[LoAR-txt] 2016-12 LoAR in Da'ud format

Postmeeting Clerk via LoAR-TXT loar-txt at lists.sca.org
Wed Apr 27 23:12:08 CDT 2016


Please find attached the February 2016 LoAR in "Da'ud" plaintext format.


-- 
Emma de Fetherstan, acting as Postmeeting Clerk
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***** THE FOLLOWING ITEMS HAVE BEEN REGISTERED: *****

**** AN TIR acceptances ****

  {AE}lin Pedersdotter. Badge. (Fieldless) A dogwood blossom argent
  seeded within and conjoined to an annulet Or.

      Without further indication, a dogwood blossom is by default
      considered to be that of a European dogwood.

  Anna Rijsdam and Louis Pelissier. Joint badge. (Fieldless) On the
  forehead of a domestic cat's face argent a heart vert.

  Brendan Kanobe. Device. Argent, a sugar-loaf hat gules and a bordure
  sable.

      The sugar-loaf hat is a style of hat documented to Elizabethan
      England in Ashelford''s _Visual History of Costume: the
      Sixteenth Century_, plates 120 and 130. It is sufficiently
      defined in its shape that it is reliably blazonable, and
      therefore registerable. The hat is drawn here with some
      perspective around the brim. This improves its identifiability.

  Chiara Fiamma. Device. Per pale Or and vert, a linden tree
  eradicated and a bordure counterchanged.

  Colin Graham. Name.

      Nice 15th century Scots name!

  Conn C{a'}el mac Flainn. Name and device. Per saltire sable and
  argent, in fess two wolves combattant gules.

  Dawne Hela. Name and device. Per bend sinister ermine and
  counterermine, a wolf rampant contourny and a chief gules.

      Nice 16th century English name!

  Domenico Taddio. Name and device. Argent ermined vert, a lantern
  gules with candle argent lit Or, in chief a lance fesswise reversed
  gules.

      Submitted as "Domenico Ta_ddio_", the byname was changed in
      kingdom to "Ta_dio_" to match the documentation that could be
      found.

      During the Pelican decision meeting, Noir Licorne documented
      _Taddio_ as a given name in _Historia della vltima guerra nel
      Friuli di Faustino Moisesso libri due ... con le figure del
      paese doue si ha guerreggiato et vna tavola de nomi di alcune
      persone spetialmente in essa guerra interuenute et loro attioni,
      et auenimenti_ by Faustino Moisesso, published 1623
      (https://books.google.com/books?id=E2BU9dGYEPEC&pg=RA1-PA34).
      Therefore, we have restored the byname to the submitted form.

      Please advise the submitter to use a documented form for the
      lantern, such as the one found in the Pictorial Dictionary at
      http://mistholme.com/?s=lantern

      This form of lantern, although used in the past in SCA heraldry
      is a modern one. Barring documentation, it will not be
      registerable after the September 2016 meeting.

  Flora da Firenze. Name.

  Harold of Hartwood. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      _Hartwood_ is the registered name of an SCA branch.

  Helvi av Gotland. Name.

      The submitter requested authenticity for "Sweden (Gotland)
      between 1150-1600)". The name is Swedish. The given name is from
      Gotland, dated to the 11th-12th century, and the byname is dated
      to the 14th century. As both elements could not be found at the
      same time, the name is not authentic for the desired place and
      time, but it is registerable.

  Ingvar' Nikitich Voinov. Device. Per bend sinister sable and
  purpure, a three-headed dragon counterchanged Or and argent.

  Isabel Velazquez de la Vega. Name and device. Sable, a phoenix and
  in chief three crescents argent.

      The submitter requested authenticity for a 15th-16th Spanish
      name. This name is authentic for late 15th century Spain,
      meeting the submitter's request.

  J{o'}ra k{o,}ttr. Name.

      Nice name for 9th-10th century Iceland!

  Juliana la Bedele. Name.

  Keziah Murdock. Device. Azure, a crequier and on a chief wavy argent
  three mullets of six points azure.

  K{y'}lan {th}egjandi. Name.

      Nice name for 9th-10th century Iceland!

      The submitter preferred a lowercase thorn ({th}) in the byname
      if it was "more period". The April 2012 Cover Letter states:

           Based on the data found by commenters, we can say that
           capitalization in period Latin alphabet documents was
           uneven, with some capitalizing no elements and others
           capitalizing only given names and bynames derived from
           given names. Modern transliterations vary as well.
           Scholarly ones tend to use the convention of
           capitalizing given names but leaving descriptive
           bynames in lowercase. Less formal ones vary, with some
           rendering all name elements in uppercase, with only
           _in(n)_ "the", _son_ and _dottir_ in lowercase.

      As capitalization in Old Norse is variable in period, either is
      acceptable. We have used a lowercase thorn for this submission.
      If the submitter prefers to use an uppercase thorn, he can make
      a request for reconsideration.

  Malice de Edynburgh. Name change from Eilaf Spiallbu{dh}ason (see
  RETURNS for device).

      The submitter's previous name, _Eilaf Spiallbu{dh}ason_, is
      retained as an alternate name.

  Mickel Morganwc. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      Submitted as "Mi_kk_el _of_ Morgan_nwg_", the Danish given name
      was changed in kingdom to the English "Mi_ck_el" because
      Scandinavian and English/Welsh name elements cannot be combined
      after 1100 under Appendix C of SENA. In addition, kingdom
      changed the byname from a modern Welsh spelling to a 16th
      century one.

      The pattern of marked locative bynames in Welsh is not found in
      Appendix A of SENA, although unmarked locatives are listed.
      Tangwystyl verch Morgant Glasvryn's article "A Simple Guide to
      Constructing 16th Century Welsh Names (in English Contexts)"
      (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/welsh16.html) notes that,
      "Place-names may appear as inherited surnames, but in many cases
      the place involved is the village or region where the person
      lives. The name of the place appears by itself, without using
      _of_ or any other connector."

      As the submitter allows all changes, we have changed his name to
      "Mickel_ _Morganwc" to match the pattern found in this article.

  Morikawa Kenji Katashige. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      The Letter of Intent documented _Kenji_ as a shortened form of
      _Kenjirou_ ("Second Son") using Anthony J. Bryant's "Japanese
      Names" (http://www.sengokudaimyo.com/miscellany/names.html).
      This article does not contain specific dates for any of the
      elements and does not provide a bibliography. Therefore, this
      site is not reliable enough to use as the sole documentation for
      a name element.

      _Kenji_ is an era name also found in NCMJ, dated to 1275-8. In
      commentary, Solveig Throndardottir noted that it could be
      constructed using a possible pattern of dropping the terminal
      _-rou_ in birth-order _yobina_ that attach a prototheme to a
      birth order element. Therefore, we can give the submitter the
      benefit of the doubt that _Kenji_ is a plausible _yobina_.

  Roberto Martin Totorica. Device. Per fess embattled sable and barry
  Or and sable, a saltire raguly couped Or.

      Please advise the submitter to draw the ragules over the
      entirety of the saltire.

  Sextus of Hartwood. Name.

      _Hartwood_ is the registered name of an SCA branch.

  Snorri Bjornsson. Badge. (Fieldless) A knorr with sail set sable the
  mast ensigned with a sun Or.

  Tatiana Aleksievna. Name and device. Azure, a sunflower proper and
  on a base Or a cauldron sable.

      Submitted as "Tatiana Ale_xei_vna", the submitted spelling of
      the byname could not be documented, and was changed in kingdom
      to the attested "Tatiana Ale_ksie_vna". We note that this
      patronym is the feminine form of the early 17th century form
      _Aleksiev_, found in Wickenden (2nd edition), itself derived
      from _Aleksii_.

      The submitter may wish to know that the standard spelling of the
      byname is _Alekseevna_. If she prefers this form, she can submit
      a request for reconsideration.

  Tatiana Aleksievna. Badge. (Fieldless) On a cauldron sable a
  sunflower proper.

  Teresa de Greenhalgh. Device. Per pale embattled azure and argent, a
  feather and a spool of thread counterchanged.

  Teresa de Greenhalgh. Badge. (Fieldless) On a spool of thread azure
  a feather bendwise sinister argent.

======================================================================

**** ANSTEORRA acceptances ****

  Aibhil{i'}n inghean Daibh{i'}dh. Device. Per chevron ploy{e'} argent
  and azure, two triquetras sable and a harp argent.

  {A'}ine inghean Aodha mhic Sh{e'}afraid. Device. Per pale argent and
  sable, two keys addorsed bows interlaced counterchanged, on a chief
  purpure an open book argent.

  Andrew Turnbull. Device. Lozengy Or and azure, a bull's head erased
  between three crosses potent gules.

  Andrewe Bawldwyn and Gwen Howell. Joint household name House of the
  Fox and Pomegranate.

      Submitted as "House of the Fox _and_ Pomegranate", the household
      name appeared as "House of the Fox _&_ Pomegranate" in the
      Letter of Intent. This change was not summarized in the Letter
      of Intent. As we do not register scribal abbreviations, we have
      restored the household name to the submitted form.

  Ansteorra, Kingdom of. Badge. Gules, a lion's head cabossed Or
  within a bordure Or mullety of five greater and five lesser points
  sable.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of mullets of
      five greater and five lesser points.

  Aoife Ruadh inghean Ragnaill. Badge. (Fieldless) A crescent per pale
  gules and argent.

      This lovely badge does not conflict with the badge of Enderlin
      J{a:}ger: "(Fieldless) A crescent per pale argent and gules".
      There is a DC for fieldlessness and another for swapping the
      tinctures of the crescent.

  Aoife Ruadh inghean Ragnaill. Badge. Per saltire azure and argent,
  four crescents counterchanged.

      Nice badge!

  Aoife Ruadh inghean Ragnaill. Badge. Per saltire vert and argent,
  four crescents counterchanged.

      Nice badge!

  Arabella de Montacute. Device change. Purpure, three chevronels
  braced and in chief a fleur-de-lys, on a bordure Or an orle azure.

      The submitter's old device, "Purpure, three chevronels braced
      and in chief a cross bottony, on a bordure Or an orle azure", is
      retained as a badge.

  {A'}sbj{o,}rn S{o,}lveigarson. Device. Per fess argent and gules, a
  sun in his splendor counterchanged.

      Nice device!

  Aubrey Ericsdatter. Device. Sable, three cauldrons Or.

      Nice device!

  Aurelia Ruhlander. Device. Sable, two spades inverted in saltire Or.

      Nice device!

  Bastienne d'Arcis. Name (see RETURNS for device).

  Colleen O'Kelly. Device. Vert, in pale two trefoils inverted between
  flaunches argent.

  D{a'}ire de Haya. Reblazon of device. Argent, a dragon statant erect
  affronty wings displayed gules charged on its breast with a mullet
  Or, a tierce azure.

      Blazoned when registered in September 2002 as "Argent, a dragon
      statant erect affronty wings displayed gules maintaining on its
      breast a mullet Or, a tierce azure", the mullet is actually a
      tertiary charge.

  D{a'}ire de Haya. Exchange of device and badge. Argent mullety
  azure, a dragon statant erect affronty wings displayed gules charged
  on its breast with a mullet Or.

      The submitter's previous badge, "Argent mullety azure, a dragon
      statant erect affronty wings displayed gules charged on its
      breast with a mullet Or", is now his device and the submitter's
      previous device (reblazoned on this letter), "Argent, a dragon
      statant erect affronty wings displayed gules charged on its
      breast with a mullet Or, a tierce azure", is now his badge.

  Duncan Sileby. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      Submitted as "Duncan_ _Sileby", the name was changed by kingdom
      to "Duncan _of_ Sileby". This change was not summarized in the
      Letter of Intent. As unmarked locative bynames are a pattern for
      English names found in Appendix A of SENA, we have restored the
      byname to the submitted form.

      Nice 13th century English name!

  Eadwyn seo gathyrde. Name.

      Submitted as "Eadwy_n_ s_eo_ gathyrde", the submitter wanted a
      feminine Anglo-Saxon name meaning "Eadwyn the goatherd". The
      name was changed in kingdom to "Eadwy_nne_ s_e_ gathyrde" to
      match the documentation that could be found. These changes were
      not summarized in the Letter of Intent, and the form of the
      given name form in the Letter of Intent, "_Ead_wy_nne_", is not
      the nominative (base) form required for a given name.

      The spelling "_Ead_wyn" is a normalized form found only in the
      modern translation of the charter cited in the Letter of Intent
      and as a normalized header form in Marieke van de Dal's article
      "Anglo-Saxon Women's Names from Royal Charters"
      (https://www.s-gabriel.org/names/marieke/anglosaxonfem/). The
      attested nominative form in the cited charter is "_Ed_wyn".

      However, given this example, and the examples _{AE}scwyn_,
      _Beornwyn_, and _Wulfwyn_, all found as attested forms in
      Marieke's article, and attested names from PASE such as
      _Eadhild_ and _Eadgyfu_, the submitted spelling _Eadwyn_ is
      plausible. The normalized PASE header form _Eadwynn_ is also
      registerable. If the submitter prefers this form, she can make a
      request for reconsideration.

      The feminine form of the definite article ("the") is "seo". We
      have restored the article to the submitted form.

  Edward du Bois. Name.

      This name does not presume upon the name of author W.E.B. Du
      Bois. Although _Edward_ is his middle name, we found no evidence
      that he was ever known by the name _Edward Du Bois_. Under SENA
      we only protect forms by which protected individuals are known,
      either in period or modernly, not hypothetical use names,

      The early 17th century painter _Eduard du Bois_ (also known
      modernly as _Edward Dubois_) and 18th century writer _Edward
      Dubois_ are not important enough to protect.

  Elena Wyth. Device change. Argent, a cross triply parted and fretted
  within a bordure azure.

      Nice device!

      The submitter's old device, "Argent, a cross triply parted and
      fretted and in canton a sinister hand apaumy azure", is retained
      as a badge.

  Elena Wyth. Badge. (Fieldless) On a sinister hand azure within and
  conjoined to an annulet vert a Wake knot argent.

  Emma de Davyntre. Badge. Argent, a fox sejant erect gules marked
  argent between eight butterflies in annulo purpure.

  Esteban de Le{o'}n. Device. Argent, three lions gules.

      Although evocative of the arms of Leon (_Argent, a lion rampant
      gules_. Important non-SCA arms), there is a SC between the
      protected arms and this device. Since lions are not a charge
      unique to the kings of Leon, there is not presumption issue,
      even in combination with the name.

      Nice device!

  Esteban de Le{o'}n. Badge. Gules, three lions argent.

      Nice badge!

  Gabriele Ren{e'} de Bernard. Badge. (Fieldless) On a bear's paw
  print gules, a rose argent.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a paw print.

  Gaius Artorius Germanus. Name.

      _Artorius_ was documented using _Legio XX_'s "Roman Names"
      article, a source that we do not accept as sole documentation
      for a name element. In commentary, Metron Ariston documented
      this _nomen_ in several sources, including book IX of
      Quintilian's _Institutio Oratoria_, which includes the name _C.
      Artorius Proculus_
      (http://www.thelatinlibrary.com/quintilian/quintilian.institutio9.shtml).

  Godwin Alfricson. Reblazon of device. Quarterly Or and sable, a
  cross formy throughout counterchanged surmounted by a dragon's head
  erased gules.

      Blazoned when registered in March 1986 as "Quarterly Or and
      sable, a cross paty throughout counterchanged, overall a
      dragon's head erased gules", we no longer use the ambiguous term
      _patty_.

  Guy of Brackley. Reblazon of device. Gules, a fess Or and overall on
  a pale argent a cross formy elongated palewise sable.

      Blazoned when registered in January 1981 as "Gules, a fess Or
      overall on a pale argent a cross patty elongated in pale sable",
      we no longer use the ambiguous term _patty_.

  Gwilym y Fferill o Caer Lleuad. Reblazon of device. Sable mullety, a
  cross alis{e'}e each limb voided within and conjoined to an annulet,
  a bordure argent.

      Blazoned when registered in February 1981 as "Sable, mullety, a
      cross patty sarcelled within and conjoined to an annulet, all
      within a bordure argent.", we no longer use the ambiguous term
      _patty_. This emblazon would not be registered today as it is
      unblazonable. This is as close as we can come to a blazon the
      reproduces the emblazon.

  Gyda in kyrra. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      Submitted as "Gy_d_a in kyrra", the given name was changed in
      kingdom to "Gy_{dh}_a" to match the documentation that could be
      found. _Sveriges Medeltida Personnamn_, s.n. Gydha has _Gyda_
      dated to 1396. Therefore, we have restored the given name to the
      submitted form.

  Hugh fitz Maynard. Device. Quarterly vert and Or, an anchor
  counterchanged.

  Hugh fitz Maynard. Badge. (Fieldless) An anchor quarterly Or and
  vert.

  Ian Alexander. Reblazon of device. Quarterly azure and sable, two
  swords inverted in saltire Or surmounted by a Latin cross argent.

      Blazoned when registered in May 1985 as "Quarterly azure and
      sable, two swords inverted in saltire Or, overall a Latin cross
      patty argent", we no longer use the ambiguous term _patty_. The
      cross only has small serif-like ends to the arms and is thus
      much closer to a standard Latin cross than to a cross formy.

  Jan {w^} Orzeldom. Reblazon of device. Per pale gules and argent, in
  pale a chevronel couped and two crosses formy counterchanged.

      Blazoned when registered in June 1980 as "Per pale gules and
      argent, in pale a chevronel couped per pale and two crosses
      patty counterchanged", we no longer use the ambiguous term
      _patty_.

  Jan {w^} Orzeldom. Reblazon of augmentation. Per pale gules and
  argent, in pale a chevronel couped and two crosses formy
  counterchanged, as an augmentation on an escutcheon azure, two bears
  erect addorsed reguardant argent each maintaining a berdiche proper,
  in base an annulet Or.

      Blazoned when registered in December 1993 as "Per pale gules and
      argent, in pale a chevronel couped palewise and two crosses
      patty counterchanged, as an augmentation, on an escutcheon
      azure, two bears passant erect addorsed reguardant argent, each
      maintaining a berdiche proper, in base an annulet Or", we no
      longer use the ambiguous term _patty_.

  Jason Dryfesdale. Name.

      The submission form stated that the sound "Jason Drysdale" was
      most important to the submitter. We note that _Drysdale_, is an
      attested Scots surname found in the FamilySearch Historical
      Records, dated to 1624. If the submitter wants this form, he can
      submit a request for reconsideration.

  Jean Marc d'Anjou. Name.

  Jeanne Marie la Verriere. Badge. (Fieldless) Four butterflies
  conjoined in cross heads out Or marked sable.

  John Drake. Name and device. Per pale gules and sable, three
  crampets Or.

      This name does not conflict with the registered name _Eoin
      Drake_. Precedent states:

           The LoI noted that the submitter previously submitted
           _Eoin Blackwolf_ and that it was returned at Kingdom
           for conflict with _John Blackwolf_ (registered March
           1993). However, the names _Eoin_ and _John_ do not
           conflict with each other. They are significantly
           different in sound and appearance, similar to the
           examples given in RfS V.1.a.i. Therefore, his original
           submission does not conflict with the cited _John
           Blackwolf_.

      Under SENA, the names are substantially different in appearance.
      The names are also substantially different in sound due to the
      addition of the initial consonant (_J-_) and the change in the
      vowel sound between the given names. Therefore, this name is
      clear under PN3C2 of SENA.

      Nice English name for much of our period!

      The cutout on the crampets is an unblazoned variable detail
      worth no difference.

      Nice device!

  John Drake. Badge. (Fieldless) A crampet Or.

      The cutout on the crampet is an unblazoned variable detail worth
      no difference.

      Nice badge!

  John Straker. Name and device. Gules, two horses combattant and a
  chief argent.

      In commentary, Liber documented this exact name to 1588 and 1596
      in the FamilySearch Historical Records, making this an excellent
      late 16th century English name!

      Nice device!

  Keina Terrickdoutter. Device. Lozengy Or and azure, a bear rampant
  sable between three lilies argent slipped and leaved vert.

      Please advise the submitter to draw the lilies larger so they
      are easier to identify.

  Kendra of Avondar. Reblazon of device. Per chevron argent and
  purpure, a saltire alis{e'}e Or, a bordure vert.

      Blazoned when registered in July 1984 as "Per chevron argent and
      purpure, a saltire patty convexed Or within a bordure vert", we
      no longer use the ambiguous term _patty_. Note that a _saltire
      alis{e'}e_ is also no longer registerable.

  Kitamura Kazuko. Name and device. Sable, a coney sejant within an
  orle of ivy vine argent.

  Kitamura Kazuko. Badge. Barry sable and argent, in chief a coney
  courant Or.

  Kitta Ormarsdottir. Name.

      Commenters questioned if _Kitta_ is a modern form, as it does
      not appear to be attested. This name is identified as a
      diminutive form of _Kristin_ in Cleasby-Vigfusson's section "Pet
      Names", but is not clearly dated to period. This source states,
      "many of the old names with weak declension in _-i_ and _-a_
      were probably originally pet names". After the Pelican decision
      meeting, Orle noted:

           [Cleasby-Vigfusson] cites examples dated examples
           [sic] of this pattern, such as 8th c. <Boddi>, derived
           from names in <B{o,}{dh}->, or 10th c. <Da{dh}i> from
           <Dav{i'}{dh}>, in 994 <Erli> for <Erlingr>, etc.

      Given this pattern, and that many of the examples from this
      section of Cleasby-Vigfusson are attested, we are giving the
      submitter the benefit of the doubt that _Kitta_ is a plausible
      diminutive form in period.

  Lauretta d'Avenport. Device. Per fess rayonny Or golpy and gules
  bezanty.

  Liadan ingen Finn{e'}n. Name and device. Argent, two chevronels vert
  between three hunting horns sable stringed gules.

      In commentary, Rocket pointed out that the submitted form of the
      patronym is supported by various forms of the name _Mael Finnen_
      in the Irish Annals. In particular, he cited the example
      _Caillech Fhinn{e'}in_ or _Caillech Finnen_ ["Finn{e'}n's
      (female) Servant = Veiled of Finn{e'}n"], found in the _Annals
      of Tigernach_.

      The submitter may wish to know that the standard Gaelic form of
      this name would be "Liad{a'}n ingen _Fh_inn_{e'}in_". If she
      prefers this form, she can submit a request for reconsideration.

  Marcelle de Poix. Name and device. Per fess azure and argent, two
  squirrels addorsed and a tree eradicated counterchanged.

      The given name is a plausible feminine form of the masculine
      name _Marcel_ or the feminine form _Marcele_. Wreath documented
      examples such as _Perronele/Perronnele/Perronnelle_, found in
      "An Index to the Given Names in the 1292 Census of Paris" by
      Lord Colm Dubh (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/paris.html).

      The submitter requested authenticity for a French name. This
      name is likely authentic for France c.1300.

  Margherita de Mantua. Device. Or, a dragon purpure and on a chief
  sable an arrow Or.

  Melia de La Renaudie. Name and device. Vert, a peacock contourny
  regardant and in base a triquetra, between flaunches argent each
  charged with a triquetra vert.

      The given name _Melia_ was documented in the Letter of Intent
      from _Histoire g{e'}n{e'}rale de Languedoc avec des notes et les
      pi{'e}ces justificatives_ by Cl. Devic and J. Vaissete,
      published in 1879, but the Letter of Intent did not state the
      date of this name. _Melia_ is found in the cited book in a
      transcription of a Latin document from 1271.

      The place name _La Renaudie_ was documented using the
      Encyclopedia Britannica, which may have normalized the spelling.
      In commentary, Liber documented the phrase _de la Renaudie_ in
      _Le Veritable Inventaire de L'Histoire de France_ by Jean de
      Serres (p. 681; https://books.google.com/books?id=sFg_AAAAcAAJ)
      in an edition published in 1648.

  Mevanwy inghean U{i'} Ruairc. Name and device. Purpure, a domestic
  cat sejant argent and a bordure argent semy of trefoils vert.

      This name combines a Welsh given name and a Gaelic byname. This
      is an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C of SENA.

  Mihai Takacs. Name.

      Submitted as "Mih_ai_ Tak_{a'}_cs", the name was changed in
      kingdom to "Mih_{a'}ly_ Tak{a'}cs". The reason for this change
      was not summarized in the Letter of Intent.

      The form of the given name in the Letter of Intent, _Mih{a'}ly_,
      was not documented. It is identified as a normalized (modern)
      form in Kolosvari Arpadne Julia's article "Names of Property
      Owners in Northern Hungary, 1427"
      (https://www.s-gabriel.org/names/julia/kamarahaszna.html), and
      in "Hungarian Personal Names of the 16th Century" by Walraven
      van Nijmegen
      (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/hungarian/index.html).

      In commentary, Kolosvari Arpadne Julia noted that the preferred
      spelling _Mihai_ is not found in period Hungarian, but forms
      such as _Mihal_ and _Myhaly_, as well as Latinized or
      Latin-influenced forms such as _Michaele_ and _Mich(ael)_ are
      found in period. _Mihal_ and _Myhaly_ are found in Walraven's
      article, cited above. The latter two forms are found in
      K{a'}zm{e'}r, s.n. Tak{a'}cs, dated to 1507 and 1576,
      respectively.

      The submitter's preferred spelling _Mihai_ is found in "Names
      from the Royal Lines of Moldavia and Wallachia" by Aryanhwy
      merch Catmael
      (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/other/romanian.html), dated
      between 1593 and 1600. We have restored the given name to the
      submitted form. If the submitter prefers one of the Hungarian
      forms listed above, he can submit a request for reconsideration.

      The submitted byname, "Tak_{a'}_cs" ("weaver") was also not
      documented in the Letter of Intent, although the pattern of
      using occupational bynames in Hungarian was documented. The
      submitted form could not be documented prior to 1667, after our
      1650 cut-off. We have changed the byname to "Tak_a_cs", which is
      found in K{a'}zm{e'}r, s.n. Tak{a'}cs, dated to 1649. We note
      that the _-cs_ spelling is rare in period; the more common
      period forms are _Takach_ and _Thakach_.

      The submitter may wish to know that attested 16th century
      Hungarian forms of this name are _Michaele Thakach_ (1507),
      _Mich(ael) Thakach_ (1576), and _Takachj Mihalitol_ (1597;
      _-tol_ means "from"), all found in K{a'}zm{e'}r, s.n. Tak{a'}cs.
      If the submitter prefers one of these forms, he can make a
      request for reconsideration.

      This name combines a Romanian given name and Hungarian byname.
      This is an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C of SENA.

  Mora MacPhersone. Name and device. Azure, a triskelion of horses'
  heads between three thistles argent.

      This name does not conflict with the registered names _Maura
      MacPharlane_ and _Marie MacPherson_. For the former, both
      syllables in the byname have changed. For the latter, both
      syllables of the given name have changed in both sound and
      appearance. Therefore, this name is clear of both under PN3C1 of
      SENA.

      This name combines a Latinized Gaelic given name from Scotland
      and a Scots byname. This is an acceptable lingual mix under
      Appendix C of SENA.

  Rashid ibn Abdullah al-Asadi. Name and device. Vert, a cedar tree
  eradicated and on a chief Or three suns gules.

      Submitted as "Rashid ibn Abdullah _al-Wafa_ al-Asadi",
      _al-Wafa'_ is an _ism_ (given name), not a byname. As the
      submitter allows all changes, we have dropped _al-Wafa_ to
      register this name. We also note that this name phrase should
      have been spelled "al-Wafa_'_".

      The submitter may wish to know that several alternatives were
      suggested in commentary: _Rashid ibn Abdullah al-Asadi_, _Rashid
      ibn al-Wafa' al-Asadi_, and _Al-Wafa' ibn Abdullah al-Rashid
      al-Asadi_. If the submitter prefers one of these forms, he can
      submit a request for reconsideration.

      The submitter requested authenticity for a 13th century Arabic
      name. The elements and name phrases in Da'ud's article "Period
      Arabic Names and Naming Practices"
      (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/arabic-naming2.htm) are not
      specifically dated, so we do not know if the modified name or
      other alternatives meet this request.

  Rosalia del Espinar. Name change from Rosalia of Raven's Fort.

      The submitter's previous name, _Rosalia of Raven's Fort_, is
      retained as an alternate name.

  Seamus Mac an tSaoir. Name and device. Azure, on a bend between a
  dog statant and a raven argent three Bowen crosses palewise azure.

  Silvana Corwin. Device. Per pale sable and gules, three trident
  heads argent.

  Storan{e^} the Grey. Name and device. Sable, a dragon argent and a
  chief invected Or scaly sable.

      Submitted as "Storan{e^} _Gr{ae}g_", the submitter wanted a 6th
      century Sarmatian/Anglo-Saxon name. The name was changed in
      kingdom to "Storan{e^} _the Grey_". The reason for this change
      was not summarized in the Letter of Intent. The submitter also
      specifically allowed a change to "Storan{e^} _the Gr{ae}g_".

      _Storan{e^}_ is a Greek name with Scytho-Sarmatian roots.
      _Gr{ae}g_ was not documented in the Letter of Intent, but it is
      an adjective found in Bosworth-Toller's Anglo-Saxon Dictionary
      (http://www.bosworthtoller.com/051130). However, no evidence was
      provided to show that it is a likely byname, or that the
      submitted form is correct grammatically. In addition, the
      combination of a Greek given name and Old English byname is not
      an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C of SENA. Therefore,
      _Storan{e^} Gr{ae}g_ is not registerable without documentation
      to show that this lingual mix is plausible in our period.

      However, _the Grey_ is a plausible lingua Anglica form of the
      Greek byname _polios_, found in Liddell and Scott. Therefore,
      the form of the name in the Letter of Intent, _Storan{e^} the
      Grey_, is a wholly Greek name and can be registered.

  Thomas Bernhart. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      Nice late 15th century German name!

  Tristram le Rede. Name.

  Vladislav Strelec. Name and device. Argent, a wheel vert, on a chief
  gules a horse courant argent.

      The Czech term _st{r'}elec_ ("marksman" or "shooter") is dated
      to 1560 in _Dictionarivm Latinobohemicvm_. Given the range of
      occupational bynames in the various Slavic languages, and
      related Russian forms _Strelko_ ("shot") and _Strelnik_
      ("shooter"), the unaccented Czech form _Strelec_ is a plausible
      byname.

      Commenters noted that the pattern of descriptive or occupational
      bynames was not established for the Czech language and culture.
      Examples of this pattern include the bynames _Tesar_
      ("carpenter") and _Zeman_ ("landholder"), dated to 1636 and
      1649, respectively, in the FamilySearch Historical Records.
      Another example is _Biskup_ ("bishop"), found in _Historia
      C{y'}rkewnj Eusebia p{rv}igmjm Pamffila Biskupa Cesariensk{e'}ho
      w Palest{y'}n{ev}_ by Eusebios z Caesareje, published in 1594.

      This name combines a Romanian given name and a Czech byname.
      This is an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C of SENA.

      Please advise the submitter to draw the chief smaller and the
      wheel larger.

  William Bones. Name and device. Per chevron vert and argent, three
  horseshoes counterchanged.

      This exact name was documented in the FamilySearch Historical
      Records, dated to 1591 and 1607, making this an excellent late
      period English name!

      Please advise the submitter to draw the per chevron line of
      division higher on the field and/or steeper so that it divides
      the field in two equal portions.

  Ysfael Bryndu. Badge. Or, three crampons sable.

      Nice device!

======================================================================

**** ARTEMISIA acceptances ****

  Aschell of Trieste. Name change from Rebecca Waite (see RETURNS for
  device).

      The byname _of Trieste_ is a lingua Anglica form of the Italian
      _di Trieste_.

      This name combines a German given name and Italian byname. This
      is an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C of SENA.

      The submitter's previous name, _Rebecca Waite_, is retained as
      an alternate name.

  Brigitta Blodyr. Name and device. Per fess wavy azure and argent, a
  greyhound courant and a rose counterchanged.

      Please advise the submitter to draw deeper waves on the line of
      division.

  Cristy MacLeod. Name and device. Argent, in pale three cinquefoils
  pierced between flaunches azure.

      This device does not conflict with the device of Taya
      Fitzphilip: "Argent, in pale three trilliums sable between
      flaunches azure". There are separate DCs for changing the type
      and the tincture of the primary charges.

  Kenneth Wayne. Name.

  Sneferu sa Djedi mewetif Merit. Name change from Einarr inn kristni
  H{a'}konsson.

      The submitter's previous name, _Einarr inn kristni
      H{a'}konsson_, is retained as an alternate name.

  Symonne de Clermont en Beauvaisis. Name and device. Quarterly gules
  and argent, a bee counterchanged.

      Submitted as "Symonne de Clermont en Beauvaisis", the place name
      in the byname was changed by kingdom to the modern form
      "Clermont_-_en_-_Beauvaisis". The reason for this change was not
      summarized in the Letter of Intent.

      The expected form of the byname is _de Clermont_, documented in
      the Letter of Intent. However, the phrase _de Cler-mont en
      Beauvaisis_ was also documented in the Letter of Intent, in _Le
      th{e'}{a^}tre de Jaques Gr{e'}vin, de Cler-mont en Beauvaisis_
      (http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/bpt6k71456c/f2.image), dated
      to 1562. Although we consider it to be an unlikely form as a
      byname, we are giving the submitter the benefit of the doubt and
      registering the submitted form.

======================================================================

**** ATENVELDT acceptances ****

  Alpin Hunter. Device. Vert, a quiver with three arrows argent
  between three hunting horns argent garnished Or.

  Archibald Henderson. Device. Azure, on a lion Or between three
  mascles argent, a mascle azure.

  Clarice la Costuriere d'Avignon. Name and device. Azure, in pale
  three keys fesswise, a bordure embattled argent.

      PN4B5 of SENA states:

           For example, a name submission cannot use the
           combinations _the Bard of Armagh_ or _Abbot of Saint
           Giles_ or _Champion of Ealdormere_. Similarly, while
           _Kingdom_, _London_, and _Herald_ can all be
           documented as both given names and bynames, _Kingdom
           Marshall_, _London Herald_ and _Herald of Wyvernwoode_
           all give the impression of claiming rank or official
           position and would not be registerable. However, _the
           Seamstress of York_ is unlikely to be understood to be
           the only seamstress, or an official seamstress and so
           would be registerable.

      Therefore, a name meaning "Clarice the dressmaker of Avignon" is
      similarly not presumptuous.

      Nice late 13th century French name!

  Finnan of Holywood. Name and device. Sable, a serpent in annulo
  vorant of its tail argent and enfiled by a sword proper, on a chief
  argent an arrow reversed sable.

  Geoffrey the Grim. Reblazon of device. Gules, a bend argent
  surmounted by a wivern displayed with head facing to sinister sable
  fimbriated, in base a cross formy argent.

      Blazoned when registered, in June 1973, as "Gules, a bend
      argent, overall a wivern displayed head to sinister, tail
      reflexed behind, sable fimbriated argent, in base a cross patty
      argent." We no longer use the term _patty_ as it is ambiguous.

  Gwenhwyfar Morgan Cornubia. Reblazon of device. Per pale argent and
  vert, in annulo three crosses formy gules and three shamrocks
  argent.

      Blazoned when registered in February 1972 as "Per pale argent
      and vert, in annulo to dexter three crosses patty gules and to
      sinister three trefoils slipped argent", we no longer use the
      ambiguous term _patty_.

  Isabeau della Farfalla. Badge. Sable, on a crescent argent a
  butterfly azure.

  Ivan the Astronomer. Reblazon of device. Per fess wavy argent and
  gules, in canton a cross formy gules.

      Blazoned when registered, some time around January 1973, as "Per
      fess wavy argent and gules, in canton a cross patty gules", we
      no longer use the ambiguous term _patty_. We are unable to find
      this item on any published LoAR. The O&A lists the registration
      as January 1973, but there is a letter in the files from Harold
      Breakstone to Ivan dated February 1972. Sadly, it says nothing
      of substance. The submission apparently was paid for "On
      Ioseph's Letter of January 1971", according to a notation on the
      name form.

  Jerilyn of Vert Silva. Reblazon of device. Argent, a cross formy
  within an annulet sable, on a chief triangular vert a unicorn's horn
  inverted argent.

      Blazoned when registered in January 1981 as "Argent, a cross
      patty within an annulet sable, on a chief triangular vert a
      unicorn's horn inverted argent", we no longer use the ambiguous
      term _patty_.

  Kay Gwenhwyfar of Locksley. Reblazon of device. Or, on a Celtic
  cross formy gules, a rose argent.

      Blazoned when registered in January 1973 as "Or, centered upon a
      Celtic cross patty gules, a rose barbed and seeded argent", we
      no longer use the ambiguous term _patty_.

  Wilhelm Steinbruch. Reblazon of device. Per pale sable and gules,
  two crosses formy fitchy and on a chief argent, an eagle gules.

      Blazoned when registered in January 1986 as "Per pale sable and
      gules, two crosses paty fitchy, on a chief argent an eagle
      displayed gules", we no longer use the ambiguous term _paty_.

======================================================================

**** ATLANTIA acceptances ****

  Aldemere Mac Rafe. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      Submitted as "_Aldem Mere_ Mac Rafe", the submitter requested
      the given name "_Ald_em_ere_" if it could be documented. The
      preferred spelling was found during internal commentary, so the
      name was changed in kingdom. The submitter's preferred form of
      the byname, _MacRafe_, could not be documented.

      _Aldemere_ was documented in the Letter of Intent as a 13th-14th
      century English place name. ffride wlffsdotter also documented
      it to the early 16th century in _Feet of Fines_: CP 25/1/195/24
      (http://www.medievalgenealogy.org.uk/fines/abstracts/CP_25_1_195_24.shtml).
      An inherited surname or unmarked locative byname is plausible
      during the 16th century. Therefore, _Aldemere_ can be registered
      as a given name using the pattern of using 16th and early 17th
      century English bynames as given names.

  Bevan Bevan. Name and device. Argent, a double-bitted axe sable
  charged on the blades with two mullets of six points argent, in
  chief three mullets of six points sable.

      This name does not conflict with the registered name _Evan
      Bevan_:

           This name does not conflict with the registered _Taran
           the Swift_. The given names are different in precisely
           the same way that _Harry_ and _Mary_ are. SENA PN3C3
           says "On a case by case basis, two-syllable names
           phrases may be eligible for this rule, such as _Harry_
           and _Mary_." While _Taran_ is not a common given name,
           _Aaron_ is. Therefore, a change to the first sound of
           the given name is sufficient to clear the conflict.

           This does not mean that any change between
           two-syllable names would be sufficient to clear
           conflict under PN3C3. However, for given names, a
           change to the initial sound when at least one name is
           relatively common should be sufficient to clear
           conflict. [Aaron the Swift, March 2013,
           A-{AE}thelmearc]

      As in this example, _Evan_ is a fairly common name, so the
      change from _Ev-_ to _Bev-_ is enough to clear the conflict
      under PN3C3.

  Bevan Bevan. Household name House of the Loons.

      _Loons_ is a lingua Anglica form of the attested _divers_:

           [Order of the White Loon] This order name follows the
           pattern of _color + heraldic charge_. However, the
           documentation summary did not show evidence that loons
           are found in Europe or at least known to period
           Europeans. In England and Ireland, birds of this type
           appear to be called _divers_, with the term _loon_ not
           being found in England prior to the 1630s [Roland of
           Endeweard, House of the Two Loons, December 2006,
           A-East]. However, _loon_ is a modern name of this
           bird, so this order name can be registered using the
           lingua Anglica allowance. [Loch Salann, Barony of,
           November 2014, A-Artemisia]

  Bevan Bevan. Badge. Quarterly sable and azure, in bend sinister two
  swords argent.

  Caoilfhionn inghean Sh{e'}arlais. Name and device. Sable, on a fess
  between a winged wolf statant contourny and a decrescent argent,
  three mullets sable.

      Submitted as "Caoilfhionn _Bhallach_", the given name
      _Caoilfhionn_ is pronounced "somewhere between Key-lin and
      Kay-lin". Therefore, it conflicts with the registered name
      "Caitil{i'}n Bhallach", where the typical modern pronunciation
      of the given name is _Kate-lin_.

      During commentary, when contacted by kingdom, the submitter
      allowed a change to "Caoilfhionn _inghean Sh{e'}arlais_" to
      clear this conflict. We have made this change.

      Please advise the submitter to draw the winged wolf with some
      space showing between the wings and the back of the head so as
      to improve identifiability.

  Coleen Griswald. Reblazon of device. Sable, a bend sinister cotised
  ermine surmounted by a bagwyn rampant Or, a bordure Or crusily formy
  gules.

      Blazoned when registered in February 1985 as "Sable, a bend
      sinister cotised ermine, surmounted by a bagwyn rampant within a
      bordure Or charged with six crosses patty gules.", we no longer
      use the ambiguous term _patty_.

  Deirdre Morgan. Reblazon of device. Sable, a closed book palewise
  between in pile two quill pens argent.

      Blazoned when registered in May 1990 as "Sable, a closed book
      palewise between in fess two quill pens argent", the original
      blazon omitted the orientation of the quill pens.

  Dorothy of Caer Mear. Name and device. Per bend Or and sable, a bird
  rising wings displayed azure and a chalice Or.

      _Caer Mear_ is the registered name of an SCA branch.

  Douglass Wallace Morton. Device. Vert, a saltire between in pale two
  crosses crosslet argent.

      Nice device!

  Eachann de Barde. Name and device. Vert, a hayfork Or and on a chief
  argent three crows sable.

      The submitter may wish to know that the given name _Eachann_ is
      pronounced something like "Ath-an", not his desired sound
      "E-o-khan" in Gaelic.

      This name combines a Gaelic given name with a Scots byname. This
      is an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C of SENA.

  Hannah of Kingeswood. Device. Vert, on a chief argent, three
  fleurs-de-lys vert.

      Nice device!

  Hextilda Corbet. Name and device. Argent, a saltire azure surmounted
  by a raven sable, a point pointed azure.

      _Hextilda_ was documented as an 11th century Scottish name in
      the Letter of Intent. It is also found in a Latin document from
      1291 (within 5 years of the byname) in Francis Palgrave,
      _Documents and records illustrating the history of Scotland, and
      the transactions between the crowns of Scotland and England,
      preserved in the treasury of Her Majesty's Exchequer_
      (https://books.google.com/books?id=BlPqL2Hm2akC&pg=RA1-PR11).

      Nice late 13th century Scottish name!

  Imayn of Galloway. Name and device. Azure estencelly, a domestic cat
  courant and a base nebuly argent.

      The submitter requested authenticity for 13th century England.

      _Imayn_ appears in 13th century England and Galloway in 15th
      century Scotland. Therefore this name does not meet the
      submitter's authenticity request, but it is registerable.

  Jerrika Guthrie. Name.

      _Jerrika_ is the submitter's legal given name.

  Johannes des Ritters Volt. Name.

      Nice 15th century German name!

  Leifr skr{a'}veifa. Name and device. Per chevron vert and sable, on
  a chevron argent three ravens palewise striking sable and in chief
  an increscent and decrescent argent.

  Leonardo Capriolo. Badge. (Fieldless) A phoenix azure.

      Nice badge!

  Lire du Pre. Name and device. Argent, in fess two tortoises fesswise
  purpure between three pheons inverted azure.

      Please advise the submitter to draw the tortoises slightly
      larger and the pheons slightly smaller so it is clearer that
      they do not belong to the same charge group.

  Michael Gallagher. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      Submitted as "Michael _O_ Gall_eghure_", the submitter requested
      the byname "Gall_agher_" (without the particle _O_) if it could
      be documented. During the Pelican decision meeting, Noir Licorne
      documented this form in an image of a 1638 baptism record from
      Dorset, found at http://www.ancestry.com. We have changed the
      byname to this form with the submitter's permission.

      Nice late period Anglicized Irish name!

  Molda {o'}kristna Starrad{o'}ttir. Badge. Per pale argent and Or, a
  chief azure.

      Nice badge!

  M{o'}r ingen u{i'} Dochartaich. Device. Per bend sinister gules and
  sable, a broken snaffle-bit chevronwise inverted and three
  horseshoes inverted argent.

  Morgan O Lachlainn. Name.

      Submitted as "Morgan O'L_aclainn_", the name was changed in
      kingdom with the submitter's permission to "Morgan O'L_aughlen_"
      in order to clear a potential conflict with the registered name
      _Morgan ni Lochlainn_.

      The submitted form of the byname _O'Laclainn_ contained a
      typographical error in the genitive (possessive) form of the
      ancestor's name. In addition, the form _O'Lachlainn_ combines
      the Anglicized Irish _O'_ with the Gaelic _Lachlainn_. This
      violates PN1B1 of SENA, which does not allow mixing of languages
      in the same name phrase.

      We have changed the name to "Morgan _O _Lac_h_lainn" to correct
      these problems, as it is closest to what was submitted. The
      submitter confirmed that he prefers this form to the Anglicized
      Irish one in the Letter of Intent. This name does not conflict
      with _Morgan ni Lochlainn_, as the change from the particle _ni_
      to _O_ is a substantial change under PN3C2 of SENA.

      This name combines an Anglicized Irish given name and Gaelic
      byname. This is an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C of
      SENA.

  Sciath ingen meic Con. Alternate name Rosana Cavalieri di Narni.

  Stephen of Chadwick. Name and device. Vert, two mastiffs sejant
  respectant Or faces and ears marked sable and a sheaf of arrows
  argent.

  Tala al-Zahra. Device. Argent, an olive tree fructed and eradicated
  and a bordure gules.

      Nice device!

      For purpose of conflict checking, the olive tree gets no DC from
      a generic tree.

  Tala al-Zahra. Badge. (Fieldless) In saltire an olive branch proper
  and an arrow gules.

  Timothy de Tindall. Reblazon of badge. (Fieldless) In pale an eye
  sable irised Or sustained by an eagle's talon sable.

      Blazoned when registered in December 2000 as "(Fieldless) An
      eagle's talon erased sustaining an eye sable, irised Or", the
      charges are co-primary.

  Tobias von Boden. Name.

      The Letter of Intent documented the dated form _de Bode_, found
      in Brechenmacher s.n. Boden, and the modern form _Boden_, found
      in Wikipedia. In commentary, Metron Ariston documented _Von
      Boden_ as an early 17th century form found in the FamilySearch
      Historical Records (which routinely capitalizes prepositions
      like _von_). Therefore, the submitted spelling is registerable.

  Tostig {ae}t Eferwice. Name.

      Submitted as "Tostig {ae}t Eferwi_c_", the place name _Eferwic_
      needs to be changed to the dative case due to the requirements
      of Old English grammar. We have changed the name to "Tostig
      {ae}t Eferwi_ce_" to register this name.

      If the submitter would prefer to be of/from the town instead of
      someone who lives at the town, the locative byname _of Eferwice_
      is also registerable. If the submitter prefers this form, he can
      submit a request for reconsideration.

  William of Nicosia. Device. Argent, a raven displayed sable, on a
  chief purpure three Maltese crosses argent.

      There is a step from period practice for use of bird other than
      an eagle in the displayed posture.

  William of Stierbach. Holding name and device (see RETURNS for
  name). Argent, in pale a sun gules and a hurst of three trees
  proper.

      Submitted under the name "William de Hirst".

======================================================================

**** AVACAL acceptances ****

  Aife Ruadh. Device. Argent, two dogs couchant respectant tails nowed
  and on a chief triangular vert a harp argent.

======================================================================

**** CAID acceptances ****

  Arabella Attelake. Device. Per fess wavy argent and purpure, two
  otters passant each maintaining in its mouth a fish counterchanged.

  Arabella O'Hurlihie. Name and device. Per bend vert and Or, in bend
  sinister two crescents horns outward between the horns of each
  crescent a heart point to center all counterchanged.

      Nice 16th century Anglo-Irish name!

  Br{i'}g inghean Uat{e'}ir. Device. Per bend sinister vert and sable,
  a bend sinister between an arrow and a dagger inverted both bendwise
  sinister argent.

  Diederik Guiscard. Name and device. Quarterly Or and vert, on a fess
  sable three bezants, in chief two lions passant respectant
  counterchanged.

      _Diederik_ was documented in the Letter of Intent using sources
      that normalized the name, with the exception of the Dutch
      instance from the FamilySearch Historical Records, dated to
      1612. Only the FamilySearch citation is acceptable for use as
      documentation.

      _Guiscard_ is an 11th century byname. However, it is found in
      16th and 17th century histories about the 11th century Robert
      Guiscard, such as _Memoires de l'histoire du Languedoc_ by
      Guillaume de Catel
      (https://books.google.com/books?id=T8GmZwL6zDoC). Therefore, we
      can give the submitter the benefit of the doubt that this form
      is appropriate at the later time.

      This name combines a Dutch given name and French byname. This is
      an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C of SENA.

  Eustace of Naevehjem. Name.

      _Naevehjem_ is the registered name of an SCA branch.

  Harding Fayrehale of Lyondemere. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      _Harding_ is a given name found in the Domesday Book: _Harding
      filius alnod_. It is also a late period English surname found in
      "Names found in Cam, Gloucestershire, Marriage Registers
      1569-1600" by Aryanhwy merch Catmael
      (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/english/cam.html).

      _Lyondemere_ is the registered name of an SCA branch. The
      pattern of double locatives is found in English, with examples
      such as _Ric. at Wode de Londres_ and _John Clerk de Neutoun de
      Wyszt_, found in "Names from the Port Books of Southampton
      (1427-1430)" by Alys Mackyntoich (2011 KWHSS Proceedings).

  Jarijch of Caid. Holding name and household name Beggars Inn (see
  PENDS for name).

      Submitted as "_The_ Beggar_'s_ Inn", this household name was
      changed in kingdom to "Beggar_s'_ Inn" to match the
      documentation that could be found.

      _Beggars'_ was documented in _Proverbial Language in English
      Drama Exclusive of Shakespeare, 1495-1616: An Index_, Volume 2
      by Robert William Dent. The form with the apostrophe appears to
      have been taken from an edition that normalized the text, as the
      use of apostrophes in possessives appears to begin after our
      period. As the c.1605 attested form _beggers Inne_ does not
      include the apostrophe, we have changed the household name to
      "Beggar_s_ Inn". Although the submission form indicated that no
      changes were allowed, the submitter specifically permitted this
      change.

      Submitted under the name "Jarijch van Den Helder".

  Karl of Berg Rheinstein. Reblazon of device. Per bend argent and
  vert, a cross formy sable and in saltire a lute and a sword Or.

      Blazoned when registered in April 1985 as "Per bend argent and
      vert, a cross paty sable and in saltire a lute affronty and a
      sword Or", we no longer use the ambiguous term _patty_.

  Klaus M{u:}hlhauser von Unterwessen. Alternate name {O'}l{a'}fr
  klaufi Haraldsson.

      Submitted as "{O'}l{a'}fr _inn_ klaufi Haraldsson", the definite
      article _inn_ ("the") is used with adjectives like "red", not
      with nouns like _klaufi_ ("clumsy person"). We have dropped this
      element in order to register the name.

  Kyra Audax. Name and device. Vert, a sea-serpent ondoyant between
  three eyes argent irised azure.

      The submitter may wish to know that, although this name was
      documented as a Dutch-English combination, this name is also
      plausible as a Greek given name with a Latin descriptive byname.

  Lyondemere, Barony of. Badge for Order of the Pillars of Poseidon.
  Argent, two pillars vert issuant from a base engrailed azure.

  Nero Livius Primus. Device. Sable, a cobra erect Or winged and on a
  base argent a mullet of four points gules.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a cobra,
      which is a creature from outside Europe.

      For purpose of conflict checking this charge is equivalent to a
      pithon

  Nicoletto da Piacenza. Name and device. Sable, a chevron inverted
  argent goutty de sang.

      Nice 16th century Italian name!

  Scot Mac Nachtan. Device. Per fess wavy purpure and argent, two
  otters passant contourny each maintaining in its mouth a fish
  counterchanged.

  {TH}{o'}ra J{o'}nsd{o'}ttir. Name.

      Submitted as "{TH}{o'}ra J_o_nsd_o_ttir", accents must be used
      or omitted consistently throughout the entire name. Therefore,
      we have changed the byname to "J_{o'}_nsd_{o'}_ttir".
      Alternatively, the accent in the given name could have been
      removed.

      This name does not conflict with the registered name _Tyra
      Jonsdatter_. A syllable has been changed in both the given name
      (_Thor-_ versus _Tyr-_) and the byname (_-dot_ versus _-dat_),
      so the names are clear under PN3C1 of SENA.

  Togene of Naevehjem. Name.

      _Naevehjem_ is the registered name of an SCA branch.

======================================================================

**** CALONTIR acceptances ****

  Bartholomew Thorpe. Name.

      This exact name is found in England in 1593 in the FamilySearch
      Historical Records, making this an excellent late 16th century
      English name!

  Bridget Edan. Device. Or, a triskelion of horse's heads between
  three holly leaves in annulo vert.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of charges
      (here the leaves) in annulo not in their default palewise
      orientation.

  Emma Ness. Name and device. Azure, a mouse rampant queue-fourchy and
  in chief three cinquefoils pierced, on a chief nebuly argent two
  cinquefoils pierced vert.

  Goldcorn Moon. Device. Azure, a decrescent moon argent, a bordure Or
  estencely azure.

  Hirakawa Saburou Kagetora. Name (see RETURNS for device).

  Inuhara Fuyume Sara. Name change from A{i'}fe ingen u{i'} Chanainn.

      Submitted as "Fuyume _Rasa_ _Inuhara_", the submitter requested
      authenticity for the Japanese Heian period or earlier.

      In Japanese names, the family name always precedes the given
      name. In this case, _Inuhara_ must come before the given name
      _Fuyume_.

      _Rasa_ was constructed from the elements _RA_ and _SA_, using
      _on'yomi_ or Chinese "readings" for the _kanji_ rather than the
      native Japanese readings. In commentary, Solveig Throndardottir
      noted that this is an unlikely construction. Specifically, the
      Chinese reading _RA_ is only found as a second element, with the
      examples _Tora_ and _Nara_ found in NCMJ. The Chinese reading
      _SA_ is found in both positions, with the examples _Samiko_,
      _Sanko_, _Usa_, and _Yusa_ (among others) found in NCMJ.
      Therefore, Solveig suggested instead the form _Sara_, reversing
      the order of these elements. She noted that _Sara_ could be
      considered an assumed religious name and would follow the given
      name (see pp. 29-30 of NCMJ).

      Therefore, as the submitter allows all changes, we have changed
      the name to "_Inuhara_ Fuyume _Sara_" to register this name.

      The submitter's previous name, _A{i'}fe ingen u{i'} Chanainn_,
      is released.

  Lochie Cameron of Kinross. Name and device. Purpure, two swords in
  saltire between in pale two annulets and in fess two thistles
  argent.

      _Lochie_ is the submitter's legal middle name.

  Mesia Montana Sainte Germaine. Reblazon of device. Purpure
  estencelly, three chevronels braced argent within a bordure ermine
  charged with four crosses formy in cross purpure.

      Blazoned when registered in June 1995 as "Purpure estencely,
      three chevronels braced argent within a bordure ermine charged
      with four crosses patty in cross purpure", we no longer use the
      ambiguous term _patty_.

  Rianorix of Forgotten Sea. Device. Sable, a cross doubly-cotised Or.

      Nice device!

  Uaithne inghean u{i'} Ruairc. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      Submitted as "Uaithne _ing_hean u{i'} Rua_i_rc", the name was
      inadvertently entered into OSCAR as "Uaithne _ig_hean u{i'}
      Rua_{i'}_rc". We have restored the name to the submitted form.

  {U'}lfr {TH}orgrimsson. Name.

      Nice Old Norse name for the 9th or 10th century!

  Zafara Baabur. Name change from Bridget Fleming.

      The submitter's previous name, _Bridget Fleming_, is retained as
      an alternate name.

  Zaneta Baseggio. Alternate name Clara Brown.

      This exact name is found in England in 1593 in the FamilySearch
      Historical Records, making this an excellent late 16th century
      English name!

======================================================================

**** EALDORMERE acceptances ****

  S{a'}erlaith ingen Tigern{a'}in. Name change from holding name
  S{a'}erlaith of Eoforwic and device. Vert, a stag's head erased
  affronty winged at the neck, an orle argent.

      Submitted as "S{a'}erlaith ing_hean_ Tigern{a'}in", the byname
      combines the Early Modern Irish _inghean_ with the Middle Gaelic
      _Tigern{a'}in_. This combines two languages in the same name
      phrase, a violation of PN1B1 of SENA.

      As the submitter wants an 8th-10th century Irish name, we have
      changed the name to the wholly Middle Irish (appropriate from
      c.900-c.1200) _S{a'}erlaith ing*en* Tigern{a'}in_ to register
      this name.

      Please advise the submitter to draw longer jags on the neck
      erasing.

  Sarra Olafsdottir. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      As documented in the Letter of Intent, this name combined an
      English given name dated from 1160 with an Old Norse byname.
      Name elements from the English/Welsh and Scandinavian regional
      naming groups cannot be combined after c.1100.

      Luckily for the submitter, Liber documented _Sarra_ in
      commentary as a 16th century German given name and _Olafsdotter_
      as a 15th century Norwegian name. This is an acceptable lingual
      mix under Appendix C of SENA.

      In addition, ffride wlffsdotter documented the _-dottir_
      spelling using _Diplomatarium Norvegicum_. Therefore, this name
      can be registered.

======================================================================

**** EAST acceptances ****

  {A'}ine ingen Fh{a'}el{a'}in. Name change from Sadb ingen
  Fh{a'}el{a'}in and device. Per fess embattled vert and argent, two
  wolves rampant counterchanged.

      The byname _ingen Fh{a'}el{a'}in_ is grandfathered to the
      submitter.

      This name does not conflict with the registered name _Eithne
      ingen Fh{a'}el{a'}in_. The initial syllable has been
      substantially changed in both sound and appearance, so this name
      is clear under PN3C2 of SENA.

      The submitter's previous name, _Sadb ingen Fh{a'}el{a'}in_, is
      released.

  Alexandra Jacobsdochter. Device. Gules, on an escallop argent a
  tulip gules.

  Alexandra Jacobsdochter. Badge. (Fieldless) On an escallop argent a
  tulip gules.

  Alton Hewes. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      _Alton_ is the submitter's legal middle name. It is also an
      attested English surname dated to 1508, so the submitter need
      not rely on the legal name allowance.

      Nice 16th century English name!

  Anna Vitalis. Name and device. Per chevron argent and Or, two axes
  gules and a tree vert.

      The submitter requested authenticity for "Italian - for any time
      in our period." This name is authentic for 16th century Italy,
      and is probably authentic for the 14th century as well.

      Please advise the submitter to draw the per chevron line higher
      so that it separates the field in two more equal portions.

  Aodhan of Coldwood. Name and device. Argent, an anvil between three
  feathers bendwise sinister and two hammers in saltire, a bordure
  embattled sable.

      _Coldwood_ is the registered name of an SCA branch.

  {A'}stri{dh}r L{ae}knir. Device. Per pale wavy purpure and argent, a
  falcon belled and jessed and a rose slipped and leaved
  counterchanged.

  Bernhardt Kr{o:}uwel. Name and device. Or, a chevron between a
  bear's head cabossed sable and a fleur-de-lys purpure.

      The submitter requested authenticity for a German name. Both
      elements are German and the given name was documented to the
      late 15th century. The byname, however, was documented to the
      12th-13th century. Therefore the name is not authentic for a
      specific time, but it is registerable.

      The submitter may wish to know that an authentic 12th century
      form of this name is _Bernhart Kr{o:}uwel_. _Bernhart_ is found
      in Socin, citing the _Rotulus Sanpetrinus_. If the submitter
      prefers this form, he can submit a request for reconsideration.

  Bjorn av {Ao}ttsidenfjord. Reblazon of device. Gyronny gules and
  sable, a bear's head couped argent, a bordure argent crusily formy
  fitchy sable.

      Blazoned when registered in August 1984 as "Gyronny gules and
      sable, a bear's head couped within a bordure argent charged with
      eight crosses patty fitchy sable", we no longer use the term
      _patty_, as it is ambiguous.

  B{o'}tfr{i'}{dh}r {i'} eplagar{dh}i. Name and device. Or, a phoenix
  gules rising from flames azure and in canton a heart sable.

  Bran Finn mac Aeda. Name.

      Nice 6th century Irish Gaelic name!

  Caitr{i'}ona bean mhic Cail{i'}n. Name.

  Carolingia, Barony of. Guild name Carolingian Company of Calivers
  and badge. Azure, a pall wavy and in chief an eagle Or.

      The pattern of using _Carolingian_ as part of the designator is
      grandfathered to the barony.

      A _caliver_ is a type of musket or harquebus, and is a plausible
      heraldic charge.

      Please advise the submitter to draw visible feet on the eagle.

  Chiba Touta Yoshitake. Name and device. Argent, three hexagons one
  and two within an octagon voided sable.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of hexagons.

  Christoph of Marwick. Name.

      _Marwick_ is the registered name of an SCA branch.

  Clovia Drusa. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      Nice Roman name!

  Conrad von Altmark. Reblazon of device. Per bend gules and sable, an
  eagle and on a chief Or three crosses formy sable.

      Blazoned when registered in July 1984 as "Per bend gules and
      sable, an eagle displayed, wings inverted, and on a chief Or,
      three crosses patty sable", we no longer use the ambiguous term
      _patty._

  Daffydd ap Owen de Caledon. Badge. Or, a pall inverted purpure
  between two maunches addorsed gules and a Bowen knot azure.

  East, Kingdom of the. Reblazon of badge for Cook's Guild. Sable, on
  a chalice argent a cross formy gules.

      Blazoned when registered in January 1974 as "Sable, on a chalice
      argent a cross patty gules", we no longer use the ambiguous term
      _patty_.

  East, Kingdom of the. Badge for Order of the Golden Lance of the
  East. Per fess azure and Or, a tilting lance fesswise and a tyger
  courant counterchanged.

  Fearghus mac Cail{i'}n. Name.

  Giuliana Malipiero. Name and device. Vert, a flamingo maintaining in
  its foot a sword Or, a base engrailed argent.

  Hala bint Hasanah. Name and device. Erminois, an elephant statant
  purpure and in dexter a rose gules slipped and leaved vert.

  Heinreich W{a:}chter. Badge. Sable, two dunghill cocks rousant
  respectant and in chief a mullet of eight points argent.

  Innes Barclay. Device change. Argent, three tortoises in pall tails
  to center vert.

      The submitter's old device, "Argent, three tortoises in pall
      tails to center vert within a bordure azure", is released.

  Isabel del Okes. Name and device. Vert, two compass stars and an oak
  leaf Or.

      Both the given name and byname are found in England in 1379,
      making this an excellent 14th century English name!

      There is a step from period practice for the use of compass
      stars.

  Katherine Morgan of Woolpit. Name and device. Vert, a lute bendwise
  sinister, a bordure argent.

      _Woolpit_ is a lingua Anglica form of the period English
      _Uulfpet_ (c.1095) and _Wulpet_ (1610).

  Ketilr{i'}{dh}r Br{u'}nad{o'}ttir. Name change from Caitr{i'}ona
  MacLeod of Kilchoan and device change. Argent, three domestic cats
  couchant vert.

      The submitter's previous name, _Caitr{i'}ona MacLeod of
      Kilchoan_, is released.

      The submitter's old device, "Per chevron vert semy of bees
      proper and argent, in base a wooden spoon proper", is released.

  Kolfinna Johansdottir. Name and device. Gules, a pegasus segreant
  and on a chief Or three mullets azure.

  Lucius Plotius Primus. Name and device. Or, in pale a lotus flower
  affronty purpure and a mountain issuant from base sable.

  M{o'}r Cille Caindigh. Name and device. Gules, a bend counterermine
  fimbriated between an owl and a wolf rampant argent.

      Submitted as "M{o'}r _of Kilkenny_", the name was changed in
      kingdom to "M{o'}r _Ci_ll_ Caindigh_" because the submitter
      requested a wholly Gaelic locative byname instead of the
      Anglicized Irish _of Kilkenny_.

      The byname must be in the genitive (possessive) form. We have
      changed the byname to "Cill_e_ Caindigh" in order to register
      this name. We note that lenition of such bynames is inconsistent
      in the Irish Annals, so we have not lenited the byname.

  Nathaniel Wyatt. Device. Per fess azure and Or, a fess indented
  lozengy Or and azure between two rapiers inverted in saltire Or and
  a griffon azure.

  {O'}rlaith in Vi{dh}f{o,}rla. Device change. Or, a chevron purpure
  between two rams passant sable and a compass rose purpure ringed
  sable.

      The tincture of the compass rose is defined by the tincture of
      the rays.

      The submitter's old device, "Per pale wavy vert and gules, a
      harp and a compass rose and on a chief argent three ravens
      sable", is released.

  Pipa Blackwood. Device. Per pale Or and argent, a fox statant azure
  charged on the shoulder with a mullet of six points argent.

  Raoul le Menestrel. Name.

      Nice late 13th century French name!

  Sk{u'}li Ingvarsson. Name and device. Erminois, in pale a monkey
  gules riding a pig statant sable, a chief vert.

  Thyephaine de Lyon. Name (see RETURNS for device).

======================================================================

**** LOCHAC acceptances ****

  Brynjolf Eberhardt. Name and device. Per saltire gules and argent,
  in pale two suns Or and in fess two boar's heads erased sable.

      _Brynjolf_ is a plausible interpolated form of the 14th-15th
      century forms _Bryniolf_ and _Bryni{o/}lf_, found in SMP, sn.
      Bryniolf. Examples of _i/j/y_ switches in Swedish were provided
      by ffride wlffsdotter in commentary: _Ghiordh_, _Gjuth_, and
      _Gyord_, dated to the late 14th-early 16th centuries.

      The combination of a Swedish given name and German byname is an
      acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C of SENA.

  Eyd{i'}s Ragnarsd{o'}ttir. Device. Sable, on a pile between six
  mullets Or, an estoile of five rays gules.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of an estoile
      of five rays.

  Lewelyn Penbras. Device. Barry vert and argent, a bear passant
  gardant gules maintaining an axe Or.

  Lukas von Ach. Device change. Sable, four suns two and two and an
  orle Or.

      The submitter's old device, "Quarterly vert and azure, a cross
      of Jerusalem between four mullets of six points argent", is
      released.

  Marozia moglie di Basilio Bracciolini. Alternate name Katla Bast.

  Marozia moglie di Basilio Bracciolini. Device. Azure, a lion's jambe
  bendwise sinister couped Or, on a chief argent three bees sable
  marked Or.

  Matthijs Tjepke van der Horst. Name (see RETURNS for device).

  Melita of Merewyke. Device. Azure, a cinquefoil and on a chief Or
  three cinquefoils azure, a bordure counterchanged.

      There is a step from period practice for counterchanging a
      bordure over a chief.

  Nichola Piper. Name and device. Argent, a saltire azure between four
  oak leaves fesswise reversed vert.

      Nice 16th century English name!

  Seth Dowdall. Device. Quarterly argent and gules, a stag's head
  cabossed counterchanged and a bordure sable.

  Thomas Raven. Name.

      The submitter requested authenticity for a late 12th century
      English name. This name meets this request. We also note that
      this exact name is also found in England in 1565.

  Vienna Maria della Rosa. Device. Purpure, a pegasus dormant argent
  and a bordure argent semy of roses proper.

======================================================================

**** MERIDIES acceptances ****

  Dafydd Godinoch. Name (see RETURNS for device).

  Geoffrey de Bradelei. Reblazon of device. Gules, a stag springing
  and in chief three crosses formy argent.

      Blazoned when registered in May 1988 as "Gules, a stag springing
      and in chief, three crosses patty argent", we no longer use the
      ambiguous term _patty_.

  Gwenhwyfar verch Rhys. Name and badge (see RETURNS for device).
  (Fieldless) Four Lacy knots two and two conjoined vert.

  Lucia Isabela de Castilla. Device. Paly Or and gules, a tree argent
  charged on the foliage with a sprig of two cherries gules stemmed
  and leaved proper.

  Mandin Leon. Name and device. Ermine, on a pile inverted throughout
  vert a lion passant argent, on a chief vert three fleurs-de-lys
  argent.

  Rebecca Cristina Santino. Device. Purpure, a bar gemel between three
  fleurs-de-lys and a cross fleury fitchy argent.

      Please instruct the submitter on the correct way to draw a cross
      fitchy. The lower limb should come to a smoothly tapering point,
      not resembling a sharpened pencil.

  Roderick Level-lance of Rampart. Reblazon of device. Or, a lion
  between on flaunches azure two crosses formy fitchy Or.

      Blazoned when registered in September 1980 as "Or, a lion
      rampant between, on a pair of flaunches azure, two crosses paty
      fitchy Or", we no longer use the ambiguous term _pat(t)y_.

  Rose atte Whitoke. Name and device. Vert, a tree blasted and
  eradicated argent and on a chief embattled Or three roses proper.

      Nice 14th century English name!

  Rose atte Whitoke. Badge. (Fieldless) On a tree blasted and
  eradicated argent a rose gules slipped and leaved vert.

      The rose was drawn as a garden rose. We do not blazon this
      variant; but its use is a step from period practice.

======================================================================

**** MIDDLE acceptances ****

  Alexander Rothdraca. Reblazon of device. Argent, a dragon sejant
  gules between a tower azure masoned sable, a stag's head cabossed
  proper, and a cross formy sable.

      Blazoned when registered, at Heraldicon, as "Argent, a dragon
      sejant gules holding in dexter a pen sable, in dexter chief a
      tower azure masoned sable, in sinister chief a stag's head
      cabossed proper and in base a cross patty sable", we no longer
      use the term _patty_, and are simplifying the blazon.

  Anne the Merciful. Reblazon of device. Per chevron azure and vert, a
  crux ansata argent.

      Blazoned when registered in October 1976 as "Per chevron azure
      and vert, a crux ansata patty argent.", the term _patty_ is
      ambiguous. In this case, a crux ansata (or ankh) is typically
      drawn with slightly spreading limbs, so the modifier is not
      needed.

  Aonarach na Cailleach. Reblazon of device. Per pale embattled sable
  and argent, a cross formy fitchy argent and a wivern erect vert.

      Blazoned when registered in August 1976 as "Per pale embattled,
      sable a cross patty fitchy argent, and argent a wivern erect
      vert orbed, langued, bellied, webbed and armed gules", we no
      longer use the term _patty_, as it is ambiguous. We have also
      amended the blazon to describe the field first, then the
      charges.

  Bartholomaeus Sapiens. Device. Per chevron azure and gules, three
  squirrels rampant contourny each maintaining a sword counterchanged
  argent and Or.

  Carol of Penrith. Reblazon of device. Quarterly azure and Or, in
  pall a cross formy between three roses counterchanged.

      Blazoned when registered in January 1985 as "Quarterly azure and
      Or, a cross paty between three roses counterchanged", we no
      longer use the term _patty_ as it is ambiguous.

  Eleanor Atzinger. Name and device. Per bend sinister dovetailed
  azure and gules semy-de-lys, in dexter chief a frauenadler
  maintaining in its foot a chain Or.

      As documented in the Letter of Intent, this name combines an
      English given name and a German byname. This lingual mix is not
      found in Appendix C of SENA. However, the February 2015 Cover
      Letter states:

           Therefore, we will not add the English-German lingual
           mix to Appendix C of SENA. However, we will allow the
           borrowing of given names from German into English and
           vice versa, in the context of the 16th and early 17th
           centuries. An English given name that is borrowed from
           German is considered to be English under Appendix C,
           and a German given name that is borrowed from English
           is considered to be German.

      As _Eleanor_ is found in 16th century England (FamilySearch
      Historical Records), this name can be considered to be wholly
      German under this precedent.

  Francesca Bardelli. Name.

      Both elements can be found in 15th century Florence. The given
      name is found in the Condado and the byname in the Catasto.

      Nice 15th century Italian name!

  Jaime Atzinger. Name.

      As documented in the Letter of Intent, this name combines an
      English given name and a German byname. This lingual mix is not
      found in Appendix C of SENA. However, the February 2015 Cover
      Letter states:

           Therefore, we will not add the English-German lingual
           mix to Appendix C of SENA. However, we will allow the
           borrowing of given names from German into English and
           vice versa, in the context of the 16th and early 17th
           centuries. An English given name that is borrowed from
           German is considered to be English under Appendix C,
           and a German given name that is borrowed from English
           is considered to be German.

      As _Jaime_ is found in 16th century England (FamilySearch
      Historical Records), this name can be considered to be wholly
      German under this precedent.

  Jok Turnour. Name.

      The submitter requested authenticity for "13thc-14thc England
      (York)". This name is authentic for 14th century England,
      meeting the submitter's request.

  Katerin ferch Gwenllian. Badge. Gules, a dragon rampant Or
  maintaining a sword argent within eight plates in annulo.

  Mica du Darregonne. Name.

      The byname _du Darregonne_ is the registered byname of the
      submitter's husband. Although a written attestation could not be
      obtained, alternate proof of the legal relationship was provided
      in the documentation packet.

  Porcia Vera. Device. Per chevron purpure and argent, two retorts
  spouts outward argent and a dragon passant vert.

  Quendryth Verty of Lofthouse. Reblazon of device. Purpure, a chevron
  inverted between three wyverns passant Or, a bordure Or crusilly
  formy sable.

      Blazoned when registered in March 1983 as "Purpure, a chevron
      inverted between three wyverns passant within a bordure Or,
      crusily patty sable", we no longer use the ambiguous term
      _patty_.

  Seraphina Mascherante. Name.

      The name was submitted as "Seraphina Mascher_{a'}n_te", the
      byname was changed in kingdom to "Mascher_{a'}_te". The attested
      spelling is _Mascher{a'}nte_, but the accent is an editorial
      mark to indicate pronunciation. Therefore, we have changed the
      byname to "Mascher_an_te".

  Serena Kimbalwyke. Reblazon of device. Vert, a horse passant Or and
  on a chief argent three acorns, each acorn with a maintained leaf
  issuant to sinister fesswise sable.

      Blazoned when registered in April 1996 as "Vert, a horse passant
      Or and on a chief argent three acorns sable", the submitter
      requested a reblazon to indicate the presence of the leaves.
      Since they are identifiable and since maintained charges now
      count for difference, we are acceding to this request.

  Torquil MacGillavrey. Reblazon of device. Per chevron sable and
  vert, in pall an annulet Or between three towers argent.

      Blazoned when registered in September 2003 as "Per chevron sable
      and vert, an annulet Or between three towers argent", the
      charges are co-primary.

======================================================================

**** NORTHSHIELD acceptances ****

  Conrad Beckmann. Name and device. Argent, a goutte and a point
  pointed azure.

======================================================================

**** OUTLANDS acceptances ****

  Conrad von Zollern and Katelin de Irlande. Joint household name
  Abbatia ad Leonis Portam.

      Submitted as "Abbatia_ _Port_a_ _Leonis_", the submitters wanted
      a household name meaning "Abbey at the Lion's Gate". We have
      changed the household name with their permission to "Abbatia _ad
      Leonis_ Port_am_". This follows a pattern documented by Metron
      Ariston in commentary. The example _S. Martinus ad Luddi Portam_
      is found in Niemeyer's _Mediae Latinitatis Lexicon Minus_, s.v.
      abbatia as the name of an English church. The submitters' second
      choice _Abbatia ad Portam Leonis_ is also registerable, and is
      supported by the example _Sanctus Aegidius ad Portam
      Membris-captorum_, another English church.

  Dagun of Rio de las Animas. Name.

      _Rio de las Animas_ is the registered name of an SCA branch.

======================================================================

**** WEST acceptances ****

  Alessandro Cantori. Device. Azure, a lute and on a chief Or three C
  clefs azure.

  Anluan Trelaine. Reblazon of device. Quarterly sable and vert, a
  cross formy throughout between in bend a unicorn's head couped and a
  mullet, a bordure argent.

      Blazoned when registered in November 1981 as "Quarterly sable
      and vert, a cross patty throughout between in bend a unicorn's
      head and a mullet, both palewise, all within a bordure argent",
      we no longer use the term _patty_, as it is ambiguous.

  Aoyama Torataka. Name and device. Quarterly gules and sable, a
  natural tiger's head couped contourny argent striped sable, a
  bordure argent.

      _Torataka_ is a constructed _nanori_. Although it is not
      attested, there is a similar _nanori_, _Takatora_, dated to 1568
      in NCMJ, revised edition, p. 107. In commentary, Solveig
      Throndardottir noted that, "[s]ince _tsuuji_ (shared letters)
      can alternate positions in Japanese _nanori_ we can reverse the
      order of the _kanji_ as long as the result is not inauspicious."

      Therefore, we are able to register this name as submitted.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a natural
      tiger's head.

  Audrey of Foxhaven. Name and device. Argent, a fox rampant sable
  maintaining a rose gules slipped and leaved vert.

      Although small, the rose is identifiable and thus this device is
      registerable.

  Christopher of Ephesus. Name.

      _Christopher_ is the submitter's legal given name. The byname
      _of Ephesus_ is a lingua Anglica form of the Greek byname
      _Ephesios_.

  Ciprianna Lo{dh}insdottir. Name and device. Per pale argent and
  vert, two domestic cats rampant addorsed counterchanged, on a chief
  purpure three mullets voided and interlaced, each within and
  conjoined to an annulet Or.

      Submitted as "Ciprianna Lo_dinn_sdottir", the name was changed
      in kingdom to "Ciprianna Lo_{dh}in_sdottir" to correct the
      spelling of the genitive (possessive) form of _Lo{dh}inn_. We
      note that _Lo{dh}inn_ is the registered given name of the
      submitter's father, but is also an attested Old Norse given name
      found in Geirr Bassi. Therefore, the submitter need not rely
      upon the grandfather clause.

      _Ciprianna_ is the submitter's legal given name.

      The submitter may wish to know that there is a 1387 patronym,
      _Lodinssyni_ (in the genitive form), found in _Diplomatarium
      Norvegicum_
      (http://www.dokpro.uio.no/perl/middelalder/diplom_vise_tekst.prl?b=1637&s=n&str=Lodins%).
      The particle _dottir_ is attested in Norway in 1382, with the
      name _R{ae}ist dottir_ found in Aryanhwy merch Catmael's draft
      article "Medieval Norwegian Feminine Names" [Valdemar Sigurdson,
      January 2011, A-Lochac]. Therefore, the byname _Lodin dottir_ or
      _Lodinsdottir_ would be registerable as a late 14th century
      form.

  Ian Leslie of Kilgairen. Reblazon of device. Gules, on a bend
  between two Celtic crosses argent, three thistles proper.

      Blazoned when registered in May 1988 as "Gules, on a bend
      between two Celtic crosses patty argent, three thistles proper",
      we no longer use the ambiguous term _patty_. The Society
      definition of Celtic crosses includes slightly splayed arms, so
      no modifier to the term is necessary.

  James Methodius. Reblazon of device. Gyronny crosswise azure and Or,
  a sun in his splendor gules.

      Blazoned when registered in November 1973 as "Azure, a cross
      patty throughout Or, overall a sun gules", we no longer use the
      ambiguous term _patty_ in our blazon. On examination of the
      device, there isn't really a cross. The parts of the design
      other than the sun are divided nearly equally into eight parts
      by straight-line divisions, though the gyrons are centered on
      the corners of the field instead of having the lines of division
      issuant from there as is more usual.

  Katrina Kr{u:}ger von Brandenburg. Reblazon of device. Azure, on a
  fess between four crosses formy three and one Or, two crosses formy
  azure.

      Blazoned when registered in January 1986 as "Azure, on a fess
      between four crosses paty, three and one, Or, two more azure",
      we no longer use the ambiguous term _paty_.

  Lo{dh}inn vikingr. Badge. Vert, a castle issuant from base argent
  and in chief a dragon courant contourny Or.

  Maelgwyn de Lyonesse. Reblazon of device. Azure, on a fess gules
  between four roses three and one argent barbed and seeded Or a lion
  passant gardant argent.

      Blazoned when registered in January 1976 as _Tierced per fess
      azure, gules, and azure, a lion passant guardant between four
      roses, three and one, argent, barbed and seeded Or_, we are
      reblazoning it using modern charge group theory. Under the
      original blazon, it was impossible to tell if the lion was only
      on the gules section of the field, or was also on the azure
      portions of the field.

  Mists, Principality of the. Badge for the populace. Argent, a
  sea-wolf contourny vert, a bordure engrailed azure.

      Commentary indicated that this badge was intended for use as a
      populace badge.

  Nikolai Iastrebov. Device. Per chevron azure and vert, three bezants
  and a hawk volant to sinister chief Or.

  Perrin Lo{dh}insson. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      Submitted as "Perrin Lo_din_sson", the name was changed in
      kingdom to "Perrin Lo_{dh}in_sson" to correct the spelling of
      the genitive (possessive) form of _Lo{dh}inn_. We note that
      _Lo{dh}inn_ is the registered given name of the submitter's
      father, but is an attested Old Norse given name found in Geirr
      Bassi. Therefore, the submitter is not relying upon the
      grandfather clause.

      _Perrin_ is the submitter's legal given name.

      The submitter may wish to know that there is a 1387 patronym,
      _Lodinssyni_ (in the genitive form), found in _Diplomatarium
      Norvegicum_
      (http://www.dokpro.uio.no/perl/middelalder/diplom_vise_tekst.prl?b=1637&s=n&str=Lodins%).
      The particle _-son_ is found in the same source, dated to 1378
      (http://www.dokpro.uio.no/perl/middelalder/diplom_vise_tekst.prl?b=1586&s=n&str=sson).
      Therefore, the byname _Lodinssyn_ or _Lodinsson_ would be
      registerable as a late 14th century form. Although we could
      restore the submitted form, we have not done so in this case in
      order to retain the spelling in his father's registered name. If
      he would like to change to the submitted form, he can make a
      request for reconsideration.

  Raoul the Urbane. Reblazon of badge. Azure, on a saltire formy
  throughout purpure fimbriated two recorders in saltire argent.

      Blazoned when registered in May 1980 as "Azure, on a saltire
      patty throughout purpure fimbriated two recorders in saltire
      argent", we no longer use the ambiguous term _patty_.

  Sabrina de la Bere. Badge. (Fieldless) A bear rampant sable
  sustaining a rose gules slipped and leaved vert.

      The rose was drawn as a garden rose. We do not blazon this
      variant; but its use is a step from period practice.

  Savannah Lee. Reblazon of device. Per pale argent and bendy sinister
  azure and argent, a cross formy throughout counterchanged, a bordure
  sable.

      Blazoned when registered in September 1971 as "Per pale argent
      and bendy-sinister azure and argent, a cross patty throughout
      counterchanged within a bordure sable", we no longer use the
      ambiguous term _patty_.

  Seonaid inghean U{i'} Ruadh{a'}in. Name and device. Argent, a badger
  hound sejant erect gules, on a chief sable three bezants.

      Submitted as "Seonaid _{O'}_ Ruadha{i'}n", the byname _{O'}
      Ruadha{i'}n_ is a masculine form. Gaelic uses literal patronyms,
      so the name was changed in kingdom to "Seonaid _inghean U{i'}_
      Ruadh{a'}in" to use the feminine form of the byname. However,
      this modification is a major change, which the submitter did not
      allow. During commentary, kingdom contacted the submitter, who
      gave her permission to make this change.

  Stephen Corvinus. Name.

      Nice 16th century German name!

  Thoen Silverthorn of Silver Desert. Name.

      _Silverthorn_ was documented in the Letter of intent using a
      genealogical site (which may use normalized forms) and as a
      constructed English byname. In commentary, Ogress found
      _Silverthorn_ as an attested surname dated to 1601 and 1607 in
      the FamilySearch Historical Records.

      This name combines a Dutch given name and English byname. This
      is an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C of SENA.

      _Silver Desert_ is the registered name of an SCA branch.

  Verena of Laurelin. Reblazon of device. Azure, in canton a crux
  ansata Or.

      Blazoned when registered in January 1973 as "Azure, in canton a
      crux ansata patty Or", we no longer use the ambiguous term
      _patty_. In this case, a crux ansata (also known as an ankh) is
      typically drawn with slightly spreading arms, so the modifier is
      not needed.

======================================================================

                  - Explicit littera accipiendorum -

======================================================================

***** THE FOLLOWING ITEMS HAVE BEEN RETURNED FOR FURTHER WORK: *****

**** AN TIR returns ****

  Harold of Hartwood. Device. Per fess enarched gules and azure, in
  chief issuant from dexter three piles wavy fesswise sable fimbriated
  and in base a trimount Or.

      This device is returned for multiple reasons.

      It is returned for using unallowable fimbriation. SENA A3C
      states "_ Voiding and fimbriation may only be used with
      ordinaries or simple geometric charges when they are part of a
      primary charge group. Peripheral ordinaries may not be voided or
      fimbriated, nor may other secondary, tertiary, or overall
      charges. All central ordinaries may be fimbriated, even those
      with complex lines, as long as there are no breaks in the
      outline of the ordinary. _" Here the piles are so far in chief
      (with all of them above the per fess lines) that we are in the
      situation described in the return of Mathild de Valones's device
      (06/2005, Ealdormere-R]:

           This is being returned for using unallowable
           fimbriation. RfS VIII.3 states: "Voiding and
           fimbriation may only be used with simple geometric
           charges placed in the center of the design." It has
           previously been ruled that "The bendlets abased are
           not in the center of the design and therefore their
           fimbriation is not acceptable." ([Ann Busshenell of
           Tylehurst, 10/02, R-Atenveldt]). By the same
           reasoning, fimbriating a bend or bendlets enhanced is
           not acceptable.

      Additionally, this device is returned for lack of documentation
      of the armorial pattern used. Although the submitter showed some
      examples of multiple piles and one of a pile wavy they did show
      provide period evidence of multiple piles, wavy or not, issuing
      from the side of the field, in conjunction (or not) with other
      charges on the field.

      On redesign, please advise the submitter to draw the enarchment
      of the per fess line of division with more curvature.

  Malice de Edynburgh. Device. Per bend sinister bevilled sable and
  gules, a horse rampant contourny and a sword bendwise sinister
  argent.

      This device is returned for violating SENA A3D2c, Unity of
      Posture and Orientation, which states "The charges within a
      charge group should be in either identical postures/orientations
      or an arrangement that includes posture/orientation" The charges
      here are not in a unified arrangement, as the bendwise sinister
      orientation of the sword has to be described independently of
      the default orientation of the horse.

      The use of a per bend bevilled line of division with charges on
      the field is a step from period practice.

  Mickel Morganwc. Device. Per bend Or and azure, a tree eradicated
  proper and a spoon bendwise inverted Or.

      This device is returned for violating SENA A3D2c, Unity of
      Posture and Orientation, which states "The charges within a
      charge group should be in either identical postures/orientations
      or an arrangement that includes posture/orientation" The charges
      here are not in a unified arrangement, as the bendwise
      orientation of the spoon has to be described independently of
      the default orientation of the tree.

  Morikawa Kenji Katashige. Device. Sable, within two spatterdock
  leaves conjoined in annulo the kanji for "water" argent.

      This device is returned for violating SENA A2C1 which states
      that "Elements must be drawn in their period forms". No dated
      documentation was provided by the submitter or in commentary to
      support the use of the charges used in this design in period.

  Sadb an Fheadha. Device. Bendy sinister argent and azure, on a bend
  azure an arrow between two cat's pawprints bendwise sinister argent.

      Like the previous submission, this device is returned for having
      two tertiary groups on the same charge: the arrow and the
      pawprints. As depicted, the arrow still has significantly less
      visual weight than the pawprints which gives the appearance of
      it being a distinct tertiary group.

      On resubmission, the submitter should be careful to avoid unity
      of orientation issues.

======================================================================

**** ANSTEORRA returns ****

  Absolon of Hereford. Device. Per pale gules and sable, a sheaf of
  halberds argent.

      This device is returned administratively. The form uploaded was
      hand-colored while the emblazon in OSCAR was computer-colorized,
      which has long been a cause for return.

  Bastienne d'Arcis. Device. Per pale vert and azure, two musimons
  combattant argent and a chief ermine.

      This device is returned administratively. While it was redrawn
      after kingdom commentary, there was no indication on the Letter
      of Intent that it had been redrawn. There was also no indication
      provided that the submitter had approved the redraw. Finally,
      the form currently uploaded was uploaded after the deadline for
      uploading packets with no note or correction from the Submission
      Herald.

  Duncan Sileby. Device. Argent, on a mullet of four greater and
  twelve lesser points sable, a wisent's head cabossed argent.

      This device is returned for redraw, for violating SENA A2C2
      which states "Elements must be drawn to be identifiable."
      Commenters were unable to identify the type of beast's head used
      as tertiary charge.

      On resubmission, if the submitter still chooses to use a mullet
      of four greater and twelve lesser points, they should provide
      arguments in favor of registering it, as it follows no known
      pattern of period usage. We allow mullets of alternating large
      and small points, such as compass stars, with a step from period
      practice.

  Gwen Howell. Badge. (Fieldless) A pomegranate gules seeded Or
  slipped and leaved vert within and conjoined to a mascle gules
  irradiated Or.

      This badge is returned for redraw. Blazoned as _en soleil_, the
      mascle is not en soleil since that would have rays issuant from
      the entirety of its outline. We have registered charges _en
      soleil_, or to use the alternative term, _irradiated_, in the
      past, but always with the entire outer edge issuing solar rays.
      This is not en soleil, or irradiated, or any other equivalent
      term. Neither is it simply enflamed, since it has straight rays
      as well as wavy. This cannot be reliably or reproducibly
      blazoned, and therefore is not registerable.

      Because of the rays issuing from the outer edge of the mascle,
      the design does not suffer from presumption upon the protected
      symbol of the Red Crystal, a symbol protected by treaty for the
      use of the International Committee of the Red Cross. We are
      protecting it as "A gules mascle on any argent background or in
      any way that could be displayed on an argent background". We
      note that the presence of the pomegranate in the middle of the
      mascle would not be sufficient to prevent the presumption as, by
      international treaty, for indicative use on foreign territory, a
      national society which does not use one of the recognized
      symbols as its emblem has to incorporate its unique symbol into
      the Red Crystal.

  Gyda in kyrra. Device. Per bend gules and vert, in pale triquetra
  inverted and a triquetra between flaunches argent.

      This device is returned for violating SENA A3D2c, Unity of
      Posture and Orientation, which states "The charges within a
      charge group should be in either identical postures/orientations
      or an arrangement that includes posture/orientation" The charges
      here are not in a unified arrangement, as their orientations
      have to be described separately.

  Thomas Bernhart. Device. Per bend sinister sable and argent, a bear
  rampant regardant counterchanged.

      This device is returned for conflict with the badge of Henry of
      Three Needles: "Per bend sinister sable and argent, a bear
      sejant erect guardant contourny counterchanged, collared and
      muzzled sable, chained argent". There is no DC for the
      difference between sejant erect and rampant nor for the position
      of the head. The collar, muzzle or chain are not held charges
      that grant a DC per the current definition but blazonable
      artistic details. The only DC is for the change in orientation
      of the bear.

======================================================================

**** ARTEMISIA returns ****

  Aschell of Trieste. Device. Or chap{e'} ploy{e'} azure, two horse's
  heads couped addorsed conjoined sable.

      This device is returned for conflict with the device of Eoin
      MacGriogair: "Argent, a chess knight sable crined gules". There
      is a DC for changing the field but no DC for the difference
      between a chess knight and two horse's heads couped addorsed
      conjoined as it is how chess knights were depicted in period.
      There is also no DC for changing the position on the field, as
      the position of the charge here is forced to the "unmantled"
      portion of the field.

  Conchobhar mac Michil. Alternate name Fuckes Yew.

      The Letter of Intent noted that this name may be offensive. The
      submitter argued in commentary that the given name _Fuckes_
      rhymes with "dukes", and provided examples of the English
      bynames _Fewkes_ and _Fukes_, and the registerable German byname
      _Fuchs_ [see Basilius Fuchs, December 2010, A-An Tir] to show
      that this name is not the same as the modern vulgar term.

      SENA PN5 states:

           No name that is offensive to a large segment of
           members of the SCA or the general public will be
           registered. Offense is a modern concept; just because
           a name was used in period does not mean that it is not
           offensive to the modern observer. Offense returns are
           rare because the bar for determining offensiveness is
           quite high; it has not been unusual for years to pass
           between returns for offense.

           Offense is not dependent on intent. The fact that a
           submitter did not intend to be offensive is not
           relevant. The standard is whether a large segment of
           the SCA or the general public would be offended.

           Similarly, offense is not dependent on clarity. A
           foreign language name that has an offensive meaning
           may be considered offensive, even if many
           English-speaking listeners would not understand the
           term without explanation.

      The Italian _fottere_ is defined as "to fucke" in Florio's 1598
      Italian/English Dictionary, _A Worlde of Wordes_
      (http://www.pbm.com/~lindahl/florio1598/). Furthermore, the name
      _Roger Fuckebythenavele/Fukkebythenavele_ was discovered in
      early 14th century court plea rolls just last year, with news
      articles about the find including images of the entries in
      question. Therefore, as the verb is attested, the present tense
      form _Fuckes_ is also plausible in period. As for the
      pronunciation, we note that _duckes_ is used both for "ducks"
      and "dukes" in Middle English and Early Modern English (see the
      Middle English Dictionary and the Oxford English Dictionary).

      Internet searches for the submitted spelling of the given name
      brought up results that were definitely not safe for work, and
      commenters were nearly unanimous in interpreting this submission
      in this manner. Therefore, _Fuckes_ can be understood to have an
      offensive meaning by the "modern observer", even if it may be
      related to the German _Fuchs_ ("fox").

      As _Fucke(s)_ can have the vulgar meaning in English both in
      period and modernly, we are unable to register the given name
      _Fuckes_ either by itself or in combination with the byname
      _Yew_. _Yew_ by itself is not offensive.

======================================================================

**** ATENVELDT returns ****

None.

======================================================================

**** ATLANTIA returns ****

  Aldemere Mac Rafe. Device. Vert, a stag rampant per fess argent and
  sable maintaining a spyglass fesswise Or and in chief two pearled
  coronets argent.

      This device is returned for running afoul of SENA A2A which
      states "On first registration of any particular element,
      documentation must be presented that the element and its
      depiction may be registered. This means presenting evidence that
      the element is eligible to be registered and that the specific
      depiction is attested or is otherwise compatible with period
      style." No documentation was provided by the submitter or during
      commentary indicating that a spyglass was a registerable charge.

  Kanamori no Tatsume. Device. Sable, three fans in pall inverted
  points to center Or.

      This device is returned for conflict with the device of Hextilda
      Marshal: _Sable, in pall inverted three escallops hinges to
      center Or_. The tinctures are identical, the arrangement of the
      charges is identical and the visual difference between the
      escallops and fans is such that we cannot grant more than a DC
      for the difference between the escallops and the fans.

      Even if it were technically clear, the two devices are so
      overwhelmingly similar visually that the current submission has
      also to be returned for visual conflict.

  Michael Gallagher. Device. Argent, a dragon's head cabossed vert
  breathing flames proper and in base atop an anvil reversed sable a
  billet fesswise gules.

      This device is returned for multiple issues.

      This device is returned for violating SENA A3E2, which states
      complexity of a design is "measured by adding the number of
      types of charges to the number of tinctures. Items with a
      complexity count of eight or less receive no penalty for
      complexity from this rule." Here we have four charges (dragon,
      anvil, billet, flames) and five tinctures (argent, vert, Or,
      gules, sable), for a total complexity count of nine.

      Additionally, this device must also be returned for violating
      SENA A2C2 which states "Elements must be drawn to be
      identifiable." Although it is perceptible that there is
      "something gules" on the anvil, the billet is too small to be
      actually identifiable as such.

  Sciath ingen meic Con. Badge. (Fieldless) A swan's head erased sable
  collared and chained maintaining in its beak a rose argent slipped
  vert.

      This badge is returned for redraw. Please instruct the submitter
      on the proper way to draw erasing: either three or four
      prominent, pointed jags on the erasing, as described on the
      Cover Letter to the November 2001 LoAR:

           Therefore, for purposes of recreating period armorial
           style for erasing, the erasing should (1) have between
           three and eight jags; (2) have jags that are
           approximately one-sixth to one-third the total height
           of the charge being erased; and (3) have jags that are
           not straight but rather are wavy or curved.

      Alternatively, the submitter could decide to resubmit the
      primary charge as a swan's head couped.

  S{e'}amus Blaer de Maxwell. Device. Argent, on a saltire quadrate
  sable, a panther couchant gardant argent spotted of diverse
  tinctures incensed proper.

      This device is returned for redraw. In a previous returned we
      stated: "_This device is returned for redraw, for violating SENA
      A2C2 which states "Elements must be drawn to be identifiable."
      The knotting of the tail so close to the body as well as it
      overlapping up to the back of the creature impairs its
      identifiability._ In the current submission the knotting of the
      tail has disappeared but it is still overlapping the body up to
      the back and impairing identifiability.

  William de Hirst. Name.

      Unfortunately, this name presumes upon the name of the
      historical _William Randolph Hearst_, as one of his use names
      was _William Hearst_. The addition of _de_ is not sufficient
      under PN3C2 to remove the appearance of presumption.

      His device is registered under the holding name "William of
      Stierbach".

======================================================================

**** AVACAL returns ****

  Taletta of Circle Hill. Name.

      The given name _Taletta_ could not be documented prior to 1665,
      with this instance documented from a genealogical site. The
      earliest instance of this name in the FamilySearch Historical
      Records' indexed results is dated to 1746. Without evidence to
      show that this name is found prior to 1650, or that it can be
      constructed in a manner consistent with period practice (e.g.,
      the formation of diminutives using _-etta_), we cannot register
      this name.

      The purported older form of this name, _Tale_, is found in
      Norway in 1648 (FamilySearch Historical Records, batch:
      M42465-1). Unfortunately, commentary indicated that the
      submitter did not allow changes, so we cannot change the given
      name to the attested form.

      Upon resubmission, the submitter should know that _Circle Hill_
      is a plausible lingua Anglica form of a constructed Old Norse
      place name formed from the prototheme _Hring-_ ("circle, ring")
      and the deuterotheme _-hv{a'}ll_ ("hill"), documented by ffride
      wlffsdotter in commentary using "Place-Names in
      _Landn{a'}mab{o'}k_ (Incomplete)" by Talan Gwynek
      (https://web.archive.org/web/20150415064933/http://my.stratos.net/~bmscott/Landnamabok_Place-Names.html).
      The pattern of marked locative bynames (which include a
      preposition) is listed for Old Norse names in Appendix A of
      SENA. Therefore, the byname _of Circle Hill_ was registerable as
      a constructed Old Norse byname using the lingua Anglica
      allowance.

      The documentation included several unsubstantiated assertions
      such as (1) names were not recorded in a standardized way in our
      period, (2) very few church records survived, and (3) there are
      no records from Norway prior to 1623. In addition, the
      submission packet included screenshots from various genealogical
      sites and message boards. The risk of using such sources instead
      of academic sources is that we do not have access to the
      underlying documents, or the primary records are not identified.
      The names are frequently entered long after the fact, and/or
      have been normalized or modernized from the attested forms.
      Therefore, we do not accept such sources as the sole
      documentation for a name element. We specifically note that the
      FamilySearch screenshots provided by the submitter did not
      include batch numbers and appear to show user-contributed names
      instead of indexed ones, so are not acceptable documentation.
      See Domhnall na Moicheirghe and Juliana de Luna's article "Using
      FamilySearch Historical Records"
      (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/familysearch.html) for
      information on which FamilySearch records and batches are
      allowed as sole documentation.

      The submitter should know that we have access to many pre-1650
      digitized and transcribed primary sources for Scandinavian
      names, including rune stones, literary sources and sagas, parish
      records, and tax rolls. The idea that names were not recorded,
      or that we don't have evidence of them prior to the 1620s just
      doesn't hold water. We suggest _Diplomatarium Norvegicum_, which
      compiles transcriptions of records from or relating to Norway
      that date between around 1050 and 1590. See the March 2014 Cover
      Letter for information about this source.

======================================================================

**** CAID returns ****

  Harding Fayrehale of Lyondemere. Device. Gules, a chief invected
  lozengy sable and argent.

      This device is returned for redraw, for violating SENA A2C2
      which states "Elements must be drawn to be identifiable."
      Because the lower lozenges of the lozengy chief come to the base
      of the invections, the complex line loses identifiability.

======================================================================

**** CALONTIR returns ****

  Ana Elena de Castil. Device. Sable, on a pile inverted throughout
  gules fimbriated between two eagles a cross of Santiago Or.

      Although blazoned on the letter of intent as "Sable, on a pile
      inverted throughout gules fimbriated between two eagles a cross
      of Santiago Or", this device can also be blazoned as _ Per
      chevron throughout sable and gules, a chevron throughout between
      two eagles and a cross of Santiago Or_. Since we have to
      consider conflict under any possibly registerable blazon, this
      device is returned for conflict with the device of M{a'}el
      D{u'}in Dubh mac Diarmada: "Per chevron sable and gules, a
      chevron between three mullets Or". There is only one DC for the
      type of the secondary charge group.

  Hirakawa Saburou Kagetora. Device. Per pale sable and Or, two
  roundels and three wolf's teeth inverted issuant from dexter and as
  many from sinister counterchanged argent and sable.

      This device is returned for redraw. The depiction of wolf's
      teeth that don't touch at the bases is problematic. Per
      precedent, upheld in the return of Ambrose Wyld, on the LoAR of
      Nov 2015:

           The depictions we have found of wolf's teeth in period
           heraldry invariably have the teeth conjoined at the
           base. We encourage this depiction of wolf's teeth, but
           will accept emblazons where the teeth are not quite
           conjoined as in this submission. The wolf's teeth must
           still reach, or nearly reach, the per pale line.
           [Konrad Rickert, July 2008, Atenveldt-A]

      Here, the teeth are more than "not quite conjoined": they're
      separated by a space almost equal to their own widths.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of inverted
      wolf's teeth [Michael von Guttin, 12/06 Atenveldt-R].

  Marcella of Forgotten Sea. Badge. Gules, a cockatrice displayed Or
  maintaining a needle bendwise argent threaded vert.

      This device is returned for contrast issues. As depicted, the
      thread has very poor contrast with the field, which impairs
      identifiability.

  Uaithne inghean u{i'} Rua{i'}rc. Device. Per bend sinister wavy
  azure and argent, a decrescent argent and a triskelion of spirals
  vert.

      Blazoned on the form and the Letter of Intent as azure, the
      upper portion of the field appears purpure both on the form and
      in OSCAR. We are returning this device so that the submitter can
      clarify their intent.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a triskelion
      of spirals.

======================================================================

**** EALDORMERE returns ****

  Sarra Olafsdottir. Device. Argent, three bars vert and overall a
  bend azure.

      Sadly, this lovely device conflicts with Majorca (important
      non-SCA arms): "Or, four palets gules, overall a bend azure".
      The submission is equivalent to _Barry argent and vert, a bend
      azure_. There is only one DC for changing the field.

======================================================================

**** EAST returns ****

  Alton Hewes. Device. Per pale azure and sable, a cockatrice erect
  argent.

      This lovely device is returned for conflict with the device of
      Genevieve de Lyonesse: "Per saltire azure and sable, a
      cockatrice statant argent". There is a DC for the field, but no
      DC for posture between this cockatrice and Genevieve's
      cockatrice.

  Clovia Drusa. Device. Per bend sinister azure and purpure, a human
  breast distilling milk argent and a maiden statant affronty proper
  crined sable vested Or charged with and maintaining a nude infant
  fesswise proper.

      In the defining registration of the human breast, it was ruled:

           A human breast is an allowed charge that has one clear
           difference (CD) from a roundel. It must have gouttes,
           and the gouttes must be visible. This means that they
           need some contrast with the breast but need not have
           good contrast. [Tetchubah of Greenlake, LoAR of Jan
           2008]

      This submission does not meet those requirements as the gouttes
      are not visible: they have zero contrast with the breast, and
      the charge is now indistinguishable from a roundel argent.

      Additionally, the infant is effectively a tertiary charge on the
      woman and as such it has insufficient contrast against the Or
      dress.

  Thyephaine de Lyon. Device. Argent chauss{e'} checky purpure and
  argent, a dragonfly purpure.

      This device is returned for conflict with the badge of the
      College of Windreach: "(Fieldless) A dragonfly purpure".

      There is only one DC for fieldless versus fielded design.

======================================================================

**** LOCHAC returns ****

  Matthijs Tjepke van der Horst. Device. Per chevron azure and barry
  Or and sable, in sinister chief a hawk striking Or.

      This device conflicts with the device of Eve Nightstalker:
      "Azure, an owl striking Or, beaked and membered argent, orbed
      sable". There is one DC for changing the field, but no other as
      there is no DC for the type of raptor (since neither of them is
      in their default posture) or the posture, and the move is forced
      to the upper portion of the field (regardless of where it ended
      up).

======================================================================

**** MERIDIES returns ****

  Dafydd Godinoch. Device. Or, in pale two ducks naiant counter-naiant
  sable.

      Blazoned on the Letter of Intent as Or, the charges in the
      emblazon were unmistakably tinctured tenn{e'} (orange). Tenn{e'}
      has been forbidden since the earliest days of the Society.

      Submissions heralds are reminded of the dangers of color
      printers.

  Gwenhwyfar verch Rhys. Device. Vert, within a mascle argent a Lacy
  knot Or.

      Given the relative visual weights and importance of the two
      charges, the mascle is the primary charge and we have reblazoned
      accordingly. Thus, this device conflicts with the badge of
      Martelle von Charlottenburg and Eric von Charlottenburg: "Vert,
      a mascle argent within a bordure Or". There is only one DC for
      changing the type of secondary charge.

======================================================================

**** MIDDLE returns ****

  Anastasie Tesserande du Perl{e'}. Device. Azure, a peacock close Or
  maintaining a drop spindle argent.

      This device is returned for conflict with the device of Tavia of
      Persia: "Azure, a simurgh close Or". There is one DC for adding
      the drop spindle but no other DC as, per precedent, there is no
      DC between a peacock and a simurgh:

           The simurgh is not visually distinct enough from a
           peacock to be worth difference. Since the simurgh is
           not a charge found in period heraldry, difference is
           determined on visual grounds only under RfS X.4.e.
           [Tavia of Persia, May 2002, Outlands-R]

  Katerin ferch Gwenllian. Badge. (Fieldless) A double rose argent and
  azure.

      This badge is returned for multiple issues. Although the blazon
      is similar to that of the previous return, the emblazon has been
      changed so that the azure portion is now much larger than the
      argent portion. This creates two problems:

      - the appearance is now that of a rose azure the petals
      fimbriated argent. But we do not allow complex charges such as
      roses to be fimbriated.

      - if it was acceptable, it would be returned for multiple
      conflicts: with the device of Alyanora of Vinca ("Argent, a
      periwinkle [Vinca minor] proper"), the device of Alys of the
      Midnight Rose ("Or, a rose slipped and leaved azure") and the
      badge for the Brotherhood of the Blue Rose which was registered
      to Atenveldt back in the mists of time and transferred multiple
      times, most recently in October, 2015, to Nichelle of Whitewolfe
      ("Sable, a rose azure imbrued gules"). In each case there would
      be only one DC for fieldless vs fielded design.

======================================================================

**** NORTHSHIELD returns ****

None.

======================================================================

**** OUTLANDS returns ****

None.

======================================================================

**** WEST returns ****

  Perrin Lo{dh}insson. Device. Gules, on a pale between two dragons
  combattant Or a sword sable blade enflamed vert.

      This device is returned for redraw. Blazoned as _a sword sable,
      blade enflamed vert_ the "enflaming" appears to consist of
      gouttes disposed around the blade with no contact. Proper
      enflaming should consist of langues of flames issuing from the
      blades all around it.

======================================================================

                 - Explicit littera renuntiationum -

======================================================================

***** THE FOLLOWING ITEMS HAVE BEEN PENDED UNTIL THE July 2016 LAUREL
MEETING (OR AS NOTED): *****

**** CAID pends ****

  Jarijch van Den Helder. Name.

      The submitter requested authenticity for "Dutch or Scandinavian
      culture late 16th century". This request was not summarized in
      the Letter of Intent. Therefore, we have pended this name to
      allow commenters to consider the request.

      We note that the place name _Den Helder_ was documented in the
      Letter of Intent using a source that normalizes the names. _Den
      Helder_ is found in _Resolutien van Holland_, published in 1649
      (https://books.google.com/books?id=52JJAAAAcAAJ).

      His household name is registered under the holding name "Jarijch
      of Caid".

      This was item 7 on the Caid letter of November 30, 2015.

======================================================================

                             - Explicit -

======================================================================

Created at 2016-04-27T23:12:38
-------------- next part --------------
                                               Society for Creative Anachronism
                                                                College of Arms

                                                       253 Tranquility Mtn
                                                            Buda, TX 78610
                                                           +1 512 942 7005
                                                   laurel at heraldry.sca.org
                         For the February 2016 meetings, printed April 27, 2016

To all the College of Arms and all others who may read this missive, from
Andrewe Laurel, Lillia Pelican, and Brunissende Wreath, greetings.

Items listed below in square brackets have not been scheduled yet. For
information about future scheduling, please review the status table located on
the Web at http://oscar.sca.org/index.php?action=137.

The February Laurel decisions were made at the Pelican meeting held on Sunday,
February 14, 2016 and the Wreath meeting held on Sunday, February 21, 2016.
These meetings considered the following letters of intent: Ansteorra (05 Oct,
2015) (pushed due to lack of packet), Ansteorra (31 Oct, 2015) (pushed due to
lack of packet), Ansteorra (03 Nov, 2015), Artemisia (03 Nov, 2015), Atenveldt
(20 Nov, 2015), West (21 Nov, 2015), Northshield (26 Nov, 2015), Middle (27
Nov, 2015), Outlands (27 Nov, 2015), Ealdormere (28 Nov, 2015), Lochac (28 Nov,
2015), Calontir (29 Nov, 2015), Meridies (29 Nov, 2015), An Tir (30 Nov, 2015),
Ansteorra (30 Nov, 2015), Artemisia (30 Nov, 2015), Atlantia (30 Nov, 2015),
Avacal (30 Nov, 2015), Caid (30 Nov, 2015), and East (30 Nov, 2015). * All
commentary, responses, and rebuttals should have been entered into OSCAR by
Sunday, January 31, 2016.*

The March Laurel decisions were made at the Pelican meeting held on Sunday,
March 13, 2016 and the Wreath meeting held on Sunday, March 20, 2016. These
meetings considered the following letters of intent: Trimaris (07 Dec, 2015),
Laurel LoPaD (18 Dec, 2015), Atenveldt (20 Dec, 2015), Outlands (20 Dec, 2015),
West (25 Dec, 2015), Ealdormere (26 Dec, 2015), Middle (26 Dec, 2015), Atlantia
(28 Dec, 2015), Caid (29 Dec, 2015), Artemisia (30 Dec, 2015), Calontir (30
Dec, 2015), An Tir (31 Dec, 2015), Ansteorra (31 Dec, 2015), Avacal (31 Dec,
2015), East (31 Dec, 2015), Lochac (31 Dec, 2015), Meridies (31 Dec, 2015), and
Northshield (31 Dec, 2015). * All commentary, responses, and rebuttals should
have been entered into OSCAR by Monday, February 29, 2016.*

The April Laurel decisions were made at the Pelican meeting held on Sunday,
April 3, 2016 and the Wreath meeting held on Sunday, April 24, 2016. These
meetings considered the following letters of intent: {AE}thelmearc (04 Jan,
2016), Atenveldt (20 Jan, 2016), Laurel LoPaD (20 Jan, 2016), {AE}thelmearc (22
Jan, 2016), Gleann Abhann (23 Jan, 2016), Middle (23 Jan, 2016), West (24 Jan,
2016), Ealdormere (27 Jan, 2016), Lochac (30 Jan, 2016), An Tir (31 Jan, 2016),
Atlantia (31 Jan, 2016), Avacal (31 Jan, 2016), Calontir (31 Jan, 2016), East
(31 Jan, 2016), Meridies (31 Jan, 2016), Northshield (31 Jan, 2016), Outlands
(31 Jan, 2016), and Trimaris (31 Jan, 2016). * All commentary, responses, and
rebuttals should have been entered into OSCAR by Thursday, March 31, 2016.*

The May Laurel decisions will be made at the Pelican meeting held on Sunday,
May 15, 2016 and the Wreath meeting held on Sunday, May 22, 2016. These
meetings will consider the following letters of intent: Laurel LoPaD (17 Feb,
2016), Lochac Other Letter (17 Feb, 2016), Atenveldt (21 Feb, 2016), Meridies
Other Letter (22 Feb, 2016), West (23 Feb, 2016), Ealdormere (25 Feb, 2016),
Artemisia (28 Feb, 2016), An Tir (29 Feb, 2016), Ansteorra (29 Feb, 2016),
Atlantia (29 Feb, 2016), Avacal (29 Feb, 2016), Caid (29 Feb, 2016), Calontir
(29 Feb, 2016), East (29 Feb, 2016), Lochac (29 Feb, 2016), Meridies (29 Feb,
2016), Middle (29 Feb, 2016), Northshield (29 Feb, 2016), and Outlands (29 Feb,
2016). * All commentary, responses, and rebuttals should be entered into OSCAR
by Saturday, April 30, 2016.*

_Not all letters of intent may be considered when they are originally scheduled
on this cover letter. The date of posting of the LoI, date of receipt of the
Laurel packet, or other factors may delay consideration of certain letters of
intent. Additionally, some letters of intent received may not have been
scheduled because the administrative requirements (receipt of the forms packet,
receipt of the necessary fees, et cetera) have not yet been met._

REMINDER: Until all administrative requirements are met, the letter may not be
scheduled.

**** From Laurel: Submissions Heralds, How To: OSCAR notification guide ****

Greetings, Principal Heralds and Submissions Heralds, want to know how to send
electronic notifications using OSCAR but don't how? The instructions on how to
use OSCAR to send electronic notifications are now available on the Laurel
website. The instructions can be found on the Submission Heralds Job page or by
following this link: http://heraldry.sca.org/oscar_notifications/

The instructions were written by Seraphina Delfino, Golden Dolphin, and edited
by Marie de Blois, Clarion Herald. Thank you to Marie de Blois, Clarion Herald
and Reis ap Tuder, Codex Herald, for their hard work to format the instruction
and make them available on the website.

**** From Morsulus: Cotises and the Database ****

The next release of the database will feature a new category:

     COTISES

There should not be any instances of "cotised" as a feature left in the
database, but that should not matter for conflict checking purposes.

    * COTISES:1 is "cotised"


    * COTISES:2 is "doubly cotised"

COTISES takes number (almost always 1; sometimes 2; maybe could be 3), line
(pl, wavy, etc.), group (second, rarely debruising, concievably tertiary),
tincture, and a new feature set, "ordinary". The values for "ordinary" are:

    * base


    * bend


    * bend sinister


    * chevron


    * chevron inverted


    * cross


    * fess


    * pale


    * pall


    * pall inverted


    * pile


    * pile inverted


    * saltire

This indicates the nature of the charge that the cotises are attached to. Yes,
there is a "base cotised" in the database.

**** Society Pages ****

On March 5, 2016, at the final court of Their Majesties Ibrahim and Esther of
Artemisia, a number of heralds were recognized. Karl Braden von Sobernheim was
elevated to the rank of Herald Extraordinary for his long and distinguished
service as voice of the Crown for many different reigns. Both Conchobhar mac
Michil, Golden Wing Principal Herald, and Dunkr Ormstunga, Golden Wing
Emeritus, received an augmentation of arms.

On March 26, 2016, at Caltonir's Spring Crown Tournament, Konstantia Kaloethina
was made a Herald Extraordinary by Saito Takauji, Gold Falcon Principal Herald.

On April 2, 2016 at Mudthaw in the Barony of Settmour Swamp, Their Majesties
Brennan and Caoilfhionn of the East made Yehuda ben Moshe, Blue Tyger Herald, a
Baron of their Court.

On April 2, 2016 at Elfsea Defender, Their Majesties Creppin and Toryn of
Ansteorra made Alden Drake, former Star Principal Herald, a member of the Order
of the Laurel.

On April 9, 2016, at the final court of Their Majesties Toyaoka Katsuo and
Aethelflaed of Northshield, Katerinka Lvovicha, Polaris Signet, was made a
Baroness of their Court. Following their coronation at the same event, Their
Majesties Rhys and Gwenhwyvar elevated Mira Fastova, Keythong Herald, to the
Order of the Pelican.

Please send information about happenings to major heralds and major happenings
to all heralds to Laurel, so that it can be published here.

**** Send What to Whom ****

Letters of Intent, Comment, Response, Correction, et cetera are to be posted to
the OSCAR online system. No paper copies need be sent. All submission forms
plus documentation, including petitions, must be posted to the OSCAR online
system. While black-and-white emblazons must be included in the Letter of
Intent, only colored armory forms need to be posted in the forms area.

Cheques or money orders for submissions, payable to "SCA Inc.-College of Arms"
are to be sent to Stephanie Ray-Solum, Blue Bug Bookkeeping, 2144 Westlake Ave.
North Suite F Seattle, WA 98109.

Send roster changes and corrections to Laurel. College of Arms members may also
request a copy of the current roster from Laurel.

For a paper copy of a LoAR, please contact Laurel, at the address above. The
cost for one LoAR is $3. Please make all checks or money orders payable to "SCA
Inc.-College of Arms". The electronic copy of the LoAR is available free of
charge. To subscribe to the mailings of the electronic copy, please see the
bottom of http://heraldry.sca.org/heraldry/lists.html#lists for more
instructions.

For all administrative matters, please contact Laurel.

Pray know that I remain,

In service,

Andrewe Bawldwyn
Laurel Principal King of Arms

===============================================================================

Created at 2016-04-27T23:12:37
-------------- next part --------------
****** Errata ******

***** October 1981 *****

**** West ****

  Douglas de Huyn of Glennammon. Name correction from Douglas de Huyn
  of Glenn Ammon.

      When his name was registered, the LoAR misspelled it as "Douglas
      de Huyn of Glenn_ A_mmon".

***** February 1982 *****

**** East ****

  Geoffrey Geometer. Name change from Geoffrey Geometre.

      When his name change was registered, the LoAR misspelled his
      previous name as "Geoffrey Geomet_er_".

***** July 1982 *****

**** West ****

  Stephen de Huyn. Name change from Douglas de Huyn of Glennammon.

      When his name change was registered, the LoAR misspelled his
      previous name as "Douglas _D_e Huyn of Glennammon".

***** August 1982 *****

**** East ****

  Diana Brythonwen ferch Cynfarch ap Cynan. Name change from
  Gil{i'}niel Silmel{i'}ne.

      When her name change was registered, the LoAR misspelled her
      previous name as "Gil_i_niel Silmel_i_ne".

**** Middle ****

  Denys de Caergwen. Name change from Denys O Caergwen.

      When his name change was registered, the LoAR referred to his
      previous name as "Denys of the Fair Tower". This name was never
      registered or even submitted.

***** April 1983 *****

**** Atenveldt ****

  Yelisveta Katlin Savrasova. Name change from Evgeter{i'}na
  Andrey{e'}vna Karatyuk{o'}va.

      When her name change was registered, the LoAR misspelled her
      previous name as "Evg_a_ter_i_na Andr_a_y_e_vna Karatyuk_o_va".

***** November 1983 *****

**** Caid ****

  Eileen Rahel do Pico. Name change from Eileen Rachel do Pico, the
  Candlemaker.

      When her name change was registered, the LoAR misspelled her
      previous name as "Eileen Rach_a_el do Pico_ _the Candlemaker".

***** May 1986 *****

**** An Tir ****

  Y Blackhand. Name change from Erold of Lithostone, called Blackhand.

      When his name change was registered, the LoAR misspelled his
      previous name as "Er_r_old of Lithostone, called Blackhand".

***** February 1987 *****

**** East ****

  Friedrich Tomasson av Knusslig Hamn. Name change from Friederich
  vander Delft.

      When his name change was registered, the LoAR misspelled his
      previous name as "Frie_dr_ich vander Delft".

***** November 1987 *****

**** West ****

  Tzipporah bat Deborah. Name change from Eleanor de Mont Saint
  Michel.

      When her name change was registered, the LoAR misspelled her
      previous name as "Eleanor d_u_ Mont Saint Michel".

***** June 1988 *****

**** Trimaris ****

  Geoffrey of Lincolne. Name change from Diego Francisco {A'}lvarez de
  {A'}vila y Cad{i'}z.

      When his name change was registered, the LoAR misspelled his
      previous name as "Francisco _A_lvarez de _A_vila y Cad_i_z".

***** October 1988 *****

**** Caid ****

  Donwenna Beast Healer of Hawksheye. Name change from Donwenna Beast
  Healer of Hawkhaven.

      When her name was changed, the LoAR misspelled her previous name
      as "Donwenna Beast Healer of Hawk_s_haven".

***** June 1990 *****

**** West ****

  Geoffrey Thomas. Name change from Geoffrey of Caergarth.

      When his name change was registered, the LoAR misspelled his
      previous name as "Geoffrey of Caer_ G_arth".

***** January 1991 *****

**** East ****

  Fionnghuala ni Chiar{a'}in. Name change from Fionnghuala Kieren.

      When her name change was registered, the LoAR misspelled her
      previous name as "Fionnghuala Kier_a_n".

***** February 1991 *****

**** West ****

  Elizabeth Fairweather of Priors Hardwick. Name correction from
  Elizabeth Fairweather of Prior's Hardwick.

      When her name was registered, the LoAR misspelled it as
      "Elizabeth Fairweather of Prior_'_s Hardwick". The submission
      forms did not include the apostrophe, and there is no apostrophe
      in the placename.

***** November 1991 *****

**** East ****

  Guenddoleu ferch Cadwalladr. Name change from Guenddoleu
  MacAodhag{a'}in.

      When her name change was registered, the LoAR misspelled her
      previous name as "Guenddoleu MacAodhag_a_in".

***** March 1992 *****

**** Caid ****

  Duncan Andrew Songhawke T{e:}ngri-in Jahd. Device. Per saltire vert
  and purpure, a horse courant between in pale two increscents argent.

      When his device was registered, the LoAR misspelled his name as
      "Duncan Andrew Songhawke T_e_ngri-in Jahd".

  Duncan Andrew Songhawke T{e:}ngri-in Jahd. Badge. Purpure, a horse
  courant and in chief an increscent argent.

      When his badge was registered, the LoAR misspelled his name as
      "Duncan Andrew Songhawke T_e_ngri-in Jahd".

***** January 1993 *****

**** West ****

  Dubhgall McAllestyr. Name change from Douglas Edwin MacAllestyr.

      When his name change was registered, the LoAR misspelled his
      previous name as "Douglas Edwin _Mc_Allestyr".

***** May 1994 *****

**** Caid ****

  Duncan Andrew Songhawke T{e:}ngri-in Jida. Name change from Duncan
  Andrew Songhawke T{e:}ngri-in Jahd.

      When his name change was registered, the LoAR misspelled both
      his previous name and his new name with "T_e_ngri-in".

***** October 1994 *****

**** East ****

  {E'}ta{i'}n Dhomhnullach. Name change from Etain MacDhomhnuill.

      When her name was changed, the LoAR misspelled her previous name
      as "_{E'}_ta_{i'}_n MacDhomhnuill".

***** December 1994 *****

**** West ****

  Fiammetta di Antonio di Donato Adimari. Name change from Fiammetta
  Adalieta di Damiano Leo.

      When her name was changed, the LoAR misspelled her previous name
      as "Fia_m_etta Adalie_tt_a di Damiano Leo".

***** June 1995 *****

**** West ****

  Elayne Montjoy. Name change from {E'}ibhleann O'Ceileachair.

      When her name was changed, the LoAR misspelled her previous name
      as "{E'}ibhleann O'_ _Ceileachair".

***** November 1997 *****

**** West ****

  Rael Hengaer. Name change from Gonwynlynn of Hrassvelg.

      When her name change was registered, the LoAR misspelled her
      previous name as "Gonwyn_n_lynn of Hrassvelg".

***** June 1998 *****

**** Atlantia ****

  {A'}ine inghean Thaidhg. Name change from Elayne Russell.

      When her name change was registered, the LoAR misspelled her
      previous name as "Elayne Russe_l_".

***** April 1999 *****

**** Atenveldt ****

  Olwen verch Heilyn Blaidd. Name change from Etienne Phillipe
  Chauncy.

      When her name was changed, the LoAR misspelled her previous name
      as "Etienne Phi_l_i_pp_e Chauncy".

***** June 1999 *****

**** Meridies ****

  Finnguala ingen Dau{i'}d. Name change from Finnguala nic Dauid.

      When her name change was registered, the LoAR misspelled her
      previous name as "Finng_ul_a nic Dau_{i'}_d".

***** March 2015 *****

**** Artemisia ****

  Khynika Nikol'eva vnuchka. Name change from holding name Khynika of
  One Thousand Eyes.

      When her name was registered, the LoAR failed to note that she
      had been assigned a holding name for her previously registered
      armory.

***** April 2015 *****

**** Northshield ****

  Richard the Roma. Name change from holding name Richard of
  Windhaven.

      When his name was registered, the LoAR failed to note that he
      had been assigned a holding name for his previously registered
      armory.

***** November 2015 *****

**** Caid ****

  Janus Neon Bakinich. Name change from holding name Janus of
  Gyldenholt.

      When his name was registered, the LoAR failed to note that he
      was assigned a holding name for his previously-registered
      armory.

***** December 2015 *****

**** East ****

  Ellynor Redpath. Device. Sable, on a bend enarched between two
  thistles argent three roses gules.

      When registered in December 2015 as "Azure, on a bend enarched
      between two thistles argent three roses gules", no one noticed
      that the tincture of the field on the blazon was incorrect.

**** Middle ****

  Hrafna-Ivarr. Name change from holding name Isaac of Flaming
  Gryphon.

      When his name was registered, the LoAR failed to note that he
      had been assigned a holding name for his previously registered
      armory.

======================================================================

Created at 2016-04-27T23:12:38


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