[LoAR-txt] September 2015 LoAR in Da'ud plain text format

Postmeeting Clerk via LoAR-TXT loar-txt at lists.sca.org
Wed Nov 18 20:51:32 CST 2015


Please find attached the 2015-09 LoAR in TXT format.


-- 
Emma de Fetherstan, acting as Postmeeting Clerk
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                                               Society for Creative Anachronism
                                                                College of Arms

                                            103 E. 30th St. Bldg 1 Apt 203
                                                          Austin, TX 78705
                                                           +1 512 942 7005
                                                   laurel at heraldry.sca.org
                     For the September 2015 meetings, printed November 18, 2015

To all the College of Arms and all others who may read this missive, from
Andrewe Laurel, Lillia Pelican, and Brunissende Wreath, greetings.

Items listed below in square brackets have not been scheduled yet. For
information about future scheduling, please review the status table located on
the Web at http://oscar.sca.org/index.php?action=137.

The September Laurel decisions were made at the Pelican meeting held on Sunday,
September 13, 2015 and the Wreath meeting held on Sunday, September 20, 2015.
These meetings considered the following letters of intent: Laurel LoPaD (23
Apr, 2015), Laurel LoPaD (09 Jun, 2015), East (10 Jun, 2015), Gleann Abhann (22
Jun, 2015), Outlands (22 Jun, 2015), Calontir (23 Jun, 2015), Gleann Abhann (23
Jun, 2015), Atlantia (24 Jun, 2015), Gleann Abhann (24 Jun, 2015), Gleann
Abhann (24 Jun, 2015), Middle (24 Jun, 2015), Lochac (27 Jun, 2015), An Tir (29
Jun, 2015), Caid (29 Jun, 2015), Laurel LoPaD (29 Jun, 2015), Northshield (29
Jun, 2015), Ansteorra (30 Jun, 2015), Artemisia (30 Jun, 2015), Atenveldt (30
Jun, 2015), Avacal (30 Jun, 2015), Ealdormere (30 Jun, 2015), Meridies (30 Jun,
2015), and Trimaris (30 Jun, 2015). * All commentary, responses, and rebuttals
should have been entered into OSCAR by Monday, August 31, 2015.*

The October Laurel decisions were made at the Pelican meeting held on Sunday,
October 11, 2015 and the Wreath meeting held on Sunday, October 18, 2015. These
meetings considered the following letters of intent: Drachenwald (30 Jun, 2015)
(pushed due to lack of packet), {AE}thelmearc (05 Jul, 2015), West (14 Jul,
2015), Middle (21 Jul, 2015), {AE}thelmearc (22 Jul, 2015), Ealdormere (28 Jul,
2015), East (28 Jul, 2015), Outlands (28 Jul, 2015), Atenveldt (30 Jul, 2015),
Atlantia (30 Jul, 2015), Caid (30 Jul, 2015), Northshield (30 Jul, 2015), An
Tir LoItP (31 Jul, 2015), Ansteorra (31 Jul, 2015), Artemisia (31 Jul, 2015),
Avacal (31 Jul, 2015), Calontir (31 Jul, 2015), Lochac (31 Jul, 2015), and
Meridies (31 Jul, 2015). * All commentary, responses, and rebuttals should have
been entered into OSCAR by Wednesday, September 30, 2015.*

The November Laurel decisions will be made at the Pelican meeting held on
Sunday, November 15, 2015 and the Wreath meeting held on Sunday, November 22,
2015. These meetings will consider the following letters of intent: An Tir (01
Aug, 2015), Middle (10 Aug, 2015), Laurel LoPaD (15 Aug, 2015), Palimpsest
Rules Letter (16 Aug, 2015), Northshield (19 Aug, 2015), Drachenwald (20 Aug,
2015), Atenveldt (25 Aug, 2015), Calontir (26 Aug, 2015), Artemisia (28 Aug,
2015), Ansteorra (29 Aug, 2015), Lochac (29 Aug, 2015), Trimaris (29 Aug,
2015), Atlantia (30 Aug, 2015), Ealdormere (30 Aug, 2015), Middle (30 Aug,
2015), West (30 Aug, 2015), An Tir (31 Aug, 2015), Caid (31 Aug, 2015), East
(31 Aug, 2015), Gleann Abhann (31 Aug, 2015), Meridies (31 Aug, 2015), and
Outlands (31 Aug, 2015). * All commentary, responses, and rebuttals should have
been entered into OSCAR by Saturday, October 31, 2015.*

The December Laurel decisions will be made at the Pelican meeting held on
Sunday, December 20, 2015 and the Wreath meeting held on Sunday, December 13,
2015. These meetings will consider the following letters of intent: Drachenwald
(29 Jul, 2015) (pushed due to lack of packet), Lochac (14 Sep, 2015), Gleann
Abhann (16 Sep, 2015), Laurel LoPaD (16 Sep, 2015), Northshield (20 Sep, 2015),
Atlantia (24 Sep, 2015), West (24 Sep, 2015), Atenveldt (25 Sep, 2015),
{AE}thelmearc (26 Sep, 2015), Ealdormere (27 Sep, 2015), Lochac (27 Sep, 2015),
Middle (28 Sep, 2015), Drachenwald (29 Sep, 2015), Outlands (29 Sep, 2015), An
Tir (30 Sep, 2015), Avacal (30 Sep, 2015), Caid (30 Sep, 2015), Calontir (30
Sep, 2015), East (30 Sep, 2015), Meridies (30 Sep, 2015), and Trimaris (30 Sep,
2015). * All commentary, responses, and rebuttals should be entered into OSCAR
by Monday, November 30, 2015.*

_Not all letters of intent may be considered when they are originally scheduled
on this cover letter. The date of posting of the LoI, date of receipt of the
Laurel packet, or other factors may delay consideration of certain letters of
intent. Additionally, some letters of intent received may not have been
scheduled because the administrative requirements (receipt of the forms packet,
receipt of the necessary fees, et cetera) have not yet been met._

REMINDER: Until all administrative requirements are met, the letter may not be
scheduled.

**** From Wreath: Of Moose and Men ****

Recently, a request for reblazon questioned the replacement of the term "moose"
by "elk" in a registration. This request cited the precedent:

     The moose of North America is the same beast as the elk of Europe
     (Alces malchis). The OED dates the term moose to 1613, within our
     50-year "grey area" for documentation; so either term is acceptable
     in SCA blazonry. [Randulf von Gelnhausen, LoAR of Sept 1992]

We are here overturning this precedent.

The Oxford English Dictionary gives a first occurrence of the word moose in
1568 as meaning _"Pottage; stewed vegetables; a dish of this."_ Clearly, this
has no relation with the creature. The use of moose for the elk is an
Americanism and, again according to the OED, the earliest use of the close
spelling "mooses" for the elk is dated to 1707. A quote from 1637 _"The Elke,
which the Salvages call a Mose"_ makes it exquisitely clear that the creature
was known by the English speakers as elk. Therefore, we chose to use the
English period term for the creature, which is elk.

This should not come as a surprise as this is not the first example of charge
where we have decided to use a more period word for a charge. For example, the
creatures modernly known as turtles are regularly reblazoned as tortoise, even
though the use of the word turtle for the sea tortoise is dated to 1657.
Similarly, on the March 2012 cover letter we declined to use the word
_"squid"_, dated to 1613 and opted to use the word _"calamarie"_ (dated to 1567
under <calamary>, n.) to replace the modern term _"kraken"_.

We may, on a case by case basis, retain the use of the modern terms for items
already registered in order to preserve a cant.

**** From Wreath: Badge for the Order of Defense ****

In April of 2015 we asked whether the use of the badge for the Order of
Defense, "(Tinctureless) Three rapiers in pall inverted tips crossed" should be
restricted and protected. The answers we received to both questions was
overwhelmingly positive. Therefore, the badge for the Order of Defense will be
both restricted and protected. This means that members of the Order of Defense,
and only them, will be allowed to register this motif in armorial display.

Of course, armorial designs currently registered and using that design are
grandfathered.

**** From Wreath: throwing a default orientation for a fer-{`a}-loup ****

This month, in the registration of Marcus atte Bowe, in the Ansteorra section
of the Letter of Acceptances and Returns, the SCA's default orientation for
this charge has been changed to match the medieval default. Thus, a
fer-{`a}-loup has the (rounded) blade to chief by default. We will reblazon the
registered ones as needed.

**** Society Pages ****

{TH}ora Sumarli{dh}ad{o'}ttir, Edelweiss Herald of Drachenwald, was made a
member of the Orden des Lindquistringes at Pennsic just gone, in part for her
service to heraldry in Drachenwald.

On Saturday, October 17, 2015, Cian Triton Principal Herald of Atlantia
elevated Gisela vom Kreuzbach, former Triton, to the rank of Herald
Extraordinary.

We are saddened to report the passing of Robert Trotter who was known as Robert
of Winchester, second Black Lion Herald of the Principality of An Tir, on
October 21, 2015.

Please send information about happenings to major heralds and major happenings
to all heralds to Laurel, so that it can be published here.

**** Send What to Whom ****

Letters of Intent, Comment, Response, Correction, et cetera are to be posted to
the OSCAR online system. No paper copies need be sent. All submission forms
plus documentation, including petitions, must be posted to the OSCAR online
system. while black-and-white emblazons must be included in the Letter of
Intent, only colored armory forms need to be posted in the forms area.

Cheques or money orders for submissions, payable to "SCA Inc.-College of Arms"
are to be sent to Stephanie Ray-Solum, Blue Bug Bookkeeping, 2144 Westlake Ave.
North Suite F Seattle, WA 98109.

Send roster changes and corrections to Laurel. College of Arms members may also
request a copy of the current roster from Laurel.

For a paper copy of a LoAR, please contact Laurel, at the address above. The
cost for one LoAR is $3. Please make all checks or money orders payable to "SCA
Inc.-College of Arms". The electronic copy of the LoAR is available free of
charge. To subscribe to the mailings of the electronic copy, please see the
bottom of http://heraldry.sca.org/heraldry/lists.html#lists for more
instructions.

For all administrative matters, please contact Laurel.

Pray know that I remain,

In service,

Andrewe Bawldwyn
Laurel Principal King of Arms

===============================================================================

Created at 2015-11-18T20:45:57
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****** Errata ******

***** August 1979 *****

**** Middle ****

  Sengeli von Zauberberg. Reblazon of device. Or, a woodchuck rampant
  proper.

      Appearing on the LoAR as a new device, it was actually a
      reblazon of _Or, a Marmot rampant proper_, registered in 1975.
      The submitter had requested the change.

======================================================================

Created at 2015-11-18T20:45:57
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***** THE FOLLOWING ITEMS HAVE BEEN REGISTERED: *****

**** {AE}THELMEARC acceptances ****

  Ethan Stewart. Reblazon of device. Per saltire purpure and vert, in
  pale two elk's heads couped contourny argent.

      Registered in June 2003 as "Per saltire purpure and vert, in
      pale two moose's heads couped contourny argent", this beast was
      known as an _elk_ in period Europe, so we are correcting the
      usage.

  Iwan Dyerrics. Reblazon of device. Quarterly argent and azure, a
  winged elk passant gardant sable.

      Registered in January 2008 as "Quarterly argent and azure, a
      winged moose passant guardant sable", the moose was known as an
      _elk_ in period Europe, so we are correcting the usage.

  Magge Illefoster. Reblazon of device. Per fess argent and vert, two
  ducks contourny and an elk statant counterchanged.

      Registered in February 2013 as "Per fess argent and vert, two
      ducks statant contourny vert and a moose statant argent", this
      beast was known as an _elk_ in period Europe, so we are
      correcting the usage.

======================================================================

**** AN TIR acceptances ****

  {AE}lin Pedersdotter. Device. Quarterly Or and vert, in bend
  sinister two European dogwood blossoms argent seeded Or.

  Aenor de Pessac. Device. Azure, a horse passant argent ridden by a
  brunette maiden proper vested and maintaining a bow, in base a cross
  of Jerusalem Or.

  Anastasia Darnel. Name and device. Quarterly wavy argent and vert, a
  crescent and a domestic cat sejant argent.

  Ansgar Stonebreaker. Reblazon of device. Per bend sinister sable and
  argent, an elk's skull counterchanged.

      Registered in September 2013 as "Per bend sinister sable and
      argent, a moose's skull counterchanged", this beast was known as
      an _elk_ in period Europe, so we are correcting the usage.

  Asa Huttuinen. Name and device. Argent, a birch tree eradicated
  proper between in fess two ivy vines palewise vert.

  Brigitta Riegers von Wolfratshausen. Device. Per bend sinister gules
  and azure, an owl displayed barry sable and Or.

      There is a step from period practice for a bird other than an
      eagle in the displayed posture.

  Cwen seo gode. Name.

      Submitted as "Cwen_ _Gode", this name could be interpreted to
      mean "Queen Gode", so was presumptuous. A second descriptive
      byname was added in kingdom, changing the name to "Cwen Gylden
      Gode" to remove the appearance of a claim to rank. The modified
      name was pended in order to allow commenters to provide support
      for a double descriptive byname in Old English.

      No such evidence was found. However, in commentary, Kenric {ae}t
      Essex documented the form "Cwen _seo g_ode", which is closer in
      meaning to the originally submitted form of the name. The name
      _Oda se goda_ ("Oda the good") is found as the name of a 10th
      century bishop in PASE; the byname _seo gode_ is the feminized
      form. The submitter has permitted a change to this form.

      This name was pended from the April 2015 Letter of Acceptances
      and Returns.

  Elewys Cuylter of Finchingefeld. Device change. Per bend sinister
  vert and lozengy argent and vert, a pair of scissors fesswise
  argent.

      The submitter's old device, "Per bend sinister vert and lozengy
      vert and argent, in chief a pair of shears fesswise reversed
      argent", is released.

  Elewys Cuylter of Finchingefeld. Badge. Argent, a snail azure
  between three birch leaves vert, a bordure azure.

  Elizabeth Nightingale. Device. Or, a rabbit statant erect gules
  estencelly argent maintaining a rose per saltire gules and argent, a
  ford proper.

      The December 2010 Cover Letter limited the protected forms of
      the Tudor rose to _"A double rose gules and argent or argent and
      gules"_ or _"A rose quarterly either in argent and gules or
      gules and argent"_ or _"A rose per pale either in argent and
      gules or gules and argent"_. Some commenters called for the
      return of this device because of the visual similarity of the
      held rose with a Tudor rose. However, the rose divided per
      saltire between gules and argent is not a protected form and we
      decline to protect this form at this point. This device can thus
      be registered.

  Fergus William Biggs. Name.

  Gasa-Rekkr Geirsson. Name and device. Per pale wavy vert and azure,
  a fox and a goat combattant argent.

  Gisele la Jueler. Name.

      Submitted as "Gis_{'e}_le la Jueler", precedent states:

           Submitted as "Genevi_{'e}_ve Lucrezia Bonaventure
           D'Este", commenters could find no evidence for the
           grave accent in the given name before 1650. [Genevieve
           Lucrezia Bonaventure D'Este, October 2013, A-East].

      Similarly, we have no evidence of the grave accent in the name
      _Gisele_ (or any other French name) in our period. Therefore, we
      have removed the accent in order to register this name.

      This name combines a French given name and English byname. This
      is an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C of SENA. It can
      also be documented as an entirely English name.

  Gordon Redthorn. Reblazon of device. Or, two piles wavy in point
  gules between two maunches sable.

      Registered in November of 1993 as "Or, two piles wavy gules
      between two maunches sable", the piles are in point.

  Gwen de Worde. Name and device. Argent, a pomegranate tree
  eradicated proper fructed gules between flaunches vert each charged
  with a winged pomegranate argent seeded gules.

  Gwen de Worde. Badge. (Fieldless) A winged pomegranate argent seeded
  gules.

  Hengist Helgessone. Device. Gules, on a triskelion of horse's heads
  argent a torteau, a bordure argent.

  Hro{dh}a bjarki. Name and device. Per pale argent and sable, a
  squirrel counterchanged.

  John Dougal MacAndrew. Reblazon of device. Azure, a cross couped
  raguly argent, on a chief Or three annulets gules.

      Registered in December of 1999 as "Azure, in cross a staff
      raguly and a staff raguly reversed argent, on a chief Or three
      annulets gules", the central charge can be more simply described
      as a cross couped raguly.

  Katin inghean Neachtain. Reblazon of device. Per chevron vert and
  sable, two domestic cats sejant contourny and an open scroll argent.

      Registered in July of 2004 as "Per chevron vert and sable, two
      cats sejant contourny and an open scroll argent", these are
      domestic cats.

  Kattera Giese. Badge. (Fieldless) A sheaf of three wheat stalks Or
  and overall a poppy blossom affronty gules.

  Kattera Giese. Badge. (Fieldless) On a compass rose azure ringed Or
  an escallop argent.

      Please advise the submitter that while the rays of a compass
      rose may overlap the outer ring, they should not extend beyond
      it, with the exception of the northmark.

  Leopold von Elchenwald. Reblazon of device. Per fess vert and
  lozengy couped in fess Or and vert, a demi-stag salient contourny
  issuant from the line of division Or.

      Registered in March 1992 as "Per fess vert and lozengy couped in
      fess Or and vert, a demi-elk salient contourny issuant from the
      line of division Or", in period blazon, the term _elk_ would
      have denoted the beast known in North America as the _moose_,
      which is not the case here. We have corrected the blazon.

  Madelena Vieri. Name.

  Marcel Boutet. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      This name was submitted as a name change, with a previous name,
      _Cyric Longfellow_, to be retained as an alternate name.
      However, the previous name provided was not actually registered,
      so cannot be retained.

  Marian Fenec. Name and device. Sable semy of compass stars argent, a
  fox sejant gardant dexter forepaw raised and on a chief Or three
  seebl{a:}tter gules.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of compass
      stars.

  Mark{e'}ta the Tall. Name and device. Per chevron purpure and sable,
  a chevron rompu argent and in base an arrow inverted Or.

      Submitted as "Mark{e'}_tt_a the Tall", the documentation for the
      given name supported the spelling "Mark{e'}_t_a". We have
      changed the spelling to the attested form to register this name.

      The byname _the Tall_ is a lingua Anglica form of the German
      _Gr{o^}z_.

      This name combines a Czech given name and German byname. This is
      an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C of SENA.

  Myvanwy verch Robert. Name change from Meadhbha inghean Bhrain
  Mhuille{o'}ir.

      Nice 13th century Welsh name!

      The submitter's previous name, _Meadhbha inghean Bhrain
      Mhuille{o'}ir_, is retained as an alternate name.

  S{e'}amus {O'} C{e'}atfhadha. Name and device. Argent, a sea-elk
  gules tailed sable.

      Submitted as "S_e_amus {O'} C{e'}atfhadha", the submitter
      requested authenticity for a 15th-16th century Irish name.
      Accents must be used consistently throughout an entire name. We
      have changed the given name to "S_{e'}_amus" in order to
      register this name.

      The given name _S{e'}amus_ is found between the late 14th and
      early 17th centuries. The byname _{O'} C{e'}atfhadha_ is a
      standardized Gaelic form of the Anglicized _O Kely_, dated to
      the reign of Elizabeth I or James I. Therefore, this name may be
      authentic for the 16th century, but we do not know for sure.

      For purpose of conflict checking, this charge is half gules and
      half sable.

  Seamus of Eagle Valley. Name and device. Quarterly Or and azure,
  eight mullets in annulo counterchanged.

      _Eagle_ is an English place name dated from 1553 in Watts, s.n.
      Eagle. It is glossed as "the oak-tree wood or clearing", rather
      than being named after the bird. _Valley_ is a 16th century
      English surname found in the FamilySearch Historical Records.
      Alternatively, _Eagle_ is a family name in FamilySearch and
      _Valley_ a plausible 16th century spelling of the place name _Le
      Valey_ (found in the Middle English Dictionary). Therefore, the
      locative _Eagle Valley_ is a plausible compound place name using
      the pattern of a place name modified with a family name, found
      in "Compound Placenames in English" by Juliana de Luna
      (http://medievalscotland.org/jes/EnglishCompoundPlacenames/).

      This name combines a Gaelic given name and constructed English
      byname. This is an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C of
      SENA.

  Sigga kausi Geiradotter. Badge (see RETURNS for other badge).
  (Fieldless) A Mooress proper vested of a tunic azure over a dress
  ermine charged with and maintaining before her an open book, all
  within and conjoined to an arch stooped argent.

  Silef Lanx. Device. Argent, a spider bendwise sinister inverted
  gules.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a spider
      inverted.

  {TH}orkell Palsson. Badge. (Fieldless) Two dice argent spotted sable
  conjoined in fess.

  Tristan O'Shea. Badge. (Fieldless) A calygreyhound rampant argent.

      Nice badge!

  Wastekeep, Barony of. Badge (see RETURNS for order name).
  (Fieldless) A squirrel courant gules.

      The submitter has permission to conflict with the badge of
      Jocetta Thrushleigh of Rowansgarth: "Or, a squirrel courant
      gules".

======================================================================

**** ANSTEORRA acceptances ****

  Adelaide de Bourbon. Badge. Argent semy of acorns proper, a
  reremouse sable incensed proper.

  Andreas von Mei{sz}en. Alternate name Andr{e'} d'Anjou.

      Nice 14th century French name!

  Andreas von Mei{sz}en. Badge. (Fieldless) A falcon rising wings
  displayed azure within and perched upon a fetterlock argent.

  Andreas von Mei{sz}en. Badge. (Fieldless) A seeblatt gules.

      Nice badge!

  Andreas von Mei{sz}en. Release of Badge. (Fieldless) An eagle per
  bend sinister Or and paly bendy gules and argent.

  Andreas von Mei{sz}en. Release of Badge. (Fieldless) On an eagle Or
  a seeblatt per pale gules and argent.

  Baltasar Cerrada de Barcelona. Name and device. Sable, a sword
  inverted Or surmounted by an allocamelus statant argent, issuant
  from base a flame proper.

      Nice 16th century Spanish name!

  Cristiana d'Avranches. Name and device. Quarterly azure and purpure,
  a castle within a double tressure argent.

      This name combines an English given name and a French byname.
      This is an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C of SENA.

  Dafydd Whitacre. Reblazon of device. Per fess embattled argent and
  azure, in chief two elk's heads couped respectant sable.

      Registered in September 2002 as "Per fess embattled argent and
      azure, in chief two moose's heads couped respectant sable", this
      beast was known as an _elk_ in period Europe, so we are
      correcting the usage.

  Edward of the Forest. Name and device. Argent semy of trees blasted
  per pale vert and sable.

      The byname _of the Forest_ is a lingua Anglica form of the
      Middle English _del fforest_.

  Eleanor of Forth Castle. Badge. Argent, in pale two hearts azure, a
  bordure gules.

  Emelisse de Loupey. Alternate name Mja{dh}veig Mikj{a'}lsd{o'}ttir.

  Fortun{e'} Stykewynd. Device. Sable, a lotus flower in profile
  argent and on a ford proper an increscent Or.

      Please advise the submitter to draw the lotus flower clearly in
      profile without lower petals or leaves that might detract from
      its appearance as a cup-shaped flower.

  Jer{o'}nima Arias la Roja. Name and device. Per pale sable and vert,
  an anchor inverted argent.

      Nice 16th century Spanish name!

  Marcus atte Bowe. Name and device. Per fess azure and argent, a
  fer-{`a}-loup bendwise Or.

      Nice 13th-14th century English name!

      Period heraldic examples show that a fer-{`a}-loup has the
      (rounded) blade to chief by default. We are thus redefining the
      Society default accordingly.

  Margaret Ine Craine. Name.

      Nice 16th century Manx name!

  S{ae}bj{o,}rn Erikson. Name.

  Sib{e'}al inghean U{i'} Shuilleabh{a'}in. Name and device. Purpure,
  a dragon displayed and on a chief urdy argent a roundel between an
  increscent and a decrescent vert.

      Submitted as "Sib{e'}al inghean U_i_ Sui_ll_abh{a'}in", the name
      was changed in kingdom to "Sib{e'}al inghean U_{i'}_
      S_{u'}_i_l_eabh{a'}in" to match the documentation that could be
      found and to use accents consistently through the entire name.

      The byname _Ua Suilleabh{a'}in_ is found in _Annals of the Four
      Masters_, so we can restore the double-l spelling in this name.
      In addition, the byname needs to be lenited. We have changed the
      byname to "inghean U{i'} _Sh_uilleabh{a'}in" in order to
      register this name.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a dragon
      displayed.

  Silvana Corwin. Name.

  Simon Rodbeorhting. Reblazon of device. Per bend sinister argent and
  azure, a stag statant to sinister and a lotus blossom in profile
  counterchanged.

      Registered in October 1995 as "Per bend sinister argent and
      azure, an elk statant to sinister and a lotus blossom in profile
      counterchanged", in period blazon, the term elk would have
      denoted the beast known in North America as the _moose_, which
      is not the case here. We have corrected the blazon.

  Tamsin Wylde. Name and device. Barry vert and argent, six martlets
  Or.

      Nice 16th century English name!

      Nice device!

======================================================================

**** ARTEMISIA acceptances ****

  Andrew Harris of York. Name and device. Azure, on an elephant argent
  two axes in saltire sable.

  Brokha Vais. Device. Or, a chevron azure between two dolphins gules
  and a tree eradicated proper.

  Gregory MacBride. Name.

      This name combines an English or Anglicized Irish given name
      with a Scots byname. As these languages are all in the same
      regional naming group, this is an acceptable lingual mix under
      Appendix C of SENA.

  Guy Leon d'Anjou. Name.

      Submitted as "Guy Leon _D'_Anjou", the expected form of the
      byname is "_d'_Anjou", which was the form documented. We have
      made this change in order to register this name.

  Johannet Renoux. Reblazon of device. Per fess vert and sable, three
  fleurs-de-lys conjoined in fess throughout argent.

      Registered in April of 2004 as "Per fess vert and sable, in fess
      three fleurs-de-lys argent", the fleurs are conjoined and
      throughout.

  Marie Lorraine de Montclair. Reblazon of badge. Vair, an elk's head
  couped affronty proper.

      Registered in February 2001 as "Vair, a moose head affronty
      couped proper", this beast was known as an _elk_ in period
      Europe, so we are correcting the usage.

  Michelle Harris of York. Device. Per fess ermine and counter-ermine,
  an elephant sable and on a domestic cat's face argent, in sinister
  chief a rose azure.

======================================================================

**** ATENVELDT acceptances ****

  Adheliza Stjarna. Device. Argent, a drakkar and in canton a compass
  star azure.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a compass
      star.

      Please instruct the submitter to draw the ship more centered on
      the shield, as it is the sole primary charge.

  Arn Hold, Barony of. Reblazon of device. Purpure, an elk rampant to
  sinister gardant Or, in dexter chief a laurel wreath argent.

      Registered in April 1985 as "Purpure, a moose rampant to
      sinister gardant Or, in dexter chief a laurel wreath argent",
      this beast was known as an _elk_ in period Europe, so we are
      correcting the usage.

  Brian Winterbourne. Name change from Brian the Pious and device
  change. Azure, a sun argent charged with six pheons in annulo points
  to center azure and in chief a coronet embattled argent.

      _Brian_ is the submitter's legal given name. It is also a 16th
      century English name, so the submitter need not rely on the
      legal name allowance.

      This name does not conflict with the registered _Brenna
      Winterbourne_. Both syllables in the given name have changed, so
      this name is clear under PN3C1 of SENA.

      Nice 16th century English name!

      The submitter's previous name, _Brian the Pious_, is retained as
      an alternate name.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of charges in
      annulo not in their default palewise orientation.

      The submitter is a count and thus entitled to display a coronet.

      The submitter's old device, "Sable, a natural tiger rampant Or
      marked sable and a bordure wavy Or semy of annulets sable", is
      retained as a badge.

  Duncan Redfern. Name and device. Per fess Or and argent, a griffin
  passant contourny sable and two fern fronds in saltire gules.

      Please advise the submitter to add internal detailing to the
      griffin to improve identifiability.

  Elizabeth Redfern. Name.

      Nice late period English name!

  Emelyn Fraser. Household name Stonegard Keep (see RETURNS for
  badge).

      In commentary, Ogress documented _-gard_ as a deuterotheme in
      Middle English place names (in the Middle English Dictionary).
      Therefore, _Stonegard_ is a plausible English compound place
      name.

  Gr{a'}inne an Einigh inghean U{i'} Mh{a'}ille. Name.

      Submitted as "Gr{a'}inne _Ni_ Mh{a'}ille", this name was changed
      to "Gr{a'}inne _an Einigh inghean U{i'}_ Mh{a'}ille" in order to
      correct the grammar in the byname and to remove the possible
      presumption against the historical Irish pirate _Gr{a'}inne
      N{i'} Mh{a'}ille/Grace O'Malley_. This name was pended to allow
      commenters to discuss whether the historical figure is important
      enough to protect.

      Laurel declined to protect Grace O'Malley in 2005, arguing that
      she wasn't a sovereign, didn't have her own entry in the
      encyclopedia, that her name wasn't recognized by many, and her
      given name and byname were relatively common in Ireland in our
      period [Gracye Malley, June 2005, A-Calontir].

      Grace's name appears to be known by a larger number of people at
      this time. She was the subject of a Broadway musical just a few
      years after the previous precedent was published, and is more
      widely known as an Irish folk hero. Therefore, we overturn the
      previous precedent and protect her name in all forms by which
      she was known. As a result, we cannot drop the byname _an
      Einigh_, and we accept the present submission as it appeared in
      the Letter of Intent.

      This name was pended from the April 2015 Letter of Acceptances
      and Returns.

  Granite Mountain, Barony of. Badge for Order of Beauty of Granite
  Mountain. Per fess indented vert and sable, a quill pen bendwise
  sinister issuant from an inkwell Or, a bordure erminois.

  Gunnarr Berserkr. Name.

      The submission form indicated that the submitter wanted a name
      from 8th century Saxony. However, this name is documented using
      elements from Viking Age Iceland.

  Gunnvar{dh}r Egilsson. Name.

      This name does not conflict with the registered name _Gunnarr
      Egilsson_, as the change from _-arr_ to _-var{dh}r_ is a
      substantial change. Therefore, this name is clear under PN3C2 of
      SENA.

  Haukr Bjarnarson. Name change from William of Lochridge.

      This name does not conflict with the registered _Aur{i'}kr
      Biarnarson_. A syllable has been added, bringing these names
      clear under PN3C2 of SENA.

      The submitter's previous name, _William of Lochridge_, is
      retained as an alternate name.

  Ismeralda Franceska Rusciolelli da Vale. Badge. (Fieldless) A human
  breast proper distilling three gouttes d'Or.

  Lia Winterbourne. Name change from Lia le Citolur.

      Nice 16th century English name!

      The submitter's previous name, _Lia le Citolur_, is retained as
      an alternate name.

======================================================================

**** ATLANTIA acceptances ****

  Alixandre l'{E'}lan. Reblazon of device. Or, two bendlets sinister
  sable and overall an elk passant contourny gules.

      Registered in January 2003 as "Or, two bendlets sinister sable
      overall a moose passant contourny gules", this beast was known
      as an _elk_ in period Europe, so we are correcting the usage.

  Alric the Mad. Badge. Azure, a rhinoceros rampant argent.

  Anabel Cosby. Name.

      Nice 16th century English name!

  Anne Rose Smythe. Badge. (Fieldless) In fess two shoes reversed
  conjoined toe to heel argent goutty gules.

  Aurellia Silvana. Name.

      Nice Roman name for the Republican and early Imperial period!

  Brian Symson. Device. Gules, a boar passant and on a chief Or an axe
  reversed gules.

  Brynger{dh}r J{o'}nsd{o'}ttir. Name.

      Nice Old Norse name!

  Cecille Cassaire. Badge. Azure, in fess three annulets argent.

      The submitter has permission to conflict with the badge of
      Marian of Heatherdale: "(Fieldless) Three annulets linked in
      fess argent".

  Colin MacNab. Name change from Colin McNab.

      The submitter's previous name, _Colin McNab_, is released.

  Douglass Wallace Morton. Name.

  Eithne ingen R{o'}n{a'}in. Name.

      Nice 10th century Irish Gaelic name!

  Erik Norton of Helsfjord. Reblazon of device. Ermine, an elk's head
  cabossed proper, a gore sinister counter-ermine.

      Registered in November 1992 as "Ermine, a moose's head cabossed
      proper, a gore sinister counter-ermine", this beast was known as
      an _elk_ in period Europe, so we are correcting the usage.

  Floki Geirreksson. Name and device. Per pale sable and gules, two
  herons addorsed and on a chief dovetailed argent a spear sable.

      Submitted as "Flok_i _Geirrekr", the name was changed to a
      prepended byname and given name, "Flok_a-_Geirrekr", in the
      Letter of Intent because the submitted pattern of double given
      names is not found in Old Norse. A timely correction noted that
      the submitter preferred the name "Flok_i_ Geirrek_sson_", using
      a patronymic byname instead. We have made this change.

  Forgal Kerstetter. Reblazon of device. Vert, an elk's head erased Or
  and a bordure argent.

      Registered in October 1986 as "Vert, a moose head erased Or
      within a bordure argent", this beast was known as an _elk_ in
      period Europe, so we are correcting the usage.

  Forgal Kerstetter. Reblazon of badge. Vert, two elk's heads couped
  respectant their horns locked Or.

      Registered in May 1989 as "Vert, two moose's heads, eradicated
      and respectant, horns locked, Or", this beast was known as an
      _elk_ in period Europe, so we are correcting the usage. We are
      also correcting the heads' treatment from eradicated (which
      applies to trees) to couped (as the emblazon shows).

  Frixco Osnath. Name.

      The combination of German and Frisian is an acceptable lingual
      mix under Appendix C of SENA, but only if the temporal gap does
      not exceed 300 years. The spelling _Frixco_ is dated to 1347.
      However, it is also a plausible earlier form, interpolated from
      the spellings _Frixsco_ and _Friczco_ from 1281. _Osnath_ is a
      10th century Frisian name found in "10th Century Frisian
      Masculine Names" by Talan Gwynek
      (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/frisianmasc.html). Most of the
      names in this article are dated to c.900, but as the individual
      names are not precisely dated, we can give the submitter the
      benefit of the doubt that _Osnath_ was attested later in the
      10th century, and that it is temporally compatible with the
      given name _Frixco_.

  Gabriel von Regensburg. Name and device. Azure, two bear's jambes
  issuant from the flanks argent and in base a Latin cross formy Or.

  In{e'}s de Avila. Reblazon of device. Per chevron purpure and Or,
  five estoiles in annulo argent and an elk statant guardant proper.

      Registered in November 1991 as "Per chevron purpure and Or, five
      estoiles in annulo argent and a moose statant guardant proper",
      this beast was known as an _elk_ in period Europe, so we are
      correcting the usage.

  Jemma Bartlet. Name and device. Argent, two domestic cats combattant
  sable and on a chief embattled purpure a jocelyn argent.

      Please let the submitter know that a properly drawn jocelyn is a
      torse, shown in annulo, with four bells issuant from the edges
      -- sometimes in cross, sometimes in saltire.

  Kai de Ravenglas. Reblazon of badge. Argent, a bird migrant to
  dexter sable, a bordure sable crusilly formy argent.

      Registered in June of 2001 as "Argent, a bird volant sable, a
      bordure sable crusilly formy argent", we are correcting the
      posture of the bird.

  Laura Graley de la Moore. Device. Per pale argent and sable, a horse
  courant contourny regardant counterchanged.

  Laura Graley de la Moore. Badge. (Fieldless) A horse's head erased
  argent charged with a lozenge sable.

  Lochmere, Barony of. Badge. (Fieldless) A natural sea-tortoise
  bendwise argent.

  Maelgwn Morgant. Name.

  Marc Galbraith of Llanllyr. Name.

  Rayhana bint Yusuf al-Tulaytuliyya. Name change from Elena Mar{i'}a
  Alonso and device change. Azure, a pall sable fimbriated Or and
  overall a sun argent.

      Nice Arabic name from Andalusia!

      The submitter's previous name, _Elena Mar{i'}a Alonso_, is
      retained as an alternate name.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a charge
      overall with a fimbriated ordinary.

      The submitter's old device, "Vert, a pall sable fimbriated Or
      and overall a sun argent", is released.

  Rikilda Lindrapir. Name change from Muirgheal donn inghean Dau{i'}d.

      The submitter's previous name, _Muirgheal donn inghean
      Dau{i'}d_, is released.

  Robert Shockley of Avonsford. Device. Or estencely azure, a ford
  proper and on a chief gules three roses Or.

  Rowan of Hawkridge. Name change from Roana de Hauekrig.

      The submitter's previous name, _Roana de Hauekrig_, is retained
      as an alternate name.

  Scholastica Joycors. Device. Azure, on a sun Or a decrescent azure,
  in chief three open books argent.

  S{e'}amus mac Fearchair. Name.

      Nice 14th century Irish Gaelic name!

  Sofia Dulce di Meo Rinaldi. Name and device. Per saltire argent and
  gules, an astrolabe Or and on a chief gules a sunburst Or clouded
  argent.

  Vytautas Vilkas. Device. Per pale vert and sable, a rogacina
  bendwise sinister doubly crossed and fourchy argent.

======================================================================

**** AVACAL acceptances ****

  Amya Lyghtfot. Name and device. Sable, on a bend argent a tortoise
  palewise vert.

      Nice late 13th century English name!

  Kathryn inghean Ui Mhaonaigh. Name and device. Azure, a bend
  sinister between a bear statant and a thistle argent.

      Submitted as "Kathryn inghean_ M_aonaigh", the documentation did
      not support the formation of a Gaelic one-generation patronym
      within 300 years of the English given name. The name was changed
      in kingdom to "Kathryn inghean _Ui_ Maonaigh", using a clan
      affiliation byname, to match the documentation that could be
      found and to reduce the temporal gap to under 300 years.

      The form in the Letter of Intent, however, needs to be lenited:
      "inghean Ui _Mh_aonaigh". We have made this change in order to
      register the name.

      This name combines an English given name and Gaelic byname. This
      is an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C of SENA.

      The submitter may wish to know that entirely Gaelic forms are
      the pre-1200 _Caitr{i'}ona ingen Mh{a'}enigh_ and the post-1200
      _Caitriona inghean Mhaonaigh_.

  Toryn Davinson. Name and device. Quarterly sable and azure, an ounce
  rampant maintaining a sword Or and in chief a torc argent, an orle
  of chain Or.

      Submitted as "Tor_i_n Davinson", the submitter requested the
      spelling "Tor_y_n" if it could be documented. The preferred
      spelling is found as a surname in late 16th century England in
      the FamilySearch Historical Records. Therefore, we have changed
      the name to the preferred spelling.

      The submitter is a knight and thus entitled to display an closed
      loop of chain.

======================================================================

**** CAID acceptances ****

  Angharat Goch verch Gwenhover. Reblazon of badge. (Fieldless) A
  stag's attire in annulo conjoined to itself argent.

      Registered in November of 2013 as "(Fieldless) A stag's antler
      in annulo conjoined to itself argent", the submitter requested
      the change from antler to attire. As it is a sound heraldic
      term, we are making the requested change.

  Anthony de la Mare. Device. Sable, a phoenix Or rising from flames
  argent and a chief vairy gules and Or.

  Anthony de la Mare. Badge. (Fieldless) On a four-headed hydra
  couchant argent a sword fesswise vert.

  Arnleif Oladottir. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      Submitted as "Arnleif _O_lad_o_ttir", the submitter requested
      accents to be used if it makes the name more authentic. The name
      was changed in kingdom to "Arnleif _{O'}_lad_{o'}_ttir" to meet
      this request.

      Because names appear with and without accents in period, Old
      Norse names can be registered with or without accents as long as
      they are used (or not) consistently throughout an entire name.
      Kingdom confirmed that the submitter prefers the name without
      the accents, so we have restored the name to the submitted form.

  Asterus Leuric. Name.

      Submitted as "_Ast_erus Leuric", the name was changed in kingdom
      to "_Ats_erus Leuric" to match the documentation that could be
      found.

      In commentary, ffride wlffsdotter noted that _Asterus_ is a
      possible Latinized form of the attested _Astere_, found in PASE
      and dated to late 11th century. Therefore, we are able to
      restore this name to the submitted form.

  Br{e'}nainn Fr{e-}obeorn. Name and device. Per pale sable and vert,
  a dragon between two Celtic crosses argent and a bezant.

      Bosworth and Toller, _An Anglo-Saxon Dictionary_, and Clark
      Hall, _A Concise Anglo-Saxon Dictionary_, give the spelling
      _freo-bearn_ ("free-man") instead of the submitted
      _Fr{e-}obeorn_. The latter spelling appears in Reaney & Wilson,
      s.n. Freeborn. As we typically accept etymologies from standard
      references, we can register the submitted spelling of the
      byname.

      This name combines an Irish Gaelic saint's name and an
      Anglo-Saxon byname. This is an acceptable lingual mix under
      Appendix C of SENA.

  Calafia, Barony of. Household name Company of the Gilded Thimble.

      Precedent states that the adjective _Gilded_ cannot be used in
      guild names or order names. However, this pattern can be
      registered for household names. Therefore, with the Barony's
      permission, we have changed this submission to a household name.
      Both households and orders can use the designator _Company_.

      This item was pended from the May 2015 Letter of Acceptances and
      Returns.

  Clyde the Tinker. Name and device. Per chevron throughout argent and
  Or, two ball-peen hammers in saltire sable between three horseshoes
  inverted azure.

  Cormac M{o'}r. Alternate name Herald Heraldson.

  Duncan MacBryce. Name change from Aaron of Arn Hold and device. Per
  pale sable and gules, four sea-horses respectant argent.

      The submitter's previous name, _Aaron of Arn Hold_, is released.

      Nice device!

  Duncan MacBryce. Alternate name Duncan the Tall.

      The byname _the Tall_ is a lingua Anglica form of the Middle
      English _le Talle_. The byname _Talle_ is dated to 1265 in the
      Middle English Dictionary, and can be glossed as "large, big".
      Adding the definite article _le_ is unremarkable at this time.

  D'vorah bint D{a-}'{u-}d. Badge. Per bend gules and azure.

      Nice badge!

  Gavin O'Rourke. Device. Vert, a tower within an annulet argent.

  Giraldo de la Huerta. Name and device. Gules, on a bend sinister Or
  a grape vine vert fructed gules.

      Nice late 16th century Spanish name!

  Gwenllian ferch Hulin. Name.

  H{ae}ringr St{y'}rima{dh}r. Name.

  Isabel Maria Garcia. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      The submitter requested authenticity for a Spanish name. This
      name is authentic for 16th century Spain.

  Isabella Cristofori. Name and device. Gules, a hawk's lure Or
  feathered argent, a bordure argent semy of lozenges vert.

  James of the Marsh. Name.

      The byname _of the Marsh_ is a lingua Anglica form of _of the
      Mersh_, a 1374 byname found in the Middle English Dictionary.

  Klaus M{u:}hlhauser von Unterwessen. Reblazon of device. Quarterly
  gules and ermine, an elk passant contourny azure attired gules.

      Registered in April 2014 as "Quarterly gules and ermine, a moose
      passant contourny azure attired gules", this beast was known as
      an _elk_ in period Europe, so we are correcting the usage.

  Lettice Blythe. Name change from Sophie Trouvere and device change.
  Per pale azure and sable, a sprig bendwise sinister argent.

      Nice 16th century English name! We note that ffride wlffsdotter
      documented _Lettice Blithe_ to 1579 in the FamilySearch
      Historical Records.

      The submitter's previous name, _Sophie Trouvere_, is released.

      The submitter has permission to conflict with the device of
      Alice of Kent: "Vert, a sprig of elder bendwise sinister
      argent".

      The submitter's old device, "Azure, on a bend sinister vert
      fimbriated three musical notes palewise argent", is released.

  Rhydderch Derwen. Device. Argent, a fox sejant gardant gules and a
  base engrailed sable.

  Sidony Ackerman. Name and device. Azure, a falcon rising wings
  displayed Or sustaining a scythe fesswise argent.

  Svala in h{a'}rfagra R{i'}kar{dh}arsd{o'}ttir. Name (see RETURNS for
  device).

======================================================================

**** CALONTIR acceptances ****

  Anna Plantyn. Name.

      Both elements can be found in Norwich, England, in 1585 in the
      FamilySearch Historical Records, making this an excellent late
      16th century name!

  Ardovino Dragonetti. Blanket permission to conflict with name and
  device. Paly purpure and argent, a chevron counterchanged.

      Ardovino grants permission to conflict for any name that is not
      identical to his registered name. He also grants permission to
      conflict for any armory that is not identical to his registered
      device.

  Gawain of Miskbridge. Reblazon of device. Sable mullety argent, a
  ship Or sail furled, fore and sterncastles enflamed proper, issuant
  from base a demi-sun Or.

      Registered in October of 1982 (via the Middle) as "Sable,
      mullety argent, a lymphad Or, fore and aft castles enflamed
      proper, issuant from base a demi-sun Or", the submitter
      requested the reblazon of the primary charge to a generic ship,
      for which the position of the sails must be specified.

  Georgette Durning. Name.

      Both elements are found in England in 1632 in the FamilySearch
      Historical Records.

  Gwendolyn verch Morgaine. Badge. (Fieldless) A brunette mermaid
  proper maintaining a sword and buckler Or.

      This badge does not conflict with the badge of Colin of
      Duntamknackan: "(Tinctureless) A merman, bow in dexter and arrow
      in sinister hand, tail raised to sinister". There is a DC for
      the tinctureless/fieldless allowance and, based on the August
      2015 Cover Letter, another one for changing the types of the
      held charges.

  Maximilian Praetorius. Name and device. Quarterly Or and gules, a
  double-headed eagle counterchanged.

      _Maximilian_ is a late 16th century German name found in the
      FamilySearch Historical Records, making this an entirely German
      name.

      Nice device!

  Miakushka Loshkina. Name (see RETURNS for device).

  M{o'}r Bhallach inghean Domhnaill. Badge. Per chevron gules and
  argent, two decrescents argent and an owl affronty purpure.

  Robert of Ruda. Reblazon of device. Ermine, two spears in saltire
  sable between in pale a stag's head erased vert and a boar's head
  erased gules.

      Registered in May 1988 as "Ermine, two spears crossed in saltire
      sable, between in pale an elk's head erased vert and a boar's
      head erased gules", in period blazon, the term _elk_ would have
      denoted the beast known in North America as the moose, which is
      not the case here. We have corrected the blazon.

  Seumas Sionnach Geal. Reblazon of badge. (Fieldless) On an escallop
  inverted argent a sea-elk vert.

      Registered in November 1995 as "(Fieldless) On an escallop
      inverted argent a sea-moose vert", the moose was known as an
      _elk_ in period Europe, so we are correcting the usage.

  Sign{y'} Ulfsd{o'}ttir. Name change from Angeline Marie le Chat du
  Coeur (see RETURNS for device).

      This name does not conflict with the registered _Sigrid
      Ulfsdottir_ due to substantial change in the second syllable of
      the given name (_-rid_ versus _-ny_).

      The submitter's previous name, _Angeline Marie le Chat du
      Coeur_, is released.

  Sign{y'} Ulfsd{o'}ttir. Badge. (Fieldless) In pale a cow courant
  conjoined to a crescent argent.

  Sign{y'} Ulfsd{o'}ttir. Badge. (Fieldless) On a wolf courant Or, a
  knot of two hearts voided and braced to form a single cord sable.

      The interlaced hearts are a period charge occurring in the arms
      of Schulthaf in 1548.

      Please advise the submitter to draw the tertiary charge larger
      in order to improve its identifiability.

  Tatiana Nikonovna Besprozvannyja. Device change. Gules, a natural
  demi-tiger rampant regardant erased argent striped sable and an orle
  argent.

      The submitter's old device, "Argent semy of patriarchal crosses
      sable, on a pile inverted wavy gules a natural tiger passant
      reguardant argent striped sable, a bordure counterchanged gules
      and argent semy of patriarchal crosses sable", is retained as a
      badge.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a
      (demi)natural tiger.

======================================================================

**** DRACHENWALD acceptances ****

  Aarnimets{a:}, Barony of. Reblazon of badge. (Fieldless) A demi-elk
  argent armed Or, its dexter foreleg replaced by an arm in armor
  argent garnished Or, sustaining a sword proper.

      Registered in March 1999 as "(Fieldless) A demi-moose rampant
      its dexter foreleg replaced by an arm in armor argent, armed
      unguled and garnished Or, brandishing a sword proper", this
      beast was known as an _elk_ in period Europe, so we are
      correcting the usage, as well as using the current term for the
      held charge.

  Aarnimets{a:}, Barony of. Reblazon of badge. (Fieldless) A demi-elk
  sable armed Or, its dexter foreleg replaced by an arm in armor
  argent garnished Or, sustaining a sword proper.

      Registered in March 1999 as "(Fieldless) A demi-moose rampant
      sable, armed and unguled Or, its dexter foreleg replaced by an
      arm in armor argent garnished Or, brandishing a sword proper",
      this beast was known as an _elk_ in period Europe, so we are
      correcting the usage, as well as using the current term for the
      held charge.

  Iyrid Bielke. Reblazon of device. Gules, a fess erminois between
  three elks passant Or.

      Registered in October 2001 as "Gules, a fess erminois between
      three moose passant Or", this beast was known as an _elk_ in
      period Europe, so we are correcting the usage.

======================================================================

**** EALDORMERE acceptances ****

  Ana of Ramshaven. Holding name and device (see RETURNS for name).
  Per chevron vert and sable, three jasmine flowers argent and a fox
  passant regardant Or paw resting upon a skull in profile argent.

      Although jasmine isn't native to Europe, it was cultivated there
      by the end of period: the Oxford English Dictionary says jasmine
      was "long naturalized in Southern Europe, and grown in England
      since the 16th c." Therefore, like the tulip, the jasmine flower
      does not carry a step from period practice.

      Submitted under the name _Ana Ian'ka doch Lisitsina_.

  Beremere, Canton of. Device change. Argent, a winged bear rampant
  contourny sable and on a ford proper a laurel wreath sable.

      The group's old device, "Gules, on a fess wavy between a bear
      statant contourny and a mountain argent a laurel wreath gules",
      is retained as ancient arms.

  Beremere, Canton of. Badge. Per fess wavy argent and barry wavy
  azure and argent, in chief a winged bear rampant contourny sable.

  Graham Day. Name and device. Per pale azure and argent, in canton an
  astrolabe argent, a bordure counterchanged.

      Although documented in the Letter of Intent as a late period
      English surname used as a given name, _Graham_ is also found as
      an early 17th century English given name in the FamilySearch
      Historical Records.

  Greger Sondenstede. Reblazon of device. Gyronny crosswise vert and
  argent, a roundel sable charged with a spangenhelm affronty argent
  between four axe in annulo blades to center sable.

      Registered in June of 2001 as "Argent, a saltire formy vert
      between four axes in annulo blades to center overall on a
      roundel sable a spangenhelm affronty argent", this is simply a
      gyronny field.

  Hro{dh}geirr Grimsson. Name.

  Laura Battista. Device. Purpure, a chevron Or between three
  sea-horses argent.

      Nice device!

  Lucia de Moranza. Name and device. Azure, a spiderweb and on a chief
  Or three oak leaves azure.

      Nice 16th century Venetian name!

      Please advise the submitter to make sure that the spiderweb
      covers all the field.

  Penn de Moranza. Name and device. Azure, in saltire five dice Or
  marked sable.

      _Penn_ is one of the submitter's legal given names. It is also a
      16th century English given name found in FamilySearch Historical
      Records. As English and Italian are not an acceptable lingual
      mix under Appendix C of SENA, the submitter must rely on the
      legal name allowance.

  Trumbrand the Wanderer. Name and device. Per fess sable and Or, in
  pale a tankard atop an anvil counterchanged.

      Previously, lingua Anglica forms of constructed English bynames
      like _Traveler_ and _Wanderer_ could only be registered without
      the definite article _the/le_:

           We agree with the assessment of Pelican Emeritus. On
           the basis of the examples cited by her and by
           Batonvert, _Traveler_, without the definite article,
           follows period patterns of descriptive bynames in
           English. We hereby rule that _Traveler_, or another
           period spelling of the term, is no longer considered
           SCA-compatible, but is registerable as a constructed
           byname (though of course we would encourage people to
           use one of the actually documented bynames instead of
           _Traveler_). While none of the commenters were able to
           find an explicit example of the spelling _traveler_ in
           our period, the single _-l-_ spelling is consistent
           with spellings found in the Middle English Dictionary
           s.v. travailour. We have changed the name to "Sean_
           _Traveler" in order to register it. [Sean Traveler,
           April 2009, A-Calontir].

      In the present submission, the byname _the Wanderer_ is a lingua
      Anglica form of the constructed _le Wanderare_. _Wanderare_
      ("one who wanders or travels about") is found as a noun dated to
      1440 (Middle English Dictionary). Similar attested bynames
      include the 13th century _Wander_ and _Wanderbug_ (from the
      Middle English Dictionary), the 14th century _Wayfarar_ (found
      in J{o:}nsj{o:}), and the 12th-13th century _(le) Pelerin_ ("one
      who travels to a holy place, traveler from foreign lands", found
      in the Middle English Dictionary and Reaney & Wilson, s.n.
      Pilgrim). Although the more likely lingua Anglica form of the
      submitted byname omits the definite article _the_, Appendix A of
      SENA allows the registration of Middle English descriptive and
      occupational bynames both with and without the article _the/le_.
      Therefore, we overturn the precedents disallowing the use of the
      definite article, and allow the registration of _the Wanderer_
      as a lingua Anglica form of the constructed byname _le
      Wanderare_.

======================================================================

**** EAST acceptances ****

  Anna Dokeianina Syrakousina. Badge. (Fieldless) A dolphin naiant
  sable.

      Nice badge!

  Concordia of the Snows, Barony of. Order name Order of Diamond of
  Concordia of the Snows.

  Concordia of the Snows, Barony of. Order name Order of Sapphire of
  Concordia of the Snows.

  Desmond Sparrow. Name.

  Finn mac L{a'}eb{a'}in. Name and device. Per chevron purpure and
  vert, a chevron inverted argent.

  Gieffrei de Toesni. Name and device. Per fess vert and azure, two
  martlets counter-volant volant argent.

      Nice 12th century French name!

  Harald Folkesson. Reblazon of device. Azure, on a pale between in
  chief two lions Or, in chief a lion azure.

      Registered in August of 1992 as "Azure, a pale Or, in chief
      three lions counterchanged", the lions are in different charge
      groups.

  Idony atte Welle. Name change from Ceara inghean Eirn{i'}n and
  device. Azure, on a bend argent cotised Or three leaves azure.

      The submitter's previous name, _Ceara inghean Eirn{i'}n_, is
      retained as an alternate name.

  James the Forrester of Malmesbury. Reblazon of device. Vert, an
  elk's attires between three hunting horns Or.

      Registered in February 1992 as "Vert, a moose's attires between
      three hunting horns Or", this beast was known as an _elk_ in
      period Europe, so we are correcting the usage.

  Jibril ibn `Ammar al-Fayyad. Alternate name Veritus Slacke.

      _Veritus_ was documented in the Letter of Intent as a 16th
      century given name found in the FamilySearch Historical Records.
      However, it was documented using an I-batch, which is not
      acceptable on its own except on a case-by-case basis when
      supported by additional documentation such as an image of the
      primary source. A similar name, _Veritas_, was found in
      FamilySearch as well, using allowable batch numbers. As
      _veritus_ ("respected/revered/dreaded") and _veritas_ ("truth")
      have different etymologies, the instances of the second name may
      not support the submitted spelling.

      However, a number of 16th century English names found in
      FamilySearch and other sources are spelled using either _-as_ or
      _-us_. Examples of such pairs include the feminine
      _Charitas/Charitus_ and the male _Willimas/Willimus_,
      _Titas/Titus_, _Augustas/Augustus_, _Robertas/Robertus_, and
      _Humanitas/Humanitus_. Although it is possible that some of
      these instances involve transcription errors from the original
      records, we will give the submitter the benefit of the doubt
      that _Veritus_ is a plausible form of the attested _Veritas_.

  Juliana Osborne. Badge. (Fieldless) A stag's head cabossed gules
  within and conjoined to a capital letter O vert.

  Katheryn Redmayne. Reblazon of device. Argent, in pale three lions
  sejant gules between flaunches azure.

      Registered in December of 2004 as "Argent, in pale three
      domestic cats sejant gules between flaunches azure", these are
      not domestic cats.

  Michael Leopold. Reblazon of device. Sable, an elk's head cabossed
  argent and a bordure barry wavy azure and argent.

      Registered in June 2011 as "Sable, a moose's head cabossed
      argent and a bordure barry wavy azure and argent", this beast
      was known as an _elk_ in period Europe, so we are correcting the
      usage.

  Shannon inghean Bhriain u{i'} Dhuille{a'}in. Badge. (Fieldless) On a
  shamrock vert a mullet argent.

  Steinar Bjornsson. Name and device. Per pale indented sable and Or,
  a valknut and a raven counterchanged.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a valknut.

  Tysha z Kieva. Device. Per bend sinister purpure and vert, a sun
  argent and overall a bend sinister chevronelly sable and argent.

  Vettorio Antonello. Device. Or, in fess a domestic cat sejant
  contourny sable and a raven gules, a bordure embattled per pale
  gules and sable.

  Violet Hughes. Alternate name Purple of An Dubhaigeainn.

      Commenters questioned if this alternate name was obtrusively
      modern. Although _Purple_ is a late 16th century English
      surname, it is also found as a given name dated to 1673 in the
      FamilySearch Historical Records. Therefore, this given name is
      not "modern", even though it wasn't used as a given name until
      just after our gray period.

      _An Dubhaigeainn_ is the registered name of an SCA branch. By
      precedent, the standard form of the byname using this branch
      name is _of An Dubhaigeainn_, even if this is not grammatically
      correct [An Dubhaigeainn, Barony, October 2014, Errata].

  Violet Hughes. Device. Purpure, a pawprint within a mascle, a
  bordure argent.

      Please advise the submitter to draw the charges larger so as to
      better fill the available space.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a paw print.

  Wulfgang vom Walde. Name.

      Previously registered as an interpolated 14th century spelling,
      the Low German _Wulfgang_ is dated to 1561 in Seibicke, s.n.
      Wolfgang.

  Wulfram Engelenbach. Device. Vert, a wolf rampant argent between
  three Thor's hammers Or.

      This device is clear of the device of Robert Strongbow, "Vert, a
      wolf rampant argent maintaining in its dexter forepaw a sheaf of
      three arrows Or, barbed and flighted argent, and sustaining in
      its sinister forepaw in chief a bow fesswise gules". There is a
      DC for the changing the type, another one for changing the
      arrangement between the arrows and Thor's hammers and another DC
      for removing the bow.

======================================================================

**** GLEANN ABHANN acceptances ****

  Abu Hurairah 'Abd al-Aziz ibn al-Sarraj ibn al-Nasrani al-Rabi'.
  Name.

      Submitted as "_'_Abd al-Aziz ibn al-S_ir_aj_ ar_-Rabi_'_", the
      name was changed in kingdom to "_Abu Hurairah_ _'_Abd al-Aziz
      ibn al-S_arr_aj _ibn al-Nasrani al_-Rabi'". The submitter
      provided additional documentation for the modified name phrases,
      but the original form and the subsequent changes to the name
      were not summarized explicitly in the Letter of Intent. Kingdom
      also confirmed that the submitter wanted the form in the Letter
      of Intent, so we have registered this form.

  Aoife inghean Tom{a'}is. Name.

      Nice 13th century Irish Gaelic name!

  Art mac R{u'}ad{a'}in u{i'} Lugdach. Name.

      Submitted as "Art mac R_{u'}i_d_{a'}_in u_{i'}_ Lugdach", the
      name appeared in the Letter of Intent as "Art mac R_ua_d_a_in
      u_i_ Lugdach" because documentation for the element _Ruidain_
      could not be found. These changes and an authenticity request
      for a 10th-12th century Irish name were not summarized in the
      Letter of Intent.

      We have restored the accents and registered this name as "Art
      mac R_{u'}a_d_{a'}_in u_{i'}_ Lugdach". This name is an
      authentic Middle Irish name, meeting the submitter's request for
      an 10th-12th century Irish name.

  {A'}sa Brig{i'}{dh}ard{o'}ttir. Name and device. Argent semy of
  triquetras azure, a dragonfly bendwise purpure.

  Astri{dh}r geit buandi. Name.

      Submitted as "_A_stri{dh}r _g_eitbuand_{i'}_", this name was
      changed in kingdom to "_{A'}_stri{dh}r _G_eitbuand_i_". This
      change was not summarized in the Letter of Intent.

      The byname _Geitbuandi_ was constructed with the intended
      meaning of "goat farmer". We have no evidence of the pattern
      _animal + farmer_ in the same name phrase, so this byname is not
      registerable in this form. However, double bynames are allowed
      in Old Norse as long as both can reasonably describe the same
      person, and accents can be omitted if done so consistently
      throughout the entire name. Therefore, we have changed the name
      to "_A_stri{dh}r _g_eit_ _buandi" ("goat" and "farmer") in order
      to register this name.

  Avicia de Loudonia. Name and device. Per pale argent and purpure, in
  pale three dragonflies counterchanged.

  David Boot Legg. Name and device. Or, a cross gringol{e'} gules with
  serpent's heads vert.

      The term "bootleg" has the meaning of "The leg of a tall boot,
      or the leather, etc., cut out for this" in the OED, dated to
      1634. Therefore, this combination of bynames is not obtrusively
      modern.

  Ella Strasser. Badge. Per bend azure and argent, a chess rook
  counterchanged.

  Elric inn rau{dh}i {u'}lfr. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      Submitted as "Elric _Rau{dh}_{u'}lfr", the name has the intended
      meaning of "Elric the red wolf". Precedent states:

           Lacking solid evidence of a clear pattern of
           descriptive bynames of the form [color] + [animal] in
           Old Norse, there is no support for the submitted
           _Hvithestr_ as a plausible descriptive byname in Old
           Norse. [Kristin Hvithestr, 12/2003, R-West]

      Therefore, the byname _Rau{dh}{u'}lfr_ ("red wolf") is not
      registerable as a single byname. However, double bynames in Old
      Norse are permitted if both can reasonably describe the same
      person. Therefore, _inn rau{dh}i {u'}lfr_ ("the red" and "wolf")
      is registerable. The submitter allowed a change to this name.

  Endre Brand. Name.

      The spelling _Endre_ was not found in the book cited in the
      Letter of Intent except as an undated header form. The entry
      included instead the dated form _Endres_.

      However, _Endre_ is a Norwegian name from our gray period, found
      in the FamilySearch Historical Records. The combination of a
      Scandinavian given name and German byname is an acceptable
      lingual mix under Appendix C of SENA. We also note that the
      byname is also found in Denmark (FamilySearch), making this name
      entirely Scandinavian.

  Estreilla Brasa. Name and device. Per chevron sable and purpure, an
  increscent and a decrescrent argent and a phoenix argent enflamed
  proper.

      The submitter requested authenticity for a 16th century
      Spanish/Iberian name. The given name is a Jewish name from 14th
      century Navarre and the byname is from 15th-16th century Spain.
      Therefore, this name does not meet the submitter's request for
      authenticity, but it is registerable.

      Please advise the submitter to draw the crescents larger.

  Evlaliia Svenevicha. Device change. Per bend sinister nebuly vert
  and Or, a spinning wheel reversed Or and an open book sable.

      The submitter's old device, "Per pale vert and sable, eight Tyr
      runes in annulo, bases to center and a bordure Or", is retained
      as a badge.

  Fl{o'}ki Halfdan. Name and device. Per pale gules and Or, a
  bicorporate lion counterchanged.

      Submitted as "Fl{o'}ki _halfdanski_", the name was changed in
      kingdom to "Fl{o'}ki _H{a'}lfdan_" in order to match the
      documentation that could be found. However, this change was not
      summarized in the Letter of Intent.

      The submitted byname _halfdanski_ was not found in the source
      cited in the Letter of Intent. The modified byname,
      _H{a'}lfdan_, is a given name in Old Norse. Unmarked patronyms
      are not found in Old Norse, so we cannot register this form.

      There is a Middle English byname, _Halfdan_, in the Domesday
      Book. The combination of an Old Norse given name and pre-1100
      Middle English byname is an acceptable lingual mix under
      Appendix C of SENA. Although the submission form stated that
      major changes, such as a change in language, were not allowed,
      the submitter specifically allowed a change to the Middle
      English form.

      Nice device!

  Francesca da Trani. Device change. Sable, an ermine spot and an orle
  Or.

      Nice device!

      The submitter's old device, "Pean, on a lozenge Or, a
      pomegranate gules, slipped and leaved vert", is retained as a
      badge.

  Gaius Aurelius Magnus. Device. Vert, a bear statant between three
  wolf's heads cabossed argent, a bordure argent papellony vert.

  Gaius Curtius Primus. Device. Per bend sinister argent and sable, a
  maple leaf inverted sable and a Roman dining couch reversed Or.

      This is the defining instance of a _Roman dining couch_ in
      Society armory. The Roman dining couch or lectus was documented
      as an artifact. It has the raised back to dexter by default.

  Galiana d'Avinhon. Device. Gules, a garb Or between six lozenges in
  annulo argent.

  Gunnulf hvitskeggr. Name.

      Submitted as "Gunnulf _hvita_skegg_r_", the name was changed in
      kingdom to "Gunnulf _Huit_skegg_ _" in order to use an attested
      form of the byname. The changes to the byname were not
      summarized in the Letter of Intent.

      The form "hvi_ts_keggr" can be constructed as an Old Norse
      byname meaning "whitebearded", whereas _hvitskegg/huitskegg_ is
      a strong adjectival form of _hinn huitskeggi_, an attested
      Middle Norwegian byname with the submitter's desired meaning of
      "white beard" (or "man with a white beard"). The Norwegian form
      is found in the chivalric saga _Elis Saga_.

      We have changed the byname to the constructed Old Norse
      _hvitskeggr_ in order to register this name, as it is closest to
      what was submitted. If the submitter prefers _hvitskegg_ or
      _huitskegg_, he can submit a request for reconsideration.

  Gwydion Wyllt. Name.

      Nice 14th century Welsh name!

  Hrafn Kn{u'}tsson. Device. Gules, two ravens respectant and in base
  a triskelion of spirals argent.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a triskelion
      of spirals.

  Hr{o'}lfr {O,}zurarson. Device. Sable, a triquetra between three
  wolf's heads couped in pall necks to center argent.

  Ingi Bjornsson. Name and device. Per fess azure and vert, a bear
  sejant erect affronty between five mullets three and two Or.

      The submitter requested authenticity for a Swedish or Rus name.
      This name appears to be authentic for 14th century Sweden,
      meeting the submitter's request.

  Isabeau Papillon. Name and device. Argent papellony, on a roundel
  purpure a butterfly Or, a bordure purpure semy-de-lys Or.

  Johnna ingen u{i'} Chin{a'}eda. Name and device. Argent, a bend
  sinister sable between a rose gules slipped and leaved vert and a
  phoenix purpure.

      Submitted as "Johnna ingen u{i'} _C_in{a'}eda", the byname must
      be lenited. We have changed the name to "Johnna ingen u{i'}
      _Ch_in{a'}eda" in order to register the name.

      _Johnna_ is the submitter's legal given name.

  Johnna ingen u{i'} Chin{a'}eda. Badge. Per bend sinister azure and
  vert, a bend sinister invected argent between an eagle's leg erased
  Or and a dog's hind leg erased, foot to base argent.

  Kendra Dey. Device. Barry argent and sable, on a bend sinister azure
  three quatrefoil knots palewise argent.

  Khalilah al-Zakiyyah. Name and device. Gyronny of sixteen purpure
  and argent, a two-headed wolf sejant affronty gules, in base a key
  inverted and an arrow in saltire sable.

      Precedent states that _Khalilah_ is the expected feminine form
      constructed from the masculine given name _Khalil_, and is found
      in the title of an unidentified period text [Khalilia
      al-Sadafiyya, September 2001, A-Caid]. In the case of this name,
      we have no evidence of _Khalila(h)_ in our period as a woman's
      given name. Although we will allow registration of this
      particular name at this time, not every masculine name can be
      feminized. Future submissions of _Khalila(h)_ should include
      stronger evidence that this name is plausible in our period.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a field
      gyronny of sixteen with a central charge.

      Please advise the submitter to draw the beast so it has more
      obviously a single body rather than a form that appears to have
      two sets of hindquarters behind forequarters with a single
      torso.

  Konrad Kinczel Boese. Name and device. Per chevron argent and vert,
  in chief a skull sable and an anchor gules.

  Lysbette D'Auvergne. Name and device. Sable, on a bezant a lotus
  flower in profile gules, a bordure denticulada Or.

      The submitter requested authenticity for 14th century France,
      but dropped this request.

      The submitter may wish to know that French locative bynames
      overwhelmingly use lowercase forms of the preposition meaning
      "of/from" before place names. However, capitalized forms are
      occasionally found, such as _des Quesnes/Des Quesnes_ in
      "Personal names found in the Armorial du d{e'}nombrement de la
      Comt{e'} de Clermont en Beauvaisis 1373-1376: some names from
      Picardy in the 14th century" by Chrestienne la pescheresse (2007
      KWHSS Proceedings). We note that the more likely form is
      _d'Auvergne_.

  Mechera de Corvinis. Name and device. Purpure, on a pale Or a sun
  gules between two ravens sable.

  Morgan of Osprey. Badge. (Fieldless) On a flame gules a crane
  skeleton rising contourny argent.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a bird
      skeleton.

  Osanna Lucia Wyglesworth. Name (see RETURNS for device).

  Oswald Zurwesten. Name.

  Qabil al-Mwsyqar. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      _Qabil_ is a Arabic form of _Cain_ and follows a pattern of
      using Biblical names. The byname _Abu Qabil_ is found as an
      early Arabic name in Hayrettin Y{u:}cesoy, _Messianic Beliefs
      and Imperial Politics in Medieval Islam_, so the given name is
      reasonable.

      The byname _al-Mwsyqar_ ("the musician") is a classical Arabic
      transliteration, where long vowels are represented by _w_ and
      _y_. The more standard transliteration is _al-Musiqar_ or
      _al-M{u-}s{i-}qar_, where the latter is found in Henry George
      Farmer, _Studies in Oriental Music: Instruments and military
      music_. We note that today, this term is also used for "the
      masters", e.g., classical composers. As the word does not have
      this literal meaning, and is not solely used for this purpose,
      its use is not presumptuous in the present submission.

  Sorcha ainsheasccar inghean Fhaol{a'}in. Name.

      The submitter may wish to know that "Sorcha _A_insheasccar
      inghean Fhaol{a'}in" is also registerable.

  Stigander Nj{a'}lsson. Name and device. Argent chauss{e'} vert, a
  raven sable perched upon a wooden smoking pipe fesswise bowl to
  dexter proper.

      Submitted as "St{i'}gand_r_", the given name was documented in
      the Letter of Intent as an adjective, not a given name.
      "Stigander" is a related 14th century given name found in Lind,
      s.n. St{i'}gandr. With the submitter's permission, we have
      changed the name to this form.

  Tessa da Modica. Device. Per bend sinister Or and gules, a domestic
  cat couchant sable and an Arabian lamp lit Or.

======================================================================

**** LOCHAC acceptances ****

  Alianore de Essewell. Alternate name Thomisina Trevisan.

  Amber de la Morte. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      The submitter requested authenticity for a 16th-17th century
      name. This name is authentic for early 17th century England.

  Anna von der Ron. Name and device. Argent, a mullet of eight points
  within and conjoined to an annulet gules, a bordure engrailed sable.

      Both the given name and byname are found in N{u:}rnberg dated to
      1497, making this an excellent late 15th century German name!

  Arianwen verch Anerain. Name change from Gwenhwyvar verch Anerain.

      The submitter's previous name, _Gwenhwyvar verch Anerain_, is
      retained as an alternate name.

  Arija of Livonia. Name and device. Argent, on a fess rayonny sable,
  three winged sea-lions argent.

      The submitter requested authenticity for a 15th to 16th century
      name, and noted that the Livonian/Russian culture was most
      important to her.

      _Arija_ was documented as the feminine form of the masculine
      given name _Arii_ or _Arius_. After the Pelican decision
      meeting, Blue Tyger provided examples from Wickenden of
      feminizing the names of martyrs in Russian (e.g., _Paramon >
      Paramona_, _Pavel > Pavla_, _Platon > Platonida_), and at least
      one example of a female saint's name being changed to a
      masculine form (_Palladiia > Palladii_). Therefore, a feminine
      form of the saint's name _Arius_ is plausible. The submitted
      spelling is an alternative transliteration.

      As the given name was constructed and the byname is a lingua
      Anglica form, the name is not authentic to the 15th-16th
      century, but it is registerable.

      Please advise the submitter to draw the fess higher on the field
      and with fewer rays on the line of division

  Berndt Dichmann. Name and device. Paly chevronelly inverted purpure
  and Or.

      Nice 16th century German name!

  Brusi Anderson of the Shetlands. Badge for Housse Descartes. Or semy
  of griffins vert.

  Brusi Anderson of the Shetlands. Badge for Housse Descartes. Vert
  semy of griffins Or.

  Cassandra of the Cheviot Hills. Name and device. Per chevron azure
  and sable, a catamount passant and an orle argent.

  Catherine James of Glastonbury. Name and device. Azure, a rose and
  on a chief argent three triquetras azure.

  Eagle Bear. Name and device. Per pale argent and Or, an opinicus
  statant vert and a chief rayonny gules.

  Eleanor of Orkney. Badge. Lozengy gules and argent, on a chief
  argent three fleurs-de-lys gules.

      Nice badge!

      The submitter requested an association with La Familiglia
      Allargata, but no association can be made as that household name
      is not registered.

  Eyfura Eydisardottir. Name and device. Argent, a sheaf of arrows
  inverted and on a chief azure three butterflies argent.

  Finnbj{o,}rn Skeggason. Device. Quarterly gules and sable, four
  plates and a bordure argent.

      Please advise the submitter to draw each plate more in the
      center of its quarter.

  Helayne Quynteyn. Badge. (Fieldless) In fess two lozenges conjoined
  gules.

  {I'}mar mac Ma{i'}l Coluim. Name.

  Jaye Jenkins. Name and device. Per pale gules and argent, a
  reremouse counterchanged.

      Nice 16th century English name!

  Kolfinna R{a'}{dh}{u'}lfsd{o'}ttir. Alternate name Gumuuinus de
  Eggafridicapella.

      Submitted as "Gu_mm_uuinus de Eggafridicapella", the attested
      spelling appears to be "Gu_m_uuinus de Eggafridicapella". We
      have changed the spelling of the given name to match the
      documentation that could be found.

  Lavinia of the Tyrol. Badge. (Fieldless) An ermine spot within and
  conjoined to an annulet Or.

  Lazar Vukani{c'}. Reblazon of device. Sable, a bend dancetty between
  a wolf's paw print bendwise sinister inverted and a wolf's paw print
  bendwise sinister argent.

      Registered in May of 2007 as "Sable, a bend dancetty between a
      wolf's paw print bendwise sinister inverted and a wolf's paw
      print bendwise sinster argent", the second sinister lacked a
      "i".

  Lochac, Kingdom of. Order name Order of the Golden Poyntel.

      The _poyntel_, or _pointel_, is a period scribal tool.

  Lochac, Kingdom of. Heraldic title Chaine Shot Herald.

      Submitted as "Chaine _s_hot Herald", we have changed it to
      "Chaine _S_hot Herald" with the kingdom's permission to use
      standard capitalization.

  Michael Honeyman. Name.

      The submitter requested authenticity request for a 14th to 16th
      century name. This name is authentic for 16th century England.

  Pedro del Gerro. Name and device. Per bend sinister sable and
  purpure, a skeleton passant argent maintaining a tankard Or.

  Semeon Aleksandrovich Dragon. Name and device. Per chevron embattled
  argent and sable, two roses proper and a dragon dormant argent.

      The byname _Dragon_ was suggested to the submitter in his prior
      return [Semyon Aleksandrovich Drakon, January 2015, R-Lochac].

      Commenters for the present submission noted that the given name
      _Dragon_ appears to be Bulgarian or Czech, rather than Russian,
      and questioned whether it could be used as an unmarked patronym
      in those languages. Therefore, there is potentially a 304-year
      temporal gap between the given name _Semeon_ and the byname
      _Dragon_.

      However, as the submitter followed our advice and made this
      resubmission in good faith, we are registering this name.

  Sigr{i'}{dh}r stjarna. Name and device. Vert, a fleur-de-lys Or and
  an orle of mullets of six points argent.

  Ursula von Memmingen. Name and device. Barry Or and sable, on a
  chief gules three bees Or marked sable.

      Nice device!

  Willelm Castleford. Device. Sable, in chief a battering ram Or armed
  and garnished argent.

  Wolfgang Germanicus. Name.

      As documented in the Letter of Intent, _Germanicus_ follows the
      16th century German practice of using classical Latin
      _cognomina_ as given names, as discussed in "Names from the
      Family Search Historical Records: Names from Classical History
      and Mythology" by Alys Mackyntoich
      (http://heraldry.sca.org/kwhss/2014/Alys_Mackyntoich/Names_from_Classical_History_and_Mythology.pdf).
      It is also the name of an early saint.

  Yana Western Shores. Name.

      _Yana_ is the submitter's legal given name.

======================================================================

**** MERIDIES acceptances ****

  Alina de Lacy. Device. Azure, a dove volant wings addorsed argent
  maintaining in its beak a stalk of wheat, a mount Or.

      This device is clear of conflict with the badge of Christall
      Gordon, "Azure, a dove volant wings elevated and addorsed argent
      sustaining in its beak a ladle palewise Or".There is a DC for
      adding the base and another one for changing the type of the
      held secondary.

  Anastasia Niccolini. Name.

  Asuka'i Yuume. Name and badge. (Fieldless) On a fan Or a feather
  azure.

  Bjorn Rhys. Reblazon of device. Per bend sinister argent and sable,
  a stag's skull caboshed sable.

      Registered in November 1987 as "Per bend sinister argent and
      sable, in dexter chief an elk's skull caboshed sable", in period
      blazon, the term _elk_ would have denoted the beast known in
      North America as the moose, which is not the case here. We have
      corrected the blazon.

  Eir{i'}kr galti Hrafnsson. Badge. (Fieldless) On a mullet of eight
  points Or a tree eradicated vert.

  Eir{i'}kr galti Hrafnsson. Badge. (Fieldless) Two boar spears in
  saltire sable and overall a boar statant contourny Or.

  Griffin {O'} Suaird. Badge. (Fieldless) A barbel naiant ermine.

  'Inan bint Sufian. Name change from Umm al-Mundhir 'Inan bint
  Sufian.

      The name phrases in this name are grandfathered to the
      submitter.

      The submitter's previous name, _Umm al-Mundhir 'Inan bint
      Sufian_, is retained as an alternate name.

  Katja the Forthright. Name change from Kata the Forthright.

      The byname _the Forthright_ is grandfathered to the submitter.

      The submitter's previous name, _Kata the Forthright_, is
      released.

  Knut Bjornsson. Name.

  Logan Guile. Name and device. Gules, a centaur rampant and a gore
  argent.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a gore with
      another charge on the field.

  Long Bai Xiong. Reblazon of device. Per pale azure and argent, in
  pall a paw print between three bear's heads cabossed counterchanged.

      Registered in February of 1995 as "Per pale azure and argent, a
      paw print between three bear's heads cabossed counterchanged",
      the charges are co-primary.

  Randulf von Gelnhausen. Reblazon of badge. (Fieldless) A sea-elk
  contourny azure maintaining two daggers proper.

      Registered in September 1992 as "(Fieldless) A sea-moose
      contourny azure maintaining two daggers proper", the moose was
      known as an _elk_ in period Europe, so we are correcting the
      usage.

  Sakurai Sukeko. Badge. Azure, within a decrescent Or charged with a
  rice stalk leaved and embowed vert a rabbit salient argent.

  Tar Radu. Reblazon of device. Sable, an elk's head erased affronty
  argent enflamed gules within a bordure dovetailed argent pellety.

      Registered in November 2001 as "Sable, a moose's head erased
      affronty argent enflamed gules within a bordure dovetailed
      argent pellety", this beast was known as an _elk_ in period
      Europe, so we are correcting the usage.

  Zahra bint al-Mu'allim. Device. Per fess azure and vert all mulletty
  of eight points Or, on a fess argent a fox courant proper.

======================================================================

**** MIDDLE acceptances ****

  Alice the Bard. Name and device. Per bend sinister argent and gules,
  on a bend sinister sable between two quill pens bendwise sinister
  counterchanged three Latin crosses argent.

      Please advise the submitter to draw the quill pens with better
      defined nibs.

  Aurora Lucia Marinella. Device. Per pale gules and azure, in pale a
  flag fan fesswise flag to chief and a cushion Or.

      This is the defining instance of a flag fan in Society armory.
      While no instances of its use in period armory have been shown,
      it is a period artifact and many depictions of this object in
      period art can be found, for example at
      http://www.larsdatter.com/fans.htm and we have evidence of other
      types of flag used in period armory. The default orientation is
      palewise with the flag to dexter.

      This charge does not get a DC from the banner as shown in the
      Pictorial Dictionary.

  Aurora Lucia Marinella. Badge. (Fieldless) On a cushion per fess
  azure and gules a demi-sun issuant from the line of division Or.

  Aurora Lucia Marinella. Badge. Per pale gules and azure all semy of
  eyes argent irised sable.

  Boen van der Meere. Badge. (Fieldless) On an open book per pale
  azure and gules an eye argent irised sable.

  Ceara inghean u{i'} Diarmada. Name.

      Submitted as "C_i_ara inghean u{i'} _Dermot_", the submitter
      requested authenticity for a late 14th century Irish name. The
      name was correctly changed in kingdom to "C_e_ara inghean u{i'}
      _Diarmada_" because the given name _Ciara_ is not found in our
      period, and because the byname combined the Gaelic _inghean
      u{i'}_ with the Anglicized Irish _Dermot_ in the same name
      phrase. The modified name is authentic for the desired time and
      place.

  Guilin Frouville le Coyfer. Reblazon of device. Argent, a sea-goat
  purpure and a chief nebuly vert.

      Registered in April of 2000 as "Argent, a sea-goat purpure and a
      chief wavy vert", the chief is nebuly.

  Kateryne Dod. Reblazon of device. Or semy of leeks vert, on a
  torteau a chatloup passant Or.

      Registered in November of 1997 as "Or semy of leeks vert, on a
      pomme a chatloup passant Or", that roundel is squarely gules.

  Konrad Mailander. Heraldic title Goldstreitkolb Herold.

      Submitted as "Goldstreitkolb_en_ Herold", a constructed German
      heraldic title with the intended meaning of "Gold Mace Herald".
      The use of _Gold-_ was documented using terms meaning "gold
      mine", "goldsmith", and "gold thief", all referring to the
      literal rather than heraldic metal. {AE}lfwynn Leof{ae}de dohtor
      suggested the form _Goldenstreitkolb_ based on the pattern of
      _color + charge_ used in bynames formed from German house names
      (found in Socin) such as _zem Goldinringe_. The submitter
      expressed a preference for the form "Goldstreitkolb_ _Herold",
      so we have made this change in order to register this title. The
      use of _Gold-_ rather than _Golden-/Goldin-_ is based on
      examples from the submission packet such as _goldm{u:}nze_
      ("gold coin") and _goldsand_ ("gold dust"). We are giving the
      submitter the benefit of the doubt that this is plausible in a
      heraldic title as well.

  Lynette de Warenne. Name and device. Argent, on a pale endorsed
  azure three Bowen crosses Or.

      This name combines a French given name from late period Belgium
      and an English byname. This is an acceptable lingual mix under
      Appendix C of SENA.

  Mustafa al-Hasan ibn Abdul Azziz. Reblazon of device. Sable, an elk
  rampant contourny within an orle of vine Or.

      Registered in January 2013 as "Sable, a moose rampant contourny
      within an orle of vine Or", this beast was known as an _elk_ in
      period Europe, so we are correcting the usage.

  Nikolai Vasilei Stefanov. Name change from holding name Nicola of
  Rivenstar.

      The submitter requested that _Nicola of Rivenstar_ be retained
      as an alternate name. This is a holding name, so it cannot be
      retained. If the submitter wishes to use this an an alternate
      name, it must be submitted through the normal process.

  Soffya von Kulpe. Badge. (Fieldless) On a water bouget gules two
  ermine spots argent.

======================================================================

**** NORTHSHIELD acceptances ****

  Adela the Diligent. Device. Per pale vert and argent, a roundel
  counterchanged.

  Bayard Turner. Device. Per bend embattled Or and sable, a horse
  passant contourny gules.

  Eyja Edmundard{o'}ttir. Device. Bendy wavy purpure and argent, a
  bordure gules.

  Fearghus Redbeard. Name.

      The spelling of the byname _Redbeard_ was not documented in the
      Letter of Intent. Ogress documented this spelling to 1624
      England in the FamilySearch Historical Records.

      This name does not conflict with the registered _Fergus
      Redmede_. There has been a substantial change in the final
      syllable (_-beard_ versus _-mede_), so this name is clear under
      PN3C2 of SENA.

      This name combines a Gaelic given name and English byname. This
      is an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C of SENA.

  Lauressa Rene. Name.

  Leonardo di Renzo del Firenze. Device. Gules, two scarpes between a
  rose and a horse rampant Or.

  Marketa Barfussin. Device. Per chevron inverted argent and azure, a
  tree eradicated vert and three decrescents argent.

  Ulfarr inn Sterki. Name and device. Bendy sinister Or and sable, a
  wolf's head couped argent and a bordure gules.

      This name does not conflict with the registered name _{U'}lfr
      hinn sterki_. Although the names are very similar, there are two
      changes under PN3C1 of SENA: _Ulfarr_ versus _{U'}lfr_ and _inn_
      versus _hinn_. Therefore, we are able to register this name.

  Ulfrun {TH}unnkarr. Name and device. Vert, a duck argent and a gore
  ermine.

      Submitted as "Ulfrun _{TH}h_unnkarr", a timely correction to the
      Letter of Intent noted that the intended spelling of the byname
      is "_{TH}_unnkarr". We have made this change in order to
      register this name.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a gore with
      another charge on the field.

  Yzabeau Du Chesne. Badge. Azure, two G-clefs argent and a mountain
  Or.

      Please advise the submitter to draw the G-clefs larger and
      thicker so they are easier to identify.

======================================================================

**** OUTLANDS acceptances ****

  Abu 'Ubayd Abdallah ibn 'Uthman al-Kala'i. Name and device. Per
  chevron inverted sable and argent, a natural leopard's head cabossed
  argent and two scimitars in saltire purpure.

      Submitted as "Abu_ _Ubayd Abdallah ibn 'Uthman al-Kala'i", the
      _kunya_ should be "Abu _'_Ubayd" in order to use a consistent
      transliteration scheme. We have made this change to register
      this name.

  Abu 'Ubayd Abdallah ibn 'Uthman al-Kala'i. Alternate name Toda
  Kagetora.

  Achius filius Odini. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      Nice 11th century English name!

  Adelina de Surdeval. Badge. (Fieldless) A demi-bat vert.

  Altani Volkova. Device. Per pale vert and sable, a wolf's head
  cabossed and a chief engrailed argent.

  Ana Paloma Aladern. Name and device. Azure, a dove volant to
  sinister wings addorsed argent, a bordure argent crusilly Latin
  flory gules.

  Beatrix Dubblerose. Name.

      Nice 14th century English name!

  Bengeirr Smi{dh}r. Name (see RETURNS for device).

  Cathal Oken. Name and device. Per pale gules and azure all semy of
  acorns, three oak leaves in pall stems to center Or.

      This name combines a Gaelic given name and English byname. This
      is an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C of SENA.

  Christopher Devereux. Badge. (Fieldless) Two crosses crosslet fitchy
  in saltire sable fretted with a mascle gules.

  Christopher Devereux. Transfer of Badge to Jamila al-Zuhayriyya.
  (Fieldless) Two wyverns sejant respectant tails conjoined in base
  sable.

  Christopher Devereux. Badge. Argent, a masculyn ploy{e'} saltirewise
  azure.

      This is the defining instance of a masculyn. A masculyn is a
      mascle flory at the points. The masculyn is a period charge that
      can be seen on the Fenwick's Roll.

      Nice badge!

  I{dh}unn Hallsdottir. Badge. (Fieldless) A pair of hands conjoined
  at the thumbs argent.

  Jamila al-Zuhayriyya. Acceptance of transfer of Badge from
  Christopher Devereux. (Fieldless) Two wyverns sejant respectant
  tails conjoined in base sable.

  Jibra'il `A{t.}{t.}{a-}r. Alternate name Jasper Sleecht.

  Jibra'il `A{t.}{t.}{a-}r. Blanket permission to conflict with
  alternate name Jasper Sleecht.

      Jibra'il allows the registration of any name that is at least a
      syllable different from his alternate name, _Jasper Sleecht_.

  Jibra'il `A{t.}{t.}{a-}r. Badge. (Fieldless) A rustre fesswise
  within and conjoined to a mascle Or.

  Jibra'il `A{t.}{t.}{a-}r. Blanket permission to conflict with badge.
  (Fieldless) A rustre fesswise within and conjoined to a mascle Or.

      The submitter grants permission to conflict for all armory which
      is not identical to his badge.

  Katte MacKay of Roslin. Name and device. Argent, a bend sinister
  vert between a cross of Jerusalem gules and a sprig of holly fructed
  inverted proper.

  Luys de Dos {A'}rboles. Name and device. Per chevron argent and
  sable, three trefoils counterchanged.

      The submitter initially requested authenticity for a 15th
      century Valencian name. This request was later dropped by the
      submitter.

      Ogress documented the byname _Del Arbol_, a singular form of the
      submitted _de Dos {A'}rboles_, in the FamilySearch Historical
      Records. Given other examples of plural toponyms provided in the
      Letter of Intent, we are giving the submitter the benefit of the
      doubt and are registering this name. We note that the plural
      form of "trees", _{a'}rboles_ is found in _A Dictionary in
      Spanish and English_ by Richard Percivale (1623), s.v. Esc{a'}va
      de {a'}rboles.

      Nice device!

  Marco Paolo d'Este. Name.

  Mathias St{u:}rm{ae}re. Name and device. Quarterly vert and sable,
  an eagle and a bordure embattled argent.

  Maximilian Kern. Device. Sable, an open book between flaunches
  argent each charged with a candle gules lit Or.

  Mishal ibn Abdallah al-'Askari. Name.

      Lions Heart documented _al-`Askar{i-}_ ("the soldier") as an
      early 11th century _nisba_ in _The Encyclopedia of Islam_;
      therefore, the simplified transliteration that was submitted,
      _al-'Askari_, is registerable.

  Nuala Cholach. Name and device. Argent, a demi-bat sable issuant
  from a base rayonny azure.

      Nice early 15th century Irish Gaelic name!

  Praxis Kephalou. Name.

      Submitted as "Pra_c_is Kephal_as_", there is a temporal gap
      between the given name and byname of greater than 500 years.

      In addition, the given name _Pracis_ is more typically
      transliterated _Praxis_. In commentary, Metron Ariston noted
      that a similar name, _Praxis Kephalou_, "would be a fairly
      likely classical/Hellenistic Greek construction for someone
      whose father's name was _Kephalos_." With the submitter's
      permission, we have changed the name to this form to register
      the name.

  Ronan na f-Fiacal mac Conaill. Name and device. Per fess vert and
  sable, a stag rampant between three harps argent.

      Submitted as "Ronan _Fang_ _MacConn_ai_l_", the submitter
      requested authenticity for an Irish name. The name was changed
      at some point and appeared in the Letter of Intent as "Ronan
      _naf-Fiacal_ _MacConn_ail". This change was not summarized in
      the Letter of Intent.

      The byname _MacConnail_ combines the Anglicized Irish _Mac-_ and
      an apparent misspelling of the Gaelic genitive (possessive) form
      "Co_n_ai_ll_" in the same name phrase. This runs afoul of PN1B1
      of SENA, which states that languages cannot be mixed in a name
      phrase unless this was done in period. As the submitter allows
      all changes, we have changed this byname to the entirely Gaelic
      "_m_ac_ _Co_n_ai_ll_".

      In addition, we have changed the spelling of the first byname to
      "na_ _f-Fiacal" to match the documentation that could be found.

      _Ronan_ is a saint's name and is attested to the 8th-12th
      centuries, the father's name _Conall_ is dated to the 6th-16th
      centuries, and _na f-Fiacal_ is dated to the 16th century. Due
      to the temporal gap of over 300 years, the name is not authentic
      for a particular time in Ireland, but it is registerable.

  Sabina le Rouze. Name and device. Argent, a peacock in his pride
  vert tailed gules.

      Appearing in the Letter of Intent as "Sabin_e_ le Rouze", a
      timely correction noted that the submitter wanted the given name
      "Sabin_a_". In addition, the correction noted that the submitter
      requested authenticity for an unspecified language and/or
      culture.

      This name is authentic for 13th century England.

  Servi di Villano. Name.

  Tatiana de Alan. Name.

      This name combines an Italian given name and a Spanish byname.
      This is an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C of SENA.

  {TH}{o'}runn fr{a'} Akrafjalli. Name and device. Azure, a cross
  sable fimbriated Or and overall a unicorn contourny argent crined
  Or.

      Submitted as "{TH}{o'}runn fr{a'} Akrafjall_ _", the Letter of
      Intent noted that the byname needed to be changed to the dative
      case, "fr{a'} Akrafjall_i_". However, this change was
      inadvertently not made in kingdom. We are making it now.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of an overall
      charge with a fimbriated ordinary.

  Valbrandr Hrafnsbr{o'}{dh}ir. Name change from Simone Nicholls (see
  RETURNS for device).

      The submitter's previous name, _Simone Nicholls_, is retained as
      an alternate name.

  Volmarus von Rothenburg. Name and device. Sable, a double-headed
  eagle and on a chief indented argent, three crosses formy sable.

      _Volmarus_ was documented in the Letter of Intent as a
      hypothetical Latinized form of the attested vernacular form
      _Volmar_. _Volmarus_ is dated to the early-to-mid-13th century
      in Socin, s.n. Folmarus.

      The Letter of Intent cited a website aimed at tourists to
      support the place name _Rothenburg_. Although the information on
      this site confirmed that Rothenburg is a place in our period, it
      did not show what the place name was called at that time.
      Commenters documented the byname _de Rothenburg_ (using the
      French or Latin preposition) to the 13th century (citing Paul
      L{e'}vy, _Les Noms des Isra{e'}lites en France: Histoire et
      Dictionnaire_, s.n. Rotenburg) and the place name to the late
      14th century in _Lexikon Fr{a:}nkischer Ortsnamen_ by von
      Reitzenstein, s.n. Rothenburg ob der Tauber.

  Warenus de Fulmere. Badge. (Fieldless) A rabbit's massacre argent.

======================================================================

**** TRIMARIS acceptances ****

  Abigail Fletcher. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      Nice late period English name!

  Abu Salih Al-Fahmi ibn Abi Nasr ibn Muhammed. Name.

      Submitted as "Abu Salih Al-_Fahim_ ibn Ab_u_ _Nasr_ ibn
      Muhammed", the name appeared as "Abu Salih Al-Fahim ibn Abu
      _asr_ ibn Muhammed" in the Letter of Intent.

      _Al-Fahim_ and _ibn Abu Nasr_ were not supported by the articles
      cited in the Letter of Intent. _Al-Fahmi_ is found in Mustapha
      al-Muhaddith ibn al-Saqaat, "Arabic Personal Names from the
      Futuwwah"
      (https://www.s-gabriel.org/names/mustapha/futuwwah.html). We
      have changed the name to "Abu Salih Al-_Fahmi_ ibn Ab_i_ Nasr
      ibn Muhammed" to match the documentation that could be found.

  Alexandros Tagaris Pantechnes. Name and device. Sable, on a bend
  wavy argent between two natural tigers rampant argent marked sable
  three roses sable.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of natural
      tigers.

  Alina von Sternstein. Device. Per bend sinister argent and vert, a
  tree eradicated proper and a horse's head erased argent, a bordure
  counterchanged.

  Aveline le Daye. Name and device. Per fess azure and vert, an owl
  rising wings displayed and a rose argent.

      The given name _Aveline_ was not dated in the Letter of Intent.
      It is found in the Middle English Dictionary, dated to 1269.

      Both the given name and byname are found in 1269, making this an
      excellent late 13th century name!

  Beatrice of Wallingford. Name and device. Gyronny argent and azure,
  a sheaf of arrows between three escallops counterchanged.

      The Letter of Intent dated the place name _Wallingford_ to the
      9th century, citing Mills. However, this form was an undated
      header form, not the 9th century form. In commentary, Ogress
      documented the byname _de Wallingford_ in Bardsley, s.n.
      Wallingford, dated to 1273. This is within one year of the given
      name _Beatrice_, found in Reaney & Wilson, s.n. Coe.

      Nice late 13th century English name!

  Brian Robertson. Name and device. Per bend sinister argent and vert,
  a hyena statant contourny and a closed book palewise counterchanged.

      Nice 16th century English name!

  Cairbre {O'} Cadhain. Name and device. Vert, three weasels passant
  in annulo feet to center conjoined by the feet argent.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of charges in
      annulo not in their default palewise orientation.

  Cecilia d'Este. Name change from Cicilia d'Este.

      The submitter's previous name, _Cicilia d'Este_, is released.

  Ciar{a'}n {O'} Muireag{a'}in. Name and device. Purpure, a pall
  inverted gules fimbriated between two keys inverted and a closed
  book argent.

      Although there is a temporal gap of greater than 500 years
      between the given name and byname, _Ciar{a'}n_ is a saint's
      name, allowing us to register this name using the saint's name
      allowance.

  Dagny Ro{dh}bertsdottir. Name change from Chrestienne d'Arles.

      Submitted as "Dagny R_{o'}_{dh}bertsdottir", the marking on the
      _o_ in the byname is not found in the cited source or in other
      instances of this name. We have removed it in order to register
      this name.

      The name _Dagn{y'}_ was documented in the Letter of Intent as a
      legendary name, where it appears to be the name of a human
      character. This name is found in the 14th century saga
      _{TH}{o'}rsteins {th}{a'}ttr b{ae}jarmagns_. By 1602, it is an
      attested name, _Dagne(e)_, found in Lind supplement col. 196.
      Therefore, we have registered the given name as submitted.

      In commentary, ffride wlffsdotter noted that the spelling
      _-dottir_ is found in 15th century Iceland in _Diplomatarium
      Islandicum_, so it is compatible in a patronym formed from the
      Icelandic name _Ro{dh}bert_.

      The submitter's previous name, _Chrestienne d'Arles_, is
      released.

  Domenico de Carono. Name and device. Per bend sinister azure and
  vert, an elm tree eradicated between three Maltese crosses argent.

  Elinor Gyles. Name and device. Vert, on an open book argent a rapier
  inverted and a quill pen in chevron inverted sable.

      Nice 16th century English name!

  Elyzabeth of Cumberland. Name and device. Per chevron argent and
  vert, a lion passant and a harp reversed counterchanged.

  Eva inghean Alaxandair. Device. Argent, a penguin statant affronty
  head to dexter proper between two roses and a domino mask, a bordure
  engrailed azure.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a penguin.

  Finnguala inghean Alusdair. Badge. Argent, a roundel purpure semy of
  snails contourny Or.

  Finnguala inghean Alusdair. Badge. (Fieldless) A snail contourny
  purpure.

  Genevieve O'Brien. Name.

      This name combines a French given name and Anglicized Irish
      byname. This is an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C of
      SENA.

  Gerhart Pluckerose. Name and device. Per bend sinister azure and Or,
  two roses Or and a lion contourny sable.

      Given the attested spellings _Geraerd_, _Geraert_, _Gerard_, and
      _Gerhardus_, the submitted form _Gerhart_ is also plausible for
      the Low Lands c.1300.

  Gideon Graym. Name and device. Sable, a rapier inverted and a
  serpent entwined, a chief embattled argent.

      Per the discussion from the Cover Letter of May 2009, we have
      blazoned these to indicate that the rapier and the serpent are
      co-primary charges. Please advise the submitter to draw the
      embattlements deeper.

  Gustav Siggesson Leijonhofwud. Name change from Reinhard Lowenkop
  and device. Azure semy of crayfish argent, a sea-lion and a chief
  engrailed Or.

      Submitted as "Gustav Siggesson Leijonh_u_f_v_ud", the submitted
      form of the byname, _Leijonhufvud_, could only be found in
      modern sources that use normalized forms of the names. We have
      changed the spelling to an attested spelling, _Leijonhofwud_,
      found in a 1613 Swedish marriage record in the FamilySearch
      Historical Records.

      Commenters noted that _Gustav_ is an unattested spelling.
      Precedent states:

           _Gustav_ was documented as a Swedish name; it is also
           found in Low German. [Gustav zem Sterne, November
           2010, A-East]

      For the previous submission, _Gustav_ was documented as a
      plausible vernacular form of attested 13th-16th century forms
      such as _Gostauus_ (1225, 1511), _Gostavus_ (1511), _Gustavi_
      (1341), and _Gustaf_ (1401, 1515), all found in SMP, s.n.
      Gustav. Therefore, we are able to register the given name
      without changes.

      The submitter's previous name, _Reinhard Lowenkop_, is retained
      as an alternate name.

      Please advise the submitter to draw fewer and larger crayfish so
      they are easier to identify.

  Haukr Kveld-Ulfsson. Name and device. Per chevron sable and vert, a
  chevron raguly Or between three boars passant contourny argent.

      Submitted as "Haukr Kveld-_u_lfsson", recent precedent states:

           The expected Old Norse form of the given name is
           "Kveld{u'}lf_r_". The hypothetical late period
           Norwegian form cited in the precedent (_Kveld{u'}lf_)
           was not supported by the documentation, and may have
           been suggested in error. The submitter permitted a
           change to the Old Norse _Kveld{u'}lfr_, so we have
           made this change to register this name. [Kveld{u'}lfr
           Valbrandsson, July 2015, A-Outlands]

      Therefore, a possible patronym based on this given name is
      "Kvel_d{u'}_lfsson" or "Kvel_du_lfsson". The form
      "Kveld_-U_lfsson" is also registerable. _Kveld-_ is a prepended
      byname and _Ulfr_ the father's name. We have changed the current
      submission to this form, as it is the closest to what was
      submitted.

  Hywel ap Wyn. Name and device. Sable, a fess vert fimbriated between
  a falcon contourny and a tree blasted and eradicated argent.

      The article cited in the Letter of Intent included the spelling
      _Hywel_ as a standard modern form, noting that the attested
      period spelling is _Howel_. However, the name _Hywel da mab
      kadell_ appears as a person's name in a Welsh text dated
      c.1300-c.1350 [BL Harley MS. 4353, p.1r, Llyfr Cyfnerth
      (http://www.rhyddiaithganoloesol.caerdydd.ac.uk/en/ms-page.php?ms=Harl4353&page=1r&l=c0l1)].
      Therefore, we can register this name as submitted.

  Jason of Darkwater. Name and device. Or pellety, a lotus flower in
  profile azure and a ford proper.

      _Darkwater_ is the registered name of an SCA branch.

  Judith Tomlinson. Device. Vert, on a bend sinister between two
  horse's heads erased contourny Or three shamrocks palewise vert.

  Kass{a'}ndra Sousi{a'}des. Device. Per bend purpure and sable, two
  natural tigers combatant argent marked sable maintaining between
  them a sun Or eclipsed sable, a bordure argent.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of natural
      tigers.

  Kevenard ap Llywarch. Name and device. Gules, two chevronels Or
  between two triskeles and a stag trippant contourny argent.

      Submitted as "Kevenard ap _LL_ywarch", the article cited in the
      Letter of Intent included the spelling _Llywarch_ as a standard
      modern form, noting that the attested period spelling is
      _Lowarch_. However, the name _llywarch vab ywein_ appears as a
      person's name in the Welsh chronicle _Brut y Tywysogion_ [NLW
      MS. Peniarth 20, p.75
      (http://www.rhyddiaithganoloesol.caerdydd.ac.uk/en/ms-page.php?ms=Pen20&page=75&l=c2l26)].
      This supports the form "ap _Ll_ywarch" using standard
      capitalization. We have changed the patronym to this form.

  Kevin Sewolf. Name.

      _Kevin_ is the submitter's legal given name.

  Laura la Sage. Device. Gules, a stag salient argent and a chief
  invected ermine.

  Liamuin ingen Sill{a'}in. Reblazon of device. Per chevron purpure
  and vert, two tau crosses and a moon in her plenitude argent.

      Registered in September of 1997 as "Per chevron purpure and
      vert, two tau crosses and a moon in her plentitude argent", we
      are removing the extraneous "t" in plenitude.

  Lorcc{a'}n de C{e'}itinn. Name change from Alain Picot de
  Boisfeuillu and device. Per pale argent and azure, on a bend cotised
  three battle-axes all counterchanged.

      The byname _de C{e'}itinn_ is the standard Early Modern Irish
      Gaelic form of _de Ketyng_, a 16th or 17th century Anglicized
      Irish name. Although there is a temporal gap of greater than 500
      years between the given name and byname, _Lorcc{a'}n_ is a
      saint's name, so this name can be registered using the saint's
      name allowance.

      The submitter's previous name, _Alain Picot de Boisfeuillu_, is
      retained as an alternate name.

  Lucas MacKenyn. Device. Quarterly azure and argent, a boar's head
  erased proper and in base an arrow and a sword in saltire gules.

  Lug{a'}n mac Fergusa. Name and device. Per pale argent and vert, two
  rapiers in saltire counterchanged and a bordure Or.

      This name does not conflict with the registered _Egan
      MacFergus_. The first syllable in the given name has been
      changed and a syllable has been added at the end of the byname.
      Therefore, this name is clear under PN3C1 of SENA.

  Mael Mide ingen Medrain. Heraldic title Argent Butterfly Herald.

  Maredudd ap Cynan. Badge. Argent semy of ferrets statant sable.

  Mikael Marshall. Name and device. Per bend sable and argent, two
  crosses formy counterchanged argent and gules.

  Milesenda de Bourges. Badge. Purpure semy of hearts, a bordure Or.

  Miyamoto Aki. Device. Sable, three cherry blossoms argent seeded
  gules, slipped and leaved in pall vert, within and slips conjoined
  to an annulet of bamboo Or.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a bamboo,
      which is not European flora.

  Mocholla MacDhaibhidh. Reblazon of device. Gyronny argent ermined
  gules and vert, the metal sections charged with four swords points
  to center sable.

      Registered in February of 1997 as "Gyronny of eight argent
      ermined gules, and vert, four swords in annulo points to center
      sable", we are clarifying the position of the swords.

  Morina de Clare. Device. Purpure, a triquetra interlaced with an
  annulet and on a chief argent a natural panther passant sable.

  Nickel Hartman. Name and device. Sable, on a bend sinister potenty
  argent a rose azure slipped and leaved vert.

      Nice late 15th century German name!

  S{e'}amus the Gray mac Dubhghaill. Device. Azure, a shakefork argent
  between a triskele Or and two lions regardant argent, an orle Or.

  Slaine MacKenyn. Device. Or, an owl sable maintaining in its claws a
  rosemary sprig and in sinister chief a Latin cross crosslet vert.

      This device does not conflict with the device of Martin de
      Thalassa: "Or, an owl contourny maintaining a barrel sable
      banded argent, a chief enarched vert". There is one DC for the
      change between chief and cross and, per precedent, another one
      for the facing of the owl [Sigurd Grunewald, November 2003,
      A-Meridies]. Under the recent precedent regarding held charges,
      there are also additional changes for the type and tincture of
      the maintained charges.

  Solomon Spite. Device. Quarterly gules and sable, a compass star
  throughout between in bend two spiders Or.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a compass
      star.

  Svana {U'}lfsd{o'}ttir. Name (see RETURNS for device).

  Tiberius Aurelius Magnus. Name (see RETURNS for device).

  Ulfr Haraldsson. Device. Per pale rayonny argent and Or, two wolf's
  heads erased addorsed gules.

  Ursula Blackpoole. Name.

  Valeria da Nizza. Name and device. Azure, an eagle argent and on a
  point pointed Or three poppy blossoms affronty one and two gules.

  Veronica Azalina. Name (see RETURNS for device).

  Vistilia Messalina Pulcheria. Name and device. Argent, a domestic
  cat sejant gardant and in chief a quill pen fesswise, a bordure
  potenty azure.

      Submitted as "Vistilia Messalina Pulch_a_ria", the attested
      spelling of the second _cognomen_ is "Pulch_e_ria". We have made
      this change in order to register this name. The pattern of a
      _nomen_ and one or more _cognomina_ is discussed in Ursula
      Georges, "A Simple Guide to Imperial Roman Names"
      (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/roman.html#cognomen).

  Wilhelm Borgman. Name.

  Ysabella the Archer. Device. Argent, a dragon azure maintaining an
  arrow inverted, on a point pointed vert a tower argent.

  Zafira Katz. Device. Argent goutty de sang, on a pale sable a
  feather bendwise sinister inverted argent.

======================================================================

**** WEST acceptances ****

  Cerf Agile. Reblazon of device. Argent, a stag courant to sinister
  proper, on a point pointed vert cotised azure a tree couped Or.

      When registered in August 1979, this was blazoned "Argent, an
      elk springing to sinister proper, on a point pointed vert
      cotised azure a tree Or". In period blazon, the term _elk_ would
      have denoted the beast known in North America as the moose,
      which is not the case here. We have corrected the term for the
      beast, as well as correcting its posture (its body is
      horizontal, so it is not springing, i.e., salient, but courant.)

  Gwynnethdene of the Shadowed Mooseland. Reblazon of device. Per
  chevron inverted enhanced argent and sable, a trident gules and an
  elk's head cabossed argent.

      Registered in July 1974 as "Per chevron inverted enhanced argent
      and sable, in chief a trident gules, in base a moose's head
      cabossed argent", this beast was known as an _elk_ in period
      Europe, so we are correcting the usage.

  Kaisa Turkuinen. Reblazon of device. Argent, three elks statant and
  a bordure azure.

      Registered in June 2012 as "Argent, three moose statant and a
      bordure azure", this beast was known as an _elk_ in period
      Europe, so we are correcting the usage.

  Mungo Mor. Reblazon of device. Argent, an elk's head couped close
  contourny sable.

      Registered in January 2000 as "Argent, a moose's head couped
      close contourny sable", this beast was known as an _elk_ in
      period Europe, so we are correcting the usage.

======================================================================

                  - Explicit littera accipiendorum -

======================================================================

***** THE FOLLOWING ITEMS HAVE BEEN RETURNED FOR FURTHER WORK: *****

**** {AE}THELMEARC returns ****

None.

======================================================================

**** AN TIR returns ****

  Marcel Boutet. Device. Per bend sable and gules, a unicorn contourny
  argent and in base a stalk of wheat bendwise sinister Or.

      This device is returned for redraw, for violating SENA A2C2
      which states "Elements must be drawn to be identifiable." As
      depicted, the charge in base becomes almost invisible and many
      commenters missed its presence altogether.

  Rowan Spirit Walker. Name and device. Gules, in fess two sheep
  argent sejant erect foreleg raised sustaining between them a
  spinning wheel affronty Or.

      The combination of the English bynames _Spirit_ and _Walker_
      give the effect of a claim of supernatural powers. PN4C of SENA
      states:

           Names may not contain an unmistakable claim of
           superhuman abilities, magical powers, or divine
           origin. In general, a name phrase used by normal human
           beings during our period is not considered to be a
           claim to superhuman abilities or divine origin.

      No evidence was presented to show that this combination of terms
      was used by normal humans in period. We note that
      _spiritwalkers_ are found in several video games as a player
      class, and are a feature in New Age/shamanistic practices.
      Therefore, we are returned this name for the presumptuous claim
      to powers. We decline to rule at this time if this name is
      obtrusively modern as well.

      This device is returned for violating section A2C1 of SENA,
      which states that "Elements must be drawn in their period forms
      and in a period armorial style." No documentation has been
      provided that the type of spinning wheel used here is a period
      form.

      The earliest depiction of a spinning wheel can be found in the
      Lutrell Psalter, c.1340:
      http://www.bl.uk/manuscripts/Viewer.aspx?ref=add_ms_42130_f193r
      (bottom of the page). This is the model for the illustration in
      the Pictorial Dictionary,
      http://mistholme.com/dictionary/spinning-wheel/

  Sigga kausi Geiradotter. Badge. (Fieldless) A woman argent crined
  gules vested per pale erminois and vert charged with and holding a
  roundel within and conjoined to a dolmen argent.

      This badge is returned for the maiden being 'barely overall'.
      Conjoined charges, unless one of them is holding the other,
      should not have any overlap. They should, instead, be just
      touching. The overlap between the maiden and the dolmen, here,
      additionally gives a naturalistic appearance to the artwork,
      which is a violation of SENA A2C1, which requires that artwork
      be drawn in period armorial style.

  Wastekeep, Barony of. Order name Company of Ratatoskr.

      The submitter requested authenticity for Old Norse. We do not
      have patterns for order names in Old Norse, nor do we have a
      pattern of naming orders after mythological individuals or
      animals like _Ratatoskr_ who are neither gods nor demi-gods.
      Without evidence to support this order name, we are forced to
      return it.

======================================================================

**** ANSTEORRA returns ****

None.

======================================================================

**** ARTEMISIA returns ****

None.

======================================================================

**** ATENVELDT returns ****

  Bartholomew of Wolfetwain. Device change. Gules, a saltire Or and
  overall two grey wolf's heads erased addorsed conjoined at the neck
  proper.

      This device is returned for redraw, for violating SENA A2C2
      which states "Elements must be drawn to be identifiable."
      Although the lack of contrast of the conjoined wolf's heads with
      the field is grandfathered to the submitter, there is still a
      requirement for the charges to be identifiable. This could
      probably be improved by adding some internal detailing.

      Additionally, there are several administrative issues. The
      submission uses a modified escutcheon that does not quite fit
      the Laurel-approved form and the black and white mini-emblazon
      is missing.

  Emelyn Fraser. Badge. (Fieldless) A bat-winged lion with a human
  head sejant erect sable face argent.

      This badge is returned for conflict with the badge of Lijsbet
      vande Visschereye: "Per pale Or and argent, a winged lion
      rampant guardant sable". There is one DC for fieldlessness but
      no DC for the type of wings, no DC between the postures and no
      difference granted for changing the head. Although there would
      be a DC between a winged lion and a sphinx, it relies on the
      fact that both are period charges. The charge here is not a
      sphinx but a bat-winged lion: it lacks both breasts and bird
      wings.

  Isabeau della Farfalla. Badge. Sable, a crescent argent charged with
  a butterfly azure.

      This badge is returned administratively as the emblazon in OSCAR
      does not match the emblazon on the actual form. The emblazon in
      OSCAR has been computer-colorized while the form is colored with
      crayons or colored pencils.

  Michaelis Aurelius. Badge. Per bend azure and purpure, on a bend
  couped engouled of two lions' heads Or, three gunstones.

      This badge is returned for violating SENA A2C1 which states that
      "Elements must be drawn in their period forms" No evidence was
      presented, or found by the commenters, of bends engouled couped.
      All examples of bends engouled we found in period armorials were
      issuing from the edges of the field.

  Michaelis Aurelius. Badge. (Fieldless) On a bend couped engouled of
  two lions' heads Or three gunstones, overall a rapier bendwise
  sinister inverted Or.

      This badge is returned for violating SENA A2C1 which states that
      "Elements must be drawn in their period forms" No evidence was
      presented, or found by the commenters, of bends engouled couped.
      All examples of bends engouled we found in period armorials were
      issuing from the edges of the field. Because bends engouled
      cannot be couped, they cannot be used on fieldless badges.

      Additionally, the black and white mini-emblazon here does not
      match the outline of the colored one. This is, in itself,
      grounds for administrative return.

======================================================================

**** ATLANTIA returns ****

  {AE}lfgar Greyseas. Badge. (Fieldless) A swan volant displayed
  bendwise to sinister base argent.

      This badge is returned for redesign. Per precedent, "We do not
      allow inverted animate charges in SCA heraldry except when in
      recognized orientation, such as in annulo" (LoAR February 1999,
      p. 10). All of those commenting on this badge had difficulty in
      correctly identifying the exact type of bird and its posture due
      to its orientation.

  {TH}{o'}ra Hrafnsd{o'}ttir. Device. Argent, five swords in annulo,
  points to center sable within an annulet gules charged with five
  needles argent.

      This device is returned for being two steps from period
      practice. The first one is for having the swords in annulo not
      in their default palewise orientation (in this case points to
      center). There is also a step from period practice for having
      the tertiary charges on the annulet in annulo and not in their
      default orientation. Commenters only found an extremely limited
      number of period example of charged annulets and no example of
      the tertiary charges following the curve of the annulet.

      This was pended on the May 2015 Letter of Acceptances and
      Returns

======================================================================

**** AVACAL returns ****

  Elison Sonderland. Device. Or, a wingless dragon sejant contourny
  regardant sable and a bordure rayonny gules.

      This device is returned for redraw; the bordure has far too many
      shallow indents, creating a "pinking shears" effect. This has
      long been grounds for return. Additionally, the dragon is not in
      a blazonable posture. On resubmission, please advise the
      submitter to draw it clearly sejant or statant.

======================================================================

**** CAID returns ****

  Angharat Goch verch Gwenhover. Badge. (Fieldless) A stag's attire
  argent.

      This badge is returned administratively. The uploaded form and
      the OSCAR emblazon do not match: the attires on the emblazons
      are in opposite orientations.

  Arnleif Oladottir. Device. Vert, a horse rampant and in chief two
  oak leaves Or.

      This device is returned for conflict with the device of Stroinek
      Conatin: "Vert, a horse rampant and in chief an oak leaf within
      a torque Or". There is a DC for changing the type of half the
      charge group in chief, but we do not grant a difference for a
      change of arrangement that is not possible for one of the two
      groups.

  Isabel Maria Garcia. Device. Argent, a sheaf of arrows purpure.

      Blazoned as purpure, the arrows appeared azure on both the
      uploaded form and the Letter of Intent. As such, this device is
      in conflict with that of Eirik Thorkelsson: "Argent, three
      arrows in fess azure". There is only one DC for changing the
      arrangement.

  Liudmila Vladimirova doch'. Blazon change. (Fieldless) Sustained
  atop a elk's head erased gules a squirrel Or.

      This request for reblazon was presented on the LoI with the
      note: _ "When this badge was registered on the LoAR of October
      2014, it was blazoned (Fieldless) Sustained atop an elk's head
      erased gules a squirrel Or. While this is a correct blazon, it
      does not reflect the client's wishes. She specifically wishes
      the head to be blazoned as a moose's head." _ In response, we
      cannot do better than to quote Batonvert's words on another
      submission this month: _"While we try to accommodate our
      clients' wishes, this can't be done at the expense of medieval
      blazonry." _

      The Oxford English Dictionary gives a first occurrence of the
      word moose in 1568 as meaning _"Pottage; stewed vegetables; a
      dish of this." _ Clearly, this has no relation with the creature
      depicted here. The use of moose for the Elk is an Americanism
      and, again according to the OED, the earliest use of the close
      spelling "mooses" for the elk is dated to 1707. A quote from
      1637 _ "The Elke, which the Salvages call a Mose" _ makes it
      clear that the creature was primarily known by the English
      speakers as elk. Therefore, we chose to use the English period
      term for the creature.

      This should not come as a surprise as this is not the first
      example of charge where we have decided to use a more period
      word for a charge. For example, the creatures modernly known as
      turtles are regularly reblazoned as tortoise, even though the
      use of the word turtle for the sea tortoise is dated to 1657.
      Similarly, on the March 2012 cover letter we declined to use the
      word _"squid" _, dated to 1613 and opted to use the word
      _"calamarie"_ (dated to 1567 under <calamary>, n.) to replace
      the modern term _"kraken"_.

  Svala in h{a'}rfagra R{i'}kar{dh}arsd{o'}ttir. Device. Per fess
  azure and argent, three sheep statant and a drop spindle bendwise
  counterchanged.

      This device is returned for violating SENA A3D2c, Unity of
      Posture and Orientation, which states "A charge group in which
      postures for different charges must be blazoned individually
      will not be allowed without period examples of that combination
      of postures." Because they lie on either side of a divided
      field, the sheep and drop spindle are considered to be in the
      same primary charge group. However, the charges here are not in
      a unified arrangement, as the drop spindle must be blazoned
      separately from the sheep in order to adequately describe their
      positions.

  Tyne MacPhersone. Device. Per chevron azure and purpure, a chevron
  sable fimbriated between a crescent and a snake vorant of its own
  tail Or.

      This submission has been withdrawn.

======================================================================

**** CALONTIR returns ****

  Miakushka Loshkina. Device. Argent, a polypus facing to dexter
  purpure within a bordure gules.

      This device is returned for redraw for having some the polypus'
      tentacles extending above its head. Please see the May 2015
      Cover Letter for information about a correct depiction.

  Sign{y'} Ulfsd{o'}ttir. Device change. Paly argent and gules, on a
  fess nowy sable a wolf's head erased argent.

      This device is returned for redraw. Please instruct the
      submitter on the proper way to draw erasing: either three or
      four prominent, pointed jags on the erasing, as described on the
      Cover Letter to the November 2001 LoAR:

           Therefore, for purposes of recreating period armorial
           style for erasing, the erasing should (1) have between
           three and eight jags; (2) have jags that are
           approximately one-sixth to one-third the total height
           of the charge being erased; and (3) have jags that are
           not straight but rather are wavy or curved.

      Alternatively, the submitter could decide to resubmit the
      tertiary charge as a wolf's head couped.

  William of Questionable Intentions. Badge. Azure, two chevronels
  inverted braced and in base a fleam argent.

      This badge is returned for redraw. The chevronels should be
      drawn so as to issue from the sides of the field, not from the
      chief. Per precedent:

           "The chevron [inverted] should not intersect the
           corners of the chief" (Baldwin of Erebor, LoAR 7 July
           1986, p. 6). The device needs to be redrawn with the
           ordinary issuing from the sides of the shield.
           [Anastasia Gutane, LoAR of October 1999]

      If the chevronels intersecting the corners of the chief is
      grounds for return, then the chevronels issuant from chief
      itself, and not from the sides of the shield, is likewise
      grounds for return.

======================================================================

**** DRACHENWALD returns ****

  {TH}ora Sumarli{dh}ad{o'}ttir and Eadric the Potter. Household name
  Free Company of Saint Lawrence.

      This item was pended to allow discussion on whether this
      household presumes upon that of the Saint Lawrence Seaway.
      Unfortunately for the submitters, the Seaway is a geographical
      feature that is important enough to protect under NPN4D1 of
      SENA. Therefore, this household name cannot be registered.

      Upon resubmission, we suggest _Saint Lawrence's X_, where _X_ is
      a heraldic charge, or the addition of a modifier such as _of
      Suffolk_.

      This household name was pended from the May 2015 Letter of
      Acceptances and Returns.

======================================================================

**** EALDORMERE returns ****

  Ana Ian'ka doch Lisitsina. Name.

      Commenters were unable to find examples of matronyms where the
      mother's name was not modified. ffride wlffsdotter suggested
      instead the form "Ana Ian'k_ina_ doch_'_ Lisitsina", but adding
      the suffix _-ina_ is a major change, which the submitter does
      not allow. Therefore, we are unable to register this name as
      submitted.

      Upon resubmission, the matronymic marker "doch" should be
      changed to "doch_'_" to use a consistent transliteration.

      Her armory has been registered under the holding name _Ana of
      Ramshaven_.

  Etain Meddyges verch Gwillym. Household name Domus Artificium
  Minervae Phoebiique.

      Submitted as "_Collegium_ Artificium Minervae Phoebiique", the
      household name was changed in kingdom to "_Domus_ Artificium
      Minervae Phoebiique" because the designator _College_ and its
      translation _Collegium_ are reserved for branches.

      This household name was intended to follow a pattern of naming
      Roman guilds or associations after their patron deities.
      Unfortunately, the only source cited was a Wikipedia article
      that was not summarized in the Letter of Intent, nor was a copy
      of the article included in the submission packet.

      Although it is a good starting point, Wikipedia is not
      acceptable as sole documentation. It was noted in commentary
      that the article had no references, but references were present
      following the Pelican decision meeting. Therefore, the article
      appears to have been changed between when the name was submitted
      and when it was evaluated.

      Unfortunately, commenters were unable to find examples to suport
      this submission. Without documentation for the submitted
      pattern, we cannot register this name. Upon resubmission, the
      submitter should address whether such an organization would be
      named after an epithet like _Phoebus_ rather than the common
      name of the deity (in this case, _Apollo_).

======================================================================

**** EAST returns ****

None.

======================================================================

**** GLEANN ABHANN returns ****

  Elric inn rau{dh}i {u'}lfr. Device. Per chevron rayonny argent and
  sable, two valknuts gules and a tree blasted and eradicated argent.

      This device is returned for a redraw, for violating the
      guidelines set forth on the May 2011 Cover Letter for a properly
      drawn per chevron field division; the field division here is too
      low. Please see that Cover Letter for further discussion and
      details of how to properly draw per chevron lines of division.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of valknuts.

  Giata Magdalena Alberti. Household name Accademia del Giglio di Oro.

      Submitted as "Accademia _del_ Giglio _di _Oro" ("Academy of the
      Golden Lily"), this household name was pended as "Accademia
      _dello_ Giglio _d'_Oro" (correcting the Italian) from the April
      2015 Letter of Acceptances and Returns in order to allow
      commenters to find documentation of academies named using
      inn-sign name patterns.

      Unfortunately, commenters were unable to find such evidence,
      particularly the use of _color + charge_ or _metal + charge_ by
      academies. Therefore, we are unable to register this name. As
      the household name is being returned, the header form has been
      restored to the submitted form. A resubmission of a similar
      household name should incorporate the necessary corrections.

  Howard of Cookham. Device. Sable, a fleur-de-lys within and
  conjoined to an annulet argent, a ford proper.

      This device is returned administratively. The uploaded form does
      not match the OSCAR emblazon. One is hand-drawn and colored, the
      other computer-generated. This has long been grounds for return.
      Additionally, the form itself has a contrast issue with the
      upper trait of the ford being azure.

  Osanna Lucia Wyglesworth. Device. Gules, a coney attired rampant
  contourny argent.

      This device is returned for conflict with the device of Gwynnedd
      o'r Dyffryn: "Gules, a coney rampant contourny argent and in
      chief three tau crosses Or". There is a DC for removing the
      charges in chief, but no difference for the attires on the
      coney. It also conflicts with the badge of Enid Aurelia of the
      Tin Isles: "Gules, a hare salient to sinister argent within a
      delf voided and fracted in cross Or". There is a DC for removing
      the delf, but again no difference for the attires on the coney.
      It also conflicts with the badge of Huette Aliza von und zu
      {A:}hrens und Mechthildberg: "Azure, a rabbit counter-salient
      guardant argent, orbed sable, armed gules". There is a DC for
      the field but nothing for the head position or the details of
      the eyes and arming.

  Qabil al-Mwsyqar. Device. Argent, three barrels palewise one and two
  azure and on a chief gules three spearheads points to sinister Or.

      This device is returned administratively. No submission form for
      the device was uploaded in OSCAR.

  Rose Bailie Marsh. Badge. (Fieldless) A demi badger couped affronty
  sable marked argent.

      This badge is returned for multiple issues. Blazoned as a
      demi-badger, the primary charge is not identifiable as a
      demi-badger nor as any other beast in a defined heraldic
      posture. While the beast has badger-like bars on its face, the
      merging of its paws and the lower portion of the head with the
      sable body of the beast unacceptably diminish its
      identifiability. Moreover, as depicted, the body and legs of the
      beast appear to be couped by and issuant from the sides and
      lower edge of a field. That is by definition impossible for a
      fieldless badge and is itself grounds for return. Finally, even
      were this depicted as a proper demi-beast, which would be couped
      at the waist, its affronty posture with forepaws raised so that
      the legs are in front of the body and the head appears almost to
      be resting on the paws, claws outwards, does not accord with any
      standard posture for a demi-quadruped.

  Stefan of Shepardswell. Device. Per chevron vert and Or, a lion
  rampant maintaining a mullet counterchanged.

      This device is returned administratively. Presented on the LoI
      as a new device, the Laurel packet uploaded indicated that the
      submitter was interested in the transfer of a badge from Charles
      of Shepardswell with a slightly different emblazon. The packet
      also included a heraldic will. All of the actions: the heraldic
      will, the transfer and the acceptance thereof should have been
      different entries on the Letter of Intent. We are returning this
      submission so the submitter can work with a herald to clarify
      what he exactly wants.

  Tin-K{a'}rr rau{dh}n{a'}lskeggi. Device. Per chevron inverted argent
  and gules, a triangle inverted of annulets interlaced sable and in
  chief a vol gules.

      This device is returned for non-period style. Precedent states:

           While we have some evidence for a small number (such
           as three) charges interlaced, we have not yet found
           any period evidence for large groups of interlaced
           charges. This is effectively a lozenge of chain mail.
           Just as we do not find (e.g.) a triangle of brocade in
           period heraldry, we have not yet found a shape made of
           chain mail in period heraldry. Lacking such examples,
           this must be returned for non-period style. [Diego
           Brasa de Zaragoza, 04/2007, Middle-R]

      We are here in a similar situation and thus this device must be
      returned.

======================================================================

**** LOCHAC returns ****

  Amber de la Morte. Device. Barry wavy argent and azure, on a natural
  sea-tortoise sable a skull Or.

      Blazoned on the letter of intent as Or, the submission form and
      OSCAR emblazons had the skull unmistakably tinctured tenn{e'}
      (orange). Tenn{e'} has been forbidden since the earliest days of
      the Society.

  Edgard Kala. Device. Argent, a sea-fox gules and on a bordure vert
  ten passion nails argent.

      This device is returned for redraw, for violating SENA A2C2
      which states "Elements must be drawn to be identifiable." As
      drawn, the passion nails are too small to be identifiable and
      were confused with gouttes, some form of ermine spots or
      needles.

  Otto Von Berg. Name and device. Vert, a gauntlet fesswise reversed
  maintaining a dagger inverted argent.

      This name conflicts with the registered _Otto von Bern_. Only
      one syllable has been changed (_Berg_ vs. _Bern_). PN3C2 of SENA
      states:

           Names are substantially different if a single syllable
           between them (excluding articles and prepositions,
           such as de and the) is changed in both sound and
           appearance as described here. The addition or removal
           of a syllable makes two names substantially different
           in sound. Two names are also substantially different
           if a syllable is substantially changed in sound and
           appearance. This means that the vowel and the
           consonant (or group of consonants) on one side of the
           vowel is different between the two names. In either
           case, the change in spelling (including addition or
           removal of letters) must affect at least two letters
           in that syllable to be substantial.

      In this case, the change in spelling only affected one letter
      (_-g_ versus _-n_), so this change cannot be considered to be
      substantial under PN3C2. Therefore, we are forced to return this
      name.

      Upon resubmission, the submitter should know that the
      FamilySearch Historical Records site typically capitalizes words
      like _von_ and _de_. The expected period form of the byname is
      "_v_on Berg".

      This device is returned for multiple reasons. It is returned
      administratively for using a modified escutcheon that does not
      quite fit the Laurel-approved form. It is also returned for
      redraw. The dagger is not recognizable as such, which is a
      violation of SENA A2C2 which states that "Elements must be drawn
      to be identifiable." On redraw, please let the submitter know
      that charges should not be touching the edges of the field.

======================================================================

**** MERIDIES returns ****

None.

======================================================================

**** MIDDLE returns ****

None.

======================================================================

**** NORTHSHIELD returns ****

None.

======================================================================

**** OUTLANDS returns ****

  Achius filius Odini. Device. Per chevron azure and sable, a chevron
  ermine between two axes in chevron blades to center and a cross
  patonce argent.

      This device is returned for violating SENA A3D2c, Unity of
      Posture and Orientation, which states "A charge group in which
      postures for different charges must be blazoned individually
      will not be allowed without period examples of that combination
      of postures." The charges here are not in a unified arrangement,
      as the axes must be blazoned separately from the cross in order
      to adequately describe their positioning.

      Please advise the submitter to draw fewer and larger ermine
      spots so they are easier to identify.

  Amber MacRae. Device. Argent, a phoenix azure rising from flames
  proper, in base the masks of comedy and tragedy conjoined in fess
  vert.

      This device is returned for redraw. As depicted the flames
      represent less than one third of the visual weight of the
      phoenix. Phoenix and flames should have roughly a similar visual
      weight. Upon resubmission, please advise the client to draw the
      masks truly conjoined in fess, with no overlap: having one mask
      partially surmount the other is not period armorial style.

  Bengeirr Smi{dh}r. Device. Per bend sinister nebuly sable and vairy
  vert and argent, a sinister wing issuant from dexter argent.

      This device is returned for conflict with the protected arms of
      Dante Aligheri: "Azure, a sinister wing argent". There is only a
      single DC, for changing the field. The wing in this submission
      cannot be in the center of the field as it would thus be partly
      on the argent portion of the field. That means the move has to
      be considered forced and so cannot provide the second DC
      required.

  Valbrandr Hrafnsbr{o'}{dh}ir. Device change. Quarterly azure and
  argent, a bordure sable.

      This device is returned for conflict with the trademark of the
      BMW corporation. By precedent:

           Conflict with a trademark of the BMW corporation,
           _Quarterly azure and argent, on a bordure sable in
           chief the letters B M W argent_. There is only one CD
           for the cumulative changes to the group of charges on
           the bordure per RfS X.4.j. The U.S. Patent and
           Trademark Office shows that the blazon given here
           describes all the colored BMW trademarks registered
           since 1945. Administrative Handbook, III.B.4. states:
           "Copyrighted Images, Trademarks, Military Insignia,
           etc. - Such items may be protected when covered by
           applicable laws and regulations in the country from
           which the material derives. Material such as military
           insignia may be afforded protection on a case-by-case
           basis even where this is not required by law."

           [Elspeth Forsythe, Nov 2003 Meridies-R]

      We have here the same situation, where the only difference
      between the submission and the protected trademark insignia is
      the removal of the letters from the bordure.

======================================================================

**** TRIMARIS returns ****

  Abigail Fletcher. Device. Gules, in pale an arrow fesswise reversed
  and two domestic cats couchant gardant and on a chief Or a dog
  couchant gules.

      This device is returned for blurring the difference between
      primary and secondary charge groups. As blazoned the arrow and
      cats are in the same charge group but as depicted commenters had
      trouble deciding if they belonged to the same group or not. This
      might be inherent to the types of charges used.

      There is at this point no definite ruling as to whether three
      charges in pale in a single primary charge group with only the
      uppermost charge being of a different type can actually be found
      in period armory. Any resubmission of this motif should provide
      evidence of this pattern or an argument in favor of allowing it
      based on other period practice.

  Adsiltia filia Honorii. Household name Ti Pennardhmor and badge. Per
  chevron azure and vert, a spired tower argent.

      The Letter of Intent did not include documentation to show that
      this household name was constructed correctly. Only one example
      was provided: the place name _Tiwardrai_ ("house on the beach"),
      constructed from the Cornish etymologies for several place
      names. One example does not a pattern make. Without additional
      documentation to show that the submitted spelling is plausible
      in our period, and that construction follows a period pattern,
      we are unable to register this household name.

      Secondly, copies from the cited book, _A Concise Dictionary of
      Cornish Place-Names_, were not included in the submission
      packet. This book does not appear on the no-photocopy list and
      was not available to Pelican. Golden Dolphin noted that the same
      information is found in Mills' _Dictionary of British Place
      Names_, so we could verify the information.

      This badge is returned administratively. While it was redrawn
      after kingdom commentary, there was no indication on the Letter
      of Intent that it had been redrawn. There was also no indication
      provided that the submitter had approved the redraw. If it
      wasn't returned administratively, it would be returned for
      multiple conflicts, the same conflicts that existed with her
      previous badge submission that was returned in March 2010: "Per
      pale vert and azure, a tower argent". Of these, the classic case
      is the device of Anne of the White Tower, registered in December
      1971: "Sable, a tower argent".

  A{i'}binn ingen Art{a'}in. Device change. Argent semy-de-lys azure,
  on a pale vert a Celtic cross argent and in chief a coronet Or
  pearled argent.

      This device is returned for having two tertiary groups on the
      same charge: the Celtic cross and the coronet above it. As
      depicted, the coronet has significantly less visual weight than
      the cross which gives the cross and the coronet the appearance
      of being in two separate charge groups.

      The submitter is a court baroness and thus entitled to the use
      of a coronet in her armory

  Anna Katarzyna Adamska. Badge. (Fieldless) On a mullet gules, an Old
  English capital letter A argent, its crossbar surmounted by an arrow
  fesswise Or.

      On the previous return of "(Fieldless) On a mullet argent, the
      capital letter A, its crossbar surmounted by an arrow fesswise
      gules" the Letter of Acceptances and Returns mentioned:

           Although the submitter has addressed the issue with
           the type of hand use for the letter "A" she has not
           provided evidence that period letters were modified
           such as seen here with the arrow. Alternatively, if it
           is considered independently of the body of the letter,
           the arrow still constitutes a second tertiary group on
           the same underlying charge, which we do not allow.

      The submitter has not addressed the issues leading to the
      previous return. Although tinctures have been changed, the arrow
      represents either an undocumented alteration of the letter "A",
      or a second tertiary group. Both are unregisterable.

  Caitr{i'}ona inghean Fhionnghuala. Badge. (Fieldless) A snail shell
  bendwise sinister inverted Or and issuant to chief a domestic cat's
  head sable with snail's antennae purpure.

      This badge is returned for redraw, for violating SENA A2C2 which
      states "Elements must be drawn to be identifiable." Although
      there are constructed monsters in medieval heraldry, components
      must remain recognizable. Commenters had trouble identifying the
      snails antennae.

  C{u'}{a'}n mac Muirchertaig. Name.

      This name was already registered in February 2015, so this
      duplicate submission has been withdrawn.

  Lucius Domitius Anatolius. Device. Per chevron azure and sable,
  three wolves courant in annulo argent.

      This device is returned for conflict with the device of
      Athanaric Thaurismunths sunus: "Per chevron azure and sable, in
      base three wolves courant contourny in annulo argent". There is
      no difference for the direction the wolves are running when they
      are in annulo. The only difference is for the placement on the
      field, which is worth only a DC.

      There is a step from period practice for having charges in
      annulo not in their default orientation.

  Magnus Clawsson. Name and device. Azure, a rat sejant erect argent
  and in chief two crescents, on a chief invected Or three mullets
  azure.

      Submitted as "Magnus _Kla_sson", the change to the form in the
      Letter of Intent, "Magnus _Claw_sson", was not mentioned in the
      Letter of Intent. In addition, a new form was created after this
      change, so we cannot verify the wishes of the submitter.
      Therefore, we are forced to return this name.

      Upon resubmission, the submitter may wish to know that ffride
      wlffsotter documented the spelling "_Cla_sson" to Sweden in 1413
      (citing _Svenskt Diplomatariums huvudkartotek {o:}ver
      medeltidsbreven_).

      The device is also returned administratively. As the form in
      OSCAR was under the changed name, we cannot know if this
      depiction was approved by the submitter.

  Marianna Vincentia. Device. Gules, an edelweiss proper and a point
  pointed barry wavy azure and argent.

      This device submission has been withdrawn.

  Svana {U'}lfsd{o'}ttir. Device. Per chevron inverted vert and
  argent, a chevron inverted between a fox's mask and in saltire an
  arrow inverted and a sword argent.

      This device is returned for violating SENA A3D2a, for having
      "slot machine" armory, i.e. more than two types of charge in the
      same group. The fox's mask, sword, and arrow are all in the same
      secondary charge group.

  Tiberius Aurelius Magnus. Device. Per pale and chevronelly argent
  and gules, on a pale sable a gladius inverted argent.

      This device is returned because the pale obscures the per pale
      line of division, making it impossible to distinguish this
      counterchanged field from a straightforward chevronelly argent
      and gules field.

      Because of the obscuring of the per pale line of division, the
      field is similar to a field chevronelly and thus this device
      conflicts with the device Paul Adler: "Chevronelly gules and
      argent, on a pale sable an eagle's head erased argent". There is
      only one DC for changing the type of tertiary charge from eagle
      to sword.

  Una Bollisdottir. Name.

      The same name was previously submitted and subsequently
      registered as "Una Boll_a_dottir" in July 2015, so this
      duplicate submission has been withdrawn.

  Veronica Azalina. Device. Sable, in bend a compass star and a
  windmill Or.

      This device is returned for conflict with the device of Bjorn
      inn gauzki: "Sable, in bend a compass star and a drakkar prow
      Or". There is only one DC for changing the type of half the
      primary charge group from a drakkar to a windmill.

  Violante de Luca. Device. Sable, on a bend Or between two lozenges
  argent three hearts palewise gules.

      This device is returned for conflict with the device Michel de
      Coucy: "Sable, on a bend Or between two horse's heads couped
      contourny argent, three hearts palewise gules". There is only
      one DC for changing the type of secondary charges from horse's
      heads to lozenges.

======================================================================

**** WEST returns ****

None.

======================================================================

                 - Explicit littera renuntiationum -

                             - Explicit -

======================================================================

Created at 2015-11-18T20:45:57


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