potent Or between three bezants.

  Cobhlaith inghean U{i'} Chorrag{a'}in. Name.

  Dagm{ae}r Valdemarsdotter. Name and device. Per bend sinister argent
  and vert, a beehive between four bees in cross vert.

  Dimitrii Medvedko. Name and device. Argent, a chevron rompu between
  two axes with blades to center and a Maltese cross gules.

  Einarr inn Kyrri {O,}lf{u'}ss. Name and device. Per saltire azure
  and argent, in pale two drinking horns fesswise bells to sinister
  Or.

      This name does not conflict with the registered name _Einarr inn
      kyrri {U'}lfsson_. Both syllables of the second byname have been
      changed, so this name is clear under PN3C1 of SENA.

  Eleanor Berwyk. Name and device. Argent, on a chevron azure three
  decrescents palewise Or, in base a sagittary statant sable.

  F{a'}el{a'}n mac E{o'}gain meic M{a'}el D{u'}in. Device change. Per
  pale argent and azure, two falcons striking respectant and a
  triskelion of spirals counterchanged.

      The submitter's old device, "Per pale argent and azure, a
      double-headed phoenix and on a chief embattled three suns all
      counterchanged", is released.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a triskelion
      of spirals.

  Florica Joldea. Name and device. Argent, on a cross quadrate sable
  between four hearts gules a rabbit sejant erect argent.

  Henry Hankson. Name and device. Argent, three braziers sable issuing
  flames proper.

      The submitter requested authenticity for "English - any". Both
      elements are English, with the given name found throughout our
      period, and the constructed patronym plausible for the 14th-15th
      century (see the introduction to Reaney & Wilson). Another form
      of this byname, _Hankeson_ is attested in the FamilySearch
      Historical Records, showing that the byname is plausible.
      Therefore, this name appears to meet the submitter's request for
      authenticity. The name is authentic for England in the late 14th
      century.

  Henry Hankson. Badge. Or, three Latin crosses doubly pommeled gules.

  Horatio Archer. Name and device. Purpure, a tankard argent between
  three dice argent marked purpure.

      Nice 16th century English name!

  Isib{e'}l of Dunbegane. Change of badge to device. Or, a frog vert
  within a bordure counter-compony argent and azure.

      The submitter's badge, "Or, a frog vert within a bordure
      counter-compony argent and azure", is now her device. She had no
      device registered.

  Janusz z Czerwieni. Name change from Pawel z Grodzisna.

      Submitted as "Janusz z Czerwie_n_", the submitter requested
      authenticity for a Polish name. This request was not summarized
      in the Letter of Intent. Luckily for the submitter, we had
      enough information to consider this request rather than pending
      the name for further commentary.

      _Janusz_ was dated to 1580 in the Letter of Intent. It is also
      found as early as 1520 in the same source.

      The place name _Czerwien_ is a nominative (base) form. According
      to Appendix A of SENA, the preposition _z_ should be followed by
      the genitive form of the place name. The form _Czyrwyeny_ is
      dated to 1490 and _Czerwyeny_ is dated to 1491 in _S{l/}ownik
      historyczno-geograficzny ziem polskich w {s'}redniowieczu_
      (http://www.slownik.ihpan.edu.pl/search.php?id=4677). As _i/y_
      switches also occur in Polish, the spelling _Czerwieni_ is also
      plausible. We have changed the byname to "z Czerwie_ni_", which
      is closest to what was submitted.

      The submitter's previous name, _Pawel z Grodzisna_, is released.

  Karayil of Chennai. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      _Chennai_ (formerly known as _Madras_) is a lingua Anglica form
      of an Indian city occupied by the Portuguese in the 16th
      century.

  Kathryn le Wrytar. Name (see RETURNS for device).

  Korinna Attika. Name and device. Azure, three piles in point Or, the
  center charged with a lily azure.

      Please advise the submitter to draw the piles the same width.

  Lochlainn {O'} Lochlainn. Name.

  Lorentz Krieger. Name.

  Madeleine D'Orl{e'}ans. Name and device. Per fess rayonny argent and
  azure, a fleur-de-lys and a tower counterchanged.

      The submitter requested authenticity for a 15th century French
      name. This request was not summarized in the Letter of Intent.
      The given name is dated from 1452 in Aryanhwy merch Catmael,
      "Late Period French Feminine Names"
      (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/french/latefrench.html).
      The byname is dated to 1438 in Morlet Picardie. Therefore, this
      name meets the submitter's authenticity request.

  Madeline le Reed. Name.

      The Letter of Intent stated that the byname _le Reed_ is
      grandfathered to the submitter, as it is the registered byname
      of the submitter's mother. However, documentation of the legal
      relationship was not included in the packet. Therefore, the
      submitter cannot rely on the grandfather clause. Luckily for the
      submitter, _le Reed_ is found in Reaney & Wilson, dated to 1296.

      The submitter requested authenticity for an unspecified place
      and time. The given name was documented to 16th century France
      and the byname to 13th century England. The name is not
      authentic for any particular time or place, but it is
      registerable.

      The submitter may wish to know that an authentic English form
      for c.1220 is _Madelina le Rede_. _Madelina_ is found in Talan
      Gwynek's article, "Feminine Given Names in _A Dictionary of
      English Surnames_"
      (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/reaneyintro.html). The byname _le
      Rede_ is found in the MED. If the submitter prefers the
      authentic form, she can submit a request for reconsideration.

      This name combines a French given name and English byname. This
      is an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C of SENA.

  Malie bean mhic Aoidh. Badge. (Fieldless) A thistle within and
  conjoined to an annulet gules.

  Meadhbh Ramsay. Name.

      This name combines a Gaelic given name and a Scots byname. This
      is an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C of SENA.

  Mikhail ibn Yusuf al-Uqlidsi. Name and device. Azure, on a delf
  argent a lozenge throughout sable, in base a triangle inverted
  argent.

      Submitted as "Mikhail ibn Yusuf al_ _Uqlidsi", the second byname
      should be hyphenated: "al_-_Uqlidsi". We have made this change
      in order to register this name.

  Morgan Attewode. Name and device. Vert, on an aspen tree argent a
  sword inverted sable, a bordure argent.

      _Morgan_ is the submitter's legal given name. It is also an
      attested English given name from the 16th and early 17th
      centuries found in the FamilySearch Historical Records, so the
      submitter need not rely on the legal name allowance.

  {O'}rlaith inghean {I'}omhair. Device. Per pale argent and gules, a
  squirrel rampant contourny sable maintaining a roundel erminois, a
  chief counterchanged.

  Oswyn Swann. Name.

      The submitter requested authenticity for a 16th century English
      name. This name is authentic for the 1580s, so meets the
      submitter's request.

  P{a:}iv{a:} Kaukotar. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      The Letter of Intent quoted internal commentary questioning if
      _P{a:}iv{a:}_ is a feminine name. After the Pelican decision
      meeting, T{o:}ll{o:}{o:} noted:

           A.V. Forsman (Tutkimuksia Suomen kansan persoonallisen
           nimist{o:}n alalla I 'Studies in the personal names of
           the Finnish people I', 1894, p. 224-225) notes that
           there are no clear differences between male and female
           names, beyond the obvious -tar used as a feminine
           patronymic suffix (which he also mentions explicitly
           on p. 225)".

      In addition, _P{a:}iv{a:}_ is a feminine given name modernly.
      Therefore, we can give the submitter the benefit of the doubt
      that the given name is plausible for use by a woman in our
      period.

      Although we can give the submitted spelling of the byname the
      benefit of the doubt, T{o:}ll{o:}{o:} recommended an earlier
      form of the byname: either the Early Finnish "Kaughotar"
      (appropriate for c.1300) or the Proto-Finnic "Kau_gh_ottar",
      where _/k/_ is spelled _/g/_ or _/gh_ due to consonant gradation
      in Finnish. Changing the language of the byname to an earlier
      form would be a major change, which the submitter does not
      allow. If the submitter prefers one of these forms, she can
      submit a request for reconsideration.

  Peter Grau von Bremen. Badge. (Fieldless) A key bendwise argent
  enfiling an annulet Or.

  Ragnvaldr J{o'}nsson. Device. Per pale sable and azure, a drakkar
  and on a chief triangular argent a sword inverted and a spear in
  saltire azure.

  Rhiannon Siobh{a'}n Shynane. Augmentation of arms. Azure, on a bend
  sable fimbriated between two moons in their plenitude four crosses
  barby palewise all argent, and for augmentation on a chief argent a
  pale gules surmounted by a dragon passant vert.

  Rian Fitzpatryk. Device. Vert, on a chief Or three trefoils vert.

  Rose Summerfield. Name and device. Per pale azure and vert all semy
  of birds close Or, a talbot rampant argent.

      The submitter requested authenticity for "Tudor/Eliabethan [sic]
      (late 16th C /early 17th C)". The elements were both found in
      England between 1625 and 1632 (FamilySearch Historical Records),
      so this name meets the submitter's request.

  Sandulfr hamersk{a'}ld. Name.

  Simon Varzi. Name and device. Per saltire argent and sable, a
  saltire gules between a sheaf of arrows inverted and an Oriental
  abacus sable.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of an Oriental
      abacus.

  Siri Toivosdotter. Badge. Vert semy of musical notes, on a chalice
  Or a lozenge vert.

  Sofia Crivelli. Name change from Kathryn Ashman.

      The submitter's previous name, _Kathryn Ashman_, is released.

  Titus Sharper. Name and device. Per saltire argent and vert, a
  hanging balance Or and a bordure azure.

      Both elements are found in England in 1584, making this an
      excellent 16th century English name!

  Vasilii Khalanov. Name and device. Per chevron inverted azure and
  argent, a ram rampant Or.

      Nice late 15th century Russian name!

======================================================================

**** NORTHSHIELD acceptances ****

  Ceolwyn of Tissebiri. Name change from Nicolaa of Lub Shiochail and
  device. Vert, a crescent Or and in chief three estoiles argent.

      Rocket noted that the phrase _({ae}t) Tissebiri_ is found in
      _The Historical Gazetteer of England's Place Names_
      (http://placenames.org.uk/browse/mads/epns-deep-16-b-subparish-000137),
      citing _Codex Diplomaticus Aevi Saxonici_ 641. It is also found
      in an Anglo-Saxon charter, Sawyer 850, in the Latin text, with
      the phrase _at Tisseburi_ used in the Old English section of
      this charter. Given that the submitted spelling _Tissebiri_ is
      cited in Old English in at least one source, we can give the
      submitter the benefit of the doubt and register the submitted
      form. Additional Old English dative forms (required after the
      preposition) include _Tisseburi_ (also found in Sawyer 850) and
      _Tyssebyrig_ (found in Sawyer 1445). If the submitter prefers
      one of these forms, she can submit a request for
      reconsideration.

      The submitter's previous name, _Nicolaa of Lub Shiochail_, is
      released.

======================================================================

**** OUTLANDS acceptances ****

  Brandr jarnhauss. Name.

  Gottfried von Zollern. Device. Per pale argent and sable, an owl
  displayed maintaining in its claws a sword fesswise reversed
  counterchanged, a chief gules.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a bird other
      than an eagle in the displayed posture.

  Illaria Joye. Name and device. Per fess argent and vert, two horses
  passant respectant atop the line of division sable and a harp
  argent.

  Jacobus Locard. Badge. (Fieldless) On a sun within and conjoined to
  an annulet Or a grenade sable enflamed gules.

  Simona Zon d'Asolo. Reblazon of device. Argent, a brown-haired
  melusine proper sustained by two Moor's arms issuant from the flanks
  between three crescents gules.

      Blazoned when registered in November 1993 as "Argent, two Moor's
      arms issuant from the flanks, maintaining a brown-haired
      melusine proper, all between three crescents gules", the
      melusine is the primary charge.

======================================================================

                  - Explicit littera accipiendorum -

======================================================================

***** THE FOLLOWING ITEMS HAVE BEEN RETURNED FOR FURTHER WORK: *****

**** {AE}THELMEARC returns ****

  Alrekr Bergsson. Device. Per saltire gules and sable, in pale two
  wolf's heads erased and in fess two sheaves of arrows Or.

      This device is returned for a redraw as the jags are too short.
      Please instruct the submitter on the proper way to draw erasing:
      either three or four prominent, pointed jags on the erasing, as
      described on the Cover Letter to the November 2001 LoAR:

           Therefore, for purposes of recreating period armorial
           style for erasing, the erasing should (1) have between
           three and eight jags; (2) have jags that are
           approximately one-sixth to one-third the total height
           of the charge being erased; and (3) have jags that are
           not straight but rather are wavy or curved.

      Alternatively, the submitter could decide to resubmit the device
      with wolf's heads couped.

======================================================================

**** AN TIR returns ****

  An Tir, Kingdom of. Order name Ordo Equi.

      This submission's history goes back more than a decade. The name
      Ordo Equi for an equestrian order was first submitted by An Tir
      and returned for presumption under the RfS in August 2005:

           This order name is too evocative of the Latin
           alternative title for Sir, which is Eques. While Equi
           means "of the horse" and "Eques" means "a member of
           the Equestrian Order" or "horseman", all the
           commenters noted the similarity. Most did not notice
           the difference in the words and most thought that the
           name was presumptuous. RfS VI.4 says "Some names not
           otherwise forbidden by these rules are nevertheless
           too evocative of widely known and revered protected
           items to be registered..." That is the case here. [An
           Tir, Kingdom of, Ordo Equi]

      The same name was submitted as a new name change from Ordre du
      Lion et de la Lance under SENA, noting the greater latitude
      afforded elements which were etymologically linked but visually
      and aurally different under the new standards, specifically
      citing the absence of the phrase "too evocative of widely known
      and revered protected items."

      This submission was returned in February 2015 for presumption
      citing the section of SENA that reads:

           "Order and award names may not include the names of
           the peerage orders or overt references to famous
           knightly orders such as the Garter. Other types of
           non-personal names may only use such elements in
           contexts where no reference to the order is likely to
           be perceived by members of the order and the general
           populace."

      At that time it was ruled:

           "Although this order name is technically different in
           sound and appearance from the restricted title, we
           think it likely that the populace and companions of
           the order would confuse this order with the title, and
           think it is referring to the peerage order. Therefore,
           we are upholding the earlier precedent and returning
           this order name for presumption."

      This return was the subject of the current resubmission and
      appeal which argued that this return was made in error.

      Our requirements for appeals of Laurel returns are quite
      specific:

           "All appeals should be supported by new documentation,
           other proof that the original submission was returned
           in error or compelling evidence that the submission
           was not properly considered at the time of return."

      In this case the appeal provided neither evidence that the
      submission was improperly considered at the time of return nor
      substantive new documentation nor other clear proof to support
      the allegation that the submission was returned in error.
      Parallel arguments on the etymological commonality and lack of
      conflict under SENA were presented previously and noted in the
      return in February 2015. The only new elements in the return
      were the selection of examples from different languages used and
      the statement that the premier of the order as a knight himself
      felt "confused and troubled" by the idea that members of the
      Chivalry or of the populace at large would confuse the name of
      this order with reserved titles or descriptors for the Order of
      Chivalry. These did not substantially address the issue at the
      heart of the return: that the name as submitted "is likely to be
      perceived by members of the order and the general populace" as a
      reference to the Order of Chivalry.

      Moreover, the discussion of this resubmission afforded further
      evidence of the confusion between equi and the protected eques
      as well as between ordo equi and ordo equitum among the general
      populace of the Society, including those both fluent in Latin
      and those totally unfamiliar with foreign languages in general.
      Indeed, Wreath herself with three years of Latin in high school
      had to use reference materials to determine which rendition
      referred to the horse and which to the horsemen.

      We realize that those submitting this order name know the
      difference between the two, but we must always consider issues
      of presumption in terms of the perception of a "majority of the
      (SCA) population". The preponderance of evidence here indicates
      that the majority of the population would perceive the current
      submission as a Latin version of an order of knighthood and thus
      this submission must be returned.

      In the course of commentary a number of suggestions were made to
      resolve this problem. One would be to retain the order name in
      Latin as the submitters desired, but to add a modifier that
      meets the patterns of period order names, for instance, Ordo
      Equi Aurei (Order of the Golden Horse). Alternatively, simply
      change the language of the order name to one where the sound and
      appearance of the words is less closely associated with
      knighthood with or without a modifier, for instance, Order of
      the Black Horse.

  August Hermann Konkel. Device. Azure, a lozenge and a chief invected
  argent.

      This device is returned for conflict with the badge of Eldon
      Ungol of the Phoenix: "Azure, a lozenge and a bordure embattled
      argent". There is only one DC for changing the type of
      peripheral charge.

  Clare O Tarran. Device. Per fess azure and vert, a vallhund and in
  chief three acorns Or.

      This device is returned for violating SENA A2C1 which states
      that "Elements must be drawn in their period forms". The link
      provided as documentation did not have any actual evidence of
      the breed being known in period nor did it have any depiction.
      The dog depicted here does not resemble any of the breeds we
      have seen depicted in heraldry. Barring evidence of a dog of
      that shape being known to period, it cannot be registered.

      Additionally, the charges appeared tenn{e'} rather than Or which
      is by precedent independently grounds for return.

      On resubmission, please let the submitter know that some
      internal detailing on animate charges often improves their
      identifiability.

  Dragon's Mist, Barony of. Badge. Argent goutty de sang, a bordure
  sable.

      This badge is returned for conflict with the badge of Caelin on
      Andrede: "Argent goutty de sang". There is only one DC for
      adding the bordure.

  Neoptolemus of Crete. Device. Gules, a bull-headed man statant
  affronty Or maintaining in each hand a sword argent and on a chief
  potenty Or three labyrinths gules.

      This device is returned for redraw, for violating SENA A2C2
      which states "Elements must be drawn to be identifiable." As
      depicted, the swords are not identifiable. This is likely due to
      the fact that they are in trian aspect which is in itself cause
      for return.

      We decline at this time to rule whether the combination of the
      name with the armorial elements is considered presumptuous.

  R{o'}n{a'}n Mac an Leagha. Device. Per chevron azure and argent, two
  stag's heads erased respectant and a tower counterchanged.

      This device is returned for conflict with the device of
      Catherine Ariel de la Cru: "Per chevron azure and argent, in
      chief two roses argent, barbed and seeded proper, and in base a
      tower azure". There is only one DC for changing the type of half
      the primary charge group from roses to stag's heads.

======================================================================

**** ATENVELDT returns ****

  `A`isha al-Zarqa'. Name.

      Unfortunately, although the names are different in appearance,
      this name conflicts aurally with the registered name _'A'isha
      al-Zahra'_. The central consonant cluster, _-hr-_ vs. _-rq-_
      affects only adjacent letters/sounds and hence is not enough to
      create a difference in two syllables under PN3C1, and there is
      no syllable with enough difference to qualify for substantial
      change under PN3C2. Therefore, we are forced to return this
      name.

      Upon resubmission, the submitter should know that there is a
      typographical error in the given name (_ism_) that originated in
      Da'ud ibn Auda's article "Period Arabic Names and Naming
      Practices". Upon resubmission, this element should be corrected
      to _`A'isha_, using an apostrophe (_hamza_) after the _A_,
      rather than an _`_ (_`ayn_).

      Her device is registered under the holding name "`A'isha of Tir
      Ysgithr".

  Dawn Greenwall. Device. Per fess azure and vert masoned Or, a
  demi-sun issuant from the line of division Or.

      This device is returned for multiple conflicts. It conflicts
      with the device of Shauna Branwen: "Per saltire vert and sable,
      a demi-sun Or". There is only one DC for changing the field.

      It also conflicts with the badge of Kara the Twin of Kelton,
      "Sable, the upper half of a mullet of four greater and twelve
      lesser points Or", the badge of Laurelen Darksbane, "Per chevron
      azure and vert, a demi-compass star issuant from the line of
      division" and the badge of Mathias Sicco von Hagen, "Per fess
      sable and vert, issuant from the line of division a
      demi-compass-star Or". In these cases, there is a DC for
      changing the field but no DC for the difference between demi-sun
      and demi-compass star.

  Elena Maria de Suberria. Name.

      The documentation supported the byname _Suberria_, but not the
      marked form _de Suberria_. We would drop the preposition _de_,
      but this is a major change, which the submitter does not allow.
      Therefore, we are forced to return this name.

      We note that the pattern of using Basque elements with Castilian
      name construction is supported by the article "Basque Onomastics
      of the Eighth to Sixteenth Centuries" by Karen Larsdatter
      (http://www.larsdatter.com/basque/index.htm).

  Gabriella Salvi da Rosa. Device. Argent, a horse salient and a chief
  embattled purpure.

      This device is returned for conflict with the device of
      Mikl{o'}s Magdolna: "Argent, a horse rampant and a base
      purpure". There is no DC for the difference between salient and
      rampant and thus there is only one DC, for changing the type of
      the secondary charge.

      On resubmission, please advise the submitter to draw the line of
      division on the chief more horizontally.

  Katherine Kelly. Device. Argent semy of shamrocks vert, a butterfly
  sable and on a chief purpure a spoon reversed argent.

      This device is returned administratively as the emblazon on the
      Letter of Intent does not match the emblazon on the actual form.
      The device in OSCAR shows a hand colored azure chief while the
      uploaded scan of the form had a computer-colorized purpure
      chief. Alteration of tincture by computer-colorization has been
      cause for return since the March 2009 meeting.

  Mattea Locatelli. Device. Purpure, two arrows inverted in saltire Or
  and overall a polypus argent.

      This device is returned administratively as the emblazon on the
      Letter of Intent does not match the emblazon on the actual form.
      The device in OSCAR shows a hand colored azure field while the
      uploaded scan of the form had a computer-colorized purpure
      field. Alteration of tincture by computer-colorization has been
      cause for return since the March 2009 meeting.

  M{o'}ivar Vignirson. Name and device. Per fess Or and sable, a
  double-headed eagle sable and a lightning bolt bendwise sinister
  argent within an annulet rayonny on its outer edge Or.

      This name is returned because we have no evidence to support the
      given name _M{o'}ivar_, either as an attested or constructed
      name in any language. Without evidence to show that this name is
      plausible in our period, we cannot register this name.

      Upon resubmission, the submitter should know that the given name
      _Vignir_ is only found as the name of the son of a legendary
      figure. However, it can be constructed from the prototheme
      _Vig-_ and the deuterotheme _-nir_, found in examples from Geirr
      Bassi. The expected genitive (possessive) form of the name is
      _Vignis-_, so the patronymic byname should be _Vignisson_.

      The submitter requested authenticity for a 12th century
      Icelandic name. Because the given name could not be documented
      or constructed, and we are returning this name, we have not
      considered this request.

      Blazoned as "a roundel rayonny on its outer edge", a roundel is
      a solid, filled-in circle and this emblazon could only be
      understood as an annulet rayonny on the outer edge.
      Unfortunately, an annulet rayonny on the outer edge is not
      registerable:

           Annulets with complex lines will not be registered
           after the June 2013 decision meeting without evidence
           of period practice. [Cover Letter, Dec 2012]

      Moreover, having an annulet, an eagle, and a lightning bolt in
      the same charge group would be prohibited under SENA A3D2a.

      Another way to blazon this device would have an Or sun eclipsed
      sable. However a sun eclipsed is considered equivalent to a sun
      charged with a roundel and thus this would not be registerable
      either as the lightning bolt would then be a quaternary charge.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a lightning
      bolt not part of a thunderbolt.

  Oriande {AE}thelwulfesdohter. Name.

      The literary name _Oriande_ is only found as the name of a
      non-human character, a fairy. Although we have a pattern of
      borrowing of literary names in French, the pattern of using the
      names of fairies was not documented, so we are not able to
      register this name as submitted.

      The literary mistress of Amadis de Gaul cited in the Letter of
      Intent is named _Oriane_ or _Oriana_ in period documents.
      However, this instance is an Iberian name, which cannot be
      combined with the late 9th century Anglo-Saxon byname. _Oriane_
      and _Oriana_ are also English given names from 1629 and 1578,
      respectively (FamilySearch Historical Records), and _Oriana_ is
      a nickname used to refer to Queen Elizabeth I. It is found, for
      example, in the title of Thomas Morley's _The Triumphs of
      Oriana_, a book of madrigals from 1601. However, the temporal
      gaps between these and the byname would be greater than 500
      years. Therefore, we are unable to change the given name to
      _Oriane_ or _Oriana_ and must return this name.

      Her device is registered under the holding name "Michelle of
      Twin Moons".

======================================================================

**** ATLANTIA returns ****

  Adele Lachlan. Device. Azure, a cross glandular argent.

      This lovely device is returned for conflict with the device of
      Antonia Ruccellai: "Azure, a cross of Toulouse argent". There is
      a DC but not a SC for the difference between a cross glandular
      and a cross of Toulouse

      This may also conflict with the device of Izabella del Cacco,
      "Azure, a key cross and a base wavy argent", if there is not
      difference granted between a key cross and a cross glandular. As
      it is not necessary for us to make that determination now, we
      decline to rule on that question at this time.

  Allastar Ravenwood. Device. Vert, on a tree blasted and eradicated
  argent a raven sable, in chief a compass star argent.

      This device is returned for redraw, for violating SENA A2C2
      which states "Elements must be drawn to be identifiable."
      Commenters had trouble noticing the tertiary raven.

  Dorothea Manuela Pon{c,}e. Device change. Per bend sinister Or and
  vert, a lily gules slipped and leaved vert and a tower Or.

      This device is returned for redraw, for violating SENA A2C2
      which states "Elements must be drawn to be identifiable."
      Blazoned as a lily, commenters had trouble identifying the
      flower as such.

      Additionally, this device must be returned for having the flower
      depicted in trian aspect. Per SENA A2C1:

           Elements must be drawn in their period forms and in a
           period armorial style. In general, this means that
           charges should be drawn as a flat depiction with no
           perspective.

      The use of trian aspect is limited to those charges which
      require it for identifiability, or which have been shown to have
      been depicted in trian aspect in period heraldry. A lily does
      not need to be depicted in trian aspect to be identifiable.

  Hrutr Herjolfsson. Device. Vert, on a dunghill cock rising potenty
  gules and Or an acorn argent.

      This device is returned for redraw, for violating SENA A2C2
      which states "Elements must be drawn to be identifiable."
      Commenters had trouble identifying the cock which is likely due
      to the combination of the potenty tincture and its short tail
      resembling that of a Russian firebird.

      On resubmission, please let the submitter know that in a correct
      rising posture the feet should be away from the bird.

  Oriana of Xylina. Device change. Gules, a blonde mermaid proper
  crowned with a pearled coronet Or maintaining a casket sable and a
  mirror argent, a chief wavy Or fretty sable.

      This device is returned for a redraw, for violating SENA A2C2
      which states "Elements must be drawn to be identifiable." The
      casket here is not identifiable, likely due to a combination of
      a lack of contrast and its small size. This is not grandfathered
      to the submitter as the casket in her registered device was
      larger and of brown wood proper. Since the August 2015 Cover
      Letter, held charges can count for difference in conflict
      checking and thus they are required to be identifiable.
      Additionally, the coronet in this new depiction disappears
      completely in the hair of the mermaid and is invisible, while it
      is lying on the field and thus visible in her registered device.

  Raven's Cove, Barony of. Badge for Order of the Golden Buckler.
  (Fieldless) On a buckler Or, three ravens rising in annulo sable.

      Though blazoned on the Letter of Intent as _Or, three ravens
      rising in annulo sable_, the emblazon depicts a round buckler
      (complete with shield bolts and central boss) Or charged with
      three ravens. Since a shield is a medium for heraldic display,
      this badge must be returned. Precedent says:

           Note that this does not change our long-standing
           policy about such "shield shape" charges used in
           fieldless badges if the tincture is not plain (thus,
           divided or with a field treatment), or if the charge
           is itself charged. Such armory will continue to be
           returned for the appearance of an independent form of
           armorial display. [Solveig Throndardottir, April 2002,
           A-{AE}thelmearc]

      There is a step from period practice for charges in annulo and
      not in their default palewise orientation.

  Robert Carswell. Device. Per pall inverted gules, Or and azure, in
  dexter chief a tree blasted, in base three trefoil knots in pale Or.

      This device is returned for violating SENA A3E1, Arrangement of
      Charge Groups. This arrangement, of a charge in the dexter
      section of a per pall field and several charges in pale in the
      lower section of the field, is not listed in SENA Appendix J,
      and so may not be registered without documentation that this is
      a period arrangement of charge groups.

  Se{a'}n Sreamach mac Tom{a'}is. Badge. (Fieldless) In pale a
  triquetra inverted and a triquetra conjoined sable.

      This badge is returned for violating SENA A3D2c, Unity of
      Posture and Orientation, which states "The charges within a
      charge group should be in either identical postures/orientations
      or an arrangement that includes posture/orientation" The charges
      here are not in a unified arrangement, as their orientations
      have to be described separately.

  Se{a'}n Sreamach mac Tom{a'}is. Badge. (Fieldless) In pale a
  tortoise inverted and a tortoise conjoined at the mouth vert.

      This badge is returned for violating SENA A3D2c, Unity of
      Posture and Orientation, which states "The charges within a
      charge group should be in either identical postures/orientations
      or an arrangement that includes posture/orientation". The
      charges here are not in a unified arrangement, as their
      orientations have to be described separately.

  Tessa da Verona. Device. Or, a trillium purpure barbed vert and a
  bordure purpure.

      This submission was withdrawn by the submitter.

======================================================================

**** AVACAL returns ****

None.

======================================================================

**** CAID returns ****

  Fionnghuala de Buchanan. Badge. Argent, a wreath of sprigs of holly
  and ivy leaves vert fructed gules surrounding the capital letters
  "US" sable.

      This badge is returned for lack of documentation of the armorial
      motif used. Although wreaths of holly _or_ wreaths of ivy have
      been shown to be registerable, no evidence was presented
      justifying a composite wreath with two types of leaves.

      The resemblance of this design to U.S. Civil War cap badges was
      brought up in commentary. However, we generally do not protect
      military insignia.

  Steve of Silvercreek. Device. Argent, three fish fretted in triangle
  vert.

      This device is returned for conflict with the device of
      Katelinen van Walravenshyde: "Argent, three fish naiant in
      annulo dorsal fin to center vert". There is one DC for the
      change of arrangement but no other DC.

======================================================================

**** CALONTIR returns ****

  Ann O'Carolan. Badge. (Fieldless) A sword argent and overall a
  wolf's head erased contourny azure.

      This badge is returned for redraw. Please instruct the submitter
      on the proper way to draw erasing: either three or four
      prominent, pointed jags on the erasing, as described on the
      Cover Letter to the November 2001 LoAR:

           Therefore, for purposes of recreating period armorial
           style for erasing, the erasing should (1) have between
           three and eight jags; (2) have jags that are
           approximately one-sixth to one-third the total height
           of the charge being erased; and (3) have jags that are
           not straight but rather are wavy or curved.

      Alternatively, the submitter could decide to resubmit the
      overall charge as wolf's head couped.

  Cuthbert Longschankes. Badge. (Fieldless) A Celtic cross Or
  irradiated azure.

      This badge is returned for not being reliably blazonable, which
      is a violation of SENA A1C which requires an emblazon to be
      describable in heraldic terms. Blazoned as a Celtic cross
      irradiated, irradiation would surround the entire charge and
      would leave no gaps between the azure extensions. It cannot be
      blazoned as a mullet of eight points azure with a Celtic cross
      Or surmounting it as there is no way to blazon the exact overlap
      of the center of the mullet with the junction point of the
      cross.

  Miranda de Logan. Device. Azure, a snake headed at each end
  annodated palewise and on a chief Or, three mullets of eight points
  azure.

      Blazoned on the LoI as _palewise counterembowed-embowed_, the
      snake's posture can only be described as what Parker's Glossary,
      p.11, defines as annodated: "bowed embowed, or bent in the form
      of the letter S." No documentation was provided by the submitter
      or in commentary for the period use of this posture in snakes.
      Thus this device is returned for running afoul of SENA A2C1
      which states _"Elements must be drawn in their period forms and
      in a period armorial style."_ Additionally, this posture renders
      the snake difficult to identify and many commenters confused it
      with a letter S.

  Thaddeus Ellenbach. Device. Lozengy azure and argent, a lion
  contourny Or maintaining a sword proper, a bordure sable.

      This device must be returned for insufficient contrast between
      the held charge and the field.

      Per SENA A3B4a:

           Placement of Charges: Charges must have good contrast
           with the background on which they are placed. Primary,
           secondary, and overall charge groups are considered to
           be placed on the field and must have good contrast
           with it.

      While technically this armory has a neutral field, the mostly
      argent sword lying nearly entirely on argent lozenges of the
      field has insufficient contrast.

======================================================================

**** DRACHENWALD returns ****

  Lucian le Perot. Device. Checky sable and argent, a popinjay rising
  proper.

      This device is returned for conflict with the badge of Gelynn of
      Windmasters' Hill: "(Fieldless) A bird rising vert". There is a
      DC for changing the field but the popinjay, being a
      regular-shaped bird, does not get a DC from a generic bird.

  Spir Lunev. Device. Pean, in fess a hoe and a spade argent.

      This device is returned for violating SENA A2C1 which states
      that "Elements must be drawn in their period forms". No
      documentation was provided to show that this depiction of a hoe
      is period and it does not resembles the period heraldic
      depictions commenters could find. Those depictions have more or
      less triangular blades, set perpendicular to the shaft.

======================================================================

**** EALDORMERE returns ****

  Bartholmus Hespeler. Device. Per chevron azure and purpure, a heron
  argent maintaining in one foot a Bohemian love knot, in sinister
  chief an increscent Or.

      This device is returned for a redraw, for violating the
      guidelines set forth on the May 2011 Cover Letter for a properly
      drawn per chevron field division; the field division here is too
      low. Please see that Cover Letter for further discussion and
      details of how to properly draw per chevron lines of division.

======================================================================

**** EAST returns ****

  Eckhart Wurm. Device. Per pale embattled Or and gules, a wingless
  dunghill cock and a dragon respectant, a chief counterchanged.

      This device is returned for violating SENA A2C1 which states
      that "Elements must be drawn in their period forms". The issue
      here is the posture of the cock. While having one leg raised is
      considered a variant of close, all of the medieval images show
      the leg lower than horizontal. We are unaware of period
      depictions with a leg raised anywhere near as high as the one in
      this submission, with the elevated leg at a 45 degree angle
      above the horizontal.

  Eva von K{o:}lln. Device. Argent, surmounting a cross sable between
  in chief two oak leaves and in base two otters combattant vert, a
  heart gules.

      This device is returned for redraw, for violating SENA A2C2
      which states "Elements must be drawn to be identifiable."
      Commenters had trouble identifying the otters, which were
      generally perceived as lizards.

  Therion Sean Storie. Badge. Azure, on a saltire argent a lemming
  salient contourny sable, a bordure Or.

      This device is returned for redraw, for violating SENA A2C2
      which states "Elements must be drawn to be identifiable."
      Commenters had trouble identifying the lemming and it was
      generally confused with a bear. It might be easier to recognize
      with a rounder body, a rounder face and shorter legs.

======================================================================

**** LAUREL returns ****

None.

======================================================================

**** LOCHAC returns ****

  Giles de Roet. Name change from Frae Fitzalleyne.

      This name presumes upon the historical _Gilles de Rais_, also
      known as _Gilles de Retz_ and _Gilles de Rays_. He is best known
      as a companion of Jeanne d'Arc (Joan of Arc) and for being a
      notorious serial killer of children. In addition, he was
      appointed Marshal of France by Charles VII, and was possibly the
      inspiration for the literary character of Bluebeard
      (Encyclopedia Britannica,
      http://www.britannica.com/biography/Gilles-de-Rais). The
      historical Gilles has been the subject of numerous books,
      movies, and video games due to the crimes for which he was
      executed, and is particularly well known in Europe.

      As we protect individuals by every name by which they were
      known, both in period and modernly, we have to compare the
      submitted name _Giles de Roet_ to _Gilles de Retz_. Although the
      names are different in appearance, the only difference in
      pronunciation is the potential removal of the terminal _-z_.
      This change is not sufficient under PN3C2 of SENA. Therefore,
      this name must be returned.

      This name does not presume upon that of the historical _Gilles
      de Roet_ who served as Guienne King of Arms, was involved in the
      siege of Calais during the Hundred Years War, was the
      father-in-law of both John of Gaunt and Geoffrey Chaucer, and
      whose descendants include the House of Beaufort and the later
      Tudor monarchs. As it appears as though Gilles de Roet's fame is
      largely derived from that of his relatives and descendants
      rather than anything he did personally, he is not important
      enough to protect.

      The submitter's previous name, _Frae Fitzalleyne_, is still his
      primary name.

      This name was pended from the August 2015 Letter of Acceptances
      and Returns.

  Grigorii Luchnik. Device. Sable, a bend sinister vert fimbriated,
  overall a lizard tergiant embowed counterembowed maintaining a
  glaive bendwise sinister in canton a sheaf of arrows argent.

      This device is returned for redraw. As depicted, the lizard is
      barely overall and the argent glaive crosses over the argent
      fimbriation which decreases its identifiability.

      On resubmission, please advise the submitter to draw the arrows
      slightly thicker to improve their identifiability.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of an overall
      charge surmounting a fimbriated ordinary.

  Phaedra de Courcelles. Badge. Quarterly gules and argent, a rose and
  a bordure counterchanged.

      This badge is returned for presumption upon the Tudor rose. Per
      the Cover Letter of December 2010, the number of forms of half
      argent half gules roses that were restricted was reduced to six
      forms rather than _"in some other manner which creates a
      half-white, half-red rose"_. The currently restricted forms are:

           A double rose either gules and argent or argent and
           gules.

           A rose quarterly either in argent and gules or gules
           and argent.

           A rose per pale either in argent and gules or gules
           and argent. [Cover Letter, Dec 2010]

      The rose here is quarterly argent and gules and thus is one of
      the restricted forms. Therefore, this badge must be returned.

  Saint Ursula, College of. Badge. (Fieldless) A sheaf of orange
  carrots proper.

      The badge has been withdrawn by the submitter.

  Vangelista Gherardini. Device. Argent estencelly gules, a wildcat
  statant sable, on a chief purpure an arrow reversed Or.

      The device has been withdrawn by the submitter.

======================================================================

**** MERIDIES returns ****

  Dagr {i'}sungr. Device. Per chevron sable and gules, a talbot
  rampant argent between three martlets Or.

      This device is returned for a redraw, for violating the
      guidelines set forth on the May 2011 Cover Letter for a properly
      drawn per chevron field division; the field division here is too
      low. Please see that Cover Letter for further discussion and
      details of how to properly draw per chevron lines of division.

  John Mailer. Name and device. Quarterly azure and argent, a tower
  sable.

      Unfortunately, this name conflicts with the registered name
      _John Maelen_. Only the final syllable of the byname has been
      changed (from _-en_ to _-er_). Because this change only affects
      the final consonant, it is not a substantial change under PN3C2
      of SENA. Therefore, we must return this name.

      Upon resubmission, we suggest a marked form from the entry in
      Reaney & Wilson, such as _le Mailur_, dated to 1262. This form
      would be clear under PN3C1 of SENA because two syllables (the
      addition of _le_ and the change from _-en_ to _-ur_) are
      different in both sound and appearance.

      This device is returned for multiple conflicts.

      It conflicts with the device of Harold Breakstone: "Or, a castle
      triple-towered sable, pennants flotant to sinister vert". We do
      not grant any difference between a tower and a castle, since the
      two were frequently used interchangeably in period. Thus, there
      is just one DC for changing the field.

      It also conflicts with the badge of Geoffrey Geometer for
      Freehold Turris Nimborum: "Barry wavy argent and azure, a tower
      issuant from base sable". There is a DC for changing the field,
      but we do not grant difference between a primary charge that is
      issuant from base and one that is not.

======================================================================

**** MIDDLE returns ****

  Alban Dameron Elexander. Device. Argent, a fleur-de-lys azure, in
  base two peacock feathers in chevron inverted vert, a bordure azure.

      This device is returned for redraw, for violating SENA A2C2
      which states "Elements must be drawn to be identifiable."

      Commenters could not identify the feathers in base, likely
      mostly due to the lack of internal details.

  Anastasia Tremayne. Device. Purpure, two ravens respectant and on a
  point pointed argent a triquetra vert, a bordure ermine.

      This device must be returned for a contrast issue. The shared
      background tincture creates a lack of contrast between the point
      pointed and the bordure and causes them to blend together,
      reducing the identifiability of both.

  Brigit ingen Niall{a'}in. Device. Per chevron azure and vert, two
  arrows bendwise inverted and an owl Or.

      This device is returned for violating SENA A3D2c, Unity of
      Posture and Orientation, which states "The charges within a
      charge group should be in either identical postures/orientations
      or an arrangement that includes posture/orientation" The charges
      here are all in the primary charge group and are not in a
      unified arrangement, as the orientation of the two bendwise
      arrows has to be described independently of the default
      orientation of the bird.

  Johannes Drechseldt. Device (see PENDS for name). Quarterly Or and
  gules, a cross counterchanged between in bend two mascles gules.

      This device is returned for conflict with the device of William
      de Mont d'Or: "Quarterly Or and gules, a cross counterchanged".
      There is only one DC for adding the secondary charge group.

  Karayil of Chennai. Device. Sable, on a lotus blossom affronty
  argent a fox dormant purpure.

      This device is returned for redraw, for violating SENA A2C2
      which states "Elements must be drawn to be identifiable."
      Commenters were unable to reliably identify the tertiary charge
      as a fox. Animals in a 'dormant' posture must have their limbs
      folded under them but they should be folded in a way so the
      limbs are distinct from the body and the head somewhat extended
      in front of them.

      Additionally, the tertiary charge obscures the center of the
      lotus blossom and thus significantly reduces its identifiability
      which is in itself cause for return.

  Kathryn le Wrytar. Device. Per bend argent and azure, a dandelion Or
  slipped and leaved vert and a feather bendwise sable.

      This device is returned for violating SENA A3D2c, Unity of
      Posture and Orientation, which states "The charges within a
      charge group should be in either identical postures/orientations
      or an arrangement that includes posture/orientation" The charges
      here are not in a unified arrangement, as the bendwise
      orientation of the feather has to be described independently of
      the default orientation of the flower.

  Layla al-Zarqa'. Badge. (Fieldless) On an oak leaf argent a brown
  squirrel maintaining an acorn proper.

      This badge is returned for redraw, for violating SENA A2C2 which
      states "Elements must be drawn to be identifiable." The acorn
      here is unidentifiable as is quite small, has no contrast, and
      is partially obscured by the squirrel's paws.

  Lena Krieger. Badge. Argent, a cross azure, overall an owl affronty
  sable sustaining in its feet an oak branch fesswise reversed proper.

      This badge is returned for conflict with the flag of Finland:
      "Argent, a cross azure". The cross is the primary charge and
      there is only a single DC for adding the overall charge group.

  P{a:}iv{a:} Kaukotar. Device. Vert, a reindeer's head erased and an
  orle Or.

      This device is returned for redraw as the jags are too short.
      Please instruct the submitter on the proper way to draw erasing:
      either three or four prominent, pointed jags on the erasing, as
      described on the Cover Letter to the November 2001 LoAR:

           Therefore, for purposes of recreating period armorial
           style for erasing, the erasing should (1) have between
           three and eight jags; (2) have jags that are
           approximately one-sixth to one-third the total height
           of the charge being erased; and (3) have jags that are
           not straight but rather are wavy or curved.

      Alternatively, the submitter could decide to resubmit the
      primary charge as a reindeer's head couped.

======================================================================

**** NORTHSHIELD returns ****

None.

======================================================================

**** OUTLANDS returns ****

None.

======================================================================

                 - Explicit littera renuntiationum -

======================================================================

***** THE FOLLOWING ITEMS HAVE BEEN PENDED UNTIL THE June 2016 LAUREL
MEETING (OR AS NOTED): *****

**** CAID pends ****

  Broddi Kennima{dh}r. Name.

      The byname _Kennima{dh}r_ means "teacher, cleric, priest".
      Precedent states:

           Some questioned whether a byname meaning 'priest of
           <place name> or 'priest of <saint's name>' is
           presumptuous. The use of _Offeiriad_ is presumptuous,
           because it implies ordination. Harpy explains:

                Keep in mind that offeiriad (in whatever
                form) means specifically an ordained priest,
                not simply any person in religious orders.
                (The word comes originally from a root
                meaning "the person who makes the offering
                at mass".) If your intention is for your
                persona to be a monk, but not specifically a
                priest, then this isn't the word you want.
                The word for "monk" that shows up in
                personal names is "mynach".

           RfS VI forbids the registration of names which appear
           to make claims to powers or ranks that the submitter
           does not have. Since _Offeiriad_ implies ordination,
           and we do not ordain people in the SCA, it is not
           registerable. The word _sacerdos_, on the other hand,
           does not have the connotation of ordination, so it
           does not violate RfS VI.1 or VI.2.

      We are pending this name to allow further discussion on whether
      this byname implies ordination of the bearer, thus making a
      presumptuous claim under PN4B1 of SENA.

      This was item 7 on the Caid letter of October 31, 2015.

  Cormac M{o'}r. Heraldic title Beare Herald.

      This heraldic title conflicts with the registered order name
      _Order of the Beare_. Under SENA NPN3E, conflicting order names
      and heraldic titles cannot be registered even with Letter of
      Permission to Conflict:

           Any change to the sound and appearance of the
           designator is sufficient to allow the registration of
           a non-personal name with a letter of permission to
           conflict, except when both items are branches, orders
           or awards, or heraldic titles or when one item is an
           order or award and the other is a heraldic title. This
           is because designators for branches and heraldic
           titles may change over time, we consider the
           designators for orders, awards, and honors to be
           equivalent, and we allow branches to register heraldic
           titles formed from their registered order and award
           names.

      The Barony of Seagirt agreed instead to change its order name to
      _Order of the Black Bear of Seagirt_. This change request is
      found in An Tir's January 31, 2016 Letter of Intent. We have
      pended this submission in order to allow the change to go
      through, eliminating this conflict.

      This was item 13 on the Caid letter of October 31, 2015.

======================================================================

**** MIDDLE pends ****

  F{a'}el{a'}n mac Cormaic the Archer. Name.

      Commenters argued that the compound patronym _mac Cormaic the
      Archer_ runs afoul of PN1B1 of SENA, which does not allow the
      mixing of languages in the same name phrase, unless this
      practice could be documented for those languages. Precedent
      states:

           Submitted as "{A'}engus {O'} Dubhghaill _Grey Wolf_",
           this name had several problems.

           The greatest problem was regarding the construction of
           _{O'} Dubhghaill Grey Wolf_. No documentation was
           provided that this was a reasonable construction.
           _{O'} Dubhghaill Grey Wolf_ may seem to be two name
           phrases, _{O'} Dubhghaill_ and _Grey Wolf_, but it is
           actually a compound byname. Irish Gaelic uses the
           structure _{O'}_ byname + another byname to refer to a
           particular family, usually as part of a chiefly title.
           For example, the names _{O'} Conchobhair Donn_, _{O'}
           Conchobhair Ruadh_, and _{O'} Conchobhair Sligeach_
           are all designations for heads of branches of the
           O'Connors (Woulfe, p. 477 s.n. _{O'} Conchobhair
           Donn_).

           As a compound byname, _{O'} Dubhghaill Grey Wolf_
           falls under RfS III.1.a and must consist of a single
           language. As submitted, this name phrase mixes Irish
           Gaelic and English. As we have no evidence that 'color
           + animal' is a reasonable byname in Irish Gaelic, we
           cannot translate _Grey Wolf_ into Gaelic. The simplest
           fix is to put _Grey Wolf_ before the patronymic,
           making it a descriptive byname referring to
           _{A'}engus_. [{A'}engus Greywolf {O'} Dubhghaill,
           September 2001, A-Caid]

      This name potentially has the same problem if _the Archer_ is
      considered to be English. In Gaelic, descriptive bynames follow
      the name of the person who is being described. The form meaning
      "F{a'}el{a'}n the archer, Cormac's son" is registerable because
      it is comprised of three separate name phrases: the Gaelic
      _F{a'}el{a'}n_, the English _the Archer_, and the Gaelic _mac
      Cormaic_. The form meaning "F{a'}el{a'}n, Cormac the archer's
      son" has two: the Gaelic _F{a'}el{a'}n_ and the mixed language
      _mac Cormaic the Archer_. However, _the Archer_ is also a
      plausible lingua Anglica form of the Gaelic _an Sersenach_,
      which is identified in the eDIL as a nickname from _Betha Colaim
      Chille: Life of Columcille_, compiled in 1532.

      When the submitter was contacted to find out which meaning he
      preferred, he instead requested that we change the name to
      "F{a'}el{a'}n an Sersenach". We are pending the name to allow
      commenters to consider this modification. We decline to rule
      whether the submitted name would have been registerable.

      This was item 19 on the Middle letter of October 28, 2015.

  Johannes Drechseldt. Name.

      The submitter requested authenticity for a 16th century German
      name. This request was not summarized in the Letter of Intent.

      As documented this name is authentic for 15th century Germany.
      We are pending the name to allow commenters to consider the
      authenticity request for a 16th century name.

      This was item 9 on the Middle letter of October 25, 2015.

  Wiglaf Gheri sune. Name change from Anton Stark.

      _Gheri_ is the nominative (base) form of a given name. The
      pattern of creating a patronym from the nominative form of the
      father's name was not documented in Old English; rather, the
      pattern is _[father's name in the genitive case] + sune_. We are
      pending this name to allow commenters to research the
      appropriate genitive (possessive) form of _Gheri_ so that this
      name can be modified accordingly.

      If this name is registered, the submitter's previous name,
      _Anton Stark_, will be retained as an alternate name.

      This was item 19 on the Middle letter of October 25, 2015.

======================================================================

                             - Explicit -

======================================================================

Created at 2016-03-26T15:44:44
-------------- next part --------------
                                               Society for Creative Anachronism
                                                                College of Arms

                                                       253 Tranquility Mtn
                                                            Buda, TX 78610
                                                           +1 512 942 7005
                                                   laurel at heraldry.sca.org
                          For the January 2016 meetings, printed March 26, 2016

To all the College of Arms and all others who may read this missive, from
Andrewe Laurel, Lillia Pelican, and Brunissende Wreath, greetings.

Items listed below in square brackets have not been scheduled yet. For
information about future scheduling, please review the status table located on
the Web at http://oscar.sca.org/index.php?action=137.

The January Laurel decisions were made at the Pelican meeting held on Sunday,
January 10, 2016 and the Wreath meeting held on Sunday, January 24, 2016. These
meetings considered the following letters of intent: Atenveldt (20 Oct, 2015),
Northshield (21 Oct, 2015), Middle (25 Oct, 2015), Outlands (27 Oct, 2015),
{AE}thelmearc (28 Oct, 2015), Meridies (28 Oct, 2015), Middle (28 Oct, 2015),
Atenveldt (30 Oct, 2015), Drachenwald (30 Oct, 2015), Lochac (30 Oct, 2015), An
Tir (31 Oct, 2015), Atlantia (31 Oct, 2015), Avacal (31 Oct, 2015), Caid (31
Oct, 2015), Calontir (31 Oct, 2015), Ealdormere (31 Oct, 2015), East (31 Oct,
2015), and the Laurel LoPaD (31 Oct, 2015). * All commentary, responses, and
rebuttals should have been entered into OSCAR by Thursday, December 31, 2015.*

The February Laurel decisions were made at the Pelican meeting held on Sunday,
February 14, 2016 and the Wreath meeting held on Sunday, February 21, 2016.
These meetings considered the following letters of intent: Ansteorra (05 Oct,
2015) (pushed due to lack of packet), Ansteorra (31 Oct, 2015) (pushed due to
lack of packet), Ansteorra (03 Nov, 2015), Artemisia (03 Nov, 2015), Atenveldt
(20 Nov, 2015), West (21 Nov, 2015), Northshield (26 Nov, 2015), Middle (27
Nov, 2015), Outlands (27 Nov, 2015), Ealdormere (28 Nov, 2015), Lochac (28 Nov,
2015), Calontir (29 Nov, 2015), Meridies (29 Nov, 2015), An Tir (30 Nov, 2015),
Ansteorra (30 Nov, 2015), Artemisia (30 Nov, 2015), Atlantia (30 Nov, 2015),
Avacal (30 Nov, 2015), Caid (30 Nov, 2015), and East (30 Nov, 2015). * All
commentary, responses, and rebuttals should have been entered into OSCAR by
Sunday, January 31, 2016.*

The March Laurel decisions were made at the Pelican meeting held on Sunday,
March 13, 2016 and the Wreath meeting held on Sunday, March 20, 2016. These
meetings considered the following letters of intent: Trimaris (07 Dec, 2015),
Laurel LoPaD (18 Dec, 2015), Atenveldt (20 Dec, 2015), Outlands (20 Dec, 2015),
West (25 Dec, 2015), Ealdormere (26 Dec, 2015), Middle (26 Dec, 2015), Atlantia
(28 Dec, 2015), Caid (29 Dec, 2015), Artemisia (30 Dec, 2015), Calontir (30
Dec, 2015), An Tir (31 Dec, 2015), Ansteorra (31 Dec, 2015), Avacal (31 Dec,
2015), East (31 Dec, 2015), Lochac (31 Dec, 2015), Meridies (31 Dec, 2015), and
Northshield (31 Dec, 2015). * All commentary, responses, and rebuttals should
have been entered into OSCAR by Monday, February 29, 2016.*

The April Laurel decisions will be made at the Pelican meeting held on Sunday,
April 3, 2016 and the Wreath meeting held on Sunday, April 24, 2016. These
meetings will consider the following letters of intent: {AE}thelmearc (04 Jan,
2016), Atenveldt (20 Jan, 2016), Laurel LoPaD (20 Jan, 2016), {AE}thelmearc (22
Jan, 2016), Gleann Abhann (23 Jan, 2016), Middle (23 Jan, 2016), West (24 Jan,
2016), Ealdormere (27 Jan, 2016), Lochac (30 Jan, 2016), An Tir (31 Jan, 2016),
Atlantia (31 Jan, 2016), Avacal (31 Jan, 2016), Calontir (31 Jan, 2016), East
(31 Jan, 2016), Meridies (31 Jan, 2016), Northshield (31 Jan, 2016), Outlands
(31 Jan, 2016), and Trimaris (31 Jan, 2016). * All commentary, responses, and
rebuttals should be entered into OSCAR by Thursday, March 31, 2016.*

_Not all letters of intent may be considered when they are originally scheduled
on this cover letter. The date of posting of the LoI, date of receipt of the
Laurel packet, or other factors may delay consideration of certain letters of
intent. Additionally, some letters of intent received may not have been
scheduled because the administrative requirements (receipt of the forms packet,
receipt of the necessary fees, et cetera) have not yet been met._

REMINDER: Until all administrative requirements are met, the letter may not be
scheduled.

**** From Laurel: Applications for Pelican Sovereign of Arms ****

Dame Lillia, Pelican Queen of Arms, is nearing the end of her tenure, which
officially ends January 1, 2017. We are beginning the process of seeking a
successor for her office. If you are interested, please see the job description
below and send a letter of interest and your resum{e'} to bids at heraldry.sca.org
by Saturday, June 30, 2016. If you have questions about the job, please contact
Lillia at pelican at heraldry.sca.org or myself at laurel at heraldry.sca.org. Dame
Lillia will be available at KWHSS 2016 for questions about the job.

*Pelican Sovereign of Arms*

The Pelican Sovereign of Arms is an educational deputy of the Laurel Principal
Sovereign of Arms, responsible for the consideration of and decisions
concerning names submitted for registration by the College of Arms.

Pelican is an unpaid position, currently requiring approximately 20 hours a
week. The position requires considerable tact and patience, onomastic
knowledge, research and reasoning ability, a clear understanding of the
Standards for Evaluation and past Laurel rulings, the ability to write clearly
and succinctly, the ability to work within tight deadlines and coordinate
closely with Wreath, Laurel and other staff to produce a Laurel Letter of
Acceptance and Return monthly, computer literacy and word processing skills,
reliable e-mail and telephone access, and time and ability to travel. Access to
a good research library is desirable but not required. Given the current
structure of the office, a high-speed internet connection is useful but it is
not required.

Resum{e'}s must be sent in both hard copy to Laurel at the address at the top
of this Cover Letter and electronically to bids at heraldry.sca.org. The
electronic applications will be posted on OSCAR with addresses and other
contact information stripped from them. Resum{e'}s must be received by June 30,
2016 with an expected start date following Pennsic 2016.

**** From Palimpsest: Successor Sought ****

Palimpsest Herald is Laurel's Rules Deputy; that is, Palimpsest is the herald
who helps manage the process of changing the rules and handbooks for heralds at
the Society level. It's a position that requires attention to detail, fluency
with words, strong familiarity with the current rules and handbooks, ready
access to email and OSCAR, and general word processing skills. Also useful are
the ability to edit HTML and familiarity with older versions of the rules and
handbooks and the history of the CoA.

Palimpsest is responsible for: maintaining and managing changes to the
Administrative Handbook and the Standards for Evaluation of Names and Armory
and their Appendices, the Glossary of Terms, Alternate Titles List, and other
documents as directed; advising Laurel and Laurel deputies on other
Handbook-type documents, such as the Silent Heralds Handbook, and questions
relating to the rules, handbooks, etc.; answering inquiries regarding
processes, rules, etc. from other heralds and the general populace.

Please contact Marie (rules at heraldry.sca.org) and Laurel
(laurel at heraldry.sca.org) if you have questions about this position and/or are
interested in taking on this office.

**** From Wreath: A Tudor Rose by Any Other Name... ****

This month a submission brought up a discussion about presumption upon the
Tudor rose. Per the Cover Letter of December 2010, the number of forms of half
argent half gules roses that were restricted was reduced to six forms rather
than _"in some other manner which creates a half-white, half-red rose"_. The
currently protected forms are:

     A double rose gules and argent or argent and gules.

     A rose quarterly either in argent and gules or gules and argent.

     A rose per pale either in argent and gules or gules and argent.
     [Cover Letter, Dec 2010]

The current submission interpreted the wording on the December 2010 Cover
Letter _"We are, therefore, removing the restriction on using half-white and
half-red roses as part of a larger armorial design. We are registering those
six badges to the Tudors, as they are important period badges, but we will no
longer restrict their use entirely"_ as meaning that these six forms are not
restricted anymore. This is not the case. What is not restricted is any other
form of a half-white, half-red rose.

**** From Wreath: Releasing the Armory of the Dukes of Teck ****

Recently a Letter of Pends and Discussion raised the question of whether the
armory of the Dukes of Teck reached our criteria of protection. Commentary
indicated that it did not. Thus, at this time we are releasing the armory of
the Dukes of Teck, "Lozengy bendwise sable and Or" and "Lozengy bendwise
sinister sable and Or".

**** From Wreath: a Short Note about Unity of Orientation ****

Some ambiguity exists in the interpretation of SENA A3D2c due to the fact that
it mentions Unity of Posture and Orientation together. Posture and orientation
are different and independent parameters and we have returned inanimate, as
well as animate, charges in cases where the orientation was the differing
criteria. However, the default orientation (and thus the inverted version
thereof) of an inanimate charge is an artifact of our Society-defined defaults.
It does not seem fair to submitters to penalize them when considering two or
more non-identical inanimate charges where one charge needs to be blazoned as
inverted and the other does not solely because of our defined default
orientations. In consequence, armorial designs that use such a combination will
not be returned for that reason alone. Note that a difference in axis is a
different issue, and will still be a violation of unity of orientation, barring
period evidence to the contrary, as will a difference of orientation for
identical charges.

**** Society Pages ****

On February 6, at the East Kingdom's Arts and Sciences Champions Tourney,
Charitye Dale, Diademe Herald, was made a Baroness of the Court with a Grant of
Arms.

On February 20, Their Majesties Creppin and Toryn of Ansteorra elevated Brian
o'Uhilliam, former Sable Crane Pursuivant, to the Order of the Laurel, in part
for his heraldic research.

On March 5 at East Kingdom King's and Queen's Bardic Champions Tourney in the
Shire of Owlsherst, Jamila of Bhakail (known as Jamilia al-Suba al-Hadid min
Bhakail), Troubadour Herald, was elevated to the Order of the Pelican.

At the same event, Joscelin le esqurel, former Blue Tyger Herald, was awarded
the Order of the Silver Wheel, the East's new AoA-level service award, mainly
for his heraldic work.

And finally, at Gulf Wars, Nesscia inghean Chearnaigh, the Sign Herald Deputy,
was placed on vigil to contemplate joining the Order of the Pelican by Their
Majesties Matsu and Elena of Calontir.

Please send information about happenings to major heralds and major happenings
to all heralds to Laurel, so that it can be published here.

**** Send What to Whom ****

Letters of Intent, Comment, Response, Correction, et cetera are to be posted to
the OSCAR online system. No paper copies need be sent. All submission forms
plus documentation, including petitions, must be posted to the OSCAR online
system. While black-and-white emblazons must be included in the Letter of
Intent, only colored armory forms need to be posted in the forms area.

Cheques or money orders for submissions, payable to "SCA Inc.-College of Arms"
are to be sent to Stephanie Ray-Solum, Blue Bug Bookkeeping, 2144 Westlake Ave.
North Suite F Seattle, WA 98109.

Send roster changes and corrections to Laurel. College of Arms members may also
request a copy of the current roster from Laurel.

For a paper copy of a LoAR, please contact Laurel, at the address above. The
cost for one LoAR is $3. Please make all checks or money orders payable to "SCA
Inc.-College of Arms". The electronic copy of the LoAR is available free of
charge. To subscribe to the mailings of the electronic copy, please see the
bottom of http://heraldry.sca.org/heraldry/lists.html#lists for more
instructions.

For all administrative matters, please contact Laurel.

Pray know that I remain,

In service,

Andrewe Bawldwyn
Laurel Principal King of Arms

===============================================================================

Created at 2016-03-26T15:44:44
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****** Errata ******

***** February 1991 *****

**** Outlands ****

  Hancarata Aethnen filia Cuneddae. Name change from Agharet Aethnen
  filia Cuneda.

      When her name was changed, the LoAR inadvertently spelled her
      previous name as "A_n_ghar_ad_ Aethnen filia Cune_d_da_e_".

***** October 1991 *****

**** Trimaris ****

  Colfre Signy Tryggvadottir. Name appeal from Signy Colfre
  Tryggvad{o'}ttir.

      When her name was registered, the LoAR failed to note that it
      was a name appeal of her earlier registration.

***** December 1993 *****

**** Atlantia ****

  Tadhg mac {A'}ed{a'}in U{i'} Chonchobhair. Name reconsideration from
  Tadhg mac Aodh{a'}in u{i'} Chonchobhair.

      When his name was registered, the LoAR noted that it was a
      correction from his previous registration in December 1990; we
      now would more clearly call this a name reconsideration.

***** February 1994 *****

**** Caid ****

  James Vincent Montgomery. Name change from Jamie MacLeod.

      When his name was registered, the LoAR neglected to note that it
      was actually a name change. His previous name, "Jamie MacLeod",
      is released.

***** June 1994 *****

**** Drachenwald ****

  Torbj{o:}rn Davidsson St{ao}lklinga. Name reconsideration from
  Torbjorn Dawidsson Staalklinga.

      When his name was registered, the LoAR neglected to note that it
      was submitted as an appeal of the spelling of his prior name
      registration in November 1992. We would now call this a request
      for name reconsideration.

***** July 1996 *****

**** Calontir ****

  Shane O'Brollaghan. Name correction from Shane O Brollaghan and
  device. Per bend sinister purpure and vert, a seven-headed wingless
  hydra statant contourny within a double tressure Or.

      This name and identical device were registered twice, once in
      January 1996 and once in July 1996. We are choosing to keep the
      latter name spelling, as it more closely matches the submission
      paperwork. The blazon given for the July 1996 device
      registration did not specify the hydra as being _wingless_. As
      that is a significant detail, we are retaining the earlier
      January 1996 blazon.

***** December 1996 *****

**** Trimaris ****

  Ceridwen ferch Thomas Vaughan. Name change from holding name Amy of
  Trimaris.

      When her name was registered, the LoAR listed it as a new name
      instead of a change of holding name.

***** September 1997 *****

**** Atenveldt ****

  Michal von Michelstadt. Name correction from Michal of Michelstadt.

      When her name was registered, the LoAR didn't note that a
      similar variant was registered in July 1997. As it happens, both
      name forms have identical name spellings, with the exception
      that one uses _von_ instead of _of_, and so it seems the _von_
      variant is the preferred spelling.

***** October 1997 *****

**** Atlantia ****

  Isib{e'}al nic Chionaodha. Name correction from Isib{e'}al n{i'}
  Chionaoith.

      When her name was registered, the LoAR noted it as a new name,
      instead of noting her previous name registered in February 1997.
      The name was in fact submitted twice, with an identical
      submission form. The second registration is closer to the
      originally submitted name, and thus was likely intended as a
      name correction instead of a name change or a new separate name.

***** January 1998 *****

**** Caid ****

  Nicolette von Zweiberge. Name.

      When her name was registered, the LoAR misspelled her name as
      "Nic_h_olette von Zweiberge". Her original name submission was
      listed on the September 1997 LoAR in both the returns and the
      acceptances, although it was returned due to lack of paperwork.
      As her device was registered under the same name in December
      1997, the January 1998 LoAR attempted to correct the mistake by
      registering her name then, but misspelled it.

***** January 1999 *****

**** Calontir ****

  J{o'}hann Brattsteinn Marteinsson. Name correction from J{o'}hann
  brattsteinn Marteinsson.

      When his name was registered, the LoAR noted it as a new name,
      instead of noting his previous name registered in April 1998.
      The name was in fact submitted twice, identically. The second
      registration matches the case of the originally submitted name,
      and thus was likely intended as a name correction instead of a
      name change or a new separate name.

***** December 2000 *****

**** Atlantia ****

  Leonidas Mantineios. Name change from Leonidas Mantineus.

      When his name was submitted and subsequently registered, the
      form did not indicate that he had submitted the name previously,
      which had been registered in June 2000. The submitter has since
      indicated a preference of which name to keep, so we are making
      that change now. His previous name, "Leonidas Mantineus", is
      released.

***** April 2001 *****

**** Ealdormere ****

  Sanchia of Ealdormere. Name change from holding name Debbie of
  Ealdormere.

      When her name was registered after being pended, the LoAR failed
      to note that she had been assigned a holding name, and thus this
      was a name change from holding name not a new name.

***** August 2001 *****

**** Caid ****

  Morgan Fellwalker. Name change from holding name Morgan of Calafia.

      When her name was registered, the LoAR failed to note that she
      had been assigned a holding name for her device. This is a
      change from a holding name, not a new name.

***** September 2001 *****

**** Atenveldt ****

  Dirk van Muiden. Name change from holding name Dirk of Tir Ysgithr.

      When his name was registered, the LoAR failed to note that he
      had been assigned a holding name for his device. This was a name
      change from holding name, not a new name.

***** November 2002 *****

**** Atlantia ****

  E{o'}gan Mac Ailpein. Device change. Vert, a hare sejant erect
  contourny and a dexter tierce argent.

      When his device was registered, the LoAR neglected to note that
      it was actually a device change. His previous device, "Quarterly
      vert and gules, a hare sejant erect contourny argent, in chief
      three increscents Or", is released.

***** November 2004 *****

**** An Tir ****

  Ysabeau Symon d'Anjou. Name change from holding name Ysabeau of
  Dragon's Mist.

      When her name was registered, the LoAR failed to note that she
      had been assigned a holding name for her device. This is a
      change of holding name, not a new name.

***** June 2005 *****

**** An Tir ****

  Eleanor Ashling of Westbury. Name change from holding name Eleanor
  of Saint Bunstable.

      When her name was registered, the LoAR failed to note that she
      had been assigned a holding name for her device. This was a
      change of holding name, not a new name.

***** January 2006 *****

**** Outlands ****

  Elisant von Zweibr{u:}cken. Name change from holding name Elisant of
  Caerthe.

      When her name was registered, the LoAR failed to note that she
      had been assigned a holding name for her device. This was a
      change of holding name, not a new name.

***** May 2006 *****

**** An Tir ****

  Tangwystl verch Glyn ap Dafydd. Name change from holding name
  Tangwystl of Seagirt.

      When her name was registered, the LoAR failed to note that she
      had been assigned a holding name previously for her device. This
      is a change of holding name, not a new name.

***** July 2008 *****

**** Outlands ****

  S{e'}amus MacRae. Name change from holding name S{e'}amus of
  Dragonsspine.

      When his name was registered, the LoAR failed to note that he
      had been assigned a holding name previously for his device. This
      is a change of holding name, not a new name.

***** May 2011 *****

**** Trimaris ****

  Luc de San Michel. Name change from holding name Michael Luc of
  Darkwater.

      When his name was registered, the LoAR failed to note that he
      had been assigned a holding name for his device. This was a name
      change from holding name, not a new name.

======================================================================

Created at 2016-03-26T15:44:44


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