[LoAR-txt] 2015-12 LoAR in Da'ud plaintext format

Postmeeting Clerk via LoAR-TXT loar-txt at lists.sca.org
Wed Feb 17 21:47:38 CST 2016


Please find attached the December 2015 LoAR in Da'ud plaintext format.


-- 
Emma de Fetherstan, acting as Postmeeting Clerk
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***** THE FOLLOWING ITEMS HAVE BEEN REGISTERED: *****

**** {AE}THELMEARC acceptances ****

  Alaric MacConall. Badge. (Fieldless) On a saltire couped azure five
  musical notes Or.

  Fredeburg von Katzenellenbogen. Device change. Bendy Or and gules, a
  lion passant argent atop a trimount vert.

      The submitter's old device, "Vert, two bars gemels and in chief
      a lion passant argent", is retained as a badge.

  Halfdan Rau{dh}kinn. Name change from Duarc{a'}n {O'} Raghailligh.

      The submitter's previous name, _Duarc{a'}n {O'} Raghailligh_, is
      released.

  Hartman Foscari da Ferrara. Badge. (Fieldless) On a stag's head
  affronty erased at the shoulder argent, winged Or, a heart gules.

  Mathilda de Crepelgate. Name and device. Azure, a portcullis Or and
  a chief embattled Or goutty de larmes.

  Mathilda de Crepelgate. Badge. (Fieldless) A sprig of bilberry
  leaved and fructed proper.

  Mathilda de Crepelgate. Blanket permission to conflict with name
  Mathilda de Crepelgate.

      The submitter grants permission to conflict to any name that is
      at least one syllable different from her registered name.

  Mathilda de Crepelgate. Blanket permission to conflict with device.
  Azure, a portcullis Or and a chief embattled Or goutty de larmes.

      The submitter gives permission to conflict for armory that is at
      least one countable step different from her device.

  Mathilda de Crepelgate. Blanket permission to conflict with badge.
  (Fieldless) A sprig of bilberry leaved and fructed proper.

      The submitter gives permission to conflict for armory that is at
      least one countable step different from her badge.

  Ragna Hakonardottir of Skara. Badge. (Fieldless) In pale a wolf
  passant atop a tau cross argent.

  Thomas de Hauekesle. Device. Per chevron sable and paly argent and
  gules, two clenched sinister gauntlets aversant argent and an eagle
  sable.

  Valger{dh}r inn rosti. Name.

      Submitted as "Valger{dh}r in rosta", the attested byname _rosti_
      ("brawler") is a noun, not an adjective, so should not have been
      feminized. As the submitter allows all changes, we have changed
      the byname to "in_n_ rost_i_" to register this name.

======================================================================

**** AN TIR acceptances ****

  Angus de Gournay. Name.

      This name does not conflict with the registered name _Angus de
      Gordun_. One syllable has been substantially changed in both
      sound and appearance (_-dun_ versus _-nay_), so this name is
      clear under PN3C2 of SENA.

      This name combines a Scots given name and French byname. This is
      an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C of SENA.

  Brigitta Riegers von Wolfratshausen and Millicent Isabella de la
  Bere. Joint badge for House of the Golden Bees. Azure, a tower
  between three bees Or.

      This badge conflicts with Antonia di Lorenzo's device: "Per pale
      gules and vert, a tower between three bees Or", with only one DC
      for changing the field. However, Antonia has filed a blanket
      letter of permission to conflict for armory with one DC from her
      registered armory.

  Ciarnat ingen R{u'}adh{a'}in. Name and device. Or, a falcon
  displayed with its head facing sinister per pale gules and sable, a
  bordure vert.

      There is a step from period practice for a bird other than an
      eagle in the displayed posture.

  Dragon's Mist, Barony of. Order name Order of the Book and Quill
  (see RETURNS for other order name and badges).

  Dragon's Mist, Barony of. Order name Order of Dragons Tear of
  Dragon's Mist.

      Submitted as "Order of _the_ Dragon_'s_ Tear of Dragon's Mist",
      the documentation did not support the use of _monster's
      [charge]_ in an order name. _Dragon_ is also a late period
      English surname found in the FamilySearch Historical Records,
      and can be used as a given name. Therefore, we can register
      "Order of_ _Dragon_s_ Tear" following the pattern of _[given
      name in genitive case] + [charge]_. _Tear_ is a plausible lingua
      Anglica form of _goutte de larmes_. We note that apostrophes are
      not used in period, so we have removed it from the name
      _Dragon_: _Dragons Tear_. Although the submission form stated
      that no changes are allowed, the Letter of Intent stated that
      changes are permitted. Therefore, we have made this change to
      register this name.

      The barony may like to know that _Order of the Tear of Dragon's
      Mist_ is also registerable. If this form is preferred, a request
      for reconsideration can be submitted.

  Dragon's Mist, Barony of. Order name Order of the Heart of Dragon's
  Mist.

  Eric Green. Badge. (Fieldless) A human face argent crined and
  bearded of leaves Or.

      For the purpose of conflict checking, the primary charge is half
      Or and half argent.

  Geirleikr Ve{dh}rsson. Device. Per pale embattled sable and Or, a
  horse and a talbot rampant addorsed counterchanged.

  Gisele la Jueler. Device. Per saltire argent and azure, two compass
  stars azure and two sea-foxes respectant argent.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of compass
      stars.

  Gunnarr Torfason. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      This name does not conflict with the registered name _Gunnar
      Thorisson_. The first two syllables of the byname have been
      changed in both sound and appearance (_Thoris-_ versus
      _Torfa-_), so this is clear under PN3C1 of SENA.

  Halld{o'}rr J{o'}lgeirsson. Device. Gules, in chief a mallet
  fesswise reversed, a base Or.

  Iuliana de la Sara and Nicolai Raben von Tachov. Joint household
  name House of the Iron Ring (see RETURNS for badge).

      The Letter of Intent noted the examples of attested inn-signs
      following the pattern of _material + heraldic charge_, such as
      _the sygne of the rynge with the rube_ ("sign of the ring with
      the ruby"), _la Croix de Fer_ ("the iron cross"), _the brasen
      Serpent_ ("the brass serpent"), and _the Brazen Head_ ("the
      brass head"). Given these examples, we are able to register this
      household name. Please see the Cover Letter for further
      discussion.

  Jacques d'Orange. Name.

  Justin de Leon. Badge. Gules, on a bend sinister Or four gouttes
  palewise gules.

  Katheryne Tunstall. Name and device. Per pale azure and argent, a
  chevron cotised between three crosses bottony counterchanged.

      This exact name was documented to 1599 in the FamilySearch
      Historical Records, making this an excellent late 16th century
      English name!

      Nice device!

  Katheryne Tunstall. Badge. (Fieldless) Three pears in pile Or stems
  conjoined into a single slip leaved vert.

  Lj{u'}fvina haustmyrkr Hrafnsd{o'}ttir. Badge (see RETURNS for
  device change). (Fieldless) A sea serpent in annulo biting its tail
  per saltire vert and purpure.

  Marcus Valerius Taurus. Device. Gyronny sable and argent, a bull
  passant vert.

  Marguerite d'Orange. Name.

      The Letter of Intent documented the given name to 1292 and the
      byname to 1386. In commentary, Ogress documented _Marguerite_ in
      "Names from Artois, 1601" by Aryanhwy merch Catmael
      (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/french/1601fem.html). She also
      found the locative phrase _d'Orange_, dated to 1599 in _Histoire
      d'un voyage fait en la terre du Bresil, dite Amerique_
      (http://www.e-rara.ch/gep_g/doi/10.3931/e-rara-6887), making
      this a nice French name for c.1600!

      Margriet (or Marguerite) des Pays-Bas, current-day princess of
      Orange-Nassau, is not important enough to protect. Even if she
      were important enough to protect, there is no evidence that she
      has been known or is currently known as _Marguerite d'Orange_.
      Under PN4D of SENA, we only protect forms by which a person is
      known, not hypothetical forms.

  Miko{l/}aj Radomyski. Badge. (Fieldless) A beard argent.

      Nice badge!

  M{u'}sa-{TH}{o'}ra. Name and device. Azure, a mouse rampant
  contourny argent.

      Nice device!

  Radomir Kolek{uo}v. Name and device. Purpure, four seebl{a:}tter
  conjoined in cross points outward argent.

      The submitter's preferred form of the name, _Radimir Kolekov_,
      could not be documented. We have registered the form that
      appeared in the Letter of Intent.

  Ragna Brandulfsdottir. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      The submitter requested authenticity for a 10th century Norse
      name. The given name _Ragna_ is found in Norway from the 9th to
      14th centuries, and in the Orkneys in the 12th century. The
      patronym is formed from the given name _Brandulfr_, found in
      Norway in the 15th century. As the name as a whole could not be
      documented to the same place and time, this name does not meet
      the submitter's request for authenticity, but it is
      registerable.

      We note that a wholly Old Norse form of this name is "Ragna
      Br_o_nd_o_lfsdottir" (or "Br_{o,}_nd_{o'}_lfsd_{o'}_ttir"). Both
      _Ragna_ and _Br{o,}nd{o'}lfr_ can be documented using Geirr
      Bassi. _Ragna_ is found in the _{I'}slendingas{o,}gur_ ("Family
      Sagas") and _Br{o,}nd{o'}lfr_ is found in the
      _Landn{a'}mab{o'}k_. As these elements are not specifically
      dated, however, we do not know if they meet the submitter's
      request for an authentic 10th century Norse name.

  Ragnar A{dh}elstan. Name and device. Argent ermined azure, a bear
  rampant between flaunches sable each charged with a Thor's hammer
  argent.

      This name combines an Old Swedish given name and Old English
      unmarked patronym. This is an acceptable lingual mix under
      Appendix C of SENA.

  Rhieinwylydd verch Einion Llanaelhaearn. Badge. (Fieldless) An
  estoile per pale wavy and per fess argent and gules.

  Sald{i'}s H{a'}konsdottir. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      This name does not conflict with the registered name _Vigdis
      Hakonsdottir_. The initial syllable of the given name (_Vig-_
      versus _Sal-_) has been substantially changed in both sound and
      appearance, so these names are clear under PN3C2 of SENA.

  Sophia Murgatroyd. Name.

  Tabitha de Gournay. Name and device. Or, an elephant passant
  contourny and in base a fleur-de-lys sable.

      This name combines an English given name with a French byname.
      This is an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C of SENA.

  Tsukime of Madrone. Holding name and device (see RETURNS for name).
  Argent estencely, on a pale gules a fox's mask argent.

      Submitted under the name _Daigo Tsukime Kitsume_.

  Wastekeep, Barony of. Badge for populace. (Fieldless) A tower per
  pall Or, argent, and azure.

======================================================================

**** ATENVELDT acceptances ****

  Danielle Camera de Misericordia. Name and device. Per bend sinister
  argent and vert, three shamrocks and a dagger inverted
  counterchanged.

      _Danielle_ is the submitter's legal given name. Forms of this
      name like _Daniela_ and _Daniella_ can be found in Spain in the
      late 16th century, but the submitted spelling could not be found
      in Spain. However, it is found as an attested masculine name
      from 16th century Italy. Therefore, the submitter need not rely
      on the legal name allowance.

      It was noted in commentary that a feminine instance of
      _Danielle_ is found in France dated to 1573 in the FamilySearch
      Historical Records. However, the document image shows a
      post-period, printed form onto which the handwritten information
      from some other record was transcribed. Therefore, this
      particular instance may not be reliable and is not sufficient
      documentation for this name as a French name.

      This name combines an Italian given name and Spanish bynames.
      This is an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C of SENA.

  Gilly Wede. Name and device. Gyronny gules and sable, a gillyflower
  argent between eight bees in annulo Or.

      This design was well documented as an Individually Attested
      Pattern in late period English armory. Evidence was provided of
      the red and black gyronny with charges. Additionally, bees and
      gillyflowers were found in the same jurisdiction.

  Gilly Wede. Badge. Per saltire gules and sable, a bee Or between
  four gillyflowers in saltire argent.

  `Izza al-Zarqa'. Badge. (Fieldless) A horse's head erased contourny
  argent charged with a lotus blossom in profile purpure.

  Johnathan Crusadene Whitewolf. Transfer of badge to Nichelle of
  Whitewolfe. Quarterly sable and gules, a demi-wolf rampant erased
  argent.

  Mark the Just. Device. Sable, a hanging balance and on a chief
  embattled argent a rod per pale gules and sable.

  Nichelle of Whitewolfe. Acceptance of transfer of badge from
  Johnathan Crusadene Whitewolf. Quarterly sable and gules, a
  demi-wolf rampant erased argent.

  P{o'}l {O'} Coile{a'}in. Name and device. Or, a bend sinister sable
  between a hawk striking contourny and a drawn bow reversed with
  arrow nocked azure.

      Submitted as "P{o'}l _mac_ Coile{a'}in", the attested Anglicized
      Irish byname _O Collaine_ and its corresponding standard Gaelic
      form _{O'} Coile{a'}in_ are derived from a descriptive term
      meaning "the whelps" rather than a given name. Therefore, this
      byname cannot be used to form a Gaelic patronym. However, there
      is a similar given name, _Cuil{e'}n_ or _Cul{e'}n_, from which
      the byname _mac Cuilein_ or _mac Culein_ can be formed. We have
      changed the name to "P{o'}l _{O'}_ Coile{a'}in" to register this
      name, as it is the closest to what was submitted. If the
      submitter prefers one of the _mac_ forms mentioned above, he can
      submit a request for reconsideration.

  Tobias Wade. Device. Gyronny gules and Or, a fleur-de-lys and an
  orle azure.

======================================================================

**** ATLANTIA acceptances ****

  Beatrice Shirwod. Exchange of primary and alternate name Beatrix
  MacBryd.

      The submitter's primary name is now _Beatrice Shirwood_. Her
      alternate name is now _Beatrix MacBryd_.

  Gilbert de Ch{a^}tillon. Device. Sable, between two piles palewise
  argent each charged with a reremouse sable in base a fleur-de-lys
  argent.

  Lochmere, Barony of. Order name Award of the Alerion and badge. Per
  fess engrailed azure and argent, an alerion counterchanged.

      In commentary, Ogress documented the submitted spelling
      _Alerion_ to c.1500 in the Middle English Dictionary.

  Margaret Lad. Badge. Argent, a tree blasted sable and in chief a
  mullet of seven points purpure.

  Tristan de Bretaigne. Name.

      Commenters questioned if this name presumes upon that of the
      literary character _Tristan_, from the legends of Tristan and
      Isolde. PN4D and PN4D1 of SENA state:

           For individuals important enough to protect, we
           protect all forms in which their name was known,
           including in other languages, but not hypothetical
           forms. We only protect names that are used either
           today or in the time when they were alive to refer to
           these protected persons.

      and

           Fictional characters may also be considered important
           enough that their names need to be protected.
           Fictional characters are generally important enough to
           protect when two conditions are met. They are: a) a
           significant number of people in the Society recognize
           the character's name without prompting and b) the use
           of the name would generally be considered by those
           people a clear reference to that character.

      Although the character of Tristan is certainly important enough
      to protect, he was never known as _Tristan de Bretaigne_. His
      wife, Iseult of the White Hands, is from Brittany, whereas
      Tristan is from Cornwall. Therefore, the submitted name is
      merely evocative of the character and is not presumptuous.

======================================================================

**** AVACAL acceptances ****

  Gaius Artorius Varus Lupus. Name and device. Gules, two wolves
  sejant respectant ululant and a bordure argent.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of wolves in
      the ululant posture.

  S{e'}gdae {U'}a F{a'}el{a'}in. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      Submitted as "S{e'}gdae _{O'}_ F{a'}el{a'}in", the byname _{O'}
      F{a'}el{a'}in_ combines the Early Modern Irish _{O'}_ with the
      Middle Irish _F{a'}el{a'}in_. This runs afoul of PN1B1 of SENA,
      which does not allow mixing of languages in the same name
      phrase.

      As the submitter allows all changes, we have changed the name to
      the wholly Middle Irish "S{e'}gdae _{U'}a_ F{a'}el{a'}in" to
      register this name.

      The form "S{e'}gdae _hua_ F{a'}el{a'}in" is also registerable,
      as is "S{e'}gdae _{O'}_ F_ao_l{a'}in", which combines the Middle
      Irish given name with an entirely Early Modern Irish byname. If
      the submitter prefers one of these forms, he can submit a
      request for reconsideration.

  Una Henriksdotter. Name and device. Per pale argent and sable, two
  lions addorsed counterchanged and an orle vert.

      Submitted as "Una H_ei_nr_e_ksd_{o'}_tt_i_r", the submitter
      requested authenticity for a Danish name if possible, and noted
      that other Scandinavian names are acceptable as well. This
      request was conveyed via email rather than on the submission
      form.

      In commentary, ffride wlffsdotter suggested the form "Una
      H_e_nr_i_ksd_o_tt_e_r". _Una_ is dated to the 12th to 14th
      centuries in _Olddanske Personnavne_ by Oluf August Nielson,
      _Henrik_ is found in the same source dated to the 13th-16th
      centuries, and _-dotter_ is found in Appendix A of SENA. As the
      submitter prefers this form, we have changed the name
      accordingly.

======================================================================

**** CAID acceptances ****

  Anastasia Sabina. Name and device. Per pale Or and gules, a phoenix
  between three mullets of four points counterchanged.

  Angharat Goch verch Gwenhover. Badge. (Fieldless) A stag's attire
  argent.

      Nice badge!

  Cristabel Danuers. Name and device. Per saltire argent and purpure,
  a cross moline disjointed counterchanged.

  Dawid Radzowycz. Name change from David Lennox Hamilton and device
  change. Per chevron azure and argent, two fleurs-de-lys argent and a
  mullet of six points gules.

      The submitter's previous name, _David Lennox Hamilton_, is
      retained as an alternate name.

      The submitter's old device, "Per chevron azure and argent, two
      fleurs-de-lys argent and a thistle proper", is released.

  Dawid Radzowycz. Badge. (Fieldless) A sinister wing couped sable.

  Emma Rose de Harfleur. Badge. (Fieldless) A cross moline argent
  surmounted by a rose proper.

  Enedina Lacarra de Navarre. Badge. (Fieldless) On a talbot statant
  contourny sable a paw print argent.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a paw print.

  Enedina Lacarra de Navarre. Badge. (Fieldless) On a talbot statant
  contourny sable a paw print Or.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a paw print.

  Genevieve of Raveley. Name.

      Submitted as "Genevi_{'e}_ve of Raveley", the grave accent in
      this name is a modern editorial addition not found in the period
      record. We have removed the accent in order to register this
      name.

  Heinrich Augustein von Helden. Badge. (Fieldless) In pale a squirrel
  Or maintaining an acorn proper atop an anvil sable.

  Jean Paul Monraith. Reblazon of device. Argent, a chevron couched
  from dexter braced with a chevron couched from sinister azure.

      Registered in March of 1975 as "Argent, two chevrons couched
      embraced azure", we are adjusting the blazon to current
      practice.

  Magdalena Hungerford. Name and device. Per saltire vert and Or, a
  Hungerford knot counterchanged.

      Nice 16th century English name!

  Manus le Dragonier. Alternate name Cross of Caid and badge.
  (Fieldless) Four crescents conjoined in saltire horns outward azure.

      Commenters questioned if this name runs afoul of PN4E of SENA,
      which states:

           A personal name may not give the false appearance of
           being a territorial name, a rank or title, or an order
           or award; a name may make the appearance of a
           household name on a case by case basis. A personal
           name may not be identical to the name of any
           non-personal entity we protect.

      As noted in the Letter of Intent, _Cross of Caid_ is not a
      non-personal entity that we protect. There is no word that
      appears to be a designator, so _Cross_ in this submission can
      only be interpreted as a given name, not as a heraldic charge.
      The same is true of other names that are synonymous with
      charges, like _Rose_, _Lily_, and _Lyon_. Therefore, we are able
      to register this name.

      We note that non-personal names cannot have identity conflict
      with personal names under NPN3B of SENA, but can have
      affiliation conflict. If the Kingdom of Caid decides to submit
      _Order of (the) Cross of Caid_ in the future (following the
      pattern of _[heraldic charge] of [branch name]_), they would
      need permission to conflict from this submitter under NPN1C2g,
      NPN3D, and NPN3E of SENA. We note that the registration of
      _Cross of Caid_ as a name does not mean that this particular
      phrase is acceptable for use in blazon.

  Tanwayour, Canton of. Badge. (Fieldless) An open scroll sable and
  overall two scimitars in saltire Or.

  Vincent Blackdragon. Name and device. Argent, a dragon sable bellied
  gules maintaining two arrows inverted gules, a bordure sable mullety
  argent.

      This name does not presume upon the registered heraldic title
      Black Dragon Herald:

           Commenters questioned whether this byname created the
           appearance of a given name followed by a heraldic
           title. Such a byname would presume upon _Black dragon
           Herald_ [sic], registered to the East Kingdom. It does
           not. We have registered this byname twice since 2004,
           as well as bynames like _Lyon_, _Montjoy_, and
           _Dragon_, all of which also possibly presume on
           heraldic titles. As many heraldic titles are possible
           surnames or locative bynames, any such policy would
           create an excessive burden on submitters. [Morgan
           Black Dragon, September 2010, A-Ansteorra]

  Wintermist, Barony of. Household name Company of Noble Touch and
  badge. (Fieldless) On a dexter glove aversant fesswise argent a
  snowflake gules.

      Submitted as "_Order_ of _the_ Noble Touch", the Letter of
      Intent documented this order name using the pattern of naming an
      order after a founder or saint, and documented _Noble Touch_ as
      a late period English name. However, no evidence was presented
      to show that orders were named after the full names of such
      individuals, rather than just a given name (or _Saint [given
      name]_), or that such an order would include a definite article
      before the name. Without such documentation, this name cannot be
      registered as an order name.

      As we have a pattern of naming households after the full names
      of their founders or owners, the barony allowed a change from an
      order name to a household name, "_Company_ of _the_ Noble
      Touch". We note that this is only possible because household
      names follow a wider array of patterns than order names. As with
      order names, we don't have evidence of house names that include
      a definite article prior to the full name. Therefore, we have
      dropped the definite article _the_ and registered this household
      name as "Company of_ _Noble Touch".

      We remind the submitter that household names and order names are
      not interchangeable. Going forward, we will not allow changes to
      the type of nonpersonal name after a submission has been sent to
      Laurel (e.g., from an order name to a household name, or vice
      versa). Please see the Cover Letter for more information.

      The use of a snowflake is grandfathered to the submitter.

  Wintermist, Barony of. Order name Order of the Silver Quill of
  Wintermist and badge. (Fieldless) In bend sinister a quill pen
  bendwise sinister argent conjoined to a snowflake gules.

      Submitted as "_Companions of the Worshipful_ Order of the Silver
      Quill", the name was changed in kingdom to "_Worshipful_ Company
      of the Silver Quill of Wintermist" to clear a conflict with the
      registered heraldic title _Silver Quill Pursuivant_.

      No evidence was presented to show that _Worshipful Company_ is
      plausible in order names in our period. Therefore, we have
      changed the order name to "_ _Order of the Silver Quill of
      Wintermist", as this is closest to what was submitted. If the
      barony prefers _Company of the Silver Quill of Wintermist_, a
      request for reconsideration can be submitted.

      The barony may wish to know that forms of _Worshipful_ are
      occasionally used in the names of livery companies and guilds in
      our period and thus can be used to create household names but
      not order names. Examples include the general term _worshipfull
      companyes_ (c.1573) and specific livery company names such as
      _Worshipful Felishipp of the Drapers of [the] Cite of London_
      (1503), _worshipfull Felishippe of Drapers of London_ (17 Henry
      VI), _the Right Worshipfull the Company of Drapers_ (1614), and
      _the Right Worshipful Society of Drapers_ (1638), all found in
      _The History of the Twelve Great Livery Companies of London_ by
      William Herbert
      (https://books.google.com/books?id=tb85AQAAMAAJ). However, none
      of these examples follow the pattern _Worshipful Company of the
      [color + heraldic charge]_, as in the present submission.

      The use of a snowflake is grandfathered to the submitter.

======================================================================

**** CALONTIR acceptances ****

  Abu Muqatil Wada' ibn Salamah ibn Daffafah. Name (see RETURNS for
  device).

      Submitted as "Abu Muqatil Wada' ibn Salam_ah_ ibn Daffafah", the
      name appeared as "Abu Muqatil Wada' ibn Salam_a_ ibn Daffafah"
      in the Letter of Intent. We have restored the name to the
      submitted spelling to use a consistent transliteration scheme
      through the entire name.

  Ana Elena de Castil. Name.

      Nice late 15th century Spanish name!

  {A'}sa Ott{o'}sd{o'}ttir. Device. Vert estencely, on a pile Or a
  tree blasted and eradicated purpure.

  Ayisha bint Asad. Name and device. Azure, a horse courant argent
  between three mullets of eight points Or, a chief rayonny argent.

  Belinda Mors. Device. Per bend sinister wavy sable and argent, on a
  fox dormant contourny gules a decrescent Or.

  Fernando Rodriguez de Falcon. Augmentation of arms. Per bend
  sinister sable and Or, a falcon striking contourny counterchanged
  and for augmentation on a canton purpure a cross of Calatrava within
  a bordure Or.

  Garsiyya al-Andalusi. Name.

  Gawain of Miskbridge. Augmentation of arms. Sable mullety argent, a
  ship Or sail furled, fore and sterncastles enflamed proper, issuant
  from base a demi-sun Or and for augmentation the demi-sun charged
  with a sheaf of three straight trumpets purpure.

  Halld{o'}ra Gu{dh}r{o/}{dh}ard{o'}ttir. Device. Gules, a cameleopard
  rampant contourny Or spotted sable and a sinister gore Or.

      The use of gores with other charges is a step from period
      practice.

  {O,}zurr Svi{dh}balki. Name.

      Submitted as "_{O:}_zurr Svi{dh}balki", the character _{O:}_ is
      used by some sources to represent the _O-ogonek_ character. We
      have changed the given name to "_{O,}_zurr Svi{dh}balki" with
      the submitter's permission to use the correct form.

  Viga-Valr vilig{i'}sl. Name.

      Although the byname _vilig{i'}sl_ was glossed in Geirr Bassi as
      "lust-hostage, slave to sexual desire", ffride wlffsdotter noted
      that _vili-g{i'}sl_ is more correctly glossed as
      "will/desire-hostage", possibly meaning someone with poor
      impulse control.

======================================================================

**** DRACHENWALD acceptances ****

  Erik Dalekarl. Name and device. Per fess azure and Or, a musical bow
  fesswise and a hatchet fesswise reversed counterchanged.

      Submitted as "Erik Dal_c_arl_ius_", the byname was changed to
      "Dal_ek_arl_ _" with the submitter's permission to match the
      documentation that could be found.

      Commenters were unable to find evidence to support the submitted
      byname, so we are not able to restore the byname.

      Both _Erik_ and _Dalekarl_ can be found in Swedish parish
      records from the early 17th century (FamilySearch Historical
      Records).

  Jacques de Sion. Name and device. Per chevron vert and argent, in
  chief two squirrels respectant each maintaining an acorn Or.

      The submitter preferred the byname _de Sedunio_ if it could be
      documented. Commenters were not able to find this form. The
      attested form is _de Seduno_, which was documented in the Letter
      of Intent. If the submitter prefers this form, he can submit a
      request for reconsideration.

  James Waltham. Name and device. Gules, a ship Or issuant from a ford
  proper and in chief three mullets of eight points Or.

      The submitter requested authenticity for "C15 London merchant".
      This request was not summarized in the Letter of Intent. Luckily
      for the submitter, we had enough information to consider this
      request instead of pending the name for further commentary.

      _James_ is found in the Middle English Dictionary (MED) in a
      1425-6 record from London. _Waltham_ is also found in the MED,
      dated to 1422, citing a source from London. Merchants were named
      just like everyone else, so this name meets the submitter's
      request for authenticity.

  Jamys Delaval. Name and device. Gules, a sword inverted Or winged
  argent.

      The submitter has permission to conflict with the device of
      Conrad MacAllyn, "Gules, a sword inverted between a pair of
      wings inverted argent", the device of Denys Calais, "Gules, a
      key Or winged argent" and the device of Ciana dei Libri, "Gules,
      a needle Or winged argent".

  Katherine de Worcester. Name.

  Maud de Elsynge. Name.

      Nice 14th century English name!

  Pernel Chaloner. Name and device. Per bend dovetailed azure and
  vert, three woolpacks palewise and a ram's head erased argent.

      Nice 13th century English name!

      Some commenters were concerned about the registerability of the
      low contrast complex division. The line here is identifiable and
      thus the device is registerable.

  Wlfric of Derneford. Badge. Gules crusilly Latin argent.

      This badge does not conflict with the device of Christoff von
      Rotenburg: "Gules, six Latin crosses formy Or". There is a SC
      for the difference between the straight line crosses and formy
      crosses.

      The submitter has permission to conflict with the badge of the
      Canton of Crois Brigte: "Gules semy of Saint Brigid's crosses
      argent."

  Wlfric of Derneford. Release of badge. Per chevron vert and azure, a
  chevron embattled between three ships Or.

======================================================================

**** EALDORMERE acceptances ****

  {AE}thelbert of Whitstone Isle. Name.

      _{AE}thelbert_ was documented in the Letter of Intent using
      Bede's _Ecclesiastical History_ and the _Anglo-Saxon Chronicle_.
      The former was completed in 731, and the latter written in the
      9th century (with revisions made into the 12th century). It is
      also found in PASE as the name of 6th and 8th century kings.
      Similar forms of this name are found through the 11th century in
      PASE, s.n. {AE}thelbehrt, including _{AE}{dh}elbertus_,
      _Ethelbert_, and _Athelbert_. Therefore the submitted form is
      plausible as late as the 11th century as an interpolated form.

      The Letter of Intent did not provide evidence of the pattern _X
      Isle_ within 500 years of the Old English given name. However,
      the locative can be interpreted as a lingua Anglica form of a
      14th century constructed compound place name, _Whitston Ile_
      ("Whitston held by the Ile family"). _Whitston_ (a place name in
      Cornwall) is found in 'Close Rolls, Edward III: May 1343', in
      Calendar of Close Rolls, Edward III: Volume 7, 1343-1346, pp.
      108-116
      (http://www.british-history.ac.uk/cal-close-rolls/edw3/vol7/pp108-116).
      _Ile_ is found in a marked form in the byname _del Ile_ ['Close
      Rolls, Edward III: February 1363', in Calendar of Close Rolls,
      Edward III: Volume 11, 1360-1364, pp. 510-512;
      http://www.british-history.ac.uk/cal-close-rolls/edw3/vol11/pp510-512],
      and an unmarked form is plausible as a family name. (A 16th
      century form, _Isle_, is found in the FamilySearch Historical
      Records.) The 14th century byname can be combined with the 11th
      century given name, as the temporal gap is under 500 years.

  Alicia Marie de Flers. Name.

  Anna Bella la Viaggiatrice. Name change from Apollonia
  Esbiornsdotter.

      The submitter's previous name, _Apollonia Esbiornsdotter_, is
      released.

  Constantin Breathnach. Name and device. Argent semy of birds volant
  to sinister chief wings addorsed azure.

      Submitted as "Cons_aid_in Breathnach", the spelling _Consaidin_
      was documented using Woulfe. This source is not reliable for
      documenting given names in our period. Unlike surnames, the
      given names in Woulfe are purely 20th century forms. The second
      source for this element was a genealogical site that uses modern
      forms of the names, e.g., _Consaidin O'Briain_ rather than the
      original Middle Irish form _Constantin Ua Briain_ found in the
      Irish Annals. As no evidence was found for the submitted
      spelling as a period form, we are unable to register the name as
      submitted.

      The submitter allowed a change to the period form _Constantin_,
      found in Mari Elspeth nic Bryan's article "Index of Names in
      Irish Annals" (http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/). We
      have made this change to register the name.

      Please advise the submitter to draw some feet on the birds.

  F{a'}el{a'}n Ruadh ua Aodha. Name.

      Submitted as "F_{a'}e_l{a'}n Ruadh ua Aodha", the name
      inadvertently appeared in the Letter of Intent as
      "F_a{e'}_l{a'}n Ruadh ua Aodha". We have restored the accents in
      the given name to the submitted form.

  Gerrard Carpentarius. Device. Per pale azure and gules, four swords
  in saltire conjoined at the hilts Or.

  Hori Jirou Masamura. Name (see RETURNS for device).

  Khaaiwesenebastet sat ne Polemon mewetis Aniti. Name.

      Submitted as "Khaaiwesenebastet _saet_ ne Polemon mewetis
      Aniti", this name follows the pattern _X, daughter of Y, whose
      mother is Z_. This is a Demotic name from 3rd to 4th century BCE
      Egypt. Demotic script does not preserve vowels and Romanizations
      are thus sometimes tentative. We are giving the submitter the
      benefit of the doubt about the form of this name, based in part
      on forms of the name elements recorded in Greek. However, we
      note that _saet_ should be Romanized as "s_a_t", and have made
      this change.

  Tiberius Valerius Callidus. Name.

======================================================================

**** EAST acceptances ****

  Alesone Gray of Cranlegh. Alternate name Rogue Panda.

      _Rogue_ is an attested given name and _Panda_ an attested byname
      from Spain in the FamilySearch Historical Records.

  Alesone Gray of Cranlegh. Alternate name Wendye Layde.

      The submitter has been awarded Arms, so is entitled to use a
      form of "Lady" as a byname.

  Allaster del Blair. Name and device. Or, a chevron engrailed gules
  between two jambes erased sable and a fox's mask gules.

  Anne de Basillon. Name and device. Argent, on a pale azure between a
  talbot and a domestic cat combattant sable a rapier argent.

      Nice late period French name!

  Anton LaFlamme de Saint Aubin. Badge. (Fieldless) On a flame Or an
  ant azure.

  Arn{o'}ra Bj{o'}lfsd{o'}ttir. Name and device. Sable, a sun and on a
  chief Or two bees sable.

  Arnulf de Saint-Aubin dit le Crespe. Name and device. Sable, a ram's
  head cabossed and on a chief Or three mullets pierced azure.

      We note that the place name included the hyphen in the article
      cited in the Letter of Intent (Aryanhwy merch Catmael, "DRAFT:
      Names in the 1292 Census of Paris ";
      http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/french/1292paris.pdf).
      Although such place names are typically not hyphenated in our
      period, hyphenation does occur by the end of our period. In
      addition, the byname _de Saint-Aubin_ is also found in "Personal
      names found in the Armorial du d{e'}nombrement de la Comt{e'} de
      Clermont en Beauvaisis 1373-1376: some names from Picardy in the
      14th century" by Brunissende Dragonette.

  Astrid Olafsdotter. Name change from holding name Astrid of
  Eisental.

      This name does not conflict with the registered name _Astrith
      Ulfsdottir_. A syllable has been removed from the byname, so
      this name is clear under PN3C2 of SENA.

  {A'}stri{dh}r L{ae}knir. Name change from Caterina di Luca.

      The submitter's previous name, _Caterina di Luca_, is retained
      as an alternate name.

  `Aziza al-Shiraziyya. Name.

      This name does not conflict with the registered name _Azza
      al-Shiraziyya_. A syllable has been added to the given
      name/_ism_, so the name is different in sound, and the letters
      _ayn_ and _i_ have been added, so the name is also different in
      appearance. Therefore, this name is clear under PN3C1 of SENA.

  Charitye Dale. Alternate name Agneis Dale.

      Nice 15th century English name!

  Cristina Volpina. Name change from Cristina la Zingara and device.
  Bendy argent and gules, on a chief Or a capital letter V sable.

      Nice 16th century Italian name!

      The submitter's previous name, _Cristina la Zingara_, is
      released.

  Cristina Volpina. Household name House of Lucky Stars and badge.
  Purpure, three mullets of seven points one and two Or.

      We note that this household name follows the pattern of _House
      of [full name of owner]_.

  Donovan Shinnock. Alternate name Rogue Espada.

      _Rogue_ is an attested given name from Spain in the FamilySearch
      Historical Records.

  Egill Illugason. Name and device. Argent, a gurges azure and a
  bordure gules bezanty.

  Ellynor Redpath. Name and device. Azure, on a bend enarched between
  two thistles argent three roses gules.

  Guenivere Katherine of Trail's End. Reblazon of device. Purpure, a
  chevron couched from dexter braced with a chevron couched from
  sinister between in cross four cat's paw prints argent.

      Registered in February of 1987 as "Purpure, two chevrons couched
      and braced between four cat's paw prints, all argent", we are
      adjusting the blazon to current practice.

  Halld{o'}ra Svi{dh}balki. Name and device. Or, a peacock in his
  pride proper and a bordure engrailed vert.

      Submitted as "Halld{o'}ra Svi{dh}balk_a_", the byname is a noun
      form rather than an adjective, so the ending would not change
      when borne by a woman. Therefore, we have changed the byname to
      "Svi{dh}balk_i_" to register this name.

  Jocelyn Wolf le Queynte. Name and device. Paly azure and argent, two
  increscents and issuant from base a demi-sun Or.

      Nice 13th century English name!

  Kay of Wynterset. Name and device. Or, a wolf passant contourny
  sable and in chief a sun azure.

      _Wynterset_ is the registered name of an SCA branch.

      The submitter had wanted the name _Kaydia bint Kadr_, but no
      evidence was found prior to submission to support this name.
      Commenters were similarly unable to find documentation for this
      name, so we are unable to change the name to the preferred form.

  Marie D'Agincourt. Name and device. Per pall argent, purpure, and
  azure, a cinquefoil vert and two icosahedra argent.

      Although the typical form of the byname is _d'Agincourt_,
      capitalization of articles and prepositions varied in French
      bynames in our period. Therefore, we can register this name as
      submitted.

      Nice 15th century French name!

      The use of icosahedra is a step from period practice.

  Mikkel B{i'}ldr. Device. Sable, in pale a mannaz rune and a mastless
  drakkar, an orle argent.

  N{a-}{s,}ir ibn Makk{i-}. Name and device. Per chevron inverted
  azure and sable, a triquetra inverted and in chief a reremouse
  argent.

      Please advise the submitter to draw the triquetra more centered
      on the field and the bat slightly larger.

  Nicola Pavone. Name and device. Per chevron vert and azure, two
  peacock feathers Or and a hand mirror Or glassed argent.

  Nor{dh}fj{o,}r{dh}r, Shire of. Branch name and device. Azure, two
  mountains couped and a Viking longship, on a chief argent three
  laurel wreaths vert.

      Originally submitted as "Shire of Nor_den_fj_o_r_d_", the
      substantive element _Nordenfjord_ could not be documented. The
      name was changed in kingdom to "Shire of
      Nor_{dh}_fj_{o,}_r_{dh}r_", using an Old Icelandic place name
      from "Place-Names in _Landn{a'}mab{o'}k_" by Talan Gwynek. This
      form means "north fjord".

      The shire requested authenticity for 11th-13th century Iceland.
      The place name is authentic for 9th-10th century Iceland, but we
      note that it would not be used with the English _Shire of_.
      However, _Shire_ is a standard designator allowed by Appendix E
      of SENA, so the name is registerable.

  Odo Sosnin. Name.

      Nice 16th century Russian name!

  Robert Langeschwert. Name and device. Gules, two bear's paws couped
  addorsed sable.

      This design was documented as an Individually Attested Pattern
      in late period German armory. The submitter provided enough
      evidence of two sable charges on a gules field.

  Sorcha inghean U{i'} N{e'}ill. Household name Silver Cat House and
  badge. Azure, a domestic cat sejant argent within an annulet Or
  hurty.

  Thobiasz Bogdanowicz. Device. Per pale sable and gules, a camel
  statant argent and a bordure argent charged in dexter with pellets
  and in sinister with torteaux.

  {TH}orbi{o,}rn Ormsson. Name and device. Per fess sable and vert, a
  lightning bolt fesswise and a bear's head affronty erased argent.

      Nice 9th century Icelandic name!

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a lightning
      bolt not as part of a thunderbolt.

  Torfi J{a'}rnhnefi. Name and device. Argent, in saltire two axes, on
  a point pointed purpure a clenched sinister gauntlet Or and on a
  chief purpure three Thor's hammers Or.

======================================================================

**** GLEANN ABHANN acceptances ****

  Cin{a'}ed de Eden. Device. Per chevron gules and azure, a chevron
  between two escallops and a garb argent.

  Zinoviia Mikulina doch' Korabel'nikova zhena. Device change.
  Purpure, a catamount's head cabossed Or crowned between flaunches
  argent, a bordure erminois.

      The submitter is a duchess and thus entitled to the use of a
      coronet in her heraldry.

      The submitter's old device, "Purpure, a catamount's head
      cabossed Or ducally crowned between flaunches argent, a bordure
      erminois", is retained as a badge.

======================================================================

**** LOCHAC acceptances ****

  Ailith Ward. Name and device. Purpure, a calygreyhound rampant
  argent and a ford proper.

  Alys de Wilton. Badge. Azure, on a bend cotised Or a lion passant
  azure.

      Nice badge!

  Aveline Goupil. Blanket permission to conflict with name Aveline
  Goupil.

      The submitter allows the registration of any name that is not
      identical to her registered name.

  Aveline Goupil. Blanket permission to conflict with device. Azure, a
  cross avellane Or and in chief three escallops argent.

      The submitter grants permission to any future submitter to
      register armory that is not identical to her registered armory.

  Bjorn vandr{ae}{dh}ama{dh}r. Name and device. Ermine, a pithon in
  annulo vorant of its tail wings to chief vert and a bordure
  embattled sable.

      Submitted as "Bjorn vandr{ae}{dh}_i_ma{dh}r", the byname should
      be spelled "vandr{ae}{dh}_a_ma{dh}r". We have made this change
      to register this name.

      This device does not conflict with the badge of Avram Ibn Gabito
      and Hannah de {A'}vilal: "Argent, a pithon erect vert within a
      bordure embattled sable". There is a DC for changing the field
      and another DC for changing the posture of the winged snake.

  Bjorn vandr{ae}{dh}ama{dh}r. Badge. Vert, a castle and on a chief
  argent a roundel between an increscent and a decrescent sable.

  Cailleach Dh{e'} inghean U{i'} Dhubhghaill. Name change from
  Kathleen O'Dubhghaill.

      The submitter's previous name, _Kathleen O'Dubhghaill_, is
      released.

  Etain ingen Choilein. Name and device. Argent, a triquetra per pale
  azure and vert between three greyhounds courant gules.

  Felix Terrible. Device. Per pale azure and argent, a pair of wings
  conjoined in lure within an orle of eagles counterchanged.

  Geffrey {dh}e Wulf. Badge. (Fieldless) A wolf rampant contourny Or
  fretty azure.

      Nice badge!

  Hercules of Dedham. Name and device. Quarterly gules and sable, a
  heart and a bordure argent.

      Nice device!

  Kathelyne Berghart. Device. Sable, an eye argent irised sable
  transfixed by an arrow bendwise sinister, on a chief argent three
  pellets.

  Katrijn van Delden. Device change. Or, a dragon sable and an orle
  azure.

      The submitter's old device, "Erminois, a dragon sable within an
      orle azure", is released.

  Morwenna de Bonnay and William de Bonnay. Joint badge for Housse de
  Bonnay. Quarterly Or and purpure, four apple trees eradicated
  counterchanged fructed gules.

  Peter of Riverhaven. Holding name and device (see PENDS for name).
  Per chevron argent and vert, a pair of hands and a thistle
  counterchanged.

      Submitted under the name "Peter MacKaskill".

  Roberto de Fabbro. Device. Sable, an estoile and on a chief argent
  three anvils sable.

      This device is not in conflict with the device of Melisande de
      Belvoir: "Sable, in base an estoile, a chief argent". There is a
      DC for the unforced move of the estoile and another one for
      adding the tertiary anvils.

  Steina silfrsmi{dh}r. Name and device. Argent, a sea-lion erect
  contourny gules and a chief triangular purpure ermined argent.

  Vangelista Gherardini. Name.

      Nice 15th century Florentine name!

  Wolfstanus Crakescheld. Device change. Per chevron rayonny gules and
  Or, in base a wolf rampant contourny sable.

      The submitter's old device, "Per chevron rayonny gules and Or,
      in base a wyvern statant sable", is released.

======================================================================

**** MERIDIES acceptances ****

  {AE}adan Iohannis. Name and device. Per pale and per chevron azure
  and argent, in chief two crosses fleury fitchy counterchanged, a
  bordure gyronny argent and azure.

      Submitted as "_{AE}_dan Iohann_e_s", the given name _{AE}dan_
      was documented in the Letter of Intent from Searle's
      _Onimasticon Anglo Saxonicum_. Searle is not a reliable source
      for Anglo-Saxon names on its own, and cannot be used as the sole
      source for an Anglo-Saxon name. In this case, Searle appears to
      have conflated the names _{AE}danus_ and _Aedan_. A similar
      name, "_{AE}a_dan", is found in PASE, as the name of casketmaker
      from the 8th or 9th century. We have changed the name to this
      form to register this name. Additional forms in PASE include
      _Aedan_, _Aden_, and _Addanus_.

      In addition, we do not have evidence of unmarked patronyms where
      the father's name is Latinized and in the nominative (base)
      form. We have changed the byname to the genitive (possessive)
      form "Iohann_i_s". _Petrus Johannis_ is dated to 1230 in Reaney
      & Wilson, s.n. John. _Iohannis_ is a reasonable variant
      spelling, as the nominative form _Iohannes_ is found as a given
      name in the Middle English Dictionary from the 12th to 15th
      centuries.

      The submitter may wish to know of a similar given name, the Old
      Irish _{A'}ed{a'}n_ (or _Aedan_). If he prefers this form, or
      one of the Old English forms listed above, he can submit a
      request for reconsideration.

      Please advise the submitter on a more correct way to draw the
      crosses fitchy: the lower limb should be a smoothly tapering
      spike, not like a sharpened pencil.

  Anastasia Niccolini. Device. Per bend argent and azure, a rod of
  Aesculapius proper and a squirrel contourny argent.

      Per Precedent:

           The staff of Aesculapius is considered a single
           charge, and thus this device cannot suffer from the
           so-called slot machine problem, since there are only
           two charge types in this device. (Tymothy of Dover,
           02/2009).

      We have a similar situation here.

  Bernhardt von Eschenbach. Name (see RETURNS for device).

  Fatima al-Tayyiba. Name (see RETURNS for device).

  Ingolf of Clontarf. Household name Chasteau du Glaive de Sanct
  Michel.

      We note that _Chasteau_ is found in Aryanhwy merch Catmael's
      article "Names from Paris, 1408-1449"
      (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/french/paris1408.html), and
      can be used as a designator in household names.

      Therefore, an inn-sign name pattern can be used to support this
      household name.

  Knut Bjornsson. Device. Argent, a Norse sun cross sable and on a
  chief azure three roundels Or.

  Mairghread Wilson. Name.

      This name combines a Gaelic given name and Scots byname. This is
      an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C of SENA.

  Mara Palmer. Device. Per pale azure and sable, a pike naiant and a
  chief invected argent.

      The submitter has permission to conflict with the device of
      James Elwic: "Sable, a shark and a chief invected argent".

  Mara Palmer. Badge. (Fieldless) A pike haurient azure.

      This badge does not conflict with the arms of the Dauphin of
      France (important non-SCA armory): "Or, a dolphin haurient azure
      finned gules". There is a DC for fieldlessness and another DC
      for the difference between a heraldic dolphin and a pike.

  Nest de Morlehedauc. Badge. (Fieldless) A sword inverted argent
  hilted sable maintaining an entwined cord terminating in a hawk's
  lure gules.

  Rebecca Cristina Santino. Name.

      This name combines a German given name and Italian bynames. This
      is an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C of SENA.

  Thomas of Meridies. Holding name and device (see RETURNS for name).
  Or, a cross between four crosses crosslet sable.

      Nice device!

      Submitted under the name "Thomas of Collei".

======================================================================

**** MIDDLE acceptances ****

  Alessandra della Torre. Name and device. Vert, a fox dormant argent
  and on a chief embattled per fess azure and argent a decrescent and
  a sun Or.

      The submitter requested authenticity for a 16th century
      Florentine name. This name is authentic for 15th and 16th
      century Florence.

  Amalasuentha cognomento Cenusinda. Name and device. Or, two boars
  statant respectant gules.

  Anno Lynke. Name reconsideration from Anne Lynke.

      The submitter name was changed to _Anne Lynke_ upon registration
      in March 2006 in response to an authenticity request. The
      submitter dropped the authenticity request and requested that
      the name be restored to the originally submitted form.

  Aturdokht of Dark River and Elisabeta Fischer. Joint badge.
  (Fieldless) A wyvern statant contourny vert and a peacock sable,
  necks crossed, both enflamed proper.

      Please advise the submitters to draw the enflaming around the
      entire outline of the wyvern, as the wings and neck have no
      tongues of flame in the submitted emblazon, and that the flames
      should issue from the edges of the charges, not be separated by
      a space.

  Augustin the Dane. Name and device. Argent, a winged unicorn
  segreant contourny vert charged on the shoulder with a mullet of
  four points argent.

      Bahlow/Gentry, s.n. Dehn glosses the byname _Dene_ (1300-1400)
      as "the Dane". Therefore the submitted byname is a plausible
      lingua Anglica form.

      Please advise the submitter to draw the mullet larger so it's
      easier to identify.

  Cadwgan Faber. Device. Argent, a chevron gules cotised between two
  chess rooks and a wyvern sable.

  Dorian la Rousse. Name and device. Argent, a butterfly purpure
  within an orle of morning-glory vines vert flowered azure.

      Per precedent:

           Commenters asked if morning glories are known to
           Europe in period. Calystegia sepium, one of the plants
           called 'morning glory', is native to Europe. Its
           appearance is consistent with the morning glories in
           this device. [C{a'}el{a'}n mac Ma{i'}l D{u'}in, March
           2011, Middle-A]

      Thus the flower here is registerable.

  Elisabeta Fischer. Name and device. Argent, a peacock gules enflamed
  proper and on a chief embattled azure three polypuses argent.

      Both the given name and byname are found in parish records from
      W{u:}rttemberg in the 1590s (FamilySearch Historical Records),
      making this a nice 16th century German name!

      Please advise the submitter to draw the enflaming around the
      entire outline of the peacock. Here, the tail has no tongues of
      flame.

  Elisabeta Fischer. Badge. (Fieldless) A peacock sable vomiting
  flames proper.

  Ella filia Eislinn. Name and device. Sable, on a sun between three
  columbines slipped Or a doe's head cabossed sable.

      _Eislinn_ is the registered given name of the submitter's
      mother; thus, it is grandfathered to her.

  Eoferwulf {th}r{a'}insson. Name and device. Argent, in pale two
  boars statant gules.

      The submitter requested the given name _Eofor_ if it could be
      documented. Eofor is found as a name in _Beowulf_. We don't have
      evidence of Old English names borrowed from literary sources, so
      cannot change the name to this form.

      The submitter may wish to know that there is a similar name in
      PASE, _Eofri_, that is closer to his preferred form. It is
      inscribed on a 9th-11th century sword guard that is found in the
      British Museum.

      Nice device!

  Gaius Romilius Hadrianus. Name and device. Argent, a point pointed
  vert and a chief embattled gules.

  Geirny Eiriksdottir. Name.

      Nice Old Norse name!

  Genovefa Gueinniere. Name and device. Purpure, a chevron lozengy
  gules and argent between two butterflies and a rose slipped and
  leaved argent.

  Halld{o'}rr {O'}kristini. Name and device. Quarterly vert and sable,
  a tankard argent issuing flames proper, a bordure argent.

      The submitter requested authenticity for "Old Norse with a mild
      preference towards Icelandic". Both the given name and byname
      are found in Iceland, but the given name is found in the
      9th-10th century _Landn{a'}mb{o'}k_ and the byname is from the
      13th century _Heimskringla_. The latter source includes events
      from earlier sagas, so may be authentic for the 9th or 10th
      century as well, but we do not know for sure.

  Hengist Hawardessune. Name and device. Azure, a saltire wavy between
  four crosses crosslet fitchy argent.

  Hrafna-Ivarr. Name.

      The submitter requested authenticity for a "9th-10th century
      Danish Norse" name, so this name was pended to allow commenters
      to consider this request. This name can be documented to the 9th
      century, but in Iceland rather than Denmark. Therefore, it
      partially meets the submitter's request for authenticity.

      This name was pended from the July 2015 Letter of Acceptances
      and Returns. His armory was registered under the holding name
      _Isaac of Flaming Gryphon_.

  Hypatia of Crete. Name and device. Per chevron sable and vert, a
  chevron and in base a wolf courant Or.

      The byname _of Crete_ is the lingua Anglica form of the attested
      _Kretike_ ("Cretan").

  Kagami Okikaze. Name and device. Or, on a pale gules between six
  pellets each charged with a delf Or, in chief a natural tiger's head
  cabossed argent marked sable.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a natural
      tiger's head.

  Leofwynn Godwinesdohtor. Name change from Leofrun Godwinesdohtor and
  device. Per bend vert and gules, four Thor's hammers in cross hafts
  to center argent.

      Submitted as "Leofwy_n_ Godwinesdohtor", precedent states that
      the spelling _Leofwyn_ is not registerable:

           In addition to the problems cited above, the spelling
           _Leofwyn_ is not a documented Old English form of this
           name. Albion explains:

                The British Academy citations do not provide
                support for the spelling <Leofwyn>, because
                they are modern catalogs of the charters
                (that is, summaries in modern English of the
                contents), and not the actual charters
                themselves. S1527 can be found in Sean
                Miller's website
                athttp://www.anglo-saxons.net/hwaet/?do=get&type=charter&id=152
                7
                <http://www.anglo-saxons.net/hwaet/?do=get&type=charter&id=1527>;
                there is a page for S1218
                (http://www.anglo-saxons.net/hwaet/?do=get&type=charter&id=121
                8
                <http://www.anglo-saxons.net/hwaet/?do=get&type=charter&id=1218>),
                but the text of the charter is not available
                there, unfortunately.

                The S1527 charter spells the name <Lefwen>;
                Marieke's citation of <Leofwen> to that
                charter is incorrect.

                The spelling <Leofwenne> is found in charter
                S1489 (1023x1038)
                (seehttp://www.anglo-saxons.net/hwaet/?do=get&type=charter&id=148
                9
                <http://www.anglo-saxons.net/hwaet/?do=get&type=charter&id=1489>):
                "{th}{ae}t land et Rygedune {th}e ic bohte
                to Leofwenne". Following <to>, this is
                clearly an inflected form; I believe the
                nominative would be <Leofwenn>.

           In resubmitting, if the submitter is interested in a
           fully Old English form of this name, we would suggest
           Leofwenn of Witesige; Old English grammar requires
           that the locative be in the dative case. If the
           submitter wants to combine Old and Middle English, we
           suggest _Leofwenn of Wytleseie_. [Leofwyn of
           Whittlesey, February 2008, R-East]

      Therefore, we have changed the spelling of the given name to
      "Leofwy_nn_".

      The byname _Godwinesdohtor_ is grandfathered to the submitter.

      The submitter's previous name, _Leofrun Godwinesdohtor_, is
      retained as an alternate name.

  Leonardo Voltera. Name.

      According to the Letter of Intent, _Voltera_ is the registered
      byname of the submitter's mother, and would be eligible for the
      grandfather clause if the legal relationship was documented.
      However, no such documentation was provided in the submission
      packet. We remind submissions heralds that stating the
      relationship in the Letter of Intent is not sufficient
      documentation.

      Luckily for the submitter, the Letter of Intent also documented
      this spelling and the use of unmarked locative bynames in
      Italian, so we are able to register this name without relying on
      the grandfather clause.

  Lucretia Marcella. Name and device. Azure, a peacock between
  flaunches, a point pointed Or.

      The submitter requested authenticity for "First century Roman
      patrician". This name is an authentic Roman name for both the
      1st century BCE and 1st century CE.

  Marguerite de Gradis. Name (see RETURNS for device).

  M{y'}r{u'}n Hrafnsd{o'}ttir. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      The submitter requested authenticity for an unspecified place
      and time. Both the given name and father's name are from the
      _Landn{a'}mab{o'}k_, so this name is authentic for Iceland in
      the 9th or 10th century.

  Obellius Bestia. Name and device. Gules, a pale between two bear's
  heads couped respectant argent.

      Submitted as " Obellius B_{e-}_stia", the macron in the
      _cognomen_ is not used in Lewis & Short (as the letter is a
      short _e_) and may be an editorial edition in the source cited
      in the Letter of Intent ("The conspiracy of Cataline as related
      by Sallust" by Jared Scudder). We have removed the macron to
      register this name.

  Olivier van den Woude. Name and device. Or, a lynx rampant to
  sinister gules between three hanging balances azure.

  Reinhold Glier. Name and badge. Gules, a key and on a chief Or an
  eagle sable.

      _Glier_ is the submitter's legal surname. It is also documented
      as a late 16th century German surname, so the submitter need not
      rely on the legal name allowance.

      Please advise the submitter to draw the chief thinner so it
      cannot be confused with a per fess line of division.

  Ren{e'} Reaume. Name and device. Per pale gules and Or all crusilly
  moline, two lions combattant counterchanged.

      Submitted as "Ren{e'} _Rh{e'}_aume", the byname _Rh{e'}aume_
      could not be documented prior to 1650. Following the Pelican
      decision meeting, Wreath found the spelling "_Re_aume" in
      _Histoire de l'abbaye de St Denys en France..._ by Jacques
      Doublet, published in France in 1625 (p. 1056;
      https://books.google.com/books?id=cDvj-C95QpwC&pg=PA1056).
      Therefore, we have changed the byname to this form.

      Nice device!

  Robert atte Northclyf. Device. Vert, a fess checky azure and argent
  between a hanging balance and an open book Or.

  R{o'}ise inghean U{i'} Cheallaigh. Name and device. Purpure, a tree
  blasted argent charged on the trunk with a domestic cat sejant
  sable, a bordure argent.

  Rowan Canterbury. Name and device. Per bend engrailed argent and
  sable, an orca naiant sable marked argent and a skull argent, a
  bordure counterchanged.

  Sofonisba Voltera. Name.

      According to the Letter of Intent, _Voltera_ is the registered
      byname of the submitter's mother, and would be eligible for the
      grandfather clause if the legal relationship was documented.
      However, no such documentation was provided in the submission
      packet. We remind submissions heralds that stating the
      relationship in the Letter of Intent is not sufficient
      documentation.

      Luckily for the submitter, the Letter of Intent also documented
      this spelling and the use of unmarked locative bynames in
      Italian, so we are able to register this name without relying on
      the grandfather clause.

  Sorcha Brecc ingen Donnchada. Alternate name Sorcha ingen Donnchada.

      Both the given name and byname are grandfathered to the
      submitter.

  Sorcha Brecc ingen Donnchada. Device change. Gules, in bend three
  escallops inverted between two bendlets Or.

      The submitter's old device, "Azure, three escallops inverted
      between two bendlets argent", is retained as a badge.

  Sorcha Brecc ingen Donnchada. Badge. Azure, a heron contourny and in
  chief three mullets argent.

  Taisiia Volodimerna. Name and device. Quarterly sable and gules, an
  elephant's head cabossed proper and in chief three Russian Orthodox
  crosses argent.

      _Taisiia_ is the name of an early saint, so can be combined with
      the 12th century byname using the saint's name allowance.

      The elephant's head is functionally argent, both for contrast
      purposes and conflict checking.

  T{i'}tos Phot{i'}os. Name and device. Azure, two bendlets sinister
  between two phoenixes, a bordure Or.

      _Titos_ is a Greek form of the Latin praenomen _Titus_, and
      _Photios_ is a Greek masculine name used as a cognomen (as found
      in a number of inscriptions).

  Turstanus the Huntesman. Name (see RETURNS for device).

  Usami Yoshirou. Device change. Per pale gules and sable, a dragon
  and a lion combattant, on a point pointed Or a fleur-de-lys sable.

      By precedent a point pointed removes the appearance of
      marshaling by impalement. [Decimus Modius Varro, A-Outlands, Jan
      2013 LoAR]

      The submitter's old device, "Gules, a penguin close proper and
      on a chief engrailed Or three increscents gules", is retained as
      a badge.

  Wendell of Dark River. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      _Wendell_ was documented in the Letter of Intent as an English
      surname used as a given name. It is also a German given name
      found in the FamilySearch Historical Records.

      _Dark River_ is the registered name of an SCA branch.

======================================================================

**** NORTHSHIELD acceptances ****

  Albrecht of Caer Anterth-Mor. Badge. Per fess wavy Or and azure, a
  mermaid helmed and maintaining in her dexter hand a sword and in her
  sinister hand a round shield, a bordure counterchanged.

  Anna Meyer. Name and device. Argent, a fox sejant gardant proper and
  an orle vert.

      Nice 15th-16th century German name!

  Eva of Greenfield. Badge (see RETURNS for other badge). Vert, a
  domestic cat courant Or maintaining on its back a grenade fesswise
  reversed proper, a chief embattled argent.

  Herj{o'}lfr Eilifsson. Name and device. Argent, a wooden chair
  bendwise proper.

      This design of chair is found in the arms of von D{o:}ltzky,
      1605 (Siebmacher plate 144). We note that in this case the trian
      aspect is not a bar to registration as it is documented and
      improves the identifiability of the charge.

  Margaret Malise de Kyrkyntolaghe. Alternate name Margaret Mellies
  der Rosenwinkel and badge. Azure, a chevron rompu Or between three
  roses argent.

  Maximillian Hohensee. Name.

  Nuala inghen Aodha Dhiolmhain. Device. Vert, a scarpe enarched
  argent and a scarpe enarched Or all between a closed book and a harp
  argent.

  Nuala inghen Aodha Dhiolmhain. Badge. Vert, issuant from a closed
  book in chief a needle argent.

  Siobhan Medhbh O'Roarke. Badge. Argent, a cinquefoil pierced purpure
  and a bordure purpure sem{e'} of bees Or.

======================================================================

**** OUTLANDS acceptances ****

  Algernon Blackwell. Name.

  Argyle Robertsoun. Device. Per pall sable, azure, and argent, a
  raven displayed head facing to sinister argent and two mullets of
  six points counterchanged.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a bird other
      than an eagle in the displayed posture.

  Felicita Marina Medici. Device. Per bend potenty sable and Or, a sun
  and a cinquefoil counterchanged.

  Gabriel Robertson. Name and device. Per bend gules and argent, a
  wolf courant contourny counterchanged sable and argent.

      Nice 16th century English name!

      Please advise te submitter to draw the wolf more clearly courant
      (body elongated and horizontal, head erect, all four legs
      extended).

  Genevieve Chastain. Device. Per pale dovetailed sable and gules, a
  wolf argent and a lion Or rampant addorsed, each maintaining an
  arrow, counterchanged Or and argent.

  Heinric von Drachenburg. Badge. (Fieldless) In fess a cross formy
  fitchy argent sustained by a dragon sable bellied gules.

  Isleif of Bloodstone. Device. Counter-ermine, on a pile embattled
  argent a heart gules.

      Please advise the submitter to draw the pile line with
      embattlements both larger and deeper.

  Jacquelyna de la Roche. Name.

  Magdalena Lucia Ramberti. Badge. (Fieldless) A peacock erminois.

  Tachibana Hideaki. Name and device. Azure, a natural tiger's head
  cabossed argent marked sable, on a chief wavy argent three triskeles
  sable.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a natural
      tiger's head.

  T{o'}ki Fleinn. Name.

======================================================================

**** TRIMARIS acceptances ****

  Bryn Mor Grey. Name and device. Per pale gules and argent, two
  swords inverted in saltire and overall an eagle per pale argent and
  gules.

      Submitted as "Bry_nm_or Grey", the given name _Brynmor_ ("large
      hill") could not be documented or constructed as a plausible
      given name in our period. The submitter allowed a change to
      _Bryn Mor_, where _Bryn_ and _Mor_ are an English given name and
      surname, respectively, in the FamilySearch Historical Records.
      We have made this change.

  Caniodricca ingen Tuathail. Name.

      Submitted as "Caniodricca ing_hean_ Tuathail", the submitter
      requested authenticity for "early Scottish Celt, 7th-10th
      century". This request was not summarized in the Letter of
      Intent. Luckily for the submitter, we had enough information to
      consider this request rather than pending the name for further
      commentary.

      The patronym _inghean Tuathail_ combines the Early Modern Irish
      Gaelic _inghean_ (appropriate for after c.1200) with the Old or
      Middle Irish _Tuathail_ (appropriate before c.1200). This is a
      violation of PN1B1 of SENA, which does not allow the mixing of
      languages in the same name phrase. We have changed the byname to
      a wholly pre-1200 form, "ing_en_ Tuathail" to register this
      name.

      _Caniodricca_ is a Brythonic given name dated to the 5th-7th
      centuries, and _ingen Tuathail_ is an Irish Gaelic patronym
      formed from a given name only found from the 6th century. Due to
      the mix of languages, this name is not authentic but it is
      registerable.

  Castlemere, Barony of. Order name Order of Splendor of Castlemere
  and badge. Azure, a tower argent and in chief three estoiles Or, a
  bordure embattled argent.

  Castlemere, Barony of. Order name Order of Saint John's Bridge of
  Castlemere and badge. Vert, a single-arched bridge argent and a ford
  proper.

      Submitted as "Order of _St._ John's Bridge of Castlemere", we
      generally do not register scribal abbreviations. We have changed
      this order name to "Order of _Saint_ John's Bridge of
      Castlemere" to register this name.

      We note that _Saint John's_ is a lingua Anglica form. The period
      form would be _Saint Johns_, without an apostrophe. An example
      of the period form can be seen in the place name _Saint Annes
      Bridge al. Fynee Bridge_, dated to 1553 (Watts, s.n Fenny
      Bridges).

  Castlemere, Barony of. Order name Order of Saint John's Castle and
  badge. Vert, a castle argent issuant from a ford proper.

      Submitted as "Order of _St._ John's Castle", we generally do not
      register scribal abbreviations. We have changed this order name
      to "Order of _Saint_ John's Castle" to register this name.

      We note that _Saint John's_ is a lingua Anglica form. The period
      form would be _Saint Johns_, without an apostrophe. An example
      of the period form can be seen in the place name _Saint Annes
      Bridge al. Fynee Bridge_, dated to 1553 (Watts, s.n Fenny
      Bridges).

      The submitter has permission to conflict with the badge of
      Eleazar ha Levi: "Vert, a tower Or and a ford proper".

  Castlemere, Barony of. Order name Order of the Defenders of Northern
  Fenne and badge. Vert, an arm armored and embowed sustaining a sword
  fesswise reversed argent issuant from a ford proper.

      Submitted as "Order of the Defenders of _the_ Northern _Fenn_",
      _Fenn_ was documented as an Old English toponymic, whereas the
      rest of the order name could be documented in Middle or Early
      Modern English. This violates NPN1C1, which requires the
      substantive element to be in a single language.

      The Letter of Intent also did not document the use of _Northern_
      in place names. However, we can construct _Northern Fenne_ as a
      compound place name from the descriptive byname _le Northern_
      and the locative byname _atte Fenne_, both found in the Middle
      English Dictionary. Both marked and unmarked forms of
      descriptive and locative bynames are patterns in Appendix A of
      SENA, so _Northern_ and _Fenne_ are both plausible in Middle
      English. Such a place name is unlikely to be preceded by the
      definite article _the_, so we have dropped it. Therefore, we
      have changed the order name to "Order of the Defenders of_
      _Northern Fenn_e_".

      The submitter may wish to know that additional spellings of
      _fenne_ found in the Oxford English Dictionary in our period
      include _fen_, _ffene_, _ven_, and _fene_. In addition, there is
      an attested 14th century place name similar to the constructed
      place name: _The Northffenne_ is found in Watts, s.n. North Fen.
      Therefore, _Order of the Defenders of (The) Northffenne_ is
      registerable, as is its lingua Anglica form, _Order of the
      Defenders of North Fen_ If the barony prefers one of these
      forms, they can submit a request for reconsideration.

      _Defenders_ was not documented in the Letter of Intent. Although
      it was previously designated as SCA-compatible, it can be used
      in the substantive element of an order name, as in the case in
      this submission, under Appendix E of SENA.

  Clovis of Wyvernwoode. Holding name and device (see PENDS for name).
  Azure, a winged wolf rampant between in cross four compass stars
  argent.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of compass
      stars.

      Submitted under the name "Clovis B{a:}renj{a:}ger".

  Cynthia of Castlemere. Holding name and device (see RETURNS for
  name). Purpure, a domestic cat sejant and in chief a crescent Or.

      Submitted under the name "Zayna bint {S,}ehsuvar Amat Hilal
      al-Waha".

  Giovanni di Fiamma. Household name Company of the Heron and badge.
  (Fieldless) A heron's head erased contourny argent.

      The spelling _heron_ was not documented in the Letter of Intent.
      It is dated to the late 14th century in the Middle English
      Dictionary.

  Gryfyn de Moyon. Badge change. Gules, two ravens addorsed regardant
  Or.

      The submitter's old badge, "(Fieldless) A crescent azure", is
      released.

  Johan van Leyden. Device. Per bend gules and azure, a bend between
  two wheel-lock pistols bendwise reversed argent.

  Lisa Dochesefford. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      _Lisa_ is the submitter's legal given name. It is also an
      attested English given name, dated to 1580 in the FamilySearch
      Historical Records, so the the submitter need not rely on the
      legal name allowance.

  Lisabetta di Vincenti. Name change from Emelina Dragheswerd.

      The byname _di Vincenti_ is found in _Dell'Historia di Siena_ by
      Orlando Malavolti, published in 1599
      (https://books.google.com/books?id=smdgAAAAcAAJ).

      The submitter's previous name, _Emelina Dragheswerd_, is
      retained as an alternate name.

  Mael Mide ingen Medrain. Badge (see RETURNS for other badge). Argent
  goutty de sang, a butterfly sable.

  M{ae}va E{i'}r{i'}ksd{o'}ttir. Device change. Argent, a dunghill
  cock contourny and on a chief sable three bees Or.

      The submitter's old device, "Purpure, a tricorporate bee proper
      and a chief argent fretty purpure", is retained as a badge.

  Margaret Leslie. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      This exact name is found dated to 1596 and 1601 in the
      FamilySearch Historical Records, making this an excellent Scots
      name for c.1600!

  Morgan O Cuinn. Name reconsideration from Morgan O Quine.

      Entered in the Letter of Intent as a new name, this is actually
      a request for reconsideration.

  Nuno Cabral do Mar. Name.

      Submitted as "Nuno Cabral _del Mar_", the submitter requested
      authenticity for a Portuguese name. As submitted, the name
      combines the Portuguese _Nuno_ and _Cabral_ with the Spanish
      _del Mar_, all from the 16th century. The submitter's preferred
      form, _do Mar_ was not documented in the Letter of Intent.

      Ogress documented the phrase _do mar Athlantico_ in
      _Descri{c,}{a~}o do reino de Portugal_ by Duarte Nunes de Leao,
      published in 1610
      (https://books.google.com/books?id=l9zpMbnaqKcC). Therefore, the
      byname _do Mar_ is also plausible in Portuguese. Although the
      submission form specified that major changes were not allowed,
      the submitter specifically allowed a change to this form.
      However, we do not know if the name is authentic because _Nuno_
      and _Cabral_ were documented in the 1530s, and _do Mar_ in 1610.

  Octavio de Flores. Heraldic title Faraute Flores.

      This heraldic title was pended from the July 2015 Letter of
      Acceptances and Returns to allow discussion on whether the
      real-world 15th century heraldic title _Flores_ is important
      enough to protect.

      Although _Flores_ apparently served the King of Castille in some
      capacity, its origins and the extent of this service are
      unclear. We have no further information about this office,
      including the names of any individuals who held it. It does not
      appear in sources such as _Heraldica Castellana_. Although we
      are sensitive to the idea that we tend to protect English and
      French titles and people more than those from places like Spain
      and Portugal, this particular title does not appear to be well
      known even in Spain. Therefore, it is not important enough to
      protect. See the Cover Letter for further discussion.

      We also pended this heraldic title to allow commentary on
      whether the title should be _Flores Faraute_ to match the
      documentation. At least one example was found where the term for
      "Herald" preceded the substantive element: _faraute Villalobos_.
      Therefore, we are able to register this title as submitted.

  Ramette Peregrine. Device. Argent, a ship proper sailed gules and on
  a chief wavy azure three compass stars Or.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of compass
      stars.

  Toki Ima. Name and device. Argent, on a torteau a mask of comedy
  argent, a bordure indented sable.

  Wyvernwoode, Barony of. Badge. (Fieldless) A wyvern passant argent
  winged and bellied Or.

      For purpose of conflict checking, this wyvern is half Or and
      half argent.

  Wyvernwoode, Barony of. Order name Order of the Wyvern's Wings and
  badge. Vert, a triskelion of wyvern's wings Or, a bordure argent.

      The pattern of _Order of the Wyvern's X_, where _X_ is a body
      part, is grandfathered to the barony. We note that _Wyvern's
      Wings_ (including the apostrophe) is a lingua Anglica form.

  Wyvernwoode, Barony of. Badge change for Order of the Wyvern's
  Heart. Vert, three wyverns passant in annulo argent winged bellied
  and sustaining a heart, a bordure Or.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of charges in
      annulo not in their default palewise orientation.

      The old badge, "Vert, a tricorporate wyvern contourny within a
      bordure argent", is retained as a non-associated badge.

======================================================================

**** WEST acceptances ****

  Bernhardt Barkenhausen. Name and device. Argent, a bull and a bear
  combattant sable, a bordure azure.

  Catherine of Golden Rivers. Holding name and device (see PENDS for
  name). Or, a bend gules cotised between two fleurs-de-lys sable.

      Submitted under the name "Catherine de Mailly".

  Charles van den Haaghe. Name and device. Argent, a gurges vert.

      Submitted as "Charles van den Haa_g_", the Dutch place name
      _Haag_ was not dated, and is likely a modern form. Attested
      spellings include _Haage_ (1400-1550), _Haghe_ (1417), _Haegh_
      (1625), and _Hage_ (1612). The first two spellings are found in
      Luana de Grood's article "Flemish Names from Bruges"
      (http://www.s-gabriel.org/docs/bruges/byname-list2.html), and
      the latter two are found in the FamilySearch Historical Records.
      We have changed the name to "Charles van den Haag_he_" with the
      submitter's permission.

      Although the Letter of Intent documented _Charles_ as an English
      13th century name, Ogress found it in "Names from Dutch Records
      Between 1584-1585" by Aryanhwy merch Catmael
      (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/dutch/vandermeulen.html).
      Therefore, this name is entirely Dutch.

      Nice device!

  Conn MacKay. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      The given name _Conn_ was documented in the Letter of Intent
      from the article "Fourteenth to Sixteenth Century Irish Names
      and Naming Practices (The Fitzwilliam Accounts)" by Tangwystyl
      verch Morgant Glasvryn
      (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/lateirish/). However, the
      spelling _Conn_ is a standard form, with the attested form
      spelled _Con_. The submitted spelling is found in Mari ingen
      Briain meic Donnchada's "Index of Names in Irish Annals"
      (http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/Masculine/Conn.shtml),
      dated as late as 1559. Therefore, we are able to register this
      name as submitted.

      _MacKay_ is a reasonable variant of the attested _Mckay_ or
      _Mackay_, found in the FamilySearch Historical Records and in
      Black, s.n. Mackay, respectively.

      This name combines an Irish Gaelic given name and a Scots
      byname. This is an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C of
      SENA.

      This name does not conflict with the registered name _Conal
      McKay_. A syllable has been added to the given name, so this
      name is clear under PN3C2 of SENA.

  Conor MacKaylly. Name.

      This name does not conflict with the registered name _Conor
      MacKaine_. A syllable has been removed from the byname, so this
      name is clear under PN3C2 of SENA.

  Cynehild Cynesigesdohtor. Badge. (Fieldless) A blonde woman affronty
  proper vested azure seated atop a bear passant argent.

  Dolce Olivia Veneziana. Name and device. Or, a bunch of grapes
  slipped and leaved proper, a sinister gore purpure ermined Or.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a gore with
      another charge on the field.

  Donnub{a'}n se Reade. Name.

      This name combines a Gaelic given name and Old English byname.
      This is an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C of SENA.

  Elsa N{a:}herin van Aurec. Name and device. Per fess wavy argent
  estoilly azure and azure, in base a lion dormant Or.

      Submitted as "Elsa N{a:}herin v_o_n Aurec", the byname _von
      Aurec_ combines the High German _von_ with the Low German
      _Aurec_ in the same name phrase (Lower Saxony is a Low
      German-speaking area). This runs afoul of PN1B1 of SENA, which
      does not allow the mixing of languages in the same name phrase.
      We have changed the byname to the entirely Low German form
      "v_a_n Aurec", as it more closely meets the submitter's desired
      language and culture.

      The submitter may wish to know that the entirely High German
      form of the byname is _von Aurich_. _Aurich_ was found as an
      unmarked surname in the FamilySearch Historical Records, dated
      to 1593. If the submitter prefers this form, she may submit a
      request for reconsideration.

  {E'}ua of Fettburg. Holding name and device (see PENDS for name).
  Or, three pommes each charged with a quatrefoil knot argent, a chief
  indented sable.

      Submitted under the name _{E'}ua ingen Tuathail_.

  Genevieve Elizabeth of Roseberry Topping. Device. Per chevron
  embattled gules and argent, two roses and a dragon counterchanged.

  Hosokawa Yoshitatsu. Name and device. Or, an Oriental dragon rampant
  gardant azure, in chief an arrow fesswise reversed sable.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of an Oriental
      dragon.

  Katherine Noel de Lyon. Name.

      Submitted as "Katherine No_e_l de Lyon", the name was changed in
      kingdom to "Katherine No_{e:}_l de Lyon". This change was not
      summarized in the Letter of Intent, and the spelling _No{e:}l_
      was not documented in our period. We have restored this name to
      the submitted form.

  Lyric of Cynagua. Name and device. Azure, on a bend sinister between
  two rabbits rampant each maintaining a drawn bow with arrow nocked
  argent, three decrescents palewise purpure.

      Submitted as "Amira of Golden Rivers", _Amira_ is the
      submitter's legal middle name. However, it is also an alternate
      title meaning "princess". SENA PN4B1 states that, "Given names
      that are identical to titles and forms of address may be
      registered in contexts that make it clear that they are given
      names and not titles."

      The Letter of Intent mentioned a prior registration of _Amira of
      Raven's Cove_ as an example of "the recent registration of this
      name with a locative that does NOT violate SENA PN.4.B.1". This
      registration was made without comment, which does not set
      precedent. This section of SENA and prior precedents concerning
      _Amira_ were upheld as recently as June 2014 [Amira de Kent,
      R-Lochac], and we will continue to uphold this precedent. The
      combination of _Amira_ with a locative byname makes it unclear
      whether _Amira_ is a given name or title. Therefore, this name
      cannot be registered as submitted.

      The submitter allowed a change to the name "Lyric of Cynagua".
      We have made this change to register this name.

      _Lyric_ is the submitter's legal given name. _Cynagua_ is the
      registered name of an SCA branch.

  Margery Garret. Badge. Per fess embattled sable mullety argent, and
  gules, in base a crescent argent.

      The low contrast embattled line of division is grandfathered to
      the submitter. Please instruct the submitter to draw fewer,
      deeper embattlements.

  Muirgel ingen G{a'}eth{i'}ne. Device. Or, three chevronels braced
  and on a chief sable three calamaries Or.

  Ni{dh}bjorg at Hrafnagili. Name.

      Submitted as "Ni{dh}bjorg_ _Hrafnagi_l_", the submitter
      requested authenticity for "Nordic", but the desired
      language/culture was not specified in the Letter of Intent.

      The place name _Hrafnagil_ ("raven's gully") must be in the
      dative case and must be marked using a preposition. We have
      changed the byname to "_at_ Hrafnagi_li_" in order to register
      this name.

      Both the given name and the place name _Hrafnagil_ are found in
      the _Landn{a'}mab{o'}k_, so this name is authentic for 9th or
      10th century Iceland.

  Safiya bint Zakariya al-Tayyib. Name (see RETURNS for device).

  Thora vefari. Name.

      Submitted as "Thora _in_ vefar_a_", the byname _vefara_
      ("weaver") is a noun, so does not use the article _in_ ("the"),
      which is used with adjectival forms. Nouns also do not generally
      change to match the gender of the given name. Therefore, we have
      dropped the article and changed the byname to the attested form
      "vefar_i_" in order to register the name.

  Thyri of Vakkerfjell. Name and device. Per saltire gules and sable,
  two wolves combattant and a bordure Or.

      _Vakkerfjell_ is the registered name of an SCA branch.

  Tre{a'}sach {th}j{o'}{dh}hagi. Name and device. Quarterly Or and
  barry wavy argent and azure, a drakkar purpure.

      Submitted as "Tre{a'}sach _{th}_j{o'}{dh}hag_a_", the attested
      _{th}j{o'}{dh}-hagi_ is a noun and does not need to be
      feminized, and in fact cannot be without further documentation.
      In addition, the byname appeared in the Letter of Intent with a
      capital letter thorn, but it was submitted with a lowercase
      thorn. Norse bynames can be registered either in lowercase or
      with the first letter capitalized. Therefore, we have changed
      the byname to "_{th}_j{o'}{dh}hag_i_" to register this name.

      _Tre{a'}sach_ is the submitter's legal given name. We note that
      her driver's license does not include the accent, but we are
      able to give the submitter the benefit of the doubt because
      legal documents frequently omit such markings.

      The question was raised whether the byname _{TH}j{o'}{dh}hagi_
      (glossed as "great artist, master craftsman" in Cleasby and
      Vigfusson) presumes upon the Order of the Laurel under PN4B1 of
      SENA. The term _{TH}j{o'}{dh}_ means "great, very", and does not
      have the same connotation of "master" used by our peerage
      orders. In addition, _{TH}j{o'}{dh}hagi_ is not a reserved
      title. Thus, it is not a presumptuous byname.

  William Whyte. Name and device. Argent, a chevron purpure and
  overall a rapier sable.

      Nice 14th century English name!

======================================================================

                  - Explicit littera accipiendorum -

======================================================================

***** THE FOLLOWING ITEMS HAVE BEEN RETURNED FOR FURTHER WORK: *****

**** {AE}THELMEARC returns ****

  Elen Woderose. Badge. Argent, in pale a compass star and a lotus
  blossom in profile, all within an annulet azure.

      This badge is returned for redraw. A heraldic lotus blossom may
      be in profile (cup-shaped) or affronty (with all the petals in a
      circle). This depiction is not blazonable, as it is between the
      two, and thus is not registerable.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a compass
      star.

  Hartman Foscari da Ferrara. Badge. (Fieldless) A stag at gaze argent
  charged with a heart gules standing atop a torse in profile wreathed
  azure and Or.

      This badge is returned because we do not register crests by
      longstanding precedent:

           The College does not register crests (LoAR of 20 Sept
           81), partially to avoid having to decide who may or
           may not be entitled to them, and partially to save
           ourselves work. This submission is a crest by virtue
           of its being set atop a torse. (A joscelyn is simply a
           torse with bells added. On a "joscelyn fesswise",
           those bells are invisible, and count for nothing.) The
           submitter may certainly register a standard fieldless
           badge, which she may use as she pleases; but we cannot
           register this crest. [Faustina von Schwarzwald, March
           1993, Outlands-R]

      We are here in a similar situation.

      Additionally, having the torse in profile reduces its
      identifiability.

  Sorcha MacKenzie. Badge. (Fieldless) On a sloth argent pendant from
  a rapier fesswise Or a tau cross sable.

      This badge is returned for blurring the difference between
      charge groups. Blazoned as having a primary sloth, it is
      difficult to tell if the sloth is meant to be the primary
      charge, with the rapier as a secondary charge or if this is
      meant to be a single group. The best solution will likely be to
      draw the rapier smaller or the sloth much larger, so that it is
      obviously the sole primary charge. Alternately, the sloth could
      be drawn smaller, so that the visual weight of the sloth and the
      rapier are similar.

      The submitter has documented the sloth as having been known in
      period by the Spanish (e.g., Fern{a'}ndez de Oviedo's Chronicle
      of America, early 16 C). There is a step from period practice
      for the use of a New World sloth.

======================================================================

**** AN TIR returns ****

  Daigo Tsukime Kitsume. Name.

      This name includes two feminine names, _Tsukime_ and _Kitsume_.
      The Letter of Intent quotes Academy of Saint Gabriel report 2587
      (http://www.s-gabriel.org/2587): "Early medieval Japanese names
      were simpler than late medieval ones. The custom of using
      three-element names, consisting of a family name and two given
      names (the yobina and the nanori) probably developed late in the
      Heian period [late 8th - 12th c] among the class of provincial
      lieutenant governors and local military leaders."

      _Name Construction in Medieval Japan_ by Solveig Throndardottir
      (revised edition) states that masculine names can consist of the
      family name followed by a _yobina_ and _nanori_, whereas for
      women, "[a]lthough women occasionally adopted Chinese style
      composite _nanori_ during the classical period, their _nanori_
      generally consisted of a single element either preceded by an
      honourific or followed by a quasi-titular element. A feminine
      Japanese name can consist simply of an _uji_ or clan name
      followed by a _nanori_."

      However, those statements do not support the pattern of using
      two feminine names of the same subtype. In fact, NCMJ states
      that, "Like their brothers, Japanese women often bore several
      names at the same time. You should not confuse this with the
      multiple or compoound names born by European women. There is no
      Japanese equivalent to Mary-Elizabeth." Without evidence to
      support this pattern, we are forced to return this name.

      Upon resubmission, we note that the family name _Daigo_ (a
      branch of the Ichijou family) could not be clearly dated prior
      to 1600 except as a posthumous imperial name derived from the
      location of the emperor's grave. Two 17th-early 18th century
      bearers of this name element were noted in commentary: _Daigo
      Shinbe'e Sada'aki_ (1630-1704), described as progenitor of the
      Daigo lineage, and _Daigo Fuyumoto_ (1648-1697), a grandson of
      Emperor Go-Youzei. However, it appears as though the family name
      _Daigo_ was added posthumously in these cases, after our gray
      period cutoff of 1650. Without additional evidence that _Daigo_
      was used to refer to an individual during their lifetime, we
      cannot register this element.

      In correspondence after the Pelican decision meeting, Solveig
      explained that the author of the Academy of Saint Gabriel report
      extracted _Daigo_ from an incomplete genealogical chart in which
      various individuals are noted as the progenitors of multiple
      families, and several generations are compressed into one line
      of nanori. The report also implied that the _Daigo_ family was
      named after an estate or field name, but this assertion was not
      documented. Solveig also was unable to confirm some of the
      information in the report using the cited sources. She did note,
      however, that _Daigo_ is a village name found in Book 2 of
      _Heike Monogatari_ and in _Gepei Josuiki_, both of which
      chronicle the 12th century Genpei War.

      Her armory was registered under the holding name _Tsukime of
      Madrone_.

  Dragon's Mist, Barony of. Badge. Per bend argent and sable, an open
  book and a quill pen bendwise counterchanged.

      This badge is returned for violating SENA A3D2c, Unity of
      Posture and Orientation, which states "The charges within a
      charge group should be in either identical postures/orientations
      or an arrangement that includes posture/orientation". The
      charges here are not in a unified arrangement, as the
      orientations of the book and of the quill pen must be described
      independently.

  Dragon's Mist, Barony of. Order name Order of the Pierced Hart and
  badge. Argent, a hart statant contourny regardant proper with a
  demi-arrow issuant from its flank gules, a bordure nebuly sable.

      This order name is returned because we do not have evidence of
      adjectives like _pierced_ modifying the names of heraldic
      charges for order names. We have evidence for a pattern like
      this in inn-sign names, but inn-sign names are much more diverse
      than order names (see the Cover Letter for more details). There
      is a single example of an order name that uses a participle,
      _Crowned Ibex_. A single example is not enough to extrapolate
      from and _pierced_ is a more abstract term than _crowned_.

      We would drop the term _Pierced_ and registered this as _Order
      of the Hart_, but this is identical to an already-registered
      order name. Therefore, we are forced to return this order name.
      We note that _Order of the Hart of Dragon's Mist_ would not
      conflict with the registered name. However this is a
      sufficiently large change that we prefer to let the submitters
      consider their options.

      This badge is returned for redraw, for violating SENA A2C2 which
      states "Elements must be drawn to be identifiable."

      Many commenters could not see the arrow.

  Dragon's Mist, Barony of. Badge. Sable, a saltire between in fess
  two rapiers argent.

      This badge is returned for violating SENA A2C1 which requires
      that "Elements must be drawn in their period forms and in a
      period armorial style." The rapiers here are depicted as modern
      cup-hilted fencing weapon, not period rapiers. While cup-hilts
      did exist in period, they were always paired with prominent
      quillions and a knucklebow. Here, there is a knucklebow but no
      quillions.

  Gunnarr Torfason. Device. Per bend sinister vert and sable, a
  natural sea-tortoise bendwise sinister Or.

      This device conflicts with the badge of Arnfr{i'}{dh}r
      Fri{dh}reksd{o'}ttir: "Azure, a natural sea-tortoise bendwise
      sinister Or". There is only one DC for changing the field.

  Iuliana de la Sara and Nicolai Raben von Tachov. Badge. Per pale
  vert and sable, a twelve-spoked wheel tips pointed within an orle
  Or.

      This badge is returned for redraw, for violating SENA A2C2 which
      states "Elements must be drawn to be identifiable." The wheel
      here is not a regular wheel, which would have no spikes, or a
      Catherine wheel, which would have curved knife-blades radiating
      from the rim. On resubmission, the submitter should chose
      clearly one or the other. Alternately, they may document this
      particular wheel as a period artifact, which would allow it to
      be registered.

  Lj{u'}fvina haustmyrkr Hrafnsd{o'}ttir. Device change. Argent, a
  schim{a:}re rampant sable maintaining a sprig of wolfsbane purpure
  slipped and leaved vert.

      This device is returned for redraw, for violating SENA A2C2
      which states "Elements must be drawn to be identifiable." The
      wolfsbane is not identifiable. On resubmission, the submitter
      should consider a stylized and easy to recognize flower.

  Loftr J{o'}lgeirsson. Device. Quarterly gules and Or, two snakes in
  annulo heads to chief and base sable.

      This device is returned for conflict with the device of Conrad
      Breakring: "Argent, an annulet fracted on the dexter side
      sable". There is a DC for changing the field but no difference
      for what is essentially adding a second break to an annulet.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of charges in
      annulo not in their default palewise orientation.

  Ragna Brandulfsdottir. Device. Or, a raven migrant to dexter chief
  sable.

      This device is returned for conflict. Since we grant no
      difference between migrant and displayed, it is in conflict with
      Germany: "Or, an eagle displayed sable". The only difference is
      the 45-degree tilt of the bird here. SENA A5E5a does allow for
      an animate charge's posture change to be worth a SC, but this
      doesn't fall into any of the categories mentioned in the
      examples and thus that change is only worth a single DC. It also
      conflicts with Holy Roman Empire: "Or, a double-headed eagle
      displayed sable", for the same reasons, but not with Russia:
      "Or, a double-headed eagle sable displayed armed crowned and
      maintaining an orb and sceptre Or", because of the maintained
      charges.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a non-eagle
      in, effectively, the displayed posture.

  Sald{i'}s H{a'}konsdottir. Device. Per chevron purpure and argent,
  three Norse sun crosses counterchanged.

      This device is returned for conflict with the device of Kieran
      MacRae: "Per chevron throughout purpure and argent, three
      equal-armed Celtic crosses counterchanged argent and sable".
      There is a DC for changing the tincture of half of the primary
      charge group but no DC for the difference between Norse sun
      cross and equal-armed Celtic cross. The crosses in Kieran's
      device match the older form of equal-armed Celtic cross with
      straight arms as illustrated in the Pictorial Dictionary.

  Tvorimir Danilov. Badge. Gules crusilly couped, on a goutte argent a
  fleam gules, a bordure ermine.

      This badge is returned for redraw. Although the goutte has a
      wavy tail, the tail is much too short and thin, and appears to
      have been added on to a teardrop-shaped goutte. On redraw,
      please let the submitter know to have the tail be at least of
      the length of the head, or to draw the goutte in a tear-drop
      shape per the March 2013 Cover Letter: "Teardrop shaped gouttes
      are registerable as long as they are elongated, more than twice
      as long as they are wide." Note that the proportions mentioned
      in the March 2013 Cover Letter are NOT directed to a wavy-tailed
      goutte.

  Tvorimir Danilov. Badge. Gules crusilly couped, on a goutte argent a
  fleam gules, a bordure erminois.

      This badge is returned for redraw. Although the goutte has a
      wavy tail, the tail is much too short and thin, and appears to
      have been added on to a teardrop-shaped goutte. On redraw,
      please let the submitter know to have the tail be at least of
      the length of the head, or to draw the goutte in a tear-drop
      shape per the March 2013 Cover Letter: "Teardrop shaped gouttes
      are registerable as long as they are elongated, more than twice
      as long as they are wide." Note that the proportions mentioned
      in the March 2013 Cover Letter are NOT directed to a wavy-tailed
      goutte.

======================================================================

**** ATENVELDT returns ****

  Ceallach Colquhoun. Badge. Per bend sinister gules and argent, a
  door argent banded, handled and charged with two arrows in saltire
  sable, and a dragon sejant affronty, wings displayed and head to
  dexter gules.

      This device is returned for redraw, for violating SENA A2C2
      which states "Elements must be drawn to be identifiable." As
      depicted, the arrows on the door appear to be part of the door
      and not independent charges. The arrows are similar in color and
      width to the details on the door, leading commenters to see them
      as part of the door. Changing the tincture of either the details
      or the arrows or making the arrows bolder with larger heads and
      fletchings would improve identifiability.

======================================================================

**** ATLANTIA returns ****

  Frixco Osnath. Device. Per pale sable and vert, two attired coneys
  salient respectant and a chief sapin{e'} argent.

      This device is returned for running afoul of SENA A1 which
      requires an armorial submission to be compatible with period
      armorial content and style. No documentation was presented
      either by the submitter or in commentary with evidence of period
      use for the sapin{e'} line of division. All evidence commenters
      could find suggest that it is a modern, perhaps Canadian,
      invention. As such, it cannot be registered.

======================================================================

**** AVACAL returns ****

  S{e'}gdae {U'}a F{a'}el{a'}in. Device. Vert, a wolf's head erased,
  on a chief argent two hawks striking sable.

      This device is returned for redraw. Please instruct the
      submitter on the proper way to draw erasing: either three or
      four prominent, pointed jags on the erasing, as described on the
      Cover Letter to the November 2001 LoAR:

           Therefore, for purposes of recreating period armorial
           style for erasing, the erasing should (1) have between
           three and eight jags; (2) have jags that are
           approximately one-sixth to one-third the total height
           of the charge being erased; and (3) have jags that are
           not straight but rather are wavy or curved.

      Alternatively, the submitter could decide to resubmit the
      primary charge as a wolf's head couped.

======================================================================

**** CAID returns ****

  Eibhlin an Ucaire. Badge. (Fieldless) A sword inverted proper
  between and grasped by two dragons combatant sable and gules.

      This badge is returned for redraw, for violating SENA A2C2 which
      states "Elements must be drawn to be identifiable." Many
      commenters had trouble identifying the dragons and perceived the
      design as a bat winged sword.

======================================================================

**** CALONTIR returns ****

  Abu Muqatil Wada' ibn Salamah ibn Daffafah. Device. Or, on an onion
  dome issuant from base sable, a lion rampant contourny Or.

      This device is returned for running afoul of SENA A1 which
      requires an armorial submission to be compatible with period
      armorial content and style. No documentation was presented,
      either by the submitter or in commentary, showing evidence of
      period use of an onion dome or similar shaped item used as
      charge.

======================================================================

**** DRACHENWALD returns ****

  Elisabeth Grey. Name and device. Per bend gules and azure, a bend Or
  between a domestic cat dormant gardant and an owl bendwise argent.

      This name presumes upon the name of a 15th century queen:

           Elizabeth Grey. Name. This also conflicts with
           _Elizabeth Grey_, Queen of England to Edward IV, more
           commonly known as _Elizabeth Woodeville_. As Metron
           Ariston says, "She was one of the most prominent women
           of the fifteenth century, not only queen consort but
           queen dowager and --- through her daughter Elizabeth
           of York --- ancestor of the Tudor dynasty." [Elizabeth
           Grey, March 2009, R-Lochac]

      PN4D of SENA states that, "For individuals important enough to
      protect, we protect all forms in which their name was known,
      including in other languages, but not hypothetical forms. We
      only protect names that are used either today or in the time
      when they were alive to refer to these protected persons." The
      1484 act depriving Queen Elizabeth of royal grants of lands and
      revenues after the death of Edward IV refers to her as
      "Elizabeth, late the wyf of Sir John Grey, knyght, and late
      callyng her selfe quene of Englond" ("Richard III: January
      1484", in _Parliament Rolls of Medieval England_, ed. Chris
      Given-Wilson, Paul Brand, Seymour Phillips, Mark Ormrod,
      Geoffrey Martin, Anne Curry and Rosemary Horrox;
      http://www.british-history.ac.uk/no-series/parliament-rolls-medieval/january-1484).
      The queen is occasionally known today as _Elizabeth Grey_ or
      _Elizabeth de Grey_. Therefore, we uphold the 2009 precedent and
      return this name for presumption.

      The other historical women named _Elizabeth Grey_ are not
      important enough to protect.

      This device is returned for violating SENA A3D2c, Unity of
      Posture and Orientation, which states "The charges within a
      charge group should be in either identical postures/orientations
      or an arrangement that includes posture/orientation". The
      charges here are not in a unified arrangement, as the
      orientations of the cat and of the owl must be described
      independently.

======================================================================

**** EALDORMERE returns ****

  Hori Jirou Masamura. Device. Argent semy of seebl{a:}tter, a bordure
  indented purpure.

      This device is returned for multiple issues. Blazoned as azure,
      the seebl{a:}tter appeared purpure both in OSCAR and the
      uploaded form; the color-corrected form makes that clear. We
      remind submissions heralds that although some adjusting of the
      scanned colors is acceptable to solve some scanner issues, they
      can create their own returnable issues. As the scanned copy is
      the only Laurel office copy, any discrepancy between the scanned
      emblazon and the intended colors is grounds for return. The
      second cause for returns is likely linked to the first; the line
      of division is not identifiable. This is partly because the
      bordure overlaps the seebl{a:}tter, but is likely amplified by
      the lack of contrast between the bordure and the other charges.
      We recommend that any resubmission not use the style of semy
      which has cut off charges, but instead uses whole charges strewn
      on the field.

  Mjoll {U'}lfsd{o'}ttir. Badge. (Fieldless) A badger dormant in
  annulo sable marked argent.

      This device is returned for redraw, for violating SENA A2C2
      which states "Elements must be drawn to be identifiable." Here,
      the posture of the central charge impairs its identifiability.
      Additionally, no documentation was provided that this posture
      was used in medieval heraldry.

======================================================================

**** EAST returns ****

  Cristina Volpina. Badge for Shimazu Akame. Gules, a Norse sun cross
  Or.

      This badge is returned for conflict with the device of
      L{a'}szl{o'} R{o'}zsa: "Per fess azure and gules, a wheel Or".
      As we do not grant difference for the number of spokes in a
      wheel, there is no DC between the primary charges. The only DC
      is for changing the field.

  Sorcha inghean U{i'} N{e'}ill. Device. Azure, in pale a garb Or
  between two escallops argent, within two pallets all between two
  sea-horses respectant Or.

      This device is returned for lack of documentation of the
      arrangement of charge groups on the field. Blazoned as a pale
      azure fimbriated Or with charges on the pale and secondaries
      around it, in period and today this design must be understood as
      two pallets Or with four types of charges on the field. The most
      likely way to understand this is with all those charges as a
      single primary charge group. Central charges are usually deemed
      primary, and the sea-horses are at least as prominent as the
      central charges, which makes them a single group of primaries,
      and the pallets secondaries. Having three different types of
      charges in the same group runs afoul of SENA A3D2a, for having
      "slot machine" armory, more than two types of charge in the same
      group. Redrawing it with the sea-horses clearly secondary
      creates a different problem: documentation would have to be
      provided for a primary group of non-ordinary charges, and two
      second charge groups, one of ordinary charges and the other
      non-ordinary charges.

======================================================================

**** GLEANN ABHANN returns ****

  {U'}lfr{u'}n Gr{i'}mkels kona. Device. Or, a pall inverted wavy
  azure between two trefoils vert and a wolf's head erased gules.

      This device is returned for redraw. Please instruct the
      submitter on the proper way to draw erasing: either three or
      four prominent, pointed jags on the erasing, as described on the
      Cover Letter to the November 2001 LoAR:

           Therefore, for purposes of recreating period armorial
           style for erasing, the erasing should (1) have between
           three and eight jags; (2) have jags that are
           approximately one-sixth to one-third the total height
           of the charge being erased; and (3) have jags that are
           not straight but rather are wavy or curved.

      Alternatively, the submitter could decide to resubmit the
      secondary charge as wolf's head couped.

======================================================================

**** LOCHAC returns ****

  Bjorn vandr{ae}{dh}ama{dh}r. Household name Asylum House.

      This household name is returned because documentation was not
      provided to show that it follows a period pattern of naming
      houses. _Asylum_ is a generic term meaning "sanctuary", not a
      specific place name in England, nor is it a surname after which
      a house can be named. The quotes from the Oxford English
      Dictionary show that there may have been a place in the
      classical world named _Asylum_, but this does not show that it
      is a plausible basis for an English house name or group of
      people.

  Wei Min Cheng. Name change from holding name Michael of River Haven.

      Submitted as "Wei Min Ch_e_ng", the name was changed in kingdom
      to "Wei Min Ch_a_ng". However, the submitter did not allow any
      changes. Therefore this name would have to be considered in its
      original form. The given name _Min Cheng_ or _Men Chang_ could
      not be documented within our period; the earliest example of
      what appears to be the same name, appearing as _Min Ch'ang_, was
      dated to 1747-1806. In resubmission, the submitter may want to
      consider names that use the element _Chang_ that are dated to
      period, including _Jichang_ (1178-1188), _Qichang_ (1555-1600),
      _Shichang_ (1056), _Shouchang_ (1031-1103), and _Zhongchang_
      (1100-1150), all from Ii Katsumori, "Introduction to pre-16th
      Century Chinese Onomastics"
      (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/Chinese-Onomastics_v1.1.pdf).

======================================================================

**** MERIDIES returns ****

  Bernhardt von Eschenbach. Device. Quarterly gules and vert, in pale
  a crescent bendwise sinister Or and an elephant maintaining a tower
  on its back argent.

      This device is returned for violating SENA A3D2c, Unity of
      Posture and Orientation, which states "The charges within a
      charge group should be in either identical postures/orientations
      or an arrangement that includes posture/orientation". The
      charges here are not in a unified arrangement, as the
      orientations of the crescent and of the elephant must be
      described independently.

  Fatima al-Tayyiba. Device. Per bend sinister engrailed argent and
  vert, a greyhound's head contourny erased sable and a bee bendwise
  sinister Or marked sable.

      This device is returned for violating SENA A3D2c, Unity of
      Posture and Orientation, which states "The charges within a
      charge group should be in either identical postures/orientations
      or an arrangement that includes posture/orientation". The
      charges here are not in a unified arrangement, as the
      orientations of the greyhound's head and of the bee must be
      described independently.

  Thomas of Collei. Name.

      This name conflicts with the registered name _Thomas of Calais_.
      Although the names are different in appearance, only the initial
      vowel in the place name has been changed in sound. This is not
      sufficient under PN3C2 of SENA. Therefore, we are forced to
      return this name.

      His device is registered under the holding name "Thomas of
      Meridies".

======================================================================

**** MIDDLE returns ****

  Marguerite de Gradis. Device. Azure, an oak tree argent charged with
  eight mullets of six points, one, three, and four gules.

      This device is returned for having "barely overall" charges.
      SENA Appendix I, Charge Group Theory, in defining overall
      charges states "...a design with a charge that has only a little
      bit sticking over the edges of an underlying charge is known as
      "barely overall" and is not registerable." Here, although most
      of the mullets are on the tree, several partially overlap the
      field which, due to low contrast, decreases identifiability.

  M{y'}r{u'}n Hrafnsd{o'}ttir. Device. Per pale azure and argent, a
  griffin's head erased and a wolf's head erased respectant
  counterchanged and on a point pointed sable an ehwaz rune argent.

      This device is returned for redraw, for violating SENA A2C2
      which states "Elements must be drawn to be identifiable."
      Because of the similarity of the outline, commenters had trouble
      realizing that the heads are those of different creatures. The
      griffin would likely be more identifiable with longer thinner
      ear tufts and with its beak open.

  Sighni Alvadottir. Device. Per bend sinister azure and vert, a
  dragonfly bendwise argent and a garb Or.

      This device is returned for violating SENA A3D2c, Unity of
      Posture and Orientation, which states "The charges within a
      charge group should be in either identical postures/orientations
      or an arrangement that includes posture/orientation". The
      charges here are not in a unified arrangement, as the
      orientations of the garb and of the dragonfly must be described
      independently.

  Turstanus the Huntesman. Device. Sable, a dragon segreant argent
  sustaining in base a sun Or.

      This device is returned for redraw, for blurring the distinction
      between the primary and secondary charge groups. It is difficult
      to tell if the dragon is meant to be the primary charge, with
      the sun in the secondary charge group or if this is meant to be
      a single group of two charges. The best solution will likely be
      to draw the dragon significantly larger than the sun, so that it
      is obviously the sole primary charge. Alternately, if they are
      to be considered coprimary, the sun needs to be larger.

      The submitter has permission to conflict with the device of
      Eislinn the Patient: "Sable, a doe at gaze guardant argent atop
      a sun Or".

  Wendell of Dark River. Device. Gyronny arrondi of twelve Or, sable,
  Or, and azure, on a chief argent two boars statant respectant azure.

      This device is returned for lack of documentation of the pattern
      used of a gyronny arrondi of twelve of three different
      tinctures. No example of the period use of such a field was
      presented by either the submitter or the commenters. On
      resubmission, the submitter should provided documentation of
      such a field and the use of such a field with charges like a
      peripheral ordinary.

======================================================================

**** NORTHSHIELD returns ****

  Eva of Greenfield. Badge. (Fieldless) In pall inverted three
  gillyflowers in profile gules conjoined at the slips vert.

      This badge is returned for redraw, for violating SENA A2C2 which
      states "Elements must be drawn to be identifiable." As depicted
      the gillyflowers are not identifiable, likely due primarily to
      the fact that they are here in profile. Heraldic flowers are
      usually only depicted in a single posture, to increase
      identifiability: for example, thistles in profile and roses
      affronty. To allow the registration of gillyflowers in profile,
      we would require evidence of their use in period armory.

  Jean-Robert Le Marchand de Sel. Device. Argent, a brown bear statant
  erect proper maintaining a sword sable, in chief two hearts gules
  each transfixed by a sword bendwise sinister inverted sable.

      This device is returned because it falls afoul of the section of
      A3D1 that states "Having identical types of charges in multiple
      charge groups on the field blurs the distinction between charge
      groups. Thus, it is not allowed, except for cotises and endorses
      around an ordinary." Here, the swords are maintained by the
      primary bear and transfixing the secondary charges; both are on
      the field and are part of different charge groups.

      This device also runs afoul of the section of A3D1 that states
      "Having two close variants of a charge in a design is confusing
      and makes the charge groups difficult to identify. Thus, two
      charges or depictions of charges that are artistic variants of
      one another or that otherwise are considered to have less than a
      distinct change (DC) between them are not allowed in a single
      armorial design." This submission uses two different designs of
      swords in the two charge groups; this "sword and dagger" issue
      is also cause for return.

======================================================================

**** OUTLANDS returns ****

  Broddi hornabrj{o'}tr. Badge. Vert, a cracked drinking horn fesswise
  argent.

      This badge is returned for conflict with {AE}thelmearc's badge
      for their Order of the White Horn: "(Fieldless) A hunting horn
      argent". There is one DC for fielded vs fieldless, but a hunting
      horn is fesswise by default and the strings, if any, are pure
      artistic license, worth no difference.

  Ragnvaldr of Rendlesham. Device. Per bend argent and gules, two
  valknuts counterchanged.

      This device is returned for conflict with the device of Biorn
      Styrmisson: "Per bend argent and gules, a drinking horn and a
      valknut counterchanged". There is only one DC for changing the
      type of half the charge group.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of valknuts.

  Torin of Norwood and Michael Vladimir Gerewolf. Household name Hus
  Vanagandr and joint badge. Sable, on a pale argent in pale a wolf's
  head erased sable and a sword fesswise gules.

      Submitted as "Hus Vanagandr_al_", the name was changed in
      kingdom with the submitter's approval to "Hus Vanagandr_ _" to
      match the documentation that could be found.

      No evidence was provided that a Norse house or household could
      be named after a monster and a legendary river. We also note the
      clear association with the mythological wolf _Fenrir_, who uses
      the appellation _V{a'}nagandr_ ("monster of hope river").
      Without evidence to show that a household could be named after a
      specific mythological animal, we cannot register this household
      name.

      As documented in the Letter of Intent, the only pattern found
      for _Hus_ ("house") is _[person's given name in the possessive
      form] + Hus_. In resubmission, the submitter should show that
      the designator is appropriate for the submission.

      This badge is returned for having two tertiary groups on the
      same charge. As depicted, the sword has significantly less
      visual weight than the wolf's head which gives the appearance of
      it being a distinct tertiary group.

      On resubmission, please advise the submitter to draw the erasing
      with longer jags.

======================================================================

**** TRIMARIS returns ****

  G{o~}cauo Diego Ramiri{c,}. Badge for Sibeal inghean Mhurchadha. Per
  pall argent, purpure and Or, a double-headed eagle azure.

      This badge is returned for conflict with the badge of Alexi
      Gensel: "(Fieldless) A goose displayed head to sinister azure".
      By precedent, there is no difference between a goose displayed
      and an eagle displayed, and we do not grant difference for
      changing the number of heads. Thus the only DC is for fieldless
      vs fielded design.

  Gryfyn de Moyon. Alternate name Hrafn H{a'}lfdan.

      This alternate name was withdrawn by the submitter.

  Gustav Siggesson Leijonhofwud. Badge. (Fieldless) Three tulips one
  and two slipped and leaved the leaves nowed azure.

      This device is returned for not being reliably blazonable, a
      violation of SENA A1C which requires an emblazon to be
      describable in heraldic terms. The arrangement of the tulips
      with the nowing of leaves cannot be adequately described in
      blazon.

  Lisa Dochesefford. Device. Argent, a bird inverted azure.

      This device is returned for multiple issues with the depiction
      of the bird. It violates our ban on inverted animate charges.
      This device is also returned for not being reliably blazonable,
      a violation of SENA A1C which requires an emblazon to be
      describable in heraldic terms. Blazoned as descending, this term
      doesn't appear to have been used in period blazon, and in modern
      usage, it doesn't refer to this posture. The embowment of the
      bird's body prevents it from being volant to sinister base or
      anything similar. As it is, the posture of the bird cannot be
      adequately described in blazon. Finally, this device is in
      violation of SENA A2C1 which states that "Elements must be drawn
      in their period forms". The depiction of the bird used here is
      modern.

  Mael Mide ingen Medrain. Badge. (Fieldless) A butterfly azure.

      This badge is returned for conflict with the device of Constance
      von Messer: "Argent, a butterfly azure marked proper".
      Constance's butterfly is mostly blue, with small spots of red
      and brown. There is no DC for the markings. The only DC is for
      fieldless vs fielded armory.

  Margaret Leslie. Device. Sable, a swan naiant argent and a gore
  argent semy of swans sable.

      The submission was corrected with a new emblazon, but the forms
      corresponding to that emblazon were not submitted to the Laurel
      office. Thus, this is returned for lack of forms.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a gore with
      other charges on the field.

  Sigrun Ionsdottir. Device. Argent, three poppies affronty gules and
  a chief embattled vert.

      The submission was corrected with a new emblazon, but the forms
      corresponding to that emblazon were not submitted to the Laurel
      office. Thus, this is returned for lack of forms.

  Zayna bint {S,}ehsuvar Amat Hilal al-Waha. Name.

      Submitted as "Zayna bint {S,}ehsuvar A_m_at Hilal al-Waha", the
      name appeared with a typographical error in the Letter of
      Intent: "Zayna bint {S,}ehsuvar A_rn_at Hilal al-Waha". We have
      corrected this error in the header form.

      Unfortunately, neither _Zayna_ nor _{S,}ehsuvar_ were documented
      to our period. No evidence was found to show these given names
      were used prior to 1650. In addition, no evidence was provided
      to show that _Amat Hilal al-Waha_ ("servant of Moon of the
      Oasis") is a plausible name phrase, or that _Hilal al-Waha_ is a
      plausible place name in Arabic in our period. Without this
      evidence, we are forced to return this name.

      Upon resubmission, the submitter should know that _Amat-_type
      names are used with names and attributes of Allah, not place
      names.

      Her device is registered under the holding name "Cynthia of
      Castlemere".

======================================================================

**** WEST returns ****

  Cloondara, Shire of. Badge. Or, three chevronels vert, overall two
  towers in fess gules.

      This badge is returned for redraw, for having abased chevronels
      where the move is not forced by other elements of the design.
      Precedent from the LoAR January 1992 states:

           "These bendlets are enhanced so much to chief that the
           style becomes unacceptably modern" [Penelopee of the
           Quill, R-East, Jan 1992 LoAR].

      Further refined in the LoAR November 2002:

           "The chevron abased here is too far to base to be
           acceptable without documentation for such a design in
           period. Overly enhanced ordinaries have been a reason
           for return for many years as non-period style: "These
           bendlets are enhanced so much to chief that the style
           becomes unacceptably modern" (LoAR January 1992).
           Overly abased ordinaries suffer from the same
           problem." [Muirgius mac Con Mara hui S{e'}gdai,
           R-Trimaris, Nov 2002 LoAR]

  Conn MacKay. Device. Per saltire lozengy argent and vert, and
  argent, in fess two wolverines combattant sable marked argent.

      Wolverines are not documented as period charges. As such, they
      must be compared visually with other animals. In this case,
      commenters agreed that these wolverines look rather like bears;
      thus there is no DC between these wolverines and bears. As such,
      this device is returned for conflict with the device of Karl
      Wilhelm Singer: "Per saltire azure and argent, in fess two bears
      combatant sable". There is only one DC for changing the field.

  Cosma Drago. Device change. Purpure chauss{e'} argent.

      This device is returned for conflict with the device of
      S{e'}gnat ingen Donnchada: "Per chevron inverted vert and
      argent". For purpose of conflict checking there is no difference
      between a per chevron inverted and a chauss{e'} field and so the
      only DC is for replacing vert by purpure.

  Marjorie de ffeyrefeld. Badge. Per pale sable and argent.

      Submitted as "(Fieldless) A lozenge per pale sable and argent",
      a lozenge is a form of armorial display and thus this submission
      must be reblazoned as "Per pale sable and argent". This badge
      conflicts with the device of {AE}dric the Grene: "Per pale sable
      and vert" with only one DC for changing half of the field.

  Safiya bint Zakariya al-Tayyib. Device. Purpure, a needle palewise
  threaded, and on a chief Or two mullets of eight points purpure.

      This device is returned for redraw, for violating SENA A2C2
      which states "Elements must be drawn to be identifiable."
      Because of the heavy internal detailing, the thread has little
      contrast with the field and is not sufficiently identifiable.

======================================================================

                 - Explicit littera renuntiationum -

======================================================================

***** THE FOLLOWING ITEMS HAVE BEEN PENDED UNTIL THE May 2016 LAUREL
MEETING (OR AS NOTED): *****

**** LOCHAC pends ****

  Peter MacKaskill. Name.

      This name is pended to allow the submitter to provide proof of
      his legal name. We note that the submitted name is identical to
      a possible legal use name, which is not allowed under III.A.10
      of the Admin Handbook. Therefore, the submitter has authorized
      the addition of the byname _of Skye_. If this name is
      registered, this change will be made. If proof of the legal name
      is not provided, we will register the name as _Peter MacAskill
      of Skye_, using an attested form of the first byname.

      The submitter requested authenticity request for a Scottish
      name. This request was not summarized in the Letter of Intent.
      We have enough information to consider this request. The
      authentic 16th century Scots form of the modified name is _Peter
      MacAskill of Skye_.

      His device is registered under the holding name "Peter of
      Riverhaven".

      This was item 6 on the Lochac letter of September 14, 2015.

======================================================================

**** TRIMARIS pends ****

  Clovis B{a:}renj{a:}ger. Name.

      The submitter requested authenticity for the "period of
      Charlemagne". This request was not summarized in the Letter of
      Intent. We have pended the name to allow commenters to discuss
      this request.

      Ogress was able to document "Clovis B{a:}ren_ J_{a:}ger" as a
      late period mixed French-German name, so this would be
      registerable in that form, but it would not meet the submitter's
      request for authenticity.

      His device is registered under the holding name "Clovis of
      Wyvernwoode".

      This was item 7 on the Trimaris letter of September 30, 2015.

======================================================================

**** WEST pends ****

  Catherine de Mailly. Name.

      This name is pended to allow discussion of whether this name
      conflicts with the registered name _Katherine O'Mally_. In
      particular, we would like further discussion on whether the
      change from _O'_ to _de_ is enough to clear the name under PN3C2
      of SENA:

           Names are substantially different if a single syllable
           between them (excluding articles and prepositions,
           such as _de_ and _the_) is changed in both sound and
           appearance as described here. The addition or removal
           of a syllable makes two names substantially different
           in sound. Two names are also substantially different
           if a syllable is substantially changed in sound and
           appearance. This means that the vowel and the
           consonant (or group of consonants) on one side of the
           vowel is different between the two names. In either
           case, the change in spelling (including addition or
           removal of letters) must affect at least two letters
           in that syllable to be substantial.

      The rule creates some ambiguity in this case: one name has an
      syllable that qualifies under this rule, whereas the other has a
      syllable that does not qualify under this rule. Either ruling
      (that this comparison qualifies or not) requires an
      interpretation of this rule and an additional example within
      SENA to demonstrate how to apply it.

      Her device is registered under the holding name "Catherine of
      Golden Rivers".

      This was item 3 on the West letter of September 24, 2015.

  {E'}ua ingen Tuathail. Name.

      This name is pended to allow a discussion of whether this name
      conflicts with the registered name _Aoife inghean Tuathail_.

      Her device has been registered under the holding name _{E'}ua of
      Fettburg_.

      This was item 13 on the West letter of September 24, 2015.

======================================================================

                             - Explicit -

======================================================================

Created at 2016-02-17T21:43:25
-------------- next part --------------
                                               Society for Creative Anachronism
                                                                College of Arms

                                                       253 Tranquility Mtn
                                                            Buda, TX 78610
                                                           +1 512 942 7005
                                                   laurel at heraldry.sca.org
                      For the December 2015 meetings, printed February 17, 2016

To all the College of Arms and all others who may read this missive, from
Andrewe Laurel, Lillia Pelican, and Brunissende Wreath, greetings.

Items listed below in square brackets have not been scheduled yet. For
information about future scheduling, please review the status table located on
the Web at http://oscar.sca.org/index.php?action=137.

The December Laurel decisions were made at the Pelican meeting held on Sunday,
December 20, 2015 and the Wreath meeting held on Sunday, December 13, 2015.
These meetings considered the following letters of intent: Drachenwald (29 Jul,
2015) (pushed due to lack of packet) , Lochac (14 Sep, 2015), Gleann Abhann (16
Sep, 2015), Laurel LoPaD (16 Sep, 2015), Northshield (20 Sep, 2015), Atlantia
(24 Sep, 2015), West (24 Sep, 2015), Atenveldt (25 Sep, 2015), {AE}thelmearc
(26 Sep, 2015), Ealdormere (27 Sep, 2015), Lochac (27 Sep, 2015), Middle (28
Sep, 2015), Drachenwald (29 Sep, 2015), Outlands (29 Sep, 2015), An Tir (30
Sep, 2015), Avacal (30 Sep, 2015), Caid (30 Sep, 2015), Calontir (30 Sep,
2015), East (30 Sep, 2015), Meridies (30 Sep, 2015), and Trimaris (30 Sep,
2015). * All commentary, responses, and rebuttals should have been entered into
OSCAR by Monday, November 30, 2015.*

The January Laurel decisions were made at the Pelican meeting held on Sunday,
January 10, 2016 and the Wreath meeting held on Sunday, January 24, 2016. These
meetings considered the following letters of intent: Atenveldt (20 Oct, 2015),
Northshield (21 Oct, 2015), Middle (25 Oct, 2015), Outlands (27 Oct, 2015),
{AE}thelmearc (28 Oct, 2015), Meridies (28 Oct, 2015), Middle (28 Oct, 2015),
Atenveldt (30 Oct, 2015), Drachenwald (30 Oct, 2015), Lochac (30 Oct, 2015), An
Tir (31 Oct, 2015), Atlantia (31 Oct, 2015), Avacal (31 Oct, 2015), Caid (31
Oct, 2015), Calontir (31 Oct, 2015), Ealdormere (31 Oct, 2015), East (31 Oct,
2015), and the Laurel LoPaD (31 Oct, 2015). * All commentary, responses, and
rebuttals should have been entered into OSCAR by Thursday, December 31, 2015.*

The February Laurel decisions will be made at the Pelican meeting held on
Sunday, February 14, 2016 and the Wreath meeting held on Sunday, February 21,
2016. These meetings will consider the following letters of intent: Ansteorra
(05 Oct, 2015) (pushed due to lack of packet) , Ansteorra (31 Oct, 2015)
(pushed due to lack of packet) , Ansteorra (03 Nov, 2015), Artemisia (03 Nov,
2015), Atenveldt (20 Nov, 2015), West (21 Nov, 2015), Northshield (26 Nov,
2015), Middle (27 Nov, 2015), Outlands (27 Nov, 2015), Ealdormere (28 Nov,
2015), Lochac (28 Nov, 2015), Calontir (29 Nov, 2015), Meridies (29 Nov, 2015),
An Tir (30 Nov, 2015), Ansteorra (30 Nov, 2015), Artemisia (30 Nov, 2015),
Atlantia (30 Nov, 2015), Avacal (30 Nov, 2015), Caid (30 Nov, 2015), and East
(30 Nov, 2015). * All commentary, responses, and rebuttals should have been
entered into OSCAR by Sunday, January 31, 2016.*

The March Laurel decisions will be made at the Pelican meeting held on Sunday,
March 13, 2016 and the Wreath meeting held on Sunday, March 20, 2016. These
meetings will consider the following letters of intent: Trimaris (07 Dec,
2015), Laurel LoPaD (18 Dec, 2015), Atenveldt (20 Dec, 2015), Outlands (20 Dec,
2015), West (25 Dec, 2015), Ealdormere (26 Dec, 2015), Middle (26 Dec, 2015),
Atlantia (28 Dec, 2015), Caid (29 Dec, 2015), Artemisia (30 Dec, 2015),
Calontir (30 Dec, 2015), An Tir (31 Dec, 2015), Ansteorra (31 Dec, 2015),
Avacal (31 Dec, 2015), East (31 Dec, 2015), Lochac (31 Dec, 2015), Meridies (31
Dec, 2015), and Northshield (31 Dec, 2015). * All commentary, responses, and
rebuttals should be entered into OSCAR by Monday, February 29, 2016.*

_Not all letters of intent may be considered when they are originally scheduled
on this cover letter. The date of posting of the LoI, date of receipt of the
Laurel packet, or other factors may delay consideration of certain letters of
intent. Additionally, some letters of intent received may not have been
scheduled because the administrative requirements (receipt of the forms packet,
receipt of the necessary fees, et cetera) have not yet been met._

REMINDER: Until all administrative requirements are met, the letter may not be
scheduled.

**** From Laurel: Order Names and Award Names are Not Interchangeable ****

Greetings! On this letter we have registered the Company of Noble Touch, for
the Barony of Wintermist in Caid. This was done as a courtesy to the Barony as
their cited precedent did not apply to order names, but rather only household
names. As of this writing, we will no longer change an unregisterable order
name to a registerable household name. The courtesy was extended to the Barony
of Wintermist as we had not previously prohibited this practice. Order and
Household names are not interchangeable. Corpora requires that groups register
their award names. As such, this practice amounts to rules abuse, and it will
no longer be endorsed by the College of Arms. For more information on
acceptable patterns for order and award names, please see Juliana de Luna's
article "Medieval Secular Order Names" at
http://heraldry.sca.org/names/order/new/.

**** From Pelican: The Use of _Iron_ in Household Names ****

A submission this month documented the use of _Iron_ as part of the substantive
element in a household name following an inn-sign name pattern. One example of
_Iron_ was found in period: the gray period _la Crois de Fer_ ("the Iron
Cross"). Given this example and other examples of inn-sign names using the
pattern _material + heraldic charge_, we allow the use of _Iron_ in similar
household names.

Several kinds of non-personal names can be derived from descriptions of
devices, sign names, and badges; these include order names, heraldic titles,
and household names. These household names, derived from the signs used to
identify houses and inns, follow a different and wider set of models than
similar order names and heraldic titles, derived from personal and order
badges. Houses are sometimes marked by metal objects such as tin or pewter pots
or dishes, and brass fittings (like _Brasenose_, from a doorknocker). _Iron
Cross_ fits in this pattern. This pattern is not found for order names or
heraldic titles, which only use the vernacular forms of heraldic titles. For
this reason, this pattern and other patterns found only in household names
cannot be used to construct order names and heraldic titles. To register an
order name using _Iron_ or similar materials in period order names, evidence
for that usage in order names, not just in household names, would be required.
Other patterns documented from household names similarly are not evidence to
create new order names and heraldic titles.

**** From Pelican: Protection of Real-World Heraldic Titles ****

In the July 2015 Letter of Acceptances and Returns, we pended the heraldic
title _Faraute Flores_ to allow discussion on whether it presumed upon a
real-world heraldic title from the 15th century. In the case of that
submission, _Flores_ served the king of Castille, but no further information
about this service or individuals who have held the office could be found.

We asked commenters which real-world historical titles are important enough to
protect: any title used by royal appointees, or only the more prominent titles?
And how should we characterize the prominence? Some titles are protected
because of the importance of the positions (e.g., Garter and Montjoy), whereas
others have been protected because a herald who held the title wrote a heraldic
book (e.g., Gelre). Others are important because they are still in use (e.g.,
Bluemantle).

In the past, a number of real-world heraldic titles were unprotected, and
several (like _Sans Repose_ and _Fleur-de-Lys_) have since been registered to
Heralds Extraordinary in the Society. However, both of these registrations were
made without comment, and did not set precedent. At the time, the issue of
presumption was not raised in the Letters of Intent or in commentary.

Therefore, we are settting new protection standards for real-world heraldic
titles. In general, we will protect notable heraldic titles, particularly those
used by Kings of Arms (e.g., _Garter_ and _Cronista_ Kings of Arms) and/or that
are still in use. We also protect titles created by important royals and
important titles created by minor royals. Protection of minor titles created by
minor royals, or of heraldic titles associated with authors of well-known
heraldic treatises will be considered on a case-by-case basis. If a heraldic
title shares a name with an order that is itself worthy of protection, the
title is also worthy of protection.

**** From Wreath: Should the triskele get a step from period practice? ****

Since Karina Laurel allowed it first in the mid-1970s we do not seem to have
seriously questioned whether the triskele, a.k.a. the triskelion arrondi, as
the Society defines it (as opposed to modern real world usage) was actually a
period charge.

The triskelion arrondi was first registered in the Society under Karina Laurel
in 1975. Its second registration was to the (then) Principality of Trimaris, in
1981; when Trimaris registered its arms in 1982, the same charge was blazoned
by Wilhelm Laurel as a triskele, and the terms have been synonymous in Society
blazonry ever since. But while the charge has had a steady run in Society
armory, no documentation for it was ever supplied. Thus we have no examples of
its use as a period charge, or even a period artistic motif.

The period heraldic examples of triskelions were composed of three human legs
(as in the arms of the Isle of Man c.1280) or three human arms (as in the arms
of Tremaine c.1470). There may be examples of other animate charges, or
portions thereof, conjoined in a way that could be characterized as a
triskelion. But the geometric stylization of the triskelion arrondi is unknown
in period heraldry. There were period artistic motifs that we'd consider to be
triskelions - e.g., the triskelion of spirals found in Celtic art - but none of
them quite match the charge we've been registering as a triskelion
arrondi/triskele.

The triskelion of spirals has already been ruled to be a step from period
practice. Given the current absence of evidence for the triskelion arrondi or
triskele, we are proposing to rule it a step from period practice as well. We
ask for commentary on this matter, and in particular for any documentation of
the charge (as it's defined in Society heraldry) from period heraldry or period
art.

**** Society Pages ****

Baroness Jamila of Bhakail (known as Jamilia al-Suba al-Hadid min Bhakail
al-Sheika), Troubadour Herald for the East Kingdom, was served a writ at
Bhakail Yule to contemplate elevation to the Order of the Pelican. She is to be
elevated at King's & Queen's Bardic Champions in March.

Please send information about happenings to major heralds and major happenings
to all heralds to Laurel, so that it can be published here.

**** Send What to Whom ****

Letters of Intent, Comment, Response, Correction, et cetera are to be posted to
the OSCAR online system. No paper copies need be sent. All submission forms
plus documentation, including petitions, must be posted to the OSCAR online
system. While black-and-white emblazons must be included in the Letter of
Intent, only colored armory forms need to be posted in the forms area.

Cheques or money orders for submissions, payable to "SCA Inc.-College of Arms"
are to be sent to Stephanie Ray-Solum, Blue Bug Bookkeeping, 2144 Westlake Ave.
North Suite F Seattle, WA 98109.

Send roster changes and corrections to Laurel. College of Arms members may also
request a copy of the current roster from Laurel.

For a paper copy of a LoAR, please contact Laurel, at the address above. The
cost for one LoAR is $3. Please make all checks or money orders payable to "SCA
Inc.-College of Arms". The electronic copy of the LoAR is available free of
charge. To subscribe to the mailings of the electronic copy, please see the
bottom of http://heraldry.sca.org/heraldry/lists.html#lists for more
instructions.

For all administrative matters, please contact Laurel.

Pray know that I remain,

In service,

Andrewe Bawldwyn
Laurel Principal King of Arms

===============================================================================

Created at 2016-02-17T21:43:25
-------------- next part --------------
****** Errata ******

***** January 1980 *****

**** West ****

  Bidaan. Name change from Bergen von Rauch.

      When his name was changed, the LoAR inadvertently spelled his
      previous name as "Berg_a_n von Rauch". We note that this
      registration predates our requirement for names to contain a
      given name and some kind of byname.

***** November 1981 *****

**** Caid ****

  Aonarrach Faol Maguire O'Byrne. Name correction from Aonarrach faol
  Maguire O'Byrne.

      When his name was registered, the LoAR inadvertently spelled it
      as "Aonarrach _f_aol Maguire O'Byrne". A later errata in May
      1985 attempted to correct this, but wound up correcting
      something that didn't actually exist ("Ma_c_guire").

***** April 1982 *****

**** Ansteorra ****

  Maolcholm Burnes. Name change from Alexis Geoffrey Burns.

      When his name was changed, the LoAR inadvertently spelled his
      previous name as "Alexis Geoffrey Burn_e_s".

***** February 1983 *****

**** Middle ****

  Alison MacKieran of Dunglas. Name change from Alison macKieran Dhu.

      When her name was changed, the LoAR inadvertently spelled her
      previous name as "Alison _M_acKieran Dhu".

***** December 1983 *****

**** East ****

  Brianna Ealhhere le Flauteur. Name correction from Brianna Ealhhere
  Flauter.

      When her name correction occured, the LoAR inadvertently spelled
      her previous name as "Brianna Ealhhere _la_ Flauter".

***** June 1984 *****

**** Ansteorra ****

  Aeruin ni hEarain o Chonnemara. Name change from Aer{u'}in ni
  Hearain of Connemara.

      When her name change was registered, the LoAR inadvertently
      spelled her previous name as "Aer_u_in ni _h_earain of
      Co_na_mara".

***** July 1984 *****

**** Caid ****

  Alexis {o'} Dhun Le{o'}mhan. Name change from Gy{dh}a-Klothilde of
  the Mystic Dragon.

      When this name was changed, the LoAR inadvertently spelled the
      previous name as "Gy_th__aK_lothilde of the Mystic Dragon".

  Arion Buck of Darkwood. Name change from Arion Buck of Westfolk.

      When his name was changed, the LoAR inadvertently spelled his
      previous name as "Arion Buck of Westf_a_lk".

***** November 1984 *****

**** Caid ****

  Albra Katerine Marie Isabelle Bautiste. Name change from Albra
  Katerine Isabelle du Serpent.

      When her name was changed, the LoAR inadvertently spelled her
      previous name as "Albr_aK_aterine Isabelle du Serpent".

  Andrew Drexler. Name change from Andrew Lejon of Shadow Mountain.

      When his name was changed, the LoAR inadvertently spelled his
      previous name as "Andrew Lejon of _the_ Shadow_ed_ Mountain".

***** July 1985 *****

**** Atenveldt ****

  Brendan mac Artuir ap Alan. Name change from Brendan Mac Arthalan.

      When his name was changed, the LoAR inadvertently spelled his
      previous name as "Brendan Ma_cA_rthalan".

**** Caid ****

  Damales Redbeard. Name change from Damales der Einzelg{a:}nger.

      When his name was changed, the LoAR inadvertently spelled his
      previous name as "Damales der Einzelg_a_nger".

***** March 1987 *****

**** Outlands ****

  Arian Aurelia ferch Llewellyn. Name change from Arian ferch
  Llywellyn.

      When her name was changed, the LoAR inadvertently spelled her
      previous name as "Arian ferch Ll_e_wellyn".

**** West ****

  Amyntas di Alessandro d'Argentiera. Name change from Allesandro
  d'Argentiera.

      When his name was changed, the LoAR inadvertently spelled his
      previous name as "A_l_e_ss_andro d'Argentiera".

***** January 1988 *****

**** West ****

  Adalberon Blackwood. Name change from Algernon Blacksword.

      When his name was changed, the LoAR inadvertently spelled his
      previous name as "Algernon Black_wood_".

***** April 1988 *****

**** Caid ****

  Alexis Vladescu von Nettesheim. Name change from Alexis {o'} Dhun
  Le{o'}mhan.

      When the name was changed, the LoAR inadvertently listed the
      previous name as "Alexis _o_ Dhun Le_omann_".

**** West ****

  Anton the Fair. Name change from Arnulf af Asgeirsgard.

      When his name was changed, the LoAR inadvertently spelled his
      previous name as "Arnulf _o_f Asgei_rga_ard".

***** February 1989 *****

**** Caid ****

  Michael O'George. Name change from Barnabas McPeregrine.

      When his name was changed, the LoAR inadvertently spelled his
      previous name as "Barnabas M_a_cPeregrine".

***** March 1989 *****

**** Northshield ****

  Daved Schmuel ben Rachon. Name change from Dav{e-}d Shmuail ben
  Rachon.

      When his name was changed, the LoAR inadvertently spelled his
      previous name as "Dav_e_d S_c_hmuial ben Rachon".

***** April 1989 *****

**** Trimaris ****

  Adrienne Crescentia de la Fere. Name change from Adrienne de la
  F{'e}re.

      When her name was changed, the LoAR inadvertently spelled her
      previous name as "Adrienne de la F_e_re".

***** December 1990 *****

**** Atlantia ****

  Violeta Pietra Aldobrandini. Name change from Arielle du Roseau.

      When her name was changed, the LoAR inadvertently spelled her
      previous name as "Arielle d_e_ Roseau".

***** June 1991 *****

**** Caid ****

  Ariel Thorarinsdottir. Name change from Ariel daughter of Thorarin.

      When her name was changed, the LoAR inadvertently spelled her
      previous name as "Ariel_, D_aughter of Thorarin".

***** December 1991 *****

**** Meridies ****

  Ivarr Hammarskj{o:}ld. Name change from Alvaro the Vigilant.

      When his name was changed, the LoAR inadvertently spelled his
      previous name as "Alva_rr_o the Vigilant".

***** February 1992 *****

**** Trimaris ****

  Asa Thorfinnsdottir. Name change from {Ao}sa Thorfinnsd{o/}ttir of
  Byrum.

      When her name was changed, the LoAR inadvertently spelled her
      previous name as "_A_sa Thorfinnsd_o_ttir of Byrum".

***** September 1992 *****

**** West ****

  Thyrnni of Wolfskrag. Name change from Catharine de Hawkhead.

      When her name was changed, the LoAR inadvertently spelled her
      previous name as "Cath_e_rine de Hawkhead".

***** April 1993 *****

**** Atlantia ****

  Arianwen the Nimblefingered. Name correction from Arianwen the
  Nimble Fingered.

      When her device was registered in April 1993, her name was
      misspelled on the LoAR.

***** October 1993 *****

**** East ****

  Borhe Olafs. Name change from Burlu-Ol{a'}fr.

      When his name was changed, the LoAR inadvertently spelled his
      previous name as "Burlu-Ol_a_fr".

***** December 1994 *****

**** Atlantia ****

  Brocmael of Rhuddlan. Name change from Brocmale of Rhuddlan.

      When his name was changed, the LoAR inadvertently spelled his
      previous name as "Broc_h_male of Rhuddlan".

***** February 1995 *****

**** Atlantia ****

  Aria de Ch{a^}tillon. Name change from Arianwen the Nimblefingered.

      When her name was changed, the LoAR inadvertently spelled her
      previous name as "Arianwen the Nimble_ F_ingered".

***** May 1995 *****

**** Ansteorra ****

  Caitlin nic Aindreis of Dumbarton. Name change from Caitl{i'}n n{i'}
  Aindr{i'}u of Dumbarton.

      When her name was changed, the LoAR inadvertently spelled her
      previous name as "Caitl_i_n n_i_ Aindr_i_u of Dumbarton".

***** October 1995 *****

**** Caid ****

  Adriana von Volgelsang. Name change from Adriana d'Orsay des
  Hippocampes.

      When her name was changed, the LoAR inadvertently spelled her
      previous name as "Adria_nn_a _D_'Orsay des Hippocampes".

  Andreas Linksh{a:}nder von Rosenfeld. Name change from Andreas
  Linksh{a:}ndser von Rosenfeld.

      When his name was changed, the LoAR inadvertently spelled his
      previous name as "Andreas Linksh_a_ndser von Rosenfeld".

***** January 1996 *****

**** Atlantia ****

  Connor MacFergus of Strachur. Name change from holding name Connor
  of Meadowmarsh.

      When his name was changed, the LoAR inadvertently spelled his
      holding name as "Connor of Meadowmar_c_h".

***** April 1996 *****

**** Caid ****

  Alix de Beaumont. Name change from Arielle de Champeyneys.

      When her name was changed, the LoAR inadvertently spelled her
      previous name as "Arielle de Champeyn_es_".

***** March 1997 *****

**** Caid ****

  Elizabeth Lightfote. Name change from Ancreta Blackcape of
  Rooksnest.

      When her name was changed, the LoAR inadvertently spelled her
      previous name as "Ancreta Blackcape of Roo_kn_est".

***** February 1998 *****

**** Atenveldt ****

  Damiana McDade. Name change from Damiana Fairandgrey.

      When her name was changed, the LoAR inadvertently spelled her
      previous name as "Damiana Fairandgr_a_y".

***** April 1998 *****

**** Artemisia ****

  Rhiannon the Gentle. Name change from Caristiona Gordon.

      When her name was changed, the LoAR inadvertently spelled her
      previous name as "Ca_ir_stiona Gordon".

**** Calontir ****

  Cerridwyn Eurgledde ferch Owain ap Bychan Glyndyfrdwy. Name change
  from Ceridwen Eurgledde ferch Owain.

      When her name was changed, the LoAR inadvertently spelled her
      previous name as "Cer_r_idw_y_n Eurgledde ferch Owain".

***** June 1999 *****

**** Atlantia ****

  Andrew Grey of Blakehethe. Name change from Ciar{a'}n mac Gabhann.

      When his name was changed, the LoAR inadvertently spelled his
      previous name as "Ciar_a_n mac G_h_abhann".

***** August 1999 *****

**** Caid ****

  Agatha of Tintagel. Name change from Angharad Chy a tyr Sterrenow.

      When her name was changed, the LoAR inadvertently spelled her
      previous name as "Angharad Chy a _T_yr Sterrenow".

***** November 1999 *****

**** Artemisia ****

  Griffin Blackthorne of Bristol. Name change from Connor Blackthorne.

      When his name was changed, the LoAR inadvertently spelled his
      previous name as "Connor Blackthor_n_".

***** January 2015 *****

**** Caid ****

  {TH}orbj{o,}rn Ivarsson. Name correction from {th}orbj{o,}rn
  Ivarsson.

      Submitted as "_{TH}_orbj{o,}rn", the LoI and thus the LoAR
      mistakenly spelled his given name with a lowercase thorn,
      instead of the uppercase letter.

***** November 2015 *****

**** Drachenwald ****

  Thomas Flamanc of Kelsale. Heraldic Title Beckett Herald.

      This title was inadvertently listed as accepted, although the
      decision text made it clear that it is a returned item.

**** Middle ****

  Katherine Coscombe. Device. Per pale azure and sable, a Catherine's
  wheel sustaining in chief a dunghill cock argent.

      When her device was registered, the field was inadvertently
      described as just _Azure_.

======================================================================

Created at 2016-02-17T21:43:25


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