[LoAR-txt] October 2015 LoAR in Da'ud plain text format

Postmeeting Clerk via LoAR-TXT loar-txt at lists.sca.org
Fri Dec 18 20:17:49 CST 2015


Please find attached the 2015-10 LoAR in plain text Da'ud format.


-- 
Emma de Fetherstan, acting as Postmeeting Clerk
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                                               Society for Creative Anachronism
                                                                College of Arms

                                                       253 Tranquility Mtn
                                                            Buda, TX 78610
                                                           +1 512 942 7005
                                                   laurel at heraldry.sca.org
                       For the October 2015 meetings, printed December 18, 2015

To all the College of Arms and all others who may read this missive, from
Andrewe Laurel, Lillia Pelican, and Brunissende Wreath, greetings.

Items listed below in square brackets have not been scheduled yet. For
information about future scheduling, please review the status table located on
the Web at http://oscar.sca.org/index.php?action=137.

The October Laurel decisions were made at the Pelican meeting held on Sunday,
October 11, 2015 and the Wreath meeting held on Sunday, October 18, 2015. These
meetings considered the following letters of intent: Drachenwald (30 Jun, 2015)
(pushed due to lack of packet) , {AE}thelmearc (05 Jul, 2015), West (14 Jul,
2015), Middle (21 Jul, 2015), {AE}thelmearc (22 Jul, 2015), Ealdormere (28 Jul,
2015), East (28 Jul, 2015), Outlands (28 Jul, 2015), Atenveldt (30 Jul, 2015),
Atlantia (30 Jul, 2015), Caid (30 Jul, 2015), Northshield (30 Jul, 2015), An
Tir LoItP (31 Jul, 2015), Ansteorra (31 Jul, 2015), Artemisia (31 Jul, 2015),
Avacal (31 Jul, 2015), Calontir (31 Jul, 2015), Lochac (31 Jul, 2015), and
Meridies (31 Jul, 2015). *All commentary, responses, and rebuttals should have
been entered into OSCAR by Wednesday, September 30, 2015.*

The November Laurel decisions were made at the Pelican meeting held on Sunday,
November 15, 2015 and the Wreath meeting held on Sunday, November 22, 2015.
These meetings considered the following letters of intent: An Tir (01 Aug,
2015), Middle (10 Aug, 2015), Laurel LoPaD (15 Aug, 2015), Palimpsest Rules
Letter (16 Aug, 2015), Northshield (19 Aug, 2015), Drachenwald (20 Aug, 2015),
Atenveldt (25 Aug, 2015), Calontir (26 Aug, 2015), Artemisia (28 Aug, 2015),
Ansteorra (29 Aug, 2015), Lochac (29 Aug, 2015), Trimaris (29 Aug, 2015),
Atlantia (30 Aug, 2015), Ealdormere (30 Aug, 2015), Middle (30 Aug, 2015), West
(30 Aug, 2015), An Tir (31 Aug, 2015), Caid (31 Aug, 2015), East (31 Aug,
2015), Gleann Abhann (31 Aug, 2015), Meridies (31 Aug, 2015), and Outlands (31
Aug, 2015). * All commentary, responses, and rebuttals should have been entered
into OSCAR by Saturday, October 31, 2015.*

The December Laurel decisions will be made at the Pelican meeting held on
Sunday, December 20, 2015 and the Wreath meeting held on Sunday, December 13,
2015. These meetings will consider the following letters of intent: Drachenwald
(29 Jul, 2015) (pushed due to lack of packet) , Lochac (14 Sep, 2015), Gleann
Abhann (16 Sep, 2015), Laurel LoPaD (16 Sep, 2015), Northshield (20 Sep, 2015),
Atlantia (24 Sep, 2015), West (24 Sep, 2015), Atenveldt (25 Sep, 2015),
{AE}thelmearc (26 Sep, 2015), Ealdormere (27 Sep, 2015), Lochac (27 Sep, 2015),
Middle (28 Sep, 2015), Drachenwald (29 Sep, 2015), Outlands (29 Sep, 2015), An
Tir (30 Sep, 2015), Avacal (30 Sep, 2015), Caid (30 Sep, 2015), Calontir (30
Sep, 2015), East (30 Sep, 2015), Meridies (30 Sep, 2015), and Trimaris (30 Sep,
2015). * All commentary, responses, and rebuttals should have been entered into
OSCAR by Monday, November 30, 2015.*

The January Laurel decisions will be made at the Pelican and Wreath meetings
held in January 2016. These meetings will consider the following letters of
intent: Atenveldt (20 Oct, 2015), Northshield (21 Oct, 2015), Middle (25 Oct,
2015), Outlands (27 Oct, 2015), {AE}thelmearc (28 Oct, 2015), Meridies (28 Oct,
2015), Middle (28 Oct, 2015), Atenveldt (30 Oct, 2015), Drachenwald (30 Oct,
2015), Lochac (30 Oct, 2015), An Tir (31 Oct, 2015), Atlantia (31 Oct, 2015),
Avacal (31 Oct, 2015), Caid (31 Oct, 2015), Calontir (31 Oct, 2015), Ealdormere
(31 Oct, 2015), East (31 Oct, 2015), and Laurel LoPaD (31 Oct, 2015). * All
commentary, responses, and rebuttals should be entered into OSCAR by Thursday,
December 31, 2015.*

_Not all letters of intent may be considered when they are originally scheduled
on this cover letter. The date of posting of the LoI, date of receipt of the
Laurel packet, or other factors may delay consideration of certain letters of
intent. Additionally, some letters of intent received may not have been
scheduled because the administrative requirements (receipt of the forms packet,
receipt of the necessary fees, et cetera) have not yet been met._

REMINDER: Until all administrative requirements are met, the letter may not be
scheduled.

**** From Pelican: Giving Credit Where Credit is Due ****

Recently, we've had many instances where sources are not correctly cited in
Letters of Intent. For example, the author's name or the article title is
omitted, only a URL is provided, or an article is attributed to the hosting
site rather than the individual who wrote it.

Not only does it make the Sovereigns' and commenters' job easier to have the
full references, but it is important to cite the correct authors. We owe a
great debt to those who have taken the time to prepare the articles we use, so
a little more care is needed to ensure that they are credited every time we use
their work. For sources written by non-SCA authors, it's essential that we have
the full information so we can locate and verify the information as needed.

**** From Morsulus: On Da'ud encoding and DOT ABOVE and DOT BELOW ****

It was discovered that the Da'ud code {z.} was defined as both Z WITH DOT ABOVE
and Z WITH DOT BELOW. This is clearly not a good thing. It has been fixed. The
meaning of a dot in a Da'ud code is now consistent.

That is, El{z.}bieta Piekarska could have had the dot above or below the z, and
trying to look it up in the table of Da'ud codes would not have helped you out.

{.*} now signifies * WITH DOT ABOVE, and {*.} signifies * WITH DOT BELOW, for
all values of "*" from "a" to "z", upper and lower case (at least as far as
those letters are already in the list).

What changed?

     {.e} and {.E} for E WITH DOT ABOVE were added

     {.I} was defined to be LATIN CAPITAL LETTER I WITH DOT ABOVE where it
     had been {I.}.

     {I.} was redefined to be LATIN CAPITAL LETTER I WITH DOT BELOW as it
     had been some time ago.

     {.z} and {.Z} were redefined to be LETTER Z WITH DOT ABOVE instead of
     DOT BELOW.

This required recoding six names that used letters with DOT ABOVE. Those names
are now coded as:

     D{zv}iugint{.e} Litovka

     El{.z}bieta Piekarska

     El{.z}bieta Traidenyt{.e}

     {.I}slah bint Yuhannah

     G{u:}rc{u:} {.I}skender

     Umm Davud Mihri bint {.I}skender

The names have not changed, just the Da'ud codes used for some of their
letters.

The full chart at http://oanda.sca.org/data_symbols.html has been updated to
reflect these changes.

**** From Wreath: Following up on fer-{`a}-loup ****

Last month, in the registration of Marcus atte Bowe, in the Ansteorra section
of the Letter of Acceptances and Returns, the SCA's default orientation for
this charge was changed to match the medieval default. Thus, a fer-{`a}-loup
has the (rounded) blade to chief by default. We are reblazoning the registered
ones as needed in the current letter.

**** Society Pages ****

On November 7, 2015 Thomas Brownwell, Quatrefoil Herald, was elevated to the
Order of the Pelican by Their Majesties Athanaric and Sigri{dh}r at Calafia
Anniversary in the Kingdom of Caid.

Please send information about happenings to major heralds and major happenings
to all heralds to Laurel, so that it can be published here.

**** Send What to Whom ****

Letters of Intent, Comment, Response, Correction, et cetera are to be posted to
the OSCAR online system. No paper copies need be sent. All submission forms
plus documentation, including petitions, must be posted to the OSCAR online
system. While black-and-white emblazons must be included in the Letter of
Intent, only colored armory forms need to be posted in the forms area.

Cheques or money orders for submissions, payable to "SCA Inc.-College of Arms"
are to be sent to Stephanie Ray-Solum, Blue Bug Bookkeeping, 2144 Westlake Ave.
North Suite F Seattle, WA 98109.

Send roster changes and corrections to Laurel. College of Arms members may also
request a copy of the current roster from Laurel.

For a paper copy of a LoAR, please contact Laurel, at the address above. The
cost for one LoAR is $3. Please make all checks or money orders payable to "SCA
Inc.-College of Arms". The electronic copy of the LoAR is available free of
charge. To subscribe to the mailings of the electronic copy, please see the
bottom of http://heraldry.sca.org/heraldry/lists.html#lists for more
instructions.

For all administrative matters, please contact Laurel.

Pray know that I remain,

In service,

Andrewe Bawldwyn
Laurel Principal King of Arms

===============================================================================

Created at 2015-12-18T20:14:20
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****** Errata ******

***** October 1990 *****

**** Caid ****

  Timoteo Hilario e Fraga. Name change from Timoteo Hilario da
  Fr{a'}gua do Prado and device. Potent in point, a dragon passant
  reguardant vert and on a chief argent three brown scallops inverted
  proper. (Lyropectin subnodosus).

      Listed on the Caid June 1990 LoI as a "new/Appeal of Caid
      College of Heralds change of name", somehow this was erroneously
      reported on the October 1990 LoAR as a new name, returned, and
      with a holding name assigned. The submitted (and returned) name
      was _Timoteo Hilario e Fraga da Vega_. As this error is only now
      being noticed, his previous name "Timoteo Hilario da Fr{a'}gua
      do Prado" is retained as an alternate name.

***** February 1991 *****

**** Outlands ****

  Hancarata Aethnen filia Cuneddae. Name change from Agharet Aethnen
  filia Cuneda.

      When her name was changed, the LoAR spelled her previous name as
      _Anghar_ad_ Aethnen filia Cune_dd_ae_, while it had been
      originally registered as _Aghar_et_ Aethnen filia Cune_d_a_.

***** October 1991 *****

**** Trimaris ****

  Colfre Signy Tryggvadottir. Name appeal from Signy Colfre
  Tryggvad{o'}ttir.

      When her name appeal was accepted, the LoAR neglected to list
      the previously registered name, released when the appeal was
      registered.

***** May 1993 *****

**** West ****

  Styphan ap Owain. Holding name change from Steven of Mountain's
  Gate.

      When his name change was registered, the LoAR inadvertently
      spelled the old name as _Ste_ph_en_. His previous name was a
      holding name.

***** June 1994 *****

**** Drachenwald ****

  Torbj{o:}rn Davidsson St{ao}lklinga. Name reconsideration from
  Torbjorn Dawidsson Staalklinga.

      On the June 1994 LoAR, Laurel registered without comment a
      revised spelling of his name, originally registered in November
      1992. As it happens, the 1994 submission was a name appeal,
      asking Laurel to return his name to the originally submitted
      spelling. We are therefore clarifying that this was not an
      additional new name, but a changed spelling of his primary name.
      His previous name, "Torbjorn Dawidsson Staalklinga", is
      released.

======================================================================

Created at 2015-12-18T20:14:20
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***** THE FOLLOWING ITEMS HAVE BEEN REGISTERED: *****

**** {AE}THELMEARC acceptances ****

  Abigail Kelhoge. Name.

      The submitter requested authenticity for a "1390-1590 English"
      name. _Abigail_ is dated between 1576 and 1599 and _Kelhoge_ is
      dated to 1541, so this name meets the submitter's request.

  Chaghagan Ghunan. Name.

  Delftwood, Barony of. Order name Order of the Blue Tulip and badge.
  (Fieldless) A tulip slipped and leaved azure.

      This badge is clear of conflict with the badge of Aodhnait
      M{a'}ire Siobh{a'}n n{i'} Nuan{a'}in: "Ermine, a columbine azure
      slipped and leaved vert". There is a DC for fieldlessness and
      another DC for changing the orientation of the flower as the
      columbine in Aodhnait's badge is pendant.

  Elizabeth Parker. Device. Chevronelly argent and vert, on a chief
  purpure an axe argent.

  Endless Hills, Barony of. Heraldic title Zule Pursuivant.

  Endless Hills, Barony of. Badge. Or, a zule vert.

      This badge does not conflict with the badge of Sheri Lynn of
      Emerson Lake: "Or, a tower vert". There is a substantial change
      between a well-drawn zule and a tower.

      Nice badge!

  Gesa of Anglesey. Name.

  Jacob Martinson. Device. Argent, a marten statant and a bordure
  denticulada gules.

  Jean Hope of Hartstone. Name.

      Appearing on the Letter of Intent as "Jean Hope", a timely
      correction noted that the submitted form is _Jean Hope of
      Hartstone_.

      _Hartstone_ is the registered name of an SCA branch.

      This name combines a French given name and English byname. This
      is an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C of SENA. We note
      that _Jean_ is also found as an English given name used by both
      men and woman in the late 16th century (FamilySearch Historical
      Records), making this an entirely English name.

  Katerina Beckerin. Device. Per pale argent and sable, three
  chevronels braced and in chief a roundel counterchanged.

  Leo Dietrich. Name and device. Argent, a natural panther rampant
  contourny sable incensed gules atop a mountain of two peaks sable, a
  bordure embattled gules.

      This name was documented as a Dutch given name and German
      byname. In commentary, both elements were found in
      W{u:}rttemberg, Germany in 1598 (in the FamilySearch Historical
      Records).

      Nice 16th century German name!

  Marrin O'Kealy. Name change from Maureen of Abhainn C{i'}ach Ghlais.

      The submitter's previous name, _Maureen of Abhainn C{i'}ach
      Ghlais_, is retained as an alternate name.

  Meadhbh inghean ui Bhaoighill. Badge. (Fieldless) A stirrup Or.

      This badge does not conflict with {AE}thelmearc's badge,
      "(Fieldless) A stirrup Or leathered gules", or the badge of
      James Ericsson, "(Fieldless) A stirrup Or, leathered azure".
      There is a DC for fieldlessness and another DC for the
      difference between a leathered stirrup and a non-leathered one.
      Whether or not the leather is considered as half the charge
      depends on the size of the leather.

  Roberta Rhiannon McMorland. Device change. Counter-ermine, on a
  schnecke issuant from sinister chief argent, a phoenix purpure.

      The submitter's old device, "Counter-ermine, on a pale dancetty
      argent, a Lady's Slipper plant sable", is retained as a badge.

      There is a step from period practice for charging the schnecke.

  Rurik Longsword. Reblazon of device. Or, three hounds passant
  contourny sable, a bordure purpure.

      Registered in September of 1997 as "Or, three hounds passant
      contourney sable a bordure purpure", there is no "e" in
      contourny.

  Saskia Feldmeyrin. Device. Argent, three crescents and on a chief
  azure two lions passant respectant Or.

  S{o'}lveig Nj{a'}lsd{o'}ttir. Name.

  Torstein Thorgrimsson. Name.

      The given name and byname can be documented within two years of
      each other in _Diplomatarium Norvegicum_.

      Nice 15th century Norwegian name!

  Ulfarr MacDhughaill. Reblazon of badge. (Fieldless) A fer-{`a}-loup
  Or.

      Registered in January 1993 as "(Fieldless) A fer-de-loup
      inverted Or", the fer-{`a}-loup is actually in the medieval
      default orientation. We have also standardized the term used for
      the charge.

======================================================================

**** AN TIR acceptances ****

  Afghanistan. Flag (important non-SCA flag). Per pale sable and vert,
  on a pale gules a mosque with a minbar, and above the mosque the
  words "There is no God but Allah and Muhammad is his prophet" in
  Arabic, within a wreath of wheat argent.

  Comoros. Flag (important non-SCA flag). Barry of four Or, argent,
  gules, and azure, on a dexter tierce vert triangular between the
  horns of a decrescent four mullets in pale argent.

  Costa Rica. Flag (important non-SCA flag). Argent, a fess gules
  between a base and a chief azure.

  Ethiopia. Flag (important non-SCA flag). Per fess vert and gules, a
  fess Or, overall on a roundel azure a mullet voided and interlaced
  Or.

  Iraq. Flag (important non-SCA flag). Per fess gules and sable, on a
  fess argent the words Allahu akbar in Arabic vert.

  Libya. Flag (important non-SCA flag). Per fess gules and vert, on a
  fess sable a mullet within the horns of a decrescent argent.

  Malta. Reblazon of important non-SCA flag. Per pale argent and
  gules, in canton the George Cross argent fimbriated gules.

      Registered in December of 1994 as "Per pale argent and gules,
      for augmentation, in canton the George Cross proper", the George
      Cross is argent fimbriated gules.

  Montenegro. Flag (important non-SCA flag). Gules, a double-headed
  eagle Or charged on the breast with an escutcheon azure charged with
  a lion passant Or atop a base vert fimbriated Or, a bordure Or.

  Myanmar (Burma). Flag (important non-SCA flag). Per fess Or and
  gules, a fess vert and overall a mullet argent.

  Qatar. Reblazon of important non-SCA flag. Maroon, a dexter tierce
  indented argent.

      Registered in September of 1995 as, "Brown, a dexter tierce
      indented argent", the field closer ti sanguine than to brown.

  Rhieinwylydd verch Einion Llanaelhaearn. Reblazon of badge. Argent,
  on a pale endorsed between in chief two lozenges sable, in pale a
  lozenge and a lion's face argent.

      Blazoned when retained as a badge in March 2015, "Argent, on a
      pale endorsed sable, a lion's face argent, overall in chief
      three lozenges counterchanged.", we are reblazoning using modern
      charge group theory.

  R{o,}gnvaldr bassi. Reblazon of device. Per saltire gules and Or, a
  fer-{`a}-loup sable.

      Registered in September 2002 as "Per saltire gules and Or, a
      fer-a-loup inverted sable", the fer-{`a}-loup is actually in the
      medieval default orientation.

  Rwanda. Flag (important non-SCA flag). Per fess azure and vert, a
  fess abased and in sinister canton a sun Or.

  San Marino. Flag (important non-SCA flag). Per fess argent and
  azure, the coat of arms of San Marino (a crowned escutcheon
  fimbriated Or of the arms within a wreath of oak and laurel).

  Serbia. Flag (important non-SCA flag). Per fess gules and argent, a
  fess azure surmounted by on an inescutcheon gules crowned Or a
  double-headed eagle argent, its tail between two fleurs-de-lys Or
  and charged on the breast with on an inescutcheon gules a cross
  between four furisons bases to center argent.

  South Sudan. Flag (important non-SCA flag). Per fess sable and vert,
  a fess gules fimbriated argent, overall on a dexter tierce
  triangular azure a mullet Or.

  Spain. Flag (important non-SCA flag). Gules, on a fess Or, in dexter
  the royal arms of Spain in full achievement.

  Sri Lanka. Reblazon of important non-SCA flag. Sanguine, a lion
  passant maintaining a sword between four bo leaves saltirewise in
  saltire Or and a dexter tierce per pale vert and tenn{e'} fimbriated
  all within a bordure Or.

      Registered in September of 1995 as "Brown, a lion passant
      maintaining a sword between four bo leaves saltirewise in
      saltire Or and a dexter tierce per pale vert and tenn{e'}
      fimbriated all within a bordure Or", we are adjusting the
      tincture of the field.

  Timor-Leste (East Timor). Flag (important non-SCA flag). Gules, on a
  dexter tierce triangular Or a triangle issuant from dexter sable
  charged with a mullet argent.

======================================================================

**** ANSTEORRA acceptances ****

  Alfrikr Hamarskald. Name and device. Per pale gules and sable, a
  flame Or and a bordure argent.

  Angus Gunn MacDonald. Name and device. Per pale sable and vert, a
  stag springing contourny and a base Or.

      Submitted as "Angus _MacDonald_ Gunn", we don't have examples
      where a _MacX-_ style is the first byname, unless the second
      byname is a locative or descriptive byname. _Gunn_ is neither.
      Therefore we cannot register this name unless additional
      documentation can be found to support this pattern.

      With the submitter's permission, we have changed the name to
      _Angus *Gunn* MacDonald_, switching the order of the two
      bynames, in order to register this name.

  Aurelia Ruhlander. Name.

      Submitted as "Aurelia _Ruh_lander", the _Ruh-_ spelling was not
      documented prior to 1650 in the Letter of Intent or in
      commentary. {AE}lfwynn Leofl{ae}de dohtor documented the _Ruh-_
      spelling in Bavarian sources, citing the example _Ruhstorf_
      (1220-1240), found in Wolf-Armin Freiherr von Reitzenstein,
      _Lexikon Bayerischer Ortsnamen_. However, she noted that this
      spelling is rare in period. Additional period examples include
      _Rore/Rohr_, also found in the same book, and
      _Rorbach/Rohrbach_, found in the FamilySearch Historical Records
      in 16th century christening records from W{u:}rttemberg. Given
      the rare instance of _Ruh-_, we are able to give the submitter
      the benefit of the doubt that the submitted spelling of the
      byname is plausible prior to 1600.

  Cecilia de Meregate. Name.

      Nice 13th century English name!

  Creppin a l'Ostriche. Name and device. Gules, an ostrich statant
  wings elevated and addorsed Or.

      Submitted as "Creppin l'Ostriche", the Letter of Intent stated
      that the byname _L'Ostriche_ ("the Ostrich") followed a pattern
      of naming people for animals. However, of the examples cited,
      all were animals native to France. Examples of _autruche_ or
      _ostriche_ ("ostrich") to describe a person could not be found
      prior to the 18th century, and these examples had the sense of a
      "big man, stupid".

      The common noun _ostriche_ in French can be dated to 1225-50 in
      Centre National de Ressources Textuelles et Lexicales (citing
      _Le Tr{e'}sor de la Langue Fran{c,}aise informatis{e'}_;
      http://www.cnrtl.fr/definition/autruche). As the ostrich is a
      period heraldic charge, it is suitable as the basis of an
      inn-sign name. Therefore, we have changed the byname to the
      submitter's second choice, "a l'Ostriche" ("at the [sign of] the
      Ostrich").

  Donovan Fitzpatrick. Device. Per saltire purpure and sable, a
  saltire between four fleurs-de-lys argent.

      Nice device!

  Elena de La Reue. Device. Azure, a dolphin haurient between in chief
  two ermine spots argent.

  Elsbeth Fereday. Name and device. Argent, a castle and on a chief
  purpure three frets couped argent.

      Nice 16th century English name!

  Gabrielle de Lacy. Name.

  Guillaume of the Shadowlands. Name and device. Papellony Or and
  sable, a cross clechy sable fimbriated argent.

      _Shire of the Shadowlands_ is the registered name of an SCA
      branch.

      Although Batonvert presented evidence that there was at some
      point a confusion in terminology in some heraldic jurisdictions,
      the crosses that we call clechy and flory were not
      interchangeable. Thus, this device does not conflict with the
      device of Michel de Groot: "Quarterly argent and gules, a cross
      fleury sable". There is a DC for changing the field. No DC is
      granted for the fimbriation. Although crosses clechy and fleury
      belong to the same class of crosses (along with crosses
      patonce), as ruled in the May 2009 Cover Letter, there is a DC
      between them.

  Haldtre, Canton of. Device. Gules, on a bend sinister nebuly argent
  between two laurel wreaths Or a tree couped sable.

  Hugo van Harlo. Name change from Hugo von Ortenburg and device.
  Sable, in pale two eagle's feet couped inverted Or.

      The submitter requested authenticity for a short Dutch name.
      This request was not summarized in the Letter of Intent. Luckily
      for the submitter, we had enough information to consider this
      request rather than pending the name to allow further
      commentary.

      The name is short and Dutch, but the given name is dated to the
      late 16th century, and the byname is dated to the 13th century.
      Therefore, it is not authentic to any particular time, but it
      does appear to meet the submitter's request.

      The submitter's previous name, _Hugo von Ortenburg_, is retained
      as an alternate name.

  Hugo van Harlo. Badge. (Fieldless) An eagle's leg couped {`a} la
  quise sable membered Or maintaining a grenade bendwise sable
  enflamed Or.

  Ines Alf{o'}n. Badge for Bytzel Rothhaar. Chevronelly couched from
  sinister azure and argent.

      Pending documentation of its use in period, there is a step from
      period practice for the use of a chevronelly couched field.

  John Radclyff. Name.

      The historical John Ratcliffe, governor of Jamestown, is known
      as an ancillary figure in the stories about Pocahontas, but was
      not a particularly prominent figure in his own right. Therefore,
      he is not important enough to protect under PN4D1 of SENA, which
      states:

           People who are not important enough to have an entry
           in a standard print encyclopedia, such as the
           Encyclopedia Britannica, are generally not important
           enough to protect. Newly famous individuals may rarely
           be considered important enough to protect even if they
           have not yet appeared in a print encyclopedia.
           Individuals who do have an entry must be further
           considered. People are considered important enough to
           protect if they meet the following standards.

           Sovereign rulers of significant states are generally
           important enough to protect. Some historical
           city-states are not considered significant states.
           Provinces or regions integrated into larger units like
           the Holy Roman Empire are not generally considered
           significant states. Sovereigns of small states that
           did not give rise directly to modern countries will
           not be protected under this clause, nor will legendary
           kings of any state (though these kings may be
           individually important enough to protect).

           Individuals whose names are recognized by a
           significant number of people in the Society without
           having to look them up in a reference are generally
           important enough to protect. Individuals recognized
           only by specialists in a subject are unlikely to be
           important enough to protect. Individuals who are only
           recognized with the assistance of reference books are
           unlikely to be important enough to protect.

           Individuals whose work and/or life are still
           influential today are generally important enough to
           protect. Those whose work significantly shaped the
           course of world history, science, or the arts are
           generally important enough to protect. This is
           generally measured by examining measures like the
           length of encyclopedia articles about the person and
           his/her work, numbers of search engine hits for the
           individual, and the like.

      Similarly, the politician and royal physician John Radcliffe
      (born in 1652) is not important enough to protect. He is mostly
      known for landmarks like the Radcliffe Observatory and Radcliffe
      Infirmary that were founded after his death by the trustees of
      his estate, rather than anything that he accomplished
      personally.

  Lauretta d'Avenport. Name.

      Submitted as "Lauretta d'Avenport_e_", the documentation
      supported the English form _de Avenporte_. However, the byname
      _d'Avenport_ (without the terminal _-e_) is found in
      _Bibliotheque des auteurs ecclesiastiques du dix-septieme
      siecle_ by Louis Ellies Dupin (p. 122,
      https://books.google.com/books?id=yUg73kL4bmUC). We have changed
      the byname to this form in order to register this name.

      This name combines an English given name and French byname. This
      is an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C of SENA.

  Nerak la Tisserande. Badge. Azure semy of lozenges argent, in fess
  three keys inverted and in chief an annulet Or.

  Ricardo de Montague. Reblazon of device. Checky argent and vert, two
  hares combattant sable.

      Blazoned when registered in September of 1994 as "Checky argent
      and vert, two hares combattant gules", the hares are sable.

  R{o'}n{a'}n Fionn {O'} Dub{a'}in. Name and device. Per fess
  engrailed sable and vert, a calamarie Or and in chief three compass
  stars argent.

      Submitted as "R{o'}n{a'}n Fionn {O'}_'_Dub{a'}in", the
      apostrophe in _O-_style bynames is found in Anglicized Irish,
      but not in Gaelic. Therefore, this byname combines Anglicized
      Irish and Gaelic in the same name phrase. This is a violation of
      PN1B1 of SENA, which states that, "A registerable name phrase
      must follow the rules of grammar and structure for a single time
      and place. It may not mix languages unless that mixing of
      languages within a name phrase is attested as a period
      practice."

      The nominative (base) form of the ancestor's name, _Dub{a'}n_,
      is found in the mostly 15th century _Acallamh na Sen{o'}rach I_
      (http://www.ucc.ie/celt/online/G303000/). Therefore, we have
      changed this byname to the wholly Early Modern Irish Gaelic
      "{O'}_ _Dub{a'}in" in order to register this name.

      As documented in the Letter of Intent, the submitted name has
      two given names. This pattern is not found in Appendix A of
      SENA, and was not documented. However, _Fionn_ is also a
      descriptive byname meaning "fair", and can be combined with the
      second byname.

      We note that this name combines Middle and Early Modern Irish
      Gaelic. The submitter may wish to know that an entirely Middle
      Irish Gaelic form of this name is "R{o'}n{a'}n F_i_nn _hua_
      Dub{a'}in". If he prefers this form, he can submit a request for
      reconsideration.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of compass
      stars.

      Please advise the submitter to draw the engrailed line of
      division more boldly to improve its identifiability.

  Rosabela Fitzpatrick. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      _Fitzpatrick_ is the submitter's legal surname. It is also a
      plausible form of the attested _fitz Patrick_ or _Fitz Patrick_,
      found in "Names Found in Anglicized Irish Documents" by Mari
      ingen Briain meic Donnchada
      (http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnglicizedIrish/). Therefore,
      the submitter need not rely on the legal name allowance.

      The submitted spelling of the given name, _Rosabela_ is not
      attested, although "Rosabella" is found in England. However, the
      submitted spelling is plausible based on the examples
      _Isabella/Isabela_, _Mabella/Mabela_, _Sibella/Sibela_, and
      _Crystabela_, all found in transcriptions of 16th and early 17th
      century English parish records in the FamilySearch Historical
      Records.

  Safiyya bint Khalid ibn Hamdun. Name and device. Argent, a hand of
  Fatima inverted azure within a bordure sable semy of compass stars
  argent.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of compass
      stars.

      A hand of Fatima is a specific depiction of a hand and is not a
      step from period practice.

  Safiyya bint Khalid ibn Hamdun. Badge. (Fieldless) A hand of Fatima
  inverted azure charged with a compass star argent.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a compass
      star.

      A hand of Fatima is a specific depiction of a hand and is not a
      step from period practice.

  Servita Zola. Reblazon of device. Argent, a dragon passant between
  five crosses crosslet four and one purpure.

      Blazoned when registered in November 2002 as "Argent, a dragon
      passant between five crosses four and one purpure.", the type of
      cross needs to be blazoned.

  Ulrich Velkener. Device change. Azure, a castle and in chief a
  compass star argent, a base embattled argent masoned sable.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a compass
      star.

      The submitter's old device, "Lozengy gules and Or, a sea serpent
      ondoyant sable", is retained as a badge.

======================================================================

**** ARTEMISIA acceptances ****

  Adeliz Fergusson. Device (see RETURNS for badge). Azure, a quadrant
  and on a point pointed Or five mullets of seven points in cross
  azure.

  Aleah de Spencer. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      _Aleah_ is the submitter's legal name.

      The byname _de Spencer_ is grandfathered to the submitter, as it
      is the registered byname of her grandfather. It is also found in
      England in 1379, in _Calendar of Close Rolls, Richard II_, Vol.
      1, 1377-1381, pp. 236-9
      (http://www.british-history.ac.uk/cal-close-rolls/ric2/vol1/pp236-239).
      Therefore, the submitter does not need to rely on the
      grandfather clause.

  Al{.z}beta Je{rv}abkov{a'}. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      Submitted as "Al_{zv}_b_{e~}_ta Je{rv}abkov{a'}", the submitter
      requested authenticity for a 14th century name.

      The attested form of the given name is "Al_{.z}_b_e_ta". We have
      changed the given name to this form.

      The Letter of Intent stated that _Je{rv}abkov{a'}_ is the
      submitter's legal surname after it had been "modified to
      period". Submissions heralds are reminded that only the exact
      form of the documented legal name is eligible for the legal name
      allowance. A concern was expressed in commentary that the byname
      was normalized. However, given that we don't know for sure that
      this form was normalized and that we have very few sources for
      Czech names, we can give the submitter the benefit of the doubt
      that this is a plausible form of the byname. However, we do not
      know if the name meets the submitter's request for authenticity.

  Artemisia, Kingdom of. Order name Order of the Bridle.

  Cathryn Anne of Newbury. Device. Azure, a doe's head contourny
  couped argent between four mullets of four points in cross Or.

  Chiara de Caccialuppis. Name and device. Or, a sea-horse gules
  crined and tailed and on a chief enarched wavy sable two estoiles
  Or.

      Nice early 16th century Italian name from Rome!

  Chiara de Caccialuppis. Badge. (Fieldless) A sea-horse gules crined
  and tailed sable.

  Douglas Sutherland. Device. Gules, three fleurs-de-lys and on a
  bordure Or an orle gules.

  Elaine le Fevre. Name.

      Both _Elaine_ and _Le Fevre_ are found in "French Names from
      Paris, 1421, 1423, & 1438" by Aryanhwy merch Catmael
      (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/french/paris1423surnames.html),
      making this a nice 15th century French name!

  Elfwyn the Dane. Name and device. Per saltire azure and argent, two
  sea-wolves respectant azure.

      The byname _the Dane_ is the lingua Anglica form of the Old
      Norse _in danska_.

      The combination of an Old English given name and Old Norse
      byname is an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C of SENA.

  Gauden of Beremere. Badge. (Fieldless) A triskelion of bear's jambes
  sable each charged with a goutte palewise Or.

  Hallerna Stj{o,}rnukona. Badge. (Fieldless) An astrolabe per pall
  vert, argent, and Or.

  Hekja {i'} Hakaskar{dh}i. Name and device. Per bend enarched azure
  and vert, a hawk Or trussing a rabbit argent and a ford proper.

  Helena Boccardi. Device. Argent, a standing seraph and on a chief
  dovetailed azure two ferrets passant regardant argent.

  Ketley of Eoferwicscire. Name and device. Argent, on a bend enarched
  gules between two crosses crosslet azure, three keys argent.

      Submitted as "Ket_tlye_ of Eoferwicsci_r_", the surname
      _Kettlye_ (used as a given name) is dated to 1642 and
      _Eoferwicscir_ is dated to c.1050. Therefore, there is a
      temporal gap of greater than 500 years between the given name
      and byname. We have changed the given name to the 1545 form
      _Ketley_ (documented in the Letter of Intent and permitted by
      the submitter), bringing the temporal gap to just under 500
      years, in order to register this name.

      We have also changed the locative byname so that the place name
      is in the dative case required by Old English grammar:
      "Eoferwicsci_re_".

  Ketley of Eoferwicscire. Badge. Azure, on a cross crosslet
  throughout argent a key gules.

  Maysun al-Isfahaniyya. Name and device. Argent, on a fess azure
  between two chrysanthemums of eight petals gules a lozenge ploy{e'}
  argent between two gouttes d'Or.

      Submitted as "Maysun _Nura_ al-I_sh_fahan_i al-Samarkandiyya_",
      the submitter requested authenticity for 16th century Persia.

      This name includes two _isms_, but this pattern is not supported
      by the documentation. In addition, the Letter of Intent implied
      that _Nura_ is the feminized form of _Nur_. However, the
      attested element is the title _Nur al-Din_, not a stand-alone
      _ism_. Without evidence to support _Nur_ or _Nura_, and the use
      of double _isms_ in Arabic names, this name cannot be registered
      as submitted.

      Commenters noted that the correct spelling of the first locative
      byname is the Arabic "al-_Is_fahani", with the expected feminine
      form being _al-Isfahaniyya_. The submitter preferred the wholly
      Arabic form "Maysun_ _al-_Is_fahani_yya_", so we have changed
      the name accordingly.

      The submitter may wish to know that this name is not authentic
      for 16th century Persia, as _Maysun_ is not attested in Persia.

  Michael of Crystal Crags. Name.

      The given name _Michael_ was documented in the Letter of Intent
      using Leslie Alan Dunkling's _Scottish Christian Names_. This
      book is not in the no-photocopy list (Appendix H of the
      Administrative Handbook), no copies were provided in the packet,
      and a copy of the book could not be found online. Submissions
      heralds are reminded that, although we are lenient when it comes
      to enforcing the need to provide copies, copies should be
      provided if a source is not in Appendix H and is also not
      readily available online. We note that at least one other book
      by Dunkling is in Appendix F of the Administrative Handbook,
      Name Sources to be Avoided in Documentation, so this book may
      not be reliable. Without copies, we have no way to know.

      Alternatively, _Michael_ is found in a number of sources from
      England and Scotland, such as Aryanhwy merch Catmael's "Index of
      Scots Names Found in _Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue_
      (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/scots/dost/michael.html),
      dated to 1591, and "Late Sixteenth Century English Given Names"
      by Talan Gwynek
      (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/eng16/eng16alpha.html).

      _Crystal Crags_ is the registered name of an SCA branch.

  Noel Byway. Name.

      Nice 16th century English name!

      The submitter may wish to know that _Noel_ is found in England
      as a masculine given name. However, it is also found as a Dutch
      feminine given name. English and Dutch can be combined under
      Appendix C of SENA.

  Razumnik Zhiroslavich. Name.

  Sigrothr Melrakki. Name.

  Stephen Other. Device. Azure, on a flame proper a sword argent, a
  bordure erminois.

  Uilliam MacAindri{u'}. Badge. (Fieldless) An urchin statant
  contourny sable.

======================================================================

**** ATENVELDT acceptances ****

  Dalbach mac Olc{a'}in. Name.

      Submitted as "Dalba_bhach _Olc_{a'}_n", no evidence for the
      given name _Dalbabhach_ or an unmarked patronym could be found.
      The name was then changed in kingdom to "Dalba_ch mac_ Olc{a'}n"
      to use an attested given name and add the patronymic particle.

      We have changed the byname to "mac Olc{a'}_i_n", using the
      genitive (possessive) form of the father's name, in order to
      register this name.

  Gr{a'}inne an Einigh inghean U{i'} Mh{a'}ille. Device. Per pale
  argent and vert, an olive tree counterchanged fructed sable and a
  base rayonny Or.

  Gwyneth O Callaghan. Device. Argent, an ash tree eradicated proper
  and on a chief azure a sun Or between an increscent and a decrescent
  argent.

  Johnathan Crusadene Whitewolf. Transfer of household name
  Brotherhood of the Blue Rose and badge to Nichelle of Whitewolfe.
  Sable, a rose azure imbrued gules.

  Johnathan Crusadene Whitewolf. Transfer of household name Brothers
  Crusadene and badge to Johnathan Crusadene Whitewolf the Younger.
  Argent, a long Maltese cross nowy pierced gules and therein a rose
  azure.

  Johnathan Crusadene Whitewolf. Transfer of device to Johnathan
  Crusadene Whitewolf the Younger. Gules, ermined argent, a wolf
  rampant argent.

  Johnathan Crusadene Whitewolf the Younger. Acceptance of transfer of
  household name Brothers Crusadene and badge from Johnathan Crusadene
  Whitewolf. Argent, a long Maltese cross nowy pierced gules and
  therein a rose azure.

  Johnathan Crusadene Whitewolf the Younger. Acceptance of transfer of
  device from Johnathan Crusadene Whitewolf. Gules, ermined argent, a
  wolf rampant argent.

      His father's device, "Gules, ermined argent, a wolf rampant
      argent", now becomes his own device and his own current device,
      "Per pale gules and azure, a cross argent griffee-de-loup,
      pierced, therein an acorn Or, capped vert", becomes a badge.

  Meraud des Belles Feuilles. Reblazon of device. Vert, on a bend
  between in pale two oak leaves argent, an oak leaf palewise vert.

      Blazoned when registered in October 1993 as "Vert, a bend
      argent, in pale three oak leaves counterchanged", we are
      reblazoning this in line with current charge group theory.

  Nichelle of Whitewolfe. Acceptance of transfer of household name
  Brotherhood of the Blue Rose and badge from Johnathan Crusadene
  Whitewolf. Sable, a rose azure imbrued gules.

  Richard Stewart. Reblazon of device. Per bend azure and vert, in
  pale a trident head and a trident head inverted conjoined Or.

      Blazoned when registered in December 1992 as "Per bend azure and
      vert, in pale two trident heads, hafts conjoined Or" we are
      explicitly stating the orientations of the charges.

  Sayyid ibn Tariq al-Muhibb. Device. Vert, a pile issuant from
  sinister base, in sinister chief a lowercase Greek letter "pi"
  argent.

  Ulfarr MacDhughaill. Reblazon of device. Per pale sable and azure, a
  fer-{`a}-loup and an orle Or.

      Registered in 1992 as "Per pale sable and azure, a fer-a-loup
      inverted within an orle Or", the fer-{`a}-loup is actually in
      the medieval default orientation.

  Yehoshua ben Abraam. Device. Or, two pea-vines fructed and entwined,
  on a chief vert three stars of David Or.

======================================================================

**** ATLANTIA acceptances ****

  Brian fitz Gerald. Badge. Argent, a bear and a bull rampant addorsed
  gules.

  Cered of Ritterwald. Holding name and device (see PENDS for name).
  Vert, a compass rose, in chief a roundel argent between a increscent
  and an decrescent Or.

      Please advise the submitter that while the rays of a compass
      rose may overlap the outer ring, they should not extend beyond
      it, with the exception of the northmark.

      Submitted under the name "Cered Gwyn of Kildare".

  David of Raven's Cove. Name.

      _Raven's Cove_ is the registered name of an SCA branch.

  Elspet Byndelase. Reblazon of badge. (Fieldless) A fer-{`a}-loup
  inverted per pale gules and sable.

      Registered in February 2004 as "(Fieldless) A fer-a-loup per
      pale gules and sable", the fer-{`a}-loup is inverted from the
      medieval default orientation.

  Ian the Ranger. Name and device. Gules, two wolves combattant and a
  horse's head cabossed Or.

      Please advise advise the submitter to draw the horse's head with
      more details so it's easier to identify.

  Lavinia of Catmere. Reblazon of badge. (Fieldless) A ladybug Or
  marked sable.

      Blazoned when registered in September 1992 as "(Fieldless) A
      scarab Or, marked sable", the creature more resembles a ladybug
      than a scarab.

  Lucy Challener. Device. Purpure, a martlet and on a chief argent
  three pairs of sewing needles inverted in saltire vert.

  Mark Lothian. Name and device. Or, on a chief gules, a lion passant
  gardant Or.

      Submitted as "_Lothian_ _ap_ Lyonesse", the name was changed in
      kingdom prior to internal commentary, and appeared on the
      submission form and the Letter of Intent as "_Mark Lothian_".
      These changes were made with the submitter's permission when
      documentation to support the desired name could not be found.

      As documented in the Letter of Intent, _Lothian_ is a surname
      found in early 17th century Scottish parish records in the
      FamilySearch Historical Records. Unfortunately, we do not have
      evidence that surnames were used as given names in Scotland as
      they were in England at this time. Therefore, we are unable to
      restore the name to the submitter's preferred form.

      The submitter may wish to know that _Lyonesse_ is an early 17th
      century English surname found in the FamilySearch Historical
      Records, so can be used as a given name. "A Simple Guide to
      Constructing 16th Century Welsh Names (in English Contexts)" by
      Tangwystyl verch Morgant Glasvryn
      (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/welsh16.html) notes that English
      names were crowding out less common traditional Welsh names at
      this time, and the Welsh and English styles of naming were mixed
      freely. Therefore, we can give the submitter the benefit of the
      doubt that _ap Lyonesse_ (using the Welsh _ap_ with an English
      surname as given name) would be plausible under such a context,
      but do not consider it a likely construction. Nevertheless, the
      form _Mark Lothian ap Lyonesse_ would be registerable. If the
      submitter prefers this form, he can submit a request for
      reconsideration.

      Nice device!

  Renee Deley. Name.

      Although _Renee_ was documented as a 16th-17th French given
      name, it is also found in England in the FamilySearch Historical
      Records, dated to the early 17th century. Therefore, this name
      is wholly English.

  Ritterwald, Canton of. Device change. Azure, a pale wavy argent
  surmounted by a horse courant contourny, in chief two laurel wreaths
  Or.

      The group's old device, "Azure, a tilting lance bendwise
      sinister Or surmounted by a horse rampant argent, in canton a
      laurel wreath Or, a ford proper", is retained as ancient arms.

  Ritterwald, Canton of. Badge for populace. Azure, a pale wavy
  cotised argent and overall a horse courant Or.

  Robert Carswell. Name.

      Nice 16th century English name!

  Robin of Mannefeld. Reblazon of badge for House Redwolf. Argent, in
  pale a wolf's head erased gules and a fer-{`a}-loup inverted sable.

      Registered in August 1990 as "Argent, in pale a wolf's head
      erased gules and a fer-a-loup sable", the fer-{`a}-loup is
      inverted from the medieval default orientation.

  Shimeon ben Levi. Name and device. Gules, a sword inverted proper
  blade surmounted by an astrolabe Or, a bordure parted bordurewise
  indented throughout Or and sable.

      _Shimeon_ is an English given name dated to 1200 in Withycombe.
      _Levi_ is a given name found c.1070-1290 in Eleazar ha-Levi's
      article "Jewish Naming Practices in Angevin England"
      (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/jewish.html). Therefore, it can
      be combined with the Jewish byname _ben Levi_ under Appendix C
      of SENA.

      We note that the wholly Jewish form of this name is _Simeon ben
      Levi_, where _Simeon_ is also found in the same article as
      _Levi_.

  Symon de Ipswich. Reblazon of device. Or, a fer-{`a}-loup and on a
  chief embattled gules three goblets Or.

      Registered in January 2007 as "Or, a fer-a-loup inverted and on
      a chief embattled gules, three goblets Or", the fer-{`a}-loup is
      actually in the medieval default orientation.

======================================================================

**** AVACAL acceptances ****

  Aiden ap Grindall. Name and device. Argent, on a bend sinister
  between a raven contourny regardant and a lion contourny azure, a
  great sword inverted argent.

      Submitted as "A_edda_n _A_p Grend_ale_", the name was changed in
      kingdom to the submitter's preferred form "A_iden_ _a_p
      Gr_e_nd_el_".

      The byname _ap Grendel_ combines the Welsh _ap_ ("son of") with
      the Dutch byname _Grendel_ in the same name phrase. This
      violates PN1B1 of SENA, which states that name phrases cannot be
      formed using more than one language unless such a practice can
      be documented. In addition, the late period pattern of using
      surnames as given names has only been demonstrated in England.
      Without evidence of _Grendel_ as a late period English given
      name or surname, we cannot register the submitter's preferred
      form of this name.

      As the submitter allows all changes, we have instead changed the
      byname to the similar-sounding "ap Grindall". _Grindall_ is a
      given name found in English parish records in the FamilySearch
      Historical Records, dated to 1630. "A Simple Guide to
      Constructing 16th Century Welsh Names (in English Contexts)" by
      Tangwystyl verch Morgant Glasvryn
      (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/welsh16.html) notes that English
      names were crowding out less common traditional Welsh names at
      this time, and the Welsh and English styles of naming were mixed
      freely. Therefore, we can give the submitter the benefit of the
      doubt that _ap Grindall_ would be plausible under such a
      context.

  Daniel the Broc. Device change. Per fess wavy azure and ermine, a
  brock argent marked sable and three water-bougets vert.

      The submitter's old device, "Per chevron vert and azure, a
      chevron between a brock argent masked sable and a water-bouget
      argent", is released.

======================================================================

**** CAID acceptances ****

  Adolphus von Brocken. Reblazon of device. Vert, on a mullet of four
  points Or a fer-{`a}-loup inverted gules.

      Registered in February 1990 as "Vert, on a mullet of four points
      Or, a fer-a-loup gules", the fer-{`a}-loup is inverted from the
      medieval default orientation.

  {AE}lfhild Ragnarsd{o'}ttir. Name change from Asiya al-Mubaraka (see
  RETURNS for device change).

      This name combines an Old English given name and Old Norse
      byname. This is an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C of
      SENA.

      The submitter's previous name, _Asiya al-Mubaraka_, is released.

  {AE}lfhild Ragnarsd{o'}ttir. Badge. Vert, two mallets inverted in
  chevron within a serpent vorant of its tail argent.

  Alsander Bardon. Device. Vert, a reremouse and in base two torches
  in saltire Or.

  Borgunna Varsdottir. Name and device. Per bend sinister raguly Or
  and azure, a decrescent and a dormouse dormant counterchanged.

      Submitted as "Borgunna Va_rr_sdottir", the patronym was
      correctly changed in kingdom to "Va_r_sdottir" to match the
      documentation that could be found.

      The given name _Varr_ is found in Lena Peterson, _Nordiskt
      runnamnslexikon_, as an uncertain name for which the attested
      form may be _V{o,}rr_ or _{O/}yarr_. It is also found in Lind as
      the name of a dwarf. However, without definitive evidence that
      _Varr_ is not plausible as a given name for a normal human, we
      can give the submitter the benefit of the doubt and register
      this name.

      Please advise the submitter to draw the raguly line with more
      angled indentation so it cannot be confused with an embattled
      division.

      The dormouse is a period heraldic charge, found in the canting
      arms of de Giramis, mid-15th C [Trivulziano 153].

  Hakim ibn Suleiman. Device. Vert, a duck rising contourny wings
  displayed and in base a sheaf of arrows fesswise, a bordure
  denticulada Or.

  Henrriet de Saint Denis. Name.

      Nice 15th century French name!

  Marcus Adler. Name.

      As documented in the Letter of Intent, this is a nice 16th
      century English name. In addition, the submitter may wish to
      know that this exact name is dated to 1600 in a christening
      record from Prussia in the FamilySearch Historical Records.
      Therefore, it is also a lovely late period German name.

  Melusine of Windhill Wood. Reblazon of badge. Argent, in pall
  inverted on a plate between three hawk's bells one and two, bases
  outward Or, a pawprint sable.

      Registered in May 1994 as "Azure, on a plate between three
      hawk's bells one and two, bases outward Or, a pawprint sable."
      the charges on the field are actually co-primaries.

  Ocelotl Moctezuma. Name (see PENDS for device).

      Appearing in the Letter of Intent as "Ocelotl Mo_tec_zuma", a
      timely correction noted that the submitter wanted the byname
      "Mo_cte_zuma". We have changed the byname to this form.

      This name is intended as a Nahuatl name appropriate for what is
      now Mexico. Commenters questioned the pattern of a two element
      name where both are Nahuatl elements instead of a Spanish
      baptismal name combined with an indigenous given name as a
      byname. In commentary, Ambre Herald cited the examples of
      _Miquizti Tecatl_, _Xitthi Tengdeni_, and _Yngeni Tenguadeni_
      from the FamilySearch Historical Records. Therefore, although
      this pattern is rare, it is attested. We note that this name
      must be interpreted as the combination of a pre-conquest Nahuatl
      given name with a post-conquest patronymic byname as the form of
      the second element is a Hispanicized version of the Nahuatl
      Motecuhzoma.

  Ocelotl Moctezuma. Badge. (Fieldless) In pale three arrows fesswise
  gules and overall a bezant semy of cartouches sable.

  Sasha Dmitrievich. Device change. Gules, a badger contourny Or.

      The submitter's old device, "Gules, an osprey striking between
      in chief two crescents Or", is retained as a badge.

  Tyne MacPhersone. Device. Per chevron azure and purpure, a chevron
  sable fimbriated between a crescent and a serpent vorant of its tail
  argent.

======================================================================

**** CALONTIR acceptances ****

  {A'}ed Ua Conchobair. Name change from holding name {A'}ed of
  Forgotten Sea.

      Submitted as "{A'}ed Ua _Ch_onchobair", the byname does not need
      to be lenited. We have changed it to "Ua _C_onchobair" in order
      to register the name.

  Da'ud ibn Ibrahim al-Sisari. Device. Per saltire azure and vert, a
  senmurv contourny Or.

      As a purely Persian motif, there is a step from period practice
      for the use of a senmurv.

  Fenella Gormlaith. Heraldic will.

      Upon Fenella's death, her device, "Per bend sinister vert and
      Or, a ram's head couped to sinister and a trefoil
      counterchanged", will be released.

  Fredrich Gerebrand. Reblazon of badge. (Fieldless) A fer-{`a}-loup
  inverted per pale azure and argent.

      Registered in June 2004 as "(Fieldless) A fer-a-loup per pale
      azure and argent", the fer-{`a}-loup is inverted from the
      medieval default orientation.

  Giovanna Canzoniere da Firenze. Name.

      _Canzoniere_ is a constructed byname, from the masculine noun
      meaning "a maker or writer, or singer of songs" in Florio's 1611
      Italian/English Dictionary. Juliana de Luna's article "Names
      from Sixteenth Century Venice"
      (https://www.s-gabriel.org/names/juliana/16thcvenice.html)
      states that occupational bynames generally match the gender of
      the bearer, but sometimes they do not. Therefore, we can give
      the submitter the benefit of the doubt that _Canzoniere_ is
      appropriate for a woman.

  Gy{dh}a gl{o'}ra. Badge. (Fieldless) A square weaver's tablet per
  bend sinister argent and vert.

      Please advise the submitter to draw the holes larger so it is
      obvious that this is a weaver's tablet rather than a simple
      square.

  Malcolm of Applecross. Reblazon of device. Argent, three apples one
  and two between two chevronels vert between three Celtic crosses
  fitchy sable.

      Blazoned when registered in October 1999 as "Argent, on a
      chevron argent fimbriated vert between three Celtic crosses
      fitchy sable three apples vert", we have since affirmed that the
      overwhelming impression in cases like this is of two ordinaries,
      not a single ordinary charged or fimbriated.

  Otkatla Geirra{dh}ardottir. Name and device. Or, a butterfly purpure
  between four roundels in cross vert.

  Vilhj{a'}lmr h{a'}lftr{o,}ll. Badge. Gyronny arrondi of six gules
  and Or, a demi-troll arms raised azure.

      There is a step from period practice for having a central charge
      on a gyronny arrondi field drawn with the corners of the field
      in the center of a gyron.

  Ysabel de la Oya. Device. Per pale Or and purpure, a cross of
  Santiago counterchanged and on a chief gules three roses Or.

  Yseult de Michel. Name and device. Argent, a chevron cotised sable,
  on a chief nebuly purpure a brock argent marked sable.

      Noir Licorne documented the bynames _Demichel_ and _De Michel_
      in late 16th to early 17th century French and English parish
      records in the FamilySearch Historical Records. Therefore, we
      are able to register this name as submitted.

      _Yseult_ is a French literary name, found in the Arthurian
      romances.

======================================================================

**** DRACHENWALD acceptances ****

  {AE}lfwynn of York. Device. Gules, a pair of wings conjoined in
  lure, a point pointed argent.

  {AE}lfwynn of York. Badge. (Fieldless) A dragon passant coward
  purpure maintaining a goblet Or.

  Anna Gareysin. Name and device. Purpure, a butterfly and in chief
  three hearts Or.

      Nice late 15th century German name!

  Asker Eriksson. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      Submitted as "Ask_er_ Eri_k_sson", the name was changed in
      kingdom to "Ask_ _Eriksson" because _Asker_ was only documented
      as a place name, not a given name.

      Commenters were able to document the submitter's preferred form,
      but only as a late period English surname in the FamilySearch
      Historical Records. Late period English and Scandinavian cannot
      be combined under Appendix C of SENA.

      _Eryk_ is a Middle English given name found in 'Friar Eryk de
      Vedica, c.1477', in _Additional Material For the History of the
      Grey Friars_ (pp. 147-9;
      http://www.british-history.ac.uk/no-series/grey-friars-additional/pp147-149).
      This supports the spelling _Erik_ (with an _i/y_ switch) in
      Middle English, when literal patronyms were formed by adding a
      suffix for "son" to a given name. Reaney & Wilson, s.n. Dickson
      include the example of _Diksson/Dikson_, showing that the
      _-sson_ spelling is plausible in Middle English. In addition,
      later inherited forms such as _Steevensson_, _Rogesson_,
      _Robynsson_, and _Johnsson_ can be found in FamilySearch in the
      late 16th century. Therefore, the submitted byname _Eriksson_ is
      plausible in English, and we can register this name.

  Beatrix de Lyme Regis. Name and device. Vert, a winged hammer
  bendwise and a bordure argent.

      The submitter requested authenticity for a mid-14th century
      name. _Beatrix_ can be dated to 1346 in Withycombe, and the
      place name _Lyme Regis_ is dated from 1285. The submitted form
      may be authentic to mid-14th century England, but we do not know
      for sure. We note that Noir Licorne documented the form _Lym_ in
      1319.

  Beatrix Gareysin. Name and device. Azure, a demi-sun issuant from
  base and in chief three mullets of six points Or.

      Nice late 15th century German name!

  Biorn Styrmisson. Name and device. Per bend argent and gules, a
  drinking horn and a valknut counterchanged.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a valknut.

  Cristina Erici af Huseby. Badge. (Fieldless) A pheasant volant
  bendwise Or.

  Gunilla Nilsdotter Tveuggla till Uggleholm. Badge. Azure, in bend
  sinister two owls Or.

  Gunnar Haraldson. Name and device. Per bend sinister azure and
  sable, an eight-petaled daisy Or and a wolf rampant argent.

  Hans Olsson. Name.

      Both the given name and byname are dated to 1420 in _Svenskt
      Diplomatariums huvudkartotek {o:}ver medeltidsbreven_, making
      this an excellent 15th century Swedish name!

  Jacob Gareys. Name and device. Gules, an anvil and in chief three
  mullets of six points, a point pointed argent.

      Nice late 15th century German name!

  Jakob Winkelmann von Sohren. Device. Per bend sinister azure and
  argent, a pair of compasses argent and a castle gules.

  Julienne la tamuse. Badge. (Fieldless) A reremouse fesswise sable.

      There is a step from period practice for having the reremouse in
      any posture other than its standard (upright) displayed posture.

  Kristina j Aros. Name.

      Submitted as "Kristina _from_ Aros", the byname combines the
      English _from_ with the Swedish _Aros_ in the same name phrase.
      PN1B1 of SENA states that name phrases cannot combine languages
      unless such a practice is documented. As _Aros_ is not a valid
      lingua Anglica form of this place name (the lingua Anglica form
      is _Uppsala_ or _Upsala_), this cannot be registered using the
      lingua Anglica allowance.

      In commentary, ffride wlffsdotter documented the Swedish phrase
      _j Aros_ to 1370-1 in _Svenskt Diplomatarium_. We have changed
      the byname to this form in order to register this name.

      In addition, the submitter requested authenticity for a
      Scandinavian name. This request was not summarized in the Letter
      of Intent. Luckily for the submitter, we had enough information
      to allow this request to be considered instead of pending this
      name for further research. _Kristina_ can be documented in
      Sweden in SMP, s.n. Arnbiorn, dated to 1373, within 2 years of
      the byname. Therefore, the modified name is authentic for Sweden
      c.1370, meeting the submitter's request.

  Kristina Petersdotter. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      Nice 14th century Swedish name!

  Stigot Eke. Device. Vert, a horse's head couped Or and a bordure
  erminois.

  Thomas Langland. Badge. Per pale argent and Or, a pale between two
  swords sable.

  Veerf{o:}rden, Shire of. Device. Or, in cross four laurel wreaths
  azure, a ford proper.

======================================================================

**** EALDORMERE acceptances ****

  Brigit Larkin. Device. Purpure, on a pile doubly cotised argent a
  pomegranate slipped and leaved vert seeded gules.

  Havarr Helsingr. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      The submitter requested authenticity for an 11th-12th century
      Varangian name. This request was not summarized in the Letter of
      Intent. Luckily for the submitter, we had enough information to
      consider the name instead of pending it for further commentary.

      The given name is documented in the 9th-10th century
      _Landn{a'}mab{o'}k_ from Iceland, and the byname is that of a
      12th century Varangian guard from Sweden. As they were not
      documented to the same place or time, we do not know if the name
      meets the submitter's authenticity request, but it is
      registerable.

  Raphael de Merida. Device. Per fess rayonny azure and gules, a
  standing seraph argent.

      This device conflicts with the device of Erik the Relentless:
      "Purpure chap{e'} ploy{e'}, a standing seraph argent". As there
      is a DC for changes to the field, Erik's blanket permission to
      conflict allows this to be registered.

      Please advise the submitter to draw the rayonny line of division
      with more amplitude.

======================================================================

**** EAST acceptances ****

  Brennan MacFergus. Alternate name Otey Pankie.

  Brynhildr Ansvarsdottir. Name and device. Per fess Or and purpure, a
  lion counterchanged.

      Nice device!

  Fearghus mac Uilliam. Name and device. Per pall argent, azure and
  vert, three Latin crosses azure, argent and argent.

      Nice 15th-16th century Irish Gaelic name!

  Gabrielle an Doire. Name.

      This name combines an English given name and Gaelic byname. This
      is an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C of SENA.

  Jacob Fisher. Device. Azure, a sea-lion and on a chief argent a
  rapier vert.

  Kellemetlen {A'}rp{a'}d. Reblazon of device. Or, a pall vert between
  a cross of Lorraine inverted sable and two obelisks gules.

      Blazoned when registered in October 1996 as "Or, a pall vert
      between a cross of Lorraine inverted sable and two palets couped
      pointed in chief gules." we now have a name for the charges in
      base.

  Leon Cristo del Camino. Name and device. Sable, a bend wavy Or
  between two Maltese crosses argent.

      The submitter was interested in a 13th century Spanish name, but
      this name could not be documented that early. However, it is a
      very nice late period Spanish name, with all elements found in
      the 16th century in the FamilySearch Historical Records.

  Lucie Lovegood of Ramisgate. Device. Per bend sinister azure and
  vert, a stag springing and a bordure argent.

  Magnus Grimcroft. Name.

      The submitter requested authenticity for a 14th century English
      name. This name can be documented to Lincolnshire, England, in
      1332, so this name meets the submitter's request.

      The submitter's previous name, _Ragnarr the Fierce_, is
      released.

  Magnus Wolfhunte. Reblazon of device. Counter-ermine, three wolf's
  teeth issuant from dexter and three wolf's teeth issuant from
  sinister and in chief a fer-{`a}-loup argent.

      Registered in October 2008 as "Counter-ermine, a fer-a-loup
      inverted, three wolf's teeth issuant from dexter and three
      wolf's teeth issuant from sinister argent", the fer-{`a}-loup is
      actually in the medieval default orientation and a secondary
      charge.

  Odam an Doire. Name.

      This name combines an English surname used as a given name and
      an Irish byname. This is an acceptable lingual mix under
      Appendix C of SENA.

  Peter of Hawkwood. Reblazon of device. Per chevron inverted azure
  and vert, a hawk's foot couped inverted and two trees Or.

      Registered in May of 2005 as "Per chevron azure and vert, a
      hawk's talon couped and two trees Or." it is actually per
      chevron inverted. We are also correcting the blazon for the
      charge in chief.

  Sarra an Doire. Device. Per fess sable and gules, an owl displayed
  and in chief three crescents within a bordure argent.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a bird other
      than an eagle in the displayed posture.

  Sitt al-Gharb ha-niqret Khazariyya. Alternate name Hrefna
  Sp{a'}kona.

      _Sp{a'}kona_ is an Old Norse byname meaning "seeress". It is
      also a modern title used in neo-paganism. A similar pre-pended
      byname, _V{o,}lu-_, is registerable:

           Commenters questioned whether the byname _V{o,}lu_
           "seeress" was presumptuous. It is not. This byname
           (and the occupation it is derived from) refers to real
           women who did real things. As such, it is not an
           unmistakable claim to magical powers. It is parallel
           to the Norse byname _sj{o'}na_, ruled registerable in
           August of 2008, and Gaelic bynames with similar
           meanings, ruled registerable in December 1997.
           [V{o,}lu-Helena in Flamska, 10/2012 LoAR,
           A-Ansteorra].

      As this byname has the same meaning, its use is also not
      presumptuous.

  Sorcha an Doire. Name.

      The submitter requested authenticity for a 12th-16th century
      Irish name. This name is likely authentic for Ireland in the
      16th century.

      This name does not conflict with the registered names _Sarra an
      Doire_ and _Sorcha Dhocair_. Both syllables have been changed in
      the given name and the byname, respectively, so these are both
      clear under PN3C1 of SENA.

  Vasia von K{o:}nigsberg. Name change from Nicolai Wegener.

      _Vasia_ was apparently recorded in Old Church
      Slavonic/Ruthenian, one of the administrative languages used in
      Grand Dutchy of Lithuania (much as Latin is used elsewhere). The
      Grand Duchy was a multilingual place, where Lithuanian, German,
      Polish, Ruthenian, and other languages were used. Some of these
      languages are in regional naming groups that are compatible with
      German and some are not. Although _Vasia_ was apparently
      recorded in an East Slavic language, we do not know for sure the
      original language for this name. Therefore, we can give the
      submitter the benefit of the doubt that it is compatible with
      the German byname under Appendix C of SENA.

      The submitter's previous name, _Nicolai Wegener_, is released.

======================================================================

**** LOCHAC acceptances ****

  Abd al-Hamid ibn Abd al-Aziz ibn Hammad. Name (see RETURNS for
  device).

      The submitter requested authenticity for a 15th-16th century
      Ottoman name. Turkish/Ottoman names overwhelmingly use
      single-generation patronyms. One example of a two-generation
      patronym was found in "Jewish Names in Ottoman Court Records
      (16th C Jerusalem)" by Mari ingen Briain meic Donnchada
      (http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/Jerusalem/), but no examples of
      three-generation patronyms were found. Therefore, this name does
      not meet the submitter's request for an authentic Ottoman name,
      but it may be an authentic late period Arabic name.

  Benjamin Edick Tehn. Name.

  Br{i'}an dorcha ua Conaill. Blanket permission to conflict with
  device. Per pale sable and vert, two chevronels argent.

      The submitter grants permission to conflict to armory that is at
      least one distinct change different from his registered armoury.

  Darius Freeman. Device. Per chevron gules and sable, two eagles
  striking respectant and in chief three sheaves of arrows Or.

      Please advise the submitter to draw the birds larger, as befits
      primary charges.

  Edward Langhere. Name.

      The given name and byname are documented in the Letter of Intent
      to the same town in England with a temporal gap of under a year.

      Nice 16th century English name!

  Erlendr Tryggvason. Name and device. Per fess argent and Or, a
  cypress tree proper between in chief two ravens respectant sable.

      Nice Old Norse name!

  Fiora Vespucci. Device change. Per chevron ploy{e'} flory at the
  point gules and argent.

      Nice device!

      The submitter's old device, "Per chevron ploy{e'} argent and
      gules, a fleur de lys issuant from the line of division and a
      bee counterchanged", is retained as a badge.

  Frae Fitzalleyne. Device change. Gules, a pair of breeches ermine.

      Nice device!

      The submitter's old device, "Gules, issuant from a chevron, a
      demi-dragon rampant, in base a cinquefoil, all within a bordure,
      all Or", is retained as a badge.

      Submitted under the name "Giles de Roet", that name change was
      pended on the August 2015 LoAR.

  Gideon Massingberd. Name and device. Per bend indented Or and
  purpure, all semy of cormorants displayed counterchanged.

      Nice late 16th century English name!

      Please advise the submitter to draw fewer and larger birds so
      they are easier to identify.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of birds other
      than eagles in the displayed posture.

  Isabelle Winter. Device. Azure, three horseshoes inverted argent.

  Meadhbh inghean Aodha Dubhghlas. Name and device. Per pale gules and
  sable, a thistle and in chief three flames Or.

      The question was raised whether Dubhghlas ("black water" or
      "black-blue") needs to be in the genitive form _Dubhghlais_. In
      email after the Pelican decision meeting, Rocket stated that,
      "Technically, yes, it should be in the genitive. But I just
      don't know what the genitive *was* in Gaelic. And it was common
      practice in such cases to treat such names as indeclinable when
      in doubt, especially if they were seen as borrowed." Therefore,
      we can give the submitter the benefit of the doubt and register
      this name as submitted instead of changing this element to
      _Dubhghlais_ or _Dubhghlaise_.

  Michaelina de Bircarcara. Name.

      _Michaelina_ is the submitter's confirmation name, which is
      eligible for the legal name allowance.

  Nicholas Bawcock of Petersfield. Reblazon of device. Per chevron
  throughout azure and Or, two fleeces and a dunghill cock
  counterchanged.

      Blazoned when registered in October 1997 as "Per chevron
      throughout azure and Or, a cock azure in chief two fleeces Or.",
      modern charge group theory says that all the charges are
      co-primary charges.

  Rokku de Bircarcara. Name.

      Submitted as "Ro_kk_u de _B'_kara", the name was changed in
      kingdom to "Rokku de B_ircarc_ara" to expand the scribal
      abbreviation in the byname and to match the documentation that
      could be found. Given the lack of extant sources written in
      Maltese prior to 1650, we are giving the submitter the benefit
      of the doubt that the submitted form of the saint's name,
      _Rokku_, is plausible in our period.

      The submitter may wish to know that the attested Italian form of
      the given name is _Rocco_. It is found in Italian parish records
      in the FamilySearch Historical Records, dated to 1604. If he
      prefers this form, he can submit a request for reconsideration.

  Serena Rigaletti. Name.

  Sigvaldr Svi{dh}andi. Device. Per pale argent and azure, an alder
  tree eradicated counterchanged.

      The submitter has permission to conflict with the device of Atia
      Luxor Alexandri: "Per pale argent and azure, a tree blasted
      within a bordure embattled counterchanged".

  Stormhold, Barony of. Reblazon and badge association for populace
  badge. Azure goutty d'eau, a drakkar affronty Or.

      Registered in July of 1987 as "Azure, goutty d'eau, a drakkar
      affronty Or", we are adjusting the blazon to current practice.

  Susannah Scarlet. Household name Keep of Ravens Rook (see RETURNS
  for badge).

  Tailltiu ghoirt ruaidh. Device. Per fess engrailed Or and azure, in
  pale a kingfisher volant wings addorsed azure sustaining a fish in
  annulo biting its own tail argent.

  Tailltiu ghoirt ruaidh. Badge. Azure, on a chief invected argent a
  greyhound courant sable.

  Valentino Salvatore. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      Nice 16th century Italian name from Pisa!

  Valentino Salvatore. Badge. (Fieldless) A crescent argent conjoined
  to and sustaining between its horns a rose proper.

  Yda de Redvers. Name and device. Per bend gules and azure, on a bend
  argent three oak leaves vert.

  Ynys Fawr, Barony of. Badge association for populace badge. Azure, a
  calamarie bendwise sinister Or.

======================================================================

**** MERIDIES acceptances ****

  Angharat merch Morcant. Name and device. Vert, on a saltire sable
  fimbriated a swan argent.

      The submitter requested authenticity for a 2nd-3rd century Welsh
      name. However, the submitted name is not authentic to the
      desired time period. An authentic form is _Acgarat filia
      Morcant_. However, kingdom confirmed with the submitter that she
      prefers the submitted form, so we have not altered the name.

      This name does not conflict with the registered name _Angharad
      ferch Morgan_. Two syllables have been changed (_merch_ versus
      _ferch_ and _Morc-_ versus _Morg-_), so this name is not a
      conflict under PN3C1 of SENA.

  Anne Geyervogelin. Device. Per bend sinister nebuly azure and vert,
  a martlet volant and a lit candle Or.

  Arn{th}{o'}ra of Wemyss. Reblazon of badge. (Fieldless) A
  fer-{`a}-loup inverted gules.

      Registered in August 2012 as "(Fieldless) A fer-a-loup gules",
      the fer-{`a}-loup is inverted from the medieval default
      orientation.

  Declan Finn. Name.

      The submitter requested authenticity for a 5th century Irish
      name. Although _Declan_ is the name of a 5th century Irish
      saint, the byname _Finn_ could not be found prior to the late
      6th century. Therefore, the name may not meet the submitter's
      request for a 5th century name, but it is registerable.

      The submitter may wish to know that an earlier form of this name
      would be the Old Irish _Declannos Vindos_, documented in
      commentary by Rocket. If the submitter prefers this form, he can
      submit a request for reconsideration.

  Erick Griffin. Device. Per bend sinister gules and azure, a griffin
  sejant contourny foreleg raised Or and a griffin sejant foreleg
  raised argent.

  Marcellus Carpentarius. Name.

  Siggeirr {U'}lfgeirsson. Name.

======================================================================

**** MIDDLE acceptances ****

  Aleksei Vasilev. Name.

      Submitted as "Ale_x_sei Vasilev", the submitter requested
      authenticity for a Russian/Slavic name. The name was changed in
      kingdom to "Ale_k_sei Vasilev" to match the documentation that
      could be found. _Alexsei_ is a modern Anglicized form of the
      name, so we cannot restore the given name to the submitted form.

      The modified name is a Russian name, but the source cited
      (Wickenden), does not include all instances of a name.
      Therefore, we do not know if the given name and byname were used
      at the same time.

  Brendoken, Barony of. Badge. (Fieldless) On a compass star per pale
  vert and sable a heart Or.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a compass
      star.

  Brendoken, Barony of. Badge. (Fieldless) On a compass star per pale
  vert and sable a thistle Or.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a compass
      star.

  Brendoken, Barony of. Badge. (Fieldless) On a compass star per pale
  vert and sable a tower Or.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a compass
      star.

  Brendoken, Barony of. Badge. (Fieldless) On a compass star per pale
  vert and sable an acorn Or.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a compass
      star.

  Brendoken, Barony of. Badge. (Fieldless) On a compass star per pale
  vert and sable an alder leaf Or.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a compass
      star.

  Brendoken, Barony of. Badge. (Fieldless) On a compass star per pale
  vert and sable an escutcheon Or.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a compass
      star.

  Brendoken, Barony of. Badge for populace. Per pale vert and sable, a
  compass star and a chief embattled Or.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a compass
      star.

  Brendoken, Barony of. Badge for populace. Per pale vert and sable, a
  compass star and in canton an oak leaf Or.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a compass
      star.

  Emeloth MacEwen. Device. Azure, a compass star argent, in chief five
  daisies in chevron inverted proper, a bordure argent.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a compass
      star.

  Eustace Kilpin. Name.

      Both the given name and byname can be dated to England in 1596
      (in the FamilySearch Historical Records), making this an
      excellent 16th century English name!

  Gianna Vettori. Badge. (Fieldless) A flamingo contourny sable.

  Grimwulf the Hairy. Reblazon of device. Vert semy of fers-{`a}-loup
  argent, a panther incensed erminois.

      Registered in July 1987 as "Vert, seme of fers-a-loup inverted
      argent, a panther incensed erminois", the fers-{`a}-loup are
      actually in the medieval default orientation. We have also
      regularized the spelling of the blazon.

  Grimwulf the Hairy. Reblazon of badge. Vert, a fer-{`a}-loup
  inverted argent enflamed on the upper edge proper.

      Registered in November 1992 as "Vert, a fer-a-loup argent
      enflamed on the upper edge proper", the fer-{`a}-loup is
      inverted from the medieval default orientation.

  Ian Gartloch. Device. Argent, a compass star vert and a bordure
  sable semy of holly leaves argent.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a compass
      star.

  Lynne Fairchild. Name change from Elisabeth Fairchild.

      The Letter of Intent stated that _Lynne_ is the submitter's
      legal middle name. Proof of the legal name was not provided in
      the submission packet. Luckily for the submitter, the Letter of
      Intent also documented _Lynne_ as a late period English
      masculine given name. Therefore, the submitter need not rely on
      the legal name allowance.

      The byname _Fairchild_ is grandfathered to the submitter. It is
      also found as an attested English byname in the FamilySearch
      Historical Records in the late 16th and early 17th centuries.
      Therefore, the submitter need not rely on the grandfather clause
      either.

      The submitter's previous name, _Elisabeth Fairchild_, is
      retained as an alternate name.

  Morgan Ryan MacAnthony. Reblazon of device. Azure, a chevron and in
  base a lymphad Or, a bordure argent semy of garbs azure.

      Blazoned when registered in February 1997 as "Azure, a chevron
      and in base a lymphad and a bordure argent semy of garbs azure",
      the tincture of the chevron and ship was omitted.

  Myfanwy Ddirwestol ferch Gruffudd. Reblazon of device. Argent, a
  dragon passant contourny sable within a bordure sable semy of maple
  leaves argent.

      Blazoned when registered in October 1994 as "Or, a dragon
      passant contourny sable within a bordure sable semy of maple
      leaves argent", the submission had been pended because the
      leaves were blazoned on both the form and the LoI as _Or_. The
      field tincture is also argent, it was also blazoned incorrectly
      on the form.

  Neptunalis Frederich Wilhelm von Metten. Reblazon of device. Argent
  billety sable, a chevron wavy gules semy of escallops inverted
  argent between three lobsters gules.

      Blazoned when registered in November 1991 as "Argent billety
      sable, a chevron wavy gules, semy of escallops argent, between
      three lobsters gules", the escallops are inverted.

  North Woods, Barony of the. Badge. Azure, a sun Or within three
  wolves courant in annulo legs outward argent, a bordure Or.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of charges in
      annulo not in their default palewise orientation.

  Roana Aldinoch. Badge. Checky Or and vert, on a lozenge sable a paw
  print Or.

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a paw print.

  Rycheza Tkaczycha. Name.

  Vi{dh}arr s{ae}lingr Ketilsson. Name.

======================================================================

**** NORTHSHIELD acceptances ****

  Adalia Solario. Name and device. Argent, three butterflies purpure
  and on a chief azure a sun Or.

      This name combines an English given name and Dutch byname. This
      is an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C of SENA.

  Bledri ap Morgan. Name and device. Per fess sable and Or, a griffon
  counterchanged.

      The source used to document the given name _Bledri_ in the
      Letter of Intent (The National Library of Wales website) may
      have normalized this name. In commentary, Ogress documented the
      submitted spelling _Bledri_ in a patronym found in _The Red Book
      of Hergest_, a Welsh document from c.1382.

  Conrad Grewe. Name.

  Deonysia de Rye. Name.

  Jean-Robert Le Marchand de Sel. Name.

      Submitted as "Jean-Robert Le Marchand du Sel", the submitter
      requested authenticity for a late period French name.

      In commentary, Siren found the phase _Pierre Boutey, dict Cody,
      marchand de sel & de fer_ in _Histoire du bien-heureux
      Fran{c,}ois de Sales_ by Charles-Auguste de Sales, dated to
      1634. Therefore, we can give the submitter the benefit of the
      doubt that this occupation can be the basis of a byname.
      However, we note that this occupation is not attested as a
      byname. The expected form is _Jean Robert, le marchand de sel_,
      using the pattern of _given name + unmarked patronym,
      occupation_ rather than the submitted form, but the submitted
      form is registerable. If the submitter prefers the more
      authentic form, he can submit a request for reconsideration.

  Magnus Einarsson. Name.

======================================================================

**** OUTLANDS acceptances ****

  Ailith Dreki. Name.

      The submitter requested authenticity for a 10th-12th century
      Irish/Scandinavian name.

      _Ailith_ is an English name from 1086, and _dreki_ is a
      constructed Old Norse byname meaning "dragon ship". Therefore,
      this name does not meet the submitter's request for
      authenticity, but it is registerable.

      The combination of pre-12th century English and Old Norse
      elements is an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C of SENA.

  Bernardo dei Medici. Household name Free Company of the Silver Sun
  (see RETURNS for badge).

  Gilbert le Verrat. Name.

      The submitter requested authenticity for a 14th-15th century
      French name. Both the given name and byname were documented to
      c.1420 in Paris, meeting his request.

  Ingri{dh}r Rau{dh}kinn. Badge. Argent, two peacocks addorsed
  regardant azure tailed vert within a chaplet of roses proper slipped
  and leaved vert.

      The submitter is a countess and thus entitled to use a chaplet
      of roses in her armory.

  Phaidra Thebaia. Name.

      The submitter requested authenticity for a Greek name, and
      wanted a name meaning "Phaidra of Thebes".

      _Phaidra_ is found in _Lexicon of Greek Personal Names_ (LGPN;
      http://www.lgpn.ox.ac.uk/) as a feminine given name from Attica.
      The corresponding masculine form _Phaidros_ is found in all
      volumes of LGPN, so the feminine form is plausible in other
      parts of Greece as well. _Thebaia_ is found in Liddell and
      Scott's _Intermediate Greek Lexicon_, s.v. Thebaios as the
      feminine form of _Thebaios_, the typical ethnic adjective for a
      Theban that dates back to Homer. Therefore, this name meets the
      submitter's authenticity request.

      We note that the Phaedra from Greek myth was not associated with
      Thebes, so this name is not presumptuous.

  Pierre Gaston de Vallier. Reblazon of device. Sable, a lion Or
  between three fleurs-de-lys argent, on a chief embattled Or three
  fleurs-de-lys azure.

      Blazoned when registered in September 1997 as "Sable, a lion
      between three fleurs-de-lys argent, on a chief embattled Or
      three fleurs-de-lys azure", the lion is Or.

  Tatiana Bonnioulx. Name and device. Azure, a chevron cotised between
  a rapier fesswise reversed and a cross fleury argent.

      Submitted as "Tatiana Bonn_ieux_", the spelling _Bonnieux_
      appears to be a modern, normalized form of the place name, and
      is an undated header form in Dauzat and Rostaing. We were unable
      to document _Bonnieux_ or _Bonieux_ earlier than the 1660s, just
      after our gray period. In commentary, Siren documented the
      spelling "Bonn_youlx_" in _Correspondance des r{e'}formateurs
      dans les pays de langue fran{c,}aise_ by Aim{e'}-Louis
      Herminjard
      (https://books.google.com/books?id=pdPWhJwC9qMC&pg=PA484), dated
      to 1541-2. As French uses _i/y_ switches, this also supports the
      spelling "Bonn_ioulx_", which is closer to what was submitted.
      We have changed the byname to the latter form to register the
      name.

======================================================================

**** TRIMARIS acceptances ****

  Frederich Karl Kyburg. Reblazon of device. Sable, two chevronels
  inverted and in canton a fer-{`a}-loup bendwise argent.

      Registered in October 2007 as "Sable, two chevronels inverted
      and in canton a fer-a-loup inverted bendwise argent", the
      fer-{`a}-loup is actually in the medieval default orientation.

  Frederich Karl Kyburg. Reblazon of augmentation. Sable, two
  chevronels inverted and in canton a fer-{`a}-loup bendwise, and as
  an augmentation in base a triskele argent.

      Registered in October 2007 as "Sable, two chevronels inverted
      and in canton a fer-a-loup inverted bendwise, and as an
      augmentation a triskele in base argent", the fer-{`a}-loup is
      actually in the medieval default orientation.

  Frederich Karl Kyburg. Reblazon of badge. Sable, a fer-{`a}-loup
  argent.

      Registered in October 2007 as "Sable, a fer-a-loup inverted
      argent", the fer-{`a}-loup is actually in the medieval default
      orientation.

======================================================================

**** WEST acceptances ****

  Angeleta Marina Castillo de Guzman. Device. Argent, a chevron
  cotised gules between two panthers combattant gardant vert incensed
  gules spotted argent and a pomegranate tree blasted proper fructed
  gules.

  Belogor, Shire of. Branch name change from Shire of Crystalmist.

      Submitted as "Shire of Belogo_ra_", _gora_ means "hill" in
      Russian. However, this element is found as _-gor_ in attested
      place names. Although the submission form stated that no changes
      were allowed, the shire approved the change to "Belogo_r_" after
      the Pelican decision meeting. We have made this change to
      register the branch name.

      The shire's previous branch name, _Shire of Crystalmist_, is
      released.

  Brogan Mer O Brogan. Name and device. Per chevron purpure and vert.

      The Letter of Intent argued that _Brogan_ is a possible given
      name, derived from the attested late period _O Brogan_. However,
      the April 2012 Cover Letter notes:

           Bynames using _O_ "male descendant (usually grandson)"
           were formed from the 7th to the 11th century; then
           they became frozen as inherited family names. These
           names were formed from a variety of kinds of bynames
           as well as given names.

      Unless _Brogan_ is found as a given name prior to the 11th
      century, we are unable to construct it from the late period _O
      Brogan_. Instead, we are able to document it as a late period
      English surname in the FamilySearch Historical Records, which
      can be used as a given name.

      This name combines the English _Brogan_ and Anglicized Irish _O
      Brogan_ from the English/Welsh regional naming group and the
      Irish _Mer_ from the Gaelic regional naming group. This an
      acceptable lingual mix under PN2C2 and Appendix C of SENA.

  Carlo of Darkwood. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      _Darkwood_ is the registered name of an SCA branch.

  Dante de Collino. Name and device. Sable, a hammer entwined by a
  serpent argent between flaunches embattled Or.

      In commentary, Siren documented the use of the preposition _de_
      in Florence, where the locative _Collino_ is found. Therefore,
      the byname (and name phrase) _de Collino_ is appropriate for a
      single time and place as required by PN1B1 of SENA.

  Denis of New Forest. Name and device. Per pale gules and argent, a
  cross counterchanged and in canton a ram's head cabossed argent
  armed Or.

      The given name was not dated in the submitted spelling. _Denis_
      is dated to 1325 in the Middle English Dictionary, where it
      refers to the saint. It is also found as a given name in 16th
      and early 17th century English parish records in the
      FamilySearch Historical Records.

      _New Forest_ is a plausible lingua Anglica form of the attested
      _Nova Foresta_ or _Noveforest_, documented in the Letter of
      Intent. We note that Metron Ariston also documented _The New
      Forest_ in Watts, s.n. New Forest, dated to 1608, so the form
      _Denis of The New Forest_ is also registerable.

  Dietrich Dominikus. Name and device. Or, a double-headed eagle gules
  and on a chief embattled sable four crosses each of four lozenges
  Or.

      Commenters questioned whether the instance of _Dietrich_ cited
      in the Letter of Intent was a period or normalized form. It
      appears to have been dated to 1486, and is an italicized form,
      so it is likely to not have been normalized. We also note that
      this form is found as a given name in 16th century German parish
      records in the FamilySearch Historical Records.

      _Dominikus_ was also found in the FamilySearch Historical
      Records, as a Dutch byname from 1610.

      This name combines a German given name and Dutch byname. This is
      an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C of SENA.

  Eibhil{i'}n inghean U{i'} Mhartain. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      Submitted as "Eibhil{i'}n inghean U{i'} _M_artain", the byname
      needs to be lenited. We have changed the byname to "Eibhil{i'}n
      inghean U{i'} _Mh_artain" to register this name.

      The submitter requested authenticity for an Irish name.
      _Eibhil{i'}n_ is a Gaelic given name from 1498-1583. Anglicized
      Irish forms of the byname are found in Mari ingen Briain meic
      Donnchada's article "16th & 17th Century Anglicized Irish
      Surnames from Woulfe" (http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/Woulfe/),
      so we can give the submitter the benefit of the doubt that
      Gaelic forms also were in use at this time. Therefore, this name
      is likely an authentic 16th century Irish Gaelic name, but we do
      not know for sure.

  Elynor Palmer. Name and device. Per pale argent and azure, a compass
  star and on a chief wavy three escallops inverted counterchanged.

      Nice 16th-17th century English name! We note that this exact
      name is found in a 1623 christening record (in the FamilySearch
      Historical Records).

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a compass
      star.

  Erik Larsson. Name and device. Vert, a phoenix Or rising from flames
  gules and on a chief argent a brown boar passant proper.

      Neither the modern author nor the famous Disney animator named
      _Eric Larson_ is important enough to protect.

  Finn the Bald. Name and device. Argent, a hand sable, its thumb
  gules, within eight pommes in annulo.

      The byname _the Bald_ is a lingua Anglica form of the Gaelic
      _Maol_.

      Please let the submitter know that charges in annulo should be
      distributed more regularly in a circle shape.

  Francisco de Hinojosa. Name and device. Per fess argent and azure, a
  boar dormant sable and a silphium argent flowered Or.

      Although _Hinojosa_ is the submitter's legal surname, the byname
      _de Hinojosa_ is not eligible for the legal name allowance due
      to the addition of the preposition _de_. Only the exact name
      phrase from the legal documentation is eligible for this
      allowance.

      However, Chanson documented the submitted byname in period in
      _The History of Mexico: 1521-1600_ by Hubert Howe Bancroft,
      William Nemos, Thomas Savage, and Joseph Joshua Peatfield (p. 9;
      https://books.google.com/books?id=pisPAAAAYAAJ), dated to 1524.
      Skraeling Althing also documented _De Hinojosa_ to 1586 in
      Spanish parish records (FamilySearch Historical Records).
      Therefore, the submitter need not rely on the legal name
      allowance.

      This is the defining instance of a silphium. It was a plant that
      was used in classical antiquity as a seasoning and as a
      medicinal plant. Stylized depictions can be found, for example,
      on silver coins from Cyrene.

  Hrothgar Uthersson. Device. Per saltire gules and sable, a tankard
  bendwise inverted Or.

  M{a:}rda {O,}lf{u'}ss. Name and device. Argent, a tankard azure and
  on a chief sable a spoon reversed argent.

      It was noted in commentary that the article cited in the Letter
      of Intent, "Swedish Feminine Names from ca. 1300" by Lindorm
      Eriksson (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/swedish1300female.htm),
      may have included a typographical or transcription error;
      therefore, it is possible that that _M{a:}rda_ should have been
      _M{a:}rta_, _M{ae}rta_, or _Marta_. We are giving the submitter
      the benefit of the doubt that the submitted form is found in the
      particular edition of the underlying source (_Svenskt
      Diplomatarium_) used to prepare the article.

  Marie de Roelent. Name and device. Argent, three sea-horses
  contourny azure, a bordure parted bordurewise wavy azure and argent.

  Merewen the Dark. Reblazon of device. Per chevron azure and sable,
  two suns and a crescent Or.

      Reblazoned in June 2005 as "Per chevron sable and azure, two
      suns and a crescent Or", the reblazon missed that the original
      also swapped the field tinctures.

  Michael of Fox Wood. Badge. Quarterly azure and vert, a sheaf of
  arrows Or and in chief five spearheads inverted argent.

  M{i'}che{a'}l {O'} Foghladha. Name and device. Per chevron azure and
  gules, two mullets and a hammer fesswise reversed Or.

      The submitter requested authenticity for "1300's Irish". The
      given name is dated to the 13th century. Forms of the byname are
      dated to the 11th century, but the submitted form is a
      hypothetical Gaelic form of an attested 16th or early 17th
      century Anglicized Irish byname. Therefore, the name does not
      meet the submitter's authenticity request, but it is
      registerable.

  Muirgel ingen G{a'}eth{i'}ne. Name.

      Nice 9th century Irish name!

  Roric Skaghen. Name change from Hr{oe}rekr {i'} Skaginum and badge.
  Or, a bull's head cabossed and a bordure gules.

      _Roric_ is a plausible vernacular form of the attested
      _Roricus_, found in _Danmarks Gamle Personnavne_ (DGP), vol. 1,
      part 2, s.n. R{o/}rik. The same entry also includes spellings
      such as _Rorik/R{o/}rik_ and _R{o/}ric_, further supporting the
      submitted spelling.

      The submitter's previous name, _Hr{oe}rekr {i'} Skaginum_, is
      retained as an alternate name.

  Se{a'}n {O'} Labhradha. Name and device. Per chevron gules and
  sable, a serpent nowed between three spearheads inverted argent.

      The submitter requested authenticity for an "Irish and/or
      Scottish Gaelic" name.

      _Se{a'}n_ is an Irish Gaelic given name dated between 1316 and
      1602. The clan affiliation byname _{O'} Labhradha_ is a
      hypothetical Irish Gaelic form of an attested 16th-17th century
      Anglicized Irish surname. Therefore, this name may be an
      authentic late period Irish Gaelic name, but we do not know for
      sure.

  Sextus Aurelius Ricimer Fortunatus. Name.

  Sib{e'}al inghean Alaxandair. Name and device. Per bend sinister
  purpure and sable, an arrow bendwise sinister Or enfiling two
  natural dolphins haurient embowed respectant argent.

      The submitter requested authenticity for an "Irish/Gaelic" name.
      _Sibeal_ is borrowed into Gaelic from English or French, and may
      not have been used by native Gaelic speakers. Therefore, we do
      not know if this name meets the submitter's request for
      authenticity, but the name is registerable.

  Sigrdrif H{ae}ilg{ae}irsdottir. Name and device. Argent, a
  wolf-headed horse rampant sable between flaunches vert.

  Syele Thorsdottir. Name change from Syele von der Rosen and badge.
  (Fieldless) Perched atop a closed birdcage Or a bird gules.

      The given name _Syele_ is grandfathered to the submitter. It is
      also an attested 15th century given name from Germany, so the
      submitter need not rely on the grandfather clause.

      This name combines a German given name and Scandinavian byname.
      This is an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C of SENA.

      The submitter's previous name, _Syele von der Rosen_, is
      retained as an alternate name.

  Theodericus Sturmere. Name (see RETURNS for device).

  Thomas de Roelent. Name and device (see RETURNS for household name).
  Argent, a mantle gules corded Or and in chief a sword fesswise
  reversed, a chief indented azure.

      Nice 11th century English name!

  Vittorio Bardesano. Name (see RETURNS for device).

      Submitted as "Vittorio Bard_e_s_o_no", the name was changed in
      kingdom to "Vittorio Bard_a_s_a_no" to use a similar attested
      byname.

      The submitter requested authenticity for a 15th-16th century
      Italian name. The given name is a 16th century Venetian name.
      Documentation to support the submitted byname could not be found
      directly. The byname "Bard_e_s_a_no" is found in _Supplementum
      supplementi delle croniche del venerando padre frate Iacobo
      Philippo_ (https://books.google.ca/books?id=BfX0Wm03YHYC).
      Another form, _Barda'sano_ is found in _La cronologia
      ecclesiastica del reuer_ by Onofrio Panvinio in 1592
      (https://books.google.ca/books?id=BfX0Wm03YHYC&pg=PT733). The
      submitter preferred the spelling _Bardesano_, as it is closer to
      what was submitted. We have made this change.

  Yasamin al-Dimashqiyyah. Name change from Blase di Angelo and device
  change. Per bend sinister purpure and vert, a strawberry flower
  bendwise sinister argent slipped and leaved vert and a scimitar
  bendwise sinister argent.

      Submitted as "Ya_sm_in al-Dimashqiyyah", the spelling _Yasmin_
      is not found in our period. Therefore we have changed the given
      name/_ism_ to the attested "Ya_sam_in" with the submitter's
      permission to register this name.

      The submitter requested authenticity for a 14th century Persian
      name. A wholly Persian form of this name is "Yasaman Dimashqi".
      The submitter, however, preferred the wholly Arabic form of the
      name.

      The submitter's previous name, _Blase di Angelo_, is released.

      Blazoned on the LoI as a _jasmine flower_, the depiction does
      not match our documentation for jasmine, which appears to have
      four petals. We have reblazoned this as a _strawberry flower_,
      which has five petals.

      The submitter's old device, "Checky argent and gules, a legless
      wyvern displayed and a chief sable", is released.

======================================================================

                  - Explicit littera accipiendorum -

======================================================================

***** THE FOLLOWING ITEMS HAVE BEEN RETURNED FOR FURTHER WORK: *****

**** {AE}THELMEARC returns ****

  Rachel Dalicieux. Badge. Per pale purpure and sable, a musical note
  argent.

      This badge is returned for conflict with the device of Fearghas
      MacRob: "Sable, a quaver argent". There is only one DC for
      changing the field.

======================================================================

**** AN TIR returns ****

  Afghanistan. Release of flag (important non-SCA flag). Per fess vert
  and sable, a fess argent surmounted by an arch within a wreath
  environed of two scimitars crossed at the hilts tips in base gules.

      Because we have no objective criteria to determine which
      post-period flags are "historically important" enough to
      protect, we will not release this flag.

  Afghanistan. Release of flag (important non-SCA flag). Per fess vert
  and sable, a fess argent surmounted by an arch within a wreath
  environed of two shamshirs crossed at the hilts tips in chief Or.

      Because we have no objective criteria to determine which
      post-period flags are "historically important" enough to
      protect, we will not release this flag.

  Comoros. Release of flag (important non-SCA flag). Vert, between the
  horns of a decrescent bendwise sinister four mullets bendwise
  sinister in bend sinister argent.

      Because we have no objective criteria to determine which
      post-period flags are "historically important" enough to
      protect, we will not release this flag.

  Iraq. Release of flag (important non-SCA flag). Per fess gules and
  sable, on a fess argent between three mullets in fess the words
  Allahu akbar in Arabic vert.

      Because we have no objective criteria to determine which
      post-period flags are "historically important" enough to
      protect, we will not release this flag.

  Libya. Release of flag (important non-SCA flag). Vert.

      Because we have no objective criteria to determine which
      post-period flags are "historically important" enough to
      protect, we will not release this flag.

  Myanmar (Burma). Release of flag (important non-SCA flag). Gules, on
  a canton azure a cogwheel surmounted by two ears of rice between
  fourteen mullets in annulo argent.

      Because we have no objective criteria to determine which
      post-period flags are "historically important" enough to
      protect, we will not release this flag.

  Rwanda. Release of flag (important non-SCA flag). Per pale gules and
  vert, on a pale Or the letter R sable.

      Because we have no objective criteria to determine which
      post-period flags are "historically important" enough to
      protect, we will not release this flag.

======================================================================

**** ANSTEORRA returns ****

  Rosabela Fitzpatrick. Device. Azure, on a bend sinister between two
  candles argent enflamed proper three round buckles palewise sable.

      This device is returned for not using a period depiction of
      flames proper. Period flames proper, as described on the April
      1995 Cover Letter, are alternating red and yellow tongues of
      flame, not Or voided gules or vice versa.

      On redesign, please advise the submitter to draw the buckles
      more clearly as buckles. Buckles have hinged tongues, not solid
      bars. Some examples can be seen at
      http://mistholme.com/dictionary/buckle/ .

======================================================================

**** ARTEMISIA returns ****

  Adeliz Fergusson. Badge. (Fieldless) On a lozenge ploy{e'} azure
  five mullets of seven points in cross Or.

      This badge is returned administratively as the emblazon in OSCAR
      does not match the emblazon on the actual form.

  Aleah de Spencer. Device. Per chevron inverted enhanced gules and
  azure, in pale a fret issuant from the line of division and a
  Macedonian sun Or.

      This device is returned for not being reliably blazonable, which
      is a violation of SENA A1C which requires an emblazon to be
      describable in heraldic terms. The Macedonian sun was documented
      as an artistic motif from ancient Greece through the Byzantine
      empire. Depictions showed mullets of a variable number of
      points, generally fracted with the fragments at the same or
      different distances from a central roundel. As such, a
      Macedonian sun is not reliably blazonable and cannot be
      registered.

      Although looking like a low contrast gules chief triangular on
      azure, the field can reasonably be blazoned as _Per chevron
      inverted enhanced gules and azure_, a pattern that is
      grandfathered to the submitter.

  Al{.z}beta Je{rv}abkov{a'}. Device. Per bend sinister argent and
  gules, two cinquefoils counterchanged.

      Sadly, this lovely device conflicts with that of Brianna of
      Wessex: "Per bend wavy argent and gules, two roses
      counterchanged". There is only one DC for changing the line of
      division.

======================================================================

**** ATENVELDT returns ****

None.

======================================================================

**** ATLANTIA returns ****

  Hazel of Foxedene. Device. Purpure, on a mountain of two peaks
  couped between in chief two natural dolphins haurient respectant
  argent, a dragon statant regardant purpure.

      This device is returned for redraw, for violating SENA A2C2
      which states "Elements must be drawn to be identifiable."
      Because of its unusual shape and the fact that it is not issuing
      from the base, commenters had trouble identifying the mountain.

  Symonne Red Bush. Name.

      This item was withdrawn by the submitter.

======================================================================

**** AVACAL returns ****

None.

======================================================================

**** CAID returns ****

  {AE}lfhild Ragnarsd{o'}ttir. Device change. Argent, a double-headed
  eagle sable maintaining in base two swords inverted in saltire Or,
  on a chief gules three mullets of eight points argent.

      This device is returned for contrast issues. On the August 2015
      Cover Letter we stated _"Held/conjoined charges must have good
      contrast with their background."_ Here the gold swords lack
      contrast with the argent field.

======================================================================

**** CALONTIR returns ****

  Katheryne Winterbourne. Badge. Ermine, three irises purpure leaved
  vert.

      This badge is returned for redraw, for violating SENA A2C2 which
      states "Elements must be drawn to be identifiable." Commenters
      had trouble identifying what type of flower the submitter
      intended. Additionally, the flowers are depicted in trian
      aspect, which is in itself grounds for return.

======================================================================

**** DRACHENWALD returns ****

  Asker Eriksson. Device. Per bend wavy vert and gules, a triquetra
  inverted and a bordure argent.

      This device is returned for redraw, for violating SENA A2C2
      which states "Elements must be drawn to be identifiable."
      Although we don't expect drawing to be perfect, commenters had
      trouble identifying the type of line of division and did not
      necessarily realize that it was wavy. Drawing bigger waves
      should solve this issue.

      On redesign, the submitter should know that a triquetra should
      be drawn in a Y shape rather than in a T shape, which could
      itself be grounds for return.

  Kristina Petersdotter. Device. Bendy Or and azure, a raven's head
  erased contourny sable, on a chief azure an arrow Or.

      This device is returned for redraw. Please instruct the
      submitter on the proper way to draw erasing: either three or
      four prominent, pointed jags on the erasing, as described on the
      Cover Letter to the November 2001 LoAR:

           Therefore, for purposes of recreating period armorial
           style for erasing, the erasing should (1) have between
           three and eight jags; (2) have jags that are
           approximately one-sixth to one-third the total height
           of the charge being erased; and (3) have jags that are
           not straight but rather are wavy or curved.

      Alternatively, the submitter could decide to resubmit the
      primary charge as a raven's head couped.

  Reta de Flintbeke. Device. Per bend embowed counterembowed vert and
  Or, in pale two oak leaves issuant from the line of division
  counterchanged.

      This submission is returned for conflict with the device of
      Ecaterina Amber of Tospenwood: "Per bend vert and Or, two oak
      leaves in bend sinister conjoined at the stems counterchanged".
      Both pairs of leaves issue from the center of the line of
      division and there is only one DC for the orientation of the
      leaves.

======================================================================

**** EALDORMERE returns ****

  Havarr Helsingr. Device. Per chevron throughout argent and azure,
  two axes and a natural leopard rampant counterchanged.

      This device is returned for administrative issues. The
      Administrative Handbook states in section IC.C.1. that "All
      submissions must be on the forms currently approved by Laurel."

      Here the shape of the escutcheon has been significantly altered
      from the approved form.

======================================================================

**** EAST returns ****

  Wulfgang Gruenwald. Alternate name Beelzebub Hotfoot.

      The Letter of Intent argued that _Beelzebub_ is a Biblical name,
      so should be allowed for use as a given name. We note that this
      figure is a non-human figure, and no evidence was found in
      period of people using the names of devils. Without evidence
      that such names were used in period by normal humans, this name
      is a presumptuous claim of powers under PN4C of SENA.

======================================================================

**** LOCHAC returns ****

  Abd al-Hamid ibn Abd al-Aziz ibn Hammad. Device. Per chevron purpure
  and Or, a brown camel statant proper and in chief three mullets
  argent.

      This device is returned for redraw. Blazoned on the Letter of
      Intent as _per chevron_ and on the form as _per fess enarched_,
      the line of division is neither. On resubmission, please advise
      the submitter to use a shade of yellow closer to the heraldic
      gold or Crayola yellow.

  Susannah Scarlet. Badge. Sable, a chess rook gules and an orle
  argent.

      This design was submitted as an Individually Attested Pattern in
      German heraldry. The submitter and commenters provided
      sufficient evidence of the use of the chess rook as well as low
      contrast gules complex charges on sable fields in period German
      heraldry. However, insufficient evidence was provided to support
      a central charge and field with low contrast together with a
      high contrast peripheral ordinary.

  Valentino Salvatore. Device. Sable, a wolf's head erased contourny
  and on a chief argent three roses proper.

      This device is returned for redraw. Please instruct the
      submitter on the proper way to draw erasing: either three or
      four prominent, pointed jags on the erasing, as described on the
      Cover Letter to the November 2001 LoAR:

           Therefore, for purposes of recreating period armorial
           style for erasing, the erasing should (1) have between
           three and eight jags; (2) have jags that are
           approximately one-sixth to one-third the total height
           of the charge being erased; and (3) have jags that are
           not straight but rather are wavy or curved.

      Alternatively, the submitter could decide to resubmit the
      primary charge as a wolf's head couped.

======================================================================

**** MERIDIES returns ****

None.

======================================================================

**** MIDDLE returns ****

  Brendoken, Barony of. Badge. (Fieldless) A compass star Or
  fimbriated per pale vert and sable.

      This badge is returned for multiple conflicts. It conflicts with
      the device of Paul of Sunriver: "Azure, a compass star Or".
      There is one DC for fielded vs fieldless. Fimbriation, even
      multi-color fimbriation, counts for no difference. It also
      conflicts with the badge of Eleanor Leonard: "(Tinctureless) A
      mullet of four points distilling a goutte". There is only one DC
      for tinctureless vs fieldless. There is no DC for the distilled
      goutte, nor for the number of points. Her blanket letter of
      permission to conflict does not apply as the mullet is a solid
      tincture. Similarly, with only a DC for fieldlessness, this
      badge conflicts with Vietnam: "Gules, a mullet Or", Burkina
      Faso: "Per fess gules and vert, a mullet Or", Ansteorra:
      "(Fieldless) A mullet of five greater and five lesser points
      distilling gouttes Or", the device of Rolf the Relentless:
      "Pean, a mullet of eight points elongated to base Or", the
      device of Maxim Davidovich Krasny (January 1992, Middle): "Per
      bend vert and bendy Or and gules, in sinister chief a mullet
      Or", the device of Niall M{o'}r mac Cernaich: "Per bend sinister
      azure and lozengy vert and argent, in dexter chief a mullet of
      four points Or". (There is no DC for an unforced move when
      comparing to a fieldless badge) and likewise the device of
      Martin of the Fallen Star (November 1973): "Purpure, in base a
      mullet of twelve points Or".

      There is a step from period practice for the use of a compass
      star.

  {TH}{o'}rfinnr {TH}engilsson. Device. Argent, a chevron between
  three hands gules.

      This device is returned for a redraw, for violating the
      guidelines set forth on the May 2011 Cover Letter for a properly
      drawn chevron; the chevron here is too low. Please see that
      Cover Letter for further discussion and details of how to
      properly draw per chevron lines of division.

      Additionally, this device conflicts with the device of Basileios
      Philanthropenos Philomathes, "Argent, a chevron between three
      crosses of Jerusalem gules" and the device of Richard of
      Stokesley, "Argent, a chevron between three boars passant
      gules". In both cases, there is only one DC for changing the
      type of secondary charges. The submitter provided emailed
      permissions to conflict however these did not contain all the
      required information. For standard wording, please see Appendix
      D of the Administrative Handbook at
      http://heraldry.sca.org/admin.html#APPENDIXD .

  Wulfwen atte Belle. Badge. (Fieldless) Issuant from a boot sable a
  tentacle vert maintaining a spoon fesswise Or.

      This device is returned for redraw, for violating SENA A2C2
      which states "Elements must be drawn to be identifiable."
      Commenters could not identify the spoon as such.

      Commenters questioned the registerability of the tentacle.
      Although no evidence was presented of tentacles used as a charge
      in medieval heraldry, there is a pattern of animal limbs, such
      as jambes, wings or arms, used in medieval heraldry.
      Additionally, the tentacle here remains perfectly identifiable
      as such.

======================================================================

**** NORTHSHIELD returns ****

  Iohannes Glenfidanus. Badge. (Fieldless) A bend sinister couped
  counter-compony Or and gules engouled of two talbot's heads couped
  azure.

      This badge is returned for violating SENA A2C1 which states that
      "Elements must be drawn in their period forms" No evidence was
      presented, or found by the commenters, of bends engouled couped.
      All examples of bends engouled we found in period armorials were
      issuing from the edges. Because bends engouled cannot be couped,
      they cannot be used on fieldless badges.

======================================================================

**** OUTLANDS returns ****

  Bernardo dei Medici. Badge. (Fieldless) A sun sable eclipsed argent.

      This badge is returned for conflict with the device of Glynn
      Llan-y-Rhyllwyn: "Potenty gules and argent, a sun sable eclipsed
      argent charged with a mullet throughout sable". There is a DC
      for the field. The mullet, however, is a quaternary charge,
      since the layers are field, sun (primary), roundel (tertiary),
      mullet (quaternary). We do not grant difference for quaternary
      charges.

  Tariq ibn Yusuf ibn 'Askari al-Ghassani. Household name Askar
  al-Qal'a.

      This household name was intended to mean "Army of the Fort".
      Although the Letter of Intent documented each name phrase to
      period, it did not show that units called _askar_ have names
      and, if so, what forms these names take. Without this evidence,
      a household name based on _askar_ cannot be registered.

======================================================================

**** TRIMARIS returns ****

None.

======================================================================

**** WEST returns ****

  Carlo of Darkwood. Device. Per fess wavy argent and azure all goutty
  counterchanged.

      This device is returned for conflict with the device of
      Gwendolen Silvermist: "Per pale wavy azure, goutty d'eau, and
      argent, goutty de larmes". There is only one DC for changing the
      field.

      Additionally, this device is returned for redraw. Per the March
      2013 Cover Letter "Teardrop shaped gouttes are registerable as
      long as they are elongated, more than twice as long as they are
      wide." On redraw, the submitter should either use the more
      period form with a wavy tail and/or draw the gouttes longer.

  Eibhil{i'}n inghean U{i'} Martain. Device. Purpure, a wolf's head
  erased contourny and in chief two triquetrae argent.

      This device is returned for redraw. Please instruct the
      submitter on the proper way to draw erasing: either three or
      four prominent, pointed jags on the erasing, as described on the
      Cover Letter to the November 2001 LoAR:

           Therefore, for purposes of recreating period armorial
           style for erasing, the erasing should (1) have between
           three and eight jags; (2) have jags that are
           approximately one-sixth to one-third the total height
           of the charge being erased; and (3) have jags that are
           not straight but rather are wavy or curved.

      Alternatively, the submitter could decide to resubmit the
      primary charge as a wolf's head couped.

  Golden Playne, Canton of. Device. Vert, a five-headed naga glissant
  to sinister heads erect Or within a laurel wreath argent.

      This device is returned for redraw. The laurel wreath is too
      open at the top and should come nearly to a full circle.

      This would have been the defining instance of a naga in Society
      heraldry. A naga is a multi-headed monster very similar to a
      hydra but without legs. It was described in the 16th century by
      Portuguese Jesuit priests who visited Thailand. As a
      non-European creature, it would carry a step from period
      practice.

  Michiele l'encriere. Device. Per fess wavy argent and sable all
  goutty counterchanged.

      This device is returned for redraw. Per the March 2013 Cover
      Letter "Teardrop shaped gouttes are registerable as long as they
      are elongated, more than twice as long as they are wide." On
      redraw, the submitter should either use the more period form
      with a wavy tail and/or draw the gouttes longer.

  Theodericus Sturmere. Device. Azure, a unicorn Or charged on the
  shoulder with a fleur-de-lys azure.

      This device is returned for redraw, for violating SENA A2C2
      which states "Elements must be drawn to be identifiable." As
      drawn, commenters had trouble noticing the presence of the
      tertiary fleur-de-lys. This likely results from the combination
      of abundant internal details on the unicorn and the fact that it
      is of the same tincture as the field. The tertiary charge is
      necessary to prevent a conflict with the badge of Melody of An
      Tir: "(Fieldless) A unicorn Or".

  Thomas de Roelent. Household name House Roelent.

      The March 2013 Cover Letter states:

           English household names are often derived from
           personal names. As with other household patterns in
           English, the pattern is _X('s) House_ or _House of X_,
           not _House X_. Household names derived from people's
           names in English take a couple of forms. The most
           common household name uses the individual's full name,
           like _{th}e hous of Julyane huxster_ or _sir Henry
           Percy house_ (both period examples from Sharon
           Krossa's "A Brief, Incomplete, and Rather Stopgap
           Article about European Household and Other Group Names
           Before 1600"
           (http://medievalscotland.org/names/eurohouseholds/).
           The same pattern is found using _household_ as the
           designator.

           Examples that use only given names, only surnames, or
           only titles are used in limited contexts. Examples of
           _X's House_ with given names are found only for
           saint's names and legendary names, like King Arthur.
           For surnames, _X's House_ or _X House_ are mostly
           found in references to actual buildings rather than to
           people, though they may sometimes be used to refer to
           the people living in such a building. _House of X_
           seems to have been used largely to refer to noble
           dynasties (like the _House of Lancaster_ and _House of
           York_. All of these patterns are registerable.

      As the submitter does not allow major changes, we cannot change
      this household name to _Roelent House_ or one of the other
      forms, and are forced to return this name.

  Vittorio Bardasano. Device. Per pale sable and argent, a chess
  knight affronty between two swords inverted, a bordure embattled
  counterchanged.

      This device is returned for violating SENA A2C1 which states
      that "Elements must be drawn in their period forms". Part of the
      definition of the chess knight is to have to heads facing away
      from each other. In this depiction, it is impossible to
      determine whether the charge has more than one head. It also
      cannot be blazoned as a horse's head couped because of the
      indentation in the "neck".

======================================================================

                 - Explicit littera renuntiationum -

======================================================================

***** THE FOLLOWING ITEMS HAVE BEEN PENDED UNTIL THE March 2016 LAUREL
MEETING (OR AS NOTED): *****

**** {AE}THELMEARC pends ****

  Batu Luu Gajin. Name.

      The submitter requested authenticity for a Mongolian name. This
      request was not summarized in the Letter of Intent. We have
      pended the name to allow commenters to consider this request.

      This was item 1 on the {AE}thelmearc letter of July 22, 2015.

======================================================================

**** ARTEMISIA pends ****

  S{i'}le ingen Chathail. Badge. Per saltire azure and argent, in pale
  two Arabic lamps lit Or.

      The Letter of Intent presented two independent actions. One was
      a request from the submitter to reverse a release of her armory
      "Per saltire azure and argent, two Arabic lamps argent lit Or".
      However, the accompanying form showed a different badge, which
      we would blazon "Per saltire azure and argent, in pale two
      Arabic lamps lit Or" labelled on the Letter as a badge
      resubmission and on the form as an appeal. Further, in
      commentary, the submitter's herald indicated that the submitter
      requested that the original be restored and this submission be
      registered as a badge. This is pended to resolve administrative
      issues. Namely we need actions and forms to correspond to each
      other: a note from the submitter requesting a correction of the
      initial badge release and payment for the new submission.

      Finally, we cannot answer positively to the request for these
      charges to be blazoned as lamps, rather than Arabic lamps, as
      they are not what is defined as heraldic lamps (as can be seen
      on the online Pictorial Dictionary here:
      http://mistholme.com/?s=lamp . If the submitter wants the blazon
      _lamps_, with no modifier, they would need to do an armory
      change.

      This was item 23 on the Artemisia letter of July 31, 2015.

======================================================================

**** ATLANTIA pends ****

  Cered Gwyn of Kildare. Name.

      This name conflicts with the registered name _Cerridwen of
      Kildare_. Although the names are different in appearance, under
      a likely modern pronunciation, there is only a slight change in
      sound to one syllable (_-dwen_ versus _Gwyn_), so the names
      conflict under PN3C1 of SENA.

      Kingdom notified Pelican that the submitter permitted a change
      to "Cere_s_ Gwyn of Kildare".

      _Ceres_ is a surname dated to 1604-1642 in English parish
      records found in the FamilySearch Historical Records, so can be
      used as a given name.

      _Kildare_ was documented in the Letter of Intent as a lingua
      Anglica form of the 11th-12th century _Cille Dara_ or _Cill
      Dara_. The name _Ownie Beacan or Becan, of Kildare, wife of
      Connor Monney, of same, yeoman_ is dated to 1602-3 in Mari ingen
      Briain meic Donnchada's article "Names Found in Anglicized Irish
      Documents" (http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnglicizedIrish/).
      Therefore, _of Kildare_ is an attested phrase in Anglicized
      Irish.

      We are pending this item to allow commenters to consider this
      change.

      Her device is registered under the holding name "Cered of
      Ritterwald".

      This was item 2 on the Atlantia letter of July 30, 2015.

======================================================================

**** AVACAL pends ****

  Avacal, Kingdom of. Herald's Seal: Sanguinaris Principal Herald.
  (Tinctureless) Two straight trumpets in saltire and overall a
  griffin's head erased.

      This submission is pended until the title of Sanguinaris Herald
      is transferred from An Tir to Avacal so that it can be
      associated to it.

      This was item 2 on the Avacal letter of July 31, 2015.

======================================================================

**** CAID pends ****

  Ocelotl Moctezuma. Device. Or semy of cartouches sable, a fess
  embowed to base argent fimbriated gules between four crescents one
  and three azure.

      This device is pended so that commenters can discuss whether
      images from the Codex Mendoza, a 1542 Aztec document prepared
      for Charles V, can be used as documentation for the use of the
      fess embowed to base.

      Otherwise, it will be returned as precedent states that we have
      "no evidence that embowing an ordinary to base is something that
      was done in period heraldry."

      This was item 8 on the Caid letter of July 30, 2015.

======================================================================

                             - Explicit -

======================================================================

Created at 2015-12-18T20:14:20


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