[LoAR-txt] November 2015 in Da'ud plaintext format

Postmeeting Clerk via LoAR-TXT loar-txt at lists.sca.org
Wed Jan 20 21:08:40 CST 2016


Please find attached the 2015-11 LoAR in Da'ud-encoded plain text format.


-- 
Emma de Fetherstan, acting as Postmeeting Clerk
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                                               Society for Creative Anachronism
                                                                College of Arms

                                                       253 Tranquility Mtn
                                                            Buda, TX 78610
                                                           +1 512 942 7005
                                                   laurel at heraldry.sca.org
                        For the November 2015 meetings, printed January 20,2016

To all the College of Arms and all others who may read this missive, from
Andrewe Laurel, Lillia Pelican, and Brunissende Wreath, greetings.

Items listed below in square brackets have not been scheduled yet. For
information about future scheduling, please review the status table located on
the Web at http://oscar.sca.org/index.php?action=137.

The November Laurel decisions were made at the Pelican meeting held on Sunday,
November 15, 2015 and the Wreath meeting held on Sunday, November 22, 2015.
These meetings considered the following letters of intent: An Tir (01 Aug,
2015), Middle (10 Aug, 2015), Laurel LoPaD (15 Aug, 2015), Northshield (19 Aug,
2015), Drachenwald (20 Aug, 2015), Atenveldt (25 Aug, 2015), Calontir (26 Aug,
2015), Artemisia (28 Aug, 2015), Ansteorra (29 Aug, 2015), Lochac (29 Aug,
2015), Trimaris (29 Aug, 2015) (pushed due to lack of packet; moved back to
Nov: Wu) , Atlantia (30 Aug, 2015), Ealdormere (30 Aug, 2015), Middle (30 Aug,
2015), West (30 Aug, 2015), An Tir (31 Aug, 2015), Caid (31 Aug, 2015), East
(31 Aug, 2015), Gleann Abhann (31 Aug, 2015), Meridies (31 Aug, 2015), and
Outlands (31 Aug, 2015). * All commentary, responses, and rebuttals should have
been entered into OSCAR by Saturday, October 31, 2015.*

The December Laurel decisions were made at the Pelican meeting held on Sunday,
December 20, 2015 and the Wreath meeting held on Sunday, December 13, 2015.
These meetings considered the following letters of intent: Drachenwald (29 Jul,
2015) (pushed due to lack of packet) , Lochac (14 Sep, 2015), Gleann Abhann (16
Sep, 2015), Laurel LoPaD (16 Sep, 2015), Northshield (20 Sep, 2015), Atlantia
(24 Sep, 2015), West (24 Sep, 2015), Atenveldt (25 Sep, 2015), {AE}thelmearc
(26 Sep, 2015), Ealdormere (27 Sep, 2015), Lochac (27 Sep, 2015), Middle (28
Sep, 2015), Drachenwald (29 Sep, 2015), Outlands (29 Sep, 2015), An Tir (30
Sep, 2015), Avacal (30 Sep, 2015), Caid (30 Sep, 2015), Calontir (30 Sep,
2015), East (30 Sep, 2015), Meridies (30 Sep, 2015), and Trimaris (30 Sep,
2015). * All commentary, responses, and rebuttals should have been entered into
OSCAR by Monday, November 30, 2015.*

The January Laurel decisions will be made at the Pelican meeting held on
Sunday, January 10, 2016 and the Wreath meeting held on Sunday, January 24,
2016. These meetings will consider the following letters of intent: Atenveldt
(20 Oct, 2015), Northshield (21 Oct, 2015), Middle (25 Oct, 2015), Outlands (27
Oct, 2015), {AE}thelmearc (28 Oct, 2015), Meridies (28 Oct, 2015), Middle (28
Oct, 2015), Atenveldt (30 Oct, 2015), Drachenwald (30 Oct, 2015), Lochac (30
Oct, 2015), An Tir (31 Oct, 2015), Atlantia (31 Oct, 2015), Avacal (31 Oct,
2015), Caid (31 Oct, 2015), Calontir (31 Oct, 2015), Ealdormere (31 Oct, 2015),
East (31 Oct, 2015), and the Laurel LoPaD (31 Oct, 2015). * All commentary,
responses, and rebuttals should have been entered into OSCAR by Thursday,
December 31, 2015.*

The February Laurel decisions will be made at the Pelican meeting held on
Sunday, February 14, 2016 and the Wreath meeting held on Sunday, February 21,
2016. These meetings will consider the following letters of intent: Ansteorra
(05 Oct, 2015) (pushed due to lack of packet), Ansteorra (31 Oct, 2015) (pushed
due to lack of packet), Ansteorra (03 Nov, 2015), Artemisia (03 Nov, 2015),
Atenveldt (20 Nov, 2015), West (21 Nov, 2015), Northshield (26 Nov, 2015),
Middle (27 Nov, 2015), Outlands (27 Nov, 2015), Ealdormere (28 Nov, 2015),
Lochac (28 Nov, 2015), Calontir (29 Nov, 2015), Meridies (29 Nov, 2015), An Tir
(30 Nov, 2015), Ansteorra (30 Nov, 2015), Artemisia (30 Nov, 2015), Atlantia
(30 Nov, 2015), Avacal (30 Nov, 2015), Caid (30 Nov, 2015), and East (30 Nov,
2015). * All commentary, responses, and rebuttals should be entered into OSCAR
by Sunday, January 31, 2016.*

_Not all letters of intent may be considered when they are originally scheduled
on this cover letter. The date of posting of the LoI, date of receipt of the
Laurel packet, or other factors may delay consideration of certain letters of
intent. Additionally, some letters of intent received may not have been
scheduled because the administrative requirements (receipt of the forms packet,
receipt of the necessary fees, et cetera) have not yet been met._

REMINDER: Until all administrative requirements are met, the letter may not be
scheduled.

**** From Laurel: KWHSS 2017 Bids Requested ****

For those considering bidding on the 2017 Known World Heraldic and Scribal
Symposium, the deadline to have your bid entered into OSCAR is March 1, 2016.
This will give the College of Arms time for consideration so that we can
announce the bid's award at the 2016 KWHSS in the Barony of Loch Salann,
Artemisia, on April 29-May 1 at the Road Show.

Please remember that bids posted to OSCAR are publicly readable. Because of
this, any personal information, such as legal names, addresses, phone numbers,
and email, should not be included in these bids without signed written
permission. Such information as is necessary for the entire College of Arms to
see should be posted as a comment after the bid is finalized; such information
as is necessary for the Sovereigns only to see should be included as a
Sovereign Note.

Please send a copy of the full unredacted bid to Laurel at
laurel at heraldry.sca.org.

As a reminder, there is a KWHSS domain and web hosting space available on the
SCA's servers. Please do not register a new domain.

Please see http://heraldry.sca.org/kwhss/ or contact Laurel if you have any
questions.

**** Society Pages ****

On October 17, 2015 at War of the Wings in Atlantia, Cian mac Cellach{a'}in
hU{i'} Dublaich, Triton Principal Herald, was inducted into the Order of the
Golden Dolphin. The Order of the Golden Dolphin is Atlantia's Grant level
service award.

On January 16, 2016 12th night in the East Kingdom, their Majesties Brennan and
Caoilfhionn elevated Alesone Gray of Cranlegh, the East Kingdom's Silent
Herald, into the Order of the Laurel.

**** Send What to Whom ****

Letters of Intent, Comment, Response, Correction, et cetera are to be posted to
the OSCAR online system. No paper copies need be sent. All submission forms
plus documentation, including petitions, must be posted to the OSCAR online
system. While black-and-white emblazons must be included in the Letter of
Intent, only colored armory forms need to be posted in the forms area.

Cheques or money orders for submissions, payable to "SCA Inc.-College of Arms"
are to be sent to Stephanie Ray-Solum, Blue Bug Bookkeeping, 2144 Westlake Ave.
North Suite F Seattle, WA 98109.

Send roster changes and corrections to Laurel. College of Arms members may also
request a copy of the current roster from Laurel.

For a paper copy of a LoAR, please contact Laurel, at the address above. The
cost for one LoAR is $3. Please make all checks or money orders payable to "SCA
Inc.-College of Arms". The electronic copy of the LoAR is available free of
charge. To subscribe to the mailings of the electronic copy, please see the
bottom of http://heraldry.sca.org/heraldry/lists.html#lists for more
instructions.

For all administrative matters, please contact Laurel.

Pray know that I remain,

In service,

Andrewe Bawldwyn
Laurel Principal King of Arms

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****** Errata ******

***** June 1980 *****

**** Atenveldt ****

  Keridwen Gwenmarch. Name change from Keridwen Gwenciffelcydio and
  reblazon of device. Purpure, a horse's head caboshed argent, crined,
  between in pall three escallops inverted Or.

      When her name and device were originally registered in January
      1980, the submitter disagreed with the spelling of her byname
      and requested a change. This happened, along with reblazoning
      her device, in June 1980, but the LoAR listed it as a new name
      and device instead of noting it as a change.

***** July 1981 *****

**** Atenveldt ****

  Caer Galen, Shire of. Device change. Per bend rayonny azure and Or,
  a harp and a laurel wreath counterchanged.

      When their new device was registered in July 1981, it should
      have been listed as a device change. The submission forms
      clearly state to release the old device, but due to the age of
      this error, we are retaining their old device, "Argent, issuant
      from the palm of a dexter hand fesswise reversed couped azure a
      demi-sun gules charged with a harp bendwise Or, and in base a
      laurel wreath vert" as ancient arms.

***** December 1983 *****

**** West ****

  Bhalter de Fairmont. Name change from Walter de Fairmont.

      Appearing on the LoAR as a change from _Bhaltar de Fairmont_,
      that name had been returned in May, 1983. His device was
      registered in October, 1983, under _Walter de Fairmont_.

***** March 1992 *****

**** Middle ****

  Aonghus {o'}g na Feusaige Ruaidhe. Name correction from Aonghus
  {'o}g na Feusaige Ruaidhe.

      When his name was registered, the LoAR inadvertently used the
      wrong accent mark in his byname.

***** May 1992 *****

**** West ****

  Katherina Vespucci. Name correction from Katherine Vespucci.

      When her name was corrected in May 1992 from _Katherin_e__ to
      _Katherin_a__, the LoAR inadvertently listed it as a new name
      instead of a correction.

***** November 1993 *****

**** Outlands ****

  Conchobhar {O'} Loingseach{a'}in. Name correction from Conchobhar
  {O`} Loingseach{a'}in.

      The LoAR inadvertently used the wrong accent mark in his byname.

***** May 1996 *****

**** Middle ****

  Kiltigern MacClibarn. Name change from holding name Amy of
  Rivenstar.

      When her name was registered in May 1996, the LoAR inadvertently
      listed it as a new name instead of a name change from her
      holding name, _Amy of Rivenstar_.

***** February 1998 *****

**** Atlantia ****

  Eoghan {O'}g Mac Labhrainn. Name correction from Eoghan {O`}g Mac
  Labhrainn.

      When his name was registered, the LoAR inadvertently used the
      wrong accent mark in his byname.

***** March 2009 *****

**** West ****

  Hr{o/}rekr {i'} Skaginum. Name correction from Hr{oe}rekr {i'}
  Skaginum.

      When his name was registered in March 2009, the LoAR used the
      improper Da'ud encoding for the o-with-stroke letter, {o/},
      using instead the encoding for the oe ligature, {oe}.

======================================================================

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***** THE FOLLOWING ITEMS HAVE BEEN REGISTERED: *****

**** AN TIR acceptances ****

  Alejandro Roberto de la Mar. Name and device. Vert, a drakkar Or its
  sail charged with a hammer gules.

  Alejandro Roberto de la Mar. Badge (see RETURNS for household name).
  (Fieldless) A hammer gules.

  Andrea La Couturiere. Name.

      The question was raised in commentary whether the article should
      be in lower case: _la Couturiere_. Although the typical form is
      not capitalized, forms such as _La Cousturi{'e}re_, (the grave
      accent is an editorial addition), _la couturiere_, and _la
      cousturier_ are all found in Aryanhwy merch Catmael's draft
      article, "Bynames in Medieval France"
      (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/french/frenchbynames.pdf),
      s.n. Couturier. Given the variation in capitalization in French
      in our period, we can register this name as submitted.

      This name combines an Italian given name and French byname. This
      is an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C of SENA.

  Avacyn Geriksdochter. Name and device. Purpure, a bend enarched
  between three crescents one and two argent.

  Basil Dragonstrike. Alternate name Ab{u-} Ful{a-}n B{a-}sil ibn
  D{a-}w{u-}d ibn Ab{i-} `Abd al-`Adl al-{S.}{a-}mit.

      We commend the submitter on his research. We note that the name
      was submitted using a modifier letter turned comma/left single
      quotation mark for each 'ayn. Unfortunately, this character is
      not supported for use in our publishing process. Therefore, we
      have replaced it with the closest compatible character.

  Blatha an Oir, Barony of. Order name Order of the Golden Arrow of
  Blatha an Oir.

      Submitted as "Order of the Golden Arrow of Blatha _A_n Oir", the
      registered branch name is "Blatha _a_n Oir". We have changed the
      order name to use the registered form.

  Blatha an Oir, Barony of. Order name Order of the Golden Blade of
  Blatha an Oir.

  Blatha an Oir, Barony of. Order name Order of the Golden Spear of
  Blatha an Oir.

  Brigitta Riegers von Wolfratshausen and Millicent Isabella de la
  Bere. Joint household name House of the Golden Bees.

      The submitters have permission to conflict with the Barony of
      the Rhydderich Hael's _Order of the Golden Bee_. The change in
      the designator in combination with the Letter of Permission to
      Conflict is sufficient to allow registration of this household
      name under NPN3E of SENA. There is also a change in the
      substantive element, from _Bee_ to _Bees_.

      This household name was pended from the June Letter of
      Acceptances and Returns to allow time for the Letter of
      Permission to Conflict to be received.

  Caius Marcius Scipio. Name and device. Sable, a bend sinister gules
  fimbriated argent and overall an eagle Or.

      The submitter has permission to conflict with the device of
      Thomas de Carisbourg: "Sable, a bend sinister gules fimbriated
      argent overall a Latin cross fleury Or"

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a charge
      overall with a fimbriated ordinary.

  Celesta Vianello and Juliana de Luna. Acceptance of transfer of
  joint badge from Ralf of Oak Lawn the Oxhandler. Vert, an oak leaf
  bendwise sinister inverted fructed within a bordure argent.

  Cian {O'} Ruaidhr{i'}. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      Submitted as "_K_ian _O'_Ruaidhr_i_", the name was changed in
      kingdom to "_C_ian _{O'}_ Ruaidhr_{i'}_" in order to use an
      attested spelling of the given name, to make the byname wholly
      Gaelic instead of a combination of the Anglicized Irish _O'_ and
      the Gaelic _Ruaidhri_, and to add an accent to the patronym so
      the accents are used throughout the entire name.

      Although _Kian_ is an attested Anglicized Irish byname in our
      gray period (in the FamilySearch Historical Records), we do not
      have evidence at this time to support the use of an Irish
      surname as a given name as we can in English. Therefore, we are
      unable to partially restore this name to the submitted form.

      As modified in kingdom, this name is a nice Gaelic name from the
      14th century on.

  Ciana dei Libri. Name and device. Gules, a needle Or winged argent.

      The submitter has permission to conflict with Denys Calais:
      "Gules, a key Or winged argent". We decline to rule at this time
      on whether or not this permission is necessary.

  Ciaran Wallace. Device. Per pale sable and azure, a mullet of seven
  points inverted voided and interlaced argent, in chief two swords
  inverted in saltire proper.

  Egen Brauer von Regensburg. Name change from Egen Br{a:}uer and
  device change. Gules, an urchin rampant checky argent and vert.

      Egen is grandfathered to the submitter. It is also an attested
      German name found in Bahlow/Gentry, dated to 1578. Therefore the
      submitter need not rely on the grandfather clause.

      Nice 16th century German name!

      The submitter's previous name, _Egen Br{a:}uer_, is retained as
      an alternate name.

      The submitter's old device, "Per fess vert and argent, three
      urchins counterchanged", is retained as a badge.

  Eleanor Odlowe. Badge. (Fieldless) In pall inverted three
  seebl{a:}tter conjoined points outward Or.

  Eric Green. Name and device. Vert, a human face argent crined and
  bearded of leaves Or.

      Nice late period English name!

      For the purpose of conflict checking, the primary charge is half
      Or and half argent.

  Galfryd Yrinmonger. Name.

      The submitter requested authenticity for a 13th-15th century
      English name. This request was not summarized in the Letter of
      Intent. However, we had enough information to consider this
      request without pending the name for further commentary. The
      name is authentic for 15th century England, meeting the
      submitter's request.

  Geralt Mac Aodha. Device. Sable, a fox's mask argent and on a chief
  Or a trefoil between two hop cones vert.

  Gilbert of Dumfries. Name.

  Glymm Mere, Barony of. Order name Orden de Juana (see RETURNS for
  badges).

  Glymm Mere, Barony of. Badge for Order of the Gauntlet of Glymm
  Mere. (Fieldless) On a sun Or a glove azure.

  Heinrich Wilhelm. Badge. (Fieldless) On an eagle argent a lozenge
  azure.

  Heinrich Wilhelm. Badge. (Fieldless) On an eagle azure a lozenge
  argent.

  Ingvar' Nikitich Voinov. Name.

  Johannes Kai von Buxtehude. Device. Sable, a coney rampant argent,
  on a chief Or three hop cones vert.

  Kira Mikkeldotter. Name.

      This name combines a Russian given name with a Danish byname.
      This is an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C of SENA.

  Matthildr {i'} H{ae}i{dh}abu. Name and device. Azure, two goats
  combattant and in chief three roses argent.

      Submitted as "Matthildr_ _H{ae}i{dh}ab_{y'}R_", documentation
      was not provided to support the use of an unmarked locative in a
      Scandinavian language, or for the use of the nominative (base)
      form of the place name in a locative byname. Therefore, we have
      added a preposition to the byname and changed the place name to
      the genitive (possessive) form to correct the grammar with the
      submitter's permission: "Matthildr _{i'}_ H{ae}i{dh}ab_u_". This
      is a normalized Old Norse form.

  Meadhbh inghean U{i'} Scannl{a'}in. Name and device. Per saltire
  sable and vert, a chevron braced with another inverted and in base a
  wolf's head erased contourny argent.

      Submitted as "Meadhbh inghean U{i'} _S_cannl{a'}in", the name
      was changed in kingdom to "Meadhbh inghean U{i'}
      _Sh_cannl{a'}in" in order to lenite the byname. However, this
      particular byname does not need to be lenited. Therefore, we are
      able to restore the name to the submitted form.

  Nj{a'}ll Hr{o'}{dh}geirsson. Name and device. Sable, a chevron
  couched from dexter interlaced with a chevron couched from sinister
  Or.

  Ophelia of Fern Glen. Device. Vert, a bird volant wings addorsed
  argent between three Thor's hammers Or.

  Patrick Gray. Name and device. Gules, a lion argent and a bordure
  engrailed argent sem{e'} of roses gules.

      The submitter requested authenticity for a 14th century northern
      English name. This request was not summarized in the Letter of
      Intent, but was discussed in commentary.

      The given name _Patrick_ is found in 1303-4 in the Middle
      English Dictionary and the alternate spelling _Patryk_ is found
      in Yorkshire in Bardsley, s.n. Patrick, dated to the 14th
      century.

      The byname _le Gra_ is dated to 1301 in the Middle English
      Dictionary, and another byname, _Grayday_, is dated to 1311 in
      the same source. Descriptive bynames at this time are found both
      with and without the definite article _le/the_. Forms of _le
      Gray_ are found in 1273-1296 in Yorkshire (Reaney & Wilson, s.n.
      Grey). Therefore, this name likely meets the submitter's request
      for authenticity.

      Nice armory!

  Ralf of Oak Lawn the Oxhandler. Transfer of badge to Celesta
  Vianello and Juliana de Luna. Vert, an oak leaf bendwise sinister
  inverted fructed within a bordure argent.

      Although the badge was registered in June 2002 jointly with
      Elaina of Oaklawn, Ralf was the primary registrant and so has
      the right to transfer the badge.

  Ramsey Frost Hawk. Name and device. Purpure, a bend sinister pean
  fimbriated Or, overall a pegasus courant argent.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of an overall
      charge surmounting a fimbriated ordinary.

  Rohesia the Red. Name and device. Argent, a popinjay affronty vert
  perched on and maintaining a hammer fesswise gules.

      The submitter requested authenticity for an 11th-14th century
      meaning "the Red". The given name is dated to 1164-1219, and _le
      Red_ to 1332. _Red_ without the definite article _le/the_ is
      found as a byname in 1176 and c1200. An authentic form of this
      name would be _Rohesia le Rede_, dated to c.1220. However, this
      name is registerable.

  Sk{u'}li Geirsson. Device. Per bend wavy argent and vert.

      Nice device!

  Thora i Guldvik. Name and device. Gules, on a plate a falcon volant
  to sinister base sable, in chief a pearled coronet argent.

      Submitted as "Thora_ _Gulvi_k_", unmarked locative bynames are
      not found in Old Norse/Old Icelandic. The name was changed in
      kingdom to "Thora _i_ Guldvi_g_" to add the preposition _i_
      ("of") and to match the documentation that could be found.

      The byname also needs to be in the dative case, following the
      grammar rules for Old Icelandic. We have therefore modified the
      byname from the nominative (base) form _i Guldvig_ to the dative
      form "i Guldvi_k_" to register this name.

      The submitter is a viscountess and thus entitled to the display
      of a coronet.

  {TH}{o'}rbj{o,}rn B{y'}leistr Brandsson. Name and device. Or, a
  brown bear statant erect contourny proper sustaining a lightning
  bolt azure and on a ford proper an anchor Or.

      Submitted as "{TH}{o'}rbjorn B{y'}leistr Brand_ssonar_",
      _B{y'}leistr_ appears to be _{TH}{o'}rbj{o,}rn_'s byname rather
      than his father's name. Therefore, the correct patronym is
      "Brand_sson_". We have changed to this form to register this
      name.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a lightning
      bolt when not part of a thunderbolt.

  Tova Fransdottir. Name and device. Gules, a tankard and on a chief
  argent three Thor's hammers gules.

      The Letter of Intent constructed _Tova_ as possible form of
      _Tofi_, based on the examples of _Tofa_ and _Toue/Tove_. Siren
      noted that _Tova_ is an Old Swedish/Old Danish (Old East Norse)
      form of _T{o'}fa_, found in Gunnv{o^}r silfrah{a'}rr's "Viking
      Answer Lady" page on Viking names
      (http://www.vikinganswerlady.com/ONWomensNames.shtml#t), s.n.
      T{o'}fa.

======================================================================

**** ANSTEORRA acceptances ****

  Alexandre Crane. Name.

      _Alexandre_ and _Crane_ were both documented as French elements,
      and the latter was also documented as an English byname, but
      neither was dated in the Letter of Intent. _Alexandre_ is found
      c.1475 and _Crane_ is found between 1177 and 1301, both in the
      Middle English Dictionary.

  Aurelia Yverneaux. Name and device. Purpure, two chevronels between
  three fleurs-de-lys and an owl Or.

      Submitted as "Aur_{e'}_lia Yverneau_ _", commenters were unable
      to document the submitted form of the byname to period, as the
      source used in the Letter of Intent used undated forms. We have
      changed the byname to "Yverneau_x_" as a plausible form of
      _Iverneaux_, found in _Maistre Pierre Pathelin_, a 15th century
      farce (http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/bpt6k852c/f139).

      In addition, no evidence was found to support _Aur{e'}lia_ with
      the acute accent. We have dropped the accent to register this
      name.

  Brian {O'} hUilliam. Badge. (Fieldless) A boar's head erased sable
  within and conjoined to an annulet vert.

  Brian {O'} hUilliam. Badge. Azure crusilly Celtic, a bordure argent.

  Dmitrii Zvezdochet Mikhailovich. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      The submitter requested authenticity for a Rus name. This
      request was not summarized in the Letter of Intent. Blue Tyger
      was able to provide enough information to allow us to consider
      this request instead of pending the name for further commentary.

      The given name _Dmitrii_ is a common name, and is found as early
      as 1262, just after the Kievan period. An earlier form, _Dmitr_
      is found in the 12th century, within the time frame for the
      Kievan Rus. _Zvezdochet_ is dated to 1495 and _Mikhailovich_ to
      1440. As the elements could not be documented precisely for the
      same time and place, it does not meet the submitter's request
      for authenticity, but it is registerable.

  Edric Haldyn. Name and device. Per chevron gules and sable, a
  gauntlet aversant sustaining a crescent argent.

  Elena Wyth and Brian {O'} hUilliam. Badge (see RETURNS for other
  badge). (Fieldless) A stingray counter-ermine.

      Examples of rays are found in period texts: e.g., Pierre Belon's
      De Aquatilibus Libri Duo, 1553 (online at
      http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/4770228#page/135/mode/1up).

      Flatfish such as rays, skates, and chabots are exceptions to the
      ruling that fish tergiant are a step from period practice.

  Hildegard Volkward. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      Nice 13th century German name!

  John Radclyff. Device. Argent, two bendlets azure, overall a trefoil
  gules.

  Maelgwyn Dda. Device change (see RETURNS for badge). Vert, a
  wolfhound's head erased and a bordure rayonny Or.

      The submitter's old device, "Vert, a wolf's head erased within a
      bordure rayonny Or", is released.

  Muirenn ingen Chernaig. Name and device. Sable, a schnecke issuant
  from base reversed maintaining on the outer swirl three schneckes
  and in chief three escallops inverted argent.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a schnecke
      with other charges.

  Roger Aylward Bagley. Alternate name Jon Gylbert.

      The submitter requested authenticity for an 11th-12th century
      English name. _Jon_ was documented in the Letter of Intent as a
      given name from London in 1292. _Gilbert_ is found as a byname
      in 1290 in Reaney & Wilson, s.n. Gilbert. As _i/y_ switches are
      common, the spelling _Gylbert_ is plausible at this time as
      well, particularly because the same entry also includes the
      forms _Gylebert_ (1235) and _Gylbart_ (1327).

      As documented, this alternate name is authentic for England from
      the 13th century, so does not meet the submitter's request for
      an 11th-12th century name. A form such as the Latinized
      _Johannes filius Gilberti_ would be authentic for the earlier
      centuries. If the submitter prefers this form, he can submit a
      request for reconsideration.

  Rois inghean Fhirdhorcha. Name and device. Argent, on a saltire
  azure between four roses gules an eagle Or.

      Submitted as "Rois inghean _Feard_orcha", the submitter
      requested authenticity for "1450-1650 Gaelic Scottish". The name
      needs to be lenited and the genitive (possessive) form of the
      patronym needs to be corrected. Rocket documented the form "Rois
      inghean _Fhirdh_orcha". We have changed the name to this form in
      order to meet the submitter's request for authenticity. The form
      _Ferdorcha_ is found in Scotland in the 16th century as well as
      in Ireland, but _Rois_ was only documented in Ireland.
      Therefore, this name is authentic for late period Irish Gaelic,
      but we don't know if it is authentic for Scottish Gaelic.

      Additional authentic Irish Gaelic forms are _Rois inghean Fhir
      Dhorcha_ and _Rois inghean Fhirdorcha_; if the submitter prefers
      one of these forms, she can submit a request for
      reconsideration.

  Sabiha al-Zarqa' bint Hakim al-'Attar. Device. Per chevron rayonny
  argent semy of cherry blossoms gules and sable, in base an alphyn
  passant Or.

  Sicillia Bielby. Name and device. Purpure, a saltire sable
  fimbriated between four roses argent.

  Takeyama Daitarou. Name and device. Argent, a bamboo stalk vert
  within and conjoined to an annulet sable.

      The submitter requested authenticity for a post-1000 CE Japanese
      name.

      The family name _Takeyama_ is constructed from themes dated to
      well beyond the submitter's desired time period. _Daitarou_ is
      also constructed:

           While the name itself has to be constructed,
           _Daitarou_ is found by the later 17th century as a
           name element. So it is a grammatically correct name
           constructed from period elements.

      As this name is formed from constructed elements, it does not
      meet the submitter's request for authenticity, but it is
      registerable.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of bamboo.

  Tanne Haldyn. Name and device. Per chevron purpure and sable, in
  base an estoile and a demi-sum issuant from chief argent.

      This name combines a Flemish given name and English byname. This
      is an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C of SENA.

  Toryn Seven Stiches. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      Submitted as "Toryn Seven_s_ti_tch_es", Reaney & Wilson derive
      the byname _Stitch_ from the Old English _stycc_ ("piece of
      land"), and give the attested examples of _atte Steche/atte
      stiche_. Reaney & Wilson also provide examples of places named
      after plots of land: _Tenacre_ ("holder of ten acres"),
      _Tenmark_ ("holder of a fee worth ten marks"), _Fourakre_
      ("holder of four acres"), _atte Halvezerd_ ("holder of a half
      yerd", where _yerd_ is a property of thirty acres). However,
      these examples are derived from specific units of measure, not a
      generic piece of land of indeterminate size. Without stronger
      evidence to show that _stycc_ and later forms are found in
      toponymic bynames, particularly with modifiers like numbers, we
      cannot register this name as submitted.

      However, _Seven_, _Stiches_, and _Stitch_ are all 16th or early
      17th century surnames from England found in the FamilySearch
      Historical Records. Therefore, we can justify the forms _Seven
      Stiches_ and _Seven Stitch_. Although the submission form stated
      that no changes were allowed, the submitter permitted a change
      to "Toryn Seven_ S_ti_ch_es", as it is the closest to what was
      submitted. We are happy to make this change.

  U{dh}r blo{dh}{o/}x. Name and device. Argent, in saltire two axes
  embrued gules.

      It was noted in commentary that _U{dh}r_ is one of the names of
      Odin and of non-human women. According to Gunnvor silfraharr's
      "Viking Answer Lady" page
      (http://www.vikinganswerlady.com/ONWomensNames.shtml), this is a
      form of _Au{dh}r_, found in the _Landn{a'}mab{o'}k_ and
      _Laxd{ae}la saga_. The name appears in the former as _Au{dh}r_,
      and in the latter as _Unnr_ or _U{dh}r_. The submitted spelling
      also is found _Nj{a'}ls saga_. As this name appears to also be
      used by normal humans in our period, we can register this name.

  Ugo Morelli. Name (see RETURNS for device).

  Villana Palazolo. Badge. Argent, in fess two roses proper, a point
  pointed sable.

      Please advise the submitter to draw the roses centered more
      vertically on the field.

  Znata Zelenaia. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      The submitter requested authenticity for a Russian name. This
      request was not summarized in the Letter of Intent. We had
      enough information to consider this request without pending the
      name for further commentary.

      The given name _Znata_ is only found in Czech sources, so may
      not be an authentic Russian name. However, this name is
      registerable as submitted.

======================================================================

**** ARTEMISIA acceptances ****

  Alvin Keebler. Name.

  Artemisia, Kingdom of. Badge association for Order of the Gryphon of
  Artemisia. (Fieldless) A griffin passant erminois.

      The badge was registered in December of 1998.

  Drayden Bowtell. Name and device. Per pale vert and azure, a chevron
  throughout couched from dexter Or interlaced with a chevron
  throughout couched from sinister argent.

  Michael of Crystal Crags. Device. Argent, in pale a crescent pendant
  and a massacre sable.

======================================================================

**** ATENVELDT acceptances ****

  Attalus of Carthage. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      _Attalus_ is a Latinized form of the Greek _Attalos_, also used
      as a Roman _cognomen_ as late as the 5th century CE. The byname
      _of Carthage_ is a lingua Anglica form.

  Aveline Lindesie. Name and device. Per pale purpure and gules, a
  horse rampant and on a chief argent an apple branch reversed vert
  fructed gules.

      There is a step from period practice for use of modern
      trapezoidal-shaped apples.

  Kita Jirou Michigane. Name.

  Marion Bradford of Yorkshire. Badge. Vert, on a heart gules
  fimbriated argent a fess checky argent and sable.

  Neot the Pict. Name change from Neot Fisk and device change. Azure,
  a winged fish bendwise, wings addorsed Or, in base a fishhook
  argent.

      The submitter requested authenticity for "380-400 AD Pict".
      _Neot_ is a 9th century Anglo-Saxon name that could not be
      documented earlier. It is also grandfathered to the submitter.
      The name is not authentic for the submitter's desired time and
      place, but it is registerable.

      The submitter's previous name, _Neot Fisk_, is released.

      Please advise the submitter to draw the fish more centered.

      The submitter's old device, "Azure, a horse courant and in
      canton a crescent argent", is released.

  Nikolaus Gerhart. Device. Argent, a hand issuant from a wing gules
  sustaining a sword sable, on a base gules three feathers argent.

  Pero Tercero. Name.

      This name was pended from the June 2015 Letter of Acceptances
      and Returns to allow commenters to discuss a request for an
      authentic 13th century Spanish or Basque name.

      _Pero_ is a 13th-15th century Basque name and a 16th century
      Spanish name. _Tercero_ is a 16th century Spanish byname.
      Therefore, the name is authentic for 16th century Spain, but not
      as early as the 13th century.

  Reitz of Atenveldt. Holding name and device (see RETURNS for name).
  Or, two dunghill cocks addorsed sable headed gules.

      Submitted under the name "Reitz Nader der grothen Schwartzen
      Hanen".

      Nice device!

  Yamaguchi Yukio Matsutaro Futoshii no Suo. Reblazon of badge.
  (Fieldless) A katana fesswise reversed argent hilted sable.

      Registered in August 1979 as "(Fieldless) A katana fesswise
      inverted reversed proper", the intent of Laurel at the time
      seems to have been to define a "katana proper" with an argent
      blade and sable hilt; and when fesswise, with the blade's edge
      to chief. Since neither of those has become the definitions, we
      are explicitly reblazoning the tinctures, and leaving the
      blade's edge to the artist.

======================================================================

**** ATLANTIA acceptances ****

  Allen of Wolfhou. Alternate name Sanada Ate.

  Andrei Barsukov. Device. Party of six Or and gules, three bear's
  pawprints sable.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of pawprints.

  Arthur of Linden. Device. Argent, a brown bear dormant proper
  between four linden leaves two and two vert.

  Cecily Goshawke. Device. Azure, a goose rousant Or, a ford proper.

      Please advise the submitter to draw the bird with the head
      raised so it's more clearly rising.

  Cheng Tai Ren. Name.

  Ciosa di Tommaso. Name.

      Nice 15th century Florentine name!

  Clara Brauer. Name and device. Argent, a pall wavy azure between in
  base an apple vert and an apple gules, both slipped and leaved vert.

      Nice German name for around 1600!

  Dai Li. Name.

  Daniel M{u:}ller. Name.

      This exact name is found in parish records from 1580, making
      this an excellent late period German name!

  Ginevra Fiammetta di Silvestri. Name.

      The submitter requested authenticity for "Late 1400s/Early 1500s
      Northern Italian". _Ginevra_ and _Fiammetta_ are found in 16th
      century Florence. In commentary, Metron Ariston found _di
      Silvestri_ in Ferrara, dated to 1532, in _Lo studio di Ferrara
      nei secoli XV e XVI : con documenti inediti_
      (https://archive.org/stream/lostudiodiferra00pardgoog#page/n235/mode/1up).
      Therefore, the entire name is authentic for northern Italy in
      the 16th century.

  Leandra di Giuseppe. Name.

  Lofr{i'}kr Penningssl{a'}ttari. Name.

      Submitted as "Lofri_c_kr Penning_rslj{o'}st_", the submitter
      wanted a name meaning "coinsmith". The name was changed in
      kingdom to "Lofr_{i'}_kr Penning_smi{dh}r_" to correct the
      spelling of the given name and to use a different verb for "to
      strike".

      The use of _-smi{dh}r_ in this context was not supported by the
      documentation in the Letter of Intent. Without evidence to show
      that someone could be named something meaning "coin smith" other
      than the attested _myntari_ ("mint master"), we cannot register
      _Penningsmi{dh}r_.

      Instead, we have changed the name to "Lofr_{i'}kr_
      Penning_ssl{a'}ttari_" with the submitter's permission to use
      something closer to the desired meaning. Cleasby and Vigfusson
      sv. sl{a'}tta has _Haralds-sl{a'}tta_ ("Harald's coin") and
      _silfr-sl{a'}tta_ ("silver coining"). They also have examples of
      compound nouns describing types of pennies.

  Obbi inn Bleiki. Name.

  Runa Berf{oe}ttr. Name.

  Sanada Katsumi. Name.

  Sanada Terasu. Name.

  Sanada Toshiyasu. Name.

  Sara van Eerde. Alternate name Sanada Tatsuko.

  Stierbach, Barony of. Order name Award of the Silver Stirrup of
  Stierbach and badge. Gules, a stirrup and a bordure embattled
  argent.

======================================================================

**** CAID acceptances ****

  Ambrose Wyld. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      Nice late period Scots name!

  Aurelia Honorata. Name.

      Nice name, particularly for north Africa in the period of the
      Roman Empire!

  Illuminada Eugenia de Guadalupe y Godoy. Badge. (Fieldless) A
  mortcour Or.

      This is the defining instance of a mortcour in SCA heraldry. The
      mortcour, or morter, is a period charge found in the arms of the
      Worshipful Company of Wax Chandlers, granted 1484. It's an
      ornate form of candlestick, used at funerals.

      For purpose of conflict checking, it gets no DC from a regular
      candlestick.

  Janus Neon Bakinich. Name.

      Submitted as "Janus Neon Bakin_vich_", the name was changed to
      "Janus Neon Baki_n_" with the submitter's permission to match
      the documentation that could be found. The name was pended from
      the June 2015 Letter of Acceptances and Returns to allow
      commenters to consider an authenticity request for a Russian
      name.

      _Janus_ is documented from Wickenden, but Wickenden's source
      shows it is an attested Lithuanian name in a Polish-language
      source. _Janus_ is also a late 16th to early 17th century Polish
      and Latinized Polish given name found in Zofia Abramowicz, Lila
      Citko, Leonarda Dacewicz, _S{l/}ownik Historycznych Nazw
      Osobowych Bia{l/}ostocczyzny (XV XVII w.)_ (vol. 2), s.nn.
      Synowiec and Rozwiej. _Neon_ is an early saint's name.

      Double given names, one Christian and one Slavic, are found in
      Russian under Appendix A of SENA. In his section on grammar,
      Wickenden states:

           Semenova...notes that there are exceptions to this
           pattern, with both names being Christian in origin or
           both Russian, or with the order simply reversed (i.e.,
           Russian -- Christian). While double Christian names
           may have occurred in period, they make little logical
           sense. The Russian name, if it existed, had been
           received at birth. The "Christian" name came at
           baptism. If the child had been given a Christian name
           by his/her parents at birth, the Church would merely
           baptize the child by that name (and the child would
           then have only one given name).

      As at least one source states that double Christian given names
      were used, and Wickenden also states that they may have occurred
      in period, we are giving the submitter the benefit of the doubt
      that _Janus Neon_ is a plausible double given name. Appendix A
      also allows the use of double given names in Lithuanian and in
      Polish, although the examples in Polish may represent unmarked
      patronyms instead of true double given names.

      We have changed _Bakin_ to a marked form, _Bakinich_, that is
      closer to what was submitted. The combination of a Baltic
      (Lithuanian) or East Slavic (Polish) given name with a
      Russian/East Slavic given name and byname is an acceptable
      lingual mix under Appendix C of SENA. The name does not meet the
      submitter's request for an authentic Russian name, but it is
      registerable.

  Philip Williams of Aston and Rebecca Mary Robynson. Household name
  Aston Hall and badge. (Fieldless) On a pavilion gules in chief a
  coronet Or.

      The historical house named _Aston Hall_ is not important enough
      to protect.

      The submitters are court barons and thus entitled to the display
      of a coronet.

  Wintermist, Barony of. Order name Order of the Lyre d'Or and badge
  association. Purpure, a lyre and a bordure invected Or.

======================================================================

**** CALONTIR acceptances ****

  Arn{o'}ra in danska. Name.

  Avery Quatremaine. Name (see RETURNS for device).

  Bjorn Thorsson. Badge. (Fieldless) A double-horned anvil vert.

  Boris Tykvin. Name and device. Argent, two boars statant erect
  respectant sable.

      Please advise the submitter to draw the tusks bigger, the tails
      more porcine and the creatures with deeper chests so the beasts
      are more easily identified as boars.

  Charles von Strausberg. Device change. Quarterly sable and vert, a
  hippogriff salient contourny and a chief embattled Or.

      The submitter's old device, "Vert, three Celtic crosses
      swallowtailed and a chief embattled Or", is retained as a badge.

  Chrystofer of Crystal Mynes. Holding name and device (see RETURNS
  for name). Azure, on a chevron Or between three Latin crosses argent
  a horse's head couped sable.

      Submitted under the name "Chrystofer Wojtowicz".

  Claerkin Van Dalle. Name and device. Azure, a spade sustained by a
  cubit arm issuant from sinister argent.

      It was noted in commentary that the expected form of the byname
      is _van Dalle_. However, we note that the submitted
      capitalization was attested in the article cited in the Letter
      of Intent. Although prepositions like _van_ are typically found
      in lower case, capitalization varies in the Low Countries in
      period.

  Evangeline Bajolet. Badge. Per bend vert and argent all estencely
  counterchanged.

      Please advise the submitter to draw the sparks as groupings of
      roundels one and two, not two and one.

  Gerald Kendall. Badge. (Fieldless) A six-petaled rose with petals
  alternating argent and azure, barbed and seeded argent.

  Gilana Peregrina. Name.

  Johannes Gast. Device. Per fess embattled argent and sable, a
  demi-bear issuant from the line of division gules.

  Karl M{u:}nch. Name and device. Vert, a Latin cross argent and a
  chief checky sable and argent.

      Nice late 15th century German name!

  Kit Ten of Calontir. Name.

      _Calontir_ is the registered name of an SCA branch.

      The submitter may wish to know that _Kitten_ is a late period
      English surname, which can be registered as a given name.
      Therefore, _Kitten of Calontir_ is registerable. If the
      submitter prefers this name, she may submit a request for
      reconsideration.

  Lucia Flecher. Device. Purpure, a simurgh displayed between three
  mullets, each within and conjoined to an increscent Or.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a simurgh.

  Mell MacAlpin. Badge. (Fieldless) A cloud sable.

      Nice badge!

  Mell MacAlpin. Badge. (Fieldless) In pale a dragon's head gules
  issuant from a cloud sable.

  Ulfger Bjarnarson. Name and device. Gules, two wolves combattant Or
  and on a chief triangular argent a Thor's hammer sable.

  Zachariah Lochrie. Badge. Gules, in fess two plates.

      Nice badge!

  Zaneta Baseggio. Device change. Argent, on a pale cotised sable a
  comet argent.

      The submitter's old device, "Purpure, on a pale cotised between
      two comets argent, a comet sable", is retained as a badge.

======================================================================

**** DRACHENWALD acceptances ****

  Reengarda, Shire of. Device. Argent, on a pale purpure a reindeer
  rampant argent within a laurel wreath overall sable.

  Thomas Flamanc of Kelsale. Heraldic title Beckett Herald.

      Under SCA tradition, it is common for heralds to be addressed or
      to sign their names using the pattern _[given name] + [heraldic
      title]_. In this case, this pattern results in the name _Thomas
      Beckett_, potentially presuming upon or having an affiliation
      conflict with the name of the historical _Saint Thomas Becket_.
      We asked commenters to consider this issue.

      Although we generally do not regulate the hypothetical use of a
      submitted item, in the past we have considered potential use
      names for heraldic titles:

           Given the common usage in the SCA of calling the
           holder of an heraldic title 'Lord X' or 'Lady X',
           heraldic titles taken from real-life places falls
           under the Prohibition of Landed Titles of Corpora
           (Appendix C, Administrative Rules of the College of
           Arms). (LoAR 11/90 p.13).

      We also do not allow the registration of personal names that too
      closely resemble the legal use names (or potential use names) of
      submitters. Therefore, under very limited circumstances, the
      College of Arms can consider the hypothetical use of a
      submission in addition to taking it at face value.

      Several 15th century examples of the [given name] + [heraldic
      title] pattern appear in "Fifteenth Century English Patents of
      Arms" (http://verysleepy.itgo.com/grants.htm):

           - _Thomas Clarensew Principall Heraulde and kyng of
           Armes_

           - _Christofer Norrey King of Armes_

           - _J Garter_ (the signature on a grant written under
           the name of _Iehan Smert autrement dit Gartier Roy
           Darmes du Royaume Dangleterre_)

      Given that this practice is found both in and out of the
      Society, we must consider the possible affiliation conflict.
      Saint Thomas Becket is important enough to protect under PN4D of
      SENA. The potential use name _Thomas Beckett_ is identical in
      sound and nearly identical in appearance to the saint's name, so
      the use name has an affiliation conflict. Therefore, we are
      unable to register this heraldic title.

      This heraldic title was pended from the June 2015 Letter of
      Acceptances and Returns.

======================================================================

**** EALDORMERE acceptances ****

  Alais de Poitiers. Name and device. Or, a sheep rampant azure.

      Nice device!

  Amelye of Trinovantia Nova. Name and device. Vert, a hand argent and
  on a chief Or three roses gules.

      _Trinovantia Nova_ is the registered name of an SCA branch.

  Annys Smyth. Name.

      This exact name is found several times between 1538 and 1588 in
      parish records from England (in the FamilySearch Historical
      Records), making this an excellent late 16th century English
      name!

  Catherine of Lochmere. Device. Per pale vert and gules, a bear
  passant to sinister argent and a bordure Or.

  Christiana Macnamara and Percival de la Rocque. Badge. (Fieldless) A
  shoe sole per pale argent and Or.

  Christiana Macnamara and Percival de la Rocque. Badge. (Fieldless)
  Three winged snails conjoined in pall inverted heads outwards
  argent.

      There is a step from period practice for charges _de facto_ in
      annulo not in the default palewise orientation.

  Cin{a'}ed Ua Donnchada. Name change from Philip MacDuncan Sinclair.

      Submitted as "Kenneth mec Connochy", the name was changed in
      kingdom to the Gaelic "Cin{a'}ed Ua Donnchada" (using a clan
      affiliation byname) to meet the submitter's preference for a
      pre-1200 Gaelic form. He also stated that he wanted a name
      appropriate for "someone from Elgin (Scotland) in 1187".

      We note that the form in the Letter of Intent was documented
      using Irish Gaelic sources. However, Rocket noted that Irish
      Gaelic and Scottish Gaelic were very similar prior to 1200.
      Therefore, the form in the Letter of Intent, as well as
      _Cin{a'}ed mac Donnchada_ (using a simple patronym) and
      _Cin{a'}ed mac Meic Donnchada_ (using a second generation
      patronym) are plausible in Scotland. If the submitter wants one
      of the patronymic forms, he can submit a request for
      reconsideration.

      The submitter's previous name, _Philip MacDuncan Sinclair_, is
      released.

  Cin{a'}ed Ua Donnchada. Alternate name Ghanim abd al-Rahman al-Rumi.

  Daya Speyererin. Device. Or, two reed pens inverted in saltire sable
  between four pumpkins gules slipped vert.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a pumpkin, a
      New World fruit.

  Decl{a'}n {O'} Duibhidhir. Name and device. Sable, on a skull within
  daisies in annulo argent a rose proper.

      Submitted as "Decl{a'}n _o_ _Dhubibi_hir", the name was changed
      in kingdom to "Decl{a'}n _{O'}_ _Duibhid_hir" to use the correct
      form of the clan affiliation byname.

      The submitter requested authenticity for a 16th century Irish
      name to match the time period of his parent's registered name.
      <Decl{a'}n> is the name of a 5th century Irish saint, but we
      don't have evidence of its use in the 16th century. Therefore,
      this name does not meet the submitter's request for
      authenticity, but it is registerable.

  Dwynwen Caerdydd. Device. Argent, on a pile ploy{e'} purpure between
  two sprigs of heather proper, a moon in her plenitude argent.

  Ka{dh}lin of {A'}rdchreag. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      Submitted as "Ka{dh}lin of _A_rdchreag", the registered branch
      name has an acute accent: "_{A'}_rdchreag". We have fixed the
      byname to register this name.

  Morotsura Koshirou. Name.

  Percival de la Rocque. Badge. (Fieldless) On a beer stein argent a
  bee purpure.

  Sorcha of Kilmongan. Name and device. Or, a griffin gules between
  three ivy leaves vert.

      _Kilmongan_ was documented as a modern place name, and is a
      registerable lingua Anglica form. It is also an Anglicized Irish
      place name found in a pipe roll from the reign of Edward I
      (Report of the Deputy Keeper of the Public Records in Ireland,
      p. 63; https://books.google.com/books?id=S1JJAQAAMAAJ).

      This name combines a Gaelic given name and an Anglicized Irish
      byname. This is an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C of
      SENA.

======================================================================

**** EAST acceptances ****

  Abigail Crane. Name and device. Purpure, a catamount passant argent
  and a base ermine.

      Nice 16th century English name!

  Aiden Underhill. Name.

  Alexander Kyppyn Kirkcaldy. Device change. Per pale sable and
  argent, a tower counterchanged and on a chief azure three fish
  naiant argent.

      The submitter's old device, "Per pale argent and sable, a
      standing balance counterchanged and on a chief azure three fish
      naiant argent", is released.

  Alexander Kyppyn Kirkcaldy. Badge. Quarterly purpure and azure, a
  tower and a bordure argent.

      This badge is clear of conflict with the badge of Manfred Odo
      von Falkenmond: "Gules, perched atop a tower a hooded falcon,
      within a bordure argent". There is a DC for changing the field
      and another DC for removing the falcon.

  Alys du Bois. Device. Or, a lily of the valley vert flowered argent
  and in chief three escarbuncles vert.

  Andreas Lucernensis. Badge. (Fieldless) On a salmon hauriant Or a
  crescent azure.

  Andreas Lucernensis. Badge. Per pale sable and gules, in pale three
  stag's attires argent.

      Nice badge!

  Angharad verch Rees. Device change. Gules, four double-pointed
  knitting needles fretted in mascle and on a chief Or three gouttes
  de sang.

      The submitter's old device, "Quarterly azure and argent all
      goutty counterchanged, a rose purpure barbed and seeded proper",
      is retained as a badge.

  {A'}sa in svarta. Badge. (Fieldless) A bib-apron azure.

      This is the defining instance of a bib-apron. It was documented
      as a period artifact, as seen in Jost Amman's Book of Trades,
      1568. For purpose of conflict checking, it does not have a DC
      from a waist-apron.

  Bernhard Brakelman. Device. Per pale Or and gules, a bear rampant
  sable between three lozenges counterchanged.

  Brunissende Dragonette. Badge. Argent estencelly azure, a chalice
  gules.

      Please advise the submitter to draw the sparks as groupings of
      roundels one and two, not two and one.

      This item was decided by Pelican.

  Caterina Maddalena dei Gabrielli. Name and device. Gules, a
  fleur-de-lys argent and a chief argent crusilly patonce gules.

      The submitter requested authenticity for "1450-1550 Italian".

      The two given names and the byname were documented to 15th and
      16th century Pisa, so this name likely meets the submitter's
      request for authenticity.

      Please advise the submitter to draw fewer and larger crosses
      with more splay to the arms so as to improve identifiability.

  East, Kingdom of the. Badge for Arts & Sciences Champion.
  (Fieldless) A tyger rampant azure maintaining a candle Or lit gules.

      "Arts & Sciences Champion" is a generic identifier.

  East, Kingdom of the. Badge for Bardic Champion. (Fieldless) A tyger
  rampant azure maintaining a clarion Or.

      "Bardic Champion" is a generic identifier.

  East, Kingdom of the. Badge for Rapier Champion. (Fieldless) A tyger
  rampant azure maintaining a rapier proper.

      "Rapier Champion" is a generic identifier.

  East, Kingdom of the. Badge for Armored Combat Champion. (Fieldless)
  A tyger rampant azure maintaining a spear bendwise sable hafted of
  wood proper.

      "Armored Combat Champion" is a generic identifier.

  East, Kingdom of the. Badge for Equestrian Champion. (Fieldless) A
  tyger rampant azure sustaining a tilting lance bendwise bendy
  sinister Or and purpure.

      "Equestrian Champion" is a generic identifier.

  East, Kingdom of the. Badge for Archery Champion. (Fieldless) A
  tyger rampant azure maintaining an arrow Or.

      "Archery Champion" is a generic identifier.

  East, Kingdom of the. Badge for Thrown Weapons Champion. (Fieldless)
  A tyger rampant azure maintaining an axe Or.

      "Thrown Weapons Champion" is a generic identifier.

  East, Kingdom of the. Release of badge for Queen's Bard. Per bend
  azure and argent, a maunch vert charged in base with a harp and in
  canton an Eastern crown Or.

  East, Kingdom of the. Release of badge for King's Bard. Per bend
  azure and argent, a sword vert, hilted sable, debruised by a harp
  and in chief an Eastern crown Or.

  East, Kingdom of the. Release of badge association for King's
  Champion. (Fieldless) A tyger rampant guardant azure maintaining a
  spear bendwise proper.

      The badge itself is not released.

  Elle de Valois. Name and device. Per pale gules and sable, a
  bat-winged lion Or and a bat-winged wolf combattant, on a point
  pointed argent a fleur-de-lys per pale sable and gules.

      This name combines an English given name and French byname. This
      is an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C of SENA.

  Faol{a'}n an Sccreccain. Name.

  Hermina de Pagan. Name (see RETURNS for device).

  Hr{o'}{dh}geirr M{a'}nason. Name and device. Sable, a bend Or
  engouled of wolf's heads between two increscents argent.

      This device does not conflict with the device of Illuminada
      Eugenia de Guadalupe y Godoy: "Sable, a bend engouled of two
      wolf's heads Or". There is a DC for changing the tincture of the
      wolf's heads and another DC for adding a secondary charge group
      of increscents.

  Kirsa Oyutai. Badge (see RETURNS for other badge). (Fieldless) On a
  beehive Or a musical note vert.

      Some commenters evoked the resemblance of this badge with the
      seal of Utah. We do not superprotect States seals and this badge
      does not conflict with that seal.

  Orlando di Sforza. Name and device. Sable, a winged lion rampant
  maintaining a sword and on a chief embattled Or three crosses
  crosslet fitchy gules.

      Submitted as "Orlando_ _Sforza", precedent states:

           The surname _Sforza_ is one of those names such as
           _Hohenstaufen_ which are so closely associated with a
           single sovereign royal family as to be presumptuous in
           their use. Indeed, in times past it was one of those
           that were used as an exemplar for that category of
           restricted names. (The name of the dynasty was derived
           from the nickname of its founder and in period was
           associated closely with the immediate family of the
           sovereign Dukes of Milan.) The use of the Sforza
           surname is tantamount to a claim to being from the
           immediate family of the sovereign Dukes of Milan and
           is not allowed under RFS VI.1.[Elizabetta Sforza, July
           1997, R-Atenveldt]

      SENA states, "Names may not contain a byname uniquely used by a
      single dynasty. Dynastic names used by both a royal family and
      normal people are acceptable. While some kingdom names were
      originally used primarily or exclusively by royalty, those names
      came to be used so widely that they are not considered a claim
      to rank."

      In this case, the Letter of Intent documented _Sforza_ as a
      given name in our period, so this byname could be interpreted as
      an unmarked patronym. However, this does not remove the
      appearance of presumption. If we had examples in period of
      people outside of the Duke of Milan's family who also used this
      byname, we could overturn this precedent.

      After the Pelican decision meeting, the consulting herald
      indicated that the submitter would accept the name "Orlando _di_
      Sforza". The use of a marked patronym is not presumptuous, so we
      have changed the name and registered this form.

  Rau{dh}a-Sunnifa refr. Alternate name Sorcha inghean U{i'}
  Chathasaigh.

  Sion ap Emrys. Reblazon of device. Gules, in saltire a sword curtana
  inverted proper and a pilgrim's staff argent between flaunches Or.

      Registered in May 1992 as "Gules, in saltire a sword curtana
      inverted and a pilgrim's staff argent, between flaunches Or",
      the tincture of the sword was inadvertently omitted.

======================================================================

**** GLEANN ABHANN acceptances ****

  Deredere Archer. Name.

  Gleann Abhann, Kingdom of. Heraldic title Moonestone Herald.

      This heraldic title was documented in the Letter of Intent using
      a pattern of naming heraldic titles after gemstones, which is
      grandfathered to the kingdom. The spelling _moone-stone_ is
      dated to 1632 in the Oxford English Dictionary. The submitted
      spelling, _Moonestone_, is dated to 1673 in the Letter of
      Intent, but is also a plausible variant of the gray area
      hyphenated form. We also note that _Moonestone_ is a plausible
      English compound place name formed from the family name _Moone_
      and the place name _Stone_. The toponymic bynames _stone_ and
      _atte Stone_ are found in the Middle English Dictionary, dated
      to 1459 and 1392, respectively.

  Gunnvaldr refskegg. Device. Quarterly vert and purpure, four boars
  passant argent.

  Sazia, uxor Jaufre Ferron. Device. Vert, on a fess argent three
  roses gules.

======================================================================

**** LAUREL acceptances ****

  Edward IV of England. Badge (Important non-SCA badge). (Fieldless) A
  rose argent en soleil Or.

  Edward IV of England. Badge (Important non-SCA badge). (Fieldless) A
  rose gules en soleil Or.

  Edward IV of England. Release of Important non-SCA badge.
  (Fieldless) A rose en soleil argent.

======================================================================

**** LOCHAC acceptances ****

  Amelot de Akeney. Reblazon of badge. (Fieldless) A fish skeleton
  fesswise embowed argent.

      Registered in March of 2014 as "(Fieldless) A fish skeleton
      naiant embowed argent", the fish is not naiant.

  Anna de Wilde. Name and device. Or, a dance azure and in chief three
  hurts.

      Nice 15th-16th century Flemish name!

  Beni Svensson. Name change from Ben of Stormhold.

      The submitter's previous name, _Ben of Stormhold_, is retained
      as an alternate name.

  Brand de Louden and Guillaume de Musgrave. Joint household name
  Howse atte Foresteres Reache (see RETURNS for badge).

  Coelen von Poppenwind. Name and device. Chevronelly inverted vert
  and Or.

      This name combines a Dutch given name and German byname. This is
      an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C of SENA.

      This device conflicts with the device of Kotek Torzhokskoi,
      "Chevronelly inverted gules and Or", but Kotek's Blanket Letter
      of Permission to Conflict (appearing elsewhere on this letter)
      allows its registration.

  Eyja Gunnarsdottir. Name and device. Gyronny Or and azure, in pale
  three keys fesswise gules.

      The submitter requested authenticity for a Viking
      language/culture. Both the given name and the father's name are
      found in the _Landn{a'}mab{o'}k_, so this name meets the
      submitter's request.

  Jaye Jenkins. Badge. (Fieldless) A reremouse argent fretty gules.

  Kotek Torzhokskoi. Blanket permission to conflict with device.
  Chevronelly inverted gules and Or.

      The submitter grants permission to conflict to armory that is
      not identical to his registered armory.

  Madeleine de Eyncourt. Device. Chevronelly inverted argent and
  gules, a chief gules.

  Madeleine de Eyncourt and Bernard Stirling. Joint badge. (Fieldless)
  In saltire a pair of bear's jambes erased argent.

  Nat Fraech hua {E'}ogain. Name and device. Argent, in pale a brown
  bear passant atop a barrel proper and in chief three trefoils vert.

      Submitted as "Nat Fraech _{O'}_ {E'}ogain", the clan affiliation
      byname _{O'} {E'}ogain_ combined the Early Modern Irish _{O'}_
      with the Old or Middle Irish _{E'}ogain_ in the same name
      phrase, a violation of PN1B1 of SENA. The byname was changed in
      kingdom to "_ua_ {E'}ogain" to use a pre-12th century form.

      In commentary, Rocket suggested an earlier Old Irish form "_hua_
      {E'}ogain", as it is closer to what was submitted. A slightly
      later Old Irish form is _*ua* *h*{E'}ogain_. Although the
      submission form stated that the submitter did not allow major
      changes, such as a change in language, kingdom obtained the
      submitter's permission to change the name to "Nat Fraech _hua_
      {E'}ogain". We have made this change in order to register the
      name.

  Teffania de Tuckerton. Name and badge. Ermine, an owl purpure.

      Submitted as "Teffania de Tu_k_erton", the submitter requested
      the spelling _Tu*ck*erton_ if it could be documented. Ekwall,
      s.n. Tuckerton states that this place name is derived from the
      occupation _tucker_ or _fuller_. The Middle English Dictionary
      gives one example of a related occupational byname, _Tuckere_,
      dated to 1236. Therefore, the _Tucker-_ spelling is also
      plausible in the submitted locative byname. We have changed the
      name to the preferred spelling.

      This badge does not conflict with the device of Damian
      Papyngeye: "Plumetty argent and vert, a popinjay purpure". There
      is a DC for the field and, by precedent, a DC for the difference
      between a well-drawn popinjay and an owl.

           Popinjays apparently were not considered
           interchangeable with martlets, ravens, or owls in
           period, and properly drawn we can distinguish between
           them. Therefore, popinjays when well-drawn will
           receive a DC from martlets, ravens, and owls. The
           shape of the bill, a longer tail, red beak and feet,
           and a red band around the neck all serve to aid in
           identification of the bird as a popinjay. This
           depiction does not have the red band around the neck,
           but neither do all popinjays in period armorials."
           [Catherine Townson, A-Ealdormere, March 2013 LoAR]

  {TH}orbi{o,}rn {th}ursasprengir. Name and device. Per pale sable and
  Or, a calamarie inverted counterchanged.

  Tobias Chester. Name and device. Or, a horse rampant contourny and
  on a chief gules three mullets Or.

      The submitter requested authenticity for a 16th century English
      name. This name meets his request.

======================================================================

**** MERIDIES acceptances ****

  {AE}sa Gr{o'}ud{o'}ttir. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      Nice Old Norse name!

  Agnarr Kraki. Name.

      The submitter request authenticity for a 9th-10th century
      Norse/Viking name. _Agnarr_ is found in the Family Sagas, and
      _kraki_ is found in the _Landn{a'}mab{o'}k_. The Family Sagas
      describe events from Iceland in the 10th-11th centuries, and
      _Landn{a'}mab{o'}k_ discusses the settlement of Iceland by the
      Norse in the 9th-11th centuries. Therefore, this name is likely
      authentic to the submitter's desired time period.

  {A'}str{i'}{dh}r Meistriksd{o'}ttir. Name.

  Berach Glover. Device. Per bend sinister sable and gules, a Celtic
  cross between three wolf's heads cabossed argent.

  C{a'}el{a'}n mac Oduinn. Name and device. Argent, a pale endorsed
  vert and overall a dragon sable.

  Conrad Engelhart. Device. Vert, a wolf sejant gardant, dexter
  forepaw raised argent maintaining in its mouth a fracted arrow
  gules, in dexter chief two bendlets sinister argent.

      The use of bendlets enhanced with any other charge is a step
      from period practice.

  Hainrich W{a:}chter. Device. Per pale argent and sable, a boar
  rampant maintaining a lantern gules and on a chief embattled azure
  three lanterns argent.

  Hochwald, Canton of. Device. Per chevron argent and sable, a hurst
  of three pine trees issuant from the line of division proper all
  within a laurel wreath vert.

      Please advise the submitter to draw the laurel wreath in a
      circular shape rather than in a distorted inverted-pear shape.

  Matthias Vandor. Device. Quarterly per pale embattled gules and Or,
  a pithon displayed sable and in chief two mullets counterchanged.

  Nest de Morlehedauc. Name and device. Argent, a chevron gules
  cotised sable and overall a brown hawk rising proper armed, belled
  and jessed Or.

      In correspondence with kingdom, the submitter requested
      authenticity for a 12th-13th century Welsh name.

      _Nest_ is a 12th-14th century Welsh given name. _Morlehedauc_ is
      an attested Latinized form of _Moel Hebog_ or _Moel Ehedog_ from
      1269. The pattern of a Welsh-language given name and a Latinized
      locative bynames is found in Constanza of Thamesreach's
      articles, "Given names in the charters of the Abbey of Ystrad
      Marchell, 1176-1283" and "Bynames in the charters of the Abbey
      of Ystrad Marchell, 1176-1283"
      (https://s-gabriel.org/names/constanza/ystradmarchell-given.html
      and
      https://s-gabriel.org/names/constanza/ystradmarchell-bynames.html).

      Although the name elements are not specifically dated, this name
      is likely authentic to Wales in the 12th-13th centuries, meeting
      the submitter's request.

  Raven Helmsplitter. Device. Per pale gules and sable, a helm and on
  a chief argent three ravens sable.

  Ris i Bretlandi. Name.

      Submitted as "R_hy_s _hinn_ Bretlandi", the name was changed in
      kingdom with the submitter's permission to "R_hy_s _i_
      Bretlandi" to match the documentation that could be found.

      Names from the English/Welsh and Scandinavian naming groups can
      only be combined prior to 1100 under Appendix C of SENA. _Rhys_
      is found only after the 12th century, with the form _Ris_ found
      in documents from the 8th century to the end of the 12th
      century. Therefore, the submitted spelling of the given name
      cannot be combined with the Scandinavian byname. We have changed
      the given name to the earlier form "R_i_s" with the submitter's
      permission to register this name.

  R{o/}rik mac Lugdach. Name and device. Azure, a pithon erect tail
  nowed Or and a ford proper.

      The submitter requested authenticity for a 10th-11th century
      Danish/Irish name. This name does not meet the submitter's
      request because it combines languages in the same name, but it
      is registerable.

      This name combines a Danish given name and a Gaelic byname. This
      is an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C of SENA.

  Sampson Lancaster. Name.

      Submitted as "Sampson _Cubenah_ Lancaster", the name was changed
      in kingdom with the submitter's permission to "Sampson_
      _Lancaster" because the combination of English and Ghanaian/Akan
      is not found in Appendix C of SENA, nor were examples of such a
      lingual mix included in the documentation.

      The submitter provided the article "Slave Names and Naming in
      Barbados, 1650-1830" by Jerome S. Handler and JoAnn Jacoby, [The
      William and Mary Quarterly, 3rd series, 1996;53(4):685-728;
      http://www.jstor.org/stable/2947140]. We applaud the submitter's
      research, but note that plantation slaves were not introduced
      into Barbados until the 1640s and no examples of _Cubenah_ were
      found before the 18th century in the cited article. Deeds of
      sale from 1643 provided the following names: _Toney_, _Mingoe_,
      _Grange_, _Mall_, _Butler_, _Maria_, _Judy_, _Nell_, _Illuma_,
      _John Payne_, and _John Smyth_ [G.H. Hawtayne, "A Cavalier
      Planter in Barbados", in: _Timehri_, vol. 7, pp.16-43;
      https://books.google.com/books?id=Oa43AAAAMAAJ]. No other
      records were found prior to 1650, and the relevant examples in
      Handler and Jacoby's article did not provide support for the
      pattern of double given names (one African and one English)
      combined with an English byname until the 18th and 19th
      centuries. Therefore, we are unable to restore this name to the
      submitted form.

  Stuard {O'} Conchobhair. Name and device. Per bend sable and vert, a
  moth and a lit candle in a candlestick argent.

      The submitter requested authenticity for an unspecified time and
      place. This name combines an English given name and Gaelic
      byname, which is an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C of
      SENA. Due to the lingual mix, this name is not authentic for
      either England or Ireland, but it is registerable.

      A candle mounted in a candlestick of any sort is considered a
      single design element for the purposes of SENA A3D2a per the
      following ruling:

           [A candle in a candlestick and a standing balance]
           There was some question of whether this design
           violates our ban on so-called "slot-machine" designs,
           having three types of charge in a single group. Like a
           bow and arrow, the candle and candlestick have
           independent heraldic existence but, when placed
           together in their expected arrangement for use, are
           considered a single design element and count as a
           single charge for purposes of the complexity rule.
           [Kate the Candelmaker, January 2009, A-An Tir]

      Therefore, this device is not slot-machine, and may be
      registered.

  Temair Cherr. Name and device. Vert, in bend sinister three
  escallops bendwise sinister argent.

      Submitted as "Temair _C_err", the byname needs to be lenited. We
      have changed the name to "Temair _Ch_err" in order to register
      this name.

======================================================================

**** MIDDLE acceptances ****

  Arinbjorn Ragnarsson. Device. Per pale sable and vert, a phoenix
  argent issuant from flames proper and on a chief argent three
  cogwheels vert.

  Azemars Martel. Device. Azure, a maunche and on a chief argent three
  fleurs-de-lys azure.

  Duncan MacGregor. Reblazon of device. Gules, a cross and overall in
  saltire two claymores inverted, all conjoined Or.

      Registered in February 1975 as "Gules, a cross debruised by two
      claymores in saltire, all voided Or", an inspection of the
      emblazon shows that none of the charges are voided and the
      inversion of the claymores was omitted from the blazon. We are
      correcting these issues.

  Edgar Bowman. Name and device. Argent, a chevron rompu gules between
  three sheaves of arrows sable.

  Emma Foxe. Name.

      This exact name is dated between 1560 and 1590 in the
      FamilySearch Historical Records, making this an excellent 16th
      century English name!

  Geneviefve Jacqueline de Gris. Name and device. Azure semy-de-lys, a
  wolf sejant argent.

      This name combines two French given names and a Spanish byname.
      This is an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C of SENA.

  Gregoire de Lyon and Giovanna Adimari. Joint badge. Gules, a stag's
  head argent issuant from a coronet Or, a bordure ermine.

      The submitters are court barons and thus entitled to the display
      of a coronet.

  Kadem bint Kismet. Name.

      Nice 16th century Turkish name!

  Katherine Coscombe. Name and device. Azure, a Catherine's wheel
  sustaining in chief a dunghill cock argent.

      _Katherine_ was dated to 1540-1, and _Coscombe_ is dated to 1522
      in 1522 in 'Henry VIII: September 1522, 21-30', in _Letters and
      Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 3, 1519-1523_
      (pp. 1084-1101;
      https://www.british-history.ac.uk/letters-papers-hen8/vol3/pp1084-1101).

      Nice 16th century English name!

  Katherine Coscombe. Badge. (Fieldless) A coxcomb azure.

      Nice badge!

  Kiltigern MacClibarn. Badge. (Fieldless) A dragonfly vert, winged
  sable.

  Lucius Antonius Ursus. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      The submitter requested authenticity for a 1st century Roman
      name. This request was not summarized in the Letter of Intent.
      However, we had enough information to consider this request
      instead of pending the name for further commentary.

      In commentary, Metron Ariston noted that, "Based on this, I
      would say that the name as a whole would be most authentic for
      the earlier Imperial period between between [sic] the middle of
      the first century A.D. and the middle of the fourth century A.D.
      However, it almost certainly would be feasible for the
      Republican period as well." Therefore, this name meets the
      submitter's authenticity request.

  Maaicke van Zanten. Household name Sign of the Blasted Oak.

      The submitter has permission to conflict with the Barony of
      Lochmere's _Order of the Blasted Oak_. We note that Lochmere
      provided a new Letter of Permission to Conflict after the Letter
      of Intent was issued.

      This household name follows an inn-sign name pattern with
      heraldic charges modified by a descriptive term appropriate for
      use in blazon. Examples include _Two neck'd Swan_, _Spread
      eagle_, and _Dobbel hood_, found in "Comparison of
      Inn/Shop/House names found London 1473-1600 with those found in
      the ten shires surrounding London in 1636" by Margaret Makafee
      (http://www.contrib.andrew.cmu.edu/~grm/signs-1485-1636.html).

  Madeleine Singalday of Glastonbury. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      The submitter requested authenticity for a 12th-13th century
      Anglo-Norman name. _Madeleine_ is a 13th century French name and
      is also found in England in the 16th century in the FamilySearch
      Historical Records. _Singalday_ is dated to England in the early
      14th century. The submitted spelling of the place name
      _Glastonbury_ could not be documented prior to the 15th century.
      Therefore, this name is wholly English, but not authentic for
      the desired time period. The name is, however, registerable as
      submitted.

  Melike bint Nikola. Name and device. Per chevron throughout ploy{e'}
  argent fretty azure and sable, a sea-coney argent.

      The use of a patronym formed from _bint_ and a Christian rather
      than Arabic or Turkish given name was questioned in commentary.
      We note that this patronym is attested several times in the
      article cited in the Letter of Intent.

      _Melike_ is the Turkish equivalent of the Arabic _Malika_
      ("queen"). PN4B1 of SENA states, "Given names that are identical
      to titles and forms of address may be registered in contexts
      that make it clear that they are given names and not titles."
      That is the case here, so this name can be registered.

  Sybella of Dragon's Mark. Device. Quarterly azure and argent, an oak
  tree eradicated and fructed and a bordure counterchanged.

  Tul Cyrdkatte. Reblazon of device. Per pale azure and sable, a
  katana inverted Or surmounted by a death's head facing to dexter
  argent between in fess a sun Or and a decrescent argent.

      Registered in February 1975 as "Per pale azure and sable, a
      jawless skull argent pierced by a katana inverted, edge to
      sinister, between in fess a sun in glory Or and a decrescent
      argent", this blazon would have made the skull the primary
      charge, but an inspection of the emblazon shows the katana to be
      the largest, and hence primary charge; the skull is the same
      size as the secondaries around it. It is also facing dexter, not
      in a skull's default cabossed orientation and the sun has no
      human features, so it is not in glory. We have corrected the
      blazon to take these parameters into account.

  Wilhelm Kith Atzinger. Name (see RETURNS for device).

======================================================================

**** NORTHSHIELD acceptances ****

  Dietrich von Gottingen. Name and device. Azure, three towers and a
  horse rampant three and one argent.

      The given name _Dietrich_ was not specifically dated in the
      Letter of Intent. It is dated to 1586 in the FamilySearch
      Historical Records. The phrase _von Gottingen_ is found in
      _Dasselische und Einbeckische Chronica_ by Johannes Letzner,
      published in 1596 (p. 43;
      https://books.google.com/books?id=d3JdAAAAcAAJ).

      Nice 16th century German name!

  Eva of Glastingbyri. Name and device. Per fess fleury counter-fleury
  argent and gules, two lions passant counter-passant gardant
  counterchanged.

  Giovanni da Treviso. Name and device. Per bend Or and gules, a
  lymphad sails unfurled and a sheaf of five stalks of wheat
  counterchanged.

      The early sixteenth century Italian painter _Giovanni Maria da
      Treviso_ (also called _Giovanni Maria Trevisano_) is not
      important enough to protect. Even if he were, no evidence was
      found that he was known as _Giovanni da Treviso_, so the present
      submission would not presume upon his name.

      Nice 14th century Venetian name!

  Nuala inghen Aodha Dhiolmhain. Name.

      Submitted as "Nuala inghen A_ed_a _D_iolmhain", the standard
      Early Modern Irish Gaelic form of the patronym (appropriate for
      after c.1200) is _inghean Aodha_, whereas the expected Middle
      Irish form (prior to c.1200) is _ingen Aeda_. The submitted
      spelling of the particle, _inghen_ is found in both Middle Irish
      and Early Modern Irish forms. The October 2010 Cover Letter
      states:

           For Gaelic names, the main source that I use is Mari
           ingen Briain meic Donnchada, "Index of Names in Irish
           Annals"
           (http://www.medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/). It
           includes the standardized forms of a variety of names
           and the years the names were used, as well as
           documentary forms. In general, it's better to use the
           standardized spellings, because each set of Annals,
           which were written in late period from earlier
           sources, uses an individual orthographic system that
           combines early and late spellings (sometimes
           inconsistently using early and late spellings). While
           we'd register a documentary form consistent with a
           single set of Annals, it would have to be consistent
           with the orthographic system used in that set of
           annals.

      The patronym _inghen Aeda_ is Middle Irish. _Diolmhain_ is Early
      Modern Irish. As these elements were not all found in the same
      set of annals, PN1B1 of SENA does not allow the mixing of these
      languages in the same name phrase. Therefore, we have changed
      the father's name to the Early Modern Irish form _Aodha_. In
      addition, Rocket confirmed after the Pelican decision meeting
      that "_Dh_iolmhain" is the correct genitive masculine singular
      form, so we have changed _Diolmhain_ to this form.

  Steinn inn skj{a'}lgi. Device. Per pale azure and gules, in pale a
  tree issuant from a rock Or.

  Tighearnach Perkins. Name and device. Per chevron azure and gules, a
  chevron between two thistles argent and a tyger rampant Or.

      _Perkins_ is the submitter's legal surname.

      Please advise the submitter to have the thistles' leaves issuing
      from lower on the slip rather than from the junction with the
      ball of the thistle.

======================================================================

**** OUTLANDS acceptances ****

  Christopher Devereux. Reblazon of device. Per pale argent and azure,
  a masculyn counterchanged.

      Registered in September of 2006 as "Per pale argent and azure, a
      mascle fleury at the points counterchanged", we have since
      defined the "mascle fleury at the points" as a "masculyn".

  Christopher Devereux. Reblazon of badge. (Fieldless) A masculyn per
  saltire argent and azure.

      Registered in February of 2008 as "(Fieldless) A mascle fleury
      at the points per saltire argent and azure", we have since
      defined the "mascle fleury at the points" as a "masculyn".

  Dairenn of Galway. Alternate name Darri skytta.

      Submitted as "Darri _Bowmaster_", the submitter initially
      requested an authentic Viking name. The name was changed in
      kingdom with the submitter's permission to "Darri _skytta_" in
      order to meet this authenticity request and to avoid the
      appearance of presumption through the use of _-master_.

      The given name _Darri_ is found in the _Landn{a'}mab{o'}k_ as
      well as in Sweden in a source dated between 1074 and 1316. The
      byname _skytta_ ("marksman, archer") is found in the 14th
      century in _Suecanum Diplomatarium_ and other sources.
      Therefore, this name may be authentic, but we do not know for
      sure.

      The submitter wanted a feminine name. She may like to know that
      _Darri_ is a masculine given name.

  Danielle de la Rochelle. Name (see RETURNS for device).

  Dearbh{a'}il inghean L{e'}oid. Badge. (Fieldless) A fox's mask per
  pale argent and purpure.

  Ealusaid of Ardrenk. Name and device. Per chevron embattled argent
  semy of maple leaves vert and vert, a squirrel argent.

      This name combines a Scottish Gaelic given name and an
      Anglicized Manx byname. This is an acceptable lingual mix under
      Appendix C of SENA.

  Erchambaut le Breton. Name.

      This name combines a French given name and English byname. This
      is an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C of SENA.

  Gabriela Wendin. Device. Quarterly azure and vert, a G clef between
  three pheons inverted Or.

      The G clef in this depiction appears to match one of the various
      period G clef symbols, but this one is not distinguishable from
      a capital letter G; some other G clef symbols look quite
      different from the letter G. In any event, we do not grant
      difference between different abstract symbols.

  Genevieve Chastain. Name.

      This name does not conflict with the registered name _Genevieve
      Chastellain_. A syllable has been added, so this name is clear
      under PN3C2 of SENA.

  Katelin de Irlande. Badge. (Fieldless) A double rose Or and sable
  barbed and seeded proper.

      For conflict checking purpose, a double rose is considered as a
      rose charged with a tertiary rose. By precedent:

           [a double rose argent and sable] ... there's a CD ...
           for adding the tertiary rose. Precedent states:

                [two roses azure each charged with a rose
                argent vs a sem{e'} of roses] ... there is a
                CD for changing the number of secondary
                charges and a second CD for adding the
                tertiary charges. As drawn the charges in
                chief cannot be double roses as the outer
                rose and the inner rose have different
                orientations. [Beatrice Domenici della
                Campana, 05/01, A-An Tir]

           We do not grant a CD for the orientation of a rose.
           The orientation in a double rose is even harder to
           determine. Given this, the precedent cited above is
           hereby overturned - the orientation of the tertiary
           rose is not a factor in whether or not the inner rose
           is considered tertiary charge. However, if you charge
           a rose with a rose of a different tincture, it is a
           rose with a tertiary rose whether it is blazoned as a
           double rose A and B or as a rose A charged with a rose
           B. The orientation of the rose is not worth difference
           one way or the other. [Melodia Shaw, 05/2007,
           A-Outlands]

  Kat'ryna Tsaatan. Name and device. Argent, a stag rampant azure
  attired and unguled gules and on a chief embattled azure an arrow
  reversed Or.

      The byname _Tsaatan_ is documented from a source, Alan Sanders'
      _Historical Dictionary of Mongolia_, which includes information
      from the 12th to 20th centuries. As the name elements in this
      source are not clearly dated to period, we will give this
      submission the benefit of the doubt.

      This name combines a Russian given name and Mongolian byname.
      This is an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C of SENA.

  Kolosvarj Hoyai Kristof. Name change from Faolan {O'} Lach{a'}in of
  Galway and device change. Purpure, a tree blasted and eradicated
  between in chief two mullets argent and a ford proper.

      The submitter's previous name, _Faolan {O'} Lach{a'}in of
      Galway_, is retained as an alternate name.

      The submitter's old device, "Per chevron sable and gules, a
      chevron rompu between a decrescent moon, an increscent moon, and
      a wolf's head erased contourny ululant argent", is retained as a
      badge.

  Logan of Logan. Device. Sable, a sinister hand Or between three
  bezants one and two.

  Logan of Logan. Badge. (Fieldless) On a sinister hand Or a gunstone.

      Several commenters noticed that the combination of the name and
      badge was evocative of the movie and TV shows "Logan's run". It
      does not rise however to the level of obtrusive modernity.

  L{o:}rinc of Nahrun Kabirun. Holding name and device (see RETURNS
  for name). Per fess wavy argent and azure, a bear's head cabossed
  sable and a fish naiant embowed Or.

      Submitted under the name "L{o:}rinc {O:}t{o:}g-{a:}ke".

  L{o:}rinc of Nahrun Kabirun. Badge. (Fieldless) Two fish haurient
  embowed respectant gules, maintaining between their tails a pearl
  argent.

      Submitted under the name "L{o:}rinc {O:}t{o:}g-{a:}ke".

  Olivia Sol{i'}s de Luj{a'}n. Name and device. Purpure, a triquetra
  within six hearts in annulo points to center argent.

      The byname _de Luj{a'}n_ was documented in the Letter of Intent
      without an accent: _de Lujan_. The form with the accent is found
      in Elsbeth Anne Roth's article "16th Century Spanish Names"
      (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/spanish/bynames-alpha.html).
      Therefore, we are able to register this name as submitted.

      There is a step from period practice for using charges in annulo
      not in their default palewise orientation.

======================================================================

**** TRIMARIS acceptances ****

  Aife ingen Meic Con. Name and device. Or, a wolf's head cabossed and
  an orle azure.

  Anna O'Dea. Name.

      Nice late 16th century Anglicized Irish name!

  Asiya al-Badawiyya. Name (see RETURNS for device).

  Catherine Rose FitzEdmund. Device. Sable, on a roundel within a
  serpent in annulo vorant of its tail Or a rose proper.

  Corwyn Moray. Badge. Purpure, three bendlets argent and in base a
  dragon's head couped Or.

  C{u'} Meda {O'} S{i'}odhach{a'}in. Name (see RETURNS for badge).

  Gareth de Taunton. Badge. (Fieldless) An armillary sphere argent.

      Nice badge!

  James Fraser MacKenzie. Name and device. Sable, a sun in splendor
  and on a chief embattled Or four lozenges sable.

  John of Antioche. Name and device. Argent, on a grenade proper a
  Latin cross Or.

      The historical figures such as John, Patriarch of Antioch and
      the chronicler John of Antioch are not worthy of protection.

      Commenters questioned whether this evocation of the holy hand
      grenade of Antioch, of Monty Python fame, by the combination of
      the name and charge was too obtrusively modern. It is not.

  Judith O'Dea. Name.

  Kolfinna gl{o'}ra. Name and device. Azure, on a lozenge argent a
  winged rabbit rampant contourny sable, a bordure argent mullety
  sable.

  Lon{a'}n M{o'}r. Name and device. Per pale sable and vert, a fish
  skeleton palewise argent.

  Michael Raney. Name and device. Argent, a cross gules surmounted by
  a serpent ondoyant palewise, face to sinister sable, between four
  poppy flowers affronty gules.

      Nice 13th century English name!

  Sk{o'}lmr {th}ambarskelmir. Name and device. Azure, a wolf rampant
  and on a chief indented argent a roundel between two sheaves of
  arrows inverted azure.

  Sorcha O'Dea. Name and device. Per bend sinister purpure and argent,
  a dragon couchant argent and a wooden crossbow proper.

      This name combines a Gaelic given name and Anglicized Irish
      byname. This is an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C of
      SENA.

  Tailefhlaith ingen Gormgilla. Name and device. Argent, a pegasus
  segreant purpure between seven lilies in annulo azure.

  Yamamoto no Murasaki. Name and device. Per chevron purpure and
  argent, a bouquet of lavender purpure slipped vert.

======================================================================

**** WEST acceptances ****

  {AE}sa Vthyrmsdottir. Device. Azure, three suns Or each charged with
  a rose gules seeded Or.

      This device was pended on the June 2015 Letter of Acceptances
      and Returns to allow more commentary to determine whether Edward
      IV of England's _a rose en soleil_ badge should be a restricted
      charge or simply protected from conflict; and in the latter
      case, whether in a tinctureless form, or when tinctured argent
      and/or gules. Its historical use seems to have been limited to
      Edward IV, which doesn't justify its inclusion on our list of
      Restricted Charges. Instead, we will now protect it from
      conflict, in its two historical forms: "(Fieldless) A rose
      argent en soleil Or" and "(Fieldless) A rose gules en soleil
      Or".

      As the charge is no longer restricted, this device is
      registerable.

  Jak Wyldmy. Device. Quarterly azure and argent, a lion sejant
  affronty Or.

      The submitter has permission to conflict with the device of
      Michael Vladimir Gerewolf: "Per pale ermine and counter-ermine,
      a three-headed cheetah sejant affronty, outer heads addorsed,
      Or".

======================================================================

                  - Explicit littera accipiendorum -

======================================================================

***** THE FOLLOWING ITEMS HAVE BEEN RETURNED FOR FURTHER WORK: *****

**** AN TIR returns ****

  Alejandro Roberto de la Mar. Household name Band of the Red Hammer.

      Although the Letter of Intent showed that _band_ is a word for
      an organized group of soldiers, no examples were provided of
      this designator with a _color + heraldic charge_ pattern, or for
      named bands in general. Therefore, we are unable to register
      this name.

  Cian {O'} Ruaidhr{i'}. Device. Vert, in bend three rapiers bendwise
  sinister argent.

      This device is returned for conflict with the badge of Deaton
      Claymore: "Vert, two claymores in saltire surmounted by a third
      inverted proper". There is not a substantial change for changing
      the arrangement as the position and orientation of one sword is
      identical in both pieces of armory. Thus, there is only one DC
      for changing the arrangement of the swords.

      On redesign, please advise the submitter that swords would be
      easier to identify if drawn thicker.

  Glymm Mere, Barony of. Badge for Orden de Juana. Azure goutty d'eau,
  a morion and a bordure rayonny Or.

      This badge is returned for redraw. Per the March 2013 Cover
      Letter "Teardrop shaped gouttes are registerable as long as they
      are elongated, more than twice as long as they are wide." On
      redraw, the submitter should either use the more period form
      with a wavy tail and/or draw the gouttes longer. The bordure
      should also be drawn with fewer, thicker rayons.

  Glymm Mere, Barony of. Badge for Order of the Golden Wolf of Glymm
  Mere. Azure goutty d'eau, a wolf rampant maintaining an axe, a
  bordure rayonny Or.

      This badge is returned for redraw. Per the March 2013 Cover
      Letter "Teardrop shaped gouttes are registerable as long as they
      are elongated, more than twice as long as they are wide." On
      redraw, the submitter should either use the more period form
      with a wavy tail and/or draw the gouttes longer. The bordure
      should also be drawn with fewer, thicker rayons.

  Volchko Kuznets Volkov. Device change. Sable, three scarpes
  engrailed gules fimbriated Or.

      This device is returned for conflict with the device of John
      FitzArnulf de Lithia: "Bendy sinister sable and gules". There is
      a single DC for changing the style of the partition lines.

======================================================================

**** ANSTEORRA returns ****

  Dmitrii Zvezdochet Mikhailovich. Device. Per chevron vert mullety of
  six points argent and Or, a linden tree eradicated vert.

      This device is returned for a redraw, for violating the
      guidelines set forth on the May 2011 Cover Letter for a properly
      drawn per chevron field division; the field division here is too
      low. Please see that Cover Letter for further discussion and
      details of how to properly draw per chevron lines of division.

  Elena Wyth. Badge. (Fieldless) A lily affronty sable.

      This lily is returned for redraw, for violating SENA A2C2 which
      states "Elements must be drawn to be identifiable." Commenters
      could not identify the flower in this submission. Additionally,
      the flower appears to be drawn in trian aspect which is, in
      itself, grounds for return. On redesign, the problems could
      likely be solved by using a heraldic form of the flower
      (assuming absence of conflict).

  Hildegard Volkward. Device. Or, a dragon-headed drakkar prow and in
  sinister canton a mullet of five greater and five lesser points
  sable.

      This device is returned for conflict with the device of Merilyn
      of Wendarrow: "Or, a dragon's head erased within a bordure
      sable". There is one DC for changing the type of secondary
      charge. Per precedent, there is no DC for the difference between
      a dragon's head and a prow carved to look like a dragon's head.

           _[Sable, a drakkar prow Or.]_ Conflict with
           Aethelthryth of Acleah (SCA), _[Fieldless] A dragon's
           head couped Or_. There is only one CD for
           fieldlessness. We have traditionally granted nothing
           for the difference between a drakkar's prow and a
           dragon's head. [Thorvald Fridtjofsson, LoAR of June
           1994]

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a mullet of
      five greater and five lesser points.

  Maelgwyn Dda. Badge. Vert, a braided cord palewise Or throughout.

      This badge is returned for lack of documentation of the charge
      used. Neither the submitter nor the commenters provided period
      evidence for braided cords as ordinaries.

  Toryn Seven Stiches. Device. Argent, in pale seven bendlets couped
  sable.

      This device is returned for lack of documentation of the
      armorial design used. Submitted as seven bendlets couped,
      neither the submitter nor commenters presented period evidence
      for a large number of couped ordinaries used as the primary
      element in an armorial design. Additionally, the depiction of
      the primary charges blurs the distinction between a baton and a
      billet.

  Ugo Morelli. Device. Gules, a bend sinister between a hide and a
  stirrup Or.

      This device conflicts with the device of Ulrich Jarman: "Gules,
      a bend sinister between two mounted knights courant Or". There
      is a DC for type of secondary charges, but nothing more. The
      horses' posture cannot count for difference against charges
      (hide, stirrup) that cannot possibly share it.

  Znata Zelenaia. Device. Per chevron inverted vert and Or, five
  linden leaves in annulo conjoined at their stems vert and a mortar
  and pestle argent.

      This device is returned for violating SENA A3D2c, Unity of
      Posture and Orientation, which states "A charge group in which
      postures for different charges must be blazoned individually
      will not be allowed without period examples of that combination
      of postures." The charges here are not in a unified arrangement,
      as the arrangement of the linden leaves must be described
      independently of that of the mortar and pestle.

      This device is not considered slot-machine armory as a mortar
      and pestle are considered a single charge for the purposes of
      SENA A3D2a.

======================================================================

**** ARTEMISIA returns ****

None.

======================================================================

**** ATENVELDT returns ****

  Ari {A'}nsson. Badge. Gules scaly argent.

      This badge is returned for conflict with the device of Antonius
      Hasebroek: "Gules scaly Or". The underlying field tincture is
      the same and there is only one DC for changing the tincture of
      the scales. At the time the current precedent on field only
      armory with field treatments like scaly was set in February,
      2012, Laurel declined to rule on whether or not two fields of
      identical underlying tinctures with the same type of field
      treatments in different tinctures are clear of conflict or not.
      At this time we are ruling that, if two field primary pieces of
      armory share the same field treatment and an identical
      underlying tincture, the fields do not differ by a substantial
      change of tincture and, absent an additional change (e.g., for
      the presence of a peripheral charge) will conflict.

  Attalus of Carthage. Device. Argent, a man affronty gules in a short
  tunic Or kneeling on one knee and his hands supporting a chief
  embowed to base azure.

      This device is returned for using a chief embowed to base.
      Although embowing to chief for chiefs and some ordinaries can be
      seen in some armorials as an illustration of the curvature of
      the shield, the same is not true for embowing to base.
      Additionally, no period evidence was presented for a primary
      charge like this human overlapping the chief.

  Ismenia O'Mulryan. Device change. Argent, a bend sinister vert
  between a hawk's head contourny erased azure, armed vert, and two
  annulets in fess azure.

      This device is returned for using an arrangement that is not
      documented to period. The annulets are not arranged in the
      default arrangement for two compact charges below a bend
      sinister (which would be in bend sinister) and their arrangement
      has to be blazoned independently of the hawk's head. Such an
      arrangement of charges around a bend (sinister) is not
      registerable without documentation.

  Kitajima Ishirou Matai. Name.

      The Letter of Intent stated that _Matai_ is a Japanese form of
      the name _Matthew_. Although this is the case, this usage
      appears to be well after our period. Therefore, we are unable to
      register this name.

      Upon resubmission, we suggest the 16th-17th century _Matchiyasu_
      or _Matchasu_, both Japanese forms of the Portuguese _Matthias_.
      They were documented in commentary by ffride wlffsdotter in
      Masaharu Anesaki, "The Fates of Some of the Leading Kirishitans
      Who Signed the Barberini Documents of 1620-21"(PIA 3.5; 247-50)
      and in Masaharu Anesaki, _A Concordance to the History of
      Krishitan Missions_ (https://archive.org/details/MN41610ucmf_4),
      respectively.

  Reitz Nader der grothen Schwartzen Hanen. Name.

      The byname _der grothen Schwartzen Hanen_ ("at the large black
      cock/rooster") doesn't fit any documented pattern. We do not
      have evidence of descriptive bynames derived from kinds of
      animals with multiple adjectives modifying them.

      Upon resubmission, we note that _Reitz Nader_ is a nice late
      period German name. If he still wants an inn-sign-style byname,
      we suggest the form _zum Schwartzen Hahne_ ("at the sign of the
      black cock/rooster"), as we do have evidence of animals modified
      by a color term in German sign names.

      His device is registered under the holding name "Reitz of
      Atenveldt".

======================================================================

**** ATLANTIA returns ****

None.

======================================================================

**** CAID returns ****

  Ambrose Wyld. Device. Quarterly azure and sable, three wolf's teeth
  issuant from sinister and in canton a mullet of four points argent.

      This device is returned for redraw of the wolf's teeth. Per
      precedent:

           The depictions we have found of wolf's teeth in period
           heraldry invariably have the teeth conjoined at the
           base. We encourage this depiction of wolf's teeth, but
           will accept emblazons where the teeth are not quite
           conjoined as in this submission. The wolf's teeth must
           still reach, or nearly reach, the per pale line.
           [Konrad Rickert, July 2008, Atenveldt-A]

      Here, the wolf's teeth are not close to being conjoined as the
      distance between them is about as wide as their width.

======================================================================

**** CALONTIR returns ****

  Avery Quatremaine. Device. Azure, a chevron argent between three
  compass stars Or.

      This device conflicts with the device of Jean Oste de Murat:
      "Azure, a chevron argent between two prawns haurient respectant
      and a fleur-de-lys Or". There is only one DC for changing the
      type of secondary charges. It also conflicts with the device of
      Johanne i Visby: "Azure, a chevron argent and in sinister chief
      a mullet Or". Since we grant no difference between mullets with
      different numbers of points, there is only one DC for the number
      of secondary charges.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of compass
      stars.

  Chrystofer Wojtowicz. Name.

      The submitted name is identical in sound to one of the
      submitter's use names. The Administrative Handbook states:

           No name will be registered to a submitter if it is
           identical to a name used by the submitter for purposes
           of identification outside of a Society context. This
           includes legal names, common use names, trademarks,
           and other items registered with mundane authorities
           that serve to identify an individual or group. This
           restriction applies to Society branches as well as
           individuals. Thus, a branch cannot use the name of a
           significant location (a town or county, for example)
           within its borders. This restriction is intended to
           help preserve a distinction between a submitter's
           identity within the Society and the submitter's
           identity outside of the Society.

           A small change in the name is sufficient for
           registration, such as the addition of a syllable or a
           spelling change that changes the pronunciation.
           However, a change to spelling without a change in
           pronunciation is not sufficient. For example, Alan
           Miller could not register the name Alan Miller or
           Allan Miller but he could register the name Alan the
           Miller. Further, submitters may register either a name
           or armory which is a close variant of a name or
           insignia they use outside the Society, but not both.

      Although there has been a spelling change to the given name, the
      pronunciation has not been modified, so we are forced to return
      this name.

      His device is registered under the holding name "Chrystofer of
      Crystal Mynes".

  Katherine Devereaux of York. Badge. (Fieldless) A falcon striking
  sable maintaining a closed book vert charged with a rose argent.

      This badge is returned for presumption. SENA A6E states "_A few
      special cases follow more stringent rules. For example, the
      Lancaster and York rose badges are very widely associated with
      those families in many forms. Therefore, we do not allow anyone
      to register the byname (of) Lancaster with armory including a
      red rose, or the byname (of) York with armory including a white
      rose. Again, the name will normally be registered but the armory
      returned._" This is exactly the situation we have here and this
      badge must be returned.

======================================================================

**** DRACHENWALD returns ****

None.

======================================================================

**** EALDORMERE returns ****

  Etain Meddyges verch Gwillym. Badge. (Fieldless) On a sun Or a plate
  surmounted by the tips of eight lightning bolts in annulo points to
  center purpure.

      This badge is returned for multiple reasons. Blazoned as a sun
      Or pierced argent, piercing is of the field, which is not
      possible for a fieldless badge. This is therefore a sun Or
      charged with a plate, which violates the rule of contrast.
      Blazoned as an escarbuncle of lightning bolt, no documentation
      was provided of such an arrangement. The closest blazon would
      have the lightning bolts in annulo. Thus, this badge has two
      steps from period practice. The use of lightning bolts not as
      part of a thunderbolt is a step from period practice and so is
      the use of charges in annulo not in their default palewise
      orientation. Additionally, the center points of the lightning
      bolt are partially overlapping the central roundel. Since
      piercing is considered the equivalent of a tertiary charge, the
      lightning bolts are partially quaternary charge, which is not
      registerable.

  Ka{dh}lin of {A'}rdchreag. Device. Vert, a base azure fimbriated Or,
  overall a natural seahorse contourny argent.

      This device is returned for having a fimbriated base. By
      longstanding precedent, only primary charges may be fimbriated.

  Mjoll {U'}lfsd{o'}ttir. Device. Or, a badger dormant in annulo sable
  marked argent within a bordure sable.

      This device is returned for redraw, for violating SENA A2C2
      which states "Elements must be drawn to be identifiable." Here,
      the posture of the central charge impairs its identifiability.
      Additionally, no documentation was provided that this posture
      was used in medieval heraldry.

======================================================================

**** EAST returns ****

  An Dubhaigeainn, Barony of. Badge for Populace. Per fess wavy azure
  and barry wavy argent and azure, a duck naiant contourny argent
  billed Or.

      This badge is returned for conflict with the device of Sign{y'}
      Ingad{o'}ttir: "Per chevron ermine and purpure, in base a swan
      naiant contourny argent". There is one DC for the changes to the
      field. The position of the bird to chief here and to base in
      Sign{y'}'s armory are forced, as neither bird can be in the
      other's space and thus does not bring a DC. While both swans and
      ducks are period charges, swans are much more common than ducks.
      In period emblazons it is often difficult, or impossible, to
      tell the difference between the two birds. Thus we do not grant
      a difference between the two.

  Hermina de Pagan. Device. Gules, a sheaf of three roses slipped and
  leaved and overall a skeletal hand fesswise reversed argent.

      This device is returned for using so-called "garden rosebuds".
      Per repeated precedent:

           This device is returned for the use of a garden
           rosebud, which has not been registerable since
           November 1994:

                Commentary was nearly as strong in favor of
                banning garden rosebuds from armory.
                Consequently, we will accept whatever garden
                rosebuds may be in LoIs issued before
                December 1994, but no further registrations
                of this charge will be made. (CL 11/94)

           A garden rosebud is a garden rose with the petals
           closed, which describes the charge in chief. [ Diane
           Daunt, March 2009, R-West ]

      All roses should be depicted affronty, with their petals fully
      laid out on the page, instead of cupped like a tulip.

  Kirsa Oyutai. Badge. (Fieldless) An arrowhead per pale Or and azure.

      This badge is returned for conflict with the badge of
      England:"(Tinctureless) A pheon". There is only one DC for the
      tincturelessness of the English badge.

      On redesign, please advise the submitter to draw the charge more
      clearly as an arrowhead, which would have a barbed point.

  Lupold Hass. Device. Azure, a hare salient argent.

      This device is returned for conflict with the badge of Sarra
      Bossard, for Confrerie du Lapin: "Azure, a coney salient argent
      within a mascle of four swords conjoined point to hilt proper".
      There is only one DC for removing the secondary charge group.

======================================================================

**** GLEANN ABHANN returns ****

None.

======================================================================

**** LAUREL returns ****

None.

======================================================================

**** LOCHAC returns ****

  Brand de Louden and Guillaume de Musgrave. Joint badge. Argent, a
  stag courant proper transfixed through the neck by an arrow sable
  between three oak trees eradicated vert, a bordure rayonny gules.

      This badge is returned for multiple reasons. The sizes of the
      stag and trees are such that there is confusion as to whether
      there's a single group of co-primary charges or a primary stag
      and secondary trees. The posture of the stag cannot be properly
      blazoned as it is intermediate between courant (the front legs
      are extended) and statant (the hind legs are bent underneath the
      body). Additionally, the arrow is too small to be identifiable
      and, were it big enough, would bring the complexity count to
      nine (argent, brown, sable, vert, gules, stag, arrow, tree,
      bordure).

      On redesign, please advise the submitter to draw larger and
      fewer repeats on the rayonny line of the bordure.

  Maximilian von Monsterberg. Alternate name William Swetpyntel.

      PN5B1 of SENA states:

           Names which include pornographic or scatological terms
           will not be registered. While some documented bynames
           refer to body parts, those which refer in explicit
           ways to genitals will not be registered, such as
           certain Old Norse bynames.

      The byname _Swetpyntel_ ("sweet penis") meets this threshold,
      particularly as _pintel_ is a slang term still used in England.
      Therefore, we are forced to return this name.

======================================================================

**** MERIDIES returns ****

  {AE}sa Gr{o'}ud{o'}ttir. Device. Per chevron inverted argent and
  sable, a bird migrant to base and a compass star counterchanged.

      This device is returned for having two steps from period
      practice. Both the use of a bird in the migrant posture and the
      use of a compass star are considered a step from period practice
      and thus having both renders this armorial design
      unregisterable.

  Theodora Doukaina. Device. Argent, six cypress trees in annulo
  proper.

      This badge is returned for not being reliably blazonable, which
      is a violation of SENA A1C which requires an emblazon to be
      describable in heraldic terms. Here, the arrangement of the
      trees is not _in annulo_, _in orle_, _one-two-two-one_ or any
      documented blazonable arrangement.

======================================================================

**** MIDDLE returns ****

  Eastwatch, Shire of. Device change. Quarterly vert and argent, on a
  tower sable issuant from its battlement a flame proper a laurel
  wreath Or.

      This device change is returned for lack of proof of support.
      Although a petition was attached which was dated and signed by
      four officers, no description of the submitted device was
      included. The Administrative Handbook states "A valid petition
      must include a clear description of the item submitted; either
      the blazon or emblazon is sufficient for a petition regarding
      branch arms, though both are preferable." Lacking any
      description of the piece of armory submitted, we cannot accept
      this petition of support.

  Lucius Antonius Ursus. Device. Sable, a bear's paw print and a
  bordure argent.

      This device conflicts with the device of Sofia Vargh: "Sable, a
      wolf's paw print and a chief embattled argent". We do not grant
      any difference for the type of paw print and thus the only
      difference is for changing the type of peripheral charge from an
      embattled chief to a plain bordure.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a paw print.

  Madeleine Singalday of Glastonbury. Device. Per bend sinister argent
  and azure, a Celtic cross and a fleur-de-lys counterchanged.

      This device is returned for conflicts. It conflicts with the
      device of Jackline Blanc des Cygnes Bleus: "Per bend sinister
      argent and azure, a swan naiant to sinister and a fleur-de-lis
      counterchanged". There is a single DC, for the change of type of
      half the charge group. It also conflicts with the device of
      Dietrich von Vogelsang: "Per bend sinister argent and azure, two
      crosses formy counterchanged". Both devices have primary groups
      of two charges: both devices use crosses with splayed limbs.
      Thus SENA A.5.E.2, Substantial Change of Primary Charge Type,
      does not apply here. We get a DC for type of charges, but
      without a complete change of type, we do not get a SC.

  Wilhelm Kith Atzinger. Device. Azure, a bend sinister between a sun
  in his splendor and a fleur-de-lys Or.

      This device conflicts with the device of Blair Dubois: "Azure, a
      bend sinister between a cat sejant guardant and a dove close
      Or". There is one DC for changing the type of secondary charges.
      The postures of the cat and dove cannot apply to the sun and
      fleur and so do not count for difference.

======================================================================

**** NORTHSHIELD returns ****

  Sibyl Sevenoke. Device. Per saltire sable and gules, four acorns
  with flames issuant to chief Or.

      This device is returned for redraw, for violating SENA A2C2
      which states "Elements must be drawn to be identifiable."
      Commenters had trouble identifying the enflamed acorns.

======================================================================

**** OUTLANDS returns ****

  Danielle de la Rochelle. Device. Per pale azure and argent, on a
  mullet fimbriated a mullet counterchanged.

      This device is returned for conflict with the device of Richard
      Longstride: "Per pale azure and argent, a mullet
      counterchanged". Fimbriation does not count for difference. This
      emblazon is identical to Richard's emblazon with the exception
      of two counterchanged sets of fimbriation.

      In resubmission, the submitter should be careful to avoid
      excessive counterchanging. SENA A3F4 states _"Any other
      counterchanging of charges over other charges must similarly be
      attested to be registered."_

  L{o:}rinc {O:}t{o:}g-{a:}ke. Name.

      Appendix A of SENA does not include the pattern of a Mongolian
      double surname combined with a given name, nor for a double
      surname with Hungarian. Without evidence to support the
      construction of this name, we are not able to register it. We
      note that the wholly Mongolian _{O:}t{o:}g {a:}ke_ would be
      registerable on its own. _L{o:}rinc {O:}t{o:}g_ is also
      registerable, as Appendix C of SENA allows the combination of
      Hungarian and Mongolian elements. We are returning the name to
      allow the submitter to consider his options.

      The submitter may wish to know that Kolosvari Arpadne Julia
      noted that, "_L{o:}rinc_ is a constructed spelling of the
      Hungarian form of _Laurence_, based on 1240: _Leurenc_
      (Feh{e'}rt{o'}i s.n. Leurench), 1560: _L{o"}rinch_ (Walraven
      16c), 1569: _L{o:}rincz_ (K{a'}zm{e'}r s.n. L{o"}rinc), and
      1574: _Le{o-}rinc_ (ibid)."

      His device is registered under the holding name "L{o:}rinc of
      Nahrun Kabirun".

======================================================================

**** TRIMARIS returns ****

  Asiya al-Badawiyya. Device. Argent, a falchion inverted sable
  entwined of two roses gules slipped and leaved vert, a bordure
  gules.

      This device must be returned for having the roses depicted in
      trian aspect. Per SENA A2C1:

           Elements must be drawn in their period forms and in a
           period armorial style. In general, this means that
           charges should be drawn as a flat depiction with no
           perspective.

      The use of trian aspect is limited to those charges which
      require it for identifiability, or which have been shown to have
      been depicted in trian aspect in period heraldry. Roses do not
      need to be depicted in trian aspect to be identifiable. Heraldic
      roses are clearly affronty.

  Corwyn Moray. Badge. Purpure, three bendlets argent and in sinister
  chief a standard Or.

      This device is returned for violating SENA A2C1 which states
      that "Elements must be drawn in their period forms". The
      depiction of the standard used here does not match the forms we
      have documentation for. Since this standard does not match
      previously registered depictions, documentation of it as a
      period form was required, but not provided either by the
      submitter or by commenters. Additionally, this depiction
      violates SENA A2C1 which states that "Elements must be drawn to
      be identifiable." The manner in which the standard itself is
      wound around its pole reduced its identifiability to an
      unacceptable degree.

  C{u'} Meda {O'} S{i'}odhach{a'}in. Badge. (Fieldless) A wolf's head
  cabossed sable within and conjoined to four arms reversed embowed in
  annulo argent.

      This device is returned for having a "barely overall" charge.
      SENA Appendix I, Charge Group Theory, in defining overall
      charges states "An overall charge must have a significant
      portion on the field; a design with a charge that has only a
      little bit sticking over the edges of an underlying charge is
      known as "barely overall" and is not registerable." Here only
      part of the wolf's head extends over the arms.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of charges in
      annulo not in their default, palewise, orientation.

  Puente de los Leones, Canton of. Branch name and device. Argent, on
  a fess enarched between a lion couchant and a lion couchant
  contourny azure a laurel wreath Or.

      This branch name is returned for lack of a petition. The Letter
      of Intent stated that one was provided, but it was not uploaded
      with the rest of the submission packet.

      This name is also returned for lack of documentation to support
      this branch name. The one example of a town named for something
      had the meaning "the bridge of the queen" or "the queen's
      bridge", and purportedly was due to a queen commissioning this
      particular bridge. No examples of similar towns named after
      animals or heraldic charges were provided. In addition, the
      documentation consisted of a Wikipedia page and a Facebook link
      to another site that was similarly not suitable as
      documentation. No evidence was provided to show that the example
      cited was a period form of the place name, or that the submitted
      branch name used period words and grammar.

      This branch device is returned for lack of a valid petition. The
      Letter of Intent stated that one was provided, but it was not
      uploaded with the rest of the submission packet. The one sent
      then by the Submission Herald lacked required information: the
      armory described was not the one submitted and it was not dated.
      Please see the Administrative Handbook about the information
      required for a petition of support.

  Tahmineh Ctesiphoni. Name.

      The submitted byname, _Ctesiphoni_, combines the Latin
      _Ctesiphon_ and Persian _-i_ in the same name phrase, a
      violation of PN1B1 of SENA. _Ctesiphon_ is a Latin form
      corresponding to the Persian _{T.}{u-}sf{u-}n_ or
      _T{u-}sf{u-}n_, found in Encyclopedia Iranica
      (http://www.iranicaonline.org/articles/ctesiphon). The Arabic
      form is _{T.}aysaf{u-}n_. We would change the submitted byname
      to one that is wholly Persian, but this is a major change, which
      the submitter does not allow. Therefore, we are forced to return
      this name.

      Upon resubmission, the submitter should know that the pattern of
      locative bynames is found in the mid-16th century in "Persian
      Feminine Names from the Safavid Period" by Ursula Georges
      (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/other/persian.html). An
      entirely Persian form of the byname is _{T.}{u-}sf{u-}ni_ or
      _T{u-}sf{u-}ni_, but this is appropriate for well after the
      submitter's desired 6th century time frame. We note that
      patronymic bynames are far more common in the 6th century than
      locative bynames.

      The Letter of Intent also cited K. E. Eduljee, "Zoroastrian
      Heritage: Ferdowsi's Shahnameh"
      (http://www.heritageinstitute.com/zoroastrianism/shahnameh/characters.htm).
      The _Shahnameh_ or _Shah Nameh_ was completed in the early 11th
      century, also later than the submitter's desired period.

      None of the documentation cited in the Letter of Intent was
      included in the submission packet, and only the titles were
      provided. One source, Karine Megerdoomian, MITRE Technical
      Report: The Structure of Persian Names
      (http://www.zoorna.org/papers/PersianNames-MP088034-Released_08-1036.pdf),
      discusses modern names and naming patterns, and is based only on
      sources like Wikipedia. Therefore, it is not an acceptable
      source for name elements or patterns on its own.

  {TH}yri bjarki. Name.

      This name was withdrawn by the submitter.

  T{o'}ki H{ae}rBj{o,}rn. Name.

      This name was withdrawn by the submitter.

======================================================================

**** WEST returns ****

None.

======================================================================

                 - Explicit littera renuntiationum -

======================================================================

***** THE FOLLOWING ITEMS HAVE BEEN PENDED UNTIL THE April 2016 LAUREL
MEETING (OR AS NOTED): *****

**** AN TIR pends ****

  Thornwood, Shire of. Branch name change from Shire of Shittimwoode.

      Unfortunately, this branch name conflicts with the registered
      branch name _Shire of Hornwood_. Only one syllable has been
      changed, and the change is not significant under NPN3C2 of SENA.
      The Shire is in the process of deciding how to modify the name
      in order to clear this conflict. At kingdom's request, we are
      pending this branch name to allow this decision to be made.

      The Shire has permission to conflict with the registered
      household name _House Thornewood_. The substantive element is
      different in appearance, but not in sound. The change in
      designator in combination with the Letter of Permission to
      Conflict is sufficient under NPN3E of SENA in this case.

      In addition, the Shire wanted to retain their previous name.
      Unlike branch arms, branch names cannot be retained.

      This was item 12 on the An Tir letter of August 31, 2015.

======================================================================

**** MERIDIES pends ****

  Thor's Mountain, Barony of. Augmentation of arms. Argent, three
  piles inverted throughout sable, a stone throwing hammer argent
  within a laurel wreath overall vert and for augmentation upon the
  center pile, above the hammer three mullets one and two argent.

      This device submission is pended so that commenters can discuss
      further the registerability of augmentations that create a
      second tertiary group on a single underlying charge. SENA A3A3
      states "_Both the augmentation itself and the augmented device
      must follow the style rules and restrictions on charges. Because
      an augmentation adds complexity, augmented devices are often
      allowed to violate certain style rules, such as allowing charges
      on tertiary charges or a complexity count of greater than eight,
      as long as the identifiability of the design is maintained._"

      If it is not judged acceptable, this augmentation will be
      returned.

      This was item 18 on the Meridies letter of August 31, 2015.

======================================================================

                             - Explicit -

======================================================================

Created at 2016-01-20T21:00:58


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